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Marius, Gaius
born с 157, Cereatae, near Arpinum, Latium died Jan. 13, 86 BC, Rome General and consul who redesigned the Roman army. He secured command of the army in Africa (107) and ...
Marius, Simon
▪ German astronomer (Latin),German  Simon Mayr, Mair, or Mayer   born Jan. 10, 1573, Gunzenhausen, Bavaria [Germany] died Dec. 26, 1624, Anspach       German ...
Mar·i·us (mârʹē-əs, mărʹ-), Gaius. 155?-86B.C. Roman general and politician. Elected consul seven times, he reformed the military and lost a disastrous civil war (88) to ...
/mann rddee voh"/, n. Pierre Carlet de Chamblain de /pyerdd kannrdd le" deuh shahonn blaonn" deuh/, 1688-1763, French dramatist and novelist. * * *
Marivaux, Pierre
▪ French author born Feb. 4, 1688, Paris, Fr. died Feb. 12, 1763, Paris  French dramatist, novelist, and journalist whose comedies are, after those of Molière, the most ...
Marivaux, Pierre (Carlet de Chamblain de)
born Feb. 4, 1688, Paris, France died Feb. 12, 1763, Paris French playwright. Born into an aristocratic family, he joined Paris salon society, which he described in his ...
▪ 2004       In 2003 music lovers worldwide continued to awaken to the joy of melancholy through the powerful yet nuanced artistry of Portuguese fado singer Mariza. ...
Marj ʿUyūn
▪ Lebanon also spelled  Marjayoun, Merdjayoune, Merjayun, or Merj ʿuyūn,         town, southern Lebanon, lying on a fertile plain east of Al-Līṭānī River, at ...
Marj, Al-
▪ Libya Arabic“The Meadows”formerly  Barce , or  Barca        town, northeastern Libya, on Al-Marj plain at the western edge of the Akhḍar Mountains, near ...
/mahr'jeuh layn"/; Fr. /mannrdd zhaw len"/, n., pl. marjolaines /-laynz"/; Fr. /-len"/ for 2. 1. (italics) French. marjoram. 2. a long, narrow cake with straight sides, usually ...
/mahr"jeuhr euhm/, n. any of several aromatic herbs belonging to the genus Origanum, of the mint family, esp. O. majorana (sweet marjoram), having leaves used as seasoning in ...
Marjorie or Marjory [mär′jə rē] n. a feminine name: see MARGARET * * *
Marjorie Mowlam
➡ Mowlam * * *
/mahr"jeuh ree/, n. a female given name, form of Margaret. Also, Marjorie. * * *
mark1 /mahrk/, n. 1. a visible impression or trace on something, as a line, cut, dent, stain, or bruise: a small mark on his arm. 2. a badge, brand, or other visible sign assumed ...
/mahrk/, n. 1. one of the four Evangelists: traditionally believed to be the author of the second Gospel. 2. the second Gospel: to read aloud from Mark. 3. King, Arthurian ...
Mark (the Evangelist), Saint
flourished 1st century, Jerusalem died traditionally Alexandria, Egypt; Western feast day April 25; Eastern feast day September 23 Christian evangelist to whom the second Gospel ...
Mark Antony
/mahrk an"teuh nee/. See Antony, Mark. * * *
Mark Lawson
➡ Lawson (I) * * *
Mark McGwire
➡ McGwire * * *
mark of the beast
Theol. 1. the mark put on the forehead of those who worship the beast, the symbol of opposition to God. 2. the stain of apostasy, regarded as both indelible and inescapable. Rev. ...
Mark Rothko
➡ Rothko * * *
Mark Spitz
➡ Spitz * * *
mark system
▪ penology       penal method developed about 1840 by Alexander Maconochie at the English penal colony of Norfolk Island (located east of Australia). Instead of serving ...
Mark The Hermit
▪ Christian theologian Latin  Marcus Eremita   died after 430       theological polemicist and author of works on Christian asceticism notable for their psychological ...
Mark Twain
➡ Twain * * *
Mark, Herman Francis
▪ American chemist born May 3, 1895, Vienna, Austria died April 6, 1992, Austin, Texas, U.S.       Austrian American chemist who, although not the world's first polymer ...
Mark, J. Carson
▪ 1998       Canadian-born American scientist who, as head of the theoretical division at the Los Alamos (N.M.) Scientific Laboratory, was instrumental in the ...
Mark, Jan
▪ 2007 Janet Marjorie Brisland Mark        British children's author (b. June 22, 1943, Welwyn, Hertfordshire, Eng.—d. Jan. 15, 2006, Oxford, Eng.), was admired for ...
Mark, Mary Ellen
▪ American photojournalist born March 20, 1940, Philadelphia, Pennsylvania, U.S.       American photojournalist whose compelling, empathetic images document the lives ...
Mark, Saint
▪ Christian saint flourished 1st century AD, ; b. Jerusalem? died , traditionally Alexandria, Egypt; Western feast day April 25, Eastern feast day September ...
Mark, The Gospel According to
▪ biblical literature also called  The Holy Gospel Of Jesus Christ According To St. Mark,         second of the four New Testament Gospels (narratives recounting the ...
