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Слова на букву insp-line (2629)

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koniocortex
Regions of the cerebal cortex characterized by a particularly well developed inner granular layer (layer 4); this type of cerebral cortex is represented by the primary sensory ...
konzo
A cyanide-caused upper motor neuron disease manifested principally as spastic paraplegia, seen in Africa, and resulting from the consumption of improperly prepared cassava ...
Koplik
Henry, U.S. physician, 1858–1927. See K. spots, under spot.
Koplik’s spots
Little spots inside the mouth that are highly characteristic of the early phase of measles (rubeola). The spots look like a tiny grains of white sand, each surrounded by a red ...
kopophobia
Morbid fear of fatigue. [G. kopos, fatigue, + phobos, fear]
kopro-
See copro-.
Korff
Karl von, 20th century German anatomist and histologist. See K. fibers, under fiber.
Kornberg
Arthur, U.S. biochemist and Nobel laureate, *1918. See K. enzyme.
Kornzweig
Abraham L., U.S. physician, *1900. See Bassen-K. syndrome.
koro
An acute delusional state occurring in Macassars, natives of the Celebes, and other parts of the East, in which the subject experiences a sensation that his penis is shriveling ...
koronion
SYN: coronion.
Korotkoff
Nikolai S., Russian physician, 1874–1920. See K. sounds, under sound, K. test.
Korsakoff
Sergei S., Russian neurologist, 1853–1900. See K. psychosis, K. syndrome, Wernicke-K. encephalopathy, Wernicke-K. syndrome.
Koshland
Daniel E., U.S. biochemist, *1920. See Adair-K.-Némethy- Filmer model, K.-Némethy- Filmer model.
Kossa
See von K..
Kostmann disease
Children born with this condition lack neutrophils (a type of white blood cell that is important in fighting infection). These children suffer frequent infections from bacteria ...
Koyanagi
Yosizo, Japanese ophthalmologist, 1880–1954. See Vogt-K. syndrome.
Koyter
See Coiter.
Kr
Symbol for krypton.
Krabbe
Knud H., Danish neurologist, 1885–1961. See K. disease, Christensen-K. disease.
Krabbe disease
A progressive degenerative disorder of the nervous system due to mutation in the galactosylceramidase (GALC) gene, leading to the accumulation of galactocerebroside and ...
krait
Elapid snake of the genus Bungarus, found in northern India, whose bite is associated with generalized anesthetic and paralytic effects, as opposed to local pain, ...
Krantz
Kermit E., U.S. obstetrician-gynecologist, *1923. See Marshall-Marchetti-K. operation.
Kraske
Paul, German surgeon, 1851–1930. See K. operation.
kraurosis vulvae
Atrophy and shrinkage of the epithelium of the vagina and vulva, often accompanied by a chronic inflammatory reaction in the deeper tissues; an outmoded term for lichen ...
Krause
Fedor, German surgeon, 1857–1937. See K. graft, Wolfe-K. graft. Karl F.T., German anatomist, 1797–1868. See K. glands, under gland, K. ligament. Wilhelm J.F., German ...
krebiozen
An extract from peach kernels, the composition of which has not been fully described but which gained notoriety in the 1960's and 1970's as a dubious but exploited remedy for ...
Krebs
Edwin G., U.S. biochemist, *1918, joint winner of the 1992 Nobel Prize for the discovery of reversible protein phosphorylation as a biological regulatory mechanism. Sir Hans ...
Kretschmann
Friederich, German otologist, 1858–1934. See K. space.
Kreysig
Friedrich L., German physician, 1770–1839. See K. sign, Heim-K. sign.
kriging
A method first used in the earth sciences to smooth data from spatially scattered point measurements, used in geographic epidemiology. [D. G. Krige, South African engineer]
kringle
A structural motif or domain seen in certain proteins in which a fold of large loops is stabilized by disulfide bonds; an important structural feature in blood coagulation ...
Krogh
August, Danish physiologist and Nobel laureate, 1874–1949. See K. spirometer.
