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Mäntyranta, Eero
▪ Finnish skier in full  Eero Antero Mäntyranta  born Nov. 20, 1937, Pello, Fin.       Finnish Nordic skier who took part in four Olympic Games, winning a total of ...
Manu
/man"ooh/, n. Hindu Myth. the progenitor and lawgiver of the human race. * * * In the mythology of India, the first man and the legendary author of the Manu-smrti. Manu appears ...
Manu-smrti
officially Manava-dharma-shastra Most authoritative of the books of the Hindu law code (Dharma-shastra). It is attributed to the legendary first man and lawgiver, Manu. In its ...
Manua Islands
/mah nooh"ah, meuh nooh"euh/ a group of three small islands in the E part of American Samoa. 1700; ab. 5 sq. mi. (13 sq. km). * * * ▪ islands, American Samoa also spelled ...
Manuae Atoll
▪ atoll, Cook Islands, Pacific Ocean also called  Hervey Islands        one of the southern Cook Islands, a self-governing state in free association with New Zealand ...
manual
—manually, adv. /man"yooh euhl/, adj. 1. done, operated, worked, etc., by the hand or hands rather than by an electrical or electronic device: a manual gearshift. 2. involving ...
manual alphabet
a set of finger configurations corresponding to the letters of the alphabet, used by the deaf in fingerspelling. [1860-65] * * *
Manual of Discipline
or Rule of the Community Major document produced by the Essene community of Jews. The manual, written on scrolls found in 1947 in caves at Qumrān (see Dead Sea Scrolls), ...
manual training
training in the various manual arts and crafts, as woodworking. [1875-80, Amer.] * * *
manual transmission
an automotive transmission in which the driver shifts gears manually. Also called manual. [1965-70] * * *
manualalphabet
manual alphabet Clarinda/Academy Artworks n. An alphabet used for communication by hearing-impaired people in which finger positions represent the letters. * * *
manualism
/man"yooh euh liz'euhm/, n. the theory or practice of education for the deaf employing and promoting the use of sign language as the primary means of communication. Cf. ...
manualist
/man"yooh euh list/, n. 1. an advocate of manualism. 2. a person who communicates through sign language. adj. 3. of or pertaining to manualism. Cf. oralist. [1585-95, for an ...
manually
See manual. * * *
manualtraining
manual training n. A course of training to develop manual dexterity in practical arts, such as woodworking or handcrafts. * * *
manubial column
/meuh nooh"bee euhl, -nyooh"-/ 1. a triumphal column decorated with spoils of the enemy. 2. any triumphal or memorial column. [1840-50; < L manubialis, equiv. to manubi(ae) ...
manubrium
—manubrial, adj. /meuh nooh"bree euhm, -nyooh"-/, n., pl. manubria /-bree euh/, manubriums. 1. Anat., Zool. a segment, bone, cell, etc., resembling a handle. 2. Also called ...
manucode
/man"yeuh kohd'/, n. any of various birds of paradise of the New Guinea region, having dark, metallic plumage. [1825-35; < F, shortening of NL Manucodiata (orig. a genus name) < ...
manuduction
—manuductive, manuductory, adj. /man'yeuh duk"sheuhn/, n. 1. the act of directing or guiding. 2. a means of direction, introduction, or guidance. [1495-1505; < ML manuduction- ...
Manue
/meuh nyooh"ee/, n. Douay Bible. Manoah. * * *
Manuel
/man"yooh euhl/, n. a male given name. * * * (as used in expressions) Albéniz Isaac Manuel Francisco Azaña y Díaz Manuel Céspedes y Borja del Castillo Carlos Manuel ...
Manuel I
known as Manuel the Fortunate born May 31, 1469, Alcochete, Port. died December 1521, Lisbon King of Portugal (1495–1521). He opened trade with India and Brazil, sending ...
Manuel I Comnenus
born Nov. 28, 1118 died Sept. 24, 1180 Byzantine emperor (1143–80). The son of John II Comnenus, he renewed alliances in the West against the Normans in Sicily and Antioch. ...
Manuel II
▪ king of Portugal born Nov. 15, 1889, Lisbon, Port. died July 2, 1932, Twickenham, London, Eng.       king of Portugal from 1908 to 1910, when the republic was ...
Manuel II Palaeologus
born July 27, 1350 died July 21, 1425 Byzantine emperor (1391–1425). He was crowned coemperor with his father, John V Palaeologus, in 1373; his brother Andronicus IV seized ...
Manuel, Niklaus
▪ Swiss artist, author, and statesman also (erroneously) called  Deutsch   born c. 1484, , Bern [Switz.] died April 28, 1530, Bern       painter, soldier, writer, and ...
Manueline
▪ architectural style Portuguese  Manuelino,         particularly rich and lavish style of architectural ornamentation indigenous to Portugal in the early 16th ...
Manuelito
▪ Navajo chief original name  Bullet   died 1893, Navajo Reservation, New Mexico Territory, U.S.       Navajo Indian chief known for his strong opposition to the ...
manuf
manuf or manufac abbrev. 1. manufactured 2. manufacturer * * *
manuf.
