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—Aeschylean /es'keuh lee"euhn/ or, esp. Brit., /ee'skeuh-/, adj. /es"keuh leuhs/ or, esp. Brit., /ee"skeuh-/, n. 525-456 B.C., Greek poet and dramatist. * * * born ...
/es'kyeuh lay"pee euhn/ or, esp. Brit., /ee'skeuh-/, adj. 1. pertaining to Aesculapius. 2. medical; medicinal. n. 3. a physician; doctor. Also, Esculapian. [1615-25; ...
/es'kyeuh lay"pee euhs/ or, esp. Brit., /ee'skeuh-/, n. the ancient Roman god of medicine and healing. Cf. Asclepius. * * *
/es"kyeuh lin/, n. Chem. esculin. * * *
/ay"sir, ay"zir/, n. (often l.c.) (used with a pl. v.) Scand. Myth. the principal race of gods, led by Odin and living at Asgard. Cf. Vanir. [ < ON, pl. of ass god; c. OE os god, ...
/ee"seuhp, ee"sop/, n. c620-c560 B.C., Greek writer of fables. * * * Supposed author of a collection of Greek fables, almost certainly a legendary figure. Though Herodotus, in ...
/ee soh"pee euhn, ee sop"ee-/, adj. 1. of, pertaining to, or characteristic of Aesop or his fables: a story that points an Aesopian moral. 2. conveying meaning by hint, ...
Aesopus, Claudius
▪ Roman tragedian Claudius also spelled  Clodius   flourished 1st century BC       most eminent of the Roman tragedians, contemporary and intimate friend of Cicero ...
Aesop’s Fables
a collection of short stories about animals which behave in a human way. Each story teaches a moral lesson. They are said to be by a Greek called Aesop who lived in the 6th ...
/es thee"zheuh, -zhee euh, -zee euh/, n. esthesia. Also, aesthesis /es thee"sis/. * * *
/es"theet/ or, esp. Brit., /ees"-/, n. 1. a person who has or professes to have refined sensitivity toward the beauties of art or nature. 2. a person who affects great love of ...
/es thet"ik/ or, esp. Brit., /ees-/, adj. 1. pertaining to a sense of the beautiful or to the science of aesthetics. 2. having a sense of the beautiful; characterized by a love ...
aesthetic distance
a degree of detachment from or nonidentification with the characters or circumstances of a work of art, permitting the formation of judgments based on aesthetic rather than ...
Aesthetic Movement
a movement that developed in England in the late 1880s. It was based on the belief that art should exist as an independent idea, and not in order to support religion, the state, ...
/es thet"i keuhl/ or, esp. Brit., /ees-/, adj. of or relating to aesthetics. Also, esthetical. [1790-1800; see AESTHETIC, -AL1] * * *
/es thet"ik lee/ or, esp. Brit., /ees-/, adv. 1. according to aesthetics or its principles. 2. in an aesthetic manner. Also, esthetically. [1820-30; AESTHETICAL + -LY] * * *
/es'thi tish"euhn/ or, esp. Brit., /ees'-/, n. a person who is versed in aesthetics. Also, esthetician. [1820-30; AESTHETIC + -IAN; see -ICIAN] * * *
/es thet"euh siz'euhm/ or, esp. Brit., /ees-/, n. 1. the acceptance of artistic beauty and taste as a fundamental standard, ethical and other standards being secondary. 2. an ...
aestheticize [es thet′i sīz΄] vt. aestheticized, aestheticizing to make a subject of aesthetic consideration; view or judge with regard to an aesthetic aestheticization n. * ...
/es thet"iks/ or, esp. Brit., /ees-/, n. (used with a sing. v.) 1. the branch of philosophy dealing with such notions as the beautiful, the ugly, the sublime, the comic, etc., as ...
/es"teuh veuhl, e stuy"-/ or, esp. Brit., /ee"steuh-, ee stuy"-/, adj. estival. * * *
—aestivation, n. —aestivator, n. /es"teuh vayt'/ or, esp. Brit., /ee"steuh-/, v.i., aestivated, aestivating. estivate. * * *
aestivation [es΄tə vā′shən] n. alt. sp. of ESTIVATION * * * aes·ti·va·tion (ĕs'tə-vāʹshən) n. Variant of estivation. * * *
aet or aetat abbrev. 〚L aetatis, gen. of aetas, life, AGE〛 aged (a specified number of years); at the age of * * *
at the age of. Also, aetat. [ < L aetatis] * * *
aetatis suae
/uy tah"tis sooh"uy/; Eng. /ee tay"tis sooh"ee/, Latin. in a certain year of one's age. * * *
Aeterni Patris
▪ encyclical by Leo XIII       an encyclical issued by Pope Leo XIII on Aug. 4, 1879, which strengthened the position of the philosophical system of the medieval ...
