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Слова на букву !kun-arti (15990)

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angstrom unit. Also, a.u. * * *
American Unitarian Association. * * *
1. from the founding of the city (of Rome in 753? B.C.). The year 360 A.U.C. would be the 360th year after the founding of Rome. [ < L ab urbe condita] 2. in the year from the ...
1. Artillery Volunteers. 2. audiovisual. 3. Authorized Version (of the Bible). * * *
1. American Veterans' Committee. 2. automatic volume control. Also, AVC. * * *
1. actual weight. 2. (in shipping) all water. 3. atomic weight. Also, aw. * * *
absent with leave. Also, a.w.l. * * *
American Youth Hostels. * * *
1. Bookkeeping. a. account. b. account current. 2. Real Estate. air conditioning. Also, a/c. * * *
A/cs pay.
accounts payable. Also, a/cs pay. * * *
A/cs rec.
accounts receivable. Also, a/cs rec. * * *
ampere per meter. * * *
1. account of. 2. and others. Also, a/o. * * *
1. account paid. 2. accounts payable. 3. authority to pay or purchase. Also, a/p. * * *
1. account receivable. 2. accounts receivable. Also, a/r. * * *
1. Also, a.v. ad valorem. 2. audiovisual. * * *
A1 Steak Sauce{™}
(abbr A1) a US popular brand of sauce which contains a mixture of spices and flavourings, is sold in tall bottles and is eaten especially with meat. The sauce was first made in ...
airman, first class. * * *
A2 (level)
n [U, C] (in England and Wales) an exam usually taken in year 13 of school or college (= the final year) when students are aged 18. Students must first study a subject at AS ...
/ah"ah/, n. basaltic lava having a rough surface. Also, a'a. Cf. pahoehoe. [1855-60; < Hawaiian 'a'a] Symbol. (in prescriptions) ana2. Also, aa. [ < Gk aná, with superscript bar ...
1. See administrative assistant. 2. See Alcoholics Anonymous. 3. antiaircraft. 4. See author's alteration. Symbol. 1. a proportional shoe width size, narrower than A and wider ...
1. Agricultural Adjustment Administration. 2. Amateur Athletic Association. 3. American Automobile Association. 4. antiaircraft artillery. 5. Automobile Association of ...
Amateur Athletic Association of America. * * *
AAAL abbrev. American Academy of Arts and Letters * * * AAAL abbr. American Academy of Arts and Letters. * * *
AAAS abbrev. American Association for the Advancement of Science * * * AAAS abbr. American Association for the Advancement of Science. * * *
/ah"keuhn/; Ger. /ah"kheuhn/, n. a city in W Germany: coronation city of German kings 936-1531. 242,000. French, Aix-la-Chapelle. * * * French Aix-la-Chapelle City (pop., 1995 ...
American Association of Engineering Societies. * * *
1. Allied Air Forces. 2. (in the U.S., formerly) Army Air Forces. Also, A.A.F. * * *
/ah/, interj. 1. (used as an exclamation expressing surprise, delight, joy, etc.) n. 2. the exclamation "aah." v.i. 3. to exclaim or utter "aah": We all oohed and aahed at the ...
Aakjær, Jeppe
▪ Danish author born Sept. 10, 1866, Aakjær, Den. died April 22, 1930, Jenle       poet and novelist, leading exponent of Danish regional literature and of the ...
/awl"bawrg/, n. Ålborg. * * *
▪ Germany       city, Baden-Württemberg Land (state), southern Germany, on the Kocher River, at the northern foot of the Schwäbische Alb (Swabian Alps), 30 miles (48 ...
Aalenian Stage
▪ geology       lowest of the four divisions of the Middle Jurassic Series, representing all rocks formed worldwide during the Aalenian Age, which occurred between 175.6 ...
/aw"leuh soon'/, n. Ålesund. * * *
/ah lee"ee/, n. a bushy shrub, Dodonaea viscosa, of Australia, Hawaii, Africa, and tropical America, having sticky foliage. [ < Hawaiian 'a'ali'i] * * *
▪ 2002 Aaliyah Dana Haughton        American rhythm and blues singer and actress (b. Jan. 16, 1979, Brooklyn, N.Y.—d. Aug. 25, 2001, Abaco Islands, The Bahamas), was ...
▪ The Netherlands  gemeente (municipality), western Netherlands, 8 miles (13 km) southwest of Amsterdam, on the Ring Canal and Westeinder Lake, a remnant of Haarlem Lake. The ...
/ahlst/, n. Flemish name of Alost. * * * ▪ Belgium French  Alost   municipality, Flanders Region, north-central Belgium, on the Dender River, 15 miles (24 km) northwest ...
/ahl"taw/, n. Alvar /ahl"vahr/, 1898-1976, Finnish architect and furniture designer. * * *
Aalto, (Hugo) Alvar (Henrik)
born Feb. 3, 1898, Kuortane, Fin., Russian Empire died May 11, 1976, Helsinki Finnish architect and designer. He graduated from the Technical Institute of Helsinki and in 1925 ...
Aalto, Alvar
▪ Finnish architect Introduction in full  Hugo Alvar Henrik Aalto  born Feb. 3, 1898, Kuortane, Fin., Russian Empire died May 11, 1976, Helsinki  Finnish architect (Western ...
Aal·to (älʹtô), Alvar. 1898-1976. Finnish architect and furniture designer noted for his use of contrasting materials. He designed many buildings in Germany, Finland, and ...
air-to-air missile. * * *
Aand R
A and R abbr. artists and repertory. * * *
Association of American Publishers. * * *
AAPSS abbr. American Academy of Political and Social Sciences. * * *
1. Com. against all risks. 2. average annual rainfall. Also, AAR. * * *
/ahr"ow/, n. a town in and capital of Aargau, in N Switzerland. 15,927. * * * ▪ Switzerland       capital of Aargau canton, northern Switzerland, at the southern foot ...
