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margin call
Stock Exchange. a demand from a brokerage house to a customer that more money or securities be deposited in his or her margin account when the amount in it falls below that ...
margin line
Naut. 1. an imaginary line used in making calculations regarding the flooding of hulls, running fore-and-aft 3 in. (8 cm) below the upper surface of the bulkhead deck at the ...
margin of safety
Pharm. See therapeutic index. [1885-90, for an earlier sense] * * *
margin plank
Naut. a plank forming a border for wooden decking. Also called waterway plank. * * *
marginal
—marginality, n. —marginally, adv. /mahr"jeuh nl/, adj. 1. pertaining to a margin. 2. situated on the border or edge. 3. at the outer or lower limits; minimal for ...
marginal cost
Econ. the cost of one additional unit of any item produced or bought in quantity. [1925-30] * * *
marginal efficiency of investment
▪ economics       in economics, expected rates of return on investment as additional units of investment are made under specified conditions and over a stated period of ...
marginal man
Sociol. a person who participates only slightly in the life of two cultural groups without feeling identified with either group. [1925-30] * * *
marginal productivity theory
In economics, the theory that firms will pay a productive agent only what he or she adds to the financial earnings of the firm. Developed by writers such as John Bates Clark and ...
marginal sea
water that lies alongside a state, falls under its authority, and extends about 31/2 statute miles (6 kilometers) from the coast. * * *
marginal utility
Econ. the extra utility or satisfaction derived by a consumer from the consumption of the last unit of a commodity. [1920-25] * * * In economics, the additional satisfaction or ...
marginal-cost pricing
In economics, the practice of setting a product's price equal to the additional (marginal) cost of producing one more unit of output. The producer charges an amount equal to the ...
marginalia
/mahr'jeuh nay"lee euh, -nayl"yeuh/, n.pl. marginal notes. [1825-35; < NL, n. use of neut. pl. of ML marginalis MARGINAL] * * *
marginality
See marginal. * * *
marginalization
See marginalize. * * *
marginalize
—marginalization, n. /mahr"jeuh nl uyz'/, v.t., marginalized, marginalizing. to place in a position of marginal importance, influence, or power: the government's attempts to ...
marginally
See marginality. * * *
marginate
—margination, n. /mahr"jeuh nayt'/, adj., v., marginated, marginating. adj. Also, marginated. 1. having a margin. 2. Entomol. having the margin of a distinct color: marginate ...
margination
See marginate. * * *
margined
See margin. * * *
Margoliouth, David Samuel
▪ British scholar born Oct. 17, 1858, London, Eng. died March 22, 1940, London       English scholar whose pioneering efforts in Islamic studies won him a ...
margosa
/mahr goh"seuh/, n. neem (def. 2). [1805-15; aph. < Pg amargosa, fem. of amargoso bitter] * * *
Margot
/mahr"goh, -geuht/, n. a female given name, form of Margaret. * * *
Margot Fonteyn
➡ Fonteyn * * *
margravate
/mahr"greuh vayt'/, n. the province or territory of a margrave. Also, margraviate /mahr gray"vee ayt'/. [1695-1705; MARGRAVE + -ATE3] * * *
margrave
—margravial, adj. /mahr"grayv/, n. 1. (formerly) the hereditary title of the rulers of certain European states. 2. Hist. a hereditary German title, equivalent to marquis. 3. ...
margravial
See margrave. * * *
margraviate
mar·gra·vi·ate (mär-grāʹvē-ĭt, -āt') also mar·gra·vate (märʹgrə-vāt') n. The territory governed by a margrave. * * *
margravine
/mahr"greuh veen'/, n. the wife of a margrave. [1685-95; < MD marcgravinne, equiv. to marcgrave MARGRAVE + -inne fem. n. suffix; cf. G Markgräfin] * * *
Margrethe II
/mahrdd grdday"teuh/ born 1940, queen of Denmark since 1972. * * * ▪ queen of Denmark in full  Margrethe Alexandrine Thorhildur Ingrid   born April 16, 1940, Copenhagen, ...
MargretheII
Mar·gre·the II (mär-grāʹtə), Born 1940. Queen of Denmark who inherited the throne from her father in 1972 after the Danish constitution was amended to permit the accession ...
marguerite
/mahr'geuh reet"/, n. 1. Also called Paris daisy. the European daisy, Bellis perennis. 2. any of several daisylike flowers, esp. Chrysanthemum frutescens, cultivated for its ...
Marguerite
/mahr'geuh reet"/; Fr. /mannrdd geuh rddeet"/, n. a female given name, French form of Margaret. * * * I Any of several genera of golden daisylike flowers in the composite ...
Margulis, Gregori Aleksandrovich
▪ Russian mathematician born Feb. 24, 1946, Moscow, Russia, U.S.S.R.       Russian mathematician who was awarded the Fields Medal in 1978 for his contributions to the ...
Margulis, Lynn
▪ 2001       At a White House ceremony on March 14, 2000, Pres. Bill Clinton presented the U.S. National Medal of Science to eminent microbiologist Lynn Margulis, one of ...
Margunios, Maximus
▪ Greek Orthodox bishop born , Crete died 1602, Venice [Italy]       Greek Orthodox bishop and humanist exponent of Greek culture in Italy, whose attempt to reconcile ...
Marheshvan
Seph. Heb. /mahrdd khesh vahn"/; Ashk. Heb. /mahrdd khesh"vahn/; Eng. /mahr hesh"veuhn/, n. Heshvan. * * *
Mari
/mah"ree/, n., pl. Maris, (esp. collectively) Mari for 1. 1. a member of a Uralic people living in scattered communities north of Cheboksary and Kazan in European Russia, mainly ...
Mari Autonomous Republic
/mahr"ee/; Russ. /mu rddyee"/ autonomous republic in the Russian Federation in Europe. 750,000; 8994 sq. mi. (23,294 sq. km). Cap.: Ioshkar-Ola. * * *
Mari El
▪ republic, Russia       republic within Russia, in the basin of the middle Volga River.       Extending north from the left bank of the Volga and drained by its ...
