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Masina, Giulietta
▪ Italian actress in full  Giulia Anna Masina  born February 22, 1921, San Giorgio di Piano, near Bologna, Italy died March 23, 1994, Rome       Italian ...
/mas'euh nis"euh/, n. 238-149 B.C., king of Numidia c210-149. Also, Massinissa. * * * born с 240 died 148 BC Ruler of the North African kingdom of Numidia. Originally an ally ...
▪ island, Oman also spelled  Masira,         island of Oman, in the Arabian Sea, off the country's southeastern coast. The island is separated from the mainland by ...
Masjed Soleymān
▪ Iran also spelled  Masjid-i Sulaiman,         town, southwestern Iran. Oil was discovered at Masjed Soleymān in 1908, and the town early became one of Iran's ...
Masjed-e Shah
Celebrated 17th-century mosque in Eṣfahān, Iran. The mosque, part of the rebuilding effort of the Ṣafavid shah Abbās I, was located at the centre of Eṣfahān, along a ...
/mas"jid/, n. Arabic. a mosque. Also, musjid. * * *
—masklike, adj. /mask, mahsk/, n. 1. a covering for all or part of the face, worn to conceal one's identity. 2. a grotesque or humorous false face worn at a carnival, ...
See mask. * * *
/mas"keuh lonj'/, n., pl. maskalonges, (esp. collectively) maskalonge. muskellunge. * * *
Maskawa Toshihide
▪ Japanese physicist Maskawa also spelled  Masukawa  born Feb. 7, 1940, Japan       Japanese physicist who was a corecipient, with Yoichiro Nambu (Nambu, Yoichiro) ...
/maskt, mahskt/, adj. 1. using or wearing a mask or masks: a masked burglar; masked actors. 2. disguised; concealed; hidden: masked treachery; masked forces. 3. Bot. personate2 ...
masked ball
a ball at which masks are worn. [1770-80] * * *
masked ball n. A ball at which masks are worn. * * *
mas·keg (măsʹkĕg') n. Variant of muskeg. * * *
Maskelyne, John Nevil
▪ British magician born December 22, 1839, Cheltenham, Gloucestershire, England died May 18, 1917, London       British magician whose inventions and patronage of new ...
Maskelyne, Nevil
▪ British astronomer born Oct. 6, 1732, London died Feb. 9, 1811, Greenwich, London  British astronomer noted for his contribution to the science of ...
/mas"keuhr, mah"skeuhr/, n. a person who masks; a person who takes part in a masque. Also, masquer. [1540-50; MASK + -ER1] * * *
—Maskilic /mah skil"ik/, adj. /mahs"keel/, n., pl. Maskilim /mahs kee leem"/. Judaism. an advocate or supporter of the Haskalah. [ < Heb maskil lit., enlightened] * * *
Maskin, Eric S.
▪ American economist in full  Eric Stark Maskin  born Dec. 12, 1950, New York City, New York, U.S.       American economist who, with Leonid Hurwicz (Hurwicz, Leonid) ...
/mas"king, mah"sking/, n. 1. backing (def. 4). 2. Psychol. obscuring, partially or completely, one sensory process by another, as the dulling of the sense of taste by ...
masking frame
Photog. easel (def. 2). [1935-40] * * *
masking piece
Theat. a flat, curtain, or other piece of scenery for concealing a part of a stage from the audience. * * *
masking tape
an easily removed adhesive tape used temporarily for defining margins, protecting surfaces, etc., as when painting, and sometimes also for binding, sealing, or ...
masking tape n. An adhesive tape used for a variety of purposes, as to protect a surface that is not to be painted. * * *
/mas"keuh nonj'/, n., pl. maskinonges, (esp. collectively) maskinonge. muskellunge. * * *
/maz"lin/, n. Brit. Dial. 1. a mixture of different grains, flours, or meals, esp. rye mixed with wheat. 2. bread made from such a mixture of grains. 3. a mixture; medley. Also ...
Maslow, Abraham H(arold)
born April 1, 1908, New York, N.Y., U.S. died June 8, 1970, Menlo Park, Calif. U.S. psychologist. He taught at Brooklyn College (1937–51) and Brandeis University (1951–69). ...
Maslow, Abraham H.
▪ American psychologist in full  Abraham Harold Maslow  born April 1, 1908, New York, New York, U.S. died June 8, 1970, Menlo Park, California       American ...
▪ literature also spelled  masnavi  or  mathnavi        a series of distichs (couplets (couplet)) in rhymed pairs (aa, bb, cc, and so on) that makes up a ...
Maso di Banco
▪ Florentine painter flourished c. 1325–53       Florentine painter who was the most talented of Giotto (Giotto di Bondone)'s pupils. Maso's work displays a style ...
—masochist, n. —masochistic, adj. —masochistically, adv. /mas"euh kiz'euhm, maz"-/, n. 1. Psychiatry. the condition in which sexual gratification depends on suffering, ...
