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African cherry-orange
/cher"ee awr'inj, -or'-/ a citrus shrub or small tree, Citropsis schweinfurthi, of Africa, having a limelike but sweet fruit. * * *
African Cup of Nations
▪ football competition       the most prestigious football (football () (soccer) competition in Africa. It is contested by national teams and is organized by the ...
African daisy
any of several composite plants native to Africa, esp. of the genera Arctotis, Gerbera, and Lonas, having showy, daisylike flowers. * * *
African dance
Introduction  performing art deeply woven into the social fabric of Africa and generally involving aspects of music and theatre as well as rhythmic bodily movement. See also ...
African Development Bank
French  Banque Africaine de Développement        African organization established in 1964, operational beginning in 1966, and dedicated to financing the economic and ...
African dominoes
Slang (disparaging and offensive). dice, esp. as used in the game of craps. [1920-25, Amer.] * * *
African elephant
African elephant n. see ELEPHANT * * *
African elephant.
See under elephant (def. 1). [1945-50] * * *
African Games
▪ sports also called  Pan-African Games  or  All-Africa Games        international athletics (track-and-field) competition sponsored by the International ...
African grape
Slang (offensive). a watermelon. * * *
African gray.
See gray parrot. * * *
African Greek Orthodox Church
      a religious movement in East Africa that represents a prolonged search for a Christianity more African and, its adherents say, more authentic than the denominational ...
African green monkey.
See green monkey. * * *
African honeybee.
See killer bee. * * *
African horse sickness
▪ pathology also called  equine plague        disease of Equidae (horses, mules, donkeys, and zebras) caused by an orbivirus called AHSV (family Reoviridae) that is ...
African hunting dog
▪ mammal also called  Cape Hunting Dog, or Hyena Dog        (Lycaon pictus), wild African carnivore that differs from the rest of the members of the dog family ...
African languages
Languages indigenous to Africa that belong to the Niger-Congo, Nilo-Saharan, Khoisan, and Afro-Asiatic language phyla. Africa is the most polyglot continent; estimates of the ...
African lily
lily-of-the-Nile. * * * or lily of the Nile Perennial evergreen herbaceous plant (Agapanthus africanus) of the lily family, native to Africa. In summer, long stalks bear many ...
African lion hound.
See Rhodesian ridgeback. * * *
African literature
Introduction       the traditional oral and written literatures together with the mainly 20th-century literature written mostly in European languages but also to an ...
African mahogany
1. a large tree, Khaya ivorensis, of western Africa, having hard wood resembling true mahogany, widely used in cabinetmaking and boatbuilding. 2. any of several related or ...
African marigold
a bushy composite plant, Tagetes erecta, of Mexico, having pinnate leaves and large yellow or orange flower heads. Also called Aztec marigold. [1830-40] * * *
African Methodist Episcopal Church
▪ American religion       black Methodist (Methodism) church in the United States, formally organized in 1816. It developed from a congregation formed by a group of ...
African Methodist Episcopal Church (AME Church)
African American Methodist denomination formally organized in 1816. It originated with a group of black Philadelphians who withdrew in 1787 from St. George's Methodist Episcopal ...
African Methodist Episcopal Zion Church
▪ American religion       black Methodist (Methodism) church in the United States, organized in 1821; it adopted its present name in 1848. It developed from a ...
African millet
1. a grass, Eleusine coracana, of Asia and Africa, having round fruit with a loose husk, grown as a cereal and as an ornamental. 2. See pearl millet. [1835-45] * * *
African mongoose
ichneumon. * * *
African music
Introduction       the musical sounds and practices of all indigenous peoples of Africa, including the Berber in the Sahara and the San (Bushmen) and Khoikhoin ...
African National Congress
▪ political party, South Africa  South African political party and black nationalist organization. Founded in 1912 as the South African Native National Congress, it had as ...
African National Congress (ANC)
South African political party and black nationalist organization. Founded in 1912 (as the South African Native National Congress), the ANC was long dedicated to the elimination ...
African Plate
Geol. a major tectonic division of the earth's crust, comprising the African continent as well as adjacent ocean basins (the Canary, Cape Verde, Angola, Cape Agulhas, Somali, ...
African popular music
Introduction       body of music that emerged in Africa in the 1960s, mixing indigenous influences with those of Western popular music. By the 1980s the audience for ...
African pouched rat
▪ mammal subfamily Introduction  any of five species of African rodents (rodent) characterized by cheek pouches that are used for carrying food back to their burrows, where ...
African religions
Indigenous religions of the African continent. The introduced religions of Islam (in northern Africa) and Christianity (in southern Africa) are now the continent's major ...
African sleeping sickness
Pathol. See sleeping sickness (def. 1). * * *
African spiny mouse
▪ mammal genus       any of more than a dozen species of small to medium-sized rodents (rodent) characterized by the harsh, inflexible spiny hairs of their upperparts. ...
African swine fever
▪ animal disease also called  warthog fever         highly contagious and usually fatal viral disease of swine that is characterized by high fever, lesions, ...
African Trade Union Unity, Organization of
▪ international labour organization French  Organisation De L'unité Africaine (OUA)        labour organization founded in 1973 at Addis Ababa, Eth., on the ...
African trypanosomiasis
Pathol. See sleeping sickness (def. 1). * * *
African Union
▪ intergovernmental organization, Africa formerly (1963–2002)  Organization of African Unity        intergovernmental organization, established in 2002, to promote ...
African Union (AU)
see Organization of African Unity * * *
African violet
a popular house plant, Saintpaulia ionantha, of the gesneriad family, having hairy leaves and showy violet, pink, or white flowers. [1940-45] * * * Any plant of the genus ...
