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Algeciras Conference
(Jan. 16–April 7, 1906) Conference held at Algeciras, Spain, that resolved the first of the Moroccan crises. In 1905 William II objected to France's efforts to exert influence ...
Alger
/al"jeuhr/, n. 1. Horatio, Jr., 1834-99, U.S. novelist: author of a series of books for boys. 2. a male given name. * * *
Alger Of Liège
▪ Flemish priest also called  Alger Of Cluny, or Algerus Magister   born c. 1060, Liège, Lower Lorraine [now in Belgium] died c. 1131, Cluny, Burgundy [now in ...
Alger, Horatio
▪ American author also called  Horatio Alger, Jr.   born Jan. 13, 1832, Chelsea, Mass., U.S. died July 18, 1899, Natick, Mass.  one of the most popular American authors in ...
Alger, Horatio, Jr.
born Jan. 13, 1832, Chelsea, Mass., U.S. died July 18, 1899, Natick, Mass. U.S. writer. The son of a Unitarian minister, Alger graduated from Harvard with honours and then ...
Alger,Horatio
Al·ger (ălʹjər), Horatio. 1832-1899. American writer of inspirational adventure books, such as Ragged Dick (1867), featuring impoverished boys who through hard work and ...
Algeria
/al jear"ee euh/, n. a republic in NW Africa: formerly comprised 13 departments of France; gained independence 1962. 29,830,370; 919,352 sq. mi. (2,381,122 sq. km). Cap.: ...
Algeria, flag of
▪ Flag History       vertically striped green-white national flag with a central red star and crescent. Its width-to-length ratio is 2 to 3.       When the ...
Algerian
/al jear"ee euhn/, adj. 1. of or pertaining to Algeria or its inhabitants. n. 2. a native or inhabitant of Algeria. Also, Algerine. [1870-75; ALGERI(A) + -AN] * * * (as used in ...
Algerian Muslim Ulama, Association of
▪ Muslim religious organization also called  Association of Algerian Reformist Ulama , French  Association Des Uléma Musulmans Algériens , or  Association Des Uléma ...
Algerian Reformist {ʽ}Ulamāʾ, Association of
Group of Muslim religious scholars founded in 1931 that worked to create an Algerian Muslim identity. The ʽUlamāʾ opened schools and promoted the teaching of Arabic. It was ...
Algerian stripe
a fabric woven with alternate stripes of coarse cotton and silk, usually cream-colored. * * *
Algerian War
or Algerian War of Independence (1954–62) War for Algerian independence from France. The movement for independence began during World War I (1914–18) and gained momentum ...
algerienne
/al jear'ee en"/, n. a brightly striped woolen fabric used for tents, awnings, curtains, etc. Also, algerine. [ < F algérienne, fem. of algérien ALGERIAN, from the fact that ...
Algerine
/al'jeuh reen"/, adj. 1. Algerian. n. 2. Algerian. 3. (l.c.) a pirate. 4. (l.c.) algerienne. [1650-60; ALGER(IA) + -INE1] * * *
algerita
/al'geuh ree"teuh/, n. agarita. * * *
Algernon
/al"jeuhr neuhn, -non'/, n. a male given name: from an Old North French word meaning "whiskered." * * * (as used in expressions) Parsons Sir Charles Algernon Swinburne Algernon ...
Algernon Swinburne
➡ Swinburne * * *
algesi-
algesi- [al jē′zē, al jē′sē] combining form ALGO- * * *
algesia
—algesic /al jee"zik, -sik/, adj. /al jee"zee euh, -see euh/, n. Med. sensitivity to pain; hyperesthesia. [ < NL < Gk álges(is) feeling of pain + NL -ia -IA] * * *
algesimeter
/al'ji sim"i teuhr/, n. an instrument for determining the sensitiveness of the skin to a painful stimulus. Also, algesiometer /al jee'see om"i teuhr, -zee-/. [ALGESI(A) + ...
algetic
/al jet"ik/, adj. Med. pertaining to or causing pain; painful. [1875-80; < Gk alge- (s. of algeîn to suffer pain) + -TIC] * * *
Alghero
/ahl gair"oh/, n. a seaport in W Sardinia. 30,697. * * * ▪ Italy       town and episcopal see, northwestern Sardinia, Italy, southwest of Sassari city. It was founded ...
algicidal
See algicide. * * *
algicide
—algicidal, adj. /al"jeuh suyd'/, n. a substance or preparation for killing algae. [1900-05; ALG(AE) + -I- + -CIDE] * * *
algid
—algidity, algidness, n. /al"jid/, adj. cold; chilly. [1620-30; < L algidus cold; see ALGOR] * * *
algidity
See algid. * * *
Algie
/al"jee/, n. a male given name, form of Algernon. * * *
Algiers
/al jearz"/, n. 1. a seaport in and the capital of Algeria, in the N part. 1,839,000. 2. one of the former Barbary States in N Africa: now modern Algeria. * * * Arabic ...
algin
/al"jin/, n. Chem. any hydrophilic, colloidal substance found in or obtained from various kelps, as alginic acid or one of its soluble salts. [1880-85; ALG(AE) + -IN2] * * *
algin fiber
Chem. an alkali-soluble fiber produced by injecting a fine stream of alkaline algin into an aqueous solution of a metallic salt, used chiefly in the manufacture of fine ...
alginate
/al"jeuh nayt'/, n. a salt of alginic acid. [1935-40; ALGIN + -ATE2] * * *
alginic acid
/al jin"ik/, Chem. an insoluble, colloidal acid, (C6H8O6)n, found in the cell walls of various kelps, esp. brown kelps, known chiefly in the form of its salts, and used as a ...