Kronecker
Karl H., Swiss physiologist, 1839–1914. See K. stain.
Krönig
Georg, German physician, 1856–1911. See K. isthmus, K. steps, under step.
Krönlein
Rudolf U., Swiss surgeon, 1847–1910. See K. operation, K. hernia.
Krueger instrument stop
See under instrument.
Krukenberg
Adolph, German anatomist, 1816–1877. See K. veins, under vein. Friedrich, German pathologist, 1871–1946. See K. amputation, K. spindle, K. tumor.
Krukenberg tumor
: A tumor of the ovary caused by the spread of stomach cancer. When the stomach cancer spreads to an ovary, the tumor in the ovary is called a Krukenberg tumor. (This tumor, ...
Kruse
Walther, German bacteriologist, 1864–1943. See K. brush, Shiga-K. bacillus.
krymo-, kryo-
See crymo-, cryo-.
krypton
One of the noble gases, present in small amounts in the atmosphere (1.14 ppm by dry volume); atomic no. 36, atomic wt. 83.80; 85Kr (half-life of 10.73 years) has been used in ...
KUB
Abbreviation for kidneys, ureters, bladder; archaic term for a plain frontal supine radiograph of the abdomen.
KUB film
An X-ray showing the kidney, ureter, and bladder. This is in reality a plain abdominal X-ray and includes other structures such as the diaphragm above and the pelvis below.
kubisagari, kubisagaru
SYN: vestibular neuronitis. [Jap. kubi, head, neck, + sagaru, to hang down]
Kufs
Hugo, German psychiatrist, 1871–1955. See K. disease.
Kugel anastomotic artery
See under artery.
Kugelberg
Eric, Swedish neurologist, 1913–1983. See K.- Welander disease, Wohlfart-K.- Welander disease.
Kühne
Wilhelm (Willy) F., German physiologist and histologist, 1837–1900. See K. fiber, K. methylene blue, K. phenomenon, K. plate, K. spindle.
Kuhnt
Hermann, German ophthalmologist, 1850–1925. See K. spaces, under space.
Kulchitsky
Nicholas, Russian histologist, 1856–1925. See K. cells, under cell.
Külz
Rudolph E., German physician, 1845–1895. See K. cylinder.
Küntscher
Gerhard, German surgeon, 1902–1972. See K. nail.
Kupffer
Karl W. von, German anatomist, 1829–1902. See K. cells, under cell.
kurchi bark
SYN: conessi.
Kürsteiner, Kuersteiner
W., 19th century German anatomist. See K. canals, under canal.
kurtosis
The extent to which a unimodal distribution is peaked. [G., an arching]
Kuru
A slowly progressive fatal disease of the brain due to an infectious agent transmitted among people in Papua New Guinea by ritual cannibalism. Kuru is an infectious form of ...
Kurzrok-Ratner test
See under test.
Kussmaul
Adolph, German physician, 1822–1902. See K. respiration, K. coma, K. disease, K. sign, K.- Kien respiration.
Küster
Herman, early 20th century German gynecologist. See Mayer-Rokitansky-K.-Hauser syndrome, Rokitansky-K.-Hauser syndrome.
Küstner
Heinz, German gynecologist, *1897. See Prausnitz-K. antibody, Prausnitz-K. reaction, reversed Prausnitz-K. reaction.
kv
Abbreviation for kilovolt.
Kveim
Morton A., Norwegian physician, *1892. See K. antigen, K. test, K.-Siltzbach antigen, K.-Siltzbach test, Nickerson-K. test.
Kveim test
A skin test for detecting sarcoidosis, a disease of unknown origin that causes inflammation of body tissues, especially the lungs and skin. The Kveim test involves injecting a ...
kVp
Abbreviation for kilovolts peak, the highest instantaneous voltage across an x-ray tube, corresponding to the highest energy x-rays emitted.
Kw
Symbol for autoprotolysis constant of water.
