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Lumière,Auguste Marie Louis Nicolas
Lu·mière (lo͝o-myĕrʹ, lü-), Auguste Marie Louis Nicolas. 1862-1954. French chemist, inventor, and cinematography pioneer. With his brother Louis Jean Lumière (1864-1948) ...
Luminaire
/looh'meuh nair"/, Trademark. a lighting unit consisting of one or more electric lamps with all of the necessary parts and wiring. * * * or light fixture Complete lighting ...
Luminal
/looh"meuh nl/, Pharm., Trademark. a brand of phenobarbital. * * *
luminance
/looh"meuh neuhns/, n. 1. the state or quality of being luminous. 2. Also called luminosity. the quality or condition of radiating or reflecting light: the blinding luminance of ...
luminaria
/looh'meuh nair"ee euh/; Sp. /looh'mee nah"rddyah/, n., pl. luminarias /-nair"ee euhz/; Sp. /-nah"rddyahs/. (esp. in Mexico) a Christmas lantern consisting of a lighted candle ...
luminary
/looh"meuh ner'ee/, n., pl. luminaries, adj. n. 1. a celestial body, as the sun or moon. 2. a body, object, etc., that gives light. 3. a person who has attained eminence in his ...
lumine
/looh"min/, v.t. lumined, lumining. Archaic. to illumine. [1350-1400; ME luminen, aph. var. of enluminen to ILLUMINE. See LIMN] * * *
luminesce
/looh'meuh nes"/, v.i., luminesced, luminescing. to exhibit luminescence. [1895-1900; back formation from LUMINESCENT] * * *
luminescence
—luminescent, adj. /looh'meuh nes"euhns/, n. 1. the emission of light not caused by incandescence and occurring at a temperature below that of incandescent bodies. 2. the light ...
luminescent
luminescent [lo͞o΄mə nes′ənt] adj. 〚< L lumen, LIGHT1 + -ESCENT〛 of, exhibiting, or capable of exhibiting luminescence * * * lu·mi·nes·cent ...
luminiferous
/looh'meuh nif"euhr euhs/, adj. producing light: the luminiferous properties of a gas. [1795-1805; < L lumin- (see LUMEN) + -I- + -FEROUS] * * *
luminism
—luminist, n., adj. /looh"meuh niz'euhm/, n. a style of landscape painting practiced by some mid-19th-century American artists, esp. of the Hudson River School, that emphasized ...
luminist
See luminism. * * *
luminophore
/looh"meuh neuh fawr', -fohr'/, n. Physics, Chem. a molecule or group of molecules that emits light when illuminated. Also, luminophor. [1905-10; < L lumin- (see LUMEN) + -O- + ...
luminosity
/looh'meuh nos"i tee/, n., pl. luminosities. 1. luminance (def. 2). 2. the quality of being intellectually brilliant, enlightened, inspired, etc.: The luminosity of his poetry is ...
luminosity class
Astron. a classification of stars of a given spectral type according to their luminosity, breaking them down into dwarfs, giants, and supergiants. * * *
luminous
—luminously, adv. —luminousness, n. /looh"meuh neuhs/, adj. 1. radiating or reflecting light; shining; bright. 2. lighted up or illuminated; well-lighted: the luminous ...
luminous emittance
Optics. luminous flux emitted per unit area. * * *
luminous energy
light1 (def. 2a). [1930-35] * * *
luminous flux
Optics. the rate of transmission of luminous energy: expressed in lumens. [1925-30] * * *
luminous flux density
luminous flux per unit of cross-sectional area. * * *
luminous intensity
Optics. the luminous flux in lumens emitted per unit solid angle by a light source, measured in candles. * * * ▪ physics       the quantity of visible light that is ...
luminous moss
▪ plant species also called  Elfin-gold        (Schistostega pennata; formerly S. osmundacea), light-reflecting plant of the subclass Bryidae, native to the Northern ...
luminous paint
paint containing a phosphor that emits visible light when irradiated with ultraviolet light. [1885-90] * * *       paint that glows in the dark because it contains a ...
luminous range
Navig. the distance at which a certain light, as that of a lighthouse, is visible in clear weather, disregarding interference from obstructions and from the curvature of the ...
luminousefficiency
luminous efficiency n. The ratio of the total luminous flux to the total radiant flux of an emitting source. * * *
luminousenergy
luminous energy n. The radiant energy of electromagnetic waves in the visible portion of the electromagnetic spectrum. * * *
luminousflux
luminous flux n. The rate of flow of light per unit of time, especially the flux of visible light expressed in lumens. * * *
luminousintensity
luminous intensity n. The luminous flux density per solid angle as measured in a given direction relative to the emitting source. * * *
luminously
See luminous. * * *
luminousness
See luminously. * * *
Lumley, Harry
▪ 1999       American hockey goalie whose 16 seasons in the National Hockey League included an important role in the 1950 Stanley Cup victory of the Detroit Red Wings as ...
lumma
lum·ma (lə-mäʹ) n. See table at currency.   [Armenian lumay, small coin, from Syriac lumā, from Greek nomos, noummos, custom, current coin. See nem-. * * *
lummix
/lum"iks/, n. Northern and North Midland U.S. lummox. * * *
lummox
/lum"euhks/, n. Informal. a clumsy, stupid person. [1815-25; cf. dial. (Midlands) lommock large chunk of food, lommocking clumsy, awkward; ulterior orig. uncert.] * * *
lump
lump1 —lumpingly, adv. /lump/, n. 1. a piece or mass of solid matter without regular shape or of no particular shape: a lump of coal. 2. a protuberance or swelling: a blow that ...
