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See Adzharia. * * *
Ad·zhar·i·a or A·jar·i·a (ə-järʹē-ə) An autonomous republic of southwest Georgia bordering on the Black Sea and Turkey. Colonized by the Greeks in the fourth and ...
See Adzhar. * * *
/euh jahr"euh stan'/; Russ. /u jeuh rddyi stahn"/, n. an autonomous republic in the Georgian republic, in Transcaucasia. 355,000; 1080 sq. mi. (3000 sq. km). Cap.: Batumi. ...
adzuki bean
/ad zooh"kee/ 1. a bushy plant, Vigna (Phaseolus) angularis, widely cultivated in Asia. 2. the edible bean of this plant, from which a flour is made. Also, adsuki bean. [ < Japn ...
ad·zu·ki bean (ăd-zo͞oʹkē) also ad·su·ki bean (-so͞oʹ-, -zo͞oʹ-) or a·zu·ki bean (ə-zo͞oʹ-) n. 1. An erect or twining East Asian herb (Vigna angularis) of the ...
/ay/, adj. Scot. one. [ME (Scots) a-, OE an ONE; cf. A1] the ash, an early English ligature representing a vowel sound like that of a in modern bad. The long ae continued in use ...
1. account executive. 2. AE 3. American English. pen name of George William Russell. Also, AE, A.E. * * * ▪ Irish poet pseudonym of  George William Russell   born April 10, ...
for words with initial ae-, see also e-. * * *
at the age of; aged. [ < L aetatis] * * *
Aeronautical Engineer. * * *
AEA June Bug
▪ airplane  biplane designed, built, and tested by members of the Aerial Experiment Association (AEA) in 1908. For a table of pioneer aircraft, see history of flight ...
/ee as"i deez'/, n., pl. Aeacidae /-dee'/. Class. Myth. a patronymic for any of the descendants of Aeacus, as Achilles, Peleus, and Telamon. * * *
/ee"euh keuhs/, n. Class. Myth. a judge in Hades, a son of Zeus and grandfather of Achilles. * * * ▪ Greek mythology       in Greek mythology, son of Zeus and Aegina, ...
/ee ee"euh/, n. Class. Myth. 1. the island inhabited by Circe. 2. Circe (def. 1). * * *
See Atomic Energy Commission. * * *
/eek mee"euh, eek"mee euh/, n. any of various epiphytic bromeliads of the genus Aechmea, native to tropical America, having stiff, spiny leaves and clusters of red, yellow, or ...
See aecium. * * *
/ee sid"ee euhm/, n., pl. aecidia /ee sid"ee euh/. Mycol. an aecium in which the spores are always formed in chains and enclosed in a cup-shaped peridium. [1865-70; < NL; see ...
/ee"see euh spawr', -spohr', ee"shee-/, n. Mycol. a spore borne by an aecium. [1875-80; AECI(UM) + -O- + SPORE] * * *
aeciostage [ē′shē ōstāj΄, ē′sē ō stāj΄] n. 〚
—aecial, adj. /ee"see euhm, ee"shee-/, n., pl. aecia /ee"see euh, ee"shee euh/. Mycol. the fruiting body of rust fungi, which bears chainlike or stalked spores. [ < NL < Gk ...
—aedeagal, adj. /ee dee"euh geuhs/, n., pl. aedeagi /-guy', -juy'/. the phallus of a male insect. Also, aedoeagus. [ < NL < Gk aidoî(a) genitals + agós leader (deriv. of ...
/ay ee"deez/, n. 1. See yellow-fever mosquito. 2. any mosquito of the genus Aedes. Also, aëdes. [ < NL (1818) < Gk aedés distasteful, unpleasant, equiv. to a- A-6 + -edes, ...
▪ Greek philosopher died 355       Greek philosopher whose ideas had their roots in Neoplatonism, a school of philosophy that grew out of the Idealism of ...
/ee dik"yeuh leuh/, n., pl. aediculae /-lee'/. aedicule. * * *
/ee"di kyoohl', ed"i-/, n. 1. a small building. 2. a small construction, as a shrine, designed in the form of a building. Also, aedicula, edicule. [1825-35; < L aedicula, equiv. ...
—aedileship, n. —aedilitian /eed'l ish"euhn/, adj. /ee"duyl/, n. Rom. Hist. one of a board of magistrates in charge of public buildings, streets, markets, games, etc. Also, ...
See aedes. * * *
/ee dee"euh geuhs/, n., pl. aedoeagi /-guy', -juy'/. aedeagus. * * *
/ay eed"n/, n. Class. Myth. a daughter of Pandareus who mistakenly killed her son. Zeus took pity on her and turned her into a nightingale. * * * ▪ Greek ...
▪ people       Celtic tribe of central Gaul (occupying most of what was later the French région of Burgundy), chiefly responsible for the diplomatic situation exploited ...
/ee ee"teez/, n. Class. Myth. a king of Colchis, father of Medea and custodian of the Golden Fleece. * * *
(in full the Amalgamated Engineering and Electrical Union) one of the biggest trade unions in Britain, formed in 1992. In 2001 it merged with MSF (the Manufacturing, Science and ...
