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Absolutely Fabulous
(also infml AbFab) a British television comedy series that began in 1992. It was written by Jennifer Saunders, who also acted in it. It is about two women, Patsy and Edina, who ...
absolutely convergent adj. Of, relating to, or characterized by absolute convergence. * * *
absolute magnitude n. The intrinsic magnitude of a celestial body computed as if viewed from a distance of 10 parsecs, or 32.6 light-years. * * *
absolute music n. Instrumental music that is free of any explicit verbal reference or program. * * *
See absolute. * * *
absolute pitch n. 1. The precise pitch of an isolated tone, as established by its rate of vibration measured on a standard scale. 2. Music. The ability to identify any pitch ...
absolute scale n. 1. A scale of temperature with absolute zero as the minimum. 2. The Kelvin scale. * * *
absolute temperature n. Abbr. abs Temperature measured or calculated on an absolute scale. * * *
absolute value n. 1. The numerical value of a real number without regard to its sign. For example, the absolute value of -4 (written |-4|) is 4. Also called numerical value. 2. ...
absolute zero n. The theoretical temperature at which substances possess no thermal energy, equal to -273.15°C, or -459.67°F. * * *
/ab'seuh looh"sheuhn/, n. 1. act of absolving; a freeing from blame or guilt; release from consequences, obligations, or penalties. 2. state of being absolved. 3. Rom. Cath. ...
—absolutist, n., adj. —absolutistic, adj. —absolutistically, adv. /ab"seuh looh tiz'euhm/, n. 1. the principle or the exercise of complete and unrestricted power in ...
See absolutism. * * *
See absolutist. * * *
absolutive [ab′sə lo͞ot΄iv] adj. Gram. designating, of, or in the case that is shared by the direct object of a transitive verb and the subject of an intransitive verb in an ...
/ab"seuh looh tuyz'/, v.t., absolutized, absolutizing. to render absolute; consider or declare perfect, complete, or unchangeable: Overzealous followers absolutized his ...
/ab sol"yeuh tawr'ee, -tohr'ee/, adj. giving absolution. [1630-40; < L absolutorius. See ABSOLUTE, -TORY1] * * *
See absolve. * * *
—absolvable, adj. —absolvent, adj., n. —absolver, n. /ab zolv", -solv"/, v.t., absolved, absolving. 1. to free from guilt or blame or their consequences: The court absolved ...
See absolvable. * * *
/ab"seuh neuhnt/, adj. dissonant; discordant (usually fol. by from or to): behavior that is absonant to nature. [1555-65; AB- + -sonant, as in CONSONANT, DISSONANT] * * *
—absorbable, adj. —absorbability n. /ab sawrb", -zawrb"/, v.t. 1. to suck up or drink in (a liquid); soak up: A sponge absorbs water. 2. to swallow up the identity or ...
See absorb. * * *
See absorbability. * * *
/ab sawr"beuhns, -zawr"-/, n. Physics. the capacity of a substance to absorb radiation, expressed as the common logarithm of the reciprocal of the transmittance of the ...
—absorbedly /ab sawr"bid lee, -zawr"-/, adv. —absorbedness, n. /ab sawrbd", -zawrbd"/, adj. deeply interested or involved; preoccupied: He had an absorbed look on his ...
absorbed dose
Physics. dose (def. 4a). * * *
See absorbability. * * *
/ab sawr'beuh fay"sheuhnt, -zawr'-/, adj. causing absorption. [1870-75; ABSORB + -e- (as in LIQUEFY, LIQUEFACTION) + -FACIENT] * * *
See absorbent. * * *
—absorbency, n. /ab sawr"beuhnt, -zawr"-/, adj. 1. capable of absorbing heat, light, moisture, etc.; tending to absorb. n. 2. something that absorbs: Tons of high-powered ...
absorbent cotton
cotton for surgical dressings, cosmetic purposes, etc., made absorbent by removing the natural wax. [1885-90, Amer.] * * *
/ab sawr"beuhr, -zawr"-/, n. 1. a person or thing that absorbs. 2. See shock absorber. 3. Physics. a material in a nuclear reactor that absorbs neutrons without reproducing ...
—absorbingly, adv. /ab sawr"bing, -zawr"-/, adj. extremely interesting; deeply engrossing: an absorbing drama. [1745-55; ABSORB + -ING2] * * *
absorbing well
a well for draining off surface water and conducting it to absorbent earth underground. Also called dry well, waste well. * * *
See absorbability. * * *
/ab sawrp"teuhns, -zawrp"-/, n. Physics, Optics. the ratio of the amount of radiation absorbed by a surface to the amount of radiation incident upon it. Cf. reflectance, ...
—absorptiometric /ab sawrp'shee euh me"trik, -zawrp'-/, adj. /ab sawrp'shee om"i teuhr, -zawrp'-/, n. a photoelectric instrument for measuring the concentration of a substance, ...
