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amplitude modulation n. Abbr. AM 1. The encoding of a carrier wave by variation of its amplitude in accordance with an input signal. 2. A broadcast system that uses amplitude ...
/am"plee/, adv. in an ample manner; sufficiently or abundantly: He apologized amply for his error. They were amply supplied with food. [1550-60; AMP(LE) + -LY] * * *
am·poule also am·pule or am·pul (ămʹpo͞ol, -pyo͞ol) n. A small glass vial that is sealed after filling and used chiefly as a container for a hypodermic injection ...
▪ England, United Kingdom       town (parish), Mid Bedfordshire district, administrative and historic county of Bedfordshire, England, 8 miles (13 km) south-southwest ...
Ampthill, Odo William Leopold Russell, 1st Baron
▪ British diplomat born February 20, 1829, Florence, Italy died August 25, 1884, Potsdam, Germany       British diplomat, the first British ambassador to the German ...
ampul [am′po͞ol΄am′po͞ol΄, am′pul΄] n. 〚< Fr < L ampulla, AMPULLA〛 a sealed glass or plastic container for one dose of a sterile medicine to be injected ...
/am"pyoohl, -poohl/, n. Med. a sealed glass or plastic bulb containing solutions for hypodermic injection. Also, ampul, ampoule. [1175-1225; < F < L ampulla AMPULLA; r. ME ...
/am pul"euh, -pool"euh/, n., pl. ampullae /-pul"ee, -pool"ee/. 1. Anat. a dilated portion of a canal or duct, esp. of the semicircular canals of the ear. 2. Zool., Bot. any ...
ampulla of Lorenzini
/lawr'euhn zee"nee/, Ichthyol. any of an array of electroreceptors in the head of sharks, skates, and rays capable of detecting weak electrical signals produced by muscular ...
/am'peuh lay"sheuhs/, adj. like an ampulla; bottle-shaped. Also, ampullar /am pul"euhr, -pool"-/, ampullary /am pul"euh ree, -pool"-, am"peuh ler'ee/. [1770-80; < L ampullaceus. ...
See ampulla. * * *
/am pul"yeuh leuh, -pool"-/, n., pl. ampullulae /-lee'/. Anat. a small ampulla. [ < NL; see AMPULLA, -ULE] * * *
—amputation, n. —amputative, adj. —amputator, n. /am"pyoo tayt'/, v.t., amputated, amputating. 1. to cut off (all or part of a limb or digit of the body), as by surgery. 2. ...
See amputate. * * * Removal of any part of the body, usually surgical removal of part or all of a limb. Congenital amputation means lack of a limb at birth (see agenesis). ...
See amputation. * * *
/am'pyoo tee"/, n. a person who has lost all or part of an arm, hand, leg, etc., by amputation. [1905-10; AMPUT(ATED) + -EE, modeled on F amputé, ptp. of amputer to amputate] * ...
/am"pi keuhs/, n. Class. Myth. a son of Pelias, husband of Chloris, and father of Mopsus. Also, Ampyx /am"piks/. * * *
Amr ibn al-ʿĀṣ, Mosque ofʿ
▪ mosque, Cairo, Egypt  earliest Islāmic building in Egypt, erected in 641 by ʿAmr ibn al-ʿĀṣ, the leader of an invading Arab army. The mosque was built in ...
Amr ibn al-ʿĀṣʿ
▪ Arab general died 663, Al-Fusṭāṭ, Egypt       the Arab conqueror of Egypt.       A wealthy member of the Banū Sahm clan of the important tribe of ...
Amr ibn Kulthūmʿ
▪ Arab poet flourished 6th century       pre-Islamic Arab poet whose qaṣīdah (“ode”) is one of the seven that comprise the celebrated anthology of pre-Islamic ...
/am"ram/, n. the father of Aaron and Moses. Ex. 6:20. * * *
Amram bar Sheshna
▪ Jewish scholar died 875?       head of the Talmudic academy at Sura, Babylonia, traditionally regarded as the first Jewish authority to write a complete domestic and ...
/am ray"sheuhn/, adj. of, pertaining to, or belonging to the predynastic Chalcolithic culture that flourished in Upper Egypt about 3800 B.C., characterized by the working of raw ...
Amratian culture
▪ ancient Egypt also called  Naqādah I culture        Egyptian Predynastic (Egypt, ancient) cultural phase, centred in Upper Egypt, its type-site being Al-ʿĀmirah ...
Amravati [äm räv′ə tē΄, umräv′ə tē΄] city in N Maharashtra, W India: pop. 422,000 * * * Am·ra·va·ti (əm-räʹvə-tē, äm-) A town of central India west of ...
▪ India formerly  Amaravalli        town, southwestern Gujarat (Gujarāt) state, west-central India. The town lies on the Kathiawar Peninsula, 125 miles (200 km) ...
/am"ruy/, n. Douay Bible. Omri. * * *
/am"reuh nohn'/, n. Pharm. a potent substance, C10H9N3O, used in the treatment of congestive heart failure. [perh. AM(INO-) + (py)ri(di)none components of its chemical name; see ...
/euhm ree"teuh/, n. Hindu Myth. 1. the beverage of immortality. 2. the immortality conferred by this beverage. Also, amreeta. [1800-10; < Skt, equiv. to a- not (see A-6) + mrta ...
