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alarm clock
a clock with a bell or buzzer that can be set to sound at a particular time, as to awaken someone. [1690-1700] * * *
alarm reaction
Physiol. the first stage of the general adaptation syndrome, in which the body responds to stress by exhibiting shock. [1935-40] * * *
alarm signal
▪ zoology       in zoology, a ritualized means of communicating a danger or threat among the members of an animal group. In many cases the signal is visual or vocal, but ...
alarmclock
alarm clock n. A clock that can be set to sound a bell or buzzer at a desired hour. * * *
alarming
—alarmingly, adv. /euh lahr"ming/, adj. causing alarm or fear: an alarming case of pneumonia; an alarming lack of respect. [1670-80; ALARM + -ING2] * * *
Alarming State of the U.S. Electricity Grid
▪ 2005       The massive power blackout of Aug. 14, 2003, which affected the midwestern and northeastern United States and parts of Canada, highlighted the precarious ...
alarmingly
See alarm. * * *
alarmism
See alarmist. * * *
alarmist
—alarmism, n. /euh lahr"mist/, n. 1. a person who tends to raise alarms, esp. without sufficient reason, as by exaggerating dangers or prophesying calamities. adj. 2. of or ...
alarmreaction
alarm reaction n. The initial stage in the body's response to stressful stimuli, characterized by adaptive physiological changes, such as increased hormonal activity and ...
alarum
/euh lar"euhm, euh lahr"-/, n. Archaic. alarm. * * *
alarums and excursions
1. (esp. in Elizabethan drama) military action, as representative fragments of a battle, sound effects of trumpets, or clash of arms: used as a stage direction. 2. any noisy, ...
alarumsand excursions
a·la·rums and excursions (ə-lärʹəmz, -lărʹ-) pl.n. 1. Loud, frantic, or excited activity; clamor. 2. The sounds of war or warlike activity. Used as a stage direction for ...
alary
/ay"leuh ree, al"euh-/, adj. 1. of or pertaining to wings. 2. Biol. wing-shaped. [1650-60; < L alarius, equiv. to al(a) ALA + -arius -ARY] * * *
alas
/euh las", euh lahs"/, interj. (used as an exclamation to express sorrow, grief, pity, concern, or apprehension of evil.) [1225-75; ME < OF (h)a las!, equiv. to (h)a AH + las ...
Alas, Leopoldo
▪ Spanish writer in full  Leopoldo Alas y Ureña , byname  Clarín  born April 25, 1852, Zamora, Spain died June 13, 1901, Oviedo  novelist, journalist, and the most ...
Alas.
Alaska. * * *
Alaşehir
▪ Turkey       town, western Turkey. It lies in the Kuzu River valley, at the foot of the Boz Mountain. Founded about 150 BC by a king of Pergamum, it became an ...
Alaska
—Alaskan, adj., n. /euh las"keuh/, n. 1. a state of the United States in NW North America. 400,481; 586,400 sq. mi. (1,519,000 sq. km). Cap.: Juneau. Abbr.: AK (for use with ...
Alaska blackfish
▪ fish       (species Dallia pectoralis), Arctic freshwater fish, assigned by most authorities to the family Umbridae but by others to the separate family Dalliidae. The ...
Alaska cod.
See Pacific cod. * * *
Alaska crab.
See king crab (def. 2). * * *
Alaska Current
an ocean current flowing counterclockwise in the Gulf of Alaska. * * * ▪ current, Gulf of Alaska       surface oceanic current, a branch of the West Wind Drift that ...
Alaska earthquake of 1964
      earthquake that occurred in south-central Alaska on March 27, 1964, with a Richter scale magnitude of 9.2. It released at least twice as much energy as the San ...
Alaska Highway
a highway in NW Canada and Alaska, extending from E British Columbia to Fairbanks: built as a U.S. military supply route 1942. 1523 mi. (2452 km) long. Also called Alcan ...
Alaska Peninsula
a peninsula in SW Alaska. 500 mi. (800 km) long. * * * Peninsula, southwestern Alaska, U.S. It stretches about 500 mi (800 km) between the Pacific Ocean and Bristol Bay. The ...
Alaska pollock.
See walleye pollock. * * *
Alaska Purchase
1. purchase of the territory of Alaska by the U.S. from Russia in 1867 for $7,200,000. Cf. Seward's Folly. 2. the territory itself. * * * Acquisition in 1867 by the U.S. from ...
Alaska Range
a mountain range in S Alaska. Highest peak, Mt. McKinley, 20,300 ft. (6190 m). * * * Mountain range, southern Alaska, U.S. An extension of the Coast Mountains, it extends in a ...
Alaska Standard Time
☆ Alaska Standard Time n. a standard time used in the zone which includes all of Alas. except the W Aleutian Islands, corresponding to the mean solar time of the 135th meridian ...
Alaska time.
See Alaska-Hawaii time. Also called Alaska Standard Time. [1945-50] * * *
Alaska, flag of
▪ Flag History       U.S. state flag consisting of a dark blue field (background) showing Polaris (the North Star) and the Ursa Major (Great Bear) constellation in ...
Alaska, Gulf of
Gulf, southern Alaska, U.S. Situated between the Alaska Peninsula and the Alexander Archipelago, it receives the Susitna and Copper rivers. Ports on the gulf include Anchorage, ...
Alaska, University of
▪ university, Alaska, United States       system of public land-, sea-, and space-grant universities in Alaska, U.S., with campuses (regional university centres) in ...
Alaska,Gulf of
Alaska, Gulf of An inlet of the Pacific Ocean between the Alaska Peninsula and Alexander Archipelago. * * *
Alaska-Hawaii time
/euh las"keuh heuh wuy"ee, -wah"ee, -wah"yeuh/ the civil time officially adopted for the region of the 150th meridian, which includes the states of Alaska and Hawaii; two hours ...
Alaskacedar
Alaska cedar n. 1. An evergreen tree (Chamaecyparis nootkatensis) of northwest North America. Also called Nootka cypress. 2. The decay-resistant wood of this tree, used for ...
