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Approximate apparent susceptibilities for rock types
▪ Table Approximate "apparent susceptibilities" for rock types rock apparent magnetic susceptibility (electromagnetic units per cubic centimetre) iron ores over ...
Approximate chemical composition of a typical mammalian cell
▪ Table Approximate chemical composition of a typical mammalian cell component percent of total cell weight water 70 inorganic ions (sodium, potassium, magnesium, calcium, ...
Approximate Composition of Portland Cement, Table
▪ Table Table 2: Approximate Composition of Portland Cement (ASTM Types I–V)   ASTM type and name composition ...
Approximate energy expenditure for activity levels
▪ Table Approximate energy expenditure for activity levels activity category energy as multiple of Resting Energy Expenditure (REE) kilocalories per minute resting ...
Approximate Strengths of Selected Regular Armed Forces of the Wolrd
▪ Table Approximate Strengths of Selected Regular Armed Forces of the World Combat aircraft1 Warships Bombers Defense Military personnel in ...
Approximate Strengths of Selected Regular Armed Forces of the World
▪ 1999 Approximate Strengths of Selected Regular Armed Forces of the World     Combat ...
Approximate Strengths of Selected Regular Armed Forces of the World 1
▪ Table Approximate Strengths of Selected Regular Armed Forces of the World     Combat ...
approximately
See approximate. * * *
approximation
—approximative, adj. /euh prok'seuh may"sheuhn/, n. 1. a guess or estimate: Ninety-three million miles is an approximation of the distance of the earth from the sun. 2. ...
approximative
See approximation. * * *
approximatively
See approximative. * * *
appt.
1. appoint. 2. appointed. 3. appointment. * * *
apptd.
appointed. * * *
appulse
—appulsive, adj. —appulsively, adv. /euh puls"/, n. 1. energetic motion toward a point. 2. the act of striking against something. 3. Astron. the approach or occurrence of ...
appurtenance
/euh perr"tn euhns/, n. 1. something subordinate to another, more important thing; adjunct; accessory. 2. Law. a right, privilege, or improvement belonging to and passing with a ...
appurtenant
/euh perr"tn euhnt/, adj. 1. appertaining or belonging; pertaining. n. 2. an appurtenance. [1350-1400; ME (see APPURTENANCE, -ANT); r. ME apertinent < LL appertinent- (s. of ...
APR
annual percentage rate: the annual rate of interest; the total interest to be paid in a year divided by the balance due. * * *
Apr.
April. * * *
APRA
in full Alianza Popular Revolucionaria Americana Party founded by Víctor Raúl Haya de la Torre (1924), which dominated Peruvian politics for decades. Largely synonymous with ...
Apra Harbor
▪ Guam also called  Port Apra         port on the west coast of Guam, one of the Mariana Islands, northern Pacific Ocean. It is the best anchorage on the island and ...
apractic
See apraxia. * * *
ApraHarbor
A·pra Harbor also Port A·pra (äʹprə) A seaport of western Guam in the Mariana Islands of the western Pacific. It is the only good harbor on the island. * * *
apraxia
—apractic /euh prak"tik, ay prak"-/, apraxic, adj. /euh prak"see euh, ay prak"-/, n. Pathol. a disorder of the nervous system, characterized by an inability to perform ...
apraxic
See apractic. * * *
après
/ah"pray, ap"ray/, prep. after; following (used in combination): après-tennis clothes. [1955-60; extracted from après-ski < F: after-ski(ing)] * * *
après moi le déluge
/ann prdde mwann" leuh day lyuuzh"/, French. after me, the deluge (attributed to Louis XV, adapted from après nous le déluge "after us the deluge," credited to Madame de ...
Après-midi d'un Faune, L'
Fr. /lann prdde mee dee" dueonn fohn"/. See L'Après-midi d'un Faune. * * *
après-ski
/ah'pray skee", ap'ray-/, n. 1. the period of relaxation that follows skiing: menus suitable for après-ski. adj. 2. pertaining to or suitable for such a time: après-ski ...
Apresoline
/euh pres"euh leen'/, Pharm., Trademark. a brand of hydralazine. * * *
Aprey faience
▪ pottery  tin-glazed earthenware produced by the factory of Jacques Lallemant de Villehaut, Baron d'Aprey, established in 1744 on his estate at Aprey, near Dijon, Fr. The ...
apricot
/ap"ri kot', ay"pri-/, n. 1. the downy, yellow, sometimes rosy fruit, somewhat resembling a small peach, of the tree Prunus armeniaca. 2. the tree itself. 3. a pinkish yellow or ...
Apries
▪ king of Egypt Hebrew  Hophra  died 567 BCE       fourth king (reigned 589–570 BCE) of the 26th dynasty (664–525 BCE; see ] (Egypt, ancient)) of ancient Egypt; ...
April
/ay"preuhl/, n. 1. the fourth month of the year, containing 30 days. Abbr.: Apr. 2. a female given name. [bef. 1150; ME < L Aprilis (adj., as modifying mensis month), prob. based ...
April fool
1. the victim of a practical joke or trick on April Fools' Day. 2. a practical joke or trick played on that day. [1680-90] * * *
April Fools' Day
April 1, a day when practical jokes or tricks are played on unsuspecting people. Also called All Fools' Day. [1825-35] * * * or All Fools' Day First day of April, named for the ...
April Fools’ Day
➡ April Fool’s Day * * *
April Fool’s Day
(also April Fools’ Day) 1 April, the day when people in many countries play tricks or jokes on each other. The victim of the joke is called the April Fool. A typical trick is ...
