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anginapectoris
angina pec·to·ris (pĕkʹtər-ĭs) n. Severe paroxysmal pain in the chest associated with an insufficient supply of blood to the heart.   [New Latin : Latin angina, quinsy + ...
anginose
See anginal. * * *
angio-
a learned borrowing from Greek meaning "vessel," "container," used in the formation of compound words: angiosperm. Also, esp. before a vowel, angi-. [ < Gk, comb. form repr. ...
angioblast
—angioblastic, adj. /an"jee euh blast'/, n. Embryol. one of several mesenchymal cells capable of developing into the endothelium of the blood vessels. [ANGIO- + -BLAST] * * *
angiocardiographic
See angiocardiography. * * *
angiocardiography
—angiocardiographic /an'jee oh kahr'dee euh graf"ik/, adj. /an'jee oh kahr'dee og"reuh fee/, n., pl. angiocardiographies. x-ray examination of the heart and its blood vessels ...
angiocarp
/an"jee euh kahrp'/, n. a plant bearing an angiocarpous fruit. [ANGIO- + -CARP] * * *
angiocarpous
/an'jee oh kahr"peuhs/, adj. 1. (of a fruit) partially or wholly enclosed in a shell, involucre, or husk. 2. (of a fungus or lichen) having the fruiting body immersed or enclosed ...
angioedema
▪ pathology also called  Angioneurotic Edema, or Giant Urticaria,         allergic disorder in which large, localized, painless swellings similar to hives appear ...
angiogenesis
—angiogenic, adj. /an'jee oh jen"euh sis/, n. Biol. the formation and development of blood vessels. [ANGIO- + -GENESIS] * * *
angiogenesisinhibitor
angiogenesis inhibitor n. A drug that blocks angiogenesis in cancerous tissue, thus interfering with tumor growth or metastasis. * * *
angiogenic
See angiogenesis. * * *
angiogenin
/an'jee oh jen"in, -oj"euh nin/, n. a small, single-chain protein, resembling ribonuclease in structure, that stimulates the formation of new blood vessels. [presumably ...
angiogram
/an"jee euh gram'/, n. an x-ray produced by angiography. [1930-35; ANGIO- + -GRAM1] * * *
angiographic
See angiography. * * *
angiography
—angiographic /an'jee euh graf"ik/, adj. /an'jee og"reuh fee/, n. x-ray examination of blood vessels or lymphatics following injection of a radiopaque substance. [1720-30; ...
angiokeratoma
/an'jee oh ker'euh toh"meuh/, n., pl. angiokeratomas, angiokeratomata /-meuh teuh/. Pathol. a skin disease characterized by clusters of dilated blood vessels and by thickened ...
Angiolieri, Cecco
▪ Italian poet born c. 1260, , Siena [Italy] died c. 1312       poet who is considered by some the first master of Italian comic verse.       It is known that ...
Angiolini, Gasparo
or Angelo Gasparini born Feb. 9, 1731, Florence died Feb. 6, 1803, Milan Italian choreographer. In 1757 he became ballet master of the Vienna court opera house; in 1761 he ...
angiologist
See angiology. * * *
angiology
/an'jee ol"euh jee/, n. the branch of anatomy dealing with blood vessels and lymphatics. [1700-10; ANGIO- + -LOGY] * * *
angioma
—angiomatous /an'jee om"euh teuhs, -oh"meuh-/, adj. /an'jee oh"meuh/, n., pl. angiomas, angiomata /-meuh teuh/. Pathol. a benign tumor consisting chiefly of dilated or newly ...
angiomatous
See angioma. * * *
angiopathy
an·gi·op·a·thy (ăn'jē-ŏpʹə-thē) n. pl. an·gi·op·a·thies Any of several diseases of the blood or lymph vessels. * * *
angioplasty
/an"jee euh plas'tee/, n., pl. angioplasties. Surg. the repair of a blood vessel, as by inserting a balloon-tipped catheter to unclog it or by replacing part of the vessel with ...
angiosarcoma
/an'jee oh sahr koh"meuh/, n., pl. angiosarcomas, angiosarcomata /-meuh teuh/. Pathol. malignant overgrowth of vascular tissue. [ANGIO- + SARCOMA] * * *
angiosperm
/an"jee euh sperrm'/, n. Bot. a plant having its seeds enclosed in an ovary; a flowering plant. Cf. gymnosperm. [ANGIO- + -SPERM] * * * ▪ plant Introduction       any ...
angiospermous
/an'jee oh sperr"meuhs/, adj. of or pertaining to an angiosperm; having enclosed seeds. [1725-35; ANGIOSPERM + -OUS] * * *
angiostatin
an·gi·o·stat·in (ăn'jē-ō-stătʹn) n. A naturally occurring protein that is a specific inhibitor of endothelial proliferation and a potent angiogenesis inhibitor. It is ...
angiotensin
/an'jee oh ten"sin/, n. Biochem. any of three oligopeptides occurring in plasma, an inactive form (angiotensin I) and two varieties (angiotensin II and angiotensin III) that ...
angiya
/ahn jee"euh/, n. a short-sleeved bodice that ends just below the breasts, worn by Muslim women in India. [ < Gujarati ãgiyo or a cognate word in another Indo-Aryan language] * ...
Angkor
/ang"kawr, -kohr/, n. a vast assemblage of ruins of the Khmer empire, near the modern city of Siem Reap in NW Cambodia: many elaborately carved and decorated temples, stone ...