AlaskaHighway
Alaska Highway Formerly Al·can Highway (ălʹkăn'). A road extending 2,450.5 km (1,523 mi) northwest from Dawson Creek, British Columbia, to Fairbanks, Alaska. Originally ...
Alaskan
Alaskan [ə las′kən] adj. of Alaska n. a person born or living in Alaska * * * See Alaska. * * *
Alaskan brown bear
      race or subspecies of grizzly bear (q.v.). * * *
Alaskan king crab.
See king crab (def. 2). Also, Alaska king crab. [1980-85] * * *
Alaskan malamute
one of an Alaskan breed of large dogs having a dense, coarse coat, raised originally by Alaskan Eskimos for drawing sleds. [1935-40] * * * Sled dog developed by the Malemiut, an ...
Alaskan mountains
▪ mountains, United States Introduction       three principal mountain groups—the Brooks Range, Alaska Range, and Aleutian Range—found in Alaska.  The mountain ...
AlaskaNative
Alaska Native also Alaskan Native n. A member of any of the aboriginal peoples of Alaska, including American Indian, Eskimo, and Aleut peoples. Also called Native Alaskan. See ...
Alaskanking crab
Alaskan king crab n. See king crab. * * *
Alaskanmalamute
Alaskan malamute n. A malamute. * * *
AlaskaPeninsula
Alaska Peninsula A peninsula of south-central to southwest Alaska. It is a continuation of the Aleutian Range between the Bering Sea and the Pacific Ocean. * * *
AlaskaRange
Alaska Range A mountain range of south-central Alaska rising to 6,197.6 m (20,320 ft) at Mount McKinley, the highest mountain of North America. * * *
AlaskaStandard Time
Alaska Standard Time n. Abbr. AST Standard time in the ninth time zone west of Greenwich, England, reckoned at 135°W and used throughout Alaska except for the western Aleutian ...
Alastair
/al"euh steuhr, -stair'/, n. a male given name. * * *
alastor
a·las·tor also A·las·tor (ə-lăsʹtər, -tôr') n. An avenging deity or spirit, the masculine personification of Nemesis, frequently evoked in Greek tragedy.   [Greek ...
alate
/ay"layt/, adj. Also, alated. 1. having wings; winged. 2. having membranous expansions like wings. n. 3. the winged form of an insect when both winged and wingless forms occur in ...
Alateen
/al"euh teen'/, n. a support organization of teenage children of alcoholic parents, usually operated in conjunction with Alcoholics Anonymous. * * *
Alatri
▪ Italy       town, Lazio (Latium) regione, central Italy. It lies in the Cosa River valley, at 1,647 feet (502 m) above sea level, just north of Frosinone city. Said ...
Alaungpaya
▪ king of Myanmar Burmese“The Victorious”, also spelled  Alaung Phra, Alompra, or Aungzeya   born 1714, Moksobomyo [Shwebo], Myanmar died April 13, 1760, Kin-ywa, ...
Alaungpaya dynasty
or Konbaung dynasty (1752–1885) Last ruling dynasty of Myanmar. In the face of the fragmentation of the Toungoo dynasty, Alaungpaya (1714–60), headman in a village near ...
Alava
/al"euh veuh/, n. Cape, a cape in NW Washington: westernmost point in the contiguous U.S. * * * ▪ province, Spain       provincia, northern Spain. Álava is the ...
Álava y Esquivel, Miguel Ricardo de
▪ Spanish soldier and statesman born 1771, Vitoria, Spain died 1843, Barèges, Fr.       soldier in the Napoleonic Wars and statesman. Álava was an aide-de-camp to the ...
Alava,Cape
Al·a·va (ălʹə-və), Cape A cape of northwest Washington State just south of Cape Flattery. It is the westernmost point of the coterminous United States. * * *
Alavi, Bozorg
▪ Iranian author also spelled  Buzurg Alavī  born Feb. 2, 1904, Tehrān, Iran died Feb. 18, 1997, Berlin, Ger.       one of the leading prose writers of 20th-century ...
Alawiteʿ
▪ Shīʿite sect Arabic  ʿAlawī , plural  ʿAlawīyah , also called  Nuṣayrī , plural  Nuṣayrīyah , or  Namīrī , plural  Namīrīyah , or  Ansarī , ...
Alay
A·lay (äʹlī') See Alai. * * *
ālaya-vijñāna
▪ Buddhist concept       (Sanskrit: “store of consciousness”), key concept of the Vijñānavāda (“Consciousness-affirming”) school of the Mahāyāna Buddhist ...
alb
/alb/, n. Eccles. a linen vestment with narrow sleaves, worn chiefly by priests, now invariably white in the Western Church but any color in the Eastern Church. [bef. 1100; ME ...
Alb.
1. Albania. 2. Albanian. 3. Albany. 4. Alberta. * * *
alb.
(in prescriptions) white. [ < L albus] * * *
alba
/ahl"beuh, al"-/, n. a Provençal troubadour poem or love song, typically about the parting of lovers at dawn. [1815-25; < OPr: dawn < L, fem. of albus white] * * * ▪ ...
Alba
/al"beuh/; Sp. /ahl"vah/, n. Duke of. See Alva, Fernando Alvarez de Toledo. * * * ▪ Italy       town, Piedmont regione, northwestern Italy. It lies along the Tanaro ...
Alba Fucens
▪ historical city, Italy present-day  Albe        ancient fortified hilltop town of the Aequi in central Italy. It was settled by Rome as a Latin colony in 303 BC and ...
Alba Iulia
▪ Romania German  Karlsburg,  Hungarian  Gyulafehérvár,         city, capital of Alba judeţ (county), west-central Romania. It lies along the Mureş River, 170 ...
Alba Longa
/al"beuh lawng"geuh, long"-/ a city of ancient Latium, SE of Rome: legendary birthplace of Romulus and Remus. * * * ▪ ancient city, Italy       ancient city of Latium, ...