Mari language
formerly  Cheremis,         member of the Finno-Ugric division of the Uralic language family, spoken primarily in the Mari El republic, Russia. The three major dialects ...
Maria
/meuh ree"euh, -ruy"euh/; Du., Ger., It., Sp. /mah rddee"ah/, n. a female given name, form of Mary. /meuh ree"euh/, n. calaba. [see SANTA MARIA] * * * (as used in ...
Maria Anne Fitzherbert
➡ Fitzherbert * * *
Maria Callas
➡ Callas * * *
Maria Carolina
▪ queen of Naples born Aug. 13, 1752, Vienna [Austria] died Sept. 8, 1814, Vienna       queen of Naples and wife of King Ferdinand IV of Naples. She held the real ...
María Cristina de Borbón
▪ queen of Spain born April 27, 1806, Naples [Italy] died Aug. 23, 1878, Sainte-Adresse, France       queen consort of Ferdinand VII of Spain from 1829 to 1833 and ...
María Cristina De Habsburgo-Lorena
▪ queen of Spain in full  María Cristina Deseada Enriqueta Felicidad Raniera   born July 21, 1858, Gross Seelowitz, Austria died February 6, 1929, Madrid, ...
Maria de Medici
It. /mah rddee"ah de me"dee chee/. See Marie de Médicis. * * *
Maria I
▪ queen of Portugal born Dec. 17, 1734, Lisbon, Port. died March 20, 1816, Rio de Janeiro, Brazil       the first queen regnant of Portugal ...
Maria II
▪ queen of Portugal in full  Maria Da Glória   born April 4, 1819, Rio de Janeiro, Brazil died Nov. 15, 1853, Lisbon, Port.       queen of Portugal ...
Maria Island
▪ island, Australia       island in the Tasman Sea, 4 mi (6 1/2 km) off the east coast of Tasmania, Australia. Extending 12 mi north–south and up to 8 mi east–west, ...
Maria Jose of Savoy, Queen
▪ 2002 Maria José Charlotte Henrietta Gabriella of Saxe-Coburg        Belgian-born Italian royal (b. Aug. 4, 1906, Ostend, Belg.—d. Jan. 27, 2001, Geneva, Switz.), ...
Maria Legio
or Legio Maria or Legion of Mary Church Independent African church influenced by Roman Catholicism. It originated in Kenya in 1963 when two Catholics of the Luo group, Simeon ...
Maria Luisa
Ger. /mah rddee"ah looh ee"sah/. See Marie Louise. * * *
Maria Montessori: The Montessori Method
▪ Primary Source       After becoming the first woman in Italy to earn a medical degree (1894), Maria Montessori worked at a psychiatric clinic, where she studied the ...
Maria Stella
▪ Italian adventuress born April 16, 1773, Modigliana, Papal States died Dec. 28, 1843, Paris       Italian adventuress who contested the parentage of Louis Philippe, ...
Maria Theresa
/meuh ree"euh teuh ray"seuh, -zeuh/ 1717-80, archduchess of Austria; queen of Hungary and Bohemia 1740-80 (wife of Francis II; mother of Joseph II, Leopold II, Marie Antoinette). ...
Maria Theresa thaler
a former silver coin of Austria, issued between 1740 and 1780 and used for trade with Ethiopia and other countries; Levant dollar. Also called Maria Theresa dollar. * * *
mariachi
/mahr'ee ah"chee/; Sp. /mah rddyah"chee/, adj., n., pl. mariachis /-cheez/; Sp. /-chees/. adj. 1. pertaining to traditional Mexican dance music, usually played by a small band of ...
mariage de convenance
/mann rddyannzh" deuh kawonn veuh nahonns"/, French. See marriage of convenience. * * *
marialite
/meuh ree"euh luyt', mar"ee euh-/, n. Mineral. a member of the scapolite group, rich in sodium and containing no calcium. [1850-55; < G Marialit; after Marie Rose, wife of ...
Mariamne
▪ wife of Herod I       (c. 57–29 BC), Jewish princess, a popular heroine in both Jewish and Christian traditions, whose marriage (37 BC) to the Judean king Herod the ...
Marian
/mair"ee euhn/ or, for 5, /mar"-/, adj. 1. of or pertaining to the Virgin Mary. 2. of or pertaining to some other Mary, as Mary Tudor of England or Mary, Queen of Scots. n. 3. a ...
Marian Anderson
➡ Anderson (III) * * *
Mariana
(as used in expressions) Mariana Islands Mariana Trench Northern Mariana Islands * * * ▪ Brazil       city, east-central Minas Gerais estado (state), southeastern ...
Mariana Islands
/mair"ee an"euh, mar"-, mair'-, mar'-/; Sp. /mah'rddee ah"nah/ a group of 15 small islands in the Pacific, E of the Philippines: divided into Guam, a possession of the U.S., and ...
Mariana Trench
a depression in the ocean floor of the Pacific, S and W of the Mariana Islands: site of greatest known depth of any ocean. 36,201 ft. (11,034 m) deep. * * * Submarine trench in ...
Mariana, Juan de
▪ Spanish historian born April 1536, Talavera de la Reina, Spain died Feb. 16, 1624, Toledo  historian, author of Historiae de rebus Hispaniae (1592), a history of Spain from ...
MarianaIslands
Mar·i·an·a Islands (măr'ē-ănʹə, mâr'-, mä'rē-äʹnä) An island group in the western Pacific Ocean east of the Philippines. Guam, the largest island of the group, is ...
Marianao
/mah'rddee ah nah"aw/, n. a city in NW Cuba, a suburb of Havana. 368,747. * * * ▪ Cuba       city, west-central Cuba. Situated in a slightly hilly area along the ...
