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Слова на букву !kun-arti (15990)

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/ar"is/, n. Archit. 1. a sharp ridge, as between adjoining channels of a Doric column. 2. the line, ridge, or hip formed by the meeting of two surfaces at an exterior angle. Also ...
/euh ruy"veuhl/, n. 1. an act of arriving; a coming: His arrival was delayed by traffic. 2. the reaching or attainment of any object or condition: arrival at a peace treaty. 3. ...
—arriver, n. /euh ruyv"/, v., arrived, arriving. v.i. 1. to come to a certain point in the course of travel; reach one's destination: He finally arrived in Rome. 2. to come to ...
/ar'ee vay"/; Fr. /ann rddee vay"/, n., pl. arrivés /-vayz"/; Fr. /-vay"/. a person who has swiftly gained wealth, status, success, or fame. [1920-25; < F: lit., arrived, n. use ...
/ahrdd'rddee ve derdd"chee/, interj. Italian. until we see each other again; good-bye for the present. Also, a rivederci. * * *
See arrive. * * *
/ar"euh viz'euhm/, n. the conduct or condition of an arriviste. [1935-40; < F arrivisme; see ARRIVE, -ISM] * * *
/ar'ee veest"/; Fr. /ann rddee veest"/, n., pl. arrivistes /-veests"/; Fr. /-veest"/. a person who has recently acquired unaccustomed status, wealth, or success, esp. by dubious ...
/euh roh"beuh/; Sp. and Port. /ahrdd rddaw"bah/, n., pl. arrobas /-beuhz/; Sp. and Port. /-bahs/. 1. a Spanish and Portuguese unit of weight of varying value, equal to 25.37 ...
Ar·roe Islands (äʹro͞o) See Aru Islands. * * *
/ar"euh geuhns/, n. offensive display of superiority or self-importance; overbearing pride. Also, arrogancy. [1275-1325; ME < MF < L arrogantia presumption. See ARROGANT, ...
arrogance of power
presumption on the part of a nation that its power gives it the right to intervene in the affairs of less powerful nations. [1965-70] * * *
—arrogantly, adv. /ar"euh geuhnt/, adj. 1. making claims or pretensions to superior importance or rights; overbearingly assuming; insolently proud: an arrogant public ...
See arrogant. * * *
—arrogatingly, adv. —arrogation, n. —arrogator, n. /ar"euh gayt'/, v.t., arrogated, arrogating. 1. to claim unwarrantably or presumptuously; assume or appropriate to ...
See arrogate. * * *
See arrogation. * * *
See arrogation. * * *
Arron, Henck
▪ 2001       Surinamese politician (b. April 25, 1936, Paramaribo, Dutch Guiana [now Suriname]—d. Dec. 4, 2000, Alphen aan den Rijn, Neth.), served as prime minister ...
/euh ron"dis meuhnt, ar'euhn dees"-/; Fr. /ann rddawonn dees mahonn"/, n., pl. arrondissements /-meuhnts/; Fr. /-mahonn"/. 1. the largest administrative division of a French ...
—arrowless, adj. —arrowlike, adj. /ar"oh/, n. 1. a slender, straight, generally pointed missile or weapon made to be shot from a bow and equipped with feathers at the end of ...
/ar"oh/, n. Kenneth Joseph, born 1921, U.S. economist: Nobel prize 1972. * * *
arrow arum
a North American plant, Peltandra virginica, of wet areas, having large, arrow-shaped leaves and inconspicuous flowers enclosed in a narrow, pointed spathe. Also called ...
Arrow Cross Party
▪ Hungarian organization Hungarian  Nyilaskeresztes Párt,         Hungarian fascist organization that controlled the Hungarian government from October 1944 to April ...
Arrow, Kenneth J(oseph)
born Aug. 23, 1921, New York, N.Y., U.S. U.S. economist. He received his Ph.D. from Columbia University and taught principally at Stanford and Harvard. Arrow's books include ...
Arrow, Kenneth J.
▪ American economist in full  Kenneth Joseph Arrow  born August 23, 1921, New York, New York, U.S.       American economist known for his contributions to welfare ...
ar·row-wood (ărʹō-wo͝od') n. Any of several North American species of viburnum, such as Viburnum dentatum, having straight, tough stems formerly used by certain Native ...
arrow arum n. An emergent perennial herb (Peltandra virginica) of eastern North America, having arrowhead-shaped leaves and an elongate, pointed spathe. Also called tuckahoe. * * ...
/ar"oh hed'/, n. 1. the head or tip of an arrow, usually separable from the shaft and conventionally wedge-shaped. 2. anything resembling or having the conventional shape of an ...
/ar"oh rooht', -root'/, n. 1. a tropical American plant, Maranta arundinacea, the rhizomes of which yield a nutritious starch. 2. the starch itself. 3. any of several other ...
/ar"oh smith'/, n. a novel (1925) by Sinclair Lewis. * * *
Arrowsmith, Aaron
▪ British geographer and cartographer born July 14, 1750, Winston, Durham, Eng. died April 23, 1823, London  British geographer and cartographer who engraved and published ...