Alba, Fernando Álvarez de Toledo (y Pimentel), 3rd duke de
born Oct. 29, 1507, Piedrahita, Old Castile, Spain died Dec. 11, 1582, Lisbon Spanish soldier. He commanded Charles V's imperial armies to defeat the Schmalkaldic League in ...
Alba, Fernando Álvarez de Toledo y Pimentel, 3er duque de (3rd duke of)
▪ Spanish soldier and statesman Alba also spelled  Alva   born Oct. 29, 1507, Piedrahita, Old Castile, Spain died Dec. 11, 1582, Lisbon [Portugal]  Spanish soldier and ...
Alba,Duke of
Al·ba (ălʹbə), Duke of. See Alva, Duke of. * * *
Alba.
Alberta. * * *
Albacete
/ahl'vah the"te/, n. a city in SE Spain. 92,233. * * * ▪ Spain       city, capital of Albacete provincia (province), in the Castile-La Mancha (Castile–La Mancha) ...
albacore
/al"beuh kawr', -kohr'/, n., pl. (esp. collectively) albacore, (esp. referring to kinds or species) albacores. 1. a long-finned tuna, Thunnus alalunga, of warm or temperate seas, ...
AlbaIulia
Al·ba Iu·lia (äl'bə yo͞oʹlyə) A town of west-central Romania on the Mureşul River. It is on the site of the ancient settlement Apulum, founded by the Romans in the ...
Albalag, Isaac
▪ European Jewish philosopher flourished 13th century AD, northern Spain or southern France       Jewish philosopher who rendered a Hebrew translation of parts of the ...
AlbaLonga
Al·ba Lon·ga (ăl'bə lôngʹgə, lōngʹ-) A city of ancient Latium in central Italy southeast of Rome. It was founded before 1100 B.C. and according to legend was the ...
Albamycin
/al'beuh muy"sin/, Pharm., Trademark. a brand of novobiocin. * * *
Alban
/awl"beuhn, al"-/, n. Saint, 3rd century A.D., first English martyr. * * *
Alban Hills
▪ hills, Italy Italian  Colli Albani, or Monti Albani,         area of extinct volcanoes in the Lazio (Latium) regione of central Italy, southeast of Rome. The hills ...
Alban, Saint
▪ British martyr flourished 3rd century AD, , traditionally at Verulamium, Britain; feast day June 22       first British martyr.       According to the ...
Albanese
/al'beuh nay"zeuh, -seuh, -zee, ahl"-/; It. /ahl'bah ne"ze/, n. Licia /lee"chee euh/; It. /lee"chah/, born 1913, Italian operatic soprano. * * *
Albani, Francesco
or Francesco Albano born March 17, 1578, Bologna, Papal States died October 1660, Bologna Italian painter. He trained with the Carracci family in Bologna then moved to Rome in ...
Albania
/al bay"nee euh, -bayn"yeuh/, n. 1. a republic in S Europe, in the Balkan Peninsula, W of Macedonia and NW of Greece. 3,293,252; 10,632 sq. mi. (27,535 sq. km). Cap.: Tirana. 2. ...
Albania, flag of
▪ Flag History       national flag consisting of a red field (background) with a black two-headed eagle in its centre. Its width-to-length ratio is 5 to ...
Albanian
/al bay"nee euhn, -bayn"yeuhn, awl-/, adj. 1. pertaining to Albania, its inhabitants, or their language. n. 2. a native or inhabitant of Albania or Albany, N.Y. 3. the ...
Albanian language
Indo-European language spoken by five to six million people in Albania, Kosovo in Serbia and Montenegro, western Macedonia, and enclaves elsewhere, including southern Italy and ...
Albanian League
▪ Balkan history in full  League For The Defense Of The Rights Of The Albanian Nation,  also called  League Of Prizren,         first Albanian nationalist ...
Albanian literature
      the body of written works produced in the Albanian language. The Ottoman Empire, which ruled Albania from the 15th to the early 20th century, prohibited ...
Albano
Al·ba·no (äl-bäʹnō) A lake of central Italy southeast of Rome in an extinct volcanic crater. * * *
Albano, Lake
▪ lake, Italy Italian  Lago Albano,         crater lake in the Alban Hills (Colli Albani), southeast of Rome. Elliptical in shape, formed by the fusion of two ancient ...
Albany
/awl"beuh nee/, n. 1. a city in and the capital of New York, in the E part, on the Hudson. 101,727. 2. a city in SW Georgia. 73,934. 3. a city in W Oregon. 26,546. 4. a seaport ...
Albany Congress
Amer. Hist. a meeting of delegates from seven American colonies, held in 1754 at Albany, New York, at which Benjamin Franklin proposed a plan (Albany Plan of Union) for unifying ...
Albany River
▪ river, Ontario, Canada       river, north central Ontario, Canada, rising in Lake St. Joseph at an elevation of 1,218 ft (371 m) and flowing generally eastward into ...
Albany, Alexander Stewart, duke of
▪ Scottish noble also called (1455–c. 1458)  Earl Of March   born c. 1454 died 1485, France       second son of James II of Scotland, created duke of Albany in or ...
Albany, John Stewart, 2nd duke of
▪ Scottish regent born c. 1484 died June 2, 1536       regent of Scotland during the reign of James V and advocate of close ties between France and Scotland. His ...
Albany, Louise Maximilienne Caroline, Countess of
▪ Austrian noblewoman born Sept. 20, 1752, Mons, Austrian Netherlands [now in Belgium] died Jan. 29, 1824, Florence [Italy]       wife of the Young Pretender, Prince ...
Albany, Robert Stewart, 1st duke of
▪ Scottish regent born c. 1340 died September 1420, Stirling Castle, Stirling, Scot.       regent of Scotland who virtually ruled Scotland from 1388 to 1420, throughout ...
AlbanyRiver
Albany River A river rising in western Ontario, Canada, and flowing about 982 km (610 mi) east and northeast to James Bay. It was an important fur-trading route. * * *
albarello
/al'beuh rel"oh/, n., pl. albarellos, albarelli /-rel"ee/. a majolica jar of the 15th and 16th centuries, cylindrical with a waist slightly narrower than the ends, used in Spain ...
albarium
/al bair"ee euhm/, n. a stucco used in ancient times, made from powdered marble and lime mortar and often polished. [ < L: stucco, neut. sing. of albarius pertaining to stucco, ...
