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Actoridae
/ak tawr"i dee'/, n.pl. Class. Myth. Moliones. * * *
actorish
/ak"teuhr ish/, adj. exaggeratedly theatrical; affected: a stagy, actorish voice. [ACTOR + -ISH1] * * *
Actors Studio
Professional actors' workshop based in New York City. Founded in 1947 by the directors Cheryl Crawford, Elia Kazan, and Robert Lewis as a leading centre of the Stanislavsky ...
Actors Studio, The
▪ American drama workshop       prestigious professional actors' workshop in New York City whose members have been among the most influential performers in American ...
Actors' Equity Association
a labor union for stage actors, founded in 1912 and affiliated with the AFL-CIO. * * *
Actors’ Studio
a school in New York for professional actors. It was begun in 1947 by Elia Kazan, Robert Lewis, and Cheryl Crawford. It became the centre of method acting under its artistic ...
ACTP
American College Testing Program. * * *
actress
/ak"tris/, n. a woman who acts in stage plays, motion pictures, television broadcasts, etc., esp. professionally. [1580-90; ACT(O)R + -ESS] Usage. See -ess. * * *
actressy
/ak"treuh see/, adj. self-consciously stagy in style or manner; exaggeratedly theatrical: an actressy reading that distorted the character of Ophelia. [1895-1900; ACTRESS + ...
Acts
Acts [akts] n. a book of the New Testament, ascribed to Luke: abbrev. Ac: full title The Acts of the Apostles * * *
Acts of the Apostles
a book of the New Testament. Also called Acts. * * *
Acts of the Apostles, The
▪ New Testament abbreviation  Acts,        fifth book of the New Testament, a valuable history of the early Christian church. Acts was written in Greek, presumably by ...
Actsof the Apostles
Acts of the Apostles (ăkts) pl.n. (used with a sing. verb) Abbr. Ac or AA See table at Bible. * * *
actual
—actualness, n. /ak"chooh euhl/, adj. 1. existing in act or fact; real: an actual case of heroism; actual expenses. 2. existing now; present; current: The ship's actual ...
actual cost
the cost of a product based on incurred costs of material and labor required in its production. Cf. standard cost. * * *
actual sin
Theol. any sin committed by an individual of his or her free will, as contrasted with original sin. * * *
actualism
—actualist, n., adj. —actualistic, adj. /ak"chooh euh liz'euhm/, n. Philos. the doctrine that all reality is animate or in motion. [1855-60; ACTUAL + -ISM] * * *
actuality
/ak'chooh al"i tee/, n., pl. actualities. 1. actual existence; reality. 2. an actual condition or circumstance; fact: Space travel is now an actuality. [1350-1400; ME actualite < ...
actualization
/ak'chooh euh leuh zay"sheuhn/, n. 1. the act or process of actualizing. 2. Psychol. self-actualization. [1815-25; ACTUALIZE + -ATION] * * *
actualize
/ak"chooh euh luyz'/, v.t., actualized, actualizing. to make actual or real; turn into action or fact. Also, esp. Brit., actualise. [1800-10; ACTUAL + -IZE] * * *
actually
/ak"chooh euh lee/, adv. as an actual or existing fact; really. [1400-50; late ME; see ACTUAL, -LY] * * *
actuarial
actuarial [ak΄cho͞o er′ē əl] adj. 1. of actuaries or their work 2. calculated by actuaries actuarially adv. * * * See actuary. * * *
actuarially
See actuarial. * * *
actuary
—actuarial /ak'chooh air"ee euhl/, actuarian, adj. —actuarially, adv. /ak"chooh er'ee/, n., pl. actuaries. 1. Insurance. a person who computes premium rates, dividends, ...
actuate
—actuation, n. /ak"chooh ayt'/, v.t., actuated, actuating. 1. to incite or move to action; impel; motivate: actuated by selfish motives. 2. to put into action; start a process; ...
actuation
See actuate. * * *
actuator
/ak"chooh ay'teuhr/, n. 1. a person or thing that actuates. 2. a servomechanism that supplies and transmits a measured amount of energy for the operation of another mechanism or ...
acuate
/ak"yooh it, -ayt'/, adj. sharpened; pointed. [1425-75; late ME < L acu(s) needle (cf. ACICULA, ACUTE) + -ATE1] * * *
Acuff
/ay"kuf/, n. Roy (Claxton) /klak"steuhn/, 1903-92, U.S. country-and-western singer and composer. * * *
Acuff, Roy
▪ American musician in full  Roy Claxton Acuff   born Sept. 15, 1903, Maynardsville, Tenn., U.S. died Nov. 23, 1992, Nashville, Tenn.       American vocalist, ...
Acuff, Roy (Claxton)
born Sept. 15, 1903, Maynardsville, Tenn., U.S. died Nov. 23, 1992, Nashville, Tenn. U.S. singer, songwriter, and fiddler. He turned to music after an aborted baseball career ...
acuity
/euh kyooh"i tee/, n. sharpness; acuteness; keenness: acuity of vision; acuity of mind. [1375-1425; late ME acuite < OF < ML, LL acuitas, equiv. to L acu(ere) to sharpen or ...
aculeate
/euh kyooh"lee it, -ayt'/, adj. 1. Biol. having or being any sharp-pointed structure. 2. having a slender ovipositor or sting, as the hymenopterous insects. 3. pointed; ...
aculeus
/euh kyooh"lee euhs/ n., pl. aculei /-lee uy'/. 1. Also, acus. the modified ovipositor or sting of certain hymenopterous insects. 2. prickle (def. 2). [1820-30; < L: sting, barb, ...
