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agonism
▪ behaviour also called  Agonistic Behaviour,         survivalist animal behaviour that includes aggression, defense, and avoidance. The term is favoured by ...
agonist
/ag"euh nist/, n. 1. a person engaged in a contest, conflict, struggle, etc., esp. the protagonist in a literary work. 2. a person who is torn by inner conflict. 3. Physiol. a ...
agonistes
agonistes [ag΄ə nis′tēz΄] adj. 〚Gr agōnistēs < agōnizesthai, to contend < agōn, AGON〛 designating a person engaged in a struggle: used after the word modified * * *
agonistic
—agonistically, adv. /ag'euh nis"tik/, adj. 1. combative; striving to overcome in argument. 2. straining for effect: agonistic humor. 3. of or pertaining to ancient Greek ...
agonistically
See agonistic. * * *
agonize
/ag"euh nuyz'/, v., agonized, agonizing. v.i. 1. to suffer extreme pain or anguish; be in agony. 2. to put forth great effort of any kind. v.t. 3. to distress with extreme pain; ...
agonized
—agonizedly /ag"euh nuy'zid lee/, adv. /ag"euh nuyzd'/, adj. involving or accompanied by agony or severe struggle: an agonized effort. [1575-85; AGONIZE + -ED2] * * *
agonizing
—agonizingly, adv. /ag"euh nuy'zing/, adj. accompanied by, filled with, or resulting in agony or distress: We spent an agonizing hour waiting to hear if the accident had been ...
agonizingly
See agonize. * * *
agony
/ag"euh nee/, n., pl. agonies. 1. extreme and generally prolonged pain; intense physical or mental suffering. 2. a display or outburst of intense mental or emotional excitement: ...
agony aunt
agony aunt n. [Brit. Informal] a person, esp. a woman, who replies to the letters of readers in a newspaper or magazine column (agony column) giving advice, consolation, etc. * * ...
agony column
a section or column in a newspaper containing advertisements by individuals seeking missing relatives or lost pets or possessions, announcing the end of a marriage, ...
agonycolumn
agony column n. A newspaper column containing advertisements chiefly about missing relatives or friends. * * *
agora
agora1 /ag"euhr euh/, n., pl. agorae /-euh ree'/. (in ancient Greece) 1. a popular political assembly. 2. the place where such an assembly met, originally a marketplace or public ...
Agoracritus
or Agorakritos flourished 5th century BC Greek sculptor. A student of Phidias, his most notable work was the colossal marble statue of Nemesis at Rhamnus. A fragment of the ...
agoraphobia
/ag'euhr euh foh"bee euh/, n. Psychiatry. an abnormal fear of being in crowds, public places, or open areas, sometimes accompanied by anxiety attacks. [1870-75; AGORA + ...
agoraphobiac
See agoraphobia. * * *
agoraphobic
/ag'euhr euh foh"bik/, adj. 1. of, pertaining to, or characteristic of agoraphobia: She couldn't leave the house for years because of agoraphobic panic. n. 2. Also, agoraphobiac ...
Agostino Di Duccio
▪ Italian sculptor born 1418, Florence died 1481?, Perugia, Papal States  early Renaissance sculptor whose work is characterized by its linear decorativeness. His early work ...
Agostino Di Giovanni
▪ Italian sculptor flourished 14th century       late Gothic sculptor, best known for his work, with Agnolo di Ventura, on the tomb of Guido ...
Agoult, Marie de Flavigny, comtesse d'
▪ French author in full  Marie-Catherine-Sophie de Flavigny, comtesse d'Agoult , pseudonym  Daniel Stern   born Dec. 31, 1805, Frankfurt am Main [Germany] died March 5, ...
agouta
/euh gooh"teuh/, n. Zool. the Haitian solenodon, Solenodon paradoxus. [ < F < Sp aguta < Taino] * * *
agouti
/euh gooh"tee/, n., pl. agoutis, agouties. 1. any of several short-haired, short-eared, rabbitlike rodents of the genus Dasyprocta, of South and Central America and the West ...
agouty
/euh gooh"tee/, n., pl. agouties. agouti. * * *
AGP
AGP abbr. accelerated graphics port. * * * ▪ technology in full  accelerated graphics port        graphics hardware technology first introduced in 1996 by the ...
agr
agr abbrev. 1. agricultural 2. agriculture * * *
agr-
agr- pref. Variant of agro-. * * *
agr.
1. agricultural. 2. agriculture. * * *
Agra
/ah"greuh/, n. a city in SW Uttar Pradesh, in N India: site of the Taj Mahal. 637,785. * * * City (pop., 2001 prelim.: 1,259,979), west-central Uttar Pradesh state, India. It ...
agraffe
/euh graf"/, n. 1. a small cramp iron. 2. a clasp, often richly ornamented, for clothing or armor. 3. a device, as a hook, for preventing vibration in the section of a piano ...
Agram
/ah"grddahm/, n. German name of Zagreb. * * *
agrammatism
/ay gram"euh tiz'euhm, euh gram"-/, n. Pathol. a type of aphasia, usually caused by cerebral disease, characterized by an inability to construct a grammatical or intelligible ...
Agramonte (y Simoni), Aristides
born June 3, 1868, Camagüey, Cuba died Aug. 19, 1931, New Orleans, La., U.S. Cuban-born U.S. physician, pathologist, and bacteriologist. Reared in New York City, he received ...
