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Слова на букву !kun-arti (15990)

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abdicable
See abdicate. * * *
abdicant
/ab"di keuhnt/, adj. 1. abdicating, forsaking, or deserting: to be abdicant of one's duty. n. 2. a person who abdicates; abdicator. [1645-55; < L abdicant- (s. of abdicans), prp. ...
abdicate
—abdicable /ab"di keuh beuhl/, adj. —abdicative /ab"di kay'tiv, -keuh-/, adj. —abdicator, n. /ab"di kayt'/, v., abdicated, abdicating. v.i. 1. to renounce or relinquish a ...
abdication
/ab'di kay"sheuhn/, n. the act or state of abdicating; renunciation. [1545-55; < L abdication- (s. of abdicatio). See ABDICATE, -ION] * * *
abdication crisis
n [sing] (in British history) a series of events in 1936, following King Edward VIII’s decision to marry a divorced American woman, Wallis Simpson. It was thought that the ...
abdicator
See abdicable. * * *
abdom.
1. abdomen. 2. abdominal. * * *
abdomen
/ab"deuh meuhn, ab doh"-/, n. 1. Anat., Zool. a. the part of the body of a mammal between the thorax and the pelvis; belly. b. the cavity of this part of the body containing the ...
abdominal
—abdominally, adv. /ab dom"euh nl/, adj. 1. of, in, on, or for the abdomen: abdominal wall; abdominal pains. n. 2. Usually, abdominals. Informal. the abdominal ...
abdominal cavity
Largest hollow space of the body, between the diaphragm and the top of the pelvic cavity and surrounded by the spine and the abdominal muscles and others. It contains most of ...
abdominal muscle
Any of the muscles of the front and side walls of the abdominal cavity. Three flat layers the external oblique, internal oblique, and transverse abdominis muscles extend from ...
abdominally
See abdominal. * * *
abdominoplasty
/ab dom"euh neuh plas'tee/, n., pl. abdominoplasties. excision of abdominal fat and skin for cosmetic purposes. [ < L abdomin- (see ABDOMINAL) + -O- + -PLASTY] * * *
abdominous
/ab dom"euh neuhs/, adj. having a large belly; potbellied. [1645-55; < L abdomin- (see ABDOMINAL) + -OUS] * * *
Abdon
/ab"don/, n. 1. one of the minor judges of Israel. Judges 12:13-15. 2. a courtier of Josiah. II Chron. 34:20. * * *
Abdor Raḥmān Khānʿ
▪ amīr of Afghanistan born c. 1844, Kābul, Afg. died 1901, Kābul       amīr of Afghanistan (1880–1901) who played a prominent role in the fierce and long-drawn ...
abduce
/ab doohs", -dyoohs"/, v.t., abduced, abducing. Physiol. to draw or take away; abduct. [1530-40; < L abducere, equiv. to ab- AB- + ducere to lead] * * *
abducens
/ab dooh"senz, -seuhnz, -dyooh"-/, n., pl. abducentes /ab'doo sen"teez, -dyoo-/. See abducens nerve. [ < L, prp. of abducere to ABDUCE] * * *
abducens nerve
Anat. either one of the sixth pair of cranial nerves composed of motor fibers that innervate the lateral rectus muscle of the eye. Also called abducens, abducent ...
abducent
/ab dooh"seuhnt, -dyooh"-/, adj. Physiol. drawing away, as by the action of a muscle; abducting. [1705-15; < L abducent- (s. of abducens). See ABDUCENS] * * *
abduct
/ab dukt"/, v.t. 1. to carry off or lead away (a person) illegally and in secret or by force, esp. to kidnap. 2. Physiol. to move or draw away from the axis of the body or limb ...
abductee
/ab duk tee", ab'-/, n. a person who has been abducted. [ABDUCT + -EE] * * *
abduction
abduction1 /ab duk"sheuhn/, n. 1. act of abducting. 2. the state of being abducted. 3. Law. the illegal carrying or enticing away of a person, esp. by interfering with a ...
abductor
abductor1 /ab duk"teuhr/, n. a person who abducts. [1840-50; ABDUCT + -OR2] abductor2 /ab duk"teuhr/, n. any muscle that abducts (opposed to adductor). [1605-15; < NL; see ...
abductor muscle
      any of the muscles that cause movement of a limb away from the midplane of the body or away from a neighbouring part or limb (compare adductor muscle), as in raising ...
Abduh, Muḥammadʿ
▪ Egyptian scholar and jurist Introduction born 1849, Nile Delta area, Egypt died July 11, 1905, near Alexandria       religious scholar, jurist, and liberal reformer, ...
Abdul
(as used in expressions) Abdul Kalam Avul Pakir Jainulabdeen Abdul Rahman Putra Alhaj Prince Abdul Jabbar Kareem Olajuwon Hakeem Abdul * * *
Abdul Kalam, A(vul) P(akir) J(ainulabdeen)
born Oct. 15, 1931, Rameswaram, India Indian president (from 2002). After graduating from the Madras Institute of Technology, Kalam played a leading role in the development of ...
Abdul Kalam, A.P.J.
▪ 2003       In 2002 India made an unorthodox choice for president by electing a front-rank rocket scientist. A.P.J. Abdul Kalam, who was nicknamed Missile Man, had just ...
Abdul Rahman
/ahb"doohl rah"mahn/ Tunku /toong"kooh/, 1903-90, Malaysian political leader: first prime minister of Malaya 1957-63 and prime minister of Malaysia 1963-70. * * *
Abdul Rahman Putra Alhaj, Prince
born Feb. 8, 1903, Alor Star, Kedah, Malaya died Dec. 6, 1990, Kuala Lumpur, Malaysia First prime minister of independent Malaya (1957–63) and then of Malaysia ...
Abdul Rahman Putra Alhaj, Tunku
▪ prime minister of Malaysia born Feb. 8, 1903, Alor Star, Kedah, Malaya [now Malaysia] died Dec. 6, 1990, Kuala Lumpur, Malaysia       first prime minister of ...