acumen
—acuminous /euh kyooh"meuh neuhs/, adj. /euh kyooh"meuhn, ak"yeuh-/, n. keen insight; shrewdness: remarkable acumen in business matters. [1525-35; < L acumen sharpness, equiv. ...
acuminate
—acumination, n. adj. /euh kyooh"meuh nit, -nayt'/; v. /euh kyooh"meuh nayt'/, adj., v., acuminated, acuminating. adj. 1. Bot., Zool. pointed; tapering to a point. v.t. 2. to ...
acumination
See acuminate. * * *
Acuña, Rosario de
▪ Spanish writer in full  Rosario De Acuña Y Villanueva De La Iglesia,  pseudonym  Remigio Andrés Delafón  born 1851, Madrid, Spain died 1923, ...
acupressure
/ak"yoo presh'euhr/, n. 1. a type of massage in which finger pressure on the specific bodily sites described in acupuncture therapy is used to promote healing, alleviate fatigue, ...
acupuncture
n. /ak"yoo pungk'cheuhr/; v. /ak"yoo pungk'cheuhr, ak'yoo pungk"-/, n., v., acupunctured, acupuncturing. n. 1. a Chinese medical practice or procedure that treats illness or ...
acupuncturist
/ak"yoo pungk'cheuhr ist/, n. a person, as a physician, chiropractor, or layperson, who practices acupuncture. [1950-55; ACUPUNCTURE + -IST] * * *
acus
/ay"keuhs/, n., pl. acus. 1. Surg. a needle, esp. one used in a surgical operation. 2. aculeus (def. 1). [ < L] * * *
acusector
—acusection, n. /ak'yoo sek"teuhr/, n. Surg. a needle for cutting tissue by means of a high-frequency electric current. [ < NL; see ACUS, SECTOR] * * *
acutance
/euh kyooht"ns/, n. a measure of the sharpness with which a film can reproduce the edge of an object. [ACUTE + -ANCE] * * *
acute
—acutely, adv. —acuteness, n. /euh kyooht"/, adj. 1. sharp or severe in effect; intense: acute sorrow; an acute pain. 2. extremely great or serious; crucial; critical: an ...
acute accent
acute accent n. a mark (´) used to indicate a) the quality or length of a vowel, as in French idée b) primary stress, as in Spanish olé c) any stress on a spoken sound or ...
acute anterior poliomyelitis
Pathol. poliomyelitis. * * *
acute bisectrix
Crystall. See under bisectrix (def. 1). * * *
acute glaucoma.
See under glaucoma. * * *
acute necrotizing gingivitis.
See trench mouth. Abbr.: ANG * * *
acute-care
/euh kyooht"kair"/, adj. (of a hospital) providing emergency services and general medical and surgical treatment for acute disorders rather than long-term residential care for ...
acuteaccent
acute accent n. A mark (´) indicating: a. that a vowel is close or tense, as é in French été. b. that a vowel or syllable has a high or rising pitch, as in Chinese or Ancient ...
acuteangle
acute angle Clarinda/Academy Artworks n. An angle of less than 90°. * * *
acutecare
acute care n. Short-term medical treatment, usually in a hospital, for patients having an acute illness or injury or recovering from surgery. * * *
acutely
See acute. * * *
acuteness
See acutely. * * *
acutestress disorder
acute stress disorder n. Posttraumatic stress disorder that occurs immediately or soon after a traumatic event. * * *
acutilingual
/euh kyooht'euh ling"gweuhl/, adj. Zool. having a sharply pointed tongue or mouth, as certain bees. [ < L acut(us) ACUTE + -I- + LINGUAL] * * *
ACV
1. Also, A.C.V. actual cash value. 2. air cushion vehicle: any of various vehicles that ride over water or terrain on a cushion of air generated by downward-thrusting fans and ...
ACW
Radio. alternating continuous waves. * * *
acyclic
/ay suy"klik, ay sik"lik/, adj. 1. not cyclic: an acyclic flower; acyclic compounds. 2. Chem. of or pertaining to a compound that does not contain a closed chain or ring of atoms ...
acyclic terpene
Chem. See under terpene (def. 2). * * *
acyclovir
/ay suy"kloh vear', -kleuh-/, n. Pharm. a crystalline compound, C18H11N5O3, used as an antiviral drug in the treatment of herpes infections. [1980-85; perh. acyclo(guanosine) an ...
acyl
/as"il, -eel/, adj. Chem. containing the acyl group. [1895-1900; < G: an organic radical derived from an acid; see ACID, -YL] * * *
acyl group
Chem. the univalent group RCO-, where R is any organic group attached to one bond of the carbonyl group. Also called acyl radical. * * *
acylate
—acylation, n. /as"euh layt'/, v.t., acylated, acylating. Chem. to introduce the acyl group into (a compound). [ACYL + -ATE1] * * *
acyloin
/euh sil"oh in, as"euh loyn', as'euh loh"in/, n. Chem. a hydroxy ketone of the general formula RCOCHOHR, where R is an element or group. [ACYL + (BENZ)OIN] * * *
Aczél, György
▪ Hungarian politician original name  Appel György  born Aug. 31, 1917, Budapest, Hung. died Dec. 6, 1991, Budapest       politician, communist ideologist, and the ...
ad
ad1 /ad/, n. 1. advertisement. 2. advertising: an ad agency. [1835-45; by shortening] ad2 /ad/, n. Tennis. 1. advantage (def. 5). 2. ad in, the advantage being scored by the ...
