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armlet
/ahrm"lit/, n. 1. an ornamental band worn on the arm, esp. a bracelet worn high on the arm, rather than on the wrist. 2. a little inlet or arm: an armlet of the sea. [1525-35; ...
armload
/ahrm"lohd'/, n. Chiefly Midland U.S. armful (def. 1). [ARM1 + LOAD] * * *
armlock
/ahrm"lok'/, n. any hold in which a wrestler's arm is rendered immobile, often by the opponent twisting the arm. [1900-05; ARM1 + LOCK1] * * *
armoire
/ahrm wahr", ahrm"wahr/, n. a large wardrobe or movable cupboard, with doors and shelves. [1565-75; < MF; OF b. armaire and aumoire AMBRY] * * * ▪ furniture       large ...
armor
—armorless, adj. /ahr"meuhr/, n. 1. any covering worn as a defense against weapons. 2. a suit of armor. 3. a metallic sheathing or protective covering, esp. metal plates, used ...
armor plate
—armorplated, adj. a plate or plating of specially hardened steel used to cover warships, tanks, aircraft, fortifications, etc., to protect them from enemy fire. Also, armor ...
armor-clad
/ahr"meuhr klad'/, adj. covered with armor. [1860-65; ARMOR + CLAD] * * *
armor-piercing
/ahr"meuhr pear'sing/, adj. (of bullets, artillery shells, etc.) designed especially for piercing armor. [1895-1900] * * *
armor-plated
See armor plate. * * *
armorbearer
/ahr"meuhr bair'euhr/, n. a male attendant bearing the armor or arms of a warrior or knight. [1605-15; ARMOR + BEARER] * * *
armored
/ahr"meuhrd/, adj. 1. protected by armor or armor plate. 2. provided with or using armored equipment, as tanks or armored cars: an armored unit; an armored patrol. [1595-1605; ...
armored cable
electric cable covered by a protective metallic wrapping. [1895-1900] * * *
armored car
1. an armorplated truck with strong locks and doors, and usually portholes for guards to shoot through, for transporting money and valuables, as to and from banks. 2. a military ...
armored dinosaur
ankylosaur. * * *
armored personnel carrier
a tracked military vehicle with a steel or aluminum hull used to transport troops in combat and usually fitted with light armament. Abbr.: APC * * *
armored rope
rope made of wire-wrapped hempen strands that is used in salvage work. * * *
armored scale
any of numerous insects constituting the family Diaspididae, the largest group of scale insects, which includes many important pests of various trees and shrubs, as the San Jose ...
armoredcar
ar·mored car (ärʹmərd) n. 1. A lightly armored truck used to transport cash and other valuables. 2. A lightly armored vehicle, usually mounted with a turret, used for ...
armoredpersonnel carrier
armored personnel carrier n. Abbr. APC An armored vehicle, usually equipped with treads, used to transport infantry. * * *
armorer
/ahr"meuhr euhr/, n. 1. a maker or repairer of arms or armor. 2. a person who manufactures, repairs, or services firearms. 3. an enlisted person in charge of the upkeep of small ...
armorial
/ahr mawr"ee euhl, -mohr"-/, adj. 1. of or pertaining to heraldry or heraldic bearings. 2. bearing a coat or coats of arms: a set of armorial china. n. 3. a book containing ...
armorial ensign
▪ heraldry       heraldic symbol carried on a flag or shield. The term is much misunderstood because of the popular use of ensign as a generic term for flag. A grant of ...
Armoric
Ar·mor·ic (är-môrʹĭk, -mŏrʹ-) also Ar·mor·i·can (-ĭ-kən) adj. Of or relating to Armorica or its people, language, or culture. n. 1. A native or inhabitant of ...
Armorica
/ahr mawr"i keuh, -mor"-/, n. an ancient region in NW France, corresponding generally to Brittany. * * * ▪ ancient region, France also spelled ...
Armorican
/ahr mawr"i keuhn, -mor"-/, adj. 1. of or pertaining to Armorica. n. 2. a native of Armorica. 3. Breton (def. 2). Also Armoric. [ARMORIC(A) + -AN] * * *
Armorican Massif
▪ area, France French  Massif Armoricain        flattened erosional upland, or peneplain, encompassing the western French départements of Finistère, Côtes-d'Armor, ...
armorist
/ahr"meuhr ist/, n. a person who is an expert at heraldry. [1580-90; ARMOR + -IST] * * *
armorize
/ahr"meuh ruyz'/, v.t., armorized, armorizing. to equip with armor or other protective devices: to armorize a car with bulletproof glass. [‡1975-80; ARMOR + -IZE] * * *
armorplate
armor plate n. Specially formulated hard steel plate used to cover warships, vehicles, and fortifications.   arʹmor-plat'ed (ärʹmər-plā'tĭd) adj. * * *
armory
/ahr"meuh ree/, n., pl. armories. 1. a storage place for weapons and other war equipment. 2. a building that is the headquarters and drill center of a military unit. 3. a place ...
Armory Show
an international art show held in a New York City armory in 1913: considered a landmark in the public and critical acceptance of modern art. * * * formally International ...
armour
/ahr"meuhr/, n. Chiefly Brit. armor. Usage. See -our. * * * or body armour Protective clothing that can shield the wearer from weapons and projectiles. By extension, armour is ...
Armour
/ahr"meuhr/, n. Philip Danforth /dan"fawrth, -fohrth/, 1832-1901, U.S. meat-packing industrialist. * * * or body armour Protective clothing that can shield the wearer from ...
Armour, Philip Danforth
born May 16, 1832, Stockbridge, N.Y., U.S. died Jan. 6, 1901, Chicago, Ill. U.S. entrepreneur and innovator. Armour's first entrepreneurial success was in California mining ...
armoured vehicle
Motor vehicle with plating for protection against bullets, shells, or other projectiles that moves on wheels or tracks. The tank is the chief armoured vehicle for larger ...
