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Mato Grosso
/mah"too grddaw"soo/; Eng. /mat"euh groh"soh/ 1. a plateau in SW Brazil. 2. a state in SW Brazil. 1,418,000; 475,378 sq. mi. (1,231,230 sq. km). Cap.: Cuiabá. Also, Matto ...
Mato Grosso do Sul
Mato Grosso do Sul [mät′oo grō̂′soo dō so͞ol] state of WC Brazil: 138,286 sq mi (358,159 sq km); pop. 1,780,000; cap. Campo Grande * * * ▪ state, ...
Mato Grosso Plateau
▪ plateau, Brazil Portuguese  Planalto De Matto Grosso         part of the Brazilian Highlands of inland Brazil. It is an ancient erosional plateau that occupies ...
Matoniaceae
▪ plant family       family of ferns dating from the Mesozoic Era (roughly 250 million to 65 million years ago) and distinguished by an umbrella-shaped membranous ...
Matopo Hills
▪ hills, Zimbabwe Matopo also spelled  Matopos  or  Matobo        mass of granite hills, southeast of Bulawayo, Zimbabwe, formed by river erosion and weathered into ...
Matos Guerra, Gregório de
▪ Brazilian poet also called  Gregório De Mattos E Guerra   born 1636?, Salvador, Brazil died Oct. 19, 1696, Recife       poet who was the most colourful figure in ...
Matoub, Lounes
▪ 1999       Algerian singer and activist (b. Jan. 26, 1956, Taourirt-Moussa, Alg.—d. June 25, 1998, near Tizi-Ouzou, Alg.), celebrated in song the language and ...
Mátra Mountains
▪ mountains, Hungary       the highest range in northern Hungary, and part of the region's central highland belt. The range's maximum elevation is reached at Mount ...
Maṭraḥ
▪ Oman also spelled  Mutrah, or Muttrah,         town in Oman, on the Gulf of Oman coast, just west of Muscat. Maṭraḥ has traditionally been the country's chief ...
Matralia
/meuh tray"lee euh, -trayl"yeuh/, n., pl. Matralia, Matralias. (sometimes used with a pl. v.) an annual festival of ancient Rome celebrated by women in honor of the goddess ...
matrass
/ma"treuhs/, n. Chem. a rounded, long-necked glass container, formerly used for distilling and dissolving substances. Also, mattrass. [1595-1605; < F matras, perh. < Ar matarah ...
matri-
a combining form meaning "mother," used in the formation of compound words: matrilineal. [ < L, comb. form of mater MOTHER] * * *
matriarch
—matriarchal, matriarchic, adj. —matriarchalism, n. /may"tree ahrk'/, n. 1. the female head of a family or tribal line. 2. a woman who is the founder or dominant member of a ...
matriarchal
See matriarch. * * *
matriarchalism
See matriarchal. * * *
matriarchate
/may"tree ahr'kit, -kayt/, n. 1. a matriarchal system or community. 2. a social order formerly believed to have preceded patriarchal tribal society in the early period of human ...
matriarchic
See matriarchal. * * *
matriarchy
/may"tree ahr'kee/, n., pl. matriarchies. 1. a family, society, community, or state governed by women. 2. a form of social organization in which the mother is head of the family, ...
matrices
/may"tri seez', ma"tri-/, n. a pl. of matrix. * * *
matricidal
See matricide. * * *
matricide
—matricidal, adj. /ma"tri suyd', may"-/, n. 1. the act of killing one's mother. 2. a person who kills his or her mother. [1585-95; < L matricidium (def. 1), matricida (def. 2); ...
matriclinous
mat·ri·cli·nous (măt'rĭ-klīʹnəs) adj. Having predominantly maternal hereditary traits.   [matri- + Greek klīnein, to lean; See klei- in Indo-European Roots + -ous.] * ...
matricliny
/ma"tri kluy'nee, may"-/, n. Genetics. matrocliny. * * *
matriculant
/meuh trik"yeuh leuhnt/, n. a person who matriculates; a candidate for matriculation. [1880-85; < LL matricul(a) list (dim. of matrix list; see MATRIX, -ULA) + -ANT] * * *
matriculate
—matriculation, n. —matriculator, n. v. /meuh trik"yeuh layt'/; n. /meuh trik"yeuh lit/, v., matriculated, matriculating, n. v.t. 1. to enroll in a college or university as a ...
matriculation
See matriculate. * * *
matrifocal
/ma'treuh foh"keuhl, may'-/, adj. 1. of, pertaining to, or designating a family unit or structure headed by the mother and lacking a father permanently or for extended ...
matrilateral
—matrilaterally, adv. /ma'treuh lat"euhr euhl, may'-/, adj. related through the mother, as to a maternal uncle. Cf. patrilateral. [1950-55; MATRI- + LATERAL] * * *
matrilineage
/ma'treuh lin"ee ij, may'-/, n. lineal descent traced through the female line. [1945-50; MATRI- + LINEAGE1] * * *
matrilineal
—matrilineally, matrilinearly, adv. /ma'treuh lin"ee euhl, may'-/, adj. inheriting or determining descent through the female line. Also, matrilinear. Cf. patrilineal. [1900-05; ...
matrilineally
See matrilineal. * * *
matriliny
/ma"treuh lin'ee, -luy'nee, may"-/, n., pl. matrilinies. the tracing of descent through the mother's line of a family. [1905-10; MATRILIN(EAL) + -Y3] * * *
matrilocal
—matrilocality, n. /ma'treuh loh"keuhl, may'-/, adj. Anthropol. of or pertaining to residence with the wife's family or tribe; uxorilocal: matrilocal customs. Cf. neolocal, ...
