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Слова на букву hemi-inso (2629)

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Hymenolepis
The largest genus (family Hymenolepididae) of tapeworms in the order Cyclophyllidea; especially common parasites of rodents, shrews, and aquatic birds. [G. hymen, membrane, + ...
hymenology
The branch of anatomy and physiology concerned with the membranes of the body. [G. hymen, membrane, + logos, study]
Hymenoptera
An order of insects, including bees, wasps, and ants, characterized by locked pairs of membranous wings and high development of social or colonial behavior. [G. hymen, membrane, ...
hymenorrhaphy
Obsolete procedure of suturing the hymen in order to close the vagina. [G. hymen, membrane, + raphe, a suture]
hymenotomy
Surgical division of a hymen. [G. hymen, membrane, + tome, incision]
Hynes
Wilfred, British plastic surgeon, *1903.
hyo-
U-shaped, hyoid. [G. hyoeides, shaped like the letter upsilon, Υ]
hyoepiglottic
Relating to the hyoid bone and the epiglottis; denoting the elastic h. ligament connecting the two structures. SYN: hyoepiglottidean.
hyoepiglottidean
SYN: hyoepiglottic.
hyoglossal
Relating to the hyoid bone and the tongue. SYN: glossohyal.
Hyoglossus
The muscle that permits the tongue to be held on the floor of the mouth. * * * SYN: h. (muscle).
hyoid
U-shaped or V-shaped; denoting the h. bone and the h. apparatus. [G. hyoeides, shaped like the letter upsilon, Υ]
hyopharyngeus
See middle constrictor (muscle) of pharynx.
hyoscine
SYN: scopolamine. - h. hydrobromide SYN: scopolamine hydrobromide.
hyoscyamine
An alkaloid found in hyoscyamus, belladonna, duboisine, and stramonium; the levorotatory component of the racemic mixture, atropine; used as an antispasmodic, analgesic, ...
hyoscyamus
The leaves and flowering tops of H. niger (family Solanaceae); it contains hyoscyamine and hyoscine (scopolamine); an anticholinergic and antispasmodic. SYN: henbane. [G. ...
hyothyroid
See thyrohyoid membrane.
Hyp
Abbreviation for hypoxanthine; hydroxyproline ( 3Hyp and 4Hyp specifically refer to 3-hydroxyproline and 4-hydroxyproline, respectively).
hyp-
Variation of the prefix hypo-, often used before a vowel. Cf.:sub-.
hypacusia
SYN: hypacusis.
hypacusis
Hearing impairment of a conductive or sensorineural nature. SYN: hypacusia, hypoacusis. [hypo- + G. akousis, hearing]
hypalbuminemia
SYN: hypoalbuminemia. [G. hypo, under, + albuminemia]
hypalgesia
Decreased sensibility to pain. SYN: hypoalgesia. [G. hypo, under, + algesis, sense of pain]
hypalgesic, hypalgetic
Relating to hypalgesia; having diminished sensitiveness to pain.
hypamnion, hypamnios
SYN: oligohydramnios.
hypanakinesia, hypanakinesis
Diminution in the normal gastric or intestinal movements. [G. hypo, under, + anakinesis, a to-and-fro movement]
hyparterial
Below or beneath an artery. [G. hypo, beneath, + arteria, artery]
hypaxial
Below any axis, such as the spinal axis or the axis of a limb. See hypomere. [G. hypo, beneath, + axis]
hypazoturia
SYN: hypoazoturia.
hypencephalon
The midbrain, pons, and medulla. [G. hypo, under, + enkephalos, brain]
hypengyophobia
Morbid fear of responsibility. [G. hypengyos, responsible, + phobos, fear]
hyper-
Excessive, above normal; opposite of hypo-. [G. hyper, above, over]
Hyper- (prefix)
The prefix "hyper-" means high, beyond, excessive, above normal. For example, hypercalcemia is high calcium in the blood. And, for another example, hypersensitivity is ...
hyper-β-alaninemia
Elevated levels of β-alanine in the serum; believed to be due to a deficiency of β-alanine:pyruvate aminotransferase; leads to impaired CNS function.
hyper-β-aminoisobutyric aciduria
Elevated levels of β-aminoisobutyric acid in the urine; believed to be due to a deficiency of liver β-aminoisobutyrate:pyruvate aminotransferase.
hyperabduction
SYN: superabduction.
hyperacidity
An abnormally high degree of acidity, as of the gastric juice.