Kwashiorkor
The word kwashiorkor comes from the Ivory Coast. It means the deposed (no longer suckled) child. Kwashiorkor is a childhood disease due to protein deprivation. Early signs are ...
ky-
For words beginning thus and not found below, see cy-.
kymogram
The graphic curve made by a kymograph.
kymograph
An obsolete instrument for recording wavelike motions or modulation, especially for recording variations in blood pressure; it consists of a drum usually revolved by clockwork ...
kymography
Use of the kymograph.
kymoscope
An apparatus once used for measuring the pulse waves, or the variation in blood pressure. [G. kyma, wave, + skopeo, to regard]
kynurenic acid
A product of the metabolism of l-tryptophan; appears in human urine in states of marked pyridoxine deficiency.
kynureninase
A liver enzyme catalyzing the hydrolysis of the l-kynurenine side chain, with the formation of anthranilic acid and l-alanine, in l-tryptophan metabolism.
kynurenine
A product of the metabolism of l-tryptophan, excreted in the urine in small amounts; elevated in cases of vitamin B6 deficiency. - k. formamidase SYN: formamidase. - k. ...
Kyphoplasty
The vertebroplasty procedure. Frankly, vertebroplasty is more accurate. Kyphosis means the bending of the spine to curve outward from the body. Kyphosis can result when a ...
kyphos
A hump, the convex prominence in kyphosis. [G.]
Kyphoscoliosis
Combination of kyphosis and scoliosis (lateral curving of the spine). Part of good health maintenance is to check a child's back (from infancy through adolescence) to make ...
Kyphosis
Outward curvature of the spine, causing a humped back. Treatment is by physical therapy and wearing a back brace, and in some cases by surgery. Surgery may include inserting a ...
Kyphosis, postmenopausal cervical
An outward curvature (kyphosis) of the cervical vertebrae (the bones of the neck), creating a hump at the back of the neck. This condition, once thought to be a characteristic ...
kyphotic
Relating to or suffering from kyphosis.
Kyrle
Josef, German dermatologist, 1880–1926. See K. disease.
kyto-
See cyto-.
L
1. Abbreviation for liter, a metric measure of capacity that, by definition, is equal to the volume of a kilogram of water at 4 degrees centigrade and at standard atmospheric ...
l-
Levorotatory. Cf.:d-. [L. laevus, on the left-hand side] Prefix indicating a chemical compound to be structurally (sterically) related to l-glyceraldehyde. Cf.:d-.
l-cone
Long-wavelength–sensitive cone (red cone).
l-dehydroascorbic acid
The reversibly oxidized form of ascorbic acid; it is antiscorbutic, but is converted in the body to 2,3-diketo-l-gulonic acid, which has no vitamin C activity.
l-dopa
SYN: levodopa.
l-glyceric aciduria
Excretion of l-glyceric acid in the urine; a primary metabolic error due to deficiency of d-glyceric dehydrogenase resulting in excretion of l-glyceric and oxalic acid s, leading ...
l-gulonic acid
Reduction product of glucuronic acid (–CHO → —CH2OH); oxidation product of l-gulose (–CHO → —COOH); a precursor (except in certain primates, guinea pig s, certain ...
l-gulono-γ-lactone
SYN: l-gulonolactone.
l-gulonolactone
The immediate precursor of ascorbic acid in those animals capable of ascorbic acid biosynthesis. SYN: dihydroascorbic acid, l- gulono-γ- lactone. - l-gulonolactone oxidase ...
l-rhamnose
A methylpentose present in a number of plant glycosides, found in free form in poison sumac, in lipopolysaccharides of Enterobacteriaceae, and in rutinose (a disaccharide). ...
l-sorbose
A very sweet reducing, but not fermentable, 2-ketohexose obtained from the berries of the mountain ash, Sorbus aucuparia (family Rosaceae), and from sorbitol by fermentation ...
l-stercobilinogen
Reduction product of l-urobilinogen, precursor of l-stercobilin in the final stages of bilirubin metabolism; excreted in feces, wherein it is oxidized to stercobilin. SEE ALSO: ...
l-xylulosuria
SYN: essential pentosuria.
l-α-narcotine
SYN: noscapine.