matrilocality
See matrilocal. * * *
matrilocally
See matrilocality. * * *
matrimonial
—matrimonially, adv. /ma'treuh moh"nee euhl/, adj. of or pertaining to matrimony; marital; nuptial; connubial; conjugal. [1400-50; late ME < LL matrimonialis. See MATRIMONY, ...
matrimonially
See matrimonial. * * *
matrimony
/ma"treuh moh'nee/, n., pl. matrimonies for 2. 1. the state of being married; marriage. 2. the rite, ceremony, or sacrament of marriage. [1250-1300; ME < L matrimonium wedlock. ...
matrimony vine
any plant belonging to the genus Lycium, of the nightshade family, species of which are cultivated for their foliage, flowers, and berries. Also called boxthorn. [1810-20] * * *
matrimonyvine
matrimony vine n. Any of various often thorny shrubs of the genus Lycium, some species of which are cultivated for their purplish flowers and brightly colored berries. Also ...
matripotestal
/ma'tree poh tes"tl, may'-/, adj. Anthropol. of or pertaining to the authority exercised by a mother or a mother's blood relatives. [MATRI- + potestal < L potest(as) power + ...
matrix
/may"triks, ma"-/, n., pl. matrices /may"tri seez', ma"-/, matrixes. 1. something that constitutes the place or point from which something else originates, takes form, or ...
Matrix Churchill
a British engineering company, based in Coventry, which became well known in 1992 when three of its directors were accused of having sold military equipment to Iraq, against ...
matrix mechanics
Physics. a formulation of non-relativistic quantum mechanics in which physical quantities are represented by matrices and matrix algebra is used to predict the outcome of ...
matrix sentence
Ling. a sentence in which another sentence is embedded: In The man who called is waiting, The man is waiting is a matrix sentence. [1960-65] * * *
matrixing
/may"trik sing/, n. an electronic method of processing quadraphonic sound for recording in a two-channel form, for reconversion to four channels when played back. [1950-55; ...
matro-
matro- pref. Variant of matri-. * * *
matrocliny
—matroclinous, matroclinal, matroclinic /ma'treuh klin"ik, may'-/, adj. /ma"treuh kluy'nee, may"-/, n. Genetics. inheritance in which the traits of the offspring are derived ...
matron
—matronal /may"treuh nl, ma"-/, adj. —matronhood, matronship, n. /may"treuhn/, n. 1. a married woman, esp. one who is mature and staid or dignified and has an established ...
matron of honor
a married woman acting as the principal attendant of the bride at a wedding. Cf. maid of honor. [1900-05, Amer.] * * *
matronage
/may"treuh nij, ma"-/, n. 1. the state of being a matron. 2. guardianship by a matron. 3. matrons collectively. [1765-75; MATRON + -AGE] * * *
matronal
See matron. * * *
Matronalia
/may'treuh nay"lee euh, -nayl"yeuh, ma'-/, n., pl. Matronalia, Matronalias. (sometimes used with a pl. v.) an annual festival of ancient Rome held by matrons in honor of ...
matronize
/may"treuh nuyz'/, v., matronized, matronizing. v.t. 1. to cause to become matronly; cause to act as, or fulfill the role of, matron. 2. to serve as a matron to; ...
matronliness
See matronal. * * *
matronly
—matronliness, n. /may"treuhn lee/, adj. 1. of, pertaining to, or having the characteristics of a matron; maturely dignified; stately. 2. characteristic of or suitable for a ...
matronof honor
matron of honor n. pl. matrons of honor A married woman serving as chief attendant of the bride at a wedding. * * *
matronymic
/ma'treuh nim"ik/, adj. metronymic. * * *
Maṭrūḥ
▪ governorate, Egypt       desert muḥāfaẓah (governorate) of Egypt that includes all of Egypt west of Al-Jīzah governorate and north of latitude 26°20′ N. Only ...
MATS
/mats/, n. Military Air Transport Service. * * *
matsah
matsah [mät′sə] n. var. sp. of MATZO * * *
Matshikiza, Todd
▪ South African author born 1920/21, Queenstown, S.Af. died March 4, 1968, Lusaka, Zambia       journalist, writer, and musician noted for his score for the musical ...
Matson, Randy
▪ American athlete byname of  James Randel Matson   born March 5, 1945, Kilgore, Texas, U.S.    American shot-putter who, in 1965, became the first man to put the shot ...
matsu
/mat"sooh/, n. a pine, Pinus massoniana, of China, yielding a wood used in furniture-making, the construction of houses, etc. [1860-65; < Japn, earlier matu] * * *
Matsu
/mat sooh", mat"sooh/; Chin. /mah"dzooh/, n. Wade-Giles. an island off the SE coast of China, in the East China Sea: controlled by Taiwan. 11,000; 17 sq. mi. (44 sq. km). Also, ...
Matsu Island
▪ island, East China Sea Chinese (Wade-Giles)  Ma-tsu Tao  or  (Pinyin)  Mazu Dao , also called  Nankan        small island under the jurisdiction of Taiwan in ...
matsu-take
/maht'soo tah"kee, -kay/, n. an edible fungus, Armillaria matsutake, of Japan. Also, matsutake. [ < Japn, equiv. to matsu MATSU (perh. to be taken as "pinecone-shaped") + take ...
Matsubara
▪ Japan       city, Ōsaka fu (urban prefecture), Honshu, Japan. It lies along the Yamato River. The city was an early road transport centre and is rich in historic ...
Matsuda, Kohei
▪ 2003       Japanese corporate executive (b. Jan. 28, 1922, Hiroshima, Japan—d. July 10, 2002, Tokyo, Japan), served as president (1970–77) and chairman (1977–80) ...
Matsudaira Sadanobu
▪ Japanese government minister born Jan. 25, 1759, Edo [now Tokyo], Japan died , June 14, 1829, Edo       Japanese minister who instituted the Kansei reforms (q.v.), a ...