African yellowwood
a tree, Podocarpus elongatus, of tropical Africa and the mountains of southern Africa, having globe-shaped fruit, grown as an ornamental. * * *
African-American
/af"ri keuhn euh mer"i keuhn/, n. 1. a black American of African descent. adj. 2. of or pertaining to African-Americans. Also, Afro-American. [1860-65, Amer.] Usage. See black. * ...
African-American Vernacular English
➡ Black English * * *
Africana
/af'ri kan"euh, -kah"neuh, -kay"neuh/, n. (used with a pl. v.) 1. artifacts or artistic or literary works of any of the nations of Africa reflecting geographical, historical, or ...
AfricanAmerican
African American also Af·ri·can-A·mer·i·can (ăfʹrĭ-kən-ə-mĕrʹĭ-kən) n. A Black American of African ancestry. See Usage Note at black.   Af'ri·can-A·merʹi·can ...
AfricanAmerican Vernacular English
African American Vernacular English n. Abbr. AAVE Any of the nonstandard varieties of English spoken by African Americans. Also called Black English, Black English Vernacular, ...
Africanbuffalo
African buffalo n. A large, often fierce buffalo (Syncerus caffer) of central Africa, having massive, downward curving horns. Also called Cape buffalo. * * *
Africandaisy
African daisy n. Any of several African plants in the composite family, especially those in the genera Arctotis, Gerbera, and Lonas, that have showy flower heads. * * *
Africander
/af'ri kan"deuhr/, n. Afrikander. * * *
Africanism
/af"ri keuh niz'euhm/, n. 1. something that is characteristic of African culture or tradition. 2. a word, term, or the like, that has been adopted from an African language. 3. ...
Africanist
/af"ri keuh nist/, n. a person who specializes in and studies the cultures or languages of Africa. [1890-95; AFRICAN + -IST] * * *
Africanize
—Africanization, n. /af"ri keuh nuyz'/, v.t., Africanized, Africanizing. 1. to replace the European or white staff of (an organization in Africa) with black Africans. 2. to ...
Africanized bee
Africanized bee or Africanized honeybee or killer bee n. a hybrid of African and European honeybees, developed in Brazil and known for its disease resistance and superior honey ...
Africanized honeybee
/af"ri keuh nuyzd'/. See killer bee. * * *
Africanizedbee
Af·ri·can·ized bee (ăfʹrĭ-kə-nīzd') n. A hybrid strain of honeybee introduced into Brazil in the mid-1950s and distinguished by aggressive traits such as the tendency to ...
Africanlily
African lily n. A South African rhizomatous plant (Agapanthus africanus) having violet funnel-shaped flowers grouped in umbels. Also called agapanthus, lily of the Nile. * * *
Africanmahogany
African mahogany n. 1. a. Any of several African trees of the genus Khaya, having wood similar to that of the New World mahogany. b. The wood of any of these trees, used to make ...
Africanmarigold
African marigold n. An aromatic annual Mexican plant (Tagetes erecta) in the composite family, having pinnately lobed leaves and showy, solitary, yellow to orange flower heads. * ...
Africanmillet
African millet n. See pearl millet. * * *
Africanoil palm
African oil palm n. See oil palm. * * *
Africansleeping sickness
African sleeping sickness n. See sleeping sickness. * * *
Africanswine fever
African swine fever n. See hog cholera. * * *
Africanthropus
/af'ri kan"threuh peuhs, -kan throh"peuhs/, n. a genus of hominids of eastern Africa, assumed from a number of now lost skull fragments to have been a form of archaic Homo: no ...
Africantulip tree
African tulip tree n. A tropical African evergreen tree (Spathodea campaulata) having compound leaves and showy orange-scarlet or yellow flowers. Also called tulip tree. * * *
Africanus
(as used in expressions) Constantinus Africanus Scipio Africanus the Elder Publius Cornelius Scipio Africanus Scipio Africanus the Younger Publius Cornelius Scipio Aemilianus ...
Africanus, Sextus Julius
▪ Christian historian born c. AD 180, , Jerusalem died c. 250       first Christian historian known to produce a universal chronology.       His life is not well ...
Africanviolet
African violet n. Any of various East African herbs of the genus Saintpaulia, having a basal leaf rosette and a showy cluster of violet or sometimes pink or white flowers. ...
Afrīdī
▪ people       Pashtun tribe inhabiting the hill country from the eastern spurs of the Safīd Range to northern Pakistan. The Afrīdīs, whose territory straddles the ...
Afrikaans
/af'ri kahns", -kahnz"/, n. 1. Also called the Taal. an official language of South Africa, developed out of the speech of 17th-century settlers from Holland and still very like ...
Afrikaans language
Germanic language of South Africa. It was developed from 17th-century Dutch by descendants of European settlers, indigenous Khoisan-speaking peoples, and African and Asian ...
Afrikander
/af'ri kan"deuhr/, n. 1. one of a breed of red beef cattle, raised originally in southern Africa, well adapted to high temperatures. 2. Archaic. Afrikaner. Also, Africander. [see ...
Afrikaner
/af'ri kah"neuhr, -kan"euhr/, n. an Afrikaans-speaking native of South Africa of European, esp. Dutch, descent. Also, Afrikaaner. [1815-1825; < Afrik, earlier Afrikaander, equiv. ...
Afrikaner Bond
      (Afrikaans: “Afrikaner League”), the first political party of Cape Colony, southern Africa, founded by S.J. du Toit (Du Toit, Stephanus Jacobus) in 1880. In 1883 ...
Afrikaner-Broederbond
▪ organization, South Africa English  Afrikaner Brotherhood        South African secret society composed of Afrikaans-speaking, Protestant, white men over the age of ...
