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Слова на букву !kun-arti (15990)

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Ardagh Chalice
▪ Irish ecclesiastical metalwork       large, two-handled silver cup, decorated with gold, gilt bronze, and enamel, one of the best-known examples of Irish ...
Ardashīr I
▪ Sāsānian king flourished 3rd century    the founder of the Sāsānian (Sāsānian dynasty) empire in ancient Persia (reigned AD 224–241).       Ardashīr was ...
Ardashīr II
▪ Sāsānian king flourished 4th century       king of the Sāsānian empire in ancient Persia (reigned AD 379–383). During the reign of his brother Shāpūr II, he ...
Ardea
Ancient town, Italy. Located south of Rome, Ardea was ruled by the Rutuli people and was an important center for the cult of Juno. In 444 BC the town signed a treaty with the ...
ardeb
/ahr"deb/, n. a unit of capacity used for dry measure in Egypt and neighboring countries, officially equivalent in Egypt to 5.62 U.S. bushels, but varying greatly in different ...
Ardebil
Ar·de·bil also Ar·da·bil (är'də-bēlʹ) A town of northwest Iran near the Caspian Sea. It was probably founded in the fifth century A.D. Population: 329,869. * * *
Ardèche
/annrdd desh"/, n. a department in SE France. 257,065; 2145 sq. mi. (5555 sq. km). Cap.: Privas. * * *
ardeid
/ahr"dee id/, adj. belonging or pertaining to the family Ardeidae, comprising the herons and bitterns. [ < NL Ardeidae name of the family, equiv. to Arde(a) name of the genus (L: ...
Ardella
/ahr del"euh/, n. a female given name. Also, Ardelle /ahr del"/. * * *
Arden
/ahr"dn/, n. 1. Forest of, a forest district in central England, in N Warwickshire: scene of Shakespeare's As You Like It. 2. Elizabeth, 1891-1966, U.S. cosmetician, born in ...
Arden, Elizabeth
orig. Florence Nightingale Graham born Dec. 31, 1884, Woodbridge, Ont., Can. died Oct. 18, 1966, New York, N.Y., U.S. Canadian-U.S. businesswoman who founded a chain of women's ...
Arden, Eve
▪ American actress original name  Eunice Quedens   born April 30, 1912, Mill Valley, Calif., U.S. died Nov. 12, 1990, Beverly Hills, Calif.  American actress best known for ...
Arden, John
born Oct. 26, 1930, Barnsley, Yorkshire, Eng. British playwright. He studied architecture at Cambridge and the Edinburgh College of Art. His plays mix poetry and songs with ...
Arden,Elizabeth
Arden, Elizabeth. 1884?-1966. Canadian-born American businesswoman whose original beauty salon, founded in 1910, grew into an international cosmetics corporation. * * *
Arden,Forest of
Arden, Forest of A wooded area, formerly very extensive, of central England west of Stratford-upon-Avon. It provided the setting for Shakespeare's As You Like It. * * *
Arden-Arcade
Arden-Arcade [Ar denär kād′] 〚? after ARDEN & ARCADIA1, place of rural peace〛 suburb of Sacramento, in central Calif.: pop. 96,000 * * *
ardency
See ardent. * * *
Ardennes
/ahr den"/; Fr. /annrdd den"/, n. 1. Forest of, a wooded plateau region in W Europe, in NE France, SE Belgium, and Luxembourg: World War I battle 1914; World War II battle ...
ardent
—ardently, adv. —ardency /ahr"dn see/, ardentness, n. /ahr"dnt/, adj. 1. having, expressive of, or characterized by intense feeling; passionate; fervent: an ardent vow; ...
ardent spirits
strong alcoholic liquors made by distillation, as brandy, whiskey, or gin. [1790-1800] * * *
ardently
See ardency. * * *
ardentspirits
ardent spirits pl.n. Strong alcoholic liquors, such as whiskey or gin. * * *
Ardhanarisvara
Composite male-female figure of the Hindu god Shiva and his consort Parvati. In many Indian and S.East Asian sculptures, the right half is male and the left female. The figure ...
Ardizzone
(1900–79) a British artist best known for his book illustrations, especially for children’s books, some of which he also wrote. * * *
Ardmore
/ahrd"mawr, -mohr/, n. a city in S Oklahoma. 23,689. * * * ▪ Oklahoma, United States       city, seat (1907) of Carter county, southern Oklahoma, U.S., north of the ...
Ardon, Mordecai
▪ Israeli painter Mordecai also spelled  Mordekhai , original name  Max Bronstein  born July 13, 1896, Tuchow, Galicia, Austria-Hungary [now in Poland] died June 18, 1992, ...
ardor
/ahr"deuhr/, n. 1. great warmth of feeling; fervor; passion: She spoke persuasively and with ardor. 2. intense devotion, eagerness, or enthusiasm; zeal: his well-known ardor for ...
ardour
ardour [är′dər] n. Brit. sp. of ARDOR * * * ar·dour (ärʹdər) n. Chiefly British Variant of ardor. * * *
ARDS
Pathol. adult respiratory distress syndrome. See respiratory distress syndrome (def. 2). * * * District (pop., 2001: 73,244), Northern Ireland. Formerly part of County Down, ...
