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Mancini, Olympe, comtesse (countess) de Soissons
▪ Italian-French noble Olympe also spelled  Olimpia   born 1640 died Oct. 9, 1708, Brussels       niece of Cardinal Mazarin and wife from 1657 of the Comte de ...
Mancini, Pasquale Stanislao
▪ Italian statesman born , March 17, 1817, Castel Baronia, Kingdom of the Two Sicilies died Dec. 26, 1888, Rome       leader of the Risorgimento in the Kingdom of the ...
manciple
/man"seuh peuhl/, n. an officer or steward of a monastery, college, etc., authorized to purchase provisions. [1150-1200 in sense "slave"; ME < MF manciple, var. of mancipe < ML ...
MancoCapac
I. Man·co Ca·pac1 (mängʹkō kä-päkʹ), fl. 12thcentury. Legendary founder of the Inca dynasty who established Cuzco as the center of what would later become the Inca ...
Mancunian
/man kyooh"nee euhn, -kyoohn"yeuhn/, n. 1. a native or resident of Manchester, England. adj. 2. of, pertaining to, or characteristic of Manchester, England, or its natives or ...
Mandaean
—Mandaeanism, n. /man dee"euhn/, n. 1. a member of an ancient Gnostic sect extant in Iraq. 2. the Aramaic language of the Mandaean sacred books. adj. 3. of or pertaining to the ...
Mandaeanism
Ancient Middle Eastern Gnostic sect surviving in Iraq and southwestern Iran. Like other dualistic systems, it stresses salvation of the soul through esoteric knowledge, or ...
mandala
/mun"dl euh/, n. 1. Oriental Art. a schematized representation of the cosmos, chiefly characterized by a concentric configuration of geometric shapes, each of which contains an ...
Mandalay
/man"dl ay', man'dl ay"/, n. a city in central Burma (Myanmar), on the Irrawaddy River: the former capital of Upper Burma. 532,985. * * * City (pop., 1993 est.: 885,300, central ...
Mandalgovĭ
▪ Mongolia also spelled  Mandal Gobi,         town, central Mongolian People's Republic. The town is located on the transition zone of scattered bunch grass of the ...
mandalic
See mandala. * * *
mandamus
/man day"meuhs/, n., pl. mandamuses, v. Law. n. 1. a writ from a superior court to an inferior court or to an officer, corporation, etc., commanding that a specified thing be ...
Mandan
/man"dan, -deuhn/, n. 1. a member of a Siouan people of North Dakota. 2. the Siouan language of the Mandan Indians. /man"deuhn/, n. a city in S North Dakota, near Bismarck. ...
Mandara Mountains
▪ mountains, Cameroon French  Monts Mandara,         volcanic range extending about 120 miles (193 km) along the northern part of the Nigeria-Cameroon border from the ...
mandarin
/man"deuh rin/, n. 1. (in the Chinese Empire) a member of any of the nine ranks of public officials, each distinguished by a particular kind of button worn on the cap. 2. (cap.) ...
mandarin collar
a narrow, stand-up collar, not quite meeting at the front. [1950-55] * * *
mandarin duck
a crested Asian duck, Aix galericulata, having variegated purple, green, chestnut, and white plumage. [1790-1800] * * *
Mandarin language
also called  Northern Chinese , Chinese (Pinyin)  Guanhua (“Officials' Language”) , or (Wade-Giles romanization)  Kuan-hua        the most widely spoken form of ...
mandarin orange
mandarin (def. 4). [1765-75] * * *
Mandarin porcelain
      ware produced in China for export in the late 18th century. It is called Mandarin because of the groups of figures in mandarin dress that appear in the decorative ...
mandarinate
/man"deuhr euh nayt'/, n. 1. the status or position of a mandarin. 2. a group of mandarins or mandarins collectively. 3. rule or government by mandarins. [1720-30; MANDARIN + ...
mandarincollar
mandarin collar n. A narrow upright collar usually divided in front. * * *
mandarinduck
mandarin duck n. An Asian duck (Aix galericulata) having brightly colored plumage and a crested head. * * *
mandarinorange
mandarin orange n. 1. A small spiny evergreen tree (Citrus reticulata) native to southeast Asia, having sweet edible fruit. 2. The small, loose-skinned, orange-yellow to deep ...
mandatary
/man"deuh ter'ee/, n., pl. mandataries. a person or nation holding a mandate. Also, mandatory. [1605-15; < LL mandatarius one to whom a charge is given. See MANDATE, -ARY] * * *
mandate
/man"dayt/, n., v., mandated, mandating. n. 1. a command or authorization to act in a particular way on a public issue given by the electorate to its representative: The ...
mandator
/man day"teuhr/, n. a person who gives a mandate. [1675-85; < L mandator; see MANDATE, -TOR] * * *
mandatory
—mandatorily, adv. /man"deuh tawr'ee, -tohr'ee/, adj., n., pl. mandatories. adj. 1. authoritatively ordered; obligatory; compulsory: It is mandatory that all students take two ...
mandatory sentencing
➡ prisons * * *
Mandaue
▪ Philippines       city, east-central Cebu island, Philippines. It lies along the coast of the Camotes Sea just northeast of the city of Cebu, which it serves as an ...
Mande
/mahn"day/, n. 1. a branch of the Niger-Congo subfamily of languages, spoken in western Africa and including Mende, Malinke, Bambara, and Kpelle. 2. a member of any of the ...
Mande languages
Branch of the Niger-Congo language family. Mande comprises 40 languages of West Africa with more than 20 million speakers in a more or less contiguous area of southeastern ...
