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AMC
Trademark. American Movie Classics (a cable television channel). * * *
Amchitka
/am chit"keuh/, n. an island off the coast of SW Alaska, in the W part of the Aleutian Islands: site of U.S. air base during World War II. 40 mi. (64 km) long. * * *
Amda Tseyon
▪ king of Ethiopia AmharicPillar of Zion died 1344?       ruler of Ethiopia from 1314 to 1344, best known in the chronicles as a heroic fighter against the Muslims; he ...
amdt.
amendment. * * *
AME
AME abbrev. African Methodist Episcopal (church) * * *
âme damnée
/ahm" dah nay"/, pl. âmes damnées /ahm" dah nay"/. French. a person who is willingly or blindly the tool of another person. [lit., damned soul] * * *
ameba
—amebalike, adj. /euh mee"beuh/, n., pl. amebas, amebae /-bee/. 1. any of numerous freshwater, marine, or parasitic one-celled protozoa of the order Amoebida, characterized by ...
amebiasis
/am'euh buy"euh sis/, n. Pathol. 1. infection with Entamoeba histolytica or other pathogenic ameba. 2. See amebic dysentery. Also, amoebiasis. [1900-05; AMEB(A) + -IASIS] * * *
amebic
/euh mee"bik/, adj. 1. of, pertaining to, or resembling an ameba. 2. characterized by or due to the presence of amebas, as certain diseases. Also, amoebic. [AMEB(A) + -IC] * * *
amebic dysentery
Pathol. a type of dysentery caused by the protozoan Entamoeba histolytica, characterized esp. by ulceration of the large intestine. Also called amebiasis, intestinal amebiasis, ...
amebicdysentery
a·me·bic dysentery or a·moe·bic dysentery (ə-mēʹbĭk) n. An acute disease caused by ingesting substances contaminated with the amoeba Entamoeba histolytica and ...
amebocyte
/euh mee"beuh suyt'/, n. Zool. a migratory, ameboid cell found in many invertebrates that functions in excretion, assimilation, etc. Also, amoebocyte. [AMEB(A) + -O- + -CYTE] * * ...
ameboid
—ameboidism, n. /euh mee"boyd/, adj. Biol. resembling or related to amebas. Also, amoeboid. [AMEB(A) + -OID] * * *
Ameche, Don
▪ 1994       (DOMINIC FELIX AMICI), U.S. actor (b. May 31, 1908, Kenosha, Wis.—d. Dec. 6, 1993, Scottsdale, Ariz.), was a versatile performer who was at home on radio, ...
AMEDS
Army Medical Service. Also, AMedS. * * *
ameer
/euh mear"/, n. emir. * * *
ameerate
/euh mear"it, -ayt/, n. emirate. * * *
Ameghino, Florentino
▪ Argentine anthropologist born Sept. 19, 1853, Moneglia, Kingdom of Sardinia died Aug. 6, 1911, La Plata, Arg.       paleontologist, anthropologist, and geologist, ...
ameiosis
—ameiotic /ay'muy ot"ik/, adj. /ay'muy oh"sis/, n. Cell Biol. aberrant meiosis in which only an equational division occurs, as in parthenogenesis. [ < NL; see A-6, MEIOSIS] * * ...
Amelanchier
▪ plant genus  genus of flowering shrubs and small trees of the rose family (Rosaceae), several species of which have entered cultivation as ornamental plants. Most species ...
amelia
/euh mel"ee euh, ay mee"lee euh/, n. Pathol. the congenital absence of one or more limbs. [1970-75; A-6 + -MELIA] * * * (as used in expressions) Bloomer Amelia Amelia ...
Amelia
/euh meel"yeuh/, n. a female given name: from a Germanic word meaning "industrious." * * * (as used in expressions) Bloomer Amelia Amelia Jenks Earhart Amelia Mary Bessie Amelia ...
Amelia Earhart
➡ Earhart * * *
ameliorable
See ameliorate. * * *
ameliorant
ameliorant [ə mēl′yə rənt] n. a thing that ameliorates * * *
ameliorate
—ameliorable, adj. —ameliorableness, n. —ameliorant, n. —ameliorative, amelioratory /euh meel"yeuhr euh tawr'ee, -tohr'ee, euh mee"lee euh-/, adj. —ameliorator, n. /euh ...
amelioration
/euh meel'yeuh ray"sheuhn, euh mee"lee euh-/, n. 1. an act or instance of ameliorating; the state of being ameliorated. 2. something that ameliorates; an improvement. 3. ...
ameliorative
See ameliorable. * * *
ameliorator
See ameliorable. * * *
ameloblast
—ameloblastic, adj. /am"euh loh blast'/, n. Anat. one of a layer of enamel-secreting cells covering the dentin of a developing tooth. [1875-80; (EN)AMEL + -O- + -BLAST] * * *
Amelung glass
U.S. glass produced between 1784 and с 1795 by John Frederick Amelung. Born in Bremen, Ger., he founded the New Bremen Glass Manufactory near Frederick, Md., U.S., with ...
amen
/ay"men", ah"men"/, interj. 1. it is so; so be it (used after a prayer, creed, or other formal statement to express solemn ratification or agreement). adv. 2. verily; ...