Arduino, Giovanni
▪ Italian geologist born , Oct. 16, 1714, Caprino Veronese, Veneto, republic of Venice [Italy] died March 21, 1795, Venice       the father of Italian geology, who ...
arduous
—arduously, adv. —arduousness, n. /ahr"jooh euhs/ or, esp. Brit., /ahr"dyooh-/, adj. 1. requiring great exertion; laborious; difficult: an arduous undertaking. 2. requiring ...
arduously
See arduous. * * *
arduousness
See arduously. * * *
are
are1 /ahr/; unstressed /euhr/, v. pres. indic. pl. and 2nd pers. sing. of be. [bef. 900; ME aren, are, arn, OE (Northumbrian) aron; c. ON eru, 3rd pers. pl. See ART2] are2 /air, ...
area
—areal, adj. —areally, adv. /air"ee euh/, n. 1. any particular extent of space or surface; part: the dark areas in the painting; the dusty area of the room. 2. a geographical ...
area bombing
aerial bombing in which bombs are dropped over the general area of a target. Cf. pattern bombing, precision bombing. [1940-45] * * *
area code
a three-digit code that identifies one of the telephone areas into which the U.S. and certain other countries are divided and that precedes the local telephone number when ...
area opaca
/oh pay"keuh/, Embryol. the opaque area of the blastoderm surrounding the area pellucida. [ < NL] * * *
area pellucida
/peuh looh"si deuh/, Embryol. the translucent central area of the blastoderm of birds and reptiles within which the embryo develops. [ < NL] * * *
area rug
a rug designed to cover only part of a floor. [‡1980-85] * * *
area study
anthropological or sociological research intended to gather and relate data on various aspects of a geographical region and its inhabitants, as natural resources, history, ...
area vasculosa
/vas'kyeuh loh"seuh/, Embryol. that part of the area opaca in which the blood cells and vessels are formed. [ < NL; see AREA, VASCULUM, -OSE1] * * *
area vitellina
/vit'l uy"neuh/, Embryol. the nonvascular part of the area opaca surrounding the area vasculosa. [ < NL: vitelline area] * * *
areacode
area code n. 1. A three-digit number assigned to a geographical area in the United States, Canada, and the Caribbean, used before a seven-digit telephone number when placing a ...
areal
See area. * * *
areal velocity
Astron. a measure of the velocity of one celestial body in orbit about another, equal to the area swept out per unit time by the vector joining the two bodies. [1960-65] * * *
areally
See areal. * * *
arearug
area rug n. A rug that covers a limited area of floor space in a room. * * *
Areas and volumes of the Great Lakes
▪ Table Areas and volumes of the Great Lakes     surface area     volume sq mi sq km world rank cu mi cu km world ...
areas of outstanding natural beauty
➡ national parks and protected areas * * *
areaway
/air"ee euh way'/, n. 1. a sunken area leading to a cellar or basement entrance, or in front of basement or cellar windows. 2. a passageway, esp. one between ...
areca
/euh ree"keuh, ar"i-/, n. any tropical Asian palm of the genus Areca, as the betel palm. [1500-10; < NL (earlier E sps. reflect Pg or F); all ult. < Malayalam ataykka] * * *
areca nut.
See betal nut. * * *
Arecales
▪ plant order Introduction  order of flowering plants that contains only one family, Arecaceae (also known as Palmae), which comprises the palms (palm). Nearly 2,400 species ...
arecanut
areca nut n. See betel nut. * * *
Arecibo
/ahr'euh see"boh/; Sp. /ah"rdde see"baw/, n. a seaport in N Puerto Rico. 83,300. * * * ▪ Puerto Rico       town, northern Puerto Rico. It lies on a small inlet near ...
Arecibo Observatory
a radio-astronomy and ionospheric observatory near Arecibo, Puerto Rico: site of one of the world's largest single-dish radio telescopes, 1000 ft. (305 m) in diameter. * * ...
Arecibo River
▪ river, Puerto Rico Spanish  in full Río Grande De Arecibo,         river in west-central Puerto Rico. The Arecibo River rises in the Cordillera Central just east ...
arecoline
/euh ree"keuh leen', -lin, euh rek"euh-, ar"i keuh-/, n. a toxic alkaloid obtained from the seeds of the areca, used chiefly in veterinary medicine as an agent for killing and ...
areligious
/ay'ri lij"euhs/, adj. unconcerned with or indifferent to religious matters. [A-6 + RELIGIOUS] * * *
ARELS
a British organization of independent English language schools. Most British language schools that have been approved of officially by the British Council are members of ARELS. * ...
aren't
/ahrnt, ahr"euhnt/ 1. contraction of are not. 2. contraction of am not (used interrogatively). [as contr. of am not, a doublet of AIN'T (without raising of the vowel), sp. aren't ...
arena
/euh ree"neuh/, n. 1. the oval space in the center of a Roman amphitheater for gladiatorial combats or other performances. 2. a central stage, ring, area, or the like, used for ...
Arena Chapel
a private chapel in Padua containing a fresco cycle painted (1305-06) by Giotto. Also called Scrovegni Chapel. * * * ▪ chapel, Padua, Italy also called  Scrovegni ...
arena theater
a theater with seats arranged on at least three sides around a central stage. Also called theater-in-the-round. [1940-45] * * *
arenaceous
/ar'euh nay"sheuhs/, adj. 1. Geol., Petrol. (of rocks) sandlike; sandy. 2. Bot. growing in sand. [1640-50; < L (h)arenaceus. See ARENA, -ACEOUS] * * *
Arenas, Reinaldo
▪ Cuban writer born July 16, 1943, Holguín, Oriente, Cuba died Dec. 7, 1990, New York, N.Y., U.S.       Cuban-born writer of extraordinary and unconventional novels ...
arenatheater
arena theater n. A theater without a proscenium, in which the stage is at the center of the auditorium and is surrounded by seats. Also called theater-in-the-round. * * *
arenavirus
/ahr'en ay"vuy'reuhs/, n., pl. arenaviruses. any of various RNA-containing viruses of the family Arenaviridae, usu. transmitted to humans by contact with excreta of infected ...
Arend-Roland, Comet
▪ astronomy       long-period comet remarkable for its anomalous second tail, which projects toward rather than away from the Sun. It was one of the brightest naked-eye ...
Arendal
▪ Norway       town and port, southern Norway. Its excellent harbour is on Tromøy Sound, a protected sound sheltered by the offshore island of Tromøy. A port since ...
Arendt
/air"euhnt, ahr"-/, n. Hannah, 1906-75, U.S. author, political scientist, and teacher, born in Germany. * * *
Arendt, Hannah
born Oct. 14, 1906, Hannover, Ger. died Dec. 4, 1975, New York, N.Y., U.S. German-born U.S. political theorist. She obtained her doctorate from the University of Heidelberg. ...