Mark,Saint. Author of the second Gospel in the New Testament and disciple of Saint Peter. * * *
marka [mär′kə] n. 〚Serb, akin to Ger mark: see MARK2〛 the basic monetary unit of Bosnia and Herzegovina: see the table of monetary units in the Reference Supplement * * ...
/mahr"keuhn/, adj. Marcan. * * *
Markandaya, Kamala
▪ 2005 Kamala Purnaiya Taylor        Indian-born novelist (b. 1924, Chimakurti, Mysore, India—d. May 16, 2004, London, Eng.), pioneered in examining the issues facing ...
Mark An·to·ny (ănʹtə-nē) or Mark An·tho·ny (ănʹthə-nē), Originally Marcus Antonius. 83?-30B.C. Roman orator, politician, and soldier. His love affair with Cleopatra ...
/mahrk"down'/, n. 1. a reduction in price, usually to encourage buying. 2. the amount by which a price is reduced. [Amer.; n. use of v. phrase mark down] * * *
—markedly /mahr"kid lee/, adv. —markedness, n. /mahrkt/, adj. 1. strikingly noticeable; conspicuous: with marked success. 2. watched as an object of suspicion or vengeance: a ...
marked RP
➡ Received Pronunciation * * *
See marked. * * *
See markedly. * * *
Markelius, Sven
▪ Swedish architect in full  Sven Gottfrid Markelius   born Oct. 25, 1889, Stockholm, Sweden died Feb. 27, 1972, Stockholm       eminent Swedish architect who ...
▪ The Netherlands       island and gemeente (municipality), west-central Netherlands (Netherlands, The), within the IJsselmeer. Lying some 11 miles (17 km) northeast of ...
/mahr"keuhr/, n. 1. a person or thing that marks. 2. something used as a mark or indication, as a bookmark or tombstone. 3. a person who records the scores, points, etc., as in a ...
marker bed
▪ geology also called  Key Bed,         a bed of rock strata that are readily distinguishable by reason of physical characteristics and are traceable over large ...
marker gene
Genetics. See genetic marker. * * *
—marketer, n. /mahr"kit/, n. 1. an open place or a covered building where buyers and sellers convene for the sale of goods; a marketplace: a farmers' market. 2. a store for the ...
market analysis
—market analyst. Com. the process of determining factors, conditions, and characteristics of a market. * * *
market boat
1. a boat that transfers fish from a fishing fleet to a market on shore. 2. a boat for carrying produce to market. 3. a boat assigned or used to bring provisions to a ...
market crab.
See dungeness crab. * * *
market cross
➡ markets * * *
market day
➡ markets * * *
market economy
market economy n. an economy in which prices, the supply of goods, etc. are determined by buyers and sellers carrying on business dealings with a relatively high degree of ...
market garden
—market gardener. —market gardening. 1. a garden or farm for growing vegetables to be shipped esp. to local or nearby markets. Cf. truck farm. 2. Brit. See truck farm. 3. ...
market gardening
See marketgardener. * * *
market hall
➡ markets * * *
Market Harborough
▪ England, United Kingdom       town, Harborough district, administrative county of Leicestershire, England, on the River Welland. The part of the town north of the ...
market letter
a publication containing information concerning market conditions, expectations, etc., esp. one produced by a securities brokerage firm or other financial organization. * * *
market maker
market maker n. a firm which maintains a stable and liquid market for a particular security by buying and selling it as circumstances require * * *
Market maturity of vegetables
▪ Table Market maturity of vegetables number of days from planting to market maturity age of fruit, in days, at market ...
market order
Stock Exchange. an order to buy or sell a specified amount of a security at the best price available. Cf. limit order, stop order. [1915-20] * * *
market places
➡ markets * * *
market price
the price at which a commodity, security, or service is selling in the open market. Also called market value. [1400-50; late ME] * * *
market research
the gathering and studying of data relating to consumer preferences, purchasing power, etc., esp. prior to introducing a product on the market. [1925-30] * * * Study of the ...
market share
Econ. the specific percentage of total industry sales of a particular product achieved by a single company in a given period of time. * * *
market socialism
▪ economics also called  liberal socialism        economic system representing a compromise between socialist planning and free enterprise, in which enterprises are ...
market town
a town where a regularly scheduled market is held. [1400-50; late ME] * * *
market towns
➡ markets * * *
market value
1. the value of a business, property, etc., in terms of what it can be sold for on the open market; current value (distinguished from book value). 2. See market ...
/mahr"kit ree"serrch, -ri serrch"/, v.t. to conduct market research on. [1965-70] * * *
See marketable. * * *
—marketability, marketableness, n. —marketably, adv. /mahr"ki teuh beuhl/, adj. 1. readily salable. 2. of or pertaining to selling or buying: marketable values; marketable ...
marketable title
Law. a title to real property that is free from encumbrances, litigation, and other defects and that can readily be sold or mortgaged to a reasonable buyer or mortgagee. Also ...
marketbasket [mär′kit bas΄kit] n. a selected list of goods and services, usually food and household items regarded as typifying consumer spending over a given time, used to ...