/ab sawrp"sheuhn, -zawrp"-/, n. 1. the act of absorbing. 2. the state or process of being absorbed. 3. assimilation; incorporation: the absorption of small farms into one big ...
absorption band
Physics. a dark band in the absorption spectrum of a substance, corresponding to a range of wavelengths for which the substance absorbs more strongly than at adjacent ...
absorption coefficient
Physics, Optics. a measure of the rate of decrease in the intensity of electromagnetic radiation, as light, as it passes through a given substance. [1895-1900] * * *
Absorption coefficients of common materials at several frequencies
▪ Table Absorption coefficients of common materials at several frequencies frequency ...
absorption dynamometer
Elect. a device for measuring the torque or power of an engine in a process in which the energy supplied to the device by the engine is absorbed. * * *
absorption edge
Physics. a discontinuity in the graph of the absorption coefficient of a substance plotted against the wavelength of x-rays being absorbed, representing the minimum energy ...
absorption hygrometer
a hygrometer that uses a hygroscopic chemical to absorb atmospheric moisture. * * *
absorption nebula
Astron. See dark nebula. * * *
absorption spectrum
Physics. the spectrum formed by electromagnetic radiation that has passed through a medium in which radiation of certain frequencies is absorbed. [1875-80] * * *
absorption spectrum n. The electromagnetic spectrum, broken by a specific pattern of dark lines or bands, observed when radiation traverses a particular absorbing medium. The ...
—absorptively, adv. —absorptiveness, n. /ab sawrp"tiv, -zawrp"-/, adj. able or tending to absorb; absorbent. [1655-65; < L absorpt- (s. of absorptus absorbed; see ABSORPTION) ...
/ab"sawrp tiv"i tee, -zawrp-/, n. Physics. the property of a body that determines the fraction of incident radiation absorbed or absorbable by the body. [1860-65; ABSORPTIVE + ...
—absquatulater, n. —absquatulation, n. /ab skwoch"euh layt'/, v.i., absquatulated, absquatulating. Slang. to flee; abscond: The old prospector absquatulated with our picks ...
/ab stayn"/, v.i. 1. to hold oneself back voluntarily, esp. from something regarded as improper or unhealthy (usually fol. by from): to abstain from eating meat. 2. to refrain ...
/ab stay"neuhr/, n. 1. a person who abstains from something regarded as improper or unhealthy, esp. the drinking of alcoholic beverages. 2. a person who abstains from ...
Abstbessingen faience
 tin-glazed earthenware produced in a factory in the village of Abstbessingen, in Thuringia, which flourished probably from the first half of the 18th century to about 1816. A ...
—abstemiously, adv. —abstemiousness, n. /ab stee"mee euhs/, adj. 1. sparing or moderate in eating and drinking; temperate in diet. 2. characterized by abstinence: an ...
See abstemious. * * *
See abstemiously. * * *
—abstentious, adj. /ab sten"sheuhn/, n. 1. an act or instance of abstaining. 2. withholding of a vote. [1515-25; < LL abstention- (s. of abstentio), equiv. to L abstent(us), ...
—abstentionist, n., adj. /ab sten"sheuh niz'euhm/, n. the refusal of a government to participate in international relations or alliances that it regards as detrimental to its ...
absterge [ab stʉrj′] vt. absterged, absterging 〚L abstergere < ab(s)-, away + tergere, to wipe: see DETERGE〛 Archaic 1. to wipe away; clean 2. to purge abstergent adj., ...
/ab sterr"jeuhnt/, adj. 1. cleansing. 2. purgative. n. 3. a cleansing agent, as a detergent or soap. [1605-15; < L abstergent-, s. of abstergens, prp. of abstergere to wipe off, ...
—abstersiveness, n. /ab sterr"siv/, adj. abstergent. [1400-50; late ME ( < MF) < ML abstersivus, equiv. to L absters(us), ptp. of abstergere (see ABSTERGENT) + -ivus -IVE] * * *
—abstinent, adj. —abstinently, adv. /ab"steuh neuhns/, n. 1. forbearance from any indulgence of appetite, esp. from the use of alcoholic beverages: total abstinence. 2. any ...
abstinence syndrome
the withdrawal symptoms that occur after abstinence from a drug, esp. a narcotic, to which one is addicted. * * *
abstinence theory
Econ. the theory that interest is payment for conserving current income. * * *
See abstinence. * * *
See abstinent. * * *
1. abstract. 2. abstracted. * * *
—abstracter, n. —abstractly, adv. —abstractness, n. adj. /ab strakt", ab"strakt/; n. /ab"strakt/; v. /ab strakt"/ for 11-14, /ab"strakt/ for 15, adj. 1. thought of apart ...
abstract algebra
the branch of mathematics that deals with the extension of algebraic concepts usually associated with the real number system to other, more general systems. * * *
abstract art
or nonobjective art or nonrepresentational art Art, including painting, sculpture, and graphic art, that does not represent recognizable objects. In the late 19th century the ...
abstract expressionism
—abstract expressionist. (sometimes caps.) a movement in experimental, nonrepresentational painting originating in the U.S. in the 1940s, with sources in earlier movements, and ...
abstract expressionist
➡ abstract expressionism * * *
abstract music.
