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allicin [al′ə sin΄] n. 〚< alliin, an amino acid found in garlic oil (< L allium, garlic + -IN1) + -(I)C + -IN1〛 an unstable, yellowish, oily liquid, C6H10OS2, extracted ...
/euh luyd", al"uyd/, adj. 1. joined by treaty, agreement, or common cause: allied nations. 2. related; kindred: allied species. 3. (cap.) of or pertaining to the ...
Allied air strength, September 1939
▪ Table Allied air strength, September 1939 aircraft British French Polish bombers 536 463 200 fighters 608 634 300 reconnaissance 96 444 — coastal ...
Allied Powers
or Allies Nations allied in opposition to the Central Powers in World War I or to the Axis Powers in World War II. The original Allies in World War I the British Empire, ...
▪ American corporation       former American corporation that became a leading manufacturer of aerospace systems and components before merging with Honeywell ...
/ann lyay"/, n. 1. a river flowing N from S France to the Loire. ab. 250 mi. (400 km) long. 2. a department in central France. 378,406; 2850 sq. mi. (7380 sq. km). Cap.: ...
Allier River
▪ river, France Latin  Elaver,         river, central France, that joins the Loire River 4 miles (6 km) west of Nevers after a course of 255 miles (410 km). Rising in ...
/al"uyz, euh luyz"/, n. 1. pl. of ally. 2. (cap.) (in World War I) the powers of the Triple Entente (Great Britain, France, Russia), with the nations allied with them (Belgium, ...
/al"i gayt'/, v.t., alligated, alligating. Obs. to attach; bind. [1535-45; < L alligatus (ptp. of alligare), equiv. to al- AL- + lig- bind (see LIGATURE) + -atus -ATE1] * * *
/al"i gay'teuhr/, n. 1. either of two broad-snouted crocodilians of the genus Alligator, of the southeastern U.S. and eastern China. 2. (loosely) any broad-snouted crocodilian, ...
alligator apple
▪ plant  fruit tree of tropical America valued for its roots. See custard apple. * * *
alligator clip
Elect. a type of terminal for making temporary electrical connections, consisting of a cliplike device with long, narrow jaws that resemble those of an alligator. Also called ...
alligator gar
a large, heavily scaled fish, Lepisosteus spatula, with an elongated body and long snout, found mainly in shallow weedy fresh water in the southeastern U.S. [1815-25, Amer.] * * *
alligator lizard
any of several lizards of the genera Algaria and Gerrhonotus, of western North America, having shinglelike scales and a fold along each side that permits expansion. * * * ▪ ...
alligator pear
avocado (def. 1). [1755-65; alligator, alter. by folk etym. of Sp avocado or AmerSp aguacate (see AVOCADO)] * * *
Alligator Rivers
▪ rivers, Northern Territory, Australia       three perennial rivers, northeastern Northern Territory, Australia, that empty into Van Diemen Gulf, an inlet of the ...
alligator shear
heavy shears for cutting metal slabs. * * *
alligator snapper
☆ alligator snapper n. a large, freshwater snapping turtle (Macroclemys temmincki) of the SE U.S. and the Mississippi Valley, found chiefly in rivers and bayous: it may weigh ...
alligator snapping turtle
a large American snapping turtle, Macroclemys temmincki, having three prominent ridges on its shell and a wormlike process on the floor of the mouth used to attract prey. Also ...
alligator wrench
Mach. a wrench having a V-shaped pair of serrated jaws set at right angles to the shank for turning cylindrical or irregularly shaped parts. [1935-40] * * *
alligator clip n. A spring-loaded clip with serrated jaws, often used to make temporary electrical connections. * * *
/al"i gay'teuhr fish'/, n., pl. (esp. collectively) alligatorfish, (esp. referring to two or more kinds or species) alligatorfishes. 1. a slender marine fish, Aspidophoroides ...
al·li·ga·tor·ing (ălʹĭ-gā'tər-ĭng) n. The formation of cracks on the surface of paint layers.   [From the resemblance of the cracks to the pattern of an alligator's ...
alligator pear n. See avocado.   [By folk etymology from American Spanish aguacate, avocado (the trees are said to grow in areas infested by alligators). See aguacate.] * * *
alligatorsnapping turtle
alligator snapping turtle n. A large freshwater snapping turtle (Macroclemys temminckii) of the south-central United States, having a rough carapace and powerful hooked jaws. ...
alligator weed n. An aquatic South American perennial plant (Alternanthera philoxeroides) having opposite, lance-shaped leaves and tight clusters of small whitish flowers. It is ...
Alliluyeva, Svetlana
▪ Russian writer Alliluyeva also spelled  Allilueva,  original name  Svetlana Iosifovna Stalina, married name Lana Peters   born Feb. 28, 1926, Moscow, Russia, ...
Allin, the Right Rev. John Maury
▪ 1999       American religious leader who was the Episcopal Church's 23rd presiding bishop, serving from 1974 to 1986; he was active in efforts to raise money for the ...
/al"ing euhm/, n. Margery, 1904-66, English mystery writer. * * *
Allingham, Margery
▪ British author born May 20, 1904, London, Eng. died June 30, 1966, Colchester, Essex       British detective-story writer of unusual subtlety, wit, and imaginative ...
