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adrenal
—adrenally, adv. /euh dreen"l/ adj. 1. of or produced by the adrenal glands. 2. situated near or on the kidneys; suprarenal. n. 3. See adrenal gland. [1870-75; AD- + L ren- (s. ...
adrenal gland
Anat. one of a pair of ductless glands, located above the kidneys, consisting of a cortex, which produces steroidal hormones, and a medulla, which produces epinephrine and ...
adrenalcortex
adrenal cortex n. The outer portion of the adrenal glands that produces several steroid hormones, including cortisol and aldosterone. * * *
adrenalectomy
ad·re·nal·ec·to·my (ə-drē'nə-lĕkʹtə-mē) n. pl. ad·re·nal·ec·to·mies Surgical excision of one or both of the adrenal glands. * * *
adrenalgland
adrenal gland top:cross section of a right adrenal gland bottom: placement of adrenal glands relative to kidneys Carlyn Iverson n. Either of two small, dissimilarly shaped ...
Adrenalin
/euh dren"l in/, Pharm., Trademark. epinephrine (def. 2). * * *
adrenaline
/euh dren"l in, -een'/, n. Biochem, Pharm. epinephrine (def. 1). [1900-05; ADRENAL + -INE1] * * *
adrenalize
/euh dreen"l uyz'/, v.t., adrenalized, adrenalizing. to stir to action; excite: The promise of victory adrenalized the team. Also, esp. Brit., adrenalise. [ADRENAL(INE) + -IZE] * ...
adrenally
See adrenal. * * *
adrenalmedulla
adrenal medulla n. The inner, reddish-brown portion of the adrenal glands that synthesizes, stores, and releases epinephrine and norepinephrine. * * *
adrenergic
/ad'reuh nerr"jik/, adj. 1. of or like epinephrine in effect. 2. releasing epinephrine. 3. activated by epinephrine or any of various substances having epinephrinelike ...
adrenergic drug
      any of various drugs that interfere with the functioning of the sympathetic nervous system by affecting the release or action of norepinephrine and epinephrine ...
adrenergic nerve fibre
▪ anatomy        fibre that releases the neurotransmitter norepinephrine (also known as noradrenaline) at the synapse, or junction, between a nerve and its end organ, ...
adrenergically
See adrenergic. * * *
adreno-
a combining form representing adrenal or adrenaline in compound words: adrenocortical. Also, esp. before a vowel, adren-. * * *
adrenochrome
adrenochrome [ə drē′nō krōm΄] n. a red biochemical, C9H9NO3, oxidized from epinephrine and having a hemostatic effect * * * a·dre·no·chrome (ə-drēʹnō-krōm', ...
adrenocortical
/euh dree'noh kawr"ti keuhl/, adj. of, pertaining to, or produced by the cortex of the adrenal gland. [1935-40; ADRENO- + CORTICAL] * * *
adrenocorticosteroid
/euh dree"noh kawr'ti koh ster"oyd, -stear"-/, n. Biochem. any of a group of steroid hormones produced by the cortex of the adrenal gland. [1960-65; ADRENO- + CORTICOSTEROID] * * ...
adrenocorticotropic
/euh dree"noh kawr'ti koh trop"ik, -troh"pik/, adj. stimulating the adrenal cortex. Also, adrenocorticotrophic /euh dree"noh kawr'ti koh trof"ik, -troh"fik/. [1935-40; ADRENO- + ...
adrenocorticotropic hormone
adrenocorticotropic hormone n. ACTH * * * (ACTH),also called  Corticotropin,         a polypeptide hormone formed in the pituitary gland that regulates the activity of ...
adrenocorticotropic hormone.
See ACTH. Also called adrenocorticotropin /euh dree'noh kawr'ti koh troh"pin/. [1935-40] * * *
adrenocorticotropichormone
adrenocorticotropic hormone also adrenocorticotrophic hormone n. ACTH. * * *
adrenocorticotropin
ad·re·no·cor·ti·co·trop·in (ə-drē'nō-kôr'tĭ-kō-trŏpʹĭn, -trōʹpĭn) also ad·re·no·cor·ti·co·troph·in (-trŏfʹĭn, trōʹfĭn) n. See ACTH.   [adrenal + ...
adrenolytic
ad·re·no·lyt·ic (ə-drē'nə-lĭtʹĭk) adj. Inhibiting or preventing the action of adrenergic nerves or the effects of epinephrine: an adrenolytic drug.   [adrenal + ...
adrenoreceptor
/euh dree'noh ri sep"teuhr/, n. Biochem., Physiol. a receptor that binds with epinephrine, norepinephrine, or related compounds. [ADRENO- + RECEPTOR] * * *
adret
/a dray"/, n. a side of a mountain receiving direct sunlight. [1930-35; < F < Pr (Dauphiné, Provence) adre(i)t, OPr adreg, adret lit., good, suitable (i.e., the good side of the ...
Adret, Solomon ben Abraham
▪ Spanish rabbi Hebrew  Rabbi Shlomo Ben Abraham Adret,  acronym  Rashba  born 1235, Barcelona, Spain died 1310, Barcelona       outstanding spiritual leader of ...