/ar"oh wood'/, n. any of several shrubs or small trees, esp. of the genus Viburnum, having tough, straight shoots formerly used for arrows. [1700-10, Amer.; so called from its ...
/ar"oh werrm'/, n. any small, translucent marine worm of the phylum (or class) Chaetognatha, having lateral and caudal fins. Also called glassworm. [1885-90; so called from a ...
/ar"oh ee/, adj. 1. resembling or suggesting an arrow, as in slimness or swiftness. 2. consisting of arrows. [1630-40; ARROW + -Y1] * * *
/euh roy"oh/, n., pl. arroyos. (chiefly in southwest U.S.) a small steep-sided watercourse or gulch with a nearly flat floor: usually dry except after heavy rains. [1800-10, ...
Arroyo Grande
a town in SW California. 11,290. * * *
Arroyo, Gloria Macapagal
▪ 2002       On Jan. 20, 2001, after angry protesters had driven Philippines Pres. Joseph Estrada from the presidential residence, Malacañang Palace, in Manila, the ...
arroz con pollo
/ah rddawth" kawn paw"lyaw, ah rddaws" kawn paw"yaw/ a Spanish dish of chicken cooked with rice, onions, and saffron, and sometimes tomatoes, often garnished with pimientos and ...
Arru Islands
/ah"rooh/. See Aru Islands. * * *
Arrupe, Pedro
▪ Spanish noble and Jesuit superior general born Nov. 14, 1907, Bilbao, Spain died Feb. 5, 1991, Rome, Italy       28th superior general (1965–83) of the Society of ...
Arruza, Carlos
▪ Mexican bullfighter original name  Carlos Ruiz Camino  born February 17, 1920, Mexico City, Mexico died May 20, 1966, Mexico City       Mexican bullfighter, the ...
1. advanced record system. 2. Agricultural Research Service. * * *
Ars Antiqua
/ahrz" an tee"kweuh, ahrs"-/, Music. the style of composition characteristic of the 13th century, esp. in France. Cf. Ars Nova. [ < ML: ancient art] * * * (Latin; "Ancient ...
ars est celare artem
/ahrdds est ke lah"rdde ahrdd"tem/; Eng. /ahrz est seuh lay"ree ahr"teuhm, -lair"ee, ahrs/, Latin. it is art to conceal art; true art conceals the means by which it is ...
ars gratia artis
/ahrdds" grddah"tee ah' ahrdd"tis/; Eng. /ahrz" gray"shee euh ahr"tis, ahrs/, Latin. art for art's sake. * * *
ars longa
ars longa or vita brevis [ärz΄ lôŋ′gə vīt΄ə brē′vis] 〚L〛 art (is) long, life (is) short * * *
ars longa, vita brevis
/ahrdds lohng"gah wee"tah brdde"wis/; Eng. /ahrz lawng"geuh vuy"teuh bree"vis, brev"is, vee"teuh, ahrs/, Latin. art is long, life is short. * * *
Ars Nova
/ahrz" noh"veuh, ahrs"/, Music. the style of composition characteristic of the 14th century in France and Italy. Cf. Ars Antiqua. [ < ML: new art] * * * (Latin; "New ...
ars poetica
/ahrz' poh et"i keuh, ahrs'/ 1. a treatise on the art of poetry or poetics. 2. (cap., italics) a poem (c20 B.C.) by Horace, setting forth his precepts for the art of poetry. * * *
▪ Parthian royal name       Iranian name borne by the Parthian royal house as being descended from Arsaces (Arsacid dynasty), son of Phriapites (date unknown), a chief ...
Arsaces I
/ahr"seuh seez', ahr say"seez/ founder of the Parthian empire c250 B.C. * * *
Ar·sa·cid (ärʹsə-sĭd, är-sāʹ-) adj. Of or relating to the Parthian dynasty that ruled Persia and parts of Asia Minor from c. 250 B.C. until its overthrow in A.D. ...
Arsacid dynasty
(247 BC–AD 224) Persian dynasty. It was founded by Arsaces (r. с 250–211? BC) of the Parni tribe, which originally dwelt east of the Caspian Sea and entered Parthia after ...
/ahrs/, n. Slang (vulgar). ass2 (defs. 1, 2). [see ASS2] * * *
var. of arseno-, esp. before a vowel. * * *
/ahr"seuh nl, ahrs"neuhl/, n. 1. a place of storage or a magazine containing arms and military equipment for land or naval service. 2. a government establishment where military ...