lump of sugar
lump1 (def. 4). [1720-30] * * *
lump sum
lump sum n. a gross, or total, sum paid at one time * * *
lump-sum
See lump sum. * * *
lumpectomy
/lum pek"teuh mee/, n., pl. lumpectomies. the surgical removal of a breast cyst or tumor. [1970-75; LUMP1 + -ECTOMY] * * *
lumpen
/lum"peuhn/, adj. 1. of or pertaining to disfranchised and uprooted individuals or groups, esp. those who have lost status: the lumpen bourgeoisie. n. 2. a lumpen individual or ...
lumpenprole
/lum"peuhn prohl'/, n. Informal. a member of the lumpenproletariat. [1970-75; see LUMPENPROLETARIAT, PROLE] * * *
lumpenproletariat
/lum"peuhn proh'li tair"ee euht/, n. (sometimes cap.) (esp. in Marxist theory) the lowest level of the proletariat comprising unskilled workers, vagrants, and criminals and ...
lumper
/lum"peuhr/, n. 1. a day laborer employed to handle cargo, as fish or timber. 2. Biol. Informal. a taxonomist who believes that classifications should emphasize similarities ...
lumpfish
/lump"fish'/, n., pl. (esp. collectively) lumpfish, (esp. referring to two or more kinds or species) lumpfishes. any of several thick-bodied, sluggish fishes of the family ...
lumpily
See lumpy. * * *
lumpiness
See lumpily. * * *
lumpish
—lumpishly, adv. —lumpishness, n. /lum"pish/, adj. 1. resembling a lump. 2. having a heavy appearance; moving clumsily. 3. having a sluggish mind; unresponsive; dull; ...
lumpishly
See lumpish. * * *
lumpishness
See lumpishly. * * *
lumpsucker
▪ fish also called  lumpfish   any of certain marine fish of the family Cyclopteridae (order Scorpaeniformes), found in cold northern waters. Lumpsuckers are thickset, ...
lumpsum
lump sum n. A single sum of money that serves as complete payment.   lumpʹ-sumʹ (lŭmpʹsŭmʹ) adj. * * *
lumpy
—lumpily, adv. —lumpiness, n. /lum"pee/, adj., lumpier, lumpiest. 1. full of lumps: lumpy gravy. 2. covered with lumps, as a surface. 3. heavy or clumsy, as in movement or ...
lumpy jaw
Pathol., Vet. Pathol. actinomycosis. [1885-90, Amer.] * * *
lumpyjaw
lumpy jaw n. See actinomycosis. * * *
Lumumba
/loo moom"beuh/, n. Patrice (Emergy) /peuh trees" em'er zhee"/, 1925-61, African political leader: premier of the Democratic Republic of the Congo 1960-61. * * *
Lumumba, Patrice
▪ Congolese politician in full  Patrice Hemery Lumumba  born July 2, 1925, Onalua, Belgian Congo [now the Democratic Republic of the Congo] died January 1961, Katanga ...
Lumumba, Patrice (Hemery)
born July 2, 1925, Onalua, Belgian Congo died January 1961, Katanga province, Republic of the Congo African nationalist leader, first prime minister of the Democratic Republic ...
Lumumba,Patrice Emergy
Lu·mum·ba (lo͝o-mo͝omʹbə), Patrice Emergy. 1925-1961. First prime minister (1960-1961) of the Congo (later Zaire). He was ousted and murdered in 1961 by secessionists from ...
Lumut
▪ Malaysia       port, Peninsular (West) Malaysia, at the mouth of the Dindings River, on the Strait of Malacca. Lumut lies about 48 miles (77 km) southwest of the ...
Luna
/looh"neuh/, n. 1. the ancient Roman goddess personifying the moon, sometimes identified with Diana. 2. (in alchemy) silver. 3. (l.c.) Also, lunette. Eccles. the crescent-shaped ...
luna moth
a large, pale-green, American moth, Actias luna, having purple-brown markings, lunate spots, and long tails. Also, Luna moth. [1850-55, Amer.] * * * Species (Actias luna) of ...
Luna, Álvaro de
▪ constable of Castile born c. 1390, , Cañete, Castile [Spain] died June 2 or 22, 1453, Valladolid       constable of Castile, ruler of Castile during much of the ...
Lunacharsky, Anatoly (Vasilyevich)
born Nov. 23, 1875, Poltava, Ukraine, Russian Empire died Dec. 26, 1933, Menton, France Russian politician and writer. Deported in 1898 for his revolutionary activities, he ...
Lunacharsky, Anatoly Vasilyevich
▪ Russian author and educator born Nov. 23 [Nov. 11, Old Style], 1875, Poltava, Ukraine, Russian Empire died Dec. 26, 1933, Menton, Fr.       Russian author, publicist, ...
lunacy
/looh"neuh see/, n., pl. lunacies. 1. insanity; mental disorder. 2. intermittent insanity, formerly believed to be related to phases of the moon. 3. extreme foolishness or an ...
lunamoth
lu·na moth (lo͞oʹnə) n. A large, pale-green North American moth (Actias luna) having elongated, taillike hind wings.   [New Latin lūna, species name, from Latin, moon. See ...
lunar
/looh"neuhr/, adj. 1. of or pertaining to the moon: the lunar orbit. 2. measured by the moon's revolutions: a lunar month. 3. resembling the moon; round or crescent-shaped. 4. of ...
lunar (excursion) module
lunar (excursion) module or lunar module n. the component of the Apollo spacecraft used to carry astronauts to the moon's surface and return them to the command and service ...
lunar calendar
▪ chronology       any dating system based on a year consisting of synodic months—i.e., complete cycles of phases of the Moon. In every solar year (or year of the ...
lunar caustic
Med., Chem. silver nitrate, AgNO3, esp. in a sticklike mold, used to cauterize tissues. [1790-1800] * * *       fused, molded form of silver nitrate (q.v.). * * *
lunar cycle.