market economy n. An economy that operates by voluntary exchange in a free market and is not planned or controlled by a central authority; a capitalistic economy. * * *
/mahr'ki tear"/, n. a person who sells goods or services in or to a market. [1825-35; MARKET + -EER] * * *
mar·ket·er (märʹkĭ-tər) also mar·ket·eer (-kĭ-tîrʹ) n. One that sells goods or services in or to a market, especially one that markets a specified commodity: a major ...
market fund n. See index fund. * * *
market garden n. A garden in which vegetables are grown for sale in a market.   market gardener n. market gardening n. * * *
See market garden. * * *
/mahr"ki ting/, n. 1. the act of buying or selling in a market. 2. the total of activities involved in the transfer of goods from the producer or seller to the consumer or buyer, ...
marketing board
Organization set up by a government to regulate the buying and selling of a certain commodity within a specified area. The simplest type of board is designed to carry out market ...
market order n. An order to buy or sell stocks or commodities at the prevailing market price. * * *
/mahr"kit plays'/, n. 1. an open area in a town where a market is held. 2. the commercial world; the realm of business, trade, and economics. 3. any sphere considered as a place ...
market price n. The prevailing price at which merchandise, securities, or commodities are sold. * * *
market research n. The gathering and evaluation of data regarding consumers' preferences for products and services. * * *
Most people in Britain and the US now buy their fresh food in supermarkets rather than traditional markets. But markets are still important to the life of many cities and towns ...
market share n. The proportion of industry sales of a good or service that is controlled by a company. * * *
market value n. The amount that a seller may expect to obtain for merchandise, services, or securities in the open market. * * *
/mahr kay"vich/; Russ. /murdd kye"vyich/, n. Igor /ee"geuhrdd/, 1912-83, Russian conductor and composer. * * *
/mahr"keuhm/, n. 1. (Charles) Edwin, 1852-1940, U.S. poet. 2. Mount, a mountain in Antarctica, SW of the Ross Sea. 15,100 ft. (4600 m). 3. a town in SE Ontario, in S Canada, near ...
Markham River
River, eastern Papua New Guinea. It rises in northeastern mountains and flows southeast for 110 mi (180 km) to enter the Huon Gulf of the Solomon Sea, south of Lae. It is named ...
Markham, (Charles)Edwin
Markham, (Charles) Edwin. 1852-1940. American poet. His poem “The Man with the Hoe” (1899) protests against the exploitation of labor. * * *
Markham, Beryl
orig. Beryl Clutterbuck born Oct. 26, 1902, Leicester, Leicestershire, Eng. died Aug. 3, 1986, Nairobi, Kenya British pilot, adventurer, and writer. Raised in British East ...
Markham, Edwin
▪ American poet original name  Charles Edward Anson Markham   born April 23, 1852, Oregon City, Ore., U.S. died March 7, 1940, New York City  American poet and lecturer, ...
Markham, Gervase
▪ English poet and author Gervase also spelled  Jervis   born c. 1568, , England died Feb. 3, 1637, London, Eng.       English poet and author of a number of popular ...
Markham, Beryl. 1903-1986. British aviation pioneer who was the first person to fly solo across the Atlantic Ocean from east to west (1936). * * *
Markham, Mount A peak, 4,353 m (14,272 ft) high, of Victoria Land, Antarctica. It was discovered in 1902. * * *
/mahr"koor/, n., pl. markhoors, (esp. collectively) markhoor. markhor. * * *
/mahr"kawr/, n., pl. markhors, (esp. collectively) markhor. a wild goat, Capra falconeri, of mountainous regions from Afghanistan to India, having compressed, spiral horns and ...
/mahr"king/, n. 1. a mark, or a number or pattern of marks: birds with colorful markings. 2. the act of a person or thing that marks: the marking of papers. [1275-1325; ME; see ...
marking gage
Carpentry. any of various adjustable tools for marking a line parallel to a straight edge against which the tool is moved. [1870-75] * * *
marking pen
marker (def. 10). * * *
Markish, Peretz
▪ Russian writer Peretz also spelled  Perets  or  Pereẓ  born Dec. 7 [Nov. 25, Old Style], 1895, Polonnoye, Volhynia, Russian Empire [now Polonnye, Ukr.] died Aug. 12, ...
/mahrddk"kah/, n., pl. markkaa /-kah/. a cupronickel or bronze coin and monetary unit of Finland, equal to 100 pennia; finmark. Abbr.: F.Mk., M. [1900-05; < Finnish < G Mark; see ...
Marko Kraljević
▪ king of Serbia born c. 1335 died May 17, 1395, Rovine, Serbia       prince of Serbia from 1371 to 1395 and a hero in the literature and traditions of the South ...
Horse. mare1, from Old English mere, miere, mare, from Germanic feminine *marhjōn-.   [Pokorny marko- 700.] * * *
Markov chain
/mahr"kawf/, Statistics. a Markov process restricted to discrete random events or to discontinuous time sequences. Also, Markoff chain. [1940-45; see MARKOV PROCESS] * * *
Markov process
Statistics. a process in which future values of a random variable are statistically determined by present events and dependent only on the event immediately preceding. Also, ...
Markov, Andrey Andreyevich
▪ Russian mathematician born June 14, 1856, Ryazan, Russia died July 20, 1922, Petrograd [now St. Petersburg]       Russian mathematician who helped to develop the ...
