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able-bodied seaman n. See able seaman. * * *
—ableist, n. /ay"beuh liz'euhm/, n. discrimination against disabled people. [1985-1990] * * *
See ableism. * * *
Ableman v. Booth
▪ law case       (1859), case in which the U.S. Supreme Court upheld both the constitutionality of the Fugitive Slave Act (Fugitive Slave Acts) and the supremacy of the ...
able seaman n. An experienced seaman certified to perform all routine duties at sea. Also called able-bodied seaman. * * *
Ablett, Gary
▪ Australian athlete in full  Gary Robert Ablett  born Oct. 1, 1961, Drouin [near Warragul], Vic., Austl.        Australian rules football player who was celebrated ...
/euh bloohm"/, adv., adj. in bloom; blossoming; flowering. [1850-55; A-1 + BLOOM1] * * *
/ab"looh euhnt/, adj. 1. serving to cleanse. n. 2. a cleansing agent. [1745-55; < L abluent- (s. of abluens, prp. of abluere to wash away), equiv. to ab- AB- + -lu- comb. form of ...
/euh blush"/, adj. blushing; reddened. [1850-55; A-1 + BLUSH] * * *
/euh blooh"tid/, adj. (of the hands, body, etc.) thoroughly washed. [1640-50; ablute (prob. back formation from ABLUTION) + -ED2] * * *
—ablutionary, adj. /euh blooh"sheuhn/, n. 1. a cleansing with water or other liquid, esp. as a religious ritual. 2. the liquid thus used. 3. a washing of the hands, body, ...
See ablution. * * *
/ay"blee/, adv. in an able manner; with skill or ability; competently. [1350-1400; ME abelli. See ABLE, -LY] * * *
antiballistic missile. * * *
/ab"moh/, n., pl. abmhos. Elect. the centimeter-gram-second unit of conductance, equivalent to 109 mhos. [AB(AMPERE) + MHO] * * *
/ab'moh dal"i tee/, n., pl. abmodalities. Statistics. the differing of a measurable trait in an individual case from the mean for a population. [AB- + MODALITY] * * *
airborne. * * *
/ab nak"ee, -nah"kee/, n., pl. Abnakis, (esp. collectively) Abnaki. Abenaki. * * *
—abnegation, n. —abnegator, n. /ab"ni gayt'/, v.t., abnegated, abnegating. 1. to refuse or deny oneself (some rights, conveniences, etc.); reject; renounce. 2. to relinquish; ...
abnegation [ab΄nə gā′shən] n. 〚ME abnegacioun < LL abnegatio: see ABNEGATE〛 a giving up of rights, etc.; self-denial; renunciation * * * ab·ne·ga·tion ...
See abnegate. * * *
/ab"neuhr/, n. 1. the commander of the Israelite army and a cousin of Saul. I Sam. 14:50; 26:5. 2. a male given name. * * *
Abner Doubleday
➡ Doubleday * * *
Abney level
/ab"nee/, Survey. a hand level for determining elevations and angles of slope. * * *
Abney, Sir William de Wiveleslie
▪ British chemist and photographer born July 24, 1843, Derby, Derbyshire, Eng. died Dec. 3, 1920, Folkestone, Kent  a specialist in the chemistry of photography, especially ...
—abnormally, adv. —abnormalness, n. /ab nawr"meuhl/, adj. 1. not normal, average, typical, or usual; deviating from a standard: abnormal powers of concentration; an abnormal ...
abnormal psychology
the branch of psychology that deals with modes of behavior, mental phenomena, etc., that deviate markedly from the standards believed to characterize a well-adjusted ...
/ab nawr"meuhl see/, n., pl. abnormalcies. abnormality. [ABNORMAL + -CY] * * *
/ab'nawr mal"i tee/, n., pl. abnormalities. 1. an abnormal condition, state, or quality; irregularity; deviation. 2. an abnormal thing or event. Also, abnormalcy. [1850-55; ...
—abnormalization, n. /ab nawr"meuh luyz'/, v.t., abnormalized, abnormalizing. to make abnormal. Also, esp. Brit., abnormalise. [1870-75; ABNORMAL + -IZE] * * *
See abnormal. * * *
abnormal psychology n. The study of mental and emotional disorders or maladaptive behaviors, or of mental phenomena such as dreams, hypnosis, and altered states or levels of ...
/ab nawr"mi tee/, n., pl. abnormities. an abnormal condition, quality, etc.; abnormality; irregularity. [1725-35; < LL abnormitas, equiv. to abnorm(is) (ab- AB- + norm(a) rule, ...
/ab"oh/, n., pl. abos, adj. (sometimes cap.) Australian Disparaging and Offensive. n. 1. an Aborigine. adj. 2. aboriginal. [1905-10; by shortening; see -O] * * *
/aw"booh/, n. Swedish name of Turku. * * *
See ABO system. * * *
ABO and Rh groups in transfusion
▪ Table The ABO and Rh groups in transfusion system recipient type donor red cell type donor plasma type ABO A A* or O A or AB ABO B B or O B or AB ABO O O only O, A, B, ...