L.P.N.
Abbreviation for licensed practical nurse.
L.R.C.P.
Abbreviation for Licentiate of the Royal College of Physicians (of England). Abbreviation for Licentiate of the Royal College of Physicians (Edinburgh). Abbreviation for ...
L.R.C.S.
Abbreviation for Licentiate of the Royal College of Surgeons (of England). Abbreviation for Licentiate of the Royal College of Surgeons (Edinburgh). Abbreviation for Licentiate of ...
L.R.F.P.S.
Abbreviation for Licentiate of the Royal Faculty of Physicians and Surgeons, a Scottish institution.
L.V.N.
Abbreviation for licensed vocational nurse.
L1-L5 (lumbar vertebrae)
The symbols L1 through L5 represent the five lumbar vertebrae. The lumbar vertebrae are situated between the thoracic vertebrae and the sacral vertebrae in the spinal column.
La
Symbol for lanthanum.
la belle indifférence
A naive, inappropriate lack of emotion or concern for the perceptions by others of one's disability, typically seen in persons with conversion hysteria. [Fr.]
La Leche League
An organization that helps and supports breastfeeding mothers with advice, ideas, and both legal and medical advocacy.
Lab result
The result of a test done in a laboratory.
Laband
Peter F., U.S. dentist, *1900. See L. syndrome.
Labbé
Ernest M., French physician, 1870–1939. Leon, French surgeon, 1832–1916. See Labbé triangle, Labbé vein.
label
1. To incorporate into a compound a substance that is readily detected, such as a radionuclide, whereby its metabolism can be followed or its physical distribution detected. 2. ...
labetalol hydrochloride
An α-adrenergic and β-adrenergic blocking agent used in the treatment of hypertension.
Labia
Lips, either the lips around the mouth (oral labia) or the lip-like external female genitalia (the labia majora and labia minora). * * * Plural of labium.
Labia majora
The larger (major) outside pair of labia (lips) of the vulva (the female external genitalia).
Labia minora
The smaller (minor) inside pair of labia (lips) of the vulva (the female external genitalia).
Labia, oral
The lips around the mouth. See lip.
Labia, vaginal
The two pairs of labia (lips) at the entrance to the vagina. Together they form part of the vulva, the female external genitalia. See labia majora, labia minora.
Labial
Pertaining to the lip, one of the fleshy folds which surround the opening of the mouth or the vagina. Oral Labia: The upper lip is separated from the nose by the philtrum, the ...
Labial herpes
A small sore situated on the face or in the mouth that causes pain, burning, or itching before bursting and crusting over. The favorite locations are on the lips (the labia), chin ...
Labial sounds
The lips are not only anatomic features of note, they are organs of speech essential to certain articulations. A sound requiring the participation of one or both lips is a labial ...
labialism
A form of stammering in which there is confusion in the use of the labial consonants.
labially
Toward the lips.
Labile
: Unstable, unsteady, not fixed. In psychology or psychiatry, labile denotes free and uncontrolled moods or behaviors expressing emotions. In biochemistry, labile means easily ...
Labile diabetes
A type of diabetes when a person's blood glucose (sugar) level often swings quickly from high to low and from low to high. Also called " unstable diabetes" or "brittle diabetes."
lability
The state of being labile.
labio-
The lips. SEE ALSO: cheilo-. [L. labium, lip]
labiocervical
Relating to a lip and a neck; specifically, to the labial or buccal surface of the neck of a tooth. [ labio- + L. cervix, neck]
labioclination
Inclination of position more toward the lips than is normal; said of a tooth.
labiodental
Relating to the lips and the teeth; denoting certain letters the sound of which is formed by both lips and teeth. [ labio- + L. dens, tooth]
labiogingival
Relating to the point of junction of the labial border and the gingival line on the distal or mesial surface of an incisor tooth.
