Regions of the cerebal cortex characterized by a particularly well developed inner granular layer (layer 4); this type of cerebral cortex is represented by the primary sensory ...
A cyanide-caused upper motor neuron disease manifested principally as spastic paraplegia, seen in Africa, and resulting from the consumption of improperly prepared cassava ...
Henry, U.S. physician, 1858–1927. See K. spots, under spot.
Little spots inside the mouth that are highly characteristic of the early phase of measles (rubeola). The spots look like a tiny grains of white sand, each surrounded by a red ...
Morbid fear of fatigue. [G. kopos, fatigue, + phobos, fear]
Karl von, 20th century German anatomist and histologist. See K. fibers, under fiber.
Arthur, U.S. biochemist and Nobel laureate, *1918. See K. enzyme.
Abraham L., U.S. physician, *1900. See Bassen-K. syndrome.
An acute delusional state occurring in Macassars, natives of the Celebes, and other parts of the East, in which the subject experiences a sensation that his penis is shriveling ...
Nikolai S., Russian physician, 1874–1920. See K. sounds, under sound, K. test.
Sergei S., Russian neurologist, 1853–1900. See K. psychosis, K. syndrome, Wernicke-K. encephalopathy, Wernicke-K. syndrome.
Daniel E., U.S. biochemist, *1920. See Adair-K.-Némethy- Filmer model, K.-Némethy- Filmer model.
Children born with this condition lack neutrophils (a type of white blood cell that is important in fighting infection). These children suffer frequent infections from bacteria ...
Yosizo, Japanese ophthalmologist, 1880–1954. See Vogt-K. syndrome.
Knud H., Danish neurologist, 1885–1961. See K. disease, Christensen-K. disease.
A progressive degenerative disorder of the nervous system due to mutation in the galactosylceramidase (GALC) gene, leading to the accumulation of galactocerebroside and ...
Elapid snake of the genus Bungarus, found in northern India, whose bite is associated with generalized anesthetic and paralytic effects, as opposed to local pain, ...
Kermit E., U.S. obstetrician-gynecologist, *1923. See Marshall-Marchetti-K. operation.
Paul, German surgeon, 1851–1930. See K. operation.
Atrophy and shrinkage of the epithelium of the vagina and vulva, often accompanied by a chronic inflammatory reaction in the deeper tissues; an outmoded term for lichen ...
Fedor, German surgeon, 1857–1937. See K. graft, Wolfe-K. graft.
Karl F.T., German anatomist, 1797–1868. See K. glands, under gland, K. ligament.
Wilhelm J.F., German ...
An extract from peach kernels, the composition of which has not been fully described but which gained notoriety in the 1960's and 1970's as a dubious but exploited remedy for ...
Edwin G., U.S. biochemist, *1918, joint winner of the 1992 Nobel Prize for the discovery of reversible protein phosphorylation as a biological regulatory mechanism.
Sir Hans ...
Friederich, German otologist, 1858–1934. See K. space.
Friedrich L., German physician, 1770–1839. See K. sign, Heim-K. sign.
A method first used in the earth sciences to smooth data from spatially scattered point measurements, used in geographic epidemiology. [D. G. Krige, South African engineer]
A structural motif or domain seen in certain proteins in which a fold of large loops is stabilized by disulfide bonds; an important structural feature in blood coagulation ...
August, Danish physiologist and Nobel laureate, 1874–1949. See K. spirometer.
Karl H., Swiss physiologist, 1839–1914. See K. stain.
Georg, German physician, 1856–1911. See K. isthmus, K. steps, under step.
Rudolf U., Swiss surgeon, 1847–1910. See K. operation, K. hernia.
Adolph, German anatomist, 1816–1877. See K. veins, under vein.
Friedrich, German pathologist, 1871–1946. See K. amputation, K. spindle, K. tumor.
: A tumor of the ovary caused by the spread of stomach cancer. When the stomach cancer spreads to an ovary, the tumor in the ovary is called a Krukenberg tumor. (This tumor, ...
Walther, German bacteriologist, 1864–1943. See K. brush, Shiga-K. bacillus.
One of the noble gases, present in small amounts in the atmosphere (1.14 ppm by dry volume); atomic no. 36, atomic wt. 83.80; 85Kr (half-life of 10.73 years) has been used in ...
