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Aleppo pine
a pine tree, Pinus halepensis, native to the Mediterranean area, that is planted as an ornamental and is a source of turpentine. [1930-35] * * *
alerce
/euh ler"seuh/, n. 1. the wood of the sandarac tree. 2. a Chilean evergreen tree, Fitzroya cupressoides, having furrowed, reddish bark and overlapping leaves. 3. an incense ...
alerion
/euh lear"ee euhn, -on'/, n. Heraldry. an eagle displayed, usually represented without a beak or legs. [1595-1605; < F alérion
alert
—alertly, adv. —alertness, n. /euh lerrt"/, adj. 1. fully aware and attentive; wide-awake; keen: an alert mind. 2. swift; agile; nimble. n. 3. an attitude of vigilance, ...
alertly
See alert. * * *
alertness
See alertly. * * *
Alès
▪ France       town, Gard département, Languedoc-Roussillon région, southeastern France. It lies along a bend of the Gardon d'Alès River, at the foot of the ...
Alesia
/euh lee"zhee euh, -zheuh/, n. an ancient city and fortress in Gaul: Caesar captured Vercingetorix here 52 B.C. * * * ▪ ancient town, France       ancient town situated ...
Alessandra
/al'euh san"dreuh, -sahn"-/; It. /ah'les sahn"drddah/, n. a female given name, Italian form of Alexandra. * * *
Alessandri
/ah'le sahn"drddee/, n. 1. Jorge /hawrdd"he/, 1896-1986, Chilean engineer and statesman: president 1958-64. 2. Arturo /ahrdd tooh"rddaw/, 1868-1950, Chilean lawyer and statesman: ...
Alessandri Palma, Arturo
born Dec. 20, 1868, Longavi, Chile died Aug. 24, 1950, Santiago President of Chile (1920–25, 1932–38). He was the son of an Italian immigrant, and his election in 1920 ...
Alessandria
/ah'les sahn"drddee ah/, n. a city in NW Italy, in Piedmont. 102,774. * * * ▪ Italy       city, Piedmont regione, northwestern Italy. The city lies at the confluence of ...
Alessandro
/al'i san"droh/, n. Victor Nicholas, 1915-76, U.S. orchestra conductor. * * * (as used in expressions) Algardi Alessandro Alessandro di Mariano Filipepi Farnese Alessandro duke ...
Ålesund
/aw"leuh soon'/, n. a seaport in W Norway. 40,816. Also, Aalesund. * * * ▪ Norway  municipality and port, western Norway, north of the mouth of Stor Fjord. The municipality ...
Aletes
/euh lee"teez/, n. Class. Myth. 1. a son of Clytemnestra and her lover Aegisthus. He became ruler of Mycenae after the death of his parents. 2. a descendant of Hercules who ...
Alethea
/al'euh thee"euh/, n. a female given name: from a Greek word meaning "truth." * * *
Alethia
/al'euh thee"euh/, n. the ancient Greek personification of truth. * * *
alethiology
—alethiologic /euh lee'thee euh loj"ik/, alethiological, adj. —alethiologist, n. /euh lee'thee ol"euh jee/, n. the branch of logic dealing with truth and error. [1830-40; < ...
Aletsch Glacier
▪ glacier, Switzerland       the Alps' largest and longest glacier, lying in the Bernese Alps of south-central Switzerland. Covering an area of 66 square miles (171 ...
alette
/euh let"/, n. 1. (in classical architecture) a part of a pier, flanking a pilaster or engaged column and supporting either impost of an arch. 2. a small wing of a building. 3. ...
aleuromancy
/euh loor"euh man'see/, n. (in ancient times) the use of flour as a means of divination. [1650-60; < F aleuromancie (see ALEURONE, -MANCY), alter. of Gk aleuromanteîon ...
aleurone
—aleuronic /al'yoo ron"ik/, adj. /al"yeuh rohn', euh loor"ohn/, n. (in the seeds of cereal plants) protein granules (aleurone grains) found in a single layer of cells (aleurone ...
aleuronic
See aleurone. * * *
Aleus
/ay"lee euhs/, n. Class. Myth. a king of Tegea and the father of Amphidamas, Auge, Cepheus, and Lycurgus. * * *
Aleut
/euh looht", al"ee ooht'/, n. 1. Also, Aleutian. a member of a people native to the Aleutian Islands and the western Alaska Peninsula who are related physically and culturally to ...
Aleut language
Aleut  Unangam Tunuu,         one of two branches of the Eskimo-Aleut languages (q.v.). Two mutually intelligible dialects survive, Eastern Aleut and Atkan Aleut. A ...
Aleutian
/euh looh"sheuhn/, adj. 1. of or pertaining to the Aleutian Islands. n. 2. Aleut (def. 1). 3. Aleutians. See Aleutian Islands. * * *
Aleutian Basin
▪ basin, Pacific Ocean  submarine depression forming the floor of the southwestern section of the Bering Sea in the Pacific Ocean. On the west it rises to meet Siberia and ...
Aleutian Current
a current in the Pacific Ocean that flows eastward between latitudes 40° and 50° N. Also called Subarctic Current. * * *
Aleutian Islands
an archipelago extending SW from the Alaska Peninsula: part of Alaska. Also called Aleutians. * * * Chain of small islands, Alaska, U.S. They form a border of the Bering Sea, ...
Aleutian low
▪ meteorology       large atmospheric low-pressure (cyclonic) centre that frequently exists over the Aleutian Islands region in winter and that shifts northward and ...
Aleutian Range
a mountain range extending along the eastern coast of the Alaska Peninsula. Highest peak, Mt. Katmai, 6715 ft. (2047 m). * * * ▪ mountains, North America       segment ...
AleutianIslands
Aleutian Islands A chain of rugged volcanic islands of southwest Alaska curving about 1,931 km (1,200 mi) west from the Alaska Peninsula and separating the Bering Sea from the ...