Allingham, Margery (Louise)
born May 20, 1904, London, Eng. died June 30, 1966, Colchester, Essex British detective-story writer. She published her first story at age 8, her first novel at 19, and her ...
/euh lizh"euhn/, n. Law. the striking of one ship by another. [1625-35; < LL allision (s. of allisio), equiv. to allis(us) struck at, ptp. of allidere (al- AL- + -lid- strike ...
/al"euh seuhn/, n. 1. Donald (Donnie), born 1939, and his brother, Robert (Bobby), born 1937, U.S. racing-car drivers. 2. a female given name, form of Alice. * * *
Allison, Davey
▪ 1994       U.S. race-car driver (b. Feb. 25, 1961, Hueytown, Ala.—d. July 13, 1993, Birmingham, Ala.), won 19 titles while competing on the Winston Cup tour, ...
Allison, Luther
▪ 1998       American blues singer and guitarist who during a 30-year career appeared with almost all of the leading blues performers and also served as an influence on ...
Allison, William B.
▪ American politician in full  William Boyd Allison   born March 2, 1829, Ashland, Ohio, U.S. died Aug. 4, 1908, Dubuque, Iowa  U.S. representative (1863–71) and senator ...
—alliterator, n. /euh lit"euh rayt'/, v., alliterated, alliterating. v.i. 1. to show alliteration: In "Round and round the rugged rock the ragged rascal ran," the "r" ...
/euh lit'euh ray"sheuhn/, n. 1. the commencement of two or more stressed syllables of a word group either with the same consonant sound or sound group (consonantal alliteration), ...
—alliteratively, adv. —alliterativeness, n. /euh lit"euh ray'tiv, -euhr euh tiv/, adj. pertaining to or characterized by alliteration: alliterative verse. [1755-65; ...
alliterative prose
▪ literature       prose that uses alliteration and some of the techniques of alliterative verse. Notable examples are from Old English and Middle English, including ...
alliterative verse
▪ literature       early verse of the Germanic languages in which alliteration, the repetition of consonant sounds at the beginning of words or stressed syllables, is ...
See alliterative. * * *
See alliteratively. * * *
/al"ee euhm/, n. 1. any bulbous plant belonging to the genus Allium, of the amaryllis family, having an onion odor and flowers in a round cluster, including the onion, leek, ...
Allman Brothers Band, the
▪ American rock group Introduction       American rock band whose bluesy, jam-oriented sound helped spark the Southern rock movement of the 1970s and set the stage for ...
/awl"mowth'/, n., pl. allmouths /-mowdhz', mowths'/. angler (def. 3). [ALL + MOUTH; i.e., big mouth] * * *
/awl"nis/, n. the quality or state of universality or totality. [1645-55; ALL + -NESS] * * *
all night·er or all-night·er (ôl'nīʹtər) n. Informal A project or event lasting all through the night, especially an intense bout of study or work: pulled an all nighter to ...
allo abbr. allegro. * * *
a combining form meaning "other," used in the formation of compound words (allotrope) and in chemistry to denote the more stable of two geometric isomers. Also (except in ...
allegro. * * *
/al'oh an"ti bod'ee, -an"tee-/, n., pl. alloantibodies. Immunol. an antibody that reacts with an antigen from a genetically different individual of the same species. [1965-70; ...
/al'oh an"ti jeuhn, -jen'/, n. Immunol. an antigen present in some but not all individuals of the same species, as those in different human blood groups. [1965-70; ALLO- + ...
/al'euh bar"ik/, adj. Meteorol. of or pertaining to change in atmospheric pressure: allobaric wind. [ALLO- + BARIC2] * * *
▪ people       ancient Celtic tribe that lived in the part of southeastern France bounded by the Rhône and Isère rivers and in the area around present-day Geneva. The ...
/al"euh keuh beuhl/, adj. that can be allocated. Also, allocatable. [1915-19; ALLOC(ATE) + -ABLE] * * *
See allocate. * * *
—allocator, n. /al"euh kayt'/, v.t., allocated, allocating. 1. to set apart for a particular purpose; assign or allot: to allocate funds for new projects. 2. to fix the place ...
—allocative, adj. /al'euh kay"sheuhn/, n. 1. the act of allocating; apportionment. 2. the state of being allocated. 3. the share or portion allocated. 4. Accounting. a system ...
allocation of resources
Apportionment of productive assets among different uses. The issue of resource allocation arises as societies seek to balance limited resources (capital, labour, land) against ...
See allocatable. * * *
/al"euh ker'/, n. Ling. any of the variant forms of a chereme. Cf. chereme. [ALLO- + CHER(EME), on the model of ALLOPHONE, ALLOMORPH] * * *
/al'euh kreuh mat"ik, -kroh-/, adj. 1. Physical Chem. pertaining to or having photochemical properties resulting from an impurity or from exposure to radiation. 2. Mineral. (of a ...
/euh lok"theuhn, -thon/, n. Geol. a geological formation not formed in the region where found and moved to its present location by tectonic forces. Cf. autochthon (def. ...
/euh lok"theuh neuhs/, adj. Geol. (of rocks, minerals, etc.) not formed in the region where found. Cf. autochthonous (def. 4). [1910-15; ALLO- + -chthonous, modeled after ...