Agramonte y Simoni, Aristides
▪ Cuban-American scientist born June 3, 1868, Camagüey, Cuba died Aug. 19, 1931, New Orleans, La., U.S.       physician, pathologist, and bacteriologist, a member of ...
agranulocytosis
/euh gran'yeuh loh suy toh"sis/, n. Pathol. a serious, acute blood disease, sometimes related to drug or radiation therapy, characterized by extreme leukopenia, fever, and ...
agrapha
/ag"reuh feuh/, n. (used with a sing. or pl. v.) the sayings of Jesus as recorded in the writings of the early Christians and in those parts of the New Testament other than the ...
agraphia
—agraphic, adj. /ay graf"ee euh, euh graf"-/, n. Pathol. a cerebral disorder characterized by total or partial inability to write. [1870-75; < NL; see A-6, -GRAPHY] * * *
agraphic
See agraphia. * * *
agrarian
—agrarianly, adv. /euh grair"ee euhn/, adj. 1. relating to land, land tenure, or the division of landed property: agrarian laws. 2. pertaining to the advancement of ...
Agrarian League
▪ German political organization German  Bund Der Landwirte        extraparliamentary organization active under the German empire from 1893. Formed to combat the ...
agrarianism
/euh grair"ee euh niz'euhm/, n. a movement for the equal division of landed property and for the promotion of agricultural interests. [1800-10; AGRARIAN + -ISM] * * *
agrarianly
See agrarian. * * *
agravic
/euh grav"ik, ay grav"-/, adj. pertaining to a state or region in which the effect of gravity is zero. [A-6 + GRAV(ITY) + -IC] * * *
Agre, Peter
▪ American doctor born January 30, 1949, Northfield, Minnesota, U.S.       American doctor, corecipient of the Nobel Prize for Chemistry in 2003 for his discovery of ...
agréation
/ann grdday ann syawonn"/, n., pl. agréations /-syawonn"/. French. the procedure followed by a government for determining the acceptability to a foreign government of a proposed ...
Agreda, María de
▪ Spanish mystic also called  Sister María De Jesús,  original name  María Fernández Coronel  born April 2, 1602, Agreda, Spain died May 24, 1665, ...
agree
—agreeingly, adv. /euh gree"/, v., agreed, agreeing. v.i. 1. to have the same views, emotions, etc.; harmonize in opinion or feeling (often fol. by with): I don't agree with ...
agreeability
See agreeable. * * *
agreeable
—agreeability, agreeableness, n. —agreeably, adv. /euh gree"euh beuhl/, adj. 1. to one's liking; pleasing: agreeable manners; an agreeable sensation. 2. willing or ready to ...
agreeableness
See agreeability. * * *
agreeably
See agreeability. * * *
agreed
/euh greed"/, adj. arranged or set by common consent: They met at the agreed time. [1375-1425; late ME. See AGREE, -ED2] * * *
agreement
/euh gree"meuhnt/, n. 1. the act of agreeing or of coming to a mutual arrangement. 2. the state of being in accord. 3. an arrangement that is accepted by all parties to a ...
agrégé
/ah'gre zhay"/; Fr. /ann grdday zhay"/, n., pl. agrégés /-zhayz"/; Fr. /-zhay"/. a degree awarded by a French university, based on a competitive examination given by the state ...
agrément
/ah'gray mahnt"/; Fr. /ann grdday mahonn"/, n., pl. agréments /-mahnts"/; Fr. /-mahonn"/. 1. Music. ornament (def. 9). 2. agréments. Also, agrémens /ann grdday mahonn"/. ...
agrestal
/euh gres"tl/, adj. of or pertaining to plants growing wild in fields and uncultivated areas. [1600-10; < L agrest(is) pertaining to fields, rural, rustic (by dissimilation from ...
agrestic
/euh gres"tik/, adj. 1. rural; rustic. 2. unpolished; awkward: agrestic behavior. [1610-20; < L agrest(is) (see AGRESTAL) + -IC] * * *
Ağrı
▪ Turkey formerly  Karaköse         city, in the highlands of eastern Turkey. It lies 5,380 feet (1,640 metres) above sea level in the valley of the Murat River, a ...
Agri Decumates
▪ ancient region, Germany       in antiquity, the Black Forest and adjoining areas of what is now southwestern Germany between the Rhine, Danube, and Main rivers. The ...
agri-
a combining form with the meaning "agriculture, farming," used in the formation of compound words: agribusiness. [extracted from AGRICULTURE, with agri taken as a comb. form with ...
agria
ag·ri·a (ăgʹrē-ə) n. An extensive pustular eruption.   [From Greek agrios, wild. See agro-. * * *
agribiz
/ag"reuh biz'/, n. Informal. agribusiness. [AGRI- + BIZ] * * *
agribusiness
/ag"reuh biz'nis/, n. the businesses collectively associated with the production, processing, and distribution of agricultural products. Also, agrobusiness. [1950-55; Amer.; ...
agric
agric abbrev. 1. agricultural 2. agriculture * * *
agric.
1. agricultural. 2. agriculture. * * *
agrichemical
/ag'ri kem"i keuhl/, n. 1. any chemical used in agricultural production, as commercial fertilizers, pesticides, and feed supplements. adj. 2. of or pertaining to such a ...
Agricola
/euh grik"euh leuh/, n. 1. Georgius /jawr"jee euhs, jee awr"-/, (Georg Bauer), 1494-1555, German historian, physician, and pioneer in mineralogy. 2. Gnaeus Julius /nee"euhs/, ...
Agricola, Alexander
▪ Dutch composer born 1446, Flanders died 1506, Valladolid, Spain       composer of the late Burgundian polyphonic school.       Agricola was educated in the ...
Agricola, Georgius
orig. Georg Bauer born March 24, 1494, Clauchau, Saxony died Nov. 21, 1555, Chemnitz German scholar and scientist known as the father of mineralogy. A town physician in Saxony ...
Agricola, Gnaeus Julius
born June 13, AD 40, Forum Julii, Gallia Narbonensis died Aug. 23, 93 Roman general. After Agricola served as tribune and quaestor in Britain and Asia, Vespasian appointed him ...