alginicacid
al·gin·ic acid (ăl-jĭnʹĭk) n. An insoluble colloidal acid in the form of a carboxylated polysaccharide that is abundant in the cell walls of brown algae. * * *
Algirdas
▪ grand duke of Lithuania Polish  Olgierd  born c. 1296 died 1377       grand duke of Lithuania from 1345 to 1377, who made Lithuania one of the largest European ...
algo-
a combining form meaning "pain," used in the formation of compound words: algophobia. [comb. form repr. Gk álgos] * * *
algoid
/al"goyd/, adj. like algae. [1870-75; ALG(AE) + -OID] * * *
Algol
/al"gol, -gawl/, n. a star of the second magnitude in the constellation Perseus: the first known and most famous eclipsing binary star. Also called Demon Star. [1350-1400; ME < ...
ALGOL
/al"gol, -gawl/, Computers. a computer language in which information is expressed in algebraic notation and according to the rules of Boolean algebra. [1955-60; algo(rithmic) ...
algolagnia
—algolagnic, adj. —algolagnist, n. /al'geuh lag"nee euh/, n. Psychiatry. sexual pleasure derived from enduring or inflicting pain, as in masochism or sadism. [1900-05; < G ...
algolagnic
See algolagnia. * * *
algolagnist
See algolagnic. * * *
algological
See algology. * * *
algologically
See algological. * * *
algologist
See algological. * * *
algology
—algological /al'geuh loj"i keuhl/, adj. —algologically, adv. —algologist, n. /al gol"euh jee/, n. the branch of botany dealing with algae. [1840-50; ALG(AE) + -O- + ...
algometer
—algometric /al'geuh me"trik/, algometrical, adj. —algometrically, adv. —algometry, n. /al gom"i teuhr/, n. a device for determining sensitiveness to pain caused by ...
Algonkian
/al gong"kee euhn/, adj., n., pl. Algonkians, (esp. collectively) Algonkian. adj. 1. Geol. Proterozoic (def. 1). 2. Algonquian. n. 3. Geol. Proterozoic (def. 2). 4. Algonquian. * ...
Algonkin
/al gong"kin/, n., pl. Algonkins, (esp. collectively) Algonkin, adj. n. 1. Algonquin. 2. Algonquian. adj. 3. Algonquian. 4. Algonquin. * * *
Algonquian
/al gong"kee euhn, -kwee euhn/, n., pl. Algonquians, (esp. collectively) Algonquian for 2, adj. n. 1. a family of languages spoken now or formerly by American Indians in an area ...
Algonquian languages
or Algonkian languages Family of 25–30 North American Indian languages spoken or formerly spoken across a broad area of eastern and central North America. They are divided ...
Algonquin
/al gong"kin, -kwin/, n., pl. Algonquins, (esp. collectively) Algonquin for 1, 3, adj. n. 1. a member of a group of North American Indian tribes formerly along the Ottawa River ...
Algonquin Park
a provincial park in S Canada, in SE Ontario. 2741 sq. mi. (7100 sq. km). * * *
Algonquin Provincial Park
▪ park, Ontario, Canada       wilderness area, southeastern Ontario, Canada. It lies about 140 miles (225 km) northeast of Toronto and covers an area of 2,955 square ...
Algonquin Round Table
the informal name for a group of Americans known for their humour. They met regularly in the 1920s and 1930s at the Algonquin Hotel in New York, and the group included the ...
Algonquin, Lake
▪ ancient lake, North America       large glacial lake that once existed in North America and covered most of the area now occupied by three Great Lakes (Superior ...
algophagous
/al gof"euh geuhs/, adj. feeding on algae, as certain insects. [ALG(AE) + -O- + -PHAGOUS] * * *
algophobe
See algophobia. * * *
algophobia
/al'geuh foh"bee euh/, n. Psychiatry. an abnormal dread of pain. [1895-1900; ALGO- + -PHOBIA] * * *
algophobic
See algophobe. * * *
algorism
—algorismic, adj. /al"geuh riz'euhm/, n. Math. Now Rare. 1. the Arabic system of arithmetical notation (with the figures 1, 2, 3, etc.). 2. the art of computation with the ...
algorismic
See algorism. * * *
algorithm
—algorithmic, adj. /al"geuh ridh'euhm/, n. a set of rules for solving a problem in a finite number of steps, as for finding the greatest common divisor. [1890-95; var. of ...
algorithmic
See algorithm. * * *
algorithmic language
Computers. See ALGOL. [1955-60; ALGORITHM + -IC] * * *
algorithmically
See algorithmic. * * *
algorithmiclanguage
algorithmic language n. A programming language in which an algorithmic procedure can be expressed accurately. * * *
algorithms, analysis of
Basic computer-science discipline that aids in the development of effective programs. Analysis of algorithms provides proof of the correctness of algorithms, allows for the ...
algormortis
al·gor mor·tis (ălʹgər môrʹtĭs) n. The cooling of the body that follows death.   [Latin algor, coolness + mortis, genitive of mors, death.] * * *
algraphy
—algraphic /al graf"ik/, adj. /al"greuh fee/, n. Print. (formerly) an offset process employing an aluminum plate instead of a stone. Also called aluminography. [1895-1900; ...
