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See lucid. * * *
See lucidity. * * *
See lucidity. * * *
(as used in expressions) Anouilh Jean Marie Lucien Pierre Bonaparte Lucien René Lucien Chomette Delors Jacques Lucien Jean Monod Jacques Lucien * * *
Lucien Freud
➡ Freud * * *
/looh"seuh feuhr/, n. 1. a proud, rebellious archangel, identified with Satan, who fell from heaven. 2. the planet Venus when appearing as the morning star. 3. (l.c.) See ...
lucifer match.
See friction match. [1825-35] * * *
luciferase [lo͞o sif′ər ās΄] n. 〚 LUCIFERIN + -ASE〛 an oxidizing enzyme that acts with luciferin to produce light * * * lu·cif·er·ase (lo͞o-sĭfʹə-rās', ...
/looh sif"euhr in/, n. Biochem. a pigment occurring in luminescent organisms, as fireflies, that emits light when undergoing oxidation. [1885-90; < L lucifer (see LUCIFER) + ...
/looh sif"euhr euhs/, adj. 1. bringing or providing light. 2. providing insight or enlightenment. [1640-50; < L lucifer (see LUCIFER) + -OUS] * * *
/looh sil"ee euhs/, n. Gaius /gay"euhs/, c180-102? B.C., Roman satirist. * * *
Lucilius, Gaius
▪ Roman writer born c. 180 BC, Suessa Aurunca, Campania [now Sessa Aurunca, Italy] died c. 103, or 102 BC, Neapolis [now Naples]       effectively the inventor of ...
/looh seel"/, n. a female given name, form of Lucia or Lucy. Also, Lucile. * * *
Lucille Ball
➡ Ball * * *
Lucina [lo͞o sī′nə] n. Rom. Myth. the goddess of childbirth: variously identified with Juno and Diana * * * Lu·ci·na (lo͞o-sīʹnə) n. Archaic A midwife.   [Latin ...
/looh sin"deuh/, n. a female given name, form of Lucy. * * *
/looh"suyt/, Trademark. a transparent or translucent plastic, any of a class of methyl methacrylate ester polymers. * * * or Plexiglas or Perspex Trademark names of the organic ...
/looh"sheuhs/, n. a male given name: from a Latin word meaning "light." * * * (as used in expressions) Lucius Domitius Aurelianus Lucius Sergius Catilina Apuleius Lucius Clay ...
Lucius I
/looh"shee euhs, -sheuhs/ Saint, died A.D. 254, pope 253-254. * * *
Lucius I, Saint
▪ pope died March 5, 254, ; feast day March 4       pope from June 253 to March 254.       He succeeded St. Cornelius on June 25, 253. He was exiled to ...
Lucius II
(Gherardo Caccianemici dell' Orso) died 1145, Italian ecclesiastic: pope 1144-45. * * * ▪ pope original name Gherardo Caccianemici born , Bologna, Papal States died Feb. 15, ...
Lucius III
(Ubaldo Allucingoli) died 1185, Italian ecclesiastic: pope 1181-85. * * * ▪ pope original name Ubaldo Allucingoli born 1097?, Lucca, Tuscany died Nov. 25, 1185, ...
/luk/, n. 1. the force that seems to operate for good or ill in a person's life, as in shaping circumstances, events, or opportunities: With my luck I'll probably get ...
/loohtsk/; Pol. /woohtsk/, n. Polish name of Lutsk. * * *
/luk"ee/, n. Scot. lucky2. * * *
/luk"euh lee/, adv. by good luck; fortunately: Luckily we had enough money. [1520-30; LUCKY + -LY] * * *
See lucky. * * *
—lucklessly, adv. —lucklessness, n. /luk"lis/, adj. having no luck; unfortunate; hapless; ill-fated; turning out or ending disastrously: a luckless venture that ruined many ...
Luckman, Sid
▪ American football player byname of  Sidney Luckman   born November 21, 1916, Brooklyn, New York, U.S. died July 5, 1998, North Miami Beach, ...
Luckman, Sidney
▪ 1999       American football player and coach (b. Nov. 21, 1916, Brooklyn, N.Y.—d. July 5, 1998, North Miami Beach, Fla.), revolutionized American football in the ...
/luk"now/, n. a city in and capital of Uttar Pradesh state, in N India: the British besieged it (1857) during Sepoy Rebellion. 826,246. * * * City (pop., 2001 prelim.: ...
Lucknow Pact
▪ 1916, India       (December 1916), agreement made by the Indian National Congress headed by Maratha leader Bal Gangadhar Tilak (Tilak, Bal Gangadhar) and the ...
lucky1 —luckiness, n. /luk"ee/, adj., luckier, luckiest. 1. having or marked by good luck; fortunate: That was my lucky day. 2. happening fortunately: a lucky accident. 3. ...
lucky dip
lucky dip n. Brit. GRAB BAG * * * ➡ lotteries * * *
Lucky Jim
a comic novel (1954) by Kingsley Amis. The main character, Jim Dixon, is a young college teacher who dislikes his job and falls in love with another man’s girlfriend. The ...
Lucky Strike{™}
a cigarette first sold in the US in 1871 and now made by BAT. Phrases used to advertise Lucky Strike cigarettes have included ‘Reach for a Lucky’, ‘LS/MFT’ (Lucky Strike ...
n [U] a sweet orange-coloured drink which is advertised as giving energy to people who take part in sports, etc. or helping people to get well after an illness. * * *
—lucratively, adv. —lucrativeness, n. /looh"kreuh tiv/, adj. profitable; moneymaking; remunerative: a lucrative business. [1375-1425; late ME lucratif ( < MF) < L lucrativus ...