ABO blood group system
▪ biology  method of classifying human blood on the basis of the inherited properties of red blood cells (erythrocyte) (erythrocytes (erythrocyte)) as determined by their ...
ABO blood-group system
Classification of human blood according to whether red blood cells (erythrocytes) have or lack the inherited antigens called A (including A1 and A2) and B on their ...
ABO system
Physiol. a classification of human blood based on the presence on the surface of red blood cells of one or both of two specific antigens, designated A and B, or their absence, ...
Åbo, Treaty of
▪ Europe [1743]       (1743), peace settlement that concluded the Russo-Swedish War of 1741–43 by obliging Sweden to cede a strip of southern Finland to Russia and to ...
/euh bawrd", euh bohrd"/, adv. 1. on board; on, in, or into a ship, train, airplane, bus, etc.: to step aboard. 2. alongside; to the side. 3. Baseball. on base: a homer with two ...
/euh bawr"dij, euh bohr"-/, n. Naut. collision between two vessels meeting side-on or at a slight angle. [ABOARD + -AGE] * * *
abode1 /euh bohd"/, n. 1. a place in which a person resides; residence; dwelling; habitation; home. 2. an extended stay in a place; sojourn. [1200-50; ME abood a waiting, delay, ...
/ab ohm", ab"ohm'/, n. Elect. the centimeter-gram-second unit of electrical resistance, equivalent to 10-9 ohm. [ab- (see ABAMPERE) + OHM] * * *
/euh boyl"/, adv., adj. 1. boiling: Make the tea as soon as the water is aboil. 2. in a state of excited activity: The street was aboil with Saturday shoppers. [1855-60; A-1 + ...
—abolishable, adj. —abolisher, n. —abolishment, n. /euh bol"ish/, v.t. to do away with; put an end to; annul; make void: to abolish slavery. [1425-75; late ME < MF ...
See abolish. * * *
See abolishable. * * *
See abolishable. * * *
—abolitionary, adj. /ab'euh lish"euhn/, n. 1. the act of abolishing: the abolition of war. 2. the state of being abolished; annulment; abrogation: the abolition of unjust laws; ...
See abolition. * * *
/ab'euh lish"euh niz'euhm/, n. the principle or policy of abolition, esp. of slavery of blacks in the U.S. [1800-10; ABOLITION + -ISM] * * * (с 1783–1888) Movement to end the ...
/ab'euh lish"euh nist/, n. 1. (esp. prior to the Civil War) a person who advocated or supported the abolition of slavery in the U.S. 2. a person who favors the abolition of any ...
abolitionist movement
➡ slavery * * *
➡ abolitionism * * *
/ab'euh lish"euh nuyz'/, v.t., abolitionized, abolitionizing. (esp. prior to the Civil War) to convert (persons, a region, a state, etc.) to abolitionism. Also, esp. Brit., ...
/euh bol"euh/, n., pl. abollae /euh bol"ee/. a woolen cloak worn by men in ancient Rome. [1865-70; < L, prob. ult. < Gk ambolé, syncopated var. of ANABOLÉ a throwing back (and ...
See abomasum. * * *
/ab'euh may"seuhm/, n., pl. abomasa /-seuh/. the fourth or true stomach of cud-chewing animals, lying next to the omasum. See diag. under ruminant. [1700-10; < NL; see AB-, ...
/ab'euh may"seuhs/, n., pl. abomasi /-suy/. abomasum. * * *
/ab'euh may", euh boh"mee/, n. a city in SW Benin. 50,000. * * * ▪ Benin       town, southern Benin, located about 60 miles (100 km) north of Cotonou. Probably ...
—abominableness, n. —abominably, adv. /euh bom"euh neuh beuhl/, adj. 1. repugnantly hateful; detestable; loathsome: an abominable crime. 2. very unpleasant; disagreeable: The ...
Abominable Snowman
a legendary large, hairy, humanoid creature said to inhabit the Himalayas. Also called yeti. [1920-25; spurious trans. of a supposed Tibetan phrase metoh kangmi, prob. an ...
abominable snowman n. A hairy humanlike animal reportedly inhabiting the snows of the high Himalaya Mountains. Also called yeti. * * *
See abominable. * * *
—abominator, n. /euh bom"euh nayt'/, v.t., abominated, abominating. 1. to regard with intense aversion or loathing; abhor. 2. to dislike strongly. [1840-50; < L abominatus ...
/euh bom'euh nay"sheuhn/, n. 1. anything abominable; anything greatly disliked or abhorred. 2. intense aversion or loathing; detestation: He regarded lying with abomination. 3. a ...