Algren
/awl"grin/, n. Nelson, 1909-81, U.S. novelist and short-story writer. * * *
Algren, Nelson
orig. Nelson Ahlgren Abraham born March 28, 1909, Detroit, Mich., U.S. died May 9, 1981, Sag Harbor, N.Y. U.S. writer. The son of a machinist, Algren grew up in Chicago and ...
Algren,Nelson
Al·gren (ôlʹgrĭn), Nelson. 1909-1981. American writer noted for his novels about the pride and longings of impoverished people, including The Man with the Golden Arm ...
algum
/al"geuhm, awl"-/, n. a Biblical tree, possibly the red sandalwood. II Chron. 2:8. Cf. almug. [1570-80; < Heb algumim (pl.), var. of ALMUGGIM] * * *
Algy
/al"jee/, n. a male given name, form of Algernon. * * *
ALH84001
▪ meteorite   meteorite determined to have come from Mars and the subject of a contentious scientific claim that it contains the remains of ancient life indigenous to the ...
Alhambra
/al ham"breuh/, n. 1. a palace and citadel of the Moorish kings in Granada, Spain: built chiefly between 1248 and 1354. 2. a city in SW California, near Los Angeles. 64,615. [ < ...
Alhambresque
/al'ham bresk"/, adj. resembling the elaborately fanciful style of ornamentation of the Alhambra in Spain. [1860-65; ALHAMBR(A) + -ESQUE] * * *
AlHillah
Al Hil·lah (ăl hĭlʹə, äl) A city of central Iraq on a branch of the Euphrates River south of Baghdad. It was built c. 1100, largely of material salvaged from the nearby ...
Alhucemas
▪ Spanish enclave, Morocco also called  Al-Hoceïma  or  Al-Khuzama        Spanish exclave on the Mediterranean coast of Morocco, comprising a bay, three islets, ...
AlHudaydah
Al Hu·day·dah (äl ho͞o-dāʹdə, -dīʹ-) or Ho·dei·da (hō-dāʹdə) A city of western Yemen on the Red Sea. It is a major port and industrial center. Population: ...
Ali
/ah"lee, ah lee"/ for 1-4; /ah lee"/ for 5, n. 1. ('Ali ibn-abu-Talib) ("the Lion of God") A.D. c600-661, Arab caliph (cousin and son-in-law of Muhammad). 2. See Mehemet Ali. 3. ...
Alī ar-Riḍāʿ
▪ Shīʿite imam in full  Abū Al-ḥasan Ibn Mūsā Ibn Jaʿfar ʿalī Ar-riḍā  born 765/768/770, Medina, Arabia [now in Saudi Arabia] died 818, Ṭūs, ...
Ali Baba
/ah"lee bah"bah, al"ee bab"euh/ the poor woodcutter, hero of a tale in The Arabian Nights' Entertainments, who uses the magic words "Open sesame" to open the door to the cave in ...
Alī Beyʿ
▪ Mamlūk governor of Egypt born 1728, Abkhasia, Caucasus [now Abkhaziya, Georgia] died May 8, 1773, near Ṣāliḥiyya, Egypt       Mamlūk governor of Egypt under ...
Ali G
a comedy character played by the English comedian Sacha Baron Cohen (1970– ). He first appeared in the British television series The 11 O’Clock Show in 1999 and later in Da ...
Ali Haji bin Raja Amhad, Raja
▪ Bugis-Malay prince, historian, and scholar born c. 1809, , Penyengat, Riau, East Indies [now in Indonesia] died c. 1870, , Riau       Bugis-Malay prince who, as a ...
Ali Muhammad of Shiraz.
See Bab ed-Din. * * *
Ali Paşa Tepelenë
▪ Turkish leader byname  Lion of Janina  born 1744, Tepelenë, Albania, Ottoman Empire died February 5 [Jan. 24, Old Style], 1822, Janina, Ottoman Empire [now Ioánnina, ...
Âli Paşa, Mehmed Emin
▪ Ottoman grand vizier born , March 5, 1815, Constantinople, Ottoman Empire [now Istanbul, Tur.] died Sept. 7, 1871, Constantinople       Ottoman grand vizier (chief ...
Ali Pasha
/ah"lee pah shah"/, (Arslan) 1741-1822, Turkish pasha and ruler of Albania 1787?-1820. * * *
Ali, Ahmed
▪ Pakistani writer born July 1, 1910, Delhi, India died January 14, 1994, Karachi, Pakistan       Pakistani author whose novels and short stories examine Islamic ...
Ali, Muhammad
orig. Cassius (Marcellus) Clay born Jan. 17, 1942, Louisville, Ken., U.S. U.S. boxer. Cassius Clay took up boxing at the age of 12 and rose through the amateur ranks to win ...
Ali,Muhammad
Ali, Muhammad. Originally Cassius Marcellus Clay (klā) Born 1942. American prizefighter who won the world heavyweight title in 1964, 1974, and 1978. * * *
Alia, Ramiz
▪ president of Albania born October 18, 1925, Shkodër, Albania       president of Albania (1982–92) and head of the communist Party of Labour of Albania (1985–91), ...