AEF abbrev. American Expeditionary Force (or Forces) * * *
▪ German company       former German electronics and electrical-equipment company. As one of Germany's leading industrial companies through much of the 19th and 20th ...
Ae·ga·de·an Isles (ē-gāʹdē'ən) also Ae·ga·tes (-tēz) See Egadi Islands. * * *
Aegadian Islands
/i gay"dee euhn/ Egadi. Also, Aegadean Islands. * * *
/i gay"teez/, n. ancient name of Egadi. * * *
/i jee"euhn/, adj. 1. pertaining to the Aegean Sea or Islands. 2. pertaining to or denoting the prehistoric civilization that preceded the historic Hellenic period and flourished ...
Aegean civilizations
The Bronze Age civilizations that arose and flourished с 3000–1000 BC in the region bordering the Aegean Sea. They included Crete, the Cyclades, the Greek mainland south from ...
Aegean Islands
the islands of the Aegean Sea, including the Dodecanese, Cyclades, and Sporades. * * * Greek islands in the Aegean Sea, particularly the Cyclades, Sporades, and Dodecanese ...
Aegean Sea
an arm of the Mediterranean Sea between Greece and Turkey. Also called the Aegean. * * * Arm of the Mediterranean Sea, lying between Greece and Turkey. About 380 mi (610 km) ...
Aegean Sea An arm of the Mediterranean Sea off southeast Europe between Greece and Turkey. The numerous Aegean Islands dotting the sea include the Cyclades, the Dodecanese, and ...
Aegeus [ē′jē əs] n. 〚L < Gr Aigeus〛 Gr. Myth. a king of Athens who drowns himself when he thinks his son Theseus is dead * * * Ae·geus (ēʹjo͞os, ēʹjē-əs) n. ...
▪ plant genus       genus of grasses (order Poales) that has become an agricultural contaminant. Members of the genus grow with wheat, mature at the same time, and, ...
—Aeginetan /ee'jeuh neet"n/, adj. /ee juy"neuh, i jee"-/, n. 1. Class. Myth. a daughter of Asopus and Metope who was abducted by Zeus and bore him a son, Aeacus. 2. Gulf of. ...
/e"jir/, n. Scand. Myth. a sea god, husband of Ran, and host at feast of the gods spoiled by Loki. [ < ON AEgir, akin to ON a river, water, Goth ahwa water, L aqua] * * *
Pyroxene mineral, sodium and iron silicate (NaFe+3Si2O6), commonly found in alkaline igneous rocks, particularly in syenites (composed of an alkali feldspar and a ferromagnesian ...
/ay"geuh ruyt', ee"jeuh-/, n. a mineral, mainly sodium-ferric iron silicate, NaFe·(Si2O6), occurring in feldspathoid rocks in slender prismatic crystals. Also, aegirine /ay"geuh ...
/ee"jis/, n. 1. Class. Myth. the shield or breastplate of Zeus or Athena, bearing at its center the head of the Gorgon. 2. protection; support: under the imperial aegis. 3. ...
/ee jis"theuhs/, n. Class. Myth. a cousin of Agamemnon who seduced Clytemnestra, Agamemnon's wife, and was later killed by Orestes. * * *
▪ bird family  songbird family that includes the long-tailed tits (or titmice) of the Old World and the bushtits (bushtit) of North America. Both groups are sometimes ...
/ee"jee euhm/, n. a town in ancient Achaea, on the Gulf of Corinth: the Achaean League met here. * * *
/ee'geuhs pot"euh muy'/, n. a river in ancient Thrace, flowing into the Hellespont: near its mouth the Athenian fleet was defeated by Lysander, 405 B.C., in the last battle of ...
Aegospotami, Battle of
(405 BC) Naval victory of Sparta over Athens in the final battle of the Peloponnesian War. The Spartans under Lysander surprised the Athenians at anchor off Aegospotami, in ...
/ee"groh tat', ee groh"tat/, n. Brit. an unclassified degree granted a university student who has fulfilled all requirements for graduation but was prevented by illness from ...
/i jip'toh pith"i keuhs, -peuh thee"keuhs/, n. a genus of extinct anthropoid ape of the Oligocene Period known from remains found in Egypt. [ < NL (1965), equiv. to L Aegypt(us) ...
Aegyptus [ē jip′təs] n. Gr. Myth. a king of Egypt whose fifty sons marry the fifty daughters of his brother Danaus: see DANAIDES * * *
Aehrenthal, Alois, Graf (count) Lexa von
▪ Austro-Hungarian foreign minister in full  Alois Leopold Johann Baptist, Graf Lexa von Aehrenthal  born Sept. 27, 1854, Gross-Skal, Bohemia [now Hrubá Skála, Czech ...
Aehrenthal, Aloys, Count Lexa von
born Sept. 27, 1854, Gross-Skal, Bohemia died Feb. 17, 1912, Vienna, Austria-Hungary Austro-Hungarian diplomat. As foreign minister of Austria-Hungary (1906–12), he ...
Aelfheah, Saint
▪ archbishop of Canterbury Aelfheah also spelled  Elphege,  Alphage , or  Alphege , also called  Elphege the Martyr , or  Godwine  born 954, Gloucestershire?, ...