April Theses
Program developed by Vladimir Ilich Lenin during the Russian Revolution of 1917, calling for Soviet control of state power. In the theses, published in April 1917, Lenin ...
Aprilfool
April fool n. 1. The victim of a joke or trick played on April Fools' Day. 2. The joke or trick so played. * * *
AprilFools' Day
April Fools' Day n. April 1, celebrated in various countries, including the United States and Great Britain, and marked by the playing of practical jokes. Also called All Fools' ...
apriori
a pri·o·ri (ä' prē-ôrʹē, -ōrʹē, ā'prī-ôrʹī, -ōrʹī') adj. 1. Proceeding from a known or assumed cause to a necessarily related effect; deductive. 2. a. Derived ...
apriorism
—apriorist, n. —aprioristic /ay pruy'euh ris"tik/, adj. —aprioristically, adv. /ay'pruy awr"iz euhm, -ohr"-, ay'pree-, ah'pree-/, n. Philos. belief in, or reliance upon, a ...
apriority
apriority [ā΄prī ôr′ə tē] n. 1. the quality or fact of being a priori 2. the use of a priori reasoning * * * See a priori. * * *
apron
—apronlike, adj. /ay"preuhn/, n. 1. a garment covering part of the front of the body and tied at the waist, for protecting the wearer's clothing: a kitchen apron. 2. Anglican ...
apron piece
(in a staircase) a header receiving the ends of rough strings, carriage pieces, and the joists of landings. Also called pitching piece. [1855-60] * * *
apron string
apron string n. a string for tying an apron on —————— tied to one's mother's apron strings or tied to one's wife's apron strings dominated by one's mother (or wife, ...
apron strings
1. the strings on an apron, used for securing it around one's person. 2. tie to someone's apron strings, to make or be dependent on or dominated by someone: He has never married ...
apronstring
apron string n. The string of an apron. Usually used in the plural with tied to indicate complete control or dominance: a grown man still tied to his mother's apron strings. * * *
apropos
/ap'reuh poh"/, adv. 1. fitting; at the right time; to the purpose; opportunely. 2. Obs. by the way. 3. apropos of, with reference to; in respect or regard to: apropos of the ...
aproposof
apropos of prep. With reference to; speaking of: a funny story apropos of politics. * * *
aprotic
/ay proh"tik/, adj. Chem. not containing dissociable hydrogen. [A-6 + PROT(ON) + -IC] * * *
aprotinin
a·pro·ti·nin (ā-prōtʹn-ĭn, ă-prōtʹ-) n. A natural polypeptide and protease inhibitor that affects blood clotting and is used during high-risk surgery, such as ...
aprowl
/euh prowl"/, adj. moving about in stealthy search; covertly stalking or hunting; prowling (usually used predicatively): The sudden silence in the jungle gave warning that some ...
Apsaras
/up"seuhr euhs/, n., pl. Apsarases /-seuhr euh siz/. 1. Hindu Myth. a supernatural female being, either the mistress of a soul in paradise or a succubus. 2. a representation of ...
apse
—apsidal /ap"si dl/, adj. —apsidally, adv. /aps/, n. 1. Archit. a semicircular or polygonal termination or recess in a building, usually vaulted and used esp. at the end of a ...
apse line
Astron. See line of apsides. * * *
apsidal
apsidal [ap′si dəl] adj. of an apse or apsis * * * ap·si·dal (ăpʹsĭ-dəl) adj. 1. Of or relating to an apse. 2. Of or relating to an apsis. * * *
apsidal motion
Astron. the rotation of the major axis of an eccentric orbit in the plane of the orbit. [1955-60] * * *
apsidiole
/ap sid"ee ohl'/, n. a small apse, esp. one attached to a larger apse or a transept. [1885-90; < F absidiole, equiv. to abside APSIS ( < ML absid-, s. of absis) + -i- -I- + -ole ...
apsis
/ap"sis/, n., pl. apsides /-si deez'/. 1. Astron. either of two points in an eccentric orbit, one (higher apsis) farthest from the center of attraction, the other (lower apsis) ...
Apsley House
a large elegant house near Hyde Park(1) in London, sometimes called ‘No 1, London’. It was built by Robert Adam in the 18th century, and later belonged to the Duke of ...
Apsu
/ahp"sooh/, n. an Akkadian god: the consort of Tiamat and the father of the gods. * * *
Apsyrtus
/ap serr"teuhs/, n. Class. Myth. a son of Aeëtes, killed by his sister Medea, who, while fleeing with Jason, threw pieces of her brother's body into the sea so that her father, ...
apt
—aptly, adv. —aptness, n. /apt/, adj. 1. inclined; disposed; given; prone: too apt to slander others. 2. likely: Am I apt to find him at home? 3. unusually intelligent; able ...
apt.
pl. apts. apartment. * * *
apteral
/ap"teuhr euhl/, adj. Archit. 1. (of a classical temple) not having a surrounding colonnade; not peripteral. 2. (of a church) having no aisles. 3. (of a church façade) revealing ...
apterium
—apterial, adj. /ap tear"ee euhm/, n., pl. apteria /-tear"ee euh/. Ornith. one of the featherless portions of the skin of a bird. Cf. pteryla. [1865-70; < NL; see A-6, PTER-, ...
