Слова на букву obtr-phyl (6389) New Collegiate Dictionary
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Слова на букву obtr-phyl (6389)

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pence
plural of penny
pencel
or pencil noun Etymology: Middle English pencel, from Anglo-French pencel, penuncel Date: 13th century pennoncel
penchant
noun Etymology: French, from present participle of pencher to incline, from Vulgar Latin *pendicare, from Latin pendere to weigh Date: 1672 a strong and continued ...
pencil
I. noun Etymology: Middle English pensel, from Anglo-French pincel, from Vulgar Latin *penicellus, alteration of Latin penicillus, diminutive of peniculus brush, from diminutive ...
pencil pusher
noun Date: 1881 a person who does predominantly paperwork
penciling
or pencilling noun Date: 1706 the work of the pencil or brush; also a product of this
pencilling
noun see penciling
Pend Oreille
geographical name river 100 miles (161 kilometers) N Idaho & NE Washington flowing from Pend Oreille Lake (35 miles or 56 kilometers long, in Idaho) W & N into Columbia River ...
pendant
also pendent noun Etymology: Middle English pendaunt, from Anglo-French pendant, from present participle of pendre to hang, from Vulgar Latin *pendere, from Latin pendēre; akin ...
Pendelikón
geographical name mountain 3638 feet (1109 meters) E Greece in Attica NE of Athens
pendency
noun Date: 1637 the state of being pending
pendent
or pendant adjective Etymology: Middle English pendaunt Date: 14th century 1. jutting or leaning over ; overhanging 2. supported from above ; suspended 3. remaining ...
pendentive
noun Etymology: French pendentif, from Latin pendent-, pendens, present participle of pendēre Date: circa 1741 one of the concave triangular members that support a dome ...
Penderecki
biographical name Krzysztof 1933- Polish composer
pending
I. preposition Etymology: French pendant, from present participle of pendre Date: 1642 1. during 2. while awaiting II. adjective Date: 1797 1. not yet decided ; being ...
pendular
adjective Date: 1875 being or resembling the movement of a pendulum
pendulous
adjective Etymology: Latin pendulus, from pendēre to hang Date: circa 1605 1. archaic poised without visible support 2. a. suspended so as to swing freely b. ...
pendulousness
noun see pendulous
pendulum
noun Etymology: New Latin, from Latin, neuter of pendulus Date: 1660 1. a body suspended from a fixed point so as to swing freely to and fro under the action of gravity and ...
Penedos de São Pedro e São Paulo
geographical name — see Saint Peter and Saint Paul Rocks
Penelope
noun Etymology: Latin, from Greek Pēnelopē Date: 14th century the wife of Odysseus who waits faithfully for him during his 20 years' absence
peneplain
also peneplane noun Etymology: Latin paene, pene almost + English plain or plane Date: 1889 a land surface of considerable area and slight relief shaped by erosion
peneplane
noun see peneplain
penetrability
noun see penetrable
penetrable
adjective Date: 1538 capable of being penetrated • penetrability noun
penetralia
noun plural Etymology: Latin, neuter plural of penetralis inner, from penetrare to penetrate Date: 1668 the innermost or most private parts
penetrance
noun Etymology: International Scientific Vocabulary, from Latin penetrare Date: 1934 the proportion of individuals of a particular genotype that express its phenotypic effect ...
penetrant
I. adjective Date: 1543 penetrating II. noun Date: circa 1734 one that penetrates or is capable of penetrating
penetrate
verb (-trated; -trating) Etymology: Latin penetratus, past participle of penetrare, from penitus deep within, far; akin to Latin penus provisions Date: circa 1530 transitive ...
penetrating
adjective Date: 1593 1. having the power of entering, piercing, or pervading 2. acute, discerning • penetratingly adverb
penetratingly
adverb see penetrating
penetration
noun Date: 1605 1. a. the power to penetrate; especially the ability to discern deeply and acutely b. the depth to which something penetrates c. the extent to which ...