/al"frik/, n. ("AElfric Grammaticus"; "AElfric the Grammarian") A.D. c955-c1020, English abbot and writer. * * * ▪ Anglo-Saxon scholar flourished c. 955–c. 1025, probably ...
Aelia Capitolina
▪ ancient city, Asia       city founded in AD 135 by the Romans on the ruins of Jerusalem, which their forces, under Titus, had destroyed in AD 70. The name was given, ...
▪ Roman author and teacher Latin in full  Claudius Aelianus   born c. 170, Praeneste [now Palestrina, Italy] died c. 235       Roman author and teacher of rhetoric, ...
▪ Greek military writer also called  Aelianus Tacticus   flourished 2nd century AD       Greek military writer residing in Rome whose manual of tactics influenced ...
(as used in expressions) Sejanus Lucius Aelius Caesar Titus Aelius Hadrianus Antoninus Augustus Pius Lucius Aelius Aurelius Commodus Publius Aelius Hadrianus * * *
▪ Anglo-Saxon ruler also spelled  Aella, or Aelli   flourished 5th century AD       Anglo-Saxon ruler who is credited with the foundation of the kingdom of the South ...
Aelred of Rievaulx, Saint
▪ Cistercian monk Aelred also spelled  Ailred,  Aethelred,  or  Ethelred   born c. 1110, Hexham, Northumberland, Eng. died Jan. 12, 1167, Rievaulx Abbey, ...
—aelurophilic /ee loor'euh fil"ik, i loor'-/, adj. /ee loor"euh fuyl', i loor"-/, n. ailurophile. * * *
/ee loor'euh fil"ee euh, i loor'-/, n. ailurophilia. * * *
—aelurophobic, adj. /ee loor"euh fohb', i loor"-/, n. ailurophobe. * * *
/ee loor'euh fohbee euh, i loor'-/, n. ailurophobia. * * *
▪ Roman emperor Latin in full  Marcus Aemilius Aemilianus   born , Mauretania died 253, near Spoletium, Umbria [Italy]       Roman emperor for three months in ...
/i nee"euhs/, n. Class. Myth. a Trojan hero, the reputed ancestor of the Romans: protagonist of the Aeneid. * * * Mythical hero of Troy and Rome. He was the son of Aphrodite ...
Aeneas Silvius
/sil"vee euhs/ 1. Also, Aeneas Sylvius. literary name of Pius II. 2. Rom. Legend. a king of Alba Longa. * * *
/i nee"id/, n. a Latin epic poem by Vergil, recounting the adventures of Aeneas after the fall of Troy. * * *
/ay ee'nee oh lith"ik/, adj. Chalcolithic. Also, Eneolithic. [1900-05; AENE(OUS) + -O- + -LITHIC] * * *
/ay ee"nee euhs/, adj. bronze-colored: an aeneous beetle. Also, aëneous. [1805-15; < L aeneus, equiv. to aen(us) of bronze (ae(s) bronze + -n- adj. suffix) + -eus -EOUS] * * *
▪ Greek philosopher born 1st century BC, , Knossos, Crete       philosopher and dialectician of the Greek Academy who revived the Pyrrhonian principle of “suspended ...
/ee oh"lee euh/, n. Aeolis. * * *
/ee oh"lee euhn/, adj. 1. Also, Aeolic. belonging to a branch of the Greek race named after Aeolus, its legendary founder. n. 2. a member of one of the four main divisions of the ...
aeolian harp
a box with an opening across which are stretched a number of strings of equal length that are tuned in unison and sounded by the wind. Also called aeolian lyre, wind ...
Aeolian mode
Music. an authentic church mode represented on the white keys of a keyboard instrument by an ascending scale from A to A. * * *
Aeolian harp n. An instrument consisting of an open box over which are stretched strings that sound when the wind passes over them. Also called wind harp.   [From Aeolian, ...
Aeolian Islands See Lipari Islands. * * *
/ee ol"ik/, n. 1. the Greek dialect of ancient Aeolis and Thessaly; Aeolian. adj. 2. Archit. noting or pertaining to a capital used in the Greek territories of the eastern Aegean ...
Aeolic dialect
▪ dialect any of several dialects of Ancient Greek  that were spoken in Thessaly, Boeotia, and, after approximately 1000 Bc        in Asiatic Aeolis, including the ...
/ee ol"euh puyl'/, n. 1. a round vessel caused to rotate by the force of tangentially escaping steam: an early example of jet propulsion. 2. a device for injecting the vapors of ...
/ee"euh lis/, n. an ancient coastal region and Greek colony in NW Asia Minor: settled by Aeolians. Also, Aeolia. * * * ▪ ancient cities, Greece also called  Aeolia, ...
—aeolotropy /ee'euh lo"treuh pee/, aeolotropism, n. /ee'euh loh trop"ik, -troh"pik/, adj. Physics. not isotropic; anisotropic. [1865-70; < Gk aiólo(s) fickle, changeful + ...