Angkor Thom
/tohm/ the site of the ruined capital city of the Khmer empire, at Angkor. * * *
Angkor Wat
/waht, vaht/ the largest and best preserved Khmer temple in the Angkor complex of ruins. Also, Angkor Vat /vaht/. * * * Temple complex in Angkor (now in northwestern Cambodia), ...
Angl.
1. Anglican. 2. Anglicized. * * *
anglaise
/ahng glayz", -glez"/, n. 1. an old English country-dance. 2. a dance form in quick duple time, occasionally constituting part of an 18th-century instrumental suite. [ < F, fem. ...
angle
angle1 /ang"geuhl/, n., v., angled, angling. n. 1. Geom. a. the space within two lines or three or more planes diverging from a common point, or within two planes diverging from ...
Angle
/ang"geuhl/, n. a member of a West Germanic people that migrated from Sleswick to Britain in the 5th century A.D. and founded the kingdoms of East Anglia, Mercia, and ...
angle bar.
See angle iron (def. 2). * * *
angle board
a board serving as a gauge for an angle planed across the end of other boards. * * *
angle bracket
one of two marks < or > used in printing to enclose parenthetical matter, interpolations, etc. [1955-60] * * *
angle cleat
a short length of angle iron used as a bracket. Also called seat angle. * * *
angle collar
Shipbuilding. stapling. * * *
angle iron
1. an iron or steel bar, brace, or cleat in the form of an angle. 2. Also called angle, angle bar, L bar, L beam. a piece of structural iron or steel having a cross section in ...
angle of attack
1. Also called, esp. Brit., angle of incidence. Aeron. the acute angle between the chord of an aircraft wing or other airfoil and the direction of the relative wind. 2. ...
angle of climb
Aeron. the angle between the axis of motion of a climbing aircraft and the horizontal plane. * * *
angle of depression
Survey. depression (def. 11). [1780-90] * * *
angle of deviation
Optics. the angle equal to the difference between the angle of incidence and the angle of refraction of a ray of light passing through the surface between one medium and another ...
angle of dip
dip1 (def. 32). * * *
angle of elevation
Survey. elevation (def. 8a). [1780-90] * * *
angle of incidence
1. Also called incidence. Optics, Physics. the angle that a straight line, ray of light, etc., meeting a surface, makes with a normal to the surface at the point of meeting. 2. ...
angle of lag
Physics, Elect. the phase difference, expressed in degrees, by which one sinusoidal function moves behind a second having the same period, as alternating current moving behind ...
angle of lead
/leed/, Physics, Elect. the phase difference, expressed in degrees, by which one sinusoidal function is moving ahead of a second having the same period, as alternating voltage ...
angle of pitch
Aeron. the acute angle between the longitudinal axis of an aircraft or spacecraft and the direction of the wind relative to the vehicle. * * *
angle of polarization
Optics. See under Brewster's law. * * *
angle of reflection
Physics. the angle that a ray of light or the like, reflected from a surface, makes with a normal to the surface at the point of reflection. See diag. under angle of ...
angle of refraction
Physics, Optics. the angle between a refracted ray and a line drawn normal to the interface between two media at the point of refraction. See diag. under refraction. [1765-75] * ...
angle of repose
Geol. the maximum slope, measured in degrees from the horizontal, at which loose solid material will remain in place without sliding. Cf. angle of slide. [1875-80] * * *
angle of roll
Aeron. the acute angle between the lateral axis of an aircraft or spacecraft and a horizontal plane. * * *
angle of slide
Geol. the minimum slope, measured in degrees from the horizontal, at which loose solid material will start to slide or flow. Cf. angle of repose. [1930-35] * * *
angle of stall
Aeron. See critical angle (def. 2). * * *
angle of view
Optics. the angle formed at a nodal point of a lens by the intersection of two lines drawn from the opposite ends of an image produced by the lens. * * *
angle of yaw
Aeron. the acute angle between the longitudinal axis of an aircraft or spacecraft and a given reference direction, as viewed from above. * * *
angle plate
an angular metal plate or casting for clamping and supporting work in metalworking machines. * * *
angle shot
Motion Pictures, Photog. a picture taken with the camera pointed obliquely at the subject, sometimes causing distortion of perspective and proportion. Also called ...
angle-closure glaucoma
/ang"geuhl kloh'zheuhr/, Ophthalm. See under glaucoma. * * *
angle-off
/ang"geuhl awf', -of'/, n. 1. the angle formed by the line of flight of an aerial target and the line of sight on a gun of an attacking aircraft. 2. the angle formed by the line ...
anglebracket
angle bracket n. 1. Either of a pair of symbols, < >, used to enclose written or printed material. 2. Mathematics. Either of these symbols, used especially together to indicate ...
angled
/ang"geuhld/, adj. 1. having an angle or angles. 2. Heraldry. a. noting an interrupted partition line having the two parts offset and a line at right angles connecting them. b. ...