Abdul Rahman, Tuanku
▪ Malaysian leader born August 24, 1895, Sri Menanti, Malaya [now Malaysia] died April 1, 1960, Kuala Lumpur       first supreme chief of state of the Federation of ...
Abdul Razak bin Hussein, Tun Haji
▪ prime minister of Malaysia born , March 11, 1922, Pekan, Pahang state, Federated Malay States [now Malaysia] died Jan. 14, 1976, London, Eng.       prime minister, ...
Abdul-Aziz
/ahb'dool ah zeez"/, n. 1830-76, sultan of Turkey 1861-76 (brother of Abdul-Mejid I). * * *
Abdul-Hamid II
/ahb'dool hah meed"/ 1842-1918, sultan of Turkey 1876-1909. * * *
Abdul-Jabbar
/ahb doohl"jeuh bahr", ab-/, n. Kareem /keuh reem"/, (Ferdinand Lewis Alcindor, Jr.),born 1947, U.S. basketball player. * * *
Abdul-Jabbar, Kareem
orig. (Ferdinand) Lew(is) Alcindor born April 16, 1947, New York, N.Y., U.S. U.S. basketball player. During his college career at UCLA, the team lost only two games, and he ...
Abdul-Jabbar,Kareem
Ab·dul-Jab·bar (ăb-do͞ol'jə-bärʹ), Kareem. Originally Lew Alcindor. Born 1947. American basketball player. As a center for the Los Angeles Lakers (1975-1989) he became ...
Abdul-Medjid
Abdul-Medjid Abdul-Mejid [äb΄do-lme jēd′] 1823-61; sultan of Turkey (1839-61) * * *
Abdul-Mejid I
/ahb'dool me jeed"/ 1823-61, sultan of Turkey 1839-61 (brother of Abdul-Aziz). Also Abdul-Medjid I. * * *
Abdülaziz
▪ Ottoman sultan in full  Abdülaziz Oglu Mahmud Ii   born Feb. 9, 1830, Constantinople, Ottoman Empire [now Istanbul, Tur.] died June 4, 1876, Constantinople  Ottoman ...
Abdülhak Hâmid
▪ Turkish author in full  Abdülhak Hâmid Tarhan   born Feb. 2, 1852, Constantinople, Ottoman Empire [now Istanbul, Tur.] died April 12, 1937, Istanbul, ...
Abdülhamid I
▪ Ottoman sultan born March 20, 1725 died April 7, 1789       Ottoman sultan from 1774 to 1789 who concluded the war with Russia by signing the humiliating Treaty of ...
Abdülhamid II
born Sept. 21, 1842, Constantinople died Feb. 10, 1918, Constantinople Sultan (1876–1909) of the Ottoman Empire under whose rule the Tanzimat reform movement reached its ...
Abdulla Ibn Buhaina
➡ Blakey * * *
Abdulla, Muhammed Said
▪ Tanzanian writer born April 25, 1918, Zanzibar, Tanz.       Tanzanian novelist generally regarded as the father of Swahili popular literature.       Abdulla, ...
Abdullah bin Abdul Kadir
▪ Malaysian author also called  Munshi Abdullah Bin Abdul Kadir   born 1796, Malacca, Malaya died 1854, Jiddah, Turkish Arabia [now in Saudi ...
Abdullah II
▪ 2000       Following the death on Feb. 7, 1999, of his father, King Hussein (see Obituaries (Hussein )), Crown Prince Abdullah became king of Jordan at the age of 37. ...
Abdullah IIʿ
▪ king of Jordan in full  ʿAbd Allāh ibn Ḥusayn  born January 30, 1962, Amman, Jordan    king of Jordan from 1999 and a member of the Hashimite (Hāshimite) dynasty, ...
Abdullāh Iʿ
▪ king of Jordan in full  ʿAbd Allāh ibn al-Ḥusayn   born 1882, Mecca died July 20, 1951, Jerusalem       statesman who became the first ruler (1946–51) of the ...
Abdullah, Crown Prince
▪ 2003       Crown Prince Abdullah, the de facto ruler of Saudi Arabia, emerged as a key political decision maker concerning Arab regional and international affairs in ...
Abdullah, King
▪ 2006  Upon the death of King Fahd on Aug. 1, 2005, Crown Prince Abdullah, a half brother, became king of Saudi Arabia. He formally assumed the throne, as the kingdom's sixth ...
Abdullah, Sheikh Muhammad
▪ Indian political leader byname  Lion of Kashmir  born Dec. 5, 1905, Soura, near Srinagar, Kashmir [now in Jammu and Kashmir state], India died Sept. 8, 1982, Srinagar, ...
Abdullahibn-Husein
Ab·dul·lah ibn-Hu·sein (äb'do͝o-läʹ ĭb'n-ho͞o-sānʹ), 1882-1951. Transjordanian emir (1921-1946) and first king of independent Jordan (1946-1951). He annexed the West ...
Abdülmecid I
▪ Ottoman sultan born April 25, 1823, Constantinople, Ottoman Empire [now Istanbul, Tur.] died June 25, 1861, Constantinople  Ottoman sultan from 1839 to 1861 who issued two ...
Abdülmecid II
▪ Ottoman prince and caliph born , May 30, 1868, Constantinople, Ottoman Empire [now Istanbul, Tur.] died Aug. 23, 1944, Paris, Fr.  the last caliph and crown prince of the ...
Abdurrahman Khan
/ahb"deuhr reuh mahn" khahn"/. See Abd-er-Rahman Khan. * * *
Abe
/ayb/, n. a male given name, form of Abraham. * * *
Abe Isoo
▪ Japanese social leader born , March 1, 1865, Fukuoka, Japan died Feb. 10, 1949, Tokyo       one of the founders of the Japanese socialist movement and titular head of ...
Abe Kobo
▪ 1994       (ABE KIMIFUSA), Japanese novelist, short-story writer, and playwright (b. March 7, 1924, Tokyo, Japan—d. Jan. 22, 1993, Tokyo), created portrayals of ...