Matsudaira Tsuneo
▪ Japanese statesman born April 17, 1877, Tokyo, Japan died Nov. 11, 1949, Tokyo       Japanese diplomat and statesman who helped secure an increase in the naval ...
Matsudaira Yoshinaga
▪ Japanese politician also called  Matsudaira Keiei   born Oct. 10, 1828, Edo [now Tokyo], Japan died June 2, 1890, Tokyo  one of the primary Japanese political figures in ...
Matsudo
/mah tsooh"daw/, n. a city on E Honshu, in Japan, NE of Tokyo. 400,870. * * * ▪ Japan  city, Chiba ken (prefecture), Honshu, Japan, on the Jōban Line (railway), east of ...
Matsue
▪ Japan  capital, Shimane ken (prefecture), southwestern Honshu, Japan, on Shinji-ko (Lake Shinji) and the Tenjin-gawa (Tenjin River), near the Sea of Japan. Known as the ...
Matsui, Robert Takeo
▪ 2006       American politician (b. Sept. 17, 1941, Sacramento, Calif.—d. Jan. 1, 2005, Bethesda, Md.), was U.S. congressman from the 5th district of California from ...
Matsukata Masayoshi
▪ prime minister of Japan in full (from 1906)  Kōshaku (Prince) Matsukata Masayoshi  born April 3, 1834, Kagoshima, Japan died July 2, 1924, Tokyo  statesman whose ...
Matsumoto
▪ Japan       city, Nagano ken (prefecture), central Honshu, Japan, in a mountain basin on the Narai-gawa (Narai River). It is noted for its silk industry, which dates ...
Matsunaga Teitoku
▪ Japanese poet original name  Matsunaga Katsuguma,  also called  Shōyuken, or Chozumaru  born 1571, Kyoto died Jan. 3, 1654, Kyoto       renowned Japanese scholar ...
Matsuoka
/mah"tsoo aw"kah/, n. Yosuke /yaw sooh"ke/ 1880-1946, Japanese statesman. * * *
matsuri
Civil or religious festival in Japan, especially a Shintō shrine festival. It traditionally has two parts: a solemn ritual of worship and a joyous celebration. The participants ...
Matsushita Electric Industrial Co., Ltd.
Major Japanese manufacturer of electric appliances and consumer electronics products. Founded in 1918 by Matsushita Konosuke (1894–1989) to produce electric lamp sockets and ...
Matsushita Electric Industrial Company, Ltd.
▪ Japanese manufacturer Japanese  Matsushita Denki Sangyō Kk,         major Japanese manufacturer of electric appliances and consumer electronics products. ...
Matsushita Konosuke
▪ Japanese industrialist born Nov. 27, 1894, Wakayama prefecture, Japan died April 27, 1989, Ōsaka       Japanese industrialist who founded the Matsushita Electric ...
Matsuyama
/mah"tsoo yah"mah/, n. a seaport on NW Shikoku, in SW Japan. 401,682. * * * ▪ Japan  capital, Ehime ken (prefecture), northwestern Shikoku, Japan. It is a seaport that ...
Matsuzaka
▪ Japan       city, Mie ken (prefecture), Honshu, Japan, facing Ise Bay. It was a castle town and commercial centre during the Tokugawa era (1603–1867), when cotton ...
Matsuzaka, Daisuke
▪ 2008 born Sept. 13, 1980, Tokyo, Japan  In 2007 Japanese baseball pitcher Daisuke Matsuzaka concluded his first season in Major League Baseball (MLB) by helping the Boston ...
Matsya
▪ Hinduism       (Sanskrit: “Fish”), first of the 10 avatars (incarnations) of the Hindu god Vishnu. In this appearance Vishnu saved the world from a great flood. ...
Matsyendranātha
▪ Indian religious leader also called  Mīnanātha  flourished 10th century?, India       first human guru, or spiritual teacher, of the Nātha (Natha) cult, a ...
Matsys
/maht"suys/, n. Quentin. See Massys, Quentin. * * *
matt
/mat/, adj., n., v.t. matte1. * * *
Matt
/mat/, n. a male given name, form of Matthew. * * *
Matt Busby
➡ Busby * * *
Matt.
Matthew. * * *
Matta Echaurren
/mah"tah e chowrdd"rdden/ Roberto Antonio Sebastián /rddaw verdd"taw ahn taw"nyaw se'vahs tyahn"/, born 1911, Chilean painter. * * *
Matta, Roberto
▪ 2003 Roberto Sebastián Antonio Matta Echuarren        Chilean-born artist (b. Nov. 11, 1911, Santiago, Chile—d. Nov. 23, 2002, Civitavecchia, Italy), lived his ...
Mattagami
Mat·tag·a·mi (mə-tăgʹə-mē) A river, about 443 km (275 mi) long, of eastern Ontario, Canada, rising in Mattagami Lake and flowing north to the Moose River. * * *
Mattancheri
▪ former township, India       former township in Kerala state, southwestern India. It lies adjacent to the city of Kochi (Cochin) on the Arabian Sea coast. In 1970 ...
Mattaponi
Mat·ta·po·ni (măt'ə-pə-nīʹ) A river, about 201 km (125 mi) long, of eastern Virginia flowing southeast to the York River. * * *
Mattathias
/mat'euh thuy"euhs/, n. died 167? B.C., Jewish priest in Judea (father of Judas Maccabaeus). * * * ▪ Jewish priest died c. 166 BC       Jewish priest and landowner of ...
matte
matte1 /mat/, adj., n., v., matted, matting. adj. 1. having a dull or lusterless surface: matte paint; a matte complexion; a photograph with a matte finish. n. 2. a dull or dead ...
matte shot
Motion Pictures. a shot in which parts of the background and sometimes the foreground are masked so that a different background, foreground, image, etc., can be substituted ...
matted
matted1 —mattedly, adv. —mattedness, n. /mat"id/, adj. 1. covered with a dense growth or a tangled mass: a garden matted with weeds. 2. formed into a mat; entangled in a ...