/ahrd"vahrk'/, n. a large, nocturnal, burrowing mammal, Orycteropus afer, of central and southern Africa, feeding on ants and termites and having a long, extensile tongue, strong ...
/ahrd"woolf'/, n., pl. aardwolves. a striped, hyenalike mammal, Proteles cristatus, of southern and eastern Africa, that feeds chiefly on insects. [1825-35; < Afrik erdwolf < D ...
Aare [ä′rə] river in central and N Switzerland, flowing into the Rhine: c. 180 mi (290 km) * * * Aa·re (ärʹə) or Aar (är) A river of central and northern Switzerland ...
Aare River
or Aar River River, central and northern Switzerland. The longest river entirely within Switzerland, it flows northwest from the Bernese Alps and passes through the Gorge of ...
/ahr"gow/, n. a canton in N Switzerland. 443,900; 542 sq. mi. (1400 sq. km). Cap.: Aarau. French, Argovie. * * * ▪ canton, Switzerland (German), French  Argovie, ...
aargh [är: ] conventionalized pronun. interj. 〚echoic〛 used to express disgust, nausea, or any other forceful negative reaction: also sp. aarrgh or aarrghh * * *
/awr"hoohs'/, n. Århus. * * *
/air"euhn, ar"-/, n. 1. the older brother of Moses, usually regarded as the first high priest of the Hebrews. Ex. 28; 40:13-16. 2. Henry Louis (Hank), born 1934, U.S. baseball ...
Aaron ben Elijah
▪ Jewish theologian born 1328/30, Nicomedia, Ottoman Empire [modern İzmit, Turkey] died 1369       theologian of Constantinople (now Istanbul), the only scholar to ...
Aaron Copland
➡ Copland * * *
Aaron's rod
1. a rod, inscribed with the name of Aaron, that miraculously blossomed and yielded almonds. Num. 17:8. Previously, the rod had changed into a serpent. Ex. 7:10. 2. any of ...
/air"euhnz beard', ar"-/, n. See rose of Sharon (def. 2). [1540-50] * * *
Aar·on's beard (ârʹənz, ărʹ-) n. See rose of Sharon.   [From the prominent tufts of stamens, in reference to Psalms 133:2.] * * *
Aaron's rod n. Architecture A rod-shaped molding decorated with a design of leaves, scrolls, or a twined serpent.   [After the blossoming rod of Aaron in Numbers 17:8.] * * *
Aaron, Hank
byname of Henry Louis Aaron born Feb. 5, 1934, Mobile, Ala., U.S. U.S. baseball player, one of the greatest in professional baseball. After playing briefly in the Negro ...
Aaron,Henry Louis
Aaron, Henry Louis. Known as “Hank.” Born 1934. American baseball player who surpassed (1974) Babe Ruth's lifetime record of 714 home runs and retired (1976) with a total of ...
/air ron"ik, a ron"-/, adj. 1. of or pertaining to Aaron. 2. pertaining or belonging to the order of Jewish priests descended from Aaron. 3. of the second, or lesser, order of ...
Aaronic priesthood
      in the Church of Jesus Christ of Latter-day Saints, the lesser of the two categories of priests, concerned principally with church finances and administration. See ...
/air ron"i keuhl, a ron"-/, adj. 1. Aaronic. 2. of or like a high priest; pontifical. [1610-20; AARON + -ICAL] * * *
—Aaronitic /air'euh nit"ik, ar'-/, adj. /air"euh nuyt', ar"-/, n. one of the priestly descendants of Aaron. [AARON + -ITE] * * *
American Association of Retired Persons. * * * formerly American Association of Retired Persons Nonprofit, nonpartisan organization that addresses the needs and interests of ...
AAS abbr. Associate in Applied Sciences. * * *
Aasen, Ivar
▪ Norwegian scholar in full  Ivar Andreas Aasen   born Aug. 5, 1813, Sunnmøre, Nor. died Sept. 23, 1896, Kristiania [Oslo]       language scholar and dialectologist, ...
AAU abbrev. Amateur Athletic Union * * * AAU abbr. Amateur Athletic Union. * * * ➡ Amateur Athletic Union. * * *
AAUP abbrev. American Association of University Professors * * * AAUP abbr. American Association of University Professors. * * *
AAUW abbrev. American Association of University Women * * * AAUW abbr. American Association of University Women. * * *
AAVE abbr. African American Vernacular English. * * * ➡ Black English * * *
/ahb, ahv/, n. Av. Symbol. 1. Chem. alabamine. 2. Immunol. antibody. * * *
1. Naut. See able seaman. 2. airborne. 3. U.S. Air Force. Airman Basic. 4. Alberta, Canada (approved for postal use). 5. antiballistic; antiballistic missile. Symbol, Physiol. a ...
ab aeterno
/ahb" uy terdd"noh/; Eng. /ab" ee terr"noh/, Latin. from the most remote antiquity. * * *
ab esse
/ahb es"se/; Eng. /ab es"ee/, Latin. absent. * * *
ab extra
/ahb ek"strddah/; Eng. /ab ek"streuh/, Latin. from the outside. * * *
ab initio
/ahb i nit"ee oh'/; Eng. /ab i nish"ee oh'/, Latin. from the beginning. * * *
ab intra
/ahb in"trddah/; Eng. /ab in"treuh/, Latin. from inside; from within. * * *
ab origine
/ahb oh rddig"i ne'/; Eng. /ab aw rij"euh nee', -oh rij"-/ Latin. from the very beginning; from the source or origin. * * *
ab ovo
/ahb oh"woh/; Eng. /ab oh"voh/, Latin. from the beginning. [lit., from the egg] * * * ▪ literature Latin“from the egg”       in literature, the practice of ...
ab urbe condita
/ahb oordd"be kohn"di tah'/; Eng. /ab err"bee kon"di teuh/, Latin. from the founding of the city (Rome, ab. 753 B.C.). Abbr.: A.U.C. [lit., from the city (being) founded] * * *
a formal element occurring in loanwords from Latin, where it meant "away from": abdicate; abolition. Also, a-, abs-. [ < L ab (prep. and prefix) from, away, c. Gk apó, Skt ápa, ...