See abominate. * * *
Abong Mbang
▪ Cameroon also spelled  Abong-Mbang        port located in southeastern Cameroon, on the upper Nyong River, at the head of seasonal river navigation from ...
/euh boohn"/, adv., prep. Scot. and Brit. Dial. above. [1350-1400; ME abone, abowne; see ABOVE] * * *
—aborally, adv. /ab awr"euhl, -ohr"-/, adj. Anat., Zool. opposite to or away from the mouth. [1855-60; AB- + ORAL] * * *
See aboral. * * *
—aboriginality, n. —aboriginally, adv. /ab'euh rij"euh nl/, adj. 1. of, pertaining to, or typical of aborigines: aboriginal customs. 2. original or earliest known; native; ...
See aboriginal. * * *
/ab'euh rij"euh nee/, n. 1. one of the original or earliest known inhabitants of a country or region. 2. (cap.) Also, Aboriginal. Also called Australian Aborigine. a member of ...
/euh bawr"ning/, adv. 1. in birth; before being carried out: The scheme died aborning. adj. 2. being born; coming into being, fruition, realization, etc.: A new era of ...
/euh bawrt"/, v.i. 1. to bring forth a fetus from the uterus before the fetus is viable; miscarry. 2. to develop incompletely; remain in a rudimentary or undeveloped state. 3. to ...
/euh bawr"teuh suyd'/, n. 1. destruction of a fetus in the uterus; feticide. 2. a drug or other agent that causes abortion. [ABORT + -I- + -CIDE] * * *
/euh bawr'teuh fay"sheuhnt/, adj. 1. causing abortion. n. 2. a drug or device used to cause abortion: a biochemical abortifacient in pill form. [1870-75; ABORT + -I- + ...
/euh bawr"sheuhn/, n. 1. Also called voluntary abortion. the removal of an embryo or fetus from the uterus in order to end a pregnancy. 2. any of various surgical methods for ...
abortion pill.
See antigestational drug. [1985-90] * * *
/euh bawr"sheuhn on di mand", -mahnd", -awn-/, n. 1. the right of a woman to have an abortion during the first six months of a pregnancy. 2. an abortion performed on a woman ...
/euh bawr"sheuh nist/, n. 1. a person who performs or induces abortions, esp. illegally. 2. a person who favors or advocates abortion as a right or choice that all women should ...
—abortively, adv. —abortiveness, n. /euh bawr"tiv/, adj. 1. failing to succeed; unsuccessful: an abortive rebellion; an abortive scheme. 2. born prematurely. 3. imperfectly ...
See abortive. * * *
See abortively. * * *
/euh bawr"teuhs/, n., pl. abortuses. 1. Med. a. immature placental or fetal tissue prematurely passed or curetted. b. an aborted fetus. [ < NL, L: miscarriage, equiv. to ...
ABO system (ā'bē-ōʹ) n. A classification system for human blood that identifies four major blood types based on the presence or absence of two antigens, A and B, on red ...
/ah'booh dee"kroh/, n. the wood of a sapele. [ < F, said to be the name of the tree in Abe and Akye (Attié), languages of the Lagoon region of the Ivory Coast] * * *
/euh bawt"/, v. pt. and pp. of aby. * * *
/ah'booh kear", ab'ooh-/, n. Abukir. * * *
—aboulic, adj. /euh booh"lee euh/, n. abulia. * * *
—aboundingly, adv. /euh bownd"/, v.i. 1. to occur or exist in great quantities or numbers: a stream in which trout abound. 2. to be rich or well supplied (usually fol. by in): ...
/euh bowt"/, prep. 1. of; concerning; in regard to: instructions about the work; a book about the Civil War. 2. connected or associated with: There was an air of mystery about ...
about face
(used as a military command to perform an about-face). [1860-65, Amer.] * * *
about ship
(as a command) put the ship about. [1865-70] * * *
n. /euh bowt"fays', euh bowt"fays"/; v. /euh bowt'fays"/, n., v., about-faced, about-facing. n. 1. Mil. a turn of 180° from the position of attention. 2. a complete, sudden ...
/euh bowt'ship"/, v.i., about-shipped, about-shipping. Naut. to tack. [1680-90] * * *
/euh buv"/, adv. 1. in, at, or to a higher place. 2. overhead, upstairs, or in the sky: My brother lives in the apartment above. A flock of birds circled above. 3. higher in ...
above stairs
Chiefly Brit. upstairs. [1750-60] * * *
above the line
Bridge. See under line1 (def. 31). * * *
/euh buv"bawrd', -bohrd'/, adv., adj. in open sight; without tricks, concealment, or disguise: Their actions are open and aboveboard. [1610-20; ABOVE + BOARD; so called from the ...
/euh buv"grownd'/, adj. 1. situated on or above the ground. 2. not secret or hidden; in the open: the aboveground activities of the country's left-wing faction. [1875-80; ABOVE + ...