Mandean
/man dee"euhn/, n., adj. Mandaean. * * *
Mandeb, Strait of
or Bab el-Mandeb Arabic Bāb al-Mandab Strait that connects the Red Sea with the Gulf of Aden. Its land boundaries are the Arabian Peninsula (northeast) and the African coast ...
Mandekan
Man·de·kan (măn-dēʹkən, män-dāʹ-) n. See Mandingo. * * *
Mandel
/man"dl, man del"/, n. a male given name. * * *
Mandel, Ernest
▪ 1996       German Marxist economist, Trotskyist academician, and author of such works as Late Capitalism and Power and Money (b. April 5, 1923—d. July 20, 1995). * ...
Mandel, Georges
orig. Louis-Georges Rothschild born June 5, 1885, Chatou, France died July 7, 1944, Fontainebleau French political leader. A member of a prosperous Jewish family, he served as ...
Mandela
/man del"euh/, n. Nelson (Rolihlahla) /raw'lee lah"leuh/, born 1918, South African black antiapartheid activist: president of South Africa since 1994. * * *
Mandela, Nelson
born July 18, 1918, Umtata, Cape of Good Hope, S.Af. South African black nationalist leader and statesman. The son of a Xhosa chief, Mandela studied law at the University of ...
Mandela,Nelson Rolihlahla
Man·de·la (măn-dĕlʹə), Nelson Rolihlahla. Born 1918. South African president (1994-1999) and Black political leader imprisoned for nearly 30 years for his anti-apartheid ...
Mandelbrot
Mandelbrot [man′dəl brōt΄] adj. Math. designating or of any of various sets of points used in the study of chaos to generate fractals * * *
Mandelbrot, Benoit
▪ Polish mathematician born November 20, 1924, Warsaw, Poland    Polish mathematician universally known as the father of fractals (fractal). Fractals have been employed to ...
Mandelbrot, Benoit B.
born Nov. 20, 1924, Warsaw, Pol. Polish-born U.S. mathematician. He received a doctorate from the University of Paris and emigrated to the U.S. in 1958. He is best known for ...
Mandelbrotset
Man·del·brot set (mänʹdəl-brŏt') n. The set of complex numbers C for which the iteration zn+1 = zn2 + C produces finite zn for all n when started at z0 = 0. The boundary ...
mandelic acid
/man del"ik, -dee"lik/, Chem. any of three stereoisomeric acids having the formula C8H8O3, esp. dl-mandelic acid, a white, crystalline, slightly water-soluble solid obtainable ...
Mandelshtam, Osip (Emilyevich)
or Osip Emilyevich Mandelstam born Jan. 15, 1891, Warsaw, Pol., Russian Empire died Dec. 27, 1938, Vtoraya Rechka, near Vladivostok, Russia, U.S.S.R. Russian poet and ...
Mandelshtam, Osip Emilyevich
▪ Russian poet Mandelshtam also spelled  Mandelstam   born Jan. 3 [Jan. 15, New Style], 1891, Warsaw, Pol., Russian Empire [now in Poland] died Dec. 27, 1938?, Vtoraya ...
Mandelson
(1953– ) a British Labour politician. He became a Member of Parliament in 1992, and was the Labour Party’s Director of Campaigns and Communications from 1985 to 1990. He was ...
Mandelson, Peter
▪ 2005       In 2004 Peter Benjamin Mandelson, one of the United Kingdom's most talented but controversial politicians, took over one of the European Union's most ...
Mandelstam
Mandelstam [man′dəl stam΄; ] Russ [ mun΄dyil shtäm′] Osip [ôs′yip] 1891-1938; Russ. poet * * *
Mandelstam,Osip Emilyevich
Man·del·stam (mänʹdəl-stəm, mən-dyĭl-shtâmʹ), Osip Emilyevich. 1892-1938?. Russian poet, translator, and critic. Although his early works were highly regarded, he went ...
Mander, Carel van
▪ Dutch painter and writer Carel also spelled  Karel   born May 1548, Meulebeke, Flanders, Spanish Netherlands [now in Belgium] died Sept. 2, 1606, Amsterdam ...
Mander, Jane
▪ New Zealander author in full  Mary Jane Mander,  pseudonym  Manda Lloyd  born 1877, Ramarama, near Drury, Auckland, N.Z. died 1949, Whangarei, ...
Mander, Karel van
born May 1548, Meulebeke, Flanders, Spanish Netherlands died Sept. 2, 1606, Amsterdam, Neth. Dutch painter, poet, and writer. Born of a noble family, after much wandering he ...
Mandeville
/man"deuh vil'/, n. 1. Bernard de /deuh/, c1670-1733, English physician and satirist, born in Holland. 2. Sir John, died 1372, English compiler of a book of travels. * * * ▪ ...
Mandeville, Bernard de
▪ British writer born November 1670, Rotterdam, Neth. died Jan. 21, 1733, Hackney, London, Eng.       Dutch prose writer and philosopher who won European fame with The ...
Mandeville, Sir John
flourished 14th century English purported author of a collection of Middle English traveler's tales. The tales are selections from the narratives of genuine travelers, ...
Mandeville,Bernard
Man·de·ville (mănʹdə-vĭl'), Bernard. 1670?-1733. Dutch-born British physician, philosopher, and satirist whose major work, The Fable of the Bees (1714), depicts all ...
Mandeville,Sir John
Mandeville, Sir John. Pen name of the unknown compiler of The Voyage and Travels of Sir John Mandeville, Knight (c. 1371), a description of fantastic journeys through the East. * ...