Hyperactivity
A higher than normal level of activity. An organ can be described as hyperactive if it is more active than is usual. Behavior can also be described as hyperactive. * * * 1. SYN: ...
hyperacusis, hyperacusia
Abnormal hearing sensitivity. SYN: auditory hyperesthesia. [hyper- + G. akousis, a hearing]
hyperadenosis
Glandular enlargement, especially of the lymphatic glands. [hyper- + G. aden, gland, + -osis, condition]
hyperadiposis, hyperadiposity
An extreme degree of adiposis or fatness.
hyperadrenalcorticalism
SYN: hypercorticoidism.
hyperadrenocorticalism
SYN: hypercorticoidism.
hyperalaninemia
Elevated levels of alanine in the serum.
Hyperaldosteronism
Overproduction of the hormone aldosterone from the outer portion (cortex) of the adrenal gland or a tumor containing that type of tissue. Excess aldosterone (pronounced ...
hyperalgesia
Extreme sensitivity to painful stimuli. [hyper- + G. algos, pain]
hyperalgesic, hyperalgetic
Relating to hyperalgesia.
hyperalimentation
Administration or consumption of nutrients beyond minimum normal requirements, in an attempt to replace nutritional deficiencies. SYN: superalimentation, suralimentation. - ...
hyperallantoinuria
Increased excretion of allantoin in the urine.
hyperalphalipoproteinemia
An inherited defect that results in elevated levels of high-density lipoproteins in the serum.
hyperaminoaciduria
SYN: aminoaciduria.
hyperammonemia
SYN: ammonemia.
hyperamylasemia
Elevated serum amylase, usually seen as one of the manifestations of acute pancreatitis. [hyper- + amylase, + G. haima, blood]
hyperanacinesia, hyperanacinesis
SYN: hyperanakinesia.
hyperanakinesia, hyperanakinesis
Excessive to-and-fro movement, e.g., of the stomach or intestine. SYN: hyperanacinesia, hyperanacinesis. [hyper- + G. anakinesis, to-and-fro movement]
hyperaphia
Extreme sensitivity to touch. SYN: oxyaphia, tactile hyperesthesia. [hyper- + G. haphe, touch]
hyperaphic
Marked by hyperaphia.
hyperargininemia
Elevated levels of arginine in the blood plasma; usually associated with a deficiency of arginase.
Hyperbaric
Pertaining to gas pressures greater than 1 atmosphere* of pressure. Also pertaining to solutions that are more dense than the medium to which they are added. The term "hyperbaric" ...
hyperbarism
Disturbances in the body resulting from the pressure of ambient gases at greater than 1 atmosphere; e.g., nitrogen narcosis, oxygen toxicity, bends. [hyper- + G. baros, ...
hyperbetalipoproteinemia
Enhanced concentration of β-lipoproteins in the blood. - familial h. See type II familial hyperlipoproteinemia. - familial h. and hyperprebetalipoproteinemia SYN: type III ...
Hyperbilirubinemia
An elevated level of the pigment bilirubin in the blood. A sufficient elevation will produce jaundice. Some degree of hyperbilirubinemia is very common in babies right after ...
Hyperbilirubinemia type I
Better known as Gilbert's disease, a common but harmless genetic condition in which a liver enzyme essential to the disposal of bilirubin (the chemical that results from the ...
