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Слова на букву !kun-arti (15990)

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Ahmednagar
/ah'meuhd nug"euhr/, n. a city in W Maharashtra, in W India, E of Bombay. 117,275. Also, Ahmadnagar. * * *
Ahmet Paşa Bursali
▪ Turkish author born , Edirne?, Ottoman Empire died 1496/97, Bursa       one of the most important figures in 15th-century Turkish literature.       Born into ...
Ahmose I
/ah"mohs/ 1580-1557 B.C., founder of the New Kingdom of ancient Egypt. * * * ▪ king of Egypt       king of ancient Egypt (Egypt, ancient) (reigned c. 1539–14 BCE) and ...
Ahn Hyun Soo
▪ 2007       In February 2006 South Korean short-track speed skater Ahn Hyun Soo won four medals during the Winter Olympic Games in Turin, Italy—the most of any male ...
Ahnfelt's seaweed
/ahn"felts/ a red alga, Ahnfeltia plicata, common along the coasts of North America and Europe, having brownish, bushlike branches. [after N. Ahnfelt (1801-37), Swedish ...
Aho, Juhani
▪ Finnish author pseudonym  of Johannes Brofeldt   born Sept. 11, 1861, Lapinlahti, Finland, Russian Empire died Aug. 8, 1921, Helsinki, Finland       novelist and ...
ahold
/euh hohld"/, n. 1. Informal. a hold or grasp (often fol. by of): He took ahold of my arm. Grab ahold! 2. get ahold of, Informal. See hold (def. 51). adv. 3. Naut. Archaic. close ...
aholehole
▪ fish  any of several species of fishes constituting the family Kuhliidae (order Perciformes). Various members of the genus Kuhlia inhabit marine or fresh waters in the ...
aholt
/euh hohlt"/, n. Older Use. ahold. * * *
Ahom
/ah"hohm/, n. an extinct Thai language of Assam. * * * ▪ people       tribe that ruled much of Assam from the 13th century until the establishment of British rule in ...
Ahorizon
A horizon n. In ABC soil, the uppermost zone of soil, containing humus; topsoil. Also called zone of leaching. * * *
ahorse
/euh hawrs"/, adj., adv. on horseback: to escape ahorse. [1855-60; A-1 + HORSE] * * *
ahoy
/euh hoy"/, interj. Naut. (used as a call to hail another ship, attract attention, etc.) [1745-55; var. of HOY. Cf. AHA, AHEM] * * *
AHQ
1. Air Headquarters. 2. Army Headquarters. * * *
AHRA
American Hot Rod Association. * * *
Ahram, Al-
▪ Egyptian newspaper Egyptian“The Pyramids”       daily newspaper published in Cairo, long regarded as Egypt's most authoritative and influential newspaper and as ...
Ahriman
/ah"ri meuhn/, n. Zoroastrianism. See Angra Mainyu. * * * ▪ Zoroastrian deity Avestan  Angra Mainyu (“Destructive Spirit”)        the evil spirit in the ...
AHSA
American Horse Shows Association. * * *
Aḥsāʾī, Ahmad al-
in full Shaykh Aḥmad ibn Zayn al-Dīn Ibrahim al-Aḥsāʾī born 1753, Al-Hasa, Arabia died 1826, near Medina Founder of the heterodox Shīʽite Muslim Shaykhī sect of ...
Aḥsāʾī, al-
▪ Muslim religious leader also called  Shaykh Aḥmad,  in full  Shaykh Aḥmad Ibn Zayn Ad-dīn Ibn Ibrāhīm Al-aḥsāʾī  born 1753, Al-Hasa, Arabia [now in Saudi ...
Ahtisaari
/ah'tee sahr"ee/, n. Martti /mahr"ti/, born 1938, president of Finland since 1994. * * *
Ahtisaari, Martti
▪ 2000       On June 2, 1999, the president of Finland, Martti Ahtisaari, and Russian envoy Viktor Chernomyrdin met with Pres. Slobodan Milosevic of Yugoslavia in ...
Ahtna
/aht"neuh/, n., pl. Ahtnas, (esp. collectively) Ahtna for 1. 1. a member of a group of Indians inhabiting the Copper River Valley in southeastern Alaska. 2. the Athabaskan ...
ahu
/ah"hooh/, n. a stone heap or platform used by the Polynesians as a marker or memorial. [ < Hawaiian] * * *
Ahuachapán
▪ El Salvador       city, western El Salvador, on the small Molino River (with a hydroelectric station) at the foot of La Lagunita Volcano. Originally called Güeciapam ...
Ahuitzotl
▪ Aztec king died 1503       eighth king of the Aztecs, under whose reign (1486–1503) the Aztec empire reached its greatest extent.       The aggressive ...
ahull
/euh hul"/, adj. Naut. 1. (of a sailing vessel) with all sails furled and the helm lashed to head into the wind, as in heavy weather. 2. abandoned, with decks awash. [1575-85; ...