/looh"keuhr/, n. monetary reward or gain; money. [1350-1400; ME < L lucrum profit; akin to OE lean reward, G Lohn, Goth, ON laun] * * *
/loo kree"sheuh, -shee euh/, n. 1. Also, Lucrece /looh krees"/. Rom. Legend. a Roman woman whose suicide led to the expulsion of the Tarquins and the establishment of the Roman ...
See Lucretius. * * *
—Lucretian, adj. /looh kree"sheuhs/, n. (Titus Lucretius Carus) 97?-54 B.C., Roman poet and philosopher. * * * in full Titus Lucretius Carus flourished 1st century BC Latin ...
Lucrezia Borgia
/looh kret"see euh bawr"jeuh, bawr"zheuh, -kree"sheuh/; It. /looh krdde"tsyah bawrdd"jah/ an opera (1833) by Gaetano Donizetti. * * *
—lucubrator, n. —lucubratory /looh kyooh"breuh tawr'ee, -tohr'ee/, adj. /looh"kyoo brayt'/, v.i., lucubrated, lucubrating. 1. to work, write, or study laboriously, esp. at ...
/looh'kyoo bray"sheuhn/, n. 1. laborious work, study, thought, etc., esp. at night. 2. the result of such activity, as a learned speech or dissertation. 3. Often, lucubrations. ...
—luculently, adv. /looh"kyoo leuhnt/, adj. 1. clear or lucid: a luculent explanation. 2. convincing; cogent. [1375-1425; late ME < L luculentus bright, equiv. to luc- (s. of ...
/looh kul"euhn/, adj. 1. (esp. of banquets, parties, etc.) marked by lavishness and richness; sumptuous. 2. of or pertaining to Lucullus or his life style. Also, Lucullean ...
/looh kul"euhs/, n. Lucius Licinius /li sin"ee euhs/, c110-57? B.C., Roman general and epicure. * * *
Lucullus, Lucius Licinius
born с 117 died 57/56 BC Roman general who served as consul in 74 BC. He fought alongside Sulla and was the only officer to take part in Sulla's march on Rome. After Sulla's ...
Lucullus,Lucius Licinius
Lu·cul·lus (lo͞o-kŭlʹəs), Lucius Licinius. 110?-57?B.C. Roman general and consul noted for his self-indulgence. * * *
/looh"see/, n. a female given name. Also, Luci. /looh"see/, n. the incomplete skeletal remains of a female hominid found in eastern Ethiopia in 1974 and classified as ...
Lucy Stoner
/stoh"neuhr/ a person who advocates the retention of the maiden name by married women. Cf. Stone (def. 5). [1945-50, Amer.; Lucy STONE + -ER1] * * *
Lucy, Richard de
▪ English justiciar died July 14, 1179, Lesnes Abbey, Kent, Eng.       chief justiciar (judiciary officer) of England under King Henry II (reigned 1154–89). He was ...
Lucy, Saint
▪ Italian martyr Italian  Santa Lucia   died 304, Syracuse, Sicily; feast day December 13       virgin and martyr who was one of the earliest Christian saints to ...
Lucy, Sir Thomas
▪ English squire born April 24, 1532, Charlecote, near Stratford-on-Avon, Warwickshire, Eng. died July 7, 1600, Charlecote       English squire whom William Shakespeare ...
Among the Votyak and Zyryan peoples of Russia, a sacred grove, usually consisting of fir trees, where sacrifices were performed. Enclosed by a high fence, the lud contained a ...
Chin. /lyuu"dah"/, n. Pinyin. former name of Dalian (def. 1). Also, Lüta. * * *
▪ American rapper byname of  Christopher Brian Bridges , also called  DJ Chris Lova Lova , also spelled  Ludichris  born Sept. 11, 1977, Champaign, Ill., ...
Welsh. /lyuudh/, n. Llud. * * *
See Luddite. * * *
—Luddism, Ludditism, n. /lud"uyt/, n. a member of any of various bands of workers in England (1811-16) organized to destroy manufacturing machinery, under the belief that its ...
/loohd/, n. Slang. Quaalude. [1975-80; by shortening] * * *
/loohd"n dawrf'/, n. Erich Friedrich Wilhelm von /ay"rddikh frddee"drddikh vil"helm feuhn/, 1865-1937, German general. * * *
Ludendorff, Erich
born April 9, 1865, Kruszewnia, near Poznań, Prussian Poland died Dec. 20, 1937, Munich, Ger. German general. In 1908 he joined the German army general staff and worked under ...
Ludendorff,Erich Friedrich Wilhelm von
Lu·den·dorff (lo͞odʹn-dôrf'), Erich Friedrich Wilhelm von. 1865-1937. German general and politician. He was chief of staff in the east during World War I. * * *
▪ Germany       city, North Rhine–Westphalia Land (state), west-central Germany. It is situated in the hilly, wooded Sauerland region between the Lenne and Volme ...
/looh"deuhr its/, n. a seaport in SW Namibia: diamond-mining center. 17,000. * * * ▪ Namibia formerly  Angra Pequena   town on the Atlantic coast of Namibia (formerly ...