1. manufacture. 2. manufacturer. 3. manufacturing. * * *
manufactory
/man'yeuh fak"teuh ree/, n., pl. manufactories. Archaic. a factory. [1610-20; obs. manufact handmade ( < LL manufact(us); see MANUS, FACT) + -ORY2] * * *
manufacturable
See manufacture. * * *
manufactural
See manufacturable. * * *
manufacture
—manufacturable, adj. —manufactural, adj. /man'yeuh fak"cheuhr/, n., v., manufactured, manufacturing. n. 1. the making of goods or wares by manual labor or by machinery, esp. ...
manufactured home
1. a prefabricated house, assembled in modular sections. 2. See mobile home. Also called manufactured housing. * * *
manufacturedgas
man·u·fac·tured gas (măn'yə-făkʹchərd) n. A gaseous fuel made from soft coal or various petroleum products. * * *
manufacturedhome
manufactured home n. 1. A prefabricated house that is put together in standardized sections. 2. See mobile home. * * *
manufacturer
/man'yeuh fak"cheuhr euhr/, n. 1. a person, group, or company that owns or runs a manufacturing plant. 2. a person, group, or company that manufactures. [1710-20; MANUFACTURE + ...
manufacturer's agent
an agent representing one or more manufacturers in selling related but noncompeting goods, usually on a commission basis and in a particular territory. * * *
manufacturer's liability
▪ law       legal concept or doctrine that holds manufacturers or sellers responsible, or liable, for harm caused by defective products sold in the marketplace. ...
manufacturing
See manufacturable. * * * Any industry that makes products from raw materials by the use of manual labour or machines and that is usually carried out systematically with a ...
Manufacturing Production in Eastern Europe and the Former Soviet Union*, Table
▪ Table 1980 = 100 Country 1988 1989 1990 1991 1992 percent*** ...
Manufacturing Production in Eastern Europe and the Former Soviet Union, Table
▪ Table 1980 = 100 Country 1989 1990 1991 1992 1993 %{3} Bulgaria{2} 139 ...
Manufacturing Production in Eastern Europe, Table
▪ Table 1980 = 100 Country 1990 1991 1992 1993 1994 %{3} Bulgaria{2} 116 90 76 ...
Manufacturing Production in Eastern Europe1, Table
▪ Table Table II. Manufacturing Production in Eastern Europe1 1980 = 100     ...
Manukau
/mah"neuh kow'/, n. a city on N North Island, in New Zealand. 127,800. * * * ▪ New Zealand       city, northern North Island, New Zealand. It is the third largest city ...
Manulis, Martin Ellyot
▪ 2008       American television and film producer born May 30, 1915, New York, N.Y. died Sept. 28, 2007, Los Angeles, Calif. was the creator and sole producer ...
manumission
/man'yeuh mish"euhn/, n. the act of manumitting. [1375-1425; late ME < L manumission- (s. of manumissio). See MANUMIT, MISSION] * * *
manumit
—manumitter, n. /man'yeuh mit"/, v.t., manumitted, manumitting. to release from slavery or servitude. [1375-1425; late ME < L manumittere, earlier manu emittere to send away ...
manumitter
See manumission. * * *
manure
—manurer, n. —manurial, adj. —manurially, adv. /meuh noor", -nyoor"/, n., v., manured, manuring. n. 1. excrement, esp. of animals, or other refuse used as fertilizer. 2. ...
manurer
See manure. * * *
manurial
See manurer. * * *
manus
/may"neuhs/, n., pl. manus. 1. Anat., Zool. the distal segment of the forelimb of a vertebrate, including the carpus and the forefoot or hand. 2. Roman Law. power over persons, ...
Manus
/mah"noohs/, n., pl. Manus. a member of a people living on the island of Manus, in the Admiralty Islands. * * * ▪ Roman law       in Roman law, autocratic power of the ...
Manus Island
▪ island, Papua New Guinea also called  Great Admiralty Island    largest of the Admiralty Islands, Papua New Guinea, southwestern Pacific Ocean. It lies about 200 ...
manuscript
—manuscriptal, adj. /man"yeuh skript'/, n. 1. the original text of an author's work, handwritten or now usually typed, that is submitted to a publisher. 2. any text not ...
Manutius
/meuh nooh"shee euhs, -nyooh"-/, n. Aldus /awl"deuhs, al"-/, (Teobaldo Mannucci or Manuzio) 1450-1515, Italian printer and classical scholar. * * *
Manutius, Aldus, the Elder
Italian Aldo Manuzio il Vecchio born 1449, Bassiano, Papal States died Feb. 6, 1515, Venice Italian printer, the leading figure of his time in printing, publishing, and ...
Manutius, Aldus, the Younger
▪ Italian printer Italian  Aldo Manuzio il Giovane   born Feb. 13, 1547, Venice [Italy] died Oct. 28, 1597, Rome       last member of the Italian family of Manuzio to ...
Manutius, Paulus
▪ Italian printer Italian  Paolo Manuzio   born June 12, 1512, Venice [Italy] died April 6, 1574, Rome       Renaissance printer, third son of the founder of the ...
Manutius,Aldus
Ma·nu·tius (mə-no͞oʹshəs, -shē-əs, -nyo͞oʹ-), Aldus. 1450-1515. Italian scholar and printer who established (c. 1498) the Aldine Press in Venice to publish Greek and ...
Manville
/man"vil/, n. a borough in N central New Jersey. 11,278. * * *
manward
/man"weuhrd/, adv. 1. Also, manwards. toward humankind: The church directed its attention manward as well as heavenward. adj. 2. directed toward humankind. [1400-50; late ME; see ...
manwards
See manward. * * *
manway
/man"way'/, n. a passage in a mine wide enough for a single person. [1880-85, Amer.; MAN1 + WAY] * * *
manwise
/man"wuyz'/, adv. in the manner of a human being: The dog stood on his hind legs and walked manwise. [1900-05; MAN1 + -WISE] * * *
Manx
/mangks/, adj. 1. of or pertaining to the Isle of Man, its inhabitants, or their language. n. 2. (used with a pl. v.) the inhabitants of the Isle of Man. 3. the Gaelic of the ...
manx cat
a tailless variety of the domestic cat. [1855-60] * * * Breed of domestic cat believed to have come from the Isle of Man. Affectionate, loyal, and courageous, the compact Manx ...
Manx language
      member of the Goidelic (Goidelic languages) group of Celtic languages, formerly spoken on the Isle of Man. Like Scottish Gaelic, Manx was an offshoot of Irish, and ...