Adrets, François de Beaumont, baron des
▪ French military leader born 1512/13, Château of La Frette, Isère, Fr. died Feb. 2, 1587, La Frette       French military leader of the Wars of Religion, notorious ...
Adria
▪ Italy Latin  Atria, or Hadria,         town and episcopal see in the Veneto regione of northern Italy, on the Bianco Canal just east of Rovigo. Founded by the ...
Adria pipeline
▪ pipeline, Europe       Yugoslav pipeline completed in 1974 to carry Middle Eastern and North African crude petroleum from the deepwater port of Omisalj on the island ...
Adriamycin
/ay'dree euh muy"sin/, Pharm., Trademark. a brand of doxorubicin. * * *
Adrian
/ay"dree euhn/, n. 1. Edgar Douglas, 1889-1977, English physiologist: Nobel prize for medicine 1932. 2. (Gilbert), 1903-59, U.S. fashion and costume designer. 3. Hadrian. 4. a ...
Adrian Boult
➡ Boult * * *
Adrian I
died A.D. 795, pope 772-795. Also, Hadrian I. * * * ▪ pope also known as  Hadrian I  born , Rome [Italy] died Dec. 25, 795       pope from 772 to 795 whose close ...
Adrian II
Italian ecclesiastic: pope A.D. 867-872. Also, Hadrian II. * * * ▪ pope born 792, Rome [Italy] died c. Dec. 13, 872  pope from 867 to 872.       A relative of two ...
Adrian III
Saint, Italian ecclesiastic: pope A.D. 884-885. Also, Hadrian III. * * *
Adrian III, Saint
▪ pope also known as  Hadrian III  born , Rome? died , c. September 885, near Modena, Bishopric of Modena [Italy]; canonized June 2, 1891; feast day July 8       pope ...
Adrian IV
(Nicholas Breakspear) c1100-59, only Englishman to become pope, 1154-59. Also, Hadrian IV. * * * orig. Nicholas Breakspear born 1100?, Abbot's Langley, near St. Albans, ...
Adrian Mole
➡ Mole * * *
Adrian V
died 1276, Italian ecclesiastic: pope 1276. Also, Hadrian V. * * * ▪ pope also known as  Hadrian V,  original name  Ottobono Fieschi   born , Genoa [Italy] died Aug. 18, ...
Adrian VI
1459-1523, Dutch ecclesiastic: pope 1522-23. Also, Hadrian VI. * * * ▪ pope also called  Hadrian VI,  original name  Adrian Florenszoon Boeyens  born March 2, 1459, ...
Adrian, Edgar Douglas
later 1st Baron Adrian of Cambridge born Nov. 30, 1889, London, Eng. died Aug. 4, 1977, London British electrophysiologist. He amplified electrical potential variations in ...
Adrian, Edgar Douglas Adrian, 1st Baron
▪ British electrophysiologist born Nov. 30, 1889, London, Eng. died Aug. 4, 1977, Cambridge  British electrophysiologist who with Sir Charles Sherrington (Sherrington, Sir ...
Adrian,Edgar Douglas
Adrian, Edgar Douglas. First Baron Adrian. 1889-1977. British physiologist. He shared a 1932 Nobel Prize for major advances in the understanding of the nervous and muscular ...
AdrianIV
A·dri·an IV (āʹdrē-ən), Originally Nicholas Breakspear. 1100?-1159. English-born pope (1154-1159) whose papacy was marked by disputes with Emperor Frederick I. He is ...
Adrianople
/ay'dree euh noh"peuhl/, n. Edirne. * * *
Adrianople red
a medium red color. Also called Levant red, Turkey red. * * *
Adrianople, Battle of
or Battle of Hadrianopolis (AD 378) Battle fought in what is now Edirne, Tur. , that marked the beginning of serious Germanic incursions into Roman territory. It pitted the ...
Adrianopolis
/ay'dree euh nop"euh lis/, n. former name of Edirne. * * *
Adriatic
/ay'dree at"ik, ad'ree-/, adj. 1. of or pertaining to the Adriatic Sea. n. 2. See Adriatic Sea. * * *
Adriatic (Sea)
Adriatic (Sea) or Adriatic [ā΄drē at′ik] arm of the Mediterranean, between Italy and the Balkan Peninsula * * *
Adriatic Sea
an arm of the Mediterranean between Italy and the Balkan Peninsula. Also called Adriatic. * * * Arm of the Mediterranean Sea, lying between Italy and the Balkan Peninsula. It ...
AdriaticSea
A·dri·at·ic Sea (ā'drē-ătʹĭk) An arm of the Mediterranean Sea between Italy and the Balkan Peninsula. It extends from the Gulf of Venice southward to the Strait of ...