penetrative
adjective Date: 15th century 1. tending to penetrate ; piercing 2. acute 3. impressive
penetrometer
noun Etymology: Latin penetrare + International Scientific Vocabulary -meter Date: 1905 an instrument for measuring firmness or consistency (as of soil)
Peneus
or Modern Greek Piniós or formerly Salambria geographical name river 125 miles (201 kilometers) N Greece in Thessaly flowing E into Gulf of Salonika
Peng-pu
geographical name — see Bengbu
pengö
noun (plural pengö or pengös) Etymology: Hungarian pengő, literally, jingling Date: 1925 the basic monetary unit of Hungary from 1925 to 1946
penguin
noun Etymology: obsolete English penguin great auk, perhaps from Welsh pen gwyn white head (applied to the bird in winter plumage) Date: 1588 any of various erect ...
penholder
noun Date: 1815 a holder or handle for a pen point
penicillamine
noun Etymology: penicillin + amine Date: 1943 an amino acid C5H11NO2S that is obtained from penicillins and is used especially in the treatment of cystinuria, rheumatoid ...
penicillate
adjective Etymology: Latin penicillus brush — more at pencil Date: 1819 furnished with a tuft of fine filaments
penicillin
noun Etymology: New Latin Penicillium Date: 1929 1. any of several relatively nontoxic antibiotic acids of the general formula C9H11N2O4SR that are produced by molds (genus ...
penicillinase
noun Date: 1940 beta-lactamase
penicillium
noun (plural penicillia) Etymology: New Latin, from Latin penicillus Date: 1867 any of a genus (Penicillium) of fungi (as a blue mold) that are found chiefly on moist ...
penile
adjective Date: circa 1861 of, relating to, or affecting the penis
peninsula
noun Etymology: Latin paeninsula, from paene almost + insula island Date: 1538 a portion of land nearly surrounded by water and connected with a larger body by an isthmus; ...
peninsular
adjective see peninsula
Peninsular Malaysia
geographical name — see Malaya 3
penis
noun (plural penises; also penes) Etymology: Latin, penis, tail; akin to Old High German faselt penis, Greek peos Date: 1668 a male organ of copulation that in male mammals ...
penis envy
noun Date: 1924 the supposed coveting of the penis by a young human female which is held in Freudian psychoanalytic theory to lead to feelings of inferiority and defensive or ...
penitence
noun Etymology: Middle English, from Anglo-French penitance, from Medieval Latin poenitentia, alteration of Latin paenitentia regret, from paenitent-, paenitens, present ...
penitent
I. adjective Etymology: Middle English, from Middle French & Latin; Middle French penitent, from Latin paenitent-, paenitens, from present participle of paenitēre to cause ...
penitential
adjective Date: 1508 of or relating to penitence or penance • penitentially adverb
penitentially
adverb see penitential
penitentiary
I. noun (plural -ries) Etymology: Middle English penitenciary, from Medieval Latin poenitentiarius, from poenitentia Date: 15th century 1. a. an officer in some Roman ...
penitently
adverb see penitent I
penknife
noun Etymology: Middle English; from its original use for mending quill pens Date: 15th century a small pocketknife usually with only one blade
penlight
also penlite noun Date: 1945 a small flashlight resembling a fountain pen in size or shape
penlite
noun see penlight
penman
noun Date: 1539 1. a. calligrapher b. copyist, scribe c. a person with a specified quality or kind of handwriting 2. author
penmanship
noun Date: 1695 1. the art or practice of writing with the pen 2. quality or style of handwriting
Penn
I. abbreviation or Penna Pennsylvania II. biographical name Sir William 1621-1670 English admiral III. biographical name William 1644-1718 son of preceding English Quaker & ...