/al'euh kyooh"sheuhn/, n. 1. a formal speech, esp. one of an incontrovertible or hortatory nature. 2. a pronouncement delivered by the pope to a secret consistory, esp. on a ...
allod [al′äd΄] n. ALLODIUM * * *
—allodiality, n. —allodially, adv. /euh loh"dee euhl/, adj. free from the tenurial rights of a feudal overlord. Also, alodial. [1650-60; < ML allodialis, equiv. to allodi(um) ...
/euh loh"dee euhm/, n., pl. allodia /-dee euh/. land owned absolutely; land owned and not subject to any rent, service, or other tenurial right of an overlord. Also, alodium. ...
—allogamous, adj. /euh log"euh mee/, n. cross-fertilization in plants (opposed to autogamy). [1875-80; ALLO- + -GAMY] * * *
—allogeneically, adv. /al'oh jeuh nee"ik/, adj. Immunol. (of cells, tissues, etc.) related but sufficiently dissimilar in genotype to interact antigenically: allogeneic ...
See allogeneic. * * *
—allogenically, adv. /al'euh jen"ik/, adj. 1. Geol. (of a constituent of a rock) formed elsewhere than in the rock where it is found. Cf. authigenic. 2. Immunol. ...
/al"euh graft', -grahft'/, n. Surg. a tissue or organ obtained from one member of a species and grafted to a genetically dissimilar member of the same species. Also called ...
—allographic /al'euh graf"ik/, adj. /al"euh graf', -grahf'/, n. 1. Ling. a variant form of a grapheme that is in complementary distribution or free variation with another form ...
See allograph. * * *
—allomerous, adj. /euh lom"euh riz'euhm/, n. Chem. variability in chemical constitution without change in crystalline form. [1880-85; ALLO- + -MER + -ISM] * * *
—allomerization, n. /euh lom"euh ruyz'/, v.i., allomerized, allomerizing. Chem. to undergo allomerism. Also, esp. Brit., allomerise. [ALLO- + -MER + -IZE] * * *
See allomerism. * * *
See allometry. * * *
—allometric /al'euh me"trik/, alloiometric /euh loy'euh me"trik/, adj. /euh lom"i tree/, n. Biol. 1. growth of a part of an organism in relation to the growth of the whole ...
—allomorphic, adj. /al"euh mawrf'/, n. 1. any of two or more different forms of the same chemical compound. 2. Ling. one of the alternate contextually determined phonological ...
See allomorph1,2. * * *
/al'euh mawr"fiz euhm/, n. Chem. variability in crystalline form without change in chemical constitution. Cf. paramorphism. [1865-70; ALLOMORPH + -ISM] * * *
Allon, Yigal
▪ Israeli politician original name  Yigal Paicovitch   born October 10, 1918, Kefar Tavor, Palestine [now in Israel] died February 29, 1980, ʿAfula, ...
/euh lunj"/; Fr. /ann lawonnzh"/, n., pl. allonges /euh lun"jiz/; Fr. /ann lawonnzh"/. Law. a paper annexed to a negotiable instrument, for endorsements too numerous or lengthy ...
Fr. /ann lawonn zhay"/, adj. Ballet. performed with the body and one arm stretched forward: an arabesque allongé. [1660-70; < F: lit., extended, lengthened, ptp. of allonger] * ...
—allonymous /euh lon"euh meuhs/, adj. —allonymously, adv. /al"euh nim/, n. 1. the name of another person taken by an author as a pen name. Cf. pseudonym. 2. a work published ...
See allonym. * * *
See allonymous. * * *
/al"euh path'/, n. a person who practices or favors allopathy. Also, allopathist /euh lop"euh thist/. [1820-30; < G, back formation from Allopathie ALLOPATHY] * * *
See allopathy. * * *
See allopathic. * * *
—allopathic /al'euh path"ik/, adj. —allopathically, adv. /euh lop"euh thee/, n. the method of treating disease by the use of agents that produce effects different from those ...
—allopatrically, adv. —allopatry /euh lop"euh tree/, n. /al'euh pa"trik/, adj. Biol., Ecol. originating in or occupying different geographical areas. [1940-45; ALLO- + Gk ...
See allopatric. * * *
See allopatrically. * * *
/al'oh peuh laj"ik/, adj. (of a marine organism) living or growing at different depths. [ < G allopelagisch. See ALLO-, PELAGIC] * * *
/al'euh fan"euh muyd', -mid/, n. Chem. biuret. [ < Gk allophan(és), appearing otherwise (see ALLOPHANE) + AMIDE] * * *
/al"euh fayn'/, n. a clay mineral, an amorphous hydrous silicate of aluminum, occurring in blue, green, or yellow, resinous to earthy masses. [1835-45; < Gk allophanés, equiv. ...
—allophonic /al'euh fon"ik/, adj. —allophonically, adv. /al"euh fohn'/, n. Phonet. any of the members of a class of speech sounds that, taken together, are commonly felt to ...