See Metonic cycle. [1695-1705] * * *
lunar day
a division of time that is equal to the elapsed time between two consecutive returns of the same terrestrial meridian to the moon. [1680-90] * * *
lunar deity
      any god or goddess related to or associated with the moon and its cycles. See moon worship. * * *
lunar distance
Navig. the observed angle between the moon and another celestial body. [1820-30] * * *
lunar eclipse
lunar eclipse n. see ECLIPSE (n. 1) * * *
lunar eclipse.
See under eclipse (def. 1a). [1885-90] * * *
lunar excursion module
(often cap.) U.S. Aerospace. See lunar module. Abbr.: LEM [1960-65] * * *
lunar module
(often cap.) U.S. Aerospace. the portion of the Apollo spacecraft in which two astronauts landed on the moon's surface and then returned to the orbiting command module. Also ...
lunar month
month (def. 5). [1585-95] * * *
Lunar New Year
▪ festival Chinese  Chunjie , Vietnamese  Tet , Korean  Solnal , Tibetan  Losar , also called  Spring Festival        festival typically celebrated in China ...
Lunar Orbiter
U.S. Aerospace. one of a series of space probes that orbited and photographed the moon in 1966 and 1967. * * * ▪ spacecraft       any of a series of five unmanned U.S. ...
lunar rainbow
moonbow. [1705-15] * * *
Lunar Reconnaissance Orbiter
▪ United States spacecraft       a U.S. spacecraft that is designed to map the surface of the moon and to help select ideal sites for unmanned and eventually manned ...
lunar rover
(often caps.) U.S. Aerospace. a wire-wheeled, battery-powered vehicle used by Apollo astronauts to explore the moon's surface. Also called lunar roving vehicle. [1970-75] * * *
lunar year
year (def. 4a). [1585-95] * * *
lunarcaustic
lunar caustic n. Silver nitrate in the form of sticks used in cauterization. * * *
lunarexcursion module
lunar excursion module the Falcon on the moon, Apollo 15 mission, 1971 PhotoDisc, Inc. n. A spacecraft designed to transport astronauts from a command module orbiting the moon ...
lunarian
/looh nair"ee euhn/, n. 1. a being supposedly inhabiting the moon. 2. a selenographer. [1700-10; < L lun(a) moon + -ARIAN] * * *
lunarmonth
lunar month n. The average time between successive new or full moons, equal to 29 days, 12 hours, 44 minutes. Also called synodic month. * * *
lunarscape
lu·nar·scape (lo͞oʹnər-skāp') n. 1. A picture or other representation of the moon's surface. 2. A landscape reminiscent of the moon's surface: The sandstone formations ...
lunaryear
lunar year n. An interval of 12 lunar months. * * *
lunate
—lunately, adv. /looh"nayt/, adj. 1. Also, lunated. crescent-shaped. n. 2. Anat. the second bone from the thumb side of the proximal row of bones of the carpus. 3. a ...
lunatebone
lunate bone n. The second of three bones forming the proximal row of bones in the wrist. Also called semilunar bone. * * *
lunatic
—lunatically, adv. /looh"neuh tik/, n. 1. an insane person. 2. a person whose actions and manner are marked by extreme eccentricity or recklessness. 3. Law. a person legally ...
lunatic fringe
members on the periphery of any group, esp. political, social, or religious, who hold extreme or fanatical views. [1910-15, Amer.] * * *
lunaticfringe
lunatic fringe n. The fanatical, extremist, or irrational members of a society or group. * * *
lunation
/looh nay"sheuhn/, n. the period of time from one new moon to the next (about 291/2 days); a lunar month. [1350-1400; ME lunacyon < ML lunation- (s. of lunatio). See LUNA, ...
Lunceford, Jimmie
orig. James Melvin Lunceford born June 6, 1902, Fulton, Miss., U.S. died July 12, 1947, Seaside, Ore. U.S. jazz musician and bandleader. Lunceford was a well-schooled musician ...
lunch
—luncher, n. —lunchless, adj. /lunch/, n. 1. a light midday meal between breakfast and dinner; luncheon. 2. any light meal or snack. 3. a restaurant or lunchroom: Let's eat ...
lunch counter
1. a counter, as in a store or restaurant, where light meals and snacks are served or are sold to be taken out. 2. a luncheonette. [1865-70] * * *
lunch hour
➡ meals * * *
lunchbox
/lunch"boks'/, n. a small container, usually of metal or plastic and with a handle, for carrying one's lunch from home to school or work. Also called lunchpail, lunchbucket ...
luncheon
—luncheonless, adj. /lun"cheuhn/, n. lunch, esp. a formal lunch held in connection with a meeting or other special occasion: the alumni luncheon. [1570-80; dissimilated var. of ...