Mattei, Enrico
▪ Italian businessman born April 29, 1906, Acqualagna, Italy died Oct. 27, 1962, Rose       international businessman and politically powerful head of Italy's Eni SpA ...
Matteo Da Bascio
▪ Italian friar and preacher also called  Matteo Di Bassi   born c. 1495, , Bascio, Papal States [Italy] died Aug. 6, 1552, Venice       founder of the Order of ...
Matteo de' Pasti
▪ Italian sculptor born 1420, Verona, Republic of Venice [Italy] died 1467/68, Rimini, Papal States       artist who was one of the most accomplished medalists in Italy ...
Matteotti
/maht'te awt"tee/, n. Giacomo /jah"kaw maw/, 1885-1924, Italian socialist leader. * * *
Matteotti, Giacomo
born May 22, 1885, Fratta Polesine, Italy died June 10, 1924, Rome Italian Socialist leader. A lawyer, he joined the Italian Socialist Party and was elected to the Chamber of ...
matter
—matterful, adj. —matterless, adj. /mat"euhr/, n. 1. the substance or substances of which any physical object consists or is composed: the matter of which the earth is ...
matter in deed
Law. a fact or statement that can be proved or established by a deed or specialty. [1525-35] * * *
matter of course
something that follows in logical, natural, or customary sequence or that is treated as such: After such reprisals, war followed as a matter of course. [1730-40] * * *
matter of fact
1. something of a factual nature, as an actual occurrence. 2. Law. a statement or allegation to be judged on the basis of the evidence. [1575-85] * * *
matter of law
Law. an issue or matter to be determined according to the relevant principles of law. * * *
matter of record
Law. a fact or statement that appears on the record of a court and that can be proved or established by producing such record. [1600-10] * * *
matter wave.
See de Broglie wave. * * *
Matter, Herbert
▪ American photographer born April 25, 1907, Engelberg, Switzerland died May 8, 1984, Southampton, New York, U.S.  Swiss-born American photographer and graphic designer known ...
matter-of-course
/mat"euhr euhv kawrs", -kohrs"/, adj. 1. occurring or proceeding in or as if in the logical, natural, or customary course of things; expected or inevitable. 2. accepting things ...
matter-of-fact
—matter-of-factly, adv. —matter-of-factness, n. /mat"euhr euhv fakt"/, adj. 1. adhering strictly to fact; not imaginative; prosaic; dry; commonplace: a matter-of-fact account ...
matter-of-factly
See matter-of-fact. * * *
matter-of-factness
See matter-of-factly. * * *
matterate
/mat"euh rayt'/, v.i., matterated, matterating. New England, Upstate New York, and Southern U.S. to fester; suppurate. [perh. by folk etym. from MATURATE] * * *
Matterhorn
/mat"euhr hawrn'/, n. a mountain on the border of Switzerland and Italy, in the Pennine Alps. 14,780 ft. (4505 m). French, Mont Cervin. * * * French Mont Cervin Italian Monte ...
matterof course
matter of course n. A natural or logical outcome. * * *
Matteson
/mat"seuhn/, n. a town in NE Illinois. 10,223. * * *
Matteucci, Pellegrino
▪ European explorer born Oct. 13, 1850, Ravenna [Italy] died Aug. 8, 1881, London, Eng.       Italian explorer who was the first European to traverse the whole of the ...
Matthau, Walter
born Oct. 1, 1920, New York, N.Y., U.S. died July 1, 2000, Santa Monica, Calif. U.S. actor. He began his career as a child actor in Yiddish theatre and appeared on Broadway in ...
Matthäus, Lothar
▪ German athlete in full  Lothar Herbert Matthäus  born March 21, 1961, Erlangen, West Germany [now Germany]       German football (soccer) player who set a world ...
Matthay, Tobias
▪ British musician born Feb. 19, 1858, London, Eng. died Dec. 15, 1945, High Marley, Surrey       English pianist, teacher, and composer noted for his detailed ...
Matthean
/ma thee"euhn, meuh-/, adj. of or pertaining to the Gospel of Matthew or the traditions contained in it. [1895-1900; < LL Matthae(us) MATTHEW + -AN] * * *
Matthes, Roland
▪ East German athlete born Nov. 17, 1950, Erfurt, East Germany       East German swimmer who is considered one of the greatest backstrokers of all time. Undefeated in ...
Mattheson, Johann
▪ German musician and writer born September 28, 1681, Hamburg [Germany] died April 17, 1764, Hamburg  composer and scholar whose writings are an important source of ...
Matthew
/math"yooh/, n. 1. one of the four Evangelists, a customs collector from Capernaum, summoned to be one of the 12 apostles: originally called Levi. Matt. 9:9-13. 2. the first ...
Matthew Arnold
➡ Arnold (III) * * *
Matthew Island
▪ island, New Caledonia       active volcano in the southwestern Pacific Ocean, within the French overseas country of New Caledonia, although France's claim is ...
Matthew of Paris
c1200-59, English chronicler. Also called Matthew Paris. * * *
Matthew Perry
➡ Perry (II) * * *
Matthew Walker
a knot formed on the end of a rope by partly unlaying the strands and tying them in a certain way. See illus. under knot. [1855-60; after the presumed inventor of the knot] * * *
Matthew, Gospel According to
▪ biblical literature       first of the four New Testament Gospels (narratives recounting the life and death of Jesus Christ), and, with Mark and Luke, one of the three ...