/ee"euh leuhs/, n. Class. Myth. 1. the ruler of the winds. 2. the eponymous founder of the Aeolian nation. * * * Greek god of the winds. In the Odyssey Homer represents Aeolus ...
/ee"euhn, ee"on/, n. 1. (in Gnosticism) one of a class of powers or beings conceived as emanating from the Supreme Being and performing various functions in the operations of the ...
/ee oh"nee euhn/, adj. eternal; everlasting. Also, eonian. [1755-65; < Gk aióni(os) (aión AEON + -ios adj. suffix) + -AN] * * *
Aepinus, Franz Maria Ulrich Theodor Hoch
▪ German physicist born Dec. 13, 1724, Rostock, Mecklenburg-Schwerin [Germany] died Aug. 10, 1802, Dorpat, Russia       physicist who discovered (1756) pyroelectricity ...
/ee'pee awr"nis/, n. an extinct genus of ratite birds, best known from the Pleistocene Epoch of Madagascar, having massive legs and rudimentary wings, and growing to a height of ...
equal. [ < L aequalis] * * *
▪ people       ancient people of Italy originally inhabiting the region watered by the tributaries of the Avens River (modern Velino). Long hostile to Rome, they became ...
aequo animo
/uy"kwoh ah"ni moh'/; Eng. /ee"kwoh an"euh moh'/, Latin. with an even mind; with composure. * * *
/ee kwawr"in, ee kwor"-/, n. Biochem., Histol. a protein, secreted by certain jellyfish, that produces a blue light upon binding with calcium. [1965-70; < NL Aequor(ea) a genus ...
Aer Lingus
▪ Irish airline       Irish international air carrier that originated as the national airline of Ireland and resulted from the combination of two government-owned ...
var. of aero- before a vowel: aerate. * * *
/ee rair"ee euhn/, Rom. Hist. adj. 1. of or pertaining to the aerarium. n. 2. a member of the lowest class of Roman citizens, who paid a poll tax but did not vote. [1840-50; < L ...
/ee rair"ee euhm/, n., pl. aeraria /ee rair"ee euh/. the state treasury in ancient Rome. [ < L, equiv. to aer- (s. of aes bronze, money) + -arium -ARY] * * * ▪ ancient Roman ...
aerarium (Saturni)
Central treasury of ancient Rome, housed in the Temple of Saturn. During the republic (509–27 BC), two quaestors managed the treasury and the Senate controlled it. All ...
—aeration, n. /air"ayt, ay"euh rayt'/, v.t., aerated, aerating. 1. to expose to the action or effect of air or to cause air to circulate through: to aerate milk in order to ...
See aerate. * * *
/air"ay teuhr, ay"euh ray'-/, n. 1. an apparatus for aerating water or other fluids. 2. a device for introducing air into a bin of wheat or other grain in order to prevent the ...
aere perennius
/uy"rdde pe rdden"ni oos'/; Eng. /ear"ee peuh ren"ee euhs/, Latin. more lasting than bronze. * * *
/air reng"keuh meuh, airen"-/, n. Bot. a tissue in certain aquatic plants, consisting of thin-walled cells and large intercellular spaces adapted for internal circulation of ...
var. of aero- before an element of Latin origin: aeriferous. * * *
/ear"ee euh/, n. an area in the northern hemisphere of Mars. * * *
—aerially, adv. —aerialness, n. adj. /air"ee euhl, ay ear"ee euhl/; n. /air"ee euhl/, adj. 1. of, in, or produced by the air: aerial currents. 2. inhabiting or frequenting ...
Aerial Experiment Association
▪ research organization  organization that gathered together a group of young aviators and designers for the purpose of developing heavier-than-air flying machines. It was ...
aerial ladder
an extensible ladder used for reaching heights, esp. from a hook-and-ladder truck. * * *
aerial mine
1. Mil. a mine designed to be dropped from the air into water. 2. a bomb or land mine designed to be dropped by parachute. [1905-10] * * *
aerial mosaic
Survey. mosaic (def. 4). * * *
aerial perspective
a technique of rendering depth or distance in painting by modifying the tone or hue and distinctness of objects perceived as receding from the picture plane, esp. by reducing ...
aerial photograph
—aerial photography. a photograph taken from an aircraft or satellite in flight. Also called aerophoto, air photograph. [1895-1900] * * *
aerial photography
      technique of photographing the Earth's surface or features of its atmosphere or hydrosphere with cameras mounted on aircraft, rockets, or Earth-orbiting satellites ...
aerial railway
tramway (def. 4). [1885-90] * * *
▪ 1994       The realization of an 11-year-old girl's transcontinental flying dream and two more frustrating setbacks in the round-the-world hopes of a balloonist ...
aerial survey
1. a survey made from above, as from an aircraft, a high point, etc. 2. a survey that maps an area by means of aerial photography, photogrammetry, and the like. [1915-20] * * *
aerial tanker
a multiengined aircraft designed to refuel other aircraft in flight. * * *
aerial tramway
tramway (def. 4). [1900-05] * * *
/air"ee euh list, ay ear"ee euh-/, n. 1. a trapeze artist. 2. Slang. a burglar who gains entrance to a building or apartment by leaping from rooftop to rooftop, sliding down ...