See absolute music. [1875-80] * * *
abstract noun
Gram. 1. a noun denoting something immaterial and abstract, as rest, dread, or transportation. 2. a noun formed with a suffix that imparts such a meaning, as kindness. Cf. ...
abstract number
Math. a number that does not designate the quantity of any particular kind of thing. Cf. denominate number. [1550-60] * * *
abstract of title
Law. an outline history of the title to a parcel of real estate, showing the original grant, subsequent conveyances, mortgages, etc. Also called brief of title. [1855-60] * * *
abstract poem
      a term coined by Edith Sitwell (Sitwell, Dame Edith) to describe a poem in which the words are chosen for their aural quality rather than specifically for their ...
abstract space
Math. a space whose elements are not geometric points, esp. a function space. * * *
—abstractedly, adv. —abstractedness, n. /ab strak"tid/, adj. lost in thought; deeply engrossed or preoccupied. [1605-15; ABSTRACT + -ED2] Syn. See absent-minded. * * *
See abstracted. * * *
See abstractedly. * * *
See abstract. * * *
abstract expressionism n. A school of painting that flourished after World War II until the early 1960s, characterized by the view that art is nonrepresentational and chiefly ...
abstracting journal
a periodical consisting mainly or entirely of abstracts of current works. [1955-60] * * *
abstracting service
a service that provides abstracts of publications on a subject or group of related subjects, usually on a subscription basis. * * *
—abstractional, adj. /ab strak"sheuhn/, n. 1. an abstract or general idea or term. 2. the act of considering something as a general quality or characteristic, apart from ...
▪ art group       association of international painters and sculptors that from 1931 to 1936 promoted the principles of pure abstraction (abstract art) in ...
See abstraction. * * *
/ab strak"sheuh niz'euhm/, n. Fine Arts. the practice and theory of abstract art. [1905-10, for an earlier sense; ABSTRACTION + -ISM] * * *
/ab strak"sheuh nist/, n. 1. a person who produces abstract works of art. adj. 2. showing abstract characteristics in art; tending toward abstractionism. [1835-45, for earlier ...
—abstractively, adv. —abstractiveness, n. /ab strak"tiv/, adj. 1. having the power of abstracting. 2. pertaining to an abstract or summary. [1480-90; < ML abstractivus. See ...
See abstracter. * * *
See abstracter. * * *
abstract noun n. A noun that denotes an abstract or intangible concept, such as envy or joy. * * *
abstractof title
abstract of title n. A brief history of the transfers of a piece of land, including all claims that could be made against it. * * *
/ab strikt"/, v.i. to undergo abstriction. [1890-95; AB- + L strictus bound, drawn tight; see STRICT] * * *
/ab strik"sheuhn/, n. Mycol. a method of spore formation in fungi in which successive portions of the sporophore are cut off through the growth of septa; abjunction. [1640-50; ...
—abstrusely, adv. —abstruseness, n. /ab stroohs"/, adj. 1. hard to understand; recondite; esoteric: abstruse theories. 2. Obs. secret; hidden. [1590-1600; < L abstrusus ...
See abstruse. * * *
See abstrusely. * * *
/ab strooh"si tee/, n., pl. abstrusities for 2. 1. the quality or state of being abstruse. 2. an abstruse statement, action, etc. [1625-35; ABSTRUSE + -ITY] * * *
—absurdly, adv. —absurdness, n. /ab serrd", -zerrd"/, adj. 1. utterly or obviously senseless, illogical, or untrue; contrary to all reason or common sense; laughably foolish ...
Absurd, Theatre of the
      dramatic works of certain European and American dramatists of the 1950s and early '60s who agreed with the Existentialist philosopher Albert Camus's (Camus, Albert) ...
/ab serr"diz euhm, -zerr"-/, n. the philosophical and literary doctrine that human beings live in essential isolation in a meaningless and irrational world. [1945-50; ABSURD + ...
/ab serr"dist, -zerr"-/, adj. 1. of, pertaining to, or dealing with absurdism or the absurd. n. 2. an adherent of absurdism, esp. a writer whose work is characterized by ...
/ab serr"di tee, -zerr"-/, n., pl. absurdities. 1. the state or quality of being absurd. 2. something absurd. [1425-75; late ME absurdite ( < MF) < LL absurditas. See ABSURD, ...
See absurdity. * * *
See absurdity. * * *
about. * * *
(in full the Association of British Travel Agents) a British organization that protects the customers of travel agents, e.g. by giving people back the money for their tickets if ...
(as used in expressions) Abu al Fath Jalal al Din Muhammad Akbar Abu Ali al Husayn ibn Abd Allah ibn Sina Abu al Qasim Mansur Abu Mazen Abu Bakr Abu Dhabi Abu Zabi Abu Hanifah al ...
Abu al-Faḍl ʿAllāmī
▪ Indian author and theologian Abu al-Faḍl also spelled  Abu-l-faẓl  born Jan. 14, 1551, Agra [India] died Aug. 22, 1602       historian, military commander, ...
Abū al-Faraj al-Iṣbahānī
▪ Muslim scholar in full  Abū Al-faraj ʿalī Ibn Al-ḥusayn Al-qurashī Al-iṣbahānī , also called  Al-iṣfahānī  born 897, Isfahan, Iran died November 20, 967, ...