Amen
/ah"meuhn/, n. Egyptian Myth. a primeval deity worshiped esp. at Thebes, the personification of air or breath represented as either a ram or a goose (later identified with ...
amen corner
Chiefly Midland and Southern U.S. a place in some Protestant churches, usually at one side of the pulpit, occupied by worshipers leading the responsive amens of the ...
Amen glass
/ay'men", ah'men"/ a British glass of the mid-18th century, having engraved on it a sentiment favoring the cause of the Old Pretender, concluded with the word "Amen." [1920-25] * ...
Amen-Ra
/ah"meuhn rah"/, n. Egyptian Myth. a god in whom Amen and Ra were combined: the god of the universe and the supreme Egyptian god during the period of Theban political ...
amenability
See amenable. * * *
amenable
—amenability, amenableness, n. —amenably, adv. /euh mee"neuh beuhl, euh men"euh-/, adj. 1. ready or willing to answer, act, agree, or yield; open to influence, persuasion, or ...
amenableness
See amenability. * * *
amenably
See amenability. * * *
amencadence
amen cadence n. See plagal cadence.   [From its frequent use as a setting for the word Amen.] * * *
amencorner
amen corner n. 1. A place in a church reserved for persons leading congregational responses. 2. A group of ardent worshipers in a church. * * *
amend
—amendable, adj. —amender, n. /euh mend"/, v.t. 1. to alter, modify, rephrase, or add to or subtract from (a motion, bill, constitution, etc.) by formal procedure: Congress ...
amendable
See amend. * * *
amendatory
/euh men"deuh tawr'ee, -tohr'ee/, adj. serving to amend; corrective. [1780-90, Amer.; < LL emendatorius (with a- for e- from AMEND). See EMENDATOR, -TORY1] * * *
amende honorable
/euh mend" on"euhr euh beuhl/; Fr. /ann mahonn daw naw rddann"bleu/, pl. amendes honorables /euh mendz" on"euhr euh beuhl/; Fr. /ann mahonn daw naw rddann"bleu/. a formal apology ...
amender
See amendable. * * *
amendment
/euh mend"meuhnt/, n. 1. the act of amending or the state of being amended. 2. an alteration of or addition to a motion, bill, constitution, etc. 3. a change made by correction, ...
amendments
➡ Bill of Rights * * *
Amendola, Giovanni
▪ Italian journalist and politician born April 15, 1882, Rome, Italy died April 7, 1926, Cannes, France       journalist, politician, and, in the early 1920s, foremost ...
amends
/euh mendz"/, n. (used with a sing. or pl. v.) 1. reparation or compensation for a loss, damage, or injury of any kind; recompense. 2. Obs. improvement; recovery, as of ...
Amenemhet I
flourished 20th century BC Egyptian pharaoh (r. 1938–08 BC) who founded the 12th dynasty (1938–1756) and, with provincial governors, restored unity to Egypt after the civil ...
Amenemhet II
▪ king of Egypt also called  Amenemmes II        king of ancient Egypt (Egypt, ancient) (reigned 1876–42 BCE), grandson of Amenemhet I (founder of the 12th dynasty ...
Amenemhet III
▪ king of Egypt also called  Amenemmes III   king of ancient Egypt (Egypt, ancient) (reigned 1818–1770 BCE) of the 12th dynasty (Egypt, ancient), who brought Middle ...
Amenemope
▪ Egyptian author       ancient Egyptian author of The Instruction of Amenemope, probably composed during the late New Kingdom (1300–1075 BCE). Amenemope's text, ...
Amenhotep
Amenhotep Amenhotep1 [ä΄mən ō′fisä′mən hō′tep΄] n. name of four kings of Egypt who ruled during the 16th, 15th, & 14th cent. B.C.: also Amenophis [ä΄mən ...
Amenhotep I
▪ king of Egypt also called  Amenophis I   king of ancient Egypt (Egypt, ancient) (reigned 1514–1493 BCE), son of Ahmose I, the founder of the 18th dynasty (Egypt, ...
Amenhotep II
flourished 15th century BC Egyptian pharaoh (r. 1514–1493 BC), son and successor of Ahmose I. Amenhotep extended Egyptian rule southward to the Third Cataract of the Nile ...