Matthew, Saint
flourished 1st century AD, Palestine; Western feast day September 21, Eastern feast day November 16 One of the Twelve Apostles, traditional author of the first ...
Matthew, William Diller
▪ Canadian-American paleontologist born Feb. 19, 1871, Saint John, N.B., Can. died Sept. 24, 1930, San Francisco  Canadian-American paleontologist who was an important ...
Matthew,Saint
Matthew,Saint. First century A.D. One of the 12 Apostles and the traditionally accepted author of the first Gospel of the New Testament. * * *
Matthews
/math"yoohz/, n. 1. (James) Brander /bran"deuhr/, 1852-1929, U.S. writer and educator. 2. Sir Stanley, born 1915, British soccer player. * * *
Matthews, Brander
▪ American writer born Feb. 21, 1852, New Orleans died March 31, 1929, New York City       essayist, drama critic, novelist, and first U.S. professor of dramatic ...
Matthews, Drummond Hoyle
▪ 1998       British geophysicist whose work, with student Fred Vine, led to the discovery that magnetic stripes on the sides of ridges on the ocean floor were the ...
Matthews, Gordon
▪ 2003       American inventor and businessman (b. July 26, 1936, Tulsa, Okla.—d. Feb. 23, 2002, Dallas, Texas), was the inventor in the 1970s of voice mail, the ...
Matthews, Leigh
born Jan. 3, 1952, Frankston, Victoria, Austl. Australian Rules football player. A tenacious forward, he was legendary for his robust play and extraordinary skills. He played ...
Matthews, Mother Bernardina
▪ American religious leader in full  Bernardina Teresa Xavier of St. Joseph,  original name  Ann Teresa Matthews,  Matthews also spelled  Mathews  born 1732, Charles ...
Matthews, Sir Stanley
▪ 2001       British association football (soccer) player (b. Feb. 1, 1915, Hanley, Stoke-on-Trent, Staffordshire, Eng.—d. Feb. 23, 2000, Newcastle-under-Lyme, ...
Matthews, Stanley
▪ United States jurist born July 21, 1824, Cincinnati, Ohio, U.S. died March 22, 1889, Washington, D.C.       associate justice of the United States Supreme Court ...
Matthews, Victor Collin Matthews
▪ 1996       BARON, British self-made millionaire business executive whose Trafalgar House PLC served as the base for an empire that included Cunard Steam-ship Co. PLC, ...
Matthews, William Procter, III
▪ 1998       American poet and university English professor who was awarded the 1996 National Book Critics Circle Award for his book Time & Money: New Poems (b. Nov. 11, ...
Matthias
/meuh thuy"euhs/, n. 1. a disciple chosen to take the place of Judas Iscariot as one of the apostles. Acts 1:23-26. 2. 1557-1619, king of Hungary 1608-18; king of Bohemia ...
Matthias I
or Matthias Corvinus Hungarian Mátyás Corvin orig. Mátyás Hunyadi born Feb. 24, 1443, Kolozsvár, Transylvania died April 6, 1490, Vienna King of Hungary (1458–90). He ...
Matthias, Saint
▪ Apostle flourished 1st century AD, , Judaea; d. traditionally Colchis, Armenia; Western feast day February 24, Eastern feast day August 9       the disciple who, ...
Matthiessen
/math"euh seuhn/, n. Peter, born 1927, U.S. novelist and travel writer. * * *
Matthiessen, Francis Otto
▪ American educator and critic born Feb. 19, 1902, Pasadena, Calif., U.S. died April 1, 1950, Boston       U.S. educator and critic who examined the lasting value of ...
Matthiessen, Peter
born May 22, 1927, New York, N.Y., U.S. U.S. naturalist and writer. He attended Yale University and worked as a fisherman on Long Island before undertaking his extensive world ...
Matthisson, Friedrich von
▪ German poet born Jan. 23, 1761, Hohendodeleben, near Magdeburg, Saxony died March 12, 1831, Wörlitz, Anhalt-Dessau       German poet whose verses were praised for ...
matting
matting1 /mat"ing/, n. 1. a coarse fabric of rushes, grass, straw, hemp, or the like, used for floor covering, wrapping material, etc. 2. material for mats. 3. mats ...
mattins
/mat"nz, -inz/, n. (often cap.) (usually used with a sing. v.) Chiefly Brit. matin (def. 1). * * *
Matto Grosso
/mat"euh groh"soh/; Port. /mah"too grddaw"soo/. See Mato Grosso. * * *
mattock
/mat"euhk/, n. an instrument for loosening the soil in digging, shaped like a pickax, but having one end broad instead of pointed. [bef. 900; ME mattok, OE mattuc] * * ...
mattoid
mattoid [mat′oid΄] n. 〚It mattoide < matto, mad < L mattus, intoxicated: see MAT2〛 Rare a person of unbalanced mind who is almost psychotic * * *
Mattoon
/meuh toohn"/, n. a city in E Illinois. 19,787. * * * ▪ Illinois, United States       city, Coles county, east-central Illinois, U.S. Mattoon lies near the Little ...
mattrass
/ma"treuhs/, n. Chem. matrass. * * *
mattress
/ma"tris/, n. 1. a large pad for supporting the reclining body, used as or on a bed, consisting of a quilted or similarly fastened case, usually of heavy cloth, that contains ...