Abū al-Fidāʾ
▪ Ayyūbid ruler and author in full  Abū Al-fidāʾ Ismāʿīl Ibn ʿalī Al-mālik Al-muʾayyad ʿimad Ad-dīn , also called  Abulfeda  born November 1273, Damascus died ...
Abū al-Ghāzī Bahādur
▪ Khivan khan also spelled  Abulghazi Bahadur  born August 24, 1603, Urgench, khanate of Khiva [now Urganch, Uzbekistan] died 1663, Khiva       khan (ruler) of Khiva ...
Abū al-Ḥasan
▪ Indian painter flourished 17th century, Delhi [India]       one of the leading Mughal (Mughal painting) painters of the emperor Jahāngīr's (Jahāngīr) atelier, ...
Abū al-Ḥasan ʿAlī
▪ Marīnid sultan born c. 1297 died May 24, 1351, Hintato, Mor.       Marīnid sultan of Morocco (reigned 1331–51) who increased the territories of his dynasty and, ...
Abu al-Qāsim
Abu al-Qāsim [ä bo͞o′ äl kä′sim] (L. name Albucasis) 936?-1013?; Arab surgeon & medical encyclopedist, in Spain: also Abul Kasim [ä bool′ kä′sim] * * * ▪ ...
Abū al-ʿAbbās as-Saffāḥ
▪ ʿAbbāsid caliph born , 722 died 754, Al-Anbār [Iraq]       Islāmic caliph (reigned 749–754), first of the ʿAbbāsid dynasty, which was to rule over eastern ...
Abū al-ʿAtāhiyah
▪ Arab poet original name  Abū Isḥāq Ismāʿīl ibn al-Qāsim ibn Suwayd ibn Kaysān  born 748, Al-Kūfah or ʿAyn al-Tamr, Iraq died 825/826, Baghdad       first ...
Abu Ali Mustafa
▪ 2002 Mustafa az-Zibri        Palestinian nationalist (b. 1938, Arabeh, Palestine—d. Aug. 27, 2001, Ram Allah, West Bank), was a cofounder and, from July 2000, ...
Abu Bakar
▪ sultan of Johore born 1843? died June 4, 1895, London, Eng.       sultan of the Malay state of Johore (Johor) (now part of Malaysia) from 1885 to 1895. He maintained ...
Abū Bakr
born с 573, Mecca, Hejaz, Arabian Peninsula died Aug. 23, 634, Medina One of the close Companions of the Prophet Muhammad and the first Muslim caliph. Some Muslim traditions ...
Abu Dhabi
/ah"booh dah"bee/ 1. a sheikdom in the N United Arab Emirates, on the S coast of the Persian Gulf. 235,662. 2. the capital of this sheikdom. 95,000. 3. the capital of the United ...
Abu Ghazala, 'Abd al-Halim
▪ 2009       Egyptian military leader born Jan. 15, 1930, Al-Zohour, Egypt died Sept. 6, 2008, Cairo, Egypt used his position as Egypt's field marshal to help preserve ...
Abu Hanifa
/ah booh' ha nee"feuh/ A.D. 699-767, Islamic scholar and founder of one of the schools of Islamic law. * * *
Abū Ḥanīfah
▪ Muslim jurist and theologian in full  Abū Ḥanīfah An-nuʿmān Ibn Thābit  born 699, Kūfah, Iraq died 767, Baghdad       Muslim jurist and theologian whose ...
Abū Ḥanīfah (al-Nu{ʽ}mān ibn Thābit)
born 699, Kūfah, Iraq died 767, Baghdad Muslim jurist and theologian. The son of a merchant in Kūfah, he gained wealth in the silk trade and studied law under the noted ...
Abū Jirāb
▪ ancient site, Egypt also spelled  Abu Gurab ,  Abu Ghurab , or  Abu Gurob        ancient Egyptian (Egypt, ancient) site, about 1 mile (1.6 km) north of Abū ...
Abū Kālījār al-Marzubān ibn Sulṭān ad-Dawlah
▪ Būyid ruler also called  Muḥyīʾad-dīn  born , May/June 1009, Basra, Iraq died October 1048, Khannāb, near Kermān, Iran       ruler of the Būyid dynasty ...
Abu Madi, Iliya
▪ Arab writer born c. 1890, Al-Muḥaydithah, Lebanon died 1957       Arab poet and journalist whose poetry achieved popularity through his expressive use of language, ...
Abū Muslim
(d. 755) Leader of a revolutionary movement in Khorāsān whose efforts brought down the Umayyad dynasty. Born into the mawālī (non-Arab Muslim) class and of humble origins, ...
Abu Nidal
▪ 2003 Sabri al-Banna        Palestinian militant (b. 1937, Jaffa, Palestine—d. Aug. 16?, 2002, Baghdad, Iraq), was believed to have masterminded countless deadly ...
Abū Nuwās
▪ Persian poet also spelled  Abū Nuʾās , in full  Abū Nuwās Al-ḥasan Ibn Hāniʾ Al-ḥakamī  born c. 747, –762, Ahvāz, Iran died c. 813, –815, ...