angledozer
/ang"geuhl doh'zeuhr/, n. a bulldozer having an angled moldboard for pushing earth to one side. [formerly a trademark] * * *
angleiron
angle iron n. A length of steel or iron bent at a right angle along its long dimension, used as a support or structural framework. * * *
angleof attack
angle of attack n. The acute angle between the chord of an airfoil and a line representing the undisturbed relative airflow. * * *
angleof incidence
angle of incidence n. The angle formed by a ray incident on a surface and a perpendicular to the surface at the point of incidence. * * *
angleof reflection
angle of reflection n. The angle formed by a reflected ray and a perpendicular to the surface at the point of reflection. * * *
angleof refraction
angle of refraction n. The angle formed by a refracted ray and a perpendicular to the refracting surface at the point of refraction. * * *
angleof yaw
angle of yaw n. The angle between an aircraft's longitudinal axis and its line of travel, as seen from above. * * *
angleplate
angle plate n. A right-angled metal bracket that is used on the faceplate of a lathe to hold the pieces that are being worked. * * *
anglepod
/ang"geuhl pod'/, n. a southern U.S. twining plant, Gonolobus gonocarpos, of the milkweed family, having angled or winged pods. [ANGLE1 + POD1; so called from its shape] * * *
Anglepoise{™}
n a make of lamp, used especially on a desk, that can be easily moved into different positions so that the light shines where it is needed. * * *
angler
/ang"gleuhr/, n. 1. a person who fishes with a hook and line. 2. a person who gets or tries to get something through scheming. 3. Also called allmouth, anglerfish, goosefish, ...
anglerfish
/ang"gleuhr fish/, n., pl. (esp. collectively) anglerfish, (esp. referring to two or more kinds or species) anglerfishes. angler (defs. 3, 4). [1645-55; ANGLER + FISH] * * * Any ...
Anglesey
/ang"geuhl see/, n. an island and historic county in Gwynedd, in NW Wales. * * *
Anglesey, Isle of
ancient Mona County (pop., 2001: 66,828), Wales. It encompasses Anglesey island, the largest island in England and Wales (276 sq mi [715 sq km]), and Holy Island. Anglesey ...
anglesite
/ang"geuhl suyt'/, n. a mineral, lead sulfate, PbSO4, found in massive deposits and in colorless or variously tinted crystals: a minor ore of lead. [1830-40; named after ANGLESEY ...
anglesmith
/ang"geuhl smith'/, n. a blacksmith skilled in forging angle irons, beams, etc., into various forms used in shipbuilding. [ANGLE1 + SMITH] * * *
Angleterre
▪ lace in full  point d'angleterre (French: “English lace”)   bobbin lace comparable to fine Brussels lace in thread, technique, and design; but whether it was made in ...
Angleton
/ang"geuhl teuhn/, n. a town in S Texas. 13,929. * * *
anglewing
/ang"geuhl wing'/, n. any of several nymphalid butterflies, esp. of the genus Polygonia, having angular notches on the outer edges of the forewings. [1900-05, Amer.; ANGLE1 + ...
angleworm
/ang"geuhl werrm'/, n. Chiefly Northern, North Midland, and Western U.S. an earthworm, as used for bait in angling. [1825-35, Amer.; ANGLE2 + WORM] Regional Variation. See ...
Anglia
/ang"glee euh/, n. Latin name of England. * * *
Anglian
/ang"glee euhn/, adj. 1. Also, Anglic. of or relating to the Angles or to East Anglia. n. 2. an Angle. 3. the northern and central group of Old English dialects, spoken in ...
Anglic
/ang"glik/, n. 1. the English language in a simplified spelling devised by R. E. Zachrisson (1880-1937), a Swedish philologist, to make English easier to use as an auxiliary ...
Anglican
—Anglicanly, adv. /ang"gli keuhn/, adj. 1. of or pertaining to the Church of England. 2. related in origin to and in communion with the Church of England, as various Episcopal ...
Anglican chant
a harmonized, strictly metrical chant to which canticles, psalms, and other liturgical texts are sung in the Anglican Church. * * * ▪ vocal music       simple ...
Anglican Church
the Church of England and those churches that are in communion with it and each other and that share essentially its doctrines and order, as the Church of Ireland, the Episcopal ...
Anglican Church of Australia
▪ church, Australia formerly  (until 1981) Church Of England In Australia,         independent Australian (Australia) church within the Anglican Communion. It ...
Anglican Communion
Anglican Communion n. the informal organization of the Church of England and derived churches with closely related beliefs and practices, including the Anglican Church of Canada, ...
Anglican Evangelical
▪ religion       one who emphasizes biblical faith, personal conversion, piety, and, in general, the Protestant rather than the Catholic heritage of the Anglican ...
Anglican religious community
▪ religion       any of various religious communities for men and for women that first began developing within the Anglican Communion in the 19th century. Although ...
AnglicanChurch
Anglican Church n. The Church of England and the churches in other nations that are in complete agreement with it as to doctrine and discipline and are in communion with the ...
Anglicanism
/ang"gli keuh niz'euhm/, n. the doctrines, principles, or system of the Anglican Church. [1840-50; ANGLICAN + -ISM] * * * Introduction  one of the major branches of the ...
Anglice
/ang"gleuh see/, adv. in English; as the English would say it; according to the English way: Córdoba, Anglice "Cordova." [1595-1605; < ML, equiv. to Anglic(us) English (see ...
Anglicism
/ang"gleuh siz'euhm/, n. (sometimes l.c.) 1. a Briticism. 2. the state of being English; characteristic English quality. 3. a word, idiom, or characteristic feature of the ...
Anglicist
/ang"gleuh sist/, n. an authority on the English language or English literature. [1865-70; < ML Anglic(us) English + -IST] * * *
Anglicization
See Anglicize. * * *
Anglicize
—Anglicization, n. /ang"gleuh suyz'/, v.t., v.i., Anglicized, Anglicizing. (sometimes l.c.) to make or become English in form or character: to Anglicize the pronunciation of a ...