Adrien
(as used in expressions) Boieldieu François Adrien Dirac Paul Adrien Maurice Helvétius Claude Adrien * * *
Adrienne
/ay"dree en', -euhn/; Fr. /ann drddee en"/, n. a female given name: derived from Adrian. * * *
adrift
/euh drift"/, adj., adv. 1. floating without control; drifting; not anchored or moored: The survivors were adrift in the rowboat for three days. 2. lacking aim, direction, or ...
adroit
—adroitly, adv. —adroitness, n. /euh droyt"/, adj. 1. expert or nimble in the use of the hands or body. 2. cleverly skillful, resourceful, or ingenious: an adroit ...
adroitly
See adroit. * * *
adroitness
See adroitly. * * *
ADS
American Dialect Society. * * *
adscititious
—adscititiously, adv. /ad'si tish"euhs/, adj. added or derived from an external source; additional. [1610-20; < L a(d)scit(us) derived, assumed, foreign (ptp. of a(d)scisci), ...
adscript
/ad"skript/, adj. 1. written after (distinguished from subscript). n. 2. an adscript character. Cf. inferior (def. 11), superior (def. 12). [1715-25; < L a(d)scriptus (ptp. of ...
adscription
/ad skrip"sheuhn/, n. ascription. * * *
adseg
ad seg (ădʹ sĕg') n. Informal Administrative segregation. * * *
ADSL
ADSL abbr. Asynchronous Digital Subscriber Line. * * *
Adso of Montier-en-Der
▪ Benedictine monk and abbot born 910/915, Burgundy died 992       Benedictine monk and abbot whose treatise on the Antichrist became the standard work on the subject ...
adsorb
—adsorbable, adj. —adsorbability, n. —adsorbent, adj., n. —adsorption /ad sawrp"sheuhn, -zawrp"-/, n. —adsorptive, adj. —adsorptively, adv. /ad sawrb", -zawrb"/, v.t. ...
adsorbability
See adsorb. * * *
adsorbable
See adsorbability. * * *
adsorbate
/ad sawr"bayt, -bit, -zawr"-/, n. a substance that is adsorbed. [1925-30; ADSORB + -ATE1] * * *
adsorbent
adsorbent [ad sôr′bənt, adzôr′bənt] adj. that is capable of adsorbing n. a thing or substance that adsorbs * * * ad·sor·bent (ăd-sôrʹbənt, -zôrʹ-) adj. Capable ...
adsorption
adsorption [ad sôrp′shən, adzôrp′shən] n. 〚
adsorptive
See adsorption. * * *
adst. feb.
(in prescriptions) when fever is present. [ < L adstante febre] * * *
adstratum
/ad"stray'teuhm, -strat'euhm/, n., pl. adstrata /-stray'teuh, -strat'euh/. Historical Ling. a substratum or superstratum. [AD- + STRATUM] * * *
adsuki bean
/ad sooh"kee, -zooh"-/. See adzuki bean. * * *
adsukibean
ad·su·ki bean (ăd-so͞oʹkē, -zo͞oʹ-) n. Variant of adzuki bean. * * *
adsum
/ahd"soom/; Eng. /ad"sum/, interj. Latin. I am present. * * *
ADTS
Automated Data and Telecommunications Service. * * *
Aḍud ad-Dawlahʿ
▪ Būyid ruler born 936 died 983       greatest ruler (949–983) of the Iranian Būyid dynasty.       Becoming ruler of Fārs province in southern Iran in 944, ...
adularescent
—adularescence, n. /aj'euh leuh res"euhnt/, adj. (of certain gemstones, esp. adularia) having a milky, bluish luster. [ADULAR(IA) + -ESCENT] * * *
adularia
/aj'euh lair"ee euh/, n. Mineral. a sometimes opalescent variety of orthoclase formed at a low temperature. [1790-1800; < It < F adulaire, named after Adula a mountain group in ...
adulate
—adulation, n. —adulator, n. —adulatory /aj"euh leuh tawr'ee, -tohr'ee/, adj. /aj"euh layt'/, v.t., adulated, adulating. to show excessive admiration or devotion to; ...
adulation
ad·u·la·tion (ăj'ə-lāʹshən) n. Excessive flattery or admiration.   [Middle English adulacioun, from Old French, from Latin adūlātiō, adūlātiōn-, from adūlātus, ...
adulator
See adulate. * * *
adulatory
See adulator. * * *
Adullam
Ancient village, Israel, 15 mi (24 km) southwest of Jerusalem. A cave in its vicinity was from early times a place of refuge; it is mentioned several times in the Bible (e.g., ...
Adullamite
▪ English politics       member of a group of English politicians who rebelled against their leaders in the Liberal Party and defeated the Reform Bill of 1866. Their ...