Armoury Museum
▪ museum, Moscow, Russia Russian  Oruzheinaya Palata,         in Moscow, oldest museum in Russia. It is housed in a building between the Great Kremlin Palace and the ...
armoury practice
Production system for the assembly of finished products, in this case arms. With the adoption of the Model 1842 musket, the U.S. military achieved the large-scale assembly of ...
armpad
/ahrm"pad'/, n. a small cushion forming part of the arm of a chair, sofa, or the like. Also called manchette. [ARM1 + PAD1] * * *
armpatch
/ahrm"pach'/, n. an insignia, badge, slogan, or the like sewn on the sleeve of a uniform shirt or jacket or affixed to an armband to indicate one's affiliation, sponsorship, ...
armpit
/ahrm"pit'/, n. the hollow under the arm at the shoulder; axilla. [1300-50; ME; see ARM1, PIT1] * * *
armrest
/ahrm"rest'/, n. a projecting, often padded support for the forearm, as at the side of a chair or sofa or between seats in a theater, car, or airplane. Also called arm. [1885-90; ...
Arms and the Man
a comedy (1898) by G. B. Shaw. * * *
arms control
1. any plan, treaty, or agreement to limit the number, size, or type of weapons or armed forces of the participating nations. 2. the measures taken to limit the weapons systems ...
arms race
competition between countries to achieve superiority in quantity and quality of military arms. [1935-40] * * *
Arms Race in Sporting Goods
▪ 2000 by Gavin Forbes Ehringer       Modern athletes, it is said, stand on the shoulders of yesteryear's greats; increasingly, however, improvements in conditioning, ...
arms, coat of
▪ heraldry  the principal part of a system of hereditary symbols dating back to early medieval Europe, used primarily to establish identity in battle. Arms evolved to denote ...
arms, roll of
▪ heraldry       illuminated manuscript describing (blazoning) and often illustrating (emblazoning) the arms of persons present at a particular battle or tournament. In ...
armscye
/ahrm"suy, -zuy/, n. the armhole opening in a garment. Also, armseye /ahrmz"uy'/. [ARM1 + scye armhole (orig. Scot, Ulster dial. s(e)y, sie, of uncert. orig.); reanalyzed by folk ...
armstand dive
/ahrm"stand'/ a dive starting from a handstand at the end of a springboard or a platform with the diver's back to the water. [‡1975-80; ARM1 + STAND] * * *
Armstrong
/ahrm"strawng'/, n. 1. (Daniel) Louis ("Satchmo"), 1900-71, U.S. jazz trumpeter and bandleader. 2. Edwin Howard, 1890-1954, U.S. electrical engineer and inventor: developed ...
Armstrong, Edwin H(oward)
born Dec. 18, 1890, New York, N.Y., U.S. died Jan. 31/Feb. 1, 1954, New York City U.S. inventor. He studied at Columbia University, where he devised a feedback circuit that ...
Armstrong, Edwin H.
▪ American inventor Introduction in full  Edwin Howard Armstrong   born Dec. 18, 1890, New York, N.Y., U.S. died Jan. 31/, Feb. 1, 1954, New York City  American inventor ...
Armstrong, Garner Ted
▪ 2004       American evangelist (b. Feb. 9, 1930, Portland, Ore.—d. Sept. 15, 2003, Tyler, Texas), ascended to celebrity in the 1950s as the principal evangelist on ...
Armstrong, Gillian
born Dec. 18, 1950, Melbourne, Austl. Australian film director. She first garnered international acclaim as the director of My Brilliant Career (1979), a feminist film about a ...
Armstrong, Henry
▪ American athlete original name  Henry Jackson   born December 12, 1912, Columbus, Mississippi, U.S. died October 24, 1988, Los Angeles, California  American boxer, the ...
Armstrong, Henry Edward
▪ British chemist born May 6, 1848, Lewisham, Kent [now a part of London], Eng. died July 13, 1937, Lewisham       English organic chemist whose research in ...
Armstrong, John
▪ American diplomat born November 25, 1758, Carlisle, Pennsylvania [U.S.] died April 1, 1843, Red Hook, New York, U.S.       American soldier, diplomat, and politician ...
Armstrong, Karen
▪ 1997       Though once a refugee from religion, in 1996 author Karen Armstrong completed In the Beginning: A New Interpretation of Genesis, worked closely with a major ...
Armstrong, Lance
born Sept. 18, 1971, Plano, Texas, U.S. American cyclist and the first rider to win six Tour de France titles (1999–2004). Armstrong began his professional cycling career in ...
Armstrong, Louis
born Aug. 4, 1901, New Orleans, La., U.S. died July 6, 1971, New York, N.Y. U.S. jazz trumpeter and singer. As a youth in New Orleans, he participated in marching, riverboat, ...
Armstrong, Neil
▪ American astronaut in full  Neil Alden Armstrong  born August 5, 1930, Wapakoneta, Ohio, U.S.    U.S. astronaut, the first person to set foot on the ...
Armstrong, Neil (Alden)
born Aug. 5, 1930, Wapakoneta, Ohio, U.S. U.S. astronaut. He became a pilot at 16, studied aeronautical engineering, and won three Air Medals in the Korean War. In 1955 he ...
Armstrong, Samuel Chapman
▪ United States military officer and educator born Jan. 30, 1839, Maui, Hawaii died May 11, 1893, Hampton, Va., U.S.  Union military commander of black troops during the ...
Armstrong, William George Armstrong, Baron
▪ British engineer also called  (1859–87) Sir William George Armstrong   born Nov. 26, 1810, Newcastle upon Tyne, Northumberland, Eng. died Dec. 27, 1900, Cragside, ...
Armstrong, William Howard
▪ 2000       American educator and writer whose best-known book, Sounder (1969), won the Newbery Medal in 1970 and was filmed in 1972; he taught ninth grade for over 50 ...