Anglify
—Anglification, n. /ang"gleuh fuy'/, v.t., Anglified, Anglifying. (sometimes l.c.) to Anglicize. [1745-55, Amer.; ANGLE + -IFY] * * *
Anglin, Margaret
▪ Canadian actress born April 3, 1876, Ottawa died Jan. 7, 1958, Toronto       one of the most brilliant actresses of her day, equally effective in Greek tragedies, ...
angling
/ang"gling/, n. the act or art of fishing with a hook and line, usually attached to a rod. [1490-1500; ANGLE2 + -ING1] * * *
Anglist
/ang"glist/, n. Anglicist. [1885-90; < G < ML Angl(ia) England + G -ist -IST] * * *
Anglistics
/ang glis"tiks/, n. (used with a sing. v.) the study of the English language and of literature written in English. [1925-30; < G Anglistik, equiv. to Anglist ANGLIST + -ik ...
Anglo
/ang"gloh/, n., pl. Anglos, adj. n. 1. a white American of non-Hispanic descent, as distinguished esp. from an American of Mexican or Spanish descent. 2. (sometimes l.c.) an ...
Anglo-
a combining form of English: Anglo-Norman; Anglo-Catholic. [ < LL Angl(us) (see ANGLIC) + -O-] * * *
Anglo-Afghan Wars
▪ British-Afghani history also called  Afghan Wars   (1839–42; 1878–80; 1919), three conflicts in which Great Britain, from its base in India, sought to extend its ...
Anglo-America
▪ cultural region, North America       cultural entity of North America whose common spoken language is English and whose folkways and customs historically have been ...
Anglo-American
—Anglo-Americanism, n. /ang"gloh euh mer"i keuhn/, adj. 1. belonging to, relating to, or involving England and America, esp. the United States, or the people of the two ...
Anglo-Australian
/ang"gloh aw strayl"yeuhn/, adj. 1. belonging, relating to, or involving England and Australia, or the people of the two countries. n. 2. a native or descendant of a native of ...
Anglo-Burmese Wars
(1824–26, 1852, 1885) Conflicts between the British and the Burmans (Burmese) in present-day Myanmar. King Bodawpaya's conquest of Arakan, which bordered on British-controlled ...
Anglo-Catholic
/ang"gloh kath"euh lik, -kath"lik/, n. 1. an adherent of Anglo-Catholicism. 2. a member of the Church of England, as distinguished from a Roman Catholic or member of the Greek or ...
Anglo-Catholicism
/ang'gloh keuh thol"euh siz'euhm/, n. 1. the tradition or form of worship in the Anglican Church that emphasizes Catholicity, the apostolic succession, and the continuity of all ...
Anglo-Dutch Wars
three wars fought by the English against the Dutch between 1652 and 1674, at a time when the two countries were competing strongly for trade around the world. One important ...
Anglo-Egyptian Condominium
▪ British-Egyptian history       the joint British and Egyptian government that ruled the eastern Sudan from 1899 to 1955. It was established by the Anglo-Egyptian ...
Anglo-Egyptian Sudan
/ang"gloh i jip"sheuhn/ former name of Sudan. * * *
Anglo-Egyptian Treaty
▪ British-Egyptian history [1936]       (Aug. 26, 1936), treaty signed at Montreux, Switz., in May 1937 that officially brought to an end 54 years of British occupation ...
Anglo-French
/ang"gloh french"/, adj. 1. belonging to, relating to, or involving England and France, or the people of the two countries. 2. of or pertaining to the Anglo-French dialect. n. 3. ...
Anglo-Gallic
/ang"gloh gal"ik/, adj. Numis. noting or pertaining to the coins or series of coins issued by the English kings from Henry II to Henry VIII for their French domains. [1750-60] * ...
Anglo-German Naval Agreement
(1935) Bilateral concord between Britain and Germany countenancing a German navy but limiting it to 35% of the size of the British navy. Part of the process of appeasement ...
Anglo-Indian
/ang"gloh in"dee euhn/, adj. 1. belonging to, relating to, or involving England and India, esp. as politically associated: Anglo-Indian treaties. 2. of or pertaining to ...
Anglo-Irish
/ang"gloh uy"rish/, n. 1. persons of English descent living in Ireland. 2. Hiberno-English. adj. 3. of or pertaining to the Anglo-Irish or their speech. 4. ...
Anglo-Irish Agreement
an agreement reached in November 1985 between the UK and Ireland, allowing the Irish government to take part in discussions about Northern Ireland. See also Good Friday ...
Anglo-Irish Treaty
the agreement that formally ended the Troubles in Northern Ireland in 1921. * * *
Anglo-Irish War
the formal name for the Troubles in Northern Ireland between 1919 and 1921. It involved violent fighting between the IRA and the Black and Tans and was brought to an end by the ...
Anglo-Japanese Alliance
(1902–23) Alliance between Britain and Japan to protect their respective interests in China and Korea. Directed against Russian expansionism, the alliance helped Japan in the ...
Anglo-Latin
/ang"gloh lat"n/, n. Medieval Latin as used in England. Abbr.: AL, AL., A.L. [1785-95] * * *
Anglo-Norman
/ang"gloh nawr"meuhn/, adj. 1. pertaining to the period, 1066-1154, when England was ruled by Normans. 2. of or pertaining to Anglo-Normans or the Anglo-Norman dialect. n. 3. a ...
Anglo-Norman literature
Introduction also called  Norman-french Literature, or Anglo-french Literature,         body of writings in the Old French language as used in medieval England. Though ...
Anglo-Russian Entente
(1907) Pact in which Britain and Russia settled their colonial disputes in Persia, Afghanistan, and Tibet. It delineated spheres of influence in Persia, stipulated that neither ...