/euhm rit"seuhr/, n. a city in NW Punjab, in NW India: site of the holiest shrine of the Sikh religion. 432,663. * * * ▪ India  city, northern Punjab state, northwestern ...
Amritsar, Massacre of
(1919) Incident in which British troops fired on a crowd of Indian protesters. In 1919 the British government of India enacted the Rowlatt Acts, extending its World War I ...
Amritsar, Treaty of
▪ United Kingdom-India [1809]       (April 25, 1809), pact concluded between Charles T. Metcalfe (Metcalfe (), representing the British East India Company, and Ranjit ...
▪ India       city, northwestern Uttar Pradesh state, northern India, located west-northwest of Moradabad, on the Sot River. A marketplace for agricultural produce, ...
Amrouche, Jean
▪ Algerian poet born , Feb. 7, 1906, Ighil Ali, Alg. died April 16, 1962, Paris       foremost poet of the earliest generation of French-speaking North African ...
Amrouche, Marguerite Taos
▪ Algerian singer and writer original name  Marie-louise Amrouche , also called  Marguerite Taos  born March 4, 1913, Tunis died April 2, 1976, ...
Agricultural Marketing Service. * * *
Amsdorf, Nikolaus von
▪ German theologian born December 3, 1483, Torgau, Saxony [Germany] died May 14, 1565, Eisenach  Protestant Reformer and major supporter of Martin Luther (Luther, ...
am·sinck·i·a (ăm-sĭngkʹē-ə) n. An annual herb of the genus Amsinckia, native to southern California, with rough, bristly, pubescent herbage and large, coiled, yellow to ...
Amstelveen [äm′stəl vān΄] city in W Netherlands: suburb of Amsterdam: pop. 74,000 * * * ▪ The Netherlands       gemeente (municipality), western Netherlands, near ...
/am"steuhr dam'/; for 1 also Du. /ahm'steuhrdd dahm"/, n. 1. a city in and the official capital of the Netherlands. 712,294. Cf. Hague, The. 2. a city in E New York. 21,872. * * ...
Amsterdam, Morey
▪ 1997       U.S. comedian and master of the one-liner who performed in vaudeville and on radio before moving to television, where he portrayed the wisecracking Buddy on ...
Amsterdam-Rhine Canal
▪ canal, The Netherlands Dutch  Amsterdam-Rijnkanaal        Dutch waterway (canals and inland waterways) connecting the port of Amsterdam with the Rhine River. From ...
▪ Austria       town, northeastern Austria. It is situated near the Ybbs River, northeast of Steyr. Recorded in 996 as a possession of the bishops of Passau (now in ...
/amt, ahmt/, n. an administrative division in Denmark. [ < Dan < G; OHG ambaht, ampacht (neut.) service, akin to ampacht (masc.) < Gallo-L ambactus servant; see EMBASSY] * * *
alternative minimum tax. * * *
amount. * * *
Amte, Baba
▪ 2009 Murlidhar Devidas Amte        Indian lawyer and social activist born Dec. 26, 1914, Maharashtra district, British India died Feb. 9, 2008, Anandvan, ...
/am"trak'/, n. amphibian (def. 4). Also, amtrack. [1940-45; AM(PHIBIOUS) + TRAC(TOR)] * * *
/am"trak'/, n. a government-subsidized public corporation created by Congress in 1970 to operate a national intercity passenger railroad system through contracts with existing ...
the public company, set up by Congress in 1970, which runs trains for passengers in the US. Its formal name is the National Railroad Passenger Corporation. Only 1% of Americans ...
See atomic mass unit. Also, AMU. * * *
Amu Darya
/ah"mooh dahr"yeuh/; Russ. /u mooh" du rddyah"/ a river in central Asia, flowing NW from the Pamirs to the Aral Sea. ab. 1400 mi. (2250 km) long. Also called Oxus. * * * ancient ...
/euh muk"/, adv. 1. run or go amuck, a. to rush about in a murderous frenzy: The maniac ran amuck in the crowd, shooting at random. b. to rush about wildly; lose self-control: ...
▪ anthropological and archaeological site, Israel       paleoanthropological site in Israel known for its human remains, which provide important evidence of the ...
A·mu Dar·ya (ä'mo͞o därʹyə, ə-mo͞oʹ dŭr-yäʹ) Formerly Ox·us (ŏkʹsəs). A river of central Asia flowing about 2,574 km (1,600 mi) generally northwest from the ...
/ah mooh"gees/, n. 1. a Philippine tree, Koordersiodendron pinnatum, of the cashew family. 2. the hard, reddish wood of this tree, used in the construction of houses, ships, ...
/am"yeuh lit/, n. a small object worn to ward off evil, harm, or illness or to bring good fortune; protecting charm. [1595-1605; ( < MF amulete) < L amuletum] Syn. talisman. * * ...
/euh myooh"lee euhs/, n. Rom. Legend. a son of Proca who revolted against his brother Numitor and seized the throne of Alba Longa. * * *
/ah"meuhnd seuhn/; Norw. /ah"moon seuhn/, n. Roald /rddoh"ahl/, 1872-1928, Norwegian explorer: discovered the South Pole in 1911. * * *
Amundsen Gulf
Southeastern extension of the Beaufort Sea of the Arctic Ocean. Extending about 250 mi (400 km), the gulf is bordered by Victoria Island on the east and separates Banks Island ...