/mahr koh"veuh/, n. Alicia, (Lilian Alicia Marks), born 1910, English ballet dancer. * * *
Markova, Dame Alicia
orig. Lilian Alicia Marks born Dec. 1, 1910, London, Eng. died Dec. 2, 2004, Bath British ballerina. She made her debut with Sergey Diaghilev's Ballets Russes in 1924 and ...
Markova,Dame Alicia
Mar·ko·va (mär-kōʹvə, märʹkə-və), Dame Alicia. Born 1910. British ballerina known especially for her performance in Léonide Massine's Giselle. * * *
Marković, Svetozar
▪ Serbian political writer born , Sept. 21 [Sept. 9, Old Style], 1846, Jagodina, Serbia, Ottoman Empire died March 10, 1875, Trieste, Austro-Hungarian Empire [now in ...
(as used in expressions) Borodin Mikhail Markovich Dubnow Simon Markovich Lazar Markovich Lisitskii * * *
Markovnikov rule
▪ chemistry       in organic chemistry, a generalization, formulated by Vladimir Vasilyevich Markovnikov (Markovnikov, Vladimir Vasilyevich) in 1869, stating that in ...
Markovnikov, Vladimir Vasilyevich
▪ Russian chemist born Dec. 22, 1838, Nizhny Novgorod, Russia died February 1904, Moscow       Russian organic chemist who contributed to structural theory and to the ...
Markowitz, Harry M.
▪ American economist born August 24, 1927, Chicago, Illinois, U.S.       American finance and economics educator, cowinner (with Merton H. Miller (Miller, Merton H.) ...
Markowitz,Harry M.
Mar·ko·witz (märʹkə-wĭts), Harry M. Born 1927. American economist. He shared a 1990 Nobel Prize for contributions to financial economics. * * *
➡ Marks & Spencer * * *
Marks & Spencer
(abbr M & S) a well-known British department store, selling clothes, food and other products. The first shops were started by Michael Marks and Thomas Spencer in the late 19th ...
Marks & Spencer PLC
▪ British company byname  Marks and Sparks        one of the largest British retail clothing and food companies. Headquarters of the firm are in ...
Marks and Sparks
➡ Marks & Spencer * * *
—marksmanship, n. /mahrks"meuhn/, n., pl. marksmen. 1. a person who is skilled in shooting at a mark; a person who shoots well. 2. Mil. a. the lowest rating in rifle ...
See marksman. * * *
/mahrks"woom'euhn/, n., pl. markswomen. a woman skilled in shooting at a mark; a woman who shoots well. [1795-1805; MARK1 + 's1 + -WOMAN] Usage. See -woman. * * *
/mahrk"up'/, n. 1. Com. a. the amount added by a seller to the cost of a commodity to cover expenses and profit in fixing the selling price. b. the difference between the cost ...
markup language
Standard text-encoding system consisting of a set of symbols inserted in a text document to control its structure, formatting, or the relationship among its parts. The most ...
markup language n. Computer Science A coding system, such as HTML and SGML, used to structure, index, and link text files. * * *
marl1 —marlacious /mahr lay"sheuhs/, marly, adj. /mahrl/, n. 1. Geol. a friable earthy deposit consisting of clay and calcium carbonate, used esp. as a fertilizer for soils ...
Marlatt, Abby Lillian
▪ American educator born March 7, 1869, Manhattan, Kansas, U.S. died June 23, 1943, Madison, Wis.       American educator who brought a strong academic base to the ...
/mahrl"berr oh, -bur oh/, n., pl. Marlboros for 2. 1. a city in E Massachusetts. 30,617. 2. (l.c.) a twisted, usually iced cruller, combining strands of plain and chocolate ...
Marlboro Man
➡ Marlboro * * *
/mahrl"berr oh, -bur oh/ or, for 1, /-breuh, mawl"-/, n. 1. John Churchill, 1st Duke of. See Churchill, John, 1st Duke of Marlborough. 2. Marlboro (def. 1). * * * ▪ England, ...
Marlborough House
a large, grand house in Pall Mall, London, England. It was designed by Christopher Wren for the wife of the Duke of Marlborough and built in 1709–11. After her death it was the ...
Marlborough leg
Furniture. a tapered leg having a square section. * * *
Marlborough, John Churchill, 1st duke of
born May 26, 1650, Ashe, Devon, Eng. died June 16, 1722, Windsor, near London British military commander. He served with distinction at Maastricht (1673), was promoted rapidly, ...
Marlborough, John Churchill, 1st Duke of, Marquess Of Blandford, Earl Of Marlborough, Baron Churchill Of Sandridge, Lord Churchill Of Eyemouth, Reichsfürst
▪ British general Introduction born May 26, 1650, Ashe, Devon, Eng. died June 16, 1722, Windsor, near London  one of England's greatest generals, who led British and allied ...
Marlborough, Sarah Jennings, duchess of
born May 29, 1660, Sandridge, Hertfordshire, Eng. died Oct. 18, 1744, London Wife of John Churchill, duke of Marlborough. A childhood friend of Princess (later Queen) Anne, she ...
Marlborough,First Duke of
Marl·bor·ough (märlʹbər-ə, -brə, môlʹ-), First Duke of. See Churchill, John. * * *
one of the most popular and heavily advertised US cigarettes. It was first sold by the Philip Morris company in the 1920s as a woman’s cigarette, and advertised as being as ...
