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Слова на букву !kun-arti (15990)

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air strike
the bombing or strafing of a city, enemy force, etc., by military aircraft: The air strike devastated the enemy's submarine base. Also, airstrike. [1940-45] * * *
Air Support in Ground Operations
▪ Primary Source       1st U.S. Army Report of Operations 20 Oct. 1943 - 1 Aug. 1944       In its official “after-action” report on the conduct of the first ...
air switch
Elect. a switch in which the interruption of the circuit occurs in air. * * *
air system
1. a system of refrigeration utilizing air as a coolant. 2. any group of devices operated or controlled by air under pressure or vacuum. * * *
air taxi
a small aircraft for passengers, cargo, and mail operated, either on a scheduled or nonscheduled basis, along short routes not serviced by large airlines. [1915-20, Amer.] * * *
air tee.
See wind tee. * * *
air traffic
aircraft moving in flight or on airport runways. [1910-15] * * *
air traffic control
air traffic control a coordinated system designed to manage air traffic around airports safely, along flight routes, etc. air-traffic controller n. * * *
air train.
See sky train. * * *
air trap
trap1 (def. 4). * * *
air turbine
a turbine operated by air under pressure. * * *
air twist
—air-twisted, adj. a serpentine motif within the stem of a goblet, produced by extending and twisting an air bubble during glass blowing. [1895-1900] * * *
air valve
a device for controlling the flow of air, as from a pipe or tank. * * *
air varié
/air" vair'ee ay"/; Fr. /erdd vann rddyay"/, Music. a melody with variations. [ < F] * * *
air vesicle
Bot. a large, air-filled pocket, chiefly in plants that float on water, as kelps. * * *
air vice-marshal
/vuys'mahr"sheuhl, vuys"-/, Brit. an air force officer of a rank comparable to an army major general. [1915-20] * * *
air war
1. military operations by combatants involving the use of aircraft. 2. those phases or aspects of a war in which aircraft play a part. [1910-15] * * *
air warfare
Military operations conducted by airplanes, helicopters, or other aircraft against aircraft or targets on the ground and in the water. Air warfare did not become important until ...
air waybill
a nonnegotiable shipping document evidencing the contract between shipper and air carrier for transportation and delivery of cargo. Abbr.: AWB Also, airwaybill. Also called ...
air well
a ventilating shaft in a building. Also called air shaft. * * *
air wood
timber dried naturally by contact with the open air. [1670-80] * * *
air-bound
/air"bownd'/, adj. stopped up by air. [1910-15; AIR1 + -BOUND1] * * *
air-breathe
/air"breedh'/, v.i., air-breathed /-breedhd'/, air-breathing. (of an engine, aircraft, missile, etc.) to take in air from the atmosphere to oxidize the fuel for combustion. [AIR1 ...
air-breather
/air"bree'dheuhr/, n. an aircraft, missile, or submarine engine that requires air from the atmosphere for the combustion of its fuel. Also, airbreather. * * *
air-condition
/air"keuhn dish'euhn/, v.t. 1. to furnish with an air-conditioning system. 2. to treat (air) with such a system. [1930-35] * * *
air-conditioning
Control of temperature, humidity, purity, and motion of air in an enclosed space, independent of outside conditions. In a self-contained air-conditioning unit, air is heated in ...
air-cool
—air-cooled, adj. /air"koohl'/, v.t. 1. Mach. to remove the heat of combustion, friction, etc., from (a machine, engine, or device), as by air streams flowing over an engine ...
air-cooled
air-cooled [er′ko͞old΄] adj. 1. cooled by having air passed over, into, or through it [an air-cooled engine] 2. air-conditioned * * *
air-core
/air"kawr', -kohr'/, adj. Elect. having a nonmagnetic core, as one of fiber or plastic, encircled by a coil (air-core coil), or containing one or more such coils: air-core ...
air-cushion
See air cushion. * * *
air-cushion machine
▪ vehicle Introduction also called  ground-effect machine,  or  hovercraft,         any of the machines characterized by movement in which a significant portion of ...
air-cushion vehicle
air-cushion vehicle [er′ koosh΄ən] n. a vehicle that travels just above the surface of land or water on a cushion of air provided by a downward jet from its engines, ...
air-cushioned
See air-cushion. * * *
air-cushionvehicle
air-cushion vehicle front cutaway view of a flexible skirt model hovercraft Precision Graphics n. Abbr. ACV A usually propeller-driven vehicle designed for traveling over land ...
air-dry
/air"druy'/, v., air-dried, air-drying, adj. v.t., v.i. 1. to dry by exposure to the air. adj. 2. dry beyond further evaporation. [1855-60] * * *
air-express
/air"ik spres'/, v.t. 1. to send or transport by air express: Your package will be air-expressed and should reach its destination tomorrow. adj. 2. pertaining to, using, or sent ...
air-hardening
/air"hahr'dn ing/, adj. Metall. noting any metal, esp. alloy steel, that can be hardened from above its transformation point by cooling in air. [1905-10] * * *
air-kiss
See air kiss. * * *
air-lance
/air"lans', -lahns'/, v.t., air-lanced, air-lancing. to clean with an air lance. * * *
air-launched cruise missile
/air"lawncht', -lahncht'/, Mil. a winged, jet-powered missile designed to be launched from an aircraft and to fly toward the target at low altitude on automatic guidance, with a ...