Abbreviation for kidneys, ureters, bladder; archaic term for a plain frontal supine radiograph of the abdomen.
An X-ray showing the kidney, ureter, and bladder. This is in reality a plain abdominal X-ray and includes other structures such as the diaphragm above and the pelvis below.
Hugo, German psychiatrist, 1871–1955. See K. disease.
Eric, Swedish neurologist, 1913–1983. See K.- Welander disease, Wohlfart-K.- Welander disease.
Wilhelm (Willy) F., German physiologist and histologist, 1837–1900. See K. fiber, K. methylene blue, K. phenomenon, K. plate, K. spindle.
Hermann, German ophthalmologist, 1850–1925. See K. spaces, under space.
Nicholas, Russian histologist, 1856–1925. See K. cells, under cell.
Rudolph E., German physician, 1845–1895. See K. cylinder.
Gerhard, German surgeon, 1902–1972. See K. nail.
Karl W. von, German anatomist, 1829–1902. See K. cells, under cell.
The extent to which a unimodal distribution is peaked. [G., an arching]
A slowly progressive fatal disease of the brain due to an infectious agent transmitted among people in Papua New Guinea by ritual cannibalism. Kuru is an infectious form of ...
Adolph, German physician, 1822–1902. See K. respiration, K. coma, K. disease, K. sign, K.- Kien respiration.
Herman, early 20th century German gynecologist. See Mayer-Rokitansky-K.-Hauser syndrome, Rokitansky-K.-Hauser syndrome.
Heinz, German gynecologist, *1897. See Prausnitz-K. antibody, Prausnitz-K. reaction, reversed Prausnitz-K. reaction.
Abbreviation for kilovolt.
Morton A., Norwegian physician, *1892. See K. antigen, K. test, K.-Siltzbach antigen, K.-Siltzbach test, Nickerson-K. test.
A skin test for detecting sarcoidosis, a disease of unknown origin that causes inflammation of body tissues, especially the lungs and skin. The Kveim test involves injecting a ...
Abbreviation for kilovolts peak, the highest instantaneous voltage across an x-ray tube, corresponding to the highest energy x-rays emitted.
Symbol for autoprotolysis constant of water.
The word kwashiorkor comes from the Ivory Coast. It means the deposed (no longer suckled) child. Kwashiorkor is a childhood disease due to protein deprivation. Early signs are ...
For words beginning thus and not found below, see cy-.
The graphic curve made by a kymograph.
An obsolete instrument for recording wavelike motions or modulation, especially for recording variations in blood pressure; it consists of a drum usually revolved by clockwork ...
An apparatus once used for measuring the pulse waves, or the variation in blood pressure. [G. kyma, wave, + skopeo, to regard]
A product of the metabolism of l-tryptophan; appears in human urine in states of marked pyridoxine deficiency.
A liver enzyme catalyzing the hydrolysis of the l-kynurenine side chain, with the formation of anthranilic acid and l-alanine, in l-tryptophan metabolism.
A product of the metabolism of l-tryptophan, excreted in the urine in small amounts; elevated in cases of vitamin B6 deficiency.
- k. formamidase SYN: formamidase.
- k. ...
The vertebroplasty procedure. Frankly, vertebroplasty is more accurate. Kyphosis means the bending of the spine to curve outward from the body. Kyphosis can result when a ...
A hump, the convex prominence in kyphosis. [G.]
Combination of kyphosis and scoliosis (lateral curving of the spine). Part of good health maintenance is to check a child's back (from infancy through adolescence) to make ...
Outward curvature of the spine, causing a humped back. Treatment is by physical therapy and wearing a back brace, and in some cases by surgery. Surgery may include inserting a ...
Kyphosis, postmenopausal cervical
An outward curvature (kyphosis) of the cervical vertebrae (the bones of the neck), creating a hump at the back of the neck. This condition, once thought to be a characteristic ...
Relating to or suffering from kyphosis.
Josef, German dermatologist, 1880–1926. See K. disease.
1. Abbreviation for liter, a metric measure of capacity that, by definition, is equal to the volume of a kilogram of water at 4 degrees centigrade and at standard atmospheric ...
Levorotatory. Cf.:d-. [L. laevus, on the left-hand side]
Prefix indicating a chemical compound to be structurally (sterically) related to l-glyceraldehyde. Cf.:d-.
Long-wavelength–sensitive cone (red cone).