Amenhotep III
/ah'meuhn hoh"tep, am'euhn-/ king of Egypt 1411?-1375 B.C. Also called Amenophis III /am'euh noh"fis/. * * * flourished 14th century BC Egyptian pharaoh (r. 1390–53 BC) ...
Amenhotep IV
died 1357? B.C., king of Egypt 1375?-1357?: reformer of ancient Egyptian religion (son of Amenhotep III). Also called Amenophis IV, Akhnaton, Ikhnaton. * * *
Amenhotep, son of Hapu
▪ Egyptian official  high official of the reign of Amenhotep III of ancient Egypt (Egypt, ancient) (reigned 1390–53 BCE), who was greatly honoured by the king within his ...
AmenhotepIII
A·men·ho·tep III (ä'mən-hōʹtĕp, ăm'ən-) also Am·e·no·phis III (ăm'ə-nōʹfĭs) King of Egypt (1411?-1375 B.C.) who sponsored the building of many monuments. * * *
AmenhotepIV
Amenhotep IV See Akhenaton. * * *
amenity
/euh men"i tee, euh mee"ni-/, n., pl. amenities. 1. an agreeable way or manner; courtesy; civility: the graceful amenities of society. 2. any feature that provides comfort, ...
AmenophisIII
Am·e·no·phis III (ăm'ə-nōʹfəs) See Amenhotep III. * * *
amenorrhea
—amenorrheal, amenorrhoeal, amenorrheic, amenorrhoeic, adj. /ay men'euh ree"euh, euh men'-/, n. Pathol. absence of the menses. Also, amenorrhoea. [1795-1805; A-6 + MENO- + ...
amenorrheal
See amenorrheic. * * *
amenorrheic
See amenorrhea. * * *
Amenouzume
▪ Japanese deity in full  Amenouzume No Mikoto,         in Japanese mythology, the celestial goddess who performed a spontaneous dance enticing the sun goddess ...
amensalism
/ay men"seuh liz'euhm/, n. Ecol. a relationship between two species of organisms in which the individuals of one species adversely affect those of the other and are unaffected ...
ament
ament1 /am"euhnt, ay"meuhnt/, n. Bot. catkin. [1785-95; < NL, L amentum strap, thong] ament2 —amental /ay men"tl/, adj. /ay"ment, ay"meuhnt/, n. a person who has ...
amentaceous
/am'euhn tay"sheuhs/, adj. Bot. 1. consisting of an ament. 2. bearing aments. [1730-40; AMENT1 + -ACEOUS] * * *
amentia
/ay men"sheuh, euh men"-/, n. Psychiatry. lack of intellectual development; imbecility; severe mental retardation. [1350-1400; ME < L, equiv. to ament- (see AMENT2) + -ia -IA] * ...
amentiferous
/am'euhn tif"euhr euhs/, adj. Bot. bearing aments or catkins. [1850-55; AMENT1 + -I- + -FEROUS] * * *
Amer
Amer abbrev. American * * * ▪ India also called  Amber        town, east-central Rajasthan (Rājasthān) state, northwestern India. Amer is part of the Jaipur ...
Amer.
1. America. 2. Also, Amer American. * * *
Amer. Ind.
Amer. Ind. abbrev. American Indian * * *
Amerada Hess Corporation
▪ American company       integrated American petroleum company involved in exploration and development of oil and natural-gas resources, and the transportation, ...
Amerasian
/am'euh ray"zheuhn, -sheuhn/, n. 1. the offspring of an American and an Asian, esp. one whose father is American. adj. 2. of mixed American and Asian descent. Also, ...
amerce
—amerceable, adj. —amercement, n. —amercer, n. /euh merrs"/, v.t., amerced, amercing. 1. to punish by imposing a fine not fixed by statute. 2. to punish by inflicting any ...
amerceable
See amerce. * * *
amercement
See amerceable. * * * ▪ English law       in English law, an arbitrary financial penalty, formerly imposed on an offender by his peers or at the discretion of the court ...
Ameri-
Ameri- [ə mer′i, əmer′ə] combining form American, American and * * *
America
/euh mer"i keuh/, n. 1. See United States. 2. See North America. 3. See South America. 4. Also called the Americas. North and South America, considered together. * * * (as used ...
America First Committee
a political pressure group that during 1940-41 urged the U.S. not to oppose fascism in Europe or enter World War II. * * * ▪ United States history       influential ...
America Firster
/ferr"steuhr/, Informal. a member or supporter of the America First Committee. [1935-40; America First + -ER1] * * *
America NT & SA, Bank of
      subsidiary of BankAmerica Corporation (Bank of America Corporation) (q.v.). * * *
America Online
(abbr AOL) a US company, part of Time Warner, which provides services that allow people to use the Internet, e-mail and instant messaging (= a service which lets people ...