ad absurdum
/ad ab serr"deuhm/ to the point of absurdity. [ < L: to (the) absurd] * * *
ad agencies
➡ advertising * * *
ad arbitrium
/ahd ahr bi"trddee oom'/; Eng. /ad ahr bi"tree euhm/, Latin. at pleasure; at will. [lit., at (one's) control or decision] * * *
ad astra per aspera
/ahd ah"strddah per ah"spe rddah'/; Eng., /ad as"treuh peuhr as"peuhr euh/, Latin. to the stars through difficulties: motto of Kansas. * * *
ad captandum vulgus
/ahd kahp tahn"doom wool"goos/; Eng. /ad kap tan"deuhm vul"geuhs/, Latin. in order to please the mob. [lit., for courting the crowd] * * *
ad damnum
/ad dam"neuhm/, Law. a formal and specific claim by a plaintiff for damages. [ < L: lit., for financial loss] * * *
ad eundem gradum
/ad ee un"deuhm gray"deuhm, grah"-/ to, of, or in the same rank or standing: pertaining to a university recognizing the academic credentials of a student transferring from ...
ad extremum
/ahd ek strdday"moom/; Eng. /ad ek stree"meuhm/, Latin. to the extreme; at last; finally. * * *
ad fin.
Latin. to, toward, or at the end. [ad finem] * * *
ad gloriam
/ahd gloh"rddi ahm'/; Eng. /ad glawr"ee am', -glohr"-/, Latin. for glory. * * *
ad hoc
/ad hok"/; Lat. /ahd hohk"/ 1. for the special purpose or end presently under consideration: a committee formed ad hoc to deal with the issue. 2. concerned or dealing with a ...
ad hockery
/ad hok"euh ree/ reliance on temporary solutions rather than on consistent, long-term plans. Also, ad hocery /ad hok"euh ree/, ad hocism /ad hok"iz euhm/. [1960-65; AD HOC + ...
ad hominem
/ahd hoh"mi nem'/; Eng. /ad hom"euh neuhm/, Latin. 1. appealing to one's prejudices, emotions, or special interests rather than to one's intellect or reason. 2. attacking an ...
ad inf.
ad infinitum. Also, ad infin. * * *
ad infinitum
/ad in'feuh nuy"teuhm, ad' in-/ to infinity; endlessly; without limit. [ < L] * * *
ad init.
ad initium. * * *
ad initium
/ad' i nish"ee euhm/ at the beginning. [ < L] * * *
ad int.
ad interim. * * *
ad interim
/ad in"teuh rim/ in the meantime. [ < L: lit., for the time between] * * *
ad kalendas Graecas
/ahd kah len"dahs grdduy"kahs/; Eng. /ad keuh len"deuhs gree"keuhs/, Latin. at no time; never: from the fact that the Greeks did not reckon dates by calends. [lit., at the Greek ...
ad lib
/ad lib", ad"/ 1. something improvised in speech, music, etc.: Was that joke part of your speech or an ad lib? 2. at one's pleasure; without restriction. 3. freely; as needed; ...
ad lib.
See ad libitum. * * *
ad libitum
/ad lib"i teuhm/; Lat. /ahd lib"i toom'/ 1. at one's pleasure. 2. Music. not obligatory or indispensable. Abbr.: ad lib. [1695-1705; < L] * * *
ad litem
/ad" luy"tem/, Law. for the particular action or proceeding: a guardian ad litem. [1760-70; < L; cf. LITIGATE] * * *
ad litteram
/ahd lit"te rddahm'/; Eng. /ad lit"euh ram'/, Latin. to the letter; exactly. * * *
ad loc.
at or to the place. [ < L ad locum] * * *
ad majorem Dei gloriam
/ahd mah yaw"rem de"ee glaw"ree ahm'/, Latin. for the greater glory of God: motto of the Jesuits. * * *
ad nauseam
/ad naw"zee euhm, -am'/ to a sickening or disgusting degree. [ < L: lit., to seasickness] * * *
ad part. dolent.
(in prescriptions) to the painful parts. [ < L ad partes dolentes] * * *
ad patres
/ahd pah"trddes/; Eng. /ad pay"treez/, Latin. dead. [lit., to the fathers] * * *
ad quem
/ahd kwem"/; Eng. /ad kwem"/, Latin. at or to which; the end toward which something tends. * * *
ad rem
/ad rem"/; Lat. /ahd rddem"/ 1. relevant; pertinent: an ad rem remark. 2. without digressing; in a straightforward manner: to reply ad rem. [ < L: lit., to the matter] * * *
ad utrumque paratus
/ahd ooh trddoom"kwe pah rddah"toos/; Eng. /ad yooh trum"kwee peuh ray"teuhs/, Latin. ready for either alternative. * * *
ad val.
ad valorem. * * *
ad valorem
/ad veuh lawr"euhm, -lohr"-/ in proportion to the value (used esp. of duties on imports that are fixed at a percentage of the value as stated on the invoice). [ < L: lit., ...
ad valorem tax
a tax levied according to the value of the property, merchandise, etc., being taxed. [1690-1700] * * * ▪ economics       any tax imposed on the basis of the monetary ...
ad verbum
/ahd werdd"boom/; Eng. /ad verr"beuhm/, Latin. to the word; exact in wording according to an original. * * *
ad vitam
/ahd wee"tahm/; Eng. /ad vuy"tam/, Latin. for life. * * *
ad vivum
/ahd wee"woom/; Eng. /ad vuy"veuhm/, Latin. to that which is alive. * * *
ad-
a prefix occurring in loanwords from Latin, where it meant "toward" and indicated direction, tendency, or addition: adjoin. Usually assimilated to the following consonant; see ...
ad-lib
—ad-libber, n. /ad lib", ad"-/, v., ad-libbed, ad-libbing, adj. v.t. 1. to improvise all or part of (a speech, a piece of music, etc.): to ad-lib one's lines. v.i. 2. to act, ...
ad-libber
See ad-lib. * * *
ad.