Agricola, Johann
▪ German theologian original name  Johann Schneider, Schneider  also spelled  Schnitter,  Latin  Sartor  born April 20, 1494, Eisleben, Saxony died Sept. 22, 1566, ...
Agricola, Martin
▪ German composer original name  Martin Sore,  Sore also spelled  Sohr  born Jan. 6, 1486, Schwiebus, Silesia [now in Poland] died June 10, 1556, Magdeburg, Archbishopric ...
Agricola, Rodolphus
▪ Dutch humanist original name  Roelof Huysman   born 1443/44, Baflo, Groningen [now in The Netherlands] died Oct. 27, 1485, Heidelberg, Palatinate ...
Agricola,Gnaeus Julius
A·gric·o·la (ə-grĭkʹə-lə), Gnaeus Julius. A.D. 37-93. Roman soldier and politician who as governor of Britain (77-84) brought most of its inhabitants under Roman ...
agricultural
See agriculture. * * * (as used in expressions) Agricultural Adjustment Administration Agricultural Revolution United Automobile Aerospace and Agricultural Implement Workers of ...
Agricultural Adjustment Administration
▪ United States history  in American history, major New Deal program to restore agricultural prosperity by curtailing farm production, reducing export surpluses, and raising ...
Agricultural Adjustment Administration (AAA)
New Deal program to restore U.S. agricultural prosperity during the Great Depression. Established by an act of Congress in 1933, the AAA sought to curtail farm production of ...
agricultural agent.
See county agent. [1945-50; Amer.] * * *
agricultural ant.
See harvester ant. [1865-70, Amer.] * * *
Agricultural chemicals
▪ Table Agricultural chemicals chemicals toxicity, symptoms, and signs Insecticides organophosphates (e.g., malathion, parathion) parasympathetic excess carbamates (e.g., ...
Agricultural Development and Advisory Service
(abbr ADAS) a British company that carries out research in agriculture for the government and other customers and advises the government on policy. * * *
agricultural economics
Introduction       study of the allocation, distribution, and utilization of the resources used, along with the commodities produced, by farming. Agricultural economics ...
agricultural engineering
the branch of engineering involved with the design of farm machinery, with soil management, land development, and mechanization and automation of livestock farming, and with the ...
Agricultural Revolution
Gradual transformation of the traditional agricultural system that began in Britain in the 18th century. Aspects of this complex transformation, which was not completed until ...
agricultural sciences, the
Introduction  sciences dealing with food and fibre production and processing. They include the technologies of soil cultivation, crop cultivation and harvesting, animal ...
agricultural shows
➡ fairs * * *
agricultural technology
Introduction       application of techniques to control the growth and harvesting of animal and vegetable products. Soil preparation       Mechanical processing of ...
agriculturalist
See agricultural. * * *
agriculturally
See agricultural. * * *
agriculture
—agricultural, adj. —agriculturally, adv. /ag"ri kul'cheuhr/, n. 1. the science, art, or occupation concerned with cultivating land, raising crops, and feeding, breeding, and ...
Agriculture and Fisheries
▪ 2002 Introduction National and International Issues Food Production.       
Agriculture and Food Supplies
▪ 2007 Introduction Bird flu reached Europe and Africa, and concerns over BSE continued to disrupt trade in beef. An international vault for seeds was under construction on an ...
agriculture, origins of
Introduction  the active production of useful plants or animals in ecosystems that have been created by people. Agriculture has often been conceptualized narrowly, in terms of ...
agriculturist
/ag'ri kul"cheuhr ist/, n. 1. a farmer. 2. an expert in agriculture. Also, agriculturalist /ag'ri kul"cheuhr euh list/. [1750-60; AGRICULTURE + -IST] * * *
Agrigento
/ah'grddee jen"taw/, n. a city in S Italy. 480,068. Formerly, Girgenti. * * * ▪ Italy formerly  (until 1927) Girgenti,  Greek  Acragas,  Latin  Agrigentum   city, near ...
Agrihan
▪ island, Northern Mariana Islands formerly  Grigan  or  Agrigan        one of the Mariana Islands and part of the Northern Mariana Islands, a commonwealth of the ...
agrimony
/ag"reuh moh'nee/, n., pl. agrimonies. 1. any plant belonging to the genus Agrimonia, of the rose family, esp. the perennial A. eupatoria, having pinnate leaves and small, yellow ...
Agrinion
/ah grddee"nyawn/, n. a city in W Greece. 32,415. * * *
agriology
—agriological /ag'ree euh loj"i keuhl/, adj. —agriologist, n. /ag'ree ol"euh jee/, n. the comparative study of nonliterate cultures. [1875-80; < Gk ágrio(s) uncultivated, ...
Agrionia
▪ Greek religious festival       (from Greek agrios, “wild,” or “savage”), Greek religious festival celebrated annually at Orchomenus in Boeotia and elsewhere in ...
Agriope
/euh gruy"euh pee'/, n. Class. Myth. Eurydice. * * *
Agrippa
/euh grip"euh/, n. Marcus Vipsanius /vip say"nee euhs/, 63-12 B.C., Roman statesman, general, and engineer: defeated Antony and Cleopatra at Actium. * * * (as used in ...
Agrippa von Nettesheim, Heinrich Cornelius
▪ Renaissance scholar born Sept. 14, 1486, Cologne died Feb. 18, 1535, Grenoble, Fr.  court secretary to Charles V, physician to Louise of Savoy, exasperating theologian ...
Agrippa, Marcus Vipsanius
born 63 BC? died March, 12 BC , Campania Powerful deputy of Augustus. He helped Octavian (later Augustus) take power after Julius Caesar's murder (44 BC), defeating Sextus ...
