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Слова на букву insp-line (2629)

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isocoria
Equality in the size of the two pupils. [ iso- + G. kore, pupil]
isocortex
O. and C. Vogt term for the larger part of the mammalian cerebral cortex, distinguished from the allocortex by being composed of a larger number of nerve cells arranged in six ...
isocyanate
The radical –N=C=O from isocyanic acid.
isocyanic acid
A highly reactive chemical, HNCO.
isocyanide
The radical –NC; organic isocyanides are called isonitriles.
isocytolysin
A cytolysin that reacts with the cells of certain other animals of the same species, but not with the cells of the individual that formed the i..
isodactylism
Condition in which the fingers or toes are all approximately of equal length. [ iso- + G. daktylos, finger]
isodense
Denoting a tissue having a radiopacity ( radiodensity) similar to that of another or adjacent tissue.
isodesmosine
A cross-linking amino acid formed from lysyl residues; found in elastin.
Isodisomy
Remarkable situation where both chromosomes in a pair are from one parent and neither from the other. Isodisomy causes some birth defects and, we suspect, plays a role in cancer. ...
isodose
Area of equivalent radiation dose. [ iso- + dose]
isodulcit
SYN: l-rhamnose.
isodynamic
1. Of equal force or strength. 2. Relating to foods or other materials that liberate the same amount of energy on combustion. [ iso- + G. dynamis, force]
isodynamogenic
1. SYN: isoenergetic. 2. Producing equal nerve force. [ iso- + G. dynamis, force, + -gen, producing]
isoelectric
Of equal electrical potential. Cf.:i. point. SYN: isopotential. - i. focusing electrophoresis of small molecules or macromolecules in a pH gradient.
isoenergetic
Exerting equal force; equally active. SYN: isodynamogenic (1).
isoenzyme
One of a group of enzymes that catalyze the same reaction but may be differentiated by variations in physical properties, such as isoelectric point, electrophoretic mobility, ...
isoerythrolysis
Destruction of erythrocytes by isoantibodies. [ iso- + erythrocyte = G. lysis, dissolution] - neonatal i. 1. i. in the newborn animal; 2. hemolytic icterus of the newborn.
isofluorphate
A toxic cholinergic agent that acts by irreversible inhibition of cholinesterase; an ophthalmic cholinergic agent used in the treatment of glaucoma; also used in biochemical ...
isoflurane
A nonflammable, nonexplosive, halogenated ether with potent anesthetic action; an isomer of enflurane.
isogamete
1. One of two or more similar cells that conjugate or fuse and subsequently divide, resulting in reproduction. 2. A gamete of the same size as the gamete with which it unites. ...
isogamy
Conjugation between two equal gametes or two individual cells alike in all respects. [ iso- + G. gamos, marriage]
isogeneic, isogenic
SYN: syngeneic.
isogenous
Of the same origin, as in development from the same tissue or cell. [ iso- + G. genos, family, kind]
isogentiobiose
SYN: isomaltose.
isoglutamine
A glutamic amide.
isognathous
Having jaws of approximately the same width. [ iso- + G. gnathos, jaw]
isograft
SYN: syngraft.
isohemagglutination
SYN: isoagglutination. [ iso- + G. haima, blood, + L. ad, to, + gluten, glue]
isohemagglutinin
SYN: isoagglutinin.
isohemolysin
An isolysin that reacts with red blood cells.
isohemolysis
A form of isolysis in which there is dissolution of red blood cells as a result of the reaction between an isolysin ( isohemolysin) and specific antigen in or on the cells. [ ...
isohydric
Denoting two substances possessing the same pH.
isohydruria
Fixation of the pH of the urine without the usual variation. [ iso- + G. hydor, water, + ouron, urine, + -ia]
isoimmunization
Development of a significant titer of specific antibody as a result of antigenic stimulation with material contained on or in the red blood cells of another individual of the ...