Amundsen Sea
Amundsen Sea part of the Pacific Ocean bordering on Antarctica, east of the Ross Sea * * *
Amundsen, Roald
▪ Norwegian explorer in full  Roald Engelbregt Gravning Amundsen   born July 16, 1872, Borge, near Oslo, Nor. died June 18, 1928?, Arctic Ocean  Norwegian explorer who was ...
Amundsen, Roald (Engelbregt Gravning)
born July 16, 1872, Borge, near Oslo, Nor. disappeared June 18, 1928?, Arctic Ocean Norwegian explorer, leader of the first group to reach the South Pole. In 1897 he took part ...
A·mund·sen (äʹmənd-sən, äʹmo͝on-), Roald. 1872-1928. Norwegian explorer who in 1911 became the first person to reach the South Pole. * * *
Amundsen Gulf An inlet of the Arctic Ocean in Northwest Territories, Canada, opening on the Beaufort Sea. It was first navigated completely by Roald Amundsen during his ...
Amundsen Sea An arm of the southern Pacific Ocean off the coast of Marie Byrd Land, Antarctica. It was explored and named by a Norwegian, Nils Larsen, in the late 1920s. * * *
▪ region, Turkey Turkish  Amik,         plain of southern Turkey, bordering Syria. Framed by mountains, the plain is about 190 square miles (500 square km) in area ...
/ah moor"/; Russ. /u moohrdd"/, n. a river in E Asia, forming most of the boundary between N Manchuria and the SE Russian Federation, flowing into the Sea of Okhotsk. ab. 2700 ...
Amur cork tree
an Asiatic cork tree, Phellodendron amurense, of the rue family, having a deeply ridged, corky bark. * * *
Amur privet
a northern Chinese shrub, Ligustrum amurense, of the olive family, having hairy leaves and white flowers. * * *
Amur River
Chinese Heilong Jiang or Hei-lung Chiang River, northeastern Asia. The Amur proper begins at the confluence of the Shilka and Argun rivers and is 1,755 mi (2,824 km) long. It ...
/euh merr"keuh/, n. the lees or sediment of olive oil. [ < L < Gk amórge] * * *
A·mur River (ä-mo͝orʹ) also Hei·long Jiang (hāʹlôngʹ jyängʹ) A river of northeast Asia flowing about 2,896 km (1,800 mi) mainly along the border between China and ...
▪ Russia       city, Khabarovsk kray (region), far eastern Russia. It lies on the left bank of the Amur River, 25 miles (40 km) south of Komsomolsk-na-Amure. Founded ...
See amuse. * * *
—amusable, adj. —amuser, n. /euh myoohz"/, v.t., amused, amusing. 1. to hold the attention of (someone) pleasantly; entertain or divert in an enjoyable or cheerful manner: ...
—amusedly /euh myooh"zid lee/, adv. /euh myoohzd"/, adj. 1. pleasurably entertained, occupied, or diverted. 2. displaying amusement: an amused expression on her face. 3. ...
/euh myoohz"meuhnt/, n. 1. anything that amuses; pastime; entertainment. 2. the act of amusing. 3. the state of being amused; enjoyment. [1595-1605; < MF; see AMUSE, -MENT] Syn. ...
amusement park
a large park equipped with such recreational devices as a merry-go-round, Ferris wheel, roller coaster, etc., and usually having booths for games and refreshments. [1905-10] * * *
amusement parks
➡ fairs * * *
amusement tax
a tax levied on such forms of entertainment as motion pictures, theater, etc., and included in the total admission price. Cf. cabaret tax. * * *
amusement park n. A commercially operated enterprise that offers rides, games, and other forms of entertainment. * * *
➡ fairs * * *
See amusable. * * *
/ay myooh"zee euh/, n. Med. the inability to produce or comprehend music or musical sounds. [ < NL < Gk amousía state of being without the Muses, especially song. See A-6, MUSE, ...
—amusingly, adv. —amusingness, n. /euh myooh"zing/, adj. 1. pleasantly entertaining or diverting: an amusing speaker. 2. causing laughter or mirth; humorously entertaining: ...
See amusing. * * *
See amusingly. * * *
—amusively, adv. —amusiveness, n. /euh myooh"ziv/, adj. amusing; entertaining. [1720-30; AMUSE + -IVE] * * *
▪ people also spelled  Amusgo,         ethnolinguistic Indian group of eastern Guerrero and western Oaxaca states, southern Mexico. Their language is related to that ...
/am"vets'/, n. an organization of U.S. veterans of World War II and more recent wars, founded in 1944. [Am(erican) Vet(eran)s] * * *
a US company which employs people in more than 80 countries to sell its products in their spare time, often at special parties in their own homes. The items they sell include ...
/ay"mee/, n., pl. amies. Slang. a vial of amyl nitrate. [by shortening] * * * (as used in expressions) Beach Amy Marcy Amy Marcy Cheney Amy Lyon Lowell Amy * * *
/ay"mee/, n. a female given name: from a French word meaning "beloved." * * * (as used in expressions) Beach Amy Marcy Amy Marcy Cheney Amy Lyon Lowell Amy * * *
Amy Johnson
➡ Johnson (I) * * *
Amy Lyon
➡ Hamilton (II) * * *
/euh muy"klas, -kleuhs/, n. Class. Myth. 1. a son of Lacedaemon and Sparta. 2. a son of Niobe and Amphion. * * *
/am"i keuhs/, n. Class. Myth. a son of Poseidon and one of the Meliae, known for his ruthlessness and his skill at boxing. * * *
—amyelic /am'uy el"ik, am'ee-/, amyelous /euh muy"euh leuhs/, adj. /am'uy ee"lee euh, -el"ee euh, am'ee-/, n. Med. congenital absence of the spinal cord. [ < NL < Gk amýel(os) ...