Marianas
(also the Mariana Islands) a group of islands in the north-west Pacific Ocean. The US got them from Spain in 1898 after the Spanish-American War. The most southern island is ...
MarianasTrench
Mar·i·an·as Trench (măr'ē-ănʹəz, mâr'-, mä'rē-äʹnäs) A depression with a maximum depth of 11,040.4 m (36,198 ft) in the floor of the western Pacific Ocean south ...
Marianism
/mair"ee euh niz'euhm/, n. any religious system emphasizing worship of or devotion to the Virgin Mary. [MARIAN + -ISM] * * *
Marianist
▪ Roman Catholic congregation member of  Society of Mary (S.M.)        a religious congregation of the Roman Catholic church founded by William Joseph Chaminade at ...
Marianna
/mair'ee an"euh, mar'-/, n. a female given name. * * *
Marianne
/mair'ee an", mar'-/, n. 1. the French Republic, personified as a woman. 2. a female given name. * * *
Marianne Moore
➡ Moore (VI) * * *
Mariánské Lázne
/mah"ryahn ske lahz"nye/ a spa in W Bohemia, in the W Czech Republic. 18,510. German, Marienbad. * * * ▪ Czech Republic German  Marienbad,    spa town, western Czech ...
Marianus Scotus
▪ Irish historian original name  Moel-Brigte (Gaelic: “Servant of Bridget”)   born 1028, Ireland died Dec. 22, 1082 or 1083, Mainz, Franconia [now in ...
Marias
Ma·ri·as (mə-rīʹəs) A river of northwest Montana flowing about 338 km (210 mi) generally southeast to the Missouri River. * * *
Marías Islands
▪ archipelago, Mexico       archipelago in the Pacific Ocean, off the coast of west-central Mexico. Lying approximately 100 miles (160 km) northwest of Cape Corrientes ...
Marias River
▪ river, Montana, United States       river in Glacier county, northwestern Montana, U.S. It is formed by the confluence of Cut Bank, Dupuyer, and Birch creeks and Two ...
Mariátegui, José Carlos
born June 14, 1895, Lima, Peru died April 16, 1930, Lima Peruvian political leader and essayist. In 1919 he was sent to study in Italy, where he met leading socialists of the ...
MariaTheresa
Ma·ri·a The·re·sa (mə-rēʹə tə-rāʹsə, -zə), 1717-1780. Queen of Hungary and Bohemia (1740-1780) whose reign was marked by the War of the Austrian Succession ...
Mariazell
▪ Austria       town, east-central Austria, in the Salza River valley amid the north Styrian Alps north of Kapfenberg. Founded in 1157 by the monks of St. Lambrecht's ...
Maribo
▪ Denmark       city, central Lolland island, Denmark, on Maribo Lake. The city (chartered 1416) grew up around an early 15th-century Bridgettine convent, the chapel ...
Maribor
/mahr"i bawr'/, n. a city in N Slovenia, on the Drava River. 185,699. German, Marburg. * * * ▪ Slovenia German  Marburg        city, northeastern Slovenia, on the ...
Marichal, Juan Antonio
▪ Dominican [republic] baseball player byname  the Dominican Dandy  born October 20, 1937, Laguna Verde, Dominican Republic       professional baseball player, the ...
Marichal,Juan
Mar·i·chal (măr'ə-shĕlʹ), Juan. Born 1937. Dominican-born American baseball player. A right-handed pitcher mainly with the San Franciso Giants (1960-1974), he won 21 or ...
Marīcī
▪ Buddhist goddess Japanese  Marishi-ten , Tibetan  'Od-zer-can-ma        in Mahāyāna Buddhist mythology, the goddess of the dawn. Marīcī (Sanskrit: “Ray of ...
Maricopa
/mar'i koh"peuh/, n., pl. Maricopas, (esp. collectively) Maricopa for 1. 1. a member of a North American Indian people of south-central Arizona. 2. the Yuman language of the ...
maricultural
See mariculture. * * *
mariculture
/mar"i kul'cheuhr/, n. marine aquaculture. Also called ocean farming. [1900-05; < L mari-, comb. form of mare sea + CULTURE, on the model of AGRICULTURE] * * *
Marie
/meuh ree"/; for 2 also Fr. /mann rddee"/, n. 1. (Marie Alexandra Victoria of Saxe-Coburg) 1875-1938, queen of Rumania 1914-27. 2. a female given name, French form of Mary. * * ...
Marie Antoinette
/meuh ree" an'tweuh net", an'teuh-/; Fr. /mann rddee" ahonn twann net"/, (Joséphe Jeanne Marie Antoinette) 1755-93, queen of France 1774-93: wife of Louis XVI; executed in the ...
Marie Byrd Land
/meuh ree" berrd"/ former name of Byrd Land. * * * ▪ region, Antarctica       unclaimed region of Antarctica, bordering on the South Pacific Ocean and extending from ...
Marie Claire
the title of magazines for women published every month in Britain and the US. They contain articles on fashion, beauty, travel, the arts and other subjects. * * *
Marie de France
/mann rddee" deuh frddahonns"/ fl. 12th century, French poet in England. * * * flourished 12th century French poet, the earliest known woman poet of France. She wrote verse ...
Marie de Médicis
/mann rddee" deuh may dee sees"/ 1573-1642, queen of Henry IV of France: regent 1610-17. Italian, Maria de Medici. * * * Italian Maria de' Medici born April 26, 1573, ...
Marie Galante
Fr. /mann rddee gann lahonnt"/ an island in the E West Indies: a dependency of Guadeloupe. 15,867; 58 sq. mi. (150 sq. km). * * *
Marie Leszczyńska
▪ queen of France in full  Marie-Catherine Leszczyńska , Polish  Maria Karolina Leszczyńska   born June 23, 1703, Breslau, Silesia died June 24, 1768, Versailles, ...