Armstrong,Edwin Howard
Arm·strong (ärmʹstrông'), Edwin Howard. 1890-1954. American engineer and inventor whose improvements to radio communication included the development of frequency modulation ...
Armstrong,Louis
Armstrong, Louis. Known as “Satchmo.” 1900-1971. American jazz trumpeter. A virtuoso musician and popular, gravelly voiced singer, he greatly influenced the development of ...
Armstrong,Neil Alden
Armstrong, Neil Alden. Born 1930. American astronaut who as commander of Apollo 11 became the first person to walk on the moon (July 20, 1969). * * *
armure
/ahr"myeuhr/, n. a woolen or silk fabric woven with a small, raised pattern. [1875-80; < F. See ARMOR] * * *
armwrestling
arm wrestling or arm-wres·tling (ärmʹrĕs'lĭng) n. A form of wrestling in which two opponents sit facing each other with usually right hands interlocked and elbows firmly ...
army
/ahr"mee/, n., pl. armies. 1. the military forces of a nation, exclusive of the navy and in some countries the air force. 2. (in large military land forces) a unit consisting ...
Army Air Forces
U.S. Army. a unit comprising almost all aviation, with its personnel, equipment, etc.: it became part of the Air Force on July 26, 1947. * * *
army ant
any of the chiefly tropical ants of the suborder Dorylinae that travel in vast swarms, preying mainly on other insects. Also called driver ant, legionary ant. [1870-75] * * *
army brat
Informal. the child of an army officer or enlisted person, esp. one who has grown up on army bases or in military communities. * * *
army corps
corps (def. 1b). [1840-50] * * *
army cutworm
the larva of a noctuid moth, Chorizagrotis auxiliaris, that is a pest of wheat and alfalfa in the Plains states. * * *
army of occupation
an army occupying conquered territory to maintain order and to ensure the carrying out of peace or armistice terms. * * *
Army of the Potomac
U.S. Hist. 1. Union forces, trained and organized by Gen. George B. McClellan, that guarded Washington, D.C., against a Confederate invasion across the Potomac and fought battles ...
Army of the United States
the army or armies referred to in the U.S. Constitution, esp. consisting of the Regular Army, National Guard, and Army Reserve. Cf. United States Army. * * *
army worm
☆ army worm n. any of the larvae of certain noctuid moths, esp. of the moth (Pseudaletia unipuncta) of which the caterpillar is dark-striped green and yellow: these larvae ...
army-navy store
/ahr"mee nay"vee/ a retail store selling a stock of surplus army, naval, and other military apparel and goods, often at bargain rates. [1945-50] * * *
armyant
army ant n. Any of various rapacious tropical ants of the family Formicidae that move in swarms and that subsist on other insects. Also called driver ant, legionary ant. * * *
armybrat
army brat n. The child of a member, typically a career office or enlisted person, of the U.S. Army. * * *
armygroup
army group n. An operational military formation consisting of two or more armies and their supporting elements. * * *
armyworm
/ahr"mee werrm'/, n. 1. the caterpillar of a noctuid moth, Pseudaletia unipuncta, that often travels in large numbers over a region, destroying crops of wheat, corn, etc. 2. any ...
Arnall, Roland Edmond
▪ 2009       American businessman born March 29, 1939, Paris, France died March 17, 2008, Los Angeles, Calif. founded (1979) Ameriquest Mortgage, the largest subprime ...
arnatto
/ahr nat"oh, -nah"toh/, n., pl. arnattos. annatto (def. 2). * * *
Arnaud, Georges
▪ French writer and activist pseudonym of  Henri Girard,  in full  Henri Georges Charles Achille Girard  born July 16, 1917, Montpellier, Fr. died Mar. 5, 1987, Barcelona, ...
Arnaud, Henri
▪ French clergyman born 1641, Embrun, France died Sept. 8, 1721, Schönenberg, Württemberg [now part of Muhlacker, Ger.]       Savoyard pastor who led the Waldensian, ...
Arnauld d'Andilly, Robert
      brother and follower of the prominent Jansenist theologian Antoine Arnauld. See Arnauld Family. * * *
Arnauld Family
▪ French family       French family of the lesser nobility that came to Paris from Auvergne in the 16th century and is chiefly remembered for its close connection with ...
Arnauld, Antoine
▪ French theologian byname  The Great Arnauld   born Feb. 6, 1612 died Aug. 8, 1694, Brussels, Spanish Netherlands [now in Belgium]       leading 17th-century ...
Arnauld, Jacqueline-Marie-Angélique
▪ French abbess byname  Mère Angélique  born 1591 died August 6, 1661, Port-Royal, Paris       monastic reformer who was abbess of the important Jansenist centre of ...
Arnauld, Jeanne-Catherine-Agnès
▪ French abbess byname  Mère Agnès   born 1593 died 1671       abbess of the Jansenist centre of Port-Royal and author of the religious community's Constitutions ...
Arnauld,Antoine
Ar·nauld (är-nōʹ), Antoine. 1612-1694. French Jansenist theologian and Cartesian philosopher who co-authored the Port-Royale Logic with Pierre Nicole (1625-1695) in 1662. * ...
Arnault, Bernard
▪ 1998       During much of 1997 French businessman Bernard Arnault, the president and chairman of the French conglomerate LVMH Moët Hennessy Louis Vuitton, the largest ...
Arnaut Daniel
▪ Provençal poet and troubadour Arnaut also spelled  Arnaud   flourished 1180–1200       Provençal poet, troubadour, and master of the trobar clus, a poetic ...
Arnaut de Mareuil
▪ Perigordian troubadour flourished 1170–1200       Perigordian troubadour who is credited with having introduced into Provençal poetry the amatory epistle (salut ...
Arndt
/ahrnt/, n. Ernst Moritz /erddnst moh"rddits/, 1769-1860, German poet and historian. * * *
Arndt, Ernst Moritz
born Dec. 26, 1769, Schoritz bei Gartz, Swed. died Jan. 29, 1860, Bonn, Ger. Swedish-born German prose writer, poet, and patriot. He rejected the Lutheran ministry at age 28 ...