Isolate
A group in which mating is always between members of the group. For example, the Amish. * * * 1. To separate, to set apart from others; that which is so treated. 2. To free of ...
isolation
1. In microbiology, separation of an organism from others, usually by making serial cultures. 2. Separation for the period of communicability of infected persons or animals from ...
isolecithal
Denoting an ovum in which there is a moderate amount of uniformly distributed yolk.
isoleucine
2-Amino-3-methylvaleric acid; the l-amino acid found in almost all proteins; an isomer of leucine and, like it, a dietary essential amino acid.
isoleucyl
The acyl radical of isoleucine.
isoleukoagglutinin
Abnormal antibody in the blood of some persons, capable of agglutinating human leukocytes.
isologous
SYN: syngeneic. [ iso- + G. logos, ratio]
isolysin
An antibody that combines with, sensitizes, and results in complement-fixation and dissolution of cells that contain the specific isoantigen; isolysins occur in the blood of some ...
isolysis
Lysis or dissolution of cells as a result of the reaction between an isolysin and specific antigen in or on the cells. SEE ALSO: isohemolysis. [ iso- + G. lysis, dissolution]
isolytic
Pertaining to, characterized by, or causing isolysis.
isomaltase
SYN: oligo-α-1,6-glucosidase. SEE ALSO: sucrose α-d-glucohydrolase.
isomaltose
A disaccharide in which two glucose molecules are attached by an α-1,6 link, rather than an α-1,4 link as in maltose. SYN: isogentiobiose.
isomastigote
Denoting a protozoan having two or four flagella of equal length at one extremity. [ iso- + G. mastix, whip]
isomer
1. One of two or more substances displaying isomerism (q.v.); e.g., l-glucose and d-glucose or citrate and isocitrate. Cf.:stereoisomer. 2. One of two or more nuclides having ...
isomerase
A class of enzymes (EC class 5) catalyzing the conversion of a substance to an isomeric form; e.g., glucosephosphate i..
isomeric
Relating to or characterized by isomerism. SYN: isomerous.
isomerism
The existence of a chemical compound in two or more forms that are identical with respect to percentage composition but differ as to the positions of one or more atoms within the ...
isomerization
A process in which one isomer is formed from another, as in the action of isomerases. - enzyme i. reversible changes in enzyme conformation.
isomerous
SYN: isomeric.
isomethadone
A narcotic analgesic.
isometheptene
An unsaturated aliphatic sympathomimetic amine with antispasmodic and vasoconstrictor actions.
isometric
1. Of equal dimensions. 2. In physiology, denoting the condition when the ends of a contracting muscle are held fixed so that contraction produces increased tension at a constant ...
Isometric exercise
Exercise involving muscular contractions without movement of the involved parts of the body. Isometric exercise is one method of muscular exercise. In contrast, isotonic ...
Isometropia
The condition in which both eyes have equal refractive power. If, for example, one eye is myopic (nearsighted), so is the other. Or if one eye is hyperopic (farsighted), so is ...
isomorphic
SYN: isomorphous.
isomorphism
Similarity of form between two or more organisms or between parts of the body. [ iso- + G. morphe, shape]
isomorphous
Having the same form or shape, or being morphologically equal. SYN: isomorphic.
isonaphthol
See naphthol.
isoncotic
Of equal oncotic pressure.
isoniazid
Isonicotinic acid hydrazide; first-line and probably most commonly used antituberculosis drug. Organisms rapidly develop resistance against this drug if it is used alone in the ...
isonicotinic acid
The substance of which the hydrazide is isoniazid.
isonitrile
An organic isocyanide.
isonitrosoacetone
A cholinesterase reactivator that can penetrate the blood-brain barrier readily and cause significant reactivation of phosphorylated acetylcholinesterase in the central ...
isopathy
Treatment of disease by means of the causal agent or a product of the same disease; or treatment of a diseased organ by an extract of a similar organ from a healthy animal. SEE ...
isopentenylpyrophosphate
An intermediate in the biosynthesis of steroids, terpenes, dolichol, and prenylated proteins.
