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/ag"euh thoh'/, n. Saint, died A.D. 681, Sicilian ecclesiastic: pope 678-681. * * *
Agatho, Saint
▪ pope born c. 577, Sicily died Jan. 10, 681, Rome; feast day January 10       pope from 678 to 681. A cleric well-versed in Latin and Greek, he was elected pope in ...
/euh gath"euh kleez'/, n. 361-289 B.C., tyrant of Syracuse 317-289. * * * born 361 BC, Thermae Himeraeae, Sicily died 289 Tyrant of Syracuse (317–304?) and self-styled king ...
/ag"euh thon'/, n. c450-c400 B.C., Greek poet and dramatist. * * * ▪ Greek poet born c. 445 BC died c. 400 BC, Macedonia       Athenian tragic poet whose first victory ...
/ag"euh tuyz'/, v.t., agatized, agatizing. to change into or make like agate. Also, esp. Brit., agatise. [AGATE + -IZE] * * *
▪ people also spelled  Agaw,         an ancient people that settled in the northern and central Ethiopian Plateau; they are associated with the development of ...
▪ plant family       the agave family of the flowering plant order Liliales, consisting of about 22 genera and at least 720 species of short-stemmed, often woody plants ...
/euh gah"vee, euh gay"-/, n. any of numerous American plants belonging to the genus Agave, of the agave family, species of which are cultivated for economic or ornamental ...
agave family
the plant family Agavaceae, characterized by herbaceous or woody plants having rhizomes, a basal cluster of toothed, sword-shaped leaves, and a tall, dense spike of flowers, ...
/ag"euh wom'/, n. a city in W central Massachusetts. 26,271. * * *
/euh gayz"/, adj. staring intently; gazing: The children were agaze at the Christmas tree. [1400-50; late ME. See A-1, GAZE] * * *
Agazzari, Agostino
▪ Italian composer born Dec. 2, 1578, Siena [Italy] died April 10, 1640, Siena       Italian composer famous for his treatise, Del sonare sopra 'l basso con tutti li ...
n (pl Agas) a cooker that is made of solid iron. It has a traditional design, but is now very fashionable in Britain. Agas use coal, oil, gas or electricity and are usually left ...
/ag"beuh/, n. 1. a tropical tree, Gossweilerodendron balsamiferum, of the legume family. 2. the hard, strong, mahoganylike wood of this tree, used for veneers. [1915-20; < Edo ...
1. advanced graduate certificate. 2. automatic gain control. Also, A.G.C. * * *
agcy abbrev. agency * * *
agency. * * *
/ayj/, n., v., aged, aging or ageing. n. 1. the length of time during which a being or thing has existed; length of life or existence to the time spoken of or referred to: trees ...
Age Concern
a British charity that looks after the interests of old people by providing care and advice and working to influence government policy. It was begun in 1940. * * *
age distribution
▪ demography also called  Age Composition,         in population studies, the proportionate numbers of persons in successive age categories in a given population. Age ...
age group
persons of approximately the same age and often of the same sex, nationality, educational or social background, etc. [1900-05] * * *
Age of Anxiety
a symphony (1949) by Leonard Bernstein. * * *
Age of Aquarius
an astrological era believed to bring increased spirituality and harmony on earth. Also called Aquarian Age. [1965-70] * * *
age of consent
the age at which a person becomes legally competent to consent to marriage or sexual intercourse. [1800-10] * * *
age of discretion
Law. the age at which a person becomes legally responsible for certain acts and competent to exercise certain powers. * * *
Age of Empires
▪ computer game franchise       computer game franchise designed by Ensemble Studios, an American company founded in 1995 and subsequently acquired by the Microsoft ...
Age of Enlightenment
(also Age of Reason) a period in Europe in the 18th century when many writers and thinkers began to question established beliefs, e.g. in the authority of kings or of the Church, ...
Age of Innocence, The
a novel (1920) by Edith Wharton. * * *
Age of Reason
1. any period in history, esp. the 18th century in France, England, etc., characterized by a critical approach to religious, social, and philosophical matters that seeks to ...
age of steam
a phrase sometimes used to refer to the 18th and 19th centuries in Britain, when different types of steam engine were being invented and developed by people such as James Watt ...
age set
Formally organized social group consisting of every male (or female) of comparable age. In societies where the practice traditionally occurs (e.g., the Nuer of the southern ...
Age, size, and weight
▪ Table Age, size, and weight age from date of conception sitting height weight (calendar months) mm in g lb two 28 1 2.25 0.75 oz three 75 3 25 1 oz four 135 5.3 170 6 ...
Age, The
▪ Australian newspaper       Australian (Australia) daily newspaper published in Melbourne and widely considered to provide some of the finest news coverage in the ...
age-area hypothesis
▪ anthropology       in anthropology, theory holding that the age of culture traits (elements of a culture) may be determined by examining their distribution over a ...
age-mate [āj′māt΄] n. a person or animal of the same age, or nearly the same age, as another * * *
/ayj"ohld'/, adj. ancient; from time immemorial: an age-old tradition. [1900-05] * * *
—agedly, adv. —agedness, n. /ay"jid/ for 1, 2, 5, 6; /ayjd/ for 1, 3, 4, adj. 1. having lived or existed long; of advanced age; old: an aged man; an aged tree. 2. pertaining ...