Arndt, Johann
▪ German theologian Arndt also spelled  Arnd   born Dec. 27, 1555, Edderitz, Anhalt died May 11, 1621, Celle, Hanover       German Lutheran theologian whose mystical ...
Arne
/ahrn/, n. Thomas Augustine, 1710-78, English composer of operas and songs. * * *
Arne, Thomas
▪ British composer in full  Thomas Augustine Arne  born March 12, 1710, London died March 5, 1778, London       English composer, chiefly of dramatic music and ...
Arne, Thomas Augustine
born March 12, 1710, London, Eng. died March 5, 1778, London British composer. Son of a London upholsterer, he secretly taught himself instrumental skills and composition with ...
Arne,Thomas Augustine
Arne (ärn), Thomas Augustine. 1710-1778. British composer noted for his songs, oratorios, and operas, including Alfred (1740), which introduced the song “Rule, ...
Arnel
/ahr nel"/, Trademark. a brand of fiber manufactured from cellulose triacetate. * * *
Arneth, Alfred, Ritter von
▪ Austrian historian born July 10, 1819, Vienna died July 30, 1897, Vienna       historian important chiefly for his work in evaluating and publishing sources for ...
Arnhem
/ahrn"hem, ahr"neuhm/, n. a city in the central Netherlands, on the Rhine River: World War II battle 1944. 128,717. * * * ▪ The Netherlands German  Arnheim, ...
Arnhem Land
/ahr"neuhm/ a region in N Northern Territory, Australia: site of Aborigine reservation. Also, Arnhemland. * * * Region, northeastern Northern Territory, Australia. It extends ...
ArnhemLand
Arnhem Land A region of northern Australia west of the Gulf of Carpentaria. The country's largest Aboriginal reservation is here. * * *
arnica
/ahr"ni keuh/, n. 1. any composite plant of the genus Arnica, having opposite leaves and yellow flower heads. 2. a tincture of the flowers of A. montana, of Europe, and other ...
Arniches, Carlos
▪ Spanish dramatist born October 11, 1866, Alicante, Spain died April 16, 1943, Madrid       popular Spanish dramatist of the early 20th century, best known for works ...
Arnim, Achim von
▪ German writer byname of  Karl Joachim Friedrich Ludwig von Arnim   born Jan. 26, 1781, Berlin, Prussia [Germany] died Jan. 21, 1831, Wiepersdorf, Brandenburg  folklorist, ...
Arnim, Bettina von
orig. Elisabeth Katharina Ludovica Magdalena Brentano born April 4, 1785, Frankfurt am Main [Germany] died Jan. 20, 1859, Berlin German writer. Her best-known works are ...
Arnim, Hans Georg von
▪ German soldier and statesman born 1581, Boitzenburg, Brandenburg died April 28 [April 18, old style], 1641, Dresden, Saxony  soldier prominent in German affairs during the ...
Arnim, Harry, Graf von
▪ Prussian diplomat in full  Harry Karl Kurt Eduard, Graf von Arnim-Suckow   born Oct. 3, 1824, Moitzelfitz, Pomerania [now in Poland] died May 19, 1881, Nice, ...
Arno
/ahr"noh/; for 2 also It. /ahrdd"naw/, n. 1. Peter (Curtis Arnoux Peters), 1904-68, U.S. cartoonist and author. 2. a river flowing W from central Italy to the Ligurian Sea. 140 ...
Arno River
River, central Italy. It is 150 mi (240 km) long, flowing west from the Apennines through Florence and into the Ligurian Sea below Pisa. Near Arezzo it is connected with the ...
Arno, Peter
▪ American cartoonist original name  Curtis Arnoux Peters  born January 8, 1904, New York City died February 22, 1968, Port Chester, N.Y., U.S.  cartoonist whose satirical ...
Arnobius The Elder
▪ Christian apologist flourished 4th century, , Africa       early Christian convert who defended Christianity by demonstrating to the pagans their own ...
Arnold
/ahr"nld/, n. 1. Benedict, 1741-1801, American general in the Revolutionary War who became a traitor. 2. Sir Edwin, 1832-1904, English poet and journalist. 3. Henry H. ("Hap"), ...
Arnold Bennett
➡ Bennett (II) * * *
Arnold of Brescia
▪ Italian religious reformer Italian  Arnaldo da Brescia  born c. 1100, Brescia, Republic of Venice died c. June 1155, Civita Castellana or Monterotondo, Papal ...
Arnold Palmer
➡ Palmer * * *
Arnold Schwarzenegger
➡ Schwarzenegger * * *
Arnold Wesker
➡ Wesker * * *
Arnold, Benedict
born Jan. 14, 1741, Norwich, Conn. died June 14, 1801, London, Eng. American army officer and traitor. He joined the American Revolutionary army in 1775 and contributed to ...
Arnold, Eddy
▪ 2009 Richard Edward Arnold; “the Tennessee Plowboy”        American singer and guitarist born May 15, 1918, Henderson, Tenn. died May 8, 2008, Franklin, ...
Arnold, Harold DeForest
▪ American physicist born September 3, 1883, Woodstock, Connecticut, U.S. died July 10, 1933, Summit, New Jersey       American physicist whose research led to the ...
Arnold, Henry (Harley)
known as Hap Arnold born June 25, 1886, Gladwyne, Pa., U.S. died Jan. 15, 1950, Sonoma, Calif. U.S. air force officer. He attended West Point and initially served in the ...
Arnold, Henry Harley
▪ United States general byname  Hap Arnold   born June 25, 1886, Gladwyne, Pennsylvania, U.S. died January 15, 1950, Sonoma, California  air strategist, commanding general ...
Arnold, Matthew
born Dec. 24, 1822, Laleham, Middlesex, Eng. died April 15, 1888, Liverpool English poet and literary and social critic. Son of the educator Thomas Arnold, he attended Oxford ...