The reversibly oxidized form of ascorbic acid; it is antiscorbutic, but is converted in the body to 2,3-diketo-l-gulonic acid, which has no vitamin C activity.
Excretion of l-glyceric acid in the urine; a primary metabolic error due to deficiency of d-glyceric dehydrogenase resulting in excretion of l-glyceric and oxalic acid s, leading ...
Reduction product of glucuronic acid (–CHO → —CH2OH); oxidation product of l-gulose (–CHO → —COOH); a precursor (except in certain primates, guinea pig s, certain ...
The immediate precursor of ascorbic acid in those animals capable of ascorbic acid biosynthesis. SYN: dihydroascorbic acid, l- gulono-γ- lactone.
- l-gulonolactone oxidase ...
A methylpentose present in a number of plant glycosides, found in free form in poison sumac, in lipopolysaccharides of Enterobacteriaceae, and in rutinose (a disaccharide). ...
A very sweet reducing, but not fermentable, 2-ketohexose obtained from the berries of the mountain ash, Sorbus aucuparia (family Rosaceae), and from sorbitol by fermentation ...
Reduction product of l-urobilinogen, precursor of l-stercobilin in the final stages of bilirubin metabolism; excreted in feces, wherein it is oxidized to stercobilin. SEE ALSO: ...
Abbreviation for licensed practical nurse.
Abbreviation for Licentiate of the Royal College of Physicians (of England).
Abbreviation for Licentiate of the Royal College of Physicians (Edinburgh).
Abbreviation for ...
Abbreviation for Licentiate of the Royal College of Surgeons (of England).
Abbreviation for Licentiate of the Royal College of Surgeons (Edinburgh).
Abbreviation for Licentiate of ...
Abbreviation for Licentiate of the Royal Faculty of Physicians and Surgeons, a Scottish institution.
Abbreviation for licensed vocational nurse.
L1-L5 (lumbar vertebrae)
The symbols L1 through L5 represent the five lumbar vertebrae. The lumbar vertebrae are situated between the thoracic vertebrae and the sacral vertebrae in the spinal column.
la belle indifférence
A naive, inappropriate lack of emotion or concern for the perceptions by others of one's disability, typically seen in persons with conversion hysteria. [Fr.]
La Leche League
An organization that helps and supports breastfeeding mothers with advice, ideas, and both legal and medical advocacy.
The result of a test done in a laboratory.
Peter F., U.S. dentist, *1900. See L. syndrome.
Ernest M., French physician, 1870–1939.
Leon, French surgeon, 1832–1916. See Labbé triangle, Labbé vein.
1. To incorporate into a compound a substance that is readily detected, such as a radionuclide, whereby its metabolism can be followed or its physical distribution detected. 2. ...
Lips, either the lips around the mouth (oral labia) or the lip-like external female genitalia (the labia majora and labia minora).
* * *
Plural of labium.
The larger (major) outside pair of labia (lips) of the vulva (the female external genitalia).
The smaller (minor) inside pair of labia (lips) of the vulva (the female external genitalia).
The two pairs of labia (lips) at the entrance to the vagina. Together they form part of the vulva, the female external genitalia. See labia majora, labia minora.
Pertaining to the lip, one of the fleshy folds which surround the opening of the mouth or the vagina. Oral Labia: The upper lip is separated from the nose by the philtrum, the ...
A small sore situated on the face or in the mouth that causes pain, burning, or itching before bursting and crusting over. The favorite locations are on the lips (the labia), chin ...
The lips are not only anatomic features of note, they are organs of speech essential to certain articulations. A sound requiring the participation of one or both lips is a labial ...
A form of stammering in which there is confusion in the use of the labial consonants.
: Unstable, unsteady, not fixed. In psychology or psychiatry, labile denotes free and uncontrolled moods or behaviors expressing emotions. In biochemistry, labile means easily ...
A type of diabetes when a person's blood glucose (sugar) level often swings quickly from high to low and from low to high. Also called " unstable diabetes" or "brittle diabetes."
The lips. SEE ALSO: cheilo-. [L. labium, lip]
Relating to a lip and a neck; specifically, to the labial or buccal surface of the neck of a tooth. [ labio- + L. cervix, neck]
Inclination of position more toward the lips than is normal; said of a tooth.