AleutianRange
Aleutian Range A volcanic mountain chain of southwest Alaska extending about 965 km (600 mi) west from Anchorage along the Alaska Peninsula and continuing, partly submerged as ...
Aleuts
➡ Inuits * * *
Alevel
A level n. Chiefly British 1. The later of two standardized tests in a secondary school subject, used as a qualification for entrance into a university. 2. The educational ...
alevin
/al"euh veuhn/, n. Ichthyol. a fry, esp. a salmon, whose yolk is depleted. [1865-70; < F, OF
alewife
alewife1 /ayl"wuyf'/, n., pl. alewives. a North American fish, Alosa pseudoharengus, resembling a small shad. [1625-35, Amer.; earlier allowes, perh. influenced by ALEWIFE2, ...
Alex
/al"iks/, n. a male given name, form of Alexander. * * *
Alex Higgins
➡ Higgins (I) * * *
Alexa
/euh lek"seuh/, n. a female given name, form of Alexandra. * * *
alexander
/al'ig zan"deuhr, -zahn"-/, n. (often cap.) a cocktail made with crème de cacao with gin or brandy (brandy alexander) and sweet cream. [1925-30; prob. after the proper name] * * ...
Alexander
/al'ig zan"deuhr, -zahn"-/, n. 1. See Alexander the Great. 2. Also, Alexandros. Class. Myth. Homeric name for Paris. 3. Franz /frants, franz, frahnts/, 1891-1964, U.S. ...
Alexander (V)
▪ antipope byname  Peter Of Candia,  Italian  Pietro Di Candia, original  Greek  name Petros Philargos  born c. 1339, Candia, Crete died May 3, 1410, Bologna, Papal ...
Alexander Aetolus
▪ Greek poet and scholar flourished c. 280 BC       Greek poet and scholar of Pleuron, in Aetolia. He was appointed by Ptolemy II Philadelphus, Macedonian king of ...
Alexander Archipelago
an archipelago off the coast of SE Alaska. * * * Group of about 1,100 islands, southeastern Alaska, U.S. Extending southward from Glacier Bay, the chief islands are Chichagof, ...
Alexander Balas
▪ king of Syria also called  Alexander Epiphanes  died 145 BC       king of Syria and Pergamum (Greek Asia Minor) and ruler of the remains of the Seleucid Empire ...
Alexander Calder
➡ Calder * * *
Alexander City
a city in E Alabama. 13,807. * * * ▪ Alabama, United States       city, Tallapoosa county, east-central Alabama, U.S., 75 miles (120 km) southeast of Birmingham. ...
Alexander Fleming
➡ Fleming (I) * * *
Alexander Graham Bell
➡ Bell * * *
Alexander Hamilton
➡ Hamilton (I) * * *
Alexander I
1. Saint, pope A.D. 106?-115. 2. (Aleksandr Pavlovich) 1777-1825, czar of Russia 1801-25. 3. (Alexander Obrenovich or Aleksandar Obrenovic) 1876-1903, king of Serbia ...
Alexander I Island
an island off the coast of Antarctica, in the Bellingshausen Sea. * * *
Alexander I, Saint
▪ pope died c. 115, /119, Rome?; feast day May 3       fifth pope after St. Peter and successor to St. Evaristus. Little is known about Alexander's rule (c. 109–116), ...
Alexander II
1. died 1073, Italian ecclesiastic: pope 1061-1073. 2. (Aleksandr Nikolaevich) 1818-81, czar of Russia 1855-81. * * * I born Aug. 24, 1198, Haddington, Lothian died July 8, ...
Alexander III
1. died 1181, Italian ecclesiastic: pope 1159-81. 2. (Aleksandr Aleksandrovich) 1845-94, czar of Russia 1881-94. * * * I born Sept. 2, 1241 died March 18/19, 1286, near ...
Alexander Island
Alexander Island 〚after ALEXANDER I of Russia〛 island of Antarctica, just west of the base of the Antarctic Peninsula, in the British Antarctic Territory: c. 16,700 sq mi ...
Alexander IV
(Rinaldo Conti) died 1261, Italian ecclesiastic: pope 1254-61. * * * ▪ pope original name  Rinaldo Conti, Count of Segni  born 1199, Anagni, near Rome died May 25, 1261, ...
Alexander McCall Smith
➡ McCall Smith * * *
Alexander Nevski
/al'ig zan"deuhr nev"skee, nef"-, -zahn"-/; Russ. /u lyi ksahn"drdd nyef"skyee/, (Aleksandr Nevski) 1220?-63, Russian prince, national hero, and saint. * * *
Alexander Nevsky
Alexander Nevsky [nef′skē] 1220?-63; Russ. military hero, statesman, & saint * * *
Alexander Nevsky, Saint
born с 1220, Vladimir, Grand Principality of Vladimir died Nov. 14, 1263, Gorodets Prince of Novgorod (1236–52) and Kiev (1246–52) and grand prince of Vladimir ...
Alexander Of Aphrodisias
▪ Greek philosopher born c. 200       philosopher who is remembered for his commentaries on Aristotle's works and for his own studies on the soul and the ...
Alexander Of Hales
▪ French theologian and philosopher born c. 1170/85, Hales, Gloucestershire, Eng. died 1245, Paris       theologian and philosopher whose doctrines influenced the ...
Alexander Of Pherae
▪ Greek ruler died 358 BC       despot of Pherae in Thessaly, Greece, from 369 to 358, whose tyranny caused the intervention of a number of city-states in Thessalian ...
Alexander of Tunis,First Earl
Alexander of Tu·nis (to͞oʹnĭs, tyo͞oʹ-), First Earl Title of Harold Rupert Leofric George Alexander. 1891-1969. British field marshal who during World War II led maneuvers ...
Alexander Polyhistor
▪ Roman philosopher, geographer, and historian in full  Lucius Cornelius Alexander Polyhistor  born c. 105 BC, Miletus, Asia Minor [now in Turkey] died c. 35 BC, Laurentum, ...