/loo'dee ah"nah/, n. a city in central Punjab, in N India. 401,124. * * * ▪ India       city, central Punjab state, northwestern India. The city stands on the former ...
ludi publici
▪ ancient Roman games       (Latin: “public games”), ancient Roman spectacles, primarily consisting of chariot (chariot racing) races and various kinds of theatrical ...
ludi scaenici
▪ ancient Roman drama       (Latin: “stage games”), in ancient Rome, theatrical performances associated with the celebration of public games (ludi publici), in which ...
/looh"dik/, adj. playful in an aimless way: the ludic behavior of kittens. [1935-40; < L lud- (s. of ludere to play) + -IC, perh. via F ludique, learned formation from same ...
—ludicrously, adv. —ludicrousness, n. /looh"di kreuhs/, adj. causing laughter because of absurdity; provoking or deserving derision; ridiculous; laughable: a ludicrous lack ...
See ludicrous. * * *
See ludicrously. * * *
Luding-Rothenburger, Christa
▪ East German speed skater and cyclist née  Rothenburger , also known as  Christa Rothenburger-Luding  born December 4, 1959, Weisswasser, East Germany [now ...
▪ Michigan, United States       city, seat (1874) of Mason county, western Michigan, U.S. It is on Lake Michigan (Michigan, Lake) at the mouth of the Pere Marquette ...
Ludington, Sybil
▪ American Revolutionary War heroine married name  Sybil Ogden  born April 5, 1761, Fredericksburg [now Ludingtonville], N.Y. [U.S.] died Feb. 26, 1839, Unadilla, N.Y., ...
Lüdke, Bruno
▪ German serial killer born 1909, Köpenick, Ger. died April 8, 1944, Vienna, Austria       German serial killer who may have murdered more than 80 people. Although he ...
/lud"loh/, n. 1. a town in S Salop, in W England: agricultural market center. 23,481. 2. a town in S Massachusetts. 18,150. /lud"loh/, Typesetting, Trademark. a brand of machine ...
Ludlow Series
▪ geology       the third of four main divisions (in ascending order) making up the Silurian (Silurian Period) System; it represents all those rocks on a global basis ...
Ludlow, Edmund
▪ English soldier and politician born c. 1617, , Maiden Bradley, Wiltshire, Eng. died November 1692, Vevey, Switz.  radical republican who fought for Parliament against the ...
Ludlul bel nemeqi
▪ Mesopotamian literature Akkadian:  “Let Me Praise the Lord of Wisdom”        in ancient Mesopotamian religious literature, a philosophical composition concerned ...
(1927–2001) a US author who wrote more than 20 novels which have been translated into 32 languages in 40 countries. The stories are about spies and international crime. Some of ...
Ludlum, Robert
born May 25, 1927, New York, N.Y., U.S. died March 12, 2001, Naples, Fla. U.S. author of spy thrillers. He worked in the theatre as an actor and a successful producer and acted ...
Ludmila, Saint
▪ Slavic saint born c. 860, near Mělník, Bohemia [now in Czech Republic] died Sept. 15, 921, Tetin Castle, near Podébrady; feast day September 16       Slavic martyr ...
n [U] (BrE) a simple game played with dice and small coloured discs on a special board. A similar game popular in the US is called Parcheesi. * * *
Ludovic Kennedy
➡ Kennedy (VII) * * *
(as used in expressions) Holberg Ludvig Baron Johannsen Wilhelm Ludvig Runeberg Johan Ludvig * * *
/lud"wig, lood"vig, -wig/; Ger. /looht"vikh, loohd"-/, n. 1. Emil /ay"meel/, (Emil Cohn), 1881-1948, German biographer. 2. a male given name: from a Germanic word meaning "famous ...
Ludwig II
German name of Louis II. * * *
Ludwig Mies van der Rohe
➡ Mies van der Rohe * * *
Ludwig Wittgenstein
➡ Wittgenstein * * *
Ludwig, Carl F(riedrich) W(ilhelm)
born Dec. 29, 1816, Witzenhausen, near Kassel, Hesse-Kassel died April 23, 1895, Leipzig, Ger. German physician. He invented devices to record arterial blood-pressure changes, ...
Ludwig, Carl F.W.
▪ German physiologist in full  Carl Friedrich Wilhelm Ludwig   born Dec. 29, 1816, Witzenhausen, near Kassel, Hesse-Kassel [Germany] died April 23, 1895, Leipzig, Ger.  a ...
Ludwig, Daniel Keith
▪ American entrepreneur born June 24, 1897, South Haven, Mich., U.S. died Aug. 27, 1992, New York, N.Y.       American entrepreneur who parlayed a $5,000 loan on his ...
Ludwig, Emil
▪ German writer original name  Emil Cohn  born Jan. 25, 1881, Breslau, Ger. [now Wrocław, Pol.] died Sept. 17, 1948, near Ascona, Switz.  German writer internationally ...
Ludwig, Jack
▪ Canadian author in full  Jack Barry Ludwig   born Aug. 30, 1922, Winnipeg, Man., Can.       Canadian writer who produced three novels but is perhaps best known for ...
Ludwig, Otto
▪ German writer born Feb. 12, 1813, Eisfeld, Thuringia [Germany] died Feb. 25, 1865, Dresden, Saxony       German novelist, playwright, and critic, remembered for his ...
Ludwig, Peter
▪ 1997       German chocolatier and art collector who amassed one of the world's largest private art collections and helped found a number of art museums, to which he ...
Lud·wigs·burg (lo͝odʹvĭgz-bûrg', lo͞otʹvĭKHs-bo͝ork') A city of southwest Germany north of Stuttgart. It grew around a baroque 18th-century castle built in imitation ...