Agrippa,Marcus Vipsanius
A·grip·pa (ə-grĭpʹə), Marcus Vipsanius. 63-12B.C. Roman soldier and statesman who commanded the fleet that defeated the forces of Mark Antony and Cleopatra at Actium ...
Agrippina
I. Ag·rip·pi·na1 (ăg'rə-pīʹnə, -pēʹ-), Known as “the Elder.” 13 B.C.?-A.D. 33. Roman matron and mother of Caligula. She was influential in the struggle for power ...
Agrippina (II)
Agrippina (II) [a΄gri pī′nə, a΄gripē′nə] (Julia) A.D. 15?-59; mother of Nero: called Agrippina the Younger * * *
Agrippina II
/ag'reuh puy"neuh, -pee"-/ A.D. 16?-59?,mother of the Roman emperor Nero and sister of Caligula. * * *
Agrippina the Younger
born AD 15 died 59 Mother of Nero and a major influence in the early years of his reign. Daughter of Agrippina the Elder (с 14 BC–AD 33) and sister of Caligula, she was ...
Agrippina, Julia
▪ Roman patrician also called  Agrippina the Younger  born AD 15 died 59  mother of the Roman emperor Nero and a powerful influence on him during the early years of his ...
Agrippina, Vipsania
▪ Roman patrician also called  Agrippina the Elder  born c. 14 BC died Oct. 18, AD 33, the island of Pandateria [modern Ventotene Island, Italy], in the Tyrrhenian ...
agritourism
ag·ri·tour·ism (ăg'rĭ-to͝orʹĭz'əm) also ag·ro·tour·ism (-rō-) n. Tourism in which tourists board at farms or in rural villages and experience farming at close ...
agritourist
See agritourism. * * *
Agrius
/ay"gree euhs/, n. Class. Myth. 1. one of the Gigantes. 2. a centaur who attacked Hercules. 3. a son of Circe and Odysseus. 4. the father of Thersites. * * *
agro-
a combining form meaning "field," "soil," "crop production," used in the formation of compound words: agronomy. [ < Gk, comb. form of agrós tilled land. See ACRE] * * *
agro-economic
/ag'roh ek'euh nom"ik, -ee'keuh-/, adj. of or pertaining to a nation's agricultural economy, the financial problems of farmers as a group, etc.: mounting pressures on the ...
agro-industrialize
—agro-industrialization, n. /ag'roh in dus"tree euh luyz'/, v., agro-industrialized, agro-industrializing. v.t. 1. to industrialize the agriculture of: to agro-industrialize a ...
agro-industry
—agro-industrial, agroindustrial /ag'roh in dus"tree euhl/, adj. —agro-industrialist, agroindustrialist, n. /ag"roh in'deuh stree/, n., pl. agro-industries. the large-scale ...
agrobacteria
/ag'roh bak tear"ee euh/, n.pl., sing. agrobacterium /-tear"ee euhm/. Bacteriol. short rod-shaped aerobic bacteria of the genus Agrobacterium, that cause plant diseases, as crown ...
agrobiologic
See agrobiology. * * *
agrobiological
See agrobiologic. * * *
agrobiologist
See agrobiologic. * * *
agrobiology
—agrobiologic /ag'roh buy'euh loj"ik/, agrobiological, adj. —agrobiologically, adv. —agrobiologist, n. /ag'roh buy ol"euh jee/, n. the quantitative science of plant life ...
agrobusiness
/ag"reuh biz'nis/, n. agribusiness. [AGRO- + BUSINESS] * * *
agrochemical
/ag'reuh kem"i keuhl/, n., adj. agrichemical. [1935-40; AGRO- + CHEMICAL] * * * Any chemical used in agriculture, including chemical fertilizers, herbicides, and ...
agroforestry
ag·ro·for·est·ry (ăg'rō-fôrʹĭ-strē, -fŏrʹ-) n. A system of land use in which harvestable trees or shrubs are grown among or around crops or on pastureland, as a ...
agroindustrial
ag·ro·in·dus·tri·al (ăg'rō-ĭn-dŭsʹtrē-əl) adj. Of or relating to the production or supply of various needs, such as water or power, for agriculture and industry. * * ...
agrologic
See agrology. * * *
agrological
See agrologic. * * *
agrologically
See agrologic. * * *
agrologist
See agrologic. * * *
agrology
—agrologic /ag'reuh loj"ik/, agrological, adj. /euh grol"euh jee/, n. the branch of soil science dealing esp. with the production of crops. [1915-20; AGRO- + -LOGY] * * *
agromania
/ag'reuh may"nee euh, -mayn"yeuh/, n. Psychiatry. an abnormal desire to live alone, esp. in an isolated area. [AGRO- + -MANIA] * * *
agron.
agronomy. * * *
agronomic
See agronomy. * * *
agronomical
See agronomic. * * *
agronomics
agronomics [ag΄rə näm′iks] n. AGRONOMY * * *
agronomist
See agronomic. * * *
agronomy
—agronomic, agronomical, adj. —agronomically, adv. —agronomist, n. /euh gron"euh mee/, n. the science of soil management and the production of field crops. Also, agronomics ...
agrostography
—agrostographer, n. —agrostographic /euh gros'teuh graf"ik/, agrostographical, adj. /ag'reuh stog"reuh fee/, n., pl. agrostographies. a treatise on grasses. [ < Gk ...
agrostologist
See agrostology. * * *
agrostology
—agrostologic /euh gros'tl oj"ik/, agrostological, adj. —agrostologist, n. /ag'reuh stol"euh jee/, n. the branch of botany dealing with grasses. [1840-50; < Gk ágrost(is) ...
agrotechnician
/ag'roh tek nish"euhn/, n. a specialist in the science and technology of agriculture, farm production, or the like. [1975-80; AGRO- + TECHNICIAN] * * *
agrotechnology
—agrotechnologist, n. /ag'roh tek nol"euh jee/, n. the technology of agriculture, as the methods or machinery needed for efficient production. [1970-75; AGRO- + TECHNOLOGY] * * ...