/euh mig"deuh leuh/, n., pl. amygdalae /-lee'/. Anat. 1. an almond-shaped part, as a tonsil. 2. a ganglion of the limbic system adjoining the temporal lobe of the brain and ...
/euh mig'deuh lay"sheuhs/, adj. belonging or pertaining to the Amygdalaceae, a family of plants bearing fruit containing a single hard seed. [1850-55; < NL Amygdalace(ae) plant ...
/euh mig"deuh lit, -layt'/, adj. pertaining to, resembling, or made of almonds. [1650-60; < L amygdal(a) ALMOND + -ATE1] * * *
a·myg·dale (ə-mĭgʹdāl) n. An amygdule.   [From Latin amygdala, almond. See amygdala.] * * *
/am'ig dal"ik/, adj. 1. of almonds. 2. Chem. of or derived from amygdalin or amygdalic acid. [1855-60; < L amygdal(a) ALMOND + -IC] * * *
amygdalic acid
Chem. See mandelic acid. * * *
/euh mig"deuh leuh fawrm'/, adj. almond-shaped. [ < L amygdal(a) ALMOND + -I- + -FORM] * * *
/euh mig"deuh lin/, n. Chem., Pharm. a white, bitter-tasting, water-soluble, glycosidic powder, C20H27NO11, usually obtained from bitter almond seeds and the leaves of plants of ...
/euh mig"deuh lin, -luyn'/, adj. of, pertaining to, or resembling an almond. [1725-35; < L amygdalinus < Gk amygdálinos of almonds. See AMYGDALA, -INE1] * * *
/euh mig"deuh loyd'/, n. Petrol. 1. a volcanic rock in which rounded cavities formed by the expansion of gas or steam have later become filled with deposits of various ...
amygdaloidal [ə mig΄də loid′'l] adj. AMYGDALOID * * *
amygdaloid nucleus n. See amygdala. * * *
/euh mig"doohl, -dyoohl/, n. Petrol. one of the mineral nodules in an amygdaloid. [1875-80; AMYGD(ALA) + -ULE] * * * Secondary deposit of minerals found in a rounded, elongated, ...
/am"il, ay"mil/, Chem. adj. 1. containing an amyl group; pentyl. n. 2. an amyl group. [1840-50; < Gk ám(ylon) starch (see AMYLO-) + -YL, with haplology of am(yl)-yl] * * *
amyl acetate
Chem. See banana oil (def. 1). Also called amylacetic ether /am"il euh see"tik, -set"ik, am'-/. [1865-70] * * *
amyl alcohol
Chem. a colorless liquid, C5H12O, consisting of a mixture of two or more isomeric alcohols, derived from the pentanes, and used as a solvent and intermediate for organic ...
amyl group
Chem. any of several univalent, isomeric groups having the formula C5H11-, whose derivatives are found in fusel oil, fruit extracts, etc. Also called amyl radical. * * *
amyl nitrite
Pharm. a yellowish, fragrant, flammable liquid, C5H11NO2, used in medicine chiefly as a vasodilator, esp. in the treatment of angina pectoris: misused by inhalation as a ...
amyl propionate
Chem. a colorless liquid, C8H16O2, having an applelike odor, used chiefly as a scent in the manufacture of flavorings and perfume. * * *
amyl radical
Chem. See amyl group. * * *
amyl sulfide
Chem. See diamyl sulfide. * * *
var. of amylo-, esp. before a vowel. * * *
/am'euh lay"sheuhs/, adj. of the nature of starch; starchy. [1820-30; AMYL- + -ACEOUS] * * *
amyl acetate n. An organic compound, CH3COOC5H11, occurring in isomeric mixtures and used as a flavoring agent, as a paint and lacquer solvent, and in the preparation of ...
amyl alcohol n. Any of eight isomers of the alcohol composition C5H11OH, one of which is the principal constituent of fusel oil. * * *
/am"euh lays', -layz'/, n. Biochem. 1. any of a widely distributed class of enzymes that catalyze the hydrolysis of starch, glycogen, and related polysaccharides to ...
/am"euh leen'/, n. Chem. any of five unsaturated isomeric hydrocarbons having the formula C5H10. [1855-60; AMYL + -ENE] * * *
/euh mil"ik/, adj. of, pertaining to, or characterized by the amyl group. [1855-60; AMYL + -IC] * * *
amyl nitrite n. A volatile yellow liquid, C5H11NO2, formerly used in medicine as a vasodilator, but now replaced by other nitrates, such as nitroglycerin. It is used illicitly to ...
a combining form representing amylum in compound words: amylolysis. Also, esp. before a vowel, amyl-. [comb. form of Gk ámylon starch, n. use of neut. of ámylos not milled (a- ...
/euh mil"euh jeuhn, -jen'/, n. Chem. the water-soluble part of a starch granule. [1875-80; AMYLO- + -GEN] * * *
/am"euh loyd'/, n. 1. Biochem. a waxy, translucent substance, composed primarily of protein fibers, that is deposited in various organs of animals in certain diseases. 2. a ...