See masochism. * * *
See masochist. * * *
See masochist. * * *
orig. Tommaso di Cristoforo Fini born 1383, Panicale, Romagna died probably 1440–47, Florence, Republic of Florence Italian painter. He came from the same district in ...
/may"seuhn/, n. 1. a person whose trade is building with units of various natural or artificial mineral products, as stones, bricks, cinder blocks, or tiles, usually with the use ...
/may"seuhn/, n. 1. Bobbie Ann, born 1940, U.S. short-story writer and novelist. 2. Charles, 1730-87, English astronomer and surveyor. Cf. Mason-Dixon line. 3. George, 1725-92, ...
Mason and Dixon Line
also called  Mason-Dixon Line,        originally the boundary between Maryland and Pennsylvania in the United States. In the pre-Civil War period it was regarded, ...
mason bee
any of numerous solitary bees, as of the family Megachilidae, that construct nests of clay. [1765-75] * * *
Mason City
a city in N Iowa. 30,144. * * * ▪ Iowa, United States       city, seat (1855) of Cerro Gordo county, northern Iowa, U.S., along the Winnebago River, about 120 miles ...
Mason jar
a glass jar with a wide mouth and an airtight screw top, much used in home canning. [1880-85, Amer.; named after John L. Mason, 19th-century American who patented it in 1858] * * ...
Mason ware
▪ pottery       a sturdy English pottery known as Mason's Patent Ironstone China. It was first produced by C.J. Mason & Company in 1813 to provide a cheap substitute for ...
mason wasp
any of several solitary wasps, as Rygchium dorsale, that construct nests of mud or clay. [1785-95] * * *
Mason, Bobbie Ann
▪ American author born May 1, 1940, Mayfield, Ky., U.S.       American short-story writer and novelist known for her evocation of rural Kentucky ...
Mason, Charlotte
▪ American philanthropist in full  Charlotte Osgood Mason , née  Charlotte Louise Van Der Veer Quick  born May 18, 1854, Princeton, N.J., U.S. died April 15, 1946, New ...
Mason, Daniel Gregory
▪ American composer born Nov. 20, 1873, Brookline, Mass., U.S. died Dec. 4, 1953, Greenwich, Conn.  composer in the German-influenced Boston group of U.S. ...
Mason, George
born 1725, Fairfax county, Va. died Oct. 7, 1792, Fairfax county, Va., U.S. American Revolutionary statesman. The owner of a large plantation, he became active in efforts to ...
Mason, James
born May 15, 1909, Huddersfield, Yorkshire, Eng. died July 27, 1984, Lausanne, Switz. British film actor. After studying architecture at the University of Cambridge, he made ...
Mason, James Murray
born Nov. 3, 1798, Fairfax county, Va., U.S. died April 28, 1871, Alexandria, Va. U.S. politician. A grandson of George Mason, he practiced law in his native Virginia from ...
Mason, John Mitchell
▪ American minister born March 19, 1770, New York City died Dec. 26, 1829, New York City       U.S. minister and educator, who is best known for his work in raising ...
Mason, Lowell
▪ American composer born Jan. 8, 1792, Medfield, Mass., U.S. died Aug. 11, 1872, Orange, N.J.  hymn composer, music publisher, and one of the founders of public-school ...
Mason, Max
▪ American mathematician born Oct. 26, 1877, Madison, Wis., U.S. died March 23, 1961, Claremont, Calif.       American mathematical physicist, educator, and science ...
Mason, George. 1725-1792. American Revolutionary politician from Virginia. A member of the Constitutional Convention (1787), he voiced criticism that resulted in the drafting of ...
Mason, Lowell. 1792-1872. American musician and composer who developed the first music program for American public schools (1838) and composed several hymns, including “Nearer, ...
Mason-Dixon line
/may"seuhn dik"seuhn/ the boundary between Pennsylvania and Maryland, partly surveyed by Charles Mason and Jeremiah Dixon between 1763 and 1767, popularly considered before the ...
Ma·son-Dix·on Line (māʹsən-dĭkʹsən) The boundary between Pennsylvania and Maryland, regarded as the division between free and slave states before the Civil War. It was ...
mason bee n. Any of various solitary bees of the family Megachilidae, found worldwide, that build clay nests. * * *
—Masonically, adv. /meuh son"ik/, adj. pertaining to or characteristic of Freemasons or Freemasonry. [1790-1800; MASON + -IC] * * *
/may"seuh nuyt'/, Trademark. a brand of hardboard. * * *
n [U] a US make of board or sheet consisting of small pieces of wood that have been pressed and stuck together. It is made to look like smooth sections of wood and is used to ...
Mason jar n. A wide-mouthed glass jar with a screw top, used for canning and preserving food.   [After John L. Mason (1832-1902), American inventor.] * * *
/may"seuhn ree/, n., pl. masonries. 1. the craft or occupation of a mason. 2. work constructed by a mason, esp. stonework: the crumbling masonry of ancient walls. 3. (cap.) ...
masonry cement n. Cement used in the mortar of block and brick masonry. * * *
➡ Freemasonry * * *
➡ Freemasonry * * *
mason wasp n. Any of various solitary wasps, especially of the subfamily Eumeninae, that build nests of mud. * * *
Masora or Masorah [mə sō′rə] n. 〚ModHeb māsōrāh, tradition < LHeb māsōreth〛 1. all the accumulated Jewish tradition concerning the correct Hebrew text of the Holy ...