Ahuna Varya
/ah"hoo nah vahr"yah/, Zoroastrianism. the best-known and most frequently recited prayer: equivalent to the Lord's Prayer for Christians. Also called Ahunvar /ah"hoon vahr'/. * * ...
ahungered
/euh hung"geuhrd/, adj. Archaic. very hungry. [1375-1425; late ME ahungred, equiv. to a- A-2 + hungred (ptp. of hungren to HUNGER), modeled on ATHIRST] * * *
Ahura
/ah"hoo reuh/, n. Zoroastrianism, Hinduism. generic title for benevolent deities in Zoroastrianism or evil deities in Hinduism. Also, Asura. * * *
Ahura Mazda
Zoroastrianism. the supreme creative deity, the creator of Gayomart whose omnipotence is challenged by Angra Mainyu. Also called Mazda, Ohrmazd, Ormazd, Ormuzd. * * * Supreme ...
AhuraMazda
A·hu·ra Maz·da (ä-ho͝orʹə măzʹdə) n. The chief deity of Zoroastrianism, the creator of the world, the source of light, and the embodiment of good. Also called ...
Ahuzzath
/euh huz"ath/, n. a friend of Abimelech with whom he journeyed from Gerar to make a covenant with Isaac in Beersheba. Gen. 26:26-31. * * *
Ahvaz
Ahvaz [ä wäz′ä väz′] city in SW Iran: pop. 580,000: also Ahwaz [ä wäz′] * * * Ah·vaz or Ah·waz (ä-wäzʹ) A city of southwest Iran north-northeast of Basra, ...
Ahvenanmaa
/ahkh"ve nahn mah'/, n. (used with a pl. v.) Finnish name of the Åland Islands. * * *
Ahwaz
/ah wahz"/, n. a city in and the capital of Khuzistan, in W Iran. 329,006. Also, Ahvaz. * * *
ai
ai1 /ah"ee/, n., pl. ais /ah"eez/. a three-toed sloth, Bradypus tridactylus, inhabiting forests of southern Venezuela, the Guianas, and northern Brazil, having a diet apparently ...
AI
1. See Amnesty International. 2. See artificial insemination. 3. See artificial intelligence. Also, A.I. * * * Town, eastern Canaan, ancient Palestine. In the Bible (Joshua ...
Ai Qing
▪ 1997       (JIANG HAICHENG), Chinese poet (b. March 27, 1910, Jinhua, Zhejiang province, China—d. May 5, 1996, Beijing, China), created works that at their best were ...
AIA
AIA abbrev. American Institute of Architects * * *
Aias
/ay"yas, uy"as/, n. Ajax (defs. 1-3). * * *
AIAW
Association of Intercollegiate Athletics for Women. * * *
Aicard, Jean
▪ French poet in full  François-victor-jean Aicard   born Feb 4, 1848, Toulon, Fr. died May 13, 1921, Paris       French poet, novelist, and dramatist, best known ...
Aichbühl
▪ archaeological site, Germany       site of a Middle Neolithic settlement (end of the 3rd millennium BC) on the shores of Lake Feder (Federsee) in southeastern ...
AIChE
American Institute of Chemical Engineers. Also, A.I.Ch.E. * * *
Aichi
▪ prefecture, Japan       ken (prefecture), central Honshu, Japan, on the Pacific coast. More than half of its area lies within the Nōbi Plain and two smaller plains to ...
Aichinger, Gregor
▪ German composer born 1564, Regensburg, Bishopric of Ratisbon [now in Germany] died Jan. 21, 1628, Augsburg       German composer of religious music during the ...
Aichinger, Ilse
▪ Austrian author born Nov. 1, 1921, Vienna, Austria       Austrian poet and prose writer whose work, often surreal and presented in the form of parables, reflects her ...
aid
—aider, n. —aidful, adj. —aidless, adj. /ayd/, v.t. 1. to provide support for or relief to; help: to aid the homeless victims of the fire. 2. to promote the progress or ...
AID
/ayd/, n. U.S. Govt. the division of the United States International Development Cooperation Agency that coordinates the various foreign aid programs with U.S. foreign policy: ...
aid money
➡ aid * * *
aid station
Mil. a medical installation located in a forward or isolated position in the field for providing routine or emergency medical treatment to the troops. * * *
aid-de-camp
/ayd"deuh kamp"/, n., pl. aids-de-camp. aide-de-camp. * * *
Aida
/ah ee"deuh/, n. 1. (italics) an opera (1871) by Giuseppe Verdi. 2. a female given name. Also, Aïda. * * *
Aidan
▪ king of Dalriada also spelled  Aedan   died c. 608       king of the Scottish kingdom of Dalriada. He was the son of Gabran, king of Dalriada.       Aidan ...