/mahrld/, adj. fertilized with marl. [1600-10; MARL1 + -ED3] * * *
/mahr leen", -lay"neuh/, n. a female given name. Also, Marleen /mahr leen"/, Marlena /mahr lay"neuh/. * * *
Marlene Dietrich
➡ Dietrich * * *
Marlette, Doug
▪ 2008 Douglas N. Marlette        American cartoonist and comic-strip artist born Dec. 6, 1949, Greensboro, N.C. died July 10, 2007, near Holly Springs, Miss. was an ...
(1945–81) a Jamaican singer and writer of reggae music who also played the guitar. He formed the Wailers group in 1965 and made reggae widely known around the world. His songs ...
Marley, Bob
orig. Robert Nesta Marley born Feb. 6, 1945, Nine Miles, St. Ann, Jam. died May 11, 1981, Miami, Fla., U.S. Jamaican singer and songwriter. Raised in the Kingston slum known ...
Marley,Robert Nesta
Mar·ley (märʹlē), Robert Nesta. Known as “Bob.” 1945-1981. Jamaican musician and songwriter who, with his group the Wailers, made reggae internationally popular. * * *
marlin1 /mahr"lin/, n., pl. (esp. collectively) marlin, (esp. referring to two or more kinds or species) marlins. any large, saltwater game fish of the genera Makaira and ...
/mahr"lin/, n. a male given name. * * * Any of four species (genus Makaira, family Istiophoridae) of deep-blue to blue-green marine fish with a long body, a long dorsal fin, a ...
/mahr"lin/, n. Naut. small stuff of two-fiber strands, sometimes tarred, laid up left-handed. Also, marlin, marling /mahr"ling/. [1375-1425; late ME merlin. See MARL2, LINE1] * * ...
/mahr"lin spuyk'/, n. Naut. a pointed iron implement used in separating the strands of rope in splicing, marling, etc. Also, marlinspike, marlingspike /mahr"ling ...
mar·lite (märʹlīt') n. Marlstone.   mar·litʹic (-lĭtʹĭk) adj. * * *
See marlite. * * *
/mahr"leuhn/, n. a male given name. * * *
Marlon Brando
➡ Brando * * *
/mahr loh"vee euhn/, adj. of, pertaining to, or characteristic of Christopher Marlowe or his writings, esp. his plays. [1585-95; MARLOWE (Latinization with -v- substitution) + ...
▪ England, United Kingdom       town (parish), Wycombe district, administrative and historic county of Buckinghamshire, England, on the River Thames. The parish Church ...
/mahr"loh/, n. 1. Christopher, 1564-93, English dramatist and poet. 2. Julia (Sarah Frances Frost Sothern), 1866-1950, U.S. actress born in England (wife of E. H. Sothern). * * *
Marlowe, Christopher
(baptized Feb. 26, 1564, Canterbury, Kent, Eng. died May 30, 1593, Deptford, near London) British poet and playwright. The son of a Canterbury shoemaker, he earned a degree from ...
Marlowe, Julia
▪ American actress original name  Sarah Frances Frost   born Aug. 17, 1866, near Keswick, Cumberland, Eng. died Nov. 12, 1950, New York, N.Y., U.S.  English-born American ...
Mar·lowe (märʹlō), Christopher. 1564-1593. English playwright and poet whose development of blank verse influenced Shakespeare. His plays include Tamburlaine the Great (c. ...
/mahrl"stohn'/, n. an indurated marl. Also called marlite /mahr"luyt/. [1830-40; MARL1 + STONE] * * *
See marl. * * *
Marly, Anna
▪ 2007 Anna Yuryevna Betulinskaya        Russian-born singer-songwriter (b. Oct. 30, 1917, Petrograd [now St. Petersburg], Russia—d. Feb. 15, 2006, Palmer, Alaska), ...
▪ people also called  Magh , or  Mogh         people of the Chittagong Hills region of Bangladesh. The Marma numbered approximately 210,000 in the late 20th ...
/mahr"meuh layd', mahr'meuh layd"/, n. a jellylike preserve in which small pieces of fruit and fruit rind, as of oranges or lemons, are suspended. [1515-25; < Pg marmelada quince ...
marmalade box
genipap. [1790-1800] * * *
marmalade bush
a shrub, Streptosolen jamesonii, of the nightshade family, native to South America, bearing showy trumpet-shaped orange flowers, grown as an ornamental or houseplant. * * *
marmalade plum
sapote. [1880-85] * * *
marmalade tree
sapote (def. 1). [1865-70] * * *
marmalade box n. See genipap. * * *
marmalade plum n. See sapote. * * *
/mahr"meuhr euh/, n. Sea of, a sea in NW Turkey, between European and Asian Turkey, connected with the Black Sea by the Bosporus, and with the Aegean by the Dardanelles. 4300 sq. ...
Marmara, Sea of
Inland sea lying between the Asian and European parts of Turkey. It is connected with the Black Sea through the Bosporus, and with the Aegean Sea through the Dardanelles. It is ...
Marmara,Sea of
Mar·ma·ra (märʹmər-ə), Sea of A sea of northwest Turkey between Europe and Asia. It is connected to the Black Sea through the Bosporus and to the Aegean Sea through the ...