Manxcat
Manx cat or manx cat (măngks) n. Any of a breed of the domestic cat having short hair, usually solid color, and an internal vestigial tail. * * *
Manxman
/mangks"meuhn/, n., pl. Manxmen. a native or inhabitant of the Isle of Man. [MANX + -MAN] * * *
Manxwoman
Manxwoman [maŋkswoom΄ən] n. pl. Manxwomen [maŋkswim΄in] a woman born or living on the Isle of Man * * * Manx·wom·an (măngksʹwo͝om'ən) n. A woman who is a native or ...
many
/men"ee/, adj., more, most, n., pron. adj. 1. constituting or forming a large number; numerous: many people. 2. noting each one of a large number (usually fol. by a or an): For ...
many-one
/men"ee wun"/; usually read as /men"ee teuh wun"/, adj. Logic, Math. (of a relation) having the property that each element is assigned to one element only but that many elements ...
many-sided
—many-sidedness, n. /men"ee suy"did/, adj. 1. having many sides. 2. having many aspects: a many-sided question. 3. having many interests, qualities, accomplishments, etc.; ...
many-sidedness
See many-sided. * * *
many-valued
/men"ee val"yoohd/, adj. Math. (of a function) having the property that some elements in the domain have more than one image point; multiple-valued. Cf. ...
Mānyakheṭa
▪ historical site, India modern  Malkhaid , also spelled  Malkhed        site of a former city in Karnātaka, India, about 85 miles (135 km) southwest of ...
Manyara, Lake
▪ lake, Tanzania       lake in northern Tanzania, 60 miles (100 km) west-southwest of Arusha. It is 30 miles (50 km) long and 10 miles (16 km) wide and contains salt and ...
manyfold
/men"ee fohld"/, adv. by many times; by multiples: The state's highway expenses have increased manyfold in the past decade. [1875-80; MANY + -FOLD] * * *
Manyika
▪ people also spelled  Manica,  also called  Wanyika,         one of the cluster of Shona-speaking peoples inhabiting extreme eastern Zimbabwe and adjacent areas of ...
manyplies
manyplies [men′ē plīz΄] n. 〚 MANY + pl. of PLY1〛 OMASUM * * * man·y·plies (mĕnʹĭ-plīz') n. See omasum. * * *
Manzanar Relocation Center
Internment facility for Japanese Americans during World War II. Fear that Japan would invade the western U.S. with the aid of spies living in the U.S. led the government to ...
Manzanar War Relocation Center
▪ internment facility, United States   internment facility for Japanese Americans during World War II. In March 1942 the U.S. War Relocation Authority was set up; fearing ...
manzanilla
/man'zeuh neel"yeuh, -nee"euh/, n. a pale, very dry sherry from Spain. [1835-45; < Sp; see MANCHINEEL] * * *
Manzanillo
/mahn'sah nee"yaw/, n. a seaport in SE Cuba. 77,880. * * * ▪ Cuba       city, eastern Cuba. Founded in 1784, Manzanillo lies amid swamplands at the head of the shallow ...
manzanita
/man'zeuh nee"teuh/, n. 1. any of several western North American shrubs or small trees belonging to the genus Arctostaphylos, of the heath family, having leathery leaves and ...
Manzhouli
▪ China Wade-Giles romanization  Man-chou-li , formerly (1909–49)  Lubin        city in the Inner Mongolian (Inner Mongolia) Autonomous Region, China. It is ...
Manzikert, Battle of
(1071) Battle near the town of Manzikert (present-day Malazgirt, Turk.), in which the Seljuq Turks (see Seljuq dynasty) under Sultan Alp-Arslan defeated the Byzantines under ...
Manzini
▪ Swaziland formerly  (until 1960) Bremersdorp,         town, central Swaziland. The Great Usutu River flows south of Manzini on its way east toward the Indian Ocean, ...
Manzoni
/mahn dzaw"nee/, n. Alessandro (Francesco Tommaso Antonio) /ah'les sahn"drddaw frddahn ches"kaw tawm mah"zaw ahn taw"nyaw/, 1785-1873, Italian novelist, poet, and dramatist. * * *
Manzoni, Alessandro
born March 7, 1785, Milan, Italy died May 22, 1873, Milan Italian novelist and poet. After spending much of his childhood in religious schools, Manzoni wrote a series of ...
Manzoni,Alessandro
Man·zo·ni (män-zōʹnē, -dzōʹ-), Alessandro. 1785-1873. Italian writer best known for his romantic novel The Betrothed (1825-1827), considered one of the greatest works of ...
Manzù
/mahn dzooh"/, n. Giacomo /jah"kaw maw/, 1908-91, Italian sculptor. * * *
Manzù, Giacomo
orig. Giacomo Manzoni born Dec. 22, 1908, Bergamo, Italy died Jan. 17, 1991, Ardea Italian sculptor. Apprenticed at an early age, he learned to work in wood, metal, and stone. ...
MAO
monoamine oxidase. * * * (as used in expressions) Mao Dun Mao Tun Mao Shan Mao Zedong Mao Tse tung * * * ▪ Dominican Republic formerly  Valverde        city, ...
Mao Chang
▪ Chinese scholar Wade-Giles romanization  Mao Ch'ang  flourished 145 BC, Zhao, China       Chinese scholar whose revision of and commentary on the great Confucian ...
Mao Dun
/mow" doohn"/, (Shen Yanbing) 1896-1981, Chinese writer. Also, Wade-Giles, Mao Tun /doohn/. * * * or Mao Tun orig. Shen Dehong or Shen Yanbing born July 4, 1896, Tongxiang, ...
MAO inhibitor.