Albategnius
/al'beuh teg"nee euhs/, n. Latin name of Battani. * * *
albatross
/al"beuh traws', -tros'/, n. 1. any of several large, web-footed sea birds of the family Diomedeidae that have the ability to remain aloft for long periods. Cf. wandering ...
Albay
/ahl buy"/, n. former name of Legaspi. * * *
albedo
/al bee"doh/, n., pl. albedos. 1. Astron. the ratio of the light reflected by a planet or satellite to that received by it. 2. Meteorol. such a ratio for any part of the earth's ...
albedometer
/al'bi dom"i teuhr/, n. an instrument that measures the albedo of a surface. [ALBEDO + -METER] * * *
Albee
/awl"bee/, n. Edward, born 1928, U.S. playwright. * * *
Albee, Edward
▪ American author in full  Edward Franklin Albee   born March 12, 1928, Washington, D.C., U.S.       American dramatist and theatrical producer best-known for his ...
Albee, Edward (Franklin)
born March 12, 1928, Virginia, U.S. U.S. playwright. He was the adopted grandson and namesake of a well-known vaudeville theatre manager. His first one-act play, The Zoo Story ...
Albee, Edward Franklin
▪ American theatrical manager born Oct. 8, 1857, Machias, Maine, U.S. died March 11, 1930, Palm Beach, Fla.       theatrical manager who, as the general manager of the ...
Albee,Edward Franklin
Al·bee (ôlʹbē, ŏlʹ-, ălʹ-), Edward Franklin. Born 1928. American playwright. Best known for Who's Afraid of Virginia Woolf? (1962), he won a Pulitzer Prize in 1967 for A ...
albeit
/awl bee"it/, conj. although; even if: a peaceful, albeit brief retirement. [1350-1400; ME al be it al(though) it be] * * *
Albeluvisol
▪ FAO soil group  one of the 30 soil groups in the classification system of the Food and Agriculture Organization (FAO) (soil). Albeluvisols are characterized by a subsurface ...
Albemarle
/al"beuh mahrl'/, n. a city in central North Carolina. 15,130. * * *
Albemarle Sound
an inlet of the Atlantic Ocean, in NE North Carolina. 60 mi. (97 km) long. * * * Coastal inlet, northeastern North Carolina, U.S. Protected from the Atlantic Ocean by the Outer ...
AlbemarleSound
Al·be·marle Sound (ălʹbə-märl') A large body of shallow, generally fresh water in northeast North Carolina. It is separated from the Atlantic Ocean by a narrow barrier ...
Albéniz
/ahl ve"neeth/; Eng. /ahl bay"nees, al-/, n. Isaac /ee'sah ahk"/; Eng. /uy"zeuhk/, 1860-1909, Spanish composer and pianist. * * *
Albéniz, Isaac
▪ Spanish composer born May 29, 1860, Camprodón, Spain died May 18, 1909, Cambo-les-Bains, France  composer and virtuoso pianist, a leader of the Spanish nationalist school ...
Albéniz, Isaac (Manuel Francisco)
born May 29, 1860, Camprodón, Spain died May 18, 1909, Cambo-les-Bains, France Spanish composer. A piano prodigy by age four, he later studied in Leipzig and Brussels, ...
Albéniz,Isaac
Al·bé·niz (äl-bĕʹnēs'), Isaac. 1860-1909. Spanish composer and pianist. A student of Franz Liszt, he composed piano works based on Spanish folk music. * * *
Alberdi, Juan Bautista
▪ Argentine political philosopher born Aug. 20, 1810, San Miguel de Tucumán, Río de la Plata [now in Argentina] died June 18, 1884, Paris, France  Argentine political ...
albergo
/ahl berdd"gaw/, n., pl. alberghi /-gee/. Italian. an inn or hotel. * * *
Alberich
/ahl"beuhrdd ikh/, n. Teutonic Legend. a king of the dwarfs, the possessor of the tarnkappe and of the treasure of the Nibelungs. * * *
Alberoni
/ahl'be rddaw"nee/, n. Giulio /jooh"lyaw/, 1664-1752, Italian cardinal and statesman: prime minister of Spain 1715-19. * * *
Alberoni, Giulio
▪ Italian statesman born May 21, 1664, Piacenza, duchy of Parma [Italy] died June 16, 1752, Piacenza  statesman who as de facto premier of Spain (1716–19) played a major ...
Albers
Albers [al′bərz, äl′bərs] Josef [yō′zef΄] 1888-1976; U.S. painter, born in Germany * * *
Albers, Josef
born March 19, 1888, Bottrop, Ger. died March 25, 1976, New Haven, Conn., U.S. German-U.S. painter, poet, teacher, and theoretician. He studied and taught at the Bauhaus and in ...
Albers,Josef
Al·bers (ălʹbərz, ŏlʹ-), Josef. 1888-1976. German-born American painter whose works, such as the series Homage to the Square (1950-1959), are characterized by simple ...
Albert
/al"beuhrt/, n. 1. Carl (Bert), born 1908, U.S. politician: Speaker of the House 1971-77. 2. Prince (Albert Francis Charles Augustus Emanuel, Prince of Saxe-Coburg-Gotha), ...
Albert Canal
Albert Canal ship canal in Belgium, from Liège to Antwerp: 81 mi (131 km) * * * ▪ waterway, Belgium  waterway (canals and inland waterways) connecting the cities of ...
Albert Chevalier
➡ Chevalier * * *
Albert Edward
a mountain in SE New Guinea, in the Owen Stanley Range. 13,030 ft. (3972 m). * * *
Albert Einstein
➡ Einstein * * *
Albert Finney
➡ Finney (I) * * *
Albert Hall
(also the Royal Albert Hall) a large round concert hall in west London, England, which holds 8 000 people. It was built in 1868–71 in memory of Prince Albert. Various musical ...