Afrikanerism
/af'ri kah"neuh riz'euhm, -kan"euh-/, n. a word, term, or usage peculiar to or originating among Afrikaners. [1930-35; AFRIKANER + -ISM] * * *
afrit
/af"reet, euh freet"/, n. afreet. * * *
Afro
/af"roh/, adj., n., pl. Afros. adj. 1. of or pertaining to Afro-Americans or to black traditions, culture, etc.: Afro societies; Afro hair styles. n. 2. a hair style originating ...
Afro-
a combining form of Africa: Afro-American; Afro-Asiatic. Also, esp. before a vowel, Afr-. [ < L Afr- (s. of Afer an African) + -o-] * * *
Afro-American
/af'roh euh mer"i keuhn/, n., adj. See African-American. [1850-55, Amer.] Usage. See black. * * *
Afro-American English.
See Black English (def. 1). * * *
Afro-American studies.
See black studies. [1965-70] * * *
Afro-Asian
/af"roh ay"zheuhn, -sheuhn/, adj. of or pertaining to the nations of Africa and Asia or their peoples. [1950-55] * * *
Afro-Asiatic
Af·ro-A·si·at·ic (ăf'rō-ā'zhē-ătʹĭk, -shē-, -zē-) n. A large family of languages spoken in northern Africa and southwest Asia, comprising the Semitic, Chadic, ...
Afro-Asiatic languages
formerly Hamito-Semitic languages Family of about 250 languages spoken in North Africa, parts of sub-Saharan African, and the Middle East. It includes such languages as Arabic, ...
Afro-Asiatic lexical correspondences
▪ Table Afro-Asiatic lexical correspondences Afroasiatic Chadic Cushitic Egyptian Amazigh Semitic bone * E33;š * be;Jašu gaas 'horn' (Rendille) E33;s ix ...
Afro-Asiatic root-and-pattern system
▪ Table Afro-Asiatic root-and-pattern system ȡa;k-t-b 'write' (Arabic) katb-un 'act of writing' katab-a 'he corresponded (with)' yu-katib-u 'he is in correspondence' ...
Afro-Caribbean
Af·ro-Car·ib·be·an (ăf'rō-kăr'ə-bēʹən, -kə-rĭbʹē-ən) adj. 1. Combining African and other, generally European cultural elements as found in the Caribbean ...
Afro-Caribbean, Afro-Brazilian, and Afro-American religions
Religions among persons of African ancestry in the Caribbean, Brazil, and U.S. These include Haitian vodun, the Jamaican Rastafarian movement, Santería, and Candomblé and other ...
Afro-Caribbeans
➡ Caribbean * * *
Afro-Cuban
/af"roh kyooh"beuhn/, adj. 1. combining elements of black African culture with those of Cuban culture. n. 2. percussive Latin music originating in Cuba and showing strong African ...
Afro-pop
/af"roh pop'/, n. African pop music played on electric instruments and inspired by Western pop or soul music. [1985-90] * * *
Afroasiatic
/af'roh ay'zhee at"ik, -ay'shee-, -ay'zee-/, adj. 1. of, belonging to, or pertaining to Afroasiatic; Hamito-Semitic. n. 2. Also called Hamito-Semitic. a family of languages ...
Afrocentric
—Afrocentrism, n. —Afrocentrist, n. /af'roh sen"trik/, adj. centered on Africa or on African-derived cultures, as those of Brazil, Cuba, and Haiti: Afrocentric ...
Afrocentrism
See Afrocentric. * * * Cultural, political, and ideological movement. Most Afrocentrists are African Americans who regard all blacks as syncretic Africans and who believe that ...
Afrocentrist
See Afrocentrism. * * *
afrormosia
/af'rawr moh"zee euh, -zheuh, -rohr-/, n. 1. a tree, Pericopsis elata (or Afrormosia elata), of western Africa, having wood that resembles teak and is used in cabinetwork. 2. the ...
AFSC
See American Friends Service Committee. Also, A.F.S.C. * * *
AFSCME
American Federation of State, County, and Municipal Employees. * * *
aft
aft1 /aft, ahft/, Naut., Aeron. adv. 1. at, close to, or toward the stern or tail: Stow the luggage aft. adj. 2. situated toward or at the stern or tail: The aft sail was ...
aft.
afternoon. * * *
Afṭasid dynasty
▪ Berber dynasty       Muslim Berber dynasty that ruled one of the party kingdoms (ṭāʾifahs) at Badajoz in western Spain (1022–94) in the period of disunity after ...
Aftenposten
▪ Norwegian newspaper       (Norwegian: “Evening Post”), morning and evening daily newspaper published in Oslo. It is one of the leading newspapers in Norway and in ...
after
/af"teuhr, ahf"-/, prep. 1. behind in place or position; following behind: men lining up one after the other. 2. later in time than; in succession to; at the close of: Tell me ...
