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/euh kah"leuh/, n. a Hawaiian shrub or climber, Rubus macraei, bearing a large, red, edible raspberry. [ < Hawaiian 'akala] * * *
▪ Sikh movement       (Punjabi: “Timeless One,” or “Eternal One”), a movement in Sikhism; also any member of suicide squads in the armies of the Sikhs, a ...
Akali Party
Sikh political party in India. The term Akali was first applied to suicide squads that appeared in the Sikh armies с 1690 in response to Mughal persecution. The Akali name was ...
/ah"kahn/, n., pl. Akans, (esp. collectively) Akan for 2. 1. a language of the Kwa branch of Niger-Congo spoken in much of Ghana and parts of the Ivory Coast. 2. a member of any ...
Akan languages
      dialect cluster of the Nyo group within the Kwa (Kwa languages) branch of the Niger-Congo language (Niger-Congo languages) family. Its principal members are Asante ...
Akan states
▪ historical region, West Africa       historical complex of gold-producing forest states in western Africa lying between the Comoé (Komoé River) and Volta (Volta ...
/ah kahrdd'nah nee"ah/, n. Modern Greek name of Acarnania. * * *
▪ New Zealand       community, eastern South Island, New Zealand. It is situated on the shore of French Bay, inside Akaroa Harbour, which is a rocky inlet on the Banks ...
a·kar·y·o·cyte (ā-kărʹē-ō-sīt') n. A cell having no nucleus. * * *
/ah kah"sheuh/, n. (in the philosophies of India) the ether, regarded as including material and nonmaterial entities in a common medium. [ < Skt akasa] * * *
/ah kah"shee/, n. a city on W Honshu, in Japan. 254,873. * * * ▪ Japan  city, Hyōgo ken (prefecture), Honshu, Japan. The city is adjacent to Kōbe on the Akashi Strait of ...
Akashic record
▪ occultism       in occultism, a compendium of pictorial records, or “memories,” of all events, actions, thoughts, and feelings that have occurred since the ...
/ak'euh thizh"euh, -thiz"ee euh/, n. a state of motor restlessness, sometimes produced by neuroleptic medication, that ranges from a feeling of inner distress to an inability to ...
/ak"bahr/, n. ("the Great") (Jalal-ud-Din Mohammed) 1542-1605, Mogul emperor of India 1556-1605. * * * in full Abū al-Fatḥ Jalāl al-Dīn Muḥammad Akbar born Oct. 15, ...
Akbar period architecture
▪ Indian architecture   building style that developed in India under the patronage of the Mughal emperor Akbar (reigned 1556–1605). The architecture of the Akbar period ...
AKC abbrev. American Kennel Club * * * AKC abbr. American Kennel Club. * * * ➡ American Kennel Club. * * *
/ayk/, v.i., aked, aking, n. Obs. ache. * * *
Ake, Claude
▪ 1997       Nigerian political scientist and activist who was an expert on African politics and economics, founded and directed the Centre for Advanced Social Science, ...
/ah'kee ah"kee/, n. aalii. [ < Maori] * * *
/ak"euh bee/, n. a climbing vine, Akebia quinata, of eastern Asia, bearing inconspicuous flowers and purple, edible berries, grown as an ornamental in the U.S. [ < Japn] * * *
▪ plant genus       genus of woody vines comprising two species native to Asia but introduced elsewhere for their ornamental foliage and fast growth. The genus belongs ...
▪ 1994       In the ancient Japanese sport of sumo, no foreigner had ever been elevated to yokozuna (grand champion) until Hawaiian-born Chadwick Haheo Rowan, known ...
/euh kee"/, n. a tropical tree, Blighia sapida, of the soapberry family, cultivated for the edible aril of its seeds. Also, ackee. [1785-95; allegedly < Kru] * * * ▪ ...
/euh kee"leuh/, n. (in the Cub Scouts) a pack leader. [after Akela, leader of the wolf pack in The Jungle Books by Kipling] * * *
/euh kel"deuh meuh/, n. Aceldama. * * *
/ayk"lee/, n. Carl Ethan, 1864-1926, U.S. naturalist, explorer, and sculptor. * * *
Akeley, Carl E.
▪ American naturalist and explorer in full  Carl Ethan Akeley  born May 19, 1864, Clarendon, N.Y., U.S. died Nov. 17, 1926, Albert National Park, Belgian ...
/ay keen", euh keen"/, n. achene. * * *
Akenside, Mark
▪ British poet and physician born Nov. 9, 1721, Newcastle upon Tyne, Northumberland, Eng. died June 23, 1770, London  poet and physician, best known for his poem The ...
Akerlof, George A.
born June 17, 1940, New Haven, Conn., U.S. U.S. economist. He studied at Yale University (B.A., 1962) and the Massachusetts Institute of Technology (Ph.D., 1966) and in 1966 ...
      mineral composed of dicalcium magnesium disilicate, Ca2MgSi2O7, one end-member of the melilite mineral series (see melilite). * * *
Akers, Ronald L.
▪ American criminologist born Jan. 7, 1939, New Albany, Ind., U.S.       American criminologist widely known for his social learning theory of crime. After earning a ...
Akesson, Birgit
▪ 2002       Swedish dancer and choreographer (b. March 24, 1908, Malmö, Swed.—d. March 24, 2001, Stockholm, Swed.), sought to replace conventional expressionistic ...
