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Слова на букву hemi-inso (2629)

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homodont
Having teeth all alike in form, as those of the lower vertebrates, in contrast to heterodont. [ homo- + G. odous, tooth]
homodromous
Moving in the same direction. [ homo- + G. dromos, running]
homoeo-
See homeo-.
homoerotism, homoeroticism
SYN: homosexuality. [ homo- + G. eros, love]
homogametic
Producing only one type of gamete with respect to sex chromosomes; in humans and most animals, the female is h.. SYN: monogametic. [ homo- + G. gametikos, connubial]
homogamy
Similarity of husband and wife in a specific trait. [ homo- + G. gamos, marriage]
homogenate
Tissue ground into a creamy consistency in which the cell structure is disintegrated (so-called “cell-free”). Cf.:brei.
homogeneous
Of uniform structure or composition throughout. [ homo- + G. genos, race]
homogenesis
Production of offspring similar to the parents, in contrast to heterogenesis. SYN: homogeny. [ homo- + G. genesis, production]
homogenization
The process by which a material is made homogeneous.
homogenize
To make homogeneous.
homogenous
Having a structural similarity because of descent from a common ancestor. Commonly confused with homogeneous. [ homo- + G. genos, family, kind]
homogentisate 1,2-dioxygenase
An iron-containing enzyme that catalyzes the oxidative cleavage of the benzene ring in homogentisic acid by O2, forming 4-maleylacetoacetate; an absence or deficiency of this ...
homogentisic acid
Glycosuric acid; (2,5-dihydroxyphenyl)acetic acid; an intermediate in l-phenylalanine and l-tyrosine catabolism; if made alkaline, it oxidizes rapidly in air to a quinone that ...
homogeny
SYN: homogenesis.
homoglycan
A polysaccharide consisting of only one type of monosaccharide subunit ( e.g., glucan). Cf.:heteroglycan, glycan.
homograft
SYN: allograft.
homoioplasia
SYN: homeoplasia.
homoiothermal
SYN: homeothermic.
homokaryon
Genetically identical multiple nuclei in a common cytoplasm, usually resulting from fusion of two cells from the same species. [ homo- + G. karyon, kernel, nut]
homokaryotic
Exhibiting the properties of a homokaryon.
homokeratoplasty
Corneal transplant between members of the same species.
homolateral
SYN: ipsilateral. [ homo- + L. latus, side]
homolipids
Lipids containing only C, H, and O. Cf.:heterolipids. SYN: simple lipids.
homolog, homologue
A member of a homologous pair or series. [ homo- + G. logos, word, ratio, relation]
Homologies
Similarities in DNA or protein sequences between individuals or between species.
Homologous
The relationship between two chromosomes that are paired and so are homologs of each other. * * * Corresponding or alike in certain critical attributes. 1. In biology or zoology, ...
Homologous chromosomes
A pair of chromosomes containing the same gene sequences, each derived from one parent.
homology
The state of being homologous. - h. of chains the degree of similarity between the base sequences of strands of two DNAs. SYN: h. of strands. - DNA h. the degree (or percentage) ...
homolysin
A sensitizing hemolytic antibody ( hemolysin) formed as the result of stimulation by an antigen derived from an animal of the same species. [ homo- + hemolysin]
homolysis
Lysis of red blood cells by a homolysin and complement.
homomorphic
Denoting two or more structures of similar size and shape. [ homo- + G. morphe, shape, appearance]
homonomous
Denoting parts, having similar form and structure, arranged in a series, as the fingers or toes. [G. homonomos, under the same laws, fr. homos, same, + nomos, law]
homonomy
The condition of being homonomous.
homonuclear
Denoting a cell line that retains the original chromosome complement.
homonymous
Having the same name or expressed in the same terms, e.g., the corresponding halves (right or left, superior or inferior) of the retinas. [G. h., of the same name, fr. onyma, name]
homophenes
Words in which the visible organs of speech behave the same, e.g., tug, tongue, tuck.
homophil
Denoting an antibody that reacts only with the specific antigen which induced its formation. [ homo- + G. philos, fond]
homophobia
Irrational fear of homosexual feelings, thoughts, behaviors, or persons. - internalized h. h. occurring in a homosexual person, often associated with self-loathing, ...