Ludwigsburg ware
▪ earthenware       faience and porcelain earthenwares made at Ludwigsburg, Württemberg (Germany), between 1736 and 1824. One of the best surviving examples of ...
/looht"vikhs hah'feuhn, loohd"-/, n. a city in SW Germany, on the Rhine opposite Mannheim. 156,700. * * * ▪ Germany in full  Ludwigshafen am Rhein        city, ...
/lyuup"keuh/, n. Heinrich /huyn"rddikh/. See Lübke, Heinrich. * * *
Lueger, Karl
born Oct. 24, 1844, Vienna, Austria died March 10, 1910, Vienna Austrian politician. He was elected to the Vienna city council (1875) and to the Austrian parliament (1885), and ...
/looh el"euh/, n. a female given name. * * *
/looh"ning/, n. Otto, born 1900, U.S. composer, conductor, and flutist. * * *
Luening, Otto
▪ American composer in full  Otto Clarence Luening   born June 15, 1900, Milwaukee, Wis., U.S. died Sept. 2, 1996, New York, N.Y.       American composer, conductor, ...
Luening, Otto Clarence
▪ 1997       U.S. composer, conductor, and flutist (b. June 15, 1900, Milwaukee, Wis.—d. Sept. 2, 1996, New York, N.Y.), created more than 300 musical pieces in a wide ...
/looh"eez/, n. Pathol. syphilis. [1625-35; < NL, special use of L lues plague, contagion] * * *
—luetically, adv. /looh et"ik/, adj. Pathol. syphilitic. [1895-1900; LUE(S) + -TIC] * * *
See luetic. * * *
/luf/, n. Naut. 1. the forward edge of a fore-and-aft sail. See diag. under sail. v.i. 2. to bring the head of a sailing ship closer to or directly into the wind, with sails ...
luff on luff
Naut. a tackle composed of one luff attached to the fall of another. Also called luff upon luff. [1830-40] * * *
luff tackle
Naut. a tackle having a double block and a single block, giving a mechanical advantage of three or four, neglecting friction, depending on which is the standing and which is the ...
/looh"feuh, luf"euh/, n. loofah. * * * ▪ plant also spelled  loofah,  also called  vegetable sponge,  sponge gourd,  or  rag gourd         any of seven species ...
Lufira River
▪ river, Democratic Republic of the Congo       tributary of the Lualaba River, which is itself a headstream of the Congo River, in Congo (Kinshasa). The Lufira rises in ...
/luf"kin/, n. a city in E Texas. 28,562. * * * ▪ Texas, United States       city, seat (1890) of Angelina county, in the Piney Woods region of eastern Texas, U.S. The ...
in full Deutsche Lufthansa AG Leading air-passenger, cargo, and airline-services company with headquarters in Cologne, Ger. As of 2002 it had more than 300 destinations in 90 ...
luftmensch [looft′mensh΄] n. pl. luftmenschen [looft′men΄shən] 〚Yiddish < Ger luft, air (see LUFTWAFFE) + mensch, person〛 an impractical, unrealistic person * * *
/looft"vahf'euh/, n. German. air force. * * *
lug1 /lug/, v., lugged, lugging, n. v.t. 1. to pull or carry with force or effort: to lug a suitcase upstairs. 2. to introduce or interject in an inappropriate or irrelevant ...
/lookh/, n. an ancient Irish god, probably a solar deity. * * *
lug foresail
Naut. a gaff foresail having no boom or sometimes a partial boom. * * *
lug nut
a large nut fitting on a heavy bolt, used esp. in attaching a wheel to a motor vehicle. * * *
lug pad
padeye. * * *
lug wrench
a wrench for loosening or tightening lug nuts. * * *
/lug"rigd"/, adj. Naut. rigged with a lugsail or lugsails. [1855-60] * * *
/lug"sohld'/, adj. (of a shoe, boot, etc.) having lugs on the sole, as to provide secure footing on rugged terrain. Also, lug-sole. [LUG2 + SOLE2 + -ED3] * * *
▪ Mesopotamian hero       one of the major figures in the surviving Sumerian epics and the hero of the tale called the Lugalbanda Epic, or Lugalbanda and Enmerkar. See ...
▪ ruler of Uruk also spelled  Lugalzaggisi        (reigned c. 2375–50 BC), ensi (“sacred king”) of the southern Mesopotamian (Mesopotamia, history of) city of ...
/looh gan"deuh, -gahn"-/, n. a Bantu language of Uganda. Also called Ganda. * * *
Lugano [lo͞o gä′nō] 1. city in S Switzerland: pop. 27,000 2. Lake lake on the Swiss-Italian border: c. 20 sq mi (52 sq km) * * * ▪ Switzerland (Italian),German  Lauis, ...
Lugano, Lake
or Lago Ceresio Lake in Switzerland and Italy, located between Maggiore and Como lakes. Straddling the border of the two countries, it has an area of 19 sq mi (49 sq km) and a ...
/looh gahnsk"/, n. a city in E Ukraine, in the Donets Basin. 509,000. Formerly (1935-90), Voroshilovgrad. * * *
/looh"geuhr/, n. Richard G(reen), born 1932, U.S. politician: senator since 1977. * * *
Lugard, F(rederick) (John) D(ealtry)
later Baron Lugard (of Abinger) born Jan. 22, 1858, Fort St. George, Madras, India died April 11, 1945, Abinger, Surrey, Eng. British colonial administrator. In Nigeria he ...
Lugard, F.D.