/ahr"seuh nayt', -nit/, n. a salt or ester of arsenic acid. [1790-1800; ARSEN- + -ATE2] * * *
arsenate mineral
      any of a group of naturally occurring compounds of arsenic, oxygen, and various metals, most of which are rare, having crystallized under very restricted conditions. ...
n. /ahr"seuh nik, ahrs"nik/; adj. /ahr sen"ik/, n. 1. a grayish-white element having a metallic luster, vaporizing when heated, and forming poisonous compounds. Symbol: As; at. ...
arsenic acid
Chem. a white, crystalline, water-soluble powder, H3AsO4·1/2H2O, used chiefly in the manufacture of arsenates. [1795-1805] * * *
Arsenic and Old Lace
a humorous US play (1941) by Joseph Kasselring. The story is about two old women who murder their visitors. It had 1 444 performances on Broadway and a film version was made in ...
arsenic disulfide
Chem. an orange-red, water-insoluble, poisonous powder, As4S4, As2S2, or AsS, used chiefly in the manufacture of fireworks. Also called arsenic monosulfide /mon'euh sul"fuyd/. * ...
arsenic poisoning
Harmful effects of arsenic compounds (in pesticides, chemotherapy drugs, paints, etc.), most often from insecticide exposure. Susceptibility varies. Arsenic is believed to ...
arsenic trichloride
Chem. a colorless or yellow, oily, poisonous liquid, AsCl3, used chiefly as an intermediate in the manufacture of organic arsenicals. Also called butter of arsenic. * * *
arsenic trioxide
Chem. a white, tasteless, amorphous, slightly water-soluble, poisonous powder, As2O3, used chiefly in the manufacture of pigments and glass and as an insecticide or weed-killer; ...
arsenic trisulfide
Chem. a yellow or red crystalline substance, As2S3, occurring in nature as the mineral orpiment, and used as a pigment (king's yellow) and in pyrotechnics. [1905-10] * * *
ar·sen·ic acid (är-sĕnʹĭk) n. A poisonous, white, translucent crystalline compound, H3AsO4, used to manufacture arsenates. * * *
/ahr sen"i keuhl/, adj. 1. containing or relating to arsenic. n. 2. any of a group of pesticides, drugs, or other compounds containing arsenic. [1595-1605; ARSENIC + -AL1] * * *
ar·se·nic trioxide (ärʹsə-nĭk) n. A poisonous, white amorphous powder, As2O3, used in insecticides, rat poisons, and weed killers. * * *
/ahr"seuh nuyd', -nid/, n. Chem. a compound containing two elements of which arsenic is the negative one, as silver arsenide, Ag3As. [1860-65; ARSEN- + -IDE] * * * ▪ ...
/ahr see"nee euhs/, adj. Chem. arsenous. [ARSEN- + -IOUS] * * *
/ahr"seuh nuyt'/, n. Chem. a salt or ester of arsenous acid. [1790-1800; ARSEN- + -ITE1] * * *
arseniureted or arseniuretted [är sēn′yə ret΄id, ärsen′yə ret΄id] adj. 〚< arseniuret, old name for arsenide < L arsenicum, ARSENIC + -URET〛 combined with arsenic * ...
/ahr see"nyeuh ret'id, -sen"yeuh-/, adj. Chem. combined with arsenic so as to form an arsenide. Also, arseniureted. [1805-15; ARSENI(C) + -URET + -ED3] * * *
arseniuretted hydrogen
Chem. arsine (def. 1). [1805-15] * * *
Arsenius Autorianus
▪ patriarch of Constantinople born c. 1200, , Constantinople died 1273, Proconnesus, Tur.       patriarch of Constantinople, whose deposition caused a serious schism ...
Arsenius The Great
▪ Roman monk also called  Arsenius Of Rome   born c. 354, , Rome died c. 455, , Troe, Scete Desert, Egypt       Roman noble, later monk of Egypt, whose asceticism ...
/ahr"seuh noh'/, adj. Chem. containing the arseno group. [adj. use of ARSENO-] * * *
arseno group
Chem. the bivalent group -As=As-. Also called arseno radical. * * *
a combining form representing arsenic or arseno group in the formation of compound words: arsenopyrite. Also, esp. before a vowel, arsen-. [ARSEN(IC) + -O-] * * *
/ahr sen"l uyt'/, n. a mineral, arsenic trioxide, As2O3, occurring usually as a white incrustation on arsenical ores. [1850-55; ARSENO- + -LITE] * * *
/ahr'seuh noh puy"ruyt, ahr sen'euh-/, n. a common mineral, iron arsenic sulfide, FeAsS, occurring in silver-white to steel-gray crystals or masses: an ore of arsenic. Also ...
/ahr"seuh neuhs/, adj. Chem. 1. containing arsenic in the trivalent state, as arsenous chloride, AsCl3. 2. of or derived from arsenous acid. Also, arsenious. [1790-1800; ARSEN- + ...
arsenous acid
Chem. 1. a hypothetical acid, H3AsO3 or HAsO2, found only in solution or in the form of its salts. 2. See arsenic trioxide. [1790-1800] * * *
▪ king of Persia died June 336 BC       Achaemenid king of Persia (reigned November 338–June 336 BC); he was the youngest son of Artaxerxes III Ochus and ...
/ahr sheen"/, n. a Russian unit of length equal to 28 in. (71 cm). Also, arshine. [1725-35; < Russ arshín < Tatar aršïn or a cognate Turkic word
/ahr seen", ahr"seen, -sin/, n. Chem. 1. Also called arseniuretted hydrogen. a colorless, flammable, slightly water-soluble gas, AsH3, having a fetid, garliclike odor, used in ...
/ahr see"noh/, adj. Chem. containing the arsino group. [ARSINE + -O-, construed as adj.] * * *
arsino group
Chem. the univalent group H2As-. Also called arsino radical. * * *
Arsinoe I
▪ queen of Egypt flourished 3rd century BCE       queen of ancient Egypt (Egypt, ancient), daughter of Lysimachus, king of Thrace, and first wife of Ptolemy II ...