isopentyl
See amyl.
isopeptide
See i. bond.
isophagy
SYN: autolysis. [ iso- + G. phago, to eat]
isoplassonts
Like-formed entities having certain features in common. [ iso- + G. plasso, to form]
isoplastic
SYN: syngeneic. [ iso- + G. plasso, to form]
isopleth
A line on a Cartesian nomogram consisting of all points that represent a particular value of a variable; e.g., an isobar is an i. for a particular pressure.
isopotential
SYN: isoelectric.
isoprecipitin
An antibody that combines with and precipitates soluble antigenic material in the plasma or serum, or in an extract of the cells, from another member, but not all members, of the ...
isoprenaline hydrochloride
SYN: isoproterenol hydrochloride.
isoprenaline sulfate
SYN: isoproterenol sulfate.
Isoprene
One of the major components that makes up natural rubber and is used to make synthetic rubbers. It is also emitted from plants and trees, has been detected in tobacco smoke and ...
isoprenoids
Polymers whose carbon skeletons consist in whole or in large part of isoprene units joined end to end; e.g., carotene, lycopene, vitamin A. Vitamins K and E and the coenzymes Q ...
isoprenylation
See prenylation.
isopropanol
SYN: isopropyl alcohol.
isoprophenamine hydrochloride
SYN: clorprenaline hydrochloride.
isopropyl alcohol
An isomer of propyl alcohol and a homologue of ethyl alcohol, similar in its properties, when used externally, to the latter, but more toxic when taken internally; used as an ...
isopropyl myristate
A pharmaceutic aid used in topical medicinal preparations to promote absorption through the skin.
isopropylarterenol hydrochloride
SYN: isoproterenol hydrochloride.
isopropylcarbinol
See butyl alcohol.
isopropylthiogalactoside
An artificial galactoside capable of inducing β-galactosidase in Escherichia coli without being split, as are the natural substrates such as lactose.
isoproterenol hydrochloride
A sympathomimetic β-receptor stimulant possessing the cardiac excitatory, but not the vasoconstrictor, actions of epinephrine. Chemically it differs from epinephrine in ...
isoproterenol sulfate
Used for inhalation as an aerosol in the treatment of acute asthmatic attacks and chronic pulmonary emphysema; now rarely used because less toxic, more specific agents are ...
isopter
A line of equal retinal sensitivity in the visual field. [ iso- + G. opter, observer]
isopyknic
Having the same density. [ iso- + G. phknos, thick, dense, + -ic]
isopyrocalciferol
9β-Ergosterol; a thermal decomposition product of calciferol; a stereoisomer of pyrocalciferol and ergosterol.
isoquinoline
1. Ring structure characteristic of the group of opium alkaloids represented by papaverine. 2. A class of alkaloids containing the i. (1) ring structure.
isoriboflavin
8-Demethyl-6-methylriboflavin; a riboflavin antimetabolite, differing from riboflavin in that the methyl groups on the isoalloxazine nucleus are in the 6,7 positions rather than ...
isorrhea
Equality of intake and output of water; maintenance of water equilibrium. [ iso- + G. rhoia, a flow]
isosbestic
Denoting the wavelength of light at which two related compounds have identical extinction coefficients; e.g., the wavelength at which the absorption spectra of hemoglobin and ...
isoschizomer
A restriction endonuclease from different organisms that recognizes and hydrolyzes at the same DNA sequence. [jiso- + G. schizo to split, + -mer]
isosensitize
SYN: autosensitize.
isosexual
Descriptive of an individual's somatic characteristics, or of processes occurring within, that are consonant with the sex of that individual.
isosmotic
Having the same total osmotic pressure or osmolality as another fluid (ordinarily intracellular fluid); such a fluid is not isotonic if it includes solutes that freely ...
isosorbide
A compound with diuretic properties prepared by acid dehydration of d-glucitol.
isosorbide dinitrate
A coronary vasodilator that acts via the formation of nitric oxide.