labioglossolaryngeal
Relating to the lips, tongue, and larynx; describing bulbar paralysis in which these parts are involved. [ labio- + G. glossa, tongue, + larynx]
labioglossopharyngeal
Relating to the lips, tongue, and pharynx; describing bulbar paralysis involving these parts. [ labio- + G. glossa, tongue, + pharynx]
labiograph
An instrument for recording the movements of the lips in speaking. [ labio- + G. grapho, to record]
labiomental
Relating to the lower lip and the chin. [ labio- + L. mentum, chin]
labionasal
1. Relating to the upper lip and the nose, or to both lips and the nose. 2. Denoting a letter that is both labial and nasal in the production of its sound.
labiopalatine
Relating to the lips and the palate.
labioplacement
Positioning ( e.g., of a tooth) more toward the lips than normal.
labioplasty
Plastic surgery of a lip. [ labio- + G. plastos, formed]
labioversion
Malposition of an anterior tooth from the normal line of occlusion toward the lips.
labitome
A forceps with sharp blades. SYN: cutting forceps. [G. labis, pincers, + tome, an incision]
Labium
A lip. Labium is the singular of the Latin neuter noun meaning "a lip." The plural is labia. * * * 1. SYN: lip. 2. Any lip-shaped structure. [L.] - l. anterius ostii ...
Labor
Childbirth, the aptly-named experience of delivering the baby and placenta from the uterus to the vagina to the outside world. There are two stages of labor. During the first ...
Labor, false
Intermittent non-productive muscular contractions of the womb (uterus) during pregnancy, most commonly in the last two months before full term. These contractions are ...
laboratorian
One who works in a laboratory; in the medical and allied health professions, one who examines or performs tests (or supervises such procedures) with various types of chemical and ...
Laboratory
A place for doing tests and research procedures and preparing chemicals, etc. Although “laboratory” looks very like the Latin “laboratorium” (a place to labor, a work ...
Laboratory, Jackson
The premiere place for mouse genetics and the largest mammalian genetic research facility in the world. Many of the types of mice used in medical research originated at the ...
Labra
The plural of labrum, a ring of fibrocartilage (fibrous cartilage) around the edge of the articular (joint) surface of a bone. In Latin, " labrum" means "lip." The term is ...
labrale inferius
A point where the boundary of the vermilion border of the lower lip and the skin is intersected by the median plane.
labrale superius
The point on the upper lip lying in the median sagittal plane on a line drawn across the boundary of the vermilion border and skin.
labrocyte
SYN: mast cell.
Labrum
In medicine, a ring of fibrocartilage (fibrous cartilage) around the edge of the articular (joint) surface of a bone. The Latin "labrum" means "lip." The term is used to ...
Labyrinth
The maze of canals in the inner ear. The labyrinth is the portion of the ear that is responsible for sensing balance. Inflammation of the labyrinth (labyrinthitis) can be ...
labyrinthectomy
Excision of the labyrinth; a destructive operation to destroy labyrinthine function. [labyrinth + G. ektome, excision]
labyrinthine
Relating to any labyrinth.
Labyrinthitis
Inflammation of the labyrinth, the system of intercommunicating canals and cavities within the inner ear responsible for sensing balance. Labyrinthitis may be accompanied by the ...
labyrinthotomy
Incision into the labyrinth. [labyrinth + G. tome, incision]
labyrinthus
SYN: convoluted part of kidney lobule. [L. fr. G. labyrinthos, labyrinth] - l. cochlearis [TA] SYN: cochlear labyrinth. - l. ethmoidalis [TA] SYN: ethmoidal labyrinth. - l. ...
lac
1. SYN: milk (1). 2. Any whitish, milklike liquid. [L. milk] - l. sulfuris SYN: precipitated sulfur. - l. vaccinum cow's milk.