Mandi
▪ India       town, central Himachal Pradesh (Himāchal Pradesh) state, northwestern India. The town lies along the Beas River north-northwest of Shimla, the state ...
mandible
/man"deuh beuhl/, n. 1. the bone of the lower jaw. 2. (in birds) a. the lower part of the bill. b. mandibles, the upper and lower parts of the bill. 3. (in arthropods) one of the ...
mandibular
/man dib"yeuh leuhr/, adj. pertaining to or of the nature of a mandible. [1645-55; < LL mandibul(a) MANDIBLE + -AR1] * * *
mandibulate
/man dib"yeuh lit, -layt'/, adj. 1. having mandibles. n. 2. Entomol. a mandibulate arthropod of the subphylum Mandibulata, including water fleas, fairy shrimp, millipedes, and ...
mandibulofacial dysostosis
▪ genetic disorder also called  Treacher Collins Syndrome, or Francheschetti-klein Syndrome,         a rare, genetic disorder, inherited as an autosomal-dominant ...
mandilion
/man dil"yeuhn/, n. 1. a short cloak, with full hanging sleeves, often open or slit under the arms, worn by soldiers in the 16th and 17th centuries. 2. a similar garment without ...
Mandingo
/man ding"goh/, n., pl. Mandingos, Mandingoes for 1. 1. a member of any of a number of peoples forming an extensive linguistic group in western Africa. 2. Mande. 3. Malinke. * * *
Mandinka
/man ding"keuh/, n., pl. Mandinkas, (esp. collectively) Mandinka. Malinke. * * *
Mandino, Augustine A.
▪ 1997       U.S. author of some 19 books, notably the 1968 best-seller The Greatest Salesman in the World, which sold some 16 million copies and launched his career as ...
mandioca
/man'dee oh"keuh, mayn'-/, n. cassava. [ < Sp, Pg < Tupi manioca; cf. MANIOC] * * *
mandira
/mun"deuhr euh/, n. a Hindu temple. [1955-60; < Skt: temple] * * *
Mandla
▪ India       town, east-central Madhya Pradesh state, central India. It lies just north of the Narmada River, where more than 30 temples built between 1680 and 1858 ...
mandola
/man doh"leuh/, n. an early lute resembling a large mandolin. [1750-60; < It, var. of mandora, alter. of L pandura 3-stringed lute < Gk pandoûra; cf. BANDORE] * * *
mandolin
—mandolinist, n. /man"dl in, man'dl in"/, n. a musical instrument with a pear-shaped wooden body and a fretted neck. [1700-10; < It mandolino, dim. of mandola, var. of mandora, ...
mandoline
mandoline [män΄də lēn′, män′də lēn΄] n. a utensil with an adjustable blade, for slicing foods thinly and evenly * * *
mandolinist
See mandolin. * * *
mandora
▪ musical instrument also spelled  mandola         small, pear-shaped stringed instrument of the lute family. It was derived from earlier gittern or rebec models ...
mandorla
▪ iconography  (Italian: “almond”), in religious art, almond-shaped aureole of light surrounding the entire figure of a holy person; it was used in Christian art usually ...
mandragora
/man drag"euhr euh, man'dreuh gawr"euh, -gohr"euh/, n. 1. mandrake (def. 1). 2. a mandrake root. [bef. 1000; ME, OE < ML, L mandragoras < Gk mandragóras] * * *
mandrake
/man"drayk, -drik/, n. 1. a narcotic, short-stemmed European plant, Mandragora officinarum, of the nightshade family, having a fleshy, often forked root somewhat resembling a ...
mandrel
/man"dreuhl/, n. Mach. 1. a shaft or bar the end of which is inserted into a workpiece to hold it during machining. 2. a spindle on which a circular saw or grinding wheel ...
mandrill
/man"dril/, n. a large baboon, Mandrillus (or Papio) sphinx, of western Africa, the male of which has a face brightly marked with blue and scarlet and a muzzle that is ribbed: an ...
Mandsaur
▪ India also spelled  Mandasor        city, northwestern Madhya Pradesh state, west-central India. The city lies along the Sau River, a tributary of the Chambal ...
Mandu
▪ India also called  Mandava  or  Mandogarh   ruined city, southwestern Madhya Pradesh state, central India. It lies 38 miles (60 km) southwest of the city of Indore. ...
manducate
—manducable /man"joo keuh beuhl/, adj. —manducation, n. —manducatory /man"joo keuh tawr'ee, -tohr'ee/, adj. /man"joo kayt'/, v.t., manducated, manducating. Archaic. to ...
Mandurah
▪ Western Australia, Australia       resort town, southwestern Western Australia. It lies at the entrance to Peel Inlet, 40 miles (65 km) south of Perth. Founded in ...
Manduria
▪ Italy       town, Puglia (Apulia) regione, southeastern Italy. Of pre-Roman origin, it is the site of a well that was probably a pagan sanctuary and was named for ...
Mandy
Mandy [man′dē] n. a feminine name: see AMANDA, MIRANDA1 * * *
Mandya
▪ India       city, southern Karnataka (Karnātaka) state, southwestern India. It lies about 26 miles (41 km) northeast of Mysore on the railway between Chamrajnagar ...
mandyas
/mahn dee"ahs/; Eng. /man dee"euhs, man"dee euhs/, n., pl. mandyai /-dee"e/, Eng. mandyases. Gk. Orth. Ch. 1. a short, black cloak worn by monks. 2. a mantle, usually purple, ...
mane
—maned, adj. —maneless, adj. /mayn/, n. 1. the long hair growing on the back of or around the neck and neighboring parts of some animals, as the horse or lion. See diag. ...
maneb
/man"eb/, n. Chem. a carbamate fungicide, C4H6MnN2S4, used for control of numerous crop diseases. [1975-80; prob. man(ganous) e(thylene) b(is)-, components of the chemical name; ...
maned rat
▪ rodent also called  crested rat   a long-haired and bushy-tailed East African rodent that resembles a porcupine and is named for its mane of long, coarse ...
maned wolf
a South American wild dog, Chrysocyon jubatus, having a shaggy, reddish coat and long ears and legs: now reduced in number. [1900-05] * * * ▪ mammal  (species Chrysocyon ...
manège
/ma nezh", -nayzh"/, n. 1. the art of training and riding horses. 2. the action, movements, or paces of a trained horse. 3. a school for training horses and teaching ...