Abe Lincoln in Illinois
a play (1938) by Robert E. Sherwood. * * *
Abe Masahiro
▪ Japanese statesman born Dec. 3, 1819, Edo [now Tokyo], Japan died Aug. 6, 1857, Edo       statesman who negotiated the opening of Japan to trade and communication ...
Abe Shinzo
▪ prime minister of Japan born Sept. 21, 1954, Tokyo, Japan    Japanese politician, who was prime minister of Japan from 2006 to 2007.       Abe was a member of a ...
Abe, Shinzo
▪ 2007  The election of Shinzo Abe to the presidency of the Liberal Democratic Party (LDP) on Sept. 20, 2006, and, six days later, his elevation to the prime ministership of ...
abeam
/euh beem"/, adv. 1. Naut., Aeron. at right angles to the fore-and-aft line: The vessel was sailing with the wind directly abeam. 2. directly abreast the middle of a ship's ...
abecedarian
/ay'bee see dair"ee euhn/, n. 1. a person who is learning the letters of the alphabet. 2. a beginner in any field of learning. adj. 3. of or pertaining to the alphabet. 4. ...
abecedarium
/ay'bee see dair"ee euhm/, n., pl. abecedaria /-dair"ee euh/. a primer, esp. for teaching the alphabet. [ < ML] * * *
abecedarius
▪ literature       a type of acrostic in which the first letter of each line of a poem (poetry) or the first letter of the first word of each stanza taken in order ...
abecedary
/ay'bee see"deuh ree/, n., pl. abecedaries, adj. n. 1. abecedarian. 2. abecedarium. adj. 3. abecedarian. [1570-80; < LL abecedarius (a + be + ce + d(e) + -arius -ARY)] * * *
Abéché
▪ Chad       town located in eastern Chad, between the wadis Chao and Sao. Historically it was the site of the capital of the Muslim sultanate of Ouaddaï, which ...
abed
/euh bed"/, adv. 1. in bed: to stay abed late on Sundays. 2. confined to bed. [1200-1300; ME; see A-1, BED] * * *
Abedi Ayew Pelé
▪ Ghanian athlete born November 5, 1964, Ghana       Ghanaian football (soccer) player who was the only man to have won the African Player of the Year award three ...
Abednego
/euh bed"ni goh'/, n. a companion of Daniel. Cf. Shadrach. * * *
Abegg, Richard Wilhelm Heinrich
▪ German chemist born Jan. 9, 1869, Danzig, Prussia [now Gdansk, Pol.] died April 3, 1910, Köslin, Ger.       physical chemist whose work contributed to the ...
abegging
/euh beg"ing/, adv., adj. 1. Archaic. begging. 2. go abegging, to be unnoticed, unused, or unappreciated; find few supporters: New ideas often go abegging. [1350-1400; ME; see ...
Abel
/ay"beuhl/; for 4 also Norw. /ah"beuhl/, n. 1. the second son of Adam and Eve, slain by his brother, Cain. Gen. 4. 2. Sir Frederick Augustus, 1827-1902, English chemist: inventor ...
Abel Prize
▪ award   Abel Prize winners Abel Prize winnersaward granted annually for research in mathematics, in commemoration of the brilliant 19th-century Norwegian mathematician ...
Abel Prize winners
▪ Table Abel Prize winners year name birthplace primary research 2003 Serre, Jean-Pierre Bages, France algebraic topology 2004 Atiyah, Michael (Atiyah, Sir Michael ...
Abel Tasman National Park
▪ park, New Zealand       wildlife preserve in northwestern South Island, New Zealand. Established in 1942, it was named for Abel Tasman, the Dutch navigator. With an ...
Abel, Carl Friedrich
▪ German composer born Dec. 22, 1723, Köthen, duchy of Anhalt-Köthen [Germany] died June 20, 1787, London, Eng.  symphonist of the pre-Classical school and one of the last ...
Abel, John Jacob
▪ American physiological chemist born May 19, 1857, Cleveland, Ohio, U.S. died May 26, 1938, Baltimore, Md.       American pharmacologist and physiological chemist who ...
Abel, Niels Henrik
▪ Norwegian mathematician born August 5, 1802, island of Finnøy, near Stavanger, Norway died April 6, 1829, Froland  Norwegian mathematician, a pioneer in the development of ...
Abel, Rudolf
▪ Soviet spy original name  William August Fisher   born July 11, 1903, Newcastle upon Tyne, Northumberland, Eng. died Nov. 15, 1971, Moscow       Soviet intelligence ...
Abel, Sidney Gerald
▪ 2001 “Sid”        Canadian ice hockey player and coach (b. Feb. 22, 1918, Melville, Sask.—d. Feb. 8, 2000, Farmington Hills, Mich.), was a longtime star with the ...
Abel, Sir Frederick Augustus
▪ British chemist born July 17, 1827, Woolwich, London, Eng. died Sept. 6, 1902, Westminster, London  English chemist and explosives specialist who, with the chemist Sir ...
Abel, Theodora Mead
▪ American psychologist and educator born Sept. 9, 1899, Newport, R.I., U.S. died Dec. 2, 1998, Forestburgh, N.Y.       American clinical psychologist and educator who ...
Abel,Sir Frederick Augustus
Abel, Sir Frederick Augustus. 1827-1902. British chemist noted for his research and writings concerning explosives. He invented cordite (1889) with Sir James Dewar. * * *
Abel-meholah
/ay'beuhl mi hoh"leuh/, n. a city in ancient Palestine, east of the Jordan River: the home of Elisha. Judges 7:22; I Kings 4:12; 19:16. * * *
Abélard
/ab"euh lahrd'/; Fr. /ann bay lannrdd"/, n. Pierre /pee air"/; Fr. /pyerdd/, (Peter Abelard), 1079-1142, French scholastic philosopher, teacher, and theologian. His love affair ...
Abelard, Peter
born 1079, Le Pallet, near Nantes, Brittany died April 21, 1142, Priory of Saint-Marcel, near Chalon-sur-Saône, Burgundy French theologian and philosopher. The son of a ...
