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Adcock, Joseph Wilbur
▪ 2000 “Joe”        American baseball player who hit 336 home runs in a 17-year career in the major leagues; although he once hit four home runs in a single game and ...
—addable, addible, adj. —addedly, adv. /ad/, v.t. 1. to unite or join so as to increase the number, quantity, size, or importance: to add two cups of sugar; to add a ...
attention deficit disorder. * * *
/ad"in'/, n. a component, as an expansion card or chip, added to a computer to expand its capabilities. [1985-90] * * *
/ad"on', -awn'/, n. 1. a device or unit added to equipment or a construction: an add-on to a computer; a nice add-on to an old house. 2. an extra charge: Add-ons for taxes and ...
Adda River
River, Lombardy region, Italy. It flows southward 194 mi (313 km) through Lake Como and across the Lombardy Plain before joining the Po River above Cremona. It is used ...
See add. * * *
/ad"euhmz/, n. 1. Charles (Samuel), 1912-88, U.S. cartoonist. 2. Jane, 1860-1935, U.S. social worker and writer: Nobel peace prize 1931. * * *
Addams Family
a family of strange but funny cartoon characters who live in a large dark house and behave in an unusual way that suggests evil and death. They were created in 1935 in the New ...
Addams, Charles
▪ American cartoonist born Jan. 7, 1912, Westfield, N.J., U.S. died Sept. 29, 1988, New York City       cartoonist whose drawings, known mostly through The New Yorker ...
Addams, Charles (Samuel)
born Jan. 7, 1912, Westfield, N.J., U.S. died Sept. 29, 1988, New York, N.Y. U.S. cartoonist. He worked briefly as a commercial artist before selling his first cartoon to The ...
Addams, Jane
born Sept. 6, 1860, Cedarville, Ill., U.S. died May 21, 1935, Chicago, Ill. U.S. social reformer. Addams graduated from Rockford Female Seminary in Illinois in 1881 and was ...
Addams,Charles Samuel
Ad·dams (ădʹəmz), Charles Samuel. 1912-1988. American cartoonist known for the macabre humor and Gothic settings of his cartoons, many of which first appeared in the New ...
Addams, Jane. 1860-1935. American social reformer and pacifist who founded Hull House (1889), a care and education center for the poor of Chicago, and worked for peace and many ...
/ad"aks/, n. a large, pale-colored antelope, Addax nasomaculatus, of North Africa, with loosely spiraled horns. [1685-95; < L, presumably < some language of ancient North ...
added entry
Library Science. an access point in a catalog or bibliography that is other than the main entry and may be less complete than the main entry. Cf. main entry. [1955-60] * * *
added line.
See ledger line. * * *
added title page
a title page preceding or following the main title page of a book, often giving a series title or the book title in another language. [1975-80] * * *
added-value tax
/ad"id val"yooh/. See value-added tax. [1965-70] * * *
/ad"end, euh dend"/, n. Math. 1. any of a group of numbers or terms added together to form a sum. 2. (formerly) a number that is added to another in forming a sum. Cf. ...
/euh den"deuh/, n. 1. a pl. of addendum. 2. (used with a sing. v.) a list of things to be added: The addenda in the back of the book runs to thirty pages. * * *
/euh den"deuhm/, n., pl. addenda /-deuh/ for 1, 2; addendums for 3. 1. a thing to be added; an addition. 2. an appendix to a book. 3. Mach. a. the radial distance between the tip ...
adder1 /ad"euhr/, n. 1. the common European viper, Vipera berus. 2. any of various other venomous or harmless snakes resembling the viper. [bef. 950; late ME; r. ME nadder (a ...
/ad"euhrz mowth'/, n., pl. adder's-mouths /-mowdhz', -mowths'/. 1. any of several North American, terrestrial orchids of the genus Malaxis, having tiny white or greenish ...
/ad"euhrz tung'/, n. 1. a fern of the genus Ophioglossum, having one or sometimes two sterile leaves and a fruiting spike. 2. any of several American dogtooth violets. * * *
adder's-tongue fern n. Any of various ferns in the genus Ophioglossum, having leaves divided into a simple, sterile blade and a slender, spikelike spore-bearing segment. Also ...
Adderley, Cannonball
orig. Julian Edwin Adderley born Sept. 15, 1928, Tampa, Fla., U.S. died Aug. 8, 1975, Gary, Ind. U.S. jazz saxophonist. He worked as a music teacher and led army bands before ...
Adderley, Nat
▪ American musician in full  Nathaniel Adderley  born November 25, 1931, Tampa, Florida, U.S. died January 2, 2000, Lakeland, Florida       American cornetist and ...
Adderley, Nathaniel
▪ 2001 “Nat”        American cornetist-songwriter (b. Nov. 25, 1931, Tampa, Fla.—d. Jan. 2, 2000, Lakeland, Fla.), became a star in the 1959–75 quintet headed by ...
Ad·der·ley (ădʹər-lē), Julian. Known as “Cannonball.” 1928-1975. American jazz saxophonist who was noted for skillful improvisation and who promoted the musical styles ...