Albert I
1875-1934, king of the Belgians 1909-34. * * * born April 8, 1875, Brussels, Belg. died Feb. 17, 1934, Marche-les-Dames, near Namur King of the Belgians (1909–34). He ...
Albert II
1397-1439, king of Germany and emperor of the Holy Roman Empire 1438-39. * * * ▪ 2006  On April 6, 2005, His Most Serene Highness Albert, hereditary prince of Monaco and ...
Albert II Alcibiades
▪ margrave of Brandenburg-Kulmbach born March 28, 1522, Ansbach [Germany] died Jan. 8, 1557, Baden  margrave of Brandenburg-Kulmbach, member of the Franconian branch of the ...
Albert II, prince de Monaco
▪ prince of Monaco in full  Albert Alexandre Louis Pierre de Grimaldi, prince de Monaco, marquis de Baux  born March 14, 1958, Monaco    32nd hereditary ruler of the ...
Albert III
▪ duke of Saxony also called  Albert Animosus, or The Courageous,  German  Albrecht Der Beherzte  born July 27/31, 1443, Grimma, Saxony died Sept. 12, 1500, Emden, East ...
Albert III Achilles
▪ elector of Brandenburg born November 24, 1414, Tangermünde, Brandenburg [now in Germany] died March 11, 1486, Frankfurt am Main  elector of Brandenburg, soldier, and ...
Albert l'Ouvrier
▪ French politician French“Albert the Worker”original name  Alexandre Martin   born April 27, 1815, Bury, France died May 28, 1895, Mello       French worker who ...
Albert Lea
a city in S Minnesota. 19,190. * * * ▪ Minnesota, United States       city, seat of Freeborn county, southern Minnesota, U.S. It lies about 90 miles (145 km) south of ...
Albert Memorial
Albert Memorial n. monument to Prince Albert of England in Kensington Gardens, London: 175 ft (53 m) high * * * a monument opposite the Albert Hall in London, England, built in ...
Albert Nile
▪ river, Uganda also called  Mobutu Nile        the upper Nile River in northwestern Uganda. The Albert Nile issues from the north end of Lake Albert (Albert, ...
Albert Nyanza
/nuy an"zeuh, nyahn"zah/. See Albert, Lake. * * *
Albert of Aix
▪ Christian historian also called  Albert of Aachen , Latin  Albericus Aquensis  flourished 1120       canon of the church of Aachen (Aix-la-Chapelle) and historian ...
Albert Of Saxony
▪ German philosopher also called  Albert Of Ricmestorp , or  Of Halberstadt , German  Albert Von Sachsen , or  Von Ricmestorp , or  Von Halberstadt  born c. 1316, , ...
Albert Sidney Hornby
➡ Hornby (I) * * *
Albert Square
➡ EastEnders. * * *
Albert VII
▪ archduke of Austria also called  Albrecht  or  Albertus  born November 11, 1559, Wiener Neustadt, Austria died July 13, 1621, Brussels, Spanish Netherlands [now in ...
Albert Warner
➡ Warner Brothers * * *
Albert, Archduke
▪ Austrian field marshal German in full  Erzherzog Albrecht, Herzog (duke) von Teschen  born Aug. 3, 1817, Vienna died Feb. 18, 1895, Arco, South Tirol, ...
Albert, Carl Bert
▪ 2001       American politician (b. May 10, 1908, McAlester, Okla.—d. Feb. 4, 2000, McAlester), served as speaker of the U.S. House of Representatives from 1971 to ...
Albert, d'
/dal"beuhrt/; Ger. /dahl"berddt/; Fr. /dannl berdd"/ Eugen Ger. /oy gayn"/ or Eugène Fr. /ue zhen"/ Francis Charles, 1864-1932, German-French pianist and composer, born in ...
Albert, Eddie
▪ 2006 Edward Albert Heimberger        American actor (b. April 22, 1906, Rock Island, Ill.—d. May 26, 2005, Pacific Palisades, Calif.), was best remembered for his ...
Albert, Eugen d'
▪ German composer in full  Eugen Francis Charles d'Albert,  Eugen also spelled  Eugène   born April 10, 1864, Glasgow, Scot. died March 3, 1932, Riga, ...
Albert, Heinrich
▪ German composer born July 8, 1604, Lobenstein, Saxony [Germany] died Oct. 6, 1651, Königsberg, Prussia [now Kaliningrad, Russia]       German composer of a famous ...
Albert, Lake
Lake, east-central Africa. Lying at an altitude of 2,021 ft (616 m), it is 100 mi (160 km) long and has an average width of about 20 mi (32 km). In the southwest, the Semliki ...
Albert, prince consort of Great Britain and Ireland
orig. Franz Albrecht August Karl Emanuel, prince von Sachsen-Coburg-Gotha born Aug. 26, 1819, Schloss Rosenau, near Coburg, Saxe-Coburg-Gotha died Dec. 14, 1861, Windsor Castle, ...
Albert,Lake
Albert, Lake also Albert Ny·an·za (nī-ănʹzə, nyänʹ-) Formerly also Mo·bu·to Lake (mō-bo͞oʹtō). A shallow lake of east-central Africa in the Great Rift Valley on ...
Albert,Prince
Al·bert (ălʹbərt), Prince. 1819-1861. German-born consort (1840-1861) of Victoria who strongly influenced the queen and was a patron of the arts, sciences, and industry. * * ...
Alberta
—Albertan, adj., n. /al berr"teuh/, n. 1. a province in W Canada. 1,799,771; 255,285 sq. mi. (661,190 sq. km). Cap.: Edmonton. Abbr.: Alba., Alta. 2. a female given name, form ...
Alberta Basin
▪ depression, Alberta, Canada       large, petroleum-rich sedimentary basin along the eastern edge of the Rocky Mountains in western Canada. It extends from British ...
Alberta clipper
Alberta clipper n. Slang a severe storm, often with a heavy snowfall, coming from Alberta and the Canadian Rocky Mountains and swiftly moving east and southeast across the ...