Manekshaw, Sam
▪ 2009 Sam Hormusji Framji Jamshedji Manekshaw        Indian field marshal and military hero born April 3, 1914, Amritsar, British India died June 27, 2008, ...
manes
/may"neez/; Lat. /mah"nes/, n. 1. (used with a pl. v.) Rom. Relig. the souls of the dead; shades. 2. (used with a sing. v.) the spirit or shade of a particular dead person. Also, ...
Manes
/may"neez/, n. A.D. 216?-276?, Persian prophet: founder of Manicheanism. Also called Manicheus, Mani. * * *
Manet
/ma nay"/; Fr. /mann ne"/, n. Édouard /ay dwannrdd"/, 1832-83, French painter. * * *
Manet, Édouard
born Jan. 23, 1832, Paris, France died April 30, 1883, Paris French painter and printmaker. His father, a prosperous civil servant, wanted him to pursue a naval career, but he ...
Manet,Edouard
Ma·net (mə-nāʹ, mă-), Edouard. 1832-1883. French painter and forerunner of impressionism whose works, including Déjeuner sur l'herbe (Luncheon on the Grass, 1862), were ...
Manetho
/man"euh thoh'/, n. fl. c250 B.C., Egyptian high priest of Heliopolis: author of a history of Egypt. * * * ▪ Egyptian priest and historian flourished c. 300 ...
maneuver
—maneuverable, adj. —maneuverability, n. —maneuverer, n. /meuh nooh"veuhr/, n., v., maneuvered, maneuvering. n. 1. a planned and regulated movement or evolution of troops, ...
maneuverability
See maneuver. * * *
maneuverable
See maneuverability. * * *
maneuverer
See maneuverability. * * *
Manfalūṭī, Muṣṭafā Luṭfī al-
▪ Egyptian author born Dec. 30, 1876, Manfalūṭ, Egypt died July 25, 1924, Cairo       essayist, short-story writer, and pioneer of modern Arabic ...
Manfred
I Italian Manfredi born с 1232 died Feb. 26, 1266, near Benevento, Kingdom of Naples King of Sicily (1258–66). Born out of wedlock, the son of Frederick II, he was made ...
Manfredini
/mahn'frdde dee"nee/, n. Francesco /frddahn ches"kaw/, 1684-1748, Italian composer. * * *
Manfredonia
▪ Italy       town and archiepiscopal see, Puglia (Apulia) region, east central Italy, on the southern slope of the Promontorio del Gargano at the head of the Golfo ...
manFriday
man Friday n. pl. men Friday or men Fridays An efficient, faithful male aide or employee.   [After Friday, a character in Robinson Crusoe, a novel by Daniel Defoe.] * * *
manful
—manfully, adv. —manfulness, n. /man"feuhl/, adj. having or showing boldness, courage, or strength; resolute. [1250-1300; ME; see MAN1, -FUL] Syn. See manly. * * *
manfully
See manful. * * *
manfulness
See manfully. * * *
manga
/mahng"geuh, mang"-/, n. a Japanese graphic novel, typically intended for adults, characterized by highly stylized art. [ < Japn, lit., cartoon, comic strip] * * *
mangabey
/mang"geuh bay'/, n., pl. mangabeys. any of several slender, long-tailed monkeys of the genus Cercocebus, inhabiting forests of Africa: some species are endangered. [1765-75; ...
Mangaia
▪ atoll, Cook Islands, Pacific Ocean       southernmost of the southern group of the Cook Islands, a self-governing state in free association with New Zealand in the ...
mangal-kavya
Type of verse in honour of a god or goddess in Bengal. Most mangal-kavya tell how a local deity established his or her worship on earth. They are often recited at the festivals ...
Mangalore
Mangalore [mäŋ′gə lôr΄] city in SW India, on Malabar Coast: pop. 273,000 * * * ▪ India also spelled  Mangaluru        city, southwestern Karnataka ...
Mangan, James Clarence
▪ Irish writer born May 1, 1803, Dublin died June 20, 1849, Dublin       a prolific and uneven writer of almost every kind of verse whose best work, inspired by love of ...
mangan-
mangan- pref. Variant of mangano-. * * *
manganate
manganate [maŋ′gə nāt΄] n. a salt of manganic acid containing the divalent, negative radical MnO4 * * * man·ga·nate (măngʹgə-nāt') n. A salt containing manganese in ...