Aidan, Saint
born Ireland died Aug. 31, 651, Bamburgh, Northumberland, Eng.; feast day August 31 Apostle of Northumbria and founder of Lindisfarne. He was a monk at Iona in Scotland when ...
aide
/ayd/, n. 1. See nurse's aide. 2. an aide-de-camp. 3. an assistant or helper, esp. a confidential one. [1770-80, Amer.; < F: helper; see AID] Usage. See aid. * * *
aide-de-camp
/ayd"deuh kamp"/, n., pl. aides-de-camp. a subordinate military or naval officer acting as a confidential assistant to a superior, usually to a general officer or admiral. Also, ...
aide-mémoire
/ayd"mem wahr"/; Fr. /ed may mwannrdd"/, n., pl. aide-mémoire. a memorandum summarizing a discussion, agreement, or action. [1840-50; < F: lit., (that which) aids (the) ...
aider
See aid. * * *
aidman
/ayd"man', -meuhn/, n., pl. aidmen /-men', -meuhn/. a military medical corpsman trained to provide initial emergency treatment. [1940-45; AID + MAN1] * * *
Aidoneus
/ay'i doh"nee euhs, -nyoohs/, n. Class. Myth. a king of Thesprotia. * * *
Aidoo, Ama Ata
▪ Ghanaian writer in full  Christina Ama Ata Aidoo   born March 23, 1942, Abeadzi Kyiakor, near Saltpond, Gold Coast [now Ghana]       Ghanaian writer whose work, ...
Aidos
/uy"dos/, n. the ancient Greek personification of modesty, respect, and shame. [ < Gk aidós] * * *
AIDS
/aydz/, n. Pathol. a disease of the immune system characterized by increased susceptibility to opportunistic infections, as pneumocystis carinii pneumonia and candidiasis, to ...
AIDS virus
a variable retrovirus that invades and inactivates helper T cells of the immune system and is a cause of AIDS and AIDS-related complex: variants were identified in several ...
AIDS-related complex
/aydz"ri lay'tid/ Pathol. a syndrome caused by the AIDS virus and characterized primarily by chronically swollen lymph nodes and persistent fever: sometimes a precursor of AIDS. ...
AIDS-related virus
a variant of the AIDS virus. Abbr.: ARV * * *
AIDS-relatedcomplex
AIDS-re·lat·ed complex (ādzʹrĭ-lā'tĭd) n. ARC. * * *
AIDSdementia complex
AIDS dementia complex n. The neurological disease complex that is sometimes experienced by AIDS patients, caused by neuron injury and death and characterized by cognitive ...
Aiea
/ah"ee ay"ah/, n. a town on S Oahu, in Hawaii. 32,879. * * *
Aigner, Ladislas
▪ 2000 “Lucien”        Hungarian-born photojournalist whose use of the then new 35-mm Leica camera made him one of the pioneers in candid news photography in the ...
aigrette
/ay"gret, ay gret"/, n. 1. a plume or tuft of feathers, esp. the back plume of any of various herons, arranged as a head ornament. 2. a jeweled ornament depicting or suggesting ...
Aigues-Mortes
▪ France       town, Gard département, Languedoc-Roussillon région, southeastern France, southwest of Nîmes, on the Canal du Rhône à Sète, with its own 3.5-mile ...
aiguille
/ay gweel", ay"gweel/, n. a needlelike rock mass or mountain peak. [1810-20; < F: lit., needle < VL *acucula, alter. of LL acucula, equiv. to acu(s) needle + -cula -CULE1; cf. ...
aiguillette
—aiguilletted, adj. /ay'gwi let"/, n. 1. an ornamental tagged cord or braid on the shoulder of a uniform; aglet. 2. a long thin slice of cooked meat, esp. a narrow strip cut ...
Aiguillon, Emmanuel-Armand de Richelieu, duc d'
▪ French statesman in full  Emmanuel-armand De Vignerot Du Plessis De Richelieu, Duc D'aiguillon   born July 31, 1720 died Sept. 1, 1788, Paris, France       French ...
aik-
To be master of, possess. Oldest form *ə₂eik̑-, colored to *ə₂aik̑-, becoming *aik̑- in satem languages and *aik- in centum languages. 1. ought1, owe, from Old English ...
Aiken
/ay"keuhn/, n. 1. Conrad (Potter), 1889-1973, U.S. poet. 2. a city in SW South Carolina. 14,978. 3. a male given name. * * * ▪ South Carolina, United States       city, ...
Aiken, Conrad
▪ American writer in full  Conrad Potter Aiken  born August 5, 1889, Savannah, Georgia, U.S. died August 17, 1973, Savannah  American Pulitzer Prize-winning poet, ...
Aiken, Conrad (Potter)
born Aug. 5, 1889, Savannah, Ga., U.S. died Aug. 17, 1973, Savannah U.S. writer. Aiken was traumatized as a child when his father killed Aiken's mother and then himself. ...
Aiken, Howard H(athaway)
born March 9, 1900, Hoboken, N.J., U.S. died March 14, 1973, St. Louis, Mo. U.S. mathematician and inventor. He received his Ph.D. from Harvard University. With three other ...