See allophone. * * *
See allophonic. * * *
/al'euh fil"ee euhn, -fil"yeuhn/, adj. Archaic. 1. (of languages, esp. those of Europe and Asia) neither Indo-European nor Semitic. n. 2. Turanian (defs. 3, 4). [1835-45; < LL ...
alloplasm [al′ō plaz΄əm, al′əplaz΄əm] n. 〚 ALLO- + -PLASM〛 Biol. 1. the special form of protoplasm from which cilia, flagella, etc. develop 2. METAPLASM (sense ...
/al"euh plas'tee/, n., pl. alloplasties. Surg. implantation of a synthetic material to replace a diseased or damaged body tissue or organ. [ALLO- + -PLASTY] * * *
—allopolyploidy /al'euh pol"euh ploy'dee/, n. /al'euh pol"euh ployd'/, Biol. adj. 1. having more than two haploid sets of chromosomes that are dissimilar and derived from ...
allopolyploidy [al΄ō päl′ə ploi΄dē, al΄əpäl′ə ploi΄dē] n. 〚 ALLO- + POLYPLOID + -Y3〛 the state of having two or more sets of chromosomes derived from parents ...
/al'euh pyoor"euh nawl', -nol'/, n. Pharm. a substance, C5H4N4O, used primarily in the treatment of chronic gout to decrease the synthesis of uric acid. [1960-65; appar. ALLO- + ...
/al"euh sawr'/, n. a carnivorous dinosaur of the genus Antrodemus (formerly Allosaurus), from the late Jurassic Period of North America, that was about 30 ft. (9 m) long. [ < NL ...
☆ allosaurus [al΄ō sôr′əs, al΄əsôr′əs ] n. 〚ModL: see ALLO- & -SAUR〛 any of a genus (Allosaurus) of huge, carnivorous saurischian dinosaurs of the Jurassic and ...
—allosterically, adv. /al'euh ster"ik, -stear"-/, adj. Biochem. pertaining to regulation of the rate of an enzymatic process. [1960-65; ALLO- + STERIC] * * *
allosteric control
Inhibition or activation of an enzyme by a small regulatory molecule that interacts with the enzyme at a site (allosteric site) other than the active site (at which catalytic ...
See allosteric. * * *
See allosterically. * * *
—allottable, adj. —allotter, n. /euh lot"/, v.t., allotted, allotting. 1. to divide or distribute by share or portion; distribute or parcel out; apportion: to allot the ...
/euh lot"meuhnt/, n. 1. the act of allotting. 2. a portion or thing allotted; a share granted. 3. (in U.S. military use) the portion of pay that an officer or enlisted person ...
/al'oh trans"plant', -plahnt'/, n. allograft. [1965-70; ALLO- + TRANSPLANT] * * *
See allotransplant. * * *
/euh lo'tree euh mawr"fik/, adj. Petrog. xenomorphic (def. 1). [1885-90; < Gk allótrio(s) belonging to another + -MORPHIC] * * *
/al"euh trohp'/, n. Chem. one of two or more existing forms of an element: Graphite and diamond are allotropes of carbon. [1885-90; ALLO- + -TROPE] * * * Any of two or more ...
—allotropically, adv. —allotropicity /al'euh treuh pis"i tee/, n. /al'euh trop"ik, -troh"pik/, adj. pertaining to or characterized by allotropy. Also, allotropical. [1875-80; ...
See allotropic. * * *
See allotropic. * * *
/euh lo"treuh pee/, n. Chem. a property of certain elements, as carbon, sulfur, and phosphorus, of existing in two or more distinct forms; allomorphism. Also, ...
/euh lot ee"/, n. a person to whom something is allotted. [1840-50; ALLOT + -EE] * * *
See allot. * * *
—allotypic /al'euh tip"ik/, adj. —allotypically, adv. —allotypy /al"euh tuy'pee/, n. /al"euh tuyp'/, n. 1. Biol. a type specimen of the sex opposite to that of the ...
See allotype. * * *
See allotypic. * * *
Allouez, Claude-Jean
▪ Jesuit missionary born June 6, 1622, Saint-Didier, Fr. died August 27/28, 1689, near Ft. St. Joseph, New France       Jesuit missionary to New France who has been ...
all out adv. With every possible effort: worked all out to make the deadline. * * *
/awl"oh'veuhr/, adj. 1. extending or repeated over the entire surface, as a decorative pattern. n. 2. a fabric with an allover pattern. [1570-80; ALL + OVER] * * *
/euh low"/, v.t. 1. to give permission to or for; permit: to allow a student to be absent; No swimming allowed. 2. to let have; give as one's share; grant as one's right: to ...
—allowableness, n. —allowably, adv. /euh low"euh beuhl/, adj. 1. that may be allowed; legitimate; permissible: an allowable tax deduction. n. 2. something, as an action or ...
allowable cut
Ecol. the amount of a natural resource, as grain or oil, that may be harvested or taken from the earth within a specified period, as limited by law for conservation. Also called ...
See allowable. * * *
/euh low"euhns/, n., v., allowanced, allowancing. n. 1. the act of allowing. 2. an amount or share allotted or granted. 3. a sum of money allotted or granted for a particular ...
allowance race
Horse Racing. a race in which each horse is assigned a specified weight according to age, record of past performance, sex, etc. * * *
/al"euh way'/, n. a hamlet in SW Scotland, near Ayr: birthplace of Robert Burns. * * * ▪ Scotland, United Kingdom       southern suburb of the town of Ayr, South ...