Arendt,Hannah
A·rendt (ârʹənt, ärʹ-), Hannah. 1906-1975. German-born American historian and political theorist whose major published works include The Origins of Totalitarianism (1951) ...
arenicolous
/ar'euh nik"euh leuhs/, adj. inhabiting sand. [1850-55; < L (h)aren(a) (see ARENA) + -I- + -COLOUS] * * *
arenite
/ar"euh nuyt', euh ree"-/, n. Geol. psammite. [ < L (h)aren(a) sand + -ITE1] * * * ▪ rock       any sedimentary rock that consists of sand-sized particles (0.06–2 ...
arenose
—arenosity /ar'euh nos"i tee/, n. /ar"euh nohs'/, adj. sandy; gritty. Also, arenous /ar"euh neuhs/, arenulous /euh ren"yeuh leuhs/. [1400-50; late ME arenous < L (h)arenosus ...
Arenosol
▪ FAO soil group  one of the 30 soil groups in the classification system of the Food and Agriculture Organization (FAO) (soil). Arenosols are sandy-textured soils that lack ...
Arensky
/euh ren"skee/; Russ. /u rddyen"skyee/, n. Anton Stepanovich /un tawn" styi pah"neuh vyich/, 1861-1906, Russian composer. * * *
Arensky, Anton
▪ Russian composer in full  Anton Stepanovich Arensky  born June 30 [July 12, New Style], 1861, Novgorod, Russia died February 12 [February 25], 1906, Terijoki, Finland, ...
areo-
a combining form meaning "the planet Mars," used in the formation of compound words: areocentric. [ < Gk Áreo(s), gen. of Áres ARES] * * *
areocentric
/air'ee oh sen"trik/, adj. Astron. centered on the planet Mars. [1875-80; AREO- + CENTRIC] * * *
areola
—areolar, adj. —areolate /euh ree"euh lit, -layt'/, areolated /euh ree"euh lay'tid/, adj. —areolation /air'ee euh lay"sheuhn/, n. /euh ree"euh leuh/, n., pl. areolae ...
areolar
See areola. * * *
areolate
See areolar. * * *
areolation
See areolar. * * *
areole
/air"ee ohl'/, n. Biol. an areola. [1855-60; < F aréole < L areola a small open space. See AREOLA] * * *
areology
—areologic /air'ee euh loj"ik/, areological, adj. —areologically, adv. —areologist, n. /air'ee ol"euh jee/, n. Astron. the observation and study of the planet Mars. [AREO- ...
Areopagite
—Areopagitic /ar'ee op'euh jit"ik/, adj. /ar'ee op"euh juyt', -guyt'/, n. Gk. Hist. a member of the council of the Areopagus. [ < L Areopagites < Gk Areiopagítes a member of ...
Areopagitic
See Areopagite. * * *
Areopagus
/ar'ee op"euh geuhs/, n. 1. a hill in Athens, Greece, W of the Acropolis. 2. Gk. Hist. the council that met on this hill, originally having wide public functions but later ...
areostyle
/euh ree"euh stuyl', ar"ee oh-/, adj. araeostyle. * * *
areosystyle
/euh ree'euh sis"tuyl, ar'ee oh-/, adj. araeosystyle. * * *
arepa
a·re·pa (ə-rāʹpə) n. A baked or fried cornmeal cake of traditional Colombian cuisine.   [Cariban ərepa, maize.] * * *
Arequipa
/ar'euh kee"pah/; Sp. /ah'rdde kee"pah/, n. a city in S Peru. 302,316. * * * City (pop., 1998 est.: 710,103), southern Peru. Located in the Andes Mountains at an elevation of ...
Ares
/air"eez/, n. the ancient Greek god of war, a son of Zeus and Hera, identified by the Romans with Mars. * * * Greek god of war. Unlike his Roman counterpart, Mars, his worship ...
Aretaeus Of Cappadocia
▪ Greek physician flourished 2nd century AD       Greek physician from Cappadocia who practiced in Rome and Alexandria, led a revival of Hippocrates' teachings, and is ...
arete
/ahr'i tay"/, n. the aggregate of qualities, as valor and virtue, making up good character. [ < Gk areté] * * * ▪ glacial landform       (French: “ridge”), in ...
arête
/euh rayt"/, n. Phys. Geog., Geol. a sharp rugged mountain ridge, produced by glaciation. [1860-65; < F; OF areste sharp ridge < L arista awn, ear of wheat] * * * ▪ glacial ...
Aretha Franklin
➡ Franklin (I) * * *
arethusa
/ar'euh thooh"zeuh/, n. 1. Also called dragon's mouth, swamp pink. an orchid, Arethusa bulbosa, of eastern North America, having a solitary pink flower with a blotched, fringed ...
Aretino
/ahr'i tee"noh/; It. /ah'rdde tee"naw/, n. Pietro /pye"trddaw/, 1492-1556, Italian satirist and dramatist. * * *
Aretino, Pietro
born April 20, 1492, Arezzo, Republic of Florence [Italy] died Oct. 21, 1556, Venice Italian poet, prose writer, and dramatist. He was celebrated throughout Europe in his time ...
Aretino,Pietro
A·re·ti·no (ăr'ə-tēʹnō, är'-), Pietro. 1492-1556. Italian writer and satirist best known for his literary attacks on his wealthy and powerful contemporaries and for six ...
Arevaci
▪ Celtiberian tribe       a Celtiberian tribe, thought by Classical writers to have formed from the mingling of pre-Roman Iberians and Celts, who inhabited an area near ...
Arévalo (Bermejo), Juan José
born Sept. 10, 1904, Taxisco, Guat. died Oct. 6, 1990, Guatemala City President of Guatemala (1945–51). Soon after earning his doctorate, he went to Argentina, where he held ...
Arévalo Martínez, Rafael
▪ Guatemalan writer born July 25, 1884, Guatemala City, Guatemala died June 12, 1975, Guatemala City       novelist, short-story writer, poet, diplomat, and director of ...