Aiken, Howard Hathaway
▪ American mathematician and inventor born March 9, 1900, Hoboken, N.J., U.S. died March 14, 1973, St. Louis, Mo.       mathematician who invented the Harvard Mark I, ...
Aiken, Joan
▪ British author in full  Joan Delano Aiken   born September 4, 1924, Rye, Sussex, England died January 4, 2004, Petworth, West Sussex  prolific British author of fantasy, ...
Aiken, Joan Delano
▪ 2005       British author (b. Sept. 4, 1924, Rye, Sussex, Eng.—d. Jan. 4, 2004, Petsworth, West Sussex, Eng.), wrote fantasy, adventure, horror, and suspense tales ...
Aiken,Conrad Potter
Ai·ken (āʹkən), Conrad Potter. 1889-1973. American writer noted primarily for his poetry. He won a 1930 Pulitzer Prize for Selected Poems. * * *
aikido
/uy kee"doh/; Japn. /uy"kee daw'/, n. a Japanese form of self-defense utilizing wrist, joint, and elbow grips to immobilize or throw one's opponent. [1960-65; < Japn aikido, ...
Aikman, Troy
▪ 1997       U.S. professional football quarterback Troy Aikman not only led the Dallas Cowboys of the National Football League (NFL) to three Super Bowl victories ...
ail
/ayl/, v.t. 1. to cause pain, uneasiness, or trouble to. v.i. 2. to be unwell; feel pain; be ill: He's been ailing for some time. [bef. 950; ME ail, eilen, OE eglan to afflict ...
ailanthus
—ailanthic, adj. /ay lan"theuhs/, n., pl. ailanthuses. any tree belonging to the genus Ailanthus, of the quassia family, esp. A. altissima, widely grown in cities. Cf. tree of ...
ailanthus moth
ailanthus moth n. a large moth (Philosamia cynthia) native to E Asia and now established in the E U.S., whose larvae (ailanthus silkworms) feed on ailanthus leaves and produce an ...
ailanthus silkworm
a green silkworm, Samia walkeri, introduced into the U.S. from China, that feeds on the leaves of the ailanthus. [1865-70] * * *
Aileen
/ay leen"/; Irish /uy leen"/, n. a female given name, form of Helen. * * *
aileron
/ay"leuh ron'/, n. 1. Aeron. a movable surface, usually near the trailing edge of a wing, that controls the roll of the airframe or effects maneuvers, as banks and the like. 2. a ...
aileron roll
Aeron. a roll consisting of one or more rotations, usually controlled by the use of ailerons. * * *
ailette
/ay let"/, n. Armor. either of two standing pieces of metal or cuir-bouilli, attached to the shoulders as an ornament or as a means of displaying the wearer's arms: used ...
Ailey
/ay"lee/, n. Alvin, born 1931, U.S. dancer and choreographer. * * *
Ailey, Alvin, Jr.
born Jan. 5, 1931, Rogers, Texas, U.S. died Dec. 1, 1989, New York, N.Y. U.S. dancer and choreographer. In 1942 he moved to Los Angeles, where he studied dance and choreography ...
Ailey, Alvin,Jr.
Ai·ley (āʹlē, īʹlē), Alvin, Jr. 1931-1989. American choreographer whose works combine the styles of modern dance, ballet, jazz, and African ethnic dance. * * *
ailing
/ay"ling/, adj. 1. sickly; unwell. 2. unsound or troubled: a financially ailing corporation. [1590-1600; AIL + -ING2] * * *
Ailly, Pierre d'
born 1350, Compiègne, Fr. died Aug. 9, 1420, Avignon French theologian and cardinal. D'Ailly worked to end the Western Schism. He advocated the doctrine of conciliarism (see ...
ailment
/ayl"meuhnt/, n. a physical disorder or illness, esp. of a minor or chronic nature. [1700-10; AIL + -MENT] * * *
Ailsa Craig
▪ island, Scotland, United Kingdom       granite islet, South Ayrshire council area, Scotland, at the mouth of the Firth of Clyde and 10 miles (16 km) off the coast of ...
ailurophile
—ailurophilic /uy loor'euh fil"ik, ay loor'-/, adj. /uy loor"euh fuyl', ay loor"-/, n. a person who likes cats; cat fancier. Also, aelurophile. [1925-30; < Gk aílouro(s) cat + ...
ailurophilia
/uy loor'euh fil"ee euh, ay loor'-/, n. a liking for cats, as by cat fanciers. Also, aelurophilia. [ < Gk aílouro(s) cat + -PHILIA] * * *
ailurophobe
—ailurophobic, adj. /uy loor"euh fohb', ay loor"-/, n. 1. a person who has an abnormal fear of cats. 2. a person who detests cats. Also, aelurophobe. [1905-10; < Gk aílouro(s) ...
ailurophobia
/uy loor'euh foh"bee euh, ay loor'-/, n. Psychiatry. an abnormal fear of cats. Also, aelurophobia. [1905-10; < Gk aílouro(s) cat + -PHOBIA] * * *
aim
—aimer, n. —aimful, adj. —aimfully, adv. /aym/, v.t. 1. to position or direct (a firearm, ball, arrow, rocket, etc.) so that, on firing or release, the discharged ...
