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-ota
a plural suffix occurring in taxonomic names, esp. of phyla: Eumycota. Cf. -ote. [ < NL < Gk, neut. pl. of -OTOS, equiv. to -o- (see -OSIS) + -tos adj. suffix; cf. ZYGOTE] * * *
-ote
a suffix forming singular nouns that correspond to the plural taxonomic suffix -ota: eukaryote. [ < Gk -otos; see -OTA] * * *
-otic
an adjective suffix of Greek origin, often corresponding to nouns ending in -osis, denoting a relationship to an action, process, state, or condition indicated by the preceding ...
-our
Brit. var. of -or1. Usage. See -or1. * * *
-ous
1. a suffix forming adjectives that have the general sense "possessing, full of" a given quality (covetous; glorious; nervous; wondrous); -ous and its variant -ious have often ...
-pack
☆ -pack [pak ] suffix combining form a package of (a specified number of) cans or bottles, as of beer * * *
-pagus
a combining form used in the names of severely malformed, usually nonviable, conjoined twins, with the site of attachment specified by the initial element: thoracopagus. [ < NL < ...
-para
-para suff. A woman who has given birth to a specified number of children: multipara.   [Latin, from parere, to give birth. See perə-1. * * *
-parous
a combining form meaning "bearing," "producing" that specified by the initial element: oviparous; viviparous. [ < L -parus bearing, equiv. to par(ere) to bear, bring forth + -us ...
-pated
a combining form of pate: addlepated. * * *
-path
a combining form occurring in personal nouns corresponding to abstract nouns ending in -pathy, with the general sense "one practicing such a treatment" (osteopath) or "one ...
-pathia
an obsolete var. of -pathy: psychopathia. [ < NL; see -PATH, -IA] * * *
-pathic
a combining form occurring in adjectives that correspond to nouns ending in -pathy: psychopathic. [ < NL; see -PATHY, -IC] * * *
-pathy
a combining form occurring in loanwords from Greek, where it meant "suffering," "feeling" (antipathy; sympathy); in compound words of modern formation, often used with the ...
-ped
a combining form with the meaning "having a foot" of the kind specified by the initial element: pinnatiped. Also, -pede. Cf. -pod. [ < L -ped-, s. of -pes -footed, adj. deriv. of ...
-pede
var. of -ped: centipede. * * *
-penia
a combining form used in the formation of compound words that have the general sense "lack, deficiency," as specified by the initial element: leukopenia. [ < NL, comb. form repr. ...
-penny
-penny [pen′ē, pə nē] combining form forming adjectives 1. costing a (specified) number of pennies 2. having a size designated as (a specified number) [a sixpenny nail is ...
-people
-people [pē′pəl] combining form alt. pl. of -PERSON: see the note at PERSON (sense 1) * * *
-person
a combining form of person, replacing in existing compound words such paired, sex-specific forms as -man and -woman or -er1 and -ess: chairperson; salesperson; waitperson. Usage. ...
-persons
-persons [pʉr′sənz] combining form alt. pl. of-PERSON: see the note at PERSON (sense 1) * * *
-petal
a combining form meaning "seeking, moving toward" that specified by the initial element, used in the formation of compound words: acropetal. [ < NL -pet(us) seeking, deriv. of L ...
-phage
a combining form meaning "a thing that devours," used in the formation of compound words, esp. the names of phagocytes: macrophage. Also, -phag. Cf. phago-, -phagous, -phagy. [n. ...
-phagia
var. of -phagy. [ < NL < Gk] * * *
-phagous
a combining form meaning "eating," "feeding on," "devouring" that specified by the initial element: creophagous; hylophagous; rhizophagous. [ < Gk -phagos, adj. deriv. of ...
-phagy
a combining form meaning "eating," "devouring" that specified by the initial element, esp. as a practice or habit: allotriophagy; anthropophagy. Also, -phagia. [ < Gk -phagia; ...
-phane
-phane [fān] 〚< Gr phainein, to appear: see FANTASY〛 combining form a substance that has a (specified) appearance or resembles (something specified) [allophane, cymophane] * ...
-phany
a combining form occurring in loanwords from Greek, meaning "appearance," "manifestation" (epiphany); used in the formation of compound words (Christophany; Satanophany). [ < Gk ...
-phasia
a combining form used in the names of speech disorders, as specified by the initial element: aphasia. Also, -phasy. [ < Gk, comb. form akin to phánai to speak] * * *
-phil
var. of -phile: eosinophil. * * *
-phile
a combining form meaning "lover of," "enthusiast for" that specified by the initial element: Anglophile; bibliophile; demophile. Also, -phil. [ < L -philus, -phila < Gk -philos ...