See aged. * * *
See agedly. * * *
/euh jee"/ adv. Brit. Dial. to one side; awry. Also, ajee. [1790-1800; A-1 + GEE] * * *
/ay"jee/, n. James, 1909-55, U.S. author, scenarist, and film critic. * * *
Agee, James
born Nov. 27, 1909, Knoxville, Tenn., U.S. died May 16, 1955, New York, N.Y. U.S. poet and novelist. Agee attended Harvard University. In the 1930s and '40s, film reviews for ...
Agee, Philip Burnett Franklin
▪ 2009       American government official born July 19, 1935, Tacoma Park, Fla. died Jan. 7, 2008, Havana, Cuba was stripped of his U.S. citizenship (1979) and marked ...
Agee, Tommie Lee
▪ 2002       American baseball player (b. Aug. 9, 1942, Mobile, Ala.—d. Jan. 22, 2001, New York, N.Y.), helped lead the New York Mets to a World Series championship in ...
A·gee (āʹjē), James. 1909-1955. American writer and critic who won a 1957 Pulitzer Prize for his novel A Death in the Family. * * *
age group n. All the people of a particular age or range of ages. * * *
/ay"jing/, n. aging. * * *
—ageist, adj., n. /ay"jiz euhm/, n. 1. discrimination against persons of a certain age group. 2. a tendency to regard older persons as debilitated, unworthy of attention, or ...
See ageism. * * *
▪ Greek sculptor also spelled  Hageladas  born late 6th and early 5th centuries BC, Argos, Greece       sculptor said to have been the teacher of Myron, Phidias, ...
/aj'euh lay"euhs/, n. Class. Myth. 1. the herdsman of Priam who raised Paris. 2. a son of Hercules and Omphale. 3. (in the Iliad) a son of Phradmon who was killed by Diomedes. 4. ...
—agelessly, adv. —agelessness, n. /ayj"lis/, adj. 1. not aging or appearing to age. 2. lasting forever; eternal; undying: the ageless beauty of Greek sculpture. [1645-55; AGE ...
See ageless. * * *
See agelessly. * * *
/ayj"lawng', -long'/, adj. lasting for an age. [1800-10; AGE + LONG] * * *
/ayj"mayt'/, n. a person of about the same age as another: The student is far behind her agemates in reading comprehension. [1575-85; AGE + MATE1] * * *
▪ France       town, capital of Lot-et-Garonne département, Aquitaine région, southwestern France. It lies along the Garonne River at the foot of Ermitage Hill (530 ...
/euh jee"neuh/, n. Rocketry. a U.S. upper stage, with a restartable liquid-propellant engine, used with various booster stages to launch satellites into orbit around the earth ...
/annzheu ne"/, n. an ancient region of SW France. Also, Agenois /annzheu nwann"/. * * * or Agenois Historical region, southwestern France. In ancient Gaul, Agenais was the ...
agenbite of inwit
agenbite of inwit [ə gen′bīt΄ uv in′wit΄] n. 〚ME ayenbite of inwyt, transl. of L remorsus, REMORSE + ME inwyt, inwit, conscience, intellect: phrase revived by James ...
Agence France-Presse
▪ French news agency       French cooperative news agency, one of the world's great wire news services (news agency). It is based in Paris, where it was founded under ...
Agence France-Presse (AFP)
French cooperative news agency. Based in Paris, it has roots in the Bureau Havas, created in 1832, which in 1835 became the Agence Havas, the world's first true news agency. The ...
➡ departments of government * * *
/ay"jeuhn see/, n., pl. agencies. 1. an organization, company, or bureau that provides some service for another: a welfare agency. 2. a company having a franchise to represent ...
agency shop
a shop in which the union represents all workers in the bargaining unit and collects dues and fees from nonunion as well as union members. [1945-50] * * *
agency theory, financial
Introduction       in organizational economics, a means of assessing the work being done for a principal (i.e., an employer) by an agent (i.e., an employee). While ...
agency shop n. An establishment in which a union represents all employees regardless of union membership but requires that nonmembers pay union dues or fees. * * *
—agendaless, adj. /euh jen"deuh/, n., formally a pl. of agendum, but usually used as a sing. with pl. agendas or agenda. a list, plan, outline, or the like, of things to be ...
/euh jen"deuhm/, n., pl. agenda /-deuh/, agendums. 1. an agenda. 2. something that is to be done. 3. an item on an agenda. [1895-1900; < L, ger. of agere to do] Usage. See ...
—agenetic /ay'jeuh net"ik/, adj. /ay jen"euh sis/, n. Pathol. 1. absence of or failed development of a body part. 2. sterility; impotence; barrenness. Also, agenesia /ay'jeuh ...
/ay"jeuh nuyz'/, v.t., agenized, agenizing. to bleach (flour) with nitrogen trichloride. Also, esp. Brit., agenise. [1945-50; agene U.S. trade name for nitrogen trichloride + ...