Isospora
A genus of coccidia (family Eimeriidae, class Sporozoea), with species chiefly in mammals; the ripe oocysts contain two sporocysts, each of which contains four sporozoites. ...
isosporiasis
Disease caused by infection with a species of Isospora, such as I. belli of humans; human disease usually is mild except in cases of immunodeficiency, as in AIDS, where it may ...
isostere
One of two or more atoms or molecules having the same electron arrangement; e.g., N2 and CO. [ iso- + G. stereos, solid]
isostery
Physiological enzyme or metabolic regulation via competitive inhibition by structural analogs of natural substrates.
isosthenuria
A state in chronic renal disease in which the kidney cannot form urine with a higher or a lower specific gravity than that of protein-free plasma; specific gravity of the urine ...
isosuccinic acid
SYN: methylmalonic acid.
isosulfan blue
A dye used as a radiographic adjunct to mark lymphatic vessels during lymphography.
isothermal
Having the same temperature. [ iso- + G. therme, heat]
isothiocyanate
The radical of isothiocyanic acid, –N=C=S.
isothipendyl
An H1 antihistaminic.
isotone
One of several nuclides having the same number of neutrons in their nuclei; e.g., K and Ca with 20 each, Fe and Ni with 30 each. [ iso- + G. tonos, stretching, tension]
isotonia
A condition of tonic equality in which tension or osmotic pressure in two substances or solutions is the same. [ iso- + G. tonos, tension]
isotonic
1. Relating to isotonicity or isotonia. 2. Having equal tension; denoting solutions possessing the same osmotic pressure; more specifically, limited to solutions in which ...
Isotonic, exercise
Exercise when a contracting muscle shortens against a constant load, as when lifting a weight. Isotonic exercise is one method of muscular exercise. In contrast, isometric ...
isotonicity
1. The quality of possessing and maintaining a uniform tone or tension. 2. The property of a solution in being isotonic.
isotope
One of two or more nuclides that are chemically identical, having the same number of protons, yet differ in mass number, since their nuclei contain different numbers of neutrons; ...
Isotopic
Referring to an isotope, a form of a chemical element with the same atomic number as another element but having a different atomic mass. From the Greek " iso-", equal, the same + ...
isotransplantation
Transfer of an isograft (syngraft).
isotretinoin
A retinoid used for treatment of severe recalcitrant cystic acne; a known human teratogen.
isotropic, isotropous
Having properties that are the same in all directions. [ iso- + G. trope, a turn]
isotype
An antigenic determinant ( marker) that occurs in all members of a class or subclass in the heavy chains of an immunoglobulin or in the type and subtype of light chains of an ...
isotypic
Pertaining to an isotype.
isovaleric acid
3-Methylbutyric acid; a metabolic intermediate in oxidative processes; elevated in cases of isovaleric acidemia.
isovaleric acidemia
An inborn error of leucine metabolism characterized by psychomotor retardation, a specific odor reminiscent of sweaty feet, vomiting, acidosis, and coma; associated with ...
isovaleryl-CoA
The condensation product of isovaleric acid and coenzyme A; an intermediate in the catabolism of l-leucine. SYN: isovalerylcoenzyme A. - isovaleryl-CoA dehydrogenase an ...
isovalerylcoenzyme A
SYN: isovaleryl-CoA.
isovalthine
A sulfur-containing compound found in urine.
isovolume
At the same or equal volume. SEE ALSO: isovolumic.
isovolumetric
SYN: isovolumic.
isovolumic
Occurring without an associated alteration in volume, as when, in early ventricular systole, the muscle fibers initially increase their tension without shortening so that ...
isoxsuprine hydrochloride
Sympathomimetic amine with potent inhibitory effects on vascular, uterine, and other smooth muscles; used as a vasodilator in various vascular diseases and as a uterine ...
isozyme
SYN: isoenzyme.