/euh buv"men'sheuhnd/, adj. mentioned or written above: The role was sung by the abovementioned Mr. Phillips. [1700-10; ABOVE + MENTION + -ED2] * * *
ab o·vo (ăb ōʹvō) adv. From the beginning.   [Latin ab ōvō: ab, from + ōvō, ablative of ōvum, egg.] * * *
Abp abbrev. Archbishop * * *
archbishop. * * *
▪ Saudi Arabia Arabic  Buqayq,         town, eastern Saudi Arabia, about 25 miles (40 km) west of the Persian Gulf. It is situated in the southern end of the Abqaiq ...
abr abbrev. 1. abridged 2. abridgment * * *
1. abridge. 2. abridged. 3. abridgment. * * *
/ab'reuh keuh dab"reuh/, n. 1. a mystical word or expression used in incantations, on amulets, etc., as a magical means of warding off misfortune, harm, or illness. 2. any charm ...
a·bra·chi·a (ə-brāʹkē-ə) n. Congenital absence of the arms.   [a-1 + Greek brakhiōn, arm; see brace + -ia1.] * * *
See abrade. * * *
/euh brayd"nt/, adj. 1. having an abrasive property, effect, or quality; abrading. n. 2. an abrasive. [1875-80; ABRADE + -ANT] * * *
—abradable, adj. —abrader, n. /euh brayd"/, v.t., v.i., abraded, abrading. 1. to wear off or down by scraping or rubbing. 2. to scrape off. [1670-80; < L abradere, equiv. to ...
▪ viceroy of Yemen also spelled  Abreha  flourished 6th century AD       Ethiopian Christian viceroy of Yemen in southern Arabia.       Abraha was viceroy of ...
/ay"breuh ham', -heuhm/, n. 1. the first of the great Biblical patriarchs, father of Isaac, and traditional founder of the ancient Hebrew nation: considered by Muslims an ...
Abraham bar Hiyya
▪ Spanish-Jewish philosopher and scientist also called  Abraham Bar Hiyya Ha-nasi (Hebrew: “the Prince”)   born c. 1065 died c. 1136       Spanish Jewish ...
Abraham Cowley
➡ Cowley * * *
Abraham Lincoln
➡ Lincoln (II) * * *
Abraham Lincoln Battalion
▪ Spanish-American history       a force of volunteers from the United States who served on the Republican side in the Spanish Civil War from January 1937 until November ...
Abraham Lincoln, 1863: Emancipation Proclamation
▪ Primary Source       In the popular mind the Emancipation Proclamation transformed the American Civil War from a struggle to preserve the Union into a crusade for ...
Abraham Lincoln: A House Divided
▪ Primary Source       The speech by Abraham Lincoln to the Republican State Convention at Springfield, Illinois, on June 16, 1858, launched his campaign for the U.S. ...
Abraham Lincoln: A Plea for Compensated Emancipation
▪ Primary Source              Compensated emancipation was a scheme to allow the government to free the slaves and reimburse slave-owners. The Republican platform ...
Abraham Lincoln: A Program for Reconstruction
▪ Primary Source              In his third annual message to Congress on December 8, 1863, Lincoln for the first time presented a program for Reconstruction, a ...
Abraham Lincoln: A War to Preserve the Union
▪ Primary Source       After the surrender of Fort Sumter on April 14, 1861, Lincoln immediately issued a proclamation calling for 75,000 soldiers to suppress the ...
Abraham Lincoln: Emancipation Proclamation
▪ Primary Source        Emancipation Proclamation, 1863       In the popular mind the Emancipation Proclamation transformed the Civil War from a struggle to ...
Abraham Lincoln: First Inaugural Address
▪ Primary Source       Monday, March 4, 1861       In compliance with a custom as old as the Government itself, I appear before you to address you briefly and to ...
Abraham Lincoln: Second Inaugural Address
▪ Primary Source       Saturday, March 4, 1865       At this second appearing to take the oath of the Presidential office there is less occasion for an extended ...
Abraham Lincoln: The Dred Scott Decision and the Declaration of Independence
▪ Primary Source              The Dred Scott decision of March 1857 dealt a severe blow to Republican efforts to prevent the expansion of slavery. As the leading ...
Abraham's bosom
heaven, considered as the reward of the righteous. Luke 16:22. * * *
Abraham, Karl
born May 3, 1877, Bremen, Ger. died Dec. 25, 1925, Berlin German psychoanalyst. He helped establish the first branch of the International Psychoanalytic Institute in 1910 and ...
Abraham, Plains of
Plateau located southwest of the old walled city of Quebec, Canada. On September 13, 1759, it was the scene of the decisive battle of the French and Indian War, in which the ...
Abraham, Sir Edward Penley
▪ 2000       British biochemist who worked as a researcher with Ernst Chain and Howard Florey (both of whom later shared the Nobel Prize for Physiology or Medicine) on ...
