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Maupassant
/moh"peuh sahnt'/; Fr. /moh pann sahonn"/, n. (Henri René Albert) Guy de /ahonn rddee" rddeuh nay" annl berdd" gee deuh/, 1850-93, French short-story writer and novelist. * * *
Maupassant, (Henri René Albert)Guy de
Mau·pas·sant (mōʹpə-sänt', mō-pă-säɴʹ), (Henri René Albert) Guy de. 1850-1893. French writer whose works, mainly realistic short stories such as “The Necklace,” ...
Maupassant, (Henry-René-Albert-) Guy de
born Aug. 5, 1850, Château de Miromesnil?, near Dieppe, France died July 6, 1893, Paris French writer of short stories. His law studies were interrupted by the Franco-Prussian ...
Maupassant, Guy de
▪ French writer Introduction in full  Henry-René-Albert-Guy de Maupassant   born August 5, 1850, Château de Miromesnil?, near Dieppe, France died July 6, 1893, ...
Maupeou, René-Nicolas-Charles-Augustin de
▪ chancellor of France born Feb. 25, 1714, Paris, France died July 29, 1792, Thuit       chancellor of France who succeeded in temporarily (1771–74) depriving the ...
Maupertuis
/moh perdd twee"/, n. Pierre Louis Moreau de /pyerdd lwee maw rddoh" deuh/, 1698-1759, French mathematician, astronomer, and biologist. * * *
Maupertuis, Pierre-Louis Moreau de
▪ French mathematician and astronomer born Sept. 28, 1698, Saint-Malo, France died July 27, 1759, Basel, Switz.       French mathematician, biologist, and astronomer ...
Maupin
(1944– ) a US writer and author of the popular ‘Tales of the City’ series of novels. The first of these, Tales of the City (1978), originally appeared in parts in the San ...
Maupin, Armistead
▪ American author born May 13, 1944, Washington, D.C., U.S.       American novelist best known for his Tales of the City series.       Maupin was reared in North ...
Maura
/mawr"euh/, n. a female given name, Irish form of Mary. * * *
Maura y Montaner, Antonio
▪ prime minister of Spain born May 2, 1853, Palma, Majorca, Spain died December 13, 1925, Torrelodones       statesman and five-time prime minister of Spain whose ...
Maureen
/maw reen"/, n. a female given name, Irish form of Mary. Also, Maurene, Maurine. * * *
Maurel, Victor
▪ French opera singer born June 17, 1848, Marseille, France died Oct. 22, 1923, New York, N.Y., U.S.       French operatic baritone and outstanding singing actor, ...
Maurepas, Jean-Frédéric Phélypeaux, Count de
▪ French secretary of state born July 9, 1701, Versailles, France died Sept. 21, 1781, Versailles  secretary of state under King Louis XV and chief royal adviser during the ...
Maurer, Ion Gheorghe
▪ 2001       Romanian politician (b. Sept. 23, 1902, Bucharest, Rom.—d. Feb. 8, 2000, Bucharest), as a member of the then-illegal Communist Party from 1936, was ...
Mauresmo, Amelie
▪ 2007  Long regarded as a gifted yet unfulfilled tennis player who could not succeed when it mattered the most, Frenchwoman Amélie Mauresmo redefined herself in 2006 by ...
Mauretania
—Mauretanian, adj., n. /mawr'i tay"nee euh/, n. an ancient kingdom in NW Africa: it included the territory that is modern Morocco and part of Algeria. Also, Mauritania. * * ...
Mauretanian
See Mauretania. * * *
Mauriac
/maw rddyahk"/, n. François /frddahonn swann"/, 1885-1970, French novelist: Nobel prize 1952. * * *
Mauriac, Claude
▪ 1997       French critic and novelist (b. April 25, 1914, Paris, Fr.—d. March 22, 1996, Paris), was best known for his innovative multivolume, nonchronological ...
Mauriac, François
Mau·riac (môr'ē-äkʹ, môr-yäkʹ), François. 1885-1970. French writer many of whose novels, notably Thérèse Desqueyroux (1927), are psychological studies of temptation, ...
Maurice
/mawr"is, mor"-, maw rees"/; for 3 also Fr. /maw rddees"/, n. 1. German, Moritz. 1521-53, German general: elector of Saxony 1547-53. 2. of Nassau, 1567-1625, Dutch statesman. 3. ...
Maurice of Nassau
Maurice of Nassau Prince of Orange 1567-1625; Du. statesman & military leader * * * Dutch in full Maurits, prince van Oranje, count van Nassau born Nov. 13, 1567, Dillenburg, ...
