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Слова на букву hemi-inso (2629)

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hypoliposis
Presence of an abnormally small amount of fat in the tissues.
hypologia
Lack of ability for speech. [hypo- + G. logos, word]
hypolymphemia
Abnormally small numbers of lymphocytes in the circulating blood.
Hypomagnesemia
Too little magnesium. Magnesium deficiency can occur due to inadequate intake or impaired intestinal absorption of magnesium. Low magnesium (hypomagnesemia) is often ...
hypomania
A mild degree of mania.
hypomastia
Atrophy or congenital smallness of the breasts. [hypo- + G. mastos, breast]
hypomelancholia
A mild degree of mental depression.
hypomelanosis
SYN: leukoderma. - h. of Ito [MIM*146150 and MIM*308300] not a specific entity but rather represents features of many different forms of mosaicism; characterized by unilateral ...
hypomelia
General term for hypoplasia of some or all parts of one or more limbs. [hypo- + G. melos, limb]
hypomenorrhea
Diminution of the flow or a shortening of the duration of menstruation. [hypo- + G. men, month, + rhoia, flow]
hypomere
1. The portion of the myotome that extends ventrolaterally to form body-wall and limb muscle, innervated by the primary ventral ramus of a spinal nerve. See hypaxial. 2. Less ...
hypometabolism
Reduced metabolism. SEE ALSO: hypometabolic state. - euthyroid h. an unusual condition resembling myxedema but with an apparently normal thyroid gland.
hypometria
Ataxia characterized by underreaching an object or goal; seen with cerebellar disease. Cf.:hypermetria. [hypo- + G. metron, measure]
hypomnesia
Impaired memory. Cf.:hypermnesia. [hypo- + G. mneme, memory]
hypomorph
1. A person whose standing height is short in proportion to the sitting height, owing to shortness of the limbs. Cf.:hypermorph, endomorph. 2. A mutant gene that causes a ...
hypomotility
SYN: hypokinesis.
hypomyelination, hypomyelinogenesis
Defective formation of myelin in the spinal cord and brain; the basis for a number of demyelinating diseases.
hypomyotonia
A condition of diminished muscular tonus. [hypo- + G. mys (myo-) muscle, + tonos, tension]
hypomyxia
A condition in which the secretion of mucus is diminished. [hypo- + G. myxa, mucus]
Hyponatremia
An abnormally low concentration of sodium in the blood. Too little sodium can cause cells to malfunction, and extremely low sodium can be fatal. The symptoms of hyponatremia ...
hyponeocytosis
Leukopenia associated with the presence of immature and young leukocytes (especially in the granulocytic series), i.e., a “shift to the left” in the hemogram. SYN: ...
hyponoia
Deficient or sluggish mental activity or imagination. [hypo- + G. noeo, to think]
hyponychial
1. SYN: subungual. 2. Relating to the hyponychium.
hyponychium
The epithelium of the nail bed, particularly its proximal part in the region of the nailroot and lunula, forming the nail matrix. [hypo- + G. onyx, nail]
hyponychon
Subungual hemorrhage. [hypo- + G. onyx, nail]
hypooncotic
Indicating an oncotic pressure less than normal, e.g., of blood plasma.
hypoorthocytosis
Leukopenia in which the relative numbers of the various types of white blood cells are within the normal range, and no immature cells are found in the circulating blood. [hypo- + ...
hypoovarianism
Inadequate ovarian function, commonly referring to reduced secretion of ovarian hormones. SYN: hypovarianism.
hypopancreatism
A condition of diminished activity of digestive enzyme secretion by the pancreas.
hypopancreorrhea
Reduced delivery of pancreatic digestive enzyme secretions. [hypo- + pancreas + G. rhoia, flow]
hypoparathyroidism
A condition due to diminution or absence of the secretion of the parathyroid hormones, with low serum calcium and tetany, and sometimes with increased bone density. SEE ALSO: ...
hypopepsia
Impaired digestion, especially that due to a deficiency of pepsin. SYN: oligopepsia. [hypo- + G. pepsis, digestion]
hypoperistalsis
Reduced or inadequate peristalsis.