/ak"teuhn/, n. Armor. acton. * * *
/ahk/, n. Egyptian Myth. the transfigured and beatified spirit of a dead person. [vocalization of Egyptian spirit of the dead] * * * ▪ Egyptian religion       in ...
Akhaïa [ä΄kä ē′ä; ə kā′ə, əkī′ə] department of modern Greece, corresponding approximately to ancient Achaea * * *
Akhḍar Mountains
▪ mountains, Libya Arabic  Al-jabal Al-akhḍar,  also spelled  Gebel El-achdar,         mountain range of northeastern Libya that extends along the Mediterranean ...
Akhenaten or Akhenaton [ä΄ke nät′'n] var. of IKHNATON * * *
A·khe·na·ton or A·khe·na·ten (ä'kə-nätʹn, äk-nätʹn) also Ikh·na·ton (ĭk-nätʹn), Originally A·men·ho·tep IV (ä'mən-hōʹtĕp, ăm'ən-) Died c. ...
/ah'keuh taht"n/, n. the capital of ancient Egypt under the reign of Amenhotep IV: its excavated site is at the modern village of Tell el Amarna. * * *
/ahk'hi sahr"/, n. a town in W Turkey, NE of Izmir. 47,856. Ancient, Thyatira. * * * ▪ Turkey historically  Thyatira        town, western Turkey, in a fertile plain ...
▪ people also spelled  Akhlamû,         ancient Semitic nomads of northern Syria and Mesopotamia and traditional enemies of the Assyrians. They are first mentioned ...
Akhmadulina, Bella
▪ Russian poet in full  Izabella Akhatovna Akhmadulina   born April 10, 1937, Moscow    Russian-language poet of Tatar and Italian descent, a distinctive voice in ...
/ahk may"teuh veuh/; Russ. /ukh mah"teuh veuh/, n. Anna /an"euh/; Russ. /ah"neuh/, (Anna Andreyevna Gorenko), 1889-1966, Russian poet. * * *
Akhmatova, Anna
orig. Anna Andreyevna Gorenko born June 23, 1889, Bolshoy Fontan, near Odessa, Ukraine, Russian Empire died March 5, 1966, Domodedovo, near Moscow Russian poet. She won fame ...
Akh·ma·to·va (ək-mäʹtə-və), Anna. Pseudonym of Anna Andreevna Gorenko. 1889-1966. Russian poet whose work is characterized by personal themes and noted for its lyrical ...
▪ Egypt also spelled  Ekhmīn,         town, Sawhāj muḥāfaẓah (governorate), Upper Egypt, on the east bank of the Nile, above Sawhāj on the west bank. ...
/ahk naht"n/, n. See Amenhotep IV. * * *
Akhṭal, al-
▪ Umayyad poet in full  Ghiyāth ibn Ghawth ibn al-Ṣalt al-Akhṭal   born c. 640, Al-Ḥīrah, Mesopotamia, or the Syrian Desert died 710       poet of the Umayyad ...
Aki, Keiiti
▪ 2006       Japanese seismologist (b. March 30, 1930, Yokohama, Japan—d. May 17, 2005, Réunion), developed the concept of the “seismic moment”—a quantitative ...
/ah kee'ah poh'lah ow"/, n. a rare yellow Hawaiian honeycreeper, Hemignathus munroi, having a long slender down-curved upper bill and a short straight lower bill. [ < Hawaiian ...
Akiba ben Joseph
/ah kee"bah ben joh"zeuhf, -seuhf, euh kee"veuh/ A.D. c50-c135, rabbi and scholar: systematizer of Jewish oral law on which the Mishnah is based. Also called Akiba. * * * born ...
Akibaben Joseph
A·ki·ba ben Jo·seph (ä-kēʹbä bĕn jōʹzəf, -səf, ə-kēʹvə), A.D. 50?-132. Jewish religious leader whose scholarship, particularly a reinterpretation of the Halakah, ...
/ah'ki hee"toh/; Japn. /ah kee"hee taw'/, n. born 1933, emperor of Japan since 1989 (son of Hirohito). * * * or Heisei emperor born Dec. 23, 1933, Tokyo, Japan Emperor of ...
Akii-Bua, John
▪ 1998       Ugandan athlete who in 1972 became the first, and thus far the only, Ugandan to win an Olympic gold medal when he triumphed in the 400-m hurdles in 47.82 ...
/ah keel"/, n. a male given name: from an Arabic word meaning "one who uses reason." * * *
/euh kim"boh/, adj., adv. with hand on hip and elbow bent outward: to stand with arms akimbo. [1375-1425; late ME in kenebowe < ON *i keng boginn bent into a crook (i in, keng ...
Akimiski Island
/ak"euh mis"kee, ak'-/ an island in SW James Bay, in the SE Northwest Territories, in S central Canada. ab. 898 sq. mi. (2326 sq. km). * * *
Akimov, Nikolay Pavlovich
▪ Russian stage designer born April 16 [April 3, Old Style], 1901, Kharkov, Ukraine, Russian Empire [now Kharkiv, Ukraine] died Sept. 6, 1968, Moscow, Russia, ...
/euh kin"/, adj. 1. of kin; related by blood (usually used predicatively): cousins who were too closely akin for marriage. 2. allied by nature; having the same properties: ...
Akindynos, Gregorios
▪ Byzantine monk born c. 1300, , Bulgaria died c. 1349       Byzantine monk and theologian who was the principal opponent of Hesychasm, a Greek monastic movement of ...