Maurice Saatchi
➡ Saatchi & Saatchi * * *
Maurice, Frederick Denison
▪ British theologian born Aug. 29, 1805, Normanston, Suffolk, Eng. died April 1, 1872, London       major English theologian of 19th-century Anglicanism and prolific ...
Maurice, Furnley
▪ Australian poet pseudonym of  Frank Leslie Thompson Wilmot   born April 6, 1881, Collingwood, Vic., Australia died Feb. 22, 1942, Melbourne       Australian poet, ...
Maurice, Saint
▪ Christian saint died c. 286, Agaunum, near Geneva; feast day September 22       Christian soldier whose alleged martyrdom, with his comrades, inspired a cult still ...
Mauriceof Nassau
Mau·rice of Nassau (môrʹĭs, mŏrʹ-), Prince of Orange. 1567-1625. Dutch general and politician whose strategic and material improvements to the Dutch army led to the ...
Maurienne
▪ valley, France       high Alpine valley, about 80 miles (130 km) long, in southeastern France. Drained by the Arc River, a tributary of the Isère, it consists of a ...
Maurist
/mawr"ist/, n. a member of the Benedictine "Congregation of St. Maur," founded in France in 1618, distinguished for its scholarship and literary works: suppressed during the ...
Mauritania
—Mauritanian, adj., n. /mawr'i tay"nee euh/, n. 1. Official name, Islamic Republic of Mauritania. a republic in W Africa, largely in the Sahara Desert: formerly a French ...
Mauritania, flag of
▪ Flag History       national flag consisting of a green field (background) with a central crescent and star. The flag has a width-to-length ratio of 2 to ...
Mauritanian
See Mauritania. * * *
Mauritian
See Mauritius. * * * ➡ Mauritius * * *
Mauritian Creole
▪ language also called  Morisyen        French-based vernacular language spoken in Mauritius, a small island in the southwestern Indian Ocean, about 500 miles (800 ...
Mauritius
—Mauritian, adj. /maw rish"euhs, -rish"ee euhs/, n. 1. an island in the Indian Ocean, E of Madagascar. 880,781; 720 sq. mi. (1865 sq. km). 2. a republic consisting of this ...
Mauritius hemp
a tropical American plant, Furcraea foetida, having large, fleshy leaves, cultivated as a source of a hemplike fiber. Also called cabuya. * * * ▪ plant (species Furcraea ...
Mauritius, flag of
▪ Flag History       horizontally striped red-blue-yellow-green national flag. It has a width-to-length ratio of 2 to 3.       Like many other islands in the ...
Maurits
(as used in expressions) Escher Maurits Cornelis Johan Maurits van Nassau Maurits prince van Oranje count van Nassau * * *
Mauritshuis
▪ gallery, The Hague, The Netherlands in full  Koninklijk Kabinet van Schilderijen (Mauritshuis), (Dutch: Royal Gallery of Paintings [Mauritshuis])        picture ...
Mauro
▪ 2003 Mauro Ramos de Oliveira        Brazilian association football (soccer) player (b. Aug. 30, 1930, Pocos de Caldas, Braz.—d. Sept. 18, 2002, Pocos de Caldas), was ...
Maurois
/maw rddwann"/, n. André /ahonn drdday"/, (Émile Salomon Wilhelm Herzog), 1885-1967, French biographer and novelist. * * *
Maurois, André
Mau·rois (môr-wäʹ), André. Pen name of Émile Herzog. 1885-1967. French writer noted for his essays, biographies, and novels, including Atmosphere of Love (1929) and The ...
Maurolycus
/mawr'euh luy"keuhs/, n. a walled plain in the fourth quadrant of the face of the moon: about 70 miles (110 km) in diameter. * * *
Mauropous, John
▪ Byzantine scholar born c. 1000, Paphlagonia, Byzantine Empire [now in Turkey] died c. 1075–81, Constantinople       Byzantine scholar and ecclesiastic, author of ...
Maurras, Charles
▪ French writer and political theorist born April 20, 1868, Martigues, France died Nov. 16, 1952, Tours       French writer and political theorist, a major intellectual ...
Maurras, Charles (-Marie-Photius)
born April 20, 1868, Martigues, France died Nov. 16, 1952, Tours French writer and political theorist. In 1891 he cofounded a group of poets opposed to the Symbolist movement ...
Maury
/mawr"ee, mor"ee/, n. Matthew Fontaine /fon tayn", fon"tayn/, 1806-73, U.S. naval officer and scientist. * * *
Maury, Matthew Fontaine
▪ American hydrographer born Jan. 14, 1806, Spotsylvania county, Va., U.S. died Feb. 1, 1873, Lexington, Va.       U.S. naval officer, pioneer hydrographer, and one of ...