Manganelli, Giorgio
▪ Italian author born Nov. 11, 1922, Milan, Italy died May 28, 1990, Rome       Italian critical theorist and novelist, one of the leaders of the avant-garde (novel) in ...
manganese
/mang"geuh nees', -neez'/, n. Chem. a hard, brittle, grayish-white, metallic element, an oxide of which, MnO2 (manganese dioxide), is a valuable oxidizing agent: used chiefly as ...
manganese bronze
an alloy that is about 55 percent copper, 40 percent zinc, and up to 3.5 percent manganese. [1830-40] * * *
manganese dioxide
manganese dioxide n. a blackish, crystalline or powdery substance, MnO2, that is a strong oxidizing agent, used in making batteries, matches, etc. * * *
manganese processing
Introduction       preparation of the ore for use in various products.       Manganese (Mn) is a hard, silvery white metal with a melting point of 1,244° C ...
manganese spar
Mineral. rhodonite or rhodochrosite. [1815-25] * * *
manganese steel
any of various steels containing manganese, esp. one that has up to 14 percent manganese, used in work involving heavy strains and impacts. [1890-95] * * *
manganese sulfate
Chem. See manganous sulfate. * * *
manganese violet
1. a moderate to strong purple color. 2. a pigment used in painting, consisting of manganese ammonium phosphate and characterized chiefly by its purple color and permanence in ...
manganesedioxide
manganese dioxide n. A black crystalline compound, MnO2, used as a depolarizer of dry-cell batteries and in textile dyeing. * * *
manganesian
See manganese. * * *
Mangang
▪ India also spelled  Mangen  or  Mangan        village, central Sikkim state, northeastern India, on the North Sikkim Highway. A trading centre, it lies on the ...
manganic
/man gan"ik, mang-/, adj. Chem. of or containing manganese, esp. in the trivalent state. [1830-40; MANGAN(ESE) + -IC] * * *
manganic acid
manganic acid n. an acid, H2MnO4, known only in the form of its salts * * *
manganiferous
/mang'geuh nif"euhr euhs/, adj. Mineral. containing manganese. [1850-55; MANGAN(ESE) + -I- + -FEROUS] * * *
Manganin
/mang"geuh nin/, Trademark. a brand name for an alloy of copper, manganese, and nickel, having various electrical applications. * * *
manganite
/mang"geuh nuyt'/, n. 1. a gray to black mineral, hydrous manganese oxide, MnO(OH); gray manganese ore. 2. Chem. any of a series of salts containing tetravalent manganese and ...
mangano-
mangano- or mangan- pref. Manganese: manganite. * * *
manganous
/mang"geuh neuhs, man gan"euhs, mang-/, adj. Chem. containing bivalent manganese. [1815-25; MANGAN(ESE) + -OUS] * * *
manganous sulfate
Chem. a pink, water-soluble, usually tetrahydrate salt, MnSO4·4H2O, used chiefly in fertilizers, paints, and varnishes. Also called manganese sulfate. * * *
Mangas Coloradas
▪ Apache chief born c. 1795, [probably in what is now southern New Mexico, U.S.] died January 1863, Fort McLane, N.M.       Mimbreño Apache chief noted for uniting ...
Mangbetu
/mahng bay"tooh/, n., pl. Mangbetus, (esp. collectively) Mangbetu for 1. 1. a member of a people of the northeastern Democratic Republic of the Congo. 2. the central Sudanic ...
mange
/maynj/, n. Vet. Pathol. any of various skin diseases caused by parasitic mites, affecting animals and sometimes humans and characterized by loss of hair and scabby ...
mangel-wurzel
/mang"geuhl werr"zeuhl/, n. Chiefly Brit. a variety of the beet Beta vulgaris, cultivated as food for livestock. Also, mangold-wurzel. Also called mangel, mangold. [1770-80; < G, ...
Mangelsdorff, Albert
▪ 2006       German musician (b. Sept. 5, 1928, Frankfurt am Main, Ger.—d. July 25, 2005, Frankfurt am Main), began as a bop trombonist and went on to explore modal ...
manger
/mayn"jeuhr/, n. 1. a box or trough in a stable or barn from which horses or cattle eat. 2. Naut. a. a space at the bow of a ship, having a partition for confining water entering ...
Manger
/mayn"jeuhr/, n. Astron. Praesepe. [1545-55; as trans. of L praesepe] * * *
mangey
/mayn"jee/, adj., mangier, mangiest. mangy. * * *
Manggarai
▪ people       Indonesian people inhabiting western Flores, one of the Lesser Sunda Islands, in Indonesia. Numbering approximately 500,000 in the late 20th century, they ...
Mangiarotti, Edoardo
▪ Italian athlete born April 7, 1919, Renate, Italy    Italian fencer (fencing) who was one of the most successful performers in the history of the sport. Over a 40-year ...
mangily
See mangy. * * *
manginess
See mangily. * * *
Mangla Dam
▪ dam, Pakistan       embankment dam on the Jhelum River, Pakistan, completed in 1967. Mangla Dam is one of the two main structures in the Indus Basin project (the other ...
mangle
mangle1 —mangler, n. /mang"geuhl/, v.t., mangled, mangling. 1. to injure severely, disfigure, or mutilate by cutting, slashing, or crushing: The coat sleeve was mangled in the ...
mangler
See mangle1. * * *
mango
/mang"goh/, n., pl. mangoes, mangos. 1. the oblong, sweet fruit of a tropical tree, Mangifera indica, of the cashew family, eaten ripe, or preserved or pickled. 2. the tree ...
Mangoaela, Z D
▪ South African folklorist and poet born February 1883, Hohobeng, Cape Colony [now Cape of Good Hope], South Africa died October 25, 1963       Southern Sotho writer ...
Mangochi
▪ Malawi formerly  Fort Johnston,         town, south-central Malawi (Malaŵi), on the Shire River below its efflux from Lake Nyasa (Malawi) and 5 miles (8 km) south ...