LAC encephalitis
LaCrosse encephalitis, one of the main types of encephalitis caused by an arbovirus in the US. An arbovirus is a virus that is arthropod-borne (carried by a mosquito, tick or ...
lacca
SYN: shellac.
laccase
An enzyme oxidizing benzenediols to semiquinones with O2. SYN: monophenol monooxygenase (2), phenol oxidase, phenolase, polyphenol oxidase, urushiol oxidase.
lacerable
Capable of being, or liable to be, torn. [L. lacero, to tear to pieces, fr. lacer, mangled]
lacerated
Torn; rent; having a ragged edge. [L. lacero, pp. -atus, to tear to pieces]
Laceration
A cut. All that is required to care for most cuts is to wash them with soap and water and keep them clean and dry. Putting alcohol, hydrogen peroxide, and iodine onto cuts can ...
lacertus
1. [TA] A fibrous band, bundle, or slip related to a muscle. 2. Originally the muscular part of the upper limb from shoulder to elbow. [L.] - l. cordis one of the trabeculae ...
lachrymal
SYN: lacrimal.
LACI
Abbreviation for lipoprotein-associated coagulation inhibitor.
laciniae tubae
SYN: fimbriae of uterine tube, under fimbria. [L. lacinia, fringe]
Lacrimal
Pertaining to tears. * * * Relating to the tears, their secretion, the secretory glands, and the drainage apparatus. SYN: lachrymal. [L. lacrima, a tear]
Lacrimal gland
A small almond-shaped structure that produces tears; located just above the outer corner of the eye. The lacrimal gland is part of the lacrimal apparatus, the system that forms ...
Lacrimation
Shedding tears. * * * The secretion of tears, especially in excess. [L. lacrimatio]
lacrimator
An agent (such as tear gas) that irritates the eyes and produces tears. [L. lacrima, tear]
lacrimatory
Causing lacrimation.
lacrimotomy
The operation of incising the lacrimal duct or sac. [L. lacrima, tear, + G. tome, incision]
LaCrosse encephalitis
One of the main types of encephalitis caused by an arbovirus in the US. An arbovirus is a virus that is arthropod-borne (carried by a mosquito, tick or another kind of ...
lact-, lacti-, lacto-
Milk. SEE ALSO: galacto-. [L. lac, lactis]
lactacidemia
SYN: lactic acidemia.
lactacidosis
Acidosis due to increased lactic acid.
lactalbumin
The albumin fraction of milk. It contains two proteins: α- and β-l.; the former, minor l., interacts with galactosyl transferase to form lactose synthase which synthesizes ...
lactam, lactim
Contractions of “lactoneamine” and “lactoneimine,” and applied to the tautomeric forms –NH–CO– and –N=C(OH)–, respectively, observed in many purines, ...
lactamase
SYN: β-l..
Lactase
Enzyme that breaks down the milk sugar lactose into glucose and galactose. Persons with a deficiency of lactase in the gut can develop abdominal cramping and diarrhea after ...
Lactase deficiency
Not enough of an enzyme called lactase in the small intestine to digest lactose, a prominent component of milk and most other dairy products. Lactose is sometimes also used as an ...
lactate
1. A salt or ester of lactic acid. 2. To produce milk in the mammary glands. - l. dehydrogenase (LDH) name for a number of enzymes, including: l-l. dehydrogenase (cytochrome), ...
lactate 2-mono-oxygenase
A flavoprotein oxidoreductase catalyzing oxidation (with O2) of l-lactate to acetate plus CO2 and water. SYN: lactic acid oxidative decarboxylase.
Lactate dehydrogenase
An enzyme that catalyzes the conversion of lactate to pyruvate. This is an important step in energy production in cells. Many different types of cells in the body contain this ...