Arezzo
/euh ret"soh/; It. /ah rddet"tsaw/, n. a city in central Italy. 312,514. * * * ▪ Italy Latin  Arretium,    city, Toscana ( Tuscany) regione, north-central Italy, in a ...
arf
/ahrf/, interj. (used to imitate the bark of a dog). * * *
Arfersiorfik Fjord
▪ fjord, Greenland       fjord in western Greenland, extending east from Davis Strait to the inland icecap. It is 95 miles (152 km) long with a maximum width of 15 miles ...
Arfons, Art
▪ American race–car driver byname of  Arthur Eugene Arfons   born Feb. 3, 1926, Akron, Ohio, U.S. died Dec. 3, 2007, Akron  American automotive racer, three-time holder ...
Arfons, Art(hur) Eugene
▪ 2008       American automotive racer born Feb. 3, 1926, Akron, Ohio died Dec. 3, 2007, Akron was a three-time holder of the world's land-speed record for wheeled ...
arfvedsonite
/ahr"vid seuh nuyt'/, n. Mineral. a sodium-rich amphibole, occurring in green to black crystals in alkalic rocks. [1830-40; named after J. A. Arfvedson (d. 1841), Swedish ...
Arg
Biochem. arginine. * * *
arg-
To shine; white; the shining or white metal, silver. Oldest form *ə₂(e)rg̑-, colored to *ə₂(a)rg̑-, becoming *arg̑- in satem languages and *arg- in centum languages. 1. ...
Arg.
Argentina. * * *
argal
argal1 /ahr"geuhl/, n. Chem. argol. argal2 /ahr"geuhl/, n. argali. argal3 /ahr"geuhl/, conj., adv. Literary. therefore: used facetiously to indicate that the reasoning that had ...
argala
argala [är′gə lə] n. 〚Hindi hargīla〛 1. a stork of India, the adjutant 2. an African stork, the marabou * * *
argali
/ahr"geuh lee/, n., pl. argali. a wild sheep, Ovis ammon, of Asia, having long, curved horns that typically form an open, outwardly extended spiral: rare or endangered. Also, ...
Argall
/ahr"gawl, -geuhl/, n. Sir Samuel, 1572-1639, British explorer: colonial governor of Virginia 1617-19. * * *
Argall, Sir Samuel
▪ English sailor born c. 1572, , Bristol, Gloucestershire, Eng. died c. 1626       English sailor and adventurer who defended British colonists in North America against ...
Argana Ferraro, Luis Maria
▪ 2000       Paraguayan vice president whose battle for power among the bitterly struggling factions of the ruling Colorado Party led to his assassination (b. Oct. 9, ...
Argand burner
/ahr"gand, -gahnd, -geuhnd/ a type of oil or gas burner in which air is fed directly into the flame through a metal tube inside a cylindrical wick. [1780-90; named after Aimé ...
Argand diagram
Math. a Cartesian coordinate system consisting of two perpendicular axes for graphing complex numbers, the real part of a number being plotted along the horizontal axis and the ...
Argand lamp
an oil lamp with a chimney, having a tubular wick that permits air to reach the center of the flame. [1795-1805; named after A. Argand. See ARGAND BURNER] * * *
argasid
/ahr"geuh sid/, n. 1. any of the numerous ticks of the family Argasidae, comprising the soft ticks. adj. 2. belonging or pertaining to the family Argasidae. [ < NL Argasidae name ...
Argead Dynasty
▪ Macedonian ruling house       ruling house of ancient Macedonia from about 700 to about 311 BC; under their leadership the Macedonian kingdom was created and gradually ...
Argelander
/ahrdd'geuh lahn"deuhrdd/, n. Friedrich Wilhelm August /frddee"drddikh vil"helm ow"goost/, 1799-1875, German astronomer. * * *
Argelander, Friedrich Wilhelm August
▪ Prussian astronomer born March 22, 1799, Memel, East Prussia died Feb. 17, 1875, Bonn       German astronomer who established the study of variable stars as an ...
Argens, Jean-Baptiste de Boyer, marquis d'
▪ French author born June 27, 1703, Aix-en-Provence, France died January 12, 1771, Toulon  French writer who helped disseminate the skeptical ideas of the Enlightenment by ...
Argenson, René-Louis de Voyer de Paulmy, marquis d'
▪ French minister born Oct. 18, 1694, Paris, France died Jan. 26, 1757, Paris  French minister of foreign affairs under King Louis XV from 1744 to 1747. The son of a lawyer, ...
argent
/ahr"jeuhnt/, n. 1. Heraldry. the tincture or metal silver. 2. Archaic. a. silver. b. something silvery or white. 3. Obs. money. adj. 4. like silver; silvery white. 5. Heraldry. ...
argent-
var. of argento-, esp. before a vowel. Also, argenti-. * * *
Argenta
▪ Italy       town, Emilia-Romagna region, northeastern Italy, on the Fiume (river) Reno, southeast of Ferrara city. It has some fine medieval and Renaissance ...
argentaffin cell
▪ anatomy       one of the round or partly flattened cells occurring in the lining tissue of the digestive tract and containing granules thought to be of secretory ...
argental
/ahr jen"tl/, adj. of, pertaining to, containing, or resembling silver. [1810-20; ARGENT- + -AL1] * * *
Argentan lace
▪ lace French  Point D'argentan,    lace made at the French town of Argentan from the 17th century, when Louis XIV's minister Jean-Baptiste Colbert founded the lace ...
argenteous
/ahr jen"tee euhs/, adj. silvery. Also, argentate /ahr"jeuhn tayt'/. [1880-85; < L argenteus. See ARGENT-, -EOUS] * * *
Argenteuil
/annrdd zhahonn tue"yeu/, n. a city in N France, on the Seine near Paris. 103,141. * * * ▪ France       town, Val-d'Oise département, Île-de-France région, northern ...