▪ British colonial administrator in full  Frederick John Dealtry Lugard, Baron Lugard Of Abinger   born Jan. 22, 1858, Fort St. George, Madras, India died April 11, 1945, ...
▪ people       people living mainly in northwestern Uganda and the adjoining area of Congo (Kinshasa). They speak a Central Sudanic language (Central Sudanic languages) ...
Roman province, one of the three administrative divisions of Gaul. It extended northwest from its capital at Lugdunum (modern Lyon) and included the land between the Seine and ...
—luger, n. /loohzh/, n., v., luged, luging. n. 1. a one- or two-person sled for coasting or racing down a chute, used esp. in Europe. v.i. 2. to go or race on a luge: to luge ...
Sled racing using a small sled that is ridden in a supine position. The sled, called a luge, is steered with the feet and subtle shoulder movements. Dating back to the 15th ...
Lugeon, Maurice
▪ French geologist born July 10, 1870, Poissy, France died Oct. 23, 1953, Lausanne, Switz.  Swiss geologist who provided the first comprehensive interpretation of the Alps as ...
/looh"geuhr/, Trademark. a brand of automatic pistol of 9-millimeter caliber, made in Germany. * * *
Luger pistol
▪ weapon also called  Parabellum Pistol,        semiautomatic German hand weapon first manufactured in 1900 for both military and commercial use. It was made in 7.65- ...
—luggageless, adj. /lug"ij/, n. suitcases, trunks, etc.; baggage. [1590-1600; LUG1 + -AGE] * * *
/lug"euhr/, n. Naut. a small ship lug-rigged on two or three masts. [1785-95; LUG(SAIL) + -ER1] * * *
lugger topsail
Naut. a fore-and-aft topsail used above a lugsail. * * *
/lug"ee, loog"ee, looh"gee/, n. Scot. any wooden container with a lug, or handle, as a mug, a pail, or a dish with a handle on the side. [1715-25; LUG2 + -IE] * * *
Lugh (lo͞o) n. Variant of Lug. * * *
Lugné-Poë, Aurélien
▪ French actor and theatrical producer in full  Aurélien-François-Marie Lugné-Poë  born Dec. 27, 1869, Paris, France died June 19, 1940, ...
lug nut n. A heavy, rounded nut that fits over a bolt, used especially to attach an automotive vehicle's wheel to its axle. * * *
/looh"gaw/, n. a city in NW Spain. 63,830. * * * ▪ Italy       town, Emilia-Romagna regione, northern Italy, just west of Ravenna. The arcaded marketplace, called the ...
Lugo, Fernando
▪ 2009 Fernando Armindo Lugo Méndez  born May 30, 1951, San Pedro del Paraná, Itapúa province, Para.       On Aug. 15, 2008, former Roman Catholic bishop Fernando ...
▪ Romania Hungarian  Lugos        city, Timiș județ (county), western Romania, on the banks of the Timiș River, 33 miles (53 km) east-southeast of Timișoara and ...
Lugol's solution
▪ antiseptic       antiseptic introduced into medicine in 1829 by the French physician Jean Lugol. An effective bactericide and fungicide, Lugol's solution is a ...
/looh gaw"nes/, n. Leopoldo /le'aw pawl"daw/, 1874-1938, Argentine poet and diplomat. * * *
Lugones, Leopoldo
born June 13, 1874, Villa María del Río Seco, Arg. died Feb. 19, 1938, Buenos Aires Argentine poet, critic, and cultural ambassador. He initially worked as a journalist but ...
/loo goh"see/, n. Bela, 1884-1956, U.S. actor, born in Hungary: best known for his roles in horror films. * * *
Lugosi, Bela
orig. Blasko Béla Ferenc Dezsö born Oct. 20, 1882, Lugos, Hung. died Aug. 16, 1956, Los Angeles, Calif., U.S. Hungarian-born U.S. film actor. He acted with the National ...
Lu·go·si (lo͞o-gōʹsē, lə-), Bela. 1884-1956. Hungarian-born American actor known for portraying monsters in a number of films, including Dracula (1931) and The Wolf Man ...
/lug"sayl'/; Naut. /lug"seuhl/, n. Naut. a quadrilateral sail bent upon a yard that crosses the mast obliquely. See diag. under sail. Also called lug. [1670-80; ME lugge pole ...
lug sole © School Division, Houghton Mifflin Company n. A thick rubber sole with deep indentations that improve the stability and traction of utility footwear such as work ...
—lugubriously, adv. —lugubriousness, lugubriosity /leuh gooh'bree os"i tee, -gyooh'-/, n. /loo gooh"bree euhs, -gyooh"-/, adj. mournful, dismal, or gloomy, esp. in an ...
See lugubrious. * * *
See lugubriously. * * *
▪ people also called  Ruguru, or Waluguru,         a Bantu-speaking people of the hills, Uluguru Mountains, and coastal plains of east-central Tanzania. The Luguru ...
or Lug Major god of the Celtic religion. In Irish tradition, Lug Lámfota ("Lug of the Long Arm") was the sole survivor of triplet brothers. In Wales, as Lleu Llaw Gyffes ...
/lug"werrm'/, n. any burrowing annelid of the genus Arenicola, of ocean shores, having tufted gills: used as bait for fishing. Also called lug. [1795-1805; LUG4 + WORM] * * ...
Luhan, Mabel Dodge
▪ American biographer in full  Mabel Ganson Dodge Luhan   born Feb. 26, 1879, Buffalo, N.Y., U.S. died Aug. 13, 1962, Taos, N.M.       American writer whose candid ...