homoplastic
Similar in form and structure, but not in origin. [ homo- + G. plastos, formed]
homopolymer
A polymer composed of a series of identical moieties; e.g., polylysine, poly(adenylic acid), polyglucose.
homoproline
SYN: pipecolic acid.
homoprotocatechuic acid
(3,4-Dihydroxyphenyl)acetic acid; an isomer of homogentisic acid found in urine; a degradation product of l-tyrosine, l-dopa, and hydroxytyramine.
homorganic
Produced by the same organs, or by homologous organs.
homosalate
An ultraviolet screening agent for topical application to the skin.
homoscedasticity
Constancy of the variance of a measure over the levels of the factor under study.
homoserine
Amino-4-hydroxybutyric acid; a hydroxyamino acid differing from serine in the possession of an additional CH2 group. An intermediate in the biosynthesis of cystathionine, ...
Homosexual
A person sexually attracted to persons of the same sex. Homosexuals include males (gays) and females (lesbians). The term "homosexual" can also be an adjective. * * * 1. Relating ...
homosexuality
Erotic attraction or activity, including sexual congress, between individuals of the same sex, especially past puberty. SYN: homoerotism, homoeroticism. - ego- dystonic h. a ...
homosteroid
A steroid that has had at least one of the rings in its structure expanded.
homothallic
In fungi, denoting a kind of sexual reproduction in which a nucleus of a thallus is capable of fusing with another nucleus from the same thallus or mating type. ...
homothermal
SYN: homeothermic. [ homo- + G. therme, heat]
homotonic
Of uniform tension or tonus.
homotopic
Pertaining to or occurring at the same place or part of the body. [ homo- + G. topos, place]
homotransplantation
SYN: allotransplantation.
homotropic
Referring to the binding of the same ligand to a macromolecule; E.G., the binding of four O2 to hemoglobin is h. cooperativity.
homotype
Any part or organ of the same structure or function as another, especially as one on the opposite side of the body. [ homo- + G. typos, type]
homotypic, homotypical
Of the same type or form; corresponding to the other one of two paired organs or parts.
homovanillic acid
4-Hydroxy-3-methoxyphenylacetic acid; a phenol found in human urine; produced through the methylation of homoprotocatechuic acid on the meta-OH group. It is the principal ...
homozoic
Relating to the same animal or the same species of animal. [ homo- + G. zoikos, relating to an animal]
Homozygosity
The state of possessing two identical forms of a particular gene, one inherited from each parent. For example, a girl who is homozygous for cystic fibrosis (CF) received the CF ...
homozygosity, homozygosis
The state of being homozygous. [ homo- + G. zygon, yoke]
Homozygote
A person who has two identical forms of a particular gene, one inherited from each parent. For example, a girl who is a homozygote for cystic fibrosis (CF) received the CF gene ...
homozygous
Having identical alleles at one or more loci.
homozygous by descent
Possessing two identical alleles at a given locus that are descended from a single source, as may occur in consanguineous mating.
homunculus
1. An exceedingly minute body which, according to the views of development held by some medical scientists of the 16th and 17th centuries, was contained in a sex cell. From this ...
Honduras bark
SYN: cascara amara.
honey
Clarified h., a saccharine substance deposited in the honeycomb by the honeybee, Apis mellifera; used as an excipient, as a flavor in gargles and cough remedies, and as a food. ...
honk
1. In medical terms, a sound that can be likened to the call of a goose. 2. Sometimes specifically used to denote a sound of laryngeal origin made by vocal cords vibrating in a ...
hood
1. The anterior part of the integument of soft ticks (family Argasidae) that extends over the capitulum and forms the roof of the camerostome. 2. An expanded, covering ...
hook
1. An instrument curved or bent near its tip, used for fixation of a part or traction. 2. hamulus. [A.S. hok] - calvarial h. an instrument used in prying off the top of the skull ...
Hooke
Robert, British experimental physicist, 1635–1703. See hookean behavior, H. law.
hooklets
1. Clawlike, retractile chitinous hooks that encircle or line the rostellum of the scolex of certain taenioid tapeworms for attachment to the intestinal mucosa, with the ...