Hyperbilirubinemia, neonatal
Elevation of the bilirubin level in the blood of the newborn, which results in yellowish staining of the skin and whites of the newborn’s eyes (sclerae) by pigment of bile ...
hyperbrachycephaly
An extreme degree of brachycephaly, with a cephalic index of over 85. [hyper- + G. brachys, short, + kephale, head]
Hypercalcemia
A higher-than-normal level of calcium in the blood. This can cause a number of nonspecific symptoms, including loss of appetite, nausea, thirst, fatigue, muscle weakness, ...
hypercalcinuria
SYN: hypercalciuria.
hypercalciuria
Excretion of abnormally large amounts of calcium in the urine, as in hyperparathyroidism and types of hereditary hypophosphatemic rickets. SYN: calcinuric diabetes, ...
hypercalcuria
SYN: hypercalciuria.
hypercapnia
Abnormally increased arterial carbon dioxide tension. SYN: hypercarbia. [hyper- + G. kapnos, smoke, vapor]
hypercarbia
SYN: hypercapnia.
hypercardia
Hypertrophy of the heart. [hyper- + G. kardia, heart]
hypercatabolic
Pertaining to hypercatabolism.
hypercatabolism
Excessive metabolic breakdown of a specific substance or of body tissue in general, leading to weight loss and wasting.
hypercatharsis
Excessive and frequent defecation. [hyper- + G. katharsis, a cleansing]
hypercathexis
In psychoanalysis, an individual's excessive investment of libido or interest in an object, person, or idea. [hyper- + G. kathexis, a holding in, retention]
hypercementosis
Excessive deposition of secondary cementum on the root of a tooth, which may be caused by localized trauma or inflammation, excessive tooth eruption, or osteitis deformans, or ...
Hyperchloremia
Elevated blood levels of chloride. Chloride is the major anion found in the fluid outside of cells and in blood. An anion is the negatively charged part of certain substances such ...
hyperchlorhydria
Presence of an excessive amount of hydrochloric acid in the stomach. SYN: chlorhydria, hyperhydrochloria. [hyper- + chlorhydric (acid)]
hyperchloruria
Increased excretion of chloride ions in the urine.
hypercholesteremia
SYN: hypercholesterolemia.
hypercholesterinemia
SYN: hypercholesterolemia.
Hypercholesterolemia
High blood cholesterol. This can be sporadic (with no family history) or familial. Familial hypercholesterolemia is the most common inherited type of hyperlipidemia (high lipid ...
hypercholesterolia
The presence of an abnormally large quantity of cholesterol in the bile.
hypercholia
A condition in which an abnormally large amount of bile is formed in the liver. [hyper- + G. chole, bile]
hyperchromaffinism
Presence of a functioning pheochromocytoma.
hyperchromasia
SYN: hyperchromatism.
hyperchromatic
1. Abnormally highly colored, excessively stained, or overpigmented. SYN: hyperchromic (1). 2. Showing increased chromatin. [hyper- + G. chroma, color]
hyperchromatism
1. Excessive pigmentation. 2. Increased staining capacity, especially of cell nuclei for hematoxylin. 3. An increase in chromatin in cell nuclei. SYN: hyperchromasia, ...
hyperchromia
SYN: hyperchromatism. - macrocytic h. hyperchromatic macrocythemia; a misnomer inasmuch as the red blood cells are larger than normal, the total amount of hemoglobin per cell ...
hyperchromic
1. SYN: hyperchromatic (1). 2. Denoting increased light absorption. 3. Denoting more highly colored than normal. 4. Describing erythrocytes that contain, or appear to contain, ...
hyperchylia
Excessive secretion of gastric juice. [hyper- + G. chylos, juice]
hyperchylomicronemia
Increased plasma concentrations of chylomicrons. - familial h. SYN: type I familial hyperlipoproteinemia. - familial h. with hyperprebetalipoproteinemia SYN: type V familial ...
hypercinesis, hypercinesia
SYN: hyperkinesis.
hypercoagulability
Abnormally increased coagulability.
Hypercoagulability, estrogen-associated
Hypercoagulability (a supranormal tendency for blood to clot) occurs as an occasional but serious side effect of estrogen therapy. The blood clots in this situation are ...
hypercoagulable
Characterized by abnormally increased coagulation.