Adullamʿ
▪ ancient city, Israel       ancient city and modern development region, in the upper part of Ha-Shefela, central Israel. The mound of Tel ʿAdullam, or orbat ...
adult
—adulthood, n. —adultlike, adj. —adultly, adv. —adultness, n. /euh dult", ad"ult/, adj. 1. having attained full size and strength; grown up; mature: an adult person, ...
adult education
a program of noncredit courses for adults regardless of previous education, offered typically by a university extension or institute. Also called continued education, continuing ...
adult home
any of various private residences for former state psychiatric patients, supervised by a department of a state or city government. [1975-1980] * * *
adult onset diabetes
diabetes (def. 4). * * *
adult respiratory distress syndrome
Pathol. See respiratory distress syndrome (def. 2). Abbr.: ARDS * * *
adult-onsetdiabetes
a·dult-on·set diabetes (ə-dŭltʹŏnʹsĕt, -ônʹ-) n. Non-insulin-dependent diabetes mellitus. * * *
adulterant
/euh dul"teuhr euhnt/, n. 1. a substance that adulterates. adj. 2. adulterating. [1745-55; < L adulterant- (s. of adulterans, prp. of adulterare), equiv. to ad- AD- + -ulter (see ...
adulterate
—adulterator, n. v. /euh dul"teuh rayt'/; adj. /euh dul"teuhr it, -teuh rayt'/, v., adulterated, adulterating, adj. v.t. 1. to debase or make impure by adding inferior ...
adulterated
adulterated [ə dul′tərāt΄id] adj. 1. made inferior, impure, etc. by adulterating 2. that does not conform to legal standards of purity, processing, labeling, etc. * * *
adulteration
/euh dul'teuh ray"sheuhn/, n. 1. the act or process of adulterating. 2. the state of being adulterated. 3. something adulterated. [1500-10; < L adulteration- (s. of adulteratio); ...
adulterator
See adulteration. * * *
adulterer
/euh dul"teuhr euhr/, n. a person who commits adultery. [1350-1400; earlier adulter adulterer ( < L, back formation from adulterare to defile; see ADULTERATE) + -ER1; r. ME ...
adulteress
/euh dul"teuhr is, -tris/, n. a woman who commits adultery. [1350-1400; ADULTER(ER) + -ESS; r. ME avoutresse] Usage. See -ess. * * *
adulterine
/euh dul"teuh reen', -teuh ruyn'/, adj. 1. characterized by adulteration; spurious. 2. born of adultery. 3. of or involving adultery. [1535-45; < L adulterinus, equiv. to adulter ...
adulterous
—adulterously, adv. /euh dul"teuhr euhs/, adj. characterized by or involved in adultery; illicit: an adulterous relationship. [1400-50; ADULTER(Y) + -OUS; r. late ME ...
adulterously
See adulterous. * * *
adultery
/euh dul"teuh ree/, n., pl. adulteries. voluntary sexual intercourse between a married person and someone other than his or her lawful spouse. [1325-75; ME adulterie < L ...
adulthood
See adult. * * * Period in the human life span in which full physical and intellectual maturity have been attained. Adulthood is commonly thought of as beginning at age 20 or ...
adultness
See adulthood. * * *
Adults 'Toon In
▪ 1999       By 1998 television cartoons aimed primarily at adults had reached an unprecedented popularity. Fox Broadcasting's "The Simpsons" not only was the ...
adumbral
/a dum"breuhl/, adj. shadowy; shady. [1835-45; AD- + L umbr(a) shade, shadow + -AL1] * * *
adumbrate
—adumbration, n. /a dum"brayt, ad"euhm brayt'/, v.t., adumbrated, adumbrating. 1. to produce a faint image or resemblance of; to outline or sketch. 2. to foreshadow; ...
adumbration
See adumbrate. * * *
adumbrative
—adumbratively, adv. /a dum"breuh tiv, ad"euhm bray'tiv/, adj. foreshadowing; sketchy; faintly indicative. [1830-40; ADUMBRATE + -IVE] * * *
adumbratively
See adumbration. * * *
adunc
—aduncity /euh dun"si tee/, n. /euh dungk"/, adj. curved inward; hooked. [1620-30; < L aduncus, equiv. to ad- AD- + uncus hook, barb] * * *
aduncate
aduncate [ad uŋ′kāt΄, ad uŋ′kit; ə duŋ′kāt΄, ə duŋ′kit] adj. 〚L aduncus < ad-, to + uncus, hooked, a hook < IE base * ang-, * ank-: see ANGLE1〛 curved or ...
Adur
▪ district, England, United Kingdom       district, administrative county of West Sussex, historic county of Sussex, England. It is named for the River Adur, which ...
adust
/euh dust"/, adj. 1. dried or darkened as by heat. 2. burned; scorched. 3. Archaic. gloomy in appearance or mood. [1400-50; late ME < L adustus (ptp. of adurere), equiv. to ad- ...
Aduwa
/ah"doo wah'/, n. a town in N Ethiopia: Italians defeated 1896. 15,712. Also, Adowa. * * *
adv
adv abbrev. 1. ad valorem 2. advance 3. adverb 4. advertisement 5. advisory 6. 〚L adversus〛 against * * *
Adv.
1. Advent. 2. Advocate * * *
adv.