apterous
/ap"teuhr euhs/, adj. 1. Zool. wingless, as some insects. 2. Bot. without membranous expansions, as a stem. [1765-75; < Gk ápteros wingless. See A-6, -PTEROUS] * * *
apterygial
/ap'teuh rij"ee euhl/, adj. Zool. having no wings, fins, or limbs, as snakes and eels. [1900-05; A-6 + Gk pteryg- (s. of ptéryx wing) + -IAL] * * *
apterygote
/ap ter"i goht', ap"teuhr-/, adj. belonging or pertaining to the Apterygota, a subclass of primitive wingless insects that undergo little or no metamorphosis. Also, apterygotous ...
apteryx
/ap"teuh riks/, n. kiwi (def. 1). [1805-15; < NL: the genus name, equiv. to Gk a- A-6 + -pteryx, adj. use of ptéryx wing] * * *
Aptheker, Herbert
▪ 2004       American historian (b. July 31, 1915, Brooklyn, N.Y.—d. March 17, 2003, Mountain View, Calif.), wrote and lectured extensively on black history and on his ...
Aptian Stage
▪ geology       fifth of six main divisions (in ascending order) in the Lower Cretaceous Series, representing rocks deposited worldwide during the Aptian Age, which ...
Aptidon, Hassan Gouled
▪ 2007       Djibouti politician (b. Oct. 15, 1916, Garissa, Lughaya district, French Somaliland [now Djibouti]—d. Nov. 21, 2006, Djibouti, Djibouti), was founding ...
aptitude
—aptitudinal, adj. —aptitudinally adv. /ap"ti toohd', -tyoohd'/, n. 1. capability; ability; innate or acquired capacity for something; talent: She has a special aptitude for ...
aptitude test
any of various tests given to measure abilities, as manual dexterity, visual acuity, reasoning, or verbal comprehension, and used to assist in the selection of a ...
aptitudetest
aptitude test n. A standardized test designed to measure the ability of a person to develop skills or acquire knowledge. * * *
aptitudinal
See aptitude. * * *
aptitudinally
See aptitudinal. * * *
aptly
See apt. * * *
aptness
See aptly. * * *
aptronym
▪ literature       a name that fits some aspect of a character, as in Mr. Talkative and Mr. Worldly Wiseman in John Bunyan (Bunyan, John)'s The Pilgrim's Progress or ...
Apuleius
/ap'yeuh lee"euhs/, n. Lucius, born A.D. 125?, Roman philosopher and satirist. * * *
Apuleius, Lucius
born с AD 124, Madauros, Numidia died after 170? Roman Platonic philosopher, rhetorician, and author. His The Golden Ass, a prose narrative of the ribald adventures of a young ...
Apuleius,Lucius
Ap·u·lei·us (ăp'yə-lēʹəs), Lucius.fl. second century A.D. Roman Neo-Platonist philosopher and satirist whose best-known work is The Golden Ass. * * *
Apulia
—Apulian, adj. /euh pyoohl"yeuh/, n. a department in SE Italy. 3,828,322; 7442 sq. mi. (19,275 sq. km). Cap.: Bari. Italian, Puglia. * * *
Apure
/ah pooh"rdde/, n. a river flowing E from W Venezuela to the Orinoco. ab. 500 mi. (805 km) long. * * * ▪ state, Venezuela       estado (state) in the Llanos (plains) of ...
Apure River
River, western Venezuela. The major navigable tributary of the Orinoco River, the Apure rises in the Cordillera de Mérida and flows about 510 mi (820 km) northeast and east ...
Apurímac
/ah'pooh rddee"mahk/, n. a river flowing NW from S Peru to the Ucayali River. ab. 550 mi. (885 km) long. * * *
Apurímac River
River, southern Peru. Arising in the Andes Mountains in Peru, it is the most distant source of the Amazon River. It flows northwest to join the Urubamba River and form the ...
Apus
/ay"peuhs/, n., gen. Apodis /ap"euh dis/. Astron. the Bird of Paradise, a southern constellation between Octans and Triangulum Australe. [ < NL < Gk ápous name applied to ...
Apuseni Mountains
▪ mountains, Romania Romanian  Munţii Apuseni        large mountain chain, a subgroup of the Carpathians, lying north of the Mureş River, northwestern Romania. The ...
apx.
appendix. * * *
apyrase
/ap"euh rays', -rayz'/, n. Biochem. a relatively nonspecific ATPase occurring in plants and molds. [1940-45; a(denyl)pyr(ophosphat)ase; see ADENYLPYROPHOSPHATE, -ASE] * * *
apyretic
/ay'puy ret"ik/, adj. Pathol. free from fever. [1835-45; A-6 + PYRETIC] * * *
AQ
Psychol. See achievement quotient. * * *
aq.
water. [ < L aqua] * * *
aq. bull.
(in prescriptions) boiling water. [ < L aqua bulliens] * * *
aq. comm.
(in prescriptions) common water. [ < L aqua communis] * * *
aq. dest.
(in prescriptions) distilled water. [ < L aqua destillata] * * *
aq. ferv.
(in prescriptions) hot water. [ < L aqua fervens] * * *
Āqā Mīrak
▪ Persian painter also spelled  Āghā Mīrak,  in full  Sayyid Āqā Jalāl Ad-dīn Mīrak Al-ḥasanī  flourished 16th century       Persian painter, an admired ...
Aqaba
/ah"keuh beuh, ak"euh-/, n. 1. a seaport in SW Jordan, at the N end of the Gulf of Aqaba. 10,000. 2. Gulf of, an arm of the Red Sea, between Saudi Arabia and Egypt. 100 mi. (160 ...