hypophalangism
Congenital absence of one or more of the phalanges of a finger or toe.
hypopharynx
laryngopharynx.
hypophonesis
In percussion or auscultation, a sound that is diminished or fainter than usual. [hypo- + G. phonesis, a sounding]
hypophonia
An abnormally weak voice due to incoordination of the muscles concerned in vocalization. SYN: leptophonia, microphonia, microphony. [hypo- + G. phone, voice]
hypophoria
A tendency of the visual axis of one eye to deviate downward, prevented by binocular vision. [hypo- + G. phora, motion]
hypophosphatasemia
SYN: hypophosphatasia.
hypophosphatasia
An abnormally low content of alkaline phosphatase in the circulating blood. SYN: hypophosphatasemia. - adult h. an autosomal dominant trait with early loss of teeth, bowing, ...
Hypophosphatemia
A less than normal blood level of phosphate. The opposite of hyperphosphatemia. * * * Abnormally low concentrations of phosphates in the circulating blood. See also entries under ...
hypophosphaturia
Reduced urinary excretion of phosphates.
hypophosphorous acid
An aqueous solution containing 31% HPH2O2; used as a stabilizing reducing agent in pharmaceutical preparations.
hypophrasia
Slowness or lack of speech associated with a psychosis or brain injury. [hypo- + G. phrasis, speaking]
hypophyseal
SYN: hypophysial.
hypophysectomize
To remove the pituitary gland.
hypophysectomy
Surgical removal of the hypophysis or pituitary gland.
hypophyseoprivic
SYN: hypophysioprivic.
hypophyseotropic
SYN: hypophysiotropic.
hypophysial
Relating to a hypophysis. SYN: hypophyseal.
hypophysin
An aqueous extract of the posterior lobe of the fresh hypophysis of cattle; contains oxytocin and vasopressin.
hypophysioprivic
Denoting the condition in which the pituitary gland may be functionally inactive or may be absent, as after hypophysectomy. SYN: hypophyseoprivic. [ hypophysis + L. privus, ...
hypophysiotropic
Denoting a stimulatory hormone that acts on the pituitary gland (hypophysis). SYN: hypophyseotropic.
hypophysis
SYN: pituitary gland. SEE ALSO: hypothalamus. [G. an undergrowth] - h. cerebri SYN: pituitary gland. - pharyngeal h. residual tissue derived from the hypophysial diverticulum ...
hypophysitis
Inflammation of the hypophysis. - lymphocytic h. an acute anterior pituitary lymphocytic reaction characterized clinically by signs and symptoms of anterior pituitary ...
hypopiesis
SYN: hypotension (1). [hypo- + G. piesis, pressure] - orthostatic h. SYN: orthostatic hypotension.
hypopigmentation
Deficiency of cutaneous melanin relative to surrounding skin. See albinism. [hypo- + pigmentation]
hypopituitarism
A condition due to diminished activity of the anterior lobe of the hypophysis, with inadequate secretion, to varying degrees, of one or more anterior pituitary hormones.
Hypoplasia
Underdevelopment or incomplete development of a tissue or organ. For example, there can be hypoplasia (underdevelopment) of the enamel of the teeth. Hypoplasia is less drastic ...
Hypoplasia of the thymus and parathyroids
Also known as the DiGeorge syndrome (DGS), this disorder is characterized by (1) low blood calcium levels (hypocalcemia) due to underdevelopment (hypoplasia) of the parathyroid ...
Hypoplasia, syndromatic hepatic ductular
Also called Alagille syndrome or arteriohepatic dysplasia, this is a genetic disorder characterized by jaundice in the newborn period, liver disease with cholestasis, ...
hypoplastic
Pertaining to or characterized by hypoplasia.
Hypoplastic anemia-triphalangeal thumbs, Aase-Smith type
A genetic disorder that may be detected during early infancy and is characterized by the presence of three bones (phalanges) within the thumbs (triphalangeal thumbs) rather than ...