Alberta, flag of
▪ Flag History       Canadian provincial flag consisting of a blue field (background) with the provincial coat of arms (arms, coat of) in the centre. The crest ...
Alberta, University of
Canadian public university in Edmonton. Opened in 1908, it is one of Canada's five largest research universities. It offers undergraduate and graduate programs in liberal arts, ...
Albertan
See Alberta. * * *
Alberti
/ahl berdd"tee/, n. 1. Leon Battista /le awn" baht tee"stah/, 1404-72, Italian architect, artist, musician, and poet. 2. Rafael /rddah fah el"/, born 1902, Spanish poet. * * *
Alberti bass
/al berr"tee bays", ahl ber"-/, Music. a reiterated broken-chord figure used as an accompaniment, esp. in 18th-century rococo keyboard music. [1875-80; named after Domenico ...
Alberti Family
▪ Florentine banking family also called  Alberti Del Giudice,         wealthy Florentine merchant banking family that was influential in European politics in the ...
Alberti, Domenico
▪ Italian composer born c. 1710, Venice [Italy] died 1740, Formia or Rome       Venetian composer whose harpsichord sonatas depend heavily on an accompaniment pattern ...
Alberti, Leon Battista
born Feb. 14, 1404, Genoa died April 25, 1472, Rome Italian architect, art theorist, and humanist. After pursuing a literary career as papal secretary, in 1438 Alberti was ...
Alberti, Rafael
▪ 2000       Spanish poet and playwright (b. Dec. 16, 1902, Puerto de Santa María, Spain—d. Oct. 28, 1999, Puerto de Santa María), was regarded as one of the leading ...
Alberti,Leon Battista
Al·ber·ti (äl-bârʹtē), Leon Battista. 1404-1472. Italian writer, musician, mathematician, and artist whose influential treatises on painting, architecture, and sculpture ...
AlbertII
Albert II, Born 1934. King of the Belgians who was crowned in 1993. Formerly director of the Belgian Office of Foreign Trade (1962-1993), he is best known for his promotion of ...
Albertina Graphics Collection
▪ museum, Vienna, Austria German  Graphische Sammlung Albertina,         compilation of graphic arts in the Hofburg, or Imperial Palace, of Vienna, Austria. It is ...
Albertine
/al"beuhr teen'/; Fr. /annl berdd teen"/; Ger. /ahl'berdd tee"neuh/, n. a female given name: derived from Albert. Also, Albertina /al'beuhr tee"neuh/. * * *
Albertinelli, Mariotto
▪ Italian painter in full  Mariotto Albertinelli di Biagio di Bindo  born 1474, Florence [Italy] died 1515, Florence       painter associated with Fra Bartolommeo ...
Albertini, Luigi
▪ Italian journalist born Oct. 19, 1871, Ancona, Italy died Dec. 29, 1941, Rome       Italian journalist, an early and outspoken opponent of Fascism, who made the ...
Albertinum
▪ museum, Dresden, Germany       museum in Dresden, Ger., displaying fine art and national treasures. It is one of several institutions associated with the Staatliche ...
albertite
albertite [al′bər tīt΄] n. 〚after Albert county, New Brunswick, where found〛 a shiny, brittle, usually black variety of asphalt that burns easily with a bright, smoky ...
AlbertNile
Albert Nile Part of the upper Nile River in northwest Uganda. * * *
AlbertNyanza
Albert Nyan·za (nī-ănʹzə, nyänʹ-) See Albert, Lake. * * *
Alberto
(as used in expressions) Carlo Alberto Fujimori Alberto Kenyo Giacometti Alberto Moravia Alberto Alberto Pincherle Tomba Alberto * * *
Albertosaurus
▪ dinosaur genus usually subsumes  Gorgosaurus   large carnivorous dinosaurs of the Late Cretaceous Period (99 million to 65 million years ago) found as fossils in North ...
Alberts, Bruce
▪ 1995       If the new president of the National Academy of Sciences (NAS), Bruce Alberts, had his way, scientific literacy would soon become one of the nation's ...
Albertus Magnus
—Albertist /al berr"tist, al"beuhr-/, n. /al berr"teuhs mag"neuhs/ Saint (Albert von Böllstadt) ("Albert the Great," "the Universal Doctor"), 1193?-1280, German scholastic ...
Albertus Magnus, Saint
born с 1200, Lauingen on the Danube, near Ulm, Bavaria died Nov. 15, 1280, Cologne; canonized Dec. 16, 1931; feast day November 15 German cleric, theologian, and ...
Albertus Magnus,Saint
Al·ber·tus Mag·nus (ăl-bûrʹtəs măgʹnəs), Saint Originally Albert, Count von Bollstadt. 1206?-1280. German religious philosopher. A leading thinker of the 13th century, ...
Albertville
Fr. /annl berdd veel"/ for 1; /al"beuhrt vil'/ for 2, n. 1. former name of Kalemie. 2. a town in NE Alabama. 12,039. * * *
albertype
/al"beuhr tuyp'/, n. Print. Now Rare. collotype. [1870-75; after Joseph Albert (1825-86), Austrian photographer; see -TYPE] * * *
Albery family
▪ British family       British family of theatre managers and playwrights whose members helped build the London theatre into a prime tourist ...
albescent
—albescence, n. /al bes"euhnt/, adj. becoming white; whitish. [1825-35; < L albescent- (s. of albescens, prp. of albescere), equiv. to alb(us) white + -escent- -ESCENT] * * *
albho-
White. Derivatives include elf, oaf, and albino. 1. Possibly Germanic *albiz, *albaz, elf, if meaning “white ghostly apparition.” a. elf, from Old English ælf, elf; b. oaf, ...
Albi
/annl bee"/, n. a city in and the capital of Tarn, in S France: center of the Albigenses. 49,456. * * * ▪ France       city, capital of tarn département, ...
Albian Stage
▪ geology       uppermost of six main divisions of the Lower Cretaceous Series, representing rocks deposited worldwide during the Albian Age, which occurred between 112 ...