Arnold, Samuel
▪ British composer born Aug. 10, 1740, London died Oct. 22, 1802, London  composer whose 180-part edition of George Frideric Handel (Handel, George Frideric) (1787–97), ...
Arnold, Sir Edwin
▪ British author born , June 10, 1832, Gravesend, Kent, Eng. died March 24, 1904, London  poet and journalist, best known as the author of The Light of Asia (1879), an epic ...
Arnold, Sir Malcolm Henry
▪ 2007       British musician, composer, and conductor (b. Oct. 21, 1921, Northampton, Eng.—d. Sept. 23, 2006, Norwich, Eng.), was an accomplished composer of ...
Arnold, Thomas
known as Doctor Arnold born June 13, 1795, East Cowes, Isle of Wight, Eng. died June 12, 1842, Rugby, Warwickshire British educator. A classical scholar, he became headmaster ...
Arnold,Benedict
Ar·nold (ärʹnəld), Benedict. 1741-1801. American Revolutionary general and traitor whose plan to surrender West Point to the British for 20,000 pounds was foiled when his ...
Arnold,Matthew
Arnold, Matthew. 1822-1888. British poet and critic whose poems, such as “Dover Beach” (1867), express moral and religious doubts. His Culture and Anarchy (1869) is a polemic ...
Arnold,Thomas
Arnold, Thomas. 1795-1842. British educator and historian who as headmaster of Rugby School (1827-1842) introduced classes in mathematics, modern languages, and modern history ...
Arnoldson
/ahr"nld seuhn/; Sw. /ahrdd"noold sawn'/, n. Klas Pontus /klahs pawn"teuhs/, 1844-1916, Swedish author and politician: Nobel peace prize 1908. * * *
Arnoldson, Klas Pontus
▪ Swedish politician born Oct. 27, 1844, Göteborg, Sweden died Feb. 20, 1916, Stockholm       politician who figured prominently in solving the problems of the ...
Arnolfo di Cambio
born с 1245, Colle di Val d'Elsa died 1301/10, Florence Italian sculptor and architect active in Florence. He studied under Nicola Pisano and assisted him on the pulpit for ...
Arnow, Harriette
▪ American author née  Harriette Louisa Simpson  born July 7, 1908, Bronston, Kentucky, U.S. died March 22, 1986, Ann Arbor, Michigan       American novelist, social ...
Arnsberg
Arns·berg (ärnzʹbərg, ärnsʹbĕrk) A city of west-central Germany south-southeast of Münster. It was founded in 1077 and received a municipal charter in 1237. Population: ...
Arnstadt
▪ Germany       city, Thuringia Land (state), central Germany. It lies along the Gera River, at the northern edge of the Thuringian Forest, just southwest of Erfurt ...
Arnulf
/ahr"noolf/, n. A.D. 850?-899, emperor of the Holy Roman Empire 887-899: crowned 896. * * * died Dec. 8, 899 King of Germany. Originally duke of Carinthia, he was elected king ...
Arnulf I
▪ count of Flanders byname  Arnulf The Great, or The Elder,  French  Arnoul Le Grand, or Le Vieux,  Dutch  Arnulf De Grote, or De Oude  born c. 900 died March 27, ...
Arnulf of Chocques
▪ patriarch of Jerusalem also called  Arnulf Malecorne   died 1118       Latin patriarch of Jerusalem in 1099 and again from 1112 until his death. Accompanying the ...
Arnulf of Metz, Saint
▪ bishop of Metz French  Saint Arnoul de Metz  born c. 580, near Nancy [France] died July 18, 640?, Remiremont; feast day August 16 or 19       bishop of Metz and, ...
Arochukwu
▪ Nigeria also spelled  Arochuku,         town, Abia state, southern Nigeria. It lies along the road from Calabar to Umuahia. Arochukwu was the headquarters of the ...
AroeIslands
A·roe Islands (äʹro͞o) See Aru Islands. * * *
aroid
/ar"oyd, air"-/, Bot. adj. 1. araceous. n. 2. any plant of the arum family. [1875-80; AR(UM) + -OID] * * *
aroint
/euh roynt"/, imperative verb. Obs. begone: Aroint thee, varlet! [1595-1605; of uncert. orig.] * * *
aroma
/euh roh"meuh/, n. 1. an odor arising from spices, plants, cooking, etc., esp. an agreeable odor; fragrance. 2. (of wines and spirits) the odor or bouquet. 3. a pervasive ...
aromatherapy
/euh roh'meuh ther"euh pee/, n. 1. the use of fragrances to affect or alter a person's mood or behavior. 2. treatment of facial skin by the application of fragrant floral and ...
aromatic
—aromatically, adv. —aromaticness, n. /ar'euh mat"ik/, adj. 1. having an aroma; fragrant or sweet-scented; odoriferous. 2. Chem. of or pertaining to an aromatic compound or ...
aromatic compound
Chem. an organic compound that contains one or more benzene or equivalent heterocyclic rings: many such compounds have an agreeable odor. [1865-70] * * * Any of a large class of ...
aromatic spirits of ammonia
Pharm. a nearly colorless liquid containing ammonia, ammonium carbonate, alcohol, and aromatic oils, used orally as an antacid and carminative and, by inhalation, as a stimulant ...
aromatically
See aromatic. * * *
aromaticity
/ar'euh meuh tis"i tee, euh roh'meuh-/, n. 1. the quality or state of being aromatic. 2. Chem. the property of being or resembling any of the aromatic compounds. [AROMATIC + ...
aromaticness
See aromatically. * * *
aromatization
/euh roh'meuh teuh zay"sheuhn/, n. Chem. the conversion of aliphatic or alicyclic compounds to aromatic hydrocarbons. [1595-1605; ( < F) < ML aromatization- (s. of aromatizatio); ...
aromatize
—aromatizer, n. /euh roh"meuh tuyz'/, v.t., aromatized, aromatizing. to make aromatic or fragrant. Also, esp. Brit., aromatise. [1400-50; late ME ( < MF) < LL aromatizare < Gk ...