See addable. * * *
n. /ad"ikt/; v. /euh dikt"/, n. 1. a person who is addicted to an activity, habit, or substance: a drug addict. v.t. 2. to cause to become physiologically or psychologically ...
—addictedness, n. /euh dik"tid/, adj. devoted or given up to a practice or habit or to something psychologically or physically habit-forming (usually fol. by to): to be ...
/euh dik"sheuhn/, n. the state of being enslaved to a habit or practice or to something that is psychologically or physically habit-forming, as narcotics, to such an extent that ...
—addictiveness, n. /euh dik"tiv/, adj. 1. producing or tending to cause addiction: an addictive drug. 2. more than normally susceptible to addiction: an addictive ...
➡ drugs * * *
➡ drugs * * *
/ad"ee/, n. a female given name, form of Adeline. * * *
adding machine
a machine capable of adding numbers and sometimes capable of performing the other arithmetic functions of subtraction, multiplication, and division: such machines are now ...
/ad"ing teuhn/, n. Henry, Viscount Sidmouth /sid"meuhth/, 1757-1844, British statesman: prime minister 1801-04. * * *
/ahd dee"aw/, interj. Italian. good-bye. * * *
Addis Ababa
/ahd"dis ah"beuh bah'/; Eng. /ad"is ab"euh beuh/ a city in and the capital of Ethiopia, in the central part. 1,161,267. * * * Capital and largest city (pop., 1994: 2,112,737) of ...
Ad·dis Ab·a·ba (ădʹĭs ăbʹə-bə, äʹdĭs äʹbə-bä') The capital and largest city of Ethiopia, in the center of the country on a plateau more than 2,440 m (8,000 ft) ...
/ad"euh seuhn/, n. 1. Joseph, 1672-1719, English essayist and poet. 2. Thomas, 1793-1860, English physician. 3. a town in NE Illinois. 28,836. * * * ▪ county, Vermont, United ...
Addison disease
Disease in which gradual atrophy of the adrenal cortex causes the adrenal glands to produce insufficient quantities of the steroid hydrocortisone while causing the pituitary ...
Addison's disease
Pathol. a disease characterized by asthenia, low blood pressure, and a brownish coloration of the skin, due to decreased secretion of cortisol from the adrenal cortex, resulting ...
Ad·di·son's disease (ădʹĭ-sənz) n. A disease caused by partial or total failure of adrenocortical function, which is characterized by a bronzelike pigmentation of the skin ...
Addison, Christopher Addison, 1st Viscount, Baron Addison Of Stallingborough
▪ British statesman born June 19, 1869, Hogsthorpe, Lincolnshire, England died December 11, 1951, West Wycombe, Buckinghamshire       British surgeon and statesman who ...
Addison, John Mervyn
▪ 1999       British composer who specialized for more than 40 years in writing effective, lightly orchestrated scores for motion pictures and television programs and ...
Addison, Joseph
born May 1, 1672, Milston, Wiltshire, Eng. died June 17, 1719, London English essayist, poet, and dramatist. His poem on the Battle of Blenheim, The Campaign (1705), brought ...
Addison, Thomas
▪ British physician born April 1793, Longbenton, Northumberland, Eng. died June 29, 1860, Bristol, Gloucestershire       English physician after whom Addison's disease, ...
Addison, Joseph. 1672-1719. English essayist whose witty and elegant works appeared in The Tatler, founded by Richard Steele in 1709, and The Spectator, founded by Addison and ...
/ad'euh soh"nee euhn/, adj. 1. of, pertaining to, or characteristic of Joseph Addison or his works. 2. fluent and clear in literary style. 3. of or pertaining to Addison's ...
—additamentary /euh dit'euh men"teuh ree/, adj. /euh dit"euh meuhnt/, n. something added; an addition. [1400-50; late ME < L additamentum, equiv. to addit(us) (ptp.) added (see ...
/euh dish"euhn/, n. 1. the act or process of adding or uniting. 2. the process of uniting two or more numbers into one sum, represented by the symbol +. 3. the result of ...
addition compound
Chem. adduct (def. 2). [1920-25] * * *
addition polymer
Chem. a polymer formed by the direct reaction of two or more monomers, and with no resulting water or other by-product. * * *
addition polymerization
Chem. See under polymerization (def. 2). * * *
addition reaction
Chem. a reaction in which part of a compound is added to one end of a double or triple bond, while the rest adds to the other end, converting it, respectively, to a single or ...