America the Beautiful
a popular US song in praise of the country, written in 1893. The first verse is O beautiful for spacious skies, For amber waves of grain, For purple mountain majesties Above the ...
America's Army
▪ electronic game       army training simulator and electronic game used for army recruitment and training. It was created in 2002 by Lt. Col. Casey Wardynski of the ...
America's Cup
1. an international yachting trophy, originally offered as the Hundred Guinea Cup in 1851, but renamed for the yacht America, winner of it that year. 2. the yacht race itself, ...
America's Cup Table
▪ Table America's Cup year winning yacht owner/team name skipper losing yacht owner/team name 1851 America (U.S.) J.C. Stevens R. Brown Aurora ...
American
—Americanly, adv. —Americanness, n. /euh mer"i keuhn/, adj. 1. of or pertaining to the United States of America or its inhabitants: an American citizen. 2. of or pertaining ...
American Academy of Arts and Sciences
▪ honorary society       honorary society incorporated on May 4, 1780, in Boston, Mass., U.S., for the purpose of cultivating “every art and science.” Its ...
American Academy of Dramatic Arts
a school for actors in New York City and, since 1974, in Los Angeles, California. It began in 1884 and is the oldest dramatic school in America. * * *
American Airlines
Major U.S. airline. American was created through a merger of several smaller U.S. airlines and incorporated in 1934. It continued to buy the routes of other airlines, becoming ...
American aloe
☆ American aloe n. CENTURY PLANT * * *
American aloe.
See century plant. [1725-35] * * *
American Anti-Slavery Society
Main activist arm of the U.S. abolition movement, which sought an immediate end to slavery in the country (see abolitionism). Cofounded in 1833 by William Lloyd Garrison and ...
American Antislavery Society
U.S. Hist. a society, founded in 1833 and led by William Lloyd Garrison, to abolish slavery. * * *
American arborvitae
▪ plant also called  eastern arborvitae , or  northern white cedar   ornamental and timber evergreen conifer of the cypress family (Cupressaceae), native to eastern North ...
American Association for the Advancement of Science
▪ American science organization       the largest general scientific society in the United States. It was founded in 1847 in Boston, Mass., by a number of geologists ...
American Association of Retired Persons
an organization of retirement-age persons (aged 50 or over) devoted to informing its members of all rights and benefits to which they are entitled. Abbr.: AARP * * * ▪ ...
American Association of University Women
▪ American organization       American organization founded in 1881 and dedicated to promoting “education and equity for all women and girls.”       The AAUW ...
American Ballet
▪ American ballet company       company founded in conjunction with the School of American Ballet in 1934 by Lincoln Kirstein (Kirstein, Lincoln) and Edward Warburg, ...
American Ballet Theatre
Prominent ballet company based in New York City. It was founded in 1939 as the Ballet Theatre (the name was changed in 1958) by Lucia Chase and Richard Pleasant to promote works ...
American Bandstand
a US television programme of pop music and dance. It started in Philadelphia and was broadcast nationally from 1952. For more than 40 years it was presented by Dick Clark, called ...
American Baptist Association
▪ religious organization       fellowship of autonomous Baptist churches, organized in 1905 by Baptists who withdrew from the Southern Baptist Convention. Originally ...
American Baptist Churches in the U.S.A.
▪ Protestant organization       association of Baptist churches organized in 1907 as the Northern Baptist Convention, which became the American Baptist Convention in ...
American Bar Association
(abbr ABA) a professional organization for US lawyers. It began in 1878 and has its main office in Chicago. The ABA encourages legal standards, the study of law, and improvements ...
American Bar Association (ABA)
Voluntary association (founded 1878) of U.S. lawyers, judges, and other legal professionals. The largest bar association in the U.S., it seeks to improve the legal profession, ...
American Basketball Association
▪ American sports organization       former professional basketball league formed in the United States in 1967 to rival the older National Basketball Association (NBA). ...
American Basketball League
➡ basketball * * *
American Beauty
an American variety of rose, periodically bearing large crimson blossoms. [1855-60, Amer.] * * *
American Bible Society
a society founded in New York City in 1816 to bring about worldwide dissemination of the Bible. * * * ▪ international agency       international agency under lay ...
American bison
bison (def. 1). [1885-90, Amer.] * * *
American bittern.
See under bittern (def. 1). [1805-15, Amer.] * * *
American blight.
See under woolly aphid (def. 1). [1805-15] * * *
American Board of Commissioners for Foreign Missions
▪ American organization  first American foreign missionary society, established in 1810 by New England Congregationalists. Missionaries were sent to numerous countries and to ...