▪ Ukraine Russian  Lugansk,  formerly  (1935–58, 1970–89) Voroshilovgrad , Ukrainian  Voroshylovhrad        city, eastern Ukraine. It lies along the Luhan ...
Lu·hans’k (lo͞o-hänskʹ) or Lu·gansk (lo͞o-gänskʹ) Formerly Vo·ro·shi·lov·grad (vôr'ə-shēʹləf-grăd', və-rə-shē-ləf-grätʹ). A city of eastern Ukraine in ...
Lu·hans’k (lo͞o-hänskʹ) or Lu·gansk (lo͞o-gänskʹ) Formerly Vo·ro·shi·lov·grad (vôr'ə-shēʹləf-grăd', və-rə-shē-ləf-grätʹ). A city of eastern Ukraine in ...
Luḥayyah, Al-
▪ Yemen also spelled  Luhaiyah , or  Loheiya        town, western Yemen, on the Red Sea coast. Situated on the coastal plain known as the Tihāmah, it is one of the ...
Chin. /looh"shyun"/, n. Wade-Giles. Luxian. * * *
or Luyia Cluster of several closely related Bantu-speaking peoples of western Kenya. They emerged as a coherent group about 1945, when it was politically advantageous to ...
Chin. /lwee"joh"/, n. Older Spelling. Leizhou. * * *
Lui·chow Peninsula (lwēʹjōʹ) See Leizhou Peninsula. * * *
(as used in expressions) Boccherini Luigi Rodolfo Cherubini Luigi Carlo Zanobi Salvadore Maria Dallapiccola Luigi Einaudi Luigi Galvani Luigi Nervi Pier Luigi Nono ...
/loyk, loohk/, n. Flemish name of Liège. * * *
/looh"ing/, n. one of a breed of beef cattle developed on Luing Island off Scotland by interbreeding Shorthorn bulls and purebred West Highland cows. [1965-70] * * *
Luini, Bernardino
born с 1480/85 died 1532, Milan Italian painter active in Milan. Little is known of his life. His earliest surviving works are a polyptych in a church near Como (с 1510) and ...
(as used in expressions) Alvarez Luis Walter Borges Jorge Luis Buñuel Luis Carondelet Francisco Luis Hector baron de Góngora y Argote Luis de Morales Luis de Muñoz Marín ...
Luís, Washington
▪ president of Brazil born Oct. 26, 1869, Macaé, Braz. died Aug. 4, 1957, São Paulo       president of Brazil (1926–30) who was unable to strengthen his country's ...
Lui·se·ño (lwē-sānʹyō) n. pl. Luiseño or Lui·se·ños 1. a. A Native American people inhabiting the coastal area of California south of Los Angeles, associated during ...
/looh set"ee/, n. Angelo ("Hank"), born 1916, U.S. basketball player. * * *
Luisetti, Angelo Enrico
▪ 2003 “Hank”        American collegiate basketball player (b. June 16, 1916, San Francisco, Calif.—d. Dec. 17, 2002, San Mateo, Calif.), revolutionized the sport ...
Luisetti, Hank
▪ American athlete byname of  Angelo Enrico Luisetti   born June 16, 1916, San Francisco, California, U.S. died December 17, 2002, San Mateo       American collegiate ...
Luisian Stage
▪ geology       major division of Miocene rocks and time in the Pacific Coast region of North America (the Miocene Epoch began about 26,000,000 years ago and lasted ...
▪ prince regent of Bavaria born March 12, 1821, Würzburg, Bavaria died Dec. 12, 1912, Munich  prince regent of Bavaria from 1886 to 1912, in whose reign Bavaria prospered ...
▪ Argentina       city and national pilgrimage site on the Luján River, in the Pampa of northern Buenos Aires provincia (province), eastern Argentina. The city was ...
/looh"kahch/, n. George, 1885-1971, Hungarian literary critic. Hungarian, György Lukács /dyuerdd"dyeu looh"kahch/. * * *
Lukács, György
Lu·kács (lo͞oʹkäch), György. 1885-1971. Hungarian philosopher, literary critic, and politician whose Marxist writings include History and Class Consciousness (1923). * * ...
/looh"keuhn/, adj. of or pertaining to the Evangelist Luke or to the Gospel of Luke. [LUKE + -AN] * * *
Lukanov, Andrey
▪ 1997       Bulgarian politician (b. Sept. 26, 1938, Moscow, U.S.S.R.—d. Oct. 2, 1996, Sofia, Bulg.), was prime minister (1990) during the first stage of Bulgaria's ...
/looh"keuhs/, n. Paul, 1895-1971, U.S. actor, born in Hungary. * * *
Lukas, D Wayne
▪ 1996       In 1995 D. Wayne Lukas made history when he became the first trainer to win thoroughbred horse racing's Triple Crown with different horses and the first to ...
Lukas, J Anthony
▪ 1998       American journalist and author (b. April 25, 1933, New York, N.Y.—d. June 5, 1997, New York), wrote meticulous examinations of the societal and racial ...
Lukashenka, Aleksandr Hrygorevich
▪ 1995       Throughout the former communist states of Eastern Europe, ex- or pro-communists were returning to power. Still, Aleksandr Lukashenka was a surprising ...
Lukashenka, Alyaksandr Hrygorevich
▪ president of Belarus born Aug. 30, 1954, Kopys, Vitebsk oblast, Belorussian S.S.R. [now Belarus]    Belarusian politician who espoused communist principles and who became ...
