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Слова на букву !kun-arti (15990)

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arc cosine n. The inverse of the cosine function. * * *
arc cotangent n. The inverse of the cotangent function. * * *
/ahr"see/, n. Class. Myth. a daughter of Thaumas and the sister of Iris and the Harpies. Zeus took away her wings when she aided the Titans in their war against him. * * *
/ahr sel"euh/, n. a genus of freshwater, ameboid protozoa that secrete a hard, umbrellalike shell having a single opening through which the pseudopodia extend. [1838; < NL, ...
      protozoan order, formerly called Testacida, the members of which are commonly known as testaceans. See testacean. * * *
/ahr ses'euh lay"euhs/, n. 316-241 B.C., Greek philosopher. * * * ▪ Greek philosopher born 316/315 BC, Pitane, Aeolis [now in Turkey] died c. 241       philosopher ...
/ahr ses"ee euhs/, n. Class. Myth. a son of Zeus and Euryodia, father of Laertes, and grandfather of Odysseus. * * *
/ahrk"fawrm'/, adj. Naut. noting a type of cargo-ship construction in which the sides have the form of arcs so drawn that the greatest breadth is at load waterline, the purpose ...
arch1 /ahrch/, n. 1. Archit. a. a curved masonry construction for spanning an opening, consisting of a number of wedgelike stones, bricks, or the like, set with the narrower side ...
arch beam
a crowned metal beam, as of the deck of a ship. * * *
arch board
Naut. a distinctive area at the upper part of a stern, curving upward toward the center and giving the name and port of the vessel within a carved and painted frame; ...
arch brace
Carpentry. a curved brace, esp. one of a pair used to give the effect of an arch in a roof frame. * * *
arch dam
a dam resisting the pressure of impounded water by an arch principle, esp. a dam having in plan the form of a single arch abutted by natural rock formations. * * *
arch head
Mach. a vertical, arc-shaped member fixed to the end of a walking beam, for supporting a chain from which a pump rod or the like is suspended in such a way as to let it rise and ...
Arch of Triumph.
See Arc de Triomphe. * * *
arch support
a rigid support placed inside a shoe so that its molded form fits the arch of the foot and relieves strain on the muscles of the foot while walking, standing, etc. [1935-40] * * *
Arch, Joseph
▪ British labour leader born Nov. 10, 1826, Barford, Warwickshire, Eng. died Feb. 12, 1919, Barford       organizer who became the leader of England's agricultural ...
arch-1 a combining form that represents the outcome of archi- in words borrowed through Latin from Greek in the Old English period; it subsequently became a productive form added ...
Archbishop. * * *
1. archaic. 2. archaism. 3. archery. 4. archipelago. 5. architect. 6. architectural. 7. architecture. 8. archive; archives. * * *
Arch. E.
Architectural Engineer. * * *
archaea [är kē′ə] pl.n. ARCHAEBACTERIA archaeal adj. * * * ▪ bacteria formerly  archaebacteria         unicellular organisms that are prokaryotic (that is, do ...
/ahr kee"euhn/, adj. Geol. Archean. * * *
/ahr'kee bak tear"ee euh/, n. pl., sing. archaebacterium /-tear"ee euhm/. a group of microorganisms, including the methanogens and certain halophiles and thermoacidophiles, that ...
a combining form meaning "ancient," used in the formation of compound words: archaeopteryx; archaeology. Also, archeo-. [ < Gk, comb. form of archaîos, equiv. to arch- (see ...
See archaeoastronomy. * * *
See archaeoastronomer. * * *
—archaeoastronomer, n. —archaeoastronomical /ahr'kee oh as'treuh nom"i keuhl/, adj. /ahr'kee oh euh stron"euh mee/, n. the branch of archaeology that deals with the apparent ...
/ahr'kee oh suy"euh thid, ahr kee'euh-/, n. one of the marine invertebrates of the extinct phylum Archaeocyatha, widely distributed during the Cambrian Period, having a limy, ...
/ahr"kee euh suyt'/, n. archeocyte. * * *
1. archaeological. 2. archaeology. * * *
See archaeological. * * *
—archaeologically, adv. /ahr'kee euh loj"i keuhl/, adj. of or pertaining to archaeology. Also, archaeologic, archeological, archeologic. [1775-85; < Gk archaiologik(ós) (see ...
archaeological remains
➡ Stone Age Britain * * *
archaeological timescale
also called  archaeological chronology   chronology that describes a period of human or protohuman prehistory. Some archaeological timescales are based on relative dating ...
See archaeological. * * *
See archaeological. * * *
—archaeologist, n. /ahr'kee ol"euh jee/, n. 1. the scientific study of historic or prehistoric peoples and their cultures by analysis of their artifacts, inscriptions, ...
archaeomagnetism dating
/ahr'kee oh mag"ni tiz'euhm/ the dating of archaeological specimens by determination of the magnetic alignment of objects containing ferromagnetic materials, as baked clay pots, ...