/euh lowd"/, adj. Physics. involving a change in quantum numbers, permitted by the selection rules: allowed transition. [ALLOW + -ED2] * * *
/euh low"id lee/, adv. by general allowance or admission; admittedly. [1595-1605; ALLOWED + -LY] * * *
/euh lok"seuhn/, n. Biochem. a white crystalline pyrimidine derivative, C4H2O4N2, used in biomedical research to induce diabetes in laboratory animals. [ < G, equiv. to ...
n. /al"oy, euh loy"/; v. /euh loy"/, n. 1. a substance composed of two or more metals, or of a metal or metals with a nonmetal, intimately mixed, as by fusion or ...
alloy steel
carbon steel to which various elements, as chromium, cobalt, copper, manganese, molybdenum, nickel, tungsten, or vanadium, have been added in sufficient amounts to obtain ...
/awl"pawrt, -pohrt/, n. Gordon W(illard), 1897-1967, U.S. psychologist and educator. * * *
Allport, Gordon W(illard)
born Nov. 11, 1897, Montezuma, Ind., U.S. died Oct. 9, 1967, Cambridge, Mass. U.S. psychologist. He taught at Harvard University (1930–67), becoming noted for his theory of ...
Allport, Gordon W.
▪ American psychologist in full  Gordon Willard Allport  born November 11, 1897, Montezuma, Indiana, U.S. died October 9, 1967, Cambridge, ...
all right adj. 1. a. In proper or satisfactory operational or working order: checked to see if the tires were all right. b. Acceptable; agreeable: Delaying the repair is all ...
AllSaints' Day
All Saints' Day n. November 1, the day on which a Christian feast honoring all the saints is observed. Also called Allhallows. * * *
/awl"seed'/, n. any of various many-seeded plants, as the goosefoot, Chenopodium polyspermum, and the knotgrass, Polygonum aviculare. [1815-25; ALL + SEED] * * *
allsorts [ôl′sôrts] pl.n. Brit. assorted small candies, usually flavored with licorice * * *
AllSouls' Day
All Souls' Day n. Roman Catholic Church November 2, the day on which special prayers are offered for the souls in purgatory. * * *
/awl"spuys'/, n. 1. the dried, unripe berries of an aromatic tropical American tree, Pimenta dioica, used whole or ground as a spice. 2. the tree itself. Also called ...
/awl"steuhn/, n. Washington, 1799-1843, U.S. painter, novelist, and poet. * * *
Allston, Robert
▪ governor of South Carolina, United States born April 21, 1801, All Saints Parish, S.C., U.S. died April 7, 1864, Georgetown, S.C.       rice planter and governor of ...
Allston, Washington
born Nov. 5, 1779, Allston plantation, Brook Green Domain on Waccamaw River, S.C., U.S. died July 9, 1843, Cambridgeport, Mass. U.S. painter and writer. He studied at Harvard ...
All·ston (ôlʹstən), Washington. 1779-1843. American painter whose romantic works, such as Elijah in the Desert, often depict religious subjects. * * *
/euh loohd"/, v.i., alluded, alluding. 1. to refer casually or indirectly; make an allusion (usually fol. by to): He often alluded to his poverty. 2. to contain a casual or ...
allure1 —allurer, n. /euh loor"/, v., allured, alluring, n. v.t. 1. to attract or tempt by something flattering or desirable. 2. to fascinate; charm. v.i. 3. to be attractive ...
/euh loor"meuhnt/, n. 1. fascination; charm. 2. the means of alluring. 3. the act or process of alluring. [1540-50; ALLURE1 + -MENT] * * *
See allurement. * * *
—alluringly, adv. —alluringness, n. /euh loor"ing/, adj. 1. very attractive or tempting; enticing; seductive. 2. fascinating; charming. [1525-35; ALLURE1 + -ING2] * * *
See allurement. * * *
/euh looh"zheuhn/, n. 1. a passing or casual reference; an incidental mention of something, either directly or by implication: an allusion to Shakespeare. 2. the act of ...
—allusively, adv. —allusiveness, n. /euh looh"siv/, adj. 1. having reference to something implied or inferred; containing, abounding in, or characterized by allusions. 2. ...
See allusive. * * *
See allusively. * * *
al·lu·vi·a (ə-lo͞oʹvē-ə) n. A plural of alluvium. * * *
/euh looh"vee euhl/, adj. 1. of or pertaining to alluvium. n. 2. alluvial soil. 3. Australia. gold-bearing alluvial soil. [1795-1805; ALLUVI(UM) + -AL1] * * *
alluvial cone
☆ alluvial cone n. a steep, narrow, cone-shaped alluvial fan formed where a swift stream suddenly slows down, as where an upland stream emerges abruptly into a level plain * * *
alluvial deposit
Material deposited by rivers. It consists of silt, sand, clay, and gravel, as well as much organic matter. Alluvial deposits are usually most extensive in the lower part of a ...
alluvial fan
Physical Geog. a fan-shaped alluvial deposit formed by a stream where its velocity is abruptly decreased, as at the mouth of a ravine or at the foot of a mountain. Also called ...
alluvial plain
a level or gently sloping surface formed of sediments laid down by streams, generally during flooding. [1955-60] * * *
alluvial fan n. A fan-shaped accumulation of alluvium deposited at the mouth of a ravine or at the juncture of a tributary stream with the main stream. * * *
/euh looh"vee euhn/, n. 1. Law. a gradual increase of land on a shore or a river bank by the action of water, whether from natural or artificial causes. 2. overflow; flood. 3. ...