See monoamine oxidase inhibitor. * * *
Mao jacket
a plain, shirtlike jacket, usually blue or gray, with pockets and a high collar, worn by Mao Zedong and universally adopted in the People's Republic of China during his ...
Mao Shan
Sacred mountain in Jiangsu province in China, the focus of Daoist revelations to the visionary Yang Xi (AD 364–370). Yang Xi was visited by a group of perfected immortals ...
Mao suit
an outfit worn in the People's Republic of China consisting of a Mao jacket and loose trousers. [1970-75] * * *
Mao Tse-tung
Mao Tse-tung [mou′ dzu′do͞oŋ′] 1893-1976; Chin. Communist leader: chairman of the People's Republic of China (1949-59) & of its Communist Party (1949-76): Pinyin Mao ...
Mao Zedong
/mow" zeuh doong", dzeuh-/; Chin. /mow" zu"dawng"/ 1893-1976, Chinese Communist leader: chairman of the People's Republic of China 1949-59; chairman of the Chinese Communist ...
mao-tai
/mow"tuy"/, n. a strong, colorless liquor of China distilled from sorghum and resembling vodka but usually of higher proof. Also, mao tai. [ < Chin Máutái, place in Guizhou ...
MAOI
See monoamine oxidase inhibitor. * * *
Maoism
—Maoist, n., adj. /mow"iz euhm/, n. the political, social, economic, and military theories and policies advocated by Mao Zedong, as those concerning revolutionary movements and ...
Maoist
See Maoism. * * *
Maojacket
Mao jacket (mou) n. A plain, high-collared, shirtlike jacket customarily worn by Mao Zedong and the people of China during his regime. * * *
Maoke Mountains
/mow"kay/ a range in the province of Irian Jaya, in Indonesia, on New Guinea. Highest peak, Puncak Jaya, 16,503 ft. (5030 m). Formerly, Nassau Mountains. * * * ▪ mountains, ...
Maoming
▪ China Wade-Giles romanization  Mao-ming        city in western Guangdong sheng (province), China. Maoming is situated some 16 miles (25 km) inland, 50 miles (80 ...
Maori
/mah"aw ree, -oh ree, mow"ree, mah"ree/, n., pl. Maoris, (esp. collectively) Maori for 1, adj. n. 1. a member of the native Polynesian population of New Zealand. 2. a Polynesian ...
Maori language
      Eastern Polynesian subgroup of the Eastern Austronesian (Oceanic) languages, spoken in the Cook Islands and New Zealand. Since the Maori Language Act of 1987, it has ...
Maori Representation Act
▪ New Zealand [1867] original name  Native Representation Act        (1867), legislation that created four Maori parliamentary seats in New Zealand, bringing the ...
MaoZedong
Mao Ze·dong (mouʹ dzŭʹdŏngʹ) also Mao Tse-tung (tsŭʹto͝ongʹ), 1893-1976. Chinese Communist leader and theorist. A founder of the Chinese Communist Party (1921), he led ...
map
—mappable, adj. —mapper, n. /map/, n., v., mapped, mapping. n. 1. a representation, usually on a flat surface, as of the features of an area of the earth or a portion of the ...
Map
/map/, n. Walter, c1140-1209?, Welsh ecclesiastic, poet, and satirist. Also, Mapes /mayps, may"peez/. * * * I Graphic representation, drawn to scale and usually on a flat ...
MAP
See modified American plan. * * * I Graphic representation, drawn to scale and usually on a flat surface, of features usually geographic, geologic, or geopolitical of an area of ...
map turtle
any of several aquatic turtles of the genus Graptemys, as G. geographica, of the eastern and central U.S., usually having yellow stripes on the head and neck. * * *
Map, Walter
▪ English writer born c. 1140, Hereford?, England died c. 1209       English churchman and writer whose work helps to illuminate the society and religious issues of his ...
Mapai
      early and major labour party in Palestine–Israel that in 1930 became the central partner in the Israel Labour Party (q.v.). * * *
Mapam
▪ political party, Israel Hebrew abbreviation of  Mifleget ha-Poʿalim ha-Meʾuḥedet , English  United Workers' Party        left-wing labour party in Israel and ...
Mapam, Lake
Chinese Mapam Yumco or Ma-fa-mu-ts'o conventional Manasarowar Lake in the Himalayas, southwestern Tibet, China. Lying nearly 15,000 ft (4,570 m) above sea level, it is ...
Mapfumo, Thomas
▪ 1994       By 1993, in the increasingly popular realm of "world music," the music of the countries that constitute southern Africa had generated perhaps the most ...
Mapimí Basin
▪ basin, Mexico Spanish  Bolsón de Mapimí        enclosed depression in northern Mexico. Situated in the arid Mesa del Norte and averaging 3,000 feet (900 metres) ...
Maping
/mah"ping"/, n. Pinyin. former name of Liuzhou. * * *
maple
—maplelike, adj. /may"peuhl/, n. 1. any of numerous trees or shrubs of the genus Acer, species of which are grown as shade or ornamental trees, for timber, or for sap. Cf. ...
maple family
the plant family Aceraceae, typified by trees and shrubs having sweet sap, simple opposite leaves usually lobed or toothed, clusters of small flowers, and fruit in the form of a ...