After Dark
▪ software       series of interactive screensaver software created by the American software company Berkeley Systems in the late 1980s and early 1990s. The series later ...
after mast
the aftermost mast of a sailing vessel. * * *
after-
after- [af′tər, äf′tər] combining form coming behind or later [aftercare] * * *
after-dinner
/af"teuhr din"euhr, ahf"-/, adj. immediately following dinner: an after-dinner speech. [1570-80] * * *
after-hours
/af"teuhr oweurz", -ow"euhrz, ahf"-/, adj. occurring, engaged in, or operating after the normal or legal closing time for business: an after-hours drinking club. [1925-30] * * *
after-market
af·ter-mar·ket (ăfʹtər-mär'kĭt) n. The market for parts and accessories used in the upkeep or enhancement of a previous purchase, as of a car or ...
after-ripening
af·ter-ri·pen·ing (ăfʹtər-rī'pə-nĭng) n. A period during which certain changes must occur in some dormant but fully developed seeds before germination. * * *
after-run
/af"teuhr run', ahf"-/, n. the continued running of an internal-combustion engine after the ignition is switched off: Heavy carbon buildup can cause annoying engine after-run. ...
after-shave
☆ after-shave [af′tərshāv΄ ] n. a lotion, usually astringent and perfumed, applied to the face after shaving adj. designating or of such a lotion: Also aftershave * * ...
after-tax
after-tax [af′tərtaks΄] adj. occurring or remaining after the calculation or payment of taxes [after-tax earnings] * * * af·ter-tax also af·ter·tax ...
afterbeat
/af"teuhr beet', ahf"-/, n. a secondary, weaker half of a musical beat. [1905-10; AFTER + BEAT] * * *
afterbirth
/af"teuhr berrth', ahf"-/, n. the placenta and fetal membranes expelled from the uterus after childbirth. [1580-90; AFTER + BIRTH] * * *
afterbody
/af"teuhr bod'ee, ahf"-/, n., pl. afterbodies. 1. Naut. the portion of a ship's hull aft of the middle body. 2. Aeron. the rear part of an aircraft's fuselage. 3. Rocketry. the ...
afterbrain
/af"teuhr brayn', ahf"-/, n. the metencephalon. [1605-15; AFTER + BRAIN] * * *
afterburner
/af"teuhr berr'neuhr, ahf"-/, n. 1. Aeron. a device placed within, or attached to the exit of, a jet-engine exhaust pipe to produce afterburning. 2. a device for burning exhaust ...
afterburning
/af"teuhr berr'ning, ahf"-/, n. 1. Aeron. combustion in an afterburner that results from the injection of fuel into the exhaust gases of a jet engine to produce additional thrust ...
aftercare
/af"teuhr kair', ahf"-/, n. Med. the care and treatment of a convalescent patient. [1755-65; AFTER + CARE] * * *
aftercast
/af"teuhr kast', ahf"teuhr kahst'/, n. Foundry. 1. a casting made from a mold that was itself made from an original casting. 2. an exact impression, usually in plaster, made of a ...
afterclap
/af"teuhr klap', ahf"-/, n. an unexpected repercussion. [1300-50; ME; cf. LG achterklap; see AFTER, CLAP1] * * *
aftercooler
/af"teuhr kooh'leuhr, ahf"-/, n. a device for cooling compressed air or gases to reduce their volume or temperature. [1900-05; AFTER + COOLER] * * *
afterdamp
/af"teuhr damp', ahf"-/, n. an irrespirable mixture of gases, consisting chiefly of carbon dioxide and nitrogen, left in a mine after an explosion or fire. [1855-60; AFTER + ...
afterdeck
/af"teuhr dek', ahf"-/, n. Naut. the weather deck of a vessel behind the bridge house or midship section. [1895-1900; AFTER + DECK] * * *
aftereffect
/af"teuhr i fekt', ahf"-/, n. 1. a delayed effect; an effect that follows at some interval after the stimulus that produces it. 2. Med. a result appearing after the first effect ...
afterglow
/af"teuhr gloh', ahf"-/, n. 1. the glow frequently seen in the sky after sunset; afterlight. 2. a second or secondary glow, as in heated metal before it ceases to become ...
aftergrowth
/af"teuhr grohth', ahf"-/, n. a second growth, as of crops or timber, after one harvesting, cutting, etc.; second crop. [1810-20; AFTER + GROWTH] * * *
afterguard
/af"teuhr gahrd', ahf"-/, n. Naut. Slang. 1. the owner of a yacht or his guests. 2. the officers quartered in the stern of a vessel. [1820-30; AFTER + GUARD] * * *
afterheat
/af"teuhr heet', ahf"-/, n. Physics. the heat generated by radioactivity remaining in a nuclear reactor after it has been shut down. [1970-75; AFTER + HEAT] * * *
afterimage
/af"teuhr im'ij, ahf"-/, n. Psychol. a visual image or other sense impression that persists after the stimulus that caused it is no longer operative. [1875-80; trans. of G ...
afterlife
/af"teuhr luyf', ahf"-/, n. 1. Also called future life. life after death. 2. the later part of a person's life: the remarkably productive afterlife of Thomas Jefferson. [1585-95; ...
afterlight
/af"teuhr luyt', ahf"-/, n. 1. the light visible in the sky after sunset; afterglow. 2. a view of past events; retrospect. [1890-95; AFTER + LIGHT1] * * *
aftermarket
/af"teuhr mahr'kit, ahf"-/, n. 1. the market for replacement parts, accessories, and equipment for the care or enhancement of the original product, esp. an automobile, after its ...
aftermath
/af"teuhr math', ahf"-/, n. 1. something that results or follows from an event, esp. one of a disastrous or unfortunate nature; consequence: the aftermath of war; the aftermath ...
aftermost
/af"teuhr mohst', ahf"-/ or, esp. Brit., /ahf"teuhr meuhst/, adj. 1. Naut. farthest aft; aftmost: The aftermost sail is called a spanker. 2. hindmost; last. [bef. 900; AFTER + ...
afternoon
n. /af'teuhr noohn", ahf'-/; adj. /af"teuhr noohn", ahf"-, af'-, ahf'-/, n. 1. the time from noon until evening. 2. the latter part: the afternoon of life. adj. 3. pertaining to ...
Afternoon of a Faun, The.
