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/awl"teuhr kayt'/, v.i., altercated, altercating. to argue or quarrel with zeal, heat, or anger; wrangle. [1530-40; < L altercatus (ptp. of altercari to quarrel), equiv. to ...
/awl'teuhr kay"sheuhn/, n. a heated or angry dispute; noisy argument or controversy. [1350-1400; ME altercacioun < L altercation- (s. of altercatio). See ALTERCATE, -ION] Syn. ...
altered chord
Music. a chord in which at least one tone has been changed from its normal pitch in the key. * * *
altered state of consciousness
any modification of the normal state of consciousness or awareness, including drowsiness or sleep and also states created by the use of alcohol, drugs, hypnosis, or techniques of ...
alter ego n. 1. Another side of oneself; a second self. 2. An intimate friend or a constant companion.   [Latin : alter, other + ego, I, self.] * * *
alterity [ôl ter′ə tē] n. the quality or condition of being other or different; otherness * * *
/awl"teuhrn, al"-/, adj. Archaic. alternate; following one another. [1635-45; < L altern(us) interchangeable, alternating, equiv. to alter the other (see ALTER) + -nus adj. ...
/awl"terr neuhnt, al"-/ or, esp. Brit., /awl terr"neuhnt, al-/, adj. 1. alternating; alternate. n. 2. Ling. a variant form that exists in alternation with another or ...
al·ter·nar·i·a (ôl'tər-nârʹē-ə, ăl'-) n. Any of various fungi in the genus Alternaria, many of which cause plant diseases, chiefly blights and leaf spots.   [New ...
—alternately, adv. —alternateness, n. —alternatingly, adv. v. /awl"teuhr nayt', al"-/; adj., n. /awl"teuhr nit, al"-/, v., alternated, alternating, adj., n. v.i. 1. to ...
alternate angles
Geom. two nonadjacent angles made by the crossing of two lines by a third line, both angles being either interior or exterior, and being on opposite sides of the third ...
alternate host
Ecol. a host, other than the usual or primary host, on which a parasitic organism can sustain itself. * * *
alternate plumage
Ornith. (of birds having more than one plumage in their cycle of molts) the plumage of the second molt, usually brighter than the basic plumage. * * *
alternate straight
Poker. See skip straight. * * *
al·ter·nate angle (ôlʹtər-nĭt, ălʹ-) Angles 3,6 and 4,5 are alternate interior angles; angles 1,8 and 2,7 are alternate exterior angles. Clarinda/Academy Artworks n. One ...
alternate host n. 1. One of two species of host on which some pathogens, such as certain rust fungi, must develop to complete their life cycles. 2. A species of host other than ...
See alternate. * * *
See alternately. * * *
alternating current
an electric current that reverses direction at regular intervals, having a magnitude that varies continuously in sinusoidal manner. Abbr.: ac Cf. direct current. [1830-40] * * ...
alternating current (AC)
Flow of electric charge that reverses periodically, unlike direct current. It starts from zero, grows to a maximum, decreases to zero, reverses, reaches a maximum in the ...
alternating group
Math. the subgroup consisting of all even permutations, of the group of all permutations of a finite set. Cf. symmetric group. [1905-10] * * *
alternating light
Navig. a beacon showing different colors in succession. * * *
alternating series
Math. a series, usually infinite, in which successive terms have opposite signs, as 1 - ½ + ¼ - 1/8 + . ... * * *
alternating voltage
Elect. a voltage that reverses direction in regular cycles. * * *
al·ter·nat·ing current (ôlʹtər-nā'tĭng, ălʹ-) n. Abbr. AC An electric current that reverses direction in a circuit at regular intervals. * * *
alternating group n. A group consisting of all possible even permutations of a given number of items. * * *
/awl'teuhr nay"sheuhn, al'-/, n. 1. the act or process of alternating or the state of being alternated. 2. alternate succession; repeated rotation: the alternation of the ...
alternation of generations
Biol. the alternation in an organism's life cycle of dissimilar reproductive forms, esp. the alternation of sexual with asexual reproduction. [1855-60] * * * In biology, ...
alternationof generations
alternation of generations n. The regular alternation of forms or of mode of reproduction in the life cycle of an organism, such as the alternation between diploid and haploid ...
—alternatively, adv. —alternativeness, alternativity, n. /awl terr"neuh tiv, al-/, n. 1. a choice limited to one of two or more possibilities, as of things, propositions, or ...
alternative conjunction
Gram. a conjunction, as or, that expresses an alternative relationship between the words, phrases, or clauses it connects. [1930-35] * * *
alternative energy
energy, as solar, wind, or nuclear energy, that can replace or supplement traditional fossil-fuel sources, as coal, oil, and natural gas. [1970-75] * * * Any of various ...
alternative hypothesis
(in the statistical testing of a hypothesis) the hypothesis to be accepted if the null hypothesis is rejected. * * *
alternative medicine
health care and treatment practices, including traditional Chinese medicine, chiropractic, folk medicine, and naturopathy, that minimize or eschew the use of surgery and drugs. * ...
alternative question
Gram. a question that offers the listener a choice of two or more alternatives and is characterized by rising intonation on each alternative except for the final one, which has ...
alternative rock
alternative rock n. a broad category of popular rock music typically regarded as somewhat out of the mainstream and variously including elements of punk rock, heavy metal, folk ...
alternative school
any public or private school having a special curriculum, esp. an elementary or secondary school offering a more flexible program of study than a traditional school. [1970-75] * ...
alternative society
a society or social group that espouses values different from those of the established social order. [1970-75] * * *
Alternative Sports
▪ 1998 Introduction by Brett Forrest       In the 1990s so-called alternative sports made inroads into the imagination and recreation time of people around the ...