Hypoplastic left heart syndrome
A form of congenital heart disease in which the whole left half of the heart (including the aorta , aortic valve, left ventricle and mitral valve) is underdeveloped ...
Hypopnea
Underbreathing, breathing that is shallower or slower than normal. Hypopnea is distinct from apnea in which there is no breathing. Hypopnea comes from the Greek roots hypo- ...
hypoposia
Hypodipsia, primarily due to reduced tendency to drink rather than the reduced sensation of thirst. [hypo- + G. posis, drinking]
hypopotassemia
SYN: hypokalemia.
hypoproaccelerinemia
Abnormally low concentration of blood-clotting factor V, i.e., proaccelerin, in the circulating blood.
hypoproconvertinemia
Abnormally low concentration of blood-clotting factor VII, i.e., proconvertin, in the circulating blood; a deficiency causes a quantitative prolongation of the prothrombin ...
hypoproteinemia
Abnormally small amounts of total protein in the circulating blood plasma.
Hypoproteinemic hypertrophic gastropathy
Also known as Menetrier disease, this is a premalignant disorder of the stomach characterized by overgrowth of the stomach lining (gastric mucosa), nausea and vomiting and ...
hypoproteinosis
A condition, especially in children, due to a dietary deficiency of protein; characterized by anorexia, vomiting, retardation of growth, anemia, and increased susceptibility to ...
hypoprothrombinemia
Abnormally small amounts of prothrombin in the circulating blood. SYN: prothrombinopenia.
hypoptyalism
SYN: hyposalivation. [hypo- + G. ptyalon, saliva]
hypopyon
The presence of leukocytes in the anterior chamber of the eye. [hypo- + G. pyon, pus] - recurrent h. SYN: Behçet syndrome.
hyporeflexia
A condition in which the reflexes are weakened.
hyporeninemia
Low levels of renin in the circulating blood.
hyporeninemic
Denoting or characterized by hyporeninemia.
hyporiboflavinosis
A more correct term than the more commonly used ariboflavinosis, q.v.
hyposalivation
Reduced salivation. SYN: hypoptyalism.
hyposcheotomy
Incision or puncture into a hydrocele at its most dependent point. [hypo- + G. oscheon, scrotum, + tome, incision]
hyposcleral
Beneath the sclerotic coat of the eyeball.
hyposensitivity
A condition of subnormal sensitivity, in which the response to a stimulus is unusually delayed or lessened in degree.
hyposensitization
SYN: desensitization.
hyposkeocytosis
SYN: hyponeocytosis. [hypo- + skaios, left, + kytos, cell, + -osis, condition]
hyposmia
Diminished sense of smell. It may be: 1) general to all odorants, partial to some odorants, or specific to one or more odorants; 2) due to transport disorders (in nasal ...
hyposmosis
A reduction in the rapidity of osmosis.
hyposmotic
Having an osmolality less than another fluid, ordinarily assumed to be plasma or extracellular fluid.
hyposomatotropism
A state characterized by deficient secretion of pituitary growth hormone (somatotropin).
hyposomia
Inadequate development of the body. [hypo- + G. soma, body]
hyposomniac
A person with a reduction in sleep time. [hypo- + L. somnus, sleep]
hypospadiac
Relating to hypospadias.
Hypospadias
A birth defect of the penis involving the urethra (the transport tube leading from the bladder to discharge urine outside the body). The urethra in the male normally travels ...
hyposphygmia
Abnormally low blood pressure with sluggishness of the circulation. [hypo- + G. sphyxis, pulse]
hyposplenism
Absent or reduced splenic function, usually due to surgical removal, congenital aplasia, tumor replacement, or splenic vascular accident. Red cell abnormalities, including the ...
hypostasis
1. Formation of a sediment at the bottom of a liquid. 2. SYN: hypostatic congestion. 3. The phenomenon whereby the phenotype that would ordinarily be manifested at one locus ...
hypostatic
1. Sedimentary; resulting from a dependent position. 2. Relating to hypostasis.
hyposthenuria
Excretion of urine of low specific gravity, due to inability of the tubules of the kidneys to produce a concentrated urine; also occurs following excessive water ingestion in ...