—additionally, adv. /euh dish"euh nl/, adj. added; more; supplementary: additional information. [1630-40; ADDITION + -AL1] * * *
See additional. * * *
—additively, adv. /ad"i tiv/, n. 1. something that is added, as one substance to another, to alter or improve the general quality or to counteract undesirable properties: an ...
additive color
Photog. red, green, or blue-violet, as used in the additive process of color photography. Also called additive primary. [1905-10] * * *
additive group
Math. a group in which the operation of the group is addition. * * *
additive identity
Math. an element that when added to a given element in a specified set leaves that element unchanged, as zero in the real-number system. [1955-60] * * *
additive inverse
Math. the number in the set of real numbers that when added to a given number will yield zero: The additive inverse of 2 is -2. [1955-60] * * *
additive process
a process of color photography in which the colors are formed by the combination of red, green, and blue-violet. Cf. subtractive process. [1930-35] * * *
additive identity n. An element that in a given mathematical system leaves unchanged any element to which it is added. * * *
additive inverse n. See inverse. * * *
See additive. * * *
See additively. * * *
/ad"i tawr'ee, -tohr'ee/, adj. capable of or tending to make an addition; additional; supplementary. [1650-60; ADDIT(ION) + -ORY1] * * *
/ad"l/, v., addled, addling, adj. v.t., v.i. 1. to make or become confused. 2. to make or become rotten, as eggs. adj. 3. mentally confused; muddled. 4. rotten: addle eggs. [bef. ...
/ad"l braynd'/, adj. having a muddled or confused mind; foolish, silly, or illogical. [1865-70; ADDLE + BRAIN + -ED3] * * *
/ad"l pay'tid/, adj. addlebrained. [1620-30; ADDLE + PATE + -ED3] * * *
addition. * * *
additional. * * *
Addo Elephant National Park
▪ park, South Africa  national park in Eastern province, South Africa. It has an area of 208 square miles (540 square km) and consists of two sections connected by a ...
—addresser, addressor, n. n. /euh dres", ad"res/; v. /euh dres"/, n., v., addressed or addrest, addressing. n. 1. a speech or written statement, usually formal, directed to a ...
/euh dres"euh beuhl/, adj. 1. capable of being addressed. 2. Television. (of a cable-TV system) capable of addressing or calling up any available channel. 3. Computers. (of ...
/ad're see", euh dre see"/, n. the person, company, or the like to whom a piece of mail is addressed. [1670-80, Amer.; ADDRESS + -EE] * * *
ad·dress·er also ad·dres·sor (ə-drĕsʹər) n. One, such as a person or a machine, that addresses. * * *
addressing machine
a machine for printing addresses on envelopes, labels, etc. [1860-65] * * *
/euh dres"euh graf', -grahf'/, Trademark. a machine designed for the rapid, automatic addressing of mail in large quantities. * * *
—adduceable, adducible, adj. —adducer, n. /euh doohs", euh dyoohs"/, v.t., adduced, adducing. to bring forward in argument or as evidence; cite as pertinent or conclusive: to ...
See adduce. * * *
/euh dooh"seuhnt, euh dyooh"-/, adj. Physiol. drawing toward, as by the action of a muscle; adducting. [1685-95; < L adducent- (s. of adducens), prp. of adducere. See ADDUCE, ...
See adduceable. * * *
—adductive, adj. v. /euh dukt"/; n. /ad"ukt/, v.t. 1. Physiol. to move or draw toward the axis of the body or one of its parts (opposed to abduct). n. 2. Also called addition ...
/euh duk"sheuhn/, n. 1. Physiol. the action of an adducent muscle. 2. the act of adducing. [1630-40; < ML adduction- (s. of adductio). See ADDUCT, -ION] * * *
See adduction. * * *
/euh duk"teuhr/, n. any muscle that adducts (opposed to abductor). [1740-50; < NL, LL: conductor. See ADDUCE, -TOR] * * *
adductor muscle
▪ anatomy       any of the muscles that draw a part of the body toward its median line or toward the axis of an extremity (compare abductor muscle), particularly three ...
/ayd/, n. George, 1866-1944, U.S. humorist. * * *
Ade, George
▪ American playwright born Feb. 9, 1866, Kentland, Ind., U.S. died May 16, 1944, Brook, Ind.  American playwright and humorist whose Fables in Slang summarized the kind of ...
/euh deem"/, v.t. Law. to revoke (a legacy) by ademption. [1835-45; < L adimere to take away, deprive of, confiscate, equiv. to ad- AD- + -imere, comb. form of emere to take, ...
Adela [ad′'l ə, ə del′ə] n. a feminine name: dim. Della; var. Adelia; Fr. Adèle: see ADELAIDE1 * * * ▪ daughter of William I the Conqueror French  Adéle   born ...
▪ Norwegian naval officer also spelled  Adeler (Norwegian: “Eagle”),  byname of  Cort, or Curt, Sivertsen,  Italian  Curzio Suffrido  born Dec. 16, 1622, Brevik, ...
/ad"l ayd'/, n. 1. a city in and the capital of South Australia, in Australia. 882,520. 2. a female given name: from a Germanic word meaning "nobility." * * * City (pop., 2001: ...
Adelaide River
▪ river, Northern Territory, Australia       river in northwestern Northern Territory, Australia, rising in the hills west of Brock's Creek and flowing (with marked ...
Adelaide, Saint
▪ empress of Italy German  Adelheid die Heilige , French  Sainte Adélaïde , Italian  Santa Adelaide  born c. 931 died Dec. 16, 999, Seltz, Alsace [now in France]; ...
/ad'l ahn tah"doh/; Sp. /ah'dhe lahn tah"dhaw/, n., pl. adelantados /-dohz/; Sp. /-dhaws/. Hist. 1. a governor of a province in Spain or of a Spanish colonial province. 2. any of ...