—archaeometrist, n. /ahr'kee om"i tree/, n. the branch of archaeology that deals with the dating of archaeological specimens through specific techniques, as radiocarbon dating ...
▪ fossil plant genus       genus of plants (plant) that was probably the first true tree to form forests (forest) during the Late Devonian Epoch (Devonian Period) (about ...
/ahr'kee op"teuh riks/, n. a reptilelike fossil bird of the genus Archaeopteryx, from the late Jurassic Period, having teeth and a long, feathered, vertebrate tail. Cf. ...
archaeornis [är΄kēôr′nis] n. 〚ModL
/ahr'kee euh zoh"ik/, adj., n. Geol. Archeozoic. * * *
—archaically, adv. /ahr kay"ik/, adj. 1. marked by the characteristics of an earlier period; antiquated: an archaic manner; an archaic notion. 2. (of a linguistic form) ...
Archaic culture
 any of the ancient cultures of North or South America that developed from Paleo-Indian traditions and led to the adoption of agriculture. Archaic cultures are defined by a ...
archaic Homo
1. collectively, the very robust, regionally differentiated human populations that lived in Europe, Asia, the Middle East, and Africa from 35,000 to 200,000 years ago. 2. any ...
archaic period
➡ Pre-Columbian North America * * * ▪ art history       in history and archaeology, the earliest phases of a culture; the term is most frequently used by art ...
archaic smile
Fine Arts. a conventional representation of the mouth characterized by slightly upturned corners of the lips, found esp. on Greek sculpture produced prior to the 5th century ...
See archaic. * * *
Archaic Latin n. The earliest recorded Latin, found in inscriptions from the beginning of the sixth century B.C. and in literature from the middle of the third century B.C. until ...
archaic smile n. A representation of the human mouth with slightly upturned corners, characteristic of early Greek sculpture produced before the fifth century B.C.   [After the ...
—archaist, n. —archaistic, adj. /ahr"kee iz'euhm, -kay-/, n. 1. something archaic, as a word or expression. 2. the use of what is archaic, as in literature or art: The ...
See archaism. * * *
See archaist. * * *
—archaizer, n. /ahr"kee uyz', -kay-/, v., archaized, archaizing. v.t. 1. to give an archaic appearance or quality to: The poet archaized her work with many Elizabethan ...
See archaize. * * *
—archangelic /ahrk'an jel"ik/, archangelical, adj. /ahrk"ayn'jeuhl/, n. 1. Theol. a chief or principal angel; in medieval angelology one of the nine orders of celestial ...
/ahrk"ayn'jeuhl/, n. 1. Russian, Arkhangelsk. a seaport in the NW Russian Federation in Europe, on Dvina Bay. 385,000. 2. Gulf of, former name of Dvina Bay. * * * ▪ ...
See archangel. * * *
Fr. /annrddsh bahonn"/, n., pl. archbancs /-bahonn"/. archebanc. * * *
/ahrch"bish"euhp/, n. a bishop of the highest rank who presides over an archbishopric or archdiocese. [bef. 900; ME; OE arcebisceop (arce- ARCH-1 + bisceop BISHOP), modeled on LL ...
Archbishop of Canterbury
the spiritual head of the Church of England, who is also the bishop of Canterbury. His official title is ‘Primate of All England’. * * *
Archbishop of Wales
➡ Williams (VIII) * * *
Archbishop of Westminster
the head of the Roman Catholic Church in Britain. * * *
Archbishop of York
the second most senior religious leader of the Church of England, who is also the bishop of York. His official title is ‘Primate of England’. ➡ note at Church of England. * ...
/ahrch'bish"euhp rik/, n. the see, diocese, or office of an archbishop. [bef. 1000; ME archebischopric, OE arcebisceoprice, equiv. to arcebisceop ARCHBISHOP + rice region, realm; ...
Archbishops of Canterbury
▪ Table Archbishops of Canterbury Augustine (Augustine of Canterbury, Saint) (Austin) 597-604 Laurentius (Laurentius of Canterbury, Saint) (Lawrence) 604-619 Mellitus ...
Archbishop. * * *
/ahrch'kon freuh terr"ni tee/, n., pl. archconfraternities. Rom. Cath. Ch. a confraternity having the right to associate itself with confraternities that are similar to it, and ...
/ahrch'keuhn serr"veuh tiv/, adj. 1. consistently holding extremely conservative views: publisher of the city's archconservative newspaper. n. 2. a person who holds extremely ...
1. archdeacon. 2. archduke. Also, Archd. * * *
—archdeaconate, archdeaconship, n. /ahrch"dee"keuhn/, n. 1. an ecclesiastic, ranking next below a bishop and having charge of the temporal and external administration of a ...