Penna
abbreviation see Penn I
pennant
noun Etymology: alteration of pendant Date: 1698 1. a. any of various nautical flags tapering usually to a point or swallowtail and used for identification or signaling ...
pennate
adjective Etymology: irregular from New Latin Pennales Date: 1938 of, relating to, or being usually elongate bilaterally symmetrical diatoms of an order (Pennales) having a ...
penne
noun (plural penne) Etymology: Italian, plural of penna, literally, quill, feather, pen, from Latin pinna feather & penna wing — more at pen Date: 1967 short thick ...
Pennell
biographical name Joseph 1857-1926 American etcher
penni
noun (plural pennia; also penni or pennis) Etymology: Finnish Date: circa 1893 a former monetary unit equal to 1/100 Finnish markka
penniless
adjective Date: 14th century destitute of money
Pennine Alps
geographical name section of Alps on border between Switzerland & Italy NE of Graian Alps — see Rosa (Monte)
Pennine Chain
geographical name mountains N England extending from Scotland border to Derbyshire & Staffordshire; highest Cross Fell 2930 feet (893 meters)
pennon
noun Etymology: Middle English, from Anglo-French penun, diminutive of penne quill, wing feather — more at pen Date: 14th century 1. a. a long usually triangular or ...
pennoncel
or penoncel noun Etymology: Middle English penoncell, from Anglo-French penuncel, diminutive of penun Date: 14th century a small pennon used in late medieval or Renaissance ...
Pennsylvania
geographical name state NE United States capital Harrisburg area 45,333 square miles (117,866 square kilometers), population 12,281,054
Pennsylvania Dutch
noun Date: circa 1824 1. a people originally of eastern Pennsylvania whose characteristic cultural traditions go back to the German migrations of the 18th century 2. a ...
Pennsylvania Dutchman
noun see Pennsylvania Dutch
Pennsylvania German
noun Date: 1869 Pennsylvania Dutch
Pennsylvanian
adjective Date: 1698 1. of or relating to Pennsylvania or its people 2. of, relating to, or being the period of the Paleozoic era in North America between the Mississippian ...
penny
noun (plural pennies or pence) Usage: often attributive Etymology: Middle English, from Old English penning, penig; akin to Old High German pfenning, a coin Date: before 12th ...
penny ante
noun Date: 1855 poker played for very low stakes
penny arcade
noun Date: 1908 an amusement center having coin-operated devices for entertainment
penny candy
noun Date: circa 1940 inexpensive candy originally costing a penny apiece
penny dreadful
noun Date: circa 1873 a novel of violent adventure or crime • penny-dreadful adjective
penny loafer
noun Date: 1968 a loafer with a strap across the upper originally used for holding a penny
penny stock
noun Date: circa 1920 a usually unlisted highly speculative stock usually selling for a dollar or less
penny-ante
adjective Date: 1865 small-time, two-bit
penny-dreadful
adjective see penny dreadful
penny-pincher
noun see penny-pinching
penny-pinching
noun Date: 1935 frugality, parsimony • penny-pincher noun • penny-pinching adjective
penny-wise
adjective Etymology: from the phrase penny-wise and pound-foolish Date: 1607 wise or prudent only in dealing with small sums or matters
pennycress
noun Date: 1713 a Eurasian cruciferous herb (Thlaspi arvense) with round flat pods that is widely naturalized in the New World
pennyroyal
noun Etymology: probably alteration of Anglo-French puliol real, from puliol pennyroyal (ultimately from Latin puleium) + real royal Date: 1530 1. a European perennial mint ...
pennyweight
noun Date: 14th century — see weight table
pennywhistle
noun Date: 1789 1. a small fipple flute 2. a toy whistle
pennywort
noun Date: 14th century any of several usually round-leaved plants (as of the genus Hydrocotyle of the carrot family)
pennyworth
noun (plural pennyworth or pennyworths) Date: before 12th century 1. a penny's worth 2. value for the money spent ; bargain 3. a small quantity ; modicum
Penobscot
I. noun (plural -scot or -scots) Etymology: earlier Panawamske, from Eastern Abenaki pαnáwαhpskek, a village name, literally, where the rocks widen Date: 1624 a member of ...