Abū Qīr Bay
Inlet of the Mediterranean Sea, lying near the Rosetta mouth of the Nile along the coast of Egypt. It was the scene of the Battle of the Nile (1798), in which an English fleet ...
Abū Rīshah, ʿUmar
▪ Syrian poet and diplomat born April 10, 1910, ʿAkko, Palestine [now in Israel] died July 15, 1990, Riyadh, Saudi Arabia       Syrian poet and diplomat, noted for his ...
Abū Ruwaysh
▪ ancient site, Egypt also spelled  Abu Roash  ancient Egyptian (Egypt, ancient) site of a 4th-dynasty (Egypt, ancient) (c. 2575–c. 2465 BCE) pyramid built by ...
Abu Seif, Salah
▪ 1997       Egyptian filmmaker whose movies, noted for their realism and progressive political messages, drew criticism from Muslim religious leaders and the Egyptian ...
Abū Shahrayn
      mound in southern Iraq, site of the ancient Sumerian city of Eridu (q.v.). * * *
Abu Simbel
/ah"booh sim"bel, -beuhl/ a former village in S Egypt, on the Nile: site of two temples of Ramses II; now inundated by Lake Nasser, created by the Aswan High Dam. Also, Abu ...
Abū Ṣīr
▪ archaeological site, Egypt also spelled  Abusir  ancient site between Al-Jīzah (Jīzah, Al-) (Giza) and Ṣaqqārah, northern Egypt, where three 5th-dynasty (Egypt, ...
Abū Tammām
▪ Syrian poet in full  Abū Tammām Ḥabīb Ibn Aws  born 804, near Damascus [now in Syria] died c. 845, , Mosul, Iraq       poet and editor of an anthology of early ...
Abū Ẓabī
or Abu Dhabi Largest constituent emirate (pop., 2001 est.: 1,186,000) of the United Arab Emirates. Bounded to the north by the Persian Gulf, to the south and west by Saudi ...
Abu Zaby
Abu Zaby (or Zabi) [ä΄bo͞o zä′bē] Ar. name for ABU DHABI * * * ▪ emirate, United Arab Emirates also spelled  Abu Dhabi   constituent emirate of the United Arab ...
Abū Zayd, Naṣr Ḥāmid
born Oct. 7, 1943, Ṭanṭā, Egypt Egyptian scholar. He attended Cairo University and received a Ph.D. in Arab and Islamic studies. His research and writings on Quranic ...
Abū ʿAlī Muṣṭafā
▪ Palestinian nationalist byname of  Muṣṭafā al-Zibrī  born 1938, ʿArrābah, Palestine [West Bank] died August 27, 2001, Ramallah, West Bank       Palestinian ...
/euh booh'bak"euhr/, n. A.D. 573-634, Muhammad's father-in-law and successor: first caliph of Mecca 632-634. Also, Abu-Bekr /euh booh'bek"euhr/. * * *
Abubakar, Abdulsalam
▪ 1999       On June 9, 1998, following the sudden death of Nigerian military ruler Gen. Sani Abacha the previous day, Maj. Gen. Abdulsalam Abubakar, Nigeria's defense ...
Abubakar, Abdusalam
▪ head of state of Nigeria Abdusalam also spelled  Abdusalami  or  Abdulsalam  born June 13, 1942, Minna, Nigeria       Nigerian military leader, who served as head ...
/euh bub"euhl/, adj. 1. bubbling, as while cooking or boiling. 2. characterized by intense enthusiasm or activity: The store was abubble with last-minute shoppers. [1865-70; A-1 ...
A·bu Dha·bi (ä'bo͞o däʹbē) A sheikdom and city of eastern Arabia on the Persian Gulf. The city is the capital of the federated United Arab Emirates. With enormous oil ...
/euh bil"ding/, adj. in the process of building or being built. [1525-35; A-1 + BUILD + -ING2] * * *
/euh booh"jeuh/, n. the capital of Nigeria, in the central part. 378,671. * * * City (pop., 1995 est.: 423,391), federal capital of Nigeria. Construction of the city, at a site ...
/ah'booh kear", ab'ooh-/, n. a bay in N Egypt, between Alexandria and the Rosetta mouth of the Nile: French fleet defeated here by British fleet 1798. Also, Aboukir. * * *
▪ mountains, Japan       (Japanese: Abukuma Mountains), range in northern Honshu, Japan, extending for 106 miles (170 km) north to south and paralleling the Pacific ...
—abulic, adj. /euh byooh"lee euh, euh booh"-/, n. Psychiatry. a symptom of mental disorder involving impairment or loss of volition. Also, aboulia. [1840-50; < NL, prob. not < ...
See abulia. * * *
/euh booh'meuh ron"/, n. Avenzoar. * * *
/euh booh"neuh/, n. (often l.c.) the title of the chief bishop of the Ethiopian Church. [ < Ar, equiv. to abu father + -na our] * * *
Abuná River
▪ river, South America Spanish  Río Abuná,  Portuguese  Rio Abunã,         a headwater of the Amazon, east of the Cordillera Oriental of the Andes. The navigable ...