Anglo-Saxon
/ang"gloh sak"seuhn/, n. 1. an English person of the period before the Norman Conquest. 2. See Old English (def. 1). 3. the original Germanic element in the English language. 4. ...
Anglo-Saxon art
Painting, sculpture, and architecture produced in Britain from the late 5th century to the Norman Conquest. Before the 9th century, manuscript illumination was the predominant ...
Anglo-Saxon Chronicle
an early history of England, written in Old English. It ends in the 12th century, but mostly covers the period from the time when the Romans came to Britain until the Norman ...
Anglo-Saxon law
Body of legal principles that prevailed in England from the 6th century until the Norman Conquest (1066). It was directly influenced by early Scandinavian law as a result of the ...
Anglo-Saxon literature
Literature written in Old English с 650–с 1100. Anglo-Saxon poetry survives almost entirely in four manuscripts. Beowulf is the oldest surviving Germanic epic and the ...
Anglo-Saxonism
/ang'gloh sak"seuh niz'euhm/, n. Saxonism. [1855-60; ANGLO-SAXON + -ISM] * * *
Anglo-Venetian glass
/ang"gloh veuh nee"sheuhn/ glassware made in England from the late 16th to the late 17th centuries in imitation of Venetian models. * * *
Anglocentric
An·glo·cen·tric (ăng'glō-sĕnʹtrĭk) adj. Centered or focused on England or the English, especially in relation to historical or cultural influence: “ [His] view of ...
Anglocentrism
See Anglocentric. * * *
Anglomania
—Anglomaniac /ang'gloh may"nee ak'/, n. —Anglomaniacal /ang'gloh meuh nuy"euh keuhl/, adj. /ang'gleuh may"nee euh, -mayn"yeuh/, n. an intense admiration of, interest in, or ...
Anglophile
—Anglophilism, n. /ang"gleuh fuyl', -fil/, n. a person who is friendly to or admires England or English customs, institutions, etc. Also, Anglophil /ang"gleuh fil/. [1865-70; ...
Anglophilia
—Anglophiliac /ang'gleuh fil"ee ak'/, Anglophilic, adj. /ang'gleuh fil"ee euh/, n. a strong admiration or enthusiasm for England, its people, and things English. [1895-90; ...
Anglophilic
See Anglophile. * * *
Anglophobe
/ang"gleuh fohb'/, n. a person who hates or fears England or anything English. [1865-70; ANGLO- + -PHOBE] * * *
Anglophobia
—Anglophobiac /ang'gleuh foh"bee ak'/, Anglophobic, adj. /ang'gleuh foh"bee euh/, n. a hatred or fear of England or anything English. [1785-95, Amer.; ANGLO- + -PHOBIA] * * *
Anglophobic
See Anglophobia. * * *
Anglophone
/ang"gleuh fohn'/, (sometimes l.c.) n. 1. an English-speaking person, esp. a native speaker of English. adj. 2. of or pertaining to speakers of English. [1965-70; ANGLO- + ...
Anglophonic
See Anglophone. * * *
angma
/ang"meuh/, n. agma. * * *
Ango, Jean
▪ French shipowner born c. 1480, Dieppe, France died 1551, Dieppe       French shipowner who, succeeding to his father's import-export business, eventually controlled, ...
Angol
▪ Chile       city, southern Chile. Angol is situated on the Rehue River near its confluence with the Malleco River, in the southern portion of the fertile Central ...
Angola
—Angolan, adj., n. /ang goh"leuh/, n. a republic in SW Africa: formerly an overseas province of Portugal; gained independence Nov. 11, 1975. 10,623,994; 481,226 sq. mi. ...
Angola, flag of
▪ Flag History       horizontally striped red-black national flag with a central yellow emblem of a machete, a star, and half of a cogwheel. Its width-to-length ratio ...
Angolan
See Angola. * * *
Angolese
/ang'geuh leez", -lees"/, n., pl. Angolese. a member of any of the tribes residing in Angola. [ANGOL(A) + -ESE] * * *
angon
/ang"gon/, n. a spear having a long, narrow iron shaft and a small, usually barbed tip, associated mainly with Frankish and Saxon grave finds of the 5th through 8th centuries ...
angor
/ang"geuhr/, n. Med. 1. extreme distress or mental anguish, usually of physical origin. 2. angina. [1400-50; late ME < L: suffocation. See ANGER] * * *
Angora
/ang gawr"euh, -gohr"euh, an-/ for 1-3, 5-7; /ang gawr"euh, -gohr"euh, ang"geuhr euh/ for 4, n. 1. See Angora cat. 2. (often l.c.) Also, Angora wool. the hair of the Angora goat ...
Angora cat
a long-haired variety of the domestic cat, raised originally in Angora, having a long body, pointed head, and bushy tail. Also called Angora. [1810-20] * * *
Angora goat
a variety of domestic goat, raised originally in Angora, having long, silky hair called mohair. Also called Angora. [1825-35] * * * Breed of domestic goat that originated in ...
