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—almsgiving, n. /ahmz"giv'euhr/, n. a person who gives alms. [1625-35; ALMS + GIVER] * * *
/ahmz"hows'/, n., pl. almshouses /-how'ziz/. Chiefly Brit. 1. a house endowed by private charity for the reception and support of the aged or infirm poor. 2. (formerly) a ...
/ahmz"meuhn/, n., pl. almsmen. 1. a person supported by or receiving alms. 2. Archaic. a person who gives alms. [bef. 1000; ME almes man, OE aelmesman; see ALMS, -MAN] Usage. See ...
/ahmz"woom'euhn/, n., pl. almswomen. 1. a woman supported by alms. 2. Archaic. a woman who gives alms. [ALMS + WOMAN] Usage. See -woman. * * *
/al"myooh kan'teuhr/, n. Astron. a circle on the celestial sphere parallel to the horizon; the locus of all points of a given altitude. Also called parallel of ...
/al"myoohs/, n. a furred hood or hooded cape with long ends hanging down in front, formerly worn by the clergy. Also, amice. [ < MF almuce, aumuce. See AMICE2] * * *
/al"meuhg, awl"-/, n. Bible. a tree, possibly the red sandalwood. I Kings 10:12. Cf. algum. [1605-15; cf. ALGUM] * * *
▪ Scotland, United Kingdom       village, Highland council area, historic county of Ross-shire, historic region of Ross and Cromarty, northern Scotland, situated on ...
/al"ni koh'/, n. a permanent-magnet alloy having aluminum, nickel, and cobalt as its principal ingredients. [AL(UMINUM) + NI(CKEL) + CO(BALT)] * * * ▪ ...
▪ England, United Kingdom  town, Alnwick district, administrative and historic county of Northumberland, England, on the south bank of the River Aln, between the Cheviot ...
/al'oh ay"dee/, n.pl. Class. Myth. Ephialtes and Otus, the sons of Poseidon and Iphimedia, raised by Aloeus. Also, Aloidae. * * * ▪ Greek mythology       in Greek ...
al·o·ca·sia (ăl'ə-kāʹzhə, -zhē-ə) n. Any of various tropical Asian aroids of the genus Alocasia, grown as ornamentals for their large heart-shaped or arrowhead-shaped ...
—alodial, adj. —alodiality, n. —alodially, adv. /euh loh"dee euhm/, n., pl. alodia /-dee euh/. allodium. Also called alod /al"od, -euhd/. * * *
—aloetic /al'oh et"ik/, adj. /al"oh/, n., pl. aloes. 1. any chiefly African shrub belonging to the genus Aloe, of the lily family, certain species of which yield a fiber. 2. ...
aloe vera
/ver"euh, vear"euh/ any aloe of the species Aloe vera, the fleshy leaves of which yield a juice used as an emollient ingredient of skin lotions and for treating burns. [ < NL: ...
/al"ohz wood'/, n. agalloch. [1865-70] * * *
See aloe. * * *
/euh loh"ee euhs, euh loh"yoohs/, n. Class. Myth. a son of Poseidon, husband of Iphimedia, and foster father of Otus and Ephialtes. Cf. Aloadae. * * *
aloe ver·a (vĕrʹə, vîrʹə) n. In both senses also called aloe. 1. A species of aloe (Aloe vera) native to the Mediterranean region. 2. The mucilaginous juice or gel ...
A·lo·fi (ä-lōʹfē) The capital of Niue, on the western coast of the island. Population: 960. * * *
/euh lawft", euh loft"/, adv. 1. high up; far above the ground. 2. Naut. a. on the masts; in the rigging; overhead. b. (on a square-rigged sailing ship) in the upper rigging, ...
/ay loh"guy/, n. (used with a sing. or pl. v.) a group of Christians in the 2nd century A.D. who rejected the doctrine of the Logos. [1150-1200; < ML < Gk álogoi, pl. of ...
/euh loh"jeuh, -jee euh/, n. Pathol. aphasia. [ < NL < Gk álog(os) ( < a- A-6 + -logos, adj. deriv. of lógos speech, akin to légein to speak) + NL -ia -IA] * * *
—alogically, adv. /ay loj"i keuhl/, adj. beyond the scope of logic or logical reasoning: alogical philosophical speculations. [1685-95; A-6 + LOGICAL] * * *
See alogical. * * *
See alogically. * * *
/euh loh"euh, ah loh"hah/, n., interj. 1. hello; greetings. 2. farewell. adj. 3. friendly; hospitable; welcoming: The aloha spirit prevails throughout the islands. [1890-95; < ...
aloha shirt
aloha shirt n. HAWAIIAN SHIRT * * *
aloha shirt.
See Hawaiian shirt. Also, Aloha shirt. [1935-40, Amer.] * * *
Aloha State
Hawaii (used as a nickname). * * *
/al'oh uy"dee/, n.pl. Class. Myth. Aloadae. * * *
/al"oh in/, n. Pharm. an intensely bitter, crystalline, water-soluble powder composed of the active principles of and obtained from aloe, used chiefly as a purgative. [1835-45; ...