—akinetic /ay'ki net"ik, -kuy-/, adj. /ay'ki nee"zheuh, -kuy-/, n. Pathol. absence, loss, or impairment of the power of voluntary movement. Also, akinesis /ay'ki nee"sis, ...
/ak'euh neet", ay kuy"neet/, n. (in certain algae) a nonmotile, asexual spore formed within a cell, the wall of which is fused to that of the parent cell. Cf. aplanospore. [ < Gk ...
See akinesia. * * *
akinetic mutism
Pathol., Psychiatry. a state of apparent alertness with normal eye movements but no speech or other voluntary motion, usually due to a stroke. * * *
Akinola, Peter
▪ 2008 Peter Jasper Akinola  born Jan. 27, 1944, Abeokuta, Nigeria       In 2007 Anglican Archbishop Peter Akinola of Nigeria stirred up controversy when he created an ...
/ay"kinz/, n. Zoë /zoh"ee/, 1886-1958, U.S. playwright. * * *
Akintola, Samuel Ladoke
▪ Nigerian politician born July 10, 1910, Ogbomosho, Nigeria died Jan. 14, 1966, Ibadan, Nigeria       administrator and politician, premier of the Western Region of ...
/euh kee"teuh/, n. 1. a seaport on N Honshu, in N Japan, on the Sea of Japan. 284,830. 2. (sometimes l.c.) one of a Japanese breed of large, muscular dogs having a broad head ...
Akiyama Toyohiro
▪ Japanese journalist and television reporter born July 22, 1942, Tokyo, Japan       Japanese journalist and television reporter, the first Japanese citizen and the ...
/ak"ad, ah"kahd/, n. Also, Accad. 1. one of the ancient kingdoms of Mesopotamia, the northern division of Babylonia. 2. Also called Agade. a city in and the capital of this ...
/euh kay"dee euhn, euh kah"-/, n. 1. the eastern Semitic language, now extinct, of Assyria and Babylonia, written with a cuneiform script. 2. one of the Akkadian people. 3. Obs. ...
Akkadian language
or Assyro-Babylonian language Semitic language spoken in Mesopotamia in the 3rd–1st millennia BC. It is known from a great many inscriptions, seals, and clay tablets in ...
/ah'keuhr mahn", ah"keuhr mahn'/; Russ. /u kyirdd mahn"/, n. former name of Belgorod-Dnestrovsky. * * *
Akko [ä kō′] city in NW Israel, on the Mediterranean: pop. 37,000 * * * Ak·ko (ä-kōʹ, äʹkō) See Acre. * * *
▪ Israel also spelled  Acre , or  ʿAkkā   city, northwest Israel. It lies along the Mediterranean Sea, at the north end of the Bay of Haifa (formerly Bay of Acre). Its ...
/ak"reuh, euh krah"/, n. Accra. * * *
/ak moh"leuh/, n. the capital of Kazakhstan, in the N central part. 276,000. Formerly, Akmolinsk, Tselinograd. * * *
/ahk'meuh linsk"/; Russ. /uk maw"lyinsk/, n. former name of Akmola. * * *
▪ Japan       city, Hyōgo ken (prefecture), western Honshu, Japan. During the Heian period (794–1185), it was a seaside resort for courtesans from Kyōto. It became ...
A·ko·la (ə-kōʹlə) A city of west-central India west-southwest of Amravati. It is a market center in a cotton-growing region. Population: 328,034. * * * ▪ ...
Akosombo Dam
▪ dam, Ghana  rock-fill dam on the Volta River, near Akosombo, Ghana, completed in 1965 as part of the Volta River Project. Its construction was jointly financed by the ...
▪ Buddhist philosophy Sanskrit“doctrine denying the effect of deeds”Pāli  >Akiriyāvāda        set of beliefs held by heretic teachers in India who were ...
/ak"reuhn/, n. a city in NE Ohio. 237,177. * * * City (pop., 2000: 217,074), northeastern Ohio, U.S., on the Cuyahoga River. At 1,200 ft (370 m) above sea level, Akron was ...
Akron, University of
▪ university, Akron, Ohio, United States       public, coeducational institution of higher learning in Akron, Ohio, U.S. While the university is known for its research ...
/ak'roh tear"ee/, n. the remains of an ancient Minoan city on the island of Thera in the Aegean Sea, where abundant pottery and frescoes of the second millennium B.C. have been ...
▪ music Turkish“limping”       an important pattern in the rhythmic structure of folk and vernacular traditional music of the Middle East, particularly Turkey, ...
Aksakov, Konstantin Sergeyevich
▪ Russian author born March 29 [April 10, New Style], 1817, Novo-Aksakovo, Russia died Dec. 7 [Dec. 19], 1860, Zacynthus, Greece       Russian writer and one of the ...
Aksakov, Sergey Timofeyevich
▪ Russian author born Sept. 20 [Oct. 1, New Style], 1791, Ufa, Russia died April 30 [May 12], 1859, Moscow       novelist noted for his realistic and comic narratives ...
Akselrod, Pavel Borisovich
▪ Russian political scientist also called  Paul Axelrod  born August 25, 1850?, Chernigov?, Ukraine, Russian Empire [now Chernihiv, Ukraine] died 1928, Berlin, ...
▪ ancient city, Mesopotamia, Asia       ancient city of Mesopotamia on the northern boundary of Akkad, identified by some authorities with the Babylonian city of Upi ...
      in Mahāyāna and Vajrayāna (Tantric) Buddhism, one of the five “self-born” Buddhas. See Dhyāni-Buddha. * * *
/ahk"soom/, n. the capital of an ancient Ethiopian kingdom, ruled by Himyaritic emigrants from Arabia. Also, Axum. * * * or Axum Ancient kingdom, northern Ethiopia. At its ...