AIM
/aym/, n. American Indian Movement. * * *
aim-
Copy. Oldest form *ə₂eim-, colored to *ə₂aim-. 1. Suffixed full-grade form *aim-olo-. emulate, emulous, from Latin aemulus, emulous. 2. Zero-grade form *əim-. a. imitate; ...
aimak
/uy"mak, ay"mak/, n. 1. one of the 18 largest regions into which the Mongolian People's Republic is divided for administrative purposes. 2. a clanlike group among Mongolian ...
Aimard, Gustave
▪ French writer pseudonym of  Olivier Gloux   born Sept. 13, 1818, Paris, France died June 20, 1883, Paris       French popular novelist who wrote adventure stories ...
Aimee
/ay"mee/, n. a female given name. * * *
aiming point
the point at which a gun or bombsight is aimed in order to strike a desired target, often a point in advance of or behind the actual target. [1905-10] * * *
aimless
—aimlessly, adv. —aimlessness, n. /aym"lis/, adj. without aim; purposeless. [1620-30; AIM + -LESS] * * *
aimlessly
See aimless. * * *
aimlessness
See aimlessly. * * *
Aimoin
▪ French monk and historian born c. 965 died after 1008       French Benedictine monk whose history of the Franks was highly esteemed in the Middle Ages and the early ...
Aimorés Mountains
▪ mountains, Brazil Portuguese  Serra Dos Aimorés,         mountainous region divided between the estados (states) of Minas Gerais and Espírito Santo, eastern ...
ain
/ayn/, adj. Scot. own. [1700-25; repr. OE aegen or ON eiginn; r. ME (Scots) awyn, awne, OE agen; see OWN] * * *
Ain
/aonn/, n. a department in E France. 376,477; 2249 sq. mi. (5825 sq. km). Cap.: Bourg. * * *
Aïn Beïda
▪ Algeria formerly  Daoud,         town, northeastern Algeria. It is situated on a plateau at the eastern edge of the Sétif plains. The plateau, once occupied by a ...
Ain River
▪ river, France       river, eastern France, flowing 124 miles (200 km) southward from the Jura Plateau through Jura and Ain départements. The river emerges from its ...
Aïn Sefra
▪ Algeria       town, western Algeria. It is situated in the Saharan Atlas, 28 miles (45 km) east of the Moroccan border. The town lies in a broad valley between Mount ...
Aïn Temouchent
▪ Algeria       town, northwestern Algeria, on the right bank of the Wadi Sennêne. The town is bounded on the south by the Wadi Temouchent, with the Tessala Mountains ...
ain't
/aynt/ 1. Nonstandard except in some dialects. am not; are not; is not. 2. Nonstandard. have not; has not; do not; does not; did not. [1770-80; var. of amn't (contr. of AM NOT) ...
AInd
Anglo-Indian (def. 4). * * *
Aineias
/i nee"euhs/, n. Class. Myth. Greek form of Aeneas. * * *
Ainsworth, Henry
▪ British theologian born 1571, Swanton Morley, Norfolk, Eng. died 1622?, Amsterdam, Neth.       Nonconformist theologian, Hebrew scholar, and a leader of the English ...
Ainsworth, William Harrison
▪ British author born Feb. 4, 1805, Manchester, Lancashire, Eng. died Jan. 3, 1882, Reigate, Surrey  English author of popular historical romances.       Ainsworth ...
Aintab
/uyn tahb"/, n. former name of Gaziantep. * * *
Aintree
a course near Liverpool, England, where horse races are held. The most famous of these is the Grand National. * * *
Ainu
/uy"nooh/, n., pl. Ainus, (esp. collectively) Ainu. 1. a member of an aboriginal population of northernmost Japan, having lighter skin and hairier bodies than other Japanese. 2. ...
aioli
/uy oh"lee, ay oh"-/; Fr. /ann yaw lee"/, n. Cookery. a garlic-flavored mayonnaise of Provence, served with fish and seafood and often with vegetables. [1895-1900; < F aïoli < ...
Aiora
/euh yawr"euh, euh yohr"euh/, n. (sometimes used with a pl. v.) a festival of ancient Attica at which dolls were swung from trees to commemorate Erigone's suicide by hanging. [ < ...
AIP
American Institute of Physics. * * *
air
air1 —airlike, adj. /air/, n. 1. a mixture of nitrogen, oxygen, and minute amounts of other gases that surrounds the earth and forms its atmosphere. 2. a stir in the ...