/meuh sawr"euh, -sohr"euh/, n. a collection of critical and explanatory notes on the Hebrew text of the Old Testament, compiled from the 7th? to 10th centuries A.D. and ...
/mas"euh reet'/, n. 1. one of the writers or compilers of the Masorah. 2. a person who is versed in the Masorah. Also, Massorete, Masorite /mas"euh ruyt'/. [1580-90; earlier ...
/mas'euh ret"ik/, adj. of or pertaining to the Masorah or the Masoretes. Also, Masoretical, Massoretic, Massoretical. [1695-1705; MASORETE + -IC] * * *
Masoretic text
▪ Jewish Bible       (from Hebrew masoreth, “tradition”), traditional Hebrew text of the Jewish Bible, meticulously assembled and codified, and supplied with ...
Masoud, Ahmad Shah
▪ 2002       Afghan resistance leader and politician (b. 1953, Bazarak, Afg.—death reported on Sept. 15, 2001, Takhar, Afg.), was a military leader in the Afghan ...
/manns peuh rddoh"/, n. Sir Gaston Camille Charles /ganns tawonn" kann mee"yeu shannrddl/, 1846-1916, French Egyptologist. * * *
Maspero, Gaston
▪ French Egyptologist born June 23, 1846, Paris died June 30, 1916, Paris       French Egyptologist and director general of excavations and antiquities for the Egyptian ...
Maspoli, Roque Gaston
▪ 2005       Uruguayan association football (soccer) player (b. Oct. 12, 1917, Montevideo, Uruguay—d. Feb. 22, 2004, Montevideo), was a national sports hero in Uruguay ...
/mus kat"/, n. Muscat. * * *
/mask, mahsk/, n. 1. a form of aristocratic entertainment in England in the 16th and 17th centuries, originally consisting of pantomime and dancing but later including dialogue ...
/mas"keuhr, mah"skeuhr/, n. masker. * * *
—masquerader, n. /mas'keuh rayd"/, n., v., masqueraded, masquerading. n. 1. a party, dance, or other festive gathering of persons wearing masks and other disguises, and often ...
See masquerade. * * *
—massedly /mas"id lee, mast"lee/, adv. /mas/, n. 1. a body of coherent matter, usually of indefinite shape and often of considerable size: a mass of dough. 2. a collection of ...
/mas/, n. 1. the celebration of the Eucharist. Cf. High Mass, Low Mass. 2. (sometimes l.c.) a musical setting of certain parts of this service, as the Kyrie eleison, Gloria, ...
mass action law
Chem. See law of mass action. * * *
mass action, law of
Fundamental law of chemical kinetics (the study of rates of chemical reactions), formulated in 1864–79 by the Norwegian scientists Cato M. Guldberg (1836–1902) and Peter ...
Mass book
missal (def. 1). [1150-1200; ME] * * *
Mass card
Rom. Cath. Ch. a card stating that a Mass will be said, esp. for a deceased person, and sent by the donor, as to the family of the deceased. * * *
mass defect
Physics. the amount by which the mass of an atomic nucleus differs from the sum of the masses of its constituent particles, being the mass equivalent of the energy released in ...
mass flow
or convection In physiology, the mechanism responsible for movement of air from the atmosphere into the lungs and for movement of blood between the lungs and the tissues. It is ...
mass hysteria
Psychol. a condition affecting a group of persons, characterized by excitement or anxiety, irrational behavior or beliefs, or inexplicable symptoms of illness. [1930-35] * * *
mass man
a hypothetical common man, esp. one held to be typical of a mass society, to be characterized by the absence of unique values or distinct personality traits, to lack a sense of ...
mass market paperback
a relatively inexpensive paperbound book, typically measuring about 41/2 × 7 in. (11 × 18 cm), that is distributed on newsstands, in supermarkets, etc., as well as in ...
mass marketing
—mass marketer. the production and distribution of a product intended to be sold to a relatively high proportion of the population. [1940-45] * * *
mass media
mass media n. those means of communication that reach and influence large numbers of people, esp. newspapers, popular magazines, radio, and television * * *
mass medium
pl. mass media. any of the means of communication, as television or newspapers, that reach very large numbers of people. [1920-25] * * *
mass meeting
a large or general assembly to discuss or hear discussed some matter of common interest or concern: a mass meeting to protest the proliferation of nuclear weapons. [1725-35, ...
mass merchandiser
—mass merchandising. a retailer or retail store that seeks to sell large quantities of goods quickly through such means as discounting, customer self-service, or unadorned ...
mass movement
an organized effort by a large number of people, esp. those not forming part of the elite of a given society, to bring about pervasive changes in existing social, economic, or ...