Maury,Matthew Fontaine
Mau·ry (môrʹē), Matthew Fontaine. 1806-1873. American naval officer and oceanographer who charted the currents and winds of the Atlantic, Pacific, and Indian oceans and ...
Maurya
—Mauryan, adj. /mowr"ee euh/, n. a member of an ancient Indian people who united northern India and established an empire 322-184 B.C. * * *
Mauryan empire
(с 321–с 185 BC) In ancient India, a state centred at Pataliputra (later Patna) near the junction of the Son and Ganges (Ganga) rivers. After the death of Alexander the ...
Mauser
/mow"zeuhr/, n. Peter Paul, 1838-1914, and his brother, Wilhelm, 1834-82, German inventors of firearms. * * *
Mauser rifle
      any of a family of bolt-action rifles designed by Peter Paul Mauser (1838–1914), a German who had worked in an arms plant before entering the German army in 1859. ...
Mauser,Peter Paul
Mauser, Peter Paul. 1838-1914. German weapons manufacturer who with his brother Wilhelm (1834-1882) invented a breechloading rifle and a repeating pistol and rifle. * * *
mausolean
See mausoleum. * * *
mausoleum
—mausolean, adj. /maw'seuh lee"euhm, -zeuh-/, n., pl. mausoleums, mausolea /-lee"euh/. 1. a stately and magnificent tomb. 2. a burial place for the bodies or remains of many ...
Mausolus
died 353 BC Satrap (governor) of Caria in South Asia Minor. Nominally under the control of the Persian empire, he took advantage of upheaval in Asia Minor to gain independence. ...
Mauss, Marcel
born May 10, 1872, Épinal, Fr. died Feb. 10, 1950, Paris French sociologist and anthropologist. Mauss was the nephew of Émile Durkheim, who contributed much to his ...
Mauthausen
▪ concentration camp, Austria       one of the most notorious Nazi (Nazi Party) concentration camps (concentration camp), located near the village of Mauthausen, on the ...
Mauthner, Fritz
▪ German theatre critic and philosopher born Nov. 22, 1849, Hořice, Bohemia died June 29, 1923, Meersburg, Ger.       German author, theatre critic, and exponent of ...
mauve
/mohv/, n. 1. a pale bluish purple. 2. a purple dye obtained from aniline, discovered in 1856: the first of the coal-tar dyes. adj. 3. of the color of mauve: a mauve ...
mauve decade
the 1890s, considered as a social and cultural period characterized by prosperity and complacency. * * *
Mauve, Anton
▪ Dutch painter born September 18, 1838, Zaandam, Netherlands died February 5, 1888, Arnhem       Dutch Romantic painter who, like his friends Jozef Israëls (Israëls, ...
maven
/may"veuhn/, n. an expert or connoisseur. Also, mavin. [1960-65; < Yiddish < Heb: connoisseur] * * *
maverick
/mav"euhr ik, mav"rik/, n. 1. Southwestern U.S. an unbranded calf, cow, or steer, esp. an unbranded calf that is separated from its mother. 2. a lone dissenter, as an ...
mavin
ma·vin (māʹvən) n. Variant of maven. * * *
mavis
/may"vis/, n. Brit. Chiefly Literary. a song thrush. [1350-1400; ME mavys < AF mauviz, prob. equiv. to ma(u)ve seagull ( < OE maew MEW2) + -iz of unclear orig.] * * *
Mavis
/may"vis/, n. a female given name. * * *
Mavor, Elizabeth
▪ British author in full  Elizabeth Osborne Mavor  born Dec. 17, 1927, Glasgow, Scot.       British author whose novels and nonfiction works concern relationships ...
Mavors
/may"vawrs/, n. Rom. Rel. Mars. * * *
mavourneen
/meuh voor"neen, -vawr"-, -vohr"-/, n. Irish Eng. darling; dear. Also, mavournin. [1790-1800; < Ir mo mhuirnín my darling] * * *
Mavrokordátos, Aléxandros
▪ Greek statesman born Feb. 11, 1791, Constantinople [now Istanbul, Tur.] died Aug. 18, 1865, Aegina, Greece  statesman, one of the founders and first political leaders of ...
Mavura
▪ African emperor also called  Manuza   flourished 17th century       African emperor who was installed as the ruler of the great Mwene Matapa empire by the ...
maw
maw1 /maw/, n. 1. the mouth, throat, or gullet of an animal, esp. a carnivorous mammal. 2. the crop or craw of a fowl. 3. the stomach, esp. that of an animal. 4. a cavernous ...
Mawangdui
▪ archaeological site, China Wade-Giles romanization  Ma-wang-tui        archaeological site uncovered in 1963 near Changsha, Hunan province, southeastern China. ...