/euh bun"deuhns/, n. 1. an extremely plentiful or oversufficient quantity or supply: an abundance of grain. 2. overflowing fullness: abundance of the heart. 3. affluence; wealth: ...
Abundance of the naturally occurring rare-earth elements
▪ Table Abundance of the naturally occurring rare-earth elements (parts per million) element Earth's crust average of 20 chondritic meteorites composite of 40 North American ...
Abundances of elements
▪ Table Abundances of elements   solar system* Earth* collection efficiency ...
Abundances of the isotopes
▪ Table Abundances of the isotopes element Z symbol A abundance   mass ...
—abundantly, adv. /euh bun"deuhnt/, adj. 1. present in great quantity; more than adequate; oversufficient: an abundant supply of water. 2. well supplied; abounding: a river ...
abundant number
Math. a positive number that is less than the sum of all positive integers that are submultiples of it, as 12, which is less than the sum of 1, 2, 3, 4, and 6. Cf. deficient ...
abundant year.
See under Jewish calendar. * * *
See abundant. * * *
A·bu Qir also A·bu·kir (ä'bo͞o-kîrʹ, ăb'o͞o-) A village of northern Egypt in the Nile River delta on the Bay of Abu Qir. Adm. Horatio Nelson's victory over a French ...
/ay"beuh ree/, n. Avebury (def. 2). * * *
/euh byooh"sij/, n. improper use of words; unidiomatic or ungrammatical language. [1540-50; ABUSE + -AGE] * * *
—abusable /euh byooh"zeuh beuhl/, adj. —abuser, n. v. /euh byoohz"/; n. /euh byoohs"/, v., abused, abusing, n. v.t. 1. to use wrongly or improperly; misuse: to abuse one's ...
See abuse. * * *
A·bu Sim·bel (ä'bo͞o sĭmʹbəl, -bĕl) A village of southern Egypt on the Nile River. It is the site of massive rock temples dating from c. 1250 B.C. that were moved to ...
—abusively, adv. —abusiveness, n. /euh byooh"siv/, adj. 1. using, containing, or characterized by harshly or coarsely insulting language: an abusive author; abusive ...
See abusive. * * *
See abusively. * * *
/euh but"/, v., abutted, abutting. v.i. 1. to be adjacent; touch or join at the edge or border (often fol. by on, upon, or against): This piece of land abuts on a street. v.t. 2. ...
/euh byooht"l on'/, n. any tropical shrub belonging to the genus Abutilon, of the mallow family, comprising the flowering maples. [1725-35; < NL < Ar abutilun] * * * ▪ plant ...
/euh but"meuhnt/, n. 1. Archit., Civ. Eng. a. a masonry mass supporting and receiving the thrust of part of an arch or vault. b. a force that serves to abut an arch or vault. c. ...
/euh but"l/, n. 1. abuttals, a. those parts of one piece of land that abut on adjacent lands; boundaries. b. Also, buttals. Law. the boundary lines of a piece of land in relation ...
abuttals [ə but′'lz] pl.n. abutting parts of land; boundaries * * *
/euh but"euhr/, n. a person who owns adjacent land. [1665-75, Amer.; ABUT + -ER1] * * *
/euh buz"/, adj. 1. buzzing. 2. full of or alive with activity, talk, etc.: The company was abuzz with rumors about the new owner. [1855-60; A-1 + BUZZ1] * * *
▪ Persian mathematician also spelled  Abul Wefa , in full  Muḥammad ibn Muḥammad ibn Yaḥyā ibn Ismāʿīl ibn al-ʿAbbās Abūʾl-Wafāʾ al-Būzjānī  born 940, ...
above. * * *
/ab vohlt", ab"vohlt'/, n. Elect. the centimeter-gram-second unit of electromotive force, equivalent to 10-8 volt. [ab- (see ABAMPERE) + VOLT1] * * *
/ab wot", ab"wot'/, n. Elect. the centimeter-gram-second unit of electrical power, equivalent to 10-7 watt. [ab- (see ABAMPERE) + WATT] * * *
/ahp"vair, ahb"-/; Ger. /ahp"vayrdd/, n. the German high-command service for espionage, counterintelligence, and sabotage during World War II. [ < G: lit., defense (n. deriv. of ...
/euh buy"/, v., pt. and pp. abought. v.t. 1. Archaic. to pay the penalty of. v.i. Obs. 2. to endure; continue. 3. to undergo suffering as a penalty. Also, abye. [bef. 1100; ME ...
/euh buy"deuhs/, n. 1. an ancient ruined city in central Egypt, near Thebes: temples and necropolis. 2. an ancient town in NW Asia Minor, at the narrowest part of the ...
/ab"euh leuh/, n. ancient name of Jebel Musa. * * *
/euh biz"euhm/, n. an abyss. [1250-1300; ME abi(s)me < MF abisme < VL *abyssimus, a neologistic pseudo-superl. of LL abyssus ABYSS] * * *
—abysmally, adv. /euh biz"meuhl/, adj. 1. of or like an abyss; immeasurably deep or great. 2. extremely or hopelessly bad or severe: abysmal ignorance; abysmal ...