Adelard Of Bath
▪ English philosopher flourished 12th century       English Scholastic philosopher and early interpreter of Arabic scientific knowledge.       Adelard ...
Adelbert [ad′'l bʉrt΄, ə del′bərt] n. a masculine name: see ALBERT1 * * *
/euh del"/, n. a female given name: from a Germanic word meaning "noble." Also, Adela. /euh del"euh, ad"l euh/. * * *
/euh del"jid/, n. any of various homopterous insects of the family Adelgidae, as Adelges abietis (spruce gall aphid) and Pineus pinifoliae (pine leaf aphid), that feed and form ...
Adélie Coast
/euh day"lee/; Fr. /ann day lee"/ a coastal region of Antarctica, south of Australia: claimed by France. * * * ▪ region, Antarctica also called  Adélie Land, ...
Adélie penguin
a penguin, Pygoscelis adeliae, occurring in large colonies in Antarctica. Also, Adelie penguin. Also called Adélie. [1905-10] * * *
A·dé·lie Coast also A·dé·lie Land (ə-dāʹlē) A region of Antarctica near George V Coast, under French sovereignty since 1938. * * *
Adélie penguin n. A common Antarctic penguin (Pygoscelis adeliae) that has white underparts and a black back and head and lives and breeds in large exposed rookeries. * * *
/ad"l uyn'/; Dan. /ah'deuh lee"neuh/; Fr. /anndeu leen"/; Ger. /ah day lee"neuh/, n. a female given name, form of Adele. Also, Adelina /ad'l ee"neuh, -uy"neuh/. * * * (as used ...
Adelphi University
▪ university, Garden City, New York, United States       private, coeducational institution of higher learning in Garden City, New York, U.S. Adelphi is a liberal arts ...
Adelung, Johann Christoph
▪ German scholar born August 8, 1732, Spantekow bei Anklam, Pomerania, Prussia [now in Germany] died September 10, 1806, Dresden, Saxony [now in Germany]       one of ...
Ademola, Sir Adetokunbo Adegboyega
▪ 1994       Nigerian judge (b. Feb. 1, 1906, Abeokuta, Nigeria—d. Jan. 29, 1993, Lagos, Nigeria), was the first indigenous chief justice of the Nigerian Supreme Court ...
/euh demp"sheuhn/, n. Law. the failure of a legacy because the subject matter no longer belongs to the testator's estate at death. [1580-90; < L ademption- (s. of ademptio) a ...
/ahd"n, ayd"n/, n. 1. a seaport in and the economic capital of the Republic of Yemen, in the S part: formerly the center of a British colony. 318,000. 2. Colony of. Also called ...
Aden, Gulf of
Arm of the Indian Ocean between the Arabian Peninsula and Somalia. To the west, it narrows into the Gulf of Tadjoura; its eastern limit is the meridian of Cape Guardafui. In ...
Aden,Gulf of
Aden, Gulf of An arm of the Arabian Sea lying between Yemen on the Arabian Peninsula and Somalia in eastern Africa. It is connected with the Red Sea by the Bab el Mandeb. * * *
var. of adeno- before a vowel: adenitis. * * *
A·de·na (ə-dēʹnə) n. An early Native American culture centered in the Ohio River valley from about the tenth century B.C. to about the second century A.D., noted for its ...
Adena culture
Culture of various communities of ancient North American Indians who occupied the middle Ohio River valley с 500 BC–AD 100. The Adena usually lived in villages containing ...
/ad"noweur, -now euhr, ad"n oweur, -ow'euhr/; Ger. /ahd"n ow'euhrdd/, n. Konrad /kon"rad/; Ger. /kohn"rddaht/, 1876-1967, chancellor of the West German Federal Republic ...
Adenauer, Konrad
born Jan. 15, 1876, Cologne, German Empire died April 19, 1967, Rhöndorf, W.Ger. German statesman, first chancellor of the Federal Republic of Germany (West Germany). Elected ...
Ad·en·au·er (ădʹn-ou'ər, ädʹ-), Konrad. 1876-1967. First chancellor of West Germany (1949-1963), under whom the country began economic reconstruction and became a member ...
/ad'n ek"teuh mee/, n., pl. adenectomies. surgical excision of a gland. [ADEN- + -ECTOMY] * * *
/ahd'n eez", -ees"/, n., pl. Adenese. Adeni. * * *
Adenet Le Roi
▪ French poet and musician also called  Roi Adam,  Li Rois Adenes,  Adan Le Menestrel , or  Adam Rex Menestrallus  born c. 1240 died , c. 1300       poet and ...
/ahd"n ee/, n. a native or inhabitant of Aden. * * *
/ad"n in, -een', -uyn'/, n. Biochem. a purine base, C5H5N5, one of the fundamental components of nucleic acids, as DNA, in which it forms a base pair with thymine, and RNA, in ...
/ad'n uy"tis/, n. Pathol. lymphadenitis. [1840-50; ADEN- + -ITIS] * * *
a combining form meaning "gland," used in the formation of compound words: adenovirus. Also, esp. before a vowel, aden-. [ < Gk, comb. form of adén gland; akin to L inguen ...