Alexander Pope
➡ Pope * * *
Alexander romance
▪ literature       any of a body of legends about the career of Alexander the Great, told and retold with varying emphasis and purpose by succeeding ages and ...
Alexander Severus
/seuh vear"euhs/ A.D. 208?-235, Roman emperor 222-235. * * *
Alexander Severus,Marcus Aurelius
Alexander Se·ve·rus (sə-vîrʹəs), Marcus Aurelius. A.D. 208?-235. Emperor of Rome (222-235) who succeeded his cousin and adoptive father, Heliogabalus. * * *
Alexander technique
a therapeutic technique based on the idea that postural changes can correct certain deficiencies, especially voice and breathing problems, as in actors and musicians. * * *
Alexander the Great
356-323 B.C., king of Macedonia 336-323: conqueror of Greek city-states and of the Persian empire from Asia Minor and Egypt to India. * * * or Alexander III born 356 BC, Pella, ...
Alexander The Paphlagonian
▪ ancient religious charlatan born 2nd century AD       celebrated impostor and worker of false oracles. The only account of his career occurs in an exposé by Lucian, ...
Alexander V
1340?-1410, Cretan ecclesiastic: pope 1409-10. * * *
Alexander VI
(Rodrigo Borgia) 1431?-1503, Italian ecclesiastic: pope 1492-1503 (father of Cesare and Lucrezia Borgia). * * * orig. Rodrigo de Borja y Doms born 1431, Játiva, Aragon died ...
Alexander VII
(Fabio Chigi) 1599-1667, Italian ecclesiastic: pope 1655-67. * * * ▪ pope original name  Fabio Chigi   born Feb. 13, 1599, Siena, Republic of Florence died May 22, 1667, ...
Alexander VIII
(Pietro Ottoboni) 1610-91, Italian ecclesiastic: pope 1689-91. * * * ▪ pope original name  Pietro Vito Ottoboni  born April 22, 1610, Venice died February 1, 1691, ...
Alexander, Dorothy
▪ American dancer and choreographer née  Dorothea Sydney Moses  born April 22, 1904, Atlanta, Ga., U.S. died Nov. 17, 1986, Atlanta       American ballet dancer and ...
Alexander, Francesca
▪ American illustrator and author in full  Esther Frances Alexander , byname  Fanny  born Feb. 27, 1837, Boston, Mass., U.S. died Jan. 21, 1917, Florence, ...
Alexander, Franz
▪ Hungarian physician and psychoanalyst in full  Franz Gabriel Alexander  born January 22, 1891, Budapest, Hungary died March 8, 1964, Palm Springs, California, ...
Alexander, Grover Cleveland
▪ American athlete born Feb. 26, 1887, Elba, Neb., U.S. died Nov. 4, 1950, St. Paul, Neb.  professional baseball player, one of the finest right-handed pitchers in the ...
Alexander, Harold (Rupert Leofric George) Alexander, 1st Earl
born Dec. 10, 1891, London, Eng. died June 16, 1969, Slough, Buckinghamshire British field marshal in World War II. In 1940 he helped direct the Dunkirk evacuation and was the ...
Alexander, Harold Alexander, 1st Earl
▪ British general also called  (1946–52) Viscount Alexander Of Tunis, or (1942–46) Sir Harold Alexander   born Dec. 10, 1891, London died June 16, 1969, Slough, ...
Alexander, Hattie Elizabeth
▪ American physician and microbiologist born April 5, 1901, Baltimore, Md., U.S. died June 24, 1968, New York, N.Y.       American pediatrician and microbiologist whose ...
Alexander, James Waddell, II
▪ American mathematician born September 19, 1888, Sea Bright, New Jersey, U.S. died September 23, 1971, Princeton, New Jersey       American mathematician and a founder ...
Alexander, Jane
▪ American actress née  Jane Quigley  born Oct. 28, 1939, Boston, Mass., U.S.       American actress who, in addition to achieving a successful performance career, ...
Alexander, Lloyd
▪ 2008       American author born Jan. 30, 1924 , Philadelphia, Pa. died May 17, 2007, Drexel Hill, Pa. transported readers to a world of fantasy with a five-book ...
Alexander, Meena
▪ Indian poet and teacher born Feb. 17, 1951, Allahābād, India       Indian poet and teacher whose works reflect her multicultural life in India, The Sudan, and the ...
Alexander, Samuel
▪ British philosopher born Jan. 6, 1859, Sydney, N.S.W. [Australia] died Sept. 13, 1938, Manchester, Eng.  philosopher who developed a metaphysics of emergent evolution ...
Alexander, Shana
▪ 2006 Shana Ager        American journalist and author (b. Oct. 6, 1925, New York, N.Y.—d. June 23, 2005, Hermosa Beach, Calif.), battled conservative columnist James ...
Alexander, Shaun
▪ American athlete born Aug. 30, 1977, Florence, Ky., U.S.    American professional gridiron football (football, gridiron) player who was one of the most prolific touchdown ...
AlexanderArchipelago
Alexander Archipelago A group of more than 1,000 islands off southeast Alaska. The rugged, heavily forested islands are the exposed tops of submerged coastal mountains that rise ...
AlexanderI
I. Alexander I1, 1777-1825. Czar of Russia (1801-1825) whose plans to liberalize his country's government were forestalled by wars with Napoleon I.   II. Alexander I2, ...
AlexanderI Island
Alexander I Island An island of British Antarctic Territory in Bellingshausen Sea off the coast of the Antarctic Peninsula. Originally thought to be part of the Antarctic ...
AlexanderII
Alexander II, 1818-1881. Czar of Russia (1855-1881) who emancipated the serfs in 1861. * * *
AlexanderIII
I. Alexander III1, Known as “Alexander the Great.” 356-323B.C. King of Macedonia (336-323) and conquerer of Asia Minor, Syria, Egypt, Babylonia, and Persia. His reign marked ...