See abysmal. * * *
/euh bis"/, n. 1. a deep, immeasurable space, gulf, or cavity; vast chasm. 2. anything profound, unfathomable, or infinite: the abyss of time. 3. (in ancient cosmogony) a. the ...
1. Abyssinia. 2. Abyssinian. * * *
/euh bis"euhl/, adj. 1. of or like an abyss; immeasurable; unfathomable. 2. of or pertaining to the biogeographic zone of the ocean bottom between the bathyal and hadal zones: ...
abyssal hill
▪ geology       small, topographically well-defined submarine hill that may rise from several metres to several hundred metres above the abyssal seafloor, in water 3,000 ...
abyssal plain
Flat seafloor area at a depth of 10,000–20,000 ft (3,000–6,000 m), generally adjacent to a continent. The larger plains are hundreds of miles wide and thousands of miles ...
abyssal zone
abyssal zone n. the ecological zone along the deep ocean floor between the bathyal and hadal zones * * * ▪ geology       portion of the ocean deeper than about 2,000 m ...
—Abyssinian, adj., n. /ab'euh sin"ee euh/, n. 1. former name of Ethiopia (def. 1). 2. Ethiopia (def. 2). * * *
Abyssinian [ab΄ə sin′ē ən] n. 1. ETHIOPIAN 2. any of a breed of short-haired domestic cat, ruddy brown or reddish in color, with a rounded, wedge-shaped head, originating ...
Abyssinian banana
a large, treelike Ethiopian plant, Ensete ventricosum, of the banana family, having leaves about 15 ft. (4 m) long, whitish flowers with reddish-brown bracts, and dry, inedible ...
Abyssinian cat
a breed of domesticated cat originating in Africa, typically having grayish or brownish fur with a reddish undercoat, giving it a brindled appearance. [1875-80] * * * Breed of ...
Abyssinian Church.
See Ethiopian Church. * * *
Abyssinian gold.
See Talmi gold. [1885-90] * * *
Abyssinian well
a perforated pipe driven into the ground for pumping out collected ground water; wellpoint. * * *
Abyssinian cat n. A slender shorthaired cat of a breed developed from Near Eastern stocks, having a reddish-brown coat tipped with small black markings. * * *
/ab"zoog/, n. Bella (Savitzky) /seuh vit"skee/, 1920-98, U.S. politician and women's-rights activist: congresswoman 1971-76. * * *
Abzug, Bella
orig. Bella Savitzky born July 24, 1920, New York, N.Y., U.S. died March 31, 1998, New York City U.S. lawyer and politician. She studied law at Columbia University and ...
Ab·zug (ăbʹzo͝og', -zŭg'), Bella. 1920-1998. American politician who was a U.S. representative from New York State (1971-1976) and is noted for her support of the peace ...
1. Real Estate. air conditioning. 2. Elect. alternating current. * * *
Chem. 1. acetate. 2. acetyl. Symbol, Chem. actinium. * * *
Elect. alternating current. * * *
AC and U
Association of Colleges and Universities. Also, AC&U. * * *
var. of ad- before c and qu: accede; acquire. * * *
ac. abbr. 1. acre. 2. air-cool. * * *
/ay'see dee"see/, adj. Slang. sexually responsive to both men and women; bisexual. [1940-45, for an earlier sense; 1960-65 for this use] Elect. alternating current or direct ...
1. American Camping Association. 2. American Canoe Association. 3. American Casting Association. * * *
Agricultural Conservation and Adjustment Administration. * * *
/euh kay"sheuh/, n. 1. a small tree or shrub belonging to the genus Acacia, of the mimosa family, having clusters of small yellow flowers. 2. any of several other plants, as the ...
Acacia Avenue
Brit. Facetious. any middle-class suburban street. * * *
Acacian Schism
▪ Christianity       (484–519), in Christian history, split between the patriarchate of Constantinople and the Roman See, caused by an edict by Byzantine patriarch ...
acad abbrev. 1. academic 2. [also A-] academy * * *
1. academic. 2. academy. * * *
/ak"euh deem', ak'euh deem"/, n. 1. the campus activity, life, and interests of a college or university; the academic world. 2. (sometimes cap.) any place of instruction; a ...
/ak'euh deuh meez", -mees", euh kad'euh-/, n. pedantic, pretentious, and often confusing academic jargon: a presumably scholarly article written in incomprehensible ...
/ak'euh dee"mee euh, -deem"yeuh, -dem"ee euh, -dem"yeuh/, n. (sometimes cap.) the milieu or interests of a university, college, or academy; academe. [1945-50; < NL, L. See ...