—adenocarcinomatous /ad'n oh kahr'seuh nom"euh teuhs, -noh"meuh-/, adj. /ad'n oh kahr'seuh noh"meuh/, n., pl. adenocarcinomas, adenocarcinomata /-meuh teuh/. Pathol. 1. a ...
See adenocarcinoma. * * *
See adenohypophysis. * * *
See adenohypophyseal. * * *
/ad'n oh huy pof"euh sis/, n., pl. adenohypophyses /-seez'/. Anat. See under pituitary gland. [1930-35; ADENO- + HYPOPHYSIS] * * *
/ad"n oyd'/, n. 1. Usually, adenoids. an enlarged mass of lymphoid tissue in the upper pharynx, often obstructing breathing through the nasal passages. See diag. under ...
/ad'n oyd"l/, adj. 1. of or pertaining to the adenoids; adenoid. 2. having the adenoids enlarged, esp. to a degree that interferes with normal breathing. 3. being ...
/ad'n oy dek"teuh mee/, n., pl. adenoidectomies. Surg. surgical removal of the adenoids. [1905-10; ADENOID + -ECTOMY] * * *
/ad'n oy duy"tis/, n. Pathol. inflammation of the adenoid tissue. [ADENOID + -ITIS] * * *
adenoids [ad′'n oidz΄, ad′noidz΄] pl.n. growths of lymphoid tissue in the upper part of the throat, behind the nose: they can swell up, esp. during childhood, obstruct ...
—adenological /ad'n euh loj"i keuhl/, adj. /ad'n ol"euh jee/, n. Med. the branch of medicine dealing with the development, structure, function, and diseases of ...
—adenomatous /ad'n om"euh teuhs, -oh"meuh-/, adj. /ad'n oh"meuh/, n., pl. adenomas, adenomata /-meuh teuh/. Pathol. 1. a benign tumor originating in a secretory gland. 2. a ...
See adenoma. * * *
See adenomatoid. * * *
ad·e·no·my·o·sis (ăd'n-ō-mī-ōʹsĭs) n. A form of endometriosis characterized by the invasive, usually benign growth of tissue into smooth muscle such as the uterus. * ...
/ad'n op"euh thee/, n. Pathol. enlargement or disease of the glands, esp. the lymphatic glands. [1875-80; ADENO- + -PATHY] * * *
/ad'n oh sahr koh"meuh/, n., pl. adenosarcomas, adenosarcomata /-meuh teuh/. Pathol. a complex tumor containing both glandular and connective tissues. Also called ...
/euh den"euh seen', -sin/, n. Biochem. a white, crystalline, water-soluble nucleoside, C10H13N5O4, of adenine and ribose. [1905-10; < G Adenosin, b. Adenin ADENINE and Ribose ...
adenosine arabinoside
/ar'euh bin"euh suyd', euh rab"euh neuh-/, Pharm. vidarabine. * * *
adenosine cyclic monophosphate
/mon'euh fos"fayt/. See cyclic AMP. [MONO- + PHOSPHATE] * * *
adenosine deaminase
an enzyme that catalyzes the conversion of adenosine to inosine and ammonia. Abbr.: ADA * * *
adenosine deaminase deficiency
a severe immune system disorder caused by a genetic inability to produce adenosine deaminase. Also called ADA deficiency. * * *
adenosine diphosphate
Biochem. See ADP (def. 1). [1945-50] * * *
adenosine monophosphate
/mon'euh fos"fayt/, Biochem. See AMP. [1945-50; MONO- + PHOSPHATE] * * *
adenosine triphosphatase
/truy fos"feuh tays', -ayz'/, Biochem. ATPase. [1940-45; TRIPHOSPHATE + -ASE] * * *
adenosine triphosphate
Biochem. See ATP. [1935-40] * * * ▪ coenzyme  (ATP),    energy-carrying molecule found in the cells of all living things. ATP captures chemical energy obtained from the ...
adenosine diphosphate n. ADP. * * *
adenosine mon·o·phos·phate (mŏn'ō-fŏsʹfāt') n. 1. AMP. 2. Cyclic AMP. * * *
adenosine tri·phos·pha·tase (trī-fŏsʹfə-tās', -tāz') n. ATPase. * * *
adenosine triphosphate n. ATP. * * *
/ad'n oh"sis/, n. Pathol. 1. abnormal development or enlargement of glandular tissue. 2. any disease of a gland. [ADEN- + -OSIS] * * *
See adenovirus. * * *
—adenoviral, adj. /ad'n oh vuy"reuhs/, n., pl. adenoviruses. any of a group of DNA viruses that cause eye and respiratory diseases. [1955-60; ADENO- + VIRUS] * * * Any of a ...
adenovirus infection
      any of a group of illnesses caused by infection with an adenovirus. There are 47 different serotypes of adenovirus, though not all these serotypes cause illness in ...