Aksyonov, Vasily Pavlovich
▪ Russian writer Aksyonov also spelled  Aksenov   born Aug. 20, 1932, Kazan, Russia, U.S.S.R.       Russian novelist and short-story writer, one of the leading ...
/ahk tyooh"binsk/; Russ. /uk tyooh"byinsk/, n. a city in NW Kazakhstan. 191,000. * * *
akund floss
▪ plant fibre also called  calotropis floss        downy seed fibre obtained from Calotropis procera and C. gigantea, plants of the Apocynaceae family. The plants are ...
▪ Nigeria       town, capital of Ondo state, southwestern Nigeria. It lies in the southern part of the forested Yoruba Hills and at the intersection of roads from Ondo, ...
/ah"keuh rair'ee/; Icel. /ah"kyuurdd ay'rddi/, n. a city in N Iceland. 12,643. * * * ▪ Iceland  town, northern Iceland. It lies at the southern end of Eyja Fjord. Akureyri ...
/ah kooh"tah gah"wah/, n. Ryunosuke /rddyoo naw"soo ke'/, 1892-1927, Japanese short-story writer and essayist. * * *
Akutagawa Prize
▪ Japanese literary prize Japanese  Akutagawa Ryūnosuke Shō        Japanese literary prize awarded semiannually for the best work of fiction by a promising new ...
Akutagawa Ryūnosuke
▪ Japanese author pseudonym  Chōkōdō Shujin  or  Gaki   born March 1, 1892, Tokyo, Japan died July 24, 1927, Tokyo       prolific Japanese writer known ...
/ahk"vah veet'/, n. aquavit. * * *
Akwa Ibom
▪ state, Nigeria       state, southeastern Nigeria. Its area formed part of Cross River state until 1987, when Akwa Ibom state was created. Akwa Ibom is bounded by ...
Historical state of western Africa's Gold Coast (now Ghana). Founded by an Akan people с 1600, it grew rich on the sale of gold. At its height in the early 18th century, Akwamu ...
Akwapim-Togo Ranges
▪ mountains, Ghana       narrow belt of ridges and hills in Ghana, western Africa. They extend in a southwest-northeast line for about 200 miles (320 km) from the Densu ...
/ak yab", ak"yab/, n. former name of Sittwe. * * *
Akzo Nobel NV
▪ Dutch company       diversified Dutch manufacturer of paints, coatings, and chemicals. The company was formed from the merger of Akzo NV and the Swedish firm Nobel ...
Water. 1. ait; island, from Old English īg, īeg, island, from Germanic *aujō, “thing on the water,” from *agwjō. 2. aqua, aquarelle, aquarium, aquatic, aqui-, ewer, ...
/ahl/, n. See Indian mulberry. [ < Hindi al] * * * (as used in expressions) Abu al Fath Jalal al Din Muhammad Akbar Al Jazair Muhi al Din Muhammad Abu Ali al Husayn ibn Abd ...
/al/, n. a male given name: form of Albert, Alfred, Aloysius. Symbol, Chem. aluminum. * * * (as used in expressions) Abu al Fath Jalal al Din Muhammad Akbar Al Jazair Muhi al ...
1. Alabama (approved esp. for use with zip code). 2. Anglo-Latin. * * * (as used in expressions) Abu al Fath Jalal al Din Muhammad Akbar Al Jazair Muhi al Din Muhammad Abu Ali ...
Āl Bū Saʿīd dynasty
▪ Omani dynasty       Muslim dynasty of Oman, in southeastern Arabia (c. 1749 to the present), and of Zanzibar, in East Africa (c. 1749–1964).       Aḥmad ...
Al Capone
➡ Capone * * *
al dente
/al den"tay, -tee/; It. /ahl den"te/ (esp. of pasta) cooked so as not to be too soft; firm to the bite: spaghetti al dente. [1945-50; It: lit., to the tooth] * * *
Al Farabi
/al' fah rah"bee/ died A.D. 950, Arab philosopher. Also called Alfarabius /al'feuh ray"bee euhs/. * * *
Al Fatah
/ahl' fah tah"/ a guerrilla group within the Palestine Liberation Organization. [1965-70; < Ar al the + acronym from the name of the organization H(arakat) T(ahrir) F(ilastin) ...
al fine
/al fee"nay/; It. /ahl fee"ne/, Music. to the end (a direction, as after a da capo or dal segno, to continue to fine, the indicated end). [ < It] * * *
Al Franken
➡ Franken * * *
Al Gore
➡ Gore * * *
Al Hufuf
/al hoo foohf"/ Hofuf. * * *
Al Iskandariyah
Al Iskandariyah [äl΄ is kän΄də rē′yä΄] Ar. name for ALEXANDRIA, Egypt * * *
Al Jolson
➡ Jolson * * *
Al Kufa
/al kooh"feuh, -fa/ Kufa. * * *
Al Manamah
/al meuh nam"euh/ Manama. * * *
Al Pacino
➡ Pacino * * *
Al Qaeda
Al Qaeda [al kā′də, äl kī′də] n. 〚Ar, lit., the base, foundation〛 a radical Islamic organization operating through an international network of secret cells: it ...