Abraham,Plains of
Abraham, Plains of A field adjoining the upper part of Quebec City, Canada. In 1759 the British under Gen. James Wolfe defeated the French under Gen. Louis Montcalm in a ...
Abrahams, Harold
▪ British athlete in full  Harold Maurice Abrahams   born Dec. 15, 1899, Bedford, England died Jan. 14, 1978, London  British athlete who won a gold medal in the 100-metre ...
Abrahams, Israel
▪ British scholar born Nov. 26, 1858, London, Eng. died Oct. 6, 1925, Cambridge, Cambridgeshire       one of the most distinguished Jewish scholars of his time, who ...
Abrahams, Peter
▪ South African author in full  Peter Henry Abrahams   born March 19, 1919, Vrededorp, near Johannesburg, S.Af.    most prolific of South Africa's black prose writers, ...
Abrahams, William Miller
▪ 1999       American writer and editor whose three-decade-long editorship of the annual volumes of O. Henry Award-winning stories brought the short story a steady ...
/ay"breuhm/, n. 1. an earlier name of Abraham. Gen. 17:5. 2. a male given name: from a Hebrew word meaning "exalted father." * * *
Abram, Morris Berthold
▪ 2001       American lawyer and civil and human rights advocate (b. June 19, 1918, Fitzgerald, Ga.—d. March 16, 2000, Geneva, Switz.), fought a 14-year battle all the ...
Abramov, Fyodor
▪ Russian writer in full  Fyodor Aleksandrovich Abramov   born Feb. 29, 1920, Verkola, Russia, U.S.S.R. died May 14, 1983, Leningrad [now St. ...
Abramovitz, Max
▪ 2005       American architect (b. May 23, 1908, Chicago, Ill.—d. Sept. 12, 2004, Pound Ridge, N.Y.), partnered with Wallace K. Harrison to influence the development ...
Abrams, M.H.
▪ American literary critic in full  Meyer Howard Abrams  born July 23, 1912, Long Branch, N.J., U.S.       American literary critic known for his analysis of the ...
/ay brang"kee it, -ayt'/, adj. Zool. having no gills. Also, abranchial /ay brang"kee euhl/. [1850-55; A-6 + Gk bránchi(a) (neut. pl.) gills + -ATE1] * * *
/euh bray"zeuhr/, n. a machine for testing the abrasion resistance of a material. [abrase ( < L abrasus; see ABRASION) + -ER1] * * *
a·brash (ä-bräshʹ, ə-bräzhʹ) n. The natural and variable change in color that occurs in an Oriental rug over time when different dyes are used.   [Arabic, mottled, ...
/euh bray"zheuhn/, n. 1. a scraped spot or area; the result of rubbing or abrading: abrasions on his leg caused by falling on the gravel. 2. the act or process of ...
—abrasively, adv. —abrasiveness, n. /euh bray"siv, -ziv/, n. 1. any material or substance used for grinding, polishing, etc., as emery, pumice, or sandpaper. adj. 2. tending ...
See abrasive. * * *
See abrasively. * * *
Sharp, hard materials used to wear away the surface of softer, less resistant materials. Abrasives are indispensable to the manufacture of the highly precise components and ...
Abravanel, Maurice
▪ 1994       U.S. conductor (b. Jan. 6, 1903, Thessaloniki, Greece—d. Sept. 22, 1993, Salt Lake City, Utah), was of Spanish-Portuguese Sephardic parentage and had his ...
/euh brak"seuhs/, n. a word of unknown significance found on charms, esp. amulets, of the late Greco-Roman world and linked with both Gnostic beliefs and magical practices by the ...
/ah brddah"thaw, -saw/; Eng. /euh brah"soh/, n., pl. abrazos /-thaws, -saws/; Eng. /-sohz/. Spanish. an embrace, used in greeting someone. * * *
/ab'ree akt"/, v.t. Psychoanal. to remove by abreaction. [1910-15; AB- + REACT, on the model of G abreagieren] * * *
—abreactive /ab'ree ak"tiv/, adj. /ab'ree ak"sheuhn/, n. Psychoanal. release of emotional tension achieved through recalling a repressed traumatic experience. [1910-15; AB- + ...
/euh brest"/, adv., adj. 1. side by side; beside each other in a line: They walked two abreast down the street. 2. equal to or alongside in progress, attainment, or awareness ...
Abreu, Capistrano de
▪ Brazilian historian in full  João Capistrano De Abreu   born Oct. 23, 1853, Maranguape, Braz. died Aug. 13, 1927, Rio de Janeiro       Brazilian historian best ...
/euh bree"/; Fr. /ann brddee"/, n., pl. abris /euh breez"/; Fr. /ann brddee"/. 1. a shelter, esp. a dugout. 2. Archaeol. a rock shelter formed by the overhang of a cliff and ...
—abridgable, abridgeable, adj. —abridger, n. /euh brij"/, v.t., abridged, abridging. 1. to shorten by omissions while retaining the basic contents: to abridge a reference ...