Hypercoagulable state
A hypercoagulable state is the medical term for a condition in which there is an abnormally increased tendency toward blood clotting (coagulation). There are numerous ...
hypercorticoidism
Excessive secretion of one or more steroid hormones of the adrenal cortex; sometimes used also to designate the state produced by therapeutic administration of large quantities of ...
hypercortisolism
See hyperadrenocorticalism.
hypercryalgesia
SYN: hypercryesthesia. [hyper- + G. kryos, cold, + algesis, the sense of pain]
hypercryesthesia
Extreme sensibility to cold. SYN: hypercryalgesia. [hyper- + G. kryos, cold, + aisthesis, sensation]
hypercupremia
An abnormally high level of plasma copper. [hyper- + L. cuprum, copper, + G. haima, blood]
hypercyanotic
Marked by extreme cyanosis.
hypercyesis, hypercyesia
SYN: superfetation. [hyper- + G. kyesis, pregnancy]
hypercythemia
The presence of an abnormally high number of red blood cells in the circulating blood. SYN: hypererythrocythemia. [hyper- + G. kytos, cell, + haima, blood]
hypercytochromia
Increased intensity of staining of a cell, especially blood cells. [hyper- + G. kytos, cell, + chroma, color]
hypercytosis
Obsolete term for any condition in which there is an abnormal increase in the number of cells in the circulating blood or the tissues; frequently used synonymously with ...
hyperdicrotic
Pronouncedly dicrotic. SYN: superdicrotic.
hyperdicrotism
Extreme dicrotism.
hyperdiploid
Having a chromosome number greater than the diploid number.
hyperdipsia
Intense thirst that is relatively temporary. [hyper- + G. dipsa, thirst]
hyperdistention
Extreme distention. SYN: superdistention.
hyperechoic
1. In ultrasonography, pertaining to material that produces echoes of higher amplitude or density than the surrounding medium. 2. Denoting a region in an ultrasound image in ...
Hyperekplexia
A genetic disorder also known as hyperexplexia in which babies have an exaggerated startle reflex (reaction). This disorder was not recognized until 1962 when it was described ...
hyperemesis
Excessive vomiting. [hyper- + G. emesis, vomiting] - h. gravidarum pernicious vomiting in pregnancy. - h. lactentium vomiting by nursing infants with pyloric stenosis.
Hyperemesis gravidarum
Excessive vomiting in early pregnancy. Hyperemesis gravidarum, by definition, leads to the loss of 5% or more of the body weight of the woman. Hyperemesis gravidarum affects ...
hyperemetic
Marked by excessive vomiting.
hyperemia
The presence of an increased amount of bloodflow in a part or organ. SEE ALSO: congestion. [hyper- + G. haima, blood] - active h. h. due to an increased afflux of arterial blood ...
hyperemic
Denoting hyperemia.
hyperencephaly
A fetal developmental deficiency of the vault of the cranium, exposing the poorly formed brain. [hyper- + G. enkephalos, brain]
hypereosinophilia
A greater degree of abnormal increase in the number of eosinophilic granulocytes in the circulating blood or the tissues; e.g., in diseases where the degree of eosinophilia ...
hyperergia
An allergic hypersensitivity. SYN: hypergia.
hyperergic
Relating to hyperergia. SYN: hypergic.
hypererythrocythemia
SYN: hypercythemia.
hyperesophoria
A tendency of one eye to deviate upward and inward, prevented by binocular vision. [hyper- + G. eso, inward, + phora, movement]
hyperesthesia
Abnormal acuteness of sensitivity to touch, pain, or other sensory stimuli. [hyper- + G. aisthesis, sensation] - auditory h. SYN: hyperacusis. - cervical h. the hypersensitivity ...
hyperesthetic
Marked by hyperesthesia.
hypereuryprosopic
Pertaining to or characterized by a very low and wide face. [hyper- + G. eurys, wide, + prosopon, face]
hyperexophoria
A tendency of one eye to deviate upward and outward, prevented by binocular vision. [hyper- + G. exo, outward, + phora, movement]
Hyperexplexia
A genetic disorder in which babies have an exaggerated startle reflex (reaction). This disorder was not recognized until 1962 when it was described by Drs. Kok and Bruyn as a ...
hyperextension
Extension of a limb or part beyond the normal limit. SYN: overextension, superextension.