air-line
/air"luyn'/, adj. straight; direct; traveling a direct route: Some railroads advertise air-line routes between stations. [1805-15, Amer.] * * *
air-lock
/air"lok'/, v.t. to place in or confine to an air lock: to air-lock divers before they descend. [1855-60] * * *
air-logged
/air"lawgd', -logd'/, adj. (of a pump or system of piping) hindered in its functioning by an air lock; air-bound. * * *
air-minded
—air-mindedness, n. /air"muyn'did/, adj. 1. interested in aviation or aeronautics. 2. favoring increased use of aircraft. [1925-30] * * *
air-raid shelter
an indoor or other protected area specifically designated as a shelter during an air raid. Cf. bomb shelter. [1915-20] * * *
air-raid warden
a civilian having special duties during an air-raid alert, as directing people to air-raid shelters. [1935-40] * * *
air-ship
—air-shippable, adj. /air"ship'/, v.t., air-shipped, air-shipping. to send or ship via aircraft: to air-ship machine parts overseas. [1950-1955] * * *
air-slake
/air"slayk'/, v.t., air-slaked, air-slaking. to slake (lime or the like) with moist air. * * *
air-spray
—air-sprayed, adj. /air"spray'/, adj. pertaining to compressed-air spraying devices or to liquids used in them. * * *
air-sprayed
air-sprayed [er′sprād΄] adj. sprayed by means of compressed air * * *
air-superiority
/air"seuh pear ee awr'i tee, -or'-, -soo-/, adj. designating a fighter aircraft built for long patrol capability at high altitudes and supersonic speeds, with air-to-air combat ...
air-to-air
/air"tooh air", -teuh-/, adj. 1. operating between airborne objects, esp. aircraft: air-to-air missiles; air-to-air communication. adv. 2. from one aircraft, missile, or the ...
air-to-surface
/air"teuh serr"feuhs/, adj. 1. operating or directed from a flying aircraft to the surface: air-to-surface missiles. adv. 2. from a flying aircraft to the surface of the earth: ...
air-traffic control
—air-traffic controller. /air"traf'ik/ a government service that facilitates the safe and orderly movement of aircraft within and between airports by receiving and processing ...
air-transportable
—air transportability. /air"trans pawr'teuh beuhl, -pohr'-/, adj. that can be transported by aircraft: air-transportable equipment. * * *
airbag
air bag n. 1. An automotive passive restraint consisting of a bag that is designed to inflate upon collision and prevent passengers from pitching forward. 2. A large inflatable ...
airball
air ball n. Basketball A shot that misses the backboard, rim, and net. * * *
airbase
air base n. A base for military aircraft. * * *
airbill
/air"bil'/, n. See air waybill. * * *
airbladder
air bladder n. 1. An air-filled structure in many fishes that functions to maintain buoyancy or, in some species, to aid in respiration. Also called swim bladder. 2. See float. * ...
airboat
/air"boht'/, n. 1. a small open boat having a very shallow draft and driven by a caged airplane propeller mounted above the rear transom, capable of traveling at relatively high ...
airborne
/air"bawrn', -bohrn'/, adj. 1. carried by the air, as pollen or dust. 2. in flight; aloft: The plane was airborne by six o'clock. 3. Mil. (of ground forces) carried in airplanes ...
airborne alert
a state of military alert wherein combat-equipped aircraft are flying and prepared for action. * * *
airborne command post
Mil. any of several converted commercial aircraft equipped with special communications and code gear, intended as flying bunkers for the President, Secretary of Defense, military ...
airbrake
air brake n. 1. A brake, especially on a motor vehicle, that is operated by compressed air. 2. A surface, such as an aileron, that can be projected into the airflow in order to ...
airbrasive
/air"bray'siv, -ziv/, Dentistry. n. 1. an instrument for cutting tooth structure by means of a stream of abrasive particles under gas or air pressure. adj. 2. noting or ...
airbrush
/air"brush'/, n. 1. an atomizer for spraying paint. v.t. 2. to paint or decorate, using an airbrush: to airbrush murals; to airbrush silk kimonos. 3. to remove or alter by or as ...
airburst
/air"berrst'/, n. the explosion of a bomb or shell in midair. [1915-20; AIR1 + BURST] * * *
airbus
/air"bus'/, n. a short-range or medium-range commercial passenger airplane, esp. one that is part of a frequent shuttlelike service between two popular destinations. Also, air ...
Airbus Industrie
▪ European consortium  European aircraft-manufacturing consortium formed in 1970 to fill a market niche for short- to medium-range, high-capacity jetliners and to compete ...
Airbus S.A.S.