Āl Saʿūd, Salmān
▪ Saudi royal and astronaut in full  Prince Sulṭān ibn Salmān ibn ʿAbd al-ʿAziz Āl Saʿūd  born June 27, 1956, Riyadh, Saudi Arabia       the first Saudi ...
Al Sirat
/al si raht"/, Islam. 1. the correct path of religion. 2. the bridge, fine as a razor's edge, over which all who enter paradise must pass. [ < Ar, equiv. to al the + sirat road < ...
Al Unser
➡ Unser * * *
Al Unser Junior
➡ Unser * * *
Āl Wahībah Dunes
▪ desert, Oman Arabic  Ramlat Āl Wahībah,         sandy desert, east-central Oman. It fronts the Arabian Sea on the southeast and stretches along the coast for more ...
var. of ad- before l: allure. * * * Arabic definite article, meaning "the. " It prefixes Arabic nouns, from which it is generally separated by a hyphen when rendered in Latin ...
a word in Arabic names meaning "family" or "the house of": Al-Saud, or the members of the house of Saud. [ < Ar al family] * * * Arabic definite article, meaning "the. " It ...
/ahl ooz"zah/, n. a pre-Islamic Arabian goddess personifying the planet Venus and considered to be a daughter of Allah. * * *
/al"euh non'/, n. a support and discussion group for the relatives of people suffering from alcoholism, usually operated in conjunction with Alcoholics Anonymous. * * *
/al'ash euh ree"/, n. Abu 'l-Hasan /ah"booh al ha san"/, A.D. c873-936, the formulator of the classical synthesis in Islamic philosophical theology known as Ash'arism. * * *
Al-Aswani, 'Ala'
▪ 2006       The appearance in 2002 of ʿImārat Yaʿqūbiyyān (The Yacoubian Building), the first novel by ʿAlāʾ al-Aswānī (Alaa Al Aswany), was in itself a novel ...
/al beuh tah"nee/, n. Battani. * * *
/al'boo khahr"ee/, n. Muhammad ibn Isma'il /ib"euhn is mah"eel/, A.D. 810-870, a collector of the Hadith. * * *
(1927– ) a businessman who owns a number of businesses in Britain including Harrods and Fulham Football Club. He was born in Egypt and tried for many years to apply for a ...
Al-Firdan Bridge
▪ bridge, Suez Canal, Egypt also called  El-Ferdan Swing Bridge  or  Al-Ferdan Railway Bridge        longest rotating metal bridge in the world, spanning the Suez ...
/al foo stat"/, n. a city in N Egypt, near the modern city of Cairo, founded in the 7th century A.D. Also, El Fostat, el-Fustat. Also called Old Cairo. * * *
/al'geuh zel"/, n. Ghazzali. * * *
/al'ga zah"lee/, n. Ghazzali. * * *
al-Ḥanafī, ʿAlam al-Dīn
▪ Egyptian mathematician, astronomer, and engineer born 1178?, Egypt died 1251, Egypt       Egyptian mathematician, astronomer, and engineer. He wrote a treatise on ...
/el hil"euh/ n. Hilla. * * *
/ahl is kahn drddee"yah/, n. Arabic name of Alexandria. * * *
▪ Arab inventor flourished c. 1206       Arab inventor. He is remembered for his automaton designs, including water-operated automatons, many of moving peacocks. Most ...
Arabic in full Muḥammad ibn Mūsā al-Khwārizmī born с 780, Baghdad, Iraq died с 850 Muslim mathematician and astronomer. He lived in Baghdad during the golden age of ...
/ahl laht"/, n. a pre-Islamic Arabian goddess personifying the sun and considered to be a daughter of Allah. * * *
/al'oh bayd"/, n. See El Obeid. * * *
/al wed"/, n. See El Oued. * * *
/al'oo bay"id/, n. Arabic name of El Obeid. * * *
Anglo-Latin. * * *
1. other things. [ < L alia] 2. other persons. [ < L alii] * * *
/ay"leuh/, n., pl. alae /ay"lee/. 1. a wing. 2. a winglike part, process, or expansion, as of a bone, shell, seed, or stem. 3. either of the two side petals of a flower in the ...
/ah"lah/, n. Hussein /hoo sayn"/, 1888-1964, Iranian statesman and diplomat: premier in 1951 and from 1955 to 1957. Biochem. alanine. * * *
àla carte
à la carte also a la carte (ä'lə kärtʹ, ăl'ə) adv. & adj. With a separate price for each item on the menu.   [French : à, by + la, the + carte, menu.] * * *
Ala Dag
Ala Dag or Aladagh [ä΄lä dä′, ä΄lädäk′] mountain of the Taurus range, S Turkey: c. 12,000 ft (3,658 m) * * *
Ala Dagh
/ah"lah dahkh"/ 1. a mountain range in S Turkey: highest peak, ab. 11,000 ft. (3350 m). 2. a mountain range in E Turkey: highest peak, ab. 11,500 ft. (3500 m). * * *
àla king
à la king (ä'lə kĭngʹ, ăl'ə) adj. Cooked in a cream sauce with green pepper or pimiento and mushrooms. * * *
àla mode
à la mode (ä'lə mōdʹ, ăl'ə) adj. 1. According to the prevailing style or fashion. 2. Served with ice cream: apple pie à la mode.   [French : à, in + la, the + mode, ...
▪ sultan of Johore died c. 1564, , probably Acheh, Sumatra [now in Indonesia]       sultan of the Malay kingdom of Johore (Johor) from 1528. He is sometimes considered ...