luncheon meat
any of various sausages or molded loaf meats, usually sliced and served cold, as in sandwiches or as garnishes for salads. [1940-45] * * *
luncheonette
/lun'cheuh net"/, n. a small restaurant or lunchroom where light meals are served. [1920-25, Amer.; LUNCHEON + -ETTE] * * *
luncheonmeat
luncheon meat n. Processed, prepackaged meat, often molded into a loaf and served sliced for use in sandwiches or salads. Also called lunchmeat. * * *
luncher
See lunch. * * *
lunchhook
/lunch"hook'/, n. Slang. 1. Usually, lunchhooks. hands. 2. a light anchor for mooring a small yacht for a short time. [LUNCH + HOOK] * * *
lunchmeat
/lunch"meet'/, n. See luncheon meat. [LUNCH + MEAT] * * *
lunchpail
/lunch"payl'/, n. 1. lunchbox. 2. a worker's lunchbox in the shape of a pail, originally for carrying hot food. [1890-95, Amer.; LUNCH + PAIL] * * *
lunchroom
/lunch"roohm', -room'/, n. 1. a room, as in a school, where light meals or snacks can be bought or where food brought from home may be eaten. 2. a luncheonette. [1815-25; LUNCH + ...
lunchtime
/lunch"tuym'/, n. a period set aside for eating lunch or the period of an hour or so, beginning roughly at noon, during which lunch is commonly eaten. [1855-60; LUNCH + TIME] * * ...
lunchwagon
/lunch"wag'euhn/, n. a small bus, truck, or other vehicle outfitted for selling or for serving light meals and snacks to the public. [1890-95; LUNCH + WAGON] * * *
lunchy
/lun"chee/, adj., lunchier, lunchiest. Slang. 1. stupid; dull-witted. 2. carefree or irresponsible. [1960-65; perh. LUNCH (extracted from the idiom out to lunch dim-witted, ...
Lund
Lund (lŭnd) A city of southern Sweden north of Malmö. It was the largest town in Sweden during the Middle Ages and today is an educational center. Population: 81,199. * * ...
Lunda
▪ people  any of several Bantu-speaking peoples scattered over wide areas of the southeastern part of Congo (Kinshasa), eastern Angola, and northern and northwestern Zambia. ...
Lunda empire
▪ African history       historic Bantu (Bantu peoples)-speaking African state founded in the 16th century in the region of the upper Kasai River (now in northeastern ...
Lundberg
/lund"beuhrg/, n. George A(ndrew), 1895-1966, U.S. sociologist and author. * * *
Lundeberg, Christian
▪ Swedish politician born July 14, 1842, Valbo, Swed. died Nov. 10, 1911, Stockholm       industrialist and politician who presided over the 1905 Swedish government, ...
Lundi River
▪ river, Zimbabwe       river in southeastern Zimbabwe rising at Gweru in the Highveld and flowing southeast to Hippo Valley at the confluence with the Shashe River in ...
Lundkvist, Artur
▪ Swedish writer and critic in full  Artur Nils Lundkvist   born March 3, 1906, Oderljunga, Swed. died Dec. 11, 1991, Stockholm       Swedish poet, novelist, and ...
Lundy
a small island off the coast of Devon, England, owned by the National Trust. Its plants and animals are protected by law and it is a breeding ground for puffins (= black and ...
Lundy's Lane
/lun"deez/ a road near Niagara Falls, in Ontario, Canada: battle between the British and Americans in 1814. * * *
Lundy's Lane, Battle of
▪ United States history       (July 25, 1814), engagement fought a mile west of Niagara Falls, ending a U.S. invasion of Canada during the War of 1812. After defeating ...
Lundy, Benjamin
born January 4, 1789, Sussex county, N.J., U.S. died Aug. 22, 1839, Lowell, Ill. U.S. abolitionist and publisher. He worked in Virginia and Ohio, where he organized the Union ...
LundyIsle
Lun·dy Isle (lŭnʹdē) An island off the southwest coast of England at the mouth of the Bristol Channel. Inhabited from prehistoric times, the island was a stronghold for ...
lune
lune1 /loohn/, n. 1. anything shaped like a crescent or a half moon. 2. a crescent-shaped figure bounded by two arcs of circles, either on a plane or a spherical ...
Lune, River
▪ river, England, United Kingdom       river rising near Newbiggin, administrative county of Cumbria, historic county of Westmorland, England, and flowing 45 miles (72 ...
Lüneburg
▪ Germany       city, Lower Saxony Land (state), north-central Germany. It lies on the Ilmenau River at the northeastern edge of the Lüneburg Heath (Lüneburger ...
Lüneburg Heath
▪ region, Germany German  Lüneburger Heide        region, Lower Saxony Land (state), north-central Germany, between the Aller and Elbe (Elbe River) rivers. Its ...
Lünen
Lü·nen (lo͞oʹnən, lüʹ-) A city of west-central Germany east-northeast of Essen. It is an industrial center in a coal-mining region. Population: 84,084. * * * ▪ ...
Lunenburg
▪ Nova Scotia, Canada  town, seat of Lunenburg county, southeastern Nova Scotia, Canada, on Lunenburg Bay, an inlet of the Atlantic Ocean, 57 mi (92 km) west-southwest of ...
lunes
/loohnz/, n. (used with a pl. v.) Archaic. fits of madness. [1605-15; < F, MF, pl. of lune caprice < ML luna fit of lunacy, special use of L luna moon; cf. G Laune] * * *
lunette
/looh net"/, n. 1. any of various objects or spaces of crescentlike or semicircular outline or section. 2. Archit. (in the plane of a wall) an area enframed by an arch or ...