/euh looh"vee euhm/, n., pl. alluviums, alluvia /-vee euh/. 1. a deposit of sand, mud, etc., formed by flowing water. 2. the sedimentary matter deposited thus within recent ...
—alliable, adj. v. /euh luy"/; n. /al"uy, euh luy"/, v., allied, allying, n., pl. allies. v.t. 1. to unite formally, as by treaty, league, marriage, or the like (usually fol. ...
Ally Pally
(infml) a popular name for Alexandra Palace. * * *
/al"il/, Chem. adj. 1. containing the allyl group. n. 2. the allyl group. [1850-55; < L all(ium) garlic + -YL] * * *
allyl alcohol
Chem. a colorless liquid, C3H6O, having a pungent, mustardlike odor irritating to the skin and mucous membranes, usually obtained from allyl chloride by hydrolysis: used chiefly ...
allyl caproate
Chem. a colorless to pale yellow liquid, C9H16O2, having a pineapple odor: used chiefly as a scent in the manufacture of flavorings and perfume. * * *
allyl chloride
Chem. a colorless, volatile, flammable liquid, C3H5Cl, having a pungent odor, derived from propylene by chlorination: used chiefly in the synthesis of allyl alcohol, resins, and ...
allyl group
Chem. the univalent group C3H5, derived from propylene. Also called allyl radical. * * *
allyl mercaptan
Chem. a colorless liquid, C3H6S, having a strong, garlicky odor, used in the manufacture of pharmaceuticals. * * *
allyl resin
Chem. any of a class of thermosetting resins made from allyl alcohol and a dibasic acid, used chiefly as adhesives for laminated materials. * * *
allyl sulfide
Chem. a colorless or pale yellow, water-insoluble liquid, C6H10S, having a garlicky odor, used chiefly in flavoring. Also called diallyl sulfide, thioallyl ether. * * *
allyl thiourea
allyl thiourea n. THIOSINAMINE * * *
/euh lil"ik/, adj. of, pertaining to, or characteristic of the allyl group. [1855-60; ALLYL + -IC] * * *
/al'il thuy'oh yoo ree"euh, -yoor"ee euh/, n. Chem. thiosinamine. [ < NL; see ALLYL, THIOUREA] * * *
Allyson, June
▪ 2007 Ella Geisman        American actress (b. Oct. 7, 1917, Bronx, N.Y.—d. July 8, 2006, Ojai, Calif.), was typecast as the cheerful girl next door in a series of ...
All’s Well That Ends Well
a comedy play by Shakespeare, written about 1603. Bertram is ordered by the king to marry Helena, who loves him, but under the bad influence of Parolles, he runs away to ...
audio-lingual method. * * *
/al"meuh/; for 1 also Fr. /annl mah"/, n. 1. a town in SE Quebec, in SE Canada. 25,638. 2. a female given name: from a Latin word meaning "kind." * * * ▪ Michigan, United ...
alma mater
/ahl"meuh mah"teuhr, al"-; al"meuh may"teuhr/ 1. a school, college, or university at which one has studied and, usually, from which one has graduated. 2. the official anthem of a ...
Alma, Battle of the
▪ Crimean War       (Sept. 20, 1854), victory by the British and the French in the Crimean War that left the Russian naval base of Sevastopol vulnerable and endangered ...
/al'meuh euh tah"/, n. former name of Almaty. * * *
/al'meuh tad"euh meuh/, n. Sir Lawrence, 1836-1912, English painter, born in the Netherlands. * * *
Alma-Tadema, Sir Lawrence
born Jan. 8, 1836, Dronrijp, Neth. died June 25, 1912, Wiesbaden, Ger. Dutch-British painter. After studies at the Antwerp Academy, he visited Italy (1863) and became enamoured ...
Alma-Tadema,Sir Lawrence
Al·ma-Tad·e·ma (ăl'mə-tădʹə-mə), Sir Lawrence. 1836-1912. Dutch-born British painter noted for his romantic works of classical Greek and Roman and ancient Egyptian ...
/ahl'mah dhen"/, n. a town in Spain: mercury mines. 10,774. * * * ▪ Spain       town, Ciudad Real provincia (province), in the comunidad autónoma (autonomous ...
/al"meuh jest'/, n. 1. (italics) a Greek work on astronomy by Ptolemy. 2. (l.c.) any of various medieval works of a like kind, as on astrology or alchemy. [1350-1400; ME ...
Almagro, Diego de
born 1475, Almagro, Castile died 1538, Cuzco, Peru Spanish soldier who played a leading role in the Spanish conquest of Peru. Following service in the Spanish navy, he arrived ...
/al"meuh/, n. (in Egypt) a woman or girl who dances or sings professionally. Also, alma, alme, almeh. [ < Egyptian Ar 'almah, var. of Ar 'alimah lit., knowledgeable] * * *
al·ma ma·ter or Al·ma Ma·ter (ăl'mə mäʹtər, äl'mə) n. 1. The school, college, or university that one has attended. 2. The anthem of an institution of higher ...