mass noun
Gram. a noun, as water, electricity, or happiness, that typically refers to an indefinitely divisible substance or an abstract notion, and that in English cannot be used, in such ...
mass number
Physics. the integer nearest in value to the atomic weight of an atom and equal to the number of nucleons in the nucleus of the atom. Symbol: A [1920-25] * * * ▪ ...
mass production
the production or manufacture of goods in large quantities, esp. by machinery. [1915-20] * * * Application of the principles of specialization, division of labour, and ...
mass psychology
the study of the behavior of large groups of people. [1895-1900] * * *
mass society
Sociol. a society whose members are characterized by having segmentalized, impersonal relations, a high degree of physical and social mobility, a spectator relation to events, ...
mass spectrograph
Physics. a mass spectroscope for recording a mass spectrum on a photographic plate. [1915-20] * * *
mass spectrometer
Physics. a device for identifying the kinds of particles present in a given substance: the particles are ionized and beamed through an electromagnetic field and the manner in ...
mass spectrometry
or mass spectroscopy Analytic technique by which chemical substances are identified by sorting gaseous ions by mass using electric and magnetic fields. A mass spectrometer uses ...
mass spectroscope
—mass spectroscopy. Physics. an instrument used to determine the masses of small, electrically charged particles. [1955-60] * * *
mass spectrum
Physics. a spectrum of charged particles, arranged in order of mass or mass-to-charge ratios. [1915-20] * * *
mass transit
a system of large-scale public transportation in a given metropolitan area, typically comprising buses, subways, and elevated trains. Cf. rapid transit. * * * Transportation ...
mass wasting
Geol. downhill movement of soil and rock fragments induced by gravity. Also called wasting. * * *
mass, conservation of
▪ physics       principle that the mass of an object or collection of objects never changes, no matter how the constituent parts rearrange themselves. Mass has been ...
mass-energy equation
/mas"en"euhr jee/, Physics. the equation, E=mc2, formulated by Albert Einstein, expressing the equivalence between mass and energy, where E is energy, m is mass, and c is the ...
mass-en·er·gy equivalence (măsʹĕnʹər-jē) n. The physical principle that a measured quantity of energy is equivalent to a measured quantity of mass. The equivalence is ...
mass-mar·ket (măsʹmärʹkĭt) adj. Of, relating to, or produced for consumption in large numbers, especially when sold in supermarkets, in drugstores, and at newstands: a ...
—mass-producer, n. —mass-producible, adj. /mas"preuh doohs", -dyoohs"/, v.t., mass-produced, mass-producing. to produce or manufacture (goods) in large quantities, esp. by ...
Massachusetts. * * *
/mas"euh/, n. marse. * * * ▪ Italy       city, Toscana ( Tuscany) regione, north-central Italy. Massa lies in the Frigido Valley at the foot of the Apuan Alps near the ...
/mahs"sah/, n. a city in W Italy, near the Ligurian Sea: important marble industry. 65,346. * * * ▪ Italy       city, Toscana ( Tuscany) regione, north-central Italy. ...
▪ people       North American Indian tribe that in the 17th century may have numbered 3,000 individuals living in more than 20 villages distributed along what is now the ...
/mas'euh chooh"sit/, n., pl. Massachusetts, (esp. collectively) Massachusett for 1. 1. a member of an extinct tribe of North American Indians of eastern Massachusetts. 2. the ...
/mas'euh chooh"sits/, n. 1. a state in the NE United States, on the Atlantic coast. 5,737,037; 8257 sq. mi. (21,385 sq. km). Cap.: Boston. Abbr.: MA (for use with zip code), ...
Massachusetts ballot
a ballot on which the candidates, with their party designations, are listed alphabetically in columns under the office for which they were nominated. Cf. Indiana ballot, ...
Massachusetts Bay
an inlet of the Atlantic, off the E coast of Massachusetts. * * * ▪ inlet, Massachusetts, United States       inlet of the North Atlantic Ocean, extending southward ...
Massachusetts Bay Colony
Early English colony in Massachusetts. It was settled in 1630 by a group of 1,000 Puritan refugees from England (see Puritanism). In 1629 the Massachusetts Bay Co. had obtained ...
Massachusetts Bay Company
a company, chartered in England in 1629 to establish a colony on Massachusetts Bay, that founded Boston in 1630. * * *
Massachusetts Institute of Technology
➡ MIT. * * * ▪ university, Cambridge, Massachusetts, United States  privately controlled coeducational institution of higher learning famous for its scientific and ...
Massachusetts Institute of Technology (MIT)
U.S. private university in Cambridge, famous for its scientific and technological training and research. Founded in 1861, MIT has schools of architecture and planning, ...
Massachusetts, flag of
▪ Flag History       U.S. state flag consisting of a white field (background) with a coat of arms (arms, coat of) featuring an American Indian and a ...
Massachusetts, University of
▪ university system, Massachusetts, United States       state university system consisting of five coeducational campuses at Amherst, Boston, Dartmouth (in North ...