See abridge. * * *
/euh brij"meuhnt/, n. 1. a shortened or condensed form of a book, speech, etc., that still retains the basic contents: an abridgment of Tolstoy's War and Peace. 2. the act or ...
Abrikosov, Alexey A.
▪ Russian physicist in full  Alexey Alexeevich Abrikosov  born June 25, 1928, Moscow, U.S.S.R. [now Russia]       Russian physicist, who won the Nobel Prize for ...
a·brin (āʹbrĭn) n. A poisonous protein found in the seeds of the rosary pea.   [New Latin Abrus, rosary pea genus (from Greek habros, graceful, delicate) + -in.] * * *
/euh bris"euhl/, adv., adj. in a bristling state: an angry dog with its hairs abristle. [1915-20; A-1 + BRISTLE] * * *
/euh brohch"/, adv., adj. 1. opened or tapped so that the contents can flow out; broached: The cask was set abroach. 2. astir; in circulation. [1350-1400; ME abroche. See A-1, ...
/euh brawd"/, adv. 1. in or to a foreign country or countries: famous at home and abroad. 2. in or to another continent: Shall we go to Mexico or abroad this summer? 3. out of ...
—abrogable /ab"reuh geuh beuhl/, adj. —abrogation, n. —abrogative, adj. —abrogator, n. /ab"reuh gayt'/, v.t., abrogated, abrogating. 1. to abolish by formal or official ...
See abrogate. * * *
See abrogation. * * *
See abrogation. * * *
—abruptly, adv. —abruptness, n. /euh brupt"/, adj. 1. sudden or unexpected: an abrupt departure. 2. curt or brusque in speech, manner, etc.: an abrupt reply. 3. terminating ...
/euh brup"sheuhn/, n. a sudden breaking off. [1600-10; < L abruption- (s. of abruptio). See ABRUPT, -ION] * * *
See abrupt. * * *
abruptly pinnate
Bot. paripinnate. * * *
See abruptly. * * *
/euh brooht"see/; It. /ah brddooht"tsee/, n. Duke of the (Prince Luigi Amedeo of Savoy-Aosta), 1873-1933, Italian naval officer, mountain climber, and Arctic explorer. * * ...
Abruzzi e Molise
/ah brddooht"tsee e maw lee"ze/ a region in central Italy. 1,552,556; 5881 sq. mi. (15,232 sq. km). Cap.: Aquilla. * * *
Abruzzi, Luigi Amedeo Giuseppe Maria Ferdinando Francesco, Duke (duca) d'
▪ Spanish mountaineer born Jan. 29, 1873, Madrid, Spain died March 18, 1933, Abruzzi City, near Mogadiscio, Italian Somaliland [now Mogadishu, Somalia]  Spanish mountaineer ...
Abruzzo, Ben L.
▪ American balloonist born June 9, 1930, Rockford, Ill., U.S. died Feb. 11, 1985, Albuquerque, N.M.       American balloonist who, with three crew mates, made the first ...
Advanced Ballistic Reentry Vehicle. * * *
/abz/, n.pl. Informal. abdominal muscles. [1980-85, Amer.; by shortening] * * *
Chem. See ABS resin. antilock braking system. * * *
ABS resin
Chem. a copolymer of acrylonitrile, butadiene, and styrene that is a tough, light, economical, heat- and stain-resistant plastic: used for telephones, boat hulls, and medical ...
Abs, Hermann J.
▪ German banker in full  Hermann Josef Abs   born Oct. 15, 1901, Bonn, Ger. died Feb. 5, 1994, Bad Soden       German banker and a leading figure in the West German ...
Abs, Hermann Josef
▪ 1995       German banker (b. Oct. 15, 1901, Bonn, Germany—d. Feb. 5, 1994, Bad Soden, Germany), was a dominant figure in the West German "economic miracle" following ...
var. of ab-: absent; abscond. * * *
1. absent. 2. absolute. 3. abstract. * * *
abs. re.
Law. See absente reo. * * *
/ab"seuh leuhm/, n. 1. the third and favorite son of David, who rebelled against his father and was slain by Joab. II Sam. 13-18. 2. a male given name: from a Hebrew word meaning ...
▪ Danish archbishop born c. 1128, , Fjenneslev, Den. died March 21, 1201, Sorö       archbishop, statesman, and close adviser of the Danish kings Valdemar I and ...
Absaroka Range
/ab sahr"euh keuh/ a range in S Montana and NW Wyoming: part of the Rocky Mountains. Highest peak, 13,140 ft. (4005 m). * * * Range of the Rocky Mountains in the U.S. It extends ...