/loohk/, n. 1. an early Christian disciple and companion of Paul, a physician and probably a gentile: traditionally believed to be the author of the third Gospel and the Acts. 2. ...
Luke, Gospel According to
▪ biblical literature       third of the four New Testament Gospels (narratives recounting the life and death of Jesus Christ), and, with Mark and Matthew, one of the ...
Luke, Saint
flourished 1st century AD; feast day October 18 In Christian tradition, the author of the third Gospel and the Acts of the Apostles. He wrote in Greek and is considered the ...
Luke,Saint. First century A.D. Companion of Saint Paul and author of the third Gospel of the New Testament. He is considered the patron saint of painters and physicians. * * *
—lukewarmly, adv. —lukewarmness, lukewarmth, n. /loohk"wawrm"/, adj. 1. moderately warm; tepid. 2. having or showing little ardor, zeal, or enthusiasm; indifferent: lukewarm ...
See lukewarm. * * *
Lukin, Lionel
▪ British engineer born May 18, 1742, Little Dunmow, Essex, Eng. died Feb. 16, 1834, Hythe, Kent       pioneer in the construction of the modern “unsinkable” ...
/luks/, n. George Benjamin, 1867-1933, U.S. painter. * * *
Luks, George
▪ American artist in full  George Benjamin Luks  born August 13, 1867, Williamsport, Pennsylvania, U.S. died October 29, 1933, New York, New York       one of a group ...
Luks (lŭks), George. 1867-1933. American painter known for his studies of urban life, including The Spielers (1905). * * *
Luksic Abaroa, Andronico
▪ 2006       Chilean business magnate (b. Nov. 5, 1926, Antofagasto, Chile—d. Aug. 18, 2005, Santiago, Chile), amassed a fortune after building one of the largest ...
Lukuga River
▪ river, Democratic Republic of the Congo       tributary of the Lualaba River in eastern Congo (Kinshasa). It issues from the western shore of Lake Tanganyika ...
▪ 2003       On Oct. 27, 2002—Lula's 57th birthday—voters in Brazil handed him a landslide victory in his fourth attempt at the presidency. The election capped the ...
Lula da Silva, Luiz Inácio
▪ president of Brazil originally  Luiz Inácio da Silva , byname  Lula  born Oct. 27, 1945, Garanhuns, Brazil    Brazilian politician who served as president of Brazil ...
/looh lahb"/, n., pl. lulabim /looh lah beem"/, lulabs. Judaism. lulav. * * *
League of United Latin-American Citizens. * * *
Seph. Heb. /looh lahv"/; Ashk. Heb. /looh"lawv, -leuhv/, n., pl. lulavim Seph. Heb. /looh lah veem"/; Ashk. Heb. /looh law"vim/, lulavs. Judaism. a palm branch for use with the ...
Lule River
▪ river, Sweden Swedish  Luleälv,        river in the län (county) of Norrbotten, northern Sweden. It flows southeast from the Norwegian border for 280 miles (450 ...
/looh"le aw'/, n. a seaport in NE Sweden, on the Gulf of Bothnia. 66,834. * * * ▪ Sweden       city and seaport, seat of Norrbotten län (county), northern Sweden. The ...
Lu·le·älv (lo͞oʹlĕ-ôlv', lüʹlə-ĕlv') A river, about 443 km (275 mi) long, of northern Sweden flowing southeast to the Gulf of Bothnia. * * *
▪ king of Phoenicia Greek  Elulaios   flourished 705 BC       Phoenician king of the cities of Tyre and Sidon who rebelled against Assyrian rule following the death ...
Lüliang Mountains
▪ mountains, China Chinese (Pinyin)  Lüliang Shan  or  (Wade-Giles romanization)  Lü-liang Shan        range in Shanxi (Shansi) province, China. The name ...
—luller, n. —lullingly, adv. /lul/, v.t. 1. to put to sleep or rest by soothing means: to lull a child by singing. 2. to soothe or quiet. 3. to give or lead to feel a false ...
➡ nursery rhymes * * *
/lul"euh buy'/, n., pl. lullabies, v., lullabied, lullabying. n. 1. a song used to lull a child to sleep; cradlesong. 2. any lulling song. v.t. 3. to lull with or as with a ...
▪ people       ancient group of tribes that inhabited the Sherizor plain in the Zagros Mountains of western Iran. A warlike people, they were especially active during ...
/looh"lee/, Fr. /lyuu lee"/ for 1; /lul"ee/ for 2, n. 1. Italian, Lulli /loohl"lee/. Jean Baptiste /zhahonn bann teest"/, 1632-87, French composer, esp. of operas and ballets, ...
Lully, Jean-Baptiste
orig. Giovanni Battista Lulli born Nov. 28, 1632, Florence died March 22, 1687, Paris, France Italian-born French composer. He was made a ward of the court after his mother ...
Lully,Jean Baptiste
Lul·ly (lo͞o-lēʹ, lŭ-), Jean Baptiste. 1632-1687. Italian-born French composer. He was court composer to Louis XIV, founding the national French opera and producing court ...
Lulonga River
▪ river, Democratic Republic of the Congo       stream formed by the union of the Lopori and the Maringa rivers near Basankusu in north-central Congo (Kinshasa), central ...
lulu1 /looh"looh/, n. 1. Slang. any remarkable or outstanding person or thing: His black eye is a lulu. 2. (cap.) a female given name, form of Louise. [1855-60; in slang sense, ...