Marie Lloyd
➡ Lloyd (II) * * *
Marie Louise
/meuh ree" looh eez"/; Fr. /mann rddee" lweez"/ 1791-1847, 2nd wife of Napoleon I: empress of France; duchess of Parma 1816-31 (daughter of Francis II of Austria; mother of ...
Marie Rambert
➡ Rambert * * *
Marie Stopes
➡ Stopes * * *
Marie Tussaud
➡ Tussaud * * *
Marie, Pierre
▪ French neurologist born Sept. 9, 1853, Paris died April 13, 1940, Paris       French neurologist whose discovery that growth disorders are caused by pituitary disease ...
Marie-Amélie de Bourbon
▪ queen of France born April 26, 1782, Caserta, Italy died March 24, 1866, Claremont, Surrey, Eng.       queen of Louis- Philippe (Louis-Philippe), king of France ...
Marie-Antoinette
▪ queen of France in full  Marie-Antoinette-Josèphe-Jeanne d'Autriche-Lorraine (Austria-Lorraine) , originally German  Maria Antonia Josepha Joanna von ...
Marie-Antoinette (-Josèphe-Jeanne d'Autriche-Lorraine)
born Nov. 2, 1755, Vienna died Oct. 16, 1793, Paris, France Queen consort of Louis XVI of France. The daughter of Emperor Francis I and Maria Theresa, she was married in 1770 ...
Marie-Galante
▪ island, West Indies       island in the Lesser Antilles, in the eastern Caribbean Sea, and a dependency of Guadeloupe, an overseas département of France. It lies ...
Marie-Louise
German Maria-Luise born Dec. 12, 1791, Vienna, Austria died Dec. 17, 1847, Parma Austrian archduchess and second wife of Napoleon. The eldest daughter of Emperor Francis II, ...
Marie-Thérèse Of Austria
▪ queen of France French  Marie-thérèse D'autriche,  Spanish  María Teresa De Austria  born Sept. 10, 1638, El Escorial, Spain died July 30, 1683, Versailles, ...
MarieAntoinette
Ma·rie An·toi·nette (mə-rēʹ ăn'twə-nĕtʹ), 1755-1793. Queen of France (1774-1793) as the wife of Louis XVI. Unpopular because of her extravagance and insensitivity ...
Marieberg pottery
      Swedish pottery produced at the factory of Marieberg on the island of Kungsholmen, not far from Stockholm, from about 1759 until 1788. When the Marieberg factory, ...
MarieByrd Land
Marie Byrd Land A region of western Antarctica east of the Amundsen Sea. It was discovered and claimed for the United States by Richard E. Byrd in 1929. * * *
Mariehamn
/mah ree"euh hah"meuhn/, n. a seaport on S Åland Island, in the Baltic. 9538. * * *
Mariel
Sp. /mah rddyel"/, n. a city and seaport of Cuba, on the W coast, SW of Havana. 34,467. * * *
Marielito
/mahr'ee euh lee"toh/; Sp. /mah'rddye lee"taw/, n., pl. Marielitos /-tohz/; Sp. /-taws/. a refugee from Cuba who came to the U.S. in 1980 as part of a mass migration that sailed ...
MarieLouise
Marie Louise, 1791-1847. Austrian archduchess who became empress of the French as the second wife of Napoleon I. * * *
Marienbad
/mair"ee euhn bad', mar"-/; Ger. /mah rddee"euhn baht'/, n. a spa and resort town in W Bohemia, in W Czechoslovakia. 17,932. Czech, Mariánské Lázne. * * *
Mariental
▪ Namibia       town, south-central Namibia. It lies at an elevation of 3,576 feet (1,090 metres) and is situated 145 miles (232 km) north of Keetmanshoop and 170 miles ...
Marietta
/mair'ee et"euh/, n. 1. a city in NW Georgia. 30,805. 2. a city in SE Ohio, on the Ohio River. 16,467. 3. a female given name, form of Mary. * * * ▪ Georgia, United ...
Mariette
/mann rddyet"/, n. Auguste Édouard /oh gyuust" ay dwannrdd"/, 1821-81, French Egyptologist. * * *
Mariette, Auguste
▪ French archaeologist in full  Auguste-Ferdinand-François Mariette  born Feb. 11, 1821, Boulogne, Fr. died Jan. 19, 1881, Cairo  French archaeologist who conducted major ...
Marignac, Jean-Charles-Galinard de
▪ French chemist born April 24, 1817, Geneva died April 15, 1894, Geneva       Swiss chemist whose work with atomic weights suggested the possibility of isotopes and ...
Marignano, Battle of
▪ Europe [1515]       (Sept. 13–14, 1515), French victory over a Swiss army in the first Italian campaign of Francis I of France. Fought near the village of Marignano ...
Marignolli, Giovanni dei
▪ Italian clergyman born before 1290, Florence [Italy]       Franciscan friar and one of four legates sent to the court of the Mongol emperor of China, Togon-Temür, at ...
Marigny, Enguerrand de
▪ French chamberlain born 1260, Lyons-la-Forêt, in Normandy, Fr. died April 11/30, 1315, Paris       powerful chamberlain to the French king Philip IV the Fair, who ...
marigold
/mar"i gohld'/, n. 1. any of several chiefly golden-flowered composite plants, esp. of the genus Tagetes, as T. erecta, having strong-scented foliage and yielding an oil that ...
marigold window.
See wheel window. [1730-40] * * *
marigram
/mar"i gram'/, n. a graphic representation from a marigraph. [ < L mari- (comb. form of mare sea) + -GRAM1] * * *
marigraph
—marigraphic /mar'i graf"ik/, adj. /mar"i graf', -grahf'/, n. a device that automatically registers the rise and fall of the tide. Also, mareograph. [1855-60; < L mari- (comb. ...
Mariinsky Ballet
▪ Russian ballet company also spelled  Maryinsky , Russian  Mariinsky Balet , formerly (1935–91)  Kirov Ballet        prominent Russian ballet company, part of ...