Matty
/mat"ee/, n. a male or female given name. Also, Mattie. * * *
Matura diamond
/mah"teuhr euh, mat"euhr euh/, Jewelry. a zircon heat-treated to render it colorless: not a true diamond. Also, Matara diamond. [1875-80; after Matura, town in Sri Lanka] * * ...
maturate
—maturative /meuh choor"euh tiv, mach"euh ray'-/, adj. /mach"euh rayt'/, v.i., maturated, maturating. 1. Pathol. to suppurate. 2. to mature. [1535-45; < L maturatus, ptp. of ...
maturation
—maturational, adj. /mach'euh ray"sheuhn/, n. the act or process of maturating. [1350-1400; ME: suppuration < ML maturation- (s. of maturatio). See MATURATE, -ION] * * *
maturation division
Cell Biol. a stage in meiosis during which the chromosomal number of the reproductive cell is reduced to one chromosome from each original chromosome pair. * * *
maturational
See maturation. * * *
maturationdivision
maturation division n. Either of the two successive cell divisions of meiosis, with only one duplication of the chromosomes, that results in the formation of haploid gametes. * * ...
maturative
See maturate. * * *
mature
—maturely, adv. —maturement, n. —matureness, n. —maturer, n. /meuh toor", -tyoor", -choor", -cherr"/, adj., maturer, maturest, v., matured, maturing. adj. 1. complete in ...
mature students
➡ adult education * * *
Mature, Victor
▪ 2000 “The Hunk”        American actor (b. Jan. 29, 1916, Louisville, Ky.—d. Aug. 4, San Diego, Calif.), was a matinee idol of the 1940s and '50s whose most ...
mature-onsetdiabetes
ma·ture-on·set diabetes (mə-tyo͝orʹŏnʹsĕt', -ônʹ, -to͝orʹ-, -cho͝orʹ-) n. Non-insulin-dependent diabetes mellitus. * * *
maturely
See mature. * * *
matureness
See maturely. * * *
Māturīdī, Abū Manṣūr Muḥammad al-
▪ Muslim theologian in full  Abū Manṣūr Muḥammad Ibn Maḥmūd Al-ḥanafī Al-mutakallim Al-māturīdī As-samarqandī  died 944, Samarkand       titular head ...
Māturīdīyah
▪ Islam       a Muslim orthodox school of theology named after its founder Abū Manṣūr Muḥammad al-Māturīdī (d. 944). The Māturīdīyah is similar in basic ...
Māturīdiyyah
Muslim orthodox school of theology named after its founder, Abū Manṣūr Muḥammad al-Māturīdī (d. 944). It is characterized by reliance on the Qurān with minimal ...
Maturín
/mah'tooh rddeen"/, n. a city in NE Venezuela. 98,188. * * * ▪ Venezuela       city, capital of Monagas estado (state), northeastern Venezuela, on the Río Guarapiche ...
Maturin, Charles Robert
▪ Irish writer born Sept. 25, 1782, Dublin, Ire. died Oct. 30, 1824, Dublin       Irish clergyman, dramatist, and author of Gothic romances. He has been called “the ...
maturity
/meuh choor"i tee, -toor"-, -tyoor"-, -cherr"-/, n. 1. the state of being mature; ripeness: The fruit will reach maturity in a few days. 2. full development; perfected condition: ...
maturity yield
Finance. See yield to maturity. * * *
maturity-onset diabetes
/meuh choor"i tee on"set', -awn"-, -toor"-, -tyoor"-, -cherr"-/, Pathol. diabetes (def. 4). [1975-80] * * *
Matute, Ana María
▪ Spanish author born July 26, 1926, Barcelona, Spain       Spanish novelist known for her sympathetic treatment of the lives of children and adolescents, their ...
matutinal
—matutinally, adv. /meuh tooht"n l, -tyooht"-/, adj. pertaining to or occurring in the morning; early in the day. [1650-60; < LL matutinalis of, belonging to the morning, ...
matutinally
See matutinal. * * *
MATV
master antenna television system. * * *
Matveyev, Artamon Sergeyevich
▪ Russian diplomat Matveyev also spelled  Matveev   born 1625 died May 15 [May 25, New Style], 1682, Moscow, Russia       Russian diplomat and statesman who was a ...
matzah
/maht"seuh/; Seph. Heb. /mah tsah"/; Ashk. Heb. /mah"tsaw/, n., pl. matzahs /maht"seuhz/, matzoth, matzot, matzos Seph. Heb. /mah tsawt"/; Ashk. Heb. /mah"tsohs/. matzo. * * *
Matzeliger, Jan Ernst
▪ Dutch inventor born Sept. 15, 1852, Paramaribo, Dutch Guiana [now Suriname] died Aug. 24, 1889, Lynn, Mass., U.S.  inventor best known for his shoe-lasting machine that ...
matzeva
▪ Judaism also spelled  Maẓẓevah (Hebrew: “tombstone,” “monument”),  plural  Matzevot, or Maẓẓevoth,         a stone pillar erected on elevated ...
matzo
/maht"seuh/; Seph. Heb. /mah tsah"/; Ashk. Heb. /mah"tsaw/, n., pl. matzos, matzoth, matzot /maht"seuhz/; Seph. Heb. /mah tsawt"/; Ashk. Heb. /mah"tsohs/. 1. unleavened bread in ...
matzo ball
a dumpling made from matzo meal, usually served in soup. * * *
matzo brei
/bruy/, Jewish Cookery. small pieces of matzo soaked in water, mixed with beaten eggs, and fried. * * *
matzo meal
ground matzos. [1970-75] * * *
matzoball
matzo ball n. A small dumpling made of crushed matzo. * * *
matzoh
/maht"seuh/; Seph. Heb. /mah tsah"/; Ashk. Heb. /mah"tsaw/, n., pl. matzohs, matzoth, matzot /maht"seuhz/; Seph. Heb. /mah tsawt"/; Ashk. Heb. /mah"tsohs/. matzo. * * *
Mau Escarpment
▪ rampart, Kenya       steep natural rampart along the western rim of the Great Rift Valley in western Kenya, west and south of the town of Nakuru; it rises to more than ...