Māwardī, al-
▪ Muslim jurist died 1058, Baghdad       Muslim jurist who played an important role in formulating orthodox political theory as to the nature of the authority of the ...
mawkin
/maw"kin/, n. malkin. * * *
mawkish
—mawkishly, adv. —mawkishness, n. /maw"kish/, adj. 1. characterized by sickly sentimentality; weakly emotional; maudlin. 2. having a mildly sickening flavor; slightly ...
mawkishly
See mawkish. * * *
mawkishness
See mawkishly. * * *
Mawlamyine
Maw·la·myine (mou'lə-myīnʹ, -lä-myīnʹ) See Moulmein. * * *
Mawlawīyah
▪ Ṣūfī order Turkish  Mevleviyah         fraternity of Sufis (Ṣūfism) (Muslim mystics) founded in Konya (Qonya), Anatolia, by the Persian Sufi poet Rūmī ...
Mawlid
/mow"lid/, n. Islam. 1. a Muslim holiday celebrating the birth of Muhammad, occurring on the twelfth day of the month of Rabi' al-awwal, and characterized esp. by the recitation ...
Mawson
/maw"seuhn/, n. Sir Douglas, 1882-1958, Australian antarctic explorer, born in England. * * *
Mawson, Sir Douglas
▪ Australian geologist and explorer born May 5, 1882, Shipley, Yorkshire, Eng. died Oct. 14, 1958, Adelaide, S. Aus., Australia       Australian geologist and explorer ...
max
/maks/, Slang. n. 1. maximum. 2. to the max, to the greatest or furthest degree; totally: That book is disgusting to the max. adj. 3. maximum. adv. 4. maximally. v. 5. max ...
Max
/maks/, n. a male given name, form of Maximilian. * * * (as used in expressions) Beckmann Max Bill Max Born Max Bruch Max Karl August Delbrück Max Ernst Max Fleischer Max and ...
MAX
Cinemax (a cable television channel). * * * (as used in expressions) Beckmann Max Bill Max Born Max Bruch Max Karl August Delbrück Max Ernst Max Fleischer Max and Dave Frisch ...
Max Beerbohm
➡ Beerbohm * * *
Max Brand
➡ Brand * * *
Max Clifford
➡ Clifford * * *
Max Factor{™}
a company that makes a range of well-known cosmetics. It is advertised as ‘the make-up of make-up artists’. * * *
Max Miller
➡ Miller (V) * * *
Max Müller
/maks" mul"euhr/; Ger. /mahks" myuu"leuhrdd/ Friedrich /free"drik/; Germ /frddee"drddikh/. See Müller, Friedrich Max. * * *
Max Planck Society for the Advancement of Science
▪ organization, Munich, Germany German  Max-planck-gesellschaft Zur Förderung Der Wissenschaften,         official scientific research organization of Germany. It is ...
Max, Adolphe
▪ Belgian statesman born Dec. 30, 1869, Brussels, Belg. died Nov. 6, 1939, Brussels  Belgian Liberal statesman who as burgomaster of Brussels at the beginning of World War I ...
max.
maximum. * * *
Maxakali
▪ people       South American Indians speaking related languages of the Maxakali branch of the Macro-Ge language family. The tribes—Maxakali, Macuní, Kumanaxo, ...
Maxamed Cabdulle Xasan, Sayyid
▪ Somalian leader also spelled  Mohammed Abdullah Hassan  born April 7, 1864, Dulbahante area, British Somaliland [now Doli Bahanta, Somalia] died Dec. 21, 1920, Imi, ...
Maxentius
▪ Roman emperor Latin in full  Marcus Aurelius Valerius Maxentius   died 312       Roman emperor from 306 to 312. His father, the emperor Maximian, abdicated with ...
Maxentius, Basilica of
▪ ancient building, Rome, Italy also called  Basilica of Constantine        large, roofed hall in Rome, begun by the emperor Maxentius and finished by Constantine ...
maxi
/mak"see/, n., pl. maxis. 1. maxiskirt. 2. a garment having a maxiskirt, as a coat. 3. of the length of a maxiskirt; having a maxiskirt. [1965-70; shortening of MAXISKIRT, or ...
maxi-
a combining form with the meanings "very large in comparison with others of its kind" (maxi-budget; maxi-taxi); "of great scope or intensity" (maxi-devaluation; maxi-service); ...
maxilla
/mak sil"euh/, n., pl. maxillae /mak sil"ee/. 1. a jaw or jawbone, esp. the upper. 2. one of the paired appendages immediately behind the mandibles of arthropods. [1670-80; < NL, ...