Maple Grove
a town in SE Minnesota. 20,525. * * *
Maple Heights
a city in NE Ohio. 29,735. * * *
maple honey
Chiefly Northern New England and Eastern Canada. See maple syrup. [1840-50, Amer.] * * *
maple leaf
the national emblem of Canada. * * *
Maple Leaf
a one-ounce gold coin of Canada showing a maple leaf on the reverse: traded for investment or as a collector's item. * * *
maple sugar
a yellowish-brown sugar produced by boiling down maple syrup. [1710-20, Amer.] * * *
maple syrup
1. a syrup produced by partially boiling down the sap of the sugar maple or of any of several other maple trees. 2. a commercial variety of such syrup, often mixed with cane ...
maple syrup urine disease
▪ pathology       inherited metabolic disorder involving leucine, isoleucine, and valine (a group of branch chain amino acids). Normally, these amino acids are ...
maple-leaved viburnum
/may"peuhl leevd'/ dockmackie. * * *
Maples, William Ross
▪ 1998       American forensic anthropologist who examined and identified the skeletons of a number of historical figures, including Tsar Nicholas II and other members ...
maplesugar
maple sugar n. A sugar made by boiling down maple syrup. * * *
maplesyrup
maple syrup n. 1. A sweet syrup made from the sap of the sugar maple. 2. Syrup made from various sugars and flavored with maple syrup or artificial maple flavoring. * * *
Maplewood
/may"peuhl wood'/, n. 1. a city in SE Minnesota, near St. Paul. 26,990. 2. a township in NE New Jersey. 22,950. 3. a city in E Missouri. 10,960. * * *
mapmaker
/map"may'keuhr/, n. a person who makes maps; cartographer. [1765-75; MAP + MAKER] * * *
mapmaking
See mapmaker. * * *
Maponos
or Mac ind Óg or Oenghus In Celtic religion, a god similar to Apollo who is often associated with healing. He appears in Welsh mythology as Mabon, who was carried off from his ...
Mappa Mundi
a map of the world painted in the late 13th century and kept in Hereford Cathedral, England. It has a circular shape, with Jerusalem at the centre and the known continents of ...
mappable
See map. * * *
Mappah
/mah pah"/, n. a body of Ashkenazic-oriented commentaries on the Shulhan Arukh, written by the Polish Talmudic scholar Moses Isserles (c1520-72) and incorporated by him into the ...
mapper
See mappable. * * *
mapping
/map"ing/, n. 1. the act or operation of making a map or maps. 2. Math. function (def. 4a). [1765-75; MAP + -ING1] * * * ▪ mathematics       any prescribed way of ...
Mapplethorpe
(1946–89) a US artist and photographer. Many people are offended by the sexual nature of his images, which often show the naked male body. * * *
Mapplethorpe, Robert
born Nov. 4, 1946, New York, N.Y., U.S. died March 9, 1989, Boston, Mass. U.S. photographer. He attended the Pratt Institute (1963–70). By the mid 1970s he was pursuing what ...
Mapplethorpe,Robert
Map·ple·thorpe (māʹpəl-thôrp', -thōrp'), Robert. 1946-1989. American artist whose single-image black-and-white photographs often depict flowers, the human nude, and male ...
mappō
In Japanese Buddhism, the age in which the Buddha's law will degenerate. The period following the death of the Buddha is divided into three ages: the age of the true law, the ...
MapQuest
▪ American company formerly (1967–94)  Cartographic Services, a division of R.R. Donnelley and Sons , and  (1994–99)  GeoSystems Global Corporation   American ...
Mapu, Abraham
▪ Lithuanian-Jewish author born Jan. 10, 1808, near Kovno, Lithuania, Russian Empire died Oct. 9, 1867, Königsberg, East Prussia [now Kaliningrad, Russia]       author ...
Mapuche
Ma·pu·che (mä-po͞oʹchā, -chĕ) n. pl. Mapuche or Ma·pu·ches 1. A member of a South American Indian people inhabiting south-central Chile. 2. The Araucanian language of ...
Mapudungun
Ma·pu·dun·gun (mä'po͞o-do͞onʹgo͞on) n. See Mapuche.   [Mapuche : mapu, earth + dungun, speech.] * * *
Maputo
/meuh pooh"toh/, n. a seaport in and the capital of Mozambique, on Delagoa Bay. 383,775. Formerly, Lourenço Marques. * * * formerly (until 1976) Lourenço Marques Port city ...
Maputo River
▪ river, Mozambique Portuguese  Rio Maputo,         river formed by the confluence in southwestern Mozambique of the Great Usutu River (flowing from Swaziland) and ...
maqām
Spiritual stage that serves as a milestone on the path followed by Muslim mystics (Sufis) as they strive to reach the vision of and union with God. The Sufi progresses through ...
maqāmah
▪ Arabic literature Arabic“assembly”  Arabic literary genre in which entertaining anecdotes, often about rogues, mountebanks, and beggars, written in an elegant, rhymed ...
Maqdisī, al-
▪ Arabian geographer in full  Muḥammad Ibn Aḥmad Al-maqdisī,  also called  Al-muqaddasī  born c. 946 died c. 1000       Arab traveler, geographer, and author ...
maquette
/ma ket", meuh-/, n. a small model or study in three dimensions for either a sculptural or an architectural project. [1900-05; < F < It macchietta, dim. of macchia a sketch, ...
maqui
/mah"kee/, n. an evergreen shrub, Aristotelia chilensis, of Chile, having toothed, oblong leaves, greenish-white flowers, and purple berries, grown as an ornamental in S ...
maquila
ma·qui·la (mə-kēʹlə, mä-kēʹlä) n. A maquiladora. * * *
maquiladora
/meuh kee'leuh dawr"euh/, n., pl. maquiladoras. a factory run by a U.S. company in Mexico to take advantage of cheap labor and lax regulation. [1985-90; MexSp, perh. < Sp ...
maquillage
/mak'ee ahzh"/; Fr. /mann kee yannzh"/, n. makeup (defs. 1, 2, 5). [1890-95; < F, equiv. to maquill(er) to apply makeup (orig. theater argot, perh. to be identified with OF ...
maquis
/mah kee", ma-/; Fr. /mann kee"/, n., pl. maquis /-keez"/; Fr. /-kee"/. 1. the French underground movement, or Resistance, that combatted the Nazis in World War II. 2. Also ...
maquisard
/mak'ee zahrd"/; Fr. /mann kee zannrdd"/, n., pl. maquisards /-zahrdz"/; Fr. /-zannrdd"/. maquis (def. 2). [ < F; see MAQUIS, -ARD] * * *
mar
/mahr/, v.t., marred, marring. 1. to damage or spoil to a certain extent; render less perfect, attractive, useful, etc.; impair or spoil: That billboard mars the view. The ...