Mau Mau
/mow" mow'/, pl. Mau Maus, (esp. collectively) Mau Mau. a member of a revolutionary society in Kenya, established in the early 1950s, that consisted chiefly of Kikuyu and engaged ...
Mau, Carl
▪ 1996       U.S. religious leader and general secretary, 1974-85, of the Lutheran World Federation (b. June 22, 1922—d. March 31, 1995). * * *
mau-mau
/mow"mow'/, v.t. Slang. to terrorize, intimidate, or threaten. [1970; coined by Tom Wolfe (b. 1931), U.S. journalist, in Radical Chic and Mau-Mauing the Flak Catchers; see MAU ...
Mauá
/mow ah"/, n. a city in SE Brazil, SE of São Paulo. 101,659. * * *
Maubeuge
/moh buezh"/, n. a city in N France, on the Sambre River, near the Belgian border. 35,474. * * * ▪ France       town, Nord département, Nord-Pas-de-Calais région, ...
Mauch, Karl
▪ German explorer in full  Karl Gottlieb Mauch   born May 7, 1837, Stetten, Württemberg [Germany] died April 4, 1875, Stuttgart, Ger.       explorer who made ...
maucherite
▪ mineral       a nickel arsenide mineral with chemical composition approximating Ni11As8, assigned to the group of sulfide minerals. It often occurs with niccolite (to ...
Mauchline
▪ Scotland, United Kingdom       village, situated near the River Ayr in East Ayrshire council area, historic county of Ayrshire, Scotland, and closely associated with ...
Mauchly, John W(illiam)
born Aug. 30, 1907, Cincinnati, Ohio, U.S. died Jan. 8, 1980, Ambler, Pa. U.S. physicist and engineer. He joined the faculty at the University of Pennsylvania after completing ...
Mauchly, John W.
▪ American physicist and engineer in full  John William Mauchly   born Aug. 30, 1907, Cincinnati, Ohio, U.S. died Jan. 8, 1980, Ambler, Pa.       American physicist ...
Mauchly,John William
Mauch·ly (mäkʹlē), John William. 1907-1980. American physicist and inventor who helped develop ENIAC (Electronic Numeral Integrator and Calculator), the first electronic ...
maud
/mawd/, n. 1. a gray woolen plaid worn by shepherds and others in S Scotland. 2. a rug or wrap of like material, used as a traveling robe, steamer rug, etc. [1780-90; perh. ...
Maud
/mawd/, n. 1. See Matilda (def. 1). 2. Also, Maude. a female given name, form of Matilda. * * *
maudit
maudit [mō dē′] adj. 〚Fr〛 cursed; damned; wretched * * *
maudlin
—maudlinism, n. —maudlinly, adv. —maudlinness, n. /mawd"lin/, adj. 1. tearfully or weakly emotional; foolishly sentimental: a maudlin story of a little orphan and her lost ...
maudlinly
See maudlin. * * *
maudlinness
See maudlinly. * * *
Maudslay
/mawdz"lee/, n. Henry, 1771-1831, English mechanical engineer. * * *
Maudslay, Henry
born Aug. 22, 1771, Woolwich, Kent, Eng. died Feb. 14, 1831, London British engineer and inventor. The son of a workman, he became the inventor of machines fundamentally ...
Maudsley Hospital
a psychiatric hospital (= one for the treatment of mental illness) in south-east London, established in 1916. It is part of London University and the main centre for postgraduate ...
Mauer
▪ paleontological site, Germany       Pleistocene locality on the Neckar River of Germany and the name of a Pleistocene deposit, the Mauer Sands (the Pleistocene epoch ...
Mauermayer, Gisela
▪ German athlete born Nov. 24, 1913, Munich, Ger. died Jan. 9, 1995, Munich       German athlete who won a gold medal for the discus throw at the 1936 Olympic Games in ...
Maugham
/mawm/, n. W(illiam) Somerset /sum"euhr set', -sit/, 1874-1965, English novelist, dramatist, and short-story writer. * * *
Maugham, Robin
▪ British author byname of  Robert Cecil Romer Maugham, 2nd Viscount Maugham of Hartfield  born May 17, 1916, London, Eng. died March 13, 1981, Brighton       English ...
Maugham, W(illiam) Somerset
born Jan. 25, 1874, Paris, France died Dec. 16, 1965, Nice English novelist, playwright, and short-story writer. He abandoned a short career in medicine when his first novel, ...
Maugham, W(illiam)Somerset
Maugham (môm), W(illiam) Somerset. 1874-1965. British writer whose short stories, such as “Miss Thompson” (1921), and novels, including Of Human Bondage (1915), illustrate ...
Maugham, W. Somerset
▪ British writer in full  William Somerset Maugham   born Jan. 25, 1874, Paris, Fr. died Dec. 16, 1965, Nice  English novelist, playwright, and short-story writer whose ...
maugre
/maw"geuhr/, prep. Archaic. in spite of; notwithstanding. Also, mauger. [1225-75; ME < MF: lit., spite, ill-will, equiv. to mau- MAL- + gre GREE2] * * *
Mauguin, Charles
▪ French mineralogist in full  Charles-victor Mauguin   born Sept. 19, 1878, Provins, Fr. died April 25, 1958, Villejuif       French mineralogist and ...
Maui
/mow"ee/, n. an island in central Hawaii. 54,985; 728 sq. mi. (1886 sq. km). * * * ▪ island, Hawaii, United States       volcanic island, Maui county, Hawaii, U.S. It ...
mauka
/mah ooh"keuh/, adv. Hawaii. toward the mountains; inland. [ < Hawaiian, equiv. to ma- directional particle + uka inland, upland] * * *
Mauke
▪ island, Cook Islands, Pacific Ocean also called  Parry Island        easternmost of the southern Cook Islands, a self-governing state in free association with New ...
maul
—mauler, n. /mawl/, n. 1. a heavy hammer, as for driving stakes or wedges. 2. Archaic. a heavy club or mace. v.t. 3. to handle or use roughly: The book was badly mauled by its ...