See alternative. * * *
alternative medicine n. A variety of therapeutic or preventive health care practices, such as homeopathy, naturopathy, chiropractic, and herbal medicine, that do not follow ...
alternative pathway n. Immunology The activation of complement by direct contact with polysaccharides located on yeast cells, bacteria, or protozoa. It is a nonspecific immune ...
alternative school n. A school that is nontraditional, especially in educational ideals, methods of teaching, or curriculum. * * *
/awl"teuhr nay'teuhr, al"-/, n. Elect. a generator of alternating current. [1890-95; ALTERNATE + -OR2] * * * Source of direct electric current in modern vehicles for ignition, ...
/awlt"geld/, n. John Peter, 1847-1902, U.S. politician, born in Germany: governor of Illinois 1892-96: made controversial decision to pardon those convicted in Haymarket Riot. * ...
Altgeld, John Peter
born Dec. 30, 1847, Niederselters, Prussia died March 12, 1902, Joliet, Ill., U.S. German-born U.S. politician, governor of Illinois (1893–97). He emigrated from Germany as a ...
/al thee"euh/, n. Class. Myth. wife of Oeneus and mother of Toxeus, Tydeus, Meleager, and Deianira. * * *
/al thee"euh/, n. 1. the rose of Sharon, Hibiscus syriacus. 2. any plant belonging to the genus Althaea, of the mallow family, having lobed leaves and showy flowers in a ...
/al thee"euh/, n. a female given name: from a Greek word meaning "wholesome." * * *
▪ Tunisia modern  Abbah Quṣūr , also spelled  Ebba Ksour        ancient city of Numidia in North Africa, on the road constructed by the Roman emperor Hadrian ...
/ahl"thing, awl"-/, n. the parliament of Iceland, consisting of an upper and a lower house. [ < ON; see ALL, THING2] * * *
/awl dhoh"/, conj. Pron. Spelling. although. * * *
/alt"hawrn'/, n. a valved brass musical instrument, varying in shape, that is the alto member of the cornet family. Also called alto horn, mellophone. [1855-60; ALT + HORN] * * *
/awl dhoh"/, conj. in spite of the fact that; even though; though. [1275-1325; ME al thogh ALL (adv.) even + THOUGH] Syn. notwithstanding (that), even if, albeit (that). * * *
Althusius, Johannes
▪ Dutch political scientist (Latin),   German  Johannes Althaus  born 1557, Diedenshausen, Wittgenstein-Berleberg [now Thionville, France] died Aug. 12, 1638, Emden, East ...
Althusser, Louis
▪ French scholar born October 16, 1918, Birmandreis, Algeria died October 22, 1990, near Paris, France       French philosopher who attained international renown in the ...
a combining form with the meaning "high," used in the formation of compound words: altigram, altitude. Also, ALTO-; esp. before a vowel, alt-. [ME < L alti- comb. form of altus ...
▪ Italian painter born c. 1330, , Zevio, near Verona [Italy] died after 1390, , Verona?  early Renaissance painter who was the effective founder of the Veronese school and ...
/al"ti graf', -grahf'/, n. an altimeter equipped with a device for recording its measurements on a graph. [ALTI- + -GRAPH] * * *
/al tim"i teuhr, al"teuh mee'teuhr/, n. 1. a sensitive aneroid barometer that is graduated and calibrated, used chiefly in aircraft for finding distance above sea level, terrain, ...
See altimeter. * * *
—altimetrical /al'teuh me"tri keuhl/, adj. —altimetrically, adv. /al tim"i tree/, n. the science of measuring altitudes, as by altimeters. [1690-1700; ALTI- + -METRY] * * *
/al"teuh playn'/, n. Geol. an elevated terrace or plateau sculptured by periglacial geomorphic processes. Also, altiplano. [1915-20; alter. of ALTIPLANO under influence of ...
/al'teuh plah"noh/; for 1 also Sp. /ahl'tee plah"naw/, n., pl. Altiplanos for 2. 1. a plateau region in South America, situated in the Andes of Argentina, Bolivia, and Peru. 2. ...
▪ ancient site, Greece       in Greek religion, the sacred grove of Zeus, or the sacred precinct in Olympia, Greece. It was an irregular quadrangular area more than 200 ...
/al tis"euh moh'/; It. /ahl tees"see maw'/, Music. adj. 1. very high. n. 2. in altissimo, in the second octave above the treble staff. [1810-20; < It: lit., highest, equiv. to ...
—altitudinous /al'ti toohd"n euhs, -tyoohd"-/, adj. /al"ti toohd', -tyoohd'/, n. 1. the height of anything above a given planetary reference plane, esp. above sea level on ...
altitude and azimuth
Two coordinates describing the position of an object above Earth in a coordinate system called the altazimuth, or horizon, system, and used in astronomy, gunnery, navigation, ...
altitude chamber
Aeron. a chamber for simulating the conditions of air pressure and temperature for a given altitude in order to test the behavior of people and equipment in such an ...
altitude dial
an adjustable sundial utilizing the altitude of the sun, at a given latitude and time of year, as a means of telling the time. * * *
altitude sickness
Pathol. a condition affecting some persons at high altitudes, caused by insufficient oxygen in the blood and characterized by dizziness, nausea, and shortness of ...
altitude sickness n. A collection of symptoms, including shortness of breath, headache, and nosebleed, brought on by decreased oxygen in the atmosphere, such as that encountered ...