European aircraft manufacturer that is the world's second largest maker of commercial aircraft (after Boeing Co.). It is co-owned by the German-French-Spanish European ...
aircav
/air"kav'/, n. Mil. Slang. See air cavalry. [‡1965-70; by shortening] * * *
airchamber
air chamber n. 1. An enclosure filled with air for a special purpose. 2. A chamber, especially in a hydraulic system, in which air elastically compresses and expands to regulate ...
aircheck
☆ aircheck [er′chek΄ ] n. a recording, esp. of music, made from a radio broadcast * * *
airconditioner
air conditioner window-style unit Precision Graphics n. An apparatus for controlling, especially lowering, the temperature and humidity of an enclosed space. * * *
airconditioning
air conditioning n. Abbr. AC or a/c 1. The state of temperature and humidity produced by an air conditioner. 2. An air conditioner or system of air conditioners: a car with air ...
aircover
air cover n. 1. Protective use of military aircraft during ground operations. 2. The aircraft used to protect and otherwise support ground troops. * * *
aircraft
/air"kraft', -krahft'/, n., pl. aircraft. any machine supported for flight in the air by buoyancy or by the dynamic action of air on its surfaces, esp. powered airplanes, ...
aircraft carrier
a warship equipped with a large open deck for the taking off and landing of warplanes and with facilities to carry, service, and arm them. [1915-20] * * * Naval vessel equipped ...
aircraft observer
U.S. Army. observer (def. 4). * * *
aircraftcarrier
aircraft carrier n. A large naval vessel designed as a mobile air base, having a long flat deck on which aircraft can take off and land at sea. * * *
aircraftsman
/air"krafts'meuhn, -krahfts'-/, n., pl. aircraftsmen. Brit. a person holding the rank of noncommissioned officer in the RAF. Also, aircraftman. [1915-20; AIRCRAFT + 's1 + ...
aircraftswoman
/air"krafts'woom'euhn, -krahfts'-/, n., pl. aircraftswomen. Brit. a woman holding a noncommissioned rank in the RAF. [1935-40; AIRCRAFT + 's1 + -WOMAN] Usage. See -woman. * * *
aircrew
/air"krooh'/, n. U.S. Air Force. the crew of an aircraft. Also, air crew. [1920-25; AIR1 + CREW] * * *
aircrewman
/air"krooh'meuhn/, n., pl. aircrewmen. a member of an aircrew. [AIRCREW + -MAN] * * *
aircushion
air cushion n. 1. Trapped air that supports a vehicle a short distance above the surface of land or water. 2. A device that uses trapped air to absorb the shock of motion, ...
airdam
air dam n. A device made of metal or plastic fitted beneath the front bumper of an automobile and intended to enhance aerodynamics and stability by blocking the flow of turbulent ...
airdate
/air"dayt'/, n. Radio and Television. the date of a broadcast or scheduled broadcast. [1970-75; AIR1 + DATE1] * * *
airdoor
air door n. A strong, temperature-controlled current of air, usually directed upward, that is used instead of a door. * * *
Airdrie
/air"dree/, n. a city in central Scotland, near Glasgow. 37,908. * * *
airdrome
/air"drohm'/, n. a landing field for airplanes that has extensive buildings, equipment, shelters, etc.; airport. Also, esp. Brit., aerodrome. [1915-20; AIR1 + -DROME] * * *
airdrop
—air-droppable, adj. /air"drop'/, v., airdropped, airdropping, n. v.t. 1. to drop (persons, equipment, etc.) by parachute from an aircraft in flight. n. 2. the act or process ...
Aire, River
▪ river, England, United Kingdom       river rising at Malham Tarn (lake), in North Yorkshire administrative county, historic county of Yorkshire, England. It drains the ...
Airedale
/air"dayl'/, n. one of a breed of large terriers having a wiry, black-and-tan coat and a docked tail. Also called Airedale terrier. [1875-80; short for Airedale terrier; so ...
Airedale terrier
➡ Airedale * * * Dog breed that is the largest of the terriers, probably descended from the otterhound and the extinct Old English terrier. It stands about 23 in. (58 cm) ...
airfare
/air"fair'/, n. the price charged for transportation by airplane. Also, air fare. [1915-20; AIR1 + FARE] * * *
airfield
/air"feeld'/, n. a level area, usually equipped with hard-surfaced runways, on which airplanes take off and land. [1930-35; AIR1 + FIELD] * * *
airflow
/air"floh'/, n. the air flowing past or through a moving body, as an airplane or automobile. [1910-15; AIR1 + FLOW] * * *
airfoil
/air"foyl'/, n. Aeron. any surface, as a wing, aileron, or stabilizer, designed to aid in lifting or controlling an aircraft by making use of the air currents through which it ...
airforce
air force n. 1. The aviation branch of a country's armed forces, such as the U.S. Air Force. 2. A unit of the U.S. Air Force larger than a division and smaller than a command. * ...
airframe
/air"fraym'/, n. the framework and external covering of an airplane, rocket, etc. [1930-35; AIR(PLANE) + FRAME] * * *       basic structure of an airplane or spacecraft ...
airfreight
/air"frayt'/, n. 1. See air freight. v.t. 2. to send or ship by air freight: to airfreight French bread to the U.S. v.i. 3. to ship cargo by air freight: During the truckers' ...
airgas
air gas n. See producer gas. * * *
airglow
/air"gloh'/, n. a dim light from the upper atmosphere caused by emissions from atoms and molecules ionized by solar radiation: observed at night (nightglow), during the day ...