Aqaba, Gulf of
Northeastern arm of the Red Sea, between Saudi Arabia and the Sinai Peninsula. It varies in width from 12 to 17 miles (19 to 27 km) and is 100 miles (160 km) long. Its head ...
Aqaba,Gulf of
A·qa·ba (äʹkə-bə, ăkʹə-), Gulf of An arm of the Red Sea between the Sinai Peninsula and northwest Saudi Arabia. It has long been of strategic importance in the Middle ...
Aqabah, Al-ʿ
▪ Jordan also spelled  Aqaba , or  Akaba , Latin  Aelana        port town, extreme southwestern Jordan. It lies on the Gulf of Aqaba, an inlet of the Red Sea, ...
Aqhat Epic
Ancient West Semitic legend explaining the earth's barrenness during the dry summer months, known only in fragmentary form from three tablets excavated in northern Syria and ...
āqilʿ
▪ Islamic law       (Arabic: “knowledgeable”), in Islāmic law, one who is in full possession of his mental faculties. Such a person is legally responsible for his ...
Aqmola
Aq·mo·la (äk'mō-läʹ) See Astana. * * *
Aqqād, ʿAbbās Maḥmūd al-ʿ
▪ Egyptian author born June 28, 1889, Aswān, Egypt died March 12, 1964, Cairo       Egyptian journalist, poet, and literary critic who was an innovator of 20th-century ...
Aqtöbe
Aq·tö·be (äk'tœ-bĕʹ) also Ak·tyu·binsk (äk-tyo͞oʹbĭnsk) A city of western Kazakhstan southeast of Samara, Russia. Founded in 1869, it is a metallurgical center. ...
aqua
/ak"weuh, ah"kweuh/, n., pl. aquae /ak"wee, ah"kwee/, aquas, adj. n. 1. Chiefly Pharm. a. water. b. a liquid. c. a solution, esp. in water. 2. a light greenish-blue ...
aqua ammonia
aqua ammonia aqua ammonia 〚ModL, lit., water of ammonia〛 a water solution of ammonia; ammonia water; ammonium hydroxide * * *
aqua ammoniae
/euh moh"nee ee'/ ammonia (def. 2). Also, aqua ammonia. [ < NL: lit., water of ammonia] * * *
aqua fortis
Chem. See nitric acid. [1595-1605; < L: lit., strong water] * * *
aqua pura
/pyoor"euh/ pure water. [1930-35; < L] * * *
aqua regia
/ree"jee euh/, Chem. a yellow, fuming liquid composed of one part nitric acid and three to four parts hydrochloric acid: used chiefly to dissolve metals as gold, platinum, or the ...
aqua vitae
/vuy"tee, vee"tee/ 1. alcohol. 2. spirituous liquor, as brandy or whiskey. [1375-1425; late ME aqua vite < L: water of life; cf. AQUAVIT, WHISKEY] * * *
aqua-
var. of aqui-. [prob. orig. attributive use of AQUA, or generalized from words in which it is etymologically the head noun of a phrase, as AQUAMARINE, AQUATINT] * * *
Aqua-Lung
/ak"weuh lung', ah"kweuh-/ Trademark. a brand of underwater breathing apparatus for a swimmer or skin-diver, consisting of a cylinder of compressed air that is strapped to the ...
aquacade
/ak"weuh kayd', ah"kweuh-/, n. an elaborate aquatic performance or exhibition consisting of swimming, diving, etc., usually accompanied by music [1935-40; AQUA- + -CADE] * * *
aquacultural
See aquaculture. * * *
aquaculture
—aquacultural, adj. —aquaculturist, n. /ak"weuh kul'cheuhr, ah"kweuh-/, n. the cultivation of aquatic animals and plants, esp. fish, shellfish, and seaweed, in natural or ...
Aquaculture: Fulfilling Its Promise
▪ 1999 Introduction by Anne Platt McGinn       For 25 centuries fish farming (aquaculture) has been a mainstay of Asian agriculture. Throughout China, India, and ...
aquaculturist
See aquacultural. * * *
Aquadag
/ak"weuh dag', ah"kweuh-/, Chem., Trademark. a colloidal suspension of graphite in water, used as a conductor and lubricant. * * *
aquae
aq·uae (ăkʹwē, äʹkwī') n. A plural of aqua. * * *
aquaemanale
/ak'wee meuh nay"lee, ah'kwee-/, n., pl. aquaemanalia /-nay"lee euh/. aquamanile. * * *
aquafarm
—aquafarming, n. /ak"weuh fahrm', ah"kweuh-/, n. a body of water, usually a tract of shallow water along the shore of a bay or inlet, used for aquaculture. [1965-70; AQUA- + ...
aquafarmer
See aquafarm. * * *
aquafarming
aq·ua·farm·ing (ăkʹwə-fär'mĭng, äʹkwə-) n. See aquaculture.   aqʹua·farm' n. & v. aqʹua·farm'er n. * * *
aquafortis
aqua for·tis also aq·ua·for·tis (ăk'wə-fôrʹtĭs, ä'kwə-) n. See nitric acid.   [New Latin : Latin aqua, water + Latin fortis, strong.] * * *
aqualung
aqualung [ak′wəluŋ΄] n. 〚
Aquaman
▪ fictional character       American comic-strip superhero, defender of the underwater kingdom of Atlantis, and sometime member of the superhero consortium Justice ...