/ee thay"lee euhm/, n., pl. aethalia /-lee euh/. Mycol. a large, plump, pillow-shaped fruiting body of certain myxomycetes, formed by the aggregation of plasmodia into a single ...
▪ king of Mercia died 757, Seckington, Eng.       king of the Mercians from 716, who became the chief king of a confederation including all the Anglo-Saxon kingdoms ...
▪ king of Wessex died 865/866  king of the West Saxons, or Wessex, who succeeded to the subkingdom of Kent during the lifetime of his father Aethelwulf and retained it until ...
Aethelberht I
▪ king of Kent died Feb. 24, 616 or 618       king of Kent (560–616) who issued the first extant code of Anglo-Saxon laws. Reflecting some continental influence, the ...
▪ Anglo-Saxon ruler also spelled  Ethelfleda  or  Aelfled , also called  Lady of the Mercians  died June 12, 918, Tamworth, Eng.       Anglo-Saxon ruler of Mercia ...
▪ king of Bernicia and Deira also spelled  Ethelfrith  died 616?       king of Bernicia (from 592/593) and of Deira, which together formed ...
/ath"euh ling, adh"-/, n. atheling. * * * ▪ Anglo-Saxon aristocrat also spelled  Atheling, or Etheling,         in Anglo-Saxon England, generally any person of noble ...
▪ king of Mercia died 716, Bardney, Eng.       king of Mercia, who was a benefactor of many churches in his several provinces and at last retired to a ...
Aethelred I
▪ king of Wessex and Kent died April 871  king of Wessex and of Kent (865/866–871), son of Aethelwulf of Wessex.       By his father's will he should have succeeded ...
Aeth·el·red II (ĕthʹəl-rĕd') See Ethelred II. * * *
/ath"euhl stan'/, n. Athelstan. Also, Ethelstan. * * *
▪ English chronicler also spelled  Ethelwerd   died 998?       English chronicler and likely ealderman of the western provinces (probably the whole of Wessex), a ...
▪ Anglo-Saxon king also spelled  Ethelwulf   died 858  Anglo-Saxon king in England, the father of King Alfred the Great. As ruler of the West Saxons from 839 to 856, he ...
—aethereal /i thear"ee euhl/, aetheric /i ther"ik/, adj. /ee"theuhr/, n. 1. ether (defs. 3-5). 2. (cap.) the ancient Greek personification of the clear upper air of the sky. * ...
aethereal [ē thir′ē əl, ithir′ē əl] adj. alt. sp. of ETHEREAL * * *
/ee"thon/, n. Chem. See triethyl orthoformate. [ < L < Gk aíthon burning] * * *
▪ Greek mythology       in Greek mythology, daughter of King Pittheus of Troezen and mother of Theseus. Thinking to help fulfill the prophecy of the Oracle at Delphi ...
—aetiologic /ee'tee euh loj"ik/, aetiological adj. —aetiologically, adv. —aetiologist, n. /ee'tee ol"euh jee/, n., pl. aetiologies. etiology. * * *
▪ Syrian bishop flourished 4th century       Syrian bishop and heretic who, during the theological controversies over the Christian Trinity, founded the extreme Arian ...
Aetius, Flavius
▪ Roman general born , Durostorum, Moesia Inferior [modern Silistra, Bulgaria] died September 21, 454       Roman general and statesman who was the dominating influence ...
/et"neuh/, n. Mount. See Etna, Mount. * * *
Aet·na (ĕtʹnə), Mount See Etna, Mount. * * *
—Aetolian, adj., n. /ee toh"lee euh/, n. an ancient district in W Greece, now part of the province of Aetolia and Acarnania. See map under Delphi. Modern Greek, Aitolía. * * ...
See Aetolia. * * *
Aetolian League
Federal state of ancient Aetolia in central Greece, probably based on a looser tribal community. A leading power by с 340 BC, the Aetolian League resisted invasions by ...
/eet"l euhs/, n. Class. Myth. son of Endymion and founder of Aetolia. * * *
1. Air Force. 2. Anglo-French. 3. Asian Female. * * *
var. of ad- before f: affect. * * *
1. Africa. 2. African. * * *
as far as I know. * * *
AFAM or AF & AM abbrev. Ancient Free and Accepted Masons * * *
Afanasev, Aleksandr Nikolayevich
▪ Russian historian and scholar born July 11 [July 23, New Style], 1826, Boguchar, Voronezh province [now in Russia] died Sept. 23 [Oct. 5], 1871       historian and ...
Afanasyev, Viktor Grigoryevich
▪ 1995       Russian journalist (b. Nov. 18, 1922, Aktamysh, Tatar A.S.S.R., Russian Soviet Federated Socialist Republic—d. April 10, 1994, Moscow, Russia), as deputy ...
/euh fahr"/, adv. 1. from, at, or to a distance; far away (usually fol. by off): He saw the castle afar off. n. 2. from afar, from a long way off: The princess saw him riding ...