Abelard,Peter
Ab·e·lard (ăbʹə-lärd') also A·bé·lard (ä-bā-lärʹ), Peter or Pierre 1079-1142. French theologian, philosopher, and composer whose nominalist application of the ...
abele
/euh beel", ay"beuhl/, n. the white poplar tree, Populus alba. [1675-85; < D abeel, MD abeel, aubeel < OF aubel, albel < LL albellus, equiv. to L alb(us) white + -ellus dim. ...
Abeles, Sir Peter
▪ 2000       Hungarian-born Australian business executive who immigrated to Australia in 1949 and soon after cofounded Alltrans Pty Ltd., a small transport company with ...
abelia
/euh bee"lee euh, euh beel"yeuh/, n. any of several shrubs belonging to the genus Abelia, of the honeysuckle family, having clusters of small white or pink flowers. [ < NL ...
Abelian
/euh bee"lee euhn, euh beel"yeuhn/, adj. Math. 1. of or pertaining to Niels Henrik Abel or his theorems. 2. pertaining to an algebraic system in which an operation is ...
Abelian group
Abelian group [ə bē′lē ən, əbēl′yən] n. 〚after Niels H. Abel (1802-29), Norw mathematician〛 Math. a commutative group * * *
abeliangroup
a·be·li·an group (ə-bēʹlē-ən, ə-bēlʹyən) n. See commutative group.   [After Niels Henrik Abel (1802-1829), Norwegian mathematician.] * * *
Abell, A.S.
▪ American journalist in full  Arunah Shepardson Abell  born August 10, 1806, East Providence, Rhode Island, U.S. died April 19, 1888, Baltimore, ...
Abell, Kjeld
▪ Danish dramatist born Aug. 25, 1901, Ribe, Den. died March 5, 1961, Copenhagen       dramatist and social critic, best known outside Denmark for two plays, Melodien ...
abelmosk
/ay"beuhl mosk'/, n. a tropical plant, Abelmoschus moschatus, of the mallow family, cultivated for its musky seeds, which yield ambrette-seed oil. Also called musk ...
Abelson, Philip Hauge
▪ 2005       American scientist, editor, and administrator (b. April 27, 1913, Tacoma, Wash.—d. Aug. 1, 2004, Bethesda, Md.), rose to prominence for his research on ...
Abemama Atoll
▪ atoll, Kiribati also spelled  Apamama , formerly  Roger Simpson Island        coral atoll of the northern Gilbert Islands, part of Kiribati, in the west-central ...
Abenaki
/ab'euh nak"ee, ah'beuh nah"kee/, n., pl. Abenakis, (esp. collectively) Abenaki for 1. 1. a member of a grouping of American Indian peoples of southern Quebec and Maine, earlier ...
ABEND
ABEND abbr. Computer Science abnormal end of task. * * *
Abengourou
▪ Côte d’Ivoire       town, eastern Côte d'Ivoire (Ivory Coast), on the road from Abidjan (the national capital) to Ghana. The major trading centre for a productive ...
Åbenrå
▪ Denmark also spelled  Aabenraa         city, southeastern Jutland, Denmark, at the head of Åbenrå Fjord. First mentioned in the 12th century when attacked by the ...
Abenteuerroman
▪ German literature German“adventure novel”       in German literature, a form of the picaresque novel. The Abenteuerroman is an entertaining story recounting the ...
Abeokuta
/ah'bay oh"koo tah/, n. a city in SW Nigeria. 195,000. * * * City (pop., 1996 est.: 424,000), southwestern Nigeria. Located about 60 mi (96 km) north of Lagos, Abeokuta was ...
Abercrombie
/ab"euhr krom'bee, -krum'-/, n. Sir (Leslie) Patrick, 1879-1957, English architect and town planner. * * *
Abercrombie & Fitch Co.
▪ American company       former retail sporting goods concern originally based in New York City, famed for its wide range of expensive and often exotic sporting ...
Abercrombie, James
▪ British general Abercrombie also spelled  Abercromby   born 1706, Glassaugh, Banffshire, Scot. died April 23/28, 1781, Stirling, Stirlingshire       British ...
Abercrombie, Lascelles
▪ British author born Jan. 9, 1881, Ashton upon Mersey, Cheshire, Eng. died Oct. 27, 1938, London       poet and critic who was associated with Georgian ...
Abercrombie, Sir Patrick
▪ British architect in full  Sir Leslie Patrick Abercrombie   born June 6, 1879, Ashton upon Mersey, Cheshire [now in Greater Manchester], Eng. died March 23, 1957, Aston ...
Abercromby, Sir Ralph
▪ British general born Oct. 7, 1734, Tullibody, Clackmannan, Scot. died March 28, 1801, at sea in the Mediterranean       soldier whose command restored discipline and ...
Aberdare
/ab'euhr dair", ab"euhr dair'/, n. a city in Mid Glamorgan, in S Wales. 37,760. * * * ▪ Wales, United Kingdom Welsh  Aberdâr        town (“community”), Rhondda ...
Aberdare Range
▪ mountain range, Kenya       mountain range, forming a section of the eastern rim of the Great Rift Valley in west-central Kenya, northeast of Naivasha and Gilgil and ...
Aberdeen
—Aberdonian /ab'euhr doh"nee euhn/, adj., n. /ab'euhr deen"/ for 1, 2; /ab"euhr deen'/ for 3-6, n. 1. Also called Aberdeenshire /ab'euhr deen"shear, -sheuhr/. a historic county ...
Aberdeen Angus
one of a breed of hornless beef cattle having a smooth, black coat, raised originally in Scotland. Also called Black Angus. [1860-65] * * *
Aberdeen City
➡ Aberdeen * * *
Aberdeen Proving Ground
a federal reservation and U.S. Army training center in NE Maryland, S of Aberdeen and on W Chesapeake Bay, that is the site of a military testing ground. * * *
Aberdeen terrier.