Argentia
▪ Newfoundland, Canada       village, southeastern Newfoundland, Newfoundland and Labrador, Canada. The village is situated along the west coast of the Avalon ...
argentic
/ahr jen"tik/, adj. Chem. of or containing silver and having a valence greater than the corresponding argentous compound. [1865-70; ARGENT- + -IC] * * *
argentiferous
/ahr'jeuhn tif"euhr euhs/, adj. silver-bearing. [1795-1805; < L argent(um) silver + -I- + -FEROUS] * * *
Argentina
/ahr'jeuhn tee"neuh/; Sp. /ahrdd'hen tee"nah/, n. a republic in S South America. 35,797,536; 1,084,120 sq. mi. (2,807,870 sq. km). Cap.: Buenos Aires. Also called the Argentine. ...
Argentina, flag of
▪ Flag History       horizontally striped celeste-white-celeste national flag, often including a central golden sun. Its width-to-length ratio varies: proportions of 1 ...
Argentina, La
▪ Spanish dancer byname of  Antonia Mercé Y Luque   born Sept. 4, 1890, Buenos Aires, Arg. died July 18, 1936, Bayonne, France       dancer who originated the ...
argentine
argentine1 /ahr"jeuhn tin, -tuyn'/, adj. 1. pertaining to or resembling silver. n. 2. a silvery substance, esp. one obtained from fish scales, used in making imitation ...
Argentine
/ahr"jeuhn teen', -tuyn'/, n. 1. a native or inhabitant of Argentina. 2. Argentina (usually prec. by the): They vacationed in the Argentine. adj. 3. of or pertaining to ...
Argentine ant
a small brown ant, Iridomyrmex humilis, introduced into the southern U.S. from South America: a household and fruit pest. [1905-10] * * *
Argentine Basin
▪ submarine basin, Atlantic Ocean       submarine basin in the floor of the Atlantic Ocean, lying directly east of Argentina. Its deepest sections, the western and ...
Argentine Museum of Natural Sciences
▪ museum, Buenos Aires, Argentina Spanish  Museo Argentino De Ciencias Naturales “Bernardino Rivadavia”        national museum (founded 1823) in Buenos Aires. It ...
Argentinean
See Argentine. * * *
argentite
/ahr"jeuhn tuyt'/, n. a dark lead-gray sectile mineral, silver sulfide, Ag2S, occurring in crystals and as formless aggregates: an important ore of silver. [1830-40; ARGENT- + ...
argento-
a combining form meaning "silver," used in the formation of compound words: argento-cuprous sulfide. Also, argenti-; esp. before a vowel, argent-. [ < L argent(um) + -o-] * * *
argentous
/ahr jen"teuhs/, adj. Chem. containing univalent silver, as argentous chloride, AgCl. [1865-70; ARGENT- + -OUS] * * *
argentum
/ahr jen"teuhm/, n. Chem. silver. Symbol: Ag [ < L] * * *
Argerich, Martha
born June 5, 1941, Buenos Aires, Arg. Argentine pianist. A prodigy, she began concertizing before she was 10. In 1955 she went to Europe, where her teachers included Arturo ...
Argeș
▪ county, Romania       județ (county), southern Romania. The Transylvanian Alps (Southern Carpathians) and the sub-Carpathians rise above the settlement areas that ...
Argeş River
▪ river, Romania       river, that rises in the South ern Carpathians, on the southern faces of Moldoveanu and Negoiu peaks in the Făgăraş Range, southern Romania. ...
Arghezi, Tudor
▪ Romanian author pseudonym of  Ion N. Theodorescu  born May 21, 1880, Bucharest, Rom. died July 14, 1967, Bucharest       Romanian poet, novelist, and essayist whose ...
arghool
/ahr goohl"/, n. an Arabian wind instrument of the oboe family, consisting of two pipes, one of which is a drone. [ < dial. Ar arghul] * * *
Arghūn
▪ ruler of Iran born c. 1258 died March 10, 1291, Bāghcha, Arrān, Iran       fourth Mongol Il-Khan (subordinate khan) of Iran (reigned 1284–91). He was the father ...
Argie
/ahr"jee/, n. Chiefly Brit. Slang (often disparaging). an Argentine. Also, Argy. [ARG(ENTINEAN) + -IE] * * *
argil
/ahr"jil/, n. clay, esp. potter's clay. [1350-1400; ME argilla < L < Gk árgillos, equiv. to arg(ós) white + -il(l)os n. suffix] * * *
argillaceous
/ahr'jeuh lay"sheuhs/, adj. 1. Geol., Petrol. of the nature of or resembling clay; clayey. 2. containing a considerable amount of clayey matter. [1725-35; < L argillaceus ...
argillite
—argillitic /ahr'jeuh lit"ik/, adj. /ahr"jeuh luyt'/, n. any compact sedimentary rock composed mainly of clay materials; clay stone. [1785-95; < L argill(a) ARGIL + -ITE1] * * *
arginase
/ahr"jeuh nays', -nayz'/, n. Biochem. a liver enzyme that converts arginine to urea. [1900-05; < G Arginase; see ARGININE, -ASE] * * *
arginine
/ahr"jeuh neen', -nuyn', -nin/, n. Biochem. an essential amino acid, C6H14N4O2: the free amino acid increases insulin secretion and is converted to urea in the liver by arginase. ...
Argive
/ahr"juyv, -guyv/, adj. 1. of or pertaining to Argos. 2. Greek. n. 3. a native of Argos. 4. a Greek. [1590-1600; < L Argivus < Gk Argeîos of Argos] * * *
argle-bargle
/ahr"geuhl bahr"geuhl/, n. Chiefly Brit. argy-bargy. [1870-75; redupl. of argle, var. of ARGUE] * * *
Argo
—Argoan, adj. /ahr"goh/, n., gen. Argus /ahr"geuhs/ for 1. 1. Astron. a very large southern constellation, now divided into Vela, Carina, Puppis, and Pyxis, four separate ...
argol
/ahr"geuhl/, n. a crude tartar, produced as a by-product in casks by the fermentation of wine grapes, used as a mordant in dyeing, in the manufacture of tartaric acid, and in ...
Argolis
—Argolic /ahr gol"ik/, Argolian /ahr goh"lee euhn/, Argolid, adj. /ahr"geuh lis/, n. 1. an ancient district in SE Greece. 2. Gulf of, a gulf of the Aegean, in SE Greece. ab. 30 ...