/loohl'wah boor"/, n. former name of Kananga. * * *
lum [lum] n. 〚< ?〛 [Scot. or North Eng.] a chimney * * *
var. of lumbo- before a vowel: lumbar. * * *
/lum bay"goh/, n. Pathol. pain in the lower, or lumbar, region of the back or loins, esp. chronic or recurring pain. [1685-95; < LL, equiv. to L lumb(us) LOIN + -ago n. suffix] * ...
/lum"beuhr, -bahr/, adj. 1. of or pertaining to the loin or loins. n. 2. a lumbar vertebra, artery, or the like. See illus. under spinal column. [1650-60; < NL lumbaris. See ...
lumbar plexus
Anat. a network of nerves originating in the spinal nerves of the midback region and innervating the pelvic area, the front of the legs, and part of the feet. * * *
lumbar puncture
Med. puncture into the arachnoid membrane of the spinal cord, in the lumbar region, and withdrawal of spinal fluid, performed for diagnosis of the fluid, injection of dye for ...
lumbar puncture n. The insertion of a hollow needle beneath the arachnoid membrane of the spinal cord in the lumbar region to withdraw cerebrospinal fluid for diagnostic purposes ...
Lum·bee (lŭmʹbē) n. pl. Lumbee or Lum·bees 1. A Native American people of southeast North Carolina. 2. A member of this people. * * *
lumber1 —lumberer, n. —lumberless, adj. /lum"beuhr/, n. 1. timber sawed or split into planks, boards, etc. 2. miscellaneous useless articles that are stored away. v.i. 3. to ...
lumber jacket
a short, straight, wool plaid jacket or coat, for informal wear, usually belted and having patch pockets. Also called lumberjack. [1935-45, Amer.] * * *
lumber room
Brit. a room in a house used for storing odds-and-ends, esp. old furniture. [1735-45] * * *
See lumber1. * * *
/lum"beuhr ing/, n. the trade or business of cutting and preparing lumber. [1765-75; LUMBER1 + -ING1] * * *
See lumber2. * * *
/lum"beuhr jak'/, n. 1. a person who works at lumbering; logger. 2. See lumber jacket. 3. Canadian. the gray jay. [1825-35; LUMBER1 + JACK1] * * *
/lum"beuhr meuhn/, n., pl. lumbermen. 1. a person who deals in lumber. 2. lumberjack. [1810-20, Amer.; LUMBER1 + MAN1] Usage. See -man. * * *
/lum"beuhr mil'/, n. a mill for dressing logs and lumber. [1820-30, Amer.; LUMBER1 + MILL1] * * *
Lum·ber River (lŭmʹbər) A river, about 201 km (125 mi) long, of south-central North Carolina and northeast South Carolina flowing southeast and south to the Little Pee Dee ...
/lum"beuhr teuhn/, n. a city in S North Carolina. 18,340. * * * ▪ North Carolina, United States       city, seat (1788) of Robeson county, southern North Carolina, ...
/lum"beuhr yahrd'/, n. a yard where lumber is stored for sale. [1780-90, Amer.; LUMBER1 + YARD2] * * *
▪ grove, Nepal       grove near the southern border of modern-day Nepal where, according to Buddhist (Buddhism) legend, Queen Mahā Māyā stood and gave birth to the ...
a combining form meaning "loin," used in the formation of compound words: lumbosacral. Also, esp. before a vowel, lumb-. [comb. form repr. L lumbus LOIN; see -O-] * * *
/lum'boh say"kreuhl/, adj. Anat. of, pertaining to, or involving the lumbar and sacral regions or parts. [1830-40; LUMBO- + SACRAL] * * *
/lum"bri keuhl/, n. Anat. any of four wormlike muscles in the palm of the hand and in the sole of the foot. [1685-95; < NL lumbricalis, lit., pertaining to a worm, equiv. to L ...
/lum'bri kay"lis/, n., pl. lumbricales /-leez/. Anat. lumbrical. [1695-1705; < NL lumbricalis] * * *
/lum"bri koyd'/, adj. resembling an earthworm. [1840-50; < L lumbric(us) earthworm + -OID] * * *
/looh"meuhn/, n., pl. lumens, lumina /-meuh neuh/. 1. Optics. the unit of luminous flux, equal to the luminous flux emitted in a unit solid angle by a point source of one candle ...
/looh"meuhn oweur', -ow'euhr/, n. Optics. a unit of luminous energy, equal to that emitted in 1 hour by a light source emitting a luminous flux of 1 lumen. Abbr.: ...
See lumen. * * *
Lumet, Sidney
born June 25, 1924, Philadelphia, Pa., U.S. U.S. television and film director. He worked as a child actor in the Yiddish theatre and on Broadway. After serving in World War II, ...
Lumholtz's kangaroo
/loom"hohlt siz/ boongary. [after Norwegian naturalist Carl S. Lumholtz (1851-1922), who first described it] * * *
/lyuu myerdd"/, n. Auguste Marie Louis Nicolas /oh gyuust" mann rddee" lwee nee kaw lah"/, 1862-1954, and his brother, Louis Jean /lwee zhahonn/, 1864-1948, French chemists and ...
Lumière brothers
▪ French inventors  French inventors and pioneer manufacturers of photographic equipment who devised an early motion-picture camera and projector called the Cinématographe ...
Lumière, Auguste and Louis
born Oct. 19, 1862, Besançon, France died April 10, 1954, Lyon born Oct. 5, 1864, Besançon, France died June 6, 1948, Bandol French inventors. In 1882 Louis developed a ...

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