See Scottish terrier. * * *
Aberdeen, George Hamilton-Gordon, 4th earl of
born Jan. 28, 1784, Edinburgh, Scot. died Dec. 14, 1860, London, Eng. British foreign secretary and prime minister (1852–55). As special ambassador to Austria in 1813, he ...
Aberdeen, George Hamilton-Gordon, 4th Earl of, Viscount Gordon Of Aberdeen, Viscount Of Formartine, Lord Haddo, Methlick, Tarves, And Kellie
▪ prime minister of United Kingdom original name  George Gordon   born Jan. 28, 1784, Edinburgh, Scot. died Dec. 14, 1860, London, Eng.  British foreign secretary and prime ...
AberdeenAngus
Aberdeen An·gus (ăngʹgəs) n. A breed of black hornless beef cattle that originated in Scotland. Also called Black Angus.   [After Aberdeen and Angus, former counties of ...
Aberdeenshire
▪ council area, Scotland, United Kingdom also called  Aberdeen   council area and historic county of eastern Scotland. It projects shoulderlike eastward into the North Sea ...
Aberdonian
n a person from Aberdeen. ► Aberdonian adj of or from Aberdeen. * * *
Abergavenny
▪ Wales, United Kingdom Welsh  Y Fenni        town (“community”), historic and present county of Monmouthshire (Sir Fynwy), Wales, at the confluence of the ...
Aberhart, William
born Dec. 30, 1878, Kippen, Ont., Can. died May 23, 1943, Vancouver, B.C. Canadian politician and the country's first Social Credit Party premier (Alberta, 1935–43). Aberhart ...
Abernathy
/ab"euhr nath'ee/, n. Ralph (David), 1926-90, U.S. clergyman and civil-rights leader. * * *
Abernathy, Ralph David
born March 11, 1926, Linden, Ala., U.S. died April 17, 1990, Atlanta, Ga. U.S. pastor and civil rights leader. He was educated at Alabama State University and Atlanta ...
Abernathy,Ralph David
Ab·er·nath·y (ăbʹər-năth'ē), Ralph David. 1926-1990. American civil rights leader who was a founder and president (1968-1977) of the Southern Christian Leadership ...
aberrance
See aberrant. * * *
aberrancy
See aberrance. * * *
aberrant
—aberrance, aberrancy, n. —aberrantly, adv. /euh ber"euhnt, ab"euhr-/, adj. 1. departing from the right, normal, or usual course. 2. deviating from the ordinary, usual, or ...
aberrantly
See aberrance. * * *
aberrated
ab·er·rat·ed (ăbʹə-rā'tĭd) adj. Characterized by defects, abnormality, or deviation from the usual, typical, or expected course. * * *
aberration
—aberrational, adj. /ab'euh ray"sheuhn/, n. 1. the act of departing from the right, normal, or usual course. 2. the act of deviating from the ordinary, usual, or normal ...
aberration of starlight
Apparent displacement of a star or other celestial body resulting from Earth's orbital motion around the Sun. The maximum displacement is about 20.49 seconds of arc. It depends ...
aberration, constant of
▪ astronomy       in astronomy, the maximum amount of the apparent yearly aberrational displacement of a star or other celestial body, resulting from the Earth's orbital ...
Abertillery
▪ Wales, United Kingdom       town, Blaenau Gwent county borough, historic county of Monmouthshire (Sir Fynwy), Wales, in the valley of the River Ebbw. Coal mining was ...
Aberystwyth
Town (pop., 1991: 11,154) on Cardigan Bay, western Wales. The medieval walled town was built around a 13th-century fortress. It later became the exporter for the ...
abessive
/a bes"iv/, Gram. adj. 1. noting a case, as in Finnish, whose distinctive function is to indicate absence or lack. n. 2. the abessive case. [1890-94; < L abess(e) to be distant + ...
abet
—abetment, abettal, n. /euh bet"/, v.t., abetted, abetting. to encourage, support, or countenance by aid or approval, usually in wrongdoing: to abet a swindler; to abet a ...
abetalipoproteinemia
/ay'bay teuh lip'euh proh'tee nee"mee euh, -tee euh nee"-, -luy'peuh-, ay'bee-/, n. Pathol. a rare inherited disorder of fat metabolism due to an inability to synthesize ...
abetment
See abet. * * *
abetter
See abetment. * * *
abettor
/euh bet"euhr/, n. a person who abets. Also, abetter. [1505-15; < AF abettour. See ABET, -OR2] * * * ▪ law       in law, a person who becomes equally guilty in the ...
abextra
ab ex·tra (ăb ĕkʹstrə) adv. From without.   [Latin ab extrā: ab, from + extrā, outside.] * * *
abeyance
/euh bay"euhns/, n. 1. temporary inactivity, cessation, or suspension: Let's hold that problem in abeyance for a while. 2. Law. a state or condition of real property in which ...
abeyant
/euh bay"euhnt/, adj. temporarily inactive, stopped, or suspended. [1865-70; ABEY(ANCE) + -ANT] * * *
AbFab
➡ Absolutely Fabulous * * *
abfarad
/ab far"ad, -euhd/, n. Elect. the centimeter-gram-second unit of capacitance, equivalent to 109 farads. [ab- (see ABAMPERE) + FARAD] * * *
Abgar legend
▪ Christian legend       in early Christian times, a popular myth that Jesus had an exchange of letters with King Abgar V Ukkama of Osroene, whose capital was Edessa, a ...
Abgatha
/ab"geuh theuh/, n. Douay Bible. Abagtha. * * *
Abhā
▪ Saudi Arabia       city, southwestern Saudi Arabia. It is situated on a plain at the western edge of Mount al-Hijāz and is surrounded by hills. The valley of the Wadi ...
Abhayagiri
Theravada Buddhist monastic center built at Anuradhapura, then capital of Ceylon, by King Vattagamani Abhaya (r. 29–17 BC). Originally associated with the nearby Mahavihara ...