-philia
a combining form used in the formation of compound words that have the general sense "unnatural attraction" (necrophilia), "tendency" (hemophilia); also forming abstract nouns ...
-philiac
a combining form occurring in personal nouns that correspond to nouns ending in -philia: hemophiliac; necrophiliac. [ < Gk -philiakos; see -PHILIA, -AC] * * *
-philic
1. a combining form occurring in adjectives that correspond to nouns ending in -phile: francophilic. 2. a combining form used to form adjectives that characterize classes of ...
-philism
a combining form used to form abstract nouns corresponding to nouns ending in -phile: bibliophilism. [-PHILE + -ISM] * * *
-philous
a combining form meaning "liking," "having an affinity for" that specified by the initial element: dendrophilous. Cf. -philic. [ < L -philus < Gk -philos. See -PHILE, -OUS] * * *
-phily
var. of -philia. * * *
-phobe
a combining form used to form personal nouns corresponding to nouns ending in -phobia: Anglophobe. Also, -phobiac. [ < Gk -phobos, adj. deriv. of phóbos fear, panic] * * *
-phobia
a combining form meaning "fear," occurring in loanwords from Greek (hydrophobia); on this model, used in the names of mental disorders that have the general sense "dread of, ...
-phobic
a combining form used to form adjectives corresponding to nouns ending in -phobe: acrophobic; photophobic. [-PHOBE + -IC] * * *
-phone
a combining form meaning "speech sound" (homophone), "an instrument of sound transmission or reproduction" (telephone), "a musical instrument" (saxophone; xylophone). [see ...
-phonia
-phonia [fō′nē ə, fō′nyə] combining form -PHONY * * *
-phony
a combining form used in the formation of abstract nouns corresponding to nouns ending in -phone: telephony. [ < Gk -phonia; see -PHONE, -Y3] * * *
-phore
a combining form meaning "bearer of," "thing or part bearing" that specified by the initial element: gonophore. Cf. -phorous. [ < NL -phorus < Gk -phoros bearing, verbid of ...
-phoresis
-phoresis suff. Transmission: electrophoresis.   [From Greek phorēsis, a carrying, from phorein, frequentative of pherein, to bear. See bher-1. * * *
-phorous
a combining form occurring in adjectives that correspond to nouns ending in -phore: gonophorous. [ < NL -phorus < Gk -phoros bearing. See -PHORE, -OUS] * * *
-phrenia
a combining form used in the names of mental disorders: schizophrenia. [ < NL < Gk phren- (s. of phrén) mind + -ia -IA] * * *
-phyceae
-phyceae [fī′sē ē΄, fis′ē ē΄] 〚ModL < Gr phykos, seaweed, orchil, rouge < Sem, as in Heb pūk, rouge〛 combining form seaweed: used in forming the scientific names ...
-phyceous
-phyceous [fish′əs] combining form forming adjectives of or belonging to a (specified) class of algae * * *
-phyl
var. of -phyll. * * *
-phyll
var. of -phyllo as final element of compound words: sporophyll. Also, -phyl. * * *
-phyllous
a combining form meaning "having leaves" of the kind or number specified by the initial element: diphyllous; monophyllous. [ < Gk -phyllos, deriv. of phýllon leaf] * * *
-phyre
a combining form representing porphyry in compound words: granophyre. [ < F, extracted from porphyre PORPHYRY] * * *
-phyte
var. of phyto- as final element of compound words: lithophyte. * * *
-plasia
a combining form with the meaning "growth, cellular multiplication," of the kind specified by the initial element: hypoplasia. Also, -plasy. [ < NL < Gk plás(is) a molding + -ia ...
-plasm
a combining form with the meanings "living substance," "tissue," "substance of a cell," used in the formation of compound words: endoplasm; neoplasm; cytoplasm. [comb. form repr. ...
-plast
a combining form meaning "living substance," "organelle," "cell," used in the formation of compound words: chloroplast; chromoplast; protoplast. [comb. form repr. Gk plastós ...
-plastic
a combining form occurring in chloroplastic; protoplastic. [see PLASTIC] * * *
-plasty
a combining form with the meanings "molding, formation" "surgical repair, plastic surgery," used in the formation of compound words: angioplasty; galvanoplasty; heteroplasty. [ < ...
-plasy
var. of -plasia. * * *
-plegia
a combining form meaning "paralysis, cessation of motion," in the limbs or region of the body specified by the initial element: cardioplegia; hemiplegia; quadriplegia. [ < Gk ...