—aloneness, n. /euh lohn"/, adj. (used predicatively) 1. separate, apart, or isolated from others: I want to be alone. 2. to the exclusion of all others or all else: One cannot ...
See alone. * * *
/euh lawng", euh long"/, prep. 1. through, on, beside, over, or parallel to the length or direction of; from one end to the other of: to walk along a highway; to run a border ...
/euh lawng"ships", euh long"-/, adj., adv. Naut. in the fore-and-aft line of a vessel. [1680-90; ALONG + SHIP + -s1] * * *
/euh lawng"shawr", -shohr", euh long"-/, adv., adj. by or along the shore or coast. [1770-80; ALONG + SHORE1] * * *
/euh lawng"suyd", euh long"-/, adv. 1. along, by, at, or to the side of something: We brought the boat alongside. prep. 2. beside; by the side of: The dog ran alongside me all ...
/euh lon"zoh/; Sp. /ah lawn"saw/, n. 1. Alicia (Alicia Ernestina de la Caridad del Cobre Martínez Hoyo), born 1921, Cuban ballerina. 2. Dámaso /dah"mah saw'/, 1898-1990, ...
Alonso, Alberto Julio Rayneri
▪ 2008       Cuban dancer, ballet master, and choreographer born May 22, 1917, Havana, Cuba died Dec. 31, 2007, Gainesville, Fla. was cofounder in 1948 (with his ...
Alonso, Alicia
orig. Alicia Martínez Hoyo born Dec. 21, 1921, Havana, Cuba Cuban ballerina, choreographer, and director. She studied in Havana and New York, where she danced with Ballet ...
Alonso, Dámaso
▪ Spanish writer born Oct. 22, 1898, Madrid, Spain died Jan. 24, 1990, Madrid       Spanish poet, literary critic, and scholar, a member of the group of poets called ...
A·lon·so (ə-lŏnʹzō, ä-lōnʹsō), Alicia. Born c. 1921. Cuban ballerina and choreographer best known for her performances in Giselle and Agnes De Mille's Fall River ...
(as used in expressions) Church Alonzo Marcus Alonzo Hanna Stagg Amos Alonzo * * *
—aloofly, adv. —aloofness, n. /euh loohf"/, adv. 1. at a distance, esp. in feeling or interest; apart: They always stood aloof from their classmates. adj. 2. reserved or ...
See aloof. * * *
See aloofly. * * *
/al"oh pee'/, n. Class. Myth. a daughter of Cercyon who was raped by Poseidon and bore a son, Hippothous. * * *
—alopecic /al'euh pee"sik/, adj. /al'euh pee"shee euh, -see euh/, n. Pathol. loss of hair; baldness. [1350-1400; ME < L < Gk alopekía mange in foxes, equiv. to alopek- (s. of ...
alopecia areata
/ar'ee ay"teuh, -ah"teuh/, Pathol. loss of hair in circumscribed patches. [ < NL: circumscribed alopecia] * * *
See alopecia. * * *
Alor Islands
▪ islets, Indonesia Indonesian  Kepulauan Alor        group of two major islands and several lesser islets in East Nusa Tenggara (Nusa Tenggara Timur) propinsi ...
Alor Setar
▪ Malaysia also spelled  Alor Star         town, northwestern West Malaysia (Peninsular Malaysia) (Malaya), on the Kedah River. The town, neatly laid out, is ...
alors [ȧ lō̂r′] interj. 〚Fr〛 well then! so!: a generalized exclamation * * *
Alós, Concha
▪ Spanish author born May 24, 1922, Valencia, Spain       Spanish novelist and short-story writer, best known for her neorealistic, often existential works deploring ...
Fr. /ann lawst"/, n. a city in central Belgium, NW of Brussels. 45,241. Flemish, Aalst. * * *
▪ town, Papua New Guinea       port town, southeast tip of mainland Papua New Guinea, southwestern Pacific Ocean. Situated on the northern shore of Milne Bay, the town ...
/euh lowd"/, adv. 1. with the normal tone and volume of the speaking voice, as distinguished from whisperingly: They could not speak aloud in the library. 2. vocally, as ...
/ann lwet"/ or, for 2, /ann looh e"teuh/; Eng. /al'ooh et"euh, ah'looh-/, n., pl. alouettes /ann lwet"/; Eng. /al'ooh et"euhz, ah'looh-/ for 1. 1. French. a lark. 2. (cap.) a ...
alow1 /euh loh"/, adv. Naut. 1. below decks. 2. (on a square-rigged sailing ship) in the lower rigging, specifically, below the lower yards (opposed to aloft). [1350-1400; ...
/al'oh ish"euhs/, n. a male given name: from a Germanic word meaning "famous warrior." * * * (as used in expressions) Farley James Aloysius Sean Aloysius O'Feeney Joyce James ...