Aron
/air"euhn, ar"-/, n. a male given name. * * *
Aron Kodesh
Seph. /ah rddawn" kaw"desh/; Ashk. /awrdd"ohn koh"desh/, Hebrew. See Holy Ark. * * *
Aron, Raymond
▪ French sociologist born March 14, 1905, Paris, France died Oct. 17, 1983, Paris       French sociologist, historian, and political commentator known for his ...
Aron, Raymond (-Claude-Ferdinand)
born 1905 died 1983 French sociologist and historian. After receiving his doctorate from the École Normale Supérieure (1930), he taught at the University of Toulouse until ...
Aroostook
/euh roohs"took, -tik/, n. a river flowing NE from N Maine to the St. John River. 140 mi. (225 km) long. * * * ▪ county, Maine, United States       county, northern ...
Aroostook War
(1838–39) Bloodless conflict over the disputed boundary between the U.S. state of Maine and the British Canadian province of New Brunswick. As settlers from both countries ...
Arosa
▪ Switzerland       Alpine village, health resort, and winter sports centre, Graubünden canton, eastern Switzerland, on the Plessur River. The village, at an elevation ...
arose
/euh rohz"/, v. pt. of arise. * * *
Arosemena Monroy, Carlos Julio
▪ 2005       Ecuadoran politician (b. Aug. 24, 1919, Guayaquil, Ecuador—d. March 5, 2004, Guayaquil), was installed as president of Ecuador after the military ...
around
/euh rownd"/, adv. 1. in a circle, ring, or the like; so as to surround a person, group, thing, etc.: The crowd gathered around. 2. on all sides; about: His land is fenced all ...
around-the-clock
/euh rownd"dheuh klok"/, adj. continuing without pause or interruption: an around-the-clock guard on the prisoner. Also, round-the-clock. [1940-45] * * *
arousal
See arouse. * * *
arouse
—arousability, n. —arousable, adj. —arousal /euh row"zeuhl/, n. —arouser, n. /euh rowz"/, v., aroused, arousing. v.t. 1. to stir to action or strong response; excite: to ...
Arp
/ahrp/, n. 1. Bill, pen name of Charles Henry Smith. 2. Hans /hahns/ or Jean /zhahonn/, 1888?-1966, French painter and sculptor. * * *
ARP
Stock Exchange. adjustable-rate preferred. * * *
Arp, Halton Christian
▪ American astronomer born March 21, 1927, New York, N.Y., U.S.       American astronomer noted for challenging the theory that red shifts of quasars indicate their ...
Arp, Jean
known as Hans Arp born Sept. 16, 1887, Strassburg, Ger. died June 7, 1966, Basel, Switz. French painter, sculptor, and poet. After studying in Weimar, Ger., and at the ...
Arp,Jean
Arp (ärp), Jean or Hans 1887-1966. French artist and a founder of Dada. He is particularly noted for his abstract reliefs and three-dimensional sculptures. * * *
Árpád
/ahrdd"pahd/, n. died A.D. 907, Hungarian national hero. * * * ▪ ancient city, Syria also called  Tall Rifʿat        ancient city in northwestern Syria. Arpad is ...
Árpád dynasty
▪ Hungarian history  rulers of Hungary from the late 9th century until 1301, under whom the Hungarian nation was transformed from a confederation of Hungarian tribes into a ...
arpeggiate
/ahr pej"ee ayt'/, v.t., arpeggiated, arpeggiating. Music. to sound the notes of (a chord) in succession. [ARPEGGI(O) + -ATE] * * *
arpeggiation
/ahr pej'ee ay"sheuhn/, n. the writing or playing of arpeggios. [1885-90; ARPEGGI(O) + -ATION] * * *
arpeggiator
See arpeggiate. * * *
arpeggio
—arpeggiated, arpeggioed, adj. /ahr pej"ee oh', -pej"oh/, n., pl. arpeggios. Music. 1. the sounding of the notes of a chord in rapid succession instead of simultaneously. 2. a ...
arpent
/ahr"peuhnt/; Fr. /annrdd pahonn"/, n., pl. arpents /-peuhnts/; Fr. /-pahonn"/. an old French unit of area equal to about one acre (0.4 hectare). It is still used in the province ...
Arpino
/ahr pee"noh/, n. Gerald (Peter), born 1928, U.S. choreographer. * * * ▪ Italy ancient (Latin)  Arpinum        town, Lazio (Latium) regione, central Italy, on two ...
Arpino, Gerald
▪ 2009 Gennaro Peter Arpino        American ballet choreographer born Jan. 14, 1923, Staten Island, N.Y. died Oct. 29, 2008, Chicago, Ill. was a leader of the Joffrey ...
Arqalyq
▪ Kazakstan Russian  Arkalyk,        city, north-central Kazakhstan, about 75 miles (120 km) west of Lake Tengiz. Settlement of the site began in 1956 in connection ...
arquebus
/ahr"kweuh beuhs/, n., pl. arquebuses. harquebus. * * *
arquebusier
/ahr'kweuh beuh sear", -keuh-/, n. harquebusier. * * *
arr
arr abbrev. 1. arranged 2. arrangements 3. arrival * * *
arr.
1. arranged. 2. arrangement. 3. arrival. 4. arrive; arrived. * * *
Arrabal, Fernando
born Aug. 11, 1932, Melilla, Spanish Morocco Spanish French Absurdist playwright, novelist, and filmmaker. He turned to writing in the 1950s, and in 1955 he began studying ...