Arsinoe II
born с 316 died July 270 BC Queen of Thrace (300–281) and Egypt (277–270). Daughter of Ptolemy I Soter, she married the king of Thrace (300) and tried to have her son made ...
Arsinoe III
▪ queen of Egypt born c. 235 died c. 204 BC  daughter of Queen Berenice II and Ptolemy III Euergetes of Egypt, sister and wife of Ptolemy IV Philopator. Powerless to arrest ...
Arsinoe IV
▪ Egyptian noble born c. 63 BC died 41 BC       youngest daughter of the Macedonian king Ptolemy XII Auletes of Egypt, sister of Cleopatra VII (Cleopatra) and the ...
▪ mammal       genus of extinct large, primitive, hoofed mammals that have been found as fossils in Egypt in deposits of the Eocene Epoch (56 million to 34 million years ...
/ahr"sis/, n., pl. arses /-seez/. 1. Music. the upward stroke in conducting; upbeat. Cf. thesis (def. 4). 2. Pros. a. the part of a metrical foot that bears the ictus or ...
arsis and thesis
▪ prosody       in prosody, respectively, the accented and unaccented parts of a poetic foot. Arsis, a term of Greek origin meaning “the act of raising or lifting” ...
—arsonous, adj. /ahr"seuhn/, n. Law. the malicious burning of another's house or property, or in some statutes, the burning of one's own house or property, as to collect ...
/ahr"seuh nist/, n. a person who commits arson. [1860-65; ARSON + -IST] * * *
Arsūf, Battle of
▪ Third Crusade Arsūf also spelled  Arsouf        famous victory won by the English king Richard I the Lion-Heart during the Third Crusade (Crusades).  Richard, ...
/ahr"see vahr"see/, Informal. adj. 1. wrong end foremost; completely backward: an arsy-varsy way of doing things. adv. 2. in a backward or thoroughly mixed-up fashion: The papers ...
art1 /ahrt/, n. 1. the quality, production, expression, or realm, according to aesthetic principles, of what is beautiful, appealing, or of more than ordinary significance. 2. ...
/ahrt/, n. a male given name, form of Arthur. * * * I also called visual art A visual object or experience consciously created through an expression of skill or ...
Ling. article: often used to represent the class of determiners, including words such as this, that, and some as well as the articles a, an, and the. * * * I also called visual ...
art and architecture, Anatolian
Introduction       the art and architecture of ancient Anatolian civilizations.       Anatolia is the name that is currently applied to the whole Asian territory ...
art and architecture, Arabian
▪ ancient art       the art and architecture of ancient Arabia.       The pre-Islāmic history of the great Arabian subcontinent is primarily that of a nomadic ...
art and architecture, Egyptian
Introduction       the ancient architectural monuments, sculptures, paintings, and decorative crafts produced mainly during the dynastic periods of the first three ...
art and architecture, Iranian
▪ ancient art Introduction       the art and architecture of ancient Iranian civilizations.       Any reservation about attributing to Iran primary status among ...
art and architecture, Mesopotamian
Introduction       the art and architecture of the ancient Mesopotamian civilizations.       The name Mesopotamia has been used with varying connotations by ...
art and architecture, Oceanic
▪ visual arts Introduction       the visual art (art) and architecture of native Oceania, including media such as sculpture, pottery, rock art, basketry, masks, ...
art and architecture, Syro-Palestinian
▪ ancient art       the art and architecture of ancient Syria and Palestine.       The countries bordering the Mediterranean between the Sinai Peninsula and the ...
Art and Art Exhibitions
▪ 2009 Introduction Art       The art market enjoyed an astonishing run of record-breaking sales through the first nine months of a volatile 2008. In May Lucian ...
Art Blakey
➡ Blakey * * *
art brut
(French; "raw art") Art produced by people outside the established art world, particularly crude, inexperienced, or obscene works created by the untrained or the mentally ...
Art Center College of Design
▪ college, Pasadena, California, United States       private coeducational institution of higher learning in Pasadena, California, U.S., emphasizing instruction in ...
art collection
Works of art accumulated by an individual or institution. Such collections were made in the earliest civilizations; precious objects were stored in temples, tombs, sanctuaries, ...
art collections
➡ art galleries and art museums * * *
art conservation and restoration
Maintenance and preservation of works of art, their protection from future damage, deterioration, or neglect, and the repair or renovation of works that have deteriorated or been ...
art criticism
Description, interpretation, and evaluation of works of art, manifested in journal reviews, books, and patronage. Art criticism encompasses a wide variety of approaches, from ...
art deco
a style of decorative art developed originally in the 1920s with a revival in the 1960s, marked chiefly by geometric motifs, curvilinear forms, sharply defined outlines, often ...
art director
1. Motion Pictures, Television. the person who determines the staging requirements for a production and often designs the sets or supervises their building and dressing. 2. Also ...
Art Ensemble of Chicago
U.S. jazz ensemble. The group evolved from the Association for the Advancement of Creative Musicians (AACM), an experimental collective. Saxophonists Roscoe Mitchell and Joseph ...