1. adverb. 2. advertisement. * * *
Ada
/ay"deuh/, n. 1. a city in central Oklahoma. 14,509. 2. Douay Bible. Adah. 3. a female given name: from a Germanic word meaning "noble." /ay"deuh/, n. Computers. a programming ...
ADA
1. adenosine deaminase. 2. American Dental Association. 3. American Diabetes Association 4. Americans for Democratic Action. * * * I High-level computer programming language ...
ADA deficiency.
See adenosine deaminase deficiency. * * *
Ada group
▪ Carolingian art  ivory carvings and a group of about 10 illuminated manuscripts, dating from the last quarter of the 8th century, the earliest examples of the art of the ...
Adab
▪ ancient city, Iraq modern  Bismāyah   ancient Sumerian city located south of Nippur (modern Niffer or Nuffar), Iraq. Excavations (1903–04) carried out by the American ...
adab
▪ literature       Islāmic concept that became a literary genre distinguished by its broad humanitarian concerns; it developed during the brilliant height of ʿAbbāsid ...
Adabazar
/ah'deuh beuh zahr"/, n. former name of Adapazari. * * *
adactylous
/ay dak"tl euhs/, adj. Zool. having no fingers or toes. [1855-60; A-6 + -DACTYLOUS] * * *
Adad
/ah"dahd/, n. Babylonian god of storms and wind. * * * Babylonian and Assyrian god of weather, the son of Anu (sometimes called the son of Bel). He was known as the Lord of ...
ADAD
/ay"dad/, n. a coded card or other device that when inserted into a telephone allows the user to reach a number without dialing. [a(utomatic telephone) d(ialing-)a(nnouncing) ...
adage
—adagial /euh day"jee euhl/, adj. /ad"ij/, n. a traditional saying expressing a common experience or observation; proverb. [1540-50; < F < L adagium, equiv. to ad- AD- + ag- ...
adagio
/euh dah"joh, -zhee oh'/; It. /ah dah"jaw/, adv., adj., n., pl. adagios. adv. 1. Music. in a leisurely manner; slowly. adj. 2. Music. slow. n. 3. Music. an adagio movement or ...
Adah
/ay"deuh/, n. 1. one of the two wives of Lamech. Gen. 4:19. 2. the wife of Esau, and the mother of Eliphaz, Gen. 36:2, 4, 10, 12, 16. * * *
ādahʿ
▪ Islamic law       (Arabic: “custom”), in Islāmic law, a local custom that is given a particular consideration by judicial authorities even when it conflicts with ...
Adair v. the United States
▪ law case       (1908), case in which the U.S. Supreme Court upheld “yellow dog” contracts forbidding workers from joining labour unions. William Adair of the ...
Adair, John
▪ Scottish surveyor born c. 1655 died c. 1722, , London?       Scottish surveyor and cartographer whose maps established a standard of excellence for his time and ...
Adair, Red
▪ 2005 Paul Neal Adair        American firefighter (b. June 18, 1915, Houston, Texas—d. Aug. 7, 2004, Houston), showed remarkable daring and creativity in fighting oil ...
Adak
A·dak (āʹdăk') An island of western Alaska in the central Aleutian Islands. It was an important military base during World War II. * * *
Adal
Historical Islamic state, eastern Africa, southwest of the Gulf of Aden, with its capital at Harer (now in Ethiopia). Its rivalry with Christian Ethiopia began in the 14th ...
Adalbero Of Ardennes
▪ archbishop of Reims also called  Adalbero Of Reims,  French  Adalbéron D'ardenne, or Adalbéron De Reims  died January 989       archbishop of Reims who, by ...
Adalbert
▪ archbishop of Bremen also spelled  Adelbert  born c. 1000 died March 16, 1072, Goslar, Saxony [now in Germany]       German archbishop, the most brilliant of the ...
Adalbert, Saint
orig. Vojtěch born 956, Libice?, Bohemia died April 23, 997, near Gdańsk, Pol.; feast day April 23 Czech prelate. Descended from the princes of Bohemia, he was trained in ...
Adam
/ad"euhm/ for 1, 3, 5-8; /ann dahonn"/ for 2, 4, n. 1. the name of the first man: husband of Eve and progenitor of the human race. Gen. 2:7; 5:1-5. 2. Adolphe Charles /ann dawlf" ...
Adam and Eve
In the Judeo-Christian and Islamic traditions, the parents of the human race. Genesis gives two versions of their creation. In the first, God creates "male and female in his own ...
Adam and Eve, Life of
▪ Jewish literature       pseudepigraphal work (a noncanonical writing that in style and content resembles authentic biblical works), one of many Jewish and Christian ...
Adam Bede
/beed/ a novel (1859) by George Eliot. * * *
Adam Brothers
▪ French sculptor born 18th century       three French brothers who sculpted many monuments for the French and Prussian royal residences. They were exponents of a ...