Hookworm
An intestinal parasite that usually causes diarrhea or cramps. Heavy infestation with hookworm can be serious for newborns, children, pregnant women, and persons who are ...
Hoover
Charles F., U.S. physician, 1865–1927. See H. signs, under sign.
Hopkins
Sir Frederick G., English biochemist and Nobel laureate, 1861–1947. See Benedict-H.- Cole reagent. H. H., 20th century Br. optical physicist. See H. rod-lens telescope.
Hoplopsyllus anomalus
A species of flea parasitic on ground squirrels of the western U.S., and a vector of plague. [G. hoplo, tool, weapon, + psyll, flea]
Hopmann
Carl M., German rhinologist, 1849–1925. See H. papilloma, H. polyp.
hops
SYN: humulus.
hor. decub.
Abbreviation for L. hora decubitus, at bedtime.
hor. som.
Abbreviation for L. hora somni, before sleep, at bedtime.
hordenine
A biogenic amine first isolated from barley; increases blood pressure. [L. hordeum, barley, + -in]
hordeolum
A suppurative inflammation of a gland of the eyelid. [Mod. L., hordeolus, a sty in the eye, dim. of hordeum, barley] - h. externum inflammation of the sebaceous gland of an ...
Horecker
Bernard L., U.S. biochemist, *1914. See Warburg-Dickens-H. shunt.
horehound, hoarhound
Marrubium vulgare (family Labitae); bitter principle is marrubium, a volatile oil. A compound alleged to have expectorant properties and often found in cough drops and other ...
Horizontal (anatomic orientation)
: Parallel to the floor, a plane passing through the standing body parallel to the floor. A person lying on a bed is considered in a horizontal position. For a more complete ...
horizontalis
Horizontal, referring to the plane of the body, perpendicular to the vertical plane, at right angles both to the median and coronal planes, that separates the body into upper and ...
hormesis
The stimulating effect of subinhibitory concentrations of any toxic substance on any organism. [Gr. h., rapid motion]
hormion
A craniometric point at the junction of the posterior border of the vomer with the sphenoid bone. [G. hormos, cord, chain, necklace]
hormogonal
Referring to a class of Cyanobacteria in which the cells grow in filaments.
hormonal
Pertaining to hormones.
Hormone
: A chemical substance produced in the body that controls and regulates the activity of certain cells or organs. Many hormones are secreted by specialized glands such as the ...
Hormone therapy
: A form of treatment that takes advantage of the fact that certain cancers depend on hormones to grow. The treatment may include giving hormones to the patient or decreasing the ...
Hormone, aldosterone
A hormone made by the outer portion (cortex) of the adrenal gland that regulates the balance of salt and water in the body. Pronounced AL·do·ste·rone. Aldosterone is secreted ...
Hormone, androgenic
Any hormone that promotes the development and maintenance of the male sex characteristics. Testosterone is an androgen. (It is the major androgen.)
Hormone, antidiuretic (ADH)
A relatively small (peptide) molecule that is released by the pituitary gland at the base of the brain after being made nearby (in the hypothalamus). ADH has an antidiuretic ...
Hormone, cortisol
The primary stress hormone. Cortisol is the major natural glucocorticoid in humans.
Hormone, erythropoietin
Erythropoietin is a substance produced by the kidney that leads to the formation of red blood cells in the bone marrow. Abbreviated: EPO. The kidney cells that make EPO are ...
Hormone, estrogenic
A female hormone produced by the ovaries (or an equivalent hormone synthesized in the laboratory). Estrogen deficiency can lead to osteoporosis.
Hormone, follicle-stimulating (FSH)
A hormone produced by the pituitary gland that controls estrogen production by the ovaries.
Hormone, glucocorticoid
A hormone that predominantly affects the metabolism of carbohydrates and, to a lesser extent, fats and proteins (and has other effects). Glucocorticoids are made in the outside ...
Hormone, growth
A hormone made in the pituitary gland that stimulates the release of another hormone called somatomedin by the liver, thereby causing growth. Growth hormone is synonymous with ...
Hormone, human chorionic gonadotropin (hCG)
A human hormone made by chorionic cells in the fetal part of the placenta. Human chorionic gonadotropin (hCG) is directed at the gonads and stimulates them. Hence, the name ...