aquamanale
/ak'weuh meuh nay"lee, ah'kweuh-/, n., pl. aquamanalia /-nay"lee euh/. aquamanile. * * *
aquamanile
/ak'weuh meuh nuy"lee, ah'kweuh meuh nee"lay/, n., pl. aquamaniles /-nuy"leez, -nee"lays/, aquamanilia /-nil"ee euh/. 1. a medieval ewer, often made in grotesque animal forms. 2. ...
aquamarine
/ak'weuh meuh reen", ah'kweuh-/, n. 1. a transparent, light-blue or greenish-blue variety of beryl, used as a gem. 2. light blue-green or greenish blue. [1590-1600; < L aqua ...
aquanaut
/ak"weuh nawt', -not', ah"kweuh-/, n. 1. an undersea explorer, esp. one who skin-dives from or lives for an extended period of time in a submerged dwelling. 2. a ...
aquaplane
—aquaplaner, n. /ak"weuh playn', ah"kweuh-/, n., v., aquaplaned, aquaplaning. n. 1. a board that skims over water when towed at high speed by a motorboat, used to carry a rider ...
aquaregia
aqua re·gi·a (rēʹjē-ə, rēʹjə) n. A corrosive, fuming, volatile mixture of hydrochloric and nitric acids, used for testing metals and dissolving platinum and gold. Also ...
aquarelle
—aquarellist, n. /ak'weuh rel", ah'kweuh-/; Fr. /ann kwann rddel"/, n., pl. aquarelles /-relz"/; Fr. /-rddel"/. 1. a watercolor. 2. Print. a printed picture that has been ...
aquarellist
See aquarelle. * * *
aquaria
a·quar·i·a (ə-kwârʹē-ə) n. A plural of aquarium. * * *
aquarial
See aquarium. * * *
Aquarian
/euh kwair"ee euhn/, adj. 1. Also, Aquarius. of or pertaining to Aquarius, or to the Age of Aquarius. n. 2. Astrol. a person born under Aquarius, the eleventh sign of the zodiac; ...
Aquarian Age.
See Age of Aquarius. * * *
Aquarids
/ak"weuh rids, ah"kweuh-/, n. (used with a pl. v.) either of two collections of meteors comprising meteor showers having their apparent origin in the constellation Aquarius and ...
aquarist
/euh kwair"ist/, n. a curator, collector, or ichthyologist associated with an aquarium. [1890-95; AQUAR(IUM) + -IST] * * *
aquarium
—aquarial, adj. /euh kwair"ee euhm/, n., pl. aquariums, aquaria /euh kwair"ee euh/. 1. a glass-sided tank, bowl, or the like, in which fish or other living aquatic animals or ...
Aquarius
/euh kwair"ee euhs/, n., gen. Aquarii /euh kwair"ee uy'/ for 1, adj. n. 1. Astron. the Water Bearer, a zodiacal constellation between Pisces and Capricornus. 2. Astrol. a. the ...
aquatic
—aquatically, adv. /euh kwat"ik, euh kwot"-/, adj. 1. of, in, or pertaining to water. 2. living or growing in water: aquatic plant life. 3. taking place or practiced on or in ...
aquatic locomotion
      in animals, movement through water either by swimming or by progression in contact with the substrate (i.e., the bottom or other ...
aquatically
See aquatic. * * *
aquatint
—aquatinter, aquatintist, n. /ak"weuh tint', ah"kweuh-/, n. 1. a process imitating the broad flat tints of ink or wash drawings by etching a microscopic crackle on the ...
aquatinter
See aquatint. * * *
aquatintist
See aquatinter. * * *
aquatone
/ak"weuh tohn', ah"kweuh-/, n. 1. a lithographic process for printing by offset from a metal plate coated with photosensitized gelatin. 2. a print so produced. [AQUA- + TONE] * * ...
aquavit
/ah"kweuh veet', ak"weuh-/, n. a dry spirit, esp. of Scandinavia, made from redistilled grain or potato alcohol and usually flavored with caraway seeds. Also, akvavit. [1885-90; ...
aquavitae
aqua vi·tae (vīʹtē) n. Strong distilled alcohol, especially a strong liquor such as whiskey or brandy.   [Middle English aqua vite, from Medieval Latin aqua vītae. See ...
Aquaviva, Claudio
▪ Jesuit leader Aquaviva also spelled  Acquaviva   born Sept. 14, 1543, Atri, Kingdom of Naples died Jan. 31, 1615, Rome       fifth and youngest general of the ...
aqueduct
/ak"wi dukt'/, n. 1. Civ. Eng. a. a conduit or artificial channel for conducting water from a distance, usually by means of gravity. b. a bridgelike structure that carries a ...
aqueduct of Sylvius
/sil"vee euhs/, Anat. a canal in the midbrain, connecting the third and fourth ventricles of the brain. [named after Sylvius, Latinized name of Jacques Dubois (d. 1555), French ...
aqueducts
➡ canals * * *
aqueous
—aqueously, adv. —aqueousness, n. /ay"kwee euhs, ak"wee-/, adj. 1. of, like, or containing water; watery: an aqueous solution. 2. (of rocks or sediments) formed of matter ...
aqueous ammonia
ammonia (def. 2). * * *
aqueous humor
Anat. the limpid watery fluid that fills the space between the cornea and the crystalline lens in the eye. [1635-45] * * *
aqueous humour
▪ physiology       optically clear, slightly alkaline liquid that occupies the anterior and posterior chambers of the eye (eye, human) (the space in front of the iris ...