/air'ee al"i tee, ay ear'-/, n. unsubstantial quality. [1850-55; AERIAL + -ITY] * * *
aerial ladder n. A ladder that can be extended to reach high places, especially one mounted on a fire engine. * * *
aerial yam n. See air potato. * * *
/air"ee, ear"ee/, n. 1. the nest of a bird of prey, as an eagle or a hawk. 2. a lofty nest of any large bird. 3. a house, fortress, or the like, located high on a hill or ...
/air rif"euhr euhs/, adj. conveying air, as the bronchial tubes. [1680-90; AERI- + -FEROUS] * * *
/air'euh fi kay"sheuhn, ay ear'-/, n. 1. an act of combining with air. 2. the state of being filled with air. [1840-50; AERI- + -FICATION] * * *
/air"euh fawrm', ay ear"-/, adj. 1. having the form or nature of air; gaseous. 2. unsubstantial; unreal. [1780-90; AERI- + -FORM] * * *
/air"euh fuy', ay ear"-/, v.t., aerified, aerifying. 1. to aerate. 2. to make aeriform; convert into vapor. [1840-50; AERI- + -FY] * * *
/air"oh/, adj. 1. of or for aircraft. 2. of or pertaining to aeronautics. [1895-1900; AERO- used as free form] * * *
a combining form meaning "air," used in formation of compound words: aerodrome. Also, aer-, aeri-. [ < Gk, equiv. to aer- (s. of aér AIR1) + -o- -o-] * * *
1. aeronautic; aeronautical. 2. aeronautics. 3. aerospace. * * *
aer·o·al·ler·gen (âr'ō-ălʹər-jən) n. Any of various airborne substances, such as pollen or spores, that can cause an allergic response. * * *
/air"oh bak'teuhr/, n. any of several short, rod-shaped, Gram-negative bacteria of the genus Aerobacter, free living in nature and also normally inhabiting the intestinal tracts ...
See aeroballistics. * * *
—aeroballistic, adj. /air'oh beuh lis"tiks/, n. (used with a sing. v.) the science of ballistics combined with that of aerodynamics and dealing primarily with the motion ...
/air"euh bat'/, n. a person who performs aerobatics. [1855-60; AERO- + (ACRO)BAT] * * *
See aerobat. * * *
—aerobatic, adj. /air'euh bat"iks/, n. 1. (used with a pl. v.) stunts performed in flight by an airplane, glider, or the like. 2. (used with a sing. v.) the art or technique of ...
/air"ohb/, n. an organism, esp. a bacterium, that requires air or free oxygen for life (opposed to anaerobe). [1875-80; AER- + (MICR)OBE] * * * ▪ microbiology       an ...
/air"euh bee'/, n. a U.S. two-stage, liquid-propellant sounding rocket developed in the 1940s that carried scientific instruments and occasionally biological specimens into the ...
—aerobically, adv. /air roh"bik/, adj. 1. (of an organism or tissue) requiring the presence of air or free oxygen for life. 2. pertaining to or caused by the presence of ...
aerobic dancing
a system of exercises combining aerobics with dance steps and usually done to music. [1975-80] * * *
See aerobic. * * *
aer·o·bi·cize (â-rōʹbĭ-sīz') intr.v. aer·o·bi·cized, aer·o·bi·ciz·ing, aer·o·bi·ciz·es To perform vigorous exercise as part of a program to improve physical ...
/air roh"biks/, n. 1. Also called aerobic exercises. (used with a pl. v.) any of various sustained exercises, as jogging, rowing, swimming, or cycling, that stimulate and ...
See aerobiology. * * *
See aerobiological. * * *
/air'oh buy ol"euh jee/, n. the study of the dispersion of airborne biological materials, as pollen, spores, microorganisms, or viruses. [1935-40; AERO- + BIOLOGY] * * *
—aerobiotic /air'oh buy ot"ik/, adj. —aerobiotically, adv. /air'oh buy oh"sis/, n. Biol. life in an environment containing oxygen or air. [1895-1900; < NL; see AERO-, ...
See aerobiosis. * * *
aerobium [er ō′bē əm] n. pl. aerobia [er ō′bē ə] 〚ModL: see AEROBE〛 an aerobe * * * aer·o·bi·um (â-rōʹbē-əm) n. See aerobe.   [New Latin āerobium, from ...
aer·o·brak·ing (âr'ō-brāʹkĭng) n. The use of atmospheric drag rather than onboard thrusters to reduce the velocity of a satellite or spacecraft. * * *
/air"euh kul'cheuhr/, n. Agric. a method of growing plants without soil by suspending them above sprays that constantly moisten the roots with water and nutrients. Cf. geoponics, ...
aerodonetics [er΄ō dō net′iks, er΄ədō net′iks] n. 〚< Gr aerodonētos, soaring, air-tossed < aēr, air + donein, to shake + -ICS〛 the science of soaring in a ...