penological
adjective see penology
penologist
noun see penology
penology
noun Etymology: Greek poinē penalty + English -logy — more at pain Date: 1838 a branch of criminology dealing with prison management and the treatment of offenders • ...
penoncel
noun see pennoncel
Penrhyn
or Tongareva geographical name island S central Pacific in the Northern Cook Islands
Penrose
biographical name Roger 1931- British mathematician & physicist
Pensacola
geographical name city & port NW Florida on Pensacola Bay (inlet of Gulf of Mexico) population 56,255
pension
I. noun Etymology: Middle English, from Anglo-French, from Latin pension-, pensio, from pendere to pay — more at pendant Date: 14th century 1. a fixed sum paid regularly to ...
pensionable
adjective Date: 1882 chiefly British of, relating to, qualified for, or qualifying for a pension
pensionary
noun (plural -aries) Date: 1536 pensioner; especially hireling • pensionary adjective
pensione
noun see pension I, 2b
pensioner
noun Date: 15th century 1. a person who receives or lives on a pension 2. obsolete a. gentleman-at-arms b. retainer c. mercenary, hireling
pensionless
adjective see pension I
pensive
adjective Etymology: Middle English pensif, from Anglo-French, from penser to think, from Latin pensare to ponder, frequentative of pendere to weigh — more at pendant Date: ...
pensively
adverb see pensive
pensiveness
noun see pensive
penstemon
also pentstemon noun Etymology: New Latin, from penta- + Greek stēmōn warp, thread — more at stamen Date: 1760 any of a genus (Penstemon) of chiefly American herbs of ...
penstock
noun Date: circa 1607 1. a sluice or gate for regulating a flow (as of water) 2. a conduit or pipe for conducting water
pent
adjective Etymology: probably from past participle of obsolete English pend to confine Date: 1550 shut up ; confined, repressed
pent-
combining form see penta-
penta-
or pent- combining form Etymology: Greek, from pente — more at five 1. five 2. containing five atoms or groups
pentachlorophenol
noun Date: 1879 a crystalline compound C6Cl5OH used especially as a wood preservative and fungicide and a disinfectant
pentacle
noun Etymology: Medieval Latin *pentaculum, probably from Greek pente Date: 1594 pentagram
pentad
noun Etymology: Greek pentad-, pentas, from pente Date: 1653 a group of five
pentagon
noun Etymology: Greek pentagōnon, from neuter of pentagōnos pentagonal, from penta- + gōnia angle — more at -gon Date: 1570 a polygon of five angles and five sides
Pentagon
noun Etymology: the Pentagon building, headquarters of the Department of Defense Date: 1945 the United States military leadership
pentagonal
noun Date: 1571 1. having five sides and five angles 2. having a pentagon as a cross section or as a base • pentagonally adverb
pentagonally
adverb see pentagonal
Pentagonese
noun Date: 1951 military jargon
pentagram
noun Etymology: Greek pentagrammon, from penta- + -grammon (akin to gramma letter) — more at gram Date: 1833 a figure of a 5-pointed star usually made with alternate points ...
pentahedral
adjective see pentahedron
pentahedron
noun Etymology: New Latin Date: circa 1775 a solid bounded by five faces • pentahedral adjective
pentamerous
adjective Etymology: New Latin pentamerus, from penta- (from Greek) + -merus -merous Date: 1826 divided into or consisting of five parts; specifically having each floral ...
pentameter
noun Etymology: Latin, from Greek pentametros having five metrical feet, from penta- + metron measure — more at measure Date: 1580 a line of verse consisting of five ...