/al'ti toohd"n l, -tyoohd"-/, adj. relating to altitude or height. [1770-80; < L altitudin- (s. of altitudo) ALTITUDE + -AL1] * * *
Altizer, Thomas J.J.
▪ American theologian in full  Thomas Jonathan Jackson Altizer   born Sept. 28, 1927, Cambridge, Mass., U.S.       radical theologian associated with the Death of ...
alt key (ôlt) n. A key on a computer keyboard that is pressed in combination with another key to execute an alternate operation. * * *
(1920– ) a US film director. His films usually give a sad or funny picture of US life. They include M*A*S*H (1970), Nashville (1975), Short Cuts (1995), based on stories by ...
Altman, Benjamin
▪ American merchant, art collector, and philanthropist born July 12, 1840, New York, N.Y., U.S. died Oct. 7, 1913, New York       American merchant, art collector, and ...
Altman, Robert
▪ 2007  American filmmaker (b. Feb. 20, 1925, Kansas City, Mo.—d. Nov. 20, 2006, Los Angeles, Calif.), was an unconventional and independent director whose works emphasized ...
Altman, Robert (B.)
born Feb. 20, 1925, Kansas City, Mo., U.S. U.S. film director. He learned filmmaking by directing industrial films, then directed several television series before making his ...
Altman, Sidney
born May 7, 1939, Montreal, Que., Can. Canadian-born U.S. molecular biologist. He studied at MIT and the University of Colorado and has taught at Yale University since 1971. ...
Alt·man (ôltʹmən), Robert. Born 1925. American film director and screenwriter whose film credits include M*A*S*H (1970), for which he won an Academy Award, and The Player ...
Altman, Sidney. Born 1939. Canadian-born American biologist who shared a 1989 Nobel Prize in chemistry for discoveries concerning the catalytic properties of RNA. * * *
/al"toh/, n., pl. altos, adj. Music. n. 1. the lowest female voice; contralto. 2. the highest male voice; countertenor. 3. a singer with such a voice. 4. a musical part for such ...
alto clef
Music. a sign locating middle C on the third line of the staff. Also called viola clef. See illus. under C clef. [1875-80] * * *
alto flute
a large flute pitched a perfect fourth lower than an ordinary flute. [1930-35] * * *
alto horn
althorn. * * *
var. of alti-: altostratus. * * *
/al"toh ri lee"voh/, n., pl. alto-relievos. See high relief. [1710-20; < It alto rilievo high relief] * * *
alto-rilievo [äl′tō̂ rē lye′vō̂] n. 〚It 〛 pl. alti-rilievi [äl′tē rē lye′vē] ALTO-RELIEVO * * *
alto clef n. The C clef positioned to indicate that the third line from the bottom of a staff represents the pitch of middle C. * * *
/al'toh kyooh"myeuh leuhs/, n., pl. altocumulus. Meteorol. a cloud of a class characterized by globular masses or rolls in layers or patches, the individual elements being larger ...
/awl'teuh gedh"euhr, awl"teuh gedh'euhr/, adv. 1. wholly; entirely; completely; quite: altogether fitting. 2. with all or everything included: The debt amounted altogether to ...
/al"toh ist/, n. a performer on the alto saxophone. [ALTO + -IST] * * *
/awl"tn/, n. 1. a city in SW Illinois. 34,171. 2. a male given name. * * * (as used in expressions) Miller Alton Glenn Parker Alton Brooks Walcott Derek Alton * * * ▪ ...
Alton Towers
an amusement park near Derby, England. It has some of the biggest rides in Britain. * * *
Alton, John
▪ 1997       (ALDAN JACKO), Hungarian-born U.S. cinematographer who helped create the stark, shadowy look of film noir in the 1940s. He also fostered the development of ...
/ahl"toh nah/, n. a metropolitan district of Hamburg, Germany: formerly an independent city. * * * ▪ district, Germany       northwest district of the city and Land ...
/al tooh"neuh/, n. a city in central Pennsylvania. 57,078. * * * ▪ Pennsylvania, United States       city, Blair county, central Pennsylvania, U.S. It is situated on ...
/al'toh stray"teuhs, -strat"euhs/, n., pl. altostratus. Meteorol. a cloud of a class characterized by a generally uniform gray sheet or layer, lighter in color than nimbostratus ...
Altranstädt, treaties of
▪ Europe [1706 and 1707]       agreements made during the Second, or Great, Northern War (1700–21) by the Swedish king Charles XII with Augustus II, king of Poland ...
Altria Group
▪ American company formerly  Philip Morris Companies, Inc.         American holding company founded in 1985, the owner of several major American companies, notably ...
Altria Group, Inc.
U.S. holding company with interests in tobacco, foods, and financial services. Formerly called Philip Morris Cos., Inc., the group changed its name to Altria in January 2003. ...
/al trish"euhl/, adj. Zool. (of an animal species) helpless at birth or hatching and requiring parental care for a period of time (opposed to precocial.) [1870-75; < L altric-, ...
/al"trooh iz'euhm/, n. 1. the principle or practice of unselfish concern for or devotion to the welfare of others (opposed to egoism). 2. Animal Behav. behavior by an animal that ...