Maxillaria
▪ plant genus       genus of more than 300 species of tropical American orchids, family Orchidaceae, that grow on other plants or on soil at high altitudes. Some species ...
maxillary
/mak"seuh ler'ee, mak sil"euh ree/, adj., n., pl. maxillaries. adj. 1. of or pertaining to a jaw, jawbone, or maxilla. n. 2. a maxilla or maxillary bone. [1620-30; MAXILL(A) + ...
maxilliped
—maxillipedary, adj. /mak sil"euh ped'/, n. one member of the three pairs of appendages situated immediately behind the maxillae of crustaceans. [1840-50; MAXILL(A) + -I- + ...
maxillofacial
/mak sil'oh fay"sheuhl/, adj. Anat. of, pertaining to, or affecting the jaws and the face: maxillofacial surgery. [1920-25; MAXILL(A) + -O- + FACIAL] * * *
maxim
/mak"sim/, n. 1. an expression of a general truth or principle, esp. an aphoristic or sententious one: the maxims of La Rochefoucauld. 2. a principle or rule of ...
Maxim
/mak"sim/; for 4 also Fr. /mannk seem"/, Russ. /mu ksyeem"/, n. 1. Hiram Percy, 1869-1936, U.S. inventor. 2. his father, Sir Hiram Stevens, 1840-1916, English inventor, born in ...
Maxim gun
an early single-barreled, water-cooled machine gun cocked by the force of its own recoil. [1880-85; after H. S. MAXIM] * * *
Maxim machine gun
      first fully automatic machine gun (q.v.), developed by engineer and inventor Hiram Maxim in about 1884, while he was residing in England. It was manufactured by ...
Maxim, Hiram Percy
▪ American inventor and manufacturer born Sept. 2, 1869, Brooklyn, N.Y., U.S. died Feb. 17, 1936, La Junta, Colo.  American inventor and manufacturer known especially for the ...
Maxim, Hudson
▪ American inventor born Feb. 3, 1853, Orneville, Maine, U.S. died May 6, 1927, Landing Post Office, N.J.  American inventor of explosives (explosive) extensively used in ...
Maxim, Joey
▪ 2002 Giuseppe Antonio Berardinelli        American boxer (b. March 28, 1922, Cleveland, Ohio—d. June 2, 2001, West Palm Beach, Fla.), was the world light heavyweight ...
Maxim, Sir Hiram
▪ American inventor born Feb. 5, 1840, Sangerville, Maine, U.S. died Nov. 24, 1916, London, Eng.       prolific inventor best known for the Maxim machine ...
Maxim, Sir Hiram (Stevens)
born Feb. 5, 1840, Sangerville, Maine, U.S. died Nov. 24, 1916, London, Eng. U.S.-British inventor. Son of a Maine farmer, he was apprenticed to a carriage maker. He became ...
Maxim,Sir Hiram Stevens
Max·im (măkʹsĭm), Sir Hiram Stevens. 1840-1916. American-born British inventor of an automatic, recoil-operated machine gun (1884), which was widely used during World War I. ...
maxima
/mak"seuh meuh/, n. a pl. of maximum. * * *
maximal
—maximally, adv. /mak"seuh meuhl/, adj. of or being a maximum; greatest possible; highest. [1880-85; MAXIM(UM) + -AL1] * * *
maximal ideal
Math. an ideal in a ring that is not included in any other ideal except the ring itself. [1960-65] * * *
maximalist
/mak"seuh meuh list/, n. a person who favors a radical and immediate approach to the achievement of a set of goals or the completion of a program. [ < Russ maksimalíst, coinage ...
maximally
See maximal. * * *
Maximgun
Maxim gun n. An early, water-cooled, automatic machine gun having a single barrel.   [After Maxim, Sir Hiram Stevens.] * * *
Maximian
in full Marcus Aurelius Valerius Maximianus born с AD 250, Sirmium, Pannonia Inferior died с July 310 Roman emperor with Diocletian (286–305). Assigned the government of ...
Maximilian
/mak'seuh mil"yeuhn/, n. 1. 1832-67, archduke of Austria: emperor of Mexico 1864-67. 2. a male given name. * * * I orig. Ferdinand Maximilian Joseph born July 6, 1832, Vienna, ...
Maximilian armor
full plate armor of the early 16th century, representing a combination of Italian and German styles and characterized by extensive use of fluting for lightness and strength. * * *
Maximilian I
1459-1519, emperor of the Holy Roman Empire 1493-1519. * * * I born April 17, 1573, Munich died Sept. 27, 1651, Ingolstadt, Bavaria Duke of Bavaria (1597–1651) and elector ...