pentamidine
noun Date: 1941 a drug C23H36N4O10S2 used especially to treat protozoal infections (as leishmaniasis) and to prevent AIDS-related pneumonia
pentane
noun Etymology: International Scientific Vocabulary Date: 1877 any of three isomeric alkanes C5H12 that occur especially in petroleum
pentangle
noun Date: 14th century pentagram
pentapeptide
noun Date: 1907 a polypeptide that contains five amino acid residues
pentaploid
adjective Date: 1921 having or being a chromosome number that is five times the basic number • pentaploid noun • pentaploidy noun
pentaploidy
noun see pentaploid
Pentapolis
geographical name any of several groups of five ancient cities in Italy, Asia Minor, & Cyrenaica
pentarchy
noun Etymology: Greek pentarchia, from penta- + -archia -archy Date: circa 1586 a group of five countries or districts each under its own ruler or government
Pentateuch
noun Etymology: Middle English Penteteuke, from Late Latin Pentateuchus, from Greek Pentateuchos, from penta- + teuchos tool, vessel, book, from teuchein to make — more at ...
pentathlete
noun Date: 1828 an athlete participating in a pentathlon
pentathlon
noun Etymology: Greek, from penta- + athlon contest Date: 1603 an athletic contest involving participation by each contestant in five different events; especially modern ...
pentatonic
adjective Date: 1864 consisting of five tones; specifically being or relating to a scale in which the tones are arranged like a major scale with the fourth and seventh tones ...
pentavalent
adjective Date: 1871 having a valence of five
pentazocine
noun Etymology: probably from penta- + az- + octa- + 2-ine Date: 1963 a synthetic analgesic drug C19H27NO that is less addictive than morphine
Pentecost
I. noun Etymology: Middle English, from Old English pentecosten, from Late Latin pentecoste, from Greek pentēkostē, literally, fiftieth day, from pentēkostos fiftieth, from ...
Pentecostal
I. adjective Date: circa 1663 1. of, relating to, or suggesting Pentecost 2. of, relating to, or constituting any of various Christian religious bodies that emphasize ...
Pentecostalism
noun see Pentecostal I
Pentecostalist
noun or adjective see Pentecostal I
penthouse
noun Etymology: alteration of Middle English pentis, from Anglo-French apentiz, from apent, past participle of apendre, appendre to attach, hang against — more at append ...
Penticton
geographical name city Canada in S British Columbia population 30,985
pentimento
noun (plural pentimenti) Etymology: Italian, literally, repentance, correction, from pentire to repent, from Latin paenitēre — more at penitent Date: 1853 a reappearance ...
Pentland Firth
geographical name channel between Orkneys & mainland of Scotland
Pentland Hills
geographical name hills S Scotland; highest peak Scald Law 1898 feet (578 meters)
pentlandite
noun Etymology: French, from Joseph Pentland died 1873 Irish scientist Date: circa 1858 a bronzy yellow mineral that is an isometric nickel iron sulfide and the principal ...
pentobarbital
noun Etymology: penta- + -o- + barbital Date: 1931 a granular barbiturate C11H18N2O3 used especially in the form of its sodium or calcium salt as a sedative, hypnotic, and ...
pentobarbitone
noun Etymology: penta- + -o- + barbitone Date: 1938 British pentobarbital
pentosan
noun Etymology: International Scientific Vocabulary Date: 1892 any of various polysaccharides that yield only pentoses on hydrolysis and occur widely in plants
pentose
noun Etymology: International Scientific Vocabulary Date: 1890 a monosaccharide C5H10O5 (as ribose) that contains five carbon atoms in the molecule
Pentothal
trademark — used for thiopental
pentoxide
noun Etymology: International Scientific Vocabulary Date: 1869 an oxide containing five atoms of oxygen in the molecule
pentstemon
variant of penstemon
pentylenetetrazol
noun Etymology: penta- + methylene + tetrazole (CH2N4) Date: 1949 an analeptic drug C6H10N4
penuche
also panocha noun Etymology: Mexican Spanish panocha raw sugar, from Spanish, ear of maize, ultimately from Latin panicula panicle — more at panicle Date: 1871 fudge made ...