/am'euh loy doh"sis/, n., pl. amyloidoses /-seez/. Pathol. 1. a deposit of amyloid in tissues or organs. 2. the diseased state resulting from this deposit. [1895-1900; AMYLOID + ...
—amylolytic /am'euh loh lit"ik/, adj. /am'euh lol"euh sis/, n. Biochem. the conversion of starch into sugar. [1885-90; AMYLO- + -LYSIS] * * *
See amylolysis. * * *
/am'euh loh pek"tin/, n. the insoluble or gel component of starch that forms a paste with water, but does not solidify, and that turns red in iodine. Cf. amylose. [1900-05; ...
/am"euh loh plast'/, n. Bot. a starch-forming granule in plants; leucoplast. [1885-90; AMYLO- + -PLAST] * * *
amylopsin [am΄ə läp′sin] n. 〚 AMYLO- + (〛 amylase produced in the pancreas * * * am·y·lop·sin (ăm'ə-lŏpʹsĭn) n. The starch-digesting amylase produced by the ...
/am"euh lohs'/, n. the soluble or sol component of starch that forms a stiff gel at ordinary temperatures and turns blue in iodine. Cf. amylopectin. [1875-80; AMYL- + -OSE2] * * *
/am"euh leuhm/, n. starch (def. 1). [1550-60; < L < Gk ámylon starch. See AMYLO-] * * *
Amyntas III (or II)
▪ king of Macedonia died 370/369 BC       king of Macedonia from about 393 to 370/369. His skillful diplomacy created a minor role for Macedonia in Greek affairs and ...
/am"in tawr'/, n. Class. Myth. a king of Ormenium who refused to give his daughter Astydamia to Hercules and who was slain by Hercules. * * *
Amyot, Jacques
▪ French scholar born Oct. 30, 1513, Melun, near Paris, France died Feb. 6, 1593, Auxerre       French bishop and classical scholar famous for his translation of ...
—amyatonic /ay'muy euh ton"ik, ay muy'-/, adj. /ay'muy euh toh"nee euh, ay muy'-/, n. Pathol. myatonia. [1915-20; < NL; see A-6, MYOTONIA] * * *
amyotrophic lateral sclerosis
/ay'muy euh trof"ik, -troh"fik, ay muy'euh-/, Pathol. an incurable disease of unknown cause in which progressive degeneration of motor neurons in the brain stem and spinal cord ...
amyotrophic lateral sclerosis (ALS)
or Lou Gehrig disease Degenerative nervous-system disorder causing muscle wasting and paralysis. The disease usually occurs after age 40, more often in men. Most victims die ...
amyotrophiclateral sclerosis
a·my·o·tro·phic lateral sclerosis (ā'mī-ə-trōʹfĭk, -trŏfʹĭk, ā-mī'-) n. Abbr. ALS A chronic, progressive disease marked by gradual degeneration of the nerve cells ...
/am"i tawl', -tal'/, Pharm., Trademark. a brand of amobarbital. * * *
/am'euh thay"on/, n. Class. Myth. the son of Cretheus and Tyro who supported Jason's claim to the throne of Iolcus. * * *
/ay mik'seuh ree"euh/, n. Med. the absence of the normal secretion of mucus. Also, amyxorrhoea. [ < NL; see A-6, MYXO-, -RRHEA] * * *
an1 /euhn/; when stressed /an/, indefinite article. the form of a before an initial vowel sound (an arch; an honor) and sometimes, esp. in British English, before an initial ...
/ahn/, n. the Sumerian god of heaven: the counterpart of the Akkadian Anu. Symbol, Chem. actinon. * * *
Anglo-Norman. Also, A.-N. * * *
An Chung-shik
▪ Korean painter also called  Shimjon (Korean: “Spirit Field”)  born 1861, Seoul, Korea died 1919, Seoul       the last gentleman painter of the great Korean ...
An Lushan
▪ Chinese general Introduction Wade-Giles romanization  An Lu-shan , original surname  Kang , imperial name  Xiongwu  born 703, Yingzhou [now Chaoyang, Liaoning ...
An Lushan Rebellion
Rebellion beginning in 755 in China led by An Lushan (703–757), a general of non-Chinese origin. An Lushan rose through the ranks of the Tang-dynasty army in the 740s, ...
An Nafud
/an" na foohd"/. See Nefud Desert. * * *
An Nhon
/ahn" nawn"/ a city in S central Vietnam. 117,000. Formerly, Binh Dinh. * * *
An Olympic-Sized Scandal
▪ 2000       In 1999 it appeared that the Olympic Games might take the gold for the century's widest-reaching and most notorious sports scandal. Years in advance of each ...
An Yu
or An Hyang born 1243 died 1306 Korean Neo-Confucian scholar and educator. In 1287 he accompanied King Chungnyol to the Mongol court in Beijing (Peking), where he encountered ...
/ant, ahnt, aynt/ 1. Chiefly Brit. Dial. contraction of am not. 2. Dial. ain't. [1700-10; see AIN'T; AREN'T] * * *
an-1 a prefix occurring before stems beginning with a vowel or h in loanwords from Greek, where it means "not," "without," "lacking" (anarchy; anecdote); used in the formation of ...