/air'oh don tal"jeuh, -jee euh/, n. Dentistry. a toothache caused by lowered barometric pressure, as in high-altitude flight. [AER- + ODONTALGIA] * * *
/air"euh drohm'/, n. Chiefly Brit. airdrome. [1905-10; AERO- + -DROME] * * *
aer·o·dy·nam·ic (âr'ō-dī-nămʹĭk) also aer·o·dy·nam·i·cal (-ĭ-kəl) adj. 1. Of or relating to aerodynamics. 2. Designed with rounded edges so as to reduce wind ...
aerodynamic trajectory
Rocketry. the path of an object, as a rocket, when the air is dense enough to modify the course of flight significantly. * * *
aerodynamic wave drag
Aeron. the restraining force on a supersonic aircraft caused by shock waves. Also called wave drag. * * *
See aerodynamic. * * *
/air'oh duy nam"euh sist/, n. an expert in aerodynamics. [1925-30; AERODYNAMIC + -IST] * * *
—aerodynamic, aerodynamical, adj. —aerodynamically, adv. /air'oh duy nam"iks/, n. (used with a sing. v.) the branch of mechanics that deals with the motion of air and other ...
/air"euh duyn'/, n. any heavier-than-air aircraft deriving its lift mainly from aerodynamic forces. [1905-10; back formation from AERODYNAMIC; see DYNE] * * *
—aeroelasticity /air'oh i la stis"i tee, -ee'la-/, n. /air'oh i las"tik/, adj. Aeron. (of an airframe) 1. of, pertaining to, or resulting from aerodynamic forces: tests to ...
/air'oh i las"tiks/, n. (used with a sing. v.) Aeron. the study of aeroelastic phenomena. [see AEROELASTIC, -ICS] * * *
/air'oh em"beuh liz'euhm/, n. Pathol. 1. an obstruction of the circulatory system caused by air, as may arise during surgery. 2. Also called the bends, caisson disease, ...
▪ Russian airline       Russian airline that was formerly the national airline of the Soviet Union.       The Soviet state airline was founded in 1928 under the ...
Aeroflot -Russian Airlines
National airline of the former Soviet Union. Founded in 1928 as Dobroflot, it was reorganized as Aeroflot in 1932. During the Soviet era Aeroflot was the world's largest ...
/air"euh foyl'/, n. Brit. airfoil. [AERO- + FOIL2] * * *
/air"euh jel'/, n. Chem. a gel formed by the dispersion of air in a solidified matrix; a solid foam, as Styrofoam. [1920-25; AERO- + GEL] * * *
—aerogenically, adv. /air'euh jen"ik/, adj. producing gas, as certain bacteria. Also, aerogenous /air roj"euh neuhs/. [AERO- + -GENIC] * * *
/air"euh gram'/, n. 1. a radiogram. 2. Older Use. a message carried by aircraft; an airmail letter. 3. Meteorol. a. a diagram for analyzing thermodynamic processes in the ...
/air"euh gram'/, n. a sheet of lightweight paper, bearing an official postal stamp imprint, that is folded to form its own envelope and can be sent via airmail at a special, low ...
/air"euh graf', -grahf'/, n. Meteorol. any automatic recording instrument for atmospheric measurement that is carried aloft by aircraft. [AERO- + -GRAPH] * * *
—aerographer, n. —aerographic /air'euh graf"ik/, aerographical, adj. /air rog"reuh fee/, n. the study of the air or atmosphere. [1745-55; AERO- + -GRAPHY] * * *
—aerolitic /air'euh lit"ik/, adj. /air"euh luyt'/, n. a meteorite consisting mainly of stony matter. Also, aerolith /air"euh lith/. [1805-15; AERO- + -LITE] * * *
See aerolite. * * *
See aerology. * * *
See aerologic. * * *
See aerologic. * * *
—aerologic /air'euh loj"ik/, aerological, adj. —aerologist, n. /air rol"euh jee/, n. 1. the branch of meteorology involving the observation of the atmosphere by means of ...
/air'oh mag net"ik/, adj. of, pertaining to, or based on an aerial survey of the earth's magnetic field: an aeromagnetic map. [1945-50; AERO- + MAGNETIC] * * *
See aeromagnetic. * * *
aer·o·mag·net·ics (âr'ō-măg-nĕtʹĭks) n. (used with a sing. verb) The science of magnetic characteristics associated with atmospheric ...
—aeromancer, n. —aeromantic, adj. /air"euh man'see/, n. the prediction of future events from observation of weather conditions. [1350-1400; ME. See AERO-, -MANCY] * * *
/air'oh meuh reen"/, adj. Aeron. relating to navigation of aircraft above the ocean. [1915-20; AERO- + MARINE] * * *
/air'oh meuh kan"ik/, n. 1. an aviation mechanic. adj. 2. of or pertaining to aeromechanics. [1895-1900; AERO- + MECHANIC] * * *
See aeromechanics. * * *
See aeromechanical. * * *
—aeromechanical, adj. /air'oh meuh kan"iks/, n. (used with a sing. v.) the mechanics of air or gases. [1895-1900; AERO- + MECHANICS] * * *
/air'euh med"i keuhl/, adj. of or pertaining to the science or practice of aviation medicine. [1935-40; AERO- + MEDICAL] * * *
/air'euh med"euh seuhn/, n. See aviation medicine. [AERO- + MEDICINE] * * *
/air'euh mee"tee euhr euh graf', -grahf', -mee'tee awr"euh-, -or"euh-/, n. a meteorograph for use in aircraft. [1940-45; AERO- + METEOROGRAPH] * * *
—aerometric /air'euh me"trik/, adj. —aerometry /air rom"i tree/, n. /air rom"i teuhr/, n. an instrument for determining the weight, density, etc., of air or other ...