Ab·sa·ro·ka Range (ăb-särʹə-kə) A section of the Rocky Mountains in northwest Wyoming and southern Montana. It rises to 4,007.7 m (13,140 ft) at Franks Peak. * * *
Ab·sa·ro·ke (ăb-särʹə-kə) n. pl. Absaroke or Ab·sa·ro·kes See Crow1.   [Crow, children of the long-beaked bird.] * * *
/ab"skam'/, n. the code name for an FBI investigation (1978-80) of bribery, involving members of Congress. [Ab(dul Enterprises Ltd.) + SCAM, from the name of the business used as ...
—abscessed, adj. /ab"ses/, n. Pathol. a localized collection of pus in the tissues of the body, often accompanied by swelling and inflammation and frequently caused by ...
/ab sind"/, v.t. to sever. [1650-60; < L abscindere, equiv. to ab- AB- + scindere to divide, tear] * * *
/ab suyz"/, v.i., abscised, abscising. Bot. to separate by abscission, as a leaf from a stem. [1605-15; < L abscisus cut off (ptp. of abscidere), equiv. to abs- ABS- + -cidere, ...
abscisic acid
/ab sis"ik, -siz"-/, Biochem. a growth-regulating plant hormone, C15H20O4, that promotes dormancy and the aging and abscission of leaves. [ABSCIS(SION) + -IC, on the model of the ...
ab·scis·ic acid (ăb-sĭzʹĭk) n. Abbr. ABA A plant hormone, C15H20O4, involved in the abscission of leaves, flowers, and fruits and the dormancy of buds and seeds. * * *
/ab sis"euh/, n., pl. abscissas, abscissae /-sis"ee/. Math. (in plane Cartesian coordinates) the x-coordinate of a point: its distance from the y-axis measured parallel to the ...
/ab sizh"euhn, -sish"-/, n. 1. the act of cutting off; sudden termination. 2. Bot. the normal separation of flowers, fruit, and leaves from plants. [1605-15; < L abscission- (s. ...
abscission layer
Bot. the layer of specialized, cutinized parenchyma cells that develops in the abscission zone, the disintegration of which causes abscission. Also called separation ...
abscission zone
Bot. the zone at the base of a leaf petiole, fruit stalk, or branch in which the abscission layer develops. * * *
abscission zone n. The region at the base of a leaf, flower, fruit, or other plant part, where the formation of a cork layer results in the separation of that part from the plant ...
—absconder, n. /ab skond"/, v.i. to depart in a sudden and secret manner, esp. to avoid capture and legal prosecution: The cashier absconded with the money. [1605-15; < L ...
/ab skon dee", ab'-/, n. a person who absconds; absconder. [ABSCOND + -EE] * * *
/ab skon"deuhns/, n. hiding, esp. to avoid legal proceedings. [1875-80; ABSCOND + -ENCE] * * *
See abscond. * * *
Abse, Dannie
▪ British writer born Sept. 22, 1923, Cardiff, Wales       British poet, playwright, essayist, and novelist, known for the characteristically Welsh voice and ...
/ahp"zuyl, ab"sayl/, n., v.i. rappel. [1930-35; < G abseilen (ab- down + seilen to rope)] * * *
/ab"seuhns/, n. 1. state of being away or not being present: I acted as supervisor in his absence. Your absence was noted on the records. 2. period of being away: an absence of ...
absence seizure
Pathol. petit mal. * * *
—absentation /ab'seuhn tay"sheuhn/, n. —absenter, n. —absentness, n. adj., prep. /ab"seuhnt/; v. /ab sent", ab"seuhnt/, adj. 1. not in a certain place at a given time; ...
absent without leave
Mil. See AWOL. * * *
—absent-mindedly, adv. —absent-mindedness, n. /ab"seuhnt muyn"did/, adj. so lost in thought that one does not realize what one is doing, what is happening, etc.; preoccupied ...
See absent-minded. * * *
See absent-mindedly. * * *
absente reo
/ab sen"tee ree"oh/, Law. in the absence of the defendant. Abbr.: abs. re. [ < L: lit., the party to the lawsuit (or the defendant) being away] * * *
/ab'seuhn tee"/, n. 1. a person who is absent, esp. from work or school. 2. a person who absents himself or herself, as a landowner who does not live on certain property owned or ...
absentee ballot
the ballot used for an absentee vote. [1930-35, Amer.] * * *
absentee landlord
a landlord who owns but is not resident in a property. * * *
absentee ownership
Ownership of land by those who do not live on it but who enjoy income from it. Criticized for centuries as an economic injustice, absentee ownership was a feature of ...
absentee vote
—absentee voter. a vote cast by a person who, because of absence from usual voting district, illness, or the like, has been permitted to vote by mail. [1930-35, Amer.] * * *
absentee voting
▪ politics       electoral process that enables persons who cannot appear at their designated polling places to vote from another location. The usual method of absentee ...
absentee ballot n. A ballot marked and mailed in advance by a voter away from the place where he or she is registered. * * *
/ab'seuhn tee"iz euhm/, n. 1. frequent or habitual absence from work, school, etc.: rising absenteeism in the industry. 2. the practice of being an absentee landlord. [1820-30; ...
absentee vote n. A vote as cast by absentee ballot.   absentee voter n. * * *
See absentee vote. * * *
/ab"seuhnt lee/, adv. in an absent-minded manner; inattentively. [1870-75; ABSENT + -LY] * * *
absentwithout leave
absent without leave adj. Absent from one's assigned military post or duties without official permission; AWOL. * * *
Abşeron Peninsula
▪ peninsula, Azerbaijan also spelled  Apsheron , Azerbaijani  Abşeron Yasaqliği        peninsula in Azerbaijan that extends 37 miles (60 km) eastward into the ...