Aliákmon
A·li·ák·mon (äl-yäkʹmôn, ä'lē-äkʹ-) A river, about 322 km (200 mi) long, of northern Greece. It is the longest river in the country. * * *
Aliákmon River
River, northern Greece. Rising in the Grammos Mountains and flowing southeast and northeast for 185 mi (297 km) into the upper Gulf of Salonika, it is the longest river in Greek ...
alias
/ay"lee euhs/, n., pl. aliases, adv. n. 1. a false name used to conceal one's identity; an assumed name: The police files indicate that "Smith" is an alias for Simpson. adv. 2. ...
alias dictus
/ah"lee ahs dik"toos/; Eng. /ay"lee euhs dik"teuhs/, Latin. otherwise called; alias. * * *
aliasing
/ay"lee euh sing/, n. jaggies. * * *
AliBaba
A·li Ba·ba (ä'lē bäʹbə, ăl'ē) n. A poor woodcutter in the Arabian Nights who gains entrance to the treasure cave of the 40 thieves by saying the magic words “Open, ...
alibi
/al"euh buy'/, n., pl. alibis, v. n. 1. Law. the defense by an accused person of having been elsewhere at the time an alleged offense was committed. 2. an excuse, esp. to avoid ...
alible
—alibility, n. /al"euh beuhl/, adj. Archaic. nutritive; nourishing. [1650-60; < L alibilis, equiv. to al(ere) to feed + -ibilis -IBLE] * * *
Alicante
/al'euh kan"tee/; Sp. /ah'lee kahn"te/, n. a seaport in SE Spain, on the Mediterranean. 184,716. * * * City (pop., 2001: 284,580), southeastern Spain, located on Alicante Bay of ...
alicatado
▪ mosaic  mosaic formed of polygonal, coloured glazed tiles. Made up into geometric patterns, they have been used mostly for paving Spanish and Moorish patios but also for ...
Alice
/al"is/, n. 1. a city in S Texas. 20,961. 2. the. See Alice Springs. 3. a female given name: from a Germanic word meaning "of noble rank." * * * (as used in expressions) Alice ...
Alice blue
a pale grayish-blue color. [1920-25, Amer.; named after Alice Longworth (daughter of Theodore Roosevelt)] * * *
Alice in Wonderland
a children’s book (1865) by Lewis Carroll. Its full title is Alice’s Adventures in Wonderland. Alice, a young girl, dreams that she follows a white rabbit down its hole and ...
Alice Springs
a town in Northern Territory, in central Australia. 13,400. Also called the Alice. Formerly, Stuart. * * * Town (pop., 2001 prelim.: 26,990), Northern Territory, Australia. It ...
Alice Walker
➡ Walker * * *
Alice's Adventures in Wonderland
a story for children (1865) by Lewis Carroll. Also called Alice in Wonderland. * * *
Alice's fern.
See Hartford fern. * * *
Alice-in-Wonderland
/al"is in wun"deuhr land'/, adj. resembling a dream or fantasy; unreal: an Alice-in-Wonderland world of incompleted projects and wishful thinking. [1920-25] * * *
Alicia
/euh lish"euh, euh lish"ee euh, euh lee"sheuh, -shee euh/, n. a female given name, form of Alice. * * * (as used in expressions) Alonso Alicia Alicia Martínez Hoyo Alicia ...
Alick
/al"ik/, n. a male given name, form of Alexander. * * *
alicyclic
/al'euh suy"klik, -sik"lik/, adj. Chem. of or noting organic compounds essentially aliphatic in chemical behavior but differing structurally in that the essential carbon atoms ...
alicyclic compound
▪ chemical compound       in chemistry, any of a large class of organic compounds in which three or more atoms of the element carbon are linked together in a ring. The ...
alidade
/al"i dayd'/, n. Survey. 1. (in plane-tabling) a straightedge having a telescopic sight or other means of sighting parallel to the straightedge. 2. the entire upper part of a ...
alien
/ayl"yeuhn, ay"lee euhn/, n. 1. a resident born in or belonging to another country who has not acquired citizenship by naturalization (distinguished from citizen). 2. a ...
Alien and Sedition Acts
Four laws passed by the U.S. Congress in 1798, in anticipation of war with France. The acts, precipitated by the XYZ Affair, restricted aliens and curtailed press criticism of ...
alienability
See alienable. * * *
alienable
—alienability, n. /ayl"yeuh neuh beuhl, ay"lee euh-/, adj. Law. capable of being sold or transferred. [1605-15; ALIEN + -ABLE] * * *
alienage
/ayl"yeuh nij, ay"lee euh-/, n. 1. the state of being an alien. 2. the legal status of an alien. Also called alienism. [1800-10; ALIEN + -AGE] * * *
alienate
—alienator, n. /ayl"yeuh nayt', ay"lee euh-/, v.t., alienated, alienating. 1. to make indifferent or hostile: He has alienated his entire family. 2. to turn away; transfer or ...
alienation
—alienative, adj. /ayl'yeuh nay"sheuhn, ay'lee euh-/, n. 1. the act of alienating. 2. the state of being alienated. 3. Law. a transfer of the title to property by one person to ...
alienation effect
▪ theatre also called  a-effect or distancing effect , German  Verfremdungseffekt or V-effekt   idea central to the dramatic theory of the German dramatist-director ...
alienation of affections
Law. the estrangement by a third person of one spouse from the other. [1865-70] * * *
alienationof affection
alienation of affection n. Law The wrongful or injurious act of interfering with an affectionate relationship so that one person loses affection for the other. * * *
alienator
See alienate. * * *
alienee
/ayl'yeuh nee", ay'lee euh-/, n. Law. a person to whom property is alienated. [1525-35; obs. alien (v.), ME alienen + -EE] * * *
alieni generis
/ah'li ay"nee ge"ne rddis/; Eng. /ay'luy ee"nuy jen"euhr is, ay'lee-/, Latin. of another kind. * * *
alieni juris
/ay'luy ee"nuy joor"is, ay'lee-/, Law. under the control of another, as a lunatic or infant. Cf. sui juris. [ < L: lit., of another's law] * * *
alienism
/ayl"yeuh niz'euhm, ay"lee euh-/, n. alienage. [1800-10, Amer.; ALIEN + -ISM] * * *
alienist
/ayl'yeuh nist, ay'lee euh-/, n. 1. (formerly) a doctor specializing in the treatment of mental illness. 2. an expert witness in a sanity trial. [1860-65; ALIEN(ATION) + -IST; ...