Aloysius Gonzaga, Saint
▪ Roman Catholic saint born March 9, 1568, Castiglione delle Stiviere, Republic of Venice [Italy] died June 21, 1591, Rome; canonized 1726; feast day June ...
/alp/, n. a high mountain. [1635-1645; back formation from ALPS] * * *
born с 1030 died November? 1072/January 1073 Second sultan of the Seljūq dynasty, who added Georgia, Armenia, and much of Anatolia to his domains of Khorāsān and western ...
ALPA abbr. Air Line Pilots Association. * * *
/al pak"euh/, n. 1. a domesticated South American hoofed mammal, Lama pacos, having long, soft, silky fleece, related to the llama and believed to be a variety of the guanaco. 2. ...
/al pee"neuh/, n. a city in NE Michigan, on Lake Huron. 12,214. * * *
/al"peuhn gloh'/, n. a reddish glow often seen on the summits of mountains just before sunrise or just after sunset. [1870-75; < G Alpenglühen, with GLOW r. G glühen] * * *
/al"peuhn hawrn'/, n. a long, powerful horn of wood or bark, with a cupped mouthpiece and a curved bell at opposite ends, used by Swiss herders and mountaineers. Also called ...
Alpenrhein River
▪ river, Europe       the part of the Rhine River between the confluence of the Vorder- and Hinterrhein and its entry into Lake Constance. It is 63 miles (102 km) long. ...
/al"peuhn stok'/, n. a strong staff with an iron point, used by mountain climbers. [1820-30; < G, equiv. to Alpen ALPs + Stock staff] * * *
▪ Roman provinces, Europe       several small provinces set up by the Romans in the western Alps.       Some time after the conquest of the Ligurian tribes in the ...
Alpes-de-Haute Provence
/annlp deuh oht prddaw vahonns"/ a department in SE France. 112,178; 2698 sq. mi. (6990 sq. km). Cap.: Digne. Formerly, Basses-Alpes. * * *
/annlp mann rddee teem"/, n. a department in SE France. 816,681; 1527 sq. mi. (3955 sq. km). Cap.: Nice. * * *
/al pes"trin/, adj. Bot. subalpine (def. 2). [1875-80; < ML alpestr(is) (L Alp(es) the Alps + -estris adj. suffix; see TERRESTRIAL) + -INE1] * * *
/al"feuh/, n. 1. the first letter of the Greek alphabet (A). 2. the vowel sound represented by this letter. 3. the first; beginning. 4. (cap.) Astron. used to designate the ...
alpha and omega
1. the beginning and the end. Rev. 1:8. 2. the basic or essential element or elements: the alpha and omega of political reform. * * * ▪ Christianity       in ...
Alpha Aquilae
Alpha Aquilae [al′fə ak′wi lē΄] n. Astron. ALTAIR * * *
Alpha Aurigae
Alpha Aurigae [ô rī′jē] n. Astron. CAPELLA * * *
alpha blocker
—alpha-blocking, adj. Pharm. any of various substances that interfere with the action of the alpha receptors. Also, alpha-blocker. Cf. beta blocker. * * *
Alpha Boötis
Alpha Boötis [al′fə bō ō′tis] n. Astron. ARCTURUS * * *
alpha brass
any alloy of copper and zinc, a homogeneous solid solution containing more than 64 percent copper. [1915-20] * * *
Alpha Canis Majoris
Alpha Canis Majoris [kā′nis mə jôr′is] n. Astron. SIRIUS * * *
Alpha Canis Minoris
Alpha Canis Minoris [mə nôr′əs] n. Astron. PROCYON * * *
Alpha Carinae
Alpha Carinae [kə rī′nē] n. Astron. CANOPUS1 * * *
alpha cells
alpha cells pl.n. 1. cells in the anterior pituitary that contain acidophil granules 2. cells in the pancreas which produce glucagon * * *
Alpha Centauri
Astron. a triple-star system that is the brightest celestial object in the constellation Centaurus. Also called Rigel Kentaurus. [ < NL: Alpha of Centaurus] * * * Triple star in ...
Alpha Cygni
Alpha Cygni [sig′nī΄] n. Astron. DENEB * * *
alpha decay
Physics. a radioactive process in which an alpha particle is emitted from the nucleus of an atom, decreasing its atomic number by two. [1935-40] * * * Type of radioactive ...
Alpha Eridani
Alpha Eridani [ē rid′ə nī΄] n. Astron. ACHERNAR * * *
Alpha Geminorum
Alpha Geminorum [jem΄ə nôr′əm] n. Astron. CASTOR * * *
alpha globulin
a blood plasma protein that is separable from other globulins by electrophoresis. [1920-25] * * *
alpha helix
Biochem. the rodlike spatial configuration of many protein molecules in which the polypeptide backbone is stabilized by hydrogen bonds between amino acids in successive helical ...
alpha iron
Metall. the magnetic allotrope of iron, stable below 910°C and having a body-centered cubic space lattice. [1880-90] * * *
Alpha Leonis
Alpha Leonis [lē ō′nis] n. Astron. REGULUS1 * * *
Alpha Lyrae
Alpha Lyrae [lī′rē] n. Astron. VEGA1 * * *
Alpha Orionis
Alpha Orionis [ō rī′ō nis] n. Astron. BETELGEUSE * * *
alpha particle
Physics. a positively charged particle consisting of two protons and two neutrons, emitted in radioactive decay or nuclear fission; the nucleus of a helium atom. [1900-05] * * ...