Peñuelas
geographical name city S Puerto Rico population 26,719
penult
noun Etymology: Latin paenultima penult, from feminine of paenultimus almost last, from paene almost + ultimus last — more at ultimate Date: 1537 the next to the last ...
penultima
noun Etymology: Latin Date: 1589 penult
penultimate
adjective Date: 1677 1. next to the last 2. of or relating to a penult • penultimately adverb
penultimately
adverb see penultimate
penumbra
noun (plural penumbrae or -bras) Etymology: New Latin, from Latin paene almost + umbra shadow — more at umbrage Date: 1666 1. a. a space of partial illumination (as in ...
penumbral
adjective see penumbra
penurious
adjective Date: 1590 1. marked by or suffering from penury 2. given to or marked by extreme stinting frugality Synonyms: see stingy • penuriously adverb • ...
penuriously
adverb see penurious
penuriousness
noun see penurious
penury
noun Etymology: Middle English, from Latin penuria, paenuria want; perhaps akin to Latin paene almost Date: 14th century 1. a cramping and oppressive lack of resources (as ...
Penza
geographical name city S central Russia in Europe W of Samara population 552,000
Penzance
geographical name seaside resort SW England in Cornwall on English Channel population 19,521
Penzhina
geographical name see Penzhinskaya
Penzhinskaya
or Penzhina geographical name bay E Russia in Asia between Kamchatka Peninsula & mainland; an arm of Sea of Okhotsk
Penzias
biographical name Arno Allan 1933- American (German-born) physicist
peon
noun (plural peons or peones) Etymology: Portuguese peão & French pion, from Medieval Latin pedon-, pedo foot soldier — more at pawn Date: 1609 1. any of various workers ...
peonage
noun Date: 1847 1. a. the use of laborers bound in servitude because of debt b. a system of convict labor by which convicts are leased to contractors 2. the condition ...
peony
noun (plural -nies) Etymology: Middle English piony, from Anglo-French peonie, pioiné, from Latin paeonia, from Greek paiōnia, from Paiōn Paeon, physician of the gods Date: ...
people
I. noun (plural people) Etymology: Middle English peple, from Anglo-French pople, peple, peuple, from Latin populus Date: 13th century 1. plural human beings making up a ...
people mover
noun Date: 1968 any of various rapid-transit systems (as of moving sidewalks or automated driverless cars) for shuttling people
People's Democratic Republic of Yemen
geographical name — see Yemen
People's Republic of China
geographical name — see china, people's republic of
peoplehood
noun Date: circa 1899 1. the quality or state of constituting a people 2. the awareness of the underlying unity that makes the individual a part of a people
peopleless
adjective see people I
Peoria
geographical name 1. town SW central Arizona population 108,364 2. city N central Illinois on Illinois River population 112,936
pep
I. noun Etymology: short for pepper Date: 1912 brisk energy or initiative and high spirits II. transitive verb (pepped; pepping) Date: 1925 to inject pep into
pep pill
noun Date: 1937 any of various stimulant drugs in pill or tablet form
pep talk
noun Date: 1925 a usually brief, intense, and emotional talk designed to influence or encourage an audience
peperomia
noun Etymology: New Latin, from Greek peperi pepper + homoios like, similar — more at homeo- Date: 1882 any of a genus (Peperomia) of fleshy tropical herbs of the pepper ...