—absinthial, absinthian, adj. /ab"sinth/, n. 1. a green, aromatic liqueur that is 68 percent alcohol, is made with wormwood and other herbs, and has a bitter, licorice flavor: ...
absinthism [ab′sinth iz΄əm, ab sinth′iz΄əm] n. a diseased condition caused by drinking too much absinthe * * *
absit omen
absit omen [ab′ sit ō′men΄] 〚L〛 may there be no (ill) omen (in it) * * *
—absoluteness, n. /ab"seuh looht', ab'seuh looht"/, adj. 1. free from imperfection; complete; perfect: absolute liberty. 2. not mixed or adulterated; pure: absolute alcohol. 3. ...
absolute alcohol
ethyl alcohol containing less than one percent by weight of water. * * *
absolute altitude
Aeron. the vertical distance between a flying aircraft, rocket, etc., and the point on the earth's surface directly below it, as measured by an electronic altimeter (absolute ...
absolute ceiling
Aeron. ceiling (def. 3b). [‡1915-20] * * *
absolute complement
Math. complement (def. 8). * * *
absolute convergence
Math. 1. the property of an infinite series in which the series formed by replacing each term in the original series with its absolute value converges. Cf. conditional ...
absolute humidity
the mass of water vapor present in a unit volume of moist air. Cf. dew point, mixing ratio, relative humidity, specific humidity. [1865-70] * * *
Absolute Idealism
▪ philosophy       a philosophical theory chiefly associated with G.W.F. Hegel and Friedrich Schelling, both German idealist philosophers of the 19th century, Josiah ...
absolute impediment
Law. a fact or circumstance that disqualifies a person from lawful marriage. * * *
absolute index of refraction
Optics. See under index of refraction. * * *
absolute magnitude
Astron. the magnitude of a star as it would appear to a hypothetical observer at a distance of 10 parsecs or 32.6 light-years. Cf. apparent magnitude. [1900-05] * * *
absolute majority
1. a number of votes constituting more than half of the number cast. 2. a number of voters constituting more than half of the number registered. Cf. simple majority. * * *
absolute maximum
Math. the largest value a given function assumes on a specified set. Cf. maximum (def. 4a). * * *
absolute minimum
Math. the smallest value a given function assumes on a specified set. Cf. minimum (def. 5a). * * *
absolute monarchy
a monarchy that is not limited or restrained by laws or a constitution. * * *
absolute music
instrumental music, as a concerto or string quartet, that draws no inspiration from or makes no reference to a text, program, visual image, or title and that exists solely in ...
absolute pitch
Music. 1. the exact pitch of a tone in terms of vibrations per second. 2. Also called perfect pitch. the ability to sing or recognize the pitch of a tone by ear. Cf. relative ...
absolute space
Physics. space that is not affected by what occupies it or occurs within it and that provides a standard for distinguishing inertial systems from other frames of ...
absolute temperature
absolute temperature n. temperature measured from absolute zero on the Kelvin scale or on the Rankine scale * * *
absolute temperature scale
Thermodynam. temperature (absolute temperature) as measured on a scale in which the hypothetical lowest limit of physical temperatures is assigned the value zero (absolute zero), ...
absolute value
Math. 1. the magnitude of a quantity, irrespective of sign; the distance of a quantity from zero. The absolute value of a number is symbolized by two vertical lines, as |3| or ...
absolute viscosity
Physics. See coefficient of viscosity. * * *
absolute zero
the temperature of -273.16°C (-459.69°F), the hypothetical point at which all molecular activity ceases. * * * Temperature at which a thermodynamic system (see thermodynamics) ...
absolute alcohol n. Ethyl alcohol containing no more than one percent water. * * *
absolute ceiling n. The maximum altitude above sea level at which an aircraft or missile can maintain horizontal flight under standard atmospheric conditions. * * *
absolute convergence n. The mathematical property by which the sum of the absolute values of the terms in a series converge. * * *
absolute humidity n. The amount of water vapor present in a unit volume of air, usually expressed in kilograms per cubic meter. * * *
/ab'seuh looht"lee, ab"seuh looht'-/, adv. 1. without exception; completely; wholly; entirely: You are absolutely right. 2. positively; certainly. 3. (of a transitive verb) ...

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