adenylate cyclase
/euh den"l it, -ayt', ad"n l-/, Biochem. an enzyme that catalyzes the conversion of ATP to cyclic AMP. Also called adenyl cyclase /ad"n il/. [1965-70; ADEN(INE) + -YL + ATE2] * * ...
a·den·yl·ate cyclase (ə-dĕnʹl-ĭt, ăd'n-ĭlʹĭt) also a·den·yl cyclase (ə-dĕnʹl, ăd'n-ĭl) n. An enzyme that catalyzes the formation of cylic AMP from ...
adenylic acid
/ad"n il"ik, ad'-/. See AMP. [1890-95; ADEN(INE) + -YL + -IC] * * *
ad·e·nyl·ic acid (ăd'n-ĭlʹĭk) n. See AMP.   [adenine + -yl + -ic + acid.] * * *
Adeodatus I
/ay'dee od"euh teuhs/ Deusdedit. * * *
Adeodatus II
Saint, died A.D. 676, pope 672-676. * * * ▪ pope also known as  Deusdetit II  born , Rome [Italy] died June 17, 676       pope (672–676) who was the first pontiff ...
/ad'euh fay"jeuh, -jee euh/, n. Pathol. bulimia (def. 1). [ < Gk adephagía, equiv. to háde(n), áde(n) to satiety + -phagia -PHAGIA] * * *
—adeptly, adv. —adeptness, n. adj. /euh dept"/; n. /ad"ept, euh dept"/, adj. 1. very skilled; proficient; expert: an adept juggler. n. adept 2. a skilled or proficient ...
See adept. * * *
See adeptly. * * *
/ad"i kweuh see/, n., pl. adequacies. the state or quality of being adequate; sufficiency for a particular purpose. [1800-10; ADEQU(ATE) + -ACY] * * *
—adequately, adv. —adequateness, n. /ad"i kwit/, adj. 1. as much or as good as necessary for some requirement or purpose; fully sufficient, suitable, or fit (often fol. by to ...
See adequacy. * * *
See adequacy. * * *
Ader Avion III
▪ French aircraft  monoplane designed, built, and first tested by the French aeronautical pioneer Clément Ader (Ader, Clément) in 1897. For a table of pioneer aircraft, see ...
Ader Éole
▪ French aircraft  monoplane designed, built, and first tested by the French aeronautical pioneer Clément Ader (Ader, Clément) in 1890. For a table of pioneer aircraft, see ...
Ader, Clément
▪ French inventor born Feb. 4, 1841, Muret, France died March 5, 1926, Toulouse  self-taught French engineer, inventor, and aeronautical pioneer.       Ader ...
Adès, Thomas
born March 1, 1971, London, Eng. British composer. Trained as a pianist at the Guildhall School, he later attended King's College, Cambridge. Initial recognition came for his ...
/ad es"iv/, Gram. adj. 1. locative. n. 2. the locative case. [1855-60; < L adess(e) to be present (ad- AD- + esse to be) + -IVE] * * *
Adeste Fideles
the Latin title and first line of a popular Christmas carol. The English version is called O Come, All Ye Faithful. * * *
à deux (äʹ dœʹ) adj. Of or involving two individuals, especially when of a private or intimate nature. adv. Privately with only two individuals involved: dining à ...
automatic direction finder. * * *
ad fem·i·nam (ăd fĕmʹĭ-năm', -nəm) adj. Appealing to irrelevant personal considerations concerning women, especially prejudices against them. See Usage Note at ad ...
/ad freez"/, v.t., adfroze, adfrozen, adfreezing. to adhere through the binding power of ice. [AD- + FREEZE] * * *
Biochem. antidiuretic hormone. Cf. vasopressin. * * *
▪ Islam       (Arabic: “announcement”), the Muslim call to Friday public worship and to the five daily hours of prayer. It is proclaimed by the muezzin, a servant ...
See attention deficit hyperactivity disorder. * * *
Adhémar De Chabannes
▪ Frankish historian born 988, Limousin, Aquitaine [France] died 1034       Frankish chronicler whose major work, Chronicon Aquitanicum et Francicum (“Chronicle of ...
Adhémar of Monteil
▪ French bishop and crusader also called  Adhémar of Puy , Adhémar also spelled  Adémar  or  Aimar  died August 1, 1098, Antioch, Syria [now Antakya, ...
—adherable, adj. —adherer, n. /ad hear"/, v., adhered, adhering. v.i. 1. to stay attached; stick fast; cleave; cling (usually fol. by to): The mud adhered to his shoes. 2. ...
/ad hear"euhns, -her"-/, n. 1. the quality of adhering; steady devotion, support, allegiance, or attachment: adherence to a party; rigid adherence to rules. 2. the act or state ...
/ad hear"euhnd, -her"-, ad'hi rend"/, n. Chem. any substance bonded to another by an adhesive. [1945-50; ADHERE + -end ( < L -endum ger. suffix)] * * *
—adherently, adv. /ad hear"euhnt, -her"-/, n. 1. a person who follows or upholds a leader, cause, etc.; supporter; follower. adj. 2. sticking; clinging; adhering: an adherent ...