Massachusetts Bay An inlet of the Atlantic Ocean off eastern Massachusetts extending from Cape Ann in the north to Cape Cod in the south. * * *
—massacrer /mas"euh kreuhr/, n. /mas"euh keuhr/, n., v., massacred, massacring. n. 1. the unnecessary, indiscriminate killing of a large number of human beings or animals, as ...
See massacre. * * *
—massager, massagist, n. /meuh sahzh", -sahj"/ or, esp. Brit., /mas"ahzh/, n., v., massaged, massaging. n. 1. the act or art of treating the body by rubbing, kneading, patting, ...
massage parlor
1. a commercial establishment providing massages. 2. a commercial establishment providing sexual services under the guise of offering massages. [1910-15] * * *
massage parlor n. 1. An establishment that offers therapeutic massage. 2. An establishment that offers illicit sexual services under the guise of therapeutic massage. * * *
See massage. * * *
/mas'euh pee"kweuh/, n. a town on SW Long Island, in SE New York. 24,454. * * *
Massapequa Park
a town on SW Long Island, in SE New York. 19,779. * * *
/mas'euh saw"geuh/, n. a small rattlesnake, Sistrurus catenatus, ranging from the Great Lakes to the Mexican border. [1830-40; irreg. after Missisauga River, Ontario, Canada] * * ...
/mas"euh soyt'/, n. c1580-1661, North American Indian leader: sachem of the Wampanoag tribe; negotiator of peace treaty with the Pilgrims 1621 (father of King Philip). * * ...
/meuh sah"weuh/, n. a seaport in E Eritrea, in N Ethiopia, on the Red Sea. 18,490. Also, Massawa. * * *
▪ Eritrea also spelled  Mitsiwa,        port city, Eritrea, in the Bay of Massawa on the Red Sea. It is connected to Asmara, the national capital, on the hinterland ...
Mass card n. Roman Catholic Church A card sent to a bereaved person or family indicating that the sender has arranged for a Mass to be said in memory of the deceased. * * *
/mas"kult'/, n. the forms of culture, as music, drama, and literature, as selected, interpreted, and popularized by the mass media for dissemination to the widest possible ...
mass defect n. The amount by which the mass of an atomic nucleus is less than the sum of the masses of its constituent particles. Also called mass deficiency. * * *
/ma say"/ or, esp. Brit., /mas"ee/, n. Billiards. a stroke made by hitting the cue ball with the cue held almost or quite perpendicular to the table. Also called massé ...
/meuh see"neuh/, n. a city in N New York, on the St. Lawrence River. 12,851. * * * ▪ New York, United States       village and town (township), St. Lawrence (Saint ...
/mann say nann"/, n. André /ahonn drdday"/, duc de Rivoli Fr. /rddee vaw lee"/; It. /rddee"vaw lee/ and Prince d'Essling /des"ling/, 1758-1817, French marshal under Napoleon ...
Masséna, André, duc de Rivoli, prince d'Essling
▪ French general born May 6, 1758, Nice, France died April 4, 1817, Paris  leading French general of the revolutionary and Napoleonic wars.       Orphaned at an early ...
Masséna, André, duke de Rivoli
later prince d'Essling born May 6, 1758, Nice, France died April 4, 1817, Paris French general. Entering the military in 1775, he served in the Revolutionary government's army ...
/mas'euh nay"/; Fr. /mannseu ne"/, n. Jules Émile Frédéric /zhyuul ay meel" frdday day rddeek"/, 1842-1912, French composer. * * *
Massenet, Jules
▪ French composer born , May 12, 1842, Montaud, near Saint-Étienne, France died Aug. 13, 1912, Paris  leading French opera composer of his generation, whose music is admired ...
Massenet, Jules (-Émile-Frédéric)
born May 12, 1842, Montaud, near Saint-Étienne, France died Aug. 13, 1912, Paris French composer. He attended the Paris Conservatoire from 1851. When his family left Paris in ...
Massenet, Jules Émile Frédéric
Mas·se·net (măs'ə-nāʹ, mäs-nāʹ), Jules Émile Frédéric. 1842-1912. French composer whose works include more than 20 operas, including Manon (1884) and Thaïs ...
Masseria, Joe
▪ American crime boss byname  Joe The Boss,  original name  Giuseppe Masseria  born c. 1887, , Italy died April 15, 1931, New York, N.Y., U.S.       leading crime ...
Masses, The
▪ American magazine       American monthly journal of arts and politics, socialist in its outlook. It was known for its innovative treatment of illustration and for its ...
—masseteric /mas'i ter"ik/, adj. /ma see"teuhr/, n. Anat. a short, thick, masticatory muscle, the action of which assists in closing the jaws by raising the mandible or lower ...
See masseter. * * *
/meuh serr"/; Fr. /mann suerdd"/, n., pl. masseurs /-serrz"/; Fr. /-suerdd"/. a man who provides massage as a profession or occupation. [1875-80; < F; see MASSAGE, -EUR] * * *
/meuh soohs", -soohz"/; Fr. /mann suez"/. a woman who provides massage as a profession or occupation. [1875-80; < F; see MASSAGE, -EUSE] * * *
/mas"ee/, n. 1. Vincent, 1887-1967, Canadian statesman: governor general 1952-59. 2. William Ferguson, 1856-1925, New Zealand statesman, born in Ireland: prime minister ...