Alpha Piscis Austrini
Alpha Piscis Austrini [pis′is ôs trī′nī΄, pī′sis ôs trī′nī΄] n. Astron. FOMALHAUT * * *
alpha privative
the prefix a- or, before a vowel, an-, used in Greek and English to express negation or absence. [1580-90] * * *
alpha ray
Physics. a stream of alpha particles. Also called alpha radiation. [1900-05] * * *
alpha receptor
a site on a cell that, upon interaction with epinephrine or norepinephrine, controls vasoconstriction, intestinal relaxation, pupil dilation, and other physiological processes. ...
alpha rhythm
a pattern of slow brain waves (alpha waves) in normal persons at rest with closed eyes, thought by some to be associated with an alert but daydreaming mind. [1935-40; earlier ...
Alpha Scorpii
Alpha Scorpii [skôr′pē ī΄] n. Astron. ANTARES * * *
Alpha Tauri
Alpha Tauri [tô′rī΄] n. Astron. ALDEBARAN * * *
alpha test
1. Psychol. a set of mental tests designed to measure the general intelligence of individuals able to read and write, used by the U.S. Army in World War I. 2. Computers. an early ...
Alpha Ursae Minoris
Alpha Ursae Minoris [ʉr′sē mə nôr′is] n. Astron. POLARIS * * *
Alpha Virginis
Alpha Virginis [vʉr′jē nis, vir′jē nis] n. Astron. SPICA * * *
alpha wave
alpha wave n. any of the electrical waves from the parietal and occipital regions of the brain, having frequencies from 8 to 13 hertz: a sign of relaxation, since they indicate a ...
/al"feuh ad'reuh nerr"jik/, adj. of or pertaining to an alpha receptor. [1965-70] * * *
alpha-adrenergic receptor
Physiol. See alpha receptor. * * *
alpha-adrenergicblocking agent
alpha-adrenergic blocking agent n. See alpha-blocker. * * *
alpha-adrenergic receptor n. See alpha-receptor. * * *
alpha-beta brass
/al"feuh bay"teuh, -bee"-/ an alloy of from 55 to 61 percent copper with from 39 to 45 percent zinc. Also called Muntz metal. [1915-20] * * *
al·pha-block·er (ălʹfə-blŏk'ər) n. A drug that opposes the excitatory effects of norepinephrine released from sympathetic nerve endings at alpha-receptors and that causes ...
/al'feuh fee'toh proh"teen, -tee in/, n. Biochem. a serum protein produced during pregnancy, useful in the prenatal diagnosis of multiple births or birth defects. Abbr.: ...
See alpha helix. * * *
al·pha-hy·drox·y acid (ălʹfə-hī-drŏkʹsē) n. Any of various fruit acids that are capable of trapping moisture in the skin and initiating the formation of collagen. * * *
/al"feuh in'teuhr fear"on/, n. Pharm. interferon (def. 2). * * *
alpha-ketoglutaric acid
/al"feuh kee"toh glooh tar"ik, al'feuh kee'-/, Biochem. a dibasic keto acid, C5H6O5, that occurs as an intermediate in the Krebs' cycle and in protein metabolism. [1905-10; KETO- ...
/al'feuh naf"thawl, -thol, -nap"-/, n. Chem. See under naphthol. * * *
alpha-naphthyl group
/al"feuh naf"thil, -nap"-, al'-/, Chem. See naphthyl group (def. 1). Also called alpha-naphthyl radical. * * *
/al'feuh naf'thil thuy'oh yoo ree"euh, -yoor"ee euh, -nap'-/, n. Chem. See ANTU. [ALPHA + NAPHTHYL + THIOUREA] * * *
alpha-particle scattering
/al"feuh pahr'ti keuhl/, Physics. See Rutherford scattering. [1900-05] * * *
al·pha-re·cep·tor (ălʹfə-rĭ-sĕp'tər) n. A site in the autonomic nervous system in which excitatory responses occur when adrenergic agents, such as norepinephrine and ...
alpha-stannic acid
/al"feuh stan"ik, al'-/. Chem. See under stannic acid. * * *
/al"feuh toh kof"euh rawl', -rol'/, n. Biochem. vitamin E. * * *
alphaand omega
alpha and omega n. 1. The first and the last: “I am Alpha and Omega, the beginning and the ending, saith the Lord” (Revelation 1:8). 2. The most important part. * * *
/al"feuh bet', -bit/, n. 1. the letters of a language in their customary order. 2. any system of characters or signs with which a language is written: the Greek alphabet. 3. any ...
alphabet code
a list of easily distinguishable words, each representing a letter of the alphabet, used in radio and telephonic communications. * * *
alphabet rhyme
▪ literature       mnemonic verse or song used to help children learn an alphabet; such devices appear in almost every alphabetic language. Some of the early English ...
alphabet soup
a soup containing small noodles in the shapes of letters of the alphabet. [1905-10] * * *
See alphabetically. * * *
—alphabetically, adv. /al'feuh bet"i keuhl/, adj. 1. in the order of the letters of the alphabet: alphabetical arrangement. 2. pertaining to, expressed by, or using an ...