Angora rabbit
one of a breed of rabbits raised chiefly in Europe for its long, silky hair. Also called Angora. [1840-50] * * *
Angora wool
Angora (def. 2). [1870-75] * * *
Angoracat
Angora cat n. A domestic cat having long, silky hair. It is now rare as a pure breed in the United States. * * *
Angoragoat
Angora goat n. Any of a breed of domestic goats having long silky hair. * * *
Angorarabbit
Angora rabbit n. Any of a breed of domestic rabbits having long, soft, usually white hair. * * *
Angorawool
Angora wool n. See Angora2. * * *
angostura (bark)
angostura (bark) or angostura [an′jə nōs΄aŋ΄gəs toor′ə, an΄gəstyoor′ə; an΄gəs to͞or′ə, an΄gəs tyoor′ə] n. 〚after Angostura (former name of CIUDAD ...
angostura bark
/ang"geuh stoor"euh, -styoor"euh, ang'-/ the bitter, aromatic bark of either of two South American citrus trees, Galipea officinalis or G. cusparia, used in medicine and in the ...
angosturabark
an·gos·tu·ra bark (ăng'gə-sto͝orʹə, -styo͝orʹə) n. The bitter aromatic bark of either of two South American trees (Galipea officinalis or Cusparia trifoliata), used ...
Angoulême
Angoulême [än go͞o lem′] city in SW France: pop. 46,000 * * * An·gou·lême (äɴ-go͞o-lāmʹ, -lĕmʹ) A city of western France north-northeast of Bordeaux. It was ...
Angoulême Dynasty
      (reigned 1515–74), a branch of the Valois Dynasty (q.v.) in France. * * *
Angoulême, Charles de Valois, duc d'
▪ French military leader born April 28, 1573, Fayet, France died Sept. 24, 1650, Paris       illegitimate son of King Charles IX of France and Marie Touchet, chiefly ...
Angoulême, Louis-Antoine de Bourbon, duc d'
▪ dauphin of France born Aug. 6, 1775, Versailles, France died June 3, 1844, Gorizia, Venetia, Austrian Empire [now in Italy]  last dauphin of France and a prominent figure ...
Angoumois
/ahng'goohm wah"/; Fr. /ahonn gooh mwann"/, n. a region and former province of W France: famous as source of cognac. * * * ▪ former province, France       former ...
Angoumois grain moth
a gelechiid moth, Sitotroga cerealella, the larvae of which feed on stored corn and other grains. * * *
Angra do Heroismo
Port. /ahng"grddeuh doo e'rddoo eezh"moo/ a seaport on and the capital of the island of Terceira in the Azores: former capital of the Azores. 85,650. * * * ▪ Portugal also ...
Angra dos Reis
▪ Brazil       city and port, southwestern Rio de Janeiro estado (state), eastern Brazil. It lies on Ilha Grande Bay, an inlet of the Atlantic. The city's income ...
Angra Mainyu
/ang"reuh muyn"yooh/, Zoroastrianism. the evil spirit who contends against Spenta Mainyu. Also called Ahriman. * * *
Angrboda
/ahng"geuhr boh'deuh, -baw'-/, n. Scand. Myth. a giantess who was the mother of Loki's children, Fenrir and Hel, and also of the Midgard serpent. [ < ON Angrbotha lit., one who ...
Angren
▪ Uzbekistan       city, eastern Uzbekistan. It lies on the left bank of the Ohangaron River, 70 miles (115 km) east of Tashkent. The centre of the Uzbekistan coal ...
angrily
See angry. * * *
angriness
See angrily. * * *
angry
—angrily, adv. —angriness, n. /ang"gree/, adj., angrier, angriest. 1. feeling or showing anger or strong resentment (usually fol. by at, with, or about): to be angry at the ...
angry young man
1. (often cap.) one of a group of British writers of the late 1950s and the 1960s whose works reflect strong dissatisfaction with, frustration by, and rebellion against tradition ...
angry young men
angry young men n. [often A- Y- M-] a group of young writers in Great Britain after WWII, bitterly critical of upper-class and middle-class values, practices, etc. * * * Group ...
angryyoung man
angry young man also Angry Young Man n. 1. One of a group of English writers of the 1950s whose works are characterized by vigorous social protest. 2. A vigorous critic of ...
angst
/ahngkst/, n., pl. ängste /engk"steuh/. a feeling of dread, anxiety, or anguish. [1840-50; < G Angst fear, anxiety, OHG angust (c. MLG angest, MD anxt), equiv. to ang- (akin to ...
angstrom
/ang"streuhm/, n. (often cap.) a unit of length, equal to one tenth of a millimicron, or one ten millionth of a millimeter, primarily used to express electromagnetic wavelengths. ...
Ångström
/ang"streuhm/; Swed. /awng"strdduem/, n. Anders Jonas /an"deuhrz joh"neuhs/; Swed. /ahn"deuhrdds yooh"nahs/ 1814-74, Swedish astronomer and physicist. * * * ▪ unit of ...
Ångström, Anders Jonas
born Aug. 13, 1814, Lögdö, Swed. died June 21, 1874, Uppsala Swedish physicist. From 1839 he taught at the University of Uppsala. He devised a method of measuring thermal ...
Ångström,Anders Jonas
Ång·ström (ăngʹstrəm, ôngʹstrœm), Anders Jonas. 1814-1874. Swedish physicist and astronomer who founded the science of spectroscopy and discovered by studying the solar ...
angstromunit
angstrom unit n. Abbr. A.U. or a.u. See angstrom. * * *
Anguiano Valdez, Raul
▪ 2007       Mexican painter and muralist (b. Feb. 26, 1915, Guadalajara, Mex.—d. Jan. 13, 2006, Mexico City, Mex.), created realistic and surrealistic works that were ...