See archdeacon. * * *
/ahrch'dee"keuhn ree/, n., pl. archdeaconries. the jurisdiction, residence, or office of an archdeacon. [1545-55; ARCHDEACON + -RY] * * *
See archdeaconate. * * *
See archdiocese. * * *
—archdiocesan /ahrch"duy os"euh seuhn/, adj. /ahrch'duy"euh sees', -sis/, n. the diocese of an archbishop. [1835-45; ARCH-1 + DIOCESE] * * *
/ahrch"dooh"keuhl, -dyooh"-/, adj. of or pertaining to an archduke or an archduchy. [1655-65; earlier archiducal < F. See ARCHI-, DUCAL] * * *
/ahrch"duch"is/, n. 1. the wife of an archduke. 2. a princess of the Austrian imperial family. [1610-20; ARCH-1 + DUCHESS, modeled on F archiduchesse] Usage. See -ess. * * *
/ahrch"duch"ee/, n., pl. archduchies. the domain of an archduke or an archduchess. [1670-80; ARCH-1 + DUCHY, modeled on F archeduché (now archiduché)] * * *
/ahrch"doohk", -dyoohk"/, n. a title of the sovereign princes of the former ruling house of Austria. [1520-30; earlier archeduke < F archeduc (now archiduc). See ARCH-1, DUKE] * ...
/ahrch"doohk"deuhm, -dyoohk"-/, n. 1. an archduchy. 2. the office or rank of an archduke. [1520-30; ARCHDUKE + -DOM] * * *
a combining form meaning "prior, original, first" (archegonium; archetype); in scientific coinages, a synonym of archi- (archesporium). [ < Gk, by-form of archi- ARCHI-] * * *
/ahr kee"euhn/, adj. Geol. noting or pertaining to rocks of the Archeozoic portion of the Precambrian Era. Also, Archaean. [1870-75; < Gk archaî(os) ancient (see ARCHAEO-) + ...
Archean Eon
or Archaean Eon or Archeozoic Eon Older of the two divisions of Precambrian time. The Archean begins with the formation of the Earth's crust с 3.8 billion years ago and ...
/annrddsh bahonn"/, n., pl. archebancs /-bahonn"/, Fr. Furniture. a bench or settle of the medieval and Renaissance periods, wide enough for several persons and having a seat ...
/ahrcht/, adj. 1. made, covered, or spanned with an arch or arches. 2. having the form of an arch. 3. Heraldry. noting an ordinary or partition line formed as a slight ...
arched harp
▪ musical instrument       musical instrument in which the neck extends from and forms a bow-shaped curve with the body. One of the principal forms of harp, it is ...
arched truss
a truss having an archlike form but unlike a true arch in that it is free to move horizontally at its base, as in expanding or contracting because of temperature changes. Cf. ...
See archegonium. * * *
archegoniate [är΄kə gō′nē it] adj. having archegonia n. a plant having archegonia * * * See archegonial. * * *
—archegonial, archegoniate /ahr'ki goh"nee it, -ayt'/, adj. /ahr'ki goh"nee euhm/, n., pl. archegonia /-nee euh/. Bot. the female reproductive organ in ferns, mosses, ...
▪ king of Cappadocia in full  Archelaus Sisines  died AD 17       last king of Cappadocia (reigned 36 BC–c. AD 17), a Roman client during the late republic and the ...
▪ fossil sea turtle  extinct giant sea turtle known from fossilized remains found in North American rocks of the Late Cretaceous epoch (100 million to 66 million years ago). ...
/ahr kem"euhr euhs/, n. Class. Myth. Opheltes. * * *
/ahr'ken sef"euh lon'/, n. Embryol. the primitive forebrain region of the embryo, anterior to the notochord, that gives rise to the midbrain and forebrain. [ARCH-2 + ...
/ahrch"en"euh mee/, n., pl. archenemies. 1. a chief enemy. 2. Satan; the Devil. [1540-50; ARCH-1 + ENEMY] * * *
See archenteron. * * *
—archenteric /ahr'keuhn ter"ik/, adj. /ahr ken"teuh ron'/, n., pl. archentera /-teuhr euh/. Embryol. the primitive enteron or digestive cavity of a gastrula. Also called ...
var. of archaeo-: Archeozoic. * * *
—archeoastronomer, n. —archeoastronomical /ahr'kee oh as'treuhnom"i keuhl/, adj. /ahr'kee oh euh stron"euh mee/, n. archaeoastronomy. * * *
/ahr"kee euh suyt'/, n. Zool. (in sponges) a type of amoebocyte capable of developing into other types of cells, esp. reproductive cells. Also, archaeocyte. [1885-90; ARCHEO- + ...
—archeological /ahr'kee euh loj"i keuhl/, archeologic, adj. —archeologically, adv. —archeologist, n. /ahr'kee ol"euh jee/, n. archaeology. * * *
archeomagnetism dating
/ahr'kee oh mag"ni tiz'euhm/. See archaeomagnetism dating. * * *
—archeometrist, n. /ahr'kee om"i tree/, n. archaeometry. * * *
/ahr'kee euh zoh"ik/, Geol. adj. 1. noting or pertaining to the earlier half of the Precambrian Era, from about 5 billion to 2.5 billion years ago, during which the earliest ...