See alphabetical. * * *
See alphabetize. * * *
—alphabetization /al'feuh bet'euh zay"sheuhn, -bi teuh-/, n. —alphabetizer, n. /al"feuh bi tuyz'/, v.t., alphabetized, alphabetizing. 1. to put or arrange in alphabetical ...
See alphabetization. * * *
Al·pha Cen·tau·ri (ălʹfə sĕn-tôrʹē) n. A multiple star in Centaurus whose three components represent the brightest object in the constellation, 4.4 light-years from ...
Alpha Cru·cis (kro͞oʹsĭs) n. A double star in the constellation Southern Cross. * * *
alpha decay n. The radioactive decay of an atomic nucleus by emission of an alpha particle. * * *
alpha globulin n. A type of globulin in blood plasma that exhibits great colloidal mobility in electrically charged neutral or alkaline solutions. * * *
alpha helix n. A common structure of proteins, characterized by a single, spiral chain of amino acids stabilized by hydrogen bonds.   al'pha-helʹi·cal (ăl'fə-hĕlʹĭ-kəl, ...
al·pha·mer·ic (ăl'fə-mĕrʹĭk) adj. Variant of alphanumeric. * * *
—alphanumerically, alphamerically, adv. /al'feuh nooh mer"ik, -nyooh-/, adj. Computers. (of a set of characters) including letters, numbers, and, often, special characters, as ...
See alphanumeric. * * *
See alphanumerical. * * *
alpha particle n. A positively charged particle, indistinguishable from a helium atom nucleus and consisting of two protons and two neutrons. * * *
alpha privative n. The prefix a- or an- before vowels, used in Greek and in English words borrowed from Greek to express absence or negation. * * *
alpha ray n. A stream of alpha particles or a single high-speed alpha particle. * * *
alpha rhythm n. See alpha wave. * * *
alpha wave n. A pattern of smooth, regular electrical oscillations in the human brain that occur when a person is awake and relaxed. As recorded by the electroencephalograph, ...
Alpher, Ralph Asher
▪ 2008       American physicist born Feb. 3, 1921, Washington, D.C. died Aug. 12, 2007, Austin, Texas laid the foundations for the big-bang model, a widely held theory ...
Alpheus [al fē′əs] n. 〚L < Gr Alpheios〛 Gr. Myth. a river god who pursues the nymph Arethusa until she is changed into a stream by Artemis * * * Al·phe·us ...
Alpheus River
River, southern Greece. About 75 mi (120 km) long, it is the longest river in the Peloponnese. It rises in Arcadia and flows northwest through southern Elias into the Ionian ...
/al fit"euh man'see/, n. the use of barley meal as a means of divination. [1645-55; < Gk álphito(n) barley + -MANCY, prob. influenced by Gk alphitómantis one who divines from ...
(as used in expressions) Capone Alphonse Daudet Alphonse Griffith Emile Alphonse Lamartine Alphonse de Mucha Alphonse Donatien Alphonse François count de Sade * * *
Alphonse and Gaston
marked by a ritualistic courtliness in which two often competing participants graciously but stubbornly defer to each other: a kind of Alphonse and Gaston act in which each man ...
/al fon"soh, -zoh/, n. a male given name: from Germanic words meaning "noble" and "ready." Also, Alphonse /al"fons, -fonz"/; Fr. /annl fawonns"/. * * *
/alp"hawrn'/, n. alpenhorn. * * * ▪ musical instrument German  Alpenhorn   long horn played by Alpine herdsmen and villagers, sounded for intercommunication and at daily ...
alphosis [al fō′sis] n. 〚ModL < Gr alphos, dull-white leprosy; akin to L albus, white: see ELF〛 LEUKODERMA * * *
—alpinely, adv. /al"puyn, -pin/, adj. 1. of, pertaining to, on, or part of any lofty mountain. 2. very high; elevated. 3. (cap.) of, pertaining to, on, or part of the Alps. 4. ...
Alpine azalea
a low, branching shrub, Loiseleuria procumbens, of northern regions, having evergreen leaves and clusters of white or pink flowers. [1930-35] * * *
alpine bistort.
See under bistort (def. 2). * * *
Alpine combined
a competition for Alpine skiers in a combination of downhill and slalom races, the winner having the highest total score. * * *
Alpine currant.