hypostome
The central unpaired holdfast organ of the tick capitulum; the h. is covered with recurved spines that enable it to serve as an anchoring device while the tick feeds. [hypo- + G. ...
hypostomia
A form of microstomia in which the oral opening is a small vertical slit. [hypo- + G. stoma, mouth]
hypostosis
Deficient development of bone. [hypo- + G. osteon, bone, + -osis, condition]
hyposupradrenalism
SYN: chronic adrenocortical insufficiency.
hyposystole
A weak or incomplete cardiac systole.
hypotelorism
Abnormal closeness of eyes. [hypo- + G. tele, far off, + horizo, to separate, fr. horos, boundary]
hypotension
1. Subnormal arterial blood pressure. SYN: hypopiesis. 2. Reduced pressure or tension of any kind. [hypo- + L. tensio, a stretching] - arterial h. h. (1). - idiopathic ...
Hypotension, orthostatic
A temporary lowering of blood pressure (hypotension) due usually to suddenly standing up (orthostatic). Orthostatic hypotension may be experienced by healthy people — it is ...
Hypotension, postural
A drop in blood pressure (hypotension) due to a change in body position (posture) when a person moves to a more vertical position: from sitting to standing or from lying down to ...
hypotensive
Characterized by low blood pressure or causing reduction in blood pressure.
hypotensor
SYN: depressor (4).
Hypothalamic hamartoma
A benign tumor of the hypothalamus, the area of the brain that controls body temperature, hunger, and thirst. (In technical terms, the hypothalamus lies beneath a structure ...
hypothalamohypophysial
Relating to both the hypothalamus and the hypophysis.
Hypothalamus
: The area of the brain that controls body temperature, hunger, and thirst. * * * The ventral and medial region of the diencephalon forming the walls of the ventral half of the ...
hypothenar
1. [NA] SYN: h. eminence. 2. Denoting any structure in relation with the h. eminence or its underlying collective components. [hypo- + G. thenar, the palm]
hypothermal
Denoting hypothermia.
Hypothermia
Abnormally low body temperature. The condition needs treatment at body temperatures of 35C (95 F) or below. And hypothermia becomes life threatening below body temperatures of ...
hypothesis
A conjecture advanced for heuristic purposes, cast in a form that is amenable to confirmation or refutation by the conductance of definable experiments and the critical assembly ...
hypothrombinemia
Abnormally small amounts of thrombin in the circulating blood, resulting in bleeding tendency.
hypothromboplastinemia
Abnormally small amounts of thromboplastin in the blood, as a result of deficient quantities being released from the tissues.
hypothymia
Depression of spirits; the “blues.” [hypo- + G. thymos, mind, soul]
hypothymic
Denoting or characteristic of hypothymia.
hypothymism
Obsolete term for inadequate function of the thymus.
hypothyroid
Marked by reduced thyroid function.
hypothyroidism
Diminished production of thyroid hormone, leading to clinical manifestations of thyroid insufficiency, including low metabolic rate, tendency to weight gain, somnolence and ...
Hypothyroidism, congenital
Underactivity of the thyroid gland at birth, resulting in growth retardation, developmental delay and other abnormal features. Can be due to deficiency of iodine in the ...
Hypothyroidism, infantile
Hypothyroidism (subnormal activity of the thyroid gland) that starts after birth and is manifest by features including delays in growth and development and myxedema surfacing ...
hypothyroxinemia
A subnormal thyroxine concentration in the blood.