Adam de la Halle
/ann dahonn deuh lann annl"/ c1240-87, French troubadour: composer. * * * ▪ French poet byname  Adam Le Bossu, or Adam The Hunchback   born c. 1250, , Arras, France died c. ...
Adam Of Bremen
▪ German historian flourished 11th century       German historian whose work on the archbishops of Hamburg-Bremen provides valuable information on German politics under ...
Adam Smith
➡ Smith (II) * * *
Adam Smith Institute
a British organization formed in 1977 which gives economic advice to the British government, foreign governments and other groups. It is named after the 18th-century economist ...
Adam's ale
Facetious. water. [1635-45] * * *
Adam's apple
1. a projection of the thyroid cartilage at the front of the neck that is more prominent in men than in women. 2. See crape jasmine. [1745-55] * * *
Adam's Bridge
an island chain in the Gulf of Mannar between NW Sri Lanka and SE India; ownership divided between Sri Lanka and India. 30 mi. (48 km) long. * * * ▪ shoals, India also called ...
Adam's cup
Chiefly New Eng. See pitcher plant. [1830-40, Amer.] * * *
Adam's needle
☆ Adam's needle n. any of several species (esp. Yucca filamentosa) of the yucca plant * * *
Adam's Peak
Mountain, south-central Sri Lanka. Standing 7,360 ft (2,243 m) high, it is sacred and a place of pilgrimage to Buddhists, Muslims, and Hindus. On its summit, it has a large ...
Adam's-needle
/ad"euhmz need"l/, n. a yucca, Yucca filamentosa, grown as an ornamental, having sword-shaped leaves and a tall spike of creamy-white, bell-shaped flowers. [1750-60, Amer.] * * *
Adam'sapple
Ad·am's apple (ădʹəmz) n. The slight projection at the front of the throat formed by the largest cartilage of the larynx, usually more prominent in men than in ...
Adam'sBridge
Adam's Bridge also Ra·ma's Bridge (räʹməz) A chain of shoals extending about 29 km (18 mi) between India and Sri Lanka. According to Hindu legend, the bridge was built to ...
Adam'sPeak
Adam's Peak A mountain, 2,244.8 m (7,360 ft) high, in south-central Sri Lanka. It is a sacred place of pilgrimage for Buddhists, Hindus, and Muslims. * * *
Adam, Adolphe
▪ French composer in full  Adolphe-Charles Adam   born July 24, 1803, Paris, France died May 3, 1856, Paris       French composer whose music for the ballet Giselle ...
Adam, Paul
▪ French author born Dec. 7, 1862, Paris, France died Jan. 1, 1920, Paris       French author whose early works exemplify the naturalist (naturalism) and Symbolist ...
Adam, Robert
born July 3, 1728, Kirkcaldy, Fife, Scot. died March 3, 1792, London, Eng. Scottish architect and designer. Son of the architect William Adam, he apprenticed in his father's ...
Adam,Robert
Adam, Robert. 1728-1792. British architect who led the neoclassical movement in England and is noted for his elegant interior designs and for collaborations with his brother ...
Adam-and-Eve
/ad"euhm euhn eev", -euhnd-/, n. the puttyroot. [1780-90] * * *
Adama
/ad"euh meuh/, n. Douay Bible. Admah. * * *
adamancy
See adamant. * * *
adamant
—adamancy /ad"euh meuhn see/, adamance, n. —adamantly, adv. /ad"euh meuhnt, -mant'/, adj. 1. utterly unyielding in attitude or opinion in spite of all appeals, urgings, ...
adamantane
/ad'euh man"tayn/, n. Chem. a white crystalline alicyclic hydrocarbon, C10H16, consisting of four fused cyclohexane rings, with the carbon atoms arranged as in the diamond ...
adamantine
/ad'euh man"teen, -tin, -tuyn/, adj. 1. utterly unyielding or firm in attitude or opinion. 2. too hard to cut, break, or pierce. 3. like a diamond in luster. [1200-1250; ME < L ...
adamantly
See adamancy. * * *
Adamawa
Traditional emirate centered in what is now Adamawa state, eastern Nigeria. It was founded by Modibbo Adama in the early 19th century. He moved the capital several times before ...
Adamawa Plateau
▪ plateau, west-central Africa also spelled  Adamaoua Plateau        volcanic upland in west-central Africa. Though the plateau is chiefly in north-central Cameroon, ...
Adamawa-Eastern
/ad'euh mah"weuh ee"steuhrn/, n. a branch of the Niger-Congo family of languages, centered in Nigeria, Cameroon, Chad, and the Central African Republic, including Sango and ...
Adamawa-Ubangi languages
formerly Adamawa-Eastern languages Branch of the huge Niger-Congo language family. Adamawa-Ubangi languages are spoken in eastern Nigeria, northern Cameroon, southwestern Chad, ...
AdamawaMassif
A·da·ma·wa Massif (ăd'ə-mäʹwə) An extensive plateau of west-central Africa in north-central Cameroon and eastern Nigeria. * * *
Adamec, Ladislav
▪ 2008       Czech politician born Sept 10, 1926, Frenstat pod Radhostem, Moravia, Czech. [now in Czech Republic] died April 14, 2007 , Prague, Czech Rep. failed to ...
ADAMHA
Alcohol, Drug Abuse, and Mental Health Administration. * * *
Adamic
—Adamically, adv. /euh dam"ik, ad"euh mik/, adj. pertaining to or suggestive of Adam. Also, Adamical. [1650-60; ADAM + -IC] * * *
Adamic, Louis
▪ American author born March 23, 1899, Blato, Slovenia, Austria-Hungary [now in Slovenia] died Sept. 4, 1951, near Riegelsville, N.J., U.S.       novelist and ...