alienor
/ayl"yeuh neuhr, ay"lee euh-, ayl'yeuh nawr", ay'lee euh-/, n. Law. a person who transfers property. Also, aliener /ayl"yeuh neuhr, ay"lee euh-/. [1545-55; obs. alien (v.), ME ...
aliesterase
al·i·es·ter·ase (ăl'ē-ĕsʹtə-rās', -rāz') n. An enzyme contributing to ester-link hydrolysis, particularly in aliphatic esters.   [aliphatic + esterase.] * * *
Aliev, Geidar
▪ 1994       Some old soldiers, it seems, do not die or fade away. They just keep popping up here and there in leadership positions in various former Soviet states. In ...
alif
/ah"lif/, n. 1. the first letter of the Arabic alphabet. 2. the glottal stop consonant represented by this letter. [ < Ar; see ALEPH] * * *
Alife
A·life also A-life (āʹlīf') n. See artificial life. * * *
aliform
/al"euh fawrm', ay"leuh-/, adj. wing-shaped; wing-like; alar. [1830-40; AL(A) + -I- + -FORM] * * *
Aligarh
/ah"lee gur', al"euh gahr'/, n. a city in W Uttar Pradesh, in N India. 254,008. * * * ▪ India also called  Koil  or  Kol        city, west-central Uttar Pradesh ...
Aliger, Margarita Iosifovna
▪ Russian writer, and Soviet propagandist born September 24 [October 7, New Style], 1915, Odessa, Ukraine, Russian Empire died August 1992, Peredelkino, ...
alight
alight1 /euh luyt"/, v.i., alighted or alit, alighting. 1. to dismount from a horse, descend from a vehicle, etc. 2. to settle or stay after descending: The bird alighted on the ...
align
—aligner, n. /euh luyn"/, v.t. 1. to arrange in a straight line; adjust according to a line. 2. to bring into a line or alignment. 3. to bring into cooperation or agreement ...
aligner
See align. * * *
aligning punch
a drift for aligning rivet holes. * * *
alignment
/euh luyn"meuhnt/, n. 1. an adjustment to a line; arrangement in a straight line. 2. the line or lines so formed. 3. the proper adjustment of the components of an electronic ...
alignment chart
Math. nomogram. [1910-15] * * *
aligoté
Fr. /ann lee gaw tay"/; Eng. /al'i goh tay"/, n. 1. a white grape of Burgundy. 2. the dry white wine made from this grape. [1910-15; < F, appar. n. use of ptp. of OF (h)aligoter, ...
alike
—alikeness, n. /euh luyk"/, adv. 1. in the same manner or form; similarly: They treated all customers alike. 2. to the same degree; equally: All three were guilty ...
alikeness
See alike. * * *
aliment
—alimental, adj. —alimentally, adv. n. /al"euh meuhnt/; v. /al"euh ment'/, n. 1. that which nourishes; nutriment; food. 2. that which sustains; means of support. v.t. 3. to ...
alimental
See aliment. * * *
alimentally
See alimental. * * *
alimentary
/al'euh men"teuh ree/, adj. 1. concerned with the function of nutrition; nutritive. 2. pertaining to food. 3. providing sustenance or maintenance. [1605-15; < L alimentarius. See ...
alimentary canal
Anat., Zool. a tubular passage functioning in the digestion and absorption of food and the elimination of food residue, beginning at the mouth and terminating at the ...
alimentary paste
      a shaped and dried dough prepared from semolina, farina, wheat flour, or a mixture of these with water or milk and with or without egg or egg yolk. See pasta. * * *
alimentarycanal
alimentary canal n. The mucous membrane-lined tube of the digestive system through which food passes, in which digestion takes place, and from which wastes are eliminated. It ...
alimentation
/al'euh men tay"sheuhn/, n. 1. nourishment; nutrition. 2. maintenance; support. 3. addition to the volume of a glacial mass, chiefly by the accumulation of ice, snow, or névé. ...
alimentative
—alimentatively, adv. —alimentativeness, n. /al'euh men"teuh tiv/, adj. nourishing; nutritive. [1880-85; ALIMENT + -ATIVE] * * *
alimony
—alimonied, adj. /al"euh moh'nee/, n. 1. Law. an allowance paid to a person by that person's spouse or former spouse for maintenance, granted by a court upon a legal separation ...
Alinagar, Treaty of
▪ Great Britain-India [1757]       (Feb. 9, 1757), pact concluded in India by the British agent Robert Clive (Clive, Robert, 1st Baron Clive of Plassey) after his ...
aline
—alinement, n. —aliner, n. /euh luyn"/, v.t., v.i., alined, alining. align. * * *
Aline
/euh leen", al"een/, n. a female given name, form of Adeline. * * *
alinotum
/ay'leuh noh"teuhm, al'euh-/, n., pl. alinota /-teuh/. the plate to which the wings are attached on the notum of an insect. [ < NL, equiv. to L al(a) ALA + -i- -I- + Gk nôton ...