Hormone, mineralocorticoid
A group of hormones, the most important being aldosterone, that regulate the balance of water and electrolytes (ions such as sodium and potassium) in the body. The ...
Hormone, parathormone
Hormone made by the parathyroid gland (behind the thyroid gland in the neck). Parathormone (pronounced para-thor-mone) is critical to calcium and phosphorus balance. Deficiency ...
Hormone, progesterone
A female hormone, progesterone is the principal progestational hormone. Progestational hormones prepare the uterus (the womb) to receive and sustain the fertilized egg.
Hormone, secretin
Hormone made by glands in the small intestine that stimulates pancreatic secretion. The word "hormone" was coined by the English physiologists Wm. M. Bayliss and Ernest ...
Hormone, T3
Triiodothyronine, a thyroid hormone. The number 3 is usually in subscript.
Hormone, thyroid
Chemical substance made by the thyroid gland which is located in the front of the neck. The thyroid gland uses iodine to make thyroid hormones. The two most important thyroid ...
Hormone, thyrotropin
A hormone produced by the pituitary gland at the base of the brain in response to signals from the hypothalamus gland in the brain. The suffix -tropin indicates "an affinity ...
Hormone, thyroxine
A chemical substance made by the thyroid gland The thyroid gland uses iodine to make thyroid hormones. Thyroxine (T4), one of the most important thyroid hormones, has four iodine ...
Hormone, triiodothyronine
A hormone made by the thyroid gland. It has three iodine molecules attached to its molecular structure. Iodine is naturally found in seafood, bread, seaweed, and ordinary table ...
Hormone, TSH
Stands for Thyroid Stimulating Hormone. Also known as thyrotropin.
Hormone,T4
Thyroxine, a thyroid hormone. The number 4 is usually in subscript.
hormonogenesis
The formation of hormones. SYN: hormonopoiesis.
hormonogenic
Pertaining to the formation of a hormone. SYN: hormonopoietic.
hormonopoiesis
SYN: hormonogenesis. [hormone + G. poiesis, production]
hormonopoietic
SYN: hormonogenic.
hormonoprivia
Obsolete term meaning partial or total deprivation of hormones. [hormone + G. privus, deprived of]
hormonotherapy
Treatment with hormones.
horn
Any structure resembling a h. in shape. SYN: cornu (1). [A.S.] - Ammon h. [TA] one of the two interlocking gyri composing the hippocampus, the other being the dentate gyrus. ...
Horner
Johann F., Swiss ophthalmologist, 1831–1886. See H. syndrome, H. pupil, Bernard-H. syndrome, H.- Trantas dots, under dot. William E., U.S. anatomist, 1793–1853. See H. ...
Horner syndrome
A complex of abnormal findings, namely sinking in of one eyeball, ipsilateral ptosis (drooping of the upper eyelid on the same side) and miosis (constriction of the pupil of ...
Hornet sting
Stings from hornets and other large stinging insects such as bees, yellow jackets and wasps can trigger allergic reactions varying greatly in severity. Avoidance and prompt ...
horny
Of the nature or structure of horn. SYN: keratinous (2).
horopter
The sum of the points in space, the images of which for a given fixation point fall on corresponding retinal points. If the fixation point is 2 m., the h. is a straight line; if ...
Horripilation
Better known as goose bumps, a temporary local change in the skin when it becomes rougher due to erection of little muscles, as from cold, fear, or excitement. The chain of ...
horror
Dread; fear. [L.] - h. autotoxicus a term introduced by Ehrlich, meaning that immunity is directed against foreign materials but not against the constituents of one's own body; ...
horsefly
See Tabanus, Anthomyia canicularis.
horsepower
A unit of power, 550 foot-pounds/sec, or 745.7 W.
Horsfall
Frank L., Jr., U.S. physician, 1906–1971. See Tamm-H. mucoprotein, Tamm-H. protein.
Horsley
Sir Victor A.H., English surgeon, 1857–1916. See H. bone wax.
Hortega
Pio del Rio, Spanish neurohistologist in South America, 1882–1945. See H. cells, under cell, H. neuroglia stain.
Horton
Bayard T., U.S. physician, *1895. See H. arteritis, H. cephalalgia, H. headache.
hospice
An institution that provides a centralized program of palliative and supportive services to dying persons and their families, in the form of physical, psychological, social, and ...