Albigenses
—Albigensian /al'bi jen"see euhn, -sheuhn/, adj., n. —Albigensianism, n. /al'bi jen"seez/, n.pl. members of a Catharistic sect in the south of France that arose in the 11th ...
Albigensian
See Albigenses. * * *
Albigensian Crusade
(1209–29) Crusade called by Pope Innocent III against the heretical Cathari of southern France. The war pitted the nobility of northern France against that of southern France, ...
Albigensianism
See Albigensian. * * *
albinism
—albinistic, adj. /al"beuh niz'euhm/, n. the state or condition of being an albino. [1830-40; ALBIN(O) + -ISM] * * * Absence of the pigment melanin in the eyes, skin, hair, ...
albinistic
See albinism. * * *
albino
—albinic /al bin"ik/, albinal /al"beuh nl/, adj. /al buy"noh/ or, esp. Brit., /-bee"-/, n., pl. albinos. 1. a person with pale skin, light hair, pinkish eyes, and visual ...
Albinoni
/al'beuh noh"nee/; It. /airl'bee noh"nee/, n. Tomaso Giovanni /taw mah"zaw jaw vah"nee/, 1671-1750, Italian composer. * * *
Albinoni, Tomaso (Giovanni)
born June 8/14, 1671, Venice died Jan. 17, 1751, Venice Italian composer. Born to a wealthy Venetian family, he was not obliged to work for a living and became a highly ...
Albinoni, Tomaso Giovanni
▪ Italian composer born June 8/14, 1671, Venice [Italy] died Jan. 17, 1751, Venice       Italian composer remembered chiefly for his instrumental ...
albinotic
/al'beuh not"ik/, adj. Pathol. 1. of or pertaining to albinism. 2. afflicted with albinism or partial albinism. [1870-75; ALBIN(O) + -OTIC, prob. on the model of MELANOTIC] * * *
Albinovanus Pedo
▪ Roman poet flourished 1st century AD       Roman poet who wrote a Theseid, referred to by his friend the poet Ovid (Epistles from Pontus); epigrams that are commended ...
Albinus
/al buy"neuhs/, n. Alcuin. * * * ▪ Greek philosopher flourished 2nd century AD       Greek philosopher, a pupil of Gaius and a teacher of Galen, and a forerunner of ...
Albinus, Bernard Siegfried
born Feb. 24, 1697, Frankfurt an der Oder, Brandenburg died Sept. 9, 1770, Leiden, Neth. German-born Dutch anatomist. A professor at the University of Leiden, he is best known ...
Albinus, Decimus Clodius Septimius
▪ Roman general born , Hadrumetum [modern Sūsah, Tunisia] died February 19, AD 197, Lugdunum [modern Lyons, France]  Roman general, a candidate for the imperial title in the ...
Albion
/al"bee euhn/, n. 1. Alebion. 2. a city in S Michigan. 11,059. 3. Literary. Britain. * * * ▪ island, Europe       the earliest-known name for the island of Britain ...
Albion College
▪ college, Albion, Michigan, United States       private, coeducational institution of higher learning located in Albion, Mich., U.S., 20 miles (30 km) west of Jackson. ...
albite
—albitic /al bit"ik/, adj. /al"buyt/, n. Mineral. the sodium end member of the plagioclase feldspar group, light-colored and found in alkalic igneous rocks. [1835-45; < L ...
albitic
See albite. * * *
albitical
See albitic. * * *
Albizia
▪ plant genus also spelled  Albizzia,    large genus of trees, of the pea family (Fabaceae), native to warm regions of the Old World. The alternate, compound leaves are ...
Albizu Campos
/ahl bee"sooh kahm"paws/ Pedro /pe"dhrddaw/, 1891-1964, Puerto Rican political leader. * * *
albizzia
/al biz"ee euh, -bit"see euh/, n. any of several trees and shrubs belonging to the genus Albizia, of the legume family, native to warm regions of the Old World, having feathery ...
ALBM
air-launched ballistic missile. * * *
Albo, Joseph
▪ Spanish philosopher born c. 1380, , Monreal?, Aragon [Spain] died c. 1444       Jewish philosopher and theologian of Spain who is noted for his classic work of Jewish ...
Alboin
/al"boyn, -boh in/, n. died A.D. 573?, king of the Langobards 561?-573? * * * ▪ king of Lombardy died June 28, 572 or 573, Verona, Lombardy [Italy]       king of the ...
Alboni, Marietta
▪ Italian opera singer original name  Maria Anna Marzia   born March 6, 1823, Città di Castello, Papal States [Italy] died June 23, 1894, Ville d'Avray, near Paris, ...
Alborak
/ahl'baw rddahk", -boo-/, n. Islam. the white horse that Muhammad rode to heaven. [ < Ar al-Buraq < Aram barag, barqa mount of the Messiah < Pahlavi barak a fabulous steed] * * *
Alboreto, Michele
▪ 2002       Italian race-car driver (b. Dec. 23, 1956, Milan, Italy—d. April 25, 2001, Klettwitz, Ger.), was one of Italy's most popular and successful Formula One ...
Ålborg
/awl"bawrg/, n. a seaport in NE Jutland, in Denmark. 154,582. Also, Aalborg. * * * ▪ Denmark also spelled  Aalborg   city and port, northern Jutland, Denmark, on the ...
Albornoz, Gil Álvarez Carrillo de
▪ Spanish cardinal born c. 1310, , Cuenca, Castile [Spain] died Aug. 23/24, 1367, Viterbo, Papal States [Italy]       Spanish cardinal and jurist who paved the way for ...
Albrecht
(as used in expressions) Altdorfer Albrecht Bethe Hans Albrecht Karl Albrecht Dürer Albrecht Gräfe Albrecht Friedrich Wilhelm Ernst von Roon Albrecht Theodor Emil count ...
Albrechtsberger, Johann Georg
▪ Austrian composer born February 3, 1736, Klosterneuburg, near Vienna, Austrian Habsburg domain [now in Austria] died March 7, 1809, Vienna       Austrian composer, ...