Lunéville
/lyuu nay veel"/, n. a city in NE France, W of Strasbourg: treaty between France and Austria 1801. 24,700. * * * ▪ France       town in the Meurthe-et-Moselle ...
Lunéville faience
▪ pottery       tin-glazed earthenware, faience fine, and a kind of unglazed faience fine produced from 1723 at Lunéville, France. The first factory, established by ...
lung
—lunged /lungd/, adj. /lung/, n. 1. either of the two saclike respiratory organs in the thorax of humans and the higher vertebrates. 2. an analogous organ in certain ...
lung book.
See book lung. [1880-85] * * *
lung cancer
Malignant tumour of the lung. Four major types (squamous-cell carcinoma, adenocarcinoma, large-cell carcinoma, and small-cell carcinoma) have roughly equal prevalence. Most ...
lung congestion
Distention of blood vessels in the lungs and filling of the pulmonary alveoli with blood. It results from infection, hypertension, or inadequate heart function (e.g., left-sided ...
lung fluke
any of various trematodes, as Paragonimus westermani, parasitic in the lungs of humans and other mammals. [1895-1900] * * *
lung infarction
▪ medicine       death of one or more sections of lung tissue due to deprivation of an adequate blood supply. The section of dead tissue is called an infarct. The ...
lung plague
▪ animal disease also called  Contagious Pleuropneumonia,         an acute bacterial disease producing pneumonia and inflammation of lung membranes in cattle, ...
lungan
/lung"geuhn/, n. longan. * * *
Lungch'i
Chin. /loong"chee"/, n. Wade-Giles. Longxi. * * *
lunge
lunge1 /lunj/, n., v., lunged, lunging. n. 1. a sudden forward thrust, as with a sword or knife; stab. 2. any sudden forward movement; plunge. v.i. 3. to make a lunge or thrust; ...
lungee
/loong"gee, loon"jee/, n. lungi. * * *
lungeous
/lun"jeuhs/, adj. Brit. Dial. (of a person) violent; rough. [1675-85; LUNGE1 + -OUS] * * *
lunger
lunger1 /lung"euhr/, n. Informal. a person who has chronic lung disease, esp. tuberculosis. [1890-95; LUNG + -ER1] lunger2 /lun"jeuhr/, n. a person or thing that ...
lungfish
/lung"fish'/, n., pl. (esp. collectively) lungfish, (esp. referring to two or more kinds or species) lungfishes. any of various slender, air-breathing fishes of the order (or ...
lungi
/loong"gee, loon"jee/, n. 1. a cloth used as a turban, scarf, sarong, etc., in India, Pakistan, and Burma. 2. a loincloth worn by men in India. Also, lungee, lungyi, ...
Lungki
/loong"kee"/, n. Older Spelling. Longxi. * * *
Lunglei
▪ India also spelled  Lungleh        town, south-central Mizoram state, northeastern India. One of the most populous towns in the Mizo Hills, it is located 131 ...
lungless salamander
▪ amphibian   any of more than 370 species of lungless amphibians dependent largely on cutaneous respiration (gas exchange through moistened skin). Plethodontidae is the ...
Lungwebungu River
▪ river, Africa       largest headwater tributary of the Zambezi River, in southwest central Africa. It rises in the central plateau of Angola as the Lungué-Bungo River ...
lungworm
/lung"werrm'/, n. 1. any nematode worm of the superfamily Metastrongylidae, parasitic in the lungs of various mammals. 2. a nematode worm of the genus Rhabdias, parasitic in the ...
lungwort
/lung"werrt', -wawrt'/, n. 1. a European plant, Pulmonaria officinalis, of the borage family, having blue flowers. 2. any of various related plants of the genus Mertensia, as the ...
lungyi
/loong"gee, loon"jee/, n., pl. lungyis. lungi. * * *
Luni River
River, Rajasthan state, western India. Rising in the western Aravalli Range, where it is known as the Sagarmati, it flows southwest and enters a patch of desert before ...
luni-
a combining form meaning "moon," used in the formation of compound words: lunitidal. [comb. form repr. L luna moon; see -I-] * * *
lunisolar
/looh'ni soh"leuhr/, adj. pertaining to or based upon the relations or joint action of the moon and the sun. [1685-95; LUNI- + SOLAR1] * * *
lunisolar precession
Astron. the principal component of the precession of the equinoxes, produced by the gravitational attraction of the sun and the moon on the equatorial bulge of the earth. * * *
lunitidal
/looh'ni tuyd"l/, adj. pertaining to the part of the tidal movement dependent upon the moon. [1850-55; LUNI- + TIDAL] * * *
lunitidal interval
the period of time between the moon's transit and the next high lunar tide. [1850-55] * * *
lunitidalinterval
lunitidal interval n. The time elapsing between the moon's transit of a particular meridian and the next high tide at that meridian. * * *
lunker
/lung"keuhr/, n. 1. something unusually large for its kind. 2. Angling. a very large game fish, esp. a bass. [1910-15; lunk- (see LUNKHEAD) + -ER1] * * *
lunkhead
—lunkheaded, adj. /lungk"hed'/, n. Slang. a dull or stupid person; blockhead. Also called lunk /lungk/. [1850-55, Amer.; lunk (perh. b. LUMP1 and HUNK) + HEAD] * * *
lunkheaded
See lunkhead. * * *
Lunn, Sir Arnold
▪ British athlete original name  Arnold Henry Moore Lunn  born April 18, 1888, Madras, India died June 2, 1974, London, Eng.       British slalom skier and ...