See L'Après-midi d'un Faune. * * *
afternoon tea
➡ meals * * *
afternoon watch
Naut. the watch from noon until 4 P.M. * * *
afternooner
/af'teuhr nooh"neuhr, ahf'-/, n. Informal. 1. a person or thing that appears, flourishes, etc., in the afternoon: One of radio's favorite afternooners is a soap opera. 2. a ...
afternoons
/af'teuhr noohnz", ahf'-/, adv. in or during any or every afternoon: He slept late and worked afternoons. [1895-1900, Amer.; AFTERNOON + -s1] * * *
afterpain
/af"teuhr payn', ahf"-/, n. Med. pain due to continuing contractions of the uterus following childbirth. [1550-60; AFTER + PAIN] * * *
afterpains
afterpains [af′tərpānz΄] pl.n. pains from contractions of the uterus following childbirth * * * af·ter·pains (ăfʹtər-pānz') pl.n. Cramps or pains following ...
afterpeak
/af"teuhr peek', ahf"-/, n. Naut. the extreme after part of the interior of a hull, esp. that part below the water immediately forward of the sternpost (opposed to ...
afterpiece
/af"teuhr pees', ahf"-/, n. a short dramatic piece performed after a featured play. [1770-80; AFTER + PIECE] * * * Supplementary entertainment offered after a full-length play ...
afterripening
▪ botany also called  Dormancy,         complex enzymatic and biochemical process that certain plant embryos must undergo before they will germinate. It results at ...
afterschool
af·ter·school (ăfʹtər-sko͞olʹ) adj. often after-school 1. Taking place immediately following school classes: afterschool activities. 2. Of or being a program designed to ...
aftersensation
/af"teuhr sen say'sheuhn, ahf"-/, n. Psychol. an afterimage. [1865-70; AFTER + SENSATION] * * *
aftershaft
—aftershafted, adj. /af"teuhr shaft', ahf"teuhr shahft'/, n. Ornith. 1. a supplementary feather, usually small, arising from the underside of the base of the shafts of certain ...
aftershave
/af"teuhr shayv', ahf"-/, n. a scented, astringent lotion for applying to the face after shaving. Also, after-shave. [1920-25; AFTER + SHAVE, orig. adjectival, as in aftershave ...
aftershock
/af"teuhr shok', ahf"-/, n. 1. a small earthquake or tremor that follows a major earthquake. 2. the effect, result, or repercussion of an event; aftermath; consequence: The ...
aftertaste
/af"teuhr tayst', ahf"-/, n. 1. a taste remaining after the substance causing it is no longer in the mouth. 2. the remaining sensation following an unpleasant experience, ...
aftertax
/af"teuhr taks', ahf"-/, adj. remaining after applicable taxes have been deducted: a sharp decrease in her aftertax income. [1950-55; adj. use of prep. phrase after tax(es)] * * *
afterthought
/af"teuhr thawt', ahf"-/, n. 1. a later or second thought; reconsideration. 2. reflection after an act; an appropriate explanation, answer, expedient, or the like, conceived of ...
aftertime
/af"teuhr tuym', ahf"-/, n. future time. [1590-1600; AFTER + TIME] * * *
aftertreatment
/af"teuhr treet'meuhnt, ahf"-/, n. a chemical treatment to which a fabric is subjected immediately after being dyed, for increasing the fastness of the color. [1825-35; AFTER + ...
afterward
/af"teuhr weuhrd, ahf"-/, adv. at a later or subsequent time; subsequently. Also, afterwards. [bef. 1000; ME; OE aefterweard, alter. (with -r- of aefter AFTER) of aefteweard, ...
afterword
/af"teuhr werrd', ahf"-/, n. a concluding section, commentary, etc., as of a book, treatise, or the like; closing statement. Cf. foreword. [1885-90; AFTER + WORD] * * *
afterwork
af·ter·work (ăfʹtər-wûrk') adj. Relating to or engaged in after one's work has been finished: an afterwork activity. * * *
afterworld
/af"teuhr werrld', ahf"-/, n. the future world, esp. the world after death. [1590-1600; AFTER + WORLD] * * *
afteryears
/af"teuhr yearz', ahf"-/, n.pl. the years following a specified event: Often, in afteryears, I have regretted my hasty decision. [1805-15; AFTER + YEAR + -S3] * * *
aftmost
/aft"mohst', -meuhst, ahft"-/, adj. Naut. aftermost (def. 1). * * *
Afton
Af·ton (ăfʹtən) A river, about 14 km (9 mi) long, in southwest Scotland. It is the “sweet Afton” of Robert Burns's 1789 poem. * * *
Aftonian Interglacial Stage
▪ geology       major division of Pleistocene deposits and time (1,600,000 to 10,000 years ago) in North America. The Aftonian Interglacial, a time of relatively ...
aftosa
/af toh"seuh, -zeuh/, n. See foot-and-mouth disease. [ < Sp (fiebre) aftosa APHTHOUS (FEVER)] * * *
AFTRA
American Federation of Television and Radio Artists. Also, A.F.T.R.A. * * *
Afulaʿ
▪ Israel       largest city of the Plain of Esdraelon, or Valley of Jezreel (Hebrew: ʿEmeq Yizreʿel), northern Israel. Named for the Arab village of Al-ʿAffūla ...
Afwerki, Isaias
▪ president of Eritrea Afwerki also spelled  Afewerki  born Feb. 2, 1946, Asmara, Eritrea       Eritrean independence leader and president of Eritrea from ...
Afyon
/ah fyohn"/, n. a city in W Turkey. 51,660. Also called Afyon Karahisar /kahr'euh hi sahr"/. * * * ▪ Turkey formerly  Afyon Karahisar, Afyonkarahisar, or Karahisar-i Sahip, ...