Maximilian II
1527-76, emperor of the Holy Roman Empire 1564-76. * * * I born July 31, 1527, Vienna, Austria died Oct. 12, 1576, Regensburg Holy Roman emperor (1564–76). Son of the future ...
Maximilian II Emanuel
▪ elector of Bavaria born July 11, 1662, Munich died Feb. 26, 1726, Munich  elector of Bavaria from 1679 and an able soldier whose quest for dynastic aggrandizement led him ...
Maximilian III Joseph
▪ elector of Bavaria born March 28, 1727, Munich died Dec. 30, 1777, Munich       elector of Bavaria (1745–77), son of the Holy Roman emperor Charles VII. By the ...
Maximilian, Prince Of Baden
▪ German chancellor byname  Max,  German  Maximilian, Prinz Von Baden  born July 10, 1867, Baden-Baden, Baden [Germany] died Nov. 6, 1929, Schloss Salem, Baden, ...
MaximilianI
Maximilian I, 1459-1519. King of Germany (1486-1519) and Holy Roman emperor (1493-1519) who through arranged marriages added greatly to the territory and power of the ...
MaximilianII
Maximilian II, 1527-1576. Holy Roman emperor (1564-1576) who was tolerant of Lutheranism and supported Catholic reform. * * *
Maximiliansunflower
Maximilian sunflower n. A sunflower (Helianthus maximilianii) of eastern and central North America having folded leaves at the mid-stem, used regularly in prairie restoration ...
maximin
/mak"seuh min/, n. a strategy of game theory employed to maximize a player's minimum possible gain. Cf. minimax. [1950-55; MAXI(MUM) + MIN(IMUM)] * * *
Maximinus
▪ emperor of Rome original name  Gaius Julius Verus Maximinus , also called  Maximin  or  Maximinus Thrax (“The Thracian”)  born c. 173, Thrace [modern Bulgaria and ...
Maximinus, Galerius Valerius
▪ emperor of Rome original name  Daia   died 313, Tarsus, Cilicia  Roman emperor from 310 to 313 and a persistent persecutor of the Christians (Christianity). He was a ...
maximite
/mak"seuh muyt'/, n. Chem. a powerful explosive consisting primarily of picric acid. [1895-1900; named after Hudson MAXIM; see -ITE1] * * *
maximization
See maximize. * * *
maximize
—maximization, maximation, n. —maximizer, n. /mak"seuh muyz'/, v.t., maximized, maximizing. 1. to increase to the greatest possible amount or degree: to look for ways of ...
maximizer
See maximization. * * *
Maximos V
▪ 2002 Georges Hakim        Egyptian cleric (b. May 18, 1908, Tanta, Egypt—d. June 29, 2001, Beirut, Lebanon), was spiritual leader of the Greek Catholic Church from ...
maximum
—maximumly, adv. /mak"seuh meuhm/, n., pl. maximums, maxima /-meuh/, adj. n. 1. the greatest quantity or amount possible, assignable, allowable, etc. 2. the highest amount, ...
Maximum ages for some seed plants
▪ Table Maximum ages for some seed plants maximum age in years plant estimated verified locale of verified specimen Conifers common juniper (Juniperus ...
Maximum Card
a picture postcard to which a stamp can be affixed on the picture side, after which it can be cancelled by the appropriate postal service. * * *
maximum likelihood estimation
Statistics. a method of estimating population characteristics from a sample by choosing the values of the parameters that will maximize the probability of getting the particular ...
Maximum longevity of animals in captivity
▪ Table Maximum longevity of animals in captivity animal life-span in years Mammals bat (Eptesicus fuscus) 2 grizzly bear (Ursus horribilis) 31 cat (Felis ...
maximum principle
Math. the theorem that a function of a complex variable that is analytic in a domain and on its boundary attains its maximum absolute value on the boundary. Also called maximum ...
Maximum resolving power and depth of focus for a visual microscope
▪ Table Maximum resolving power and depth of focus for a visual microscope objective focal length (mm) numerical aperture (N.A.) maximum useful magnification in compound ...
maximum thermometer
a thermometer designed to show the highest temperature recorded between resettings. Cf. minimum thermometer. [1850-55] * * *
maximum value theorem
Math. the theorem that for a real-valued function f whose domain is a compact set, there is at least one element x in the domain of f for which f(x) achieves its largest value. * ...
maximum-security
/mak"seuh meuhm si kyoor"i tee/, adj. (of a correctional facility) designed for or housing prisoners regarded as being very dangerous to society. [1965-70] * * *
Maximus
(as used in expressions) Fabius Maximus Cunctator Quintus Maximus the Greek Planudes Maximus * * *
Maximus Of Ephesus
▪ Ephesian philosopher and magician died 370       Neoplatonist philosopher and theurgic magician whose most spectacular achievement was the animation of a statue of ...