/ahr'kep tol"euh meuhs/, n. (in the Iliad) the son of Iphitus who served as a charioteer for Hector. * * *
/ahr"cheuhr/, n. 1. a person who shoots with a bow and arrow; bowman. 2. (cap.) Astron., Astrol. the constellation or sign of Sagittarius. 3. an archerfish. [1250-1300; ME < AF; ...
/ahr"cheuhr/, n. 1. William, 1856-1924, Scottish playwright, drama critic, and translator. 2. a male given name. * * *
archer fish
Any of five species (family Toxotidae) of Indo-Pacific fishes noted for their ability to knock their insect prey off overhanging vegetation by shooting it with drops of water ...
Archer, Frederick
▪ British jockey born Jan. 11, 1857, Cheltenham, Gloucestershire, England died Nov. 8, 1886, Newmarket, Cambridgeshire       British jockey who reigned as national ...
Archer, Frederick Scott
▪ British sculptor and inventor born 1813, Bishop's Stortford, Hertfordshire, Eng. died May 2, 1857, London       English inventor of the first practical photographic ...
Archer, Thomas
▪ British architect born c. 1668 died May 23, 1743, Whitehall, London, Eng.  British architect and practitioner of what was, for England, an extraordinarily extravagant ...
Archer, Violet Balestreri
▪ 2001       Canadian composer (b. April 24, 1913, Montreal, Que.—d. Feb. 21, 2000, Ottawa, Ont.), was an accomplished musician whose large body of work encompassed a ...
Archer, William
▪ British critic born Sept. 23, 1856, Perth, Scot. died Dec. 27, 1924, London, Eng.       Scottish drama critic whose translations and essays championed Henrik Ibsen ...
/ahr"cheuhr fish'/, n., pl. (esp. collectively) archerfish, (esp. referring to two or more kinds or species) archerfishes. 1. a small fish, Toxotes jaculatrix, of brackish and ...
▪ Greek sculptor flourished 6th century BC       ancient Greek sculptor from the island of Chios who was known for his treatment of draped female figures. Associated ...
a popular British radio programme broadcast six days a week that presents a continuing story about the lives of ordinary people. The Archers are a family in the imaginary village ...
/ahr"cheuh ree/, n. 1. the art, practice, or skill of an archer. 2. archers collectively, as in an army. 3. the equipment of an archer, as bows and arrows. [1350-1400; ME ...
Arches National Park
a national park in E Utah: natural arch formations. 114 sq. mi. (295 sq. km). * * * Preserve, eastern Utah, U.S. Located on the Colorado River north of Moab, the preserve was ...
—archesporial, adj. /ahr"keuh spawr', -spohr'/, n. Bot. the primitive cell, or group of cells, that give rise to the cells from which spores are derived. [1900-05; ARCHE- + ...
/ar'keuh spawr"ee euhm, -spohr"-/, n., pl. archesporia /-spawr"ee euh, -spohr"-/. Bot. archespore. [ < NL] * * *
/ahr ket"oh/, n., pl. archettos. Ceram. a tool, consisting of a bow strung with wire, for trimming excess material from a piece being modeled. [ < It, equiv. to arc(o) bow (see ...
See archetype. * * *
—archetypal /ahr"ki tuy'peuhl/, archetypical /ahr'ki tip"i keuhl/, archetypic, adj. —archetypally, archetypically, adv. /ahr"ki tuyp'/, n. 1. the original pattern or model ...
See archetypal. * * *
See archetypal. * * *
See archetypal. * * *
/ahrch"feend"/, n. 1. a chief fiend. 2. Satan. [1660-70; ARCH-1 + FIEND] * * *
a combining form with the general sense "first, principal," that is prefixed to nouns denoting things that are earliest, most basic, or bottommost (archiblast; archiphoneme; ...
Archias, Aulus Licinius
▪ Greek poet born c. 120 BC, Antioch, Syria [now Antakya, Turkey]       ancient Greek poet who came to Rome, where he was charged in 62 BC with having illegally assumed ...
/ahr"cheuh bawld', -beuhld/, n. a male given name: from a Germanic word meaning "distinguished and bold." * * * (as used in expressions) Campbell John Archibald Cronin Archibald ...
/ahr'keuh ben"thos/, n. the ocean bottom between the littoral and abyssal zones: from depths of approximately 200 ft. (60 m) to 3300 ft. (1000 m). [ARCHI- + BENTHOS] * * *
/ahr"keuh blast'/, n. Biol. the formative part of the egg, as distinguished from the part that nourishes the embryo. [1875-80; ARCHI- + -BLAST] * * *
/ahr'keuh blas"tik/, adj. of, pertaining to, or derived from an archiblast. [1880-85; ARCHIBLAST + -IC] * * *
/ahr"ki kahrp'/, n. Bot. the female sex organ in various ascomycete fungi. [1885-90; ARCHI- + -CARP] * * *
Archidamus I
▪ king of Sparta flourished 7th century BC       12th king of Sparta of the Eurypontid line. The son of Anaxidamus, he ruled shortly after the close of the second ...