Arrábida Highway Bridge
▪ bridge, Porto, Portugal       in Porto, Port., bridge (completed in 1963) spanning the gorge of the Douro River. The bridge carries a roadway 82 feet (25 m) wide, ...
arracacha
ar·ra·ca·cha (ä'rä-käʹchä) n. A perennial Andean herb (Arracacia xanthorrhiza) in the parsley family, grown for its large, fleshy, edible roots. Also called ...
arrack
/ar"euhk, euh rak"/, n. any of various spirituous liquors distilled in the East Indies and other parts of the East and Middle East from the fermented sap of toddy palms, or from ...
arrah
/ar"euh/, interj. Irish. (used as an expression of surprise or excitement.) [ < Ir ara] * * *
arraign
—arraigner, n. /euh rayn"/, v.t. 1. to call or bring before a court to answer to an indictment. 2. to accuse or charge in general; criticize adversely; censure. [1275-1325; ME ...
arraigner
See arraign. * * *
arraignment
/euh rayn"meuhnt/, n. 1. an act of arraigning or the state of being arraigned. 2. a calling into question or a finding fault, esp. with respect to the value or virtue of ...
Arraiolos rug
 embroidered floor covering made at Arraiolos, north of Évora in Portugal. The technique is a form of cross-stitch that completely covers the linen cloth foundation. Today ...
Arran
/ar"euhn/, n. an island in SW Scotland, in the Firth of Clyde. 3705; 166 sq. mi. (430 sq. km). * * * ▪ island, Scotland, United Kingdom       largest island in the ...
Arran, James Hamilton, 1st earl of
▪ Scottish noble born 1475? died July 1529, Kinneil, West Lothian [now in Falkirk], Scotland       son of James, 1st Lord Hamilton, and of Mary, daughter of James II of ...
Arran, James Hamilton, 2nd earl of, Duc De Châtelherault
▪ Scottish noble born c. 1517 died Jan. 22, 1575, Hamilton, Lanarkshire, Scot.  earl of Arran who was heir presumptive to the throne after the accession of Mary Stuart in ...
Arran, James Hamilton, 3rd earl of
▪ Scottish noble born 1537? died March 1609       earl of Arran who was twice considered as a husband both for Mary Stuart and for Henry VIII's daughter Elizabeth ...
Arran, James Stewart, earl of
▪ Scottish noble died 1595, near Symington, Lanarkshire, Scot.       cousin of the 3rd earl, whose honours he claimed and for a short time legally enjoyed, from 1581 to ...
arrange
—arrangeable, adj. —arranger, n. /euh raynj"/, v., arranged, arranging. v.t. 1. to place in proper, desired, or convenient order; adjust properly: to arrange books on a ...
arrangement
/euh raynj"meuhnt/, n. 1. an act of arranging; state of being arranged. 2. the manner or way in which things are arranged: a tactful arrangement of the seating at dinner. 3. a ...
arranger
See arrange. * * *
arrant
—arrantly, adv. /ar"euhnt/, adj. 1. downright; thorough; unmitigated; notorious: an arrant fool. 2. wandering; errant. [1350-1400; ME, var. of ERRANT] Syn. 1. thoroughgoing, ...
arrantly
See arrant. * * *
arras
arras1 —arrased, adj. /ar"euhs/, n. 1. a rich tapestry. 2. a tapestry weave. 3. a wall hanging, as a tapestry or similar object. 4. Theat. a curtain suspended loosely across a ...
Arras
/ar"euhs/; Fr. /ann rddahs"/, n. a city in and capital of Pas-de-Calais, in N France: battles in World War I. 50,386. * * * ▪ France       town, capital of ...
Arras lace
      bobbin lace made at Arras, Fr., from the 17th century onward and similar to that of Lille. Although Arras was known for its gold lace, its popularity rested on its ...
arrastra
Drag-stone mill for pulverizing ores to isolate silver by the patio process, apparently used in pre-Columbian America. The silver ore was crushed and ground by mule power in the ...
Arrau
/euh row'/; Sp. /ahrdd rddow"/, n. Claudio /klaw"dee oh'/; Sp. /klow"dhyaw/, 1903-91, Chilean pianist. * * * ▪ turtle (Podocnemis expansa) , also called  arran  or  giant ...
Arrau, Claudio
▪ American musician born Feb. 6, 1903, Chillán, Chile died June 9, 1991, Mürzzuschlag, Austria  Chilean-born American pianist, regarded as one of the 20th century's most ...
Arrau,Claudio
Ar·rau (ä-rouʹ), Claudio. 1903-1991. Chilean-born American pianist particularly noted for his interpretation of Beethoven's piano works. * * *
array
—arrayer, n. /euh ray"/, v.t. 1. to place in proper or desired order; marshal: Napoleon arrayed his troops for battle. 2. to clothe with garments, esp. of an ornamental kind; ...
arrayal
/euh ray"euhl/, n. 1. an act of arraying. 2. something that is arrayed. [1810-20; ARRAY + -AL2] * * *
arrear
/euh rear"/, n. 1. Usually, arrears. the state of being behind or late, esp. in the fulfillment of a duty, promise, obligation, or the like. 2. Often, arrears. something overdue ...
arrearage
/euh rear"ij/, n. 1. the state or condition of being in arrears. 2. Often, arrearages. arrears; amount or amounts overdue. 3. Archaic. a thing or part kept in ...
arrears
arrears [ə rirz′] pl.n. 〚ME arrers < arrere, backward < OFr ariere < VL aretro < L ad, to + retro, behind〛 1. unpaid and overdue debts 2. unfinished business, work, ...
arrenotoky
—arrenotokous, adj. /ar'euh not"euh kee/, n. arrhenotoky. * * *
Arreola, Juan José
▪ Mexican writer born September 21, 1918, Ciudad Guzmán, Mexico died December 3, 2001, Guadalajara       Mexican short-fiction writer and humorist who was a master of ...
arrest
—arrestable, adj. —arrestment, n. /euh rest"/, v.t. 1. to seize (a person) by legal authority or warrant; take into custody: The police arrested the burglar. 2. to catch and ...