Hypotonia
Decreased tone of skeletal muscles. In a word, floppiness. Hypotonia is a common finding in cerebral palsy and other neuromuscular disorders. Untreated hypotonia can lead to hip ...
hypotonic
1. Having a lesser degree of tension. 2. Having a lesser osmotic pressure than a reference solution, which is ordinarily assumed to be blood plasma or interstitial fluid; more ...
hypotonicity
1. SYN: hypotonia. 2. A decreased effective osmotic pressure.
hypotonus, hypotony
SYN: hypotonia.
hypotrichiasis
1. SYN: hypotrichosis. 2. SYN: alopecia congenitalis. [hypo- + G. trichiasis, hairiness]
hypotrichosis
A less than normal amount of hair on the head and/or body. SYN: hypotrichiasis (1), oligotrichia, oligotrichosis. [hypo- + G. trichosis, hairiness]
hypotropia
An ocular deviation with one eye lower than the other. [hypo- + G. trope, turn]
hypotympanotomy
Operative procedure for the excision, without sacrifice of hearing, of small tumors confined to the lower portion of the tympanic cavity. [hypo- + G. tympanon, tympanum, + tome, ...
hypotympanum
The lower part of the tympanic cavity. It is separated by a bony wall from the jugular bulb.
hypouresis
Reduced flow of urine.
hypouricemia
Reduced blood concentration of uric acid.
hypouricuria
Reduced excretion of uric acid in the urine. - hereditary renal h. an autosomal recessive disorder caused by defective reabsorption of urate in the renal proximal tubule.
hypovarianism
SYN: hypoovarianism.
ilio-
The ilium. [L. ilium]
iliococcygeal
Relating to the ilium and the coccyx.
iliocolotomy
The operation of opening into the colon in the inguinal (iliac) region. [ ilio- + G. kolon, colon, + tome, incision]
iliocostal
Relating to the ilium and the ribs; denoting muscles passing between the two parts.
iliocostalis
See i. (muscle).
iliofemoral
Relating to the ilium and the femur.
iliofemoroplasty
An obsolete method of securing a hip fusion by an extra-articular technique (a joint bypass procedure) in which a turned down bone flap from the ilium is placed into a split ...
iliohypogastric
Relating to the iliac and the hypogastric regions.
ilioinguinal
Relating to the iliac region and the groin.
iliolumbar
Relating to the iliac and the lumbar regions.
iliopagus
Conjoined twins in which the fusion is restricted to the iliac region. See conjoined twins, under twin. [ ilio- + G. pagos, something fixed]
iliopectineal
Relating to the ilium and the pubis.
iliopelvic
Relating to the iliac region and the cavity of the pelvis.
iliosacral
Relating to the ilium and the sacrum.
iliosciatic
Relating to the ilium and the ischium.
iliospinal
Relating to the ilium and the spinal column.
iliothoracopagus
Conjoined twins in which union occurs through the ilia and extends to involve the thoraces. See conjoined twins, under twin. SYN: ischiothoracopagus. [ ilio- + G. thorax, chest, ...
iliotibial
Relating to the ilium and the tibia.
iliotrochanteric
Relating to the ilium and the greater trochanter of the femur.
ilioxiphopagus
Conjoined twins in which the fusion extends from the xiphoid to the iliac region. See conjoined twins, under twin. [ ilio- + xiphoid, + G. pagos, fixed]
ilium
The broad, flaring portion of the hip bone, distinct at birth but later becoming fused with the ischium and pubis; it consists of a body, which joins the pubis and ischium to ...
illicium
Chinese or star anise, the dried fruit of Illhicium verum (family Magnoliaceae), an evergreen shrub or small tree of southern China; used as a stimulating carminative. [L. an ...
illinition
The friction of a surface to facilitate absorption of an ointment. [L. il-lino, pp. -litus, to smear on (in + lino)]
illness
SYN: disease (1). - environmental i. SYN: multiple chemical sensitivity. - factitious i. by proxy SYN: Munchausen syndrome by proxy. - functional i. SYN: functional disorder. - ...
Illness, acute
An illness with an abrupt onset and usually a short course.
Illness, altitude
Altitude illness (or altitude sickness) is a disorder caused by being at high altitude. It more commonly occurs above 8,000 feet (2,440 meters). The cause of altitude illness ...