Mauldin
/mawl"deuhn/, n. William Henry (Bill), born 1921, U.S. political cartoonist. * * *
Mauldin, Bill
▪ American cartoonist byname of  William Henry Mauldin   born October 29, 1921, Mountain Park, New Mexico, U.S. died January 22, 2003, Newport Beach, ...
Mauldin, William Henry
▪ 2004 “Bill”        American cartoonist (b. Oct. 29, 1921, Mountain Park, N.M.—d. Jan. 22, 2003, Newport Beach, Calif.), created Willie and Joe—two ...
Mauldin,William Henry
Maul·din (môlʹdĭn), William Henry. Known as “Bill.” Born 1921. American editorial cartoonist noted for his realistic, bitterly comic drawings of front-line soldiers. He ...
mauler
See maul. * * *
Maulid
/mow"lid/, n. Mawlid. Also, Maulud /mow"leuhd/. * * *
Maulmain
/mohl mayn", mawl-/, n. Moulmein. * * *
maulstick
/mawl"stik'/, n. mahlstick. * * *
maulvi
/mowl"vee/, n. (in India) an expert in Islamic law: used esp. as a term of respectful address among Muslims. Also, molvi, moolvee, moolvi, moulvi. [ < Hindi maulvi < Ar mawlawi, ...
Mauman
/may ooh"meuhn/, n. Douay Bible. Mehuman. * * *
Maumee
/maw mee", maw"mee/, n. 1. a city in NW Ohio. 15,747. 2. a river in E Indiana and W Ohio, flowing NE to Lake Erie, at Toledo. 175 mi. (280 km) long. * * *
Maumee River
▪ river, United States       river formed near Fort Wayne, Ind., U.S., by the confluence of the St. Joseph and St. Marys rivers. It flows northeast into Ohio, past ...
MaumeeRiver
Mau·mee River (mô-mēʹ, môʹmē) A river rising in northeast Indiana and flowing about 209 km (130 mi) east and northeast to Lake Erie at Toledo, Ohio. * * *
maumet
—maumetry, n. /maw"mit/, n. 1. Brit. Dial. a. a doll, puppet, scarecrow, or other figure built to resemble a human being. b. an empty-headed or mindless person. 2. Obs. an ...
maun
/mahn, mawn/, auxiliary v. Scot. must. Also, man. [1325-75; ME (north and Scots) man < ON man, earlier mun must, shall, will] * * * ▪ Botswana       village, ...
Mauna Kea
/mow"neuh kay"euh, maw"neuh kee"euh/ a dormant volcano on the island of Hawaii. 13,784 ft. (4201 m). * * * Dormant volcano, north-central Hawaii island, Hawaii, U.S. Rising to ...
Mauna Kea Observatory
an astronomical observatory on Mauna Kea, Hawaii, situated at an altitude of 13,600 ft. (4145 m). * * * ▪ observatory, Hawaii, United States       astronomical ...
mauna loa
/mow"neuh loh"euh, maw"neuh/ a vine, Canavalia microcarpa, of the legume family, naturalized in Hawaii, having pink or lavender flowers used to make leis. [after MAUNA LOA] * * ...
Mauna Loa
/mow"neuh loh"euh, maw"neuh/ an active volcano on the island of Hawaii. 13,680 ft. (4170 m). * * * Volcano, south-central Hawaii island, Hawaii, U.S. Located in Hawaii Volcanoes ...
MaunaKea
Mau·na Ke·a (mou'nə kāʹə, mô'nə kēʹə) An active volcano, about 4,208 m (13,796 ft) high, of north-central Hawaii Island. It is the highest peak in the islands. * * *
MaunaLoa
Mauna Lo·a (lōʹə) An active volcano, 4,172.4 m (13,680 ft) high, of south-central Hawaii Island. * * *
maunche
/mahnch/, n. Heraldry. manche. Also, maunch. * * *
maund
/mawnd/, n. a unit of weight in India and other parts of Asia, varying greatly according to locality: in India, from about 25 to 82.286 pounds (11 to 37.4 kilograms) (the latter ...
maunder
—maunderer, n. /mawn"deuhr/, v.i. 1. to talk in a rambling, foolish, or meaningless way. 2. to move, go, or act in an aimless, confused manner: He maundered through life ...
maundy
/mawn"dee/, n. 1. the ceremony of washing the feet of the poor, esp. commemorating Jesus' washing of His disciples' feet on Maundy Thursday. 2. Also called maundy money. money ...
Maundy money
n [U] specially produced silver coins given each year by the British king or queen to a selected group of poor people on Maundy Thursday (the Thursday before Easter). The ...
Maundy Thursday
the Thursday of Holy Week, commemorating Jesus' Last Supper and His washing of the disciples' feet upon that day. [1400-50; late ME] * * * ▪ religious holiday also called ...
MaundyThursday
Maun·dy Thursday (mônʹdē, mänʹ-) n. The Thursday before Easter, observed in commemoration of the Last Supper of Jesus. Also called Holy Thursday.   [From Middle English ...
Maung Maung, U
▪ 1995       Burmese politician (b. Jan. 11, 1925, Mandalay, Burma [now Myanmar]—d. July 2, 1994, Yangon [Rangoon], Myanmar), was a Western-educated lawyer, judge, and ...
Maunick, Édouard J.
▪ Mauritian poet in full  Édouard Joseph Marc Maunick   born Sept. 23, 1931, Mauritius       African poet, critic, and translator.       Maunick grew up on ...


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