A·ge·nois (ä'zhə-nwäʹ) See Agenais. * * *
/ay"jeuhnt/, n. 1. a person or business authorized to act on another's behalf: Our agent in Hong Kong will ship the merchandise. A best-selling author needs a good agent. 2. a ...
agent noun
Gram. a noun denoting the doer of an action, as editor or jogger. [1875-80] * * *
Agent Orange
a powerful herbicide and defoliant containing trace amounts of dioxin, a toxic impurity suspected of causing serious health problems, including cancer and genetic damage, in some ...
agent provocateur
/ay"jeuhnt preuh vok'euh terr"/; Fr. /ann zhahonn prddaw vaw kann tuerdd"/, pl. agents provocateurs /ay"jeuhnts preuh vok'euh terr"/; Fr. /ann zhahonn prddaw vaw kann tuerdd"/. a ...
/ay"jeuhnt jen"euhr euhl/, n., pl. agents-general. 1. a chief representative. 2. a person sent to England from a British dominion to represent the interests of the ...
/ay jen"sheuhl/, adj. 1. pertaining to an agent or agency. 2. Gram. agentive. [1870-75; AGENT + -IAL] * * *
/ay'jeuhn tuy"veuhl/, adj. agentive. [AGENTIVE + -AL1] * * *
/ay"jeuhn tiv/, adj. Gram. 1. pertaining to, or productive of, a form that indicates an agent or agency. 2. (in case grammar) pertaining to the semantic role or case of a noun ...
A·gent Orange (āʹjənt) n. A herbicide containing trace amounts of the toxic contaminant dioxin that was used in the Vietnam War to defoliate areas of forest.   [From the ...
a·gent pro·vo·ca·teur (ă-zhäɴ' prô-vô'kä-tœrʹ) n. pl. a·gents pro·vo·ca·teurs (ă-zhäɴ' prô-vô'kä-tœrʹ) A person employed to associate with suspected ...
/ay"jeuhn tree/, n., pl. agentries. the profession, business, or activities of an agent: one of the cleverest spies in the history of foreign agentry. [1920-25; AGENT + -RY] * * *
▪ Japan       city, Saitama ken (prefecture), Honshu, Japan. Ageo lies on the terrace between the Ara River (west) and the Ayase River (east). A former post town ...
Ageof Aquarius
Age of Aquarius n. An astrological era held to have brought to the world increased spirituality and harmony among people. * * *
ageof consent
age of consent n. The age at which a person is legally considered competent to give consent, as to sexual intercourse. * * *
ageof reason
age of reason n. 1. An era in which rationalism prevails, especially the period of the Enlightenment in England, France, and the United States. 2. An age at which a person is ...
See age. * * *
/aj'euh ray"teuhm, euh jer"euh-/, n. 1. any of several composite plants of the genus Ageratum, esp. A. houstonianum, having heart-shaped leaves and small, dense, blue, lavender, ...
▪ Greek sculptor flourished 1st century BC, Rhodes    Greek sculptor who is credited by the 1st-century-AD Roman writer Pliny as the creator, with Polydorus and Athenodorus, ...
Agesilaus (II)
Agesilaus (II) [ə jes΄i lā′əs] 442?-360? B.C.; king of Sparta during the decline of its supremacy in ancient Greece * * *
Agesilaus II
/euh jes'euh lay"euhs/ 444?-c360 B.C., king of Sparta c400-c360. * * * born с 444 BC died 360, Cyrene, Cyrenaica King of Sparta (399–360) and commander of its army during ...
A·ges·i·la·us II (ə-jĕs'ə-lāʹəs), 444?-360?B.C. Spartan king (399?-360?). Considered one of the most important military leaders of antiquity, he successfully defended ...
age spot n. See liver spot. * * *
—ageusic /euh gyooh"zik, -sik/, adj. /euh gyooh"zee euh, -zhee euh, -zheuh/, n. Pathol. loss or impairment of the sense of taste. Also, ageustia /euh gyooh"stee euh/. [1840-50; ...
Agfa-Gevaert NV
▪ German-Belgian corporation       Belgian corporate group established in 1964 in the merger of Agfa AG of Leverkusen, West Germany, and Gevaert Photo-Producten NV of ...
Aggada or Aggadah or aggada [ä΄gä dä′, ä gä′dä] n. pl. Aggadot [ä΄gä dōt′] 1. [often a-] in the Talmud and midrash, the anecdotes, parables, legends, philosophy, ...
—Aggadic, aggadic /euh gad"ik, euh gah"dik/, adj. Seph. Heb. /ah gah dah"/; Ashk. Heb. /euh gah"deuh/, n. the nonlegal or narrative material, as parables, maxims, or anecdotes, ...
/aj"euhr/, n. 1. Also called double tide. Oceanog. a. a high tide in which the water rises to a certain level, recedes, then rises again. b. a low tide in which the water recedes ...
/euh gee"euhs/, n. Douay Bible. Haggai. * * *
aggie1 /ag"ee/, n. agate (def. 2). [1875-80] aggie2 /ag"ee/, n. (sometimes cap.) Informal 1. an agriculture college. 2. a student at an agricultural college. [1900-05, Amer.; ...