airgun
air gun n. A gun discharged by compressed air. * * *
airhead
airhead1 /air"hed'/, n. an area in enemy territory or in threatened friendly territory, seized by airborne troops for bringing in supplies and additional troops by airdrop or ...
airhole
air hole n. 1. A hole or opening through which gas or air may pass. 2. An opening in the frozen surface of a body of water. 3. See air pocket. * * *
airhose
/air"hohz'/, n. a hose for conducting air under pressure, as one connected to an air pump, an air brake, or a scuba tank. [1905-10; AIR1 + HOSE] * * *
airhunger
air hunger n. See dyspnea. * * *
airily
/air"euh lee/, adv. 1. in a gay or breezy manner; jauntily. 2. lightly; delicately. [1760-70; AIR(Y) + -ILY] * * *
airiness
/air"ee nis/, n. 1. openness to the air: the airiness of a balcony facing the sea. 2. sprightliness of manner: a ballet marked by airiness and deft movement. 3. snobbishness; ...
airing
/air"ing/, n. 1. an exposure to the air, as for drying. 2. a public discussion or disclosure, as of ideas, proposals, or facts. 3. a walk, drive, exercise period, etc., in the ...
airish
/air"ish/, adj. South Midland and Southern U.S. given to putting on airs. [1940-45; air(s) (see AIR1) + -ISH1] * * *
airkiss
air kiss n. A facial expression in which the lips are pursed as if kissing.   airʹ-kiss' (ârʹkĭs') v. * * *
airlane
air lane n. A regular route of travel for aircraft. Also called airway. * * *
airlayering
air layering n. A method of propagating plants by wounding a stem or branch, applying a hormone to the wound, wrapping the stem or branch with damp sphagnum moss and polyethylene ...
airless
—airlessness, n. /air"lis/, adj. 1. lacking air. 2. that is without fresh air; stuffy: a dark, airless hallway. 3. that is without a breeze; still: an airless July ...
airlessness
See airless. * * *
airletter
air letter n. See aerogram. * * *
airlift
/air"lift'/, n. Also, air lift. 1. a system for transporting persons or cargo by aircraft, esp. in an emergency. 2. the persons or cargo so transported. 3. the act or process of ...
airlifter
/air"lif'teuhr/, n. a large aircraft specially designed to transport heavy cargo and to land on and take off from a relatively short runway. [AIRLIFT + -ER1] * * *
airlight
/air"luyt'/, n. light scattered or diffused in the air by dust, haze, etc., esp. as it limits the visibility of distant, dark objects by causing them to blend with the background ...
airline
/air"luyn'/, n. 1. Aeron. a. a system furnishing air transport, usually scheduled, between specified points. b. the airplanes, airports, etc., of such a system. c. Often, ...
airliner
/air"luy'neuhr/, n. a passenger aircraft operated by an airline. [1905-10; AIR1 + LINER1] * * *
Airlines
(as used in expressions) Aeroflot Russian Airlines American Airlines Trans World Airlines Inc. United Airlines * * *
airlock
air lock n. 1. An airtight chamber, usually located between two regions of unequal pressure, in which air pressure can be regulated. 2. A bubble or pocket of air or vapor, as in ...
airmada
/air mah"deuh, -may"-/, n. a large fleet or flight of airplanes assigned to a specific mission: shipping lanes guarded by a giant airmada overhead. [1950-55; b. AIRPLANE and ...
airmail
/air"mayl'/, n. 1. the system, esp. a government postal system, of sending mail by airplane. 2. a letter, package, etc., sent by this system. 3. a stamp authorizing delivery of ...
airman
/air"meuhn/, n., pl. airmen. 1. an aviator. 2. U.S. Air Force. an enlisted person of one of the three lowest ranks (airman basic, airman, airman first class). 3. a member of a ...
airman first class
airman first class n. U.S. Air Force an enlisted person ranking above an airman and below a sergeant * * *
Airman's Medal
a U.S. Air Force award for heroism, not involving combat, available to any member of the U.S. or friendly armed forces serving with the USAF. * * *
airmanbasic
airman basic n. 1. Abbr. AB An enlisted rank in the U.S. Air Force that is below airman and is used for recruits. 2. A person who holds this rank. * * *
airmanfirst class
airman first class n. 1. Abbr. A1C An enlisted rank in the U.S. Air Force that is above airman and below senior airman. 2. A person who holds this rank. * * *
airmanship
/air"meuhn ship'/, n. the knowledge and ability needed to control and navigate an aircraft. [1860-65; AIR1 + -MANSHIP] * * *
airmass
air mass n. A large body of air with only small horizontal variations of temperature, pressure, and moisture. * * *
airmattress
air mattress n. An inflatable airtight sack on which to sleep or float in water. * * *
AirMedal
Air Medal (âr) n. A decoration awarded by the U.S. Army, Air Force, or Navy for meritorious conduct in flight operations. * * *
airmile
air mile n. A unit of distance in air travel, equal to one international nautical mile (6,076.115 feet). * * *
airmobile
/air"moh'beuhl, -beel/ or, esp. Brit., /-buyl/, adj. transportable or transported to combat areas by helicopters: airmobile troops; airmobile corps. [1960-65, Amer.; AIR1 + ...