See mountain currant. * * *
alpine fir
a fir, Abies lasiocarpa, of the Rocky Mountains, yielding a soft, brittle wood used for making boxes, crates, etc. [1895-1900] * * *
alpine garden
a rock garden. [1940-45] * * *
Alpine ibex
an ibex, Capra ibex, of the Alps and Apennines, having long, heavy horns with transverse ridges. * * *
Alpine lakes
      the 11 significant European lakes fringing the great mountainous mass of the Alps. Set in magnificent scenery, they are the focus of considerable settlement and a ...
Alpine orogeny
Mountain-building event that affected a broad segment of southern Europe and the Mediterranean region during the middle Tertiary period. It produced intense metamorphism, ...
Alpine skiing
Class of competitive ski events consisting of speed events (the downhill and the supergiant slalom) and technical events (the slalom and giant slalom). Speed events are ...
alpine tundra
a tundra that is treeless because of high elevation rather than high latitude. * * *
Alpini, Prospero
▪ Italian scientist Alpini also spelled  Alpino   born Nov. 23, 1553, Marostica, Vicenza [Italy] died Nov. 23, 1616, or Feb. 6, 1617, Padua  physician and botanist who is ...
/al"peuh niz'euhm/, n. (often cap.) mountain climbing, esp. in the Alps. [1880-85; < F alpinisme. See ALPINE, -ISM] * * *
/al"peuh nist/, n. (often cap.) 1. a mountain climber, esp. in the Alps. 2. a downhill skier, esp. one engaging in competitive slalom and downhill events. [1880-85; < F ...
/al pray"zeuh lam"/, n. Pharm. a potent benzodiazepine, C17H13CIN4, used in the treatment of certain anxiety states. [laboratory coinage of unexplained orig.] * * *
/alps/, n. (used with a pl. v.) a mountain range in S Europe, extending from France through Switzerland and Italy into Austria, Slovenia, and Croatia. Highest peak, Mont Blanc, ...
Alpujarra rug
 handwoven floor covering with pile in loops, made in Spain from the 15th to the 19th century in the Alpujarras district south of Granada. The construction of these rugs makes ...
▪ economics also called  almwirtschaft        type of pastoral nomadism that forms a unique economic system (economic systems) in the Alps and involves the migration ...
/awl red"ee/, adv. 1. by this or that time; previously; prior to or at some specified or implied time: When we came in, we found they had already arrived. 2. now; so soon; so ...
/awl ruyt"/, adv. all right. Usage. The form ALRIGHT as a one-word spelling of the phrase ALL RIGHT in all of its senses probably arose by analogy with such words as already and ...
See amyotrophic lateral sclerosis. * * * ▪ island, Denmark German  Alsen        island in the Little Belt (strait), Denmark. It is separated from the Sundeved ...
/al sas", -says", al"sas, -says/; Fr. /annl zas"/, n. a region and former province of France between the Vosges and the Rhine. Ancient, Alsatia. Cf. Alsace-Lorraine. * * * ▪ ...
—Alsace-Lorrainer, n. /al"sas law rayn", -loh-, -says-/; Fr. /annl zas law rdden"/, n. a region in NE France, including the former provinces of Alsace and Lorraine: part of ...
/al say"sheuh/, n. 1. name formerly given to the Whitefriars district in London, England, which was a sanctuary for debtors and lawbreakers. 2. ancient name of Alsace. * * *
/al say"sheuhn/, adj. 1. of or pertaining to Alsace or its inhabitants. 2. of or pertaining to Alsatia. n. 3. a native or inhabitant of Alsace. 4. a resident or native of ...
Al·sek (ălʹsĕk') A river of northwest Canada and southeast Alaska flowing about 418 km (260 mi) to the Pacific Ocean. * * *
alsike [al′sik΄, al′sīk΄] n. 〚after Alsike, town in Sweden〛 a European clover (Trifolium hybridum) with white or pinkish flowers, grown for fodder: also alsike ...
alsike clover
/al"suyk, -sik, awl"-/ a European clover, Trifolium hybridum, having pink flowers, grown in the U.S. for forage. Also called alsike. [1850-55; after Alsike, near Uppsala, ...
al·sike clover (ălʹsīk') n. A perennial European clover (Trifolium hybridum) with whitish or pink flowers, naturalized over much of North America and grown as a pasture and ...
/awl"sip/, n. a town in NE Illinois. 17,134. * * *
/awl"soh/, adv. 1. in addition; too; besides; as well: He was thin, and he was also tall. 2. likewise; in the same manner: Since you're having another cup of coffee, I'll have ...
/awl"soh ran'/, n. 1. Sports. a. (in a race) a contestant who fails to win or to place among the first three finishers. b. an athlete or team whose performance in competition is ...