See adherent. * * *
—adhesional, adj. /ad hee"zheuhn/, n. 1. the act or state of adhering; state of being adhered or united: the adhesion of parts united by growth. 2. steady or devoted ...
ad·he·si·ot·o·my (ăd-hē'zē-ŏtʹə-mē) n. pl. ad·he·si·ot·o·mies Surgical division or separation of adhesions. * * *
—adhesively, adv. —adhesiveness, n. /ad hee"siv, -ziv/, adj. 1. coated with glue, paste, mastic, or other sticky substance: adhesive bandages. 2. sticking fast; sticky; ...
adhesive bandage
a bandage consisting of a small pad of gauze affixed to a strip of adhesive tape. * * *
adhesive binding.
See perfect binding. [1950-55] * * *
adhesive factor
Railroads. See factor of adhesion. * * *
adhesive plaster
adhesive tape, esp. in wide sheets. * * *
adhesive tape
cotton or other fabric coated with an adhesive substance, used for covering minor injuries on the skin, holding a bandage in place, etc. [1930-34] * * *
See adhesive. * * *
See adhesively. * * *
adhesive tape n. A tape lined on one side with an adhesive. * * *
—adhibition /ad'heuh bish"euhn/, n. /ad hib"it/, v.t. 1. to take or let in; admit. 2. to use or apply. 3. to attach. [1520-30; < L adhibitus brought (ptp. of adhibere to bring ...
Adhikari, Man Mohan
▪ 2000       Nepalese politician who dedicated most of his adult life to the fight against the monarchy and authoritarian rule; in 1994–95 he served as Nepal's first ...
ad hoc (ăd hŏkʹ, hōkʹ) adv. For the specific purpose, case, or situation at hand and for no other: a committee formed ad hoc to address the issue of salaries. adj. 1. ...
ad hoc·ism also ad-hoc·ism (ăd hŏkʹĭz-əm, hōʹkĭz-) n. The tendency to establish temporary, chiefly improvisational policies and procedures to deal with specific ...
ad hom·i·nem (hŏmʹə-nĕm', -nəm) adj. Appealing to personal considerations rather than to logic or reason: Debaters should avoid ad hominem arguments that question their ...
Adi Granth
(Punjabi: "First Book") Sacred scripture of Sikhism. Composed of nearly 6,000 hymns of the Sikh Gurus and Hindu and Islamic saints, it is the central object of worship in all ...
▪ Buddhism       among some sects of Mahāyāna Buddhism, the first, or self-existing, Buddha, from whom are said to have evolved the five Dhyāni-Buddhas (see ...
/ad"ee euh bat'/, n. a line on a thermodynamic chart relating the pressure and temperature of a substance undergoing an adiabatic change. [back formation from ADIABATIC] * * *
—adiabatically, adv. /ad'ee euh bat"ik, ay'duy euh-/, adj. occurring without gain or loss of heat (opposed to diabatic): an adiabatic process. [1875-80; < Gk adiábat(os) ...
adiabatic chart
a graph for the analysis of adiabatic processes. Also called adiabatic diagram. * * *
adiabatic demagnetization
▪ physics       process by which the removal of a magnetic field from certain materials serves to lower their temperature. This procedure, proposed by chemists Peter ...
adiabatic process
▪ physics       in thermodynamics, change occurring within a system as a result of transfer of energy to or from the system in the form of work only. A rapid expansion ...
See adiabatic. * * *
▪ ancient kingdom, Iraq       petty kingdom that was a vassal state of the Parthian empire (247 BC–AD 224) in northern Mesopotamia (now Iraq). Its capital was Arba-ilu ...
/ay'duy ak tin"ik/, adj. (of a medium) not capable of transmitting actinic rays. [1875-80; A-6 + DIACTINIC] * * *
/ad'ee ad'euh koh ki nee"zheuh, -zhee euh, -zee euh, -kuy nee"-/, n. Med. the inability to perform rapidly alternating muscular movements, as flexion and extension. Also, ...
/ad'ee af'euh ree"sis, euh duy"euh feuh-/, n. Med. absence or reduction of perspiration. [A-6 + DIAPHORESIS] * * *
/ad'ee af'euh ret"ik, euh duy'euh feuh-/, Med. adj. 1. preventing or reducing perspiration. n. 2. an adiaphoretic agent. [A-6 + DIAPHORETIC] * * *
—adiaphorist, n. —adiaphoristic, adj. /ad'ee af"euh riz'euhm/, n. tolerance of actions or beliefs not specifically prohibited in the Scriptures; indifferentism. [1865-70; ...
/ad'ee af"euhr euhs/, adj. doing neither good nor harm, as a medicine. [1625-35, for earlier sense; < Gk adiáphoros, equiv. to a- A-6 + diáphoros different (dia- DIA- + -phoros ...
Adichie, Chimamanda Ngozi
▪ 2008 born Sept. 15, 1977, Enugu, Nigeria  In 2007 Nigerian novelist Chimamanda Ngozi Adichie won the Orange Broadband Prize for Fiction for her second novel, Half of a ...
▪ religious movement also called  Way of the Heart        a small religious movement grounded in the Hindu tradition. Founded in 1972 in California by Franklin Jones ...