American bond
a brickwork bond having a course of headers between five or six courses of stretchers. Also called common bond. See illus. under bond. * * *
American Book Award
any of several awards given annually since 1980 to an author whose book is judged the best in its category: administered by the Association of American Publishers. Abbr.: ABA, ...
American Brands, Inc.
▪ American industry       American industrial conglomerate that was once the world's largest cigarette maker. It was formed in 1969 as the parent company for the ...
American breakfast
n a large morning meal in a hotel or restaurant in America. It usually includes several choices from such items as juice, cereal, eggs with ham or bacon, pancakes, toast, and ...
American Broadcasting Company
➡ ABC. * * * ▪ American corporation       major American television network that is a division of the Walt Disney Company. Its headquarters are in New York ...
American brooklime.
See under brooklime. * * *
American buffalo
bison (def. 1). [1885-90, Amer.] * * *
American chair
Brit. See Hitchcock chair. * * *
American chameleon
☆ American chameleon n. ANOLE: lizards of this type (family Iguanidae) are incorrectly called “chameleons”: see CHAMELEON * * *
American chameleon.
See under chameleon (def. 2). [1880-85, Amer.] * * *
American cheese
a type of processed cheddar-style cheese made in the U.S. [1795-1805, Amer.] * * *
American chestnut.
See under chestnut (def. 1). [1775-85, Amer.] * * *
American Civil Liberties Union
an organization founded in 1920 to defend the civil rights of all U.S. citizens. Abbr.: ACLU, A.C.L.U. * * * ▪ American organization       organization founded by Roger ...
American Civil Liberties Union (ACLU)
Organization founded by Roger Baldwin and others in New York City in 1920 to champion constitutional liberties in the U.S. It works for three basic concepts: freedom of ...
American Civil War
the war in the U.S. between the North and the South, 1861-65. * * * or Civil War or War Between the States (1861–65) Conflict between the U.S. federal government and 11 ...
American cloth
Brit. oilcloth. [1855-60] * * *
American cockroach
a large, reddish-brown cockroach, Periplaneta americana, found originally in the southern U.S. but now widely distributed. * * *
American College Test
a standardized aptitude examination for college admission, developed by the American College Testing Program, consisting of multiple-choice tests in English, mathematics, ...
American Colonization Society
▪ abolitionist organization in full  American Society for Colonizing the Free People of Color of the United States        American organization dedicated to ...
American copper.
See under copper1 (def. 4). * * *
American cotton.
See upland cotton. Also called American upland cotton. * * *
American cowslip.
See shooting star (def. 2). [1780-90, Amer.] * * *
American crab apple
a twiggy, stiff-branched tree, Malus coronaria, of southern central North America, having small fruit and rose-colored flowers that change to white. Also called garland crab ...
American cranberry.
See under cranberry (def. 1). * * *
American Depositary Receipt
American Depositary Receipt n. a receipt representing foreign shares of stock held on deposit in an American bank: receipts are denominated in U.S. dollars and traded on American ...
American depository receipt
Stock Exchange. a negotiable receipt similar to a stock certificate, registered in the owner's name and showing ownership of shares in a foreign company, held by a foreign branch ...
American dialects
☆ American dialects pl.n. regional or social varieties of spoken American English identified by differences in grammar, vocabulary, and pronunciation: principal dialect areas ...
American Dictionary of the English Language, An
▪ dictionary by Webster       (1828), two-volume dictionary by the American lexicographer Noah Webster (Webster, Noah). He began work on it in 1807 and completed it in ...
American Directoire
a style of American furniture making and related crafts from c1805 to c1815, corresponding to the French Directoire and English Regency styles. * * *
American dog tick
a common tick, Dermacentor variabilis, that is the vector of Rocky Mountain spotted fever in the eastern U.S. and also carries tularemia. Also called wood tick. * * *
American Dream
1. the ideals of freedom, equality, and opportunity traditionally held to be available to every American. 2. a life of personal happiness and material comfort as traditionally ...
American eagle
the bald eagle, esp. as depicted on the great seal of the U.S. [1775-85, Amer.] * * *
American elk
elk (def. 2). [1765-75, Amer.] * * *
American elm
an elm, Ulmus americana, of North America, cultivated for shade and ornament: state tree of Massachusetts, Nebraska, and North Dakota. [1775-85] * * *
American Empire
a style of American furniture making and related crafts from c1815 to c1840, corresponding to the French Empire and late English Regency styles. * * *
American English
the English language as spoken and written in the U.S. [1800-10, Amer.] * * *
American Equal Rights Association
▪ American organization       organization that, from 1866 to 1869, worked to “secure Equal Rights to all American citizens, especially the right of suffrage, ...