/awl"seuhp/, n. Joseph W(right), born 1910, U.S. political journalist and writer. * * *
Alsop, Joseph
▪ American journalist , in full  Joseph Wright Alsop   born Oct. 11, 1910, Avon, Conn., U.S. died Aug. 28, 1989, Washington, D.C.       American journalist and ...
Alsop, Joseph Wright,Jr.
Al·sop (ôlʹsəp, ŏlʹ-), Joseph Wright, Jr. 1910-1989. American journalist who with his brother Stewart (1914-1974) wrote the syndicated column “Matter of Fact” ...
Alsop, Marin
▪ 2008   born Oct. 16, 1956, New York, N.Y. American conductor Marin Alsop trained in the U.S., but the success of her international career, particularly in Europe, where she ...
Alster River
▪ river, Germany       tributary of the Elbe River in northern Germany. It rises 4 miles (6 km) southeast of Kaltenkirchen and flows generally south for 30 miles (50 km) ...
/awl"steuhn/, n. a male given name. * * *
Alston, Walter
▪ American baseball manager in full  Walter Emmons Alston,  byname   Smokey  born December 1, 1911, Venice, Ohio, U.S. died October 1, 1984, Oxford, ...
▪ mineral also called  Bromlite,        a barium and calcium carbonate mineral, CaBa(CO3)2, with minor amounts of strontium. It is colourless or light gray or pink in ...
al·stroe·me·ri·a (ăl'strə-mîrʹē-ə) n. Any of several South American perennial herbs of the genus Alstroemeria, popular as cut flowers for their showy, variously ...
/alt/ Music. adj. 1. high. n. 2. in alt, in the first octave above the treble staff. [1525-35; < Pr < L altum, n. use of neut. of altus high] * * *
var. of alti- before a vowel: altazimuth. * * *
1. alteration. 2. alternate. 3. altitude. 4. alto. * * *
Alta abbrev. Alberta (Canada) * * * ▪ Utah, United States       town and ski resort, Salt Lake county, northern Utah, U.S. Lying at an elevation of 8,583 feet (2,616 ...
Alberta. * * *
Al·ta California (älʹtə) also Upper California The Spanish possessions along the Pacific coast north of the peninsula of Baja California. Early maps of the area often ...
/al'teuh dee"neuh/, n. a town in SW California, near Los Angeles. 40,510. * * *
/al"tuy/; Russ. /ul tuy"/, n. a territory of the Russian Federation in central Asia. 2,675,000; 101,000 sq. mi. (261,700 sq. km). Cap.: Barnaul. Also, Altay. /al"tuy/, n., pl. ...
Altai Mountains
a mountain range in central Asia, mostly in Mongolia, China, Kazakhstan, and the S Russian Federation. Highest peak, Belukha, 15,157 ft. (4506 m). Also, Altay Mountains. * * ...
/al tay"ik/, n. 1. the Turkic, Mongolian, and Tungusic language families collectively, spoken over a broad expanse of Eurasia, from southeastern Europe to the Pacific: variously ...
Altaic languages
Group of more than 50 languages, comprising the Turkic, Mongolian, and Manchu-Tungus subfamilies. Altaic languages are spoken across Eurasia by more than 140 million people (the ...
Al·tai Mountains or Al·tay Mountains (ălʹtī') A mountain system of central Asia, mostly in eastern Kazakhstan and south-central Russia but also extending into western ...
/al"tair, -tuyeur, al tair", -tuyeur"/, n. a first-magnitude star in the constellation Aquila. [ < Ar (al-nasr) al-ta'ir (the) flying (eagle)] * * *
Altaisky Nature Reserve
▪ research area, Russia       natural area set aside for research in the natural sciences, in the northeastern Altai Mountains near Lake Teletsky, in south-central ...
Al·ta·ma·ha (ôlʹtə-mə-hô') A river of southeast Georgia formed by the confluence of the Oconee and Ocmulgee rivers and flowing about 220 km (137 mi) generally ...
/al'teuh mear"euh/; Sp. /ahl'tah mee"rddah/, n. a cave in northern Spain, near Santander, noted for its Upper Paleolithic polychrome paintings of bison, deer, and pigs. * * ...
Altamonte Springs
/al"teuh mont'/ a city in central Florida. 22,028. * * *
Al·ta·monte Springs (ălʹtə-mŏnt') A city of east-central Florida, a residential suburb of Orlando. Population: 34,879. * * *
▪ Italy       town, Puglia (Apulia) regione, southeastern Italy. Altamura lies on the Murge plateau at 1,552 feet (473 m) above sea level, southwest of Bari. It was ...
or Anda died 1583, Mongolia Mongol khan who terrorized China in the 16th century. He established a Chinese-style government in his homeland and concluded a peace treaty with ...