Marmarosa, Michael
▪ 2003 “Dodo”        American jazz pianist (b. Dec. 12, 1925, Pittsburgh, Pa.—d. Sept. 17, 2002, Pittsburgh), was a teenaged musician in top swing bands (Gene ...
Marmes man
/mahr"meuhs/ the skeletal remains of Homo sapiens found in Washington State in 1965 and dating from about 9000 B.C. [after the Marmes ranch, where the remains were discovered] * ...
/mahr"muyt, mahr meet"/, n. a metal or earthenware cooking pot with a cover, usually large and often having legs. [1795-1805; < F, MF, appar. equiv. to mar(m)-, base of marmotter ...
n [U] a soft black substance usually eaten on bread or toast. Marmite was first produced in 1902 and is made from yeast (= a natural substance used in making beer, wine and most ...
Mármol, José
▪ Argentine writer born Dec. 2, 1817, Buenos Aires, Arg. died Aug. 9, 1871, Buenos Aires       Argentine poet and novelist whose outspoken denunciation in verse and ...
/mahrdd'maw lah"dah/, n. a mountain in N Italy: highest peak of the Dolomites, 11,020 ft. (3360 m). * * *
Marmont, Auguste-Frédéric-Louis Viesse de, Duc De Raguse
▪ French marshal born July 20, 1774, Châtillon-sur-Seine, Fr. died March 2, 1852, Venice       marshal of France whose distinguished military career ended when, as ...
Marmontel, Jean-François
▪ French author born July 11, 1723, Bort-les-Orgues, France died Dec. 31, 1799, Normandy  French poet, dramatist, novelist, and critic who is remembered for his ...
—marmoreally, adv. /mahr mawr"ee euhl, -mohr"-/, adj. of or like marble: skin of marmoreal smoothness. Also, marmorean. [1790-1800; < L marmore(us) made of marble (see MARBLE, ...
See marmoreal. * * *
/mahr"meuh zet', -set'/, n. any of several small, squirrellike, South and Central American monkeys of the genera Callithrix, Leontocebus, etc., having soft fur and a long, ...
/mahr"meuht/, n. 1. any bushy-tailed, stocky rodent of the genus Marmota, as the woodchuck. 2. any of certain related animals, as the prairie dogs. [1600-10; < F marmotte, OF, ...
/mahrn/; Fr. /mannrddn/, n. 1. a river in NE France, flowing W to the Seine near Paris: battles 1914, 1918, 1944. 325 mi. (525 km) long. 2. a department in N France. 530,399; ...
Marne River
River, northeastern France. It flows northwest into the Seine River near Paris. It is navigable for 220 mi (350 km) of its total length of 326 mi (525 km) and has extensive ...
Marne, First Battle of the
(Sept. 6–12, 1914) Military offensive by French and British troops in World War I. After the invading German forces had moved to within 30 mi (50 km) of Paris at the Marne ...
Marne, Second Battle of the
(July 15–18, 1918) Last large German attack in World War I. As part of its final offensive to split the French forces, German troops under Erich Ludendorff crossed the Marne ...
Marnix, Philips van, Heer Van Sint Aldegonde
▪ Dutch theologian born 1540, Brussels [now in Belgium] died Dec. 15, 1598, Leiden, Neth.       Dutch theologian and poet whose translation of the Psalms is considered ...
▪ king of Marcomanni died AD 37, , Ravenna [Italy]       king of the Marcomanni who organized the first confederation of German tribes.       A Marcomannian ...
/mann rddawk"/, n. French name of Morocco. * * *
/mar"euh kayn', mar'euh kayn"/, n. a crepe fabric made of silk, wool, or rayon, or a combination of these fibers, and distinguished by a strong rib effect, used in the ...
▪ Zimbabwe formerly  Marandellas,    town, northeastern Zimbabwe. It originated in 1890 as a rest house on the road from Harare (formerly Salisbury) to Mutare (formerly ...
Ma·ro·ni (mə-rōʹnē) also Ma·ro·wij·ne (mä'rə-vīʹnə) A river of northern South America flowing about 724 km (450 mi) northward along the Suriname-French Guiana ...
Maroni River
River forming the border between French Guiana and Suriname, South America. It rises in the Tumuc-Humuc Mountains near the Brazilian border and descends northward to enter the ...
/mar"euh nuyt'/, n. a member of a body of Uniates living chiefly in Lebanon, who maintain a Syriac liturgy and a married clergy, and who are governed by the patriarch of Antioch. ...
Maronite Church
Eastern-rite community centered in Lebanon (see Eastern Rite Church). It traces its origin to St. Maron, a Syrian hermit of the 4th–5th century AD, and St. John Maron, under ...
▪ Queensland, Australia       resort town, southeastern Queensland, Australia. It lies at the mouth of the Maroochy River and at the foot of Buderim Mountain; the ...
maroon1 /meuh roohn"/, adj. 1. dark brownish-red. 2. Chiefly Brit. a. a loudly exploding firework consisting of a cardboard container filled with gunpowder. b. a similar firework ...