Relating to the lips and the teeth; denoting certain letters the sound of which is formed by both lips and teeth. [ labio- + L. dens, tooth]
Relating to the point of junction of the labial border and the gingival line on the distal or mesial surface of an incisor tooth.
Relating to the lips, tongue, and larynx; describing bulbar paralysis in which these parts are involved. [ labio- + G. glossa, tongue, + larynx]
Relating to the lips, tongue, and pharynx; describing bulbar paralysis involving these parts. [ labio- + G. glossa, tongue, + pharynx]
An instrument for recording the movements of the lips in speaking. [ labio- + G. grapho, to record]
Relating to the lower lip and the chin. [ labio- + L. mentum, chin]
1. Relating to the upper lip and the nose, or to both lips and the nose. 2. Denoting a letter that is both labial and nasal in the production of its sound.
Positioning ( e.g., of a tooth) more toward the lips than normal.
Plastic surgery of a lip. [ labio- + G. plastos, formed]
Malposition of an anterior tooth from the normal line of occlusion toward the lips.
A forceps with sharp blades. SYN: cutting forceps. [G. labis, pincers, + tome, an incision]
A lip. Labium is the singular of the Latin neuter noun meaning "a lip." The plural is labia.
* * *
1. SYN: lip. 2. Any lip-shaped structure. [L.]
- l. anterius ostii ...
Childbirth, the aptly-named experience of delivering the baby and placenta from the uterus to the vagina to the outside world. There are two stages of labor. During the first ...
Intermittent non-productive muscular contractions of the womb (uterus) during pregnancy, most commonly in the last two months before full term. These contractions are ...
One who works in a laboratory; in the medical and allied health professions, one who examines or performs tests (or supervises such procedures) with various types of chemical and ...
A place for doing tests and research procedures and preparing chemicals, etc. Although “laboratory” looks very like the Latin “laboratorium” (a place to labor, a work ...
The premiere place for mouse genetics and the largest mammalian genetic research facility in the world. Many of the types of mice used in medical research originated at the ...
The plural of labrum, a ring of fibrocartilage (fibrous cartilage) around the edge of the articular (joint) surface of a bone. In Latin, " labrum" means "lip." The term is ...
A point where the boundary of the vermilion border of the lower lip and the skin is intersected by the median plane.
The point on the upper lip lying in the median sagittal plane on a line drawn across the boundary of the vermilion border and skin.
In medicine, a ring of fibrocartilage (fibrous cartilage) around the edge of the articular (joint) surface of a bone. The Latin "labrum" means "lip." The term is used to ...
The maze of canals in the inner ear. The labyrinth is the portion of the ear that is responsible for sensing balance. Inflammation of the labyrinth (labyrinthitis) can be ...
Excision of the labyrinth; a destructive operation to destroy labyrinthine function. [labyrinth + G. ektome, excision]
Inflammation of the labyrinth, the system of intercommunicating canals and cavities within the inner ear responsible for sensing balance. Labyrinthitis may be accompanied by the ...
Incision into the labyrinth. [labyrinth + G. tome, incision]
SYN: convoluted part of kidney lobule. [L. fr. G. labyrinthos, labyrinth]
- l. cochlearis [TA] SYN: cochlear labyrinth.
- l. ethmoidalis [TA] SYN: ethmoidal labyrinth.
- l. ...
1. SYN: milk (1). 2. Any whitish, milklike liquid. [L. milk]
- l. sulfuris SYN: precipitated sulfur.
- l. vaccinum cow's milk.
LaCrosse encephalitis, one of the main types of encephalitis caused by an arbovirus in the US. An arbovirus is a virus that is arthropod-borne (carried by a mosquito, tick or ...
An enzyme oxidizing benzenediols to semiquinones with O2. SYN: monophenol monooxygenase (2), phenol oxidase, phenolase, polyphenol oxidase, urushiol oxidase.
Capable of being, or liable to be, torn. [L. lacero, to tear to pieces, fr. lacer, mangled]
Torn; rent; having a ragged edge. [L. lacero, pp. -atus, to tear to pieces]
A cut. All that is required to care for most cuts is to wash them with soap and water and keep them clean and dry. Putting alcohol, hydrogen peroxide, and iodine onto cuts can ...
1. [TA] A fibrous band, bundle, or slip related to a muscle. 2. Originally the muscular part of the upper limb from shoulder to elbow. [L.]