/an naj"af/, n. Najaf. * * *
▪ Taiwan       town, seaport, and district of T'ai-nan shih (municipality), southwestern Taiwan, the traditional outport for T'ai-nan. It is the oldest Chinese ...
in the year. [ < L anno] * * *
ana1 /an"euh, ah"neuh/, n. 1. a collection of miscellaneous information about a particular subject, person, place, or thing. 2. an item in such a collection, as an anecdote, a ...
a prefix in loanwords from Greek, where it means "up," "against," "back," "re-": anabasis; used in the formation of compound words: anacardiaceous. Also, esp. before a vowel, ...
/an'euh bee"neuh/, n. any of the freshwater algae of the genus Anabaena, commonly occurring in masses and often contaminating drinking water, giving it a fishy odor and taste. [ ...
/an'euh ban"tid/, n. 1. any of several fishes of the family Anabantidae, comprising the labyrinth fishes. adj. 2. belonging or pertaining to the family Anabantidae. [ < NL ...
See Anabaptist. * * *
—Anabaptism, n. —Anabaptistically, adv. /an'euh bap"tist/, n. 1. a member of any of various Protestant sects, formed in Europe after 1520, that denied the validity of infant ...
/an"euh bas'/, n. any small fish of the genus Anabas, of ponds and swamps in Africa and southeastern Asia. Cf. climbing perch. [1835-45; < NL < Gk, aorist participle of ...
/euh nab"euh seen', -sin/, n. Chem. a colorless, poisonous liquid, C10H14N2, used as an insecticide. [ < NL Anabas(is) genus name (see ANA-, BASIS) + -INE2] * * *
/euh nab"euh sis/, n., pl. anabases /-seez'/. 1. a march from the coast into the interior, as that of Cyrus the Younger against Artaxerxes II, described by Xenophon in his ...
/an'euh bat"ik/, adj. Meteorol. 1. pertaining to an uphill wind produced by the effects of local heating. Cf. katabatic. 2. (formerly) pertaining to any upward-moving air ...
anabatic wind
also called  upslope wind        local air current that blows up a hill or mountain slope facing the Sun. During the day, the Sun heats such a slope (and the air over ...
—anabiotic /an'euh buy ot"ik/, adj. /an'euh buy oh"sis/, n. a bringing back to consciousness; reanimation after apparent death. [1885-90; < NL < Gk anabíosis a coming back to ...
See anabiosis. * * *
/an"euh bleps'/, n. See four-eyed fish. [1777; < NL, the genus name, coinage based on Gk anablépein to look up, equiv. to ana- ANA- + blépein to see] * * *
See anabolism. * * *
anabolic steroid
a synthetic derivative of testosterone, sometimes used by athletes to help increase weight and strength. [1960-65] * * * Steroid hormone that increases tissue growth. Anabolic ...
anabolic steroid n. A group of synthetic hormones that promote the storage of protein and the growth of tissue, sometimes used by athletes to increase muscle size and strength. * ...
—anabolic /an'euh bol"ik/, adj. /euh nab"euh liz'euhm/, n. Biol., Physiol. constructive metabolism; the synthesis in living organisms of more complex substances from simpler ...
/euh nab"euh luyt'/, n. Biol., Physiol. a product of anabolic action. [ANABOL(ISM) + -ITE1] * * *
/an"euh branch', -brahnch'/, n. a stream branching off from a river and rejoining it further downstream. [1825-35; short for anastomotic branch. See ANASTOMOSIS] * * *
/an'euh kan"theuhs/, adj. Bot. having no spines or thorns. [ < Gk anákanthos thornless. See AN-1, ACANTHOUS] * * *
▪ plant family  the sumac family of flowering plants in the order Sapindales, with about 70 genera and 650 species of evergreen or deciduous trees, shrubs, and woody vines. ...
/an'euh kahr'dee ay"sheuhs/, adj. belonging to the Anacardiaceae, the cashew family of plants. Cf. cashew family. [1850-55; < NL Anacardiace(ae) plant family name (see ANA-, ...
/euh nak"euhr is/, n. elodea. * * *
▪ legendary Scythian prince flourished early 6th century BC?       legendary Scythian prince included in some ancient Greek lists as one of the Seven Wise Men and ...
See anachrony. * * *
—anachronically /an'euh kron"ik lee/, adv. /euh nak"reuh niz'euhm/, n. 1. something or someone that is not in its correct historical or chronological time, esp. a thing or ...
—anachronistically, adv. /euh nak'reuh nis"tik/, adj. pertaining to or containing an anachronism. Also, anachronistical. [1765-75; ANACHRON(ISM) + -ISTIC] * * *
See anachronistic. * * *
—anachronously, adv. /euh nak"reuh neuhs/, adj. misplaced in time; anachronistic. [1850-55; ANACHRON(ISM) + -OUS] * * *
See anachronistic. * * *
a·nach·ro·ny (ə-năkʹrə-nē) n. Discrepancy between the chronological order of events and the order in which they are related in a plot.   [anachronism + ...
/an'a sid"i tee/, n. Med. the abnormal absence of hydrochloric acid in the stomach. [AN-1 + ACIDITY] * * *
n [C, U] (in the US) a medicine taken to relieve minor pains, invented in 1918. * * *
/an'euh klas"tik/, adj. Optics. (formerly) of or pertaining to refraction. [1690-1700; < Gk anáklast(os) bent back (verbal adj. of anaklâ to refract, equiv. to ana- ANA- + ...