/ag"ee/, n. a female given name, form of Agatha or Agnes. * * *
/euh jawr'neuh men"toh/; It. /ahd jawrdd'nah men"taw/, n., pl. aggiornamenti /-tee/. the act of bringing something up to date to meet current needs. [1960-65; < It, equiv. to ...
—agglomerative /euh glom"euh ray'tiv, -euhr euh tiv/, adj. —agglomerator, n. v. /euh glom"euh rayt'/; adj., n. /euh glom"euhr it, -euh rayt'/, v., agglomerated, ...
/euh glom'euh ray"sheuhn/, n. 1. a jumbled cluster or mass of varied parts. 2. the act or process of agglomerating. [1765-75; AGGLOMERATE + -ION] Syn. 1. jumble, conglomeration, ...
See agglomerate. * * *
See agglomerative. * * *
See agglutinable. * * *
ag·glu·tin·a·ble (ə-glo͞otʹn-ə-bəl) adj. Capable of being agglutinated.   ag·glu'tin·a·bilʹi·ty n. * * *
/euh glooht"n euhnt/, adj. 1. uniting, as glue; causing adhesion. n. 2. an agglutinating agent. [1675-85; < L agglutinant- (s. of agglutinans, prp. of agglutinare), equiv. to ...
—agglutinability /euh glooht'n euh bil"i tee/, n. —agglutinable, adj. v. /euh glooht"n ayt'/; adj. /euh glooht"n it, -ayt'/, v., agglutinated, agglutinating, adj. v.t., ...
/euh glooht'n ay"sheuhn/, n. 1. the act or process of uniting by glue or other tenacious substance. 2. the state of being thus united; adhesion of parts. 3. that which is united; ...
/euh glooht"n ay'tiv, euh glooht"n euh-/, adj. 1. tending or having power to agglutinate or unite: an agglutinative substance. 2. Ling. pertaining to or noting a language, as ...
/euh glooht"n in/, n. Immunol. an antibody that causes agglutination. [1895-1900; AGGLUTIN(ATE) + -IN2] * * * ▪ biochemistry       substance that causes particles to ...
—agglutinogenic /ag'loo tin'euh jen"ik, euh glooht'n euh-/, adj. /ag'loo tin"euh jeuhn, -jen', euh glooht"n euh-/, n. Immunol. an antigen that causes the production of ...
See agglutinogen. * * *
See aggrade. * * *
See aggradation. * * *
—aggradation /ag'reuh day"sheuhn/, n. —aggradational, adj. /euh grayd"/, v.t., aggraded, aggrading. Phys. Geog. to raise the grade or level of (a river valley, a stream bed, ...
—aggrandizement /euh gran"diz meuhnt/, n. —aggrandizer /euh gran"duy zeuhr, ag"reuhnduy'-/, n. /euh gran"duyz, ag"reuhn duyz'/, v.t., aggrandized, aggrandizing. 1. to widen ...
See aggrandize. * * *
See aggrandizement. * * *
—aggravative, adj. —aggravator, n. /ag"reuh vayt'/, v.t., aggravated, aggravating. 1. to make worse or more severe; intensify, as anything evil, disorderly, or troublesome: ...
/ag"reuh vay'tid/, adj. Law. characterized by some feature defined by law that enhances the crime, as the intention of the criminal or the special vulnerability of the victim: ...
ag·gra·vat·ed assault (ăgʹrə-vā'tĭd) n. Any of various assaults that are more serious than a common assault, especially one performed with an intent to commit a crime. * ...
—aggravatingly, adv. /ag"reuh vay'ting/, adj. causing or full of aggravation: I've had an aggravating day. [1630-40; AGGRAVATE + -ING2] * * *
See aggravate. * * *
/ag'reuh vay"sheuhn/, n. 1. an increase in intensity, seriousness, or severity; act of making worse: an aggravation of pain. 2. the state of being aggravated. 3. something that ...
See aggravatingly. * * *
See aggravatingly. * * *
—aggregable /ag"ri geuh beuhl/, adj. —aggregately, adj. —aggregateness, n. —aggregatory /ag"ri geuh tawr'ee, -tohr'ee/, adj. adj., n. /ag"ri git, -gayt'/; v. /ag"ri ...
aggregate fruit n. A fruit, such as the raspberry, consisting of many individual small fruits derived from separate ovaries within a single flower, borne together on a common ...
See aggregate. * * *
—aggregational, adj. /ag'ri gay"sheuhn/, n. 1. a group or mass of distinct or varied things, persons, etc.: an aggregation of complainants. 2. collection into an unorganized ...
—aggregatively, adv. /ag"ri gay'tiv/, adj. 1. of or pertaining to an aggregate. 2. forming or tending to form an aggregate. [1635-45; AGGREGATE + -IVE] * * *
See aggregately. * * *
/euh gres"/, v.i. 1. to commit the first act of hostility or offense; attack first. 2. to begin to quarrel. v.t. 3. to behave aggressively toward; attack (often fol. by upon): ...
/euh gresh"euhn/, n. 1. the action of a state in violating by force the rights of another state, particularly its territorial rights; an unprovoked offensive, attack, invasion, ...