- l. cordis one of the trabeculae ...
Abbreviation for lipoprotein-associated coagulation inhibitor.
SYN: fimbriae of uterine tube, under fimbria. [L. lacinia, fringe]
Pertaining to tears.
* * *
Relating to the tears, their secretion, the secretory glands, and the drainage apparatus. SYN: lachrymal. [L. lacrima, a tear]
A small almond-shaped structure that produces tears; located just above the outer corner of the eye. The lacrimal gland is part of the lacrimal apparatus, the system that forms ...
* * *
The secretion of tears, especially in excess. [L. lacrimatio]
An agent (such as tear gas) that irritates the eyes and produces tears. [L. lacrima, tear]
The operation of incising the lacrimal duct or sac. [L. lacrima, tear, + G. tome, incision]
One of the main types of encephalitis caused by an arbovirus in the US. An arbovirus is a virus that is arthropod-borne (carried by a mosquito, tick or another kind of ...
The albumin fraction of milk. It contains two proteins: α- and β-l.; the former, minor l., interacts with galactosyl transferase to form lactose synthase which synthesizes ...
Contractions of “lactoneamine” and “lactoneimine,” and applied to the tautomeric forms –NH–CO– and –N=C(OH)–, respectively, observed in many purines, ...
Enzyme that breaks down the milk sugar lactose into glucose and galactose. Persons with a deficiency of lactase in the gut can develop abdominal cramping and diarrhea after ...
Not enough of an enzyme called lactase in the small intestine to digest lactose, a prominent component of milk and most other dairy products. Lactose is sometimes also used as an ...
1. A salt or ester of lactic acid. 2. To produce milk in the mammary glands.
- l. dehydrogenase (LDH) name for a number of enzymes, including: l-l. dehydrogenase (cytochrome), ...
A flavoprotein oxidoreductase catalyzing oxidation (with O2) of l-lactate to acetate plus CO2 and water. SYN: lactic acid oxidative decarboxylase.
An enzyme that catalyzes the conversion of lactate to pyruvate. This is an important step in energy production in cells. Many different types of cells in the body contain this ...
The process of milk production. Human milk is secreted by the mammary glands, which are located within the fatty tissue of the breast. The hormone oxytocin is produced in ...
1. Relating to or resembling milk; milky. 2. A lymphatic vessel that conveys chyle. SYN: chyle vessel, l. vessel.
- central l. the blindly ending lymphatic capillary in the ...
An antibacterial agent active against streptococci isolated from cow's milk.
Relating to milk. [L. lac (lact-), milk]
A normal intermediate in the fermentation (oxidation, metabolism) of sugar. In pure form, a syrupy, odorless, and colorless liquid obtained by the action of the l. bacillus on ...
The presence of dextrorotatory lactic acid in the circulating blood. SYN: lactacidemia. [ lactic acid + G. haima, blood]
Yielding milk. [ lacti- + L. fero, to bear]
1. Causing arrest of the secretion of milk. SYN: lactifugal. 2. An agent having such an effect. [ lacti- + L. fugo, to drive away]
Producing milk. [ lacti- + -gen, producing]
SYN: milk sickness. [ lacti- + L. morbus, disease]
Prepared with or containing milk sugar.
A family of anaerobic to facultatively anaerobic, ordinarily nonmotile bacteria (order Eubacteriales) containing straight or curved, Gram-positive rods which usually occur singly ...
A major constituent of the lipids of lactobacilli; notable for the presence of a cyclopropane ring in the molecule.
Literally milk bacteria, normally found in the mouth, intestinal tract, and vagina. Lactobacillus can also live in fermenting products, such as yogurt. Humans appear to have a ...
The bacteria found in milk and fermented milk products, particularly yogurt with “live cultures” of L. acidophilus. L. acidophilus assists with the digestive process within ...
A bezoar attributed to enriched calcium or casein content in some formulas prepared for premature infants. [ lacto- + bezoar]
A type of lactocrit. [ lacto- + G. boutyron, butter, + metron, measure]
SYN: galactocele. [ lacto- + G. kele, tumor]
An instrument used to estimate the amount of butterfat in milk. [ lacto- + G. krino, to separate]
A type of galactometer. [ lacto- + L. densus, thick, + G. metron, measure]
A transferrin found in the milk of several mammalian species and thought to be involved in the transport of iron to erythrocytes; relatively high concentrations are found in ...