issue
Archaic term for a discharge of pus, blood, or other matter. [Fr. a going out] - nature-nurture i. a controversy concerning the relative importance of heredity (nature) and ...
isthmectomy
Excision of the midportion of the thyroid. [G. isthmos, isthmus, + ektome, excision]
isthmic, isthmian
Denoting an anatomical isthmus.
isthmoparalysis
Paralysis of the velum pendulum palati and the muscles forming the anterior pillars of the fauces. SYN: faucial paralysis, isthmoplegia. [G. isthmos, isthmus, + paralysis] ...
isthmoplegia
SYN: isthmoparalysis. [G. isthmos, isthmus, + plege, stroke]
isthmus
1. A constriction in the embryonic neural tube delineating the anterior portion of the rhombencephalon, the future metencephalon, form the more rostrally located mesenephalon. ...
itaconic acid
The decarboxylation product of cis-aconitic acid. SYN: methylenesuccinic acid.
itch
1. An irritating sensation in the skin that arouses the desire to scratch. SYN: pruritus (2). 2. Common name for scabies. [A.S. gikkan] - azo i. itching that occurs among ...
Itch, jellyfish
An intensely itchy rash due to contact with the tiny thimble jellyfish (Linuche unguiculata). These jellyfish are common between March and August in the waters off of Florida ...
Itching
An uncomfortable sensation in the skin that feels as if something is crawling on the skin or on the skin, and makes the person want to scratch the affected area. Medically known ...
Itchy ear
Itching of the ears. Can be the first sign of an ear infection, but if the problem is chronic, it is more likely caused by a chronic dermatitis of the ear canal. Seborrheic ...
iter
A passage leading from one anatomic part to another. SEE ALSO: canaliculus. [L. i. (itiner-), a way, journey] - i. chordae anterius SYN: anterior canaliculus of chorda tympani. - ...
iteral
Relating to an iter.
itis
Word ending (suffix) meaning inflammation. For example, colitis is literally colon inflammation or figuratively inflammation of the colon. The ending -itis is one of the building ...
Ito
Toshio, 20th century Japanese physician. See I. cells, under cell. Minor, 20th century Japanese dermatologist. See I. nevus, hypomelanosis of I..
ITP
Abbreviation for idiopathic thrombocytopenic purpura; inosine 5′-triphosphate.
itramin tosylate
A vasodilator.
IU
Abbreviation for international unit.
IU (international unit)
An international unit (IU) is an internationally accepted amount of a substance. This type of measure is used for the fat-soluble vitamins (such as vitamins A, D and E) and ...
IUB
Abbreviation for International Union of Biochemistry.
IUCD
Abbreviation for intrauterine contraceptive devices, under device.
IUD
Abbreviation for intrauterine devices, under device.
IUD (intrauterine contraceptive device)
A device inserted into the uterus (womb) to prevent conception (pregnancy). The IUD can be a coil, loop, triangle, or T-shape. It can be plastic or metal. An IUD is inserted ...
IUGR
Intrauterine growth retardation. The growth of the fetus is abnormally slow. When born, the baby appears too small, considering its' dates.
IUI
Abbreviation for intrauterine insemination.
IUPAC
Abbreviation for International Union of Pure and Applied Chemistry.
IVB
Abbreviation for intraventricular block.
IVC
Abbreviation for inferior vena cava.
Ivemark
Björn, Swedish pathologist, *1925. See I. syndrome.
ivermectin
A semisynthetic macrolide antibiotic effective in the treatment of filariasis. The drug destroys Onchocerca microfilaria and Filaria bancrofti. Also approved by the FDA for ...
IVF
In vitro fertilization, a laboratory procedure in which sperm are placed with an unfertilized egg in a Petri dish to achieve fertilization. The embryo is then transferred into ...
IVF-ET
Abbreviation for in vitro fertilization and in vivo transfer of the embryo to the uterus, Fallopian tube, or the peritoneal cavity.
IVP
Abbreviation for intravenous pyelography or pyelogram.