Anguier
/ahonn gyay"/, n. François /frddahonn swann"/, 1604-69, and his brother Michel /mee shel"/, 1614-86, French sculptors. * * *
Anguier, François
▪ French sculptor born c. 1604, Eu, France died Aug. 8, 1669, Paris       French sculptor who produced gisants (gisant) and decorations for tombs, churches, palaces, ...
Anguier, Michel
▪ French sculptor born c. 1613, Eu, France died July 11, 1686, Paris       French sculptor who produced decorations for tombs, churches, palaces, and public ...
Anguilla
/ang gwil"euh/, n. an island in the N Leeward Islands, in the E West Indies; a British dependency. 6500; 34 sq. mi. (88 sq. km). Cf. St. Kitts-Nevis-Anguilla. * * * Anguilla ...
anguilliform
/ang gwil"euh fawrm'/, adj. having the shape or form of an eel. [1685-95; < L anguill(a) eel (angu(is) snake + -illa dim. suffix) + -I- + -FORM] * * *       any of the ...
anguine
/ang"gwin/, adj. pertaining to or resembling a snake. [1650-60; < L anguinus pertaining to a snake, equiv. to angu(is) snake, serpent + -inus -INE1] * * *
anguish
/ang"gwish/, n. 1. excruciating or acute distress, suffering, or pain: the anguish of grief. v.t. 2. to inflict with distress, suffering, or pain. v.i. 3. to suffer, feel, or ...
anguished
/ang"gwisht/, adj. 1. feeling, showing, or accompanied by anguish. 2. resulting from or produced by anguish. [1350-1400; ME; see ANGUISH, -ED3] * * *
angular
—angularly, adv. —angularness, n. /ang"gyeuh leuhr/, adj. 1. having an angle or angles. 2. consisting of, situated at, or forming an angle. 3. of, pertaining to, or measured ...
angular acceleration
Physics. the time rate of change of angular velocity of a rotating body. [1880-85] * * *
angular diameter
Astron. the angle that the apparent diameter of a celestial object subtends at the eye of the observer. [1870-75] * * *
angular dispersion
Optics. a measure of the angular separation of light rays of different wavelength or color traversing a prism or diffraction grating, equal to the rate of change of the angle of ...
angular displacement
Physics. the amount of rotation of a point, line, or body in a specified direction about an axis. * * *
angular frequency
Physics. a measure of the frequency of an object varying sinusoidally equal to 2 pi times the frequency in cycles per second and expressed in radians per second. [1925-30] * * *
angular harp
▪ musical instrument  musical instrument in which the neck forms a clear angle with the resonator, or belly; it is one of the principal varieties of the harp. The ...
angular house
any of the four astrological houses that begin at the angles: the first, fourth, seventh, and tenth houses, that correspond, respectively, to self, home, others, and career. Cf. ...
angular leaf spot
Plant Pathol. a disease of plants, characterized by angular, watery spots on the leaves and fruit, caused by any of several bacteria, as Pseudomonas lachrymans. * * *
angular magnification
Optics. the ratio of the angle subtended at the eye by the image formed by an optical instrument to the angle subtended at the eye by the object being viewed. * * *
angular measure
Math. 1. the units used to measure angles. Cf. angle1 (def. 1c). 2. the number of such units in a given angle. * * *
angular momentum
Physics. the product of the moment of inertia of a body about an axis and its angular velocity with respect to the same axis. Also called moment of momentum. [1865-70] * * ...
angular velocity
Physics. the time rate of change of angular position of a rotating body, usually expressed in radians per second or radians per minute. [1810-20] * * *  time rate at which an ...
angularacceleration
angular acceleration n. The rate of change of angular velocity with respect to time. * * *
angularity
/ang'gyeuh lar"i tee/, n., pl. angularities. 1. the quality of being angular. 2. angularities, sharp corners; angular outlines: the angularities of the coastline. [1635-45; ...
angularly
See angular. * * *
angularmomentum
angular momentum n. 1. The vector product of the position vector (from a reference point) and the linear momentum of a particle. 2. The vector sum of the angular momentums of ...
angularness
See angularly. * * *
angularvelocity
angular velocity The θmarks an angle of displacement as body b orbits. Angular velocity is the rate of change of θwith respect to time. Clarinda/Academy Artworks n. The rate ...
angulate
—angulately, adv. —angulateness, n. /ang"gyeuh lit, -layt'/, adj. of angular form; angled: angulate stems. Also, angulated. [1785-95; < L angulatus having angles. See ANGLE1, ...
angulately
See angulate. * * *
angulation
/ang'gyeuh lay"sheuhn/, n. 1. an angular part, position, or formation. 2. the exact measurement of angles. 3. Also called comma position. Skiing. a position for traversing a ...
angulous
—angulosity /ang'gyeuh los"i tee/, n. /ang"gyeuh leuhs/, adj. angular. Also, angulose /ang"gyeuh lohs'/. [1650-60; < L angulosus. See ANGLE1, -OUS] * * *
Angus
/ang"geuhs/, n. 1. Formerly, Forfar. a historic county in E Scotland. 2. See Aberdeen Angus. 3. a male given name. * * * Breed of black, hornless beef cattle. Formerly known as ...
Angus Og
/ohg/, Irish Myth. the god of love and beauty, the patron deity of young men and women. * * *
Angus Wilson
➡ Wilson (I) * * *
Angus, Archibald Douglas, 6th Earl of
▪ Scottish lord born c. 1489 died January 1557, Tantallon Castle, East Lothian, Scot.  powerful Scottish lord during the reigns of King James V and Mary, Queen of Scots. He ...