/ah"fahr/, n., pl. Afars, Afara /euh fahr"euh/, (esp. collectively) Afar for 1. 1. a member of a nomadic Muslim people living in Eritrea, Djibouti, and northern Ethiopia. 2. the ...
Afars and Issas
/euh fahrz" euhnd ee"sahz/ French Territory of the, a former name of Djibouti (def. 1). * * *
Afars and Issas,French Territory of
A·fars and Is·sas (ə-färsʹ; īʹsəs), French Territory of See Djibouti. * * *
Air Force Base. * * *
See American Farm Bureau Federation. * * *
1. American Football Conference. 2. American Foxhound Club. 3. Association Football Club. 4. automatic flight control. 5. automatic frequency control. * * *
Aid to Families with Dependent Children. Also, A.F.D.C. * * *
/euh feard"/, adj. Brit. and Midland and Southern U.S. afraid. Also, afeared. [bef. 1000; ME afered, OE afaered frightened (ptp. of afaeran). See A-3, FEAR, -ED2] * * *
/ay fee"breuhl, ay feb"reuhl/, adj. without fever; feverless. [1870-75; A-6 + FEBRILE] * * *
/af/, prep., adv. Scot. off. * * *
1. affirmative. 2. affix. * * *
See affable. * * *
—affability, affableness, n. —affably, adv. /af"euh beuhl/, adj. 1. pleasantly easy to approach and to talk to; friendly; cordial; warmly polite: an affable and courteous ...
See affability. * * *
/euh fair"/, n. 1. anything done or to be done; anything requiring action or effort; business; concern: an affair of great importance. 2. affairs, matters of commercial or public ...
Affair of the Diamond Necklace
(1785) Scandal at the court of Louis XVI that discredited the French monarchy on the eve of the French Revolution. An adventuress, the countess de la Motte, schemed to acquire a ...
affaire [ə fer′] n. 〚Fr〛 AFFAIR (senses 5 & 6) * * *
affaire d'amour
/ann ferdd dann moohrdd"/, pl. affaires d'amour /ann ferdd dann moohrdd"/. French. a love affair. Also called affaire. * * *
affaire d'honneur
/ann ferdd daw nuerdd"/, pl. affaires d'honneur /ann ferdd daw nuerdd"/. French. a duel. [lit., affair of honor] * * *
affaire de coeur
/ann ferdd deuh kuerdd"/, pl. affaires de coeur /ann ferdd deuh kuerdd"/. French. a love affair. Also called affaire. [lit., affair of the heart] * * *
af·faire d'a·mour (ä-fârʹ dä-mo͝orʹ) n. pl. af·faires d'amour (ä-fârʹ) A love affair.   [French : affaire, affair + de, of + amour, love.] * * *
af·faire d'hon·neur (ä-fârʹ dô-nœrʹ) n. pl. af·faires d'honneur (ä-fârʹ) An affair of honor; a duel.   [French : affaire, affair + de, of + honneur, honor.] * * *
affairede coeur
af·faire de coeur (ä-fârʹ də kœrʹ) n. pl. af·faires de coeur (ä-fârʹ) A love affair.   [French : affaire, affair + de, of + cœur, heart.] * * *
affect1 —affectable, adj. —affectability, n. v. /euh fekt"/; n. /af"ekt/, v.t. 1. to act on; produce an effect or change in: Cold weather affected the crops. 2. to impress ...
/af'ek tay"sheuhn/, n. 1. an effort to appear to have a quality not really or fully possessed; the pretense of actual possession: an affectation of interest in art; affectation ...
affected1 /euh fek"tid/, adj. 1. acted upon; influenced. 2. influenced in a harmful way; impaired, harmed, or attacked, as by climate or disease. 3. (of the mind or feelings) ...
See affected2. * * *
See affectedly. * * *
See affect2. * * *
—affectingly, adv. /euh fek"ting/, adj. moving or exciting the feelings or emotions. [1555-65; AFFECT1 + -ING2] Syn. touching, pathetic, piteous, stirring. * * *
See affecting. * * *
affection1 —affectionless, adj. /euh fek"sheuhn/, n. 1. fond attachment, devotion, or love: the affection of a parent for an only child. 2. Often, affections. a. emotion; ...
—affectionally, adv. /euh fek"sheuh nl/, adj. relating to or implying affection. [1855-60; AFFECTION1 + -AL1] * * *
See affectional. * * *
—affectionately, adv. —affectionateness, n. /euh fek"sheuh nit/, adj. 1. showing, indicating, or characterized by affection or love; fondly tender: an affectionate ...
See affectionate. * * *
See affectionately. * * *
affections, doctrine of the
▪ music also called  Doctrine Of Affects,  German  Affektenlehre,         theory of musical aesthetics, widely accepted by late Baroque theorists and composers, ...