Lactation
The process of milk production. Human milk is secreted by the mammary glands, which are located within the fatty tissue of the breast. The hormone oxytocin is produced in ...
lactational
Relating to lactation.
lacteal
1. Relating to or resembling milk; milky. 2. A lymphatic vessel that conveys chyle. SYN: chyle vessel, l. vessel. - central l. the blindly ending lymphatic capillary in the ...
lactenin
An antibacterial agent active against streptococci isolated from cow's milk.
lactescent
Resembling milk; milky.
lacti-
See lact-.
lactic
Relating to milk. [L. lac (lact-), milk]
lactic acid
A normal intermediate in the fermentation (oxidation, metabolism) of sugar. In pure form, a syrupy, odorless, and colorless liquid obtained by the action of the l. bacillus on ...
lactic acid dehydrogenase
SYN: lactate dehydrogenase.
lactic acid oxidative decarboxylase
SYN: lactate 2-mono- oxygenase.
lactic acidemia
The presence of dextrorotatory lactic acid in the circulating blood. SYN: lactacidemia. [ lactic acid + G. haima, blood]
lactiferous
Yielding milk. [ lacti- + L. fero, to bear]
lactifugal
SYN: lactifuge (1).
lactifuge
1. Causing arrest of the secretion of milk. SYN: lactifugal. 2. An agent having such an effect. [ lacti- + L. fugo, to drive away]
lactigenous
Producing milk. [ lacti- + -gen, producing]
lactim
See lactam.
lactimorbus
SYN: milk sickness. [ lacti- + L. morbus, disease]
lactinated
Prepared with or containing milk sugar.
lacto-
See lact-.
Lactobacillaceae
A family of anaerobic to facultatively anaerobic, ordinarily nonmotile bacteria (order Eubacteriales) containing straight or curved, Gram-positive rods which usually occur singly ...
lactobacilli
Plural of lactobacillus.
lactobacillic acid
A major constituent of the lipids of lactobacilli; notable for the presence of a cyclopropane ring in the molecule.
Lactobacillus
Literally milk bacteria, normally found in the mouth, intestinal tract, and vagina. Lactobacillus can also live in fermenting products, such as yogurt. Humans appear to have a ...
Lactobacillus acidophilus
The bacteria found in milk and fermented milk products, particularly yogurt with “live cultures” of L. acidophilus. L. acidophilus assists with the digestive process within ...
lactobezoar
A bezoar attributed to enriched calcium or casein content in some formulas prepared for premature infants. [ lacto- + bezoar]
lactobutyrometer
A type of lactocrit. [ lacto- + G. boutyron, butter, + metron, measure]
lactocele
SYN: galactocele. [ lacto- + G. kele, tumor]
lactochrome
SYN: lactoflavin (1).
lactocrit
An instrument used to estimate the amount of butterfat in milk. [ lacto- + G. krino, to separate]
lactodensimeter
A type of galactometer. [ lacto- + L. densus, thick, + G. metron, measure]
lactoferrin
A transferrin found in the milk of several mammalian species and thought to be involved in the transport of iron to erythrocytes; relatively high concentrations are found in ...
lactoflavin
1. The flavin in milk. SYN: lactochrome. 2. SYN: riboflavin.
lactogen
An agent that stimulates milk production or secretion. [ lacto- + G. -gen, producing] - human placental l. (HPL) l. isolated from human placentas and structurally similar to ...
lactogenesis
Milk production. [ lacto- + G. genesis, production]
lactogenic
Pertaining to lactogenesis.
lactoglobulin
The globulin present in milk, making up 50–60% of bovine whey protein.
lactometer
SYN: galactometer. [ lacto- + G. metron, measure]
lactonase
SYN: gluconolactonase.
lactone
An intramolecular organic anhydride formed from a hydroxyacid by the loss of water between a hydroxyl and a –COOH group; a cyclic ester.
lactoperoxidase
A peroxidase obtained from milk. It also catalyzes the oxidation of iodide to iodine.
lactoprotein
Any protein normally present in milk.
lactorrhea
SYN: galactorrhea. [ lacto- + G. rhoia, a flow]
lactoscope
SYN: galactoscope. [ lacto- + G. skopeo, to view]
lactose
A disaccharide present in mammalian milk, occurring naturally as α- and β-l.; obtained from cow's milk and used in modified milk preparation, in food for infants and ...