Mar Chiquita, Lake
▪ lake, Argentina Spanish  Laguna Mar Chiquita        saline lake at the southern edge of the Gran Chaco in northeastern Córdoba provincia (province), north-central ...
Mar del Plata
/mahrdd" dhel plah"tah/ a city in E Argentina: seaside resort. 407,024. * * * Coastal city (pop., 1999 est.: 579,483), east-central Argentina. It was the site of a Spanish ...
Mar, John Erskine, 1st Earl of
▪ Scottish lord [died 1572] died Oct. 29, 1572, Stirling, Stirling, Scot.       Scottish lord who played a major role in deposing Mary Stuart, Queen of Scots (reigned ...
Mar, John Erskine, 2nd Earl of
▪ Scottish politician [1558-1634] born c. 1558 died Dec. 14, 1634, Stirling, Stirling, Scot.       Scottish politician and friend of King James VI; (James I) he helped ...
Mar, John Erskine, 6th earl of, Lord Erskine
▪ Scottish noble [1675-1732] born February 1675, Alloa, Clackmannanshire, Scot. died May 1732, Aachen [Germany]       Scottish noble who led the Jacobite rebellion of ...
Mar, Serra do
▪ mountain range, Brazil       (Portuguese: “Mountain Range of the Sea”), great escarpment on the eastern margins of the Brazilian Highlands, which descend abruptly ...
mar-hawk
/mahr"hawk'/, n. Falconry. a falconer who trains or handles the birds badly. [MAR + HAWK1] * * *
Mar-pa
born 1012, Lhobrag, Tibet died 1096, Tibet Tibetan religious leader. According to tradition, he was born to wealthy parents, and to curb his violent nature he was sent to a ...
Mar.
March. * * *
mar.
1. maritime. 2. married. * * *
Mar.E.
Marine Engineer. * * *
Mar.Mech.E.
Marine Mechanical Engineer. * * *
Mara
/mahr"euh/, n. 1. Hindu Myth. the god of death, sometimes seen as one aspect of a god whose other aspect is Kama, or erotic desire. 2. Buddhism. Satan, who tried to seduce the ...
Mara, Gertrud Elisabeth
▪ German opera singer née  Schmeling   born Feb. 23, 1749, Kassel, Landgraviate Hesse-Kassel [Germany] died Jan. 20, 1833, Revel [now Tallinn], Estonia, Russian ...
Mara, Ratu Sir Kamisese
▪ 2005 Ratu Sir Kamisese Kapaiwai Tuimacilai Mara        Fijian politician (b. May 6, 1920, Lomaloma, Vanua Balavu Island, Lau Archipelago, Fiji—d. April 18, 2004, ...
Mara, Wellington Timothy
▪ 2006       American sports executive (b. Aug. 14, 1916, New York, N.Y.—d. Oct. 25, 2005, Rye, N.Y.), as head of personnel, assembled the New York Giants championship ...
marabou
/mar"euh booh'/, n. 1. any of three large storks of the genus Leptoptilus, of Africa or the East Indies, having soft, downy feathers under the wings and tail that are used for ...
marabout
—maraboutism, n. /mar"euh booht', -booh'/, n. 1. Islam. a. a hermit or holy man, esp. in N Africa, often wielding political power and credited with supernatural powers. b. the ...
maraca
/meuh rah"keuh, -rak"euh/, n. a gourd or a gourd-shaped rattle filled with seeds or pebbles and used, often in a pair, as a rhythm instrument. [1815-25; < Pg < Tupi maráka] * * *
Maracaibo
/mar'euh kuy"boh/; Sp. /mah'rddah kuy"vaw/, n. 1. a seaport in NW Venezuela. 786,389. 2. Gulf of, a gulf on the NW coast of Venezuela. 3. Lake, a lake in NW Venezuela, an ...
Maracaibo, Lake
Inlet of the Caribbean Sea, northwestern Venezuela. The largest natural lake in South America, it occupies an area of 5,130 sq mi (13,280 sq km), extending southward for 130 mi ...
Maracanda
/mar'euh kan"deuh/, n. ancient name of Samarkand. * * *
Maracay
/mah'rddah kuy"/, n. a city in NE Venezuela, SW of Caracas. 255,134. * * * ▪ Venezuela       city, capital of Aragua estado (state), northern Venezuela. It is situated ...
Maradi
▪ Niger       town, south-central Niger, western Africa. The town is located on the banks of the Maradi, a seasonal stream, in a region consisting largely of a flat ...
Maradona, Diego Armando
born Oct. 30, 1960, Villa Fiorito, near Buenos Aires, Arg. Argentine football (soccer) player. A midfielder renowned for his ability to create scoring chances for himself and ...
Marāgheh
▪ Iran also spelled  Marāghah        town in the Azerbaijan region of northwestern Iran. It lies in the shelter of Mount Sahand (12,100 feet [3,700 metres]) in a ...
maraging steel
/mahr"ay'jing/ a low-carbon steel that has been heated and quenched to form martensite: contains up to 25 percent nickel. [1960-65; mar(tensitic) aging] * * *
marais
/mah ray"/; Fr. /mann rdde"/, n., pl. marais /-rayz"/; Fr. /-rdde"/. Gulf States (chiefly Louisiana). a swamp or bayou. [1785-95; < North American F, F; OF mareis < Old Low ...