-plex
a combining form meaning "having parts or units" of the number specified by the initial element, occurring originally in loanwords from Latin (duplex; quadruplex); recent English ...
-ploid
a combining form meaning "having chromosome sets" of the kind or number specified by the initial element: hexaploid. [extracted from HAPLOID, DIPLOID, etc.] * * *
-pnea
a combining form meaning "breath, respiration," used in the formation of compound words that denote a kind of breathing or condition of the respiratory system, as specified by ...
-pnoea
var. of -pnea. * * *
-pod
a combining form meaning "one having a foot" of the kind or number specified by the initial element; often corresponding to Neo-Latin class names ending in -poda, with -pod used ...
-poda
a combining form meaning "those having feet" of the kind or number specified by the initial element, used in the names of classes in zoology: Cephalopoda. Cf. -pod. [ < NL, neut. ...
-pode
var. of -podium: pseudopode. * * *
-podium
a combining form meaning "footlike part" of an organism, used in the formation of compound words: monopodium; pseudo-podium. Also, -pode. [ < NL; see PODIUM] * * *
-podous
a combining form meaning "footed, having a foot" of the kind or number specified by the initial element; often occurring in adjectives corresponding to nouns ending in -pod: ...
-poiesis
a combining form meaning "making, formation," used in the formation of compound words: hematopoiesis. [ < Gk -poiesis; see POESY, -SIS] * * *
-poietic
a combining form occurring in adjectives that correspond to nouns ending in -poiesis: hematopoietic. [ < Gk -poietikos. See POETIC] * * *
-polis
a combining form, meaning "city," appearing in loanwords from Greek (metropolis), and used in the formation of placenames (Annapolis). [comb. form repr. Gk pólis POLIS] * * *
-poo
-poo [po͞o] suffix forming adjectives and nouns with diminutive force, often disparaging: added to adjectives and nouns, esp. those ending in -y or -ie [cutesy-poo, icky-poo] * ...
-pounder
-pounder [poun′dər] combining form something weighing or worth (a specified number of) pounds: used in hyphenated compounds [five-pounder] * * *
-proof
a combining form meaning "resistant, impervious to" that specified by the initial element: burglarproof; childproof; waterproof. * * *
-pter
a combining form meaning "one with wings" of the kind specified: hymenopter. [see -PTEROUS] * * *
-pterous
a combining form meaning "having wings" of the kind or number specified: dipterous. [ < Gk -pteros, adj. deriv. of pterón wing; see -OUS] * * *
-rama
var. of -orama, occurring as the final element in compounds when the first element is disyllabic and does not end in -r, used so that the entire word maintains the same number of ...
-raphy
var. of -rraphy. * * *
-rater
-rater [rāt′ər] combining form one of a (specified) rate, or class: used in hyphenated compounds [second-rater] * * *
-red
a native English suffix, denoting condition, formerly used in the formation of nouns: hatred; kindred. [ME -rede, OE -raeden] * * *
-rel
a noun suffix having a diminutive or pejorative force: wastrel. Also, -erel. [ME < OF -erel, -erelle] * * *
-rhagia
var. of -rrhagia. Also, -rhage, -rhagy. * * *
-rhea
var. of -rrhea. Cf. rheo-. * * *
-rhiza
var. of -rrhiza. * * *
-rhoea
var. of -rrhea. * * *
-ric
-ric [rik] 〚ME -riche, -ricke, realm, power < OE rice, reign, dominion: see REICH〛 combining form jurisdiction, realm * * *
-ridden
a combining form meaning "obsessed with," "overwhelmed by" (torment-ridden) or "full of," "burdened with" (debt-ridden). [special use of RIDDEN] * * *
-rrhagia
a combining form with the meanings "rupture," "profuse discharge," "abnormal flow," used in the formation of compound words: bronchorrhagia. Also, -rhagia, -rhage, -rrhage, ...
-rrhaphy
a combining form meaning "suture," used in the formation of compound words: herniorrhaphy. Also, -rhaphy. [ < Gk -rrhaphia; comb. form akin to rháptein to stitch, sew] * * *
-rrhea
a combining form meaning "flow," "discharge," used in the formation of compound words: gonorrhea. Also, -rhea. Cf. rheo-. [ < NL -rrhoea < Gk -rrhoia, comb. form repr. rhoía a ...
-rrhexis
a combining form meaning "rupture," used in the formation of compound words: enterorrhexis. [ < NL < Gk rhêxis a breaking, bursting] * * *
-rrhiza
var. of rhizo- as second element of compounds: mycorrhiza. Also, -rhiza. [ < NL < Gk rhíza ROOT1] * * *
-rrhoea
var. of -rrhea. * * *
-ry
var. of -ery: heraldry; husbandry; dentistry; tenantry; jewelry. [ME -rie < OF; short form of -ERY] * * *
-s
-s1 a native English suffix used in the formation of adverbs: always; betimes; needs; unawares. Cf. -ways. [ME -es, OE; ult. identical with 'S1] -s2 an ending marking the third ...