Luns, Joseph Marie Antoine Hubert
▪ 2003       Dutch politician (b. Aug. 28, 1911, Rotterdam, Neth.—d. July 17, 2002, Brussels, Belg.), served for 19 years as foreign minister of The Netherlands before ...
Lunsar
▪ Sierra Leone       town, west-central Sierra Leone, western Africa. A traditional trade centre of the Marampa–Masimera chiefdom for rice and palm oil and kernels, ...
lunt
/lunt, loohnt/, Scot. n. 1. a match; the flame used to light a fire. 2. smoke or steam, esp. smoke from a tobacco pipe. v.i. 3. to emit smoke or steam. 4. to smoke a ...
Lunt
/lunt/, n. Alfred, 1893-1977, U.S. actor (husband of Lynn Fontanne). * * *
Lunt and Fontanne
▪ American husband-and-wife acting team  American husband-and-wife acting team who performed together in more than two dozen theatrical productions, from Sweet Nell of Old ...
Lunt, Alfred and Lynn Fontanne
orig. Lillie Louise Fontanne born Aug. 19, 1892, Milwaukee, Wis., U.S. died Aug. 3, 1977, Chicago, Ill. born Dec. 6, 1887, Essex, Eng. died July 30, 1983, Genesee Depot, ...
Lunt,Alfred
Lunt (lŭnt), Alfred. 1893-1977. American actor who performed with his wife Lynn Fontanne in many stage productions, including Pygmalion (1926) and Quadrille (1952-1955). * * *
lunula
/looh"nyeuh leuh/, n., pl. lunulae /-lee'/. something shaped like a narrow crescent, as the small, pale area at the base of the fingernail. Also, lunule /looh"nyoohl/. [1565-75; ...
lunular
/looh"nyeuh leuhr/, adj. crescent-shaped: lunular markings. [1560-70; LUNUL(A) + -AR1] * * *
lunulate
/looh"nyeuh layt'/, adj. 1. having lunular markings. 2. crescent-shaped. Also, lunulated. [1750-60; LUNUL(A) + -ATE1] * * *
lunule
lu·nule (lo͞onʹyo͞ol) n. A lunula. * * *
luny
/looh"nee/, adj., lunier, luniest, n., pl. lunies. loony. * * *
Lunyu
English Analects One of four Confucian texts that, when published together in 1190 by Zhu Xi, made up the Four Books. Scholars consider Lunyu the most reliable source of the ...
Luo
/looh oh", looh"oh/, n., pl. Luos, (esp. collectively) Luo for 1. 1. a member of a people living mainly in southwest Kenya. 2. the Nilotic language of the Luo people. * * ...
Luo Guanzhong
▪ Chinese author Wade-Giles romanization  Lo Kuan-chung , original name  Luo Ben , also called  Luo Guan  and  Luo Daobun , courtesy name (zi)  Guanzhong  born c. ...
luogu
▪ Chinese percussion ensemble Chinese“gongs and drums” Wade-Giles romanization lo-ku        Chinese percussion ensemble composed of a variety of instruments, ...
Luohe
▪ China Wade-Giles romanization  Lo-ho        city, central Henan sheng (province), east-central China. It is situated on the Sha River, which flows southeastward to ...
Luoravetlan
/looh awr'euh vet"leuhn, lwawr'-/, n. Chukotian. Also, Luorawetlan /looh awr'euh wet"leuhn, lwawr'-/. [ < Chukchi lajoravetlen a self-designation, said to mean lit. "proper ...
Luorawetlan languages
also spelled  Luoravetlan,         family of languages including Chukchi, Koryak, Itelmen, Aliutor, and Kerek, spoken in northeastern Siberia. The Luorawetlan language ...
Luoyang
/lwaw"yahng"/, n. Pinyin. a city in N Henan province, in E China. 750,000. Also, Loyang. Formerly, Henan. * * * ▪ China Wade-Giles romanization  Lo-yang , formerly ...
lupanar
/looh pay"neuhr, -pah"-/, n. a brothel; whorehouse. [1860-65; < L lupanar, deriv. of lupa prostitute, lit., she-wolf] * * *
Lupe
/looh"pay/, n. a female given name. * * *
Lupemban industry
▪ prehistoric technology also called  Lupembian Industry,         a sub-Saharan African stone tool industry dating from the late Pleistocene, beginning about 40,000 ...
Lupercalia
/looh'peuhr kay"lee euh, -kayl"yeuh/, n., pl. Lupercalia, Lupercalias. a festival held in ancient Rome on the 15th of February to promote fertility and ward off disasters. * * ...
Lupercalian
See Lupercalia. * * *
Lupercus
/looh perr"keuhs/, n. an ancient Roman fertility god, often identified with Faunus or Pan. * * *
Lupescu, Magda
▪ Romanian adventuress original name  Magda Wolff   born 1896?, Iaşi, Rom. died June 28/29, 1977, Estoril, Port.       Romanian adventuress who, as mistress of King ...
lupine
lupine1 /looh"pin/, n. any of numerous plants belonging to the genus Lupinus, of the legume family, as L. albus (white lupine), of Europe, bearing edible seeds, or L. perennis, ...
Lupino family
British theatrical family. The earliest member, Signor Luppino, flourished с 1610, probably in Italy. His descendant George William Luppino (1632–93), a puppet master, ...
Lupino, Ida
▪ 1996       U.S. film and television actress, director, and screenwriter (b. Feb. 4, 1918?, London, England—d. Aug. 3, 1995, Burbank, Calif.), first gained fame ...