IVU
Abbreviation for intravenous urogram; preferred to IVP. See intravenous urography.
Ivy
Robert H., U.S. oral and plastic surgeon, 1881–1974. See I. loop wiring, I. bleeding time test.
Ixodes
A genus of hard ticks (family Ixodidae), many species of which are parasitic on humans and animals; they are characterized by an anal groove surrounding the anus anteriorly, ...
ixodiasis
Skin lesions caused by the bites of ixodid ticks.
ixodic
Relating to or caused by ticks.
ixodid
Common name for members of the family Ixodidae.
Ixodidae
A family of ticks (order Acarina, suborder Ixodidea), the so-called “hard” ticks, characterized by rigid body form, presence of a dorsal shield, and an anteriorly ...
Ixodoidea
Superfamily of the order Acarina that includes the families Ixodidae and Argasidae. [G. ixodes, sticky]
J
Symbol for joule; Joule equivalent; electric current density. Symbol for flux (4); coupling constant.
Jaborandi
SYN: pilocarpus.
Jaboulay
Mathieu, French surgeon, 1860–1913. See J. pyloroplasty, J. amputation.
Jaccoud
François Sigismond, French physician, 1830–1913. See J. arthritis, J. arthropathy.
jacket
1. A fixed bandage applied around the body in order to immobilize the spine. 2. In dentistry, a term commonly used in reference to an artificial crown composed of fired ...
jackscrew
A threaded device used in appliances for the separation of approximated teeth or jaws.
Jackson
John Hughlings, English neurologist, 1835–1911. See jacksonian epilepsy, J. law, J. rule, J. sign. Jabez N., U.S. surgeon, 1868–1935. See J. membrane, J. veil.
Jackson Laboratory
The premiere place for mouse genetics and the largest mammalian genetic research facility in the world. Many of the types of mice used in medical research originated at the ...
jacksonian
Described by John Hughlings Jackson. See j. epilepsy, j. seizure.
Jacksonian seizure
A form of epilepsy involving brief alteration in movement, sensation or nerve function caused by abnormal electrical activity in a localized area of the brain. Seizures of this ...
Jacobaeus
Hans C., Swedish surgeon, 1879–1937. See J. operation.
Jacobson
Ludwig L., Danish anatomist, 1783–1843. See J. anastomosis, J. canal, J. cartilage, J. nerve, J. organ, J. plexus, J. reflex.
Jacquart
Henri, 19th century French physician. See J. facial angle.
Jacquemet
Marcel, French anatomist, 1872–1908. See J. recess.
Jacquemin
Emile, 19th century French chemist. See J. test.
Jacques
Paul, 19th century French physician. See J. plexus.
Jadassohn
Josef, German dermatologist in Switzerland, 1863–1936; introduced the patch test for contact dermatitis. See J. nevus, Borst-J. type intraepidermal epithelioma, J.- ...
Jadassohn-Lewandowski Syndrome
This syndrome is a form of what is called elephant nails from birth (pachyonychia congenita). The characteristic features include: {{}}Abnormally thick curved nails ...
Jaeger
Eduard, Ritter von Jaxthal, Austrian ophthalmologist, 1818–1884. See J. test types.
Jaffe
Max, German biochemist, 1841–1911. See J. reaction, J. test. Henry L., U.S. pathologist, 1896–1979 See J.- Lichtenstein disease.
Jail fever
Epidemic typhus, a severe acute (sudden-onset) infectious disease with prolonged high fever up to 40° C (104° F), intractable headache, and a pink-to-red raised rash. The ...
Jakob
Alfons M., German neuropsychiatrist, 1884–1931. See Creutzfeldt-J. disease.
Jakob’s disease
Better known as Creutzfeldt-Jakob disease (CJD), a dementing disease of the brain. It is believed due to an unconventional, transmissible agent (a prion). Symptoms of CJD ...