American Evangelical Lutheran Church
▪ Protestant organization       church established by Danish immigrants who in 1874 took the name Danish Evangelical Lutheran Church in America and formally organized as ...
American Expeditionary Forces
troops sent to Europe by the U.S. Army during World War I. Abbr.: A.E.F., AEF * * *
American Express Co.
U.S. financial-services company. Founded in 1850 as an express-transportation company, American Express originally provided rapid transport of goods across New York and the ...
American Express Company
▪ American corporation       U.S. credit card issuer and payments processor that also provides travel-related services worldwide. Headquarters are in New York ...
American Express{™}
(abbr AmEx) an international US company best known for its traveller’s cheques (= cheques for various fixed amounts which can be exchanged for cash in foreign countries) and ...
American Farm Bureau Federation
an organization founded in 1920 to promote the interests of farmers, esp. through state and national legislation. Abbr.: AFBF * * * ▪ American ...
American Federation of Labor
a federation of trade unions organized in 1886: united with the Congress of Industrial Organizations 1955. Abbr.: A.F.L., AFL, A.F. of L. * * *
American Federation of Labor and Congress of Industrial Organizations
a federation of trade unions formed in 1955 by merger. Abbr.: AFL-CIO * * *
American Federation of Labor–Congress of Industrial Organizations
▪ labour organization Introduction       American (United States) federation of autonomous labour unions formed in 1955 by the merger of the AFL (founded 1886), which ...
American Federation of State, County and Municipal Employees
▪ American organization       American union representing a wide variety of public- and private-sector employees including local and state government workers, hospital ...
American flagfish
flagfish (def. 1). * * *
American Folk Art Museum
▪ museum, New York City, New York, United States       art museum in New York (New York City), N.Y., dedicated to the collection and exhibition of American folk ...
American football
➡ football – American style * * *
American Football Conference
(abbr the AFC) one of the two divisions of the National Football League of professional football in the US. It has 15 teams, and the winner goes to the Super Bowl to play the ...
American Forces Network
(abbr the AFN) the television and radio stations run by the US armed forces for their members in foreign countries. * * *
American Fork
a town in central Utah. 12,417. * * * ▪ Utah, United States       city, Utah county, north-central Utah, U.S., near Utah Lake, at the foot of the Wasatch Range. ...
American foxhound
one of an American breed of medium-sized dogs having a smooth, glossy coat usually black, tan, and white in color, a square-cut muzzle, hanging ears, and a moderately high-set ...
American fried potatoes.
See home fries. Also called American fries. * * *
American Friends Service Committee
a social-service organization founded 1917 by the Religious Society of Friends: Nobel peace prize 1947. Abbr.: AFSC, A.F.S.C. * * * ▪ religious ...
American Fur Co.
Enterprise formed by John Jacob Astor in 1808 that dominated the U.S. fur trade early in the 19th century. The company, considered the first U.S. business monopoly, absorbed or ...
American Fur Company
▪ American company       enterprise incorporated in New York state (April 6, 1808) by John Jacob Astor (Astor, John Jacob), which dominated the fur trade of the central ...
American globeflower
a plant, Trollius laxus, of the buttercup family, of the northeastern and Great Lakes coastal areas of the U.S., having solitary, yellowish-green flowers. * * *
American Gothic
a painting (1930) by Grant Wood. * * *
American Hebrew Congregations, Union of
▪ religious organization       oldest American federation of Jewish congregations, which, since its founding (1873) in Cincinnati, Ohio, has sponsored many programs to ...
American Highland
a region in Antarctica, W of Enderby Land and E of Wilkes Land: discovered 1939. * * * ▪ region, Antarctica       interior plateau region of eastern Antarctica. It ...
American holly.
See under holly (def. 1). [1775-85, Amer.] * * *
American hornbeam.
See under hornbeam. [1775-85, Amer.] * * *
American Idol
▪ American television show       American television reality series in which aspiring singers compete for a recording contract and a shot at wealth and fame. Since its ...
American Independence
the usual British name for the American Revolution. * * *
American Indian
1. Indian (def. 1). 2. Amerind (def. 2). Abbr.: AmerInd [1725-35] Usage. See Indian. * * * or Native American or Amerindian Any member of the various aboriginal peoples of the ...
American Indian languages
Languages spoken by the original inhabitants of the Americas and the West Indies and by their modern descendants. They display an extraordinary structural range, and no attempt ...
American Indian Movement
▪ American civil rights organization       (AIM), militant American Indian civil rights organization, founded in Minneapolis, Minn., in 1968 by Dennis Banks, Clyde ...
American Indian Movement (AIM)
Civil rights organization founded in 1968, originally to help urban American Indians displaced by government programs. It later broadened its efforts to include demands for ...