1. The flavin in milk. SYN: lactochrome. 2. SYN: riboflavin.
An agent that stimulates milk production or secretion. [ lacto- + G. -gen, producing]
- human placental l. (HPL) l. isolated from human placentas and structurally similar to ...
Milk production. [ lacto- + G. genesis, production]
The globulin present in milk, making up 50–60% of bovine whey protein.
SYN: galactometer. [ lacto- + G. metron, measure]
An intramolecular organic anhydride formed from a hydroxyacid by the loss of water between a hydroxyl and a –COOH group; a cyclic ester.
A peroxidase obtained from milk. It also catalyzes the oxidation of iodide to iodine.
SYN: galactorrhea. [ lacto- + G. rhoia, a flow]
SYN: galactoscope. [ lacto- + G. skopeo, to view]
A disaccharide present in mammalian milk, occurring naturally as α- and β-l.; obtained from cow's milk and used in modified milk preparation, in food for infants and ...
Inability to digest lactose, a component of milk and most other dairy products. Lactose is sometimes also used as an ingredient in other foods, so those with a lactase deficiency ...
Excretion of lactose (milk sugar) in the urine; a common finding during pregnancy and lactation, and in newborns, especially premature babies. [lactose + G. ouron, urine, + -ia]
1. One who lives on a mixed diet of milk and milk products, eggs, and vegetables, but eschews meat. 2. A vegetarian who consumes milk and dairy products but not eggs or meats or ...
Glyoxalase I; a lyase cleaving S-d-lactoylglutathione to glutathione and methylglyoxal. SYN: aldoketomutase, ketone-aldehyde mutase, methylglyoxalase.
A synthetic disaccharide used to treat hepatic encephalopathy and chronic constipation.
A small pit, cavity, defect or gap.
* * *
1. [TA] A small space, cavity, or depression. 2. A gap or defect. 3. An abnormal space between strata or between the cellular ...
A very small lacuna. [Mod. L. lacunula, dim. of L. lacuna]
SYN: lake (1). [L. lake]
- l. lacrimalis [TA] SYN: lacrimal lake.
- l. seminalis SYN: seminal lake.
Abbreviation for leukocyte adhesion deficiency.
William E., U.S. pediatric surgeon, 1880–1967. See L. band, L. operation.
Christine, U.S. psychologist, 1847–1930. See Ladd- Franklin theory.
The spiny rat mite, a common worldwide ectoparasite of the wild Norway rat and occasionally found on the house mouse, cotton rat, and other rodents; it is the natural vector of ...
René T.H., French physician, 1781–1826. See L. cirrhosis, L. pearls, under pearl.
An allegedly antineoplastic drug consisting chiefly of amygdalin derived from apricot pits; its antitumor effect is unproven.
Gonzalo Rodriguez, Spanish neurologist, 1887–1971. See L. body, L. body disease, L. disease.
1. To move or progress more slowly than normal; to fall behind. 2. The act or condition of falling behind. 3. The time interval between a change in one variable and a consequent ...
1. SYN: cupular cecum of the cochlear duct. 2. One of the three parts of the membranous labyrinth of the inner ear of lower vertebrates; in mammals, the l. becomes the ...
Retarded or diminished ventilatory movement of the affected side of the chest due to pleural disease with muscle splinting or collapse of a lung.
An order of herbivorous mammals (class Eutheria) resembling rodents (order Rodentia) but having two pairs of upper incisors one behind the other; it includes the rabbits, ...
A condition in which a complete closure of the eyelids over the eyeball is difficult or impossible. [G. lagos, hare + ophthalmos, eye]
Pierre F., French ophthalmologist, 1857–1928.
Frank H., U.S. surgeon, 1880–1935. See L. forceps.
Abbreviation for lymphokine activated killer cells.
1. A small collection of fluid. SYN: lacus [TA]. 2. To cause blood plasma to become red as a result of the release of hemoglobin from the erythrocytes, as when the latter are ...
Pertaining to the transparent bright red appearance of blood serum or plasma, developing as a result of hemoglobin being released from destroyed red blood cells.
The study and treatment of speech disorders. [G. lalia, speech, chatter, + iatria, cure]
Morbid fear of speaking or stuttering. [G. lalia, speech, + phobos, fear]