hyperferremia
High serum iron level; found in hemochromatosis.
hyperfibrinogenemia
An increased level of fibrinogen in the blood. SYN: fibrinogenemia.
hyperfibrinolysis
Markedly increased fibrinolysis, as in subdural hematomas.
hyperflexion
Flexion of a limb or part beyond the normal limit. SYN: superflexion.
hyperfructosemia
Elevated serum fructose levels.
hypergalactosis
Excessive secretion of milk. [hyper- + G. gala, milk, + -osis, condition]
hypergammaglobulinemia
An increased amount of the γ-globulins in the plasma, such as that frequently observed in chronic infectious diseases.
hyperganglionosis
SYN: neuronal hyperplasia.
hypergenesis
Excessive development or redundant production of parts or organs of the body. [hyper- + G. genesis, production]
hypergenetic
Relating to hypergenesis.
hypergenitalism
Abnormal overdevelopment of genitalia.
hypergeusia
Abnormal acuteness of the sense of taste. SYN: gustatory hyperesthesia. [hyper- + G. geusis, taste]
hypergia
SYN: hyperergia.
hypergic
SYN: hyperergic.
hyperglandular
Characterized by overactivity or increased size of a gland.
hyperglobulia, hyperglobulism
Old term for polycythemia. [hyper- + L. globulus, globule]
hyperglobulinemia
An abnormally high concentration of globulins in the circulating blood plasma.
hyperglycemia
An abnormally high concentration of glucose in the circulating blood, seen especially in patients with diabetes mellitus. SYN: hyperglycosemia. [hyper- + G. glykys, sweet, + ...
hyperglyceridemia
Elevated plasma concentration of glycerides. - endogenous h. type IV familial hyperlipoproteinemia or, more commonly, a nonfamilial sporadic variety. - exogenous h. persistent ...
hyperglycinemia
Elevated plasma glycine concentration. - ketotic h. an inherited metabolic defect which results from a deficiency of propionyl Coenzyme A carboxylase, the enzyme that converts ...
hyperglycinuria
Enhanced urinary excretion of glycine.
hyperglycogenolysis
Excessive glycogenolysis. [hyper- + glycogen + G. lysis, loosening]
hyperglycorrhachia
Excessive sugar in the cerebrospinal fluid. [hyper- + G. glykys, sweet, + rhachis, spine]
hyperglycosemia
SYN: hyperglycemia.
hyperglycosuria
Persistent excretion of unusually large amounts of glucose in the urine; i.e., an extreme degree of glucosuria.
hyperglyoxylemia
Enhanced plasma (and possibly tissue) concentrations of glyoxylate; may develop during thiamine deficiency.
hypergnosis
1. Projection of inner conflicts into the environment. 2. Exaggerated perception, such as the expansion of an isolated thought. [hyper- + G. gnosis, knowledge]
hypergonadism
A clinical state resulting from enhanced secretion of gonadal hormones.
hypergonadotropic
Indicating an increased production or excretion of gonadotropic hormones.
hypergranulosis
Increased thickness of the granular layer of the epidermis, associated with hyperkeratosis. [hyper- + ( stratum) granulosum + -osis, condition]
hyperguanidinemia
A condition in which there is an abnormally large amount of guanidine in the circulating blood.
hypergynecosmia
Overdevelopment of secondary sex characteristics of the mature female or their precocious development in the young girl. [hyper- + G. gyne, woman, + kosmeo, to decorate]
hyperhedonia, hyperhedonism
The feeling of an abnormally great pleasure in any act or from any happening. [hyper- + G. hedone, pleasure]
hyperhemoglobinemia
An unusually large amount of hemoglobin in the circulating blood plasma; i.e., much more than that ordinarily observed in most examples of hemoglobinemia.
hyperheparinemia
Elevated plasma concentrations of heparin; believed to be the cause of a heritable bleeding tendency; probably autosomal dominant inheritance.
Hyperhidrosis
Excessive sweating. Hidrosis meaning sweating, so hyperhidrosis is too much sweating. * * * Excessive or profuse sweating. SYN: polyhidrosis, sudorrhea. [hyper- + hidrosis] - ...