Arrest, Heinrich Louis d'
▪ German astronomer born July 13, 1822, Berlin, Prussia [Germany] died June 14, 1875, Copenhagen, Den.       German astronomer who, while a student at the Berlin ...
arrestable
See arrest. * * *
arrestant
/euh res"teuhnt/, n. Entomol. a substance that interrupts the normal development of an insect. [1960-65; ARREST + -ANT] * * *
arrestee
/euh res tee"/, n. a person who is under arrest. [1840-50, for earlier sense; ARREST + -EE] * * *
arrester
/euh res"teuhr/, n. 1. Also, arrestor. a person or thing that arrests. 2. Elect. See lightning arrester. [1400-50; late ME arester. See ARREST, -ER1] * * *
arresting
—arrestingly, adv. /euh res"ting/, adj. 1. attracting or capable of attracting attention or interest; striking: an arresting smile. 2. making or having made an arrest: the ...
arresting gear
any mechanism or device for bringing something to a stop, as an airplane landing on an aircraft carrier. [1950-55] * * *
arrestingly
See arresting. * * *
arrestive
/euh res"tiv/, adj. tending to arrest or take hold of the attention, interest, etc. [1825-35; ARREST + -IVE] * * *
arrestment
See arrestable. * * *
arrestor
See arrestable. * * *
Arretine ware
/ar"euh tuyn', -teen'/ a red-glazed terracotta pottery produced in Tuscany from 100 B.C. to A.D. 100 and widely traded. Also called terra sigillata. [1775-85; < L Arretinus, ...
arrgt.
arrangement. * * *
Arrhenius
/ahrdd rdday"nee oos'/, n. Svante August /svahn"te ow"goost/, 1859-1927, Swedish physicist and chemist: Nobel prize for chemistry 1903. * * *
Arrhenius equation
▪ chemistry       mathematical expression that describes the effect of temperature on the velocity of a chemical reaction, the basis of all predictive expressions used ...
Arrhenius theory
▪ chemistry       theory, introduced in 1887 by the Swedish scientist Svante Arrhenius (Arrhenius, Svante August), that acids (acid) are substances that dissociate in ...
Arrhenius, Svante (August)
born Feb. 19, 1859, Vik, Swed. died Oct. 2, 1927, Stockholm Swedish physical chemist. His theories on dissociation of substances in solution into electrolytes or ions, first ...
Arrhenius, Svante August
▪ Swedish chemist Introduction born Feb. 19, 1859, Vik, Swed. died Oct. 2, 1927, Stockholm  Swedish physicist and physical chemist known for his theory of electrolytic ...
Arrhenius,Svante August
Ar·rhe·ni·us (ə-rēʹnē-əs, ə-rāʹ-), Svante August. 1859-1927. Swedish physicist and chemist. He won a 1903 Nobel Prize for his electrolytic theory of dissociation. * * ...
arrhenotoky
—arrhenotokous, adj. /ar'euh not"euh kee/, n. parthenogenesis in which only males are produced. Also, arrenotoky. [ < Gk arrhenotokía, equiv. to arrhenotók(os) bearing male ...
arrhythmia
—arrhythmic /euh ridh"mik, ay ridh"-/, arrhythmical, adj. —arrhythmically, adv. /euh ridh"mee euh, ay ridh"-/, n. Pathol. any disturbance in the rhythm of the ...
arrhythmic
ar·rhyth·mic (ə-rĭthʹmĭk) adj. Lacking rhythm or regularity of rhythm: “a slight arrhythmic imperfection when the car idles” (Garrison Keillor). ...
arrhythmically
See arrhythmic. * * *
Arriaga
/ahrdd rddyah"gah/, n. Juan Crisóstomo /hwahn krddee saw"staw maw/, 1806-26, Spanish composer. * * *
Arriaga, Juan Crisóstomo
▪ Spanish composer in full  Juan Crisóstomo Jacobo Antonio Arriaga y Balzola  born January 27, 1806, near Bilbao, Spain died January 17, 1826, Paris, ...
Arrian
▪ Greek historian Latin in full  Lucius Flavius Arrianus   born c. AD 86, Nicomedia, Bithynia [now İzmit, Tur.] died c. 160, Athens? [Greece]       Greek historian ...
arriba
ar·ri·ba (ə-rēʹbə) interj. Used as an exclamation of pleasure, approval, or elation.   [Spanish, from Latin ad rīpam, on the shore : ad, to; see ad- + rīpa, shore.] * * ...
arricciato
/ahr'ee chah"toh/; It. /ahrdd'rddeet chah"taw/, n., pl. arricciatos, arricciati /-tee/. arriccio. [ < It; see ARRICIO, -ATE1] * * *
arriccio
/euh ree"choh/; It. /ahrdd rddeet"chaw/, n., pl. arriccios, arricci /-chee/. (formerly in fresco painting) a second coat of plaster, somewhat finer than the first coat, applied ...
arride
/euh ruyd"/, v.t., arrided, arriding. Obs. to be agreeable or pleasing to. [1590-1600; < L arridere to smile upon, please, equiv. to ar- AR- + ridere to smile, laugh; see ...
arrière-ban
/ar"ee er'ban"/; Fr. /ann rddyerdd bahonn"/, n., pl. arrière-bans /-banz"/; Fr. /-bahonn"/. 1. a group of vassals who owed military service, esp. to French kings. 2. the ...
arrière-garde
/ann rddyerdd gannrddd"/, n. French. 1. rear guard. 2. a group that is behind or out-of-date in any field, esp. in one of the arts. Cf. avant-garde. * * *
arrière-pensée
/ann rddyerdd pahonn say"/ n., pl. arrière-pensées /-pahonn say"/. French. a mental reservation; hidden motive. * * *
Arrington, Leonard James
▪ 2000       American historian whose many writings on the Church of Jesus Christ of Latter-day Saints and service in the 1970s and '80s as church historian and then as ...


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