—affectively, adv. —affectivity /af'ek tiv"i tee/, n. /af"ek tiv/, adj. 1. of, caused by, or expressing emotion or feeling; emotional. 2. causing emotion or ...
affective disorder
Psychiatry. any mental disorder, as depressive disorder, bipolar disorder, or cyclothymia, in which a major disturbance of feelings or emotions is predominant. * * * Mental ...
affective fallacy
a proposition in literary criticism that a poem should be analyzed and described in terms of its own internal structure and not in terms of the emotional response it arouses in ...
affective disorder n. A mental disorder characterized by a consistent, pervasive alteration in mood, and affecting thoughts, emotions, and behaviors. * * *
See affective. * * *
See affectively. * * *
—affectlessly, adv. —affectlessness, n. /af"ekt lis/, adj. lacking feeling or emotion; indifferent to the suffering of others: an affectless, futuristic drama in which the ...
See affectless. * * *
Affenkapelle ware
▪ porcelain  (German: “Monkey Orchestra”), a series of figures created by the Meissen porcelain factory in Saxony (now in Germany) about 1747 and imitated later. ...
/af"euhn pin'sheuhr/, n. one of a breed of toy dogs having a dense, wiry, red or gray coat with tufts of hair around the eyes, nose, and chin, cropped ears, and a docked tail. ...
—afferently, adv. /af"euhr euhnt/, Physiol. adj. 1. bringing to or leading toward an organ or part, as a nerve or arteriole (opposed to efferent). n. 2. a nerve carrying a ...
See afferent. * * *
/euh fech'ooh oh"soh/; It. /ahf'fet twaw"zaw/, adj. adv., n., pl. affettuosos. Music. adj., adv. 1. with affection and tenderness (a musical direction). n. 2. a composition or ...
/euh fuy"euhns/, v., affianced, affiancing, n. v.t. 1. to pledge by promise of marriage; betroth. n. Archaic. 2. a pledging of faith, as a marriage contract. 3. trust; ...
/euh fuy"euhnst/, adj. betrothed; engaged. [1570-80; AFFIANCE + -ED2] * * *
/euh fuy"euhnt/, n. Law. a person who makes an affidavit. [1800-10, Amer.; obs. v. affy to confide ( < MF afier; see AFFIANCE) + -ANT] * * *
/ann feesh"/, n., pl. affiches /ann feesh"/. French. a notice posted in a public place; poster. * * *
/euh fish'yeuh nah"doh/, n., pl. afficionados. aficionado. * * *
/af'i day"vit/, n. Law. a written declaration upon oath made before an authorized official. [1615-25; < ML affidavit (he) has declared on oath, perf. 3rd sing. of affidare; see ...
—affiliable /euh fil"ee euh beuhl/, adj. —affiliative /euh fil"ee ay'tiv, -fil"ee euh-/, adj. v. /euh fil"ee ayt'/; n. /euh fil"ee it, -ayt'/, v., affiliated, affiliating, ...
/euh fil"ee ay'tid/, adj. being in close formal or informal association; related: a letter sent to all affiliated clubs; a radio network and its affiliated local ...
➡ radio * * *
/euh fil'ee ay"sheuhn/, n. the act of affiliating; state of being affiliated or associated. [1745-55; < ML affiliation- (s. of affiliatio adoption); see AFFILIATE, -ION] * * *
affiliation order
Brit. Law. a court order requiring the father of an illegitimate child to make child-support payments. [1830-40] * * *
affiliative drive
/euh fil"ee euh tiv, -ay'tiv/ the urge to form friendships and attachments, typically prompting a person to attend social gatherings and join organizations as a way of preventing ...
/a fuyn"l, euh fuyn"l, af"uyn l/, adj. related by or concerning marriage. [1600-10; < L affin(is) a relative + AL1. See AFFINITY] * * *
—affinely, adv. /a fuyn", euh fuyn", af"uyn/, n. 1. a person related to one by marriage. adj. Math. 2. assigning finite values to finite quantities. 3. of or pertaining to a ...
affine geometry
the branch of geometry dealing with affine transformations. [1915-20] * * *
affine group
Math. the group of all affine transformations of a finite-dimensional vector space. [1915-20] * * *
/euh fuynd"/, adj. 1. closely related or connected. 2. bound; obligated. [1590-1600; AFFINE + -ED3] * * *
/euh fin"i tiv/, adj. characterized by affinity; closely related or associated. [1645-55; AFFINIT(Y) + -IVE] * * *
/euh fin"i tee/, n., pl. affinities., adj. n. 1. a natural liking for or attraction to a person, thing, idea, etc. 2. a person, thing, idea, etc., for which such a natural liking ...
affinity card
a credit card issued in conjunction with an organization, as a university or sports club. [1985-90] * * *
affinity group
a group of persons affiliated with the same organization, college, etc., often receiving certain discounts or other privileges. * * *
affinity card n. A credit card sponsored by an organization, such as a university or business, that receives part of the card user's fees. * * *
affinity group n. A group of people who share a common interest, background, or goal. * * *
—affirmable, adj. —affirmably, adv. —affirmer, n. —affirmingly, adv. /euh ferrm"/, v.t. 1. to state or assert positively; maintain as true: to affirm one's loyalty to ...