airpack
/air"pak'/, n. an apparatus consisting of a face mask connected to a portable air supply, as an air tank that can be strapped to one's back, used esp. by firefighters and search ...
airpark
/air"pahrk'/, n. a small airport for private planes, esp. one located near an industrial park or other commercial center. [1925-30; AIR1 + PARK] * * *
airpipe
/air"puyp'/, n. an airhose connecting the mouthpiece of scuba diving equipment to its air supply. [1665-75, for an earlier sense; AIR1 + PIPE1] * * *
airpiracy
air piracy n. 1. The hijacking or wrongful seizure of an aircraft. 2. The illegal reception and descrambling of television signals relayed by satellite.   air pirate n. * * *
airpirate
See air piracy. * * *
airplane
/air"playn'/, n. 1. a heavier-than-air aircraft kept aloft by the upward thrust exerted by the passing air on its fixed wings and driven by propellers, jet propulsion, etc. 2. ...
airplane carrier
an aircraft carrier. * * *
airplane cloth
1. a strong cotton cloth of plain weave treated with dope and formerly used as a covering for the wings and fuselages of airplanes. 2. a similar, lighter-weight fabric for shirts ...
airplane spin
Wrestling. a maneuver in which a wrestler, grasping an opponent by the head and crotch, lifts the opponent's body crosswise overhead, lowers it to the shoulders for support, then ...
airplane turn
Skiing. a midair turn made in the middle of a jump. [‡1975-80] * * *
airplant
air plant n. See epiphyte. * * *
airplay
/air"play'/, n. the act or an instance of broadcasting recorded material over radio or television. [1965-70; AIR1 + PLAY] * * *
airpocket
air pocket n. A downward air current that causes an aircraft to lose altitude abruptly. Also called air hole. * * *
airpolice
air police n. Abbr. AP The military police of an air force. * * *
airport
airport1 /air"pawrt', -pohrt'/, n. a tract of land or water with facilities for the landing, takeoff, shelter, supply, and repair of aircraft, esp. one used for receiving or ...
airport code
a three-letter abbreviation of the names of the world's major airports, used esp. as an identifier for routing baggage. * * *
airpotato
air potato or air-po·ta·to (ârʹpə-tā'tō) n. A tropical Old World yam (Dioscorea bulbifera) having axillary potatolike tubers, some of which are edible after cooking. It is ...
airpower
air·pow·er or air power (ârʹpou'ər) n. 1. The organized, integrated use of aircraft and missiles for purposes of foreign policy, strategy, operations, and tactics. 2. The ...
airproof
/air"proohf'/, adj. 1. impervious to air. v.t. 2. to make impervious to air. [AIR1 + -PROOF] * * *
airpump
air pump n. A pump for compressing, removing, or forcing a flow of air. * * *
airraid
air raid n. An attack by military aircraft, especially when armed with bombs and rockets. * * *
airrifle
air rifle n. A low-powered rifle, such as a BB gun, that uses compressed air or gas to fire small pellets. * * *
airright
air right n. A right to develop the space above a piece of property, building, or other structure, such as a highway. Often used in the plural. * * *
airsac
air sac n. 1. An air-filled space in the body of a bird that forms a connection between the lungs and bone cavities and aids in breathing and temperature regulation. 2. See ...
airscape
airscape [er′skāp΄] n. 〚 AIR + (〛 a view of the earth from a high position, as from an aircraft * * *
airscrew
/air"skrooh'/, n. Brit. an airplane propeller. [1890-95; AIR1 + SCREW] * * *
airshed
/air"shed'/, n. Meteorol. a geographical area within which the air frequently is confined or channeled, with all parts of the area thus being subject to similar conditions of air ...
airship
/air"ship'/, n. a self-propelled, lighter-than-air aircraft with means of controlling the direction of flight; dirigible. Cf. blimp. [1810-20, for an earlier sense; AIR1 + ...
airshot
airshot [er′shät΄] n. AIRCHECK * * *
airshow
/air"shoh'/, n. a fair that features aircraft performing aerial stunts. [1910-15; AIR1 + SHOW] * * *
airshower
air shower n. 1. A cleansing process during which jets of air blow tiny pieces of lint and dust off the clothing of employees who work in clean rooms. 2. The equipment for this ...
airsick
/air"sik'/, adj. afflicted with airsickness. [1775-85; AIR1 + SICK] * * *
airsickness
/air"sik'nis/, n. a feeling of nausea and dizziness, sometimes accompanied by vomiting, as a result of the motion of the aircraft in which one is traveling. Cf. motion ...
airside
air·side (ârʹsīd') n. The part of an airport directly involved in the arrival and departure of aircraft. * * *
airsock
air sock n. See windsock. * * *
airspace
airspace [er′spās΄] n. 1. space for maneuvering an aircraft flying in formation 2. the space extending upward above an area of the earth's surface; specif., the space above a ...
airspeed
/air"speed'/, n. the forward speed of an aircraft relative to the air through which it moves. Also, air speed. Cf. groundspeed. [1905-10; AIR1 + SPEED] * * *
airspeed indicator
Aeron. a flight instrument showing the airspeed of an aircraft. Abbr.: ASI * * * ▪ instrument       instrument that measures the speed of an aircraft relative to the ...