Adamite
—Adamitic /ad'euh mit"ik/, Adamitical, adj. /ad"euh muyt'/, n. 1. a descendant of Adam; human being. 2. a nudist. [1620-30; ADAM + -ITE1] * * *
Adamkus, Valdas
▪ president of Lithuania Adamkus originally  Adamkavecius  born Nov. 3, 1926, Kaunas, Lith.       president of Lithuania (1998–2003 and 2004– ...
Adamkus, Valdas V.
▪ 1999       In 1997 Valdas Adamkus retired from his post at the U.S. Environmental Protection Agency (EPA) after nearly 30 years—the longest tenure of any senior ...
Adamnan, Saint
▪ Irish abbot and scholar also spelled  Adomnan,  also called  Eunan  born c. 625, County Donegal, Ire. died 704, ; feast day September 23       abbot and scholar, ...
Adamnán, The Vision of
▪ Gaelic literature Irish  Fís Adamnáín        in the Gaelic literature of Ireland, one of the earliest and most outstanding medieval Irish visions. This graceful ...
Adamov, Arthur
born Aug. 23, 1908, Kislovodsk, Russia died March 16, 1970, Paris, France Russian-born French playwright. He settled in Paris in 1924, and his first major work, written after ...
Adams
/ad"euhmz/, n. 1. Abigail (Smith), 1744-1818, U.S. social and political figure (wife of John Adams). 2. Alice, born 1926, U.S. writer. 3. Ansel, 1902-84, U.S. photographer. 4. ...
Adams family
▪ American history       Massachusetts family with deep roots in American history whose members made major contributions to the nation's political and intellectual life ...
Adams, Abigail
orig. Abigail Smith born Nov. 22, 1744, Weymouth, Mass. died Oct. 28, 1818, Quincy, Mass., U.S. U.S. first lady. She was the daughter of a Congregational minister. Educated ...
Adams, Ansel
born Feb. 20, 1902, San Francisco, Calif., U.S. died April 22, 1984, Carmel, Calif. U.S. photographer. In 1927 he published Parmelian Prints of the High Sierras, photographs ...
Adams, Brooks
▪ American historian born June 24, 1848, Quincy, Mass., U.S. died Feb. 13, 1927, Boston       historian who questioned the success of democracy in the U.S. and who ...
Adams, Charles Follen
▪ American poet born April 21, 1842, Dorchester, Mass., U.S. died March 8, 1918, Roxbury, Mass.  U.S. regional humorous poet, best known for his Pennsylvania German dialect ...
Adams, Charles Francis
born Aug. 18, 1807, Boston, Mass., U.S. died Nov. 21, 1886, Boston U.S. diplomat. The son of John Quincy Adams and the grandson of John Adams, he served in the Massachusetts ...
Adams, Charles Francis, III
▪ United States official born Aug. 2, 1866, Quincy, Mass., U.S. died June 11, 1954, Boston, Mass.       American lawyer and businessman, government official, yachtsman, ...
Adams, Charles Kendall
▪ American teacher and historian born Jan. 24, 1835, Derby, Vt., U.S. died July 26, 1902, Redlands, Calif.       teacher and historian who introduced the European ...
Adams, Diana
▪ 1994       U.S. ballerina (b. March 29, 1926, Staunton, Va.—d. Jan. 10, 1993, San Andreas, Calif.), captivated audiences with her radiant beauty and spellbinding ...
Adams, Don
▪ 2006 Donald James Yarmy        American actor and comedian (b. April 13, 1923, New York, N.Y.—d. Sept. 25, 2005, Los Angeles, Calif.), portrayed the bumbling Maxwell ...
Adams, Douglas
▪ British author in full  Douglas Noël Adams   born March 11, 1952, Cambridge, England died May 11, 2001, Santa Barbara, California, U.S.       British comic writer ...
Adams, Douglas Noel
▪ 2002       British novelist (b. March 11, 1952, Cambridge, Eng.—d. May 11, 2001, Santa Barbara, Calif.), was the creator of the satiric science-fiction whimsy The ...
Adams, Eddie
▪ 2005 Edward Thomas Adams        American photojournalist (b. June 12, 1933, New Kensington, Pa.—d. Sept. 19, 2004, New York, N.Y.), won hundreds of awards during his ...
Adams, Edie
▪ 2009 Elizabeth Edith Enke        American singer born April 16, 1927, Kingston, Pa. died Oct. 15, 2008, Los Angeles, Calif. was a sultry blonde beauty who served as ...
Adams, Franklin Pierce
▪ American journalist byname  F.p.a.   born Nov. 15, 1881, Chicago died March 23, 1960, New York City       U.S. newspaper columnist, translator, poet, and radio ...
Adams, Gerry
orig. Gerard Adams born Oct. 6, 1948, Belfast, N.Ire. Irish nationalist and president of Sinn Féin, the political wing of the Irish Republican Army (IRA). He was interned ...
Adams, Hannah
▪ American historian born Oct. 2, 1755, Medfield, Mass. [U.S.] died Dec. 15, 1831, Brookline, Mass.       American compiler of historical information in the study of ...
Adams, Henry
▪ American historian born Feb. 16, 1838, Boston died March 27, 1918, Washington, D.C.       historian, man of letters, and author of one of the outstanding ...