AlexanderNevski
Alexander Nev·ski (nĕvʹskē, nĕfʹ-), 1220?-1263. Russian saint and national hero named after the Neva River, where he defeated the Swedes in 1240. * * *
alexanders
/al'ig zan"deuhrz, -zahn"-/, n., pl. alexanders. (used with a sing. or pl. v.) 1. a tall plant, Angelica atropurpurea, of the parsley family, having broad clusters of small white ...
Alexanderson
/al'ig zan"deuhr seuhn/, n. Ernst F. W. /errnst/, 1878-1975, U.S. engineer and inventor. * * *
Alexanderson, Ernst F(rederik) W(erner)
born Jan. 25, 1878, Uppsala, Swed. died May 14, 1975, Schenectady, N.Y., U.S. Swedish-born U.S. electrical engineer and television pioneer. He emigrated to the U.S. in 1901 and ...
Alexanderson, Ernst F.W.
▪ American electrical engineer in full  Ernst Frederik Werner Alexanderson   born Jan. 25, 1878, Uppsala, Sweden died , May, 1975, Schenectady, N.Y., ...
Alexanderson,Ernst Frederick Werner
Al·ex·an·der·son (ăl'ĭg-zănʹdər-sən), Ernst Frederick Werner. 1878-1975. Swedish-born American electrical engineer and inventor who demonstrated the first practical ...
Alexanderthe Great
Alexander the Great See Alexander III1. * * *
AlexanderVI
Alexander VI, Originally Rodrigo Borgia. 1431-1503. Pope (1492-1503) noted as a patron of the arts and for his corrupt papacy. * * *
Alexander’s Ragtime Band
the song that made Irving Berlin famous. He wrote the quick, happy ragtime tune in 1911. It was also sung in a 1938 film of the same name. * * *
Alexandra
/al'ig zan"dreuh, -zahn"-/, n. 1. 1844-1925, queen consort of Edward VII of England. 2. Class. Myth. Cassandra (def. 1). 3. a female given name: derived from Alexander. * * ...
Alexandra Feodorovna
/al'ig zan"dreuh fyaw'deuh rawv"neuh, -rov"-, -zahn"-/; Russ. /u lyi ksahn"drddeuh fyaw"deuh rddeuhv neuh/ 1872-1918, empress of Russia (wife of Nicholas II). Also, Aleksandra ...
Alexandra Palace
a large building in north London, England, surrounded by a park. It was first built for an international exhibition in central London in 1862, and later moved. It is best known ...
Alexandre
(as used in expressions) Balmain Pierre Alexandre Claudius Beauharnais Alexandre viscount de Benois Alexandre Nikolayevich Alexandre César Léopold Bizet Calonne Charles ...
Alexandretta
/al'ig zan dret"euh, -zahn-/, n. former name of Iskenderun. * * *
Alexandria
/al'ig zan"dree euh, -zahn"-/, n. 1. Arabic, Al-Iskandarîyah. a seaport in N Egypt, in the Nile delta: founded in 332 B.C. by Alexander the Great; ancient center of learning. ...
Alexandria Municipal Museum
▪ museum, Alexandria, Egypt Arabic  Matḥif Al-baladīyah Al-iskandarī,  also called  Greco-roman Museum,         museum of Greek and Roman antiquities founded in ...
Alexandria Quartet
a series of four novels by Lawrence Durrell about the complicated love affairs of a group of friends in Alexandria, Egypt, in the 1930s. The four books are Justine (1957), ...
Alexandria senna.
See under senna (def. 2). * * *
Alexandria, Library of
Most famous library of classical antiquity. It was part of the Alexandrian Museum, a research institute at Alexandria, Egypt. The museum and library were founded and maintained ...
Alexandria, Museum of
Ancient centre of Classical learning at Alexandria, Egypt. It was a research institute, organized into faculties and headed by a president-priest, with a renowned library. It ...
Alexandria, School of
▪ institution, Alexandria, Egypt       the first Christian institution of higher learning, founded in the mid-2nd century AD in Alexandria, Egypt. Under its earliest ...
Alexandria, Synod of
▪ religion       (AD 362), a meeting of Christian bishops held in Alexandria, Egypt, summoned by the bishop of Alexandria, Athanasius. It allowed clergy that were ...
Alexandrian
/al'ig zan"dree euhn, -zahn"-/, adj. 1. of Alexandria, esp. Alexandria, Egypt. 2. of or pertaining to the schools of philosophy, literature, and science in ancient Alexandria. 3. ...
Alexandrian Museum
▪ ancient institution, Alexandria, Egypt also called  the Museum , or  Museum of Alexandria , Greek  Mouseion (“Seat of the Muses”)        ancient centre of ...
Alexandrian rite
      the system of liturgical practices and discipline in use among Egyptian and Ethiopian Christians of both the Eastern-rite Catholic and independent Christian ...
Alexandrina
/al'ig zan dree"neuh, -zahn-/, n. a female given name, form of Alexandra. * * *
Alexandrina, Lake
Lagoon, southeastern South Australia. The lake covers 220 sq mi (570 sq km) and is about 23 mi (37 km) long and 13 mi (21 km) wide. With Lake Albert and the Coorong lagoon, it ...
Alexandrine
/al'ig zan"drin, -dreen, -zahn"-/, Pros. n. 1. (often l.c.) a verse or line of poetry of twelve syllables. adj. 2. (often l.c.) of or pertaining to such a verse or ...
Alexandrine rat.
See roof rat. * * *
Alexandrinus
/al'ig zan dree"neuhs, -druy"-, -zahn-/, n. the Greek uncial codex, dating from the early 5th century A.D., originally containing the complete text of the Greek Old and New ...
Alexandrist
▪ Italian philosophy Italian  Alessandristo,  plural  Alessandristi,         any of the Italian philosophers of the Renaissance who, in the controversy about ...