aeronautics. * * *
/air"euh nawt', -not'/, n. 1. the pilot of a balloon or other lighter-than-air aircraft. 2. a traveler in an airship. [1775-85; < F aéronaute < Gk aero- AERO- + naútes sailor; ...
aer·o·nau·tic (âr'ə-nôʹtĭk) also aer·o·nau·ti·cal (-tĭ-kəl) adj. Of or relating to aeronautics.   aer'o·nauʹti·cal·ly adv. * * *
—aeronautically, adv. /air'euh naw"ti keuhl, -not"i-/, adj. of aeronautics or aeronauts. Also, aeronautic. [AERONAUT + -ICAL] * * *
aeronautical chart
aeronautical chart n. a topographic map of an area of the earth's surface, designed as an aid to aircraft navigation * * *
aeronautical engineering.
—aeronautical engineer. See under aerospace engineering. * * *
See aeronautic. * * *
/air'euh naw"tiks, -not"iks/, n. (used with a sing. v.) the science or art of flight. [1820-25; < NL aeronautica or F aéronautique; see AERO-, NAUTICAL, -ICS] * * *
aeroneurosis [er΄ō no͞o rō′sis, er΄ōnyo͞orō′sis] n. a nervous disorder of airplane pilots supposedly caused by the tension of excessive flying and characterized by ...
See aeronomy. * * *
See aeronomer. * * *
See aeronomer. * * *
See aeronomer. * * *
/air ron"euh mee/, n. the study of chemical and physical phenomena in the upper atmosphere. [1955-60; AERO- + -NOMY] * * *
/air"euh pawz'/, n. Aeron. the indefinite boundary in the upper atmosphere beyond which the air is too thin for conventional aircraft to operate. [1950-55; AERO- + PAUSE] * * *
/ay er"euh pee'/, n. Class. Myth. the wife of Atreus, seduced by her brother-in-law Thyestes. * * *
—aerophagist /air rof"euh jist/, n. /air'euh fay"jeuh, -jee euh/, n. Psychiatry. swallowing of air, sometimes due to nervousness or anxiety. [1900-05; AERO- + -PHAGIA] * * *
—aerophilatelic /air'oh fil'euh tel"ik/, adj. —aerophilatelist, n. /air'oh fi lat"l ee/, n. the study or collection of airmail stamps, cancellations, etc. [AERO- + ...
—aerophobic /air'euh foh"bik, -fob"ik/, adj. /air'euh foh"bee euh/, n. Psychiatry. an abnormal fear of drafts of air, gases, or airborne matter. [1765-75; AERO- + -PHOBIA] * * *
/air"euh fohn'/, n. any musical wind instrument. [1875-80; AERO- + -PHONE] * * * ▪ musical instrument       any of a class of musical instruments in which a vibrating ...
/air"euh fawr', -fohr'/, n. a portable device filled with compressed air and used in cases of asphyxia or the like. [1875-80; AERO- + -PHORE] * * *
—aerophotography /air'oh feuh tog"reuh fee/, n. /air"oh foh'toh/, n., pl. aerophotos. See aerial photograph. [AERO- + PHOTO] * * *
/air"euh fuyt'/, n. Bot. epiphyte. [1830-40; AERO- + -PHYTE] * * *
/air"euh playn'/, n. Chiefly Brit. airplane. [1870-75; < F aéroplane, equiv. to aéro- AERO- + -plane, appar. fem. of plan flat, level ( < L planus; cf. PLAIN1), perh. by assoc. ...
/air'euh pon"iks/, n. (used with a sing. v.) aeroculture. [AERO- + (GEO)PONICS, on the model of HYDROPONICS] * * *
/air"euh puls'/, n. See pulsejet engine. [AERO- + PULSE] * * *
aerosat [er′ō sat΄] n. 〚 AERO(
/air"euh skep'see/, n. Zool. perception of atmospheric conditions, as the perception of odors by the antennae of insects. Also, aeroscepsis /air'oh skep"sis/. [1825-35; AERO- + ...
aeroscope [er′ə skōp΄] n. an apparatus for gathering bacteria, dust, etc. from the air, for microscopic examination * * *
/air'oh suy'neuh suy"tis/, n. Med. inflammation of the nasal sinuses caused by the effect on the sinuses of changes in atmospheric pressure. Also called barosinusitus. [AERO- + ...
▪ 2002       The year 2001 was one of the highest peaks in the roller-coaster career of hard-rock survivors Aerosmith; the group was inducted into the Rock and Roll Hall ...