/ak'euh dem"ik/, adj. 1. of or pertaining to a college, academy, school, or other educational institution, esp. one for higher education: academic requirements. 2. pertaining to ...
academic costume
the ceremonial garb of the students and faculty in schools, colleges, and universities, consisting of a flat cap (mortarboard), a long, wide-sleeved gown, and sometimes a hood, ...
academic dress
➡ Oxbridge * * *
academic freedom
1. freedom of a teacher to discuss or investigate any controversial social, economic, or political problems without interference or penalty from officials, organized groups, ...
academic gown
a long, wide-sleeved outer garment worn as part of the academic costume. * * *
academic rank
the rank of a faculty member in a college or university, as professor, associate professor, assistant professor, or instructor. [1875-80] * * *
academic year
the customary annual period of instruction at a college, university, etc., running approximately from September to June. Also called school year. [1930-35] * * *
—academically, adv. /ak'euh dem"i keuhl/, adj. 1. academic. n. 2. academicals. See academic costume. [1580-90; ACADEMIC + -AL1] * * *
academically [ak΄ə dem′i kəl ē] adv. 1. in relation to an academy 2. in an academic manner; pedantically 3. from an academic point of view * * * See academic. * * *
academicals [ak΄ə dem′i kəlz] pl.n. traditional academic clothing; cap and gown * * *
academic freedom n. Liberty to teach, pursue, and discuss knowledge without restriction or interference, as by school or public officials. * * *
/ak'euh deuh mish"euhn, euh kad'euh-/, n. 1. a member of an association or institution for the advancement of arts, sciences, or letters. 2. a follower or promoter of the ...
/ak'euh dem"euh siz'euhm/, n. 1. traditionalism or conventionalism in art, literature, etc. 2. thoughts, opinions, and attitudes that are purely speculative. 3. pedantic or ...
/ak'euh dem"euh suyz'/, v.t., academicized, academicizing. academize. Also, esp. Brit., academicise. [ACADEMIC + -IZE] * * *
ac·a·dem·ics (ăk'ə-dĕmʹĭks) n. (used with a pl. verb) College or university courses and studies: “Academics are a much more important priority to him than ...
Académie Française
Fr. /ann kann day mee frddahonn sez"/. See French Academy. * * * Literary academy in France. The Académie Française was established by Cardinal Richelieu in 1634 to maintain ...
Académie Goncourt
Fr. /ann kann day mee gawonn koohrdd"/. See under Goncourt (def. 2). * * *
/euh kad"euh miz'euhm/, n. 1. academicism. 2. Philos. the philosophy of the school founded by Plato. [1720-30; ACADEME + -ISM] * * *
/euh kad"euh muyz'/, v.t., academized, academizing. to reduce (a subject) to a rigid set of rules, principles, precepts, etc.: futile attempts to academize the visual arts. Also, ...
/ak'euh dee"meuhs/, n. an Arcadian whose estate became a meeting place for Athenian philosophers. * * *
/euh kad"euh mee/, n., pl. academies. 1. a secondary or high school, esp. a private one. 2. a school or college for special instruction or training in a subject: a military ...
Academy Award
Trademark. an annual award given to a performer, director, technician, etc., of the motion-picture industry for superior achievement in a specific category: judged by the voting ...
Academy Awards
Annual awards of merit in the U.S. presented by the Academy of Motion Picture Arts and Sciences. The Academy was formed in 1927 by Louis B. Mayer and others to raise the ...
Academy Bay
▪ bay, Ecuador Spanish  Bahía de la Academia   bay at the south end of Santa Cruz (Indefatigable) Island (one of the Galapagos Islands), in the eastern Pacific Ocean about ...
Academy of Motion Picture Arts and Sciences
the US film organization in Los Angeles that presents the Academy Awards. It was created in 1927 by Louis B Mayer and now has 6 000 members who are actors, directors, producers ...
Academy of St Martin-in-the-Fields
a small British orchestra, formed in 1959 by Neville Marriner. At first, it played only baroque music, and all its concerts took place in the church of St Martin-in-the-Fields in ...
Academy of Venice, Galleries of the
▪ museum, Venice, Italy Italian  Gallerie Dell'accademia Di Venezia,         museum of art in Venice housing an unrivaled collection of paintings from the Venetian ...
Academy, Gallery of the
▪ museum, Florence, Italy Italian  Galleria Dell'accademia,         museum of art in Florence chiefly famous for its several sculptures by Michelangelo, notably his ...
/euh kay"dee euh/, n. a former French colony in SE Canada: ceded to Great Britain 1713. French, Acadie /ann kann dee"/. * * * North American possession of France in the ...
Acadia National Park
a national park in Maine, on Mount Desert Island. 44 sq. mi. (114 sq. km). * * * Preserve on the coast of Maine, U.S. It has an area of 65 sq mi (168 sq km). Originally ...
Acadia University
Privately endowed university in Wolfville, Nova Scotia, Canada. Founded in 1838, it took its current name and status in 1891. It has faculties of arts, professional studies, ...
/euh kay"dee euhn/, adj. 1. of or pertaining to Acadia or its inhabitants. n. 2. a native or inhabitant of Acadia. 3. Cajun (def. 1). [1695-1705, Amer.; ACADI(A) + -AN] * * *
Acadian flycatcher
a small flycatcher, Empidonax virescens, of eastern North America, usually having olive-green plumage above with a yellow tinge on the sides and belly. [1930-35] * * *
Acadian orogeny
Mountain-building event that affected the northern portion of the Appalachian Geosyncline from present-day New York to Newfoundland during the Devonian period. The orogeny was ...
Acadian owl
(in former systems of nomenclature) the saw-whet owl. [1910-15] * * *

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