Alexandrists
Italian Renaissance philosophers, led by Pietro Pomponazzi (1462–1525), who followed the explanation of Aristotle's De anima given by Alexander of Aphrodisias (2nd–3rd ...
alexandrite
/al'ig zan"druyt, -zahn"-/, n. Mineral. a variety of chrysoberyl, green by daylight and red-violet by artificial light, used as a gem. [1830-40; named after ALEXANDER I of ...
Alexandros
/al'ig zan"dros, -drohs/, n. Class. Myth. Alexander (def. 2). * * *
Alexandroupolis
/ah'le ksahn drddooh"paw lees/, n. a seaport in W Thrace, in NE Greece. 22,995. Formerly, Dede Agach. * * * ▪ Greece       seaport, capital of the nomós (department) ...
Alexeïeff, Alexandre
▪ French animator Russian name in full  Aleksandr Aleksandrovich Alekseyev   born August 5, 1901, Kazan, Russia died August 9, 1982, Paris, France       Russian-born ...
alexia
/euh lek"see euh/, n. Pathol. a neurologic disorder marked by loss of the ability to understand written or printed language, usually resulting from a brain lesion or a congenital ...
Alexian
/euh lek"sheuhn, -see euhn/, n. Rom. Cath. Ch. a member of a congregation of brothers founded for the care of the sick at Mechlin, Brabant, in the 15th century. [named after ...
Alexiares
/euh lek'see air"eez/, n. Class. Myth. a son of Hercules and Hebe. * * *
Alexicacus
/euh lek'si kay"keuhs/, n. Class. Myth. an epithet of Apollo, meaning "averter of evil," in reference to his dispelling a plague that afflicted the Athenian forces in the ...
alexin
—alexinic /al'ek sin"ik/, adj. /euh lek"sin/ n. Immunol. complement (def. 10). [1890-95; < Gk aléx(ein) to ward off + -IN2] * * *
alexipharmac
alexipharmac [ə lek΄si fär′mək] n. 〚Gr alexipharmakos < alexein, to avert + pharmakon, a drug, poison〛 an antidote: also alexipharmic [ä leks ifär′mik] * * *
alexipharmic
/euh lek'seuh fahr"mik/, Med. adj. 1. warding off poisoning or infection; antidotal; prophylactic. n. 2. an alexipharmic agent, esp. an internal antidote. [1665-75; obs. ...
Alexis
/euh lek"sis/, n. a male or female given name: from a Greek word meaning "helper." * * * I Russian Aleksey Mikhaylovich born March 9, 1629, Moscow, Russia died Jan. 29, 1676, ...
Alexis I
▪ patriarch of Moscow Russian  Aleksey, or Aleksei,  original name  Sergei Vladimirovich Simansky  born Oct. 27 [Nov. 8, New Style], 1877, Moscow, Russia died April 17, ...
Alexis Mikhailovich
/euh lek"sis mi kuy"leuh vich/; Russ. /myi khuy"leuh vyich/, (Aleksei Mikhailovich) 1629-76, czar of Russia 1645-76 (father of Peter I). * * *
Alexis Nikolayevich
/euh lek"sis nik'euh luy"euh vich/; Russ. /nyi ku lah"yi vyich/, (Aleksei Nikolayevich) 1904-18, son of Nicholas II of Russia, heir apparent to the Russian throne: executed in ...
Alexis, Saint
▪ metropolitan of Moscow Russian  Aleksey, or Aleksei   born c. 1295, , Moscow, Russia died 1378, Moscow; canonized 1448; feast day Oct. 5       metropolitan of ...
Alexis, Willibald
▪ German writer pseudonym of  Georg Wilhelm Heinrich Häring   born June 29, 1798, Breslau, Silesia, Prussia [now Wrocław, Pol.] died Dec. 16, 1871, Arnstadt, Ger.  German ...
AlexisI Mikhailovich
A·lex·is I Mi·khai·lo·vich (ä-lĕkʹsĭs; mĭ-kīʹlə-vĭch, mə-KHīʹ-), 1629-1676. Czar of Russia (1645-1676) who approved church reforms and implemented a new code of ...
alexithymia
/ay'lek seuh thuy"mee euh/, n. Psychiatry. difficulty in experiencing, expressing, and describing emotional responses. [A-6 + Gk léxi(s) speech (see ALEXIA) + -THYMIA] * * *
Alexius
(as used in expressions) Alexius I Comnenus Alexius V Ducas Mourtzouphlus Meinong Alexius Ritter knight von Handschuchsheim * * *
Alexius I
/euh lek"see euhs/, (Alexius Comnenus) 1048-1118, emperor of the Byzantine Empire 1081-1118. * * *
Alexius I Comnenus
born 1048, Constantinople died Aug. 15, 1118 Byzantine emperor (1081–1118). An experienced military leader, he seized the Byzantine throne in 1081, driving back the invading ...
Alexius II Comnenus
▪ Byzantine emperor also spelled  Alexios II Komnenos  born , 1169 died c. September 1183, Constantinople, Byzantine Empire [now Istanbul, Turkey]       Byzantine ...
Alexius III Angelus
▪ Byzantine emperor also spelled  Alexios III Angelos  died 1211, Nicaea, Nicaean empire [now İznik, Turkey]       Byzantine emperor from 1195 to 1203. He was the ...
Alexius IV Angelus
▪ Byzantine emperor also spelled  Alexios IV Angelos  died February 8, 1204, Constantinople, Byzantine Empire [now Istanbul, Turkey]       Byzantine emperor from 1203 ...
Alexius V Ducas Mourtzouphlus
died 1204, Constantinople Byzantine emperor. In 1204 he led a Greek revolt against his coemperors Isaac II and Alexius IV, who had been supported by the Fourth Crusade, and he ...