Archidamus II
▪ king of Sparta died 427 BC       king of Sparta from about 469.       A member of the Eurypontid house (one of the two royal families of Sparta), he succeeded ...
Archidamus III
▪ king of Sparta died 338 BC, Manduria, Calabria [Italy]       king of Sparta, 360–338, succeeding his father, Agesilaus II.       Archidamus headed the force ...
Archidamus IV
▪ king of Sparta flourished 3rd century BC       king of Sparta, son of Eudamidas I, grandson of Archidamus III. The dates of his accession and death are unknown. In ...
Archidamus V
▪ king of Sparta flourished 3rd century BC       27th Spartan king of the Eurypontids, son of Eudamidas II, grandson of Archidamus IV. He fled to Messenia after the ...
/ahr'ki duy ak"euh nl/, adj. of or pertaining to an archdeacon or to the office of an archdeacon. [1645-55; < LL archidiacon(us) ARCHDEACON + -AL1] * * *
ar·chi·di·ac·o·nate (är'kĭ-dī-ăkʹə-nĭt) n. The office or position of an archdeacon.   [Medieval Latin archidiāconātus, from Late Latin archidiāconus, archdeacon. ...
/ahr"chee/, n. a male given name, form of Archibald. * * *
Archie Bunker
—Archie Bunkerism /bung"keuh riz'euhm/. a poorly educated blue-collar worker, holding ultraconservative, racist, and male-chauvinist opinions. [from a character in the American ...
/ahr'kee i pis"keuh peuh see/, n. a form of church government in which power is vested in archbishops. [1635-45; < LL archiepiscop(us) ARCHBISHOP + -ACY] * * *
—archiepiscopalty, n. —archiepiscopally, adv. /ahr'kee i pis"keuh peuhl/, adj. of or pertaining to an archbishop or to the office of an archbishop. [1605-15; < ML ...
archiepiscopal cross.
See patriarchal cross. * * *
See archiepiscopal. * * *
See archiepiscopality. * * *
/ahr'kee euh pis"keuh pit, -payt'/, n. 1. the tenure of office of an archbishop. 2. the jurisdiction of an archbishop. * * *
/ahr"kil/, n. orchil. * * *
/ahr'keuh loh"kee euhn/, adj. Pros. of or pertaining to a form of poetic meter devised by the Greek Archilochus in which various types of meter are combined in the same line or ...
/ahr kil"euh keuhs/, n. fl. c650 B.C., Greek poet. * * * ▪ Greek author flourished c. 650 BC, Paros [Cyclades, Greece]       poet and soldier, the earliest Greek ...
/ahr"keuh mayj'/, n. a great magician. [1545-55; ARCHI- + MAGE] * * *
/ahr'keuh man"druyt/, n. Eastern Ch. 1. the head of a monastery; an abbot. 2. a superior abbot, having charge of several monasteries. 3. a title given to distinguished celibate ...
/ahr'keuh mee"dee euhn, -mi dee"euhn/, adj. 1. of, pertaining to, or discovered by Archimedes. 2. Math. of or pertaining to any ordered field, as the field of real numbers, ...
Archimedean screw
or Archimedes' screw Machine for raising water, said to have been invented by Archimedes for removing water from the hold of a large ship. One form consists of a circular pipe ...
Archimedean screw Precision Graphics n. An ancient apparatus for raising water, consisting of either a spiral tube around an inclined axis or an inclined tube containing a ...
/ahr'keuh mee"deez/, n. 287?-212 B.C., Greek mathematician, physicist, and inventor: discovered the principles of specific gravity and of the lever. * * * born с 290–280 BC, ...
Archimedes screw
▪ technology       machine for raising water, allegedly invented by the ancient Greek scientist Archimedes for removing water from the hold of a large ship. One form ...
Archimedes' principle
Physics. the law that a body immersed in a fluid is buoyed up by a force (buoyant force) equal to the weight of the fluid displaced by the body. * * * Law of buoyancy, ...
Archimedes' screw
a device consisting essentially of a spiral passage within an inclined cylinder for raising water to a height when rotated. Also, Archimedean screw. Also called water ...
Ar·chi·me·des' screw (är'kə-mēʹdēz) n. See Archimedean screw. * * *
/ahr sheen"/, n. arshin. * * *
▪ anatomy       ancestral vertebrate kidney, retained by larvae of hagfish and of some caecilians and occurring in the embryos of higher animals. Two tubes, the ...
/ahr"ching/, n. arched work or formation. [1670-80; ARCH1 + -ING1] * * *
See archipelago. * * *
archipelagic apron
      layers of volcanic rock that form a fanlike slope around groups of ancient or recent islands, most commonly in the central and southern Pacific Ocean. The aprons ...