Massey, (Charles) Vincent
born Feb. 20, 1887, Toronto, Ont., Can. died Dec. 30, 1967, London, Eng. Canadian administrator, first Canadian governor-general of Canada (1952–59). He taught history at the ...
Massey, (Charles)Vincent
Mas·sey (măsʹē), (Charles) Vincent. 1887-1967. Canadian politician who served as high commissioner for Canada in Great Britain (1935-1946) and as governor-general ...
Massey, Daniel Raymond
▪ 1999       British actor in motion pictures, television, and—most notably—the theatre; his versatility was illustrated by his stylish performances in plays by ...
Massey, Raymond
▪ Canadian-American actor, director, and producer in full  Raymond Hart Massey  born Aug. 30, 1896, Toronto, Ont., Can. died July 29, 1983, Los Angeles, Calif., ...
Massey, Vincent
▪ Canadian statesman in full  Charles Vincent Massey   born Feb. 20, 1887, Toronto, Ont., Can. died Dec. 30, 1967, London, Eng.       statesman who was the first ...
Massey, William Ferguson
▪ prime minister of New Zealand born March 26, 1856, Limavady, County Londonderry, Ire. died May 10, 1925, Wellington, N.Z.  New Zealand statesman, prime minister ...
mass hysteria n. A condition in which a large group of people exhibit similar physical or emotional symptoms, such as anxiety or extreme excitement. Also called epidemic ...
/mas"i kot'/, n. monoxide of lead, PbO, in the form of a yellow powder, used as a pigment and drier. [1425-75; late ME masticot < MF < It massicotto < Ar mashaquniya, perh. < ...
/ma seef", mas"if/; Fr. /mann seef"/, n. 1. a compact portion of a mountain range, containing one or more summits. 2. a large elevated block of old complex rocks resistant to ...
Massif Central
/mann seef sahonn trddannl"/ a great plateau and the chief water divide of France, in the central part. * * * Plateau region, south-central France. It is bordered by the ...
Mas·sif Cen·tral (mă-sēfʹ sĕn-trälʹ, säɴ-) A mountainous plateau of south-central France. It includes the Cévennes and the Auvergne Mountains, which rise to the ...
/mas"euh lon'/, n. a city in NE Ohio. 30,557. * * * ▪ Ohio, United States       city, Stark county, northeastern Ohio, U.S., 8 miles (13 km) west of Canton, on the ...
Massim style
      type of stylized, curvilinear carving found in the Massim region, one of the major stylistic areas of Papua New Guinea. The Massim region, located in the southeast, ...
/mah seen"/, n. Léonide /lay aw need"/, 1896-1979, U.S. ballet dancer and choreographer, born in Russia. * * *
Massine, Léonide
Mas·sine (mä-sēnʹ), Léonide. 1896-1979. Russian-born American dancer and choreographer who worked with Diaghilev's Ballets Russes. He choreographed more than 100 ballets, ...
/mas"euhn jeuhr/, n. Philip, 1583-1640, English dramatist: collaborated with John Fletcher. * * *
Massinger, Philip
born 1583, near Salisbury, Wiltshire, Eng. died March 1639/40, London English playwright. After a period during which he collaborated with playwrights such as John Fletcher, ...
Mas·sin·ger (măsʹĭn-jər), Philip. 1583-1640. English playwright known for his satirical comedies, most notably A New Way to Pay Old Debts (c. 1625). * * *
/mas'euh nis"euh/, n. Masinissa. * * *
Massinissa [mas΄ə nis′ə] alt. sp. of MASINISSA * * *
—massively, adv. —massiveness, massivity, n. /mas"iv/, adj. 1. consisting of or forming a large mass; bulky and heavy: massive columns. 2. large and heavy-looking: a massive ...
Massive Attack
a British pop group, formed in 1988, whose music combines dub, rap and other styles. The group’s most successful albums include Blue Lines (1991), Mezzanine (1998) and 100th ...
massive retaliation
a strategy of military counterattack that involves the use of nuclear weapons. [1950-55, Amer.] * * *
Mas·sive (măsʹĭv), Mount A peak, 4,398.4 m (14,421 ft) high, in the Sawatch Range of the Rocky Mountains in central Colorado. * * *
See massive. * * *
See massively. * * *
—masslessness, n. /mas"lis/, adj. Physics. pertaining to an elementary particle having zero rest mass, as a photon. [1875-80; MASS + -LESS] * * *
mass medium n. pl. mass media A means of public communication reaching a large audience. * * *
mass murderer n. 1. A person, especially a political or military leader, who is responsible for the deaths of many individuals. 2. a. A person who kills several or numerous ...
mass noun n. A noun, such as sand, oil, or honesty, that denotes a substance or concept indivisible into countable units and is preceded in English indefinite constructions by ...
mass number n. The sum of the number of neutrons and protons in an atomic nucleus. Also called nucleon number. * * *
Masson disk
/mas"euhn/ a white disk on which a series of concentric gray circles appear to vanish intermittently when the disk is rotated, used for testing a person's fluctuation of ...