Hospital
It may seem unnecessary to define a "hospital" since everyone knows the nature of a hospital. A hospital began as a charitable institution for the needy, aged, infirm, or young. ...
Hospital-acquired infection
An infection caught while hospitalized. The medical term for a hospital-acquired infection is "nosocomial." Most nosocomial infections are due to bacteria. Since antibiotics are ...
Hospitalist
A hospital-based general physician. Hospitalists assume the care of hospitalized patients in the place of patients’ primary care physician. The term "hospitalist" was first ...
hospitalization
Confinement in a hospital as a patient for diagnostic study and treatment.
Host
In medicine and biology, the host can be a number of different things, including: {{}}The organism from which a parasite obtains its nutrition and/or shelter; An organism or cell ...
Hôtel-Dieu
A name often given to a hospital in France during the Middle Ages. Hôtel-Dieu literally means the hotel (of) God. In Paris, the Hôtel-Dieu is a venerable and famed hospital. A ...
Hounsfield
Godfrey N., British electronics engineer, *1919. Developed first practical computed tomography device, the EMI scanner; received the Nobel prize in Medicine in 1979 jointly with ...
housefly
See Musca, Fannia.
Housemaid's knee
The patellofemoral syndrome (PFS), the commonest cause of chronic knee pain. PFS characteristically causes vague discomfort of the inner knee area, aggravated by activity ...
Houssay
Bernardo A., Argentinian physiologist and Nobel laureate, 1887–1971. See H. animal, H. phenomenon, H. syndrome.
Houston
John, Irish physician, 1802–1845. See H. folds, under fold, H. muscle.
Hovius
Jacob, Dutch ophthalmologist, 1710–1786. See canal of H..
Howard
John Eager, U.S. internist and endocrinologist, 1902–1985. See H. test, Ellsworth-H. test.
Howell
William H., U.S. physiologist, 1860–1945. See H. unit, H.- Jolly bodies, under body.
Howship
John, British surgeon, 1781–1841. See H. lacunae, under lacuna.
Hoyer
Heinrich F., Polish anatomist and histologist, 1834–1907. See H. anastomoses, under anastomosis, H. canals, under canal, Sucquet-H. canals, under canal.
HP
Abbreviation for haptoglobin.
HPL
Abbreviation for human placental lactogen.
HPLC
Abbreviation for high-pressure liquid chromatography; high-performance liquid chromatography.
HPS (Hantavirus pulmonary syndrome)
A disease that struck the Four Corners area (where the States of Arizona, New Mexico, Nevada and Utah meet) in 1993 with devastating, frequently fatal consequences. As the name ...
HPS (Hermansky-Pudlak syndrome)
A genetic (inherited) disorder characterized by albinism (with lack of skin and eye pigment), bruising and prolonged bleeding (due to defective blood platelets), and fibrosis of ...
HPV
Human papillomavirus, a large family of viruses containing over 60 members. HPV is responsible for causing warts. In fact, most kinds of HPVs cause warts to grow on the fingers, ...
HRCT
Abbreviation for high-resolution computed tomography.
HRSA
Abbreviation for Health Resources and Services Administration.
HRT
Abbreviation for hormone replacement therapy.
HS (hereditary spherocytosis)
A genetic disorder of the red blood cell membrane clinically characterized by anemia, jaundice (yellowing) and splenomegaly (enlargement of the spleen). In HS the red cells are ...
HSIL
Abbreviation for high-grade squamous intraepithelial lesion.
hsp
Abbreviation for heat shock proteins, under protein.
HSV
Abbreviation for herpes simplex virus.
Ht
Abbreviation for total hyperopia.
HTLV
Abbreviation for human T-cell lymphoma/leukemia virus.
HTLV-I
Abbreviation for T-cell lymphotrophic virus type I; human lymphotropic virus, type 1.
HTLV-II
Abbreviation for T-cell lymphotrophic virus type II; human lymphotropic virus, type 2.
HTLV-III
Old abbreviation for human T-cell lymphotropic virus type III. See human immunodeficiency virus.
hU, hu
Abbreviation for dihydrouridine.