Mariinsky Theatre
or Maryinsky Theatre, formerly Kirov Theatre Russian imperial theatre in St. Petersburg. The theatre opened in 1860 and was named for Maria Aleksandrovna, wife of the reigning ...
Marijampolė
▪ Lithuania formerly (1955–90)  Kapsukas        administrative centre of a rayon (sector), Lithuania. Marijampolė lies along both banks of the Šešupė River. The ...
marijuana
/mar'euh wah"neuh/, n. 1. hemp (def. 1). 2. the dried leaves and female flowers of the hemp plant, used in cigarette form as a narcotic or hallucinogen. Also, ...
Marikina
Ma·ri·ki·na (mä'rĭ-kēʹnə) A city of southwest Luzon, Philippines, a suburb of Manila. Population: 248,183. * * *
Marília
/mah rddee"lyah/, n. a city in SE Brazil. 107,305. * * * ▪ Brazil       city, west-central São Paulo estado (state), Brazil, lying between the Aguapeí and Peixe ...
Marillac, Saint Louise de
▪ French saint born Aug. 12, 1591, Paris/Ferrières, France died March 15, 1660, Paris; canonized March 11, 1934; feast day March 15       cofounder with St. Vincent de ...
Marilyn
/mar"euh lin/, n. a female given name, form of Mary. Also, Marilynne. * * *
Marilyn Monroe
➡ Monroe (II) * * *
marimba
/meuh rim"beuh/, n. a musical instrument, originating in Africa but popularized and modified in Central America, consisting of a set of graduated wooden bars, often with ...
Marin
/mahr"in/, n. John, 1870-1953, U.S. painter and etcher. * * *
Marin Millie, Gladys
▪ 2006       Chilean political figure (b. July 16, 1941, Curepto, Chile—d. March 6, 2005, Santiago, Chile), opposed the brutal regime of Augusto Pinochet as a leader ...
Marin, Biagio
▪ Italian poet born June 29, 1891, Grado, Venice, Italy died Dec. 24, 1985, Grado       Italian poet noted for writing with clarity and simplicity in the unique ...
Marín, Francisco de Paula
▪ Spanish horticulturalist byname  Manini   born 1774, Jerez, Spain died Oct. 30, 1837, Honolulu, Hawaiian Islands [U.S.]       horticultural experimenter who ...
Marin, Jean
▪ 1996       (YVES-ANDRÉ-MARIE MORVAN), French journalist, Free French radio commentator during World War II, and head of the international news agency Agence ...
Marin, John
born Dec. 23, 1870, Rutherford, N.J., U.S. died Oct. 1, 1953, Cape Split, Maine U.S. painter and printmaker. He worked as an architectural draftsman before studying painting. ...
Marin,John
Mar·in (mărʹĭn), John. 1870-1953. American painter noted for his semiabstract watercolors, including Brooklyn Bridge. * * *
marina
/meuh ree"neuh/, n. a boat basin offering dockage and other service for small craft. [1795-1805; < It, Sp, n. use of fem. of marino < L marinus MARINE] * * * ▪ Mexican Indian ...
Marina
/meuh ree"neuh/, n. 1. a town in W California. 20,647. 2. a female given name. * * * ▪ Mexican Indian princess original name  Malintzin , also called  Malinche  or ...
marinade
n. /mar'euh nayd"/; v. /mar"euh nayd'/, n., v., marinaded, marinading. n. 1. a seasoned liquid, usually of vinegar or wine with oil, herbs, spices, etc., in which meat, fish, ...
marinara
/mahr'euh nahr"euh, mar'euh nar"euh/, n. 1. Italian Cookery. a highly seasoned sauce of tomatoes, garlic, and spices. adj. 2. garnished or served with marinara: shrimps ...
marinate
—marination, n. /mar"euh nayt'/, v.t., marinated, marinating. to steep (food) in a marinade. [1635-45; prob. < It marinato, ptp. of marinare to pickle. See MARINE, -ATE1] * * *
marination
See marinate. * * *
Marinatos, Spyridon
▪ Greek archaeologist in full  Spyridon Nikolaou Marinatos   born Nov. 4, 1901, Lixoúrion, Greece died Oct. 1, 1974, Thera       Greek archaeologist whose most ...
Marinduque
Sp. /mah'rddin dooh"ke/, n. an island of the Philippines, between Luzon and Mindora islands. 173,715. 347 sq. mi. (899 sq. km). * * * ▪ island, ...
marine
/meuh reen"/, adj. 1. of or pertaining to the sea; existing in or produced by the sea: marine vegetation. 2. pertaining to navigation or shipping; nautical; naval; maritime. 3. ...
marine archaeology
the branch of archaeology that deals with the recovery of ancient objects found beneath the sea, as shipwrecks or remains from submerged islands, and with the techniques of ...
marine barometer
a barometer for use on shipboard, esp. one mounted on gimbals so as to minimize the effects of the motion of the vessel. [1695-1705] * * *
marine belt.
See territorial waters. [1755-65] * * *
Marine Biological Laboratory
▪ biological research organization       independent international research and educational organization founded at Woods Hole, Massachusetts, U.S., in 1888. It was ...
marine biology
Science that deals with the animals and plants of the sea and estuaries and with airborne and terrestrial organisms that depend directly on bodies of saltwater for food and other ...