Angus, Archibald Douglas, 8th Earl of, Earl Of Morton
▪ Scottish rebel born 1555 died Aug. 4, 1588, Smeaton, near Dalkeith, Midlothian, Scot.       Scottish rebel during the reign of James VI and a strong advocate of ...
Angus, William Douglas, 10th Earl of
▪ Scottish rebel born c. 1552 died March 3, 1611, Paris, Fr.       Scottish rebel and conspirator, a convert to Roman Catholicism during the reign of James ...
angwantibo
angwantibo [aŋ wän′tə bō΄] n. pl. angwantibos 〚Efik〛 a small, rare prosimian primate (Arctocebus calabarensis) of W African forests, with a long, sharp nose and a ...
Anhalt
/ahn"hahlt/, n. a former state in central Germany, now part of Saxony-Anhalt. * * * Former German state in what is now central Germany. The area around the upper Elbe River ...
Anhalt, Edward
▪ 2001       American screenwriter and motion picture producer (b. March 28, 1914, New York, N.Y.—d. Sept. 3, 2000, Los Angeles, Calif.), won Academy Awards for best ...
anharmonic
/an'hahr mon"ik/, adj. Physics. of or pertaining to an oscillating system that is not undergoing simple harmonic motion. [AN-1 + HARMONIC; modeled on F anharmonique] * * *
anharmonic ratio
Math. See cross ratio. [1860-65] * * *
Anhava, Tuomas
▪ Finnish poet and translator born June 5, 1927, Helsinki, Fin. died January 2001, Helsinki       Finnish poet and translator working within the modernist tradition of ...
anhedonia
—anhedonic /an'hee don"ik/, adj. /an'hee doh"nee euh/, n. Psychol. lack of pleasure or of the capacity to experience it. [1895-1900; < Gk an- AN-1 + hedon(é) pleasure + -ia ...
anhedonic
See anhedonia. * * *
anhedral
/an hee"dreuhl/, adj. Petrog. xenomorphic (def. 1). [1895-1900; AN-1 + -HEDRAL] * * *
Anheuser-Busch Co., Inc.
Largest producer of beer in the world. Headquarters are in St. Louis, Mo., U.S. Its origins can be traced to a small brewery founded in 1852 and bought in 1860 by the soap ...
Anheuser-Busch Companies, Inc.
▪ American company       American company that is one of the largest producers of beer in the world. It is headquartered in St. Louis, Missouri.  The company had its ...
anhidrosis
—anhidrotic, anhydrotic /an'hi drot"ik, -huy-/, adj. /an'hi droh"sis, -huy-/, n. Med. the deficiency or absence of perspiration; adiaphoresis. Also, anhydrosis. [ < NL; see ...
anhinga
/an hing"geuh/, n. any of various totipalmate swimming birds of the family Anhingidae, having a very long and flexible neck. Also called snakebird, water turkey. [1760-70; < Pg < ...
Anhui
/ahn"hwee"/, n. Pinyin, Wade-Giles. a province in E China. 35,000,000; 54,015 sq. mi. (139,899 sq. km). Cap.: Hefei. Also, Older Spelling, Anhwei /ahn"hway"/. * * * or An-hui ...
anhyd.
Chem. anhydrous. * * *
anhydr-
var. of anhydro- before a vowel. * * *
anhydremia
—anhydremic, adj. /an'huy dree"mee euh/, n. Med. an abnormal decrease in the volume of the blood, due to loss of water. [ANHYDR- + -EMIA] * * *
anhydride
/an huy"druyd, -drid/, n. Chem. 1. a compound formed by removing water from a more complex compound: an oxide of a nonmetal (acid anhydride) or a metal (basic anhydride) that ...
anhydrite
/an huy"druyt/, n. a mineral, anhydrous calcium sulfate, CaSO4, usually occurring in whitish or slightly colored masses. [1825-35; ANHYDR- + -ITE1] * * * Rock-forming mineral, ...
anhydro-
Chem. a combining form representing anhydride in compound words: anhydroglucose. Also, esp. before a vowel, anhydr-. * * *
anhydrous
/an huy"dreuhs/, adj. Chem. with all water removed, esp. water of crystallization. [1810-20; < Gk ánydros waterless (with etymological h restored). See AN-1, HYDRO-1, -OUS] * * *
ani
/ah"nee, ah nee"/, n., pl. anis. any of several black, tropical American cuckoos of the genus Crotophaga, having a compressed, bladelike bill. [1820-30; < Sp or Pg < Tupi or ...
Aniakchak Crater
/an"ee ak"chak, an'-/ an active volcanic crater on the Alaskan Peninsula, with a diameter of 6 mi. (10 km). * * *
Aniakchak National Monument and Preserve
Park, southern shore of the Alaska Peninsula, U.S. Situated in the volcanically active Aleutian Range, it consists primarily of a great dry caldera, which last erupted in ...
anianiau
/ah'nee ah'nee ow"/, n. a small Hawaiian honeycreeper, Loxops parva, occurring in the high forests of Kauai. Also called lesser amakihi. [ < Hawaiian 'anianiau] * * *
anicca
/euh nik"euh/, n. Buddhism. the cycle of birth, growth, decay, and death through which every living thing must pass. Cf. Three Signs of Being. [ < Pali < Skt anitya not ...
Anicetus
/an'euh see"teuhs/, n. Saint, pope A.D. 155?-166?. * * *
Anicetus, Saint
▪ pope flourished 2nd century, b. Syria? died , Rome; feast day April 17       pope from approximately 155 to approximately 166.       Possibly a Syrian, ...


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