Argolis, Gulf of
▪ gulf, Greece Modern Greek  Argolikós Kólpos,    deep inlet of the Mirtóön Sea, a western arm of the Aegean, eastern Peloponnese, Greece; it is separated from the Gulf ...
Argolis,Gulf of
Argolis, Gulf of An inlet of the Aegean Sea on the eastern coast of the Peloponnesus in southern Greece. * * *
argon
/ahr"gon/, n. Chem. a colorless, odorless, chemically inactive, monatomic, gaseous element that, because of its inertness, is used for filling fluorescent and incandescent lamps ...
Argonaut
—Argonautic, adj. /ahr"geuh nawt', -not'/, n. 1. Class. Myth. a member of the band of men who sailed to Colchis with Jason in the ship Argo in search of the Golden Fleece. 2. ...
Argonauts
In Greek legend, a band of 50 heroes who went with Jason in the ship Argo to retrieve the Golden Fleece from the grove of Ares at Colchis. They had many adventures before ...
Argonne
Argonne [är′gän΄] wooded region in NE France, near the Belgian border * * * Ar·gonne (är-gŏnʹ, ärʹgŏn) A wooded and hilly region of northeast France between the ...
Argonne Forest
/ahr"gon, ahr gon"/; Fr. /annrdd gawn"/ a wooded region in NE France: battles, World War I, 1918; World War II, 1944. Also called Argonne /annrdd gawn"/. * * *
Argonne National Laboratory
▪ laboratory, Argonne, Illinois, United States  the first U.S. national research laboratory, located in Argonne, Illinois, some 40 km (25 miles) southwest of Chicago, and ...
Argos
/ahr"gos, -geuhs/, n. an ancient city in SE Greece, on the Gulf of Argolis: a powerful rival of Sparta, Athens, and Corinth. * * * Ancient city-state, northeastern Peloponnese, ...
argosy
/ahr"geuh see/, n., pl. argosies. 1. a large merchant ship, esp. one with a rich cargo. 2. a fleet of such ships. 3. an opulent supply. [1570-80; earlier ragusy < It (nave) ...
Argos{™}
any of a chain of large shops in Britain selling electrical and other goods, usually at low prices. Only a small number of the goods on sale are displayed. People order in the ...
argot
—argotic /ahr got"ik/, adj. /ahr"goh, -geuht/, n. 1. a specialized idiomatic vocabulary peculiar to a particular class or group of people, esp. that of an underworld group, ...
Argovie
/annrdd gaw vee"/, n. French name of Aargau. * * *
arguable
—arguably, adv. /ahr"gyooh euh beuhl/, adj. 1. susceptible to debate, challenge, or doubt; questionable: Whether this is the best plan of action or not is arguable. 2. ...
arguably
arguably [är′gyo͞o əblē] adv. as can be supported by argument * * * See arguable. * * *
argue
—arguer, n. /ahr"gyooh/, v., argued, arguing. v.i. 1. to present reasons for or against a thing: He argued in favor of capital punishment. 2. to contend in oral disagreement; ...
Argüedas
/ahrdd gwe"dhahs/, n. Alcides /ahl see"dhes/, 1879-1946, Bolivian author, sociologist, and statesman. * * *
Arguedas Mendieta, Antonio
▪ 2001       Bolivian political leader (b. 1929?, Bolivia—d. Feb. 22, 2000, La Paz, Bol.), rose to become Bolivia's minister of the interior during the 1964–69 ...
Arguedas, Alcides
▪ Bolivian author born July 15, 1879, La Paz, Bolivia died May 8, 1946, Chulumani       Bolivian novelist, journalist, sociologist, historian, and diplomat whose ...
Arguedas, José María
▪ Peruvian author born January 18, 1911, Andahuaylas, Peru died November 28, 1969, Lima       Peruvian novelist, short-story writer, and ethnologist whose writings ...
Arguello, Alexis
▪ Nicaraguan boxer born April 19, 1952, Managua, Nicaragua       Nicaraguan professional boxer who was world featherweight, junior-lightweight, and lightweight champion ...
arguer
See argue. * * *
argufier
See argufy. * * *
argufy
—argufier, n. /ahr"gyeuh fuy'/, v.t., v.i., argufied, argufying. Chiefly South Midland and Southern U.S. to argue, dispute, or wrangle. [1745-55; ARGUE + -FY] * * *
Arguin Island
▪ island, Mauritania       island off the coast of Mauritania; it lies about 50 miles (80 km) southeast of Cape Blanc, in a sheltered Atlantic inlet (Arguin Bay). The ...
argument
/ahr"gyeuh meuhnt/, n. 1. an oral disagreement; verbal opposition; contention; altercation: a violent argument. 2. a discussion involving differing points of view; debate: They ...
argument from design
Philos. See teleological argument. * * * or teleological argument Argument for the existence of God. According to one version: The universe as a whole is like a machine; ...
argumenta
ar·gu·men·ta (är'gyə-mĕnʹtə) n. Plural of argumentum. * * *
argumentation
—argumentatious, adj. /ahr'gyeuh men tay"sheuhn/, n. 1. the process of developing or presenting an argument; reasoning. 2. discussion; debate; disputation: The lengthy ...
argumentative
—argumentatively, adv. —argumentativeness, n. /ahr'gyeuh men"teuh tiv/, adj. 1. fond of or given to argument and dispute; disputatious; contentious: The law students were an ...
argumentatively
See argumentative. * * *
argumentativeness
See argumentatively. * * *
argumentum
/ahr'gyeuh men"teuhm/, n., pl. argumenta /-teuh/. argument (def. 3). [ < L] * * *
Argun
/ahr goohn"/, n. Older Spelling. a river in NE Asia, forming part of the boundary between the Russian Federation and China. ab. 450 mi. (725 km) long. Also called Ergun He. * * *
Argun River
Chinese Ergun He or O-erh-ku-na Ho River, northeastern Asia. Rising in the Da Hinggan (Greater Khingan) Range, it runs about 450 mi (724 km), forming part of the boundary ...