Maroon Peak A mountain, 4,317.6 m (14,156 ft) high, in the Elk Mountains of west-central Colorado. * * *
Seph. /mah rddawrdd"/; Ashk. /maw"rddohrdd/, n. Hebrew. a portion of horseradish or other bitter herb that is eaten at the Seder meal on Passover. Also, moror. * * *
/mu"rddawsh/, n. Hungarian name of Mures. * * *
Marot, Clément
born 1496?, Cahors, France died September 1544, Turin, Savoy French poet. While imprisoned in 1526 for defying Lenten abstinence regulations, he wrote some of his best-known ...
Marot, Daniel
▪ French architect and designer born 1661, Paris died June 4, 1752, The Hague       French-born Dutch architect, decorative designer, and engraver whose opulent and ...
Marot, Helen
▪ American author, librarian and labour organizer born June 9, 1865, Philadelphia, Pa., U.S. died June 3, 1940, New York, N.Y.       American writer, librarian, and ...
Marot, Jean
▪ French architect and engraver born c. 1619 died Dec. 15, 1679, Paris       French architect and engraver who was one of a large family of Parisian craftsmen and ...
Maroteaux-Lamy syndrome
▪ pathology also called  Mucopolysaccharidosis Vi,         uncommon hereditary metabolic disease characterized by dwarfism, hearing loss, and progressive skeletal ...
▪ Cameroon also spelled  Marua    town located in northern Cameroon. It is situated in the foothills of the Mandara Mountains, along the Mayo (“River”) Kaliao. An ...
/mahr"euh flahzh', mahr'euh flahzh"/, n. 1. a method of attaching a canvas to a wall through adhesion, accomplished by coating the surface with white lead mixed with oil. 2. a ...
Ma·ro·wij·ne (mär'ə-vīʹnə) See Maroni. * * *
a character in several novels by Agatha Christie. Miss Marple is a gentle, respectable old woman who has a remarkable ability to solve mysteries and crimes. She first appeared in ...
/mahr"plot'/, n. a person who mars or defeats a plot, design, or project by meddling. [1700-10; MAR + PLOT] * * *
Marprelate Controversy
▪ English history       brief but well-known pamphlet war (1588–89) carried on by English Puritans using secret presses; they attacked the episcopacy as “profane, ...
Marpurg, Friedrich Wilhelm
▪ German composer born Nov. 21, 1718, Marpurgsdorf, near Seehausen, Brandenburg died May 22, 1795, Berlin       German composer and writer remembered for his ...
Marq abbrev. 1. Marquess 2. Marquis * * *
1. Marquess. 2. Marquis. * * *
/mahr kwond"/, n. J(ohn) P(hillips), 1893-1960, U.S. novelist and short-story writer. * * *
Marquand, J P
▪ American novelist born Nov. 10, 1893, Wilmington, Del., U.S. died July 16, 1960, Newburyport, Mass.       U.S. novelist who recorded the shifting patterns of middle ...
Marquand,John Phillips
Mar·quand (mär-kwŏndʹ), John Phillips. 1893-1960. American writer who created the Japanese sleuth Mr. Moto and wrote comic novels about rich New England families, including ...
marque1 /mahrk/, n. 1. See letter of marque. 2. Obs. seizure by way of reprisal or retaliation. [1375-1425; late ME < MF < Pr marca seizure by warrant (orig. token) < Gmc; see ...
/mahr kee"/, n. 1. a tall rooflike projection above a theater entrance, usually containing the name of a currently featured play or film and its stars. 2. a rooflike shelter, as ...
Marqués, René
▪ Puerto Rican author born October 4, 1919, Arecibo, Puerto Rico died March 22, 1979, San Juan       playwright, short-story writer, critic, and Puerto Rican ...
/mahr kay"zeuhn, -seuhn/, n. 1. a Polynesian native of the Marquesas Islands. 2. the Polynesian language of the Marquesas Islands. adj. 3. of, pertaining to, or characteristic of ...
Marquesas Islands
/mahr kay"zeuhz, -seuhz, -seuhs/ a group of French islands in the S Pacific. 5593; 480 sq. mi. (1245 sq. km). * * * Island group (pop., 1996: 8,064), French Polynesia. Located ...
Mar·que·sas Islands (mär-kāʹzəz, -səz, -səs) A volcanic archipelago in the southern Pacific Ocean, part of French Polynesia. The southern islands were discovered by a ...
/mahr"kwis/, n. Brit. 1. marquee (def. 3). 2. marquis. [sp. var. of MARQUIS] * * * I or marquis European title of nobility, ranking in modern times immediately below a duke and ...
Marquess of Queensberry rules
Marquess of Queensberry rules n. 〚after 8th Marquess of Queensberry (1844-1900), who supervised their formulation ( c. 1867)〛 the basic rules of modern boxing, providing for ...
/mahr"ki tree/, n., pl. marquetries. inlaid work of variously colored woods or other materials, esp. in furniture. Also, marqueterie /mahr"ki tree/. [1555-65; < MF marqueterie ...
/mahr ket"/; for 1 also Fr. /mannrdd ket"/, n. 1. Jacques /zhahk/ ("Père Marquette"), 1637-75, French Jesuit missionary and explorer in America. 2. a city in N Michigan, on Lake ...