Albret Family
▪ French family       Gascon family celebrated in French history. The lords (sires) of Albret included warriors, cardinals, and kings of Navarre, reaching the height of ...
Albright
/awl"bruyt/, n. 1. Ivan (Le Lorraine) /leuh loh rayn", law-/, 1897-1983, U.S. painter. 2. Tenley (Emma) /ten"lee/, born 1935, U.S. figure skater. 3. William Foxwell /foks"wel, ...
Albright, Ivan
▪ American painter in full  Ivan Le Lorraine Albright  born Feb. 20, 1897, North Harvey, Ill., U.S. died Nov. 18, 1983, Woodstock, Vt.       American painter noted ...
Albright, Ivan (Le Lorraine)
born Feb. 20, 1897, North Harvey, Ill., U.S. died Nov. 18, 1983, Woodstock, Vt. U.S. painter. He was the son of a painter. Independently wealthy, he studied at various ...
Albright, Josephine Patterson
▪ 1997       U.S. journalist who belonged to one of the most prominent American journalism families yet worked for a rival newspaper in Chicago, where she interviewed ...
Albright, Madeleine
▪ 1998       On Jan. 23, 1997, Czech-born American diplomat Madeleine Albright, known for her tough-mindedness, was sworn in as the first woman to hold the post of U.S. ...
Albright, Tenley
▪ American figure skater in full  Tenley Emma Albright   born July 18, 1935, Newton Centre, Massachusetts, U.S.       American figure skater (figure skating) and ...
Albright, W.F.
▪ American biblical archaeologist in full  William Foxwell Albright   born May 24, 1891, Coquimbo, Chile died Sept. 19, 1971, Baltimore, Md., U.S.       American ...
Albright,Horace Marden
Al·bright (ôlʹbrīt), Horace Marden. 1890-1987. American conservationist and cofounder of the National Park Service. * * *
Albright,Madeleine Korbel
Albright, Madeleine Korbel. Born 1937. Czechoslovakian-born American diplomat. In 1997, she was appointed the first woman U.S. secretary of state. * * *
Albright-Knox Art Gallery
▪ museum, Buffalo, New York, United States       museum in Buffalo, New York, U.S., that is noted for its collections of contemporary painting and sculpture, including ...
albronze
/al"bronz'/, n. See aluminum bronze. * * *
Albucasis
Albucasis [al΄byoo kā′sis] Latin name for ABU AL-QĀSIM * * *
albugineous
albugineous [al΄byo͞o jin′ē əs] adj. 〚ML albugineus < L albugo, white spot < albus, white: see ELF〛 of or resembling a tough white layer of fibrous body tissue, as the ...
Albula Alps
▪ mountains, Switzerland       part of the Rhaetian Alps in eastern Switzerland, lying in Graubünden canton to the north of the resort of Saint Moritz. The mountains ...
album
/al"beuhm/, n. 1. a bound or loose-leaf book consisting of blank pages, pockets, envelopes, etc., for storing or displaying photographs, stamps, or the like, or for collecting ...
album-oriented
/al"beuhm awr'ee euhn tid, -ohr'-/, adj. of or designating a format featuring rock songs from LPs and CDs rather than singles, esp. mainstream rock music. * * *
Albumazar
▪ Muslim astrologer also spelled  Albumasar, or Abū Maʿshar   born Aug. 10, 787, Balkh, Khorāsān [now in Afghanistan] died March 9, 886, al-Wāsit, ...
albumen
/al byooh"meuhn/, n. 1. the white of an egg. 2. Bot. the nutritive matter around the embryo in a seed. 3. Biochem. albumin. [1590-1600; < LL, equiv. to alb(us) white, with s. in ...
albumen paper
Photog. a printing paper coated with albumen, salt, and citric acid and sensitized with silver nitrate, used c1850-80. * * * ▪ paper albumen also spelled  Albumin, ...
albumen plate
a flexible zinc or aluminum printing plate coated with a photosensitive compound, used in offset printing of usually fewer than 50,000 copies. Cf. deep-etch plate. * * *
albumenize
—albumenization, n. —albumenizer, n. /al byooh"meuh nuyz'/, v.t., albumenized, albumenizing. to treat with an albuminous solution. Also, esp. Brit., albumenise. [ALBUMEN + ...
albumin
/al byooh"meuhn/, n. Biochem. any of a class of simple, sulfur-containing, water-soluble proteins that coagulate when heated, occurring in egg white, milk, blood, and other ...
albumin color
(in textile printing) a color fixed to a fabric by an albuminous mordant. * * *
albuminate
/al byooh"meuh nayt'/, n. Biochem. a compound resulting from the action of an alkali or an acid upon albumin. [1855-60; ALBUMIN + -ATE2] * * *
albuminize
/al byooh"meuh nuyz'/, v.t., albuminized, albuminizing. albumenize. Also, esp. Brit., albuminise. * * *
albuminoid
—albuminoidal, adj. /al byooh"meuh noyd'/, Biochem. n. 1. any of a class of simple proteins, as keratin, gelatin, or collagen, that are insoluble in all neutral solvents; ...
albuminous
/al byooh"meuh neuhs/, adj. of, containing, or resembling albumen. Also, albuminose /al byooh"meuh nohs'/. [1785-95; < LL albumin-, s. of albumen ALBUMEN + -OUS] * * *
albuminuria
—albuminuric, adj. /al byooh'meuh noor"ee euh, -nyoor"-/, n. Pathol. the presence of albumin in the urine. [1835-45; ALBUMIN + -URIA] * * *
albuminuric
See albuminuria. * * *
albumose
albumose [al′byo͞o mōs΄] n. any of a class of chemical compounds derived from albumins by the action of certain enzymes, as in digestion * * * al·bu·mose ...
Albuquerque
/al"beuh kerr'kee/; for 1 also Port. /awl'boo kerdd"keuh/, n. 1. Affonso de /euh fawonn"soo deuh/, 1453-1515, founder of the Portuguese empire in the East. 2. a city in central ...


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