Jakob-Creutzfeldt disease
A transmissible degenerative brain disorder technically termed spongiform encephalopathy. Eating "mad cow" meat or squirrel brain can lead to Jaqcob-Creuzfeldt-like ...
jalap
The dried tuberous root of Exogonium purga, E. jalapa, or Ipomoea purga (family Convolvulaceae); used as a cathartic. [Jalapa or Xalapa, a Mexican city from where the drug was ...
JAMA
The Journal of the American Medical Association, better known as JAMA. JAMA, which began publication in 1883, now bills itself as "the world's best-read medical journal". However ...
Jamais vu
From the French, meaning "never seen". The illusion that the familiar does not seem familiar. The opposite of the feeling of "déjŕ vu."
James
Thomas N., U.S. cardiologist and physiologist, *1925. See J. fibers, under fiber, J. tracts, under tract. George C.W., U.S. radiologist, 1915–1972. See Swyer-J. syndrome, ...
Jamestown weed
SYN: Datura stramonium.
Janet
Pierre M.F., French neurologist, 1859–1947. See J. test.
Janeway
Edward G., U.S. physician, 1841–1911. See J. lesion.
janiceps
Conjoined twins having their two heads fused together, with the faces looking in opposite directions. See conjoined twins, under twin. SEE ALSO: craniopagus, syncephalus. [L. ...
Jansen
Albert, German otologist, 1859–1933. See J. operation.
Jansky
Jan, Czech physician, 1873–1921. See J.- Bielschowsky disease, J. classification.
Janus green B
A basic dye used in histology and to stain mitochondria supravitally.
Japanese encephalitis
A mosquito-borne viral infection, the leading cause of viral encephalitis in Asia. Japanese encephalitis virus cannot be transmitted from person-to-person. Number of cases: About ...
jar
1. To jolt or shake. 2. A jolting or shaking. - heel j. the patient standing on tiptoe feels pain on suddenly bringing the heels to the ground: 1. in the spine in Pott disease ...
jargon
Language or terminology peculiar to a specific field, profession, or group. SEE ALSO: paraphasia. [Fr. gibberish]
Jarisch
Adolf, Austrian dermatologist, 1850–1902. See J.- Herxheimer reaction, Bezold-J. reflex.
Jarman
Brian, 20th century British Primary Care physician. See J. score.
Jarvik
Robert Koffler, U.S. cardiologist. See J. artificial heart.
Jatropha
A genus of plants of the family Euphorbiaceae; a poisonous plant found in eastern Africa and the West Indies. [G. iatros, physician, + trophe, nourishment] - J. curcas barbados ...
Jaundice
Yellowish staining of the skin and sclerae (the whites of the eyes) by abnormally blood high levels of the bile pigment bilirubin. The yellowing extends to other tissues and ...
jaundice root
SYN: hydrastis.
Jaundice, congenital hemolytic
Known also as hereditary spherocytosis (HS), this is a genetic disorder of the red blood cell membrane clinically characterized by anemia, jaundice (yellowing) and splenomegaly ...
Jaundice, hemolytic
Jaundice caused by destruction of red blood cells. This can be an inborn condition (hereditary spherocytosis) or it may be caused by a blood transfusion from a different blood ...
Jaundice, neonatal
Yellowish staining of the skin and whites of the newborn’s eyes (sclerae) by pigment of bile (bilirubin). In newborn babies a degree of jaundice is normal. It is due to the ...
Jaundice, obstructive
Jaundice caused by obstruction of the bile ducts, as with gallstones. Additional symptoms of obstructive jaundice include dark urine, pale feces, and itching, although there is ...
Jaw
The bones below the mouth (the mandible) and the bone above the mouth just above the mouth (the maxilla). The word jaw came from the Anglo-Saxon ceowan meaning to chew. * * * 1. ...
Jaworski
Walery, Polish physician, 1849–1924. See J. bodies, under body.
Jeanselme
Edouard, French dermatologist, 1858–1935. See J. nodules, under nodule.