See affirm. * * *
See affirmable. * * *
/euh ferr"meuhns/, n. affirmation. [1350-1400; ME affermance < MF; see AFFIRM, -ANCE] * * *
/euh ferr"meuhnt/, n. a person who affirms. [1740-50; AFFIRM + -ANT] * * *
/af'euhr may"sheuhn/, n. 1. the act or an instance of affirming; state of being affirmed. 2. the assertion that something exists or is true. 3. something that is affirmed; a ...
—affirmatively, adv. /euh ferr"meuh tiv/, adj. 1. affirming or assenting; asserting the truth, validity, or fact of something. 2. expressing agreement or consent; assenting: an ...
affirmative action
—affirmative-action, adj. the encouragement of increased representation of women and minority-group members, esp. in employment. [1960-65] * * * In the U.S., the effort to ...
affirmative flag
Naut. a flag having five horizontal stripes, blue, white, red, white, and blue, from top to bottom, signifying "yes": letter C in the International Code of Signals. * * *
affirmative action n. A policy or a program that seeks to redress past discrimination through active measures to ensure equal opportunity, as in education and employment. * * *
See affirmative. * * *
/euh ferr"meuh tawr'ee, -tohr'ee/, adj. affirmative. [1645-55; AFFIRMAT(ION) + -ORY1] * * *
See affirmable. * * *
affirming gun.
See informing gun. * * *
—affixable, adj. —affixal /a fik"seuhl/, affixial /a fik"see euhl/, adj. —affixer, n. —affixment, n. v. /euh fiks"/; n. /af"iks/, v.t. 1. to fasten, join, or attach ...
See affix. * * *
See affixable. * * *
See affixable. * * *
/af'ik say"sheuhn/, n. 1. affixture. 2. Gram. the process of inflection or derivation that consists of adding an affix. [1850-55; AFFIX + -ATION] * * *
See affixable. * * *
/euh fiks"cheuhr/, n. the act of affixing; attachment. Also, affixation. [1785-95; b. obs. affixion (see AFFIX, -ION) and FIXTURE] * * *
/euh flay"tid/, adj. having inspiration; inspired. [1840-50; obs. afflate to inspire ( < L afflatus, ptp. of afflare; see AFFLATUS) + -ED2] * * *
/euh flay"teuhs/, n. 1. inspiration; an impelling mental force acting from within. 2. divine communication of knowledge. [1655-65; < L afflatus a breathing on, equiv. to af- AF- ...
Affleck, Thomas
born 1745, Aberdeen, Scot. died 1795, Philadelphia, Pa., U.S. Scottish-born U.S. cabinetmaker. Trained in England, he moved to Philadelphia, where he produced outstanding ...
—afflictedness, n. —afflicter, n. /euh flikt"/, v.t. 1. to distress with mental or bodily pain; trouble greatly or grievously: to be afflicted with arthritis. 2. Obs. a. to ...
See afflict. * * *
—afflictionless, adj. /euh flik"sheuhn/, n. 1. a state of pain, distress, or grief; misery: They sympathized with us in our affliction. 2. a cause of mental or bodily pain, as ...
—afflictively, adv. /euh flik"tiv/, adj. characterized by or causing pain, distress, or grief; distressing. [1605-15; AFFLICT + -IVE] * * *
See afflicter. * * *
/af"looh euhns/ or, often, /euh flooh"-/, n. 1. abundance of money, property, and other material goods; riches; wealth. 2. an abundant supply, as of thoughts or words; ...
/af"looh euhn see/ or, often, /euh flooh"-/, n., pl. affluencies. affluence (def. 2). [1655-65; see AFFLUENCE, -ENCY] * * *
—affluently, adv. /af"looh euhnt/ or, often, /euh flooh"-/, adj. 1. having an abundance of wealth, property, or other material goods; prosperous; rich: an affluent person. 2. ...
See affluent. * * *
/af"luks/, n. 1. something that flows to or toward a point: an afflux of blood to the head. 2. the act of flowing to or toward; flow. [1605-15; < ML affluxus, deriv. of L ...
/euh fawrd", euh fohrd"/, v.t. 1. to be able to do, manage, or bear without serious consequence or adverse effect: The country can't afford another drought. 2. to be able to meet ...
See affordable. * * *
—affordability, n. —affordably, adv. /euh fawr"deuh beuhl/, adj. 1. that can be afforded; believed to be within one's financial means: attractive new cars at affordable ...
See affordability. * * *
—afforestation, afforestment, n. /euh fawr"ist, euh for"-/, v.t. to convert (bare or cultivated land) into forest, originally for the purpose of providing hunting ...