1. ad valorem. 2. advance. 3. adverb. 4. adverbial. 5. adverbially. 6. adversus. 7. advertisement. 8. advertising. 9. adviser. 10. advisory. * * *
Advaita
/euhd vuy"teuh/, n. Hinduism. one of the two principal Vedantic schools, asserting the existence of Brahman alone, whose appearance as the world is an illusion resulting from ...
advalorem
ad va·lo·rem (ăd' və-lôrʹəm, -lōrʹ-) adj. Abbr. a.v. or a/v In proportion to the value: ad valorem duties on imported goods.   [New Latin ad valōrem Latin ad, to, ...
advance
—advancingly, adv. /ad vans", -vahns"/, v., advanced, advancing, n., adj. v.t. 1. to move or bring forward: The general advanced his troops to the new position. 2. to bring ...
Advance Australia Fair
▪ Australian national anthem        national anthem of Australia, adopted on April 19, 1984. It was first officially proposed in 1974 to replace “God Save the ...
advance fee.
See front money (def. 3). * * *
advance guard
a body of troops going before the main force to clear the way, guard against surprise, etc. [1750-60] * * *
advance man
advance (def. 27b). Also, advanceman. [1925-30] * * *
advanced
/ad vanst", -vahnst"/, adj. 1. placed ahead or forward: with one foot advanced. 2. ahead or far or further along in progress, complexity, knowledge, skill, etc.: an advanced ...
advanced ceramics
▪ ceramics Introduction       substances and processes used in the development and manufacture of ceramic materials that exhibit special properties.       As is ...
advanced credit
academic credit allowed by an educational institution to an entering student for previously completed studies taken at another recognized institution. * * *
advanced degree
an academic degree conferred for completion of requirements beyond the undergraduate college level, as M.S. or Ph.D. [1950-55] * * *
Advanced Highers
➡ exams * * *
Advanced level
➡ A level * * *
Advanced Micro Devices, Inc.
▪ American company       global company that specializes in manufacturing semiconductor devices (semiconductor device) used in computer processing. The company also ...
Advanced Placement Program
Trademark. course descriptions, curriculum material, and tests provided by the College Entrance Examination Board to high schools, giving students the opportunity to complete ...
advanced RP
➡ Received Pronunciation * * *
advanced standing
1. credit for studies completed elsewhere, granted to a student by a college or university. 2. the higher academic status of a student granted such credit. [1780-90] * * *
advanced structural ceramics
Introduction       ceramic materials that demonstrate enhanced mechanical properties under demanding conditions. Because they serve as structural members, often being ...
Advanced Subsidiary level
➡ AS level * * *
advanceddegree
advanced degree n. A university degree, such as a master's or doctorate, that is higher than a bachelor's. * * *
advancedstanding
advanced standing n. The status of a college student granted credit, usually after passing a qualifying test, for courses omitted or taken elsewhere. * * *
advanceguard
advance guard n. A detachment of troops sent ahead of a main force to reconnoiter and provide protection. * * *
advanceman
advance man or ad·vance·man (ăd-vănsʹmăn') n. A man who travels ahead to arrange the details of scheduling, publicity, security, and other matters connected with a trip or ...
advancement
/ad vans"meuhnt, -vahns"-/, n. 1. an act of moving forward. 2. promotion in rank or standing; preferment: She had high hopes for advancement in the company. 3. Law. money or ...
advancer
/ad van"seuhr, -vahn"-/, n. 1. a person or thing that advances. 2. the second branch of the antlers of a buck. [1490-1500; see ADVANCE, -ER1] * * *
Advances in Battlefield Medicine
▪ 2008 by Peter Saracino       Studies of historical casualty rates have shown that about one-half of military personnel killed in action died from the loss of blood ...
advantage
/ad van"tij, -vahn"-/, n., v., advantaged, advantaging. n. 1. any state, circumstance, opportunity, or means specially favorable to success, interest, or any desired end: the ...
advantage court
Tennis. the receiver's left-hand service court, into which the ball is served when one side has the advantage. * * *
advantaged
/ad van"tijd, -vahn"-/, adj. 1. having greater resources or better skills, education, facilities, etc.: She is more advantaged than her cousin. 2. having sufficient or abundant ...
advantageous
—advantageously, adv. —advantageousness, n. /ad'veuhn tay"jeuhs/, adj. providing an advantage; furnishing convenience or opportunity; favorable; profitable; useful; ...
advantageously
See advantageous. * * *
advantageousness
See advantageously. * * *
advect
/ad vekt"/, v.t. to move by the process of advection. [back formation from ADVECTION] * * *
advection
—advective, adj. /ad vek"sheuhn/, n. 1. Meteorol. the horizontal transport of atmospheric properties (distinguished from convection). 2. the horizontal flow of air, water, ...
advection fog
Meteorol. fog caused by the movement of warm, moist air over a cold surface. [1940-45] * * *
advective
See advection. * * *
advent
/ad"vent/, n. 1. a coming into place, view, or being; arrival: the advent of the holiday season. 2. (usually cap.) the coming of Christ into the world. 3. (cap.) the period ...
Advent calendar
n a cardboard picture with tiny doors in it, given to children as a present for Advent. They open one door for each day in Advent, usually from 1 December to 24 December. Behind ...
Advent Christian Church
▪ religion       one of several Adventist churches that evolved from the teachings in the late 1840s of William Miller. It was organized in 1860. Doctrinal emphasis is ...