Art Exhibitions
▪ 1995 Introduction Art       Venice, the incomparable Italian city of art, was both the subject and the venue of several of the outstanding art exhibitions of 1994. ...
Art Exhibitions and Art Sales
▪ 1994 Introduction Art Exhibitions       If the Matisse exhibition was the leading show in 1992, then its worthy sequel in 1993 was the exhibition of paintings from ...
art film
a motion picture made primarily for aesthetic reasons rather than commercial profit, often of an experimental nature or having an unconventional or highly symbolic content, aimed ...
art for art's sake
      a slogan translated from the French l'art pour l'art, which was coined in the early 19th century by the French philosopher Victor Cousin (Cousin, Victor). The phrase ...
art form
1. the more or less established structure, pattern, or scheme followed in shaping an artistic work: The sonata, the sonnet, and the novel are all art forms. 2. a medium for ...
art galleries and art museums
In Britain, works of art are displayed in art galleries and, especially outside London, in museums. Shops that sell paintings are also called galleries. In the US public art ...
Art Garfunkel
➡ Garfunkel * * *
art glass
1. (in the late 19th and early 20th centuries) any of the several varieties of glass using combinations of colors, special effects of opaqueness and transparency, etc., to create ...
art historical
of or pertaining to the history of art or to its study: art historical documents on 16th-century painting. Also, art-historical. [1930-35] * * *
art history
Historical study of the visual arts for the purpose of identifying, describing, evaluating, interpreting, and understanding art objects and artistic traditions. Art-historical ...
art house
a motion-picture theater specializing in the exhibition of art films. Also called art theater. [1950-55] * * *
Art Institute of Chicago
Museum in Chicago that houses European, American, Asian, African, and pre-Columbian art. It was established in 1866 as the Chicago Academy of Design and took its current name in ...
art lining
Print. a system for aligning type in which the baseline is established some distance above the bottom of the body to accommodate letters with unusually long descenders. Cf. ...
art museums
➡ art galleries and art museums * * *
art music
art music n. that form of music in a culture, as European classical music, having an established theoretical basis handed down by rote or through notation, a traditional ...
art nouveau
/ahrt' nooh voh", ahr'/; Fr. /annrdd nooh voh"/, (often caps.) Fine Arts. a style of fine and applied art current in the late 19th and early 20th centuries, characterized chiefly ...
Art of Love, The
(Latin, Ars Amatoria), a series of poems in three books (1? B.C) by Ovid. * * *
art rock
a type of rock music, often with poetic lyrics, characterized by sophisticated harmonic, dynamic, and technical complexity based on forms derived from classical music and ...
ART SALES: Deaccessioning
▪ 1994       In the second half of the 20th century, and particularly from the 1970s on, deaccessioning, the sale by a museum of works from its permanent collection, has ...
art song
a song intended primarily to be sung in recital, typically set to a poem, and having subtly interdependent vocal and piano parts. Cf. lied. [1885-90] * * *
Art Tatum
➡ Tatum * * *
art theater
art theater n. ART HOUSE * * *
art theater.
See art house. [1920-25] * * *
art union
Australian. a lottery, originally a nongovernment lottery with works of art as prizes. [1830-40] * * *
art, academy of
 in the visual arts, institution established primarily for the instruction of artists but often endowed with other functions, most significantly that of providing a place of ...
art, African
▪ visual arts Introduction       the visual arts of native Africa, particularly sub-Saharan Africa, including such media as sculpture, painting, pottery, rock art, ...
Art, Antiques, and Collections
▪ 2003 Introduction       In 2002 major exhibitions such as Documenta 11 reflected the diverse nature of contemporary art: artists from a variety of cultures received ...
art-historical [ärt΄his tôr′i kəl] adj. of or concerned with the history of art * * *
pl. arts. for 1. 1. article; articles. 2. artificial. 3. artillery. 4. artist. * * *
▪ Greece  city and capital, nomós (department) of Árta, Ípiros (ancient Epirus) region, Greece. It is situated on the left bank of the Árakhthos River north of the Gulf ...
Arta, Gulf of
Inlet of the Ionian Sea, western Greece. It is 25 mi (40 km) long and 4–10 mi (6–16 km) wide. On its shores are the ruins of several cities important in ancient Greece. The ...
▪ Achaemenian minister also called  Ardaban  died 465/464 BC       minister of the Achaemenid king Xerxes I of Persia, whom he murdered in 465. According to one ...
Artabanus I
▪ king of Parthia also called  Arsaces II  flourished 3rd and 2nd centuries BC    king of Parthia (reigned 211–191 BC) in southwestern Asia. In 209 he was attacked by ...
Artabanus III
▪ king of Parthia flourished 1st century AD       king of Parthia (reigned c. AD 12–c. 38).       At first king of Media Atropatene, Artabanus III took the ...
Artabanus V
▪ king of Parthia flourished 3rd century       last king of the Parthian empire (reigned c. AD 213–224) in southwest Asia.       He was the younger son of ...