See afforest. * * *
—affranchisement, n. /euh fran"chuyz/, v.t., affranchised, affranchising. to free from a state of dependence, servitude, or obligation. [1450-1500; late ME < MF afranchiss-, ...
/euh fray"/, n. 1. a public fight; a noisy quarrel; brawl. 2. Law. the fighting of two or more persons in a public place. v.t. 3. Archaic. to frighten. [1275-1325; ME < AF afray ...
/euh fray"euhr/, n. a person who engages in an affray; brawler. [1545-55; AFFRAY + -ER1] * * *
Affre, Denis-Auguste
▪ archbishop of Paris born Sept. 28, 1793, Saint-Rome-de-Tarn, France died June 27, 1848, Paris  prelate, archbishop of Paris, and opponent of King Louis-Philippe, ...
—affreighter, n. —affreightment, n. /euh frayt"/, v.t. to charter (a ship) as a freight carrier. [1840-50; < F affréter (resp. by influence of freight), equiv. to a- A-5 ( < ...
▪ international law       contract for carriage of goods by water, “freight” being the price paid for the service of carriage. Such contracts are of immense ...
n. /af"ri kit/; v. /af"ri kayt'/, n., v., affricated, affricating. Phonet. n. 1. Also called affricative. a speech sound comprising occlusion, plosion, and frication, as either ...
/af'ri kay"sheuhn/, n. Phonet. the act or process of changing a stop sound to an affricate. [1930-40; AFFRICATE + -ION] * * *
/euh frik"euh tiv, af"reuh kay'-/, Phonet. n. 1. affricate (def. 1). adj. 2. of or pertaining to an affricate. 3. articulated as an affricate. [AFFRICATE + -IVE] * * *
/euh fruyt"/, Archaic. v.t. 1. to frighten. n. 2. sudden fear or terror; fright. 3. a source of terror. 4. the act of terrifying. [bef. 1000; ME afrighten, OE afyrhtan, equiv. to ...
See affright. * * *
—affrontedly, adv. —affrontedness, n. —affronter, n. —affrontingly, adv. /euh frunt"/, n. 1. a personally offensive act or word; deliberate act or display of disrespect; ...
—affrontiveness, n. /euh frun"tiv/, adj. Archaic. insulting; offensive. [1650-60; AFFRONT + -IVE] * * *
affidavit. * * *
/euh fyooh"zheuhn/, n. the pouring on of water or other liquid, as in the rite of baptism. [1605-15; < LL affusion- (s. of affusio a pouring upon), equiv. to affus(us) (ptp. of ...
Afg or Afghan abbrev. Afghanistan * * *
Afg. abbr. Afghanistan. * * *
American Federation of Government Employees. * * *
Afghanistan. Also, Afg. * * *
/af"gan, -geuhn/, n. 1. Also, Afghani. a native or inhabitant of Afghanistan. 2. Pashto. 3. (l.c.) a soft woolen blanket, crocheted or knitted, usually in a geometric pattern. 4. ...
Afghan carpet
 thick, heavy floor covering handwoven by Turkmen craftsmen in Afghanistan and adjacent parts of Uzbekistan. While most of the weavers could be broadly labeled Ersari Turkmen, ...
Afghan hound
Breed of dog developed as a hunter in the hill country of Afghanistan. It was brought to Europe in the late 19th century by British soldiers returning from the Indian-Afghan ...
Afghan interlude
▪ Iranian history       (1722–30), period in Iranian history that began with the Afghan conquest of Iran and ended with the defeat and death of the Afghan ruler ...
Afghan War
▪ 1978–92       in the history of Afghanistan, the internal conflict (1978–92) between anticommunist Muslim (Islāmic world) guerrillas and the Afghan communist ...
Afghan wars
Series of wars in Afghanistan during the 19th, 20th, and early 21st centuries. In the 19th century Britain twice invaded Afghanistan (the first and second Anglo-Afghan Wars; ...
Afghan hound n. A large, slender hunting dog having long, thick hair, a pointed muzzle, and drooping ears. * * *
/af gan"ee, -gah"nee/, n. 1. Afghan (def. 1). 2. Pashto. 3. (l.c.) a coin and monetary unit of Afghanistan, equal to 100 puls. Abbr.: Agh. [1925-30; < Pers Afghan AFGHAN + -i ...
/af gan"euh stan'/, n. a republic in central Asia, NW of India and E of Iran. 23,738,085; 250,000 sq. mi. (647,500 sq. km). Cap.: Kabul. * * * Afghanistan Introduction ...
Afghanistan, flag of
▪ Flag History       vertically striped black-red-green national flag with a central coat of arms (arms, coat of). Its width-to-length ratio is 1 to ...
/euh fish'yeuh nah"deuh/; Sp. /ah fee'thyaw nah"dhah, ah fee'syaw-/, n., pl. aficionadas /-deuhz/; Sp. /-dhahs/. a woman who is an ardent devotee; fan; enthusiast. [1950-55; < ...