Advent Sunday
the first Sunday in Advent. * * *
Adventism
☆ Adventism [ad′vən tiz΄əm ] n. the belief that the Second Coming of Christ will occur soon * * * See Adventist. * * *
Adventist
—Adventism, n. /ad"ven tist, ad ven"-/, n. 1. Also called Second Adventist. a member of any of certain Christian denominations that maintain that the Second Advent of Christ is ...
adventitia
—adventitial, adj. /ad'ven tish"ee euh, -tish"euh/, n. Anat. the external covering of an organ or other structure, derived from connective tissue, esp. the external covering of ...
adventitial
See adventitia. * * *
adventitious
—adventitiously, adv. —adventitiousness, n. /ad'veuhn tish"euhs/, adj. 1. associated with something by chance rather than as an integral part; extrinsic. 2. Bot., Zool. ...
adventitiously
See adventitious. * * *
adventitiousness
See adventitiously. * * *
adventive
—adventively, adv. /ad ven"tiv/, Bot., Zool. adj. 1. not native and usually not yet well established, as exotic plants or animals. n. 2. an adventive plant or ...
adventively
See adventive. * * *
AdventSunday
Advent Sunday n. The first Sunday of Advent in Western Christianity. * * *
adventure
—adventureful, adj. /ad ven"cheuhr/, n., v., adventured, adventuring. n. 1. an exciting or very unusual experience. 2. participation in exciting undertakings or enterprises: ...
adventure playground
Brit. a children's playground, often in a somewhat desolate urban area, that utilizes derelict industrial or commercial items or products for equipment, as used tires for swings ...
adventurer
/ad ven"cheuhr euhr/, n. 1. a person who has, enjoys, or seeks adventures. 2. a seeker of fortune in daring enterprises; soldier of fortune. 3. a person who undertakes great ...
adventuresome
—adventuresomely, adv. —adventuresomeness, n. /ad ven"cheuhr seuhm/, adj. bold; daring; adventurous. [1725-35; ADVENTURE + -SOME1] * * *
adventuresomely
See adventuresome. * * *
adventuresomeness
See adventuresomely. * * *
adventuress
/ad ven"cheuhr is/, n. 1. a woman who schemes to win social position, wealth, etc., by unscrupulous or questionable means. 2. a woman who is an adventurer. [1745-55; ADVENTUR(ER) ...
adventurism
—adventurist, n. —adventuristic, adj. /ad ven"cheuh riz'euhm/, n. 1. defiance or disregard of accepted standards of behavior. 2. rash or irresponsible policies, methods, or ...
adventurist
See adventurism. * * *
adventuristic
See adventurist. * * *
adventurous
—adventurously, adv. —adventurousness, n. /ad ven"cheuhr euhs/, adj. 1. inclined or willing to engage in adventures; enjoying adventures. 2. full of risk; requiring courage; ...
adventurously
See adventurous. * * *
adventurousness
See adventurously. * * *
adverb
—adverbless, adj. /ad"verrb/, n. Gram. any member of a class of words that in many languages are distinguished in form, as partly in English by the ending -ly, or by ...
adverb clause
Gram. a subordinate clause that functions as an adverb within a main clause. * * *
adverbial
—adverbially, adv. /ad verr"bee euhl/, adj. 1. of, pertaining to, or used as an adverb. n. 2. a word or group of words functioning as an adverb. [1605-15; < L adverbi(um) ...
adverbially
See adverbial. * * *
adverbum
ad ver·bum (ăd vûrʹbəm) adv. Word for word; verbatim.   [Latin : ad, in accordance with + verbum, word.] * * *
adversarial
adversarial [ad΄vər ser′ē əl] adj. 1. of or characterized by opposition, disagreement, hostility, etc., as between adversaries 2. ADVERSARY * * * ad·ver·sar·i·al ...
adversary
—adversariness, n. /ad"veuhr ser'ee/, n., pl. adversaries, adj. n. 1. a person, group, or force that opposes or attacks; opponent; enemy; foe. 2. a person, group, etc., that is ...
adversary procedure
In Anglo-American law, the principal method of offering evidence in court. It requires the opposing sides to present pertinent information and to introduce and cross-examine ...
adversaryism
/ad"veuhr ser'ee iz'euhm/, n. an attitude, as in labor-management negotiations, that any opposition to demands indicates an unwillingness of one side to cooperate and bargain in ...
adversative
—adversatively, adv. /ad verr"seuh tiv/, adj. 1. expressing contrariety, opposition, or antithesis: "But" is an adversative conjunction. n. 2. an adversative word or ...
adversative asyndeton
Rhet. a staccato effect produced by omitting adversative connectives from between two or more items forming a group, as in "I liked all there was to buy in the store ... I didn't ...
adversatively
See adversative. * * *
adverse
—adversely, adv. —adverseness, n. /ad verrs", ad"verrs/, adj. 1. unfavorable or antagonistic in purpose or effect: adverse criticism. 2. opposing one's interests or desire: ...
adverse possession
Law. the open and exclusive occupation and use of someone else's real property without permission of the owner continuously for a period of years prescribed by law, thereafter ...