-s'
-s' suffix forming the possessive plural of most nouns [cats' whiskers, the Johnsons' children, Americans' eating habits] * * *
-san
a suffix used in Japanese as a term of respect after names or titles: Suzuki-san; samurai-san. [ < Japn, contr. of -sama suffix denoting direction, appearance, respect] * * *
-sarc
a combining form meaning "one having flesh or tissue" of the kind specified by the initial element: ectosarc. [ < Gk -sarcos, deriv. of sárx flesh] * * *
-saur
a combining form used in the names of extinct reptiles, esp. archosaurs, usually Anglicized forms of Latin taxonomic names: dinosaur; pterosaur. [ < Gk saûros lizard] * * *
-saurus
Latinized var. of -saur: brontosaurus. * * *
-scape
a combining form extracted from landscape, denoting "an extensive view, scenery," or "a picture or representation" of such a view, as specified by the initial element: cityscape; ...
-scope
a combining form meaning "instrument for viewing," used in the formation of compound words: telescope. Cf. -scopy. [ < NL -scopium < Gk -skopion, -skopeion, equiv. to skop(eîn) ...
-scopy
a combining form used to form abstract action nouns corresponding to nouns with stems ending in -scope: telescopy. [ < Gk skopía watching. See -SCOPE, -Y3] * * *
-seater
-seater [sēt′ər] combining form a vehicle, airplane, etc. having (a specified number of) seats [a two-seater] * * *
-sect
-sect [sekt] 〚< L sectus, pp. of secare, to cut: see SAW1〛 combining form forming adjectives cut, separated [pinnatisect] * * * -sect suff. 1. To cut; divide: trisect. 2. ...
-sepalous
a combining form meaning "having sepals" of the kind or number specified by the initial element: polysepalous. [see SEPAL, -OUS] * * *
-shelled
-shelled [sheld] combining form having a (specified kind of) shell [hard-shelled crab] * * *
-ship
a native English suffix of nouns denoting condition, character, office, skill, etc.: clerkship; friendship; statesmanship. [ME, OE -scipe; akin to SHAPE; c. dial. Fris, dial. D ...
-sided
-sided [sīd′id] combining form having (a specified number or kind of) sides [six-sided] * * *
-sion
a noun suffix appearing in loanwords from Latin: compulsion. Cf. -tion. [ < L, equiv. to -s(us), var. of -tus ptp. suffix + -ion- -ION] * * *
-sis
a suffix appearing in loanwords from Greek, where it was used to form from verbs abstract nouns of action, process, state, condition, etc.: thesis; aphesis. [ < Gk] * * *
-size
-size [sīz] combining form -SIZED [life-size] * * *
-sized
-sized [sīzd] combining form having a (specified) size: usually used in hyphenated compounds [medium-sized, undersized] * * *
-skinned
-skinned [skind] suffix combining form having (a specified kind of) skin: used in hyphenated compounds [dark-skinned] * * *
-soever
-soever [sō ev′ər] combining form any (person, thing, time, place, manner, etc.) of all those possible: added, for emphasis or generalization, to who, what, when, where, how, ...
-sol
a combining form meaning "soil" of the kind specified by the initial element: spodosol. [ < L solum soil] * * *
-soma
a var. of -some3, used esp. in the formation of names of zoological genera: Schistosoma. [ < NL < Gk sôma] * * *
-some
-some1 a native English suffix formerly used in the formation of adjectives: quarrelsome; burdensome. [ME; OE -sum; akin to Goth -sama, G -sam; see SAME] -some2 a collective ...
-something
-something [sum′thiŋ] combining form forming adjectives 1. of, relating to, being, or for a person of an age one to nine years more than (a specified multiple of ten) ...
-sophy
a combining form occurring in loanwords from Greek (philosophy; theosophy); on this model used, with the meaning "science of," in the formation of compound words: ...
-speak
a combining form extracted from newspeak, used in the formation of compound words, usually derogatory, that denote the style or vocabulary of a discipline, person, era, etc., as ...