Aïr
/ah"ear/, n. a region in N Niger, in the Sahara: low massif and oases. ab. 30,000 sq. mi. (77,700 sq. km). Also called Asben. * * * I Mixture of gases constituting the earth's ...
air alert
1. the act of flying while waiting for combat orders or for enemy airplanes to appear. 2. the signal to take stations for such action. [1940-45] * * *
air arm
the aviation section of a national military force, including aircraft, base and support facilities, and personnel. [1915-20] * * *
air attaché
a commissioned officer or warrant officer of an air force serving on the staff of an ambassador or minister. * * *
air bag
an inflatable plastic bag mounted under the dashboard or on the back of the front seat of a car: it cushions the driver and passengers by inflating automatically in the event of ...
air ball
Basketball. a missed shot that fails to touch the rim, net, or backboard. * * *
air base
1. an operations center for units of an air force. 2. Aerial Photogrammetry. a. a line joining two camera stations. b. the length of this line. 3. the distance between the points ...
air battery
a set of two or more air cells connected together to supply electricity. * * *
air bed
a bed made by inflating a mattresslike bag. * * *
air bell
Glassmaking. an air bubble formed in glass during blowing and often retained as a decorative element. [1960-65] * * *
air bladder
1. a vesicle or sac containing air. 2. Also called gas bladder, swim bladder. Ichthyol. a gas-filled sac located against the roof of the body cavity of most bony fishes, ...
air blast
a jet of air produced mechanically. [1885-90] * * *
air brake
1. a brake or system of brakes operated by compressed air. 2. Aeron. a device for reducing the air speed of an aircraft by increasing its drag. 3. a device for stopping the sails ...
air brick
a ceramic or metal unit the size of a brick, open at the sides for admitting air to a building interior. * * *
Air Canada
▪ Canadian airline       airline established by the Canadian Parliament in the Trans-Canada Air Lines Act of April 10, 1937. Known for almost 28 years as Trans-Canada ...
air cargo
cargo transported or to be transported by an air carrier. * * *
air carrier
1. a commercial carrier utilizing aircraft as its means of transport; an airline, as for passengers or freight. 2. an aircraft meeting specified requirements, for use by an ...
air casing
a casing for the funnel of a powered vessel, large enough to provide an air space all around the funnel. * * *
air castle.
See castle in the air. * * *
air cavalry
an infantry or reconnaissance unit transported by air to combat areas. Also called sky cavalry. [1915-20, Amer.] * * *
air cavalryman
a soldier assigned to the air cavalry. [1915-20] * * *
air cell
1. Anat., Zool., Bot. a cavity or receptacle containing air. 2. Elect. a cell in which the positive electrode is depolarized by the oxygen in the air. [1780-90] * * *
air chamber
1. a chamber containing air, as in a pump, lifeboat, or organic body. 2. Also called air cushion. a compartment of a hydraulic system containing air that by its elasticity ...
air chief marshal
Brit. an air force commander of a rank comparable to an army general. [1915-20] * * *
air cleaner
a filtering device for removing impurities from air: Many cars have air cleaners with replaceable filters. [1925-30] * * *
air coach
coach (def. 4). [1945-50] * * *
air cock
Mach. a special type of valve for controlling the flow of air. [1790-1800] * * *
air command
U.S. Air Force. a unit of command that is higher than an air force. * * *
air commodore
Brit. an air force officer of a rank comparable to an army brigadier general. [1915-20] * * *
air conditioner
an air-conditioning device. [1905-10] * * *
air conditioning
—air-conditioning, adj. 1. a system or process for controlling the temperature, humidity, and sometimes the purity of the air in an interior, as of an office, theater, ...
air conduction
Med. transmission of sound vibrations to the eardrum through the external auditory meatus (opposed to bone conduction). * * *
air consignment note
Chiefly Brit. See air waybill. * * *
air controller
air controller n. a military person assigned to monitor, manage, etc. aircraft within a specified region * * *
Air Corps
U.S. Army. 1. (before July 26, 1947) a branch of the U.S. Army concerned with military aviation. 2. (before May 1, 1942) the name for the Army Air Forces. * * *
air corridor
corridor (def. 6). [1920-25] * * *
air cover
1. the use of aircraft to protect ground or naval military operations. 2. the protection given by such aircraft. * * *
air curtain
compressed air directed, usually downward, across a doorway so as to form a shield to exclude drafts, insects, etc. * * *
air cushion
—air-cushioned, adj. 1. an inflatable, airtight cushion. 2. See air chamber (def. 2). 3. an air bag. [1830-40] * * *
air cushion vehicle.
See ACV (def. 2). Also, air-cushion vehicle. [1960-65] * * *
air cylinder
a cylinder containing air, esp. one equipped with a piston and used as a device for checking the recoil of a gun. * * *
air dam
Auto. a spoiler mounted at the front of an automobile to reduce air flow on the underside of the chassis to increase stability. [1970-75] * * *
air de cour
▪ music       (French: “court air”), genre of French solo or part-song predominant from the late 16th century through the 17th century. It originated in ...
air division
U.S. Air Force. a unit of command within an air force, usually composed of two or more wings. * * *
air drill
a drill powered by compressed air. * * *
air duct
an enclosure, usually of sheet metal, that conducts heated or conditioned air. [1865-70] * * *
air embolism
▪ medical disorder also called  Gas Embolism,         blockage of an artery or vein by an air bubble. Air can be introduced into the blood vessels during surgery or ...
air equivalent
Physics. a measure of the effectiveness of a material in absorbing nuclear radiation, expressed as the thickness of an air layer (at 0° C and 1 atmosphere) causing the same ...
air express
1. an express service for shipping small packages of goods by air: includes ground pickup at origin and delivery at destination. 2. the goods shipped by this service. * * *
air fleet
a group of military aircraft, usually under one commander. [1905-10] * * *
Air Force
1. the U.S. department consisting of practically all military aviation forces, established July 26, 1947. 2. (l.c.) a similar department in any military organization. 3. (l.c.) ...