/al"trooh ist/, n. a person unselfishly concerned for or devoted to the welfare of others (opposed to egoist). [1865-70; < F altruiste; see ALTRUISM, -IST] * * *
—altruistically, adv. /al'trooh is"tik/, adj. 1. unselfishly concerned for or devoted to the welfare of others (opposed to egoistic). 2. Animal Behav. of or pertaining to ...
See altruist. * * *
Altun Mountains
▪ mountains, China Chinese (Pinyin)  A'erjin Shan  or  (Wade-Giles romanization)  A-erh-chin Shan,  Uighur  Altyn Tagh        mountain range in the southern part ...
/al"teuhs/, n. a city in SW Oklahoma. 23,101. * * * ▪ Oklahoma, United States       city, seat (1907) of Jackson county, southwestern Oklahoma, U.S. The original ...
Computers. arithmetic/logic unit: the part of a central processing unit that performs arithmetic and logical operations. * * *
In words related to sorcery, magic, possession, and intoxication. Suffixed form *alu-t-. ale, from Old English ealu, from Germanic *aluth-.   [Pokorny alu- 33.] * * *
Al U·bay·yid (ăl' o͞o-bāʹĭd, äl') See El Obeid. * * *
/al"yoo del'/, n. Chem. one of a series of pearshaped vessels of earthenware or glass, open at both ends and fitted one above the other, for recovering the sublimates produced ...
Aluko, T.M.
▪ Nigerian author in full  Timothy Mofolorunso Aluko   born June 14, 1918, Ilesha, Nigeria       Nigerian writer whose short stories and novels deal with social ...
—alular, adj. /al"yeuh leuh/, n., pl. alulae /-lee'/. 1. Also called bastard wing, spurious wing. the group of three to six small, rather stiff feathers growing on the first ...
See alula. * * *
alum1 /al"euhm/, n. Chem. 1. Also called potash alum, potassium alum. a crystalline solid, aluminum potassium sulfate, K2SO4·Al2(SO4)3·24H2O, used in medicine as an astringent ...
Alum Rock
/al"euhm/ a town in W central California, near San Jose. 16,890. * * *
Chem. aluminum. * * *
▪ Spanish mystic group (Spanish: “Enlightened”),Italian  Illuminato,  plural  Illuminati,         a follower of a mystical movement in Spain during the 16th ...
var. of alumino-, esp. before a vowel. * * *
/euh looh"meuh neuh/, n. the natural or synthetic oxide of aluminum, Al2O3, occurring in nature in a pure crystal form as corundum. Also called aluminum oxide. [1780-90; < L ...
alumina cement
a quick-setting cement with a large bauxite content. * * *
alumina trihydrate
Chem. See aluminum hydroxide. * * *
/euh looh"meuh nit', -nayt'/, n. Chem. a salt of the acid form of aluminum hydroxide, containing the group AlO2- or AlO3-3. [1725-35; ALUMIN- + -ATE2] * * *
/euh looh'meuh nif"euhr euhs/, adj. containing or yielding aluminum. [ALUMIN- + -I- + -FEROUS] * * *
/euh looh"meuh nuyt'/, n. a mineral, hydrous aluminum sulfate, Al2(SO4)(OH)4·7H2O, occurring in white, chalky masses. Also called websterite. [1865-70; ALUMIN- + -ITE1] * * *
/al'yeuh min"ee euhm/, n., adj. Chiefly Brit. aluminum. * * *
—aluminization, n. /euh looh"meuh nuyz'/, v.t., aluminized, aluminizing. to treat with aluminum. Also, esp. Brit., aluminise. [1855-60; ALUMIN- + -IZE] * * *
a combining form of aluminum, used esp. before a consonant: aluminosilicate. Also, esp. before a vowel, alumin-. * * *
—aluminographic /euh looh'meuh neuh graf"ik/, adj. /euh looh'meuh nog"reuh fee/, n. Print. algraphy. [1930-35; ALUMINO- + -GRAPHY] * * *
/euh looh'meuh noh sil"euh kit, -kayt'/, n. any naturally occurring or synthetically produced aluminum silicate containing alkali-metal or alkaline-earth-metal ions, as a ...
/euh looh"meuh neuh therr'mee/, n. Metall. a process of producing high temperatures by causing finely divided aluminum to react with the oxygen from another metallic oxide. Also, ...
—aluminosity /euh looh'meuh nos"i tee/, n. /euh looh"meuh neuhs/, adj. of the nature of or containing alum or alumina. [1535-45; < F alumineux or L aluminosus; see ALUM1, ...
—aluminic /al'yeuh min"ik/, adj. /euh looh"meuh neuhm/, n. 1. Chem. a silver-white metallic element, light in weight, ductile, malleable, and not readily corroded or tarnished, ...
aluminum acetate
Chem. a compound that in the form of its normal salt, Al(C2H3O2)3, obtained as a white, water-soluble, amorphous powder, is used chiefly in medicine as an astringent and as an ...
aluminum ammonium sulfate
Chem. a crystalline solid, AlNH4(SO4)2·12H2O, used chiefly as a size in the manufacture of paper; alum. Also called ammonium alum, ammonia alum. * * *
aluminum borate
Chem. a white, granular, water-insoluble powder, 2Al2O3·B2O3·3H2O, used chiefly in the manufacture of crown glass. * * *
aluminum borohydride
Chem. a volatile liquid, Al(BH4)3, that ignites spontaneously in air and reacts vigorously with water to form hydrogen, used chiefly in organic synthesis. * * *
aluminum brass
an alloy of about 75 percent copper, 2 percent aluminum, small amounts of other elements, and the balance zinc. [1905-10] * * *
aluminum bronze
any of several alloys containing a high percentage of copper with from 5 to 11 percent aluminum and varying amounts of iron, nickel, manganese, and other elements. Also called ...
aluminum carbide
Chem. a yellow, crystalline solid, Al4C3, that reacts with water to form methane. * * *
aluminum chloride
Chem. a yellow-white, crystalline, water-soluble solid that in its white hydrated form, AlCl3·6H2O, is used chiefly as a wood preservative and in its yellow-white anhydrous ...