-specific
-specific [spə sif′ik] combining form limited or specific to, characteristic of (a specified thing or person) [species-specific] * * *
-sperm
a combining form with the meaning "one having seeds" of the kind specified by the initial element: gymnosperm. [ < Gk -spermos; see -SPERMOUS] * * *
-spermal
a combining form used to form adjectives corresponding to nouns ending in -sperm: gymnospermal. Also, -spermic, -spermous. [-SPERM + -AL1] * * *
-spermic
var. of -spermal: endospermic. [ < NL -spermicus. See -SPERM, -IC] * * *
-spermous
var. of -spermal: gymnospermous. [ < Gk -spermos, adj. deriv. of spérma; see SPERM1] * * *
-sphere
a combining form of sphere (planisphere); having a special use in the names of the layers of gases and the like surrounding the earth and other celestial bodies (ionosphere). * * ...
-spore
var. of sporo-, as final element of compound words: teliospore. * * *
-sporous
a combining form meaning "having spores" of the kind specified by the initial element: helicosporous. [ < Gk -sporos; see SPORE, -OUS] * * *
-st
-st1 var. of -est1: first; least. -st2 var. of -est2: hadst; wouldst; dost. * * *
-stasis
-stasis suff. 1. Slowing; stoppage: bacteriostasis. 2. Stable state: homeostasis.   [From Greek stasis, standstill. See stasis.] * * *
-stat
a combining form used in the names of devices that stabilize or make constant what is specified by the initial element: thermostat; rheostat. [ < Gk -states, equiv. to sta- (s. ...
-ster
a suffix used in forming nouns, often derogatory, referring especially to occupation, habit, or association: gamester; songster; trickster. [ME; OE -estre; c. D -ster, MLG ...
-stichous
Bot., Zool. a combining form meaning "having rows" of the kind or number specified by the initial element: distichous. [ < LL -stichus < Gk -stichos, adj. deriv. of stíchos ...
-stome
a combining form meaning "organism having a mouth or mouthlike organ" (cyclostome), "mouthlike organ" (cytostome), as specified by the initial element. Cf. -stomous, ...
-stomous
a combining form meaning "having a mouth" of the kind or number specified by the initial element: monostomous. [ < Gk -stomos -mouthed, adj. deriv. of stóma mouth; see -STOME, ...
-stomy
a combining form used in the names of surgical operations that involve the establishment of an artificial opening into or between the part or parts specified by the initial ...
-stress
a feminine equivalent of -ster: seamstress; songstress. [-ST(E)R + -ESS] * * *
-style
-style1 a combining form of style (defs. 14, 15): blastostyle. Cf. stylo-1. -style2 a combining form with the meanings "column," "columned," "having columns (of the kind ...
-sy
a suffix forming nouns or adjectives, sometimes a diminutive of the base word and usually confined to informal and jocular use (bitsy; footsie; halvsies); adjectives formed with ...
-t
var. of -ed used in forming the past tense or past participle of certain verbs, usually occurring when the final consonant of the stem is voiceless, a lateral, or a nasal and ...
-taxis
a combining form representing taxis1 in compound words: heterotaxis. Cf. tax-, taxi-, taxo-, -taxy. * * *
-taxy
var. of -taxis: heterotaxy. [ < Gk -taxia. See TAXIS1, -Y3] * * *
-teen
a suffix used to form cardinal numerals from 13 to 19. [ME, OE -tene, comb. form of TEN; c. D -tien, G -zehn] * * *
-tene
a combining form meaning "ribbon," used in biology to form compound nouns that refer to the shape or number of chromosomes involved in meiosis: leptotene; pachytene; diplotene. [ ...
-th
-th1 a suffix forming nouns of action (birth) or abstract nouns denoting quality or condition (depth; length; warmth). [ME -th(e), OE -thu, -tho, -th (var. -t after a velar, f, ...
-there
a combining form meaning "wild animal, beast," used in the formation of compound words, usually denoting extinct mammals, as adaptions of zoological taxa ending in -therium or ...
-therm
var. of thermo- as final element in compound words: isotherm. * * *
-thermy
a combining form meaning "heat," "heat generation," used in the formation of compound words: diathermy. [ < NL -thermia; see -THERM, -Y3] * * *
-think
-think [thiŋk] combining form forming nouns a pattern or manner of thinking [groupthink] * * *
-thon
-thon [thän] suffix -ATHON: used after a vowel [radiothon] * * *
-throated
-throated [thrōt′id] combining form having a (specified kind of) throat [ruby-throated hummingbird] * * *
-thymia
a combining form used in the formation of compound words that denote mental disorders, as specified by the initial element: alexithymia; cyclothymia; dysthymia. [ < Gk, equiv. to ...
-tic
a suffix, equivalent in meaning to -ic, occurring in adjectives of Greek origin (analytic), used esp. in the formation of adjectives from nouns with stems in -sis: hematotic; ...