Hyperhidrotic
Pertaining to hyperhidrosis, excessive sweating. Hidrosis meaning sweating, so hyperhidrosis is too much sweating.
hyperhydration
Excess water content of the body; may result from the intravenous administration of unduly large amounts of glucose solution. SYN: overhydration.
hyperhydrochloria
SYN: hyperchlorhydria.
hyperhydrochloridia
Excessive acid secretion by the stomach; associated with peptic ulcer disease. [hyper + hydrochloric, acid + -ia]
hyperhydropexy, hyperhydropexis
Increased fixation of water in tissues. [hyper- + G. hydor, water, + pegnymi, to fasten]
hyperhydroxyprolinemia
See hydroxyprolinemia.
hyperimidodipeptiduria
Elevated levels of imidodipeptides ( e.g., Xaa—Pro) in the urine; due to a deficiency of prolidase.
hyperimmune
Having large quantities of specific antibodies in the serum from repeated immunizations or infections.
hyperimmunity
A high degree of immunity.
hyperimmunization
1. The induction of a heightened state of immunity by the administration of repeated doses of antigen, often used in allergy desensitization. 2. Passively acquired immunity by ...
hyperindicanemia
An unusually large amount of indican in the circulating blood; i.e., greater than that observed in most instances of indicanemia.
hyperinfection
Infection by very large numbers of organisms as a result of immunologic deficiency. Cf.:superinfection.
hyperinflation
Overdistention of airways and alveoli, sometimes leading to emphysema, caused by obstructive lung disease; occurs reversibly with asthma, and can occur locally with aspiration ...
hyperinosemia
A greatly increased quantity of fibrinogen in the circulating blood; under certain conditions, unusually large amounts of fibrin may be formed, thereby resulting in a greater ...
hyperinosis
SYN: hyperinosemia.
hyperinsulinemia
SYN: hyperinsulinism.
hyperinsulinism
Increased levels of insulin in the plasma due to increased secretion of insulin by the beta cells of the pancreatic islets; decreased hepatic removal of insulin is a cause in some ...
hyperinvolution
SYN: superinvolution.
hyperisotonic
SYN: hypertonic.
Hyperkalemia
Elevated blood potassium. Potassium is the major positive ion (cation) found inside of cells. The chemical notation for potassium is K+. The proper level of potassium is essential ...
hyperkaliemia
SYN: hyperkalemia.
hyperkaluresis
Excessive urinary excretion of potassium. [hyper- + Mod. L. kalium, potassium, + G. oureo, to urinate]
hyperkeratinization
SYN: hyperkeratosis.
hyperkeratosis
Thickening of the horny layer of the epidermis or mucous membrane. SEE ALSO: keratoderma, keratosis. SYN: hyperkeratinization. - h. congenita SYN: ichthyosis vulgaris. - ...
hyperketonemia
Elevated concentrations of ketone bodies in the blood.
hyperketonuria
Increased urinary excretion of ketonic compounds.
hyperkinemia
Increased circulation rate; increased volume flow through the circulation; supernormal cardiac output. [hyper- + G. kineo, to move, + haima, blood]
hyperkinesis, hyperkinesia
1. Excessive motility. 2. Excessive muscular activity. SYN: hypercinesis, hypercinesia, supermotility. [hyper- + G. kinesis, motion]
hyperkinetic
Pertaining to or characterized by hyperkinesia.
hyperlactation
SYN: superlactation.
hyperleukocytosis
An unusually great increase in the number and proportion of leukocytes in the circulating blood or the tissues; i.e., much more than that ordinarily observed in most instances of ...
hyperlexia
In mentally retarded children, the presence of relatively advanced reading ability. [hyper- + G. lexis, word, phrase]
hyperlipemia
Elevated levels of lipids in the blood plasma. There are several types of h.. One is associated with a deficiency of δ-aminoadipic semialdehyde synthase. SEE ALSO: lipemia. - ...
hyperlipidemia
SYN: lipemia. - mixed h. SYN: mixed hyperlipoproteinemia familial, type 5 h.. - mixed hyperlipoproteinemia familial, type 5 h. elevations of VLDL and chylomicrons found in ...