agrotourism
ag·ro·tour·ism (ăg'rō-to͝orʹĭz'əm) n. Variant of agritourism. * * *
aground
/euh grownd"/, adv., adj. on or into the ground; in a stranded condition or state: The ship ran aground. [1250-1300; ME. See A-1, GROUND] * * *
agst.
against. * * *
agt
agt abbrev. agent * * *
Agt.
agent. Also, agt. * * *
aguacate
a·gua·ca·te (ä'gwə-käʹtē) n. The avocado.   [American Spanish, from Nahuatl ahuacatl.] * * *
Aguadilla
/ah'gweuh dee"euh/; Sp. /ah'gwah dhee"yah/, n. a seaport in NW Puerto Rico. 56,600. * * * ▪ Puerto Rico       town, northwestern Puerto Rico. The town is a port on a ...
AguaFria
A·gua Fri·a (ä'gwə frēʹə) A river of western Arizona rising east of Prescott and flowing about 193 km (120 mi) generally southward to the Gila River west of Phoenix. * * ...
Aguán River
River, northern Honduras. It rises in the central highlands west of Yoro, descends northeast to the coastal lowlands for a distance of 150 mi (240 km), and empties into the ...
aguardiente
/ah gwahr'dee en"tee/; Sp. /ah'gwahrdd dhyen"te/, n. 1. a type of brandy made in Spain and Portugal. 2. a liquor, popular in South and Central America, made from sugar cane. 3. ...
Aguarico River
▪ river, Ecuador Spanish  Río Aguarico   river, northeastern Ecuador, rising south of Tulcán, in the Andes mountains near the Ecuador-Colombia border, and flowing ...
Aguascalientes
/ah'gwahs kah lyen"tes/, n. 1. a state in central Mexico. 430,000; 2499 sq. mi. (6470 sq. km). 2. a city in and the capital of this state. 238,700. * * * I City (pop., 2000: ...
ague
—aguelike, adj. /ay"gyooh/, n. 1. Pathol. a malarial fever characterized by regularly returning paroxysms, marked by successive cold, hot, and sweating fits. 2. a fit of fever ...
Aguesseau, Henri-François d'
▪ French jurist born Nov. 27, 1668, Limoges, Fr. died Feb. 5, 1751, Paris       jurist who, as chancellor of France during most of the period from 1717 to 1750, made ...
agueweed
/ay"gyooh weed'/, n. 1. a boneset, Eupatorium perfoliatum. See illus. under boneset. 2. a gentian, Gentianella quinquefolia, having bristly blue flowers. [1885-90, Amer.; AGUE + ...
Agui
▪ Chinese general and official Wade-Giles  A-kuei , courtesy name (zi)  Guangting , literary name (hao)  Yunyan  born Sept. 7, 1717, China died Oct. 10, 1797, ...
Aguilar Manzo, Luis
▪ 1998       Mexican singer and actor whose career spanned half a century and included some 150 movies, most notably the comedy Full Steam Ahead (1951), in which he ...
Aguilar, Antonio
▪ 2008 Pascual Antonio Aguilar Barraza; Tony Aguilar; Toni Aguilar, “El Charro de Mexico”        Mexican actor, singer, and cowboy born May 17, 1919, Villanueva, ...
Aguilar, Grace
▪ British author born June 2, 1816, London, Eng. died Sept. 16, 1847, Frankfurt am Main [Germany]       poet, novelist, and writer on Jewish history and religion, best ...
Aguilera
(1980– ) a US pop singer who first became known in 1999 with her successful single Genie in a Bottle. She won a Grammy for Best New Artist in 2000 and has won more awards in ...
Aguilera, Christina
▪ American pop singer in full  Christina Maria Aguilera  born Dec. 18, 1980, Staten Island, N.Y., U.S.       American pop singer who emerged during the teen pop ...
Aguinaldo
/ah'gee nahl"daw/, n. Emilio /e mee"lyaw/, 1869-1964, Filipino leader during the Spanish-American war: opposed to U.S. occupation. * * *
Aguinaldo, Emilio
born March 23, 1869, near Cavite, Luzon, Phil. died Feb. 6, 1964, Manila Philippine independence leader. He was born of Chinese and Tagalog parentage and was educated at the ...
Aguinaldo,Emilio
A·gui·nal·do (ä'gē-nälʹdō), Emilio. 1869-1964. Philippine leader of a rebellion against Spanish rule (1896-1898) and an uprising against American authority (1899-1901) ...
Aguirre, Lope de
▪ Spanish adventurer born c. 1518, , Oñate, Spain died Oct. 27, 1561, El Tocuyo, Viceroyalty of Peru [now in Venezuela]       Spanish adventurer whose name practically ...
aguish
—aguishly, adv. /ay"gyooh ish/, adj. 1. producing, resembling, or resulting from ague. 2. easily affected by or subject to fits of ague. 3. shaking; quivering. [1610-20; AGUE + ...
aguishly
See aguish. * * *
aguishness
See aguish. * * *
Agulhas
/euh gul"euhs/; Port. /ah gooh"lyeuhsh/, n. Cape, the southernmost point of Africa. * * *
Agulhas Current
a warm ocean current flowing S along the SE coast of Africa. Also called Mozambique Current. * * * ▪ ocean current       surface oceanic current that is part of the ...
Agulhas, Cape
Cape, southernmost point of the African continent. Its name, Portuguese for "needles," refers to the rocks and reefs that have wrecked many ships. The cape's meridian of 20°E ...