Mangoky
/mang goh"kee, mahng-/, n. a river in S central Madagascar, flowing W and then N to the Mozambique Channel. ab. 350 mi. (565 km) long. * * *
mangold-wurzel
/mang"gohld werr"zeuhl, -geuhld-/, n. mangel-wurzel. * * *
mangonel
/mang"geuh nel'/, n. (formerly) any of various military engines for throwing large stones, darts, and other missiles. [1250-1300; ME < OF (dim.), deriv. of LL manganum < Gk ...
mangosteen
/mang"geuh steen'/, n. 1. the juicy, edible fruit of an East Indian tree, Garcinia mangostana. 2. the tree itself. [1590-1600; earlier mangostan < D < Malay manggis(h)utan (dial. ...
Mangrai
▪ king of Lan Na also spelled  Mengrai   born Oct. 23, 1239, Chiang Saen [Thailand] died 1317, Chiang Mai       Thai founder of the city of Chiang Mai and the kingdom ...
mangrove
/mang"grohv, man"-/, n. 1. any tropical tree or shrub of the genus Rhizophora, the species of which are mostly low trees growing in marshes or tidal shores, noted for their ...
mangrove snake
▪ reptile also called  cat-eyed snake  or  cat snake         any of about 30 species (family Colubridae) of weakly venomous, rear-fanged snakes, ranging from South ...
mangrove snapper.
See gray snapper. [1725-35, Amer.] * * *
mangrove swamp
a coastal marine swamp of tropical or subtropical regions that is dominated by mangrove trees. [1850-55] * * *
Mangrum
/mang"greuhm/, n. Lloyd, 1914-73, U.S. golf player. * * *
Mangunkusumo, Tjipto
▪ Indonesian nationalist leader born 1884 died March 8, 1942, Djakarta, Java, Dutch East Indies [now Indonesia]       early 20th-century Indonesian nationalist leader ...
mangy
—mangily, adv. —manginess, n. /mayn"jee/, adj., mangier, mangiest. 1. having, caused by, or like the mange. 2. contemptible; mean: a mangy trick. 3. squalid; shabby: a mangy ...
Mangyshlak
▪ oblast, Kazakhstan       oblast (province), southwestern Kazakhstan, east of the Caspian sea. The oblast covers an area of 64,320 square miles (166,600 square km) and ...
manhandle
/man"han'dl, man han"dl/, v.t., manhandled, manhandling. 1. to handle roughly. 2. to move by human strength, without the use of mechanical appliances. [1425-75; late ME. See ...
Manhattan
/man hat"n/, or, esp. for 1, 2, /meuhn-/, n. 1. Also called Manhattan Island. an island in New York City surrounded by the Hudson, East, and Harlem rivers. 131/2 mi. (22 km) ...
Manhattan Beach
a city in SW California, SW of Los Angeles. 31,542. * * *
Manhattan Bridge
▪ bridge, New York City, New York, United States       suspension bridge over the East River connecting southeastern Manhattan with western Brooklyn in New York City. ...
Manhattan clam chowder
a chowder made from clams, tomatoes, and other vegetables and seasoned with thyme. Cf. New England clam chowder. [1930-35, Amer.] * * *
Manhattan District
Manhattan District n. a division of the U.S. Army Corps of Engineers, established in 1942, and assigned the project (Manhattan Project) of producing the atomic bomb * * *
Manhattan Island
➡ Manhattan * * *
Manhattan Project
U.S. Hist. the unofficial designation for the U.S. War Department's secret program, organized in 1942, to explore the isolation of radioactive isotopes and the production of an ...
Manhattan skyline
➡ skyscrapers * * *
ManhattanBeach
Manhattan Beach A city of southern California, a residential and industrial suburb of Los Angeles. Population: 32,063. * * *
Manhattanclam chowder
Manhattan clam chowder n. A soup made with clams, tomatoes and other vegetables, and seasonings.   [After Manhattan1 a borough of New York City.] * * *
Manhattanite
/man hat"n uyt', meuhn-/, n. a native or inhabitant of the borough of Manhattan. [1945-50, Amer.; MANHATTAN + -ITE1] * * *
Manhattanization
See Manhattanize. * * *
Manhattanize
Manhattanize [man hat′'nīz΄] vt. Manhattanized, Manhattanizing 〚after MANHATTAN2 borough〛 to alter the architectural appearance of (a city) by the construction of ...
manhelper
/man"hel'peuhr/, n. a long pole for holding a paintbrush, used in painting areas otherwise out of ordinary reach. Also called striker. [MAN1 + HELPER] * * *
manhole
/man"hohl'/, n. a hole, usually with a cover, through which a person may enter a sewer, drain, steam boiler, etc., esp. one located in a city street. [1785-95; MAN1 + HOLE] * * *
manhood
/man"hood/, n. 1. the state or time of being a man or adult male person; male maturity. 2. traditional manly qualities. 3. maleness, as distinguished from femaleness. 4. ...
manhunt
—man hunter. /man"hunt'/, n. 1. an intensive search for a criminal, suspect, escaped convict, etc., as by law enforcement agencies. 2. an intensive search for any ...
Mani
/mah"nee/, n. Manes. * * * or Manes or Manichaeus born April 14, 216, southern Babylonia died 274?, Gundeshapur Persian founder of Manichaeism. He had his first vision of an ...
mania
/may"nee euh, mayn"yeuh/, n. 1. excessive excitement or enthusiasm; craze: The country has a mania for soccer. 2. Psychiatry. See manic disorder. [1350-1400; ME < L < Gk manía ...