1. about. 2. Baseball. (times) at bat. * * *
/euh bah", ah"beuh/, n. 1. a coarse, felted fabric woven of camel's or goat's hair. 2. a loose, sleeveless outer garment made of this fabric or of silk, worn by Arabs. Also, ...
/ah bah"/, n. a town in SE Nigeria. 177,000. * * * ▪ Nigeria       city, Abia state, southern Nigeria. It lies along the west bank of the Aba River, at the ...
1. Amateur Boxing Association. 2. American Badminton Association. 3. American Bankers Association. 4. American Bar Association. 5. American Basketball Association. 6. See ...
Aba Novák, Vilmos
▪ Hungarian artist born March 15, 1894, Budapest, Hung. died Sept. 29, 1941, Budapest       painter and printmaker who was one of the most original and controversial ...
/ab'euh kah", ah'beuh-/, n. 1. a Philippine plant, Musa textilis. 2. the fiber of this plant, used in making rope, fabrics, etc. [1810-20; < Sp < Tagalog abaká] * * * ▪ ...
Abacha, Sani
▪ 1999       Nigerian military leader (b. Sept. 20, 1943, Kano, Nigeria—d. June 8, 1998, Abuja, Nigeria), participated in the overthrow of three successive military ...
ab·a·ci (ăbʹə-sī', ə-băkʹī') n. A plural of abacus. * * *
/ab'euh sis"keuhs, -kis"-/, n., pl. abacisci /-sis"uy, -kis"kuy/. 1. Archit. a small abacus. 2. a tessera. Also, abaculus. [ < NL < Gk abakískos, equiv. to abak- (s. of ábax; ...
/ab"euh sist/, n. a person skilled in using an abacus. [1350-1400; ME abaciste < ML abacista, equiv. to L abac(us) ABACUS + -ista -IST] * * *
/euh bak"/, adv. 1. toward the back. 2. Naut. so that the wind presses against the forward side of the sail or sails. 3. taken aback, surprised and disconcerted: I was taken ...
/ab"euh koh'/, n. two islands (Great Abaco and Little Abaco) in the N Bahamas. 6501; 776 sq. mi. (2010 sq. km). * * * ▪ island, The Bahamas or  Great ...
Abacoand Cays
A·ba·co and Cays (ăbʹə-kō'; kēz, kāz) An island group, the northernmost of the Bahamas, in the Atlantic Ocean east of southern Florida. * * *
/ay'bak tear"ee euhl/, adj. not caused by or free from the presence of bacteria. [1930-35; A-6 + BACTERIAL] * * *
/euh bak"yeuh leuhs/, n., pl. abaculi /-luy'/. abaciscus. [ < NL; see ABACUS, -ULE] * * *
/ab"euh keuhs, euh bak"euhs/, n., pl. abacuses, abaci /ab"euh suy', -kuy', euh bak"uy/. 1. a device for making arithmetic calculations, consisting of a frame set with rods on ...
/ah'beuh dahn", ab'euh-/, n. a city in SW Iran, on the Shatt-al-Arab: oil refineries. 306,000. * * * ▪ Iran Arabic  ʿAbbādān        city, extreme southwestern ...
/euh bad"n/, n. 1. Apollyon. 2. a place of destruction; the depths of hell. [ < Heb abhaddonon lit., destruction] * * *
Abadi, Agha Hasan
▪ 1996       Indian-born Pakistani financier who founded the Bank of Credit and Commerce International (b. May 14, 1922—d. Aug. 5, 1995). * * *
▪ ancient town, Greece       ancient town in the northeast corner of Phocis, Greece. The town was famous for its oracle of Apollo, which was one of those consulted by ...
/euh baft", euh bahft"/, Naut. prep. 1. to the rear of; aft of: the fife rail abaft the mainmast. adv. 2. in the direction of the stern; astern; aft. [1225-75; ME on baft, abaft, ...
/euh bag"theuh/, n. one of the seven eunuchs who served in the court of King Ahasuerus. Esther 1:10. * * *
▪ Manchurian leader officially  Huang Taiji ,  Wade-Giles romanization  Huang T'ai-chi , reign titles  Tiancong  and  Chongde  born Nov. 28, 1592, Manchuria [now in ...
Abaiang Atoll
▪ atoll, Kiribati also spelled  Apaiang,  also called  Apia,  formerly  Charlotte Island         coral atoll of the Gilbert Islands, part of Kiribati, in the ...
/ann bay lannrdd"/, n. Pierre /pyerdd/, Abélard. * * *
Abajo Mountains
▪ mountains, Utah, United States       volcanic segment of the Colorado Plateau, in San Juan county, southeastern Utah, U.S. Abajo Peak (11,362 feet [3,463 metres]) is ...
A·ba·jo Peak (äʹbə-hō') A mountain, 3,490.7 m (11,445 ft) high, in the Abajo Mountains of southeast Utah near the Colorado border. * * *
▪ Nigeria       town, capital of Ebonyi state, southeastern Nigeria. It lies at the intersection of roads from Enugu, Afikpo, and Ogoja. An agricultural trade centre ...