/euh fish'yeuh nah"doh/; Sp. /ah fee'thyaw nah"dhaw, ah fee'syaw-/, n., pl. aficionados /-dohz/; Sp. /-dhaws/. an ardent devotee; fan, enthusiast. Also, afficionado. [1835-45; < ...
/euh feeld"/, adv. 1. abroad; away from home. 2. off the beaten path; far and wide: to go afield in one's reading. 3. off the mark: His criticism was totally afield. 4. in or to ...
/ah'fee koh"meuhn/, n. Judaism. a piece of matzo broken off from the center one of the three matzoth set before the leader of a Seder: it is hidden by the leader and later ...
/euh fuyeur"/, adj. 1. on fire: to set a house afire. 2. aflame (def. 2). [1175-1225; ME; see A-1, FIRE] * * *
1. See American Federation of Labor. 2. American Football League. * * *
AFL Grand Final
▪ Table AFL Grand Final year result 1990 Collingwood Magpies 13.11 (89) Essendon Bombers 5.11 (41) 1991 Hawthorn Hawks 20.19 (139) West Coast Eagles 13.8 (86) 1992 West ...
See American Federation of Labor and Congress of Industrial Organizations. * * * in full American Federation of Labor-Congress of Industrial Organizations U.S. federation of ...
/euh flaym"/, adj. 1. on fire; ablaze: The house was all aflame. 2. eager and excited: I was aflame with curiosity. [1545-55; A-1 + FLAME] * * *
Aflaq, Michel
born 1910, Damascus, Syria died June 23, 1989, Paris, France Syrian social and political leader. While studying at the University of Paris (1929–34), he came to believe that ...
Aflaq, Michelʿ
▪ Syrian political leader ʿAflaq also spelled  Aflak   born 1910, Damascus, Syria, Ottoman Empire [now Syria] died June 23, 1989, Paris, Fr.       social and ...
af·la·tox·i·co·sis (ăf'lə-tŏkʹsĭ-kōʹsĭs) n. Poisoning caused by the consumption of substances or foods contaminated with aflatoxin.   [aflatoxin + toxicosis.] * * *
/af'leuh tok"sin/, n. any of various related mycotoxins produced by a species of Aspergillus, commonly A. flavus, found as a contaminant in moldy grains and meals, as in rice and ...
/euh floht"/, adv., adj. 1. floating or borne on the water; in a floating condition: The ship was set afloat. 2. on board a ship, boat, raft, etc.; at sea: cargo afloat and ...
/euh flut"euhr/, adj. in a flutter. [1820-30; A-1 + FLUTTER] * * *
1. American Federation of Musicians. 2. audio frequency modulation: a method for recording high-fidelity stereo sound on home videotape recorders and on video discs. * * *
➡ American Forces Network. * * *
/ay foh"keuhl/, adj. Optics. pertaining to or having no finite focal point, as a telescope. [A-6 + FOCAL] * * *
/euh fawg"nak, euh fog"-/, n. an island off southern Alaska, in the Gulf of Alaska, N of Kodiak Island. 721 sq. mi. (1867 sq. km). * * *
A·fog·nak Island (ə-fôgʹnăk', -fŏg-) An island of Alaska in the western Gulf of Alaska north of Kodiak. * * *
(as used in expressions) Afonso III Afonso I Afonso the Conqueror Albuquerque Afonso de Afonso the Great * * *
Afonso I
known as Afonso the Conqueror born 1109/11, Guimarães, Port. died Dec. 6, 1185, Coimbra First king of Portugal (1139–85). He defeated his mother to take the throne (1128), ...
Afonso II
▪ king of Portugal byname  Afonso The Fat,  Portuguese  Afonso O Gordo  born 1185?, Coimbra, Port. died March 25, 1223, Coimbra       the third king of Portugal ...
Afonso III
born May 5, 1210, Coimbra, Port. died Feb. 16, 1279, Lisbon King of Portugal (1248–79). He emigrated to France and became, by marriage, count of Boulogne. He gained the ...
Afonso IV
▪ king of Portugal byname  Afonso The Brave,  Portuguese  Afonso O Bravo  born Feb. 8, 1291, Lisbon died May 28, 1357, Lisbon       seventh king of Portugal ...
Afonso V
▪ king of Portugal byname  Afonso The African,  Portuguese  Afonso O Africano  born Jan. 15, 1432, Sintra, Port. died Aug. 28, 1481, Sintra       10th king of ...
Afonso VI
▪ king of Portugal born Aug. 21, 1643, Lisbon died Sept. 12, 1683, Sintra, Port.       king of Portugal, whose reign was marked by internal disputes between his ...