Illness, chronic
An illness that has persisted for a long period of time. It is a continuing disease process.
illumination
1. Throwing light on the body or a part or into a cavity for diagnostic purposes. 2. Lighting an object under a microscope. [L. il-lumino, pp. -atus, to light up] - axial i. the ...
illuminism
A psychotic state of exaltation in which one has delusions and hallucinations of communion with supernatural or exalted beings.
illusion
A false perception; the mistaking of something for what it is not. [L. illusio, fr. il- ludo, pp. -lusus, to play at, mock] - i. of doubles SYN: Capgras syndrome. - i. of movement ...
illusional
Relating to or of the nature of an illusion.
Ilosvay
Lajos de, Hungarian chemist, 1851–1936. See I. reagent.
IM
Abbreviation for internal medicine.
IM (intramuscular)
An IM medication is given by needle into the muscle. This is as opposed to a medication that is given by a needle, for example, into the skin (intradermal) or just below the skin ...
ima
Lowest. SEE ALSO: imus. [L.]
image
1. Representation of an object made by the rays of light emanating or reflected from it. 2. Representation produced by x-rays, ultrasound, tomography, thermography, ...
image intensifier
SYN: image amplifier.
Imagery
: Both a mental process (as in imagining) and a wide variety of procedures used in therapy to encourage changes in attitudes, behavior, or physiological reactions. As a mental ...
imaginal
Relating to an image or to the process of imagining.
imaging
Production of a clinical image using x-rays, ultrasound, computed tomography, magnetic resonance, radionuclide scanning, and thermography; especially, cross-sectional i., ...
imaging department
The diagnostic radiology department. See imaging, radiology.
imago
1. The last stage of an insect after it has completed all its metamorphoses through the egg, larva, and pupa; the adult insect form. 2. SYN: archetype (2). [L. image]
imbalance
1. Lack of equality between opposing forces. 2. Lack of equality in some aspect of binocular vision, such as muscle balance, image size, and/or image shape. [L. in- neg. + ...
imbecile
An obsolete term for a subclass of mental retardation or the individual classified therein. [L. imbecillus, weak, silly]
imbed
SYN: embed.
imbibition
1. Absorption of fluid by a solid body without resultant chemical change in either. 2. Taking up of water by a gel, thereby increasing its size. [L. im-bibo, to drink in (in + ...
imbricate, imbricated
Overlapping like shingles. [L. imbricatus, covered with tiles]
imbrication
The operative overlapping of layers of tissue in the closure of wounds or the repair of defects. [see imbricate] - eyelid i. an abnormality of eyelid position by which the upper ...
imidazole
A five-membered heterocyclic compound occurring in l-histidine and other biologically important compounds. - i. alkaloids alkaloids containing one or more i. moieties as part of ...
imidazolyl
The radical of imidazole. SYN: iminazolyl.
imide
The radical, group, or moiety, =NH, attached to two —CO— groups.
imido-
Prefix denoting the radical of an imide, formed by the loss of the H of the =NH group.
imidodipeptidase
SYN: proline dipeptidase.
imidodipeptiduria
Elevated levels of proline-containing dipeptides in the urine; associated with a deficiency of prolidase ( peptidase D) resulting in impaired development.
imidole
SYN: pyrrole.
iminazolyl
SYN: imidazolyl.
imino acids
Compounds with molecules containing both an acid group (usually the carboxyl, –COOH) and an imino group (=NH).
imino-
Prefix denoting the group =NH.
iminocarbonyl
See carboxamide.
iminodipeptidase
SYN: prolyl dipeptidase.
iminoglycinuria
A benign inborn error of amino acid transport in renal tubule and intestine; glycine, proline, and hydroxyproline are excreted in the urine; probably autosomal recessive ...
iminohydrolases
Enzymes that hydrolyze imino groups; e.g., arginine deiminase. SYN: deiminases.
iminostilbenes
A chemical class of agents of which carbamazepine, an antiepileptic drug, is the most prominent.
imipenem
A thienamycin antibiotic with broad spectrum activity used, in combination with cilastin, to treat a variety of infections.
imipramine hydrochloride
A tricyclic antidepressant. Metabolized to form desipramine, another tricyclic antidepressant.
imiquimod
An immune response modifier used on the skin in the treatment of external genital and perianal warts.