A·la-Tau (ăl'ə-touʹ, ä'lə-) Several mountain ranges of the Tien Shan in eastern Kyrgyzstan and southeast Kazakhstan. The highest elevation is about 5,490 m (18,000 ft). * ...
Alabama. * * *
—Alabamian /al'euh bam"ee euhn/, Alabaman, adj., n. /al'euh bam"euh/, n. 1. a state in the SE United States. 3,890,061; 51,609 sq. mi. (133,670 sq. km). Cap.: Montgomery. ...
Alabama Agricultural and Mechanical University
▪ school, Normal, Alabama, United States byname  Alabama A&M University        public, coeducational institution of higher learning in Normal, Alabama, U.S., a ...
Alabama claims
U.S. maritime grievances against Britain in the American Civil War. Although Britain had declared official neutrality in the war, it allowed the Confederate cruiser Alabama, ...
Alabama Platform
▪ United States history       in U.S. history, Southern political leader William L. Yancey's (Yancey, William Lowndes) response (1848) to the antislavery Wilmot Proviso ...
Alabama River
River, southern Alabama, U.S. Formed by the Coosa and Tallapoosa rivers northeast of Montgomery, it winds westward to Selma and then flows south for a length of 318 mi (512 ...
Alabama State University
▪ university, Montgomery, Alabama, United States       public, coeducational institution of higher learning in Montgomery, Alabama, U.S. It is a historically black ...
Alabama, flag of
▪ Flag History       U.S. state flag consisting of a white field with a red saltire (diagonal cross).       During the Civil War (1861–65) an unofficial flag ...
Alabama, University of
▪ university, Tuscaloosa, Alabama, United States       state university with campuses at Tuscaloosa (main campus), Birmingham, and Huntsville. All three branches ...
See Alabamian. * * *
Alabama River A river formed in central Alabama north of Montgomery by the confluence of the Coosa and Tallapoosa rivers and flowing about 507 km (315 mi) southwest to join the ...
Alabamian [al΄ə bamē ən] adj. of Alabama n. a person born or living in Alabama: Also Alabaman * * * See Alabama2. * * *
/al'euh bam"een, -in/, n. Chem. (formerly) astatine. Symbol: Ab [1930-35; ALABAM(A) + -INE2] * * *
/al'euh ban"duyt/, n. a rare mineral, manganese sulfide, MnS, occurring in a massive form and having a cubical lattice structure. [see ALMANDINE, -ITE1] * * *
/al"euh bas'teuhr, -bah'steuhr/, n. 1. a finely granular variety of gypsum, often white and translucent, used for ornamental objects or work, such as lamp bases, figurines, ...
Alabaster, William
▪ English scholar born Jan. 27, 1568, Hadleigh, Suffolk, Eng. died early April 1640, Little Shelford, Cambridgeshire       English poet, mystic, and scholar in Latin ...
/al'euh bas"tos, -teuhs, -bah"stos, -steuhs/, n., pl. alabastoi /-bas"toy, -bah"stoy/. alabastron. * * *
/al'euh bas"tron, -treuhn, -bah"stron, -streuhn/, n., pl. alabastra /-bas"treuh, -bah"streuh/, alabastrons. Gk. and Rom. Antiq. a jar characteristically having an elongated ...
/al'euh bas"treuhm, -bah"streuhm/, n., pl. alabastra /-bas"treuh, -bah"streuh/, alabastrums. alabastron. * * *
Alaca Hüyük
Ancient Anatolian site, north-central Turkey. It lies northeast of the old Hittite capital of Bogazköy. Traces of a Hittite building were found in the early 20th century and ...
▪ people       South American Indian people, very few (about 10) in number, living on the eastern coast of Isla Wellington in southern Chile. Their culture closely ...
/euh lak"/, interj. Archaic. (used as an exclamation of sorrow, regret, or dismay.) Also, alackaday /euh lak"euh day'/. [presumably AH + LACK. Cf. AHA, AHEM, ALAS] * * *
alackaday [ə lak′ə dā′] interj. 〚for earlier alack the day, woe to the day〛 Archaic ALACK * * *
See alacrity. * * *
—alacritous, adj. /euh lak"ri tee/, n. 1. cheerful readiness, promptness, or willingness: We accepted the invitation with alacrity. 2. liveliness; briskness. [1500-10; < L ...
/euh lad"n/, n. (in The Arabian Nights' Entertainments) the son of a poor widow in China. He becomes the possessor of a magic lamp and ring with which he can command a jinn to do ...
▪ Nigerian religion       (Yoruba: “Owners of Prayer”), religious movement among the Yoruba peoples of western Nigeria, embracing some of the independent ...
/ay"lee/, n. pl. of ala. * * *
Armenian. /u'leuh gyaws"/, n. Mount. See Aragats, Mount. * * *
Alagna, Roberto
▪ French opera singer born June 7, 1963, Clichy-sous-Bois, Seine-Saint-Denis, France       French operatic lyric tenor who became known for both his vocal qualities and ...
Alagna, Roberto, and Gheorghiu, Angela
▪ 1997        In 1996 French-born tenor Roberto Alagna and Romanian soprano Angela Gheorghiu created their own personal operatic libretto with a highly publicized ...
/ah'leuh goh"euhs/, n. a state in NE Brazil. 1,987,673; 10,674 sq. mi. (27,650 sq. km). Cap.: Maceió. * * * ▪ state, Brazil       estado (state) of northeastern ...