adverse selection
Insurance. the process of singling out potential customers who are considered higher risks than the average. Also called antiselection. * * *
adversely
See adverse. * * *
adverseness
See adversely. * * *
adversity
/ad verr"si tee/, n., pl. adversities for 2. 1. adverse fortune or fate; a condition marked by misfortune, calamity, or distress: A friend will show his or her true colors in ...
advert
advert1 /ad verrt"/, v.i. 1. to remark or comment; refer (usually fol. by to): He adverted briefly to the news of the day. 2. to turn the attention (usually fol. by to): The ...
advertence
/ad verr"tns/, n. 1. the act of being or becoming advertent; heedfulness. 2. advertency. [1350-1400; ME; see ADVERT1, -ENCE] * * *
advertency
/ad verr"tn see/, n., pl. advertencies. 1. the state or quality of being advertent. 2. advertence. [1640-50; ADVERT(ENT) + -ENCY] * * *
advertent
—advertently, adv. /ad verr"tnt/, adj. attentive; heedful. [1665-75; < L advertent- (s. of advertens, prp. of advertere), equiv. to ad- AD- + vert- turn + -ent- -ENT] * * *
advertise
—advertisable /ad"veuhr tuy'zeuh beuhl, ad'veuhr tuy"-/, adj. —advertiser, n. /ad"veuhr tuyz', ad'veuhr tuyz"/, v., advertised, advertising. v.t. 1. to announce or praise (a ...
advertisement
/ad'veuhr tuyz"meuhnt, ad verr"tis meuhnt, -tiz-/, n. 1. a paid announcement, as of goods for sale, in newspapers or magazines, on radio or television, etc. 2. a public notice, ...
advertiser
See advertise. * * *
advertising
/ad"veuhr tuy'zing/, n. 1. the act or practice of calling public attention to one's product, service, need, etc., esp. by paid announcements in newspapers and magazines, over ...
advertising account
account (def. 11c). * * *
advertising agency
an agency employed by advertisers to plan, design, place, and supervise their advertisements or advertising campaigns. [1840-50, Amer.] * * *
advertising coloration
▪ biology  in animals, the use of biological coloration to make an organism unique and highly visible as compared with the background, thereby providing easily perceived ...
advertising man
adman (def. 1). * * *
Advertising Standards Authority
(abbr ASA) an independent organization which checks that advertisements do not lie or make false claims about a product. Anyone can ask the Advertising Standards Authority to ...
ADVERTISING: Infomercials
▪ 1996       In 1964 a gadget inventor and salesman named Ron Popeil started a company named Ronco and became instrumental in creating the television infomercial ...
advertize
—advertizable /ad"veuhr tuy'zeuh beuhl, ad'veuhr tuy"-/, adj. —advertizer, n. /ad"veuhr tuyz', ad'veuhr tuyz"/, v.t., v.i., advertized, advertizing. advertise. * * *
advertorial
/ad'veuhr tawr"ee euhl, -tohr"-/, n. an extended newspaper or magazine text advertisement that promotes the advertiser's product or services or special point of view but ...
adverts
➡ advertising * * *
advice
/ad vuys"/, n. 1. an opinion or recommendation offered as a guide to action, conduct, etc.: I shall act on your advice. 2. a communication, esp. from a distance, containing ...
advice and consent
U.S. Govt. a phrase in the Constitution (Article II, Section 2) allowing the Senate to restrain presidential powers of appointment and treaty-making. [1780-90] * * *
advice boat
a fast boat for conveying messages; dispatch boat. [1660-70] * * *
Advil
/ad"vil/, Pharm., Trademark. a brand of ibuprofen. * * *
advisability
See advisable. * * *
advisable
—advisability, advisableness, n. —advisably, adv. /ad vuy"zeuh beuhl/, adj. 1. proper to be advised or recommended; desirable or wise, as a course of action: Is it advisable ...
advisableness
See advisability. * * *
advisably
See advisability. * * *
advise
/ad vuyz"/, v., advised, advising. v.t. 1. to give counsel to; offer an opinion or suggestion as worth following: I advise you to be cautious. 2. to recommend as desirable, wise, ...
advised
—advisedness /ad vuy"zid nis/, n. /ad vuyzd"/, adj. 1. considered (usually used in combination): ill-advised; well-advised. 2. informed; apprised: The President was kept ...
advisedly
/ad vuy"zid lee/, adv. after careful or thorough consideration; deliberately. [1425-75; late ME avisedli; see ADVISED, -LY] * * *
advisee
/ad vuy zee", ad'-/, n. Educ. one of a group of students assigned to a faculty adviser for help in selection of a course of studies. [1815-25; ADVISE + -EE] * * *
advisement
/ad vuyz"meuhnt/, n. careful deliberation or consideration; consultation: The petition was taken under advisement. [1300-50; ADVISE + -MENT; r. ME avisement < OF] * * *
adviser
—advisership, n. /ad vuy"zeuhr/, n. 1. one who gives advice. 2. Educ. a teacher responsible for advising students on academic matters. 3. a fortuneteller. Also, ...