Marais
/mann rdde"/, n. Marin /mann rddaonn"/, 1656-1728, French viola da gamba player and composer. * * *
Marais des Cygnes River
▪ river, United States       river flowing through east-central Kansas and west-central Missouri, U.S. It rises near Eskridge, Kansas, and flows nearly 220 miles (355 ...
Marais Theatre
▪ French theatrical company French  Théâtre Du Marais,         one of the major theatrical companies in 17th-century France. With the actor Montdory as its head, ...
Marais, Jacob Albertus
▪ 2001 “Jaap”        South African politician (b. Nov. 2, 1922, Vryburg, S.Af.—d. Aug. 8, 2000, Pretoria, S.Af.), was a formidable orator, unrepentant white ...
Marais, Jean
▪ 1999       French actor (b. Dec. 11, 1913, Cherbourg, France—d. Nov. 8, 1998, Cannes, France), appeared in more than 70 films as well as a number of stage ...
Marais, Marin
▪ French composer baptized March 31, 1656, Paris died Aug. 15, 1728, Paris       French composer who was also a celebrated virtuoso of the viola (viol) da ...
Maraisdes Cygnes
Mar·ais des Cygnes (mĕrʹ də zēn') A river rising in east-central Kansas and flowing about 241 km (150 mi) generally southeast to the Osage River in western Missouri. * * *
Marajó
/mah'rddah zhaw"/, n. an island in N Brazil, at the mouth of the Amazon. 19,000 sq. mi. (49,000 sq. km). * * * Island in the Amazon River delta, Brazil. The world's largest ...
Marajó Island
▪ island, Brazil Portuguese  Ilha De Marajó         island, in the Amazon River delta, eastern Pará estado (state), Brazil. It is the world's largest fluvial ...
Maramotti, Achille
▪ 2006       Italian fashion entrepreneur (b. Jan. 7, 1927, Reggio Emilia, Italy—d. Jan. 12, 2005, Albinea, Italy), founded the fashion house Max Mara and was credited ...
Maramureş
▪ county, Romania       judeţ (county), northwestern Romania. It occupies an area of 2,434 square miles (6,304 square km) and is bounded in the north by Ukraine. It is ...
Maranao
▪ people       largest of the Muslim cultural-linguistic groups of the Philippines. Numbering more than 840,000 in the late 20th century, they live around Lake Lanao on ...
maranatha
/mar'euh nath"euh/, interj. O Lord, come: used as an invocation in I Cor. 16:22. [ < Gk maranathá < Aramaic marana tha] * * *
Maranhão
/mah'rddeuh nyowonn"/, n. a state in NE Brazil. 4,097,311; 125,312 sq. mi. (324,560 sq. km). Cap.: São Luiz. * * * ▪ state, Brazil       estado (state) of northern ...
Marañón
/mah'rddah nyawn"/, n. a river in Peru, flowing N and then E, joining the Ucayali to form the Amazon. 1000 mi. (1600 km) long. * * *
Marañón River
River, central Peru. Rising in the Andes Mountains, it is part of the headwaters of the Amazon River. It flows northwest at elevations of about 12,000 ft (3,650 m) and descends ...
maranta
/meuh ran"teuh/, n. any of several tropical American plants of the genus Maranta, including arrowroot and several species cultivated as ornamentals for their variegated ...
Marantaceae
▪ plant family       the prayer plant family of the ginger order (Zingiberales), composed of about 31 genera and 550 species of rhizomatous perennial herbs that are ...
Maranville, Rabbit
▪ American athlete byname of  Walter James Vincent Maranville  born November 11, 1891, Springfield, Massachusetts, U.S. died January 5, 1954, Queens, New ...
Maranzano, Salvatore
▪ American organized crime leader born 1868, Castellammare del Golfo, Sicily, Italy died Sept. 10, 1931, New York, N.Y., U.S.       American gangster of the Prohibition ...
Maras
/meuh rahsh"/, n. a city in S Turkey, NE of Adana. 149,603. * * *
marasca
/meuh ras"keuh/, n. a wild cherry, Prunus cerasus marasca, yielding a small, bitter fruit, from which maraschino is made. [1860-65; < It, aph. var. of AMARASCA, deriv. of amaro < ...
maraschino
/mar'euh skee"noh, -shee"-/, n. a sweet cordial or liqueur distilled from marascas. [1785-95; < It; see MARASCA, -INE1] * * *
maraschino cherries
maraschino cherries n. cherries in a syrup flavored with maraschino or, now usually, imitation maraschino * * *
maraschino cherry
a cherry cooked in colored syrup and flavored with maraschino, used to garnish desserts, cocktails, etc. [1900-05] * * *
maraschinocherry
maraschino cherry n. A cherry preserved in a syrup flavored with real or imitation maraschino. * * *
Marasco, Robert
▪ 1999       American playwright whose thriller Child's Play became a Broadway hit in 1970 and garnered four Tony awards; he also published the novels Burnt Offerings ...
marasmic
See marasmus. * * *
marasmus
—marasmic, adj. —marasmoid, adj. /meuh raz"meuhs/, n. Pathol. malnutrition occurring in infants and young children, caused by insufficient intake of calories or protein and ...
Marat
/mann rddann"/, n. Jean Paul /zhahonn pawl/, 1743-93, French politician and journalist: leader in the French Revolution; assassinated by Charlotte Corday d'Armont. * * *
Marat, Jean-Paul
born , May 24, 1743, Boudry, near Neuchâtel, Switz. died July 13, 1793, Paris, France French politician and a leader of the radical Montagnard faction in the French ...
Marat,Jean Paul
Ma·rat (mə-räʹ, mä-), Jean Paul. 1743-1793. Swiss-born French revolutionary who founded (1789) L'Ami du peuple, which supported the French Revolution. He was elected to the ...