Abhdisho bar Berikha
▪ Syrian theologian also called  Ebedjesus Of Nisibis   died November 1318       Syrian Christian theologian and poet who was the last important representative of the ...
abhenry
/ab hen"ree/, n., pl. abhenries. Elect. the centimeter-gram-second unit of inductance, equivalent to 10-9 henry. [ab- (see ABAMPERE) + HENRY] * * *
abhibhvāyatana
▪ Buddhist philosophy Sanskrit“total mastery over the senses”Pāli  Abhibhāyātana        in Buddhist philosophy, one of the preparatory stages of meditation, in ...
Abhidhamma Pitaka
/ub"i dum"euh/, Buddhism. See under Pali Canon. * * * Third and latest collection of texts comprising the Pali canon (see Tripitaka) of Theravada Buddhism. The first two ...
Abhidhammattha-sangaha
▪ work by Anuruddha PǦli“Summary of the Meaning of Abhidhamma”       a highly popular primer, or digest, of the Abhidhamma corpus (the scholastic section of the ...
Abhidhammavatara
▪ work by Buddhadatta Pali“Introduction to the Abhidhamma”       the earliest effort at systematizing, in the form of a manual, the doctrines dealt with in the ...
Abhidharmakosa
Buddhist scholarly work that provides an introduction to the seven Abhidharma treatises in the Sarvastivada canon and a digest of their contents. It was composed by the Buddhist ...
Abhidharmakosha
▪ work by Vasubandhu also called  Abhidharmakosha-shastra (Sanskrit: “Treasury of Higher Law”) , Chinese  A-p'i-ta-mo Chü-she Lun , Japanese ...
abhijna
In Buddhist philosophy, the miraculous powers obtained through meditation and wisdom. They include the ability to travel any distance or take any form at will, to see ...
Abhinavagupta
▪ Indian philosopher flourished 1014, Kashmir, India       philosopher, ascetic and aesthetician, and outstanding representative of the “recognition” ...
Abhisamayalambkaraloka
▪ Buddhist text Sanskrit“Illumination of the Abhisamayalambkara”       important contribution to exegetical literature on the Prajnaparamita- (“Perfection of ...
abhiseka
▪ religion Sanskrit  Abhiṣeka         (“sprinkling”), in esoteric Buddhism, a purificatory or initiatory rite in which a candidate is sprinkled with water or ...
abhominable
/ab hom"euh neuh beuhl/, adj. Obs. abominable. [1325-75; ME < ML abhominabilis, alter. of L abominabilis ABOMINABLE, by assoc. with phrase ab homine from man, inhuman] * * *
abhor
—abhorrer, n. /ab hawr"/, v.t., abhorred, abhorring. to regard with extreme repugnance or aversion; detest utterly; loathe; abominate. [1400-50; late ME < L abhorrere to shrink ...
abhorrence
/ab hawr"euhns, -hor"-/, n. 1. a feeling of extreme repugnance or aversion; utter loathing; abomination. 2. something or someone extremely repugnant or loathsome. [1650-60; ...
abhorrent
—abhorrently, adv. /ab hawr"euhnt, -hor"-/, adj. 1. causing repugnance; detestable; loathsome: an abhorrent deed. 2. utterly opposed, or contrary, or in conflict (usually fol. ...
abhorrently
See abhorrent. * * *
abhorrer
See abhor. * * *
Abi
(as used in expressions) Hasan ibn Ali ibn Abi talib A'ishah bint Abi Bakr Ali ibn Abi talib Abu Said ibn Abi al Hasan Yasar al Basri * * *
Abia
▪ state, Nigeria       state, east-central Nigeria. Abia was administratively created in 1991 from the eastern half of former Imo state. It is bordered by the states of ...
Abiathar
/euh buy"euh theuhr/, n. a priest of Israel and a companion of David. I Sam. 22:20; II Sam. 15:24-36. * * * ▪ biblical figure       in the Old Testament, son of ...
Abib
/ah veev"/, n. Chiefly Biblical. Aviv. * * *
Abīd al-Bukhārīʿ
▪ Moroccan military organization also called  Buākhar        army of Saharan blacks organized in Morocco by the ʿAlawī ruler Ismāʿīl (reigned 1672–1727). ...
abidance
/euh buyd"ns/, n. 1. the act or state of abiding. 2. conformity; compliance (usually fol. by by): strict abidance by the rules. [1640-50; ABIDE + -ANCE] * * *
abide
—abider, n. /euh buyd"/, v., abode or abided, abiding. v.i. 1. to remain; continue; stay: Abide with me. 2. to have one's abode; dwell; reside: to abide in a small Scottish ...
Abide With Me
a Christian hymn, written in the 18th century. It is sometimes sung at funerals, and English football supporters traditionally sing it at the FA Cup Final. * * *
abider
See abide. * * *
abiding
—abidingly, adv. —abidingness, n. /euh buy"ding/, adj. continuing without change; enduring; steadfast: an abiding faith. [1250-1300; ME; see ABIDE, -ING2] Syn. unending, ...
abidingly
See abiding. * * *
Abidjan
/ab'i jahn"/; Fr. /ann bee jahonn"/, n. a seaport in and the commercial capital of the Ivory Coast. 1,850,000. * * * Largest city (pop., 1999 est.: 3,199,000) and chief port of ...
Abie
/ay"bee/, n. a male given name, form of Abraham. * * *
abient
/ab"ee euhnt/, adj. Psychol. tending to move away from a stimulus or situation. Cf. adient. [ < L abient- (s. of abiens, prp. of abire), equiv. to ab- AB- + -i- go + -ent- ...
abietate
/ab"ee i tayt'/, n. Chem. a salt or ester of abietic acid. [ABIET(IC ACID) + -ATE2] * * *
abietic acid
/ab"ee et"ik, ab'-/, Chem. a yellow, crystalline, water-insoluble acid, C20H30O2, obtained from the resin of a species of pine: used chiefly in driers, varnishes, and soaps. Also ...
abieticacid
ab·i·et·ic acid (ăb'ē-ĕtʹĭk) n. A yellowish resinous powder, C19H29COOH, isolated from rosin and used in lacquers, varnishes, and soaps.   [From Latin abiēs, abiet-, ...
abigail
/ab"i gayl'/, n. a lady's maid. [1645-55; after Abigail, name of attendant in play The Scornful Lady (1610), by Francis Beaumont and John Fletcher] * * * (as used in ...