/ahr"tahl/, n. pl. of rotl. * * *
/annrdd toh"/, n. Antonin /ahonn taw naonn"/, 1896-1948, French actor, poet, and drama critic. * * *
Artaud, Antonin
born Sept. 4, 1896, Marseille, France died March 4, 1948, Ivry-sur-Seine French poet, actor, and drama theorist. He wrote Surrealist poetry from 1925 and made his acting debut ...
Artavasdes II
▪ king of Armenia flourished 1st century BC       king of Armenia (reigned 53–34 BC), the son and successor of Tigranes II the Great.       Artavasdes was at ...
Artaxerxes [är΄tə zʉrk′sēz] 1. Artaxerxes I 465?-424? B.C.; king of ancient Persia: son of Xerxes I 2. Artaxerxes II 404?-358 B.C.; king of ancient Persia * * *
Artaxerxes I
/ahr'teuh zerrk"seez/, ("Longimanus") died 424 B.C., king of Persia 464-24. * * * ▪ king of Persia died 425 BC, Susa, Elam [now in Iran]       Achaemenid king of ...
Artaxerxes II
("Mnemon") died 359? B.C., king of Persia 404?-359?. * * * ▪ king of Persia flourished late 5th and early 4th centuries BC       Achaemenid king of Persia (reigned ...
Artaxerxes III
▪ king of Persia died , 338 BC       Achaemenid king of Persia (reigned 359/358–338 BC).       He was the son and successor of Artaxerxes II and was called ...
Ar·ta·xer·xes I (är'tə-zûrkʹsēz'), Died 424B.C. King of Persia (465-425) who sanctioned the practice of Judaism in Jerusalem. * * *
Artaxerxes II, Died 359B.C. King of Persia (404-359) whose reign was marked by many rebellions and by a peace agreement with Sparta (386). * * *
▪ king of Armenia also spelled  Artashes  flourished 2nd century BC       one of the founders of the ancient kingdom of Armenia (reigned 190–159 ...
art dec·o also Art Dec·o (ärt dĕkʹō) n. A decorative and architectural style of the period 1925-1940, characterized by geometric designs, bold colors, and the use of ...
arte mayor
▪ literature       a Spanish verse form consisting of 8-syllable lines, later changed to 12-syllable lines, usually arranged in 8-line stanzas with a rhyme scheme of ...
arte menor
▪ Spanish literature       in Spanish poetry, a line of two to eight syllables and usually only one accent, most often on the penultimate syllable. Because of the ...
Arteaga, Rosalía
▪ president of Ecuador original name in full  Rosalía Arteaga Serrano de Córdova  born Dec. 5, 1956, Cuenca, Ecua.       first female president of Ecuador. Arteaga ...
/ahr"teuh fakt'/, n. artifact. * * *
/ahr tel"/, n. (in Russia or the Soviet Union) a peasants' or workers' cooperative; an association of workers or peasants for collective effort. [1880-85; < Russ artél', perh. ...
▪ Ephesian soothsayer flourished 3rd century AD, Ephesus, Roman Asia [now in Turkey]       soothsayer whose Oneirocritica (“Interpretation of Dreams”) affords ...
/ahr"teuh mis/, n. 1. Also called Cynthia. an ancient Greek goddess, the daughter of Leto and the sister of Apollo, characterized as a virgin huntress and associated with the ...
Artemis, Temple of
▪ temple, Ephesus, Turkey       at Ephesus, one of the Seven Wonders of the World. The great temple was built by Croesus, king of Lydia, in about 550 BC and was rebuilt ...
▪ Cuba       city, western Cuba, situated east of the Sierra del Rosario. Artemisa is a key commercial and processing centre of the region. Sugarcane, tobacco, and ...
/ahr'teuh miz"ee euh, -mizh"-, -mish"-/, n. any of several composite plants of the genus Artemisia, having aromatic foliage and small disk flowers, including the sagebrush, ...
Artemisia I
flourished 5th century BC Queen of Halicarnassus and of the island of Cos с 480 BC. She ruled under the Persian king Xerxes and helped him invade Greece (480–479). She ...
Artemisia II
died с 350 BC Sister and wife of King Mausolus (r. 377–353 BC) of Caria, southwestern Anatolia, and sole ruler for about three years after his death. She built his tomb, the ...
Artemisium, Battle of
▪ ancient Greece       (480 BC), during the Greco-Persian Wars, a Persian naval victory over the Greeks in an engagement fought near Artemisium, a promontory on the ...
▪ Ukraine Russian  Artyomovsk , or  Artemovsk , formerly  (until 1924) Bakhmut        city, eastern Ukraine, on the Bakhmut River. The town originated in the ...
/urdd tyaw"meuhfsk/, n. a city in E Ukraine. 89,000. Formerly, Bakhmut. * * *
var. of arterio-, esp. before a vowel. * * *
—arterially, adv. /ahr tear"ee euhl/, adj. 1. Physiol. pertaining to the blood in the pulmonary vein, in the left side of the heart, and in most arteries, having been ...
arterial roads
➡ roads and road signs * * *
See arterialize. * * *
—arterialization, n. /ahr tear"ee euh luyz'/, v.t., arterialized, arterializing. Physiol. to convert (venous blood) into arterial blood by the action of oxygen in the ...