Aluminum Company of America
▪ American company       (Alcoa), American corporation founded in 1888 (as the Pittsburgh Reduction Company) and now a leading producer of aluminum. Its operations range ...
aluminum fluosilicate
Chem. a white, water-soluble powder, Al2(SiF6)3, used in the manufacture of optical glass and of synthetic sapphires and rubies. * * *
aluminum glycinate
/gluy"seuh nayt'/, Pharm. a white, bland-tasting powder, C2H6AlNO4, that is used as an antacid. [GLYCINE + -ATE2] * * *
aluminum hydroxide
Chem. a crystalline, water-insoluble powder, Al(OH)3 or Al2O3·3H2O, obtained chiefly from bauxite: used in the manufacture of glass, ceramics, and printing inks, in dyeing, and ...
aluminum monostearate
Chem. a white, water-insoluble powder, Al(OH)2C18H35O2, used as a drier in paints and as a thickener in lubricating oils. * * *
aluminum nitrate
Chem. a white, crystalline, water-soluble solid, Al(NO3)3·9H2O, used chiefly as a mordant in dyeing cotton. * * *
aluminum oxide
alumina. * * *
aluminum processing
Introduction       preparation of the ore for use in various products.       Aluminum, or aluminium (Al), is a silvery white metal with a melting point of 660° C ...
aluminum silicate
any of a group of naturally occurring, water-insoluble substances, obtained from clay or synthesized, containing varying amounts of oxides of aluminum and silicon, Al2O3 and ...
aluminum soap
Chem. any of the salts formed by higher carboxylic acids and aluminum, as aluminum oleate, aluminum palmitate, and aluminum stearate. * * *
aluminum sulfate
Chem. a white, crystalline, water-soluble solid, Al2(SO4)3, used chiefly as a water-purifying agent, as a mordant, and as a size in the manufacture of paper. [1865-70] * * *
aluminum oxide n. See alumina. * * *
aluminum plant n. A succulent herb (Pilea cadierei) often grown as a houseplant for its silver-colored leaves. * * *
aluminum sulfate n. A white crystalline compound, Al2(SO4)3, used chiefly in papermaking, water purification, sanitation, and tanning. * * *
/euh lum"neuh/, n., pl. alumnae /-nee, -nuy/. a woman who is a graduate or former student of a specific school, college, or university. [1880-85, Amer.; < L: foster daughter, ...
➡ student life * * *
alumni association
n (in the US) an organization of people who have all been to a particular school or university. See also alma mater. * * *
/euh lum"neuhs/, n., pl. alumni /-nuy, -nee/. 1. a graduate or former student of a specific school, college, or university. 2. a former associate, employee, member, or the like: ...
/al"euhm rooht', -root'/, n. 1. any of several North American plants belonging to the genus Heuchera, of the saxifrage family, esp. H. americana, having mottled foliage and ...
/euh lun"deuhm/, Trademark. a brand name for a substance consisting of fused alumina, used chiefly as an abrasive and as a refractory. * * *
/al"yeuh nuyt'/, n. a mineral, a hydrous sulfate of potassium and aluminum, KAl3(SO4)2(OH)6, commonly occurring in fine-grained masses. Also called alumstone /al"euhm ...
/euh looh"neuh jeuhn/, n. a mineral, hydrous sulfate of aluminum, Al2(SO4)3·18H2O, occurring as a white, fibrous crust on quarry or mine walls. [1865-70; < F alun (see ALUNITE) ...
/al"yoor, -yeuhr/, n. a passageway, as the walk along one side of a cloister. Also, allure. [1250-1300; ME, also al(o)ur < OF aleure passage, equiv. to ale walk (see ALLEY1) + ...
▪ Ukraine also spelled  Alušta        tourist resort, Crimea, Ukraine, on the south coast of the Crimean Peninsula. It is the site of a settlement dating from the ...
/al'yeuh tay"sheuhs/, adj. 1. Zool. covered with minute cracks or wrinkles and having a pale, leathery-brown color. 2. having the color of soft brown leather. [1870-75; < LL ...
/al"veuh/; Sp. /ahl"vah/, n. 1. Also, Alba. Fernando Alvarez de Toledo /ferdd nahn"daw ahl"vah rddeth' dhe taw le"dhaw/, Duke of, 1508-82, Spanish general who suppressed a ...
Alva,Duke of
Al·va (ălʹvə, älʹvä) also Al·ba (ălʹbə), Duke of Title of Fernando Álvarez de Toledo. 1508-1582. Spanish general and colonial administrator of the Netherlands ...