IML
Abbreviation for intermediolateral cell column of the spinal cord gray matter.
Imlach
Francis, Scottish anatomist and surgeon, 1819–1891. See I. fat-pad.
immedicable
Obsolete term meaning not curable by medicinal remedies. [L. in- neg. + medicabilis, curable]
immersion
1. The placing of a body under water or other liquid. 2. In microscopy, filling the space between the objective lens and the top of the cover glass with a fluid, such as water ...
immiscible
Incapable of mutual solution; e.g., oil and water. [L. im-misceo, to mix in (in + misceo)]
immission
Environmental concentration of a pollutant, resulting from a combination of imissions and dispersals; often synonymous with exposure. [L. immissio, introduction, fr. im- mitto, ...
immittance
Measurement of middle ear impedance and compliance. SYN: admittance. [L. immitto, to send in]
immobilization
The act of making immovable. [see immobilize]
immobilize
To render fixed or incapable of moving. [L. in- neg. + mobilis, movable]
immortalization
Conferring on normal cells cultured in vitro the property of an infinite lifespan, as from spontaneous mutation, by exposure to chemical carcinogens, or by viral infection. I. ...
Immune
Protected against infection. The Latin immunis means free, exempt. * * * 1. Free from the possibility of acquiring a given infectious disease; resistant to an infectious disease. ...
Immune response
Any reaction by the immune system.
Immune tolerance
A state of unresponsiveness to a specific antigen (immune stimulus) or group of antigens to which a person is normally responsive. Immune tolerance can result from a number of ...
immunifacient
Making immune after a specific disease. [L. immunis, exempt, + faciens, making, pr. part. of facio]
Immunity
The condition of being immune. Immunity can be innate (for example, humans are innately immune to canine distemper) or conferred by a previous infection or immunization. * * * ...
Immunization
Vaccination. Immunizations work by stimulating the immune system, the natural disease-fighting system of the body. The healthy immune system is able to recognize invading bacteria ...
Immunization, chickenpox (varicella)
This vaccine prevents the common disease known as chickenpox (varicella zoster). While chickenpox is often considered a trivial illness, it can cause significant lost time on ...
Immunization, children’s
In the United States, it is recommended that all children receive vaccination against: {{}}Hepatitis B Diphtheria, tetanus, pertussis Haemophilus influenzae type B (HIB) ...
Immunization, DT
DT (diphtheria and tetanus) vaccine does not protect from pertussis and is usually reserved for individuals who have had a significant adverse reaction to a DPT shot or who ...
Immunization, DTaP
Like DPT, DTaP protects from diphtheria, pertussis (whooping cough) and tetanus. DTaP is the same as DTP, except that it contains only acellular pertussis vaccine which is ...
Immunization, H. flu
This immunization is designed to prevent disease due to Haemophilus influenzae (H. flu), specifically Haemophilus influenzae type B (HIB). The HIB bacteria is responsible for a ...
Immunization, Haemophilus influenzae type B (HIB)
Immunization designed to prevent diseases caused by Haemophilus influenzae type B (HIB), a bacteria responsible for a range of serious "invasive" diseases including meningitis ...
Immunization, hepatitis A
When immediate protection against hepatitis A (infectious hepatitis) is needed, immunoglobulins are used. Protection is effective only if given within 2 weeks of exposure and ...
Immunization, hepatitis B
Hepatitis B (hep B) vaccine gives prolonged protection, but 3 shots over a half year are usually required. In the U.S., all infants receive hep B vaccine. Two vaccines ...
Immunization, HIB
This immunization is designed to prevent diseases caused by Haemophilus influenzae type B (HIB), a bacteria responsible for a range of serious "invasive" diseases including ...
Immunization, meningococcal
A vaccine to prevent meningococcal meningitis, an inflammation of the membranes that cover the brain and spinal cord due to bacterial infection by an organism called Neisseria ...
Immunization, MMR
The standard vaccine given to prevent measles, mumps and rubella (German measles). The MMR vaccine is now given in two dosages. The first should be given at 12-15 months of ...