/awl"teuhr/, n. 1. an elevated place or structure, as a mound or platform, at which religious rites are performed or on which sacrifices are offered to gods, ancestors, etc. 2. ...
altar board
Coptic Church. an elaborately carved wooden panel, placed in a recess on top of an altar during the Mass, on which the chalice and paten rest. * * *
altar boy
acolyte (def. 1). [1765-75] * * *
altar bread
bread for use in a Eucharistic service. [1840-50] * * *
altar call
an evangelist preacher's invitation at the end of the sermon, asking people to come forward to acknowledge a conversion. [1945-50] * * *
altar card
Rom. Cath. Ch. one of three cards having certain portions of the Mass printed on them, placed upright on the altar to assist the memory of the celebrant. [1840-50] * * *
altar cloth
a cloth covering for an altar. [1150-1200; ME] * * *
altar of repose
Rom. Cath. Ch. a pedestal or niche upon which the sacraments are preserved from Maundy Thursday to Good Friday. [1870-75] * * *
altar rail
the rail in front of an altar, separating the sanctuary from those parts of the church that are in front of it. [1855-60] * * *
altar stand.
See missal stand. * * *
altar stone
mensa. Also called altar slab. [1275-1325; ME awterston] * * *
altar wine.
See sacramental wine. * * *
/awl"teuhr ij/, n. 1. Eccles. a. offerings made upon an altar of a church. b. offerings made to a church. 2. an honorarium paid to a priest for services at the altar from ...
altar boy n. A boy who is an altar server. * * *
altar call n. A specified time at the end of a Protestant service when worshipers may come forward to make or renew a profession of faith. Also called invitation. * * *
Altare glass
      type of Italian glassware produced in the town of Altare, near Genoa. The Altare glass industry was established in the 11th century by glassmakers from Normandy and ...
altar girl n. A girl who is an altar server. * * *
/awl"teuhr pees'/, n. a painted or carved screen behind or above the altar or communion table in Christian churches; reredos. [1635-45; ALTAR + PIECE] * * * Painting, relief, ...
altar rail n. A railing in front of the altar that separates the chancel from the rest of a church. * * *
altar server n. An attendant to an officiating cleric in the performance of a liturgical service; an acolyte. * * *
/al"tuy/; Russ. /ul tuy"/, n. Altai. * * * ▪ region, Russia also spelled  Altai,         kray (region), southwestern Siberia, Russia. Altay kray lies in the basin ...
Altay Mountains.
See Altai Mountains. * * *
Al·tay Mountains (ălʹtī') See Altai Mountains. * * *
/al taz"euh meuhth/, n. Astron. an instrument for determining both the altitude and the azimuth of a heavenly body. [1855-60; ALT(ITUDE) + AZIMUTH] * * *
altazimuth mounting
a mounting with two axes, to allow movement in both horizontal and vertical planes, used with telescopes, antennas, and precise surveying instruments. [1875-80] * * *
/ahlt"dawrf'/, n. a town in and the capital of Uri, in central Switzerland, near Lucerne: legendary home of William Tell. 8600. * * * ▪ Switzerland  capital of Uri canton, ...
/ahlt"dawrdd'feuhrdd/, n. Albrecht /ahl"brddekht/, c1480-1538, German painter. * * *
Altdorfer, Albrecht
born с 1480 died Feb. 12, 1538, Regensburg German painter and printmaker. He was the leading artist of the Danube school. Most of his works depict religious subjects, but he ...
Alte Pinakothek
(German; "Old Museum of Painting") Art museum, one of several collections within the Bavarian State Picture Galleries in Munich, Germany, and one of the great museums of the ...
▪ Germany       city, Thuringia Land (state), central Germany. It lies along the Pleisse River, at the southern edge of the central German brown-coal deposits, south of ...
—alterer, n. /awl"teuhr/, v.t. 1. to make different in some particular, as size, style, course, or the like; modify: to alter a coat; to alter a will; to alter course. 2. to ...
/awl"teuhr/, n. David, 1807-81, U.S. physicist. * * *
alter ego
/awl"teuhr ee"goh, eg'oh, al"-/ 1. a second self; a perfect substitute or deputy: His adviser acts as his alter ego during his absence. 2. an inseparable friend. 3. another ...
alter idem
/ahl"terdd ee"dem/; Eng. /awl"teuhr uy"dem, al"-/, Latin. another exactly the same. * * *
alteration. * * *
See alterable. * * *
—alterability, alterableness, n. —alterably, adv. /awl"teuhr euh beuhl/, adj. capable of being altered. [1520-30; ALTER + -ABLE] * * *
See alterability. * * *
See alterability. * * *
/awl"teuhr euhnt/, adj. 1. causing or producing alteration. n. 2. something that produces alteration. [1620-30; < LL alterant- (s. of alterans changing, prp. of alterare), equiv. ...
/awl'teuh ray"sheuhn/, n. 1. the act or process of altering; the state of being altered: Alteration will improve the dress. 2. a change; modification or adjustment: There has ...
/awl"teuh ray'tiv, -teuhr euh tiv/, adj. 1. tending to alter. 2. Med. Obs. gradually restoring healthy bodily functions. n. 3. Med. Obs. an alterative remedy. [1350-1400; ME < ML ...

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