airsplint
air splint n. An inflatable cylinder used to immobilize fractured or injured limbs to promote healing. * * *
airspring
air spring n. See air cushion. * * *
airstream
/air"streem'/, n. any localized airflow. Also, air stream, air-stream. [1865-70; AIR1 + STREAM] * * *
airstrike
airstrike [er′strīk΄] n. an attack made by aircraft * * * air strike n. An air attack on a ground or naval target. * * *
airstrip
/air"strip'/, n. 1. a small landing field having only one runway. 2. a temporary or auxiliary aircraft runway. [1940-45; AIR1 + STRIP2] * * *
airt
/airt/; Scot. /ayrddt/, Chiefly Scot. n. 1. a direction. v.t. 2. to point out the way; direct; guide. Also, airth /airth/; Scot. /ayrddth/. [1400-50; late ME (Scots) a(i)rt < ...
airtaxi
air taxi n. A small aircraft that makes short local flights to areas not serviced by regular airlines. * * *
airtight
—airtightly, adv. —airtightness, n. /air"tuyt'/, adj. 1. preventing the entrance or escape of air or gas. 2. having no weak points or openings of which an opponent may take ...
airtime
/air"tuym'/, n. 1. the particular time that a program is broadcast or scheduled for broadcast: The airtime for the newscast is 10 P.M. 2. the time during which a broadcast takes ...
airvesicle
air vesicle n. See float. * * *
airwalk
air walk n. A passageway enclosed with glass or plastic that connects one building with another at a level well above ground. * * *
airwash
/air"wosh', -wawsh'/, v.t. 1. to cool (a roof or the like) with a current of air. n. 2. a current of air for cooling a roof or the like. [1945-50; AIR1 + WASH] * * *
airwave
air·wave (ârʹwāv') n. The medium used for the transmission of radio and television signals. Often used in the plural. * * *
airwaves
/air"wayvz'/, n.pl. the media of radio and television broadcasting: The airwaves were filled with news flashes about the crisis. [1895-1900, for earlier sense; AIR1 + waves (pl. ...
airway
/air"way'/, n. 1. an air route equipped with emergency landing fields, beacon lights, radio beams, etc. 2. a passageway by which air passes from the nose or mouth to the air sacs ...
Airways
(as used in expressions) British Airways Pan American World Airways Inc. Qantas Airways Limited * * *
airwoman
/air"woom'euhn/, n., pl. airwomen. a woman who pilots an aircraft. [1910-15; AIR1 + -WOMAN] Usage. See -woman. * * *
airworthiness
See airworthy. * * *
airworthy
—airworthiness, n. /air"werr'dhee/, adj., airworthier, airworthiest. (of an aircraft) meeting established standards for safe flight; equipped and maintained in condition to ...
airy
/air"ee/, adj., airier, airiest. 1. open to a free current of fresh air; breezy: airy rooms. 2. consisting of or having the character of air; immaterial: airy phantoms. 3. light ...
Airy disc
/air"ee/, Optics. the bright central part of the diffraction pattern of light from a point source that is diffracted by a circular aperture. [named after Sir George Biddel Airy ...
Airy, Sir George Biddell
▪ British astronomer born July 27, 1801, Alnwick, Northumberland, Eng. died Jan. 2, 1892, Greenwich, London       English scientist who was astronomer royal from 1835 ...
airy-fairy
/air"ee fair"ee/, adj. 1. Informal. a. delicate or lovely: an airy-fairy actress; an airy-fairy nightgown. b. not based on reality or concerned with mundane affairs; unrealistic: ...
air–sea interface
      boundary between the atmosphere and the ocean waters. The interface is one of the most physically and chemically active of the Earth's environments. Its ...
ais-
To wish, desire. Oldest form *ə₂eis-, colored to *ə₂ais-. Suffixed form *ais-sk-. ask, from Old English āscian, ācsian, to ask, seek, from Germanic *aiskōn.   [Pokorny ...
Aisén
▪ region, Chile also spelled  Aysén , in full  Aisén del General Carlos Ibáñez del Campo        región, southern Chile, bounded on the east by Argentina and on ...
Aisha
/ah"ee shah'/ for 1; /ah ee"sheuh/ for 2, n. 1. A.D. 613?-678, favorite wife of Muhammad (daughter of Abu-Bekr). 2. a female given name: from a Swahili word meaning "life." * * *
AISI
American Iron and Steel Institute. * * *
AISI steel
any steel made to conform to the standard chemical compositions generally accepted by the U.S. steel industry and its principal customers. * * *
aisle
—aisled, adj. /uyl/, n. 1. a walkway between or along sections of seats in a theater, classroom, or the like. 2. Archit. a. a longitudinal division of an interior area, as in a ...
aisling
▪ Irish literature       in Irish literature, a poetic or dramatic description or representation of a vision. The Vision of Adamnán (Adamnán, The Vision of) is one of ...
Aisne
/ayn/; Fr. /en/, n. 1. a river in N France, flowing NW and W to the Oise. 175 mi. (280 km) long. 2. a department in N France. 533,862. 2868 sq. mi. (7430 sq. km). Cap.: Laon. * * ...