▪ Brazil       city, northeastern Bahia estado (state), northeastern Brazil, lying 35 miles (56 km) inland from the Atlantic coast at 607 feet (185 metres) above sea ...
/ah'lah guez"/, n. Turkish name of Mount Aragats. * * *
A·lai or A·lay (äʹlī') A mountain range of southwest Kyrgyzstan. A western branch of the Tien Shan, it extends about 322 km (200 mi) west from the Chinese border and rises ...
Alai Mountains
/euh luy"/; Russ. /u luy"/ a mountain range in SW Kirghizia (Kyrgyzstan): part of the Tien Shan Mountains; highest peak, ab. 19,000 ft. (5790 m). * * *
(as used in expressions) Lesage Alain René Resnais Alain Robbe Grillet Alain * * * ▪ French philosopher pseudonym of  Émile-auguste Chartier   born March 3, 1868, ...
Alain de Lille
▪ French theologian Latin  Alanus de Insulis,  English  Alan of Lille  born c. 1128, probably Lille, Flanders [now in France] died 1202, Cîteaux, ...
▪ French author pseudonym of  Henri-Alban Fournier  born Oct. 3, 1886, La Chapelle-d'Angillon, Cher, France   killed in action Sept. 22, 1914, in the vicinity of Épargue, ...
/ah'lah hwe"lah/, n. a city in central Costa Rica. 36,736. * * * ▪ Costa Rica       city, northwestern Costa Rica. It lies in the Valle Central at an elevation of ...
Alakol, Lake
▪ lake, Kazakstan Kazak  Alaköl , Russian  Ozero Alakol , also called  Ozero Ala-Kul        salt lake in Kazakhstan, 110 miles (180 km) east of Lake Balqash, ...
/ah'lah lah"/, n. a dull, brownish-tinged crow that occurs only in Hawaii. [ < Hawaiian 'alala; as homonymous v., to caw, scream] * * *
▪ ancient Syrian city, Turkey modern  Tell Açana , also called  ʿAtshanah        ancient Syrian city in the Orontes (Asi) valley, southern Turkey. Excavations ...
Al Al·a·mayn (ăl ăl'ə-mānʹ, ä'lə-) See El Alamein. * * *
—Alalcomenean, Alalkomenean, adj. /al'al keuh meen"yeuhs/, n. Class. Myth. the first man: he reared Athena and reconciled Zeus and Hera. Also, Alalkomeneus. * * *
/euh lay"lee euh, euh layl"yeuh/, n. Pathol. an inability to speak. [1875-80; A-6 + Gk lalia talk, chatter, equiv. to lal(leîn) to talk, chatter + -ia -Y3] * * *
/ah'lah mahn"/, n. Lucas /looh"kahs/, 1792-1853, Mexican historian and politician. * * *
Alamán, Lucas
▪ Mexican politician born October 1792, Guanajuato, Mex. died June 2, 1853, Mexico City       politician and historian, the leader of Mexican conservatives for nearly ...
/al'euh man"uy/, n.pl. Alemanni. * * *
/al'euh man"ik/, n., adj. Alemannic. * * *
/al'euh may"deuh/, n. 1. Chiefly Southwestern U.S. a public walk shaded with trees. 2. (in Latin America) a boulevard, park, or public garden having such a walk. [1790-1800; < ...
/al'euh mee"deuh, -may"-/, n. a city in W California. 63,852. * * * ▪ California, United States       city, Alameda county, California, U.S. It lies on a 6.5-mile- ...
/al'euh mayn"/, n. See El Alamein. * * *
Alamein, El-
▪ Egypt       coastal town in northwestern Egypt, about 60 miles (100 km) west of Alexandria, that was the site of two major battles between British and Axis forces in ...
Al·a·mein (ăl'ə-mānʹ), El See El Alamein. * * *
Alamgīr II
in full ʽAzīz al-Dīn ʽAlamgīr II born June 6, 1699, Multan, India died Nov. 29, 1769, Delhi Mughal emperor of India (1754–59). He was placed on the throne by the ...
Ālamgīr IIʿ
▪ Mughal emperor in full  ʿAzīz al-Ḍīn ʿĀlamgīr II  born June 6, 1699, Multan [India] died Nov. 29, 1759, Delhi       Mughal (Mughal Dynasty) emperor of ...
Alamine [al′ə mēn΄] 〚 AL( + AMINE〛 trademark for a straight-chain or branched-chain fatty amine of high molecular weight, or a mixture of such amines: these amines are ...
/al'euh meuh kee"/, n. almique (def. 3). * * *
/al"euh moh', ah"leuh-/, n., pl. alamos. Southwestern U.S. a poplar. [1830-40; < Sp álamo poplar, ult. < a pre-Roman language of Iberia] * * * Eighteenth-century mission in San ...
/al"euh moh'/, n. a Franciscan mission in San Antonio, Texas, besieged by Mexicans on February 23, 1836, during the Texan war for independence and taken on March 6, 1836, with ...
/al"euh mohd'/, n. 1. a lightweight, glossy silk fabric used in the manufacture of scarfs, hoods, etc. 2. See à la mode. * * *
/al'euh meuh gawr"doh/, n. a city in S New Mexico: first atomic bomb exploded in the desert ab. 50 mi. (80 km) NW of here, July 16, 1945. 24,024. * * * ▪ New Mexico, United ...
▪ Colorado, United States       city, seat (1913) of Alamosa county, southern Colorado, U.S. It lies along the Rio Grande in the San Luis Valley, on the western flank ...