Hubrecht
Ambrosius A.W., Dutch zoologist and comparative anatomist, 1853–1915. See H. protochordal knot.
Hucker-Conn stain
See under stain.
Hudson
Arthur Cyril, British ophthalmologist, 1875–1962. See H.- Stähli line.
hue
One of the three qualities of color; that property by which colors of the spectrum are distinguished from each other and from grays of similar brightness; determined by the ...
Hueck
Alexander F., German anatomist, 1802–1842. See H. ligament.
Huët
G.J., Dutch physician, *1879. See Pelger-H. nuclear anomaly.
Hueter
Karl, German surgeon, 1838–1882. See H. maneuver.
Hüfner
Carl Gustav von, German physician, 1840–1908. See H. equation.
HUGO
Acronym for the Human Genome Organisation, the international organization of scientists involved in the Human Genome Project, the global initiative to map and sequence the ...
Huguier
Pierre C., French surgeon, 1804–1873. See H. canal, H. circle, H. sinus.
Huhner
Max, U.S. urologist, 1873–1947. See H. test.
Hull
Edgar, U.S. cardiologist, *1904.
hum
A low continuous murmur. [echoic] - venous h. brief or continuous noise originating from the neck veins that may be confused with cardiac murmurs, particularly with the ...
Human chorionic gonadotropin (hCG)
A human hormone made by chorionic cells in the fetal part of the placenta. Human chorionic gonadotropin (hCG) is directed at the gonads and stimulates them. Hence, the name ...
Human chromosome count
The usual number of chromosomes in humans, 46 chromosomes. Also called the human chromosome complement. History: For half a century, the human chromosome count was widely ...
Human Development, National Institute of Child Health and (NICHD)
One of the US National Institutes of Health, NICHD is in a sense the NIH for kids in that it is concerned with child health. The mission of the NICHD is, in formal terms, to ...
Human embryonic stem cell
Also known as a human pluripotent stem cell, one of the "cells that are self-replicating, are derived from human embryos or human fetal tissue, and are known to develop into ...
Human gene map
The locations of the human genes. The location of each gene is called a locus (plural: loci). The total number of known gene loci on the human gene map as of June 24, 2000 was ...
Human gene therapy
Insertion of normal DNA directly into cells to correct a genetic defect. The treatment of disease by replacing, altering, or supplementing a gene that is absent or abnormal and ...
Human genome
All of the DNA that a person possesses. The human genome is made up of all of the DNA in our chromosomes as well as that in our mitochondria. (Each of us has, in fact, two genomes ...
Human Genome Initiative
SYN: Human Genome Project.
Human Genome Organisation
The international organization of scientists involved in the Human Genome Project, the global initiative to map and sequence the human genome. The Human Genome Organisation ...
Human Genome Project
International effort aimed at identifying and sequencing (ordering) all of the bases in the human genome. American participation in this monumental undertaking has been ...
Human Genome Research Institute, National (NHGRI)
One of the newest of the National Institutes of Health (NIH), NHGRI’s mission in formal terms is to “support the NIH component of the Human Genome Project, a worldwide ...
Human herpesvirus 1 (HHV-1)
A herpes virus that causes cold sores and fever blisters in and around the mouth. Here is a depiction of a typical fever blister caused by HHV-1: {{}}In rare cases, as when the ...
Human herpesvirus 2 (HHV-2)
A herpes virus that causes genital herpes, characterized by sores in the area of the genitalia. Genital herpes is a sexually transmitted disease (STD). This virus, like human ...
Human herpesvirus 6
A herpes virus that apparently lies dormant in many people, human herpesvirus 6 is most likely to cause problems when the immune system is compromised by disease, as in AIDS ...
Human herpesvirus 7
Closely related to HHV-6, human herpesvirus 7 has also been linked to roseola. Researchers believe it may also cause seizures and other central nervous system symptoms in ...
Human herpesvirus 8 (HHV-8)
A herpesvirus that contributes to the development of Kaposi sarcoma, an otherwise rare form of cancer sometimes seen in AIDS patients, and to some B-cell lymphomas. The ...
Human lymphotropic virus III
Another name for the human immunodeficiency virus (HIV), the cause of AIDS.
human papillomavirus
an icosahedral DNA virus, 55 nm in diameter, of the genus Papillomavirus, family Papovaviridae; certain types cause cutaneous and genital warts; other types are associated with ...