Maximus the Confessor, Saint
▪ Byzantine theologian born c. 580, , Constantinople died Aug. 13, 662, Lazica       the most important Byzantine theologian of the 7th century, whose commentaries on ...
Maximus the Greek
born 1480, Árta, Greece died 1556, near Moscow, Russia; feast day January 21 Greek scholar and linguist. Educated in Paris, Venice, and Florence, he became part of a circle of ...
Maximus, Magnus
▪ emperor of Rome died Aug. 27, 388       usurping Roman emperor who ruled Britain, Gaul, and Spain from AD 383 to 388.       A Spaniard of humble origin, ...
Maxine
/mak seen", mak"seen/, n. a female given name. * * * (as used in expressions) Kingston Maxine Hong Maxine Hong Kumin Maxine Maxine Winokur * * *
maxiskirt
/mak"see skerrt'/, n. a long skirt or skirt part, as of a coat or dress, ending below the middle of the calf but above the ankle. Also called maxi. [MAXI- + SKIRT] * * *
maxixe
/mak seeks"/; Port. /mah shee"shi/, n., pl. maxixes /mak seek"seuhz/; Port. /mah shee"shis/. a ballroom dance originating in Brazil, in moderate duple measure with syncopated ...
Maxton, James
▪ British politician born June 22, 1885, Glasgow died July 23, 1946, Largs, Ayrshire, Scot.       British politician, one of the leaders of left-wing Socialism from ...
maxwell
/maks"wel, -weuhl/, n. Elect. the centimeter-gram-second unit of magnetic flux, equal to the magnetic flux through one square centimeter normal to a magnetic field of one gauss. ...
Maxwell
/maks"wel/ or, for 2, 3, /-weuhl/, n. 1. Elsa, 1883-1963, U.S. professional hostess and author. 2. James Clerk /klahrk/, 1831-79, Scottish physicist. 3. a male given name. * * ...
Maxwell Air Force Base
U.S. Air Force installation in SE central Alabama, NW of Montgomery: site of U.S. Air Force Advanced School. * * *
Maxwell Davies
(1934– ) an English composer of modern classical music, known mostly for his chamber music and operas, which include The Lighthouse (1979). He was made a knight in 1987. * * *
Maxwell demon
Physics. a hypothetical agent or device of arbitrarily small mass that is considered to admit or block selectively the passage of individual molecules from one compartment to ...
Maxwell House{™}
a popular make of instant coffee. It was first made in the US in 1886, and was often advertised as being ‘good to the last drop’. * * *
Maxwell Montes
Astron. a compact mountain range on Ishtar Terra, one of the regions of highest elevation on Venus. * * * ▪ mountain, Venus  the tallest mountain range on Venus, rising to ...
Maxwell's demon
▪ physics       hypothetical intelligent being (or a functionally equivalent device) capable of detecting and reacting to the motions of individual molecules. It was ...
Maxwell's equations
Four equations, formulated by James Clerk Maxwell, that together form a complete description of the production and interrelation of electric and magnetic fields. The statements ...
Maxwell's field equations
Elect. the four fundamental equations that describe the behavior of electric and magnetic fields in time and space and the dependence of these fields on the distribution and ...
Maxwell'sdemon
Max·well's demon (măksʹwĕlz', -wəlz) n. An imaginary creature who is able to sort hot molecules from cold molecules without expending energy, thus bringing about a general ...
Maxwell, (Ian) Robert
orig. Jan Ludvik Hoch born June 10, 1923, Slatina-Selo, Czech. died Nov. 5, 1991, at sea off the Canary Islands Czech-British publisher. Of Jewish origin, he lost many family ...
Maxwell, Elsa
▪ American writer and hostess born May 24, 1883, Keokuk, Iowa, U.S. died Nov. 1, 1963, New York, N.Y.       American columnist, songwriter, and professional hostess, ...
Maxwell, Gavin
▪ British author born July 15, 1914, Elrig, near Mochrum, Wigtown, Scot. died Sept. 6, 1969, Inverness, Inverness       Scottish author and ...
Maxwell, James Clerk
born June 13, 1831, Edinburgh, Scot. died Nov. 5, 1879, Cambridge, Cambridgeshire, Eng. Scottish physicist. He published his first scientific paper at age 14, entered the ...
Maxwell, Lois
▪ 2008 Lois Ruth Hooker        Canadian-born actress born Feb. 14, 1927, Kitchener, Ont. died Sept. 29, 2007 , Fremantle, W.Aus., Australia played the role of the ...