—aggressively, adv. —aggressiveness, aggressivity /ag're siv"i tee/, n. /euh gres"iv/, adj. 1. characterized by or tending toward unprovoked offensives, attacks, invasions, ...
aggressive behaviour
Any action of an animal intended to injure an opponent or prey animal or to cause an opponent to retreat. Aggression may be caused by various stimuli. Within its own group, an ...
aggressive mimicry
▪ biology  a form of similarity in which a predator or parasite gains an advantage by its resemblance to a third party. This model may be the prey (or host) species itself, ...
See aggressive. * * *
See aggressively. * * *
/euh gres"euhr/, n. a person, group, or nation that attacks first or initiates hostilities; an assailant or invader. [1670-80; < LL, L aggred- (s. of aggredi to attack; see ...
—aggrievement, n. /euh greev"/, v.t., aggrieved, aggrieving. 1. to oppress or wrong grievously; injure by injustice. 2. to afflict with pain, anxiety, etc. [1250-1300; ME ...
—aggrievedly /euh gree"vid lee/, adv. —aggrievedness, n. /euh greevd"/, adj. 1. wronged, offended, or injured: He felt himself aggrieved. 2. Law. deprived of legal rights or ...
See aggrieved. * * *
See aggrievedly. * * *
/ag"roh/, n. Brit. and Australian Informal. 1. aggressiveness, esp. that of an urban youth gang or gang member. 2. trouble; irritation. [1965-70; construed as a shortening of ...
Aggtelek Caves
▪ caves, Hungary also called  Baradla-Domica Caverns        limestone cave system on the Hungarian-Slovakian border, about 30 miles (50 km) northwest of Miskolc, ...
A day (considered as a span of time). Oldest form *ag̑h-, becoming *agh- in centum languages. a. day; daisy, today, from Old English dæg, day; b. Landtag, from Old High German ...
Afghani (def. 3). * * *
/ah"geuh/, n. aga. * * *
Āghā Moḥammad Khān
▪ shah of Iran born 1742, Gorgān, Iran died 1797, near Shusha       founder and first ruler of the Qājār Dynasty of Iran. Following the disintegration of the ...
/euh gast", euh gahst"/, adj. struck with overwhelming shock or amazement; filled with sudden fright or horror: They stood aghast at the sight of the plane crashing. [1225-75; ME ...
Aghlabid dynasty
(800–909) Arab Muslim dynasty that ruled Ifrīqiyyah (Tunisia and eastern Algeria) through a succession of 11 emirs. Nominally subject to the Abbāsid dynasty, they in fact ...
See adjusted gross income. * * *
Line of Spartan kings named after Agis I (11th century BC?). Agis was traditionally held to be the son of one of the legendary twins who founded Sparta. Agis II (d. 400/398 BC) ...
/ag"euh leuh wood'/, n. agalloch. [1690-1700; agila ( < Pg aguila; see EAGLEWOOD) + WOOD1] * * *
—agilely, adv. —agileness, n. /aj"euhl, -uyl/, adj. 1. quick and well-coordinated in movement; lithe: an agile leap. 2. active; lively: an agile person. 3. marked by an ...
See agile. * * *
See agilely. * * *
/euh jil"i tee/, n. 1. the power of moving quickly and easily; nimbleness: exercises demanding agility. 2. the ability to think and draw conclusions quickly; intellectual ...
/euh gin"/, prep. Dial. against; opposed to. [1815-25; see AGAIN] * * *
▪ okrug, Russia also called  Aga-Buryat        former autonomous okrug (district), southeastern Russia; in 2008 it merged with Chita oblast (region) to form ...
/aj"in kawrt', -kohrt'/; Fr. /ann zhaonn koohrdd"/, n. a village in N France, near Calais: victory of the English over the French 1415. 276. * * *
Agincourt, Battle of
(October 25, 1415) Battle resulting in the decisive victory of the English over the French in the Hundred Years' War. In pursuit of his claim to the French throne, Henry V ...
ag·ing (āʹjĭng) n. 1. The process of growing old or maturing. 2. An artificial process for imparting the characteristics and properties of age. * * * Gradual change in an ...
/euh gin"euhr/, n. Informal. a person who opposes a plan, proposed legislation, or any drastic change: He won the election by appealing to the aginners. [AGIN + -ER1] * * *
▪ Russia also spelled  Aginskoje        former administrative centre of Agin-Buryat autonomous okrug (district), Russia, in the Aga River valley. In 2008 ...
/aj"ee oh'/, n., pl. agios. 1. a premium on money in exchange. 2. an allowance for the difference in value of two currencies. 3. an allowance given or taken on bills of exchange ...
/aj"ee euh tij/, n. the business of dealing in foreign exchange. [1820-30; < F, equiv. to agiot(er) to speculate (agiot exchange < It aggio AGIO) + -age -AGE] * * *
Agis I
▪ king of Sparta flourished 11th century BC?       early Spartan king, traditionally held to be the son of Eurysthenes (in legend, one of the twins who founded Sparta). ...