Argungu
▪ Nigeria       town and traditional emirate, Kebbi state, northwestern Nigeria. The town is on the Sokoto (Kebbi) River and lies at the intersection of roads from ...
ArgunRiver
Ar·gun River (är-go͞onʹ) also Er·gun He (ĕrʹgo͞onʹ hĕʹ, ĕrʹgwänʹ hŭʹ) A river of east-central Asia rising in northeast China and flowing about 1,529 km (950 ...
Argus
/ahr"geuhs/, n. 1. Class. Myth. a giant with 100 eyes, set to guard the heifer Io: his eyes were transferred after his death to the peacock's tail. 2. a son of Phrixus and ...
argus tortoise beetle.
See under tortoise beetle. * * *
Argus-eyed
/ahr"geuhs uyd'/, adj. having keen eyes; vigilant; watchful. * * *
arguspheasant
ar·gus pheasant (ärʹgəs) n. A large bird (Argusianus argus) of southern Asia and the East Indies, having long tail feathers marked with brilliantly colored, eyelike ...
arguta
/ahr gyooh"teuh/, n. the green, smooth-skinned, edible fruit of an Asian vine, Actinidia arguta. [ < NL, the species name, fem of L argutus pungent, sharp, producing a clear, ...
Argy
/ahr"jee/, n., pl. Argies. Argie. * * *
argy-bargy
/ahr"gee bahr"gee/, n., pl. argy-bargies. Chiefly Brit. a vigorous discussion or dispute. [1595-1605; see ARGLE-BARGLE] * * *
argyle
/ahr"guyl/, (often cap.) adj. 1. (of knitted articles) having a diamond-shaped pattern in two or more colors. n. 2. a diamond-shaped pattern of two or more colors, used in ...
Argyle, Lake
▪ lake, Australia  one of Australia's largest reservoirs, in the Kimberley plateau region, northeastern Western Australia.       Formed by the Ord River Dam (1972), ...
Argyll
/ahr guyl"/, n. a historic county in W Scotland. Also called Argyllshire /ahr guyl"shear, -sheuhr/. * * *
Argyll and Bute
Argyll and Bute administrative division of Scotland: formerly a district * * * ▪ council area, Scotland, United Kingdom       council area, western Scotland, extending ...
Argyll, Archibald Campbell, 10th Earl and 1st Duke of, Marquess Of Kintyre And Lorne, Earl Of Campbell And Cowall, Viscount Of Lochow And Glenyla, Lord Of Inverary, Mull, Morvern, And Tirie
▪ Scottish revolutionary leader [1651-1703] born 1651? died September 25, 1703, Cherton House, near Newcastle-upon-Tyne, Northumberland, England       one of the ...
Argyll, Archibald Campbell, 1st Marquess and 8th Earl of, Lord Campbell, Lord Lorne, Lord Of Kintyre
▪ Scottish politician [1607-61] born 1607? died May 27, 1661, Edinburgh, Scot.  leader of Scotland's anti-Royalist party during the English Civil Wars between King Charles I ...
Argyll, Archibald Campbell, 3rd Duke of
born June 1682, Ham House, Petersham, Surrey, Eng. died April 15, 1761, London       brother of the 2nd Duke of Argyll, and a prominent politician during the early ...
Argyll, Archibald Campbell, 5th Earl of, Lord Campbell, Lord Lorne
▪ Scottish Protestant leader [1532-73] born c. 1532 died Sept. 12, 1573       Scottish Protestant who supported Mary, Queen of Scots.       Campbell succeeded ...
Argyll, Archibald Campbell, 9th Earl of, Lord Campbell, Lorne, and Kintyre
▪ Scottish Protestant leader [1629-85] born Feb. 26, 1629, Dalkeith, Midlothian, Scot. died June 30, 1685, Edinburgh       Scottish Protestant leader who was executed ...
Argyll, John Campbell, 2nd Duke of, Duke Of Greenwich, Marquess Of Kintyre And Lorne, Earl Of Campbell And Cowall, Earl Of Greenwich, Viscount Of Lochow And Glenyla, Baron Of Chatham, Lord Of
▪ British official and soldier born October 10, 1678, Petersham, Surrey, Eng. died October 4, 1743, Petersham       Scottish supporter of the union with England and ...
Argyll, Margaret, Duchess of
▪ 1994       British socialite (b. Dec. 1, 1912, Newton Mearns, Renfrewshire, Scotland—d. July 26, 1993, London, England), was an elegant society hostess and one of ...
Argyllshire
▪ former county, Scotland, United Kingdom also called  Argyll , Gaelic  Earraghaidheal (“Coastland of the Gael”)        historic county in western Scotland. ...
argyrodite
argyrodite [är jir′ə dīt΄] n. 〚< Gr argyrōdēs, rich in silver < argyros (see ARGENT) + -ITE1〛 a dark gray, soft mineral, Ag8GeS6, found in silver veins, and used as a ...
Argyrol
/ahr"jeuh rawl', -rol'/, Pharm., Trademark. See mild silver protein. * * *
Argyropoulos, John
▪ Byzantine educator born 1415, Constantinople [now Istanbul, Turkey] died June 26, 1487, Rome, Papal States [Italy]       Byzantine humanist and active promoter of the ...
Arhat
—Arhatship, n. /ahrdd"heuht/, n. a Buddhist who has attained Nirvana through rigorous discipline and ascetic practices. Cf. Bodhisattva. Also, Arhant /ahr"heuhnt/. [1865-70; < ...
arhatship
See arhat. * * *
Århus
/awr"hoohs/, n. a seaport in E Jutland, in Denmark. 245,941. Also, Aarhus. * * * or Aarhus Seaport (pop., 2001: 286,688), eastern Jutland, Denmark. It lies along Århus Bay ...
arhythmia
—arhythmic /euh ridh"mik, euh rith"-/, arhythmical, adj. —arhythmically, adv. /euh ridh"mee euh, euh rith"-/, n. Pathol. arrhythmia. * * *
Ari Thorgilsson the Learned
▪ Icelandic historian born c. 1067 died November 9, 1148       Icelandic chieftain, priest, and historian whose Íslendingabók (Libellus Islandorum; The Book of the ...
aria
/ahr"ee euh, air"ee euh/, n. 1. an air or melody. 2. an elaborate melody sung solo with accompaniment, as in an opera or oratorio. [1735-45; < It; see AIR1] * * * Solo song with ...