Air Force Cross
a decoration for heroism in combat, reserved for U.S. Air Force personnel. * * *
Air Force One
one of several specially equipped and fitted jet airliners maintained by the Air Force for use by the president of the U.S. and designated Air Force One when carrying the ...
Air France
in full Compagnie Internationale Air France French passenger and cargo airline with more than 200 destinations in some 80 countries. It introduced supersonic Concorde service ...
air freight
—air freighter. 1. a system of transporting freight by aircraft: Ship it by air freight. 2. freight transported by aircraft. 3. the charge for such transportation. Also, ...
air freshener
an aerosol spray, liquid deodorizer, or other preparation used to remove odors and freshen the air in a room. [1945-50] * * *
air gap
Elect. the space between two objects magnetically related, as between the rotor and the stator in a dynamo, or between two objects electrically related, as between the electrode ...
air gas
Chem. See producer gas. * * *
air gauge
a gauge for measuring air pressure. [1835-45] * * *
air guitar
air guitar n. the imagined guitar of someone pretending to play prerecorded music, usually imitating gestures and movements typical of actual guitarists * * *
air gun
a gun operated by compressed air. [1745-55] * * * ▪ weapon       weapon based on the principle of the primitive blowgun that shoots bullets, pellets, or darts by ...
air hammer
a pneumatic hammer, usually portable. * * *
air harbor
a harbor for hydroplanes, esp. seaplanes. * * *
air hoist
a pneumatic hoist. [1910-15] * * *
air hole
1. an opening to admit or discharge air. 2. a natural opening in the frozen surface of a river or pond. 3. See air pocket. [1760-70] * * *
air horn
a horn activated by compressed air. Also, airhorn. * * *
air hunger
deep, rapid, and labored breathing caused by an increased respiratory drive due to abnormally low blood oxygen levels, as in severe heart failure or asthma. * * *
Air India
▪ Indian airline formerly  Air-India        airline founded in 1932 (as Tata Airlines) that grew into an international airline owned by the Indian (India) government; ...
Air India Flight 182 disaster
      passenger jet explosion off the coast of Ireland on June 23, 1985, that claimed the lives of all 329 passengers and crew members. Sikh extremists were accused of ...
air injection
injection of liquid fuel into the cylinder of an internal-combustion engine, esp. a diesel, by means of a jet of compressed air. Cf. solid injection. * * *
air jacket
1. an envelope of enclosed air around part of a machine, as for checking the transmission of heat. 2. Brit. See life jacket. [1905-10] * * *
air kiss
a pursing of the lips in a pretended kiss, as when parting on the telephone or touching cheeks in greeting. [1985-90] * * *
air lance
Mach. a lance using an air blast. * * *
air lane
a route regularly used by airplanes; airway. Also called skyway. [1910-15] * * *
air law
Introduction       the body of law directly or indirectly concerned with civil aviation. Aviation in this context extends to both heavier-than-air and lighter-than-air ...
air layer
1. to treat a plant by means of air layering. 2. to use air layering to propagate a plant. 3. a plant, commonly a young one, that has been propagated by air layering. * * *
air layering
Hort. a method of propagating a plant by girdling or cutting part way into a stem or branch and packing the area with a moist medium, as sphagnum moss, stimulating root formation ...
air letter
1. an airmail letter. 2. a sheet of very lightweight stationery for use in airmail. Cf. aérogramme. [1915-20] * * *
air lock
1. Civ. Eng. an airtight chamber permitting passage to or from a space, as in a caisson, in which the air is kept under pressure. 2. the impedance in the functioning of a pump or ...
air log
1. Aeron. a device for recording the distance traveled by an aircraft, relative to the air through which it moves. 2. Rocketry. a device for regulating the range of a guided ...
air map
a map constructed from aerial photographs. [1910-15] * * *
air marshal
Brit. an air force officer of a rank comparable to an army lieutenant general. [1915-20] * * *
air mass
a body of air covering a relatively wide area, exhibiting approximately uniform properties through any horizontal section. [1890-95] * * * In meteorology, a large body of air ...