Alvah or Alva [al′və] n. 〚Heb alva, alvan; often assoc. with L albus, white〛 a masculine name: var. Alvan [al′vən] * * *
/ahl"vahr/, n. (sometimes l.c.) Hinduism. (in southern India) a holy person of the Vaishnava sect. [ < Tamil alvar, deriv. of ar- sink, be absorbed (as in contemplation)] * * ...
/ahl'vah rddah"dhaw/, n. 1. Alonso de /ah lawn"saw dhe/, c1490-1554, Spanish soldier in the conquests of Mexico and Peru: governor of Cuzco 1552?-54. 2. Pedro de /pe"dhrddaw ...
Alvarado, Pedro de
born с 1485, Badajoz, Castile died 1541, in or near Guadalajara, New Spain Spanish soldier and colonial administrator. In 1519 he accompanied the army led by Hernán Cortés ...
Alvarado,Pedro de
Al·va·ra·do (ăl'və-räʹdō, äl'vä-räʹthō), Pedro de. 1485-1541. Spanish general and colonial administrator who took part in the conquest of Mexico and became governor ...
/al"veuh rez'/, n. Luis Walter, born 1911, U.S. physicist: Nobel prize 1968. * * *
Alvarez Bravo, Manuel
▪ 2003       Mexican photographer (b. Feb. 4, 1902, Mexico City, Mex.—d. Oct. 19, 2002, Mexico City), was influenced by international developments, particularly ...
Álvarez Quintero
/ahl"vah rddeth' keen te"rddaw/ Joaquín /hwah keen"/, 1873-1944, and his brother Serafín /se'rddah feen"/, 1871-1938, Spanish dramatists and coauthors. * * *
Álvarez Quintero brothers
▪ Spanish writers       Spanish brothers who collaborated in almost 200 dramas depicting the life, manners, and speech of Andalusia. Serafín Álvarez Quintero (b. March ...
Alvarez, A.
▪ British author and critic in full  Alfred Alvarez  born Aug. 5, 1929, London, Eng.       British novelist, essayist, and critic whose works explore the interaction ...
Álvarez, Juan
▪ president of Mexico born 1790, Concepción de Atoyac, Mex. died Aug. 21, 1867, Acapulco       revolutionary leader for more than 40 years, before and after the end of ...
Alvarez, Luis W(alter)
born June 13, 1911, San Francisco, Calif., U.S. died Sept. 1, 1988, Berkeley, Calif. U.S. experimental physicist. He joined the faculty of the University of California at ...
Alvarez, Luis W.
▪ American physicist in full  Luis Walter Alvarez  born June 13, 1911, San Francisco, Calif., U.S. died Sept. 1, 1988, Berkeley, Calif.  American experimental physicist who ...
Alvarez,Luis Walter
Al·va·rez (ălʹvə-rĕz'), Luis Walter. 1911-1988. American physicist. He won a 1968 Nobel Prize for his study of subatomic particles. * * *
/ahl vah"rddaw/, n. Corrado /kawrdd rddah"daw/, c1890-1956, Italian journalist and novelist. * * *
Alvaro, Corrado
▪ Italian author born April 15, 1895, San Luca, Italy died June 11, 1956, Rome       Italian novelist and journalist whose works investigated the social and political ...
Alvear, Marcelo T de
▪ president of Argentina born October 4, 1868, Buenos Aires died March 23, 1942, Buenos Aires  statesman and political leader who served as president of Argentina from 1922 ...
/al"vee ay'tid/, adj. having the vaulted shape of a beehive. [1615-25; < L alveat(us) (equiv. to alve(us) concave vessel, trough (alv(us) belly + -eus n. suffix) + -atus -ATE1) + ...
Alvensleben-Erxleben, Gustav, Graf von
▪ Prussian general born September 30, 1803, Eichenbarleben, Prussia [Germany] died June 30, 1881, Gernrode, Ger.       Prussian general and adjutant general who was the ...
var. of alveolo- before a vowel: alveolectomy. * * *
/al vee"euh leuh/, n., pl. alveolae /-lee'/. Bot., Zool. 1. a small cavity, cell, or pit on the surface of an organ. 2. an alveolus. [ < NL; L alveolus; see ALVEOLUS] * * *
—alveolarly, adv. /al vee"euh leuhr/, adj. 1. Anat., Zool. of or pertaining to an alveolus or to alveoli. 2. Phonet. articulated with the tongue touching or close to the ...
alveolar arch
the part of the upper or lower jawbone in which the teeth are set. [1895-1900] * * *
alveolar ridge
the ridgelike border of the upper and lower jaws containing the sockets of the teeth. Also called alveolar process. See diag. under mouth. * * *
See alveolar. * * *
—alveolation, n. /al vee"euh lit, -layt'/, adj. having alveoli; deeply pitted, as a honeycomb. Also, alveolated. [1830-40; < L alveolatus. See ALVEOLUS, -ATE1] * * *
See alveolate. * * *
a combining form of alveolus: alveolopalatal. Also, esp. before a vowel, alveol-. * * *
/al vee"euh leuhs/, n., pl. alveoli /-luy'/. 1. a little cavity, pit, or cell, as a cell of a honeycomb. 2. an air cell of the lungs, formed by the terminal dilation of tiny air ...
/al'vee oh pal"euh tl/, Phonet. adj. 1. articulated with the blade or front of the tongue approaching or touching the front of the hard palate near its junction with the alveolar ...
/al"vin/, n. 1. a town in S Texas. 16,515. 2. a male given name: from Old English words meaning "elf" and "friend." * * * (as used in expressions) Ailey Alvin Jr. Coburn Alvin ...