Aria
/ahr"ee euh, euh ruy"euh/, n. Class. Myth. a nymph, the mother of Miletus, by Apollo. * * * Solo song with instrumental accompaniment in opera, cantata, or oratorio. The ...
aria da capo
/ahr"ee euh deuh kah"poh/, pl. arias da capo. an operatic aria in three sections with the first and third sections alike and the middle section contrasting. [ < It: lit., air ...
Ariadne
/ar'ee ad"nee/, n. 1. Class. Myth. a daughter of Minos and Pasiphaë who gave Theseus the thread by which he escaped from the labyrinth: deserted by Theseus on Naxos, she became ...
Arian
/air"ee euhn, ar"-/, adj. 1. of or pertaining to Arius or Arianism. n. 2. an adherent of Arianism. [1525-35; < LL Arianus of, pertaining to ARIUS; see -AN] /air"ee euhn, ar"-/, ...
Ariane
/ar'ee an"/; Fr. /ann rddyannn"/, n. 1. Rocketry. a French-built, three-stage, liquid-propellant rocket for launching satellites into orbit around the earth. 2. a female given ...
Arianism
—Arianistic, Arianistical, adj. /air"ee euh niz'euhm, ar"-/, n. Theol. the doctrine, taught by Arius, that Christ the Son was not consubstantial with God the ...
Ariano Irpino
▪ Italy       town, Campania regione, southern Italy. It is situated on a rocky eminence in the Apennines, east of Benevento, in a fertile district that has often been ...
Ariaramnes
▪ king of Persia also spelled  Ariyaramna  flourished 7th century BC       early Achaemenid king of Persia (reigned c. 640–c. 615).       The son of the ...
Arias Dávila, Pedro
▪ Spanish colonial administrator also  Pedro Arias de Ávila , also called  Pedrarias  born 1440?, Segovia, Castile [Spain] died March 6, 1531, León, New Spain [now in ...
Arias de Saavedra, Hernando
▪ governor of Río de la Plata byname  Hernandarias  born 1561?, Asunción [now in Paraguay] died 1634, Santa Fe [now in Argentina]       Spanish-American explorer, ...
Arias Navarro, Carlos
▪ prime minister of Spain born December 11, 1908, Madrid, Spain died November 27, 1989, Madrid       Spanish politician, the only civilian premier appointed by dictator ...
Arias Sánchez, Oscar
born Sept. 13, 1941, Heredia, Costa Rica President of Costa Rica (1986–90). A moderate socialist born to wealth, Arias worked for the National Liberation Party from the ...
Arias Sanchez,Oscar
A·ri·as San·chez (äʹrē-äs sänʹchĕs), Oscar. Born 1941. Costa Rican politician who as president (1986-1990) proposed an accord to bring peace to Central America. He won ...
Arias, Arnulfo
▪ president of Panama born Aug. 15, 1901, Penonomé, Panama died Aug. 10, 1988, Miami, Fla., U.S.       three times president of Panama (June 1940–October 1941, ...
Aribau, Buenaventura Carles
▪ Spanish author born Nov. 4, 1798, Barcelona, Spain died Sept. 17, 1862, Barcelona  economist and author whose poem Oda a la patria (1832; “Ode to the Fatherland”) ...
ariboflavinosis
ariboflavinosis [ā rī΄bō flā΄və nō′sis] n. 〚 A-2 + RIBOFLAVIN + -OSIS〛 a disorder resulting from a lack of riboflavin, characterized by cracking of the corners of ...
Arica
/euh ree"keuh/; Sp. /ah rddee"kah/, n. 1. a seaport in N Chile. 112,300. 2. See under Tacna-Arica. * * * ▪ Chile       city, northern Chile. The city lies along the ...
arid
—aridity /euh rid"i tee/, aridness, n. —aridly, adv. /ar"id/, adj. 1. being without moisture; extremely dry; parched: arid land; an arid climate. 2. barren or unproductive ...
aridification
/euh rid'euh fi kay"sheuhn/, n. the process by which a humid region becomes increasingly dry, as by climatic change or human interference with the ecology. Cf. ...
aridisol
/euh rid"euh sawl', -sol'/, n. a soil type common to the world's deserts, poor in organic matter and rich in salts. [1970-75; ARID + -I- + -SOL] * * * ▪ soil  one of the 12 ...
aridity
See arid. * * *
aridity index
a number indicating how much more precipitation could be lost by evapotranspiration if it were available than is actually lost at a given location. * * *
aridness
See aridity. * * *
Ariège
/ann rddyezh"/, n. a department in S France. 137,857; 1893 sq. mi. (4905 sq. km). Cap.: Foix. * * *
ariel
/air"ee euhl/, n. a mountain gazelle of Arabia, Gazella gazella arabica: almost extinct. Also, ariel gazelle. [1825-35; < dial. Ar aryal] * * * ▪ astronomy  second nearest ...
Ariel
/air"ee euhl/, n. 1. (in Shakespeare's Tempest) a spirit of the air who is required to use his magic to help Prospero. 2. Astron. one of the moons of the planet Uranus. 3. ...
Aries
/air"eez, -ee eez'/, n., gen. Arietis /euh ruy"i tis/. 1. Astron. the Ram, a zodiacal constellation between Pisces and Taurus. 2. Astrol. a. the first sign of the zodiac: the ...
arietta
/ar'ee et"euh/; It. /ah'rddee et"tah/, n., pl. ariettas, ariette /-et"euh/; It. /-et"te/. Music. a short aria. Also, ariette /ar'ee et"/. [1735-45; < It, equiv. to ari(a) ARIA + ...


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