Adams, Henry (Brooks)
born Feb. 16, 1838, Boston, Mass., U.S. died March 27, 1918, Washington, D.C. U.S. historian and man of letters. A product of Boston's elite Brahmin class and a descendant of ...
Adams, Herbert Baxter
▪ American historian and educator born April 16, 1850, Shutesbury, Mass., U.S. died July 30, 1901, Amherst, Mass.  historian and educator, one of the first to use the ...
Adams, John
born Oct. 30, 1735, Braintree, Mass. died July 4, 1826, Quincy, Mass., U.S. U.S. politician, first vice president (1789–97) and second president (1797–1801) of the U.S. ...
Adams, John (Coolidge)
born Feb. 15, 1947, Worcester, Mass., U.S. U.S. composer. After studying at Harvard University he taught at the San Francisco Conservatory and conducted widely. His ...
Adams, John Coolidge
▪ 1998       American composer John Adams, whose works were among the most performed of contemporary composers, was elected to the American Academy of Arts and Letters ...
Adams, John Couch
▪ British astronomer born June 5, 1819, Laneast, Cornwall, Eng. died Jan. 21, 1892, Cambridge, Cambridgeshire  British mathematician and astronomer, one of two people who ...
Adams, John Quincy
born July 11, 1767, Braintree, Mass. died Feb. 23, 1848, Washington, D.C., U.S. Sixth president of the U.S. (1825–29). He was the eldest son of John Adams, second president ...
Adams, Léonie
▪ American poet in full  Léonie Fuller Adams  born December 9, 1899, Brooklyn, New York, U.S. died June 27, 1988, New Milford, Connecticut       American poet and ...
Adams, Louisa
▪ American first lady née  Louisa Catherine Johnson  born February 12, 1775, London, England died May 15, 1852, Washington, D.C., U.S.       American first lady ...
Adams, Marian
▪ American socialite and photographer original name  Marian Hooper , byname  Clover  born September 13, 1843, Boston, Massachusetts, U.S. died December 6, 1885, ...
Adams, Maude
▪ American actress original name  Maude Kiskadden   born Nov. 11, 1872, Salt Lake City, Utah, U.S. died July 17, 1953, Tannersville, N.Y.  American actress, best known for ...
Adams, Robert
▪ Irish physician born c. 1791, Ireland died Jan. 13, 1875, Dublin  clinician noted for his contributions to the knowledge of heart disease and gout. In 1827 he described a ...
Adams, Roger
▪ American chemist born Jan. 2, 1889, Boston died July 6, 1971, Champaign, Ill., U.S.       chemist and teacher known for determining the chemical constitution of such ...
Adams, Samuel
born Sept. 27, 1722, Boston, Mass. died Oct. 2, 1803, Boston, Mass., U.S. American Revolutionary leader. A cousin of John Adams, he graduated from Harvard College in 1740 and ...
Adams, Samuel Hopkins
▪ American author born Jan. 26, 1871, Dunkirk, N.Y., U.S. died Nov. 15, 1958, Beaufort, S.C.       American journalist and author of more than 50 books of fiction, ...
Adams, Scott
▪ 1996       Cartoonist Scott Adams was asked one question so many times that he came up with a stock answer. It began, "I don't work at your company." People could not ...
Adams, Walter
▪ American astronomer born Dec. 20, 1876, Syria died May 11, 1956, Pasadena, Calif., U.S.       American astronomer who is best known for his spectroscopic studies. ...
Adams, Walter S(ydney)
born Dec. 20, 1876, Syria died May 11, 1956, Pasadena, Calif., U.S. Syrian-born U.S. astronomer. He returned to the U.S. with his missionary parents when he was eight and ...
Adams, William
▪ English navigator born 1564, Gillingham, Kent, Eng. died May 16, 1620, Japan       navigator, merchant-adventurer, and the first Englishman to visit ...
Adams, William Taylor
▪ American author pseudonym  Oliver Optic   born July 30, 1822, Medway, Mass., U.S. died March 27, 1897, Boston, Mass.       American teacher and author of juvenile ...
Adams,Abigail Smith
Ad·ams (ădʹəmz), Abigail Smith. 1744-1818. First Lady of the United States (1797-1801) as the wife of President John Adams. Her letters to her husband provide a vivid ...
Adams,Ansel
Adams, Ansel. 1902-1984. American photographer noted for his magnificent black-and-white photographs of the American wilderness. * * *
Adams,Brooks
Adams, Brooks. 1848-1927. American historian who theorized that civilizations rise and fall according to a pattern of economic growth and decline. * * *
Adams,Charles Francis
Adams, Charles Francis. 1807-1886. American public official who as an ambassador during the Civil War helped dissuade Great Britain from officially recognizing the Confederacy. * ...
Adams,Henry Brooks
Adams, Henry Brooks. 1838-1918. American historian noted for his nine-volume History of the United States during the Administrations of Jefferson and Madison (1889-1891). He also ...
Adams,John
Adams, John. 1735-1826. The first Vice President (1789-1797) and second President (1797-1801) of the United States. He was a major figure during the American Revolution, the ...
Adams,John Quincy
Adams, John Quincy. 1767-1848. The sixth President of the United States (1825-1829). As secretary of state (1817-1825) he helped formulate the Monroe Doctrine. After his ...
Adams,Mount
Adams, Mount A peak, 3,753.6 m (12,307 ft) high, in the Cascade Range of southwest Washington. * * *
Adams,Samuel
Adams, Samuel. 1722-1803. American Revolutionary leader whose agitations spurred Bostonians toward rebellion against British occupation and rule. He was a member of the First and ...