Agis II
▪ king of Sparta died 400 or 398 BC       king of Sparta after about 427 BC who commanded all operations of the regular army during most of the Peloponnesian War ...
Agis III
▪ king of Sparta died 331 BC, near Megalopolis, Arcadia [Greece]       Spartan king (338–331) who rebelled unsuccessfully against Alexander the ...
Agis IV
▪ king of Sparta born c. 263 BC died 241       Spartan king (244–241) who failed in his attempt to reform Sparta's economic and political ...
ag·ism (āʹjĭz'əm) n. Variant of ageism. * * *
—agister, agistor, n. /euh jist"/, v.t. to feed or pasture (livestock) for a fee. [1590-1600; < AF, MF agister to give lodgings to, equiv. to a- A-5 + gister to lodge, lie < ...
/euh jist"ment/, n. Obs. 1. the act of agisting. 2. a contract or an agreement to agist. 3. the fee paid or the profit made in agisting. [1605-15; AGIST + -MENT] * * *
agit abbrev. 〚L agita〛 Pharmacy shake or stir * * *
(in prescriptions) shake, stir. [ < L agita] * * *
/aj"i teuh/, n. 1. heartburn; indigestion. 2. agitation; anxiety. [1980-85, Amer.; < It, < agitare < L agitare AGITATE] * * *
—agitable /aj"i teuh beuhl/, adj. —agitative, adj. /aj"i tayt'/, v., agitated, agitating. v.t. 1. to move or force into violent, irregular action: The hurricane winds ...
—agitatedly, adv. /aj"i tay'tid/, adj. excited; disturbed. * * *
agitated depression
Psychiatry. a severe depression accompanied by constant restlessness. * * *
See agitate. * * *
—agitational, adj. /aj'i tay"sheuhn/, n. 1. the act or process of agitating; state of being agitated: She left in great agitation. 2. persistent urging of a political or social ...
See agitation. * * *
See agitatedly. * * *
/aj'i tah"toh/; It. /ah'jee tah"taw/, adj. Music. agitated; restless or hurried in movement or style. [1885-90; < It < L agitatus. See AGITATE] * * *
—agitatorial /aj'i teuh tawr"ee euhl, -tohr"-/, adj. /aj"i tay'teuhr/, n. 1. a person who stirs up others in order to upset the status quo and further a political, social, or ...
/aj"it prop'/, n. 1. agitation and propaganda, esp. for the cause of communism. 2. (often cap.) an agency or department, as of a government, that directs and coordinates ...
/euh glay"euh, euh gluy"euh/, n. Class. Myth. one of the Graces. [ < Gk: splendor, beauty] * * *
Aglaophon of Thasos
/euh glow"euh fon'/ fl. 6th to 5th centuries B.C., Greek painter: father and teacher of Polygnotus. * * *
/euh glair"/, adj., adv. glaring; blazing: The sky was aglare with spotlights. [1870-75; A-1 + GLARE1] * * *
▪ Greek mythology also spelled  Aglaurus         in Greek mythology, eldest daughter of the Athenian king Cecrops. Aglauros died with her sisters by leaping in fear ...
/euh gleem"/, adj. gleaming; bright; radiant: a city agleam with lights. [1865-70; A-1 + GLEAM] * * *
/ag"lit/, n. 1. a metal tag or sheath at the end of a lace used for tying, as of a shoelace. 2. (in the 16th and 17th centuries) an ornament at the end of a point or other ribbon ...
/euh glee", euh glay", euh gluy"/, adv. Chiefly Scot. off the right line; awry; wrong. Also, agly. [1775-85; A-1 + gley GLEE2] * * *
/euh glim"euhr/, adj. glimmering; shining faintly or unsteadily. [1855-60; A-1 + GLIMMER] * * *
/euh glint"/, adj. displaying bright points of light, as by reflection; glittering: a diamond tiara aglint under the ballroom lights. [1875-80; A-1 + GLINT] * * *
/euh glis"euhn/, adj. refulgent; glistening. [1890-95; A-1 + GLISTEN] * * *
/euh glit"euhr/, adj. glittering; sparkling. [1860-65; A-1 + GLITTER] * * *
/euh glaw"see euh, ay glaw"-, euh glos"ee euh, ay glos"-/, n. 1. Pathol. absence of the tongue, esp. when congenital. 2. inability to speak. [ < Gk: want of eloquence, equiv. to ...
/euh gloh/, adj. glowing: a house aglow with lights; a face aglow with happiness. [1810-20; A-1 + GLOW] * * *
/euh glooh"kon/, n. Biochem. an aglycon, esp. one combined with glucose to form a glycoside. Also, aglucone /euh glooh"kohn/. [1920-25; < Gk a- together + gluk- (var. ...
/euh gluy"kon/, n. Biochem. a noncarbohydrate group, usually an alcohol or phenol, combined with a sugar to form a glycoside. Also, aglycone /euh gluy"kohn/. Cf. ...
a·gly·cone (ə-glīʹkōn') or a·gly·con (-kŏn) n. The nonsugar component of a glycoside molecule that results from hydrolysis of the molecule.   [a-, together (from Greek ...
air-to-ground missile. * * *
/ag"meuh/, n. 1. (in Latin and Greek) the velar nasal consonant sound, esp. in those forms where it was represented by the letter g or by gamma. 2. eng. [ < LGk; Gk: fracture] * ...