AlexiusI Comnenus
A·lex·i·us I Com·ne·nus (ə-lĕkʹsē-əs; kŏm-nēʹnəs), 1048-1118. Emperor of Byzantium (1081-1118) whose reign was marked by the First Crusade (1096-1099). * * *
aleyard
/ayl"yahrd'/, n. yard-of-ale. [ALE + YARD1] * * *
Alf
/alf/; Nor. /ahlf/, n. a male given name, form of Alfred. * * *
Alf Garnett
➡ Garnett * * *
Alf Ramsey
➡ Ramsey * * *
alfa
/al"feuh/, n. a word used in communications to represent the letter A. Also, ALFA. [1950-55; var. sp. of ALPHA] * * *
Alfa
/al"feuh/, n. Mil. the NATO name for a class of nuclear-powered Soviet attack submarine having a titanium hull and a submerged speed of more than 40 knots. * * *
Alfa Romeo SpA
▪ Italian car manufacturer       Italian manufacturer of high-priced sports cars and other vehicles. The company was operated by the Italian government through its state ...
alfalfa
/al fal"feuh/, n. a plant, Medicago sativa, of the legume family, usually having bluish-purple flowers, originating in the Near East and widely cultivated as a forage crop. Also ...
alfalfa butterfly
a sulfur butterfly, Colias eurytheme, having orange wings edged with black, the larvae of which feed on alfalfa and other legumes. Also called orange sulfur. * * *
alfalfa weevil
a European weevil, Hypera postica, now also widely distributed in North America, that is an important pest, primarily of alfalfa, in both the larval and adult stages. [1910-15] * ...
alfalfaweevil
alfalfa weevil n. A weevil (Hypera postica) native to Europe that has widely infested North American alfalfa crops. * * *
Alfaro
/ahl fah"rddaw/, n. (Flavio) Eloy /flah"vyaw e loy"/, 1864-1912, Ecuadorian political leader: president 1897-1901, 1907-11. * * *
Alfaro, Emilio
▪ 1999       Argentine actor and director whose highly regarded career lasted nearly 50 years; from 1989 he served as director of the Teatro General San Martín in ...
Alfasi, Isaac ben Jacob
born 1013, near Fès, Mor. died 1103, Lucena, Spain Moroccan Jewish scholar. He spent most of his life in Fès, but in 1088 he was denounced to the government and was obliged ...
AlFayyam
Al Fay·yam (ăl' fā-o͞omʹ, fī-, äl') A city of northern Egypt on the Nile River south-southwest of Cairo. The surrounding area is rich in archaeological remains. ...
Alferov, Zhores
▪ Russian physicist in full  Zhores Ivanovich Alfyorov  born March 15, 1930, Vitebsk, Belorussia, U.S.S.R. [now in Belarus]       Soviet physicist who, with Herbert ...
Alferov, Zhores (Ivanovich)
born March 15, 1930, Vitebsk, Belorussia, U.S.S.R. Soviet physicist. He received a Ph.D. from the A.F. Ioffe Physico-Technical Institute in 1970 and became director of the ...
Alfheim
/alv"haym'/, n. Scand. Myth. the domain of elves. [ < ON Alfheimr, equiv. to alf- (s. of alfr) ELF + heimr world, HOME] * * *
Alfie
/al"fee/, n. a male given name, form of Alfred. * * *
Alfieri
/ahl fye"rddee/, n. Count Vittorio /veet taw"rddyaw/, 1749-1803, Italian dramatist and poet. * * *
Alfieri, Vittorio, Conte
▪ Italian author born January 16, 1749, Asti, Piedmont died October 8, 1803, Florence  Italian tragic poet whose predominant theme was the overthrow of tyranny. In his ...
Alfieri, Vittorio, Count
born Jan. 16, 1749, Asti, Piedmont died Oct. 8, 1803, Florence Italian tragic poet and playwright. Through his lyrics and dramas he helped revive the national spirit of Italy. ...
Alfieri,Conte Vittorio
Al·fie·ri (ăl-fē-ârʹē, äl-fyârʹē), Conte Vittorio. 1749-1803. Italian playwright whose works, including 19 tragedies, influenced Italian nationalism. * * *
alfilaria
/al fil'euh ree"euh/, n. a European plant, Erodium cicutarium, of the geranium family, grown for forage in the U.S. Also called pin clover. [1865-70, Amer.; < Sp alfilerillo, ...
alfisol
/al"feuh sawl', -sol'/, n. a fertile soil of humid regions that occurs worldwide, esp. where native broadleaf forests were established, and is highly productive for ...
Alföld
Al·föld (ôlʹfəld) also Great Al·föld (ôlʹfəld) An extensive plain of central Hungary extending into northern Yugoslavia and western Romania. The Little Alföld lies ...
Alfonsín (Foulkes), Raúl (Ricardo)
born March 13, 1926/7, Chascomús, Buenos Aires, Arg. Civilian president of Argentina (1983–89). He took a degree in law and founded a newspaper before entering politics in ...
Alfonsín, Raúl
▪ president of Argentina in full  Raúl Ricardo Alfonsín Foulkes   born March 13, 1926/27, Chascomús, Buenos Aires provincia, Arg.    civilian president of Argentina ...
Alfonsine Tables
▪ astronomy also spelled  Alphonsine Tables        the first set of astronomical tables prepared in Christian Europe. They enabled calculation of eclipses and the ...
alfonsino
▪ fish       any of the eight species of exclusively marine fishes constituting the family Berycidae (order Beryciformes). The family contains two genera, Beryx and ...
Alfonso
(as used in expressions) Alfonso VI Alfonso the Brave Alfonso V Alfonso the Magnanimous Alfonso XII Alfonso XIII Alfonso X Alfonso the Wise López Michelsen Alfonso * * *
Alfonso I
(Alfonso Henriques), 1109?-85, first king of Portugal 1139-85. * * * ▪ duke of Ferrara, 1505-34 born July 21, 1476, Ferrara, Duchy of Ferrara died Oct. 31, 1534, ...