American Indian religions, North
Religious beliefs and practices of the indigenous peoples of North America. They are characterized by a conviction that spirit moves through all things, animate and inanimate, ...
American Indian religions, South
Religious beliefs and practices of the indigenous peoples of South America. The ancient Andean civilizations of the Chimu and the Inca had highly developed religions. The Inca ...
American ipecac
a plant, Gillenia stipulata, of the rose family, of the eastern coast of the U.S., having white flowers on long stalks. * * *
American ivy
☆ American ivy n. VIRGINIA CREEPER * * *
American ivy.
See Virginia creeper. [1775-85, Amer.] * * *
American Kennel Club
(abbr the AKC) a US organization that holds the official records relating to dog breeding in the US, proving that individual dogs are of a pure breed. It was established in 1884 ...
American kestrel
a small American falcon, Falco sparverius, that preys esp. on grasshoppers and small mammals. Also called sparrow hawk. * * *
American Labor party
a U.S. political party (1936-56) organized in New York City to gain independent political status for the labor and liberal factions of the Democratic party. * * * Minor ...
American League
one of the two major professional U.S. baseball leagues, established in 1900. Abbr.: A.L. * * * With the National League, one of two associations in the U.S. and Canada of ...
American Legion
a society, organized in 1919, composed of veterans of the armed forces of the U.S. * * * Organization of U.S. war veterans. Founded in 1919, it works for the care of disabled ...
American linden.
See under linden (def. 1). [1775-85, Amer.] * * *
American literature
Introduction       the body of written works produced in the English language in the United States.       Like other national literatures, American literature was ...
American lotus.
See water chinquapin (def. 1). * * *
American Lutheran Church
      Lutheran church in North America that in 1988 merged with two other Lutheran churches to form the Evangelical Lutheran Church in America. The ALC had resulted from ...
American marten.
See pine marten (def. 2). * * *
American Medical Association
(abbr the AMA) the largest professional organization for US doctors. It began in 1847 and has its main office in Chicago. The AMA supports high standards in medical education, ...
American Medical Association (AMA)
Organization of U.S. physicians. It was founded in 1847 "to promote the science and art of medicine and the betterment of public health." It has about 250,000 members, about ...
American Mercury
▪ American periodical       monthly literary magazine known for its often satiric commentary on American life, politics, and customs. It was founded in 1924 by H.L. ...
American Missionary Association
▪ American organization       nondenominational society that worked to develop educational opportunities for blacks and other minorities in the United States. The ...
American Motors Corp. (AMC)
Former U.S. automobile manufacturer. AMC was formed in 1954 from the merger of two pioneering auto manufacturers, Nash-Kelvinator Corp. (successor to Nash Motor Co., founded ...
American mulberry.
See under mulberry (def. 2). * * *
American Museum of Natural History
Major centre of research and education on the natural sciences, established in New York City in 1869. It pioneered in staging field expeditions and creating dioramas and other ...
American Museum of the Moving Image
▪ museum, Astoria, New York, United States       museum dedicated to educating the public about the history of film and television arts and about the impact those media ...
American National Standards Institute
a U.S. organization that recommends standards for many products in various industries. Abbr.: ANSI * * *
American organ
a reed organ having a suction bellows that draws the air in through the reeds. [1875-80] * * *
American party.
See under know-nothing (def. 3). Also called Know-Nothing party. * * *
American Philosophical Society
▪ science organization  oldest extant learned society in the United States, founded under the impetus of Benjamin Franklin (Franklin, Benjamin) in 1743. At the beginning of ...
American pit bull terrier.
See American Staffordshire terrier. * * *
American plan
(in hotels) a system of paying a single fixed rate that covers room and all meals. Abbr.: AP Cf. European plan. [1795-1805, Amer.] * * *
American Protective Association
▪ American political organization       in U.S. history, an anti-Catholic, anti-immigrant group that briefly acquired a membership greater than 2,000,000 during the ...
American Protective Association (APA)
Secret anti-Catholic, anti-immigrant society formed in Iowa in 1887. Its membership, consisting mainly of farmers who feared the growth and political power of ...
American Psycho
a novel (1991) by Bret Easton Ellis about a young man living in Manhattan who is a psychopath (= a person suffering from a serious mental illness that causes them to behave in a ...
American Quarter Horse
▪ breed of horse  one of the oldest recognized breeds of horses (horse) in the United States. The breed originated about the 1660s as a cross between native horses of Spanish ...
American redstart.
See under redstart (def. 2). [1800-10, Amer.] * * *
American Renaissance
or New England Renaissance Period from the 1830s roughly until the end of the American Civil War in which U.S. literature came of age as an expression of a national spirit. The ...