Abigail
/ab"i gayl'/, n. 1. the wife of Nabal and later of David. I Sam. 25. 2. a female given name: from a Hebrew word meaning "joy of the father." * * * (as used in expressions) Adams ...
Abigail Adams: Doubts About Independence
▪ Primary Source              Although Abigail Adams had little formal education, she was intelligent and broadminded and became a terse and vigorous letter ...
Abigail Adams: Two Letters
▪ Primary Source       Although Abigail Adams had little formal education, she was intelligent and broad-minded and became a terse and vigorous letter writer. That she ...
Abigail Van Buren
➡ Van Buren (I) * * *
Abihu
/euh buy"hyooh/, n. a son of Aaron who, with Nadab, was destroyed by fire from heaven for disobeying the Lord. Lev. 10:1-5. * * *
Abijah
▪ biblical figures also spelled  Abia,  Hebrew  Abiyyah, or Abiyyahu        (“Yahweh Is My Father”), any of nine different persons mentioned in the Bible, of ...
Abildgaard, Nicolai Abraham
▪ Danish painter also spelled  Nikolaj-abraham Abilgaard   born Sept. 11, 1743, Copenhagen, Den. died June 4, 1809, Frederiksdal       the most renowned Danish ...
Abilene
/ab"euh leen'/, n. a city in central Texas. 98,315. * * * I City (pop., 2000: 115,930), northwestern Texas, U.S. Founded in 1881 as the new railhead for the overland Texas ...
ability
/euh bil"i tee/, n., pl. abilities. 1. power or capacity to do or act physically, mentally, legally, morally, financially, etc. 2. competence in an activity or occupation because ...
ability grouping
Educ. tracking. * * *
abilitygrouping
ability grouping n. 1. The practice of placing students with others with comparable skills or needs, as in classes or in groups within a class. 2. See tracking. * * *
Abimelech
/euh bim"euh lek'/, n. 1. a king of Gerar, who made a peace agreement with Abraham. Gen. 20, 21. 2. a son of Gideon, who made a violent but futile attempt to become king of ...
Abingdon
/ab"ing deuhn/, n. a town in S Oxfordshire, in S England, on the Thames: site of Benedictine abbey founded 7th century A.D. 18,596. * * * ▪ England, United ...
Abington
/ab"ing teuhn/, n. 1. a town in SE Pennsylvania. 59,084. 2. a city in SE Massachusetts. 13,517. * * * ▪ Massachusetts, United States       town (township), Plymouth ...
Abington, Fanny
▪ British actress née  Frances Barton  born 1737, London, Eng. died March 4, 1815, London       English actress admired both for her craft and for her leadership in ...
abinitio
ab in·i·ti·o (ăb ĭ-nĭshʹē-ō') adv. From the beginning.   [Latin ab initiō: ab, from + initiō, ablative of initium, beginning.] * * *
Abinoam
/euh bin"oh am'/, n. the father of Barak. Judges 4:6; 12; 5:1. Also, Douay Bible, Abinoem /euh bin"oh em'/. * * *
abintra
ab in·tra (ĭnʹtrə) adv. From within.   [Latin ab intrā: ab, from + intrā, within.] * * *
abiogenesis
—abiogenetic /ay'buy oh jeuh net"ik, ab'ee oh-/, abiogenetical, adj. —abiogenetically, adv. —abiogenist /ay'buy oj"euh nist, ab'ee-/, n. /ay'buy oh jen"euh sis, ab'ee oh-/, ...
abiogenetic
See abiogenesis. * * *
abiogenetical
See abiogenetic. * * *
abiogenetically
See abiogenetic. * * *
abiogenic
—abiogenically, adv. /ay'buy oh jen"ik, ab'ee oh-/, adj. Biol. not resulting from the activity of living organisms. [1910-15; A-6 + BIOGENIC] * * *
abiogenically
See abiogenic. * * *
abiogenist
abiogenist [ā΄bī ä′jə nist, ab΄ē ä′jə nist] n. a person who believes in abiogenesis * * * See abiogenetic. * * *
Abiola, Moshood Kashimawo Olawale
▪ 1999       Nigerian executive, financier, and politician (b. Aug. 24, 1937, Abeokuta, Nigeria—d. July 7, 1998, Abuja, Nigeria), was one of the richest magnates in ...
abiological
/ay'buy euh loj"i keuhl/, adj. not occurring or produced naturally; synthetic. [1875-80; A-6 + BIOLOGICAL] * * *
abiologically
See abiological. * * *
abiosis
/ay'buy oh"sis, ab'ee-/, n. the absence or lack of life; a nonviable state. [A-6 + -BIOSIS] * * *
abiotic
—abiotically, adv. /ay'buy ot"ik, ab'ee-/, adj. of or characterized by the absence of life or living organisms. Also, abiotical. [A-6 + BIOTIC] * * *
abiotically
See abiosis. * * *
abiotrophy
—abiotrophic /ay'buy euh trof"ik, -troh"fik, ab'ee-/, adj. /ay'buy o"treuh fee, ab'ee-/, n. Pathol. the loss of vitality in or the degeneration of certain cells or tissues, as ...
Abipón
▪ people       South American Indian people who formerly lived on the lower Bermejo River in the Argentine Gran Chaco. They spoke a language (also called Callaga) ...
abirritant
/ab ir"i teuhnt/, Med. n. 1. a soothing medication. adj. 2. relieving or lessening irritation; soothing. [1875-80; AB- + IRRITANT] * * *
abirritate
—abirritation, n. —abirritative, adj. /ab ir"i tayt'/, v.t., abirritated, abirritating. Med. to make less irritable; soothe. [AB- + IRRITATE] * * *
Abish, Walter
▪ American author born Dec. 24, 1931, Vienna, Austria       American writer of experimental novels and short stories whose fiction takes as its subject language ...