See arterial. * * *
a combining form meaning "artery," used in the formation of compound words: arteriosclerosis. Also, esp. before a vowel, arteri-. [ < Gk arterio-, comb. form of artería ...
/ahr tear"ee euh gram'/, n. an x-ray produced by arteriography. [1880-85; ARTERIO- + -GRAM1] * * *
See arteriogram. * * *
—arteriographic /ahr tear'ee euh graf"ik/, adj. /ahr tear'ee og"reuh fee/, n., pl. arteriographies. Med. x-ray examination of an artery or arteries following injection of a ...
See arteriole. * * *
—arteriolar, adj. /ahr tear"ee ohl'/, n. Anat. any of the smallest branches of an artery, terminating in capillaries. [1830-40; < NL arteriola, equiv. to L arteri(a) ARTERY + ...
—arteriosclerotic /ahr tear'ee oh skleuh rot"ik/, adj. /ahr tear'ee oh skleuh roh"sis/, n. degenerative changes in the arteries, characterized by thickening of the vessel walls ...
See arteriosclerosis. * * *
/ahr tear'ee ot"euh mee/, n., pl. arteriotomies. Surg. the incision or opening into the lumen of an artery for the removal of a clot, embolus, or the like, or, formerly, for ...
/ahr tear'ee oh vee"neuhs/, adj. Anat. of or pertaining to an artery and a vein; having characteristics of both arteries and veins. [1875-80; ARTERIO- + VENOUS] * * *
arteriovenous fistula
▪ pathology       abnormal direct opening between an artery and a vein; it sometimes results from accidental penetration wounds or from vascular disease, or it may be ...
/ahr'teuh ruy"tis/, n. inflammation of an artery. [1830-40; ARTER(IO)- + -ITIS] * * * Inflammation of the arteries. It occurs in diseases including syphilis, tuberculosis, and ...
/ahr"teuh ree/, n., pl. arteries. 1. Anat. a blood vessel that conveys blood from the heart to any part of the body. 2. a main channel or highway, esp. of a connected system with ...
/ahr tee"zheuh/, n. 1. a city in S California. 14,301. 2. a city in SE New Mexico. 10,385. * * * ▪ New Mexico, United States       city, Eddy county, southeastern New ...
/ahr tee"zheuhn/, adj. noting, pertaining to, or characteristic of an artesian well. [1820-30; < F artésien pertaining to ARTOIS (OF Arteis Artois + -ien -IAN), after the wells ...
artesian well
a well in which water rises under pressure from a permeable stratum overlaid by impermeable rock. [1855-60] * * *       a man-made spring from which water flows under ...
ar·te·sian well (är-tēʹzhən) A water table higher than the well ensures water pressure will consistently force water into an artesian well. Precision Graphics n. A well ...
/ahrdd"teuh velt'/, n. 1. Jacob van /yah"kawp vahn/, 1290?-1345, Flemish statesman. 2. his son, Philip van /fee"lip vahn/, 1340?-82, Flemish revolutionist and political ...
Artevelde [är′tə vel΄də] 1. Jacob van 1290?-1345; Fl. statesman 2. Philip van 1340-81; Fl. leader: son of Jacob * * *
Artevelde, Jacob van
▪ Flemish leader EnglishJames Van Artevelde born c. 1295, , Ghent, Flanders [now in Belgium] died July 17, 1345, Ghent       Flemish leader who played a leading role in ...
Artevelde,Jacob van
Ar·te·vel·de (ärʹtə-vĕl'də), Jacob van. Called “the Brewer of Ghent.” 1290?-1345. Flemish political leader who maintained the neutrality of Flanders during ...
art film n. A film intended to be a serious artistic work, often experimental and not designed for mass appeal. * * *
art form n. An activity or a piece of artistic work that can be regarded as a medium of artistic expression. * * *
—artfully, adv. —artfulness, n. /ahrt"feuhl/, adj. 1. slyly crafty or cunning; deceitful; tricky: artful schemes. 2. skillful or clever in adapting means to ends; ingenious: ...
Artful Dodger
a character in Oliver Twist by Charles Dickens. He is a young thief who steals things from people’s pockets, and is one of the group of thieves that Oliver joins. * * *
See artful. * * *
See artfully. * * *
art glass n. Decorative objects made of usually handblown glass. * * *
▪ Hinduism       (Sanskrit: “wealth,” or “property”), in Hinduism, the pursuit of wealth or material advantage, one of the four traditional aims in life. The ...
▪ work by Kautilya       (Sanskrit: “Handbook of [the King's] Profit”), singularly important Indian manual on the art of politics, attributed to Kauṭilya (also ...
▪ Hinduism       (Sanskrit: “the incidence of a case”), in Indian philosophy, the fifth of the five means of knowledge (pramāṇa) by which man obtains accurate ...
art house n. A movie theater that shows art films. * * *
var. of arthro- before a vowel. * * *
—arthralgic, adj. /ahr thral"jeuh/, n. Pathol. pain in a joint. [1840-50; ARTHR- + -ALGIA] * * *
See arthralgia. * * *
/ahr threk"teuh mee/, n., pl. arthrectomies. Surg. erasion (def. 2b). [ARTHR- + -ECTOMY] * * *
—arthritically, adv. /ahr thrit"ik/, adj. 1. Also, arthritical. of, pertaining to, or afflicted with arthritis. n. 2. a person afflicted with arthritis. [1325-75; < L ...