Adams-Stokes syndrome
/ad"euhmz stohks"/ Pathol. See Stokes-Adams syndrome. Also called Adams-Stokes disease. * * *
adamsite
/ad"euhm zuyt'/, n. Chem., Mil. a yellow irritant smoke, containing a poisonous form of arsenic and used as a harassing agent. Also called phenarsazine chloride, ...
Adamson, Joy
orig. Joy-Friederike Victoria Gessner born Jan. 20, 1910, Troppau, Silesia, Austria-Hungary died Jan. 3, 1980, Shaba National Reserve, Kenya Czech-born British ...
Adana
/ah"dah nah'/, n. a city in S Turkey, on the Seyhan River. 347,000. Also called Seyhan. * * * City (pop., 1997: 1,041,509), south-central Turkey, on the Seyhan River. An ...
Adangme
▪ people       people occupying the coastal area of Ghana from Kpone to Ada, on the Volta River, and inland along the Volta; they include the Ada, Kpone, Krobo, Ningo, ...
Adanson, Michel
born April 7, 1727, Aix-en-Provence, France died Aug. 3, 1806, Paris French botanist. He studied theology, classics, and philosophy in Paris before traveling to Senegal, where ...
Adapa
Legendary sage of the Sumerian city of Eridu. Endowed with great intelligence by Ea but still mortal, he was the hero of the Sumerian myth of the Fall of Man. Adapa was fishing ...
Adapazari
/ah'deuh pah'zeuh ree"/, n. a city in NW Turkey, SE of Istanbul. 101,590. Formerly, Adabazar. * * * ▪ Turkey       city, northwestern Turkey, lying in a fertile plain ...
adapt
—adaptedness, n. /euh dapt"/, v.t. 1. to make suitable to requirements or conditions; adjust or modify fittingly: They adapted themselves to the change quickly. He adapted the ...
adaptability
See adaptable. * * *
adaptable
—adaptability, adaptableness, n. /euh dap"teuh beuhl/, adj. 1. capable of being adapted. 2. able to adjust oneself readily to different conditions: an adaptable ...
adaptableness
See adaptability. * * *
adaptation
—adaptational, adj. —adaptationally, adv. /ad'euhp tay"sheuhn/, n. 1. the act of adapting. 2. the state of being adapted; adjustment. 3. something produced by adapting: an ...
adaptational
See adaptation. * * *
adaptationally
See adaptational. * * *
adaptedness
See adapt. * * *
adapter
/euh dap"teuhr/, n. 1. a person or thing that adapts. 2. a connector for joining parts or devices having different sizes, designs, etc., enabling them to be fitted or to work ...
adaption
adaption [ə dap′shən] n. ADAPTATION * * * a·dap·tion (ə-dăpʹshən) n. Adaptation. * * *
adaptive
—adaptively, adv. —adaptiveness, n. —adaptivity /ad'ap tiv"i tee/, n. /euh dap"tiv/, adj. serving or able to adapt; showing or contributing to adaptation: the adaptive ...
adaptive optics
the branch of optics that compensates for image distortions, esp. by means of flexible mirrors or membranes. * * *
adaptive radiation
Biol. the diversification of an ancestral group of organisms into a variety of related forms specialized to fit different environments or ways of life, each often further ...
adaptively
See adaptive. * * *
adaptiveness
See adaptively. * * *
adaptiveradiation
adaptive radiation n. Diversification of a species or single ancestral type into several forms that are each adaptively specialized to a specific environmental niche. * * *
adaptivity
See adaptively. * * *
adaptor
a·dap·tor (ə-dăpʹtər) n. Variant of adapter. * * *
Adar
/euh dahr"/; Seph. Heb. /ah dahrdd"/; Ashk. Heb. /ah"dahrdd/, n. the sixth month of the Jewish calendar. [ < Heb adhar] * * *
Adar Sheni
Eng., Ashk. Heb. /shay"nee/; Seph. Heb. /shay nee"/ an intercalary month of the Jewish calendar, added between Adar and Nisan; Veadar. [ < Heb adhar sheni Adar the Second] * * *
AdarSheni
Adar She·ni (shā-nēʹ) n. An extra month of the Hebrew year, having 29 days, added in leap years after the regular month of Adar. Also called Veadar. See table at ...
ADAS
➡ Agricultural Development and Advisory Service. * * *
adat
/ah"daht/, n. the native law traditional in Indonesia. [ < Javanese < Ar 'adalah (court of) equity] * * * ▪ Malayan and Indonesian traditional law       customary law ...
adaxial
/ad ak"see euhl/, adj. Bot., Mycol. situated on the side toward the axis or stem. [1895-1900; AD- + AXIAL] * * *
adazzle
/euh daz"euhl/, adj. dazzling; glitteringly bright: a street adazzle with Christmas displays. [1825-35; A-1 + DAZZLE] * * *
ADC
1. advanced developing countries. 2. Aid to Dependent Children. 3. Air Defense Command. * * *
Adcock antenna
/ad"kok/, Electronics. an antenna used for direction-finding, consisting of a pair of vertical dipoles. [‡1955-60; named after its inventor] * * *
Adcock, Fleur
▪ New Zealander poet in full  Kareen Fleur Adcock   born Feb. 10, 1934, Papakura, N.Z.       New Zealand-born British poet known for her tranquil domestic lyrics ...

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