Afyonkarahisar
▪ Turkey also called  Afyon,  Afyon Karahisar,  or  Karahısarısahıp        city, western Turkey. It lies along the Akar River at an elevation of 3,392 feet ...
ag
/ag/, adj., n. Informal. agriculture: ag courses; to major in ag. [by shortening] * * * (as used in expressions) Bayerische Motoren Werke AG Deutsche Lufthansa AG BASF AG Bayer ...
Ag
Symbol, Chem. silver. [ < L argentum] * * * (as used in expressions) Bayerische Motoren Werke AG Deutsche Lufthansa AG BASF AG Bayer AG Bertelsmann AG Ciba Geigy ...
AG catalog
▪ astronomy German  in full Astronomische Gesellschaft Katalog        (AGK; “Astronomical Society Catalog”), compilation of the positions of all stars brighter ...
ag-
var. of ad- before g: agglutinate. * * *
Ag.
August. * * *
ag.
agriculture. * * *
Ag.E.
Agricultural Engineer. * * *
aga
/ah"geuh/, n. (in Turkey and other Muslim countries) 1. a title of honor, usually implying respect for age. 2. a general. Also, agha. [1590-1600; < Turk aga lord] * * * ▪ ...
Aga Khan
/ah"geuh kahn"/, Islam. the divinely ordained head of the Isma'ili branch of Shi'ism. * * * Persian Āghā Khān or Āqā Khān Title of the imams of the Nizārī Ismāilī ...
Aga Khan I
▪ Nizārī imam personal name  Ḥasan ʿalī Shāh   born 1800 died April 1881       imam, or spiritual leader, of the Nizārī Ismāʿīlīte sect of the Shīʿite ...
Aga Khan II
▪ Nizārī imam personal name  ʿalī Shāh   died August 1885, Poona, India       eldest son of the Aga Khan I. In 1881 he succeeded his father as imam, or spiritual ...
Aga Khan III
1877-1957, leader of the Isma'ili sect of Muslims in India 1885-1957. * * * ▪ Nizārī imam personal name  Sultan Sir Moḥammed Shah  born November 2, 1877, Karachi, India ...
Aga Khan IV
(Shah Karim al-Husainy) born 1936, leader of the Isma'ili sect of Muslims in India since 1957 (grandson of Aga Khan III). * * * ▪ Nizārī imam personal name  Karim ...
Aga saga
➡ Aga * * *
Agabus
/ag"euh beuhs/, n. a Christian prophet who predicted a great famine. Acts 11:28. * * *
Agada
Seph. Heb. /ah gah dah"/, Ashk. Heb. /euh gah"deuh/, n. Aggadah. * * *
Agade
/euh gah"deuh/, n. Akkad (def. 2). * * *
Agadez
▪ Niger also spelled  Agades,    town, central Niger, at the southern edge of the Aïr massif. Agadez is a market town at a crossroads, 460 miles (740 km) northeast of ...
Agadir
/ah'gah dear"/, n. a seaport in SW Morocco: destroyed by earthquake in 1960; new town rebuilt S of original site. 1,220,600. * * * Seaport city (pop., 1994: 155,240), ...
Agadir Incident
      event involving a German attempt to challenge French rights in Morocco by sending the gunboat Panther to Agadir in July 1911. The action incited the Second Moroccan ...
Agag
/ay"gag/, n. an Amalekite king who was captured and spared by Saul but later killed by Samuel. I Sam. 15. * * *
Agaie
▪ Nigeria       town and traditional emirate, Niger state, west-central Nigeria. The town lies at the intersection of roads from Bida, Baro, Tagagi, Lapai, and Ebba. ...
again
/euh gen", euh gayn"/, adv. 1. once more; another time; anew; in addition: Will you spell your name again, please? 2. in an additional case or instance; moreover; besides; ...
against
/euh genst", euh gaynst"/, prep. 1. in opposition to; contrary to; adverse or hostile to: twenty votes against ten; against reason. 2. in resistance to or defense from: ...
Agaja
▪ king of Dahomey also spelled  Agadja  born c. 1673 died 1740, Allada, Dahomey [now Benin]       third ruler of the West African kingdom of Dahomey (1708–40), who ...
AgaKhan III
A·ga Khan III (ä'gə känʹ), Originally Aga Sultan Sir Mohammed Shah. 1877-1957. Indian leader of the Ismaili Muslim sect. He appointed his grandson Prince Karim (born 1936) ...
agal
/euh gahl"/, n. (among Arabs) a cord wound around a kaffiyeh to hold it in place. [1850-55; < dial. Ar 'agal, var. of 'IQAL cord, rope] * * *
agalactia
a·ga·lac·ti·a (ā-gə-lăkʹtē-ə, -shē-ə, ăg'ə-) n. Absence of or faulty secretion of milk following childbirth.   [New Latin, from Greek agalaktiā, lack of milk : ...
Agalega Islands
▪ islands, Indian Ocean       two-island dependency of Mauritius, in the western Indian Ocean. It consists of North Island and South Island. They lie about 600 miles ...
agalite
/ag"euh luyt'/, n. Mineral. a fibrous variety of talc. [perh. < Gk agá (Attic agé) fragment, splinter + -LITE] * * *
agalloch
/euh gal"euhk, ag"euh lok'/, n. the fragrant, resinous wood of an East Indian tree, Aquilaria agallocha, of the mezereum family, used as incense in the Orient. Also called ...
Agam, Yaacov
▪ Israeli sculptor original name  Jacob Gipstein   born May 11, 1928, Rishon le-Zion, Palestine [now Rishon LeẔiyyon, Israel]    pioneer and leading exponent of optical ...
agama
/ag"euh meuh/, n. any of numerous agamid lizards of the genus Agama, many of which are brilliantly colored and have the ability to change the color of the skin. [1810-20; < NL < ...