-tight
-tight [tīt] 〚
-tion
a suffix occurring in words of Latin origin, used to form abstract nouns from verbs or stems not identical with verbs, whether as expressing action (revolution; commendation), or ...
-tious
a suffix originally occurring in adjectives borrowed from Latin (fictitious); on this model, used with stems of other origin (bumptious). Also, -ious, -ous. [ < L -tiosus, equiv. ...
-to-be
-to-be [tə bē′] combining form future; that will be (as specified) in the future: used after a noun, esp. one indicating a family relationship [bride-to-be, father-to-be] * * ...
-tome
a combining form with the meanings "cutting instrument" (microtome; osteotome), "segment, somite" (sclerotome), used in the formation of compound words. Cf. tomo-, -tomous, ...
-tomic
-tomic [täm′ik] combining form of or relating to cutting, division, sections, etc. * * *
-tomous
a combining form meaning "cut, divided," used in the formation of compound words: dichotomous. [ < Gk -tomos. See -TOME, -OUS] * * *
-tomy
a combining form meaning "cutting, incision" of an organ, "excision" of an object, as specified by the initial element (appendectomy; lithotomy); also occurring in abstract nouns ...
-ton
a suffix formerly used to form nouns from adjectives: simpleton; singleton. [var. of dial. tone ONE (see TOTHER)] * * *
-tongued
-tongued [tuŋd] combining form having a (specified kind of) tongue [loose-tongued] * * *
-tonia
a combining form with the meaning "muscle tension, nerve tension," as specified by the initial element (hypertonia); used also in the formation of words that denote more ...
-tonic
a combining form occurring in adjectives that correspond to nouns ending in -tonia: catatonic. [see TONIC] * * *
-tor
a suffix found in loanwords from Latin, forming personal agent nouns from verbs and, less commonly, from nouns: dictator; genitor; janitor; orator; victor. [ < L -tor (s. -tor-), ...
-tory
-tory1 a suffix occurring in loanwords from Latin, orig. adjectival derivatives of agent nouns ending in -tor (predatory); also forming adjectival derivatives directly from verbs ...
-tress
-tress [tris] suffix female: see -ESS * * *
-trice
var. of -trix. [ < F or It -trice < L -tricem, acc. of -trix -TRIX] * * *
-trich
a combining form meaning "one having hair" of the kind or number specified by the initial element; often used to name a single member of a taxonomic group ending in -tricha: ...
-tricha
a combining form meaning "ones having hair" of the kind or number specified by the initial element, used in taxonomic names, esp. in taxa of ciliated protozoans: Chonotricha; ...
-trichous
-trichous suff. Having a specified kind of hair or hairlike part: peritrichous.   [From Greek -trikhos, from thrix, trikh-, hair.] * * *
-trix
a suffix occurring in loanwords from Latin, where it formed feminine nouns or adjectives corresponding to agent nouns ending in -tor (Bellatrix). On this model, -trix is used in ...
-tron
a combining form extracted from electron, used with nouns or combining forms, principally in the names of electron tubes (ignitron; klystron; magnetron) and of devices for ...
-tropal
-tropal [trə pəl] 〚
-trope
a combining form meaning "one turned toward" that specified by the initial element (heliotrope); also occurring in concrete nouns that correspond to abstract nouns ending in ...
-troph
a combining form used in the formation of nouns with the general sense "nutrient matter" (embryotroph), "an organism with given nutritional requirements" (heterotroph); also ...
-trophic
a combining form with the meanings "having nutritional habits or requirements" of the kind specified by the initial element (autotrophic), "affecting the activity of, ...
-trophy
a combining form used in the formation of nouns with the general senses "nourishment, feeding" (mycotrophy), "growth" (hypertrophy); also forming abstract nouns corresponding to ...
-tropic
a combining form with the meanings "turned toward, with an orientation toward" that specified by the initial element (geotropic), "having an affinity for, affecting" what is ...
-tropism
var. of -tropy. [see -TROPY, -ISM] * * *
-tropous
a combining form meaning "turned, curved" in the direction specified by the initial element: anatropous. [ < Gk -tropos pertaining to a turn] * * *
-tropy
a combining form occurring in abstract nouns that correspond to adjectives ending in -tropic or -tropous: neurotropy. Also, -tropism. [ < Gk -tropia. See -TROPE, -Y3] * * *
-tude
a suffix appearing in abstract nouns (generally formed from Latin adjectives or participles) of Latin origin (latitude; altitude); on this model, used in the formation of new ...