Alinsky, Saul
▪ American activist born Jan. 30, 1909, Chicago, Ill., U.S. died June 12, 1972, Carmel, Calif.       American social organizer who stimulated the creation of numerous ...
Alioth
/al"ee oth'/, n. Astron. a star of the second magnitude in the constellation Ursa Major. [ < Ar < ?] * * *
aliped
/al"euh ped'/, Zool. adj. 1. having the toes connected by a winglike membrane, as a bat. n. 2. an aliped animal. [1725-35; < L aliped- (s. of alipes wing-footed). See ALA, ...
aliphatic
/al'euh fat"ik/, adj. Chem. pertaining to nonaromatic hydrocarbon compounds in which the constituent carbon atoms can be straight-chain, branched chain, or cyclic, as in ...
aliphatic compound
▪ chemical compound       any chemical compound belonging to the organic class in which the atoms are not linked together to form a ring. One of the major structural ...
Alipore
▪ India also spelled  Alipur        town, West Bengal state, northeastern India. A southern suburb of Kolkata (Calcutta) (Calcutta) included within the ...
alipterion
/al'ip tear"ee euhn/, n., pl. alipteria /-tear"ee euh/. (in an ancient Roman bath) a room for anointment. Also called elaeothesium, unctuarium. [ < Gk aleiptérion, equiv. to ...
Alipur Duar
▪ India       town, northeastern West Bengal state, northeastern India, just north of the Kalyani River. Connected by road with Jalpaiguri, the town is an important ...
aliquant
/al"i kweuhnt/, adj. Math. Now Rare. contained in a number or quantity, but not dividing it evenly: An aliquant part of 16 is 5. [1685-95; < L aliquantus more or less great, ...
Aliquippa
/al'i kwip"euh/, n. a borough in W Pennsylvania. 17,094. * * * ▪ Pennsylvania, United States       city, Beaver county, western Pennsylvania, U.S. It lies along the ...
aliquot
/al"i kweuht/, adj. 1. Math. forming an exact proper divisor: An aliquot part of 15 is 5. 2. Chem., Pharm. comprising a known fraction of a whole and constituting a sample: an ...
alis volat propriis
/ah"lis woh"laht prddoh"prddee is/; Eng. /ay"lis voh"lat proh"pree is/, Latin. She flies with her own wings (motto of Oregon). * * *
Alişar Hüyük
▪ archaeological site, Turkey       site of an ancient Anatolian town southeast of Boğazköy in central Turkey. Thorough and extensive excavations there by the Oriental ...
Alismataceae
▪ plant family  the water plantain family of about 90 species of freshwater flowering plants belonging to the order Alismatales and including 11 genera, the most common of ...
Alismatales
▪ plant order Introduction   arrowhead and pondweed order of flowering plants, belonging to the monocotyledon (monocot) group, whose species have a single seed leaf. Most ...
Alisol
▪ FAO soil group  one of the 30 soil groups in the classification system of the Food and Agriculture Organization (FAO) (soil). Alisols are highly acidic, poorly drained ...
Alison
/al"euh seuhn/, n. a female given name, form of Alice. * * *
Alison Louise Kennedy
➡ Kennedy (II) * * *
Alissa
/euh lis"euh/, n. a female given name: from a Hebrew word meaning "joy." Also, Alisa /euh lee"seuh/. * * *
alist
/euh list"/, adj. Naut. (of a vessel) inclined to one side; heeling or listing. [A-1 + LIST1] * * *
Alistair
Alistair [al′i ster΄] n. 〚
Alistair Cooke
➡ Cooke (I) * * *
Alistair Maclean
➡ Maclean (I) * * *
alit
/euh lit"/, v. a pt. and pp. of alight1. * * *
Alitalia
Italian international airline with headquarters in Rome. Although the airline no longer commands monopoly status in its country, as of 2002 the Italian government still owned a ...
Alitalia–Linee Aeree Italiane
▪ Italian airline       Italian international airline founded in 1946 and, by the early 21st century, serving more than 80 cities in Europe, Africa, Asia, North and ...
aliteracy
See aliterate. * * *
aliterate
—aliteracy, n. /ay lit"euhr it/, n. 1. a person who is able to read but rarely chooses to do so: Schools are worried about producing aliterates who prefer television to ...
Alito, Samuel
▪ 2007       On Jan. 31, 2006, two hours after being confirmed by the U.S. Senate, Samuel Alito was sworn in to replace U.S. Supreme Court Justice Sandra Day O'Connor, ...
Alito, Samuel A., Jr.
▪ United States jurist in full  Samuel Anthony Alito, Jr.  born April 1, 1950, Trenton, New Jersey, U.S.    associate justice of the Supreme Court of the United States ...
aliturgical
/ay'li terr"ji keuhl/, adj. designating those days on which the celebration of certain liturgies, esp. the Eucharist, is forbidden. Also, aliturgic. [1870-75; A-6 + LITURGICAL] * ...
aliunde
/ay'lee un"dee/, adv., adj. Chiefly Law. not part of or derivable from the document or instrument itself: evidence aliunde. [ < L: from another person or place, equiv. to ali(us) ...
alive
—aliveness, n. /euh luyv"/, adj. 1. having life; living; existing; not dead or lifeless. 2. living (used for emphasis): the proudest man alive. 3. in a state of action; in ...
aliveness
See alive. * * *
aliyah
Seph. Heb., Eng. /ah'lee ah"/; for 1 also Ashk. Heb. /ah lee"aw/ or, Eng., /euh lee"euh/, n., pl. aliyahs, aliyos /ah'lee yahz"/; for 1 also Ashk. Heb. /ah lee"awz/ or, Eng., ...