aqueoushumor
aqueous humor n. The clear, watery fluid circulating in the chamber of the eye between the cornea and the lens. * * *
aquí se habla español
/ah kee" se ah"blah es'pah nyawl"/, Spanish. Spanish is spoken here. * * *
aqui-
a combining form meaning "water," used in the formation of compound words: aquiclude; aquiculture; aquifer. Also, aqua-. [ < L, comb. form of aqua water] * * *
aquiclude
/ak"wi kloohd'/, n. any geological formation that absorbs and holds water but does not transmit it at a sufficient rate to supply springs, wells, etc. [AQUI- + -clude < L ...
aquicultural
See aquiculture. * * *
aquiculture
—aquicultural, adj. —aquiculturist, n. /ak"wi kul'cheuhr/, n. 1. hydroponics. 2. aquaculture. [1865-70; AQUI- + (AGRI)CULTURE] * * *
aquiculturist
See aquicultural. * * *
AquidneckIsland
A·quid·neck Island (ə-kwĭdʹnĕk) See Rhode Island1. * * *
aquifer
/ak"weuh feuhr/, n. any geological formation containing or conducting ground water, esp. one that supplies the water for wells, springs, etc. [1900-05; prob. < F aquifère ...
aquiferous
See aquifer. * * *
Aquifoliaceae
▪ plant family       the holly family, in the order Aquifoliales, found worldwide, comprising two genera and about 400 species of shrubs and trees, best known for the ...
Aquifoliales
▪ plant order Introduction   holly order of flowering plants, containing more than 500 species in 5 families, mainly Aquifoliaceae. Aquifoliales belongs to the core asterid ...
Aquila
/euh kwil"euh, ak"weuh leuh/, n., gen. Aquilae /euh kwil"ee, ak"weuh lee/. the Eagle, a northern constellation south of Cygnus, containing the bright star Altair. /ak"weuh leuh/; ...
aquilegia
/ak'weuh lee"jee euh, ay'kweuh-/, n. any plant belonging to the genus Aquilegia, of the buttercup family, comprising the columbines. [1570-80; < NL, ML, var. of AQUILEIA ...
Aquileia
/ah'kwee le"yah/, n. an ancient Roman city at the northern end of the Adriatic: founded in 181 B.C.; destroyed by Attila in A.D. 452. * * * ▪ Italy  formerly a city of the ...
aquiline
—aquilinity /ak'weuh lin"i tee/, n. /ak"weuh luyn', -lin/, adj. 1. (of the nose) shaped like an eagle's beak; hooked. 2. of or like the eagle. [1640-50; ( < F) < L aquilinus. ...
aquilinity
See aquiline. * * *
Aquilo
/ak"weuh loh'/, n. the ancient Roman personification of the north wind. Cf. Boreas. * * *
Aquinas
—Aquinist, n. /euh kwuy"neuhs/, n. Saint Thomas ("the Angelic Doctor"), 1225?-74, Italian scholastic philosopher: a major theologian of the Roman Catholic Church. * * *
Aquinas, Saint Thomas
born 1224/25, Roccasecca, near Aquino, Terra di Lavoro, Kingdom of Sicily died March 7, 1274, Fossanova, near Terracina, Latium, Papal States; canonized July 18, 1323; feast day ...
Aquinas, Thomas, Saint
▪ Italian Christian theologian and philosopher Introduction also called  Aquinas,  Italian  San Tommaso d'Aquino,  byname  Doctor Angelicus (Latin: Angelic Doctor)  born ...
Aquinas,Saint Thomas
A·qui·nas (ə-kwīʹnəs), Saint Thomas. 1225-1274. Italian Dominican friar, theologian, and philosopher. The most influential thinker of the medieval period, his philosophy ...
Aquincum
▪ ancient settlement, Hungary       important town in the Roman province of Pannonia; its ruins have been excavated in northern Budapest, Hung., near the west bank of ...
Aquino
/ah kee"noh/, n. Corazon C. /kawr"euh zon', kor"-/, born 1933, Philippine political leader: president 1986-92. * * * ▪ Italy ancient (Latin)  Aquinum        town, ...
Aquino, (Maria) Corazon
orig. Maria Corazon Cojuangco born Jan. 25, 1933, Manila, Phil. President of the Philippines (1986–92). Born into a politically prominent family, she married Benigno Simeon ...
Aquino, Benigno Simeon, Jr.
▪ Filipino politician byname  Ninoy   born Nov. 27, 1932, Tarlac, Phil. died Aug. 21, 1983, Manila       the chief opposition leader during the era of martial law in ...
Aquino, Corazon
▪ president of Philippines in full  Maria Corazon Aquino,  née  Cojuangco   born Jan. 25, 1933, Manila, Phil.    political leader (from 1983) and president (1986–92) ...
Aquino, CorazónCojuangco
A·qui·no (ä-kēʹnō), Corazón Cojuangco. Born 1933. Philippine political leader. After the assassination of her husband, Benigno S. Aquino, Jr. (1932-1983), on his return ...
Aquitaine
/ak"wi tayn'/; Fr. /ann kee ten"/, n. a lowland region in SW France, formerly an ancient Roman province and medieval duchy. Latin, Aquitania /ak'wi tay"nee euh/. * * ...
Aquitania
Aq·ui·ta·ni·a (ăk'wĭ-tāʹnē-ə) A Roman division of southwest Gaul extending from the Pyrenees to the Garonne River and roughly coextensive with the historical region ...