Aistis, Jonas
▪ Lithuanian poet also called  Jonas Kossu-aleksandravičius , or  Jonas Kuosa-aleksandriškis , pseudonym of  Jonas Aleksandravičius  born July 7, 1904, Kampiškės, ...
ait
/ayt/, n. Brit. Dial. a small island, esp. in a river. Also, eyot. [bef. 900; ME eyt, OE ygett, dim. of ieg, ig island, c. MLG o, oge, ou(we), OHG ouwa, ON ey. See ISLAND] * * *
aitch
/aych/, n. the letter H, h. [ME ache < OF ache < LL *hacca or *accha; r. ha] * * *
aitchbone
/aych"bohn'/, n. 1. the rump bone, as of beef. 2. the cut of beef that includes this bone. Also, edgebone. [1480-90; earlier hach-boon (with spurious h-); (h)ach var. by ...
Aitken
/ayt"keuhn/, n. 1. Robert Grant, 1864-1951, U.S. astronomer. 2. William Maxwell. See Beaverbrook, William Maxwell Aitken. * * *
Aitken, John
▪ British physicist and meteorologist born Sept. 18, 1839, Falkirk, Stirlingshire, Scot. died Nov. 14, 1919, Falkirk       Scottish physicist and meteorologist who, ...
Aitken, Robert Grant
▪ American astronomer born Dec. 31, 1864, Jackson, Calif., U.S. died Oct. 29, 1951, Berkeley, Calif.  American astronomer who specialized in the study of double stars ...
Aitolía
/e'taw lee"ah/, n. Modern Greek name of Aetolia. * * *
Aitutaki Atoll
▪ atoll, Cook Islands, Pacific Ocean       one of the southern Cook Islands, a self-governing state in free association with New Zealand in the South Pacific Ocean. ...
Aius Locutius
/ay"ee euhs loh kyooh"sheuhs/, Rom. Legend. a disembodied voice that warned the Romans of a coming invasion by the Gauls. * * *
aiw-
Also ayu-. Vital force, life, long life, eternity; also “endowed with the acme of vital force, young.” Oldest forms *ə₂eiw-, *ə₂eyu-, colored to *ə₂aiw-, ...
Aix
(as used in expressions) Aix la Chapelle Aix en Provence Aix la Chapelle Congress of Aix la Chapelle Treaty of * * *
Aix-en-Provence
/ek sahonn prddaw vahonns"/; Eng. /ayks"ahn preuh vahns"/, n. a city in SE France, N of Marseilles. 114,014. Also called Aix /eks/; Eng. /ayks/. * * * City (pop., 1999: ...
Aix-la-Chapelle
/eks lann shann pel"/; Eng. /ayks'lah shah pel"/, n. French name of Aachen. * * *
Aix-la-Chapelle, Congress of
(Oct. 1–Nov. 15, 1818) First of four congresses held by Britain, Austria, Prussia, Russia, and France to address European problems following the Napoleonic Wars. At ...
Aix-la-Chapelle, Treaty of
(Oct. 18, 1748) Treaty that ended the War of the Austrian Succession. The treaty, negotiated largely by Britain and France, was marked by the mutual restitution of conquests, ...
Aix-les-Bains
/eks lay baonn"/; Eng. /ayks"lay baynz"/, n. a town in SE France, N of Chambéry. 22,293. * * * ▪ France       city and Alpine spa, Savoie département, Rhône-Alpes ...
Aix-Marseille I, II, and III, Universities of
▪ schools, Aix-en-Provence and Marseille, France French  Universités D'aix-marseille I, Ii, Et Iii,         coeducational, state-financed, autonomous institutions of ...
Aíyina
/e"yee nah/, n. Modern Greek name of Aegina (defs. 2-4). * * *
Aizawa Yasushi
▪ Japanese politician also called  Aizawa Seishisai  born July 5, 1782, Mito, Hitachi Province, Japan died August 27, 1863, Mito       Japanese nationalist thinker ...
Aizawl
City (pop., 2001 prelim.: 229,714), capital of Mizoram state, India. It is situated on a ridge at an elevation of about 2,950 ft (900 m) The surrounding region is part of the ...
Aizu-wakamatsu
▪ Japan  city, Fukushima ken (prefecture), Honshu, Japan, in the centre of the Aizu basin, surrounded by volcanic mountains. A castle was built on the site in 1384. Much of ...
Ajaccio
/ah yaht"chaw/, n. a seaport in and the capital of Corsica: the birthplace of Napoleon I. 51,770. * * * ▪ France       town, capital of Corse-du-Sud département, ...
ajaeng
▪ musical instrument  large Korean bowed zither having seven strings. Its body is about 160 cm (62 inches) long and 25 cm (10 inches) wide and is made of paulownia wood. The ...
Ajanta
/euh jun"teuh/, n. a village in N Maharashtra, in W central India: caves and shrines containing Buddhist frescoes and sculptures. * * *
Ajanta Caves
▪ cave temples, India  Buddhist rock-cut cave temples and monasteries, located near Ajanta village, north-central Maharashtra (Mahārāshtra) state, western India, that are ...
ajar
ajar1 /euh jahr"/, adj., adv. neither entirely open nor entirely shut; partly open: The door was ajar. [1350-1400; ME on char on the turn; see A-1, CHAR3] ajar2 /euh jahr"/, ...