/ah"beuh kahn"/; Russ. /u bu kahn"/, n. a city in and the capital of the Khakass Autonomous Region in the Russian Federation in Asia, on the Yenisei River. 128,000. * * * ▪ ...
Abakanowicz, Magdalena
born June 20, 1930, Falenty, Pol. Polish sculptor. A descendant of nobility, she graduated from Warsaw's Academy of Fine Arts in 1955. She became the pioneer and leading ...
Abakan River A river of south-central Russia rising in the western Sayan Mountains and flowing about 563 km (350 mi) northeast to the Yenisey River. * * *
/ab'euh loh"nee/, n. a large mollusk of the genus Haliotis, having a bowllike shell bearing a row of respiratory holes, the flesh of which is used for food and the shell for ...
/ab"amp'/, n. Elect. abampere. [by shortening] * * *
/ab am"pear, ab'am pear"/, n. Elect. the centimeter-gram-second unit of electromagnetic current, equivalent to 10 amperes. [ab- (prefix used for a centimeter-gram-second ...
▪ Peru       city, southern Peru. It is situated on the eastern bank of the Marino River at 7,798 feet (2,377 metres) above sea level, in a cool, dry intermontane ...
abandon1 —abandonable, adj. —abandoner, n. —abandonment, n. /euh ban"deuhn/, v.t. 1. to leave completely and finally; forsake utterly; desert: to abandon one's farm; to ...
—abandonedly, adv. /euh ban"deuhnd/, adj. 1. forsaken or deserted: an abandoned building; an abandoned kitten. 2. unrestrained or uncontrolled; uninhibited: She danced with ...
/euh ban'deuh nee"/, n. 1. the party to whom a right or property is abandoned by another, esp. an insurer to whom a property has been relinquished. 2. a person who has been ...
See abandon. * * *
See abandoner. * * * ▪ property law       in Anglo-American property law, the relinquishment of possession of property with an intent to terminate all ownership ...
▪ emperor of Liao dynasty Wade-Giles romanization  A-pao-chi , original name  Yelü Yi , posthumous dynastic name (shi)  Liao Taizu  born 872 died 926, ...
ab·ap·i·cal (ăb-ăpʹĭ-kəl, -āʹpĭ-) adj. Being opposite to or directed away from the apex. * * *
/ab'ap tis"teuhn/, n. Surg. a cone-shaped trephine designed to avoid penetration of the brain when incising the skull. [1690-1700; < Gk (trýpanon) abáptiston (trepan) not ...
—abasement, n. —abaser, n. /euh bays"/, v.t., abased, abasing. 1. to reduce or lower, as in rank, office, reputation, or estimation; humble; degrade. 2. Archaic, to lower; ...
/euh bayst"/, adj. Heraldry. (of a charge) lower on an escutcheon than is usual: a bend abased. [1645-55; ABASE + -ED2] * * *
See abase. * * *
—abashment, n. /euh bash"/, v.t. to destroy the self-confidence, poise, or self-possession of; disconcert; make ashamed or embarrassed: to abash someone by ...
—abashedly /euh bash"id lee/, adv. —abashedness, n. /euh basht"/, adj. ashamed or embarrassed; disconcerted: My clumsiness left me abashed. [1300-50; ME; see ABASH, -ED2] * * ...
See abash. * * *
—abasic /euh bay"zik, -sik/, abatic /euh bat"ik/, adj. /euh bay"zheuh, -zhee euh, -zee euh/, n. Med. inability to walk due to a limitation or absence of muscular coordination. ...
Abasıyanık, Sait Faik
▪ Turkish author born Nov. 23, 1906, Adapazarı, Ottoman Empire [now in Turkey] died May 11, 1954, Istanbul, Turkey       short-story writer, a major figure in modern ...
/ah'bah zhoor"/; Fr. /ann bann zhoohrdd"/, n., pl. abat-jours /-zhoorz"/; Fr. /-zhoohrdd"/. 1. a device, as a skylight or reflector, for diverting light into a building. 2. a ...
/ab'euh tahzh"/, n. abattage. * * *
—abatable, adj. —abater; Law. abator, n. /euh bayt"/, v., abated, abating. v.t. 1. to reduce in amount, degree, intensity, etc.; lessen; diminish: to abate a tax; to abate ...
Abate, Niccolò dell'
▪ Italian painter Abate also spelled  Abbate   born c. 1509, Modena, Duchy of Modena died 1571, Fontainebleau, France  painter of the Bolognese school who, along with ...
/euh bayt"meuhnt/, n. 1. the act or state of abating or the state of being abated; reduction; decrease; alleviation; mitigation. 2. suppression or termination: abatement of a ...
/ab"euh tee', -tis, euh bat"ee, euh bat"is/, n., pl. abatis /ab"euh teez', euh bat"eez/, abatises /ab"euh tis'iz, euh bat"euh siz/. 1. an obstacle or barricade of trees with bent ...
/ab'euh tahzh"/, n. the slaughter of animals, esp. the slaughter of diseased animals to prevent the infection of others. Also, abatage. [ < F; see ABATE, -AGE] * * *
/ab"euh twahr', ab'euh twahr"/, n. a slaughterhouse. [1810-20; < F, equiv. to abatt(re) to slaughter (see ABATE) + -oir -ORY2] * * *
Abauzit, Firmin
▪ French theologian born Nov. 11, 1679, Uzès, Fr. died March 20, 1767, Geneva, Switz.  scholar who contributed to a French translation of the New ...
/ab ak"see euhl/, adj. being or situated away from the axis: the abaxial surface of a leaf. [1850-55; AB- + AXIAL] * * *
a·bay·a (ə-bīʹə) n. A loose, usually black robe worn by Muslim women, especially in Arabic-speaking regions, covering the body from head to toe and often worn with a ...