/awl"meuh nak'/, n. 1. an annual publication containing a calendar for the coming year, the times of such events and phenomena as anniversaries, sunrises and sunsets, phases of ...
Almanach de Gotha
/awl"meuh nak' deuh goth"euh/; Ger. /ahl"mah nahkh' deuh goh"tah/; Fr. /annl mann nann" deuh goh tah"/ a publication giving statistical information on European royalty. * * *
Al Ma·na·mah (ăl mə-nămʹə, äl mə-näʹmə) See Manama. * * *
/al"meuhn deen', -duyn', -din/, n. a mineral, red iron aluminum garnet. [1670-80; < F, MF < ML alamandina, alabandina a precious stone, prob. a kind of garnet, equiv. to ...
/al"meuhn duyt'/, n. almandine. [1830-40; ALMAND(INE) + -ITE1] * * *
Almansa Dam
▪ dam, Spain       dam on the Vega de Belén River, in Albacete province, Castile-La Mancha autonomous community, Spain. It is said to be the oldest masonry gravity dam ...
/al"meuh tee/, n. a city in SE Kazakhstan: the former capital. 1,108,000. Formerly, Alma-Ata. * * * formerly Alma-Ata City (pop., 1999: 1,129,400), southeastern ...
/al"me/, n. almah. Also, almeh. * * *
/ahl may"deuh/, n. Francisco de /frddahonn seesh"koo deuh/, 1450?-1510, Portuguese military leader: first Portuguese viceroy in India. * * *
Almeida de Portugal, Leonor de
▪ Portuguese poet Marquesa de Alorna, pseudonym  Alcipe or Alcippe   born 1750, Lisbon, Port. died 1839, Lisbon       Portuguese poet whose work forms a bridge ...
Almeida, Francisco de
▪ viceroy of India born c. 1450, Lisbon, Portugal died March 1, 1510, Table Bay [modern Cape Town, South Africa]       soldier, explorer, and the first viceroy of ...
Almeida, José Américo de
▪ Brazilian novelist born Jan. 10, 1887, Paraíba, Brazil died March 10, 1980, Rio de Janeiro       novelist whose works marked the beginning of a major Brazilian ...
Almeida, Laurindo
▪ 1996       Brazilian virtuoso classical and jazz guitarist who helped popularize the bossa nova in the U.S. and who, as a guitarist and a composer of film sound-track ...
Almeida, Lourenço de
▪ Portuguese explorer died 1508, Chaul, India       Portuguese sea captain and leader of a 1505 expedition to Ceylon (now Sri Lanka), probably the first Portuguese ...
Almeida, Manuel Antônio de
▪ Brazilian novelist born , 1831, Magé, Rio de Janeiro died Nov. 28, 1861, at sea       author of what is now considered to have been the first great novel in ...
Almeida,Francisco de
Al·mei·da (äl-māʹdə), Francisco de. 1450?-1510. Portuguese colonial administrator who was the first viceroy of the Portuguese possessions in India (1505-1509). * * *
Almelo [äl′mə lō΄] city in E Netherlands: pop. 65,000 * * * ▪ municipality, The Netherlands       gemeente (municipality), eastern Netherlands, at the junction of ...
/ahl mee"mahr/, n. bimah. [ < Ar al the + minbar stand, platform] * * *
Almendares River
▪ river, Cuba Spanish  Río Almendares        river of western Cuba, rising at about 740 ft (225 m) in the Alturas (heights) de Bejucal and flowing in a semicircle ...
▪ tree (Dipteryx panamensis)        tree of the Central American tropical forest canopy whose trunk forks repeatedly, resulting in a graceful, rounded crown. Bunches ...
Almendros, Nestor
born Oct. 30, 1930, Barcelona, Spain died March 4, 1992, New York, N.Y., U.S. Spanish cinematographer. In 1948 he emigrated from Spain to Cuba, where he worked with documentary ...
—Almerian /al'meuh ree"euhn/, adj., n. /ahl'me rddee"ah/, n. a seaport in S Spain, on the Mediterranean. 114,510. * * * ▪ Spain  port city and capital of Almería ...
/ah"meuh ree/, n., pl. almeries. Rare. ambry. * * *
/ahl'meuh tyefsk"/; Russ. /ul mye"tyifsk/, n. a city in the Tatar Republic, in the W Russian Federation in Europe, SE of Kazan. 110,000. * * * ▪ Russia also spelled ...
See almighty. * * *
See almightily. * * *
—almightily, adv. —almightiness, n. /awl muy"tee/, adj. 1. having unlimited power; omnipotent, as God. 2. having very great power, influence, etc.: The almighty press ...
almighty dollar
money regarded as a major goal in life or as the basis of power: Love of the almighty dollar has ruined many people. [1830-40, Amer.] * * *
/al'meuh kee"/, n. 1. a West African tree, Manilkara albescens, of the sapodilla family. 2. the hard, reddish-brown wood of this tree, used for making furniture. 3. Also, ...
/al muy"reuh/, n. Anglo-Indian. a wardrobe, cabinet, or cupboard. [1875-80;
Almirante Brown
▪ cabecera, Argentina       cabecera (county seat) and partido (county) of Gran (Greater) Buenos Aires, Argentina, south of the city of Buenos Aires, in Buenos Aires ...