Marine Corps
a branch of the U.S. Armed Forces trained for land, sea, and air combat, typically for land combat in conjunction with an amphibious or airborne landing, and whose commandant is ...
marine ecosystem
Introduction       complex of living organisms in the ocean environment.       Marine waters cover two-thirds of the surface of the Earth. In some places the ...
marine engineer
an officer who operates, maintains, and repairs the machinery of a ship. [1930-35] * * *
marine engineering
the branch of mechanical engineering that deals with the design, construction, installation, operation, and repair of the machinery of vessels. * * *
marine geology
—marine geologist. the branch of geology dealing with the rocks, sediments, and processes of the floors and margins of the oceans. * * * or geologic oceanography Scientific ...
marine geophysics
Subdiscipline of geophysics that is concerned with ocean phenomena. The main techniques and areas of study include heat-flow data, seismic reflection and refraction techniques, ...
marine glue
a tarlike composition for coating the seams of a planked deck after caulking. [1840-50] * * *
marine insurance
1. See ocean marine insurance. 2. See inland marine insurance. [1795-1805] * * *       contract whereby, for a consideration stipulated to be paid by one interested in a ...
marine ivy
a vine, Cissus incisa, of the grape family, native to the southern U.S., having three leaflets or three-lobed leaves and black fruit, grown as a houseplant. [1930-35] * * *
marine league
a unit of 3 nautical miles (5.6 km). * * *
marine nature reserves
➡ nature reserves * * *
marine phosphorescence
      heatless light generated chemically by marine plants and animals. Bioluminescence is exhibited by a wide variety of oceanic organisms, from bacteria to large squids ...
marine railway
a railway having a rolling cradle for hauling ships out of water onto land and returning them. Also called slipway; Brit., patent slip. [1815-25, Amer.] * * *
marine sediment
Any deposit of insoluble material, primarily rock and soil particles, transported from land areas to the ocean by wind, ice, and rivers, as well as the remains of marine ...
marine style
▪ ancient pottery decoration       an innovation in the embellishment of Cretan pottery, developed around 1500 BC and characterized by the depiction of octopuses and ...
marine superintendent
a person who is responsible for the maintenance of the vessels of a shipping line, for their docking and the handling of cargo, and for the hiring of personnel for deck ...
marine terrace
▪ geology       a rock terrace formed where a sea cliff, with a wave-cut platform (q.v.) before it, is raised above sea level. Such terraces are found in California, ...
marine worm
      any of the segmented worms constituting the class Polychaeta. See polychaete. * * *
MarineCorps
Marine Corps n. Abbr. MC A branch of the U.S. armed forces composed chiefly of amphibious troops under the authority of the Secretary of the Navy. * * *
Marineland of Florida
▪ park, Florida, United States       world's first oceanarium, located about 20 miles (32 km) south of St. Augustine (Saint Augustine), Florida, U.S. The facility was ...
Marineland of the Pacific
▪ park, California, United States also called  Hanna-barbera Marineland,         former large, commercially operated oceanarium at Rancho Palos Verdes near Los ...
mariner
/mar"euh neuhr/, n. 1. a person who directs or assists in the navigation of a ship; sailor. 2. (cap.) Aerospace. one of a series of U.S. space probes that obtained scientific ...
mariner's compass
1. a compass used for navigational purposes, consisting of a pivoted compass card in a gimbal-mounted, nonferrous metal bowl. 2. (cap.) Astron. compass (def. 8a). [1620-30] * * *
mariner'scompass
mar·i·ner's compass (mărʹə-nərz) n. A large magnetic compass used aboard ships, consisting of a compass card suspended in a gimbal-mounted bowl. * * *
Mariners' Museum
▪ museum, Newport News, Virginia, United States       museum in Newport News, Virginia, founded in 1930 by the author Archer M. Huntington and his wife, Anna, and ...
Marines
➡ Vietnam War * * *
marinetoad
marine toad n. See cane toad. * * *
Marinette
/mar'euh net"/, n. a city in NE Wisconsin. 11,965. * * * ▪ Wisconsin, United States       city, seat (1879) of Marinette county, northeastern Wisconsin, U.S. It is a ...
Marinetti
/mar'euh net"ee/; It. /mah'rddee net"tee/, n. Emilio Filippo Tommaso /e mee"lyaw fee leep"paw tawm mah"zaw/, 1876-1944, Italian writer. * * *
Marinetti, Filippo Tommaso
▪ Italian-French author in full  Filippo Tommaso Emilio Marinetti  born Dec. 22, 1876, Alexandria died Dec. 2, 1944, Bellagio, Italy  Italian-French prose writer, novelist, ...
Marinetti, Filippo Tommaso (Emilio)
born Dec. 22, 1876, Alexandria, Egypt died Dec. 2, 1944, Bellagio, Italy Italian-French writer, the ideological founder of Futurism. In early poetry such as Destruction (1904), ...
Marinetti,Emilio Filippo Tommaso
Ma·ri·net·ti (măr'ə-nĕtʹē, mä'rē-nĕtʹtē), Emilio Filippo Tommaso. 1876-1944. Italian writer who founded futurism with the publication of his 1909 manifesto. Among ...
Maringá
/mah'rddionn gah"/, n. a city in S Brazil. 111,773. * * * ▪ Brazil       city, northwestern Paraná estado (state), southern Brazil. It lies on the Paraná Plateau, at ...
maringouin
/mar'euhn gwaonn"/; Fr. /mann rddaonn gwaonn"/, n., pl. maringouins /-gwaonnz"/; Fr. /-gwaonn"/. Louisiana. a mosquito, esp. a large swamp mosquito. [ < LaF, F; earlier marigoin, ...
Marinho, Roberto Pisani
▪ 2004       Brazilian journalist and media mogul (b. Dec. 3, 1904, Rio de Janeiro, Braz.—d. Aug. 6, 2003, Rio de Janeiro), transformed O Globo (a newspaper founded by ...
Marini
/meuh ree"nee/; It. /mah rddee"nee/, n. 1. Giambattista /jahm'baht tees"tah/. Also, Marino /meuh ree"noh/; It. /mah rddee"naw/. ("il Cavalier Marino") 1569-1625, Italian poet. 2. ...
Marini, Marino
born Feb. 27, 1901, Pistoia, Italy died Aug. 6, 1980, Viareggio Italian sculptor and painter. Working primarily in bronze, he concentrated on two major images: the earthbound ...