-ty
-ty1 a suffix of numerals denoting multiples of ten: twenty; thirty. [ME; OE -tig; c. OFris -tich, G -zig, ON -tigr, Goth -tigjus] -ty2 a suffix occurring in nouns of Latin ...
-type
a suffix representing type (prototype), esp. in names of photographic processes: ferrotype. Cf. typo-. * * *
-ular
-ular suff. Of, relating to, or resembling: tubular.   [Latin -ulāris, from -ulus, diminutive suff.] * * *
-ule
a suffix occurring in loanwords from Latin, originally diminutive nouns (capsule; globule; nodule) or noun derivatives of verbs (ligule). [ < F < L -ulus, -ula, -ulum dim. ...
-ulent
a suffix occurring in adjectives borrowed from Latin, with the meaning "having in quantity, full of" that specified by the initial element: corpulent; fraudulent; opulent; ...
-ulose
-ulose [yo͞o lōs′, yoolōs, yəlōs] 〚L -ulosus: see -ULE & -OSE2〛 suffix characterized by, marked by [granulose] * * *
-ulous
a suffix occurring in adjectives borrowed from Latin, with the meaning "inclined to do, habitually engaging in" the action specified by the initial element: bibulous; credulous; ...
-ure
an abstract-noun suffix of action, result, and instrument, occurring in loanwords from French and Latin: pressure; legislature. [ < F -ure < L -ura] * * *
-uret
a suffix used in chemical terminology, identical in sense with -ide, which has now generally replaced it: carburet (now carbide); phosphuret (now phosphide). [ < NL -uretum, ...
-urgy
a combining form occurring in loanwords from Greek, where it meant "work" (dramaturgy): on this model, used in the formation of compound words (metallurgy). [ < Gk -ourgia, akin ...
-uria
a combining form with the meanings "presence in the urine" of that specified by the initial element (albuminuria; pyuria), "condition of the urinary tract," "tendency to ...
-uronic
-uronic suff. Connected with urine: hyaluronic acid.   [From Greek ouron, urine.] * * *
-urous
-urous suff. Having a specified kind of tail: anurous.   [From New Latin -ūrus, from Greek -ouros, from ourā, tail. See ors-. * * *
-valent
a combining form with the meanings "having a valence" (quadrivalent), "having homologous chromosomes" (univalent), "having antibodies" (multivalent), of the number specified by ...
-ville
a combining form extracted from place names ending in -ville, used in the coinage of informal nonce words, usu. pejorative, that characterize a place, person, group, or situation ...
-visaged
-visaged [viz′ijd] combining form having a (specified kind of) visage [stern-visaged] * * *
-vora
a combining form meaning "ones that eat" what is specified by the initial element, used esp. in the names of zoological orders: Carnivora. [ < L, neut. pl. of -vorus -VOROUS] * * ...
-vore
a combining form meaning "one that eats" what is specified by the initial element: carnivore. Cf. -vora, -vorous. [ < F < L -vorus -VOROUS] * * *
-vorous
a combining form meaning "eating, gaining sustenance from" that specified by the initial element: carnivorous. [ < L -vorus devouring; see -OUS] * * *
-ward
a native English suffix denoting spatial or temporal direction, as specified by the initial element: toward; seaward; afterward; backward. Also, -wards. [ME; OE -weard towards; ...
-wards
var. of -ward: towards; afterwards. [ME; OE -weardes, equiv. to -weard toward (see WARD) + -es -S1] Usage. See -ward. * * *
-ware
-ware suff. 1. Articles of the same general kind, made of a specified material, or used in a specific application: hardware; silverware. 2. Software: groupware; ...
-ways
a suffix appearing in native English adverbs: always; sideways. [ME; see WAY1, -S1] * * *
-wide
a combining form of wide, forming from nouns adjectives with the general sense "extending or applying throughout a given space," as specified by the noun: communitywide; ...
-wife
a combining form of wife, now unproductive, occurring in compound words that in general designate traditional roles or occupations of women: fishwife; goodwife; housewife; ...
-wise
a suffixal use of wise2 in adverbs denoting manner, position, direction, reference, etc.: counterclockwise; edgewise; marketwise; timewise. Cf. -ways. Usage. The suffix -WISE is ...
-witted
-witted [wit′id] adj. having (a specified kind of) wit or intelligence: used in hyphenated compounds [slow-witted] * * *
-woman
a combining form of woman: chairwoman; forewoman; spokeswoman. Usage. Feminine compounds ending in -WOMAN are equivalent to the masculine compounds in -MAN. When the person ...