Agulhas,Cape
A·gul·has (ə-gŭlʹəs), Cape A rugged headland of South Africa, the southernmost point of Africa. Its meridian, longitude 20° east, marks the division between the Atlantic ...
agunah
▪ Judaism Hebrew  ʿaguna (“deserted woman”) , plural  agunahs,  ʿagunot , or  agunoth        in Orthodox and Conservative Judaism, a woman who is presumed ...
Agung
/ah"goong/, n. a volcano on NE Bali, in Indonesia: erupted 1963. 10,300 ft. (3139 m). * * * ▪ sultan of Mataram died 1645       third sultan of the Mataram dynasty of ...
Agung, Abulfatah
▪ sultan of Bantam died 1692       ruler of the powerful Javanese sultanate of Bantam from 1651 to 1683.       Agung encouraged English and French trade but ...
Agung, Mount
▪ volcano, Indonesia Indonesian  Gunung Agung (“Great Mountain”) , Dutch  Piek Van Bali (“Peak of Bali”)        volcano, northeastern Bali, Indonesia. The ...
agura
/ah goor"euh/, n., pl. agurot /ah goor"oht/. agora2. * * *
Agus Salim, Hadji
▪ Indonesian religious leader born Oct. 8, 1884, Kota Gedang, Sumatra, Dutch East Indies [now Indonesia] died Nov. 4, 1954, Yogyakarta, Indon.       Indonesian ...
Agusan River
River, Mindanao, Philippines. Rising in the southeast and flowing north 240 mi (390 km) to enter Butuan Bay of the Bohol Sea, it forms a fertile valley 40–50 mi (65–80 km) ...
Agustín I
Sp. /ah'gooh steen"/. See Itúrbide, Agustín de. * * *
Agustín, José
▪ Mexican author in full  José Agustín Ramírez   born Aug. 19, 1944, Acapulco, Guerrero, Mex.       Mexican novelist whose prolific writings, reflecting an urban ...
Agustini, Delmira
▪ Uruguayan writer born , Oct. 24, 1886, Montevideo, Uruguay died July 6, 1914, Montevideo       one of the most important poets of South America.       Agustini ...
ah
/ah/, interj. (used as an exclamation of pain, surprise, pity, complaint, dislike, joy, etc., according to the manner of utterance.) * * *
Ah
ampere-hour. Also, a.h. * * *
Ah Kin
▪ Mayan religion       (Mayan: “He of the Sun”), the regular clergy of the Yucatec Maya in pre-Columbian times. The Ah Kin are best known historically for their ...
Ah, Wilderness!
a comedy (1933) by Eugene O'Neill. * * *
aha
/ah hah", euh hah"/, interj. (used as an exclamation of triumph, mockery, contempt, irony, surprise, etc., according to the manner of utterance.) * * *
AHA
American Heart Association. * * *
Aḥa Of Shabḥa
▪ Jewish scholar Aha also spelled  Ahai   born c. 680, , probably at Shabḥa, near Basra, Iraq died c. 752       prominent Babylonian Talmudist who is the first ...
Ahab
/ay"hab/, n. 1. a king of Israel and husband of Jezebel, reigned 874?-853? B.C. I Kings 16-22. 2. captain of the ship Pequod and tragic hero of Melville's Moby Dick, obsessed ...
Ahad Haam
Seph. Heb. /ah khahd" hah ahm"/ pen name of Asher Ginzberg. * * *
Aḥad Haʿam
▪ Zionist leader (Hebrew: “One of the People”),original name  Asher Ginzberg   born Aug. 18, 1856, Skvira, near Kiev, Russian Empire [now in Ukraine] died Jan. 2, 1927, ...
Ahaggar
or Hoggar Mountains High plateau region, southern Algeria. Located in the central Sahara, it extends about 970 mi (1,550 km) from north to south and 1,300 mi (2,100 km) from ...
ahankara
/euh hung kahr"euh/, n. Hinduism, Buddhism. the false identification of the purusha, or true inner self, with the body, the mind, or the outside world. [ < Skt ahankara ego ...
Ahasuerus
/euh haz'yooh ear"euhs, euh has'-, euh hazh'ooh-/; Seph. Heb. /ah khahsh've rddawsh"/; Ashk. Heb. /ah'kheuhsh vay"rddeuhsh/, n. a king of ancient Persia, known to the Greeks as ...
AHAUS
Amateur Hockey Association of the United States. * * *
Ahaz
/ay"haz/, n. a king of Judah, 735?-715? B.C. II Kings 16; II Chron. 28:9. * * * ▪ king of Judah also spelled  Achaz , Assyrian  Jehoahaz  flourished 8th century ...
Ahaziah
/ay'euh zuy"euh, ay'ha-/, n. 1. a son of Ahab and his successor as king of Israel, reigned 853?-852? B.C. I Kings 22:40. 2. a king of Judah, 846? B.C. II Kings 8:24. * * *
ahchoo
/ah chooh"/, interj. (used to represent the sound of a person sneezing.) Also, achoo, hachoo, kerchoo. * * *
AHE
Association for Higher Education. * * *
ahead
/euh hed"/, adv. 1. in or to the front; in advance of; before: Walk ahead of us. 2. in a forward direction; onward; forward: The line of cars moved ahead slowly. 3. into or for ...
aheadof
ahead of prep. 1. In front of. 2. In advance of; at an earlier time than: arrived ahead of the others. 3. In a superior or advanced position to; more successful than: We are well ...
ahem
pronounced with a small scraping sound accompanied or followed by a nasal; spelling pron. /euh hem", hem/, interj. (an utterance similar to the sound of clearing one's throat, ...
Ahenobarbus, Gnaeus Domitius
▪ Roman general died 31 BC       Roman general who became one of the chief partisans of Mark Antony (Antony, Mark) after Antony defeated the assassins of Julius ...