Pépin III
biographical name 714?-768 the Short king of the Franks (751-768)
Pepin, Lake
geographical name expansion of upper Mississippi River 34 miles (55 kilometers) long between SE Minnesota & W Wisconsin
pepino
noun (plural -nos) Etymology: American Spanish, from Spanish, cucumber, from Old Spanish pepón melon, from Latin pepon-, pepo Date: 1890 a bushy perennial plant (Solanum ...
peplos
also peplus noun Etymology: Latin peplus, from Greek peplos Date: 1776 a garment worn like a shawl by women of ancient Greece
peplum
noun Etymology: Latin, from Greek peplon peplos Date: 1866 a short section attached to the waistline of a blouse, jacket, or dress • peplumed adjective
peplumed
adjective see peplum
peplus
noun see peplos
pepo
noun (plural pepos) Etymology: Latin, a melon — more at pumpkin Date: circa 1859 an indehiscent fleshy one-celled many-seeded berry (as a pumpkin, squash, melon, or ...
pepper
I. noun Etymology: Middle English peper, from Old English pipor, from Latin piper, from Greek peperi Date: before 12th century 1. a. either of two pungent products from ...
pepper mill
noun Date: 1739 a hand mill for grinding peppercorns
pepper pot
noun Date: 1679 1. British pepperbox 1 2. a. a highly seasoned West Indian stew of vegetables and meat or fish b. a thick soup of tripe, meat, dumplings, and ...
pepper shaker
noun Date: 1895 a container with a perforated top for sprinkling pepper
pepper spray
noun Date: 1989 a temporarily disabling aerosol that is composed partly of capsicum oleoresin and causes irritation and blinding of the eyes and inflammation of the nose, ...
pepper-and-salt
adjective Date: 1751 salt-and-pepper
pepperbox
noun Date: 1546 1. a small usually cylindrical box or bottle with a perforated top used for sprinkling pepper on food 2. a pistol of the late 18th century with five or six ...
peppercorn
noun Date: before 12th century a dried berry of the black pepper
peppered moth
noun Date: circa 1832 a European geometrid moth (Biston betularia) that typically has white wings with small black specks but also occurs as a solid black form especially in ...
pepperer
noun see pepper II
peppergrass
noun Date: 15th century any of a genus (Lepidium) of cresses; especially garden cress
pepperiness
noun see peppery
peppermint
noun Date: 1696 1. a. a pungent and aromatic mint (Mentha piperita) with dark green lanceolate leaves and whorls of small pink flowers in spikes b. any of several mints ...
pepperminty
adjective see peppermint
pepperoni
noun Etymology: Italian peperoni cayenne peppers, plural of peperone, augmentative of pepe pepper, from Latin piper — more at pepper Date: 1921 a highly seasoned beef and ...
peppertree
noun Date: circa 1692 a South American evergreen tree (Schinus molle) of the cashew family grown as a shade tree in mild climates
peppery
adjective Date: 1699 1. of, relating to, or having the qualities of pepper ; hot, pungent 2. having a hot temper ; touchy 3. fiery, stinging • pepperiness noun
peppiness
noun see peppy
peppy
adjective (peppier; -est) Date: 1918 full of pep • peppiness noun
pepsin
noun Etymology: German, from Greek pepsis digestion, from pessein Date: circa 1844 1. a protease of the stomach that breaks down most proteins to polypeptides 2. a ...
pepsinogen
noun Etymology: International Scientific Vocabulary Date: 1878 a granular zymogen of the gastric glands that is readily converted into pepsin in a slightly acid medium
peptic
adjective Etymology: Latin pepticus, from Greek peptikos, from peptos cooked, from peptein, pessein to cook, digest — more at cook Date: 1651 1. relating to or promoting ...
peptidase
noun Date: 1918 an enzyme that hydrolyzes simple peptides or their derivatives
peptide
noun Etymology: International Scientific Vocabulary, from peptone Date: 1906 any of various amides that are derived from two or more amino acids by combination of the amino ...