—archipelagic /ahr'keuh peuh laj"ik/, archipelagian /ahr'keuh peuh lay"jee euhn, -jeuhn/, adj. /ahr'keuh pel"euh goh'/, n., pl. archipelagos, archipelagoes. 1. a large group or ...
/ahr'keuh peng"koh/; Russ. /urdd khyee"pyin keuh/, n. Aleksander Porfirievich /al'ig zan"deuhr peuhr fear"euh vich, -zahn"-/; Russ. /u lyi ksahndrdd" purdd fyee"rddyi vyich/, ...
Archipenko, Alexander
born May 30, 1887, Kiev, Ukr. died Feb. 25, 1964, New York, N.Y., U.S. Ukrainian-U.S. sculptor. In 1908 he moved to Paris to study at the École des Beaux-Arts, and he soon ...
Archipenko,Alexander Porfirievich
Ar·chi·pen·ko (är'kə-pĕngʹkō), Alexander Porfirievich. 1887-1964. Russian-born American sculptor noted for his cubist and purely abstract works, such as Dual (1955). * * ...
/ahr"keuh foh'neem, ahr'keuh foh"neem/, n. Ling. 1. an abstract phonological unit consisting of the distinctive features common to two phonemes that differ only in that one has a ...
Archipiélago de Colón
/ahrdd'chee pye"lah gaw' dhe kaw lawn"/ Spanish name of Galápagos Islands. * * *
archiplasm [är′kə plaz΄əm] n. ARCHOPLASM * * *
architecture. * * *
/ahr"ki tekt'/, n. 1. a person who engages in the profession of architecture. 2. a person professionally engaged in the design of certain large constructions other than buildings ...
architect's table.
See drawing table. * * *
—architectonically, adv. /ahr'ki tek ton"ik/, adj. 1. of or pertaining to the principles of architecture. 2. resembling architecture, esp. in its highly organized manner or ...
See architectonic. * * *
/ar'ki tek ton"iks/, n. (used with a sing. v.) the science of planning and constructing buildings. [1650-60; see ARCHITECTONIC, -ICS] * * *
Architects Collaborative, The
▪ American architectural group       association of architects specializing in school buildings that was founded in 1946 in Cambridge, Mass., U.S., by Walter Gropius ...
—architecturally, adv. /ahr'ki tek"cheuhr euhl/, adj. 1. of or pertaining to architecture: architectural metals. 2. conforming to the basic principles of architecture. 3. ...
architectural bronze
a brass alloy of about 57 percent copper, 41 percent zinc, and 2 percent lead. * * *
See architectural. * * *
/ahr"ki tek'cheuhr/, n. 1. the profession of designing buildings, open areas, communities, and other artificial constructions and environments, usually with some regard to ...
Architecture and Civil Engineering
▪ 2009 Introduction Architecture       For Notable Civil Engineering Projects in work or completed in 2008, see Table (Notable Civil Engineering Projects (in ...
architecture parlante
/pahr lan"tee/ the architecture of buildings that, in their plans or elevations, create an image that suggests their functions. [ < F: lit., talking architecture] * * *
—architraval, adj. —architraved, adj. /ahr"ki trayv'/, n. Archit. 1. the lowermost member of a classical entablature, resting originally upon columns. See diag. under ...
/ahr kuy"veuhl/, adj. of or pertaining to archives or valuable records; contained in or comprising such archives or records. [1840-50; ARCHIVE + -AL1] * * *
/ahr"kuyv/, n., v., archived, archiving. n. 1. Usually, archives. documents or records relating to the activities, business dealings, etc., of a person, family, corporation, ...
Repository for an organized body of records. Archives are produced or received by a public, semipublic, institutional, or business entity in the transaction of its affairs and ...
/ahr"keuh vist, -kuy-/, n. a person responsible for preserving, organizing, or servicing archival material. [1745-55; < F archiviste. See ARCHIVE, -IST] * * *
/ahr"keuh vohlt'/, n. Archit. a molded or decorated band following the extrados of an arch or forming an archlike frame for an opening. [1725-35; < F archivolte < It archivolto < ...
arch·lib·er·al (ärch'lĭbʹər-əl, -lĭbʹrəl) adj. Highly liberal, especially in political viewpoint.   arch'libʹer·al n. * * *
/ahrch"looht'/, n. a lute with two pegboxes, one for the stopped strings and the other for the bass strings, which run outside the fingerboard. [1720-30; ARCH-1 + LUTE, modeled ...
/ahrch"lee/, adv. in an arch or roguish manner. [1655-65; ARCH2 + -LY] * * *
/ahrch"nis/, n. roguishness; sauciness. [1700-10; ARCH2 + -NESS] * * *
—archonship, n. /ahr"kon/, n. 1. a higher magistrate in ancient Athens. 2. any ruler. [1650-60; < Gk árchon magistrate, ruler, n. use of prp. of árchein to be first, rule; ...