A·ba·ya (ə-bīʹə), Lake A lake of southwest Ethiopia in the Great Rift Valley south-southwest of Addis Ababa. It was discovered in 1896 and has several inhabited islands. * ...
Abaza language
      language spoken primarily in the western part of the Caucasus Mountains and in northeastern Turkey. Abaza is related to Abkhaz, Adyghian, Kabardian (Circassian), and ...
/ab/, n. 1. low-grade wool from the breech or outer edges of a fleece. 2. yarn made from this wool. [bef. 1000; OE ab, aweb, oweb; see A-3, WOOF1, WEB, WEAVE] * * *
Abb. abbr. 1. abbess. 2. abbot. * * *
/euh bah", ah"beuh/, n. aba. * * *
/ab"euh/, n. (sometimes l.c.) 1. a title of reverence for bishops and patriarchs in the Coptic, Ethiopian Christian, and Syriac churches. 2. New Testament. an Aramaic word for ...
/ab'euh dab"euh/, n. Slang. a person or thing of little importance. [perh. taken from the nonsensical refrain of a popular song "Aba Daba Honeymoon" (1904)] * * *
/ab"euh see/, n., pl. abbacies. 1. the rank, rights, privileges, or jurisdiction of an abbot. 2. the term of office of an abbot. [1400-50; late ME abbacie, abbat(h)ie < LL ...
Abbādid dynastyʿ
▪ Muslim dynasty       Muslim-Arab dynasty of Andalusia that arose in Sevilla (Seville) in the 11th century, in the period of the factions, or “party kingdoms” ...
Abbadie, Antoine-Thomson d'; and Abbadie, Arnaud-Michel d'
▪ French geographers Respectively,   born Jan. 3, 1810, Dublin, Ire. died March 19, 1897, Pirinei, Italy born July 24, 1815, Dublin died Nov. 13, 1893, Urrugne, ...
Abbado, Claudio
born June 26, 1933, Milan, Italy Italian conductor. Abbado studied piano, composition, and conducting at the Giuseppe Verdi Conservatory before beginning to conduct in Vienna. ...
Ab·ba·do (ə-bäʹdō), Claudio. Born 1933. Italian conductor who served as the principal conductor and artistic director at La Scala (1968-1986) prior to leading the London ...
/ah buy"/, n. the part of the Blue Nile above Lake Tana. * * *
(as used in expressions) Abbas I Abbas the Great Abbas Ferhat Abbas Mahmoud Kiarostami Abbas * * *
Abbās IIʿ
▪ khedive of Egypt also called  ʿAbbās Ḥilmī II  born July 14, 1874, Alexandria, Egypt died Dec. 20, 1944, Geneva, Switz.       last khedive (viceroy) of ...
Abbās Iʿ
▪ viceroy of Egypt also called  ʿAbbās Ḥilmī I  born 1813 died July 13, 1854, Banhā, Egypt       viceroy of Egypt under the Ottomans from 1848 to 1854. Despite ...
Abbās Mīrzāʿ
▪ prince of Iran born September 1789, Navā, Qājār Iran died Oct. 25, 1833, Meshed       crown prince of the Qājār Dynasty of Iran who introduced European ...
Abbas, Abu
▪ 2005 Muhammad Abbas        Palestinian guerrilla leader (b. 1948/49?, near Haifa?, Palestine/Israel?—d. March 8/9, 2004, near Baghdad, Iraq), was best known as the ...
Abbas, Ferhat
born Aug. 24, 1899, Taher, Alg. died Dec. 24, 1985, Algiers Algerian political leader who served as first president of the provisional government of the Algerian Republic ...
Abbas, Mahmoud
also called Abu Mazen born 1935, Zefat, Palestine [now in Israel] Palestinian leader. Abbas earned a law degree from the University of Damascus and a doctorate in history from ...
/euh bas"id, ab"euh sid/, n. a member of a dynasty of caliphs ruling at Baghdad, A.D. 750-1258, governing most of the Islamic world and claiming descent from Abbas, uncle of ...
Abbāsid Dynastyʿ
      second of the two great dynasties of the Muslim Empire of the Caliphate. It overthrew the Umayyad caliphate in AD 750 and reigned as the ʿAbbāsid caliphate until ...
Abbassid [ə bas′id, ab′ə sid΄] n. a member of the dynasty of caliphs that ruled Baghdad (A.D. 750-1258) and claimed descent from Mohammed's uncle, Abbas adj. of this ...
Abbate, Niccolo dell'
or Niccolo dell'Abate born с 1512, Modena, Duchy of Modena died 1571, Fontainebleau, Fr. Italian painter. He was trained in Modena and developed his mature style under the ...
/euh bay"sheuhl/, adj. of or pertaining to an abbot, abbess, or abbey. [1635-45; < LL abbatialis. See ABBACY, -AL1] * * *
/a bay", ab"ay/; Fr. /ann bay"/, n., pl. abbés /a bayz", ab"ayz/; Fr. /ann bay"/. (esp. in France) 1. a member of the secular clergy. 2. a title of respect for any ecclesiastic ...
Abbe condenser
/ah"beuh, ab"ee/ Optics. a combination of two or three lenses having a large aperture and used as a condenser for a compound microscope. [named after Ernst Abbe (1840-1905), ...
Abbe number
Optics. the reciprocal of the dispersive power of a substance. Also called nu-value, relative dispersion. [see ABBE CONDENSER] * * *
Abbe Pierre
▪ 2008 Henri-Antoine Grouès; the “ragpickers' saint”  French Roman Catholic priest and social activist born Aug. 5, 1912 , Lyons, France died Jan. 22, 2007 , Paris, ...