Abishag
/ab"euh shag'/, n. a young maiden brought to David in his old age as a nurse and companion. I Kings 1:1-4. Also, Douay Bible, Abisag /ab"i sag'/. * * *
Abitibi
/ab'i tib"ee/, n. 1. a lake in E Ontario and W Quebec, Canada. 369 sq. mi. (956 sq. km). 2. a river flowing N from this lake. 340 mi. (547 km) long. * * *
Abitibi River
▪ river, Ontario, Canada       river, northeastern Ontario, Canada. From its source in the shallow 359-square-mile (931-square-km) Abitibi Lake, lying across the ...
AbitibiLake
Ab·i·tib·i Lake (ăb'ĭ-tĭbʹē) A lake of eastern Ontario and southwest Quebec, Canada. It is the source of the Abitibi River, which flows about 370 km (230 mi) west and ...
Abiu
/euh buy"yooh/, n. Douay Bible. Abihu. * * *
abject
—abjectly, adv. —abjectness, abjectedness, n. /ab"jekt, ab jekt"/, adj. 1. utterly hopeless, miserable, humiliating, or wretched: abject poverty. 2. contemptible; despicable; ...
abjection
/ab jek"sheuhn/, n. 1. the condition of being servile, wretched, or contemptible. 2. the act of humiliating. 3. Mycol. the release of spores by a fungus. [1375-1425; late ME ...
abjective
/ab jek"tiv/, adj. tending to degrade, humiliate, or demoralize: the abjective influences of his early life. [1865-70; ABJECT + -IVE] * * *
abjectly
See abject. * * *
abjectness
See abjectly. * * *
abjunction
/ab jungk"sheuhn/, n. Mycol. abstriction. [AB- + JUNCTION] * * *
abjuration
/ab'jeuh ray"sheuhn/, n. 1. the act of abjuring. 2. renunciation upon oath. [1505-15; < ML abjuration- (s. of abjuratio); see ABJURE, -ATE1, -ION] * * *
abjure
—abjuratory, adj. —abjurer, n. /ab joor", -jerr"/, v.t., abjured, abjuring. 1. to renounce, repudiate, or retract, esp. with formal solemnity; recant: to abjure one's ...
abjurer
See abjuration. * * *
Abkhaz
/ahb kahz"/; Russ. /ub khahz"/, n. Abkhazian. * * * ▪ people also called  Abkhazian,  Abkhaz  Apswa,         any member of a Caucasian people living chiefly in the ...
Abkhazia
/ab kay"zheuh, -zee euh/; Russ. /ub khah"zyi yeuh/, n. an autonomous republic in the Georgian Republic, on the E coast of the Black Sea. 506,000; 3360 sq. mi. (8600 sq. km). ...
Abkhazian
/ab kay"zee euhn, -zheuhn/, n. a Caucasian language of Abkhazia, best known for its rich consonantism. Also, Abkhasian. [1865-70; ABKHAZI(A) + -AN] * * *
Abkhazo-Adyghian languages
also called  Northwest Caucasian Languages,         group of languages spoken primarily in the northwestern part of the Caucasus Mountains. The languages of this ...
abl
abl abbrev. ablative * * *
abl.
ablative1. * * *
ablactate
—ablactation, n. /ab lak"tayt/, v.t., ablactated, ablactating. to wean. [ < LL ablactatus weaned (ptp. of ablactare), equiv. to ab- AB- + lact- (s. of lac) milk + -atus ...
ablare
/euh blair"/, adv., adj. blaring: With trumpets ablare, the band entered the stadium. [A1 + BLARE] * * *
ablate
/a blayt"/, v., ablated, ablating. v.t. 1. to remove or dissipate by melting, vaporization, erosion, etc.: to ablate a metal surface with intense heat. v.i. 2. to become ablated; ...
ablation
/a blay"sheuhn/, n. 1. the removal, esp. of organs, abnormal growths, or harmful substances, from the body by mechanical means, as by surgery. 2. the reduction in volume of ...
ablative
ablative1 —ablatival /ab'leuh tuy"veuhl/, adj. /ab"leuh tiv/, Gram. adj. 1. (in some inflected languages) noting a case that has among its functions the indication of place ...
ablative absolute
Latin Gram. a construction not dependent upon any other part of the sentence, consisting of a noun and a participle, noun and adjective, or two nouns, in which both members are ...
ablativeabsolute
ab·la·tive absolute (ăbʹlə-tĭv) n. In Latin grammar, an adverbial phrase syntactically independent from the rest of the sentence and containing a noun or pronoun plus an ...
ablatively
See ablative2. * * *
ablator
/a blay"teuhr/, n. Aerospace. See under ablation (def. 3). [ABLATE + -OR2] * * *
ablaut
/ahb"lowt, ab"-/; Ger. /ahp"lowt/, n. Gram. (in Indo-European languages) regular alternation in the internal phonological structure of a word element, esp. alternation of a ...
ablaze
/euh blayz"/, adj. 1. burning; on fire: They set the logs ablaze. 2. gleaming with bright lights, bold colors, etc. 3. excited; eager; zealous; ardent. 4. very angry. [1800-10; ...
able
/ay"beuhl/, adj., abler, ablest, n. adj. 1. having necessary power, skill, resources, or qualifications; qualified: able to lift a two-hundred-pound weight; able to write music; ...
able seaman
1. Also called able-bodied seaman. an experienced deck-department seaman qualified to perform routine sea duties. 2. (in the British Navy and on British and U.S. merchant ships) ...
able-bodied
—able-bodiedness, n. /ay"beuhl bod"eed/, adj. having a strong, healthy body; physically fit: Every able-bodied young man served in the armed forces. [1615-25] * * *
able-bodied seaman
able-bodied seaman n. a trained merchant seaman, more highly skilled than, and ranking above, an ordinary seaman: also able seaman * * *

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