Aïr massif
▪ mountains, Niger French  Massif De L'aïr,         group of granitic mountains rising sharply from the Sahara in central Niger. Several of these mountains approach ...
air mattress
a mattress, usually of plastic or rubber, that can be inflated for use, as in camping, and deflated for storage. [1925-30] * * *
Air Medal
an award for heroism or meritorious action involving an aerial military operation: personnel from any branch of the U.S. armed forces are eligible. [authorized by Congress in ...
air meter
a small, sensitive anemometer of the windmill type. * * *
air mile
See international nautical mile. [1915-20] * * *
Air Miles{™}
n [pl] a scheme to encourage air travel. People get points when they spend money on particular goods, hotels, etc. which they can use to buy cheap flights: I’ve nearly got ...
Air Ministry
(in England) the department of government administering all civil and military matters concerning aviation. * * *
Air National Guard
a national guard organization similar to and coordinate with the U.S. Air Force. * * *
Air New Zealand Limited
▪ New Zealand airline       New Zealand international airline founded in 1939 (as Tasman Empire Airways Limited, or TEAL) and, by 1980, operating throughout the South ...
air observer
U.S. Army. observer (def. 3). * * *
air passage
1. a space occupied or traversed by air. 2. travel by air. 3. accommodations for an air trip: to book air passage for Hong Kong. [1830-40] * * *
air photograph.
—air photography. See aerial photograph. * * *
air piracy
—air pirate. the hijacking of an airplane; skyjacking. [1945-50] * * *
air pistol
a pistol that utilizes compressed air rather than ignited gunpowder to propel a single shot, often a pellet. [1955-60] * * *
air plant
1. an epiphyte. 2. Also called life plant. a tropical plant, Kalanchoe pinnata, of the stonecrop family, having pale green flowers tinged with red and new plants sprouting at the ...
air plot
1. Aeron. the calculation of the ground position of an aircraft by first determining its air position from its speed in the air and heading information, and then correcting for ...
air plug
a plug making an airtight seal to a vent. * * *
air pocket
(not in technical use) a nearly vertical air current that can cause an aircraft to experience a sudden change in altitude, usually a decrease. Also called air hole. [1910-15] * * ...
Air Police
an organization of personnel in the U.S. Air Force or Air National Guard serving as police. Abbr.: AP, A.P. [1940-45] * * *
air pollution
Release into the atmosphere of gases, finely divided solids, or finely dispersed liquid aerosols at rates that exceed the capacity of the atmosphere to dissipate them or to ...
air potato
a vine, Dioscorea bulbifera, of southeastern Asia, having tubers weighing several pounds and growing in the leaf axils. * * *
air power
the total military capability of a nation for operations involving the use of aircraft and missiles. [1905-10] * * *
air pressure
the force exerted by air, whether compressed or unconfined, on any surface in contact with it. Cf. atmospheric pressure. [1870-75] * * *
air pump
1. an apparatus for drawing in, compressing, or exhausting air. 2. (caps.) Astron. the constellation Antlia. [1650-60] * * *
air racing
▪ sport  sport of racing airplanes (airplane), either over a predetermined course or cross-country up to transcontinental limits. Air racing dates back to 1909, when the ...
air raid
—air-raid, adj. —air raider. a raid by aircraft, esp. for bombing a particular area. [1910-15] * * *
air rifle
an air gun with rifled bore. [1900-05, Amer.] * * *
air right
1. a right of way in the air space above a property owner's land and the immovable property on it, subject to the public right of air navigation above the property at a legally ...
air rights
air rights n. rights to the airspace above a building or lot, regarded as the real property of the one who owns the building or lot * * *
air route
a designated route for aircraft flying between particular ground locations at specified minimum altitudes. [1910-15] * * *
air sac
1. a sac containing air. 2. alveolus (def. 2). 3. any of certain cavities in a bird's body connected with the lungs. 4. a saclike dilation of the wall of a trachea in many ...
air scoop
an air intake that projects into the airflow around a motor vehicle or aircraft in such a way as to provide a steady flow of air for combustion or ventilation. [1915-20] * * *
air service
1. the services performed by an airline, as flights between various destinations to transport passengers, freight, and mail. 2. (caps.) (formerly) the air arm of the U.S. ...
air shaft
1. See air well. 2. Mining. a ventilating shaft. [1685-95] * * *
air shower
a shower of secondary cosmic radiation, caused by the interaction of cosmic radiation or gamma radiation with the atmosphere. Also called shower. [1955-60] * * *
air sign
Astrol. any of the three astrological signs, Gemini, Libra, or Aquarius, that are grouped together because of the shared attributes of intellect and gregariousness. Cf. ...
air sleeve
windsock. * * *
air sock
windsock. * * *
air space
1. a space occupied by air. 2. the amount of breathing air in a room or other enclosed space. 3. the region of the atmosphere above a municipality, state, or nation, over which ...
air sprayer
a pneumatic sprayer. * * *
air spring
Mach. a springlike support utilizing the compressibility of air confined behind a piston in a cylinder. * * * ▪ mechanics       load-carrying component of an air ...
air stack
stack (def. 13). * * *
air station
an airfield having facilities for sheltering and servicing aircraft. [1910-15] * * *


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