Abbe, Cleveland
born Dec. 3, 1838, New York, N.Y., U.S. died Oct. 28, 1916, Chevy Chase, Md. U.S. meteorologist. He was trained as an astronomer and appointed director of the Cincinnati ...
Abbe, Ernst
▪ German physicist born Jan. 23, 1840, Eisenach, Grand Duchy of Saxe-Weimar-Eisenach died Jan. 14, 1905, Jena, Ger.       physicist whose theoretical and technical ...
/ab"is/, n. a woman who is the superior of a convent of nuns. [1275-1325; ME abbesse < OF abbesse, abaesse < LL abbatissa, fem. of abbas ABBOT; r. ME abbatisse < LL; in turn r. ...
/ab"ee vil'/; for 1 also Fr. /annbeu veel"/, n. 1. a town in N France, on the Somme River: site of Paleolithic artifacts. 26,581. 2. a city in S Louisiana. 12,391. * * * ▪ ...
/ab vil'ee euhn, -vil"yeuhn, ab'euh vil"-/, adj. of, pertaining to, or typical of an early Lower Paleolithic industry of the middle Pleistocene Epoch in Europe, characterized by ...
Abbevillian industry
▪ archaeology       prehistoric stone-tool tradition generally considered to represent the oldest occurrence in Europe of a bifacial (hand-ax) technology. The ...
/ab"ee/, n., pl. abbeys. 1. a monastery under the supervision of an abbot or a convent under the supervision of an abbess. 2. the group of buildings comprising such a monastery ...
/ab"ee/, n. 1. Edward, 1927-89, U.S. novelist and nature writer. 2. Edwin Austin, 1852-1911, U.S. painter and illustrator. * * * I Complex of buildings housing a monastery or ...
Abbey Theatre
a theater in Dublin associated with the Irish National Theatre Society (founded 1901) and the dramas of Synge, Yeats, and Lady Gregory. * * * Dublin theatre. It developed from ...
Abbey, Edward
born Jan. 29, 1927, Home, Pa., U.S. died March 14, 1989, Oracle, Ariz. U.S. writer and environmentalist. Abbey worked as a park ranger and fire lookout for the National Park ...
Abbey, Edwin Austin
▪ American painter born April 1, 1852, Philadelphia, Pa., U.S. died Aug. 1, 1911, London, Eng.       American painter and one of the foremost illustrators of his ...
Abbey,Edwin Austin
Ab·bey (ăbʹē), Edwin Austin. 1852-1911. American artist who illustrated editions of Herrick and Shakespeare and painted the mural Quest of the Holy Grail (1890-1902). * * *
/ab"ee/, n. a female given name, form of Abigail. * * *
—abbotcy, abbotship, n. /ab"euht/, n. a man who is the head or superior, usually elected, of a monastery. [bef. 900; ME, var. of abbat < L abbat- (s. of abbas) < Gk < Aram abba ...
/ab"euht/, n. 1. Charles Greeley, 1872-1973, U.S. astrophysicist. 2. Also, Abbott. a male given name. * * * ▪ monk Late Latin and Greek  Abbas,        the superior ...
Abbot Ale
➡ Greene King * * *
Abbot, Charles Greeley
▪ American astrophysicist born May 31, 1872, Wilton, N.H., U.S. died Dec. 17, 1973, Riverdale, Md.       American astrophysicist who, as director of the Smithsonian ...
/ab"euhts feuhrd/, n. Sir Walter Scott's residence from 1812 to 1832, near Melrose, in SE Scotland. * * * ▪ mansion, Scotland, United Kingdom       former home of the ...
/ab"euht/, n. 1. Berenice, 1898-1991, U.S. photographer. 2. Edith, 1876-1957, and her sister Grace, 1878-1939, U.S. social reformers. 3. Edville Gerhardt /ed"vil gair"hahrt/, ...
Abbott and Costello
the US comic actors Bud Abbott (1895–1974), who was thin and angry, and Lou Costello (1906–59), who was fat and funny. They were most popular as a team in films during the ...
Abbott, Berenice
born July 17, 1898, Springfield, Ohio, U.S. died Dec. 9, 1991, Monson, Maine U.S. photographer. She left the American Midwest in 1918 to study in New York City, Paris, and ...
Abbott, Bud; and Costello, Lou
orig. William Alexander Abbott and Louis Francis Cristillo born Oct. 2, 1899, Asbury Park, N.J., U.S. died April 24, 1974, Woodland Hills, Calif. born March 6, 1906, Paterson, ...
Abbott, Diane
▪ British politician in full  Diane Julie Abbott  born September 27, 1953, London, England       British politician, the first woman of African descent elected to the ...
Abbott, Edith
▪ American social worker born Sept. 26, 1876, Grand Island, Neb., U.S. died July 28, 1957, Grand Island       American social worker, educator, and author who was ...
Abbott, George
▪ American director in full  George Francis Abbott   born June 25, 1887, Forestville, N.Y., U.S. died Jan. 31, 1995, Miami Beach, Fla.  American theatrical director, ...
Abbott, George (Francis)
born June 25, 1887, Forestville, N.Y., U.S. died Jan. 31, 1995, Miami Beach, Fla. U.S. theatre director, producer, and playwright. In 1913 he began acting on Broadway, and he ...
Abbott, George Francis
▪ 1996       U.S. theatrical director, producer, playwright, actor, and motion-picture director (b. June 25, 1887, Forestville, N.Y.—d. Jan. 31, 1995, Miami Beach, ...
Abbott, Grace
born Nov. 17, 1878, Grand Island, Neb., U.S. died June 19, 1939, Chicago, Ill. U.S. social worker, public administrator, educator, and reformer. She graduated from Grand Island ...