Lactose intolerance
Inability to digest lactose, a component of milk and most other dairy products. Lactose is sometimes also used as an ingredient in other foods, so those with a lactase deficiency ...
lactosuria
Excretion of lactose (milk sugar) in the urine; a common finding during pregnancy and lactation, and in newborns, especially premature babies. [lactose + G. ouron, urine, + -ia]
lactotherapy
SYN: galactotherapy.
lactotrophic
Older term for prolactin-producing.
lactotropin
SYN: prolactin.
lactovegetarian
1. One who lives on a mixed diet of milk and milk products, eggs, and vegetables, but eschews meat. 2. A vegetarian who consumes milk and dairy products but not eggs or meats or ...
lactoylglutathione lyase
Glyoxalase I; a lyase cleaving S-d-lactoylglutathione to glutathione and methylglyoxal. SYN: aldoketomutase, ketone-aldehyde mutase, methylglyoxalase.
lactulose
A synthetic disaccharide used to treat hepatic encephalopathy and chronic constipation.
Lacuna
A small pit, cavity, defect or gap. * * * 1. [TA] A small space, cavity, or depression. 2. A gap or defect. 3. An abnormal space between strata or between the cellular ...
lacunar
Relating to a lacuna.
lacunule
A very small lacuna. [Mod. L. lacunula, dim. of L. lacuna]
lacus
SYN: lake (1). [L. lake] - l. lacrimalis [TA] SYN: lacrimal lake. - l. seminalis SYN: seminal lake.
LAD
Abbreviation for leukocyte adhesion deficiency.
Ladd
William E., U.S. pediatric surgeon, 1880–1967. See L. band, L. operation.
Ladd-Franklin
Christine, U.S. psychologist, 1847–1930. See Ladd- Franklin theory.
Laelaps echidninus
The spiny rat mite, a common worldwide ectoparasite of the wild Norway rat and occasionally found on the house mouse, cotton rat, and other rodents; it is the natural vector of ...
Laënnec
René T.H., French physician, 1781–1826. See L. cirrhosis, L. pearls, under pearl.
laetrile
An allegedly antineoplastic drug consisting chiefly of amygdalin derived from apricot pits; its antitumor effect is unproven.
laev-
See levo-.
Lafora
Gonzalo Rodriguez, Spanish neurologist, 1887–1971. See L. body, L. body disease, L. disease.
lag
1. To move or progress more slowly than normal; to fall behind. 2. The act or condition of falling behind. 3. The time interval between a change in one variable and a consequent ...
lagena
1. SYN: cupular cecum of the cochlear duct. 2. One of the three parts of the membranous labyrinth of the inner ear of lower vertebrates; in mammals, the l. becomes the ...
lagging
Retarded or diminished ventilatory movement of the affected side of the chest due to pleural disease with muscle splinting or collapse of a lung.
lagomorph
A member of the order Lagomorpha.
Lagomorpha
An order of herbivorous mammals (class Eutheria) resembling rodents (order Rodentia) but having two pairs of upper incisors one behind the other; it includes the rabbits, ...
lagophthalmia
See lagophthalmos.
lagophthalmos, lagophthalmia
A condition in which a complete closure of the eyelids over the eyeball is difficult or impossible. [G. lagos, hare + ophthalmos, eye]
Lagrange
Pierre F., French ophthalmologist, 1857–1928.
Lahey
Frank H., U.S. surgeon, 1880–1935. See L. forceps.
LAK
Abbreviation for lymphokine activated killer cells.
lake
1. A small collection of fluid. SYN: lacus [TA]. 2. To cause blood plasma to become red as a result of the release of hemoglobin from the erythrocytes, as when the latter are ...
Laki-Lorand factor
See under factor.
laky
Pertaining to the transparent bright red appearance of blood serum or plasma, developing as a result of hemoglobin being released from destroyed red blood cells.
laliatry
The study and treatment of speech disorders. [G. lalia, speech, chatter, + iatria, cure]
laliophobia
Morbid fear of speaking or stuttering. [G. lalia, speech, + phobos, fear]

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