Ajaria
A·jar·i·a (ə-järʹē-ə) See Adzharia. * * * ▪ autonomous republic, Georgia Introduction also spelled  Adjara , Adzhariya , or  Adžarija   autonomous republic ...
Ajax
/ay"jaks/, n. 1. Also called Great Ajax, Telamonian Ajax. Class. Myth. a Greek hero in the Trojan War who rescued the body of Achilles and killed himself out of jealousy when ...
AjaxMountain
Ajax Mountain A peak, 3,324.5 m (10,900 ft) high, in the Bitterroot Range of the Rocky Mountains on the Montana-Idaho border. * * *
Ajdukiewicz, Kazimierz
▪ Polish philosopher born Dec. 12, 1890, Tarnopol, Pol., Austria-Hungary [now Ternopil, Ukraine] died April 12, 1963, Warsaw, Pol.       Polish logician and semanticist ...
ajee
/euh jee"/, adv. Brit. Dial. agee. * * *
ajingle
/euh jing"geuhl/, adv., adj. jingling. * * *
Ajit
▪ 1999       Indian actor whose charming villainy and outrageous double entendres made him a national folk hero during a film career that spanned several decades in ...
ajiva
/euh jee"veuh/, n. Jainism. all in the universe that is not jiva, as space, time, matter, and those things by which rest and motion are possible to objects. [ < Skt ajiva without ...
Ajivika
/ah jee"vi keuh/, n. a member of a former Indian sect originating in the 5th century B.C. as a heretical offshoot of Jainism: a disciple of Gosala. [ < Skt ajivika] * * * ▪ ...
Ajjul, Tall al-ʿ
▪ archaeological site, Palestine       ancient site in southern Palestine, located at the mouth of the Ghazzah Wadi just south of the town of Gaza (modern Ghazzah). The ...
Ajman
Aj·man (ăj-mänʹ) A sheikdom of eastern Arabia, part of the federation of United Arab Emirates on the Persian Gulf. Population: 3,725. * * *
Ajmānʿ
▪ emirate, United Arab Emirates also spelled  ʿUjmān        constituent emirate of the United Arab Emirates (formerly Trucial States, or Trucial Oman); the ...
Ajmer
/uj mear"/, n. a city in central Rajasthan, in NW India. 262,480. * * * ▪ India also spelled  Ajmere  or  Ajmir   city, central Rajasthan (Rājasthān) state, ...
Ajmer-Merwara
/uj mear"mer wahr"euh/, n. a former province in NW India. 2400 sq. mi. (6216 sq. km). * * *
Ajo
▪ Arizona, United States       town, Pima county, southwestern Arizona, U.S. Spaniards mined in the area in the 1750s, and the Ajo Copper Company (1854) was the first ...
Ajodhya
/euh yohd"yeuh/, n. a city in E Uttar Pradesh, in N India; a suburb of Faizabad: one of the seven most sacred Hindu centers. * * *
ajuga
/aj"euh geuh/, n. any of various plants of the genus Ajuga, having usually blue flowers and often cultivated as a ground cover. Also called bugle, bugleweed. [ < NL (Linnaeus), ...
AK
Alaska (approved esp. for use with zip code). * * *
AK -47
Soviet assault rifle. Designed by Mikhail T. Kalashnikov (its name stands for "automatic Kalashnikov 1947"), it had both semiautomatic and automatic capabilities and fired ...
Ak Koyunlu
▪ Turkmen tribal federation also spelled  Aq Qoyunlu (Turkish: “White Sheep”)        Turkmen tribal federation that ruled northern Iraq, Azerbaijan, and eastern ...
ak-
Sharp. Oldest form *ə₂ek̑-, colored to *ə₂ak̑-, becoming *ak̑- in satem languages and *ak- in centum languages. Derivatives include acute, hammer, heaven, eager1, ...
AK-47
AK-47 (āʹkāʹfôr'tē-sĕvʹən) n. A clip-fed, gas-operated assault rifle of Soviet design having a caliber of 7.62 millimeters and used throughout the world by armed forces ...
AKA
aka [ā΄kā΄ā′] abbrev. also known as: used before an alias, as in police records [George Desmond aka George Destry]: also a.k.a., a k a * * * AKA abbr. also known as. * * *
Akaba
/ah"keuh beuh, ak"euh-/, n. Aqaba. [1945-50] * * *
Akademgorodok
▪ Russia Russian:“Academic Town”       scientific research city located near Novosibirsk at the northeast corner of the Novosibirsk Reservoir, south-central Russia. ...
Akademiya Nauk Range
▪ mountains, Tajikistan also spelled  Akademiia Nauk,  Russian  Khrebet Akademi Nauk        (“Academy of Sciences Range”), mountain range, western Pamirs, ...
Akaka Falls
▪ waterfall, Hawaii, United States  waterfall, Hawaii county, northeastern Hawaii island, Hawaii, U.S. A central feature of Akaka Falls State Park (65 acres [26 hectares]), ...
Akal Takht
Chief centre of religious authority for Indian Sikhs, located in Amritsar opposite the Golden Temple. It also serves as the headquarters of the Akali Party. Since the line of ...


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