Alfonso II
▪ king of Aragon born 1152, Barcelona died 1196, Perpignan, Roussillon       count of Barcelona from 1162 and king of Aragon from 1164.       The son of Ramón ...
Alfonso III
▪ king of Aragon byname  Alfonso The Liberal, or The Candid,  Spanish  Alfonso El Liberal, or El Franco  born 1265 died June 18, 1291, Barcelona       king of ...
Alfonso IV
▪ king of Aragon byname  Alfonso The Kind,  Spanish  Alfonso El Benigno  born 1299 died Jan. 24, 1336, Barcelona       king of Aragon from 1327 to 1336, son of ...
Alfonso IX
▪ king of Leon born 1171, Zamora, Leon died September 24, 1230, Villanueva de Sarria, Galicia       king of Leon from 1188 to 1230, son of Ferdinand II of Leon, and ...
Alfonso V
known as Alfonso the Magnanimous born 1396 died June 27, 1458, Naples King of Aragon (1416–58) and of Naples (as Alfonso I, 1442–58). He followed a policy of Mediterranean ...
Alfonso VI
known as Alfonso the Brave born before June 1040 died 1109, Toledo, Castile King of León (1065–70) and of Castile and León (1072–1109). He inherited León from his ...
Alfonso VII
▪ king of Leon and Castile byname  Alfonso The Emperor,  Spanish  Alfonso El Emperador  born 1104? died August 1157, Fresneda, Castile       king of Leon and ...
Alfonso VIII
▪ king of Castile byname  El de Las Navas (Spanish: He of Las Navas)   born 1155 died Oct. 6, 1214, Burgos, Castile       king of Castile from 1158, son of Sancho ...
Alfonso X
/al fon"soh, -zoh/; Sp. /ahl fawn"saw/, ("Alfonso the Wise") 1221-84, king of Castile 1252-84. * * * known as Alfonso the Wise born Nov. 23, 1221, Burgos, Castile died April, ...
Alfonso XI
▪ king of Castile and Leon byname  Alfonso The Just,  Spanish  Alfonso El Justiciero  born 1311, Salamanca, Leon died March 26, 1350, Gibraltar       king of ...
Alfonso XII
1857-85, king of Spain 1874-85. * * * born Nov. 28, 1857, Madrid, Spain died Nov. 25, 1885, Madrid Spanish king whose reign (1874–85) inspired hopes for a stable ...
Alfonso XIII
1886-1941, king of Spain 1886-1930. * * * born May 17, 1886, Madrid, Spain died Feb. 28, 1941, Rome, Italy Spanish king (1886–1931). The posthumous son of Alfonso XII, he ...
AlfonsoI
Al·fon·so I (ăl-fŏnʹzō, äl-fōʹsō), 1110?-1185. King of Portugal (1139-1185) who won Portuguese independence from Castile (1139) and established a monarchy. * * *
AlfonsoV
Alfonso V, 1432-1481. King of Portugal (1438-1481) noted for his victories over the Moors in Africa (1458 and 1471). * * *
AlfonsoXIII
Alfonso XIII, 1886-1941. King of Spain (1886-1931) who abdicated on the establishment of a republican government and died in exile. * * *
Alford plea
/al"feuhrd/ Law. a pleading of guilty in a plea bargain in which the defendant maintains his or her innocence. [fr. the 1970 case North Carolina v. (Henry C.) Alford] * * *
alforja
/al fawr"jeuh/; Sp. /ahl fawrdd"hah/, n., pl. alforjas /-jeuhz/; Sp. /-hahs/. Southwestern U.S. 1. a saddlebag, esp. one made of leather. 2. a cheek pouch. [1605-15; < Sp < Ar ...
Alfred
/al"fred, -frid/, n. a male given name: from the Old English words meaning "elf" and "counsel." * * * I known as Alfred the Great born 849 died 899 King of Wessex (871–99) ...
Alfred Charles Sharpton, Jr
➡ Sharpton * * *
Alfred Edward Housman
➡ Housman * * *
Alfred Hitchcock
➡ Hitchcock * * *
Alfred Jewel
▪ ornament  elaborate gold ornament consisting of an enameled plaque with a figure held in place on one side by an engraved design and on the other by a gold fret of Old ...
Alfred Jules Ayer
➡ Ayer * * *
Alfred Kinsey
➡ Kinsey * * *
Alfred Munnings
➡ Munnings * * *
Alfred Stieglitz
➡ Stieglitz * * *
Alfred Tennyson
➡ Tennyson * * *
Alfred the Great
A.D. 849-899, king of the West Saxons 871-899. * * *
Alfred University
▪ university, Alfred, New York, United States       private, coeducational institution of higher learning in Alfred, New York, U.S. The university comprises the ...
Alfred Wainwright
➡ Wainwright * * *
Alfreda
Alfreda [al frēd′ə] n. a feminine name: see ALFRED * * *
Alfredo
Alfredo [al frā′dō, älfrā′dō] adj. [occas.a-] coated with a mixture of butter, cream, and grated Parmesan cheese, or now, often, with a white cheese sauce somewhat like ...
alfresco
/al fres"koh/, adv. 1. out-of-doors; in the open air: to dine alfresco. adj. 2. outdoor: an alfresco café. Also, al fresco. [1745-55; < It: in the cool, in a cool place. See ...
Alfur
/al"foor, -fyoor/, n. a member of an aboriginal people of eastern Indonesia, esp. of the Moluccas, whose features show both Malayan and Papuan characteristics. [1875-80] * * *
Alfvén
/ahl vayn", al-/, n. Hannes (Olof Gösta) /hahn"nes ooh"lawf yue"stah/, born 1908, Swedish physicist: Nobel prize 1970. * * *
Alfvén wave
a type of oscillation of plasma particles, consisting of transverse waves propagating along the magnetic field lines in a plasma. Also called magnetohydromagnetic wave. [named ...