Marīnid dynasty
Berber dynasty that followed the Almohad dynasty in North Africa in the 13th–15th centuries. The Marīnids were a tribe of the Zanātah group, which was allied to the Umayyads ...
Marinism
▪ Italian literature also called  Secentismo        (Italian: “17th century”), style of the 17th-century poet Giambattista Marino (Marino, Giambattista) (q.v.) as ...
Marinković, Vojislav
▪ Serbian and Yugoslavian statesman born , May 13 [May 1, old style], 1876, Belgrade, Serbia died Sept. 18, 1935, Belgrade  influential statesman and eloquent spokesman for ...
Marino
(as used in expressions) Marini Marino Marino Daniel Constantine Jr. Marino Giambattista San Marino Republic of San Marino * * * ▪ Italy       town, Lazio (Latium) ...
Marino, Dan(iel Constantine), Jr.
born Sept. 15, 1961, Pittsburgh, Pa., U.S. U.S. gridiron football quarterback. Chosen by the Miami Dolphins in the first round of the 1983 NFL draft, he set all-time career ...
Marino, Giambattista
born Oct. 18, 1569, Naples died March 25, 1625, Naples Italian poet, founder of the school of Marinism (later secentismo), which dominated 17th-century Italian poetry. Trained ...
Marino,Daniel Constantine
Ma·ri·no (mə-rēʹnō), Daniel Constantine. Known as “Dan.” Born 1961. American football player. As a quarterback with the Miami Dolphins, he set several National ...
Marinot, Maurice
▪ French glassmaker born 1882, Troyes, Fr. died 1960, Troyes       French painter and glassmaker who was one of the first 20th-century glassworkers to exploit the ...
Marinus I
/meuh ruy"neuhs/ died A.D. 884, pope 882-884. Also called Martin II. * * * ▪ pope born , Tuscany died May 15, 884, Rome       pope from 882 to 884. He was a deacon ...
Marinus II
died A.D. 946, pope 942-946. Also called Martin III. * * * ▪ pope born , Rome died , April/May 946, Rome       pope from 942 to 946. He was a priest when nominated by ...
Mario
/mahr"ee oh', mar"-/; It. /mah"rddyaw/, n. a male given name: from the Roman family name Marius. * * * (as used in expressions) Andretti Mario Gabriel Lemieux Mario Vargas Llosa ...
Mario Andretti
➡ Andretti * * *
Mario, Giovanni Matteo
▪ Italian singer original name  Mario, Cavaliere (knight) di Candia  born Oct. 17, 1810, Cagliari, Sardinia died Dec. 11, 1883, Rome  Italian romantic tenor, known for his ...
Mariolater
See Mariolatry. * * *
Mariolatrous
See Mariolater. * * *
Mariolatry
—Mariolater, n. —Mariolatrous, adj. /mair'ee ol"euh tree/, n. 1. excessive (and proscribed) veneration of the Virgin Mary, esp. in forms appropriate to God. 2. veneration of ...
Mariological
See Mariology. * * *
Mariologist
/mair'ee ol"euh jist/, n. a student of Mariology. [MARIOLOG(Y) + -IST] * * *
Mariology
/mair'ee ol"euh jee/, n. 1. the body of belief, doctrine, and opinion concerning the Virgin Mary. 2. the study of the person and nature of the Virgin Mary, esp. in reference to ...
Marion
/mar"ee euhn, mair"-/, n. 1. Francis, ("the Swamp Fox"), 1732?-95, American Revolutionary general. 2. a city in central Ohio. 37,040. 3. a city in central Indiana. 35,874. 4. a ...
Marion Island
▪ island, South Africa       one of the two Prince Edward Islands in the southern Indian Ocean, about 1,190 miles (1,920 km) southeast of Cape Town. In 1947 South Africa ...
Marion, Frances
▪ American screenwriter in full  Frances Marion Owens  born Nov. 18, 1887?, San Francisco, Calif., U.S. died May 12, 1973, Hollywood, Calif.       American motion ...
Marion, Francis
known as The Swamp Fox born с 1732, Winyah, S.C. died Feb. 26, 1795, Berkeley county, S.C., U.S. American Revolutionary commander. He fought the Cherokee (1759) and later ...
Marion,Frances
Marion, Frances. 1887-1973. American screenwriter who won an Academy Award for The Big House (1930) and The Champ (1932). She was the highest-paid screenwriter in Hollywood from ...
Marion,Francis
Marion, Francis. Called “the Swamp Fox.” 1732?-1795. American Revolutionary soldier known for his guerrilla tactics against the British in South Carolina. * * *
marionette
/mar'ee euh net"/, n. a puppet manipulated from above by strings attached to its jointed limbs. [1610-20; < F marionnette, equiv. to Marion (dim. of Marie Mary) + -ette -ETTE] * ...
Mariotte's law
/mar'ee ots", mar"ee ots'/, Thermodynam. See Boyle's law. [1895-1900; named after Edme Mariotte (d. 1684), French physicist] * * *
Mariotte, Edme
▪ French physicist born c. 1620, Dijon, Fr. died May 12, 1684, Paris       French physicist and plant physiologist who, independent of Robert Boyle, discovered the law ...
mariposa lily
/mar'euh poh"seuh, -zeuh/ any lily of the genus Calochortus, of the western U.S. and Mexico, having tuliplike flowers of various colors. Also called mariposa, mariposa ...
mariposalily
mar·i·po·sa lily (măr'ə-pōʹzə, -sə) n. Any of several bulbous plants of the genus Calochortus of western North America, having variously colored, tuliplike flowers. ...
Maris
/mar"is/, n. Roger (Eugene), 1934-85, U.S. baseball player. * * *
Maris, Jacob
▪ Dutch painter in full  Jacobus Hendrikus Maris  born August 25, 1837, The Hague, Netherlands died August 7, 1899, Karlsbad, Bohemia, Austria-Hungary [now Karlovy Vary, ...