/euh foot"/, adv., adj. 1. on foot; walking: I came afoot. 2. astir; in progress: There is mischief afoot. [1175-1225; ME a fote, on fote. See A-1, FOOT] * * *
/euh fawr", euh fohr"/, adv., prep., conj. Older Use. before. [bef. 900; late ME; ME aforne, aforen, OE on foran. See A-1, FORE1] * * *
afore- [ə fôr′] combining form before [aforementioned] * * *
/euh fawr"hand', euh fohr"-/, adv. Older Use. beforehand. [1400-50; late ME. See AFORE, HAND] * * *
/euh fawr"men'sheuhnd, euh fohr"-; euh fawr' men"sheuhnd, euh fohr'-/, adj. cited or mentioned earlier or previously. [1580-90; AFORE + MENTION + -ED2] * * *
/euh fawr"sed', euh fohr"-/, adj. said or mentioned earlier or previously. [1375-1425; late ME; see AFORE, SAID1] * * *
/euh fawr"thawt', euh fohr"-/, adj. 1. thought of previously; premeditated (usually used predicatively): with malice aforethought. n. 2. premeditation; forethought. [1575-85; ...
/euh fawr"tuym', euh fohr"-/, adv. 1. in time past; in a former time; previously. adj. 2. former; previous. [1525-35; AFORE + TIME] * * *
a for·ti·o·ri (ä fôr'tē-ôrʹē, āfōr'tē-ōʹrī') adv. For a still stronger reason; all the more.   [Latin :ā, ab, from + fortiōrī, ablative of fortior, ...
/euh fowl"/, adv., adj. 1. in a state of collision or entanglement: a ship with its shrouds afoul. 2. run or come or fall afoul of, a. to become entangled with: The boat ran ...
a·foul of (ə-foulʹ) prep. 1. In or into collision, entanglement, or conflict with. 2. Up against; in trouble with: ran afoul of the law. * * *
alphafetoprotein. * * *
African. * * *
var. of Afro- before a vowel: Afrasian. * * *
1. Africa. 2. African. * * *
/euh frayd"/, adj. 1. feeling fear; filled with apprehension: afraid to go. 2. feeling regret, unhappiness, or the like: I'm afraid we can't go on Monday. 3. feeling reluctance, ...
Afram River
▪ river, Ghana       river, in southern Ghana, western Africa. It rises 16 miles (26 km) northwest of Mampong and flows southeast into Lake Volta (formerly the Afram was ...
/af'reuh mer"i keuhn/, adj., n. Afro-American. [AFR- + AMERICAN] * * *
Afranius, Lucius
▪ Roman general born , Picenum [Italy] died 46 BC, Africa province [now in Tunisia]       Roman general, a devoted adherent of Pompey the ...
/af ray"zheuh, -sheuh/, n. N Africa and SW Asia considered together. [AFR- + ASIA] * * *
/af ray"zheuhn, -sheuhn/, adj. 1. of Afrasia. 2. of mixed African and Asian descent. n. 3. the offspring of an African and an Asian. [AFRASI(A) + -AN] * * *
/af"reet, euh freet"/, n. Arabian Myth. a powerful evil demon or monster. Also, afrit. [1795-1805; < dial. Ar 'afrit < Pahlavi afritan creature] * * *
/euh fresh"/, adv. anew; once more; again: to start afresh. [1500-10; A-2 + FRESH] * * *
/af"rik/, adj. African. [1580-90; < L Africus, equiv. to Afr-, s. of Afer African + -icus -IC] * * *
/af"ri keuh/, n. 1. a continent S of Europe and between the Atlantic and Indian oceans. 551,000,000; ab. 11,700,000 sq. mi. (30,303,000 sq. km). adj. 2. African. * * * I Second ...
Africa's Struggle Against AIDS
▪ 2000 by Elizabeth Pisani Sub-Saharan Africa will move into the 21st century carrying the crippling burden of AIDS, a disease that is slashing life expectancy, shattering ...
Africa, Roman
Proconsular Roman province. It was founded after Rome defeated Carthage in 146 BC and was subsequently extended to include Numidia and the northern part of modern Libya. Between ...
—Africanness, n. /af"ri keuhn/, adj. 1. Also, Africa. of or from Africa; belonging to the black peoples of Africa n. 2. a native or inhabitant of Africa. 3. (loosely) a black ...
▪ 1994 Introduction       The subcontinent's 48 states experienced a year of promise and disappointment. A new state, Eritrea, was born in May; three serious violent ...
African American
n a US name for black Americans descended from Africans, especially those descended from American slaves. The name has become more popular and politically correct (= avoiding ...
African American English
▪ dialect       a language variety that has also been identified at different times in dialectology and literary studies as Black English, black dialect, and Negro ...
African American literature
▪ literature Introduction       body of literature written by Americans of African descent. Beginning in the pre-Revolutionary War period, African American writers have ...
African architecture
Introduction       the architecture of native Africa, particularly of sub-Saharan Africa. In areas where Islam and Christianity linked Africa to the rest of the world in ...
African arts
Visual, performing, and literary arts of sub-Saharan Africa. What gives art in Africa its special character is the generally small scale of most of its traditional societies, in ...

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