Alvin Toffler
➡ Toffler * * *
/al"vin, -vuyn/, adj. Med. Obs. of or pertaining to the belly; intestinal. [1745-55; < L alvinus, equiv. to alv(us) belly + -inus -INE1] * * *
/al vuy"reuh, -vear"euh/, n. a female given name, form of Elvira. Also, Alvera /al vear"euh/. * * *
Alvis Vickers
➡ Vickers * * *
▪ former county, Sweden       former län (county) of southwestern Sweden, located to the west and south of Lake Vänern. Formed as a county in 1634, it was merged with ...
▪ India also spelled  Alwur        city, northeastern Rajasthan (Rājasthān) state, northwestern India. The city is surrounded by a wall and moat and is dominated ...
/awl"way/, adv. Archaic. always. [bef. 900; ME allwaye, alle wey; OE ealneweg, equiv. to ealne (acc. sing. masc. of eal ALL) + weg WAY; the acc. denoted duration] * * *
/awl"wayz, -weez/, adv. 1. every time; on every occasion; without exception: He always works on Saturday. 2. all the time; continuously; uninterruptedly: There is always some ...
/al"win/, n. a male given name. Also, Alwyn. * * *
/awl"wuyt/, adj. Armor. white (def. 14). * * *
Alxa Plateau
▪ desert region, China Chinese (Pinyin)  Alashan Gaoyuan  or  (Wade-Giles romanization)  A-la-shan Kao-yüan,  conventional  Ala Shan Desert        southernmost ...
/al'ee at"eez/, n. king of Lydia c617-560 B.C. * * * ▪ king of Lydia died c. 560 BC       king of Lydia, in west-central Anatolia (reigned c. 610–c. 560 BC), whose ...
/al"is/, n. a female given name. * * *
Alyce clover
a plant, Alysicarpus vaginalis, of the legume family, native to central Asia and grown in warm regions as forage. [1940-45; prob. by folk etym. from NL Alysicarpus the genus ...
Al·yce clover or al·yce clover (ălʹĭs) n. A tropical Asiatic herb (Alysicarpus vaginalis) with alternate, simple leaves and reddish flowers, grown as a pasture and hay crop ...
▪ Greek author flourished late 4th–5th century AD, , Alexandria, Egypt       author of Eisagōgē mousikē (Introduction to Music), a work that contains tabular ...
/al"euh seuhn/, n. a female given name, form of Alice. * * *
/euh lis"euhm/, n. 1. any of various plants belonging to the genus Alyssum, of the mustard family, having clusters of small yellow or white flowers. 2. any of several related ...
▪ Lithuania also spelled  Alitus,  German  and Polish Olita,         city, southern Lithuania. It lies along the Neman (Lithuanian: Nemunas) River, 37 miles (60 km) ...
Alzheimer disease
Degenerative brain disorder. It occurs in middle to late adult life, destroying neurons and connections in the cerebral cortex and resulting in significant loss of brain mass. ...
Alzheimer Disease: Clues from Convents
▪ 2002       An ongoing study of a highly cooperative group of long-lived nuns has been shedding considerable light on aging and Alzheimer disease. The Nun Study, led ...
Alzheimer's disease
/ahlts"huy meuhrz, alts"-, awlts"-/, Pathol. a common form of dementia of unknown cause, usually beginning in late middle age, characterized by memory lapses, confusion, ...
Alz·hei·mer's disease (ältsʹhī-mərz, ăltsʹ-, ôltsʹ-, ôlzʹ-) n. A disease marked by the loss of cognitive ability, generally over a period of 10 to 15 years, and ...
▪ Spain also spelled  Alcira         city, Valencia provincia (province), in the comunidad autónoma (autonomous community) of Valencia, eastern Spain. It lies in ...
Alzon, Emmanuel d'
▪ French ecclesiast in full  Emmanuel-marie-joseph-maurice Daudé D'alzon   born Aug. 30, 1810, Le Vigan, France died Nov. 21, 1880, Nîmes       French ecclesiastic ...
/am/; unstressed /euhm, m/, v. 1st pers. sing. pres. indic. of be. [before 900; ME; OE am, eam, eom; c. Goth im, ON, Armenian em, OIr am, Gk eimí, Hittite, early Lith esmi, OCS ...
1. Asian Male. 2. Electronics. amplitude modulation: a method of impressing a signal on a radio carrier wave by varying its amplitude. 3. Radio. a system of broadcasting by means ...
Symbol, Chem. americium. * * * in full amplitude modulation Variation of the amplitude of a carrier wave (commonly a radio wave) in correspondence to fluctuations in the audio ...
➡ amateur dramatics. * * *
1. America. 2. American. * * *
/ay"em'ef"em'/, adj. (of a radio) able to receive both AM and FM stations. Also, AM/FM. * * *
/ah"mah/, n., pl. amas, ama. a Japanese diver, usually a woman, who tends underwater oyster beds used in the cultivation of pearls. [1945-50; < Japn, of uncert. orig.] * * *
/am"euh bel'/, n. a female given name. Also, Amabella /am'euh bel"euh/. * * *
/ah"meuh dawn'/, n. Irish. fool. [ < Ir amadán, dim. (with suffix -án) of amaid a foolish woman < *anmedy witless ( < *an-man-t-i; cf. MENTAL1), crossed with *ameth ( < ...