/al"euhn/, n. a male given name: from a Celtic word meaning "harmony." * * * (as used in expressions) Arthur Chester Alan Ayckbourn Sir Alan Bennett Alan Dershowitz Alan ...
Alan Alexander Milne
➡ Milne * * *
Alan Ayckbourn
➡ Ayckbourn * * *
Alan Bates
➡ Bates (I) * * *
Alan Bennett
➡ Bennett (I) * * *
Alan Clark
➡ Clark (I) * * *
Alan Greenspan
➡ Greenspan * * *
Alan Jay Lerner
➡ Lerner and Loewe * * *
Alan John Percivale Taylor
➡ Taylor (I) * * *
Alan Patrick Herbert
➡ Herbert (I) * * *
Alan Rickman
➡ Rickman * * *
Alan Shearer
➡ Shearer * * *
Alan Shepard
➡ Shepard (I) * * *
/al'euhn euh dayl"/, n. Allan-a-dale. * * *
Alanbrooke (of Brookeborough), Alan Francis Brooke, 1st Viscount
born July 23, 1883, Bagnères-de-Bigorre, France died June 17, 1963, Hartley Wintney, Hampshire, Eng. British military leader. He served in World War I and later became ...
Alanbrooke, Alan Francis Brooke, 1st Viscount, Baron Alanbrooke of Brookeborough
▪ British field marshal born July 23, 1883, Bagnères-de-Bigorre, France died June 17, 1963, Hartley Wintney, Hampshire, England  British field marshal and chief of the ...
Åland [ō′länd΄, ō′lənd; ä′ länd΄, ä′lənd] Swed. name for AHVENANMAA * * *
Åland Islands
/ah"leuhnd, aw"leuhnd/; Swed. /oh"lahnd'/ a group of Finnish islands in the Baltic Sea, between Sweden and Finland. 22,608; 572 sq. mi. (1480 sq. km). Finnish, Ahvenanmaa. * * ...
Å·land Islands (äʹlənd, ōʹländ') See Ahvenanmaa. * * *
/euh lay"nuy, euh lah"nee/, n.pl. a nomadic Iranian people who flourished in the 2nd-4th centuries A.D. and are ancestors of the present-day Ossets. Also called Alans /euh ...
A·la·nia (ä-länʹyä) See North Ossetia. * * *
/al"euh neen', -nin/, n. Biochem. any of several isomers of a colorless, crystalline, water-soluble amino acid, CH3CH(NH2)COOH, found in many proteins and produced synthetically: ...
alant starch
/al"euhnt, euh lant"/, Chem. inulin. [ < G, OHG, perh. < VL *iluna, alter. of L inula (see INULIN)] * * *
/al"euh nil/, Chem. n. 1. the acyl group of alanine. adj. 2. of or pertaining to such a group. [ALAN(INE) + (AC)YL] * * *
/euh lap"euh/, n. Rom. Cath. Ch., Anglican Ch. the light blow on the cheek delivered by the bishop in a confirmation service. [ < L: a slap] * * * ▪ Indian ...
▪ Russia also spelled  Alapaevsk,         city, Sverdlovsk oblast (province), west-central Russia, on the Neyva River. It is one of the oldest centres of the iron ...
▪ India also called  Alleppey        city, southern Kerala state, southwestern India. It lies on a narrow land spit between the Arabian Sea and Vembanad Lake, ...
/ay"leuhr/, adj. 1. pertaining to or having wings; alary. 2. winglike; wing-shaped. 3. Anat., Bot. axillary. [1830-40; < L alaris equiv. to al(a) wing (see ALA) + -aris -AR1] * * ...
/ay"lahr/ Trademark. a brand of daminozide. * * *
/ah'lahrdd kawn"/, n. Pedro Antonio /pe"dhrddaw ahn taw"nyaw/, (Pedro Antonio Alarcón y Ariza), 1833-91, Spanish novelist, short-story writer, and diplomat. * * *
Alarcón y Ariza, Pedro Antonio de
▪ Spanish writer born March 10, 1833, Guadix, Spain died July 10, 1891, Valdemoro       writer remembered for his novel El sombrero de tres picos (1874; The ...
Alarcón,Pedro Antonio de
A·lar·cón (ä'lär-kōnʹ), Pedro Antonio de. 1833-1891. Spanish writer noted particularly for his shorter novels, such as The Three-Cornered Hat (1874). * * *
Alarcos, Battle of
▪ European history       (July 18, 1195), celebrated Almohad (Almohads) victory in Muslim Spain over the forces of King Alfonso VIII of Castile. In 1190 the Almohad ...
/al"euhr ik/, n. A.D. c370-410, king of the Visigoths: captured Rome 410. * * * ▪ leader of Visigoths born c. 370, , Peuce Island [now in Romania] died 410, Cosentia, ...
Alaric I
born с 370, Peuce Island died 410, Cosentia, Bruttium Chief of the Visigoths (395–410). He commanded Gothic troops in the Roman army before leaving to become chief of the ...
Alaric II
▪ king of Visigoths died 507       king of the Visigoths, who succeeded his father Euric on Dec. 28, 484. He was married to Theodegotha, daughter of Theodoric, the ...
—alarmable, adj. —alarmedly /euh lahr"mid lee/, adv. /euh lahrm"/, n. 1. a sudden fear or distressing suspense caused by an awareness of danger; apprehension; fright. 2. any ...

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