Maratha
/meuh rah"teuh/, n. a member of a Hindu people inhabiting central and western India. Also, Mahratta. * * * ▪ people also spelled  Mahrattā, or Mahrattī,         a ...
Maratha Confederacy
a loose league of states in central and western India, c1750-1818. * * * Maratha alliance formed in the 18th century in western India after Shivaji's Maratha kingdom collapsed ...
Maratha Wars
Three conflicts between the British and the Maratha confederacy in the late 18th and early 19th centuries. At the time, the confederacy controlled large portions of the Deccan ...
Marathi
/meuh rah"tee, -rat"ee/, n. an Indic language of western and central India: the principal language of the state of Maharashtra. Also, Mahratti. [1820-30] * * *
Marāṭhī language
      Indo-Aryan language of western and central India. Its range extends from north of Bombay down the western coast past Goa and eastward across the Deccan; in 1966 it ...
marathon
/mar"euh thon', -theuhn/, n. 1. a foot race over a course measuring 26 mi. 385 yd. (42 km 195 m). 2. any long-distance race. 3. any contest, event, or the like, of great, or ...
Marathon
/mar"euh thon'/, n. 1. a plain in SE Greece, in Attica: the Athenians defeated the Persians here 490 B.C. 2. an ancient village that is near this plain. 3. Class. Myth. a son of ...
marathon group
Psychol. an encounter group that meets for an extended period of time, as eight hours to a week, in the belief that the resultant intensity and intimacy will lead to a more open ...
Marathon Oil Corporation
▪ American corporation       American oil and gas company with a full range of operations from exploration and production to marketing and transportation. Marathon Oil, ...
Marathon orogeny
▪ geology       mountain-building event in the Marathon region of western Texas, U.S., during the Late Carboniferous Period (from 318 million to 299 million years ago). ...
Marathon, Battle of
(490 BC) Decisive battle on the plain of Marathon outside Athens in the Persian Wars. Darius I led his enormous army against a much smaller Athenian force led by Miltiades. The ...
marathoner
/mar"euh thon'euhr/ or, esp. Brit., /-theuh neuhr/, n. a runner who competes in a marathon. [1920-25; MARATHON + -ER1] * * *
Marathonian
/mar'euh thoh"nee euhn/, adj. 1. of or pertaining to Marathon. n. 2. a native or inhabitant of Marathon. [1760-70; MARATHON + -IAN] * * *
Marathonian bull
Class. Myth. See Cretan bull. * * *
marathoning
See marathoner. * * *
Maratta, Carlo
▪ Italian painter Maratta also spelled  Maratti   born May 15, 1625, Camerano, Papal States [Italy] died Dec. 15, 1713, Rome  one of the leading painters of the Roman ...
Marattiaceae
▪ fern family  the giant fern family, the only family of the fern order Marattiales. The family contains four genera and some 150 modern species of large tropical and ...
maraud
—marauder, n. /meuh rawd"/, v.i. 1. to roam or go around in quest of plunder; make a raid for booty: Freebooters were marauding all across the territory. v.t. 2. to raid for ...
marauder
See maraud. * * *
marauding
/meuh raw"ding/, adj. 1. engaged in raiding for plunder, esp. roaming about and ravaging an area: marauding bands of outlaws. 2. undertaken for plunder: a marauding ...
maravedi
/mar'euh vay"dee/, n., pl. maravedis. 1. a former gold coin issued by the Moors in Spain. 2. a former minor copper coin of Spain, discontinued in 1848. [1530-40; < Sp maravedí < ...
Maravi
▪ people       cluster of nine Bantu-speaking peoples living in the tree-studded grasslands of Malaŵi and along the lower Zambezi River. The two largest groups are the ...
Maravi confederacy
Centralized system of government established in southern Africa с 1480. It was created by members of related ethnolinguistic groups who had migrated from the north into what is ...
Marawi
▪ Philippines formerly  Dansalan        chartered city, capital of Lanao del Sur province, north-central Mindanao, Philippines. It is located on the northern shore of ...
Marbeck, John
▪ British composer Marbeck also spelled  Merbecke   born c. 1510 died c. 1585       English composer, organist, and author, known for his setting of the Anglican ...
marbelize
—marbelization, n. /mahr"beuh luyz'/, v.t., marbelized, marbelizing. marble. Also, marbleize; esp. Brit., marbelise. [sp. var. of MARBLEIZE] * * *
Marbella
/mahrdd ve"lyah, -yah/, n. a seaport in S Spain, on the Mediterranean: resort center. 33,203. * * *
marble
—marbler, n. /mahr"beuhl/, n., adj., v., marbled, marbling. n. 1. metamorphosed limestone, consisting chiefly of recrystallized calcite or dolomite, capable of taking a high ...
Marble
/mahr"beuhl/, n. Alice, 1913-90, U.S. tennis player. * * * Granular limestone or dolomite that has recrystallized under the influence of heat, pressure, and aqueous ...
Marble Arch
a large stone arch with three gates, at the north-east corner of Hyde Park(1) in central London. It was built in 1828 to a design by John Nash as an entrance to Buckingham ...
marble bone disease
▪ disease also called  osteopetrosis  or  Albers-Schönberg disease        rare hereditary congenital disorder in which the bones (bone) become extremely dense, ...
marble cake
a cake given a streaked, marblelike appearance by the incomplete mixing of dark, esp. chocolate, and light batters. [1870-75, Amer.] * * *
marble orchard
Northern, North Midland, and Western U.S. Facetious. cemetery. [1925-30, Amer.] * * *
Marble, Alice
▪ American athlete born Sept. 28, 1913, Plumes county, Calif., U.S. died Dec. 13, 1990, Palm Springs, Calif.       American tennis player, known for her powerful serves ...


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