Maris, Matthijs
▪ Dutch painter Matthijs originally spelled  Matthias , also called  Thijs Maris  born August 17, 1839, The Hague, Netherlands died August 22, 1917, London, ...
Maris, Roger
in full Roger Eugene Maris born Sept. 10, 1934, Hibbing, Minn., U.S. died Dec. 14, 1985, Houston, Texas U.S. baseball player. Maris's family moved from Minnesota to North ...
Maris,Roger
Mar·is (mărʹĭs), Roger. 1934-1985. American baseball player who spent most of his career with the New York Yankees (1960-1967). In 1961 he surpassed Babe Ruth's ...
Marisat
/mar"euh sat'/, n. one of a series of geostationary communications satellites that relay telecommunications between ships at sea and shore stations. [mari(time) sat(ellite)] * * *
Mariscal Estigarribia
▪ Paraguay       town, northern Paraguay. It lies in the sparsely settled Chaco Boreal region, on the bank of Mosquitos Creek, which drains into the Paraguay River. ...
marish
/mar"ish/, Archaic. n. 1. a marsh. adj. 2. marshy. [1300-50; ME mareis < MF; see MARAIS] * * *
Marisol
/mar"i sol'/, n. (Marisol Escubar) born 1930, Venezuelan artist, in U.S. since 1950. * * * ▪ American sculptor in full  Escobar Marisol   born May 22, 1930, Paris, ...
Marist
/mair"ist, mar"-/, n. Rom. Cath. Ch. a member of a religious order founded in Lyons, France, in 1816 for missionary and educational work in the name of the Virgin Mary. [1875-80; ...
Marist Brother
▪ Roman Catholic congregation member of  Little Brothers of Mary (F.M.S.)        a Roman Catholic congregation of teaching brothers founded near Lyon, Fr., on Jan. 2, ...
Marist Father
▪ Roman Catholic society member of  Society of Mary (S.M.)        a Roman Catholic religious congregation founded in 1816 in the diocese of Belley, Fr., by ...
Maritain
/mann rddee taonn"/, n. Jacques /zhahk/, 1882-1973, French philosopher and diplomat. * * *
Maritain, Jacques
born Nov. 18, 1882, Paris, France died April 28, 1973, Toulouse French philosopher. Reared a Protestant, he converted to Roman Catholicism in 1906. His thought, which is based ...
marital
—maritally, adv. /mar"i tl/ 1. of or pertaining to marriage; conjugal; matrimonial: marital vows; marital discord. 2. Archaic. of or pertaining to a husband. [1595-1605; < L ...
marital exchange
▪ marriage custom       system of mate recruitment in which specific families, groups of families, tribes, or segments of a tribe are designated as those groups from ...
marital therapy
a psychotherapeutic treatment for married couples, who are seen by a therapist both individually and jointly to assist them in resolving various problems related to their ...
maritally
See marital. * * *
maritime
/mar"i tuym'/, adj. 1. connected with the sea in relation to navigation, shipping, etc. 2. of or pertaining to the sea: maritime resources. 3. bordering on the sea: maritime ...
maritime air mass
      vast body of air of oceanic origin; also, an air mass (q.v.) that has had a long trajectory over water and has been so modified that it has the characteristics of ...
Maritime Alps
a range of the Alps in SE France and NW Italy. * * * ▪ mountains, Europe Italian  Alpi Marittime,  French  Alpes Maritimes        segment of the Western Alps ...
maritime belt
Law. the part of the sea that is within the jurisdiction of the bordering states. * * *
maritime law
the body of law relating to maritime commerce and navigation, and to maritime matters generally. [1860-65] * * * or admiralty law or admiralty Body of legal rules that governs ...
Maritime Provinces
—Maritimer, n. the Canadian provinces of Nova Scotia, New Brunswick, and Prince Edward Island. Also called Maritimes. * * * Canadian provinces of New Brunswick, Nova Scotia, ...
MaritimeAlps
Mar·i·time Alps (mărʹĭ-tīm') A range of the southwest Alps on the French-Italian border near the Mediterranean Sea. The highest elevation is 3,299.2 m (10,817 ft). * * *
MaritimeProvinces
Maritime Provinces The Canadian provinces of Nova Scotia, New Brunswick, and Prince Edward Island, bordering on the Atlantic Ocean. They were politically distinct until joining ...
Maritimer
See Maritime Provinces. * * *
Maritsa
/meuh reet"seuh/, n. a river in S Europe, flowing from S Bulgaria along the boundary between Greece and European Turkey and into the Aegean. 300 mi. (485 km) long. * * *
Maritsa River
Greek Évros Turkish Meriç River, southeastern Europe. Rising southeast of Sofia, Bulg., it flows east and southeast across Bulgaria, briefly forms the Bulgaria-Greece border, ...
Maritsa River, Battle of the
▪ Balkans [1371]       (Sept. 26, 1371), Ottoman (Ottoman Empire) Turk victory over Serbian forces that allowed the Turks to extend their control over southern Serbia ...
Maritz, Salomon Gerhardus
▪ South African general also called  Gerrit Maritz   born 1876, Kimberley, Griqualand West [now in South Africa] died Dec. 19, 1940, Pretoria, S.Af.       general and ...
Mariupol
/mar'ee ooh"peuhl/; Russ. /meuh rddyi ooh"peuhl/, n. a city in SE Ukraine, on the Sea of Azov. 503,000. Formerly (1948-89), Zhdanov. * * * ▪ Ukraine formerly  (1948–89) ...
Mariupol'
Ma·ri·u·pol' (mä'rē-o͞oʹpŏl') A city of southeast Ukraine on the Sea of Azov. Founded in 1779, it is a port with extensive iron and steel works. From 1948 to 1992 the ...
Marius
/mair"ee euhs, mar"-/, n. Gaius, c155-86 B.C., Roman general and consul: opponent of Lucius Cornelius Sulla. * * *


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