See arthritic. * * *
/ahr thruy"tis/, n. acute or chronic inflammation of a joint, often accompanied by pain and structural changes and having diverse causes, as infection, crystal deposition, or ...
a combining form meaning "joint," "jointed," used in the formation of compound words: arthropod. Also, esp. before a vowel, arthr-. [ < Gk, comb. form of árthron a joint; akin ...
/ahr"throh bak'teuhr/, n. Bacteriol. a genus of rod-shaped or spherical bacteria found in the soil. [1947; < NL; see ARTHRO-, -BACTER] * * *
/ahr throd"euh sis/, n., pl. arthrodeses /-seez'/. permanent surgical immobilization of a joint. Also called artificial ankylosis. [1900-05; ARTHRO- + Gk désis binding together, ...
—arthrodial, arthrodic /ahr throd"ik/, adj. /ahr throh"dee euh/, n., pl. arthrodiae /-dee ee'/. Anat. a joint, as in the carpal articulations, in which the surfaces glide over ...
—arthrodiran /ahr'threuh duy"reuhn/, arthrodirous, adj. /ahr"threuh duyeur'/, n. any of numerous fishes of the extinct order Arthrodira, widely distributed during the Devonian ...
/ahr"threuh gram'/, n. an x-ray photograph produced by arthrography. [ARTHRO- + -GRAM1] * * *
/ahr throg"reuh fee/, n. x-ray examination of a joint following injection of a radiopaque substance. [1855-60; ARTHRO- + -GRAPHY] * * *
ar·thro·gry·po·sis (är'thrə-grə-pōʹsĭs) n. pl. ar·thro·gry·po·ses (-sēz) The permanent fixation of a joint in a contracted position.   [arthro- + Late Latin ...
—arthromeric /ahr'threuh mer"ik/, adj. /ahr"threuh mear'/, n. Zool. any of the segments or parts of a jointed animal. [ARTHRO- + -MERE] * * *
See arthromere. * * *
—arthropathic /ahr'threuh path"ik/, adj. /ahr throp"euh thee/, n. disease of the joints. [1875-80; ARTHRO- + -PATHY] * * *
/ahr"threuh plas'tee/, n. the surgical repair of a joint or the fashioning of a movable joint, using the patient's own tissue or an artificial replacement. [1885-90; ARTHRO- + ...
/ahr"threuh pod'/, n. 1. any invertebrate of the phylum Arthropoda, having a segmented body, jointed limbs, and usually a chitinous shell that undergoes moltings, including the ...
/ahr throp"euh deuh/, n. the phylum comprising the arthropods. [1865-70; < NL; see ARTHRO-, PODA] * * *
See arthropodan. * * *
See arthropod. * * *
/ahr"threuh skohp'/, n. a tubelike instrument utilizing fiber optics to examine and treat the inside of a joint. [ARTHRO- + -SCOPE] * * *
See arthroscope. * * *
See arthroscope. * * *
—arthroscopic /ahr'threuh skop"ik/, adj. /ahr thros"keuh pee/, n. the use of an arthroscope to diagnose an injury to or disease of a joint or to perform minor surgery on a ...
arthrosis1 /ahr throh"sis/, n. Anat. junction of two or more bones of the skeleton; joint. [1625-35; < Gk árthrosis joining, articulation, equiv. to arthro- (var. s. of ...
—arthrosporic /ahr'threuh spawr"ik, -spor"-/, arthrosporous /ahr thros"peuhr euhs, ahr'threuh spawr"euhs, -spohr"-/, adj. /ahr"threuh spawr', -spohr'/, n. Biol. 1. an isolated ...
ar·throt·o·my (är-thrŏtʹə-mē) n. pl. ar·throt·o·mies Surgical incision into a joint. * * *
/ahr"theuhr/, n. 1. Chester Alan, 1830-86, 21st president of the U.S. 1881-85. 2. legendary king in ancient Britain: leader of the Knights of the Round Table. 3. a male given ...
Arthur Agatsan
➡ South Beach Diet * * *
Arthur Ashe
➡ Ashe * * *
Arthur Bliss
➡ Bliss * * *
Arthur C Clarke
➡ Clarke (I) * * *
Arthur Charles Clarke
➡ Clarke (I) * * *
Arthur Conan Doyle
➡ Conan Doyle * * *
Arthur Daley
➡ Daley (I) * * *
Arthur Harris
➡ Harris (I) * * *
Arthur I
▪ duke of Brittany born March 29, 1187, Nantes, Brittany died April 3, 1203?, Rouen or Cherbourg       duke of Brittany, a grandson of King Henry II of England; he was ...
Arthur II
▪ duke of Brittany born 1262 died 1312, Château de l'Isle, near La Roche-Bernard, Brittany       duke of Brittany (1305–12), son of John II and Beatrice of ...
Arthur James Balfour
➡ Balfour * * *

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