hyperlipoidemia
SYN: lipemia.
hyperlipoproteinemia
An increase in the lipoprotein concentration of the blood. - acquired h. nonfamilial h. that develops as a consequence of some primary disease, such as thyroid deficiency. - ...
hyperliposis
1. Excessive adiposity. 2. An extreme degree of fatty degeneration. [hyper- + G. lipos, fat]
hyperlithuria
An excessive excretion of uric (lithic) acid in the urine.
hyperlogia
Morbid verbosity or loquacity. See logorrhea. [hyper- + G. logios, eloquent]
hyperlordosis
Extreme lordosis.
hyperlucent
A region on a chest film showing greater than normal film blackening from increased transmission of x-rays. See unilateral h. lung. [hyper- + L. lucens, shining, fr. luceo, to ...
hyperlysinemia
A metabolic disorder characterized by mental retardation, convulsions, anemia, and asthenia; associated with an abnormal increase of the amino acid lysine in the circulating ...
hyperlysinuria
The presence of abnormally high concentrations of lysine in the urine; a form of aminoaciduria that occurs in cystinuria, hepatolenticular degeneration, and the Fanconi ...
Hypermagnesemia
Excess magnesium. Persons with impaired kidney function should be especially careful about their magnesium intake because they can accumulate magnesium, a dangerous (and ...
hypermastia
1. SYN: polymastia. 2. Excessively large mammary glands. [hyper- + G. mastos, breast]
hypermenorrhea
Excessively prolonged or profuse menses. SYN: menorrhagia. [hyper- + G. men, month, + rhoia, flow]
hypermetabolism
Heat production by the body above normal, as in thyrotoxicosis. - extrathyroidal h. a state of increased metabolic rate with normal levels of thyroid hormone production.
hypermetamorphosis
Excessive and rapid change of ideas occurring in a mental disorder. See mania, manic- depressive, manic excitement. [hyper- + G. metamorphosis, transformation]
hypermethioninemia
Elevated levels of methionine in the sera.
hypermetria
Ataxia characterized by overreaching a desired object or goal; usually seen with cerebellar disorders. Cf.:hypometria. [hyper- + G. metron, measure]
hypermetrope
SYN: hyperope.
hypermetropia
SYN: hyperopia. [hyper- + G. metron, measure, + ops, eye] - index h. h. arising from decreased refractivity of the lens.
hypermnesia
1. Extreme power of memory. 2. A capacity under hypnosis for immediate registration and precise recall of many more individual items than is thought possible under ordinary ...
hypermobility
Increased range of movement of joints, and joint laxity, occurring normally in children and adolescents or as a result of disease, e.g., Marfan or Ehlers-Danlos syndrome.
Hypermobility syndrome
A common benign childhood condition involving hypermobile joints (that can move beyond the normal range of motion). Symptoms include pains in knees, fingers, hips, and elbows. ...
hypermorph
1. Person whose sitting height is low in proportion to the standing height, owing to excessive length of limb. Cf.:hypomorph, ectomorph. 2. A mutant gene that causes an ...
hypermyotrophy
Muscular hypertrophy. [hyper- + G. mys, muscle, + trophe, nourishment]
Hypernatremia
Elevated blood sodium. Sodium is the major positive ion (cation) in fluid outside of cells. The chemical notation for sodium is Na+ (from natrium, a synonym for sodium). When ...
hyperneocytosis
Hyperleukocytosis in which there are considerable numbers of immature and young cells (especially in the granulocytic series); i.e., a “shift to the left” in the hemogram. ...
hypernephroid
Resembling or of the type of the adrenal gland. [hyper- + G. nephros, kidney, + eidos, appearance]
hypernoia
1. Great rapidity of thought. 2. Excessive mental activity or imagination of the type seen in the manic phase of manic depression. See depression. [hyper- + G. noeo, to think]
hypernomic
Controlled to excess. [hyper- + G. nomos, law]
hypernutrition
SYN: supernutrition.
hyperoncotic
Indicating an oncotic pressure higher than normal, e.g., of blood plasma.
hyperonychia
Hypertrophy of the nails. [hyper- + G. onyx, (onych-), nail]
hyperope
One suffering from hyperopia. SYN: hypermetrope.