Lupino,Ida
Lu·pi·no (lo͞o-pēʹnō), Ida. 1918-1995. British-born American actress and motion-picture director who gained fame as one of the earliest women directors in Hollywood. Her ...
lupoma
/looh poh"meuh/, n. Pathol. any of the tubercles occurring in lupus vulgaris. [ < NL; see LUPUS, -OMA] * * *
Lupton, Thomas Goff
▪ British engraver born September 3, 1791, London, England died May 18, 1873, London       English mezzotint engraver and miniatures painter who was the first artist ...
lupulin
/looh"pyeuh lin/, n. the glandular hairs of the hop, Humulus lupulus, formerly used in medicine as a sedative. [1820-30; < NL lupul(us) (dim. of L lupus the hop plant; see -ULE) ...
lupus
—lupous, adj. /looh"peuhs/, n. Pathol. 1. See lupus vulgaris. 2. See systemic lupus erythematosus. [1580-90; < ML, special use of L lupus wolf] * * *
Lupus
/looh"peuhs/, n., gen. Lupi /-puy/. Astron. the Wolf, a southern constellation between Centaurus and Norma. [ < L] * * *
lupus erythematosus
/er'euh thee'meuh toh"seuhs, -them'euh-/, Pathol. any of several autoimmune diseases, esp. systemic lupus erythematosus, characterized by red, scaly skin patches. [1855-60; < NL: ...
lupus vulgaris
/vul gair"euhs/, Pathol. a rare form of tuberculosis of the skin, characterized by brownish tubercles that often heal slowly and leave scars. Also called lupus. [1855-60; < NL: ...
lupuserythematosus
lupus er·y·the·ma·to·sus (ĕr'ə-thē'mə-tōʹsəs, -thĕm'ə-) n. Any of several connective tissue disorders, especially systemic lupus erythematosus, that primarily ...
Luque
▪ Paraguay       city, southern Paraguay. Founded in 1635, Luque rose to prominence as the temporary national capital during the bloody Paraguayan War (Triple Alliance, ...
Luque, Dolf
▪ Cuban baseball player and manager in full  Adolfo Domingo Luque Guzman , also called  the Pride of Havana  or  Papá Montero  born Aug. 4, 1890, Havana, Cuba died July ...
Lur
▪ people       member of a mountain Muslim people of western Iran, speaking a distinct language closely related to Persian. The Lurs are thought to be of aboriginal ...
lur
▪ musical instrument also spelled  lure         bronze horn, or trumpet, found in prehistoric Scandinavian excavations. It has a conical bore that extends in length ...
Luray
/loo ray"/, n. a town in N Virginia: site of Luray Caverns. 3584. * * *
Luray Caverns
▪ caves, Virginia, United States       series of limestone caves in Page county, northwestern Virginia, U.S., near the town of Luray (headquarters of Shenandoah ...
Lurçat
/lyuurdd sann"/, n. Jean /zhahonn/, 1892-1966, French painter and tapestry designer. * * *
Lurçat, Jean
▪ French painter born July 1, 1892, Bruyères, Fr. died Jan. 6, 1966, Saint-Paul, Fr.       French painter and designer who is frequently called the most instrumental ...
lurch
lurch1 —lurchingly, adv. /lerrch/, n. 1. an act or instance of swaying abruptly. 2. a sudden tip or roll to one side, as of a ship or a staggering person. 3. an awkward, ...
lurcher
/lerr"cheuhr/, n. 1. a crossbred dog used esp. by poachers. 2. Archaic. a person who lurks or prowls, as a thief or poacher. [1350-1400; ME; see LURCH3, -ER1] * * *
lurchingly
See lurch1. * * *
lurdan
/lerr"dn/, Archaic. n. 1. a lazy, stupid, loutish fellow. adj. 2. lazy; stupid; worthless. [1250-1300; ME < MF lourdin dullard, equiv. to lourd heavy, dull ( < VL *lurdus, for L ...
lure
—lurement, n. —lurer, n. —luringly, adv. /loor/, n., v., lured, luring. n. 1. anything that attracts, entices, or allures. 2. the power of attracting or enticing. 3. a ...
lurer
See lure. * * *
Lurex
/loor"eks/, Trademark. a brand of metallic yarn, made of laminated aluminum foil and transparent film sliced into narrow strips. * * *
Lurgan
▪ Northern Ireland, United Kingdom       market town, Craigavon district (established 1973), formerly in County Armagh, central Northern Ireland. In 1610 James I ...
Luria
/loor"ee euh/, n. Salvador Edward, 1912-91, U.S. biologist, born in Italy: Nobel prize for medicine 1969. * * * (as used in expressions) Luria Aleksandr Romanovich Luria Isaac ...
Luria, A(leksandr) R(omanovich)
born July 3, 1902, Kazan, Russia died 1977 Soviet neuropsychologist. After earning degrees in psychology, education, and medicine, he became professor of psychology at Moscow ...
Luria, Isaac ben Solomon
born 1534, Jerusalem died Aug. 5, 1572, Safed, Syria Jewish mystic and founder of a school of Kabbala. He was brought up in Egypt, where he pursued rabbinic studies. He ...
Luria, Salvador
▪ Italian-American biologist in full  Salvador Edward Luria  born Aug. 13, 1912, Turin, Italy died Feb. 6, 1991, Lexington, Mass., U.S.       Italian-born American ...
Luria, Salvador (Edward)
born Aug. 13, 1912, Turin, Italy died Feb. 6, 1991, Lexington, Mass., U.S. Italian-born U.S. biologist. He fled Italy for France in 1938, arriving in the U.S. in 1940. In 1942 ...