Al·mi·ran·te Brown (ăl'mĭ-ränʹtē, äl'mē-ränʹtĕ) A city of eastern Argentina, a suburb of Buenos Aires. It was founded in 1873 by families fleeing a yellow fever ...
/al"meuh had'/, n. a member of a Muslim dynasty ruling in Spain and northern Africa during the 12th and 13th centuries. Also, Almohade /al"meuh hayd', -had'/. [ < Ar al-muwahhid ...
Almohad dynasty
Arabic al-Muwaḥḥidūn ("Unitarians") (1130–1269) Berber confederation born out of religious opposition to the Islamic doctrines of the Almoravid dynasty. The Almohad ...
▪ Berber confederation Arabic  al-Muwaḥḥidūn (“those who affirm the unity of God”)         Berber confederation that created an Islamic empire in North ...
/al"mohn, am"euhn/, n. 1. a Philippine, dipterocarpaceous tree, Shorea eximia. 2. the hard, yellowish-white wood of this tree, used for making furniture. [ < Bisayan] * * *
Almon, John
▪ British journalist born Dec. 17, 1737, Liverpool died Dec. 12, 1805, Boxmoor, Hertfordshire, Eng.       parliamentary reporter and political writer, who took part in ...
—almondlike, almondy, adj. /ah"meuhnd, am"euhnd/; spelling pron. /al"meuhnd/, n. 1. the nutlike kernel of the fruit of either of two trees, Prunus dulcis (sweet almond) or P. ...
almond bark
a type of candy consisting of sheets or fairly thick pieces of semisweet or milk chocolate to which almonds or almond pieces have been added. * * *
almond cake
Chem. the residue of almonds from which oil has been expressed. * * *
almond meal
Chem. the meal obtained by pulverizing blanched almonds, used chiefly in the manufacture of perfume and cosmetics. * * *
almond milk
a creamy mixture of blanched almonds, sugar, and water, blended to a smooth paste and sieved. * * *
almond oil
Chem. 1. Also called sweet almond oil, expressed almond oil. a colorless to pale yellow fatty oil expressed from the seeds of the sweet almond, used in preparing perfumes and ...
Almond, Gabriel Abraham
▪ American political scientist born January 12, 1911, Rock Island, Illinois, U.S. died December 25, 2002, Pacific Grove, California       American political scientist ...
/ah"meuhnd uyd', am"euhnd-/; spelling pron. /al"meuhnd uyd'/, adj. having long or narrow, oval-shaped eyes. [1865-70] * * *
/ah"meuhnd shaypt', am"euhnd-/; spelling pron. /al"meuhnd shaypt'/, adj. having an oval shape usually pointed at one or both ends. * * *
/al"meuh neuhr, ah"meuh-/, n. 1. a person whose function or duty is the distribution of alms on behalf of an institution, a royal personage, a monastery, etc. 2. Brit. a. a ...
almoner's cupboard.
See livery cupboard. * * *
/al"meuhn ree, ah"meuhn-/, n., pl. almonries. the place where an almoner resides or where alms are distributed. [1175-1225; ME aumonerie < OF (see ALMONER, -RY); r. ME aumery] * ...
almonry school
      medieval English monastic charity school supported by a portion of the funds allocated to the almoner (q.v.). The practice began in the early 14th century when a ...
▪ India       town, south-central Uttarakhand state, northern India. It lies on a ridge of the Himalayan foothills about 170 miles (275 km) northeast of Delhi. After ...
/al'meuh rah"vid, al mawr"euh-, -mohr"-/, n. a member of a Muslim dynasty ruling in Spain and northern Africa from 1056 to 1147. Also, Almoravide /al mawr"euh vuyd', -mohr"-, ...
Almoravid dynasty
Arabic al-Murābiṭūn (1056–1147) Berber confederation that succeeded the Fātimid dynasty in the Maghrib. It flourished in the 11th and early 12th centuries. Its founder, ...
▪ Berber confederation Arabic  al-Murābiṭūn (“those dwelling in frontier garrisons”)         confederation of Berber tribes—Lamtūnah, Gudālah, ...
/awl"mohst, awl mohst"/, adv. very nearly; all but: almost every house; almost the entire symphony; to pay almost nothing for a car; almost twice as many books. [bef. 1000; ME; ...
almost everywhere
Math. everywhere in a given set except on a subset with measure zero. Abbr.: a.e. * * *
almost periodic function
Math. a function that repeats its values approximately at almost equally spaced intervals of its domain. * * *
/ah"meuhs, aw"meuhs/, n. (used with a pl. v.) Brit. Dial. alms. [1250-1300; ME almus < Scand; cf. ON olmusa ALMS] * * *
Almqvist, Carl Jonas Love
▪ Swedish author Almqvist also spelled  Almquist   born Nov. 28, 1793, Ed, near Stockholm died Sept. 26, 1866, Bremen, Bremen  writer whose vast literary output, ranging ...
/ahmz/, n. (used with a sing. or pl. v.) money, food, or other donations given to the poor or needy; anything given as charity: The hands of the beggars were outstretched for ...

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