Masson, André
▪ French artist in full  André-aimé-rené Masson   born Jan. 4, 1896, Balagny, Oise, Fr. died Oct. 28, 1987, Paris       noted French Surrealist painter and graphic ...
Masson, André (-Aimé-René)
born Jan. 4, 1896, Balagny, France died Oct. 28, 1987, Paris French painter and graphic artist. After studying painting in Brussels and Paris, he was severely wounded in World ...
Masson, Antoine
▪ French artist born 1636, Loury, Fr. died May 30, 1700, Paris       French painter and engraver chiefly remembered for his portrait engravings, which were cut ...
Masson, Frédéric
▪ French historian born March 8, 1847, Paris, Fr. died Feb. 19, 1923, Paris       French historian and academician best known for his books on Napoleon ...
/meuh sawr"euh, -sohr"euh/, n. Masorah. Also, Massora. * * *
/mas"euh reet'/, n. Masorete. * * *
/mas'euh ret"ik/, adj. Masoretic. Also, Massoretical. * * *
—massotherapist, n. /mas'oh ther"euh pee/, n. Med. treatment by massage. [MASS(AGE) + -O- + THERAPY] * * *
mass production n. The manufacture of goods in large quantities, often using standardized designs and assembly-line techniques. * * *
masspsychogenic illness
mass psychogenic illness n. The occurrence of psychogenic illness in a group of people at the same time. Examples include the biting manias and dancing manias that spread ...
masssociogenic illness
mass sociogenic illness n. An illness occurring in a group of people with a shared social setting, such as a school, workplace, or military group, and characterized by a usually ...
mass spectrograph n. An instrument used to determine the masses of atoms or molecules, in which a beam of charged particles is passed through an electromagnetic field that ...
See mass spectrograph. * * *
mass spectrometer n. A mass spectroscope that records its data electronically.   mass spectrometry n. * * *
See mass spectrometer. * * *
mass spectroscope n. Any of various devices that use magnetic fields, electric fields, or both to determine the masses of isotopes in a sample by producing a mass spectrum. Two ...
See mass spectroscope. * * *
mass spectrum n. A band of charged particles of different masses formed when a beam of ions is passed through the deflecting fields of a mass spectroscope, from which the masses ...
—massiness, n. /mas"ee/, adj., massier, massiest. massive. [1350-1400; ME; see MASS, -Y1] * * *
/mah"suys/, n. Quentin /kven"tin/; Eng. /kwen"tn/, 1466?-1530, Flemish painter. Also, Matsys, Metsys. * * *
Massys, Quentin
▪ Flemish artist Massys also spelled  Matsys , Metsys , or  Messys  born c. 1465/66, Leuven, Brabant [now in Belgium] died 1530, Antwerp  Flemish artist, the first ...
mast1 —mastless, adj. —mastlike, adj. /mast, mahst/, n. 1. Naut. a. a spar or structure rising above the hull and upper portions of a ship or boat to hold sails, spars, ...
mast ball
Naut. an ornamental ball forming the truck of a mast. * * *
mast band
Naut. a hoop of metal around a mast, used as a reinforcement or as an object for attaching stays, tackles, etc. * * *
mast bed
Naut. a construction in a wooden deck around the opening for a mast. * * *
mast cell
Biol. a large granular cell, common in connective tissue, that produces heparin, histamine, and serotonin. [1885-90; partial trans. of G Mastzelle, equiv. to Mast fattening of ...
mast clamp
Naut. 1. a pierced slab of hardwood built into the deck structure of a small ship or boat to receive the force of the mast, which is fitted tightly through it. 2. Also called ...
mast cloth
Naut. 1. a partial lining sewed to the back of a square sail to prevent chafing from contact with the mast. 2. Also called mast cover. a cloth covering part of a mast to protect ...
mast hasp
Naut. See mast clamp (def. 2). * * *
mast house
Naut. 1. a deckhouse built around a mast as a platform for cargo-handling machinery, gear, and controls. 2. (formerly) a towerlike crane for stepping and removing masts from ...
var. of masto- before a vowel: mastectomy. * * *
/mas"teuh beuh/, n. 1. an ancient Egyptian tomb made of mud brick, rectangular in plan with sloping sides and a flat roof. 2. (in Islamic countries) a fixed bench, esp. one of ...
/mas"taks/, n. the muscular pharynx of a rotifer, containing a chewing apparatus. [1850-55; < NL < Gk mástax mouth, jaws, akin to masâsthai to chew] * * *
mast cell n. A cell found in connective tissue that contains numerous basophilic granules and releases substances such as heparin and histamine in response to injury or ...