Luria,Salvador Edward
Lu·ri·a (lo͝orʹē-ə), Salvador Edward. 1912-1991. Italian-born American biologist. He shared a 1969 Nobel Prize for investigating the mechanism of viral infection in living ...
lurid
—luridly, adv. —luridness, n. /loor"id/, adj. 1. gruesome; horrible; revolting: the lurid details of an accident. 2. glaringly vivid or sensational; shocking: the lurid tales ...
luridly
See lurid. * * *
luridness
See luridly. * * *
Lurie, Alison
▪ American author born Sept. 3, 1926, Chicago, Ill., U.S.       American writer whose urbane and witty novels usually feature upper-middle-class academics in a ...
luringly
See lurer. * * *
Luristan
/loor'euh stahn", -stan"/, n. a mountainous region in W Iran. Also, Lorestan. * * *
Luristan Bronze
or Lorestan Bronze Objects excavated since the late 1920s in the valleys of the Zagros Mountains in the Luristan region of western Iran. Dating from с 1500 to c. 500 BC, they ...
lurk
—lurker, n. —lurkingly, adv. /lerrk/, v.i. 1. to lie or wait in concealment, as a person in ambush; remain in or around a place secretly or furtively. 2. to go furtively; ...
lurkingly
See lurk. * * *
Lurton, Horace H
▪ American jurist born Feb. 26, 1844, Newport, Ky., U.S. died July 12, 1914, Atlantic City, N.J.       associate justice of the United States Supreme Court ...
lūs-
Louse. louse, from Old English lūs, louse, from Germanic *lūs-.   [Pokorny lū̆s- 692.] * * *
Lusaka
/looh sah"keuh/, n. a city in and the capital of Zambia, in the S central part. 415,000. * * * City (pop., 1999 est.: metro. area, 1,577,000), capital of Zambia. In the 1890s ...
Lusatia
/looh say"shee euh, -sheuh/, n. a region in E Germany and SW Poland, between the Elbe and Oder rivers. * * * ▪ region, Germany German  Lausitz , Sorbian (Sorb)  Luzia ...
Lusatian
/looh say"sheuhn/, n. 1. a native or inhabitant of Lusatia. 2. Sorbian (def. 2). adj. 3. of or pertaining to Lusatia, its people, or their language. [1545-55; LUSATI(A) + -AN] * ...
Lusatian Mountains
▪ mountains, Czech Republic Czech  Lužické Hory , German  Lausitzer Gebirge        mountain group, situated in extreme northern Bohemia, Czech Republic; it is ...
luscious
—lusciously, adv. —lusciousness, n. /lush"euhs/, adj. 1. highly pleasing to the taste or smell: luscious peaches. 2. richly satisfying to the senses or the mind: the luscious ...
lusciously
See luscious. * * *
lusciousness
See lusciously. * * *
lush
lush1 —lushly, adv. —lushness, n. /lush/, adj., lusher, lushest. 1. (of vegetation, plants, grasses, etc.) luxuriant; succulent; tender and juicy. 2. characterized by ...
lusher
/lush"euhr/ n. Slang. lush2 (def. 1). [LUSH2 (v.) + -ER1] * * *
lushhead
/lush"hed'/, n. Slang. lush2 (def. 1). [1940-45; LUSH2 + HEAD] * * *
lüshi
▪ Chinese poetic form Wade-Giles romanization  lü-shih        a form of Chinese poetry that flourished in the Tang dynasty (618–907). It consists of eight lines ...
lushly
See lush1. * * *
lushness
See lushly. * * *
Lüshun
/lyuu"shyuun"/, n. Pinyin, Wade-Giles. an old city and seaport in S Liaoning province, in NE China, on the Yellow Sea: now part of the urban area of Dalian. 1,650,000. Also ...
lushy
lushy1 /lush"ee/, adj., lushier, lushiest. lush1. [1815-25; LUSH1 + -Y1] lushy2 /lush"ee/, adj., lushier, lushiest. Slang. drunk; tipsy. [1805-15; LUSH2 + -Y1] * * *
Lusignan Family
▪ French royal family       noble family of Poitou (a province of western France) that provided numerous crusaders and kings of Jerusalem, Cyprus, and Lesser Armenia. A ...
Lusitani
▪ people       an Iberian people living in what is now Portugal who resisted Roman penetration in the 2nd century BC. It is uncertain to what extent the Lusitani were ...
Lusitania
—Lusitanian, adj., n. /looh'si tay"nee euh/, n. 1. (italics) a British luxury liner sunk by a German submarine in the North Atlantic on May 7, 1915: one of the events leading ...
Lusitanian
See Lusitania. * * *
lussatite
▪ mineral       a widespread silica mineral, the fibrous variety of low-temperature cristobalite (compare opal) that occurs with opal and chalcedony near the surface of ...
Lussy, Melchior
▪ Swiss politician born 1529, Stans, Switz. died Nov. 14, 1606, Stans       Roman Catholic partisan and champion of the Counter-Reformation in Switzerland who was one ...
lust
/lust/, n. 1. intense sexual desire or appetite. 2. uncontrolled or illicit sexual desire or appetite; lecherousness. 3. a passionate or overmastering desire or craving (usually ...
Lustenau
▪ Austria       town, western Austria, on the Rhine River, just west of Dornbirn. First mentioned in 887, it later became an imperial free city (until 1803) and passed ...

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