/an'euh klee"teuhs/, n. fl. 1st century A.D., pope 76-88. Also called Cletus. * * *
Anacletus (II)
▪ antipope original name  Pietro Pierleoni  born , Rome [Italy] died Jan. 25, 1138, Rome       antipope from 1130 to 1138 whose claims to the papacy against Pope ...
Anacletus II
orig. Pietro Pierleoni born , Rome died Jan. 25, 1138, Rome Antipope (1130–38). Named a cardinal at Rome in 1116, he was elected pope by a majority of cardinals in 1130, ...
Anacletus, Saint
▪ pope also called  Cletus, or Anencletus   flourished 1st century AD, ; feast day April 26       second pope (76–88 or 79–91) after St. Peter. According to St. ...
/an'euh kluy"sis/, n. Psychoanal. the choice of an object of libidinal attachment on the basis of a resemblance to early childhood protective and parental figures. [ < Gk ...
/an'euh klit"ik/, adj. Psychoanal. exhibiting or pertaining to anaclisis. [1920-25; < Gk anáklit(os) for reclining (anakli- (see ANACLISIS) + -tos verbal adj. suffix) + -IC] * * ...
/an'euh si noh"sis/, n., pl. anacoenoses /-seez/. Rhet. a figure of speech in which an appeal is made to one's listeners or opponents for their opinion or judgment as to the ...
—anacoluthic, adj. —anacoluthically, adv. /an'euh keuh looh"thee euh/, n. Rhet. lack of grammatical sequence or coherence, esp. in a sentence. [1855-60; < L < Gk ...
See anacoluthon. * * *
/an'euh keuh looh"thon/, n., pl. anacolutha /-theuh/. Rhet. 1. a construction involving a break in grammatical sequence, as It makes me so - I just get angry. 2. an instance of ...
/an'euh kon"deuh/, n. 1. a South American boa, Eunectes murinus, that often grows to a length of more than 25 ft. (7.6 m). 2. any large boa. 3. Cards. a variety of poker in which ...
/an'euh kon"deuh/, n. a city in SW Montana. 12,518. * * * Either of two South American snake species in the genus Eunectes (family Boidae) that constrict their prey. The ...
Anaconda Company
▪ American company       one of the largest American mining companies, producing copper, aluminum, silver, and uranium. Since 1977 it has been a subsidiary of Atlantic ...
▪ Washington, United States       city, Skagit county, northwestern Washington, U.S., on the northern tip of Fidalgo Island. Connected by ferry to the San Juan Islands ...
/an'euh kaws"tee euh, -kos"-/, n. a section of the District of Columbia, in the SE part. * * *
Anacostia River
a river in the District of Columbia flowing into the Potomac River. ab. 24 mi. (39 km) long. * * *
/an'euh kooh"stik/, adj. of or pertaining to the upper portion of the earth's atmosphere and to interplanetary space, where sound cannot be transmitted because molecules are too ...
/euh nak"ree euhn/, n. c570-c480 B.C., Greek writer, esp. of love poems and drinking songs. * * * or Anakreon born с 582 BC, Teos, Ionia died с 485 Last great lyric poet of ...
—Anacreontically, adv. /euh nak'ree on"tik/, adj. 1. (sometimes l.c.) of or in the manner of Anacreon. 2. (sometimes l.c.) convivial and amatory. n. 3. (l.c.) an Anacreontic ...
/an'euh kroj"euh neuhs/, adj. Bot. having the female sex organs arising from any cell below the apex of the stem, thereby not terminating its growth, as certain liverworts. Cf. ...
—anacrustic /an'euh krus"tik/, adj. —anacrustically, adv. /an'euh krooh"sis/, n., pl. anacruses /-krooh"seez/. 1. Pros. an unstressed syllable or syllable group that begins a ...
—anacusic, adj. /an'euh kyooh"sis/, n. Med. total deafness. [ < NL; see AN-3, ACOUSTIC, -SIS] * * *
anadama bread
/an'euh dam"euh/ a yeast-raised bread having corn meal and molasses among its ingredients: a traditional food of colonial America. [1910-15; orig. obscure; the various anecdotes ...
an·a·dam·a bread (ăn'ə-dămʹə) n. New England A loaf of bread made of white flour, cornmeal, and molasses.   [Origin unknown.] * * *
▪ Oklahoma, United States       city, seat (1907) of Caddo county, southwest-central Oklahoma, U.S. It lies along the Washita River. Founded in 1901 when the site was ...
/an"euh dem'/, n. Archaic. a garland or wreath for the head. [1595-1605; < L anadem(a) headband < Gk, deriv. of anadeîn to bind up (ana- ANA- + de- verbid s. of deîn to bind) + ...
/an'euh dee"nee euh, -deen"yeuh/, n. Pathol. 1. deficient glandular activity. 2. absence of glands. [ < NL; see AN-1, ADEN-, -IA] * * *
n [C, U] the British name for the medicine called Anacin in the US. * * *
/an'euh di ploh"sis/, n. Rhet. repetition in the first part of a clause or sentence of a prominent word from the latter part of the preceding clause or sentence, usually with a ...
/euh nad"reuh meuhs/, adj. (of fish) migrating from salt water to spawn in fresh water, as salmon of the genera Salmo and Oncorhynchus (distinguished from catadromous). [1745-55; ...