Agama
/ah"geuh meuh/, n. Hinduism, Buddhism. any of the Tantric writings. [ < Skt agama tradition, traditional work] * * * ▪ Hindu literature Sanskrit“tradition” or “received ...
Agamede
/ag'euh mee"dee/, n. Class. Myth. a daughter of Augeas noted for her skill at using herbs for healing. * * *
Agamemnon
/ag'euh mem"non, -neuhn/, n. 1. Class. Myth. a king of Mycenae, a son of Atreus and brother of Menelaus. He led the Greeks in the Trojan War and was murdered by Clytemnestra, his ...
agamete
/ay gam"eet, ay'geuh meet"/, n. Cell Biol. an asexual reproductive cell, as a spore, that forms a new organism without fusion with another cell. [1915-20; < Gk agámet(os) ...
agamic
—agamically, adv. /euh gam"ik/, adj. 1. Biol. a. asexual. b. occurring without sexual union; germinating without impregnation; not gamic. 2. Bot., Mycol. cryptogamic. Also, ...
agamically
See agamic. * * *
agamid
/ag"euh mid/, n. 1. any of numerous Old World lizards of the family Agamidae, related to the iguanids. adj. 2. belonging or pertaining to the Agamidae. [1885-90; < NL Agamidae; ...
Agamidae
▪ lizard family       lizard family composed of about 350 species in about 50 genera. Agamids typically have scaly bodies, well-developed legs, and a moderately long ...
agammaglobulinemia
—agammaglobulinemic, adj. /ay'gam euh glob'yeuh leuh nee"mee euh/, n. Pathol. a condition of the blood, either congenital or acquired, in which there is near or complete ...
agamogenesis
—agamogenetic /ag'euh moh jeuh net"ik, ay'gam euh-/, adj. —agamogenetically, adv. /ag'euh moh jen"euh sis, ay'gam euh-/, n. Biol. asexual reproduction by buds, offshoots, ...
agamospermy
/ag"euh moh sperr'mee, ay gam"euh-/, n. Biol. any form of reproduction, as parthenogenesis, apogamy, and apospory, that involves the sex cell but takes place without ...
agamous
agamous [ag′ə məs] adj. 〚Gr agamos, AGAMIC〛 AGAMIC * * * ag·a·mous (ăgʹə-məs) adj. Variant of agamic. * * *
agamy
/ag"euh mee/, n. the absence of a rule dictating marriage choices within a social group. [1790-1800; < Gk agamía, equiv. to ágam(os) (see AGAMIC) + -ia -Y3] * * *
Agaña
/ah gah"nyah/, n. a seaport in and the capital of Guam. 2119. * * * Town (pop., 2000: 1,100), capital of Guam. It lies on Guam's western coast on Agana Bay. A town of 10,000 in ...
agapanthus
/ag'euh pan"theuhs/, n., pl. agapanthuses. any of several plants of the genus Agapanthus, of the amaryllis family, native to Africa, having sword-shaped leaves and umbels of blue ...
agape
agape1 /euh gayp", euh gap"/, adv., adj. 1. with the mouth wide open, as in wonder, surprise, or eagerness: We stood there agape at the splendor. 2. wide open: his mouth ...
Agapetus I
/ag'euh pee"teuhs/ Saint, died A.D. 536, Italian ecclesiastic: pope 535-536. * * *
Agapetus I, Saint
▪ pope born , Rome died April 22, 536, Constantinople [now Istanbul, Tur.]; feast days April 22, September 20       pope from 535 to 536. Of noble birth, he was an ...
Agapetus II
died A.D. 955, Italian ecclesiastic: pope 946-955. * * *
Agapitus II
▪ pope born , Rome died December 955, Rome       pope from 946 to 955. Elected on May 10, 946, with the support of Alberic II, he was a wise and pious administrator who ...
agar
/ah"gahr, ag"euhr/, n. 1. Also, agar-agar. Also called Chinese gelatin, Chinese isinglass, Japanese gelatin, Japanese isinglass. a gelatinlike product of certain seaweeds, used ...
Agar
/ay"gahr/, n. Douay Bible. Hagar. * * * ▪ seaweed product also called  Agar-agar,         gelatin-like product made primarily from the algae Gelidium and Gracilaria ...
Agar, John
▪ 2003       American actor (b. Jan. 31, 1921, Chicago, Ill.—d. April 7, 2002, Burbank, Calif.), first achieved fame when he married (1945) Shirley Temple but then ...
agaric
/ag"euh rik, euh gar"ik/, n. any fungus of the family Agaricaceae, including several common edible mushrooms. [1525-35; < NL Agaricus genus name < Gk agarikós (adj.) pertaining ...
agaric acid
Chem. a white, microcrystalline, water-soluble powder, C22H40O7: formerly used in medicine to stop excessive perspiration. Also, agaricic acid /ag"euh ris"ik, ag'-/. [1875-80] * ...
agaric mineral.
See rock milk. [1830-40] * * *
agaricaceous
/euh gar'euh kay"sheuhs/, adj. belonging to the Agaricaceae, a family of fungi including mushrooms having blade-shaped gills on the underside of the cap. [ < NL Agaricace(ae) ...