Human papillomavirus (HPV)
A family of over 60 viruses responsible for causing warts. The majority of the viruses produce warts on the hands, fingers, and even the face. Most of these viruses are thus ...
Human pluripotent stem cell
One of the "cells that are self-replicating, are derived from human embryos or human fetal tissue, and are known to develop into cells and tissues of the three primary germ ...
humectant
1. Moistening. 2. A substance used to obtain a moistening effect ( e.g., glycerin solution).
humectation
1. Therapeutic application of moisture. 2. Serous infiltration of the tissues. 3. Soaking of a crude drug in water preparatory to the making of an extract. [L. humecto, pp. ...
humeral
Relating to the humerus.
humeroradial
Relating to both humerus and radius; denoting especially the ratio of length of one to the other.
humeroscapular
Relating to both humerus and scapula.
humeroulnar
Relating to both humerus and ulna; denoting especially the ratio of length of one to the other.
Humerus
The long bone in the arm which extends from the shoulder to the elbow. * * * The bone of the arm, articulating with the scapula above and the radius and ulna below. SYN: arm bone. ...
Humidifier
: Anything, usually a machine today, that adds moisture to the air.
Humidifier fever
A form of sick building syndrome that usually develops on Monday or the first workday of the week. The hallmark of the disease is the sudden onset of fever. Other features may ...
humidity
Moisture or dampness, as of the air. [L. humiditas, dampness] - absolute h. the mass of water vapor actually present per unit volume of gas or air. - relative h. the actual amount ...
humin
An insoluble brownish or blackish residue obtained upon acid hydrolysis of glycoproteins.
Hummelsheim
Eduard K.M.J., German ophthalmologist, 1868–1952. See H. operation, H. procedure.
Humor
In medicine, humor refers to a fluid (or semifluid) substance. Thus, the aqueous humor is the fluid normally present in the front and rear chambers of the eye. The humors ran ...
Humor, aqueous
In medicine, humor refers to a fluid (or semifluid) substance. Thus, the aqueous humor is the fluid normally present in the front and rear chambers of the eye. It is a clear, ...
Humoral
Pertaining to elements in the blood or other body fluids. In medicine, humor refers to a fluid (or semifluid) substance. Thus, the aqueous humor is the fluid normally present in ...
Humoralism
In medicine, humor refers to a fluid (or semifluid) substance. Thus, the aqueous humor is the fluid normally present in the front and rear chambers of the eye. The humors were ...
humoralism, humorism
SYN: humoral doctrine. [L. umor, humor, moisture]
Humorism
In medicine, humor refers to a fluid (or semifluid) substance. Thus, the aqueous humor is the fluid normally present in the front and rear chambers of the eye. The humors were ...
hump
A rounded protuberance or bulge. - buffalo h. SYN: buffalo type. - dowager h. postmenopausal cervical kyphosis of older women due to osteoporosis and compression fractures of ...
Hump, dowager
An outward curvature of the vertebrae of neck, creating a hump at the back of the neck, once thought to be a characteristic deformity of older women. A dowager was a woman of ...
humpback
Nonmedical term for kyphosis or gibbus.
Humphry
Sir George M., English surgeon, 1820–1896. See H. ligament.
humulin
SYN: lupulin.
humulus
The dried fruits (strobiles) of H. lupulus (family Moraceae), a climbing herb of central and northern Asia, Europe, and North America; an aromatic bitter, mildly sedative, and a ...
hunchback
Nonmedical term for kyphosis or gibbus.
Hünermann
Carl, German physician. See Conradi-H. disease.
hunger
1. A desire or need for food. 2. Any appetite, strong desire, or craving. [A.S.] - affect h. emotional h. for maternal love and feelings of protection and care implied in the ...
Hunner
Guy L., U.S. surgeon, 1868–1957. See H. ulcer, Fenwick-H. ulcer.
Hunt
James Ramsay, U.S. neurologist, 1872–1937. See H. neuralgia, H. paradoxic phenomenon, H. syndrome, Ramsay H. syndrome. William E., U.S. neurosurgeon, *1921. See Tolosa-H. ...