advisory
—advisorily, adv. /ad vuy"zeuh ree/, adj., n., pl. advisories. adj. 1. of, giving, or containing advice: an advisory letter from a stockbroker. 2. having the power or duty to ...
advisory opinion
Law. a formal opinion that is given on a point of law by a court, judge, or judges on request from a legislature or government official, contrasted with an opinion in a case at ...
advocaat
/ad'voh kaht"/, n. a Dutch liqueur made with brandy, sugar, and eggs. [1930-35; < D, short for advocatenborrel drink that lubricates the throat of a lawyer, equiv. to advocaat ...
advocacy
/ad"veuh keuh see/, n., pl. advocacies. the act of pleading for, supporting, or recommending; active espousal: He was known for his advocacy of states' rights. [1375-1425; late ...
advocacyjournalism
advocacy journalism n. Journalism in which the writer or the publication expresses a subjective view or promotes a certain cause.   advocacy journalist n. * * *
advocacyjournalist
See advocacy journalism. * * *
advocacytank
advocacy tank n. A research and problem-solving institution functioning essentially as a lobby in attempting to persuade legislators through seminars and studies to adopt the ...
advocate
—advocative, adj. —advocator, n. v. /ad"veuh kayt'/; n. /ad"veuh kit, -kayt'/, v., advocated, advocating, n. v.t. 1. to speak or write in favor of; support or urge by ...
Advocate of Moral Reform
▪ American periodical       American periodical that, between 1835 and about 1845, campaigned to rescue women who were victims of moral and physical corruption and to ...
Advocates, Faculty of
▪ Scottish law       the members of the bar of Scotland. Barristers are the comparable group in England. The faculty grew out of the Scots Act of 1532, which established ...
advocation
/ad'veuh kay"sheuhn/, n. 1. Scot. Law. the action of a superior court in calling before itself or reviewing an action originally brought before an inferior court. 2. Obs. a. ...
advocative
See advocation. * * *
advocator
See advocation. * * *
advocatory
/ad vok"euh tawr'ee, -tohr'ee, ad"veuh keuh-, ad"veuh kay'teuh ree/, adj. of or pertaining to an advocate or his or her functions. [1860-65; ADVOCATE + -ORY1] * * *
advocatus diaboli
/ahd'vaw kah"toohs dee ah"baw lee'/, Medieval Latin. See devil's advocate (def. 2). * * *
advowson
/ad vow"zeuhn/, n. Eng. Eccles. Law. the right of presentation of a candidate to a benefice or church office. [1250-1300; < AF; r. ME avoweisoun < AF, OF avoeson
advt.
advertisement. * * *
Adwa
Adwa [äd′wə] town in N Ethiopia: site of Menelik II's defeat of the Italians (1896), which led to recognition of Ethiopian independence: pop. 17,000 * * * Ad·wa (ädʹwə, ...
Adwa, Battle of
or Battle of Adowa (March 1, 1896) Military clash at Adwa, in north-central Ethiopia, between the Ethiopian army of King Menilek II and Italian forces. The decisive Ethiopian ...
Adwick le Street
▪ England, United Kingdom       town, Doncaster metropolitan borough, metropolitan county of South Yorkshire, north-central England, historic county of Yorkshire, ...
adwoman
ad·wom·an (ădʹwo͝om'ən) n. A woman who designs, writes, acquires, or sells advertising. * * *
Ady, Endre
▪ Hungarian poet born November 22, 1877, Érmindszent, Hung., Austria-Hungary [now Ady Endre, Rom.] died January 27, 1919, Budapest, Hung.  one of Hungary's greatest lyric ...
Adygea
▪ republic, Russia also spelled  Adygeya        republic, southwestern Russia. It extends from the Kuban River south to the Caucasus foothills. Adygea was ...
Adygei
/ah"deuh gay', ah'deuh gay"/; Russ. /u di gyay"/, n. 1. Official name, Adygei Autonomous Region. an autonomous region in the Russian Federation, part of the Krasnodar territory, ...
adynamia
adynamia [ā΄dī nā′mē ə, ad΄i nā′mē ə] n. 〚ModL < Gr < a-, without + dynamis, power〛 Med. lack of vital force as a result of illness; debility adynamic ...
adynamic
See adynamia. * * *
adynaton
▪ literature       a kind of hyperbole in which the exaggeration is so great that it refers to an impossibility, as in the following lines from Andrew Marvell (Marvell, ...
adytum
/ad"i teuhm/, n., pl. adyta /-teuh/. 1. (in ancient worship) a sacred place that the public was forbidden to enter; an inner shrine. 2. the most sacred or reserved part of any ...
adz
/adz/, n. 1. an axlike tool, for dressing timbers roughly, with a curved, chisellike steel head mounted at a right angle to the wooden handle. v.t. 2. to dress or shape (wood) ...
adze
/adz/, n., v.t., adzed, adzing. adz. * * * or adz Hand tool for shaping wood. A handheld stone chipped to form a blade, it is one of the earliest tools, and was used widely in ...


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