Agaricales
▪ order of fungi  order of fungi in the class Agaricomycetes (phylum Basidiomycota, kingdom Fungi). Traditionally, agarics were classified based on the presence of gills ...
agaricin
/euh gar"euh sin, -seuhn/, n. Chem. an impure form of agaric acid: formerly used in medicine as an agent for stopping excessive perspiration. [AGARIC + -IN2] * * *
agaricus
/euh gar"i keuhs/, n., pl. agaricuses. any mushroom of the genus Agaricus, comprising the meadow mushrooms and a commercially grown species, A. brunnescens. [ < NL. See AGARIC] * ...
agarita
/ag'euh ree"teuh, ah'geuh-/, n. a tall shrub, Mahonia trifoliolata, of the barberry family, of southwestern North America, having stiff, oblong leaflets with spiny teeth and a ...
agarose
/ah"geuh rohs', -rohz'/, n. Chem. a substance obtained from agar and used for chromatographic separations. [1965-70; AGAR + -OSE2] * * *
Agartala
City (pop., 2001 prelim.: 189,387), capital of Tripura state, India. It lies near the Bangladesh border on the Haroa River in an intensively cultivated plain. The commercial ...
Agarwālā
▪ Indian caste       important mercantile caste in India, belonging to that group of merchants, bankers, landowners, and shopkeepers that are called Bania in northern ...
Agasias
▪ Ephesian sculptor flourished 1st century BC, , Ephesus [now in Turkey]       sculptor of Ephesus, known for his “Borghese Warrior,” a statue of a warrior on foot ...
Agassi, Andre
▪ 2000       For the first 10 years of his professional career, American tennis player Andre Agassi was the rock star of his sport. Besides racking up three Grand Slam ...
Agassi, Andre (Kirk)
born April 29, 1970, Las Vegas, Nev., U.S. U.S. tennis player. Agassi won the Wimbledon men's singles in 1992, the U.S. Open in 1994, and the Australian Open in 1995. By 1997 ...
Agassiz
/ag"euh see/; for 2 also Fr. /ann gann see"/, n. 1. Alexander, 1835-1910, U.S. oceanographer and marine zoologist, born in Switzerland. 2. his father, (Jean) Louis (Rodolphe) ...
Agassiz, (Jean) Louis (Rodolphe)
Agassiz, (Jean) Louis (Rodolphe). 1807-1873. Swiss-born American naturalist noted for his study of fossil fish and for recognizing from geologic evidence that ice ages had ...
Agassiz, Alexander (Emmanuel Rodolphe)
born Dec. 17, 1835, Neuchâtel, Switz. died March 27, 1910, at sea, mid-Atlantic Ocean Swiss-born U.S. marine zoologist, oceanographer, and mining engineer. The son of Louis ...
Agassiz, Elizabeth Cabot
orig. Elizabeth Cabot Cary born Dec. 5, 1822, Boston, Mass., U.S. died June 27, 1907, Arlington Heights, Mass. U.S. naturalist and educator. She was educated at home, and in ...
Agassiz, Lake
▪ ancient lake, North America       largest of the ice-margin lakes that once covered what are now parts of Manitoba, Ontario, and Saskatchewan in Canada and North ...
Agassiz, Louis
▪ Swiss-American scientist and educator Introduction born May 28, 1807, Motier, Switz. died December 14, 1873, Cambridge, Mass., U.S.       Swiss-born U.S. naturalist, ...
Agassiz,Elizabeth Cabot Cary
Ag·as·siz (ăgʹə-sē), Elizabeth Cabot Cary. 1822-1907. American educator who helped organize the predecessor of Radcliffe College (1879) and served as Radcliffe's first ...
Agassiz,Lake
Agassiz, Lake A glacial lake of the Pleistocene Epoch extending over present-day northwest Minnesota, northeast North Dakota, southern Manitoba, and southwest Ontario. * * *
Agastrophus
/euh gas"treuh feuhs/, n. (in the Iliad) a son of Paeon who was slain by Diomedes. * * *
Agastya
/ah"geuhs tyeuh/, n. the legendary Aryan sage who introduced the Vedas to southern India. * * *
agata
/ag"euh teuh/, n. an American art glass having a mottled, glossy, white and rose surface. [ < It: AGATE < L achates] * * *
agate
—agatelike, agatoid, adj. /ag"it/, n. 1. a variegated chalcedony showing curved, colored bands or other markings. 2. a playing marble made of this substance, or of glass in ...
Agate Fossil Beds National Monument
Natural "depository" of an extinct animal community on the Niobrara River, northwestern Nebraska, U.S. The beds, laid down as sedimentary deposits 20 million years ago, bear the ...
agate line
a measure of advertising space, 1/14 of an inch deep and one column wide. [1880-85] * * *
Agate, James
▪ British author in full  James Evershed Agate  born Sept. 9, 1877, Pendleton, Lancashire, Eng. died June 6, 1947, London       English drama critic for the London ...
agateline
agate line n. A measure of space, usually one column wide and 1/14 of an inch deep, used especially for classified advertisements. * * *
agateware
/ag"it wair'/, n. 1. steel or iron household ware enameled in an agatelike pattern. 2. pottery variegated to resemble agate. [1855-60; AGATE + WARE1] * * * ▪ pottery  in ...
Agatha
/ag"euh theuh/, n. a female given name: from a Greek word meaning "good." * * *
Agatha Christie
➡ Christie (I) * * *
Agatha, Saint
flourished 3rd century AD?, Sicily; feast day February 5 Legendary Christian martyr. Born in Palermo or Catania, she resisted the advances of a Roman prefect sent to govern ...
Agathias
▪ Byzantine historian and poet born c. 536, Myrina, Aeolis, Asia Minor died c. 582       Byzantine historian and poet of part of Justinian I's reign.       After ...
Agathis
▪ plant genus       the genus of the dammar pines, 13 species of pinelike plants of the family Araucariaceae. Agathis species range from the Philippines to Australia and ...


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