Alfvén, Hannes
▪ Swedish physicist in full  Hannes Olof Gösta Alfvén   born May 30, 1908, Norrköping, Sweden died April 2, 1995, Djursholm       astrophysicist and winner, with ...
Alfvén, Hannes Olof Gösta
Alf·vén (äl-vānʹ), Hannes Olof Gösta. 1908-1995. Swedish physicist. He won a 1970 Nobel Prize for his theories on plasma physics. * * * ▪ 1996       Swedish ...
Alg
Alg abbrev. Algeria * * *
alg-
alg- [alg] combining form ALGO-: used before a vowel * * *
Alg.
1. Algerian. 2. Algiers. * * *
alg.
algebra. * * *
alga
al·ga (ălʹgə) n. pl. al·gae (-jē) Any of various chiefly aquatic, eukaryotic, photosynthetic organisms, ranging in size from single-celled forms to the giant kelp. Algae ...
alga
al·ga (ălʹgə) n. pl. al·gae (-jē) Any of various chiefly aquatic, eukaryotic, photosynthetic organisms, ranging in size from single-celled forms to the giant kelp. Algae ...
algae
—algal, adj. /al"jee/, n.pl., sing. alga /-geuh/. any of numerous groups of chlorophyll-containing, mainly aquatic eukaryotic organisms ranging from microscopic single-celled ...
algal
See alga. * * *
Algar
/al"geuhr/, n. a male given name. * * *
Algardi, Alessandro
born 1595, Bologna, Papal States died June 10, 1654, Rome Italian sculptor. He trained in Bologna under the Carracci family and in 1625 moved to Rome, where he designed the ...
Algaroth powder
/al"geuh rawth', -roth'/. See antimony oxychloride. [1795-1805; part trans. of F poudre d'algaroth powder of algaroth < It algarotto, named after Vittorio Algarotto (d. 1604), ...
Algarotti, Francesco
▪ Italian art connoisseur born Dec. 11, 1712, Venice [Italy] died May 3, 1764, Pisa  connoisseur of the arts and sciences, esteemed by the philosophers of the Enlightenment ...
algarroba
/al'geuh roh"beuh/, n. 1. any of certain mesquites, esp. Prosopis juliflora, having pinnate leaves and yellowish flowers. 2. the beanlike pod of this plant. 3. the carob tree or ...
Algarve
Al·gar·ve (äl-gärʹvə) A medieval Moorish kingdom in present-day southern Portugal. It was conquered in 1253 by Alfonso III (1210-1279). * * * ▪ historical province, ...
alge-
alge- [al′jē] combining form ALGO- * * *
algebra
/al"jeuh breuh/, n. 1. the branch of mathematics that deals with general statements of relations, utilizing letters and other symbols to represent specific sets of numbers, ...
algebra and algebraic structures
Generalized version of arithmetic that uses variables to stand for unspecified numbers. Its purpose is to solve algebraic equations or systems of equations. Examples of such ...
algebra of sets
Math. a nonempty collection of sets having the property that the union of two sets of the collection is a set of the collection and the complement of each set of the collection ...
algebra, elementary
Introduction       branch of mathematics that deals with the general properties of numbers and the relations between them. Algebra is fundamental not only to all further ...
algebra, linear
Introduction       mathematical discipline that deals with vectors (vector) and matrices (matrix) and, more generally, with vector spaces (vector space) and linear ...
algebra, modern
▪ mathematics Introduction also called  abstract algebra        branch of mathematics concerned with the general algebraic structure of various sets (such as real ...
algebraic
—algebraically, adv. /al'jeuh bray"ik/, adj. 1. of, occurring in, or utilizing algebra. 2. Math. of or pertaining to an element that is the root of a polynomial equation with ...
algebraic equation
Math. an equation in the form of a polynomial having a finite number of terms and equated to zero, as 2x3 + 4x2 - x + 7 = 0. * * * Mathematical statement of equality between ...
algebraic extension
Math. a field containing a given field such that every element in the first field is algebraic over the given field. Cf. extension field. * * *
algebraic function
Math. a function that can be expressed as a root of an equation in which a polynomial, in the independent and dependent variables, is set equal to zero. * * *
algebraic geometry
Math. the study of sets that are defined by algebraic equations. [1895-1900] * * * Study of geometric objects expressed as equations and represented by graphs in a given ...
algebraic number
Math. 1. a root of an algebraic equation with integral coefficients. 2. root1 (def. 10b). [1930-35] * * *       real number for which there exists a polynomial equation ...
algebraic operation
any of the mathematical operations of addition, subtraction, multiplication, division, raising to a power, or extraction of a root. [1930-35] * * *
algebraic surface
      in three-dimensional space, a surface the equation of which is f(x, y, z) = 0, with f(x, y, z) a polynomial in x, y, z. The order of the surface is the degree ...
algebraic topology
Math. the branch of mathematics that deals with the application of algebraic methods to topology, esp. the study of homology and homotopy. * * * Field of mathematics that uses ...
algebraically
See algebraic. * * *
algebraically closed field
Math. a field in which every polynomial equation with coefficients that are elements of the field has at least one root in the field, as the field of complex numbers. * * *
algebraiclanguage
algebraic language n. 1. The conventional method of writing algebraic expressions and formulas. 2. A computer language whose statements are designed to resemble algebraic ...
algebraicnumber
algebraic number n. A number that is a root of a polynomial equation with rational coefficients. * * *
algebraist
/al"jeuh bray'ist/, n. an expert in algebra. [1665-75; ALGEBRA + -IST] * * *
Algeciras
/al'ji sir"euhs/; Sp. /ahl'he thee"rddahs/, n. a seaport in S Spain, in Andalusia, on the Strait of Gibraltar. 81,662. * * * ▪ Spain       port city, Cádiz provincia ...


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