Marquette University
▪ university, Milwaukee, Wisconsin, United States       private coeducational institution of higher learning in Milwaukee, Wisconsin, U.S. It is affiliated with the ...
Marquette, Jacques
known as Père Marquette born June 1, 1637, Laon, France died May 18, 1675, Ludington, Mich. French missionary and explorer. Ordained a Jesuit priest, he arrived in Quebec in ...
Marquette, PèreJacques
Mar·quette (mär-kĕtʹ), Père Jacques. 1637-1675. French missionary who in 1673 accompanied Louis Jolliet on an extensive exploration of the Wisconsin, Mississippi, and ...
/mahr"kwis, mahr kee"/; Fr. /mannrdd kee"/, n., pl. marquises, marquis /-keez"/; Fr. /-kee"/. a nobleman ranking next below a duke and above an earl or count. Also, Brit., ...
/mahr"kwis/, n. Don(ald Robert Perry), 1878-1937, U.S. humorist and poet. * * *
Marquis de Lafayette
➡ Lafayette * * *
Marquis of Queensberry rules
/kweenz"ber'ee, -beuh ree/, Boxing. a set of basic rules for modern boxing, requiring among the main provisions the use of gloves instead of bare knuckles and the 10-second count ...
Marquis, Don
▪ American writer byname of  Donald Robert Perry Marquis  born July 29, 1878, Walnut, Ill., U.S. died Dec. 29, 1937, New York City       U.S. newspaperman, poet, and ...
Marquis,Donald Robert Perry
Mar·quis (märʹkwĭs), Donald Robert Perry. 1878-1937. American journalist who created the characters archy the literary cockroach and mehitabel the cat. * * *
/mahr"kweuh zit/, n. 1. the rank of a marquis. 2. the territory ruled by a marquis or a margrave. [1540-50; MARQUIS + -ATE3, as trans. of F marquisat, It marchesato] * * *
/mahr keez"/; Fr. /mannrdd keez"/, n., pl. marquises /-kee"ziz/; Fr. /-keez"/. 1. the wife or widow of a marquis. 2. a lady holding the rank equal to that of a marquis. 3. ...
/mahr'keuh zet", -kweuh-/, n. a lightweight open fabric of leno weave in cotton, rayon, silk, or nylon. [1905-10; < F, dim. of marquise. See MARQUISE, -ETTE] * * *
Marquisof Queensberry rules
Mar·quis of Queensberry rules (märʹkwĭs, mär-kēʹ) pl.n. A set of rules in modern boxing calling for the use of gloves, the division of matches into rounds, and the ...
(1959– ) a British political journalist who worked for a number of newspapers before becoming political editor for the BBC in 2000. He has also written a number of books about ...
Marr, Nikolay (Yakovlevich)
born Jan. 6, 1865, Kutaisi, Georgia, Russian Empire died Dec. 20, 1934, Leningrad, Russia, U.S.S.R. Russian linguist, archaeologist, and ethnographer. A specialist in Caucasian ...
Marr, Nikolay Yakovlevich
▪ Russian linguist born January 6, 1865, [December 25, 1864, old style], Kutaisi, Georgia, Russian Empire died December 20, 1934, Leningrad [St. ...
Marrah Mountains
▪ mountains, The Sudan Arabic  Jabal Marra,        mountain range, a rugged volcanic chain extending for 100 miles (160 km) west-southwest of Al-Fāshir, in ...
Marrakech or Marrakesh [mə rä′kesh, mar΄ə kesh′] city in WC Morocco: pop. 602,000 * * * or Marrakesh City (pop., 1994: 621,914), southern Morocco. One of the four ...
/mar"euh kesh', mar'euh kesh", meuh rah"kesh/, n. a city in W Morocco. 1,681,700. Also, Marrakech. Formerly, Morocco. * * *
mar·ram (mărʹəm) n. See beach grass.   [Of Scandinavian origin. See mori-. * * *
marram grass
/mar"euhm/ a grass, Ammophila arenaria, having matted, creeping rhizomes, grown on sandy shores of Europe, North America, and Australia to bind the sand. Also called ...
/meuh rah"niz euhm/, n. the practices, principles, or condition characteristic of the Marranos. Also, Marranoism /meuh ran"oh iz'euhm/. [1730-40; MARRAN(O) + -ISM] * * *
/meuh rah"noh/, n., pl. Marranos. a Spanish or Portuguese Jew who was converted to Christianity during the late Middle Ages, usually under threat of death or persecution, esp. ...
/mar"ij/, n. 1. the social institution under which a man and woman establish their decision to live as husband and wife by legal commitments, religious ceremonies, etc. 2. the ...
marriage broker
a person who arranges marriages, usually between strangers, for a fee. [1675-85] * * *
marriage encounter.
See under encounter (def. 7). [1970-75] * * *
marriage law
Body of legal specifications and requirements and other laws that regulate the initiation, continuation, and validity of marriages. In western Europe most marriage law derives ...
marriage of convenience
marriage entered into for a personal or family advantage, as for social, political, or economic reasons, usually without love and sometimes without the expectation of sexual ...
Marriage of Figaro, The
/fig"euh roh'/ (Italian, Le nozze di Figaro), an opera (1786) by Wolfgang Amadeus Mozart. * * *
marriage portion
dowry. [1760-70] * * *

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