American Guild of Musical Artists. Also, A.G.M.A. * * *
/ag"meuh nit, -nayt'/, adj. aggregated together. Also, agminated. [1855-60; < L agmin- (s. of agmen) army on march, throng, crowd + -ATE1] * * *
/ag"nayl'/ n. 1. hangnail. 2. whitlow. [bef. 950; ME; OE angnaegl, equiv. to ang- tight, hard, painful + naegl corn (on foot), NAIL] * * *
▪ crater, Italy       volcanic crater, Napoli provincia, Campania regione, southern Italy. It is situated in the Campi Flegrei volcanic region just west of Naples. The ...
—agnatic /ag nat"ik/, agnatical, adj. —agnatically, adv. —agnation /ag nay"sheuhn/, n. /ag"nayt/, n. 1. a relative whose connection is traceable exclusively through ...
/ag"neuh theuh/, n. the class of vertebrates comprising the lampreys, hagfishes, and several extinct forms, having no jaws or paired appendages. [1875-80; < NL, equiv. to Gk a- ...
/ag"neuh theuhn/, n. 1. any member of the vertebrate class Agnatha. adj. 2. agnathous. [AGNATH(A) + -AN] * * * ▪ fish Introduction   any member of the group of primitive, ...
/ag"neuh theuhs/, adj. Zool. 1. having no jaws. 2. belonging or pertaining to the class Agnatha. Also, agnathan, agnathic. [1875-80; see AGNATHA, -OUS] * * *
See agnate. * * *
See agnatic. * * *
See agnatic. * * *
/ann nyel"/, n., pl. agneaux /ann nyoh"/. a gold coin of France of the 13th-16th centuries, bearing the figure of a lamb. [ < MF: lit., lamb < L agnellus, dim. of agnus lamb] * * ...
Agnelli, Giovanni
▪ 2004 “Gianni”        Italian business tycoon (b. March 12, 1921, Turin, Italy—d. Jan. 24, 2003, Turin), as chairman (1966–96) of the Fiat SpA industrial ...
Agnelli, Umberto
▪ 2005       Italian business executive (b. Nov. 1, 1934, Lausanne, Switz.—d. May 27, 2004, Turin, Italy), saved the Fiat automobile company from financial ruin by ...
/ag"nis/, n. 1. Saint, A.D. 292?-304?, Roman Catholic child martyr. 2. a female given name: from a Greek word meaning "chaste." * * * (as used in expressions) Agnes Saint de ...
Agnes De Mille
➡ De Mille (I) * * *
Agnes of Poitou
▪ empress consort also called  Agnes of Aquitaine,  French  Agnès de Poitou, or Agnès d'Aquitaine  born c. 1024 died Dec. 14, 1077, Rome [Italy]       second wife ...
Agnes Scott College
▪ college, Decatur, Georgia, United States       private institution of higher education for women in Decatur, Georgia, U.S. A liberal arts college allied with the ...
Agnes, Saint
flourished 4th century, Rome; feast day January 21 Legendary Christian martyr, the patron saint of girls. According to tradition, she was a beautiful virgin who turned away all ...
Ag·nes (ăgʹnĭs), Saint. Died c. A.D. 304. Roman Christian who, according to tradition, was martyred as a virgin at the age of 13. She is the patron saint of young girls. * * ...
Agnesi, Maria Gaetana
▪ Italian mathematician born May 16, 1718, Milan, Habsburg crown land [now in Italy] died January 9, 1799, Milan  Italian mathematician and philosopher, considered to be the ...
/ag"nooh, -nyooh/, n. 1. David Hayes, 1818-92, U.S. surgeon. 2. Spiro T(heodore) /spear"oh/, 1918-96, U.S. politician: vice president 1969-73; resigned 1973. * * *
Agnew, Spiro T(heodore)
born Nov. 9, 1918, Baltimore, Md., U.S. died Sept. 17, 1996, Berlin, Md. U.S. politician, the only vice president forced to resign. He studied law at the University of ...
Agnew, Spiro T.
▪ vice president of United States in full  Spiro Theodore Agnew   born Nov. 9, 1918, Baltimore, Md., U.S. died Sept. 17, 1996, Berlin, Md.  39th vice president of the ...
Agnew, Spiro Theodore
▪ 1997       U.S. politician (b. Nov. 9, 1918, Baltimore, Md.—d. Sept. 17, 1996, Berlin, Md.), served as vice president (1969-73) under Pres. Richard Nixon until a ...
Agnew,Spiro Theodore
Ag·new (ăgʹno͞o', -nyo͞o'), Spiro Theodore. 1918-1996. Vice President of the United States (1969-1973) under Richard M. Nixon. Agnew resigned amid charges of illegal ...
/ug"nee/; Eng. /ag"nee/, n. Hindu Myth. the god of fire, one of the three chief divinities of the Vedas. [ < Skt: fire, the fire-god; akin to L ignis, Russ ogón' fire] * * ...