/ma stek"teuh mee/, n., pl. mastectomies. Surg. the operation of removing all or part of the breast or mamma. Also called mammectomy. [1920-25; MAST- + -ECTOMY] * * * Surgical ...
Mastenbroek, Hendrika
▪ Dutch athlete byname  Rie   born February 26, 1919, Rotterdam, Netherlands died November 6, 2003, Rotterdam       Dutch swimmer, who at the 1936 Olympics in Berlin ...
—masterless, adj. /mas"teuhr, mah"steuhr/, n. 1. a person with the ability or power to use, control, or dispose of something: a master of six languages; to be master of one's ...
master alloy
Metall. an alloy rich in certain elements, used in small quantities as an additive to melts of alloyed metal. * * *
master bath
a private bathroom adjoining a master bedroom. * * *
master bedroom
a principal bedroom in a house or apartment, usually the largest, typically occupied by the person or persons who head the household. [1925-30] * * *
master builder
1. a building contractor. 2. a person skilled in the art of building; architect. [1550-60] * * *
Master Builder, The
a play (1892) by Ibsen. * * *
master class
a small class for advanced students, esp. a class in performance skills conducted by a distinguished musician. [1950-55] * * *
master cylinder
the hydraulic pump of an automotive braking system that contains a cylinder and one or two pistons, is actuated by the brake pedal, and supplies hydraulic fluid under pressure to ...
Master E.S.
▪ German engraver flourished 1440–1468, Germany       unidentified late Gothic German goldsmith and engraver who signed many of his engravings with the monogram E.S. ...
master file
Computers. a permanent file, periodically updated, that serves as an authoritative source of data. * * *
master hand
1. an expert: a master hand at diplomacy. 2. great expertness: to show a master hand. Also, master-hand. [1700-10] * * *
master key
a key that will open a number of different locks, the proper keys of which are not interchangeable. [1570-80] * * *
master mason
1. (often caps.) a Freemason who has reached the third degree. 2. an expert mason. [1325-75; ME maister masoun] * * *
master mechanic
a mechanic, esp. one who is thoroughly skilled, in charge of other mechanics. [1830-40] * * *
Master of Arts
1. a master's degree given usually in a specific branch of the humanities or social sciences. 2. a person who has been awarded this degree. Abbr.: M.A., A.M. [1490-1500] * * *
master of ceremonies
a person who directs the entertainment at a party, dinner, nightclub, radio or television broadcast, or the like, acting as host and introducing the speakers or ...
master of foxhounds
the person responsible for the conduct of a fox hunt and to whom all members of the hunt and its staff are responsible. Abbr.: M.F.H. [1855-60] * * *
Master of Science
1. a master's degree given usually in a specific branch of the natural sciences, mathematics, or technology. 2. a person who has been awarded this degree. Abbr.: M.S., M.Sc., ...
Master of the King’s Music
➡ Master of the Queen’s Music * * *
Master of the Queen’s Music
the title of the musician appointed to write and arrange music for certain British royal occasions, such as weddings. The post first came into existence in the 17th century. When ...
Master of the Revels
an English court official from the late 15th to early 18th centuries responsible to the Lord Chamberlain for overseeing and paying for court entertainments. * * *
Master of the Rolls
the most senior civil judge in the legal system in England and Wales. The Master of the Rolls is in charge of the Court of Appeal and is also a member of the Privy Council. * * *
master plan
a general plan or program for achieving an objective. [1925-30] * * *
master point
a point awarded to a bridge player who has won or placed in an officially recognized tournament. * * *
master policy
Insurance. a single policy covering a group of people, typically employees of a company, issued to an employer. * * *
master race
a race, people, or nation, as the Germans during the Nazi period, whose members consider themselves superior to all others and therefore justified in conquering and ruling ...
master sergeant
1. Army, Air Force, Marine Corps. a noncommissioned officer ranking next to the highest noncommissioned officer. 2. U.S. Air Force. a noncommissioned officer of one of the three ...
master tape
master tape n. MASTER (n. 5b) * * *
master workman
1. a worker in charge. 2. a person who is master of a craft. [1425-75; late ME] * * *
mas·ter's (măsʹtərz) n. A master's degree. * * *
master's degree
a degree awarded by a graduate school or department, usually to a person who has completed at least one year of graduate study. Also called master's. * * *       a type ...
master's degree n. An academic degree conferred by a college or university upon those who complete at least one year of prescribed study beyond the bachelor's degree. * * *
/mas"teuhr euht ahrmz", mah"steuhr-/, n., pl. masters-at-arms. 1. an officer of a fraternal organization, veterans' society, or the like, empowered to maintain order, exclude ...
/mas"teuhr plan', mah"steuhr-/, v.t., master-planned, master-planning. 1. to construct a master plan for: to master-plan one's career. 2. to develop or improve (land, a ...
master-slave manipulator
/mas"teuhr slayv", mah"steuhr-/ any of various devices, guided by the hand of the operator, for imitating the motions and tactile sensitivity of the human hand to a greater or ...
master bedroom n. A main bedroom in a house. * * *

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