Immunization, pneumococcal
Vaccination to help prevent infection by Streptococcus pneumoniae, also known as the pneumococcus bacterium. This bacterium causes one of the most common and severe forms of ...
Immunization, polio
The vaccines available for vaccination against polio are OPV (Oral Polio Vaccine) and IPV (Inactivated Polio Vaccine). OPV is still the preferred vaccine for most ...
Immunization, yellow fever
A live attenuated (weakened) viral vaccine that is recommended for people traveling to or living in tropical areas in the Americas and Africa where yellow fever occurs. Because ...
immunize
1. To render immune. 2. To administer immunization.
immuno-
Immune, immunity. [L. immunis, immune]
immunoadjuvant
See adjuvant (2).
immunoagglutination
Specific agglutination effected by antibody.
immunoassay
Detection and assay of substances by serological (immunological) methods; in most applications the substance in question serves as antigen, both in antibody production and in ...
immunobiology
The study of the immune factors that affect the growth, development, and health of biological organisms.
immunoblast
An antigenically stimulated lymphocyte; a large cell with well-defined basophilic cytoplasm, a large nucleus with prominent nuclear membrane, distinct nucleoli, and clumped ...
immunoblot, immunoblotting
Process by which antigens can be separated by electrophoresis and allowed to adhere onto nitrocellulose sheets where they bind nonspecifically and then are subsequently ...
immunoblotting
See immunoblot.
immunochemistry
The field of chemistry concerned with chemical aspects of immunologic phenomena, e.g., chemical reactions related to antigen stimulation of tissues, chemical studies of antigens ...
immunocompetence
The ability to produce a normal immune response.
Immunocompetent
Able to develop an immune response. Able to recognize antigens and respond to them. The opposite of immunodeficient. * * * Possessing the ability to mount a normal immune ...
immunocomplex
Complexes of antibody and antigen. See immune complex.
immunocompromised
Denoting an individual whose immunologic mechanism is deficient either because of an immunodeficiency disorder or because it has been rendered so by immunosuppressive agents.
immunoconglutinin
An autoantibody-like immunoglobulin (IgM) formed in animals (or man) against their own complement following injection of complement-containing complexes or sensitized bacteria.
immunocyte
An immunologically competent leukocyte capable, actively or potentially, of producing antibodies or reacting in cell-mediated immunity reactions. SEE ALSO: I cell. [ immuno- + G. ...
immunocytoadherence
A method for determining cell surface properties, in which immunoglobulin or receptors on the surface of one cell population cause cells with corresponding molecular ...
immunocytochemistry
The study of cell constituents by immunologic methods, such as the use of fluorescent antibodies or immunoperoxidase staining..
immunodeficiency
A condition resulting from a defective immune mechanism; may be primary (due to a defect in the immune mechanism itself) or secondary (dependent upon another disease process), ...
Immunodeficient
Lacking immunity and so susceptible to infection. * * * Lacking in some essential function of the immune system.
immunodepressant
SYN: immunosuppressant.
immunodepressor
SYN: immunosuppressant.
immunodiagnosis
The process of determining specified immunologic characteristics of individuals or of cells, serum, or other biologic specimens.
immunodiffusion
A technique to study antigen-antibody reactions by observing precipitates formed by antigen-antibody complexes, which are formed by combination of specific antigen and antibodies ...
immunoelectrophoresis
A kind of precipitin test in which the components of one group of immunological reactants (usually a mixture of antigens) are first separated on the basis of electrophoretic ...
immunoenhancement
Increasing the immune response; aside from antibody, nonspecific substances may also act to enhance immune response. SYN: immunologic enhancement.
immunoenhancer
Any specific or nonspecific substance that increases the degree of the immune response.
immunoferritin
Antibody-ferritin conjugate used to identify specific antigen by electron microscopy.
immunofluorescence
An immunohistochemical technique using labeling of antibodies by a fluorescent dye to identify antigenic material specific for the labeled antibody; the specific binding of ...
immunogen
SYN: antigen.

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