-women
-women [wim′in] combining form suffix combining form pl. of-WOMAN * * *
-worker
-worker [wʉr′kər] combining form a person who works in a (specified) industry or place or with (specified) materials or equipment [dockworker, steelworker] * * *
-worthy
a combining form of worthy, occurring in adjectives that have the general sense "deserving of, fit for" (blameworthy; newsworthy; noteworthy; trustworthy), "capable of travel in ...
-xion
Chiefly Brit. var. of -tion: connexion; inflexion. * * *
-y
-y1 a native English suffix of adjectives meaning "characterized by or inclined to" the substance or action of the word or stem to which the suffix is attached: juicy; grouchy; ...
-yer
var. of -er1 after w: bowyer; lawyer; sawyer. * * *
-yl
Chem. a suffix used in the names of radicals: ethyl. [ < F -yle < Gk hýle matter, wood, substance] * * *
-yne
-yne suff. An unsaturated organic compound containing a triple bond between carbon atoms: ethyne.   [Variant of -ine2.] * * *
-zoa
a combining form meaning "animals," "organisms" of the kind specified by the initial element, used in the names of classes in zoology: Protozoa. [ < NL < Gk zôia, pl. of ZÔION ...
-zoic
-zoic [zō′ik] suffix forming adjectives 1. 〚< Gr zōikos, pertaining to animals < zōon, animal (see BIO-) + -ikos,-IC〛 having a (specified) animal way of life 2. 〚< Gr ...
-zoon
a combining form meaning "animal," "organism" of the kind specified by the initial element, often corresponding to zoological class names ending in -zoa, with -zoon used to name ...
-zygous
-zygous suff. Having a zygotic constitution of a specified kind: heterozygous.   [From Greek -zugos, yoked, from zugon, yoke. See yeug-. * * *
-zyme
-zyme suff. Enzyme: lysozyme.   [From Greek zūmē, leaven.] * * *
.22
/twen"tee tooh", twun"-/, n., pl. .22s, .22's. 1. a rifle or pistol using a cartridge .22 inch in diameter and of varying length. 2. the cartridge itself. Also, ...
.45
n., pl. .45s, .45's. a pistol, revolver, or cartridge of .45-caliber, or having a diameter of .45 inch. Also, forty-five. * * *
.ad
.ad abbr. Andorra (in Internet addresses). * * *
.ae
.ae abbr. United Arab Emirates (in Internet addresses). * * *
.af
.af abbr. Afghanistan (in Internet addresses). * * *
.ag
.ag abbr. Antigua and Barbuda (in Internet addresses). * * *
.ai
.ai abbr. Anguilla (in Internet addresses). * * *
.al
.al abbr. Albania (in Internet addresses). * * *
.am
.am abbr. Armenia (in Internet addresses). * * *
.an
.an abbr. Netherlands Antilles (in Internet addresses). * * *
.ao
.ao abbr. Angola (in Internet addresses). * * *
.aq
.aq abbr. Antarctica (in Internet addresses). * * *
.ar
.ar abbr. Argentina (in Internet addresses). * * *
.as
.as abbr. American Samoa (in Internet addresses). * * *
.at
.at abbr. Austria (in Internet addresses). * * *
.au
.au abbr. Australia (in Internet addresses). * * *
.aw
.aw abbr. Aruba (in Internet addresses). * * *
.az
.az abbr. Azerbaijan (in Internet addresses). * * *
.ba
.ba abbr. Bosnia and Herzegovina (in Internet addresses). * * *
.bb
.bb abbr. Barbados (in Internet addresses). * * *
.bd
.bd abbr. Bangladesh (in Internet addresses). * * *
.be
.be abbr. Belgium (in Internet addresses). * * *
.bf
.bf abbr. Burkina Faso (in Internet addresses). * * *
.bg
.bg abbr. Bulgaria (in Internet addresses). * * *
.bh
.bh abbr. Bahrain (in Internet addresses). * * *
.bi
.bi abbr. Burundi (in Internet addresses). * * *
.bj
.bj abbr. Benin (in Internet addresses). * * *
.bm
.bm abbr. Bermuda (in Internet addresses). * * *
.bn
.bn abbr. Brunei (in Internet addresses). * * *
.bo
.bo abbr. Bolivia (in Internet addresses). * * *
.br
.br abbr. Brazil (in Internet addresses). * * *
.bs
.bs abbr. Bahamas (in Internet addresses). * * *
.bt
.bt abbr. Bhutan (in Internet addresses). * * *
.bv
.bv abbr. Bouvet Island (in Internet addresses). * * *
.bw
.bw abbr. Botswana (in Internet addresses). * * *
.by
.by abbr. Belarus (in Internet addresses). * * *
.bz
.bz abbr. Belize (in Internet addresses). * * *

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