Abbott, Jacob
▪ American author born Nov. 14, 1803, Hallowell, Maine, U.S. died Oct. 31, 1879, Farmington, Maine       American teacher and writer, best known for his many books for ...
Abbott, Lyman
born Dec. 18, 1835, Roxbury, Mass., U.S. died Oct. 22, 1922, New York, N.Y. U.S. minister. Son of the writer Jacob Abbott (1803–79), he left law practice to study theology ...
Abbott, Sir John
▪ prime minister of Canada in full  Sir John Joseph Caldwell Abbott   born March 12, 1821, St. Andrews, Lower Canada [now St.-André-Est, Quebec, Canada] died Oct. 30, 1893, ...
Abbott, Sir John (Joseph Caldwell)
born March 12, 1821, St. Andrews, Lower Canada died Oct. 30, 1893, Montreal, Que., Can. Canadian prime minister (1891–92). Educated at McGill University in Montreal, he ...
Ab·bott (ăbʹət), Berenice. 1898-1991. American photographer known especially for her series of black-and-white portraits of New York City. * * *
Abbott, George. 1887-1995. American theatrical producer and playwright who cowrote and directed many productions, including Fiorello!, which won a 1959 Pulitzer Prize. * * *
Abbott,Robert Sengstacke
Abbott, Robert Sengstacke. 1868-1940. American newspaper publisher who founded and edited (1905-1940) the Chicago Defender, which was an early advocate of African-American civil ...
Abbott,Sir John Joseph Caldwell
Abbott, Sir John Joseph Caldwell. 1821-1893. Canadian politician who served as Conservative prime minister (1891-1892). * * *
Abbott, William. Known as “Bud.” 1898-1974. American comedian noted for his partnership with Lou Costello. Abbott and Costello appeared in numerous motion pictures, including ...
▪ Pakistan       city, east-central North-West Frontier Province, northern Pakistan. It is situated 38 miles (61 km) northeast of Rāwalpindi (Rawalpindi). A hill ...
/ah boohd"/, n. Ibrahim /ib rah heem"/, born 1900, Sudanese army general and statesman: prime minister 1958-64. * * *
abbr or abbrev abbrev. 1. abbreviated 2. abbreviation * * *
abbreviation. Also, abbrev. * * *
—abbreviator, n. /euh bree"vee ayt'/, v., abbreviated, abbreviating. v.t. 1. to shorten (a word or phrase) by omitting letters, substituting shorter forms, etc., so that the ...
/euh bree"vee ay'tid/, adj. 1. shortened; made briefer: The rain led to an abbreviated picnic. 2. (of clothing) scanty; barely covering the body: an abbreviated bathing suit. 3. ...
/euh bree'vee ay"sheuhn/, n. 1. a shortened or contracted form of a word or phrase, used to represent the whole, as Dr. for Doctor, U.S. for United States, lb. for pound. 2. an ...
Abbreviations for International Organizations and Groups
Note: Not all international organizations and groups have abbreviations. A ABEDA Arab Bank for Economic Development in Africa ACC Arab Cooperation ...
Abbreviations for Selected International Environmental Agreements
A Air Pollution Convention on Long-Range Transboundary Air Pollution Air Pollution-Nitrogen Oxides Protocol to the 1979 Convention on Long-Range ...
See abbreviate. * * *
/euh bree"vee euh tawr'ee, -tohr'ee/, adj. serving to abbreviate or shorten: "IA" is an abbreviatory form of "Iowa." [1840-50; ABBREVIATE + -ORY1] * * *
/ab"ee/, n. a female given name, form of Abigail. * * *
/ay"bee'see"/, n., pl. ABC's, ABCs. See ABC's (defs. 1, 3). 1. American Broadcasting Companies (a television network). 2. atomic, biological, and chemical: ABC warfare. * * * in ...
ABC Powers
Argentina, Brazil, and Chile, usually with reference to their mediation between the U.S. and Mexico in 1914. * * *
ABC soil
a soil with distinct A, B, and C horizons. * * *
/ay"bee'seez"/, n. (used with a pl. v.) 1. Also, ABC. the alphabet. 2. the basic skills of spelling, reading, and writing: learning the ABC's in the early grades of school. 3. ...
ABC art n. See minimalism. * * *
/ab kooh"lom, -lohm/, n. Elect. the centimeter-gram-second unit of quantity of electricity, equivalent to 10 coulombs. [AB(AMPERE) + COULOMB] * * *
ABC soil n. Soil in which A, B, and C horizons can be seen as three distinct layers in vertical section. * * *
all but dissertation: applied to a person who has completed all requirements for a doctoral degree except for the writing of a dissertation. Also, A.B.D. * * * (as used in ...
1. abdomen. 2. abdominal. * * * (as used in expressions) Abu Ali al Husayn ibn Abd Allah ibn Sina Mawlana Nur al Din Abd al Rahman ibn Ahmad Saud ibn Abd al Aziz al Faysal Al ...
Abd al-Aziz
▪ sultan of Morocco Arabic  in full ʿabd Al-ʿazīz Ibn Al-ḥasan Ibn Muḥammad Al-ḥasanī Al-ʿalawī   born Feb. 24, 1878, or Feb. 18, 1881 died June 10, 1943, ...
Abd al-Ghanī al-Nābulusīʿ
▪ Syrian author in full  ʿAbd al-Ghanī ibn Ismāʿīl al-Nābulusī   born March 19, 1641, Damascus died March 5, 1731       Syrian mystic prose and verse writer on ...
Abd al-Hafid
▪ sultan of Morocco Arabic  ʿabd Al-ḥafīd   born 1875 or 1880, Fès, Mor. died April 4, 1937, Enghien-les-Bains, Fr.       sultan of Morocco (1908–12), the ...