Hyperopia
Farsightedness; the ability to see distant objects more clearly than close objects. Hyperopia may be corrected with glasses or contact lenses. * * * Longsightedness; that optical ...
hyperopic
Pertaining to hyperopia.
hyperorality
A condition in which inappropriate objects are placed in the mouth. [hyper- + L. os (or-), mouth]
hyperorexia
SYN: bulimia nervosa. [hyper- + G. orexis, appetite]
hyperornithinemia
Elevated levels of ornithine in the serum; sometimes associated with hyperammonemia and homocitrullinuria.
hyperorthocytosis
Hyperleukocytosis in which the relative percentages of the various types of white blood cells are within the normal range and immature forms are not observed. [hyper- + G. ...
hyperosmia
An exaggerated or abnormally acute sense of smell. SYN: olfactory hyperesthesia, hyperesthesia olfactoria. [hyper- + G. osme, sense of smell]
hyperosmolality
Increased osmotic concentration of a solution expressed as osmoles of solute per kilogram of serum water.
hyperosmolarity
An increase in the osmotic concentration of a solution expressed as osmoles of solute per liter of solution.
hyperosmotic
1. Having an osmolality greater than another fluid, ordinarily assumed to be plasma or extracellular fluid. 2. Relating to increased osmosis.
hyperosteoidosis
Excessive formation of osteoid, as seen in rickets and osteomalacia.
Hyperostosis
Overgrowth of bone. Hyperostosis is a nonspecific term that does not refer to any particular condition. * * * 1. Hypertrophy of bone. 2. SYN: exostosis. [hyper- + G. osteon, ...
hyperovarianism
Sexual precocity in young girls due to premature maturation of the hypotholomic-pituitary axis and development of ovaries accompanied by the secretion of ovarian hormones. SYN: ...
Hyperoxaluria
An hereditary disorder that causes a special type of stone to form in the kidney and the urine beginning in childhood. Also known as oxalosis. The clinical features of this ...
hyperoxia
1. An increased amount of oxygen in tissues and organs. 2. A greater oxygen tension than normal, such as that produced by breathing air or oxygen at pressures greater than 1 ...
hyperoxidation
Excessive oxidation.
hyperpancreatism
A condition of increased activity of the pancreas, trypsin being in excess among the enzymes.
hyperparasite
A secondary parasite capable of development within a previously existing parasite.
hyperparasitism
A condition in which a secondary parasite develops within a previously existing parasite. SYN: biparasitism.
hyperparathyroidism
A condition due to an increase in the secretion of the parathyroids, causing elevated serum calcium, decreased serum phosphorus, and increased excretion of both calcium and ...
hyperparotidism
Increased activity of the parotid glands.
hyperpathia
Exaggerated subjective response to painful stimuli, with a continuing sensation of pain after the stimulation has ceased. [hyper- + G. pathos, suffering]
hyperpepsia
1. Abnormally rapid digestion. 2. Impaired digestion with hyperchlorhydria. [hyper- + G. pepsis, digestion]
hyperpepsinia
An excess of pepsin in the gastric juice.
hyperperistalsis
Excessive rapidity of the passage of food through the stomach and intestine.
hyperphagia
Gluttony; overeating. [hyper- + G. phagein, to eat]
hyperphalangism
Presence of a supernumerary phalanx in a finger or toe. SYN: polyphalangism.
hyperphenylalaninemia
The presence of abnormally high blood levels of phenylalanine, which may or may not be associated with elevated tyrosine levels, in newborn infants (premature and full-term), ...
hyperphonesis
An increase in the percussion sound or of the voice sound in auscultation. [hyper- + G. phonesis, a sounding]
hyperphonia
Excessive effort in voice production characterized by loudness and undue tension of the vocal muscles. [hyper- + G. phone, sound, voice]
hyperphoria
A tendency of the visual axis of one eye to deviate upward, prevented by binocular vision. [hyper- + G. phora, motion]

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