peptide bond
noun Date: 1935 the chemical bond between carbon and nitrogen in a peptide linkage
peptide linkage
noun Date: 1925 the divalent group CONH that unites the amino acid residues in a peptide
peptidic
adjective see peptide
peptidoglycan
noun Date: 1966 a polymer that is composed of polysaccharide and peptide chains and is found especially in bacterial cell walls — called also mucopeptide, murein
peptone
noun Etymology: German Pepton, from Greek, neuter of peptos cooked Date: 1860 any of various water-soluble products of partial hydrolysis of proteins
Pepys
biographical name Samuel 1633-1703 English diarist • Pepysian adjective
Pepysian
adjective see Pepys
Pequot
noun Etymology: Narragansett Pequttôog Date: 1631 a member of an American Indian people of what is now eastern Connecticut
per
I. preposition Etymology: Latin, through, by means of, by — more at for Date: 14th century 1. by the means or agency of ; through 2. with respect to every member of a ...
per angusta ad augusta
foreign term Etymology: Latin through difficulties to honors
per annum
adverb Etymology: Medieval Latin Date: 1531 in or for each year
per capita
adverb or adjective Etymology: Medieval Latin, by heads Date: 1682 1. equally to each individual 2. per unit of population ; by or for each person
per centum
noun Etymology: per + Latin centum Date: circa 1565 percent
per contra
adverb Etymology: Italian, by the opposite side (of the ledger) Date: 1554 1. a. on the contrary b. by way of contrast 2. as an offset
per curiam
adverb or adjective Etymology: Medieval Latin per curiam, literally, by the court Date: 1685 by the court as a whole rather than by a single justice and usually without ...
per diem
I. adverb Etymology: Medieval Latin Date: 1520 by the day ; for each day II. adjective Date: 1809 1. based on use or service by the day ; daily 2. paid by the day III. ...
per mensem
adverb Etymology: Medieval Latin Date: 1647 by the month
per mill
adverb Etymology: per + Latin mille thousand Date: 1721 per thousand • permillage noun
per se
I. adverb Etymology: Latin Date: 1572 by, of, or in itself or oneself or themselves ; as such ; intrinsically II. adjective Date: circa 1655 being such inherently, ...
per second per second
adverb Date: 1922 per second every second — used of acceleration
per stirpes
adverb or adjective Etymology: Latin, by familial stocks Date: 1682 in equal shares to each member of a specified class with the share of a deceased member divided ...
per-
prefix Etymology: Latin, through, throughout, thoroughly, detrimental to, from per 1. throughout ; thoroughly 2. a. containing the largest possible or a relatively ...
Pera
geographical name — see Beyoglu
peradventure
I. adverb Etymology: Middle English par aventure, from Anglo-French, by chance Date: 14th century archaic perhaps, possibly II. noun Date: 1627 1. doubt 2. chance 4a
Peraea
or Perea geographical name region of ancient Palestine E of Jordan River
Perak
geographical name state Malaysia in W Peninsular Malaysia on Strait of Malacca capital Ipoh area 8030 square miles (20,798 square kilometers), population 1,880,016
perambulate
verb (-lated; -lating) Etymology: Latin perambulatus, past participle of perambulare, from per- through + ambulare to walk Date: 1568 transitive verb 1. to travel over or ...
perambulation
noun see perambulate
perambulator
noun Date: 1611 1. one that perambulates 2. chiefly British a baby carriage
perambulatory
adjective see perambulate
perborate
noun Etymology: International Scientific Vocabulary Date: 1881 a salt that is a compound of a borate with hydrogen peroxide
perc
abbreviation 1. perchloroethylene 2. percolation
percale
noun Etymology: ultimately from Persian pargāla Date: 1840 a fine closely woven cotton cloth variously finished for clothing, sheeting, and industrial uses
percaline
noun Etymology: French, from percale Date: circa 1858 a lightweight cotton fabric; especially a glossy fabric used for bookbindings
perceivable
adjective see perceive
perceivably
adverb see perceive
perceive
transitive verb (perceived; perceiving) Etymology: Middle English, from Anglo-French perceivre, from Latin percipere, from per- thoroughly + capere to take — more at heave ...
perceiver
noun see perceive
percent
I. adverb Etymology: earlier per cent, from per + Latin centum hundred — more at hundred Date: 1568 in the hundred ; of each hundred II. noun (plural percent or percents) ...

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