Abd al-Ilāhʿ
▪ Iraqi prince born 1913, aṭ-Ṭāʾif, Arabia died July 14, 1958, Baghdad  regent of Iraq (1939–53) and crown prince to 1958.       Son of the Hāshimite king ...
Abd al-Malikʿ
▪ Umayyad caliph Introduction in full  ʿabd Al-malik Ibn Marwān  born 646/647, Medina, Arabia died October 705, Damascus       fifth caliph (685–705) of the ...
Abd al-Muʾminʿ
▪ Almohad caliph Introduction in full  ʿAbd al-Muʾmin ibn ʿAli  born c. 1094, Tagra, Kingdom of the Ḥammādids died 1163, Rabat, Almohad Empire       Berber ...
Abd al-Qādir al-Jīlānīʿ
▪ Muslim mystic born 1077/78, Nif, Persia died 1166, Baghdad       traditional founder of the Qādirīyah order of the mystical Ṣūfī branch of ...
Abd al-Raḥmān IIIʿ
▪ Umayyad caliph Introduction byname  Al-Nāṣir li-Dīn Allāh (Arabic: “Victor for the Religion of Allah”) , in full  ʿAbd al-Raḥmān ibn Muḥammad ibn ʿAbd ...
Abd al-Raḥmān Iʿ
▪ Spanish Umayyad ruler also called  al-Dākhil   flourished 750–788       member of the Umayyad ruling family of Syria who founded an Umayyad Dynasty in ...
Abd al-Wādid Dynastyʿ
▪ Berber dynasty also called  Zayyānid Dynasty , or  Banū Zayyān        dynasty of Zanātah Berbers (1236–1550), successors to the Almohad empire in ...
Abd al-Wahhāb, Muḥammadʿ
▪ Egyptian musician born 1901?, Cairo, Egypt died May 4, 1991, Cairo       Egyptian composer and musician, who changed the direction of modern Arabic music by ...
Abd Allāh ibn al-ʿAbbāsʿ
▪ Companion of Muḥammad also called  Ibn Abbās , byname  Al-ḥibr (“the Doctor”) , or  Al-baḥr (“the Sea”)  born c. 619 died 687/688, aṭ-Ṭāʾif, ...
Abd Allāh ibn az-Zubayrʿ
▪ Companion of Muḥammad born May 624, Medina, Arabia died November 692, Mecca       leader of a rebellion against the Umayyad (Umayyad Dynasty) ruling dynasty of the ...
Abd Allāh ibn Saʿd ibn Abī Sarḥʿ
▪ governor of Egypt died AD 656       governor of Upper (southern) Egypt for the Muslim caliphate during the reign of ʿUthmān (644–656) and the cofounder, with the ...
Abd Allāh, Khawrʿ
▪ estuary, Iraq       estuary (khawr) separating Kuwait and Iraq, probably a drowned river mouth of the Shatt (stream) al-Arab, whose mouth is now farther north and ...
Abd Allāhʿ
▪ Sudanese religious leader in full  ʿabd Allāh Ibn Muḥammad At-taʿīʾishī,  also called  ʿabdullahi  born 1846, Sudan died Nov. 24, 1899, ...
Abd ar-Rahman
▪ sultan of Morocco also called  ʿabd Ar-raḥmān Ibn Hishām  born 1789/90 died August 28, 1859, Meknès, Mor.       sultan of Morocco (1822–59) who was the 24th ...
Abd ar-Raḥmān IIʿ
▪ Spanish Umayyad ruler       fourth Umayyad ruler of Muslim Spain who enjoyed a reign (822–852) of brilliance and prosperity, the importance of which has been ...
Abd el-Krim
in full Muḥammad ibn ʽAbd al-Karīm al-Khaṭṭābī born 1882, Ajdir, Mor. died Feb. 6, 1963, Cairo, Egypt Berber resistance leader against Spanish and French rule in ...
Abd-el Krim
/ahb'del kreem", krim"/ 1881?-1963, Moroccan chief: leader of the Riff revolts 1921, 1924. * * *
/ahb'del kah"dear/, n. 1807?-83, Algerian leader. Also, Abd-al-Kadir /ahb'dal kah"dear/. * * *
Abd-er-Rahman Khan
/ahb"deuhr reuh mahn" khahn"/ 1830?-1901, amir of Afghanistan 1880-1901. Also, Abdurrahman Khan. * * *
Abd-uṣ-Ṣamad, Khwājaʿ
▪ Persian painter born 16th century       Persian painter who, together with Mīr Sayyid ʿAlī (Mīr Sayyid ʿAli), was one of the first members of the imperial ...
1. abdicated. 2. abdomen. 3. abdominal. * * *
Abdali sultanateʿ
▪ historical state, Yemen       former semi-independent state in the southern Arabian Peninsula, in what is now Yemen. Located just north of Aden city, it was one of the ...
Abdel Shafi, Haidar
▪ 2008       Palestinian nationalist born June 10, 1919, Gaza, British-occupied Palestine died Sept. 25, 2007, Gaza, Emerging Palestinian Autonomous Area was a ...
in full ʽAbd al-Qādir ibn Muḥyī al-Dīn ibn Musṭafā al-Ḥasanī al-Jazāʾirī born Sept. 6, 1808, near Mascara, Alg. died May 26, 1883, Damascus, Syria Founder of ...
City of ancient Thrace on the Aegean Sea nearly opposite Thasos. First settled in the 7th century BC, it was colonized a second time с 540 BC. A prosperous member of the Delian ...
Ger. /ahp'deuhrdd hahl"dn/, n. Emil /ay"meel/, 1877-1950, Swiss chemist and physiologist. * * *
/ab duy"euhs/, n. Douay Bible. Obadiah (defs. 1, 2). * * *

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