Anadyr or Anadir [ä΄nä dir′] river in NE Siberia, flowing south & east into the Bering Sea: c. 700 mi (1,127 km) * * * A·na·dyr (ä'nə-dîrʹ) A river of northeast ...
Anadyr Range
/ah'neuh dear", an'euh-/; Russ. /u nu dirdd"/ a mountain range in NE Siberia in the Russian Federation: a part of the Kolyma Range. * * *
Anadyr, Gulf of
▪ gulf, Bering Sea also called  Anadyr Bay,  Russian  Anadyrsky Zaliv,         gulf in far eastern Russia, in the northwestern part of the Bering Sea. The width of ...
/euh nee"mee euh/, n. anemia. * * *
/euh nee"mik/, adj. anemic. * * *
/an"euh rohb', an air"ohb/, n. an organism, esp. a bacterium, that does not require air or free oxygen to live (opposed to aerobe). [1875-80; AN-1 + AEROBE] * * *
—anaerobically, adv. /an'euh roh"bik, an'air-/, adj. 1. (of an organism or tissue) living in the absence of air or free oxygen. 2. pertaining to or caused by the absence of ...
See anaerobic. * * *
an·aer·o·bi·o·sis (ăn'ə-rō'bī-ōʹsĭs, ăn'â-rō'-) n. Life sustained by an organism in the absence of oxygen.   an'aer·o'bi·otʹic (-ŏtʹĭk) adj. * * *
See anaerobiosis. * * *
anaerobium [an΄ər ō′bē əm] n. pl. anaerobia [an΄ər ō′bē ə] ANAEROBE * * *
—anaesthetic /an'euhs thet"ik/, adj., n. —anaesthetist /euh nes"thi tist/ or, esp. Brit., /euh nees"-/, n. /an'euhs thee"zheuh/, n. Med., Pathol. anesthesia. * * *
an·aes·the·si·ol·o·gist (ăn'ĭs-thē'zē-ŏlʹə-jĭst) n. Variant of anesthesiologist. * * *
—anaesthesiologist, n. /an'euhs thee'zee ol"euh jee/, n. anesthesiology. * * *
an·aes·thet·ic (ăn'ĭs-thĕtʹĭk) adv. & n. Variant of anesthetic. * * *
a·naes·the·tist (ə-nĕsʹthĭ-tĭst) n. Variant of anesthetist. * * *
—anaesthetization, n. /euh nes"thi tuyz'/ or, esp. Brit., /euh nees"-/, v.t., anaesthetized, anaesthetizing. anesthetize. Also, esp. Brit., anaesthetise. * * *
A·naf·ra·nil (ə-năfʹrə-nĭl) A trademark used for the drug clomipramine. * * *
—anagenetic /an'euh jeuh net"ik/, anagenetical, adj. /an'euh jen"euh sis/, n. 1. Biol. the progressive evolution of a species. Cf. catagenesis. 2. Physiol. the regeneration of ...
—anaglyphic, anaglyphical, anaglyptic /an'euh glip"tik/, anaglyptical, adj. —anaglyphy /euh nag"leuh fee, an"euh glif'ee/, n. /an"euh glif/, n. 1. an ornament sculptured or ...
See anaglyph. * * *
/an'euh glif"euh skohp'/, n. Optics. a pair of spectacles for viewing an anaglyph. [ANAGLYPH + -O- + SCOPE] * * *
See anaglyphic. * * *
▪ Italy       town, Lazio (Latium) regione, central Italy. It lies on a hill above the Sacco Valley, southeast of Rome. The ancient Anagnia, capital of the Hernici ...
/an'ag nawr"euh sis, -nohr"-/, n., pl. anagnorises /-seez'/. (in ancient Greek tragedy) the critical moment of recognition or discovery, esp. preceding peripeteia. [1790-1800; < ...
/an'euh goh"jee, an"euh goh'jee/, n. 1. a spiritual interpretation or application of words, as of Scriptures. 2. a form of allegorical interpretation of Scripture that seeks ...
—anagogically, adv. /an'euh goj"ik/, adj. 1. of or pertaining to an anagoge. 2. Psychol. deriving from, pertaining to, or reflecting the moral or idealistic striving of the ...
See anagogic. * * *
See anagogic. * * *
/an'euh goh"jee, an"euh goh'jee/, n., pl. anagogies. anagoge. [1400-50; late ME anagogie < ML anagogia, for LL anagoge ANAGOGE] * * *
—anagrammatic /an'euh greuh mat"ik/, anagrammatical, adj. —anagrammatically, adv. /an"euh gram'/, n., v., anagrammed, anagramming. n. 1. a word, phrase, or sentence formed ...
See anagram. * * *
See anagrammatic. * * *
—anagrammatism /an'euh gram"euh tiz'euhm/, n. —anagrammatist, n. /an'euh gram"euh tuyz'/, v.t., v.i., anagrammatized, anagrammatizing. to transpose into an anagram. Also, ...
/an"euh huym'/, n. a city in SW California, SE of Los Angeles. 221,847. * * * City (pop., 2000: 328,014), southwestern California, U.S. Lying on the plain of the Santa Ana River ...
▪ Iranian goddess also called  Anāhitā,         ancient Iranian goddess of royalty, war, and fertility; she is particularly associated with the last. Possibly of ...

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