See archon. * * *
archoplasm [är′kə plaz΄əm] n. 〚ModL archoplasma
—archosaurian, adj. /ahr"keuh sawr'/, n. any reptile of the subclass Archosauria, including the dinosaurs, pterosaurs, and crocodilians and characterized by two pairs of ...
—archpriesthood, n. —archpriestship, n. /ahrch"preest"/, n. 1. a priest holding first rank, as among the members of a cathedral chapter or among the clergy of a district ...
/ahrch"ruy"veuhl/, n. a chief rival. [ARCH-1 + RIVAL] * * *
/ahrch"see"/, n. archbishopric. [1605-15; ARCH-1 + SEE2] * * *
architect. * * *
/ahr"seuh fawrm'/, adj. resembling an arch in appearance. [1830-40; < L arci- (comb. form of arcus bow; see ARC) + -FORM] * * *
/ahr'chim bohl"dee/; It. /ahrdd'cheem bawl"dee/, n. Giuseppe /jeuh sep"ee/; It. /jooh zep"pe/, 1527-93, Italian painter. * * *
Arcimboldo, Giuseppe
born с 1527, Milan died 1593, Milan Italian painter. He began his career as a painter and designer of stained-glass windows for Milan Cathedral. In 1562 he moved to Prague and ...
/ahrdd see nye"gahs/, n. Germán /herdd mahn"/, born 1900, Colombian author, editor, and diplomat. * * *
Arciniegas Angueyra, German
▪ 2000       Colombian historian, novelist, essayist, and diplomat (b. Dec. 6, 1900, Bogotá, Colom.—d. Nov. 29/30, 1999, Bogotá), wrote dozens of books and thousands ...
Arciniegas, Germán
▪ Colombian writer and diplomat born December 6, 1900, Bogotá, Colombia died November 29/30, 1999, Bogotá       Colombian historian, essayist, diplomat, and statesman ...
ArcJeanne d'
ArcJeanne d' see D'ARC Jeanne * * *
/ahrkt/, v. a pt. and pp. of arc. * * *
/ahr"king/, v. a ppr. of arc. * * *
arc lamp n. An electric light in which a current traverses a gas between two incandescent electrodes and generates an arc that produces light. Also called arc light. * * *
/ahr"koh/, adv. Music. (of the performance of a passage for stringed instruments) with the bow. [1730-40; < It: bow < L arcus. See ARC] * * *
/ahr"keuh graf', -grahf'/, n. Geom. an instrument for drawing arcs, having a flexible arc-shaped part adjusted by an extensible straight bar connecting its sides. [1815-25; ARC + ...
Arcos de la Frontera
▪ Spain       city, Cádiz provincia (province), in the comunidad autónoma (autonomous community) of Andalusia, southern Spain. It is located on a high rock bounded ...
/ahr'keuh soh"lee euhm/, n., pl. arcosolia /-lee euh/. (in Roman catacombs) an arched recess for a sarcophagus. [1875-80; < NL, equiv. to L arc(us) ARC + -o- -O- + solium ...
▪ India       town, northeastern Tamil Nadu (Tamil Nādu) state, southeastern India, on the Palar River. Located at the point where the Palar River valley meets the ...
arc secant n. The inverse of the secant function. * * *
arc sine n. The inverse of the sine function. * * *
arc tangent n. The inverse of the tangent function. * * *
—arctically, adv. /ahrk"tik/ or, esp. for 7, /ahr"tik/, adj. 1. (often cap.) of, pertaining to, or located at or near the North Pole: the arctic region. 2. coming from the ...
Arctic Archipelago
Arctic Archipelago group of mostly large islands in the Arctic Ocean off the N coast of Canada * * * Group of Canadian islands, Arctic Ocean. They lie north of the Canadian ...
Arctic char
a salmonid, Salvelinus alpinus, that inhabits arctic lakes and streams throughout the Northern Hemisphere: considered a food delicacy. Also, arctic char. [1900-05] * * *
Arctic Circle
an imaginary line drawn parallel to the equator, at 23°28prime; S of the North Pole: between the North Frigid Zone and the North Temperate Zone. See diag. under zone. * * ...
Arctic Council
▪ intergovernmental body       intergovernmental body that promotes research and facilitates cooperation among Arctic countries on issues related to the environmental ...
Arctic Current.
See Labrador Current. * * *
Arctic daisy
a daisy, Chrysanthemum arcticum, of arctic regions, having asterlike heads of white or lilac flowers. Also, arctic daisy. Also called aster daisy. * * *
Arctic fox
a thickly furred, short-eared fox, Alopex lagopus, of the arctic regions, brownish gray in summer and white in winter. Also, arctic fox. Also called white fox. [1765-75] * * ...