/am'euh deuh vat"/, n. avadavat. * * *
(as used in expressions) Amadeus VI Amadeus the Green Count Victor Amadeus II Hoffmann Ernst Theodor Amadeus Mozart Wolfgang Amadeus * * * ▪ king of Spain born May 30, 1845, ...
Amadeus Quartet
▪ British string quartet       English string quartet (1948–87), one of the most durable and highly regarded quartets of Europe. The quartet was formed in 1947, the ...
Amadeus VI
known as Amadeus the Green Count born 1334, Chambéry, Savoy [France] died March 1, 1383, Castropignano [Italy] Count of Savoy (1343–83). Ruler of Savoy from age 9, he ...
Amadeus VII
▪ count of Savoy byname  Amadeus The Red Count,  Italian  Amedeo Il Conte Rosso,  French  Amédée Le Comte Rouge  born 1360, Chambéry, Savoy [now in France] died Nov. ...
Amadeus VIII
▪ antipope and duke of Savoy byname  Amadeus The Peaceful,  Italian  Amedeo Il Pacifico,  French  Amédée Le Paisible,  also called  Pope Felix V  born 1383, ...
Amadeus, Lake
▪ lake, Northern Territory, Australia       salty mud basin in southwestern Northern Territory, Australia. The lake occupies a shallow trough filled with sediments ...
Amadi, Elechi
▪ Nigerian writer born May 12, 1934, Aluu, near Port Harcourt, Nigeria       novelist and playwright best known for works that explore the role of the supernatural in ...
/am"euh dis/, n. Medieval Romance. a knight-errant, model of the chivalric hero. * * *
Amadis of Gaul
(Spanish, Amadís de Gaula) a Spanish romance of the second half of the 15th century by García de Montalvo, possibly based on Portuguese and French material of the late medieval ...
/euh mah"doh/; Port. /ah mah"doo/, n. Jorge Port. /zhawrdd"zheuh/, born 1912, Brazilian novelist. * * *
Amado, Jorge
born Aug. 10, 1912, Ferradas, near Ilhéus, Braz. died Aug. 6, 2001, Salvador, Bahia Brazilian novelist. Amado was born and reared on a cacao plantation. He published his first ...
A·ma·do (ə-mäʹdo͝o), Jorge. Born 1912. Brazilian writer whose novels concern social injustice. * * *
Amador Guerrero
/ah'mah dhawrdd" gerdd rdde"rddaw/ Manuel /mah nwel"/, 1833-1909, Panamanian political leader: first president of Panama 1904-08. * * *
/am"euh dooh'/, n. a spongy substance prepared from fungi, Polyporus (Fomes) fomentarius and allied species, growing on trees, used as tinder and in surgery. [1805-15; < F, MF, ...
Amadou and Mariam
▪ 2007       Having already taken Africa and Europe by storm, in 2006 a middle-aged blind musical duo from Mali became a world-music phenomenon. Amadou and Mariam ...
/ah"mah gah sah"kee/, n. a city on SW Honshu, in S Japan. 523,657. * * * ▪ Japan       city and industrial suburb of the Ōsaka-Kōbe (Hanshin) metropolitan area, ...
/ah"meuh, am"euh/, n. (in India and the Far East) 1. a baby's nurse, esp. a wet nurse. 2. a female servant; maid. [1830-40; < Pg ama nurse, governess < ML amma wet nurse, perh. ...
/euh mayn"/, adv. Archaic. 1. with full force. 2. at full speed. 3. suddenly; hastily. 4. exceedingly; greatly. [1530-40; A-1 + MAIN1] * * *
/ah'mah kee"hee/, n., pl. amakihis. a small Hawaiian honeycreeper, Hemignathus virens, having mainly olive-green plumage above with a dark mark extending from the eye to the ...
Amakusa Islands
▪ archipelago, Japan Japanese  Amakusa-shotō,    archipelago off western Kyushu, Japan, in the Amakusa Sea. Administered by Kumamoto ken (prefecture), it includes about ...
1. amalgamate. 2. amalgamated. Also, amalg. * * *
/ah mul"euh keuh/, n. (in Hindu architecture) the bulbous finial of a sikhara. [ < Skt amalaka the myrobalan tree] * * *
▪ king of the Visigoths died 531       king of the Visigoths (526–531) and son of Alaric II and Theodegotha.       Amalaric was a child when his father fell ...
▪ queen of the Ostrogoths also spelled  Amalasuintha   born 498 died 535, Tuscany [Italy]       daughter of Theodoric the Great, Ostrogothic king of Italy, and regent ...
/am"euh lek'/, n. 1. the son of Eliphaz and grandson of Esau. Gen. 36:12; I Chron. 1:36. 2. a nomadic tribe or nation descended from Amalek and hostile to Israel. Num. 24:20. * * ...
/am"euh lek'uyt, euh mal"i kuyt'/, n., pl. Amalekites, (esp. collectively) Amalekite, adj. n. 1. a member of the tribe of Amalek. Gen. 36:12. adj. 2. of or pertaining to the ...
Town (pop., 2000: commune, 5,527), southern Italy, on the Gulf of Salerno. It was of little importance until the mid-6th century, when it fell under Byzantine control. It grew ...
/euh mal"geuhm/, n. 1. an alloy of mercury with another metal or metals. 2. an alloy that consists chiefly of silver mixed with mercury and variable amounts of other metals and ...
amalgam gilding.
See fire gilding. * * *

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