Ahenobarbus, Lucius Domitius
▪ Roman senator born 98 died 48 BC, Pharsalus, Macedonia [now Fársala, Greece]       a leader of the Optimates (Optimates and Populares) (conservative senatorial ...
Ahern, Bertie
▪ prime minister of Ireland in full  Bartholemew Ahern  born September 12, 1951, Dublin, Ireland    prime minister of Ireland from 1997 to 2008.       Ahern was ...
AHF
Biochem. See antihemophilic factor. * * *
Ahhiyawā
▪ ancient kingdom, Anatolia also called  Ahhiyā        ancient kingdom lying to the west of the Hittite empire. The exact location of Ahhiyawā is not definitely ...
Ahidjo
/ah ee joh"/, n. Ahmadou /ah mah dooh"/, born 1924, statesman: president of Cameroon since 1960. * * *
Ahidjo, Ahmadou
born August 1924, Garoua, Cameroon died Nov. 30, 1989, Dakar, Senegal First president of Cameroon, 1960–82. He presided over one of the few successful attempts at African ...
Ahiezer
/ay'huy ee"zeuhr/, n. 1. a Danite who assisted Moses with the census and was head of the tribe of Dan in the wilderness. Num. 1:12; 2:35; 10:25. 2. a Benjaminite chief of a body ...
Ahikar, The Story of
▪ Pseudepigrapha       folktale of Babylonian or Persian origin, about a wise and moral man who supposedly served as one of the chief counselors of Sennacherib, king of ...
Ahimaaz
/euh him"ay az'/, n. a priest who supported David during the revolt of Absalom. II Sam. 18:19-32. * * *
Ahimelech
/euh him"euh lek'/, n. a priest who was killed by Saul for helping David. I Sam. 21:1-9; 22:9-23. * * *
ahimsa
/euh him"sah, euh hing"-/, n. Hinduism. the principle of noninjury to living beings. [1870-75; < Skt, equiv. to a- not, without (c. A-6) + himsa injury, akin to hánti (he) ...
Ahir
/euh hear"/, n. a member of the caste of cowherds and milkmen in India. [ < Hindi < Skt abhira] * * * ▪ Hindu subcaste       cattle-tending caste widespread in northern ...
Ahira
/euh huy"reuh/, n. a Naphtalite who assisted Moses with the census in the wilderness. Num. 1:15; 2:29. * * *
Ahishar
/euh huy"shahr/, n. a chamberlain in Solomon's household. I Kings 4:6. * * *
ahistoric
/ay'hi stawr"ik, -stor"-/, adj. without concern for history or historical development; indifferent to tradition. Also, ahistorical. [1935-40; A-6 + HISTORIC] * * *
ahistorical
a·his·tor·i·cal (ā'hĭ-stôrʹĭ-kəl, -stŏrʹ-) adj. Unconcerned with or unrelated to history, historical development, or tradition: “All of this is totally ...
Ahithophel
/euh hith"euh fel'/, n. an adviser to David who later turned against him by joining the rebellion of Absalom. II Sam. 15-17. * * * ▪ biblical figure also spelled ...
ahkio
/ah"kee oh'/, n. pulka. [ < Finnish] * * *
AHL
American Hockey League. * * *
Ahl al-Bayt
▪ Islam Arabic:“People of the House,”       designation in Islam for the holy family of the Prophet Muḥammad, particularly his daughter Fāṭimah, her husband ...
Ahl al-Kitāb
▪ Islam       (Arabic: “People of the Book”), in Islāmic thought, those religionists such as Jews, Christians, and Zoroastrians who are possessors of divine books ...
Ahl-e Ḥaqq
▪ Islam       (Arabic: “People of Truth,” or “People of God”), a secret, syncretistic religion, derived largely from Islām, whose adherents are found in western ...
Ahlfors, Lars Valerian
▪ Finnish mathematician born April 18, 1907, Helsinki, Fin. died Oct. 11, 1996, Pittsfield, Mass., U.S.       Finnish mathematician who was awarded one of the first two ...
Ahlin, Lars
▪ Swedish author born April 4, 1915, Sundsvall, Swed. died March 11, 1997, Stockholm       influential Swedish novelist of the mid-20th century.       Ahlin's ...
Ahmad
(as used in expressions) Mawlana Nur al Din Abd al Rahman ibn Ahmad Ahmad ibn Hanbal Ahmad Khan Sir Sayyid Ahmad Shah Durrani Ahmad Sirhindi Ahmad Yasawi Ghulam Ahmad Mirza Abu ...
Aḥmad al-Manṣūr
▪ ruler of Morocco also called  Al-dhahabī (the Golden)   born 1549, Fès, Mor. died August 20, 1603, Fès       sixth ruler of the Saʿdī dynasty, which he raised ...
Aḥmad Bābā
▪ Islamic author and jurist in full  Abū Al-ʿabbās Aḥmad Ibn Aḥmad Al-takrūrī Al-massūfī   born Oct. 26, 1556, Arawān, near Timbuktu, Songhai Empire died April ...
Aḥmad Grāñ
▪ Somalian Muslim leader also called  Aḥmad the Left-handed , real name  Aḥmad Ibn Ibrāhīm al-Ghāzī  born c. 1506 died 1543       leader of a Muslim ...
Aḥmad ibn Ḥanbal
born 780, Baghdad, Iraq died 855, Baghdad Muslim theologian and jurist. He began to study the Hadīth (Traditions) at age 15. He traveled widely to study with the great masters ...
Aḥmad ibn Ṭūlūn
▪ governor of Egypt born September 835 died March 884, Egypt       the founder of the Ṭūlūnid Dynasty in Egypt and the first Muslim governor of Egypt to annex ...