Arctic Ocean
an ocean N of North America, Asia, and the Arctic Circle. ab. 5,540,000 sq. mi. (14,350,000 sq. km). * * * Arctic Ocean Introduction Arctic Ocean - ...
Arctic Regions
▪ 2009 The Arctic regions may be defined in physical terms (astronomical [north of the Arctic Circle, latitude 66° 30′ N], climatic [above the 10 °C (50 °F) July ...
Arctic seal
rabbit fur that has been sheared and dyed to simulate sealskin. Also, arctic seal. * * *
Arctic tern
a tern, Sterna paradisaea, resembling the common tern, that breeds in arctic and north temperate regions and winters in antarctic regions. Also, arctic tern. [1880-85] * * ...
Arctic Zone
the section of the earth's surface lying between the Arctic Circle and the North Pole. See diag. under zone. * * *
Arctic Archipelago A group of more than 50 large islands of northern Canada in the Arctic Ocean between North America and Greenland. * * *
arctic char also Arctic char n. A char (Salvelinus alpinus) native to the fresh waters of Alaska and northern Canada. * * *
Arctic Circle Thom Gillis The parallel of latitude approximately 66°33' north. It forms the boundary between the North Temperate and North Frigid zones. * * *
arctic fox also Arctic fox n. A fox (Alopex lagopus) of Arctic regions, having fur that is white or light gray in winter and brown or blue-gray in summer. * * *
Arctic Ocean The waters surrounding the North Pole between North America and Eurasia. The smallest ocean in the world, it is covered by pack ice throughout the year. * * *
/ahrk'ti kol"euh jist, ahr'-/, n. a person who specializes in arcticology. [ARCTICOLOG(Y) + -IST] * * *
/ahrk'ti kol"euh jee, ahr'-/ n. the scientific study of the Polar Regions. [ARCTIC + -O- + -LOGY] * * *
ArcticRed River
Arctic Red River A river rising in the Mackenzie Mountains of western Northwest Territories, Canada, and flowing about 499 km (310 mi) generally north-northwest to the Mackenzie ...
☆ arctics [ärt′iks, ärk′tiks ] pl.n. 〚
arctic tern also Arctic tern n. A tern (Sterna paradisaea) that is noted for its extremely long migrations, typically from the Arctic to the Antarctic and back each year. * * *
—Arctogaean, Arctogean, Arctogaeal, Arctogeal, Arctogaeic, Arctogeic, adj. /ahrk'teuh jee"euh/, n. a biogeographical division comprising the Holarctic and Paleotropical ...
▪ paleontology  extinct genus of placoderms (fishlike animals) present during the early part of the Devonian Period (416 million to 360 million years ago), member of a group ...
/ahrk"teuh fuyl'/ n. a person who is very fond of and is usually a collector of teddy bears. [ < Gk arkto-, comb. form of arktós bear + -PHILE] * * *
—Arcturian, adj. /ahrk toor"euhs, -tyoor"-/, n. Astron. a first-magnitude star in the constellation Boötes. [1352-75; < L < Gk Arktoûros, equiv. to árkt(os) bear + -oûros ...
—arcuately, adv. /ahr"kyooh it, -ayt'/, adj. bent or curved like a bow. Also, arcuated. [1620-30; < L arcuatus bent like a bow, curved (ptp. of arcuare), equiv. to arcu-, s. of ...
See arcuate. * * *
arcuate nucleus n. Any of various specialized groups of nerve cells in the medulla oblongata, thalamus, or hypothalamus of the brain. * * *
/ahr'kyooh ay"sheuhn/, n. 1. the state of being bent or curved. 2. the use of arches in building. 3. a system or grouping of arches. [1690-1700; < L arcuation- (s. of arcuatio) a ...
▪ German bishop flourished 7th century, , Germany       bishop who was the earliest Western Christian traveler and observer of importance in the Middle East after the ...
/ahr"keuhs/, n., pl. arcus. Meteorol. a dense, horizontal, roll-shaped cloud sometimes occurring at the lower front portion of a cumulonimbus. Also called roll cloud. [ < L: bow, ...
arcus senilis
/ahr"keuhs seuh nuy"lis/, Ophthalm. the appearance of a yellowish-gray lipid ring around the margin of the cornea, occurring in aging persons. [1785-95; < L arcus senilis lit., ...
arc welding n. Welding that uses an electric arc to provide heat. * * *
Arda River
▪ river, Bulgaria Greek  Árdhas,         river in Bulgaria, rising in the central Rhodope Mountains near the town of Smolyan and following a 180-mile (290-kilometre) ...
Ardabil [ard΄ə bēl′] city in NW Iran, near the Caspian Sea: pop. 311,000: also sp. Ardebil * * * Ar·da·bil (är'də-bēlʹ) See Ardebil. * * * ▪ Iran Turkish ...
Ardabīl Carpet
      either of a pair of Persian carpets that are among the most famous examples of early classical Persian workmanship. The larger one measures 34 × 17.5 feet (10.4 × ...

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