American Revised Version
a revision of the Bible, based chiefly on the Revised Version of the Bible, published in the U.S. in 1901. Also called American Standard Version. * * *
American Revolution
the war between Great Britain and its American colonies, 1775-83, by which the colonies won their independence. * * * or United States War of Independence (1775–83) War that ...
American rig
a rig for drilling oil and gas wells by using a chisel bit dropped from a considerable height. * * *
American round
▪ sports       in archery, a target-shooting event consisting of five ends (six arrows each), shot from distances of 60, 50, and 40 yards (55, 46, and 37 m). Two ...
American sable
1. the pine marten, Martes americana, of the U.S. and Canada. 2. the fur of this animal. * * *
American saddle horse
one of a breed of horses, raised originally in the U.S., that have high-stepping gaits and are bred to the three-gaited or five-gaited type. Also called saddle horse. [1920-25] * ...
American Saddlebred
or American Saddle Horse Breed of light horse that originated in the U.S. The breed was developed by crossing Thoroughbreds, Morgans, and Standardbreds on native mares having an ...
American Saddlebred horse
▪ breed of horse also called  American Saddle Horse,    breed of riding horse possessing several easy riding gaits and great vigour and style. It is the prevailing riding ...
American Samoa
the part of Samoa belonging to the U.S., comprising mainly Tutuila and the Manua Islands. 61,819; 76 sq. mi. (197 sq. km). Cap.: Pago Pago. Abbr.: AS (for use with zip code). Cf. ...
American Samoa, flag of
▪ Flag History       U.S. territorial flag consisting of a blue field (background) and a white isosceles triangle with its base at the fly end and its apex touching ...
American senna.
See wild senna. [1775-85, Amer.] * * *
American shorthair cat
one of a breed of medium-sized, muscular shorthaired domestic cats with a broad head and a short, thick coat. * * *
American Sign Language
a visual-gesture language, having its own semantic and syntactic structure, used by deaf people in the U.S. and English-speaking parts of Canada. Abbr.: ASL Also called ...
American smoke tree
a small tree, Cotinus obovatus, of the cashew family, of the central southern U.S., having yellowish flowers and clusters of fleshy fruit with silky plumes. Also called ...
American Society of Composers, Authors and Publishers
(abbr ASCAP) an organization in America that protects the rights of writers of music. It collects money for its members from anyone who plays or sings in a professional ...
American Spanish
Spanish as used in Latin America. Abbr.: AmerSp * * *
American spiny rat
▪ mammal family  any of at least 80 nocturnal species of medium-sized Central and South American rodents (rodent) that have a bristly coat of flat flexible spines, although a ...
American Staffordshire terrier
one of an American breed of strong, muscular terriers, originally developed in England, with a short, close-lying, stiff coat of any color or combination of colors except solid ...
American Standard Version
American Standard Version n. a revision of the King James Version of the Bible, published in 1901: issued by members of the American committee who had helped produce the Revised ...
American Standard Version.
See American Revised Version. * * *
American star
Heraldry. mullet2. * * *
American States, Organization of
 organization formed to promote economic, military, and cultural cooperation among its members, which include almost all of the independent states of the Western Hemisphere. ...
American Stock Exchange
the second largest stock exchange in the U.S., located in New York City. Abbr.: ASE, A.S.E. Also called AMEX, Amex. Formerly, New York Curb Exchange. Cf. New York Stock ...
American Stock Exchange (AMEX)
Stock exchange in the U.S. Originally known as "the Curb," it began as an outdoor marketplace in New York City с 1850. It moved indoors to its present location in the Wall ...
American Subarctic peoples
Introduction   Native American peoples whose traditional area of residence is the subarctic region of Alaska and Canada. Those from Alaska are often referred to in aggregate ...
American System of manufacture
Production of many identical parts and their assembly into finished products. Though Eli Whitney has been credited with this development, the ideas had appeared earlier in ...
American Tragedy, An
a novel (1925) by Theodore Dreiser. * * *
American trypanosomiasis
Pathol. See Chagas' disease. * * *
American twist
Tennis. a service in which the ball is spun so as to bounce high and to the left of the receiver. Also called kick serve. * * *
American University
▪ university, Washington, District of Columbia, United States       private, coeducational institution of higher learning in Washington, D.C. The American University was ...
American Visionary Art Museum
▪ museum, Baltimore, Maryland, United States       landmark museum in Baltimore, Md., displaying works by self-taught artists whose aesthetic sensibilities are personal ...
American water spaniel
one of an American breed of medium-sized water spaniels having a thick, curly chocolate-colored or liver-colored coat. [1945-50] * * * ▪ breed of dog       breed of ...
American wayfaring tree
hobblebush. * * *
American wigeon
☆ American wigeon n. a common North American duck (Anas americana), the male of which has a white crown and brownish breast * * *


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