Hunter
William, Scottish anatomist and obstetrician, 1718–1783. See H. ligament, H. line, H. membrane. John, Scottish surgeon, anatomist, physiologist and pathologist, 1728–1793. ...
Hunter syndrome
A genetic metabolic disorder that arises from deficiency of the enzyme iduronate sulfatase, resulting in tissue deposits of molecules called mucopolysaccharides. The ...
hunting
The oscillation of a controlled variable, such as the temperature of a thermostat, around its set point. See h. reaction.
Huntingtin
The name of the gene responsible for Huntington disease (HD) and of the protein encoded by that gene. The molecular basis of HD is an increase in the length of a CAG triplet ...
Huntington
George, U.S. physician, 1850–1916. See H. chorea, H. disease.
Huntington disease
An hereditary disorder with mental and physical deterioration leading to death. Although characterized as an "adult-onset" disease, it can affect children as well. ...
Hurler
Gertrud, Austrian pediatrician, 1889–1965. See H. disease, H. syndrome, Pfaundler-H. syndrome.
Hurler syndrome
An inherited error of metabolism in which there is deficiency of the enzyme alpha-L-iduronidase which normally breaks down molecules called mucopolysaccharides. Without the ...
Hurricane supplies kit
You and your family can cope best by preparing for disaster before it strikes. One way to prepare is by assembling a Disaster Supplies Kit. Once disaster hits, you won't have time ...
Hurst
Sir Arthur Frederick (born Hertz), English physician, 1879–1944. Edward Weston, 20th century Australian physician. See H. disease.
Hürthle
Karl W., German histologist, 1860–1945. See H. cell, H. cell adenoma, H. cell carcinoma.
HUS
: The hemolytic-uremic syndrome, a condition involving breakup of red blood cells and kidney failure. There is clumping of platelets (the blood cells responsible for clotting) ...
Hutchinson
Sir Jonathan, British surgeon, 1828–1913. See H. facies, H. freckle, H. mask, H. crescentic notch, H. patch, H. pupil, H. teeth, under tooth, H. triad, H.- Gilford disease, ...
Hutchison
Sir Robert, English pediatrician, 1871–1960. See H. syndrome.
Huxley
Thomas H., English biologist, physiologist, and comparative anatomist, 1825–1895. See H. layer, H. membrane, H. sheath.
Huygens
Christian, Dutch physicist, 1629–1695. See H. ocular, H. principle.
HV
Abbreviation for half-value.
HVA
Abbreviation for homovanillic acid.
HVL
Abbreviation for half-value layer.
hyal-
See hyalo-.
hyalin
A clear, eosinophilic, homogeneous substance occurring in cellular degeneration; e.g., in arteriolar walls in arteriolar sclerosis and in glomerular tufts in diabetic ...
hyaline
Relating to transparent or colorless hyphae or other fungal structures. SYN: hyaloid. [G. hyalos, glass]
hyalinization
The formation of hyalin.
hyalinosis
hyaline degeneration, especially that of relatively extensive degree. - h. cutis et mucosae SYN: lipoid proteinosis. - systemic h. SYN: juvenile hyalin fibromatosis.
hyalinuria
The excretion of hyalin or casts of hyaline material in the urine. [ hyalin + G. ouron, urine]
hyalitis
SYN: vitreitis. - suppurative h. purulent vitreous humor due to exudation from adjacent structures, as in panophthalmitis.
hyalo-, hyal-
Glassy, hyalin; vitreous. Cf.:vitreo-. [G. hyalos, glass]
hyalobiuronic acid
A disaccharide made up of d-glucuronic acid and N-acetyl-d-glucosamine in a β1,3 linkage; occurs in hyaluronic acid as the repeating unit.
hyalocyte
SYN: vitreous cell. [hyalo- + G. kytos, cell]
hyalogens
Substances similar to mucoids that are found in many animal structures ( e.g., cartilage, vitreous humor, hydatid cysts) and yield sugars on hydrolysis.
hyalohyphomycosis
A general term for infection in tissue caused by a fungus with hyaline (colorless) mycelium. If the mold can be identified, disease should be given a specific name, such as ...
hyaloid
SYN: hyaline. [hyalo- + G. eidos, resemblance]

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