Aquitanian Stage
▪ paleontology       earliest and lowermost division of Miocene (Miocene Epoch) rocks, representing all rocks deposited worldwide during the Aquitanian Age (23 million ...
aquiver
/euh kwiv"euhr/, adj. in a state of trepidation or vibrant agitation; trembling; quivering (usually used predicatively): The bamboo thicket was aquiver with small birds and ...
AR
1. annual return. 2. Arkansas (approved esp. for use with zip code). 3. Army Regulation; Army Regulations. * * *
Ar
Arabic. Symbol, Chem. argon. * * *
Ar Rimal
/ahr' ri mahl"/. See Rub' al Khali. * * *
ar-
var. of ad- before r: arrear. * * *
Ar.
1. Arabic. 2. Aramaic. * * *
ar.
1. arrival. 2. arrive; arrives. * * *
Ar.M.
Master of Architecture. [ < NL Architecturae Magister] * * *
Ara
/ay"reuh, air"euh/, n., gen. Arae /ay"ree, air"ee/. Astron. the Altar, a southern constellation between Triangulum Australe and Scorpius. [ < L ara altar] * * * ▪ India also ...
ARA
Agricultural Research Administration. * * * ▪ India also spelled  Arrah        city, west-central Bihar state, northeastern India. The city is a major rail and ...
Ara Pacis
▪ shrine, Rome, Italy also called  Ara Pacis Augustae (Latin: “Altar of the Augustan Peace”)        shrine consisting of a marble altar in a walled enclosure ...
Ara Pacis (Augustae)
(Latin; "Augustan Altar of Peace") State monument built by Caesar Augustus in Rome's Campus Martius (13–9 BC) to commemorate his victorious return from Spain and Gaul. It ...
ara-A
ara-A [ar΄ə ā′, er΄ā′] n. an antiviral drug, C10H13N5O4H2O, that prevents DNA synthesis; used to treat certain herpes infections * * *
ara-C
/ar"euh see"/, n. Pharm. cytarabine. [perh. as abbrev. of the alternate name aracytidine, appar. a coinage based on the chemical name beta-cytosine arabinoside; see CYTOSINE, ...
Arab
/ar"euhb/, n. 1. a member of a Semitic people inhabiting Arabia and other countries of the Middle East. 2. a member of any Arabic-speaking people. 3. See Arabian horse. 4. ...
Arab Bank for Economic Development in Africa
▪ international finance French  Banque Arabe pour le Développement Économique en Afrique (BADEA),  Arabic  Al-Maṣrif al-ʿArabī lil-Tanmiyah al-Iqtiṣādī fī ...
Arab Economic Unity, Council of
▪ Arab organization Arabic  al-Jamʿīyah al-ʿArabīyah Lil-wiḥdah al-Iqtisādīyah        Arab economic organization established in June 1957 by a resolution of ...
Arab Fund for Economic and Social Development
▪ international aid program Arabic  Aṣ-ṣandūq Al-ʿarabī Lil-istithmār Wa At-tanmīyah Al-ijtimāʿiyah,         Arab League fund designed to promote economic ...
Arab League
a confederation formed in 1945 by Egypt, Iraq, Lebanon, Saudi Arabia, Syria, Jordan, and Yemen and later joined by Libya, Sudan, Morocco, Tunisia, Kuwait, Algeria, Bahrain, ...
Arab Legion
a police force (1920-56) under British supervision, responsible for keeping order among desert tribesmen in Trans-Jordan. * * * ▪ Jordanian history Arabic  al-Jaysh ...
Arab Monetary Fund
▪ international aid program Arabic  Aṣ-ṣandūq Al-mālī Al-ʿarabī,         fund that aims to assist its participants, nearly all of the members of the Arab ...
Arab Petroleum Exporting Countries, Organization of
▪ Arab organization Arabic  Munaẓẓamat al-Aqṭār al-ʿArabiyyah al-Muṣaddirah lil-Batrūl   Arab organization formed in January 1968 to promote international ...
Arab Republic of Egypt
Egypt (def. 1). * * *
Arab, Shaṭṭ Al-ʿ
▪ river, Iraq Arabic“Stream of the Arabs”Persian  Arvand Rūd        river in southeastern Iraq, formed by the confluence of the Tigris and Euphrates rivers at ...
Arab-American
/ar"euhb euh mer"i keuhn/, n. 1. a citizen or resident of the U.S. of Arab birth or descent. adj. 2. of or pertaining to an Arab-American. * * *
Arab-Israeli wars
Series of military conflicts fought between various Arab countries and Israel (1948–49, 1956, 1967, 1969–70, 1973, and 1982). The first war (1948–49) began when Israel ...
Arab.
1. Arabia. 2. Arabian. 3. Arabic. * * *
Arabah, Wadi Al-ʿ
▪ region, Palestine Hebrew  Ha-ʿarava,         topographic depression in southern Palestine extending about 100 miles (160 km) south from the Dead Sea to the Gulf of ...
araban
/ar"euh ban'/, n. Biochem. a pentosan, found chiefly in vegetable gums, that yields arabinose upon hydrolysis. [1890-95; ARAB(INOSE) + -an; see -ANE] * * *
Arabel
/ar"euh bel'/, n. a female given name. * * *
Arabella
Arabella [ar΄ə bel′ə, er΄ə bel′ə] n. 〚? by dissimilation
arabesque
—arabesquely, adv. /ar'euh besk"/, n. 1. Fine Arts. a sinuous, spiraling, undulating, or serpentine line or linear motif. 2. a pose in ballet in which the dancer stands on one ...