Mania
/may"nee euh, mayn"yeuh/, n. an ancient Roman goddess of the dead. * * * ▪ psychiatry       in psychiatric terminology, any abnormal or unusual state of excitement, as ...
maniac
/may"nee ak'/, n. 1. a raving or violently insane person; lunatic. 2. any intemperate or overly zealous or enthusiastic person: a maniac when it comes to details. adj. 3. ...
maniacal
—maniacally, adv. /meuh nuy"euh keuhl/, adj. of or pertaining to mania or a maniac. [1670-80; MANIAC + -AL1] * * *
maniacally
See maniacal. * * *
manic
/man"ik/, adj. pertaining to or affected by mania. [1900-05; < Gk manikós inclined to madness. See MANIA, -IC] Syn. frenzied, agitated, frantic. * * *
manic disorder
Psychiatry. a type of affective disorder characterized by euphoric mood, excessive activity and talkativeness, impaired judgment, and sometimes psychotic symptoms, as grandiose ...
Manic Street Preachers
a British pop group formed in 1988, whose best-known albums include Generation Terrorists (1992) and This is My Truth, Tell Me Yours (1998). Richey Edwards, a guitar player in ...
manic-depressive
/man"ik di pres"iv/, Psychiatry. adj. 1. suffering from bipolar disorder. n. 2. a person suffering from this disorder. [1900-05] * * *
manic-depressive illness.
See bipolar disorder. Also called manic-depression. * * *
manic-depressiveillness
manic-depressive illness n. See bipolar disorder. * * *
Manichaean
Man·i·chae·an or Man·i·che·an (măn'ĭ-kēʹən) also Man·i·chee (mănʹĭ-kē') n. A believer in Manichaeism. adj. Of or relating to Manichaeism; dualistic.   [From ...
Manichaeism
Manichaeism or Manicheism [man′i kē΄iz΄əm] n. a dualistic religion that combined Zoroastrian, Christian, Gnostic, and other beliefs in a theology of cosmic struggle between ...
Manichaeus
Manichaeus or Manicheus [man΄i kē′əs] var. of MANI * * *
Manichean
—Manicheanism, Manicheism, n. /man'i kee"euhn/, n. 1. Also, Manichee /man"i kee'/. an adherent of the dualistic religious system of Manes, a combination of Gnostic ...
Manicheus
/man'i kee"euhs/, n. Manes. * * *
manicotti
/man'i kot"ee/; It. /mah'nee kawt"tee/, n. Italian Cookery. a dish consisting of large, tubular noodles stuffed with a mild cheese and baked in a tomato sauce. [1945-50; < It: ...
Manicouagan River
River, eastern Quebec province, Canada. Rising near the Labrador border, it flows south to empty into the St. Lawrence River near its mouth. From its remotest headstream it is ...
manicure
/man"i kyoor'/, n., v., manicured, manicuring. n. 1. a cosmetic treatment of the hands and fingernails, including trimming and polishing of the nails and removing cuticles. 2. a ...
manicurist
/man"i kyoor'ist/, n. a person who gives manicures. [1885-90; MANICURE + -IST] * * *
maniera
▪ art style Italian“manner,” “style”       in art criticism, certain stylistic characteristics, primarily in Mannerist painting (see Mannerism). In the 14th ...
manifer
/man"euh fer', -feuhr/, n. Armor. a gauntlet for protecting the left hand when holding the reins of a horse. Also, main-de-fer. [alter. of MF main-de-fer hand of iron] * * *
manifest
—manifestable, adj. —manifester, n. —manifestly, adv. —manifestness, n. /man"euh fest'/, adj. 1. readily perceived by the eye or the understanding; evident; obvious; ...
Manifest Destiny
the belief or doctrine, held chiefly in the middle and latter part of the 19th century, that it was the destiny of the U.S. to expand its territory over the whole of North ...
manifest function
Sociol. any function of an institution or other social phenomenon that is planned and intentional. Cf. latent function. [1945-50] * * *
manifestant
/man'euh fes"teuhnt/, n. a person who initiates or participates in a public demonstration; demonstrator. [1875-80; < L manifestant- (s. of manifestans), prp. of manifestare to ...
manifestation
/man'euh feuh stay"sheuhn, -fe-/, n. 1. an act of manifesting. 2. the state of being manifested. 3. outward or perceptible indication; materialization: At first there was no ...
manifestative
—manifestatively, adv. /man'euh fes"teuh tiv/, adj. manifesting; showing clearly or conclusively. [1635-45; < ML manifestativus, equiv. to L manifestat(us) (see MANIFEST, ...
manifestdestiny
manifest destiny n. 1. A policy of imperialistic expansion defended as necessary or benevolent. 2. often Manifest Destiny The 19th-century doctrine that the United States had the ...
manifestly
See manifest. * * *
manifesto
/man'euh fes"toh/, n., pl. manifestoes. a public declaration of intentions, opinions, objectives, or motives, as one issued by a government, sovereign, or organization. [1640-50; ...
Manifesto of Futurism
▪ Primary Source       Filippo Tommaso Marinetti's Futurist manifesto was first published as part of an article entitled "The Founding and Manifesto of Futurism" in Le ...
manifold
—manifoldly, adv. —manifoldness, n. /man"euh fohld'/, adj. 1. of many kinds; numerous and varied: manifold duties. 2. having numerous different parts, elements, features, ...
manifolder
/man"euh fohl'deuhr/, n. a machine for making manifolds or copies, as of writing. [1900-05; MANIFOLD + -ER1] * * *
manifoldly
See manifold. * * *
manifoldness
See manifoldly. * * *
maniform
/man"euh fawrm'/, adj. shaped like a hand. [1820-30; < NL maniformis hand-shaped. See MANUS, -I-, -FORM] * * *
Manihiki Atoll
▪ atoll, Cook Islands, Pacific Ocean formerly  Humphrey's Island        one of the northern Cook Islands, a self-governing state in free association with New Zealand ...
manikin
/man"i kin/, n. 1. a little man; dwarf; pygmy. 2. mannequin. 3. a model of the human body for teaching anatomy, demonstrating surgical operations, etc. Also, mannikin. [1560-70; ...