/air"euh sawl', -sol'/, n. 1. Physical Chem. a system of colloidal particles dispersed in a gas; smoke or fog. 2. a liquid substance, as a disinfectant or deodorant, sealed in a ...
aerosol bomb
a metal receptacle, containing an inert gas under pressure, that sprays an insecticide, disinfectant, or the like when the gas is released by opening a valve. [1940-45] * * *
aerosol container
      any package, usually a metal can or plastic bottle, designed to dispense its liquid contents as a mist or foam. This type of container was developed in 1941 by the ...
aerosol bomb Pushing the plunger cap on an aerosol can opens a valve, allowing pressurized contents to flow up the tube and exit the nozzle as an aerosol spray. Precision ...
—aerosolization, n. /air"euh saw luyz', -so-/, v.t., aerosolized, aerosolizing. 1. to disperse or discharge as an aerosol. 2. to contain or pack in aerosol form. Also, esp. ...
/air"oh spays'/, n. 1. the atmosphere and the space beyond considered as a whole. 2. the industry concerned with the design and manufacture of aircraft, rockets, missiles, ...
aerospace engineering
—aerospace engineer. the branch of engineering that deals with the design, development, testing, and production of aircraft and related systems (aeronautical engineering) and ...
aerospace industry
Introduction       assemblage of manufacturing concerns that deal with vehicular flight within and beyond the Earth's atmosphere. (The term aerospace is derived from the ...
aerospace medicine
aerospace medicine n. AVIATION MEDICINE * * * Branch of medicine, pioneered by Paul Bert, dealing with atmospheric flight (aviation medicine) and space flight (space ...
aerospace engineering n. Engineering related to aircraft and space vehicles. * * *
aerospace medicine n. See aeromedicine. * * *
/air"euh sfear'/, n. Aeron. (not in technical use) atmosphere. [1910-15; AERO- + -SPHERE] * * *
/air"euh stat'/, n. any lighter-than-air aircraft, as a balloon or dirigible. [1775-85; AERO- + -STAT] * * *
/air'euh stat"ik/, adj. 1. of or pertaining to aerostatics. 2. of, or capable of supporting, aerostats. Also, aerostatical. [1775-85; AERO- + STATIC] * * *
See aerostatic. * * *
/air'euh stat"iks/, n. (used with a sing. v.) 1. the branch of statics that deals with gases in equilibrium and with gases and bodies in the gases in equilibrium with one ...
/air'euh stay"sheuhn/, n. Aeron. the science or art of operating aerostats. [1775-85; AEROSTAT + -ION] * * *
See aerotaxis. * * *
aer·o·tax·is (âr'ə-tăkʹsĭs) n. Movement of an organism, especially a bacterium, toward or away from air or oxygen.   aer'o·tacʹtic adj. * * *
/air'oh ther'euh pyooh"tiks/, n. (used with a sing. v.) the branch of therapeutics that deals with the curative use of air or of artificially prepared atmospheres. Also, ...
See aerothermodynamics. * * *
—aerothermodynamic, adj. /air'oh therr'moh duy nam"iks/, n. (used with a sing. v.) aerodynamics dealing with conditions where there are significant heat exchanges in gases or ...
aerotitis media
/air"euh tuy"tis, air'-/ temporary deafness and pain arising from traumatic inflammation of the middle ear, caused by a rapid change in barometric pressure, as a rise in ambient ...
/air"euh toh'/, v.t. 1. to tow (an aircraft) through the air. n. 2. the act of aerotowing. [AERO- + TOW1] * * *
/air"euh trayn'/, n. an experimental high-speed train that rides on a cushion of air over a concrete guide track in the shape of an inverted T and is propelled by one or more ...
—aerotropic /air'euh trop"ik/, adj. /air ro"treuh piz'euhm/, n. Biol. growth or movement in the direction of a supply of air or oxygen. [AERO- + -TROPISM] * * *
/i rooh"jeuh neuhs, uy rooh"-/, adj. bluish-green; like verdigris. [1595-1605; < L aeruginosus, equiv. to aerugin- (s. of aerugo) AERUGO + -osus -OUS] * * *
/i rooh"goh, uy rooh"-/, n. verdigris. [1745-55; < L, equiv. to aer- (s. of aes AES) + -ugo suffix used in forming names of rusts and surface growths; cf. FERRUGINOUS, LANUGO] * ...
aery1 —aerily, adv. /air"ee, ay"euh ree/, adj., aerier, aeriest. ethereal; aerial. Also, aëry. [1580-90; < L aerius < Gk aérios, equiv. to aer- AER- + -ios adj. ...
/eez/, n. any of various early forms of bronze or copper money used in ancient Rome. Cf. as2 (def. 1). [ < L: copper, bronze, money made from them, money in general; see ORE] * * ...
/ash/, n. ash2 (def. 3). * * *
Aeschbacher, Hans
▪ Swiss sculptor born January 18, 1906, Zürich, Switzerland died January 27, 1980, Zürich       Swiss sculptor of severe and massive abstract ...
/es"keuh neez'/ or, esp. Brit., /ee"skeuh-/, n. 389-314 B.C., Athenian orator: rival of Demosthenes. * * * born 390 BC died с 314 BC Athenian orator. He and Demosthenes, who ...
See Aeschylus. * * *

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