Jeghers
Harold, U.S. physician, *1904. See Peutz-J. syndrome, J.- Peutz syndrome.
jejun-
See jejuno-.
jejunal
Relating to the jejunum.
jejunectomy
Excision of all or a part of the jejunum. [ jejunum + G. ektome, excision]
jejunitis
Inflammation of the jejunum.
jejuno-, jejun-
The jejunum, jejunal. [L. jejunus, empty]
jejunocolostomy
An anastomosis between the jejunum and the colon. [jejuno- + colon + G. stoma, mouth]
jejunoileal
Relating to the jejunum and the ileum.
jejunoileitis
Inflammation of the jejunum and ileum.
jejunoileostomy
An anastomosis between the jejunum and the ileum. [jejuno- + ileum + G. stoma, mouth]
jejunojejunostomy
An anastomosis between two portions of jejunum. [jejuno- + jejuno- + G. stoma, mouth]
jejunoplasty
A corrective surgical procedure on the jejunum. [jejuno- + G. plastos, molded]
jejunostomy
Operative establishment of a fistula from the jejenum to the abdominal wall, usually with creation of a stoma. [jejuno- + G. stoma, mouth]
jejunotomy
Incision into the jejunum. [jejuno- + G. tome, incision]
Jejunum
Part of the small intestine. It is half-way down the small intestine between its duodenum and ileum sections. The term "jejunum" derives from the Latin "jejunus," which means ...
Jellinek
Edward J., British physician specializing in alcohol-related disorders, 1890–1963. See J. formula.
jelly
1. A semisolid tremulous compound usually containing some form of gelatin in aqueous solution. 2. SYN: jellyfish. [L. gelo, to freeze] - box j. SYN: Chiropsalmus ...
jellyfish
Marine coelenterates (class Hydrozoa) including some poisonous species, notably Physalia, the Portuguese man-of-war; toxin is injected into the skin by nematocysts on the ...
Jellyfish itch
An intensely itchy rash due to contact with the tiny thimble jellyfish (Linuche unguiculata). These jellyfish are common between March and August in the waters off of Florida ...
Jendrassik
Ernö, Hungarian physician, 1858–1921. See J. maneuver.
Jenner
Edward, 1749–1823; English physician and naturalist who discovered the method of vaccinating against smallpox by inoculating susceptible persons with cowpox (vaccinia); J. ...
Jennings
E.R., 20th century U.S. statistcian. See Levey-J. chart.
Jensen
Edmund Z., Danish ophthalmologist, 1861–1950. See J. disease. Carl O., Danish veterinary surgeon and pathologist, 1864–1934. See J. sarcoma.
jerk
1. A sudden pull. 2. SYN: deep reflex. - ankle j. SYN: Achilles reflex. - chin j. SYN: jaw reflex. - crossed j. SYN: crossed reflex. - crossed adductor j. SYN: crossed ...
jerks
Chorea or any form of tic.
Jervell
Anton, 20th century Norwegian cardiologist. See J. and Lange-Nielsen syndrome.
Jesuits bark
SYN: cinchona.
jet
A region of very high blood velocity just downstream of a vessel stenosis.
Jet lag
A temporary disorder that causes fatigue, insomnia, and other symptoms as a result of rapid air travel across time zones. Other symptoms of jet lag include anxiety, ...
Jeune
M., 20th century French pediatrician. See J. syndrome.
Jewett
Hugh J., U.S. urologist, 1903–1990. See J. sound, J. and Strong staging. Eugene Lyon, U.S. orthopaedic surgeon and inventor of many orthopedic instruments, *1900.
jigger
Common name for Tunga penetrans. SEE ALSO: chigoe.
Jimmy Fund
A children's cancer fund that has been responsible for highly significant work, especially on chemotherapy, that has reduced the death rate with some childhood cancers — ...
jimson weed
SYN: Datura stramonium.
Jk blood group
See Kidd blood group, Blood Groups appendix.
JNA
Abbreviation for Jena Nomina Anatomica, 1935. See Terminologia Anatomica.

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