Arabia
/euh ray"bee euh/, n. a peninsula in SW Asia, including Saudi Arabia, Yemen Arab Republic, People's Democratic Republic of Yemen, Oman, the United Arab Emirates, Qatar, and ...
Arabia Deserta
/di zerr"teuh/ an ancient division of Arabia, in the N part between Syria and Mesopotamia. * * *
Arabia Felix
/fee"liks/ an ancient division of Arabia, in the S part: sometimes restricted to Yemen. * * * ▪ ancient region, Arabia Latin“Happy, or Flourishing, ...
Arabia Petraea
/pi tree"euh/ an ancient division of Arabia, in the NW part. * * *
Arabia, history of
Introduction       history of the region from prehistoric times to the present.       Some time after the rise of Islam in the first quarter of the 7th century AD ...
Arabian
/euh ray"bee euhn/, adj. 1. of or pertaining to Arabia or its inhabitants. 2. Arab. 3. Arabic. n. 4. an inhabitant of Arabia. 5. an Arab. 6. See Arabian horse. [1350-1400; ...
Arabian Basin
▪ submarine basin, Arabian Sea       submarine basin of the southern Arabian Sea, rising to meet the submerged Carlsberg Ridge to the south, the Maldive Islands to the ...
Arabian camel
the dromedary. * * *
Arabian coffee
Arabian coffee n. a tall, widely cultivated shrub (Coffea arabica) of the madder family, yielding coffee beans that are the world's chief source of commercially produced coffee: ...
Arabian coffee.
See arabica coffee. * * *
Arabian Desert
1. a desert in Egypt between the Nile valley and the Red Sea. ab. 80,000 sq. mi. (207,000 sq. km). 2. the desert region in the N part of the Arabian peninsula. * * * Desert ...
Arabian Gulf.
See Persian Gulf. * * *
Arabian horse
one of a breed of horses, raised originally in Arabia and adjacent countries, noted for intelligence, grace, and speed. Also called Arab, Arabian. [1730-40] * * * Earliest ...
Arabian jasmine
a climbing shrub, Jasminum sambac, of India, having hairy branches and very fragrant white flowers that turn purple with age, used in making jasmine tea; sampaguita. * * *
Arabian Nights
Arabian Nights a collection of ancient tales from Arabia, India, Persia, etc.: also called The Arabian Nights' Entertainment or The Thousand and One Nights * * * the name often ...
Arabian Nights' Entertainments, The
a collection of Eastern folk tales derived in part from Indian and Persian sources and dating from the 10th century A.D. Also called The Thousand and One Nights. * * *
Arabian Peninsula
or Arabia Peninsular region, southwest Asia. With its offshore islands, it covers about 1 million sq mi (2.6 million sq km). Constituent countries are Bahrain, Kuwait, Oman, ...
Arabian religion
▪ ancient religion Introduction       beliefs of Arabia comprising the polytheistic beliefs and practices that existed before the rise of Islām in the 7th century AD. ...
Arabian religions, ancient
Polytheistic religions of Arabia prior to the rise of Islam. Most of the deities of the Arab tribes were sky gods, associated with heavenly bodies such as the Sun and Moon, and ...
Arabian Sea
the NW arm of the Indian Ocean between India and Arabia. * * * Northwestern part of the Indian Ocean, lying between India and the Arabian Peninsula. It has an area of about ...
Arabiancamel
Arabian camel n. See dromedary. * * *
ArabianDesert
Arabian Desert or Eastern Desert A desert of eastern Egypt between the Nile Valley and the Red Sea. Porphyry, granite, and sandstone found here have been used as building ...
ArabianGulf
Arabian Gulf See Persian Gulf. * * *
Arabianhorse
Arabian horse n. Any of a breed of swift, intelligent, graceful horses native to Arabia. * * *
ArabianPeninsula
Arabian Peninsula See Arabia. * * *
ArabianSea
Arabian Sea The northwest part of the Indian Ocean between Arabia and western India. It has long been an important trade route between India and the West. * * *
Arabic
/ar"euh bik/, adj. 1. of, belonging to, or derived from the language or literature of the Arabs. 2. noting, pertaining to, or in the alphabetical script used for the writing of ...
Arabic alphabet
Script used to write Arabic and a number of other languages whose speakers have been influenced by Arab and Islamic culture. The 28-character Arabic alphabet developed from a ...
Arabic language
Ancient Semitic language whose dialects are spoken throughout the Middle East and North Africa. Though Arabic words and proper names are found in Aramaic inscriptions, abundant ...
Arabic literary renaissance
(19th-century) Movement to develop a modern Arabic literature. Inspired by contacts with the West and a renewed interest in classical Arabic literature, it began in Egypt with ...
Arabic literature
Introduction       the body of written works produced in the Arabic language.       The tradition of Arabic literature stretches back some 16 centuries to ...
Arabic numerals
the characters 0, 1, 2, 3, 4, 5, 6, 7, 8, 9, in general European use since the 12th century. See table under Roman numerals. Also, Arabic figures. [1840-50] * * *
Arabic philosophy
or Islamic philosophy Doctrines of the Arabic philosophers of the 9th–12th century who influenced medieval Scholasticism in Europe. The Arabic tradition combines ...
Arabic root and pattern combinations
▪ Table Arabic root and pattern combinations CaCaC-* CuCiC- ma-CC b;C- -sta-CCiC- past active past passive passive participle 'to ask (someone) ...


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