Maxwell, Robert
▪ British publisher in full  Ian Robert Maxwell , original name  Jan Ludvik Hoch  born June 10, 1923, Slatina-Selo, Czechoslovakia died Nov. 5, 1991, at sea off the Canary ...
Maxwell, Vera
▪ 1996       (VERA HUPPÉ), U.S. fashion designer (b. April 22, 1901, New York, N.Y.—d. Jan. 15, 1995, Rincón, P.R.), was dubbed "the American Chanel" as the creator ...
Maxwell, William
born Aug. 16, 1908, Lincoln, Ill., U.S. died July 31, 2000, New York, N.Y. American editor and author. Maxwell taught English at the University of Illinois before joining the ...
Maxwell, William Keepers, Jr.
▪ 2001       American editor and writer (b. Aug. 16, 1908, Lincoln, Ill.—d. July 31, 2000, New York, N.Y.), as a fiction editor at The New Yorker magazine, spent some ...
Maxwell,James Clerk
Max·well (măksʹwĕl', -wəl), James Clerk. 1831-1879. British physicist who made fundamental contributions to electromagnetic theory and the kinetic theory of gases. * * *
Maxwell-Boltzmann distribution law
▪ chemistry       a description of the statistical distribution of the energies of the molecules of a classical gas. This distribution was first set forth by the ...
Maxwell-Boltzmann statistics
/maks"wel bawlts"mahn, -meuhn, -weuhl/, Physics. statistics for classical physics, based on the assumption that in a given physical system consisting of indistinguishable ...
may
may1 /may/, auxiliary v., pres. sing. 1st pers. may, 2nd may or (Archaic) mayest or mayst, 3rd may; pres. pl. may; past might. 1. (used to express possibility): It may rain. 2. ...
May
/may/, n. 1. the fifth month of the year, containing 31 days. 2. the early part of one's life, esp. the prime: a young woman in her May. 3. the festivities of May Day. 4. (l.c.) ...
May apple
1. an American plant, Podophyllum peltatum, of the barberry family, bearing an edible, yellowish, egg-shaped fruit. 2. the fruit itself. Also, Mayapple. [1725-35, Amer.] * * *
May beetle.
See June bug (def. 1). [1710-20] * * *
May Day
the first day of May, long celebrated with various festivities, as the crowning of the May queen, dancing around the Maypole, and, in recent years, often marked by labor parades ...
May Fourth Movement
Chinese intellectual revolution and sociopolitical reform movement (1917–21). In 1915 young intellectuals inspired by Chen Duxiu began agitating for the reform and ...
May Pen
▪ Jamaica       town, southern Jamaica, on the Minho River, west of Kingston. It has a citrus-processing plant, a rope factory, and canneries. Pop. (2001 est.) urban ...
May queen
a girl or young woman crowned with flowers and honored as queen in the festivities of May Day. * * *
May Thirtieth Incident
▪ Chinese history       (1925), in China, a nationwide series of strikes and demonstrations precipitated by the killing of 13 labour demonstrators by British police in ...
may tree
Brit. the hawthorn. * * *
May wine
a punch consisting typically of Alsatian, Moselle, or Rhine wine, flavored with woodruff. * * *
May, Elizabeth
▪ American-born Canadian politician in full  Elizabeth Evans May  born June 9, 1954, Hartford, Conn., U.S.    American-born Canadian politician who became leader of the ...
May, Karl
▪ German author in full  Karl Friedrich May  born Feb. 25, 1842, Hohenstein-Ernstthal, Saxony [Germany] died March 30, 1912, Radebeul, Ger.       German author of ...
May, Peter Barker Howard
▪ 1995       English cricketer (b. Dec. 31, 1929, Reading, Berkshire, England—d. Dec. 27, 1994, Liphook, Hampshire, England), was widely regarded as England's finest ...
May, Phil
▪ British caricaturist byname  of Philip William May   born April 22, 1864, Wortley, near Leeds, Yorkshire, Eng. died Aug. 5, 1903, London       British social and ...
May, Rollo Reece
▪ 1995       U.S. psychologist and author (b. April 21, 1909, Ada, Ohio—d. Oct. 22, 1994, Tiburon, Calif.), was known as the father of existential psychotherapy. He ...
May, Thomas
▪ English scholar born , 1595 died Nov. 13, 1650, London       English man of letters known for his historical defense of the English Parliament in its struggle against ...
May,Cape
May, Cape A peninsula of southern New Jersey between the Atlantic Ocean and Delaware Bay. The southern tip forms Cape May Point. * * *
May-blob
/may"blob'/, n. See marsh marigold. [1860-65] * * *
May-