Agnihotri, Shiv Narayan
▪ Hindu social reformer born 1850, near Kānpur, India died 1923, Lahore [now in Pakistan]       Hindu founder of an atheistic society called Deva Samaj (“Society of ...
/ag nuyz", ag"nuyz/, v.t., agnized, agnizing. Archaic. to recognize; acknowledge; own. Also, esp. Brit., agnise. [1525-35; < L agn(oscere) to recognize (a(d)- AD- + (g)noscere to ...
/an'yeuh lot"ee/; It. /ah'nyaw lawt"tee/, n. (used with a sing. or pl. v.) Italian Cookery. a dish of small pasta shaped like half moons and usually filled with tortellini ...
—agnominal /ag nom"euh nl/, adj. /ag noh"meuhn/, n., pl. agnomina /-nom"euh neuh/. 1. an additional, fourth name given to a person by the ancient Romans in allusion to some ...
/ag"non/, n. Shmuel Yosef /shmooh"el yoh"seuhf, -zeuhf/, (Samuel Josef Czaczkes), 1888-1970, Israeli novelist and short-story writer, born in Poland: Nobel prize 1966. * * *
Agnon, S.Y.
orig. Shmuel Yosef Halevi Czaczkes born July 17, 1888, Buczacz, Galicia, Austria-Hungary died Feb. 17, 1970, Reḥovot, Israel Israeli writer. Born into a Polish Galician ...
Agnon,Shmuel Yosef
Ag·non (ägʹnôn'), Shmuel Yosef. 1888-1970. Polish-born Israeli writer. His dramatic novels, written in Hebrew, include A Guest for the Night (1939). He shared the 1966 Nobel ...
/ag noh"zheuh, -zhee euh, -zee euh/, n. Psychiatry. partial or total inability to recognize objects by use of the senses. [1895-1900; < Gk agnosía ignorance, equiv. to ...
—agnostically, adv. /ag nos"tik/, n. 1. a person who holds that the existence of the ultimate cause, as God, and the essential nature of things are unknown and unknowable, or ...
See agnostic. * * *
/ag nos"teuh siz'euhm/, n. 1. the doctrine or belief of an agnostic. 2. an intellectual doctrine or attitude affirming the uncertainty of all claims to ultimate ...
▪ paleontology  genus of trilobites (an extinct group of aquatic arthropods) found as fossils in rocks of Early Cambrian to Late Ordovician age (those deposited from 540 to ...
Agnus Dei
/ag"neuhs dee"uy, de"ee; ah"nyoos de"ee/ 1. Eccles. a. a figure of a lamb as emblematic of Christ. b. such a representation with the nimbus inscribed with the cross about its ...
Ag·nus De·i (ăg'nəs dēʹī', änʹyo͞os dā'ē, ägʹno͞os') n. 1. Christianity. Lamb of God; Jesus. Also called Paschal Lamb. 2. a. A liturgical prayer to Jesus. b. The ...
/euh goh"/, adj. 1. gone; gone by; past (usually prec. by a noun): five days ago. adv. 2. in past time; in the past: All this happened long ago. [bef. 1000; ME ago(n), OE agan, ...
Agobard, Saint
▪ archbishop of Lyon born 769/779, Spain died June 6, 840, Lyon; feast day June 6       archbishop of Lyon from 816, who was active in political and ecclesiastical ...
/euh gog"/, adj. 1. highly excited by eagerness, curiosity, anticipation, etc. adv. 2. in a state of eager desire; excitedly. [1535-45; var. of on gog (in phrase set on gog ...
/euh goj"ik, euh goh"jik/, n. Music. stress given to a note through prolonged duration. Also called agogic accent. [1890-95; < Gk agog(é) course + -IC (modeled on G agogisch)] * ...
—agogic, adj. /euh goj"iks, euh goh"jiks/, n. (usually used with a sing. v.) Music. the theory that accent within a musical phrase can be produced by modifying the duration of ...
à go·go or à·go-go (ə-gōʹgō') adv. In a fast and lively manner: dancing à gogo. n. pl. à go-·gos A nightclub for fast, lively dancing.   [French à gogo, galore, ...
/ag"ohn, -on, ah gohn"/, n., pl. agones /euh goh"neez/. 1. (in ancient Greece) a contest in which prizes were awarded in any of a number of events, as athletics, drama, music, ...
/ag"euh nl/, adj. of, pertaining to, or symptomatic of agony, esp. paroxysmal distress, as the death throes. [1600-10; AGON(Y) + -AL1] * * *
/euh gawn", euh gon"/, adv., adj. Archaic. ago. * * *
a·gon·es (ə-gōʹnēz) n. Plural of agon. * * *
/ay gon"ik/, adj. Math. Now Rare. not forming an angle. [1800-65; < Gk ágon(os) (a- A-6 + gon- deriv. s. akin to góny KNEE) + -IC] * * *
agonic line
an imaginary line on the surface of the earth connecting all points at which the declination of the magnetic field of the earth is zero. [1860-65] * * *
agonic line n. An imaginary line on the earth's surface connecting points where the magnetic declination is zero. * * *

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