/ay"dee/, n. a female given name. * * *
/ad'ee euhnt/, adj. Psychol. tending to move toward a stimulus. Cf. abient. [ < L adient- (s. of adiens approaching, prp. of adire), equiv. to ad- AD- + -i- go + -ent- -ENT] * * *
/euh dooh", euh dyooh"/; Fr. /ann dyue"/, interj., n., pl. adieus, adieux /euh doohz", euh dyoohz"/; Fr. /ann dyue"/. interj. 1. good-bye; farewell. n. 2. the act of leaving or ...
/ah"dee je/, n. a river in N Italy, flowing SE to the Adriatic Sea. 220 mi. (354 km) long. * * *
Adige River
River, 255 mi (410 km) long, the longest in Italy after the Po. It rises below the Resia Pass and flows southeast through the Venosta valley. After receiving the Isarco River at ...
/ah"di gay', ah'di gay"/; Russ. /u di gyay"/, n. Adygei. * * *
/ah"di grunt'/, n. Granth. * * *
Ādil Shāhī dynastyʿ
▪ Indian dynasty       (1489–1686), ruling family of the kingdom of Bijapur, India, one of the two principal successor states to the Muslim sultanate of Bahmanī in ...
▪ India formerly  Edlabad        city, northern Andhra Pradesh state, southern India. It is an agricultural trade centre 160 miles (260 km) north of Hyderabad, on ...
ad in·fi·ni·tum (ăd ĭn'fə-nīʹtəm) adv. & adj. To infinity; having no end.   [Latin ad, to + īnfīnītum, accusative of īnfīnītus, infinite.] * * *
ad in·ter·im (ĭnʹtər-əm) adv. In or for the meantime; temporarily. adj. Acting or done ad interim; temporary. See Synonyms at temporary.   [Latin ad, to, for + interim, ...
/ad'ee ohs", ah'dee-/; Sp. /ah dhyaws"/, interj. good-bye; farewell. [1830-40, Amer.; < Sp: lit., to God; cf. ADIEU] * * *
var. of adipo- before a vowel: adipic. * * *
/ad"euh payt'/, n. Chem. 1. a salt or ester of adipic acid. 2. an alkyd resin derived from adipic acid. [ADIP(IC) + -ATE2] * * *
adipic acid
/euh dip"ik/, Chem. a white, crystalline, slightly water-soluble solid, C6H10O4, used chiefly in the synthesis of nylon. Also called hexanedioic acid. [ADIP- + -IC] * * *
a·dip·ic acid (ə-dĭpʹĭk) n. A white crystalline dicarboxylic acid, C6H11O4, that is derived from oxidation of various fats, slightly soluble in water and soluble in ...
a combining form with the meaning "fat, fatty tissue," used in the formation of compound words: adipocere. Also, esp. before a vowel, adip-. [ < L adip- (see ADIPOSE) + -O-] * * *
—adipocerous /ad'euh pos"euhr euhs/, adj. /ad"euh poh sear'/, n. a waxy substance produced by the decomposition of dead animal bodies in moist burial places or under ...
/ad'euh pos"euh ruyt'/, n. hatchettite. [ADIPOCERE + -ITE1] * * *
/ad"euh poh suyt'/, n. See fat cell. [ADIPO- + -CYTE] * * *
/ad'euh poh nuy"tril, -treel, -truyl/, n. Chem. a colorless liquid, C6H8N2, used chiefly as an intermediate in the manufacture of nylon. [ADIPO- + NITRILE] * * *
—adipopectic, adipopexic, adj. /ad'euh poh pek"see euh/, n. Biochem. lipopexia. Also, adipopexis /ad'euh poh pek"sis/. [ADIPO- + Gk -pexia -PEXY] * * *
—adiposeness, adiposity /ad'euh pos"i tee/, adiposis, n. /ad"euh pohs'/, adj. 1. fatty; consisting of, resembling, or relating to fat. n. 2. animal fat stored in the fatty ...
adipose cell
▪ biology also called  adipocyte  or  fat cell   connective-tissue cell specialized to synthesize and contain large globules of fat. There are two types of adipose ...
adipose fin
a small, fleshy fin, usually lacking rays, behind the main dorsal fin in trouts, catfishes, and other bony fishes. * * *
adipose tissue
loose connective tissue in which fat cells accumulate. [1850-55] * * * or fatty tissue Connective tissue consisting mainly of fat cells, specialized to synthesize and contain ...
See adipose. * * *
adipose tissue n. A type of connective tissue that contains stored cellular fat. * * *
adiposity [ad΄ə päs′ə tē] n. 1. the state of being fat; obesity 2. a tendency to become obese * * * See adiposeness. * * *
/ad'euh ron"dak/, n., pl. Adirondacks, (esp. collectively) Adirondack. 1. a member of an Algonquian people living mainly north of the St. Lawrence River. 2. Adirondacks. See ...
Adirondack chair
a sturdy armchair for outdoor use, made of wide wooden slats, with a sloping back and a seat often slanting down toward it. * * *
Adirondack Forest Preserve
➡ Adirondack Mountains * * *

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