Aliyev, Heydar
▪ 2004 Geidar Ali Reza ogly Aliev        Azerbaijani politician (b. May 10, 1923, Nakhichevan region, Transcaucasian S.F.S.R., U.S.S.R. [now an autonomous region of ...
alizarin
/euh liz"euhr in/, n. Chem. a solid appearing reddish-orange as crystals and brownish-yellow as powder, C14H8O4, one of the earliest known dyes, formerly obtained in its natural ...
alizarin crimson
a pigment used in painting, derived from anthraquinone and characterized by its red color and transparency. * * *
Alīʿ
▪ Muslim caliph Introduction in full  ʿAlī ibn Abī Ṭālib  born c. 600, Mecca, Arabia [now in Saudi Arabia] died January 661, Kūfah, Iraq       cousin and ...
alk.
1. alkali. 2. alkaline. * * *
alka
▪ Baltic religion also called  Alkas,         in Baltic religion, an open-air religious site, a natural sanctuary—forest, hill, river—that was sacred and ...
Alka-Seltzer{™}
a medicine which is mixed with water to make a fizzy drink (= one containing many bubbles) that people take when they have indigestion (= stomach pain caused by difficulty in ...
alkahest
—alkahestic, alkahestical, adj. /al"keuh hest'/, n. the universal solvent sought by the alchemists. Also, alcahest. [1635-45; < late ML alchahest; prob. coinage of ...
alkahestic
See alkahest. * * *
alkahestical
See alkahestic. * * *
Alkalai, Judah ben Solomon Hai
born 1798, Sarajevo, Bosnia, Ottoman Empire died 1878, Jerusalem Sephardic rabbi. Raised in Jerusalem, he became rabbi at Semlin, Croatia. He argued that a physical return to ...
alkalemia
/al'keuh lee"mee euh/, n. Pathol. abnormal alkalinity of the blood. [1920-25; ALKAL(I) + -EMIA] * * *
alkalescence
alkalescence [al΄kə les′ən sēal΄kə les′əns] n. 〚 ALKAL( + -ESCENCE〛 the quality of being alkaline or somewhat alkaline: also alkalescency [al΄kə les′ən ...
alkalescency
See alkalescence. * * *
alkalescent
—alkalescence, alkalescency, n. /al'keuh les"euhnt/, adj. tending to become alkaline; slightly alkaline. [1725-35; ALKAL(I) + -ESCENT] * * *
alkali
/al"keuh luy'/, n., pl. alkalis, alkalies, adj. n. 1. Chem. a. any of various bases, the hydroxides of the alkali metals and of ammonium, that neutralize acids to form salts and ...
alkali blue
Chem. any of the class of blue pigments having the highest tinting strength, by weight, of all known blue pigments: used chiefly in the manufacture of printing inks. * * *
alkali feldspar
Any of several common silicate minerals that often occur as whitish to variously coloured, glassy crystals. The alkali feldspars may be regarded as mixtures of sodium ...
alkali flat
a level area, as a dry lake bed, in which evaporation has concentrated alkali minerals, as sodium sulfates and carbonates. Cf. salt flat. [1870-75, Amer.] * * * ▪ geological ...
alkali grass
a plant, Zigadenus elegans, of central and western North America, having tough, wiry, bluish-green leaves and greenish flowers. [1865-70, Amer.] * * *
alkali metal
Chem. any of the group of univalent metals including potassium, sodium, lithium, rubidium, cesium, and francium, whose hydroxides are alkalis. [1880-85] * * * Any of the six ...
alkali metaprotein
Biochem. a metaprotein derived by means of a hydrolytic alkali. * * *
alkali rock
Mineral. any igneous rock with a marked preponderance of alkali and a low percentage of silica. * * *
alkali soil
soil that has either a high degree of alkalinity or a high percentage of sodium, or both, so that most crops cannot be grown in it profitably. [1910-15] * * *
alkali-loving
/al"keuh luy luv'ing/, adj. (of a plant) requiring a pH of 7.1 to 9 for optimal growth. * * *
alkalic
/al kal"ik/, adj. Geol. (of igneous rock) containing a relatively high percentage of sodium and potassium alkali. [1725-35, in sense "alkaline;" ALKAL(I) + -IC] * * *
alkalify
—alkalifiable, adj. /al"keuh leuh fuy', al kal"euh-/, v., alkalified, alkalifying. Chem. v.t. 1. to alkalize. v.i. 2. to become alkaline. [1825-35; ALKALI + -FY] * * *
alkalimetal
alkali metal n. Any of a group of soft, white, low-density, low-melting, highly reactive metallic elements, including lithium, sodium, potassium, rubidium, cesium, and ...
alkalimeter
—alkalimetric /al'keuh leuh me"trik/, alkalimetrical, adj. —alkalimetrically, adv. —alkalimetry, n. /al'keuh lim"i teuhr/, n. Physical Chem. an instrument for determining ...
alkalimetry
See alkalimeter. * * *
alkaline
/al"keuh luyn', -lin/, adj. Chem. 1. of or like an alkali. 2. containing an alkali. 3. having the properties of an alkali. 4. having a pH value greater than 7. Cf. acid (def. ...
alkaline earth
Chem. any of the oxides of barium, radium, strontium, calcium, and, sometimes, magnesium. [1810-20] * * *
alkaline earth metal
Any of the six chemical elements in the second leftmost group of the periodic table (beryllium, magnesium, calcium, strontium, barium, and radium). Their name harks back to ...