Aḥmad ibn Ṭūlūn, Mosque of
▪ building, Cairo, Egypt  huge and majestic red brick building complex built in 876 by the Turkish governor of Egypt and Syria. It was built on the site of present-day Cairo ...
Ahmad Khan, Sir Sayyid
born Oct. 17, 1817, Delhi died March 27, 1898, Aligarh, India Indian educator and jurist. Born into a family of officials in the Mughal dynasty, he worked for the British East ...
Aḥmad Mūsā
▪ Iranian painter flourished 14th century, Tabrīz, Azerbaijan       painter active at the court of the Il Khans at Tabrīz. He is said to have learned painting from ...
Aḥmad Shah
▪ Mughal emperor in full  Aḥmad Shah Bahādur Mujāhid al-Ḍīn Abū Naṣr  born Dec. 24, 1725, Delhi [India] died Jan. 1, 1775, Delhi       ineffectual Mughal ...
Aḥmad Shah Durrānī
born с 1722, Multan, Punjab died Oct. 16?, 1772, Toba Maʽrūf, Afg. Founder of modern Afghanistan. The son of an Afghan chief, he became shah in 1747 on the death of the ...
Aḥmad Sirhindī
born 1564?, Sirhind, Patiala, India died 1624, Sirhind Indian mystic and theologian who is responsible for the revival of Sunnite Islam in India. He traced his descent from ...
Aḥmad Sirhindī, Shaykh
▪ Indian mystic and theologian born 1564?, Sirhind, Patiāla, India died 1624, Sirhind       Indian mystic and theologian who was largely responsible for the ...
Ahmadabad
Ah·ma·da·bad or Ah·me·da·bad (äʹmə-də-bäd') A city of northwest India north of Mumbai (Bombay). Founded in 1412 as the capital of a former Gujarat kingdom, it is a ...
Ahmadi
/ah"meuh dee'/, n. Islam. a member of the Ahmadiya. * * *
Aḥmadī, Al-
▪ Kuwait       town, southern Kuwait. The oasis town was built after 1946 with the development of the oil field in which it is located. Al-Aḥmadī is the headquarters ...
Ahmadinejad, Mahmoud
▪ 2006       The surprise winner of Iran's presidential elections in June 2005 was Mahmoud Ahmadinejad, who commanded the support of hard-line conservatives in the ...
Ahmadiya
/ah'meuh dee"yeuh/, n. Islam. a modern sect, divided into an older group (Qadianis) and a newer group (Lahore party). [ < Ar ahmadiyah lit., followers of Ahmad, i.e., Muhammad] * ...
Aḥmadīyah
▪ Islamic group       a modern Islāmic sect and the generic name for various Ṣūfī (Muslim mystic) orders. The sect was founded in Qādiān, the Punjab, India, in ...
Aḥmadiyyah
Islamic sect, founded in India in 1889 by Mīrzā Ghulām Ahmad. It holds that Jesus feigned death and resurrection and escaped to India and that jihad is a peaceful battle ...
Ahmadnagar
▪ India also spelled  Ahmednagar        city, west-central Maharashtra (Mahārāshtra) state, western India. It lies along the Sina River, 130 miles (210 km) east of ...
Ahmadu Seku
died 1898, Sokoto, Northern Nigeria Second and last ruler of the Tukulor empire in West Africa. Succeeding his father, al-Ḥājj ʽUmar, in 1864, Ahmadu ruled over a great ...
Ahmed
(as used in expressions) Ahmed Yesevi Ben Bella Ahmed Köprülü Fazil Ahmed Pasha Rushdie Ahmed Salman Touré Ahmed Sékou Ahmed Bey Zogu * * *
Ahmed Haşim
▪ Turkish author born 1884, Baghdad died June 4, 1933, Istanbul       writer, one of the most outstanding representatives of the Symbolist movement in Turkish ...
Ahmed I
▪ Ottoman sultan born April 18, 1590, Manisa, Ottoman Empire died Nov. 22, 1617       Ottoman sultan from 1603 to 1617, whose authority was weakened by wars, ...
Ahmed II
▪ Ottoman sultan born Aug. 1, 1642 died Feb. 6, 1695, Edirne, Ottoman Empire       Ottoman sultan (1691–95) whose reign was marked by the continuing war with the Holy ...
Ahmed III
▪ Ottoman sultan born Dec. 30, 1673, Bulgaria, Ottoman Empire died July 1, 1736, Constantinople [now Istanbul], Turkey       sultan of the Ottoman Empire from 1703 to ...
Ahmed Vefik Paşa
▪ Ottoman statesman and scholar born July 6, 1823, Constantinople [now Istanbul] died April 2, 1891, Constantinople       Ottoman statesman and scholar who presided ...
Ahmed Yesevi
or Ahmad Yasawi born 11th century, Sayrām died 1166, Yasī, Turkistan Turkish poet and Sufi mystic. When he was young his family moved to Yasī, where he began his teaching. ...
Ahmed, Fakhruddin Ali
▪ president of India born May 13, 1905, Delhi, India died Feb. 11, 1977, New Delhi       statesman who was president of India from 1974 to 1977.       The son ...
Ahmed, Iajuddin
▪ president of Bangladesh born Feb. 1, 1931, Nayagaon, Bangl.       17th president of Bangladesh. Ahmed was elected unopposed on Sept. 5, 2002, and retained this ...
Ahmedabad
/ah'meuhd ah bahd"/, n. a city in E Gujarat, in W India, N of Bombay: a former state capital. 1,741,522. Also, Ahmadabad. * * * or Ahmadabad City ( pop., 2001 prelim.: metro. ...
Ahmedi, Taceddin
▪ Turkish author in full  Taceddin (Taj ad-Dīn) İbrahim ibn Hizr Ahmedi   born 1334?, Anatolia died 1413, Amasya, Ottoman Empire       one of the greatest poets of ...


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