Manila
/meuh nil"euh/, n. 1. a seaport in and the capital of the Philippines, on W central Luzon. 1,630,485. Abbr.: Man. Cf. Quezon City. 2. See Manila hemp. 3. See Manila paper. * * ...
Manila Bay
a bay in the Philippines, in W Luzon Island: the American fleet under Admiral Dewey defeated the Spanish fleet 1898. * * * Inlet of the South China Sea extending into ...
Manila Bay, Battle of
(May 1, 1898) Naval engagement in the Spanish-American War. The U.S. Asiatic Squadron under George Dewey was ordered to sail from its Hong Kong base to destroy the Spanish fleet ...
Manila galleon
▪ Spanish sailing vessel       Spanish sailing vessel that made an annual round trip (one vessel per year) across the Pacific between Manila, in the Philippines, and ...
manila grass
a compact, shade-tolerant, turf-forming grass, Zoysia matrella, of southeastern Asia, having stiff leaves and flowering spikelets. [1840-50] * * *
Manila hemp
a fibrous material made from the leafstalks of the abacá, Musa textilis, used for making ropes, fabrics, etc. Also called Manila, manilla. [1850-55] * * *
Manila paper
1. strong, light-brown or buff paper, originally made from Manila hemp but now also from wood pulp substitutes and various other fibers. 2. any paper resembling Manila paper. ...
Manila rope
rope made from Manila hemp. [1850-55] * * *
Manila tamarind
huamuchil. * * *
Manilahemp
Manila hemp n. See abaca. * * *
Manilapaper
Manila paper n. A strong paper or thin cardboard with a smooth finish, usually buff in color, made from Manila hemp or wood fibers similar to it. * * *
Manilius, Marcus
▪ Roman poet flourished 1st century AD       last of the Roman didactic poets. Little of his life is known. He was the author of Astronomica, an unfinished poem on ...
manilla
/meuh nil"euh/, n. 1. See Manila hemp. 2. See Manila paper. * * *
manille
/meuh nil"/, n. Cards. the second highest trump in certain card games, as the seven of trumps in omber or nine of trumps in klaberjass. Also, menel. [1665-75; alter. of Sp ...
Manilow
(1946– ) a US singer and writer of songs who plays the piano. His music is especially popular with older women. Manilow received a Grammy for his song Copacabana in 1978. His ...
manin the street
man in the street n. pl. men in the street The ordinary citizen. * * *
Manin, Daniele
born May 13, 1804, Venice died Sept. 22, 1857, Paris, France Italian leader of the Risorgimento in Venice. A lawyer in the Austrian province of Venitia, Manin became a ...
Maning, Frederick
▪ New Zealand author and judge in full  Frederick Edward Maning   born July 5, 1811, Dublin, Ire. died July 25, 1883, London, Eng.       New Zealand author and judge, ...
manini
/meuh nee"nee/, adj. Hawaii. 1. small; insignificant. 2. stingy. [ < Hawaiian (slang): stingy] * * *
Maninka
Ma·nin·ka (mə-nĭngʹkā, -kē) n. pl. Maninka, Ma·nin·kas 1. A member of a Mandingo people inhabiting Senegal and Mali. 2. The Mandingo language of this ...
manioc
/man"ee ok', may"nee-/, n. cassava. [1560-70; < Tupi man(d)ioca; r. manihot < MF < Guarani man(d)io] * * *
maniple
/man"euh peuhl/, n. 1. (in ancient Rome) a subdivision of a legion, consisting of 60 or 120 men. 2. Eccles. one of the Eucharistic vestments, consisting of an ornamental band or ...
manipulability
See manipulable and manipulate. * * *
manipulable
—manipulability, n. /meuh nip"yeuh leuh beuhl/, adj. capable of or susceptible to being manipulated; manipulatable. [1880-85; MANIPUL(ATE) + -ABLE] * * *
manipular
/meuh nip"yeuh leuhr/, adj. 1. of or pertaining to the Roman maniple. 2. of or pertaining to manipulation. n. 3. a soldier belonging to a maniple. [1615-25; < L manipularis. See ...
manipulatable
See manipulate. * * *
manipulate
—manipulatable, adj. —manipulative /meuh nip"yeuh lay'tiv, -yeuh leuh tiv/, adj. —manipulatively, adv. —manipulatory /meuh nip"yeuh leuh tawr'ee, -tohr'ee/, adj. /meuh ...
manipulation
/meuh nip'yeuh lay"sheuhn/, n. 1. the act of manipulating. 2. the state or fact of being manipulated. 3. skillful or artful management. [1720-30; < F, equiv. to manipule handful ...
manipulative
ma·nip·u·la·tive (mə-nĭpʹyə-lə-tĭv, -lā'-) adj. Serving, tending, or having the power to manipulate. n. Any of various objects designed to be moved or arranged by ...
manipulatively
See manipulative. * * *
manipulativeness
See manipulatively. * * *
manipulator
/meuh nip"yeuh lay'teuhr/, n. 1. a person who manipulates. 2. a mechanical device for the remote handling of objects or materials in conditions not permitting the immediate ...
manipulatory
See manipulatable. * * *
Manipur
/mun"i poor'/, n. a state in NE India between Assam and Burma. 1,220,000; 8620 sq. mi. (22,326 sq. km). Cap.: Imphal. * * * State (pop., 2001 prelim.: 2,388,634), northeastern ...

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