alkaline phosphatase
n. Biochem. a phosphatase active in an alkaline medium. [1945-50] * * * ▪ enzyme       enzyme that is normally present in high concentrations in growing bone and in ...
alkaline-earth metal
/al"keuh luyn'errth", -lin-/, Chem. any of the group of bivalent metals including barium, radium, strontium, calcium, and, usually, magnesium, the hydroxides of which are alkalis ...
alkaline-earthmetal
al·ka·line-earth metal (ălʹkə-lĭn-ûrthʹ, -līn'-) n. Any of a group of metallic elements, especially calcium, strontium, magnesium, and barium, but generally including ...
alkalinity
/al'keuh lin"i tee/, n. Chem. alkaline condition; the quality that constitutes an alkali. [1780-90; ALKALINE + -ITY] * * *
alkalinize
alkalinize [al′kə lin īz΄] vt. alkalinized, alkalinizing ALKALIZE alkalinization n. * * *
alkalization
See alkalize. * * *
alkalize
—alkalizable, adj. —alkalization, n. —alkalizer, n. /al"keuh luyz'/, v.t., v.i., alkalized, alkalizing. Chem. to make or become alkaline. Also, alkalinize; esp. Brit., ...
alkaloid
/al"keuh loyd'/, Biochem., Chem., Pharm. n. 1. any of a large class of organic, nitrogen-containing ring compounds of vegetable origin and sometimes synthesized, some of which ...
alkaloidal
/al'keuh loyd"l/, adj. of, pertaining to, or derived from alkaloids. [1875-80; ALKALOID + -AL1] * * *
alkalosis
—alkalotic /al'keuh lot"ik/, adj. /al'keuh loh"sis/, n. Pathol. a condition of the blood and other body fluids in which the bicarbonate concentration is above normal, tending ...
alkalotic
See alkalosis. * * *
Alkan, Valentin
▪ French pianist and composer in full  Charles-Henri-Valentin Alkan , original name  Charles-Henri-Valentin Morhange  born Nov. 30, 1813, Paris, France died March 29, ...
alkane
/al"kayn/, n. Chem. any member of the alkane series. [1895-1900; ALK(YL) + -ANE] * * * or paraffin Any of a class of hydrocarbons whose molecules consist only of carbon and ...
alkane series
Chem. the homologous series of saturated, aliphatic hydrocarbons having the general formula CnH2n+2, as methane, CH4, or ethane, C2H6. Also called methane series, paraffin ...
alkaneseries
alkane series n. A group of saturated open-chain hydrocarbons having the general formula CnH2n+2, the most abundant of which is methane. Also called methane series, paraffin ...
alkanet
/al"keuh net'/, n. 1. a European plant, Alkanna tinctoria, of the borage family. 2. the root of this plant, yielding a red dye. 3. the dye itself. 4. any of several similar hairy ...
alkanethiol
/al'kayn thuy"awl, -ol/, n. Chem. any compound containing an alkyl group joined to a mercapto group, as methyl mercaptan or methanethiol, CH3SH. [ALKANE + THIOL] * * *
alkannin
/al kan"in/, n. Chem. a dark red, amorphous, water-insoluble powder, C16H16O5, obtained from the root of the alkanet: used chiefly for coloring fats, oils, and pharmaceuticals. [ ...
alkapton
/al kap"ton, -teuhn/, n. Biochem. See homogentisic acid. [1885-90; AL(KALI) + Gk kápt(ein) to gulp + -ON] * * *
alkaptonuria
/al kap'teuh noor"ee euh, -nyoor"-/, n. Pathol. excessive excretion of homogentisic acid in the urine, caused by a hereditary abnormality of the metabolism of tyrosine and ...
alkekengi
/al'keuh ken"jee/, n. the winter cherry plant or fruit. [1400-50; late ME < ML < Ar al the + kakanj ground cherry < Pers] * * *
alkene
/al"keen/, n. Chem. any member of the alkene series. [1895-1900; ALK(YL) + -ENE] * * *
alkene series
Chem. the homologous series of unsaturated, aliphatic hydrocarbons containing one double bond and having the general formula CnH2n, as ethylene, H2C=CH2. Also called ethylene ...
alkermes
/al kerr"meez/, n. a Mediterranean liqueur made from brandy flavored with nutmeg, cinnamon, cloves, and other spices, and colored red with kermes or cochineal. [1595-1605; < Sp < ...
Alkestis
/al kes"tis/, n. Class. Myth. Alcestis (def. 1). * * *
AlKhalil
Al Kha·lil (äl kä-lēlʹ, KHä-) See Hebron. * * *
alkie
alkie [al′kē] n. alt. sp. of ALKY * * *
alkine
/al"kuyn/, n. Chem. alkyne. * * *
Alkmaar
/ahlk"mahrdd/, n. a city in the W Netherlands: cheese market. 73,766. * * * ▪ municipality, The Netherlands  gemeente (municipality), northwestern Netherlands. It lies along ...
Alkmene
/alk mee"nee/, n. Class. Myth. Alcmene. * * *
Alkoran
/al'kaw rahn", -ran", -koh-/, n. the Koran. Also, Alcoran. [1325-75; < Ar al-qur'an lit., reading (aloud); r. ME alkaro(u)n < MF or ML] * * *
alkoxide
/al kok"suyd, -sid/, n. Chem. a compound formed from an alcohol by the replacement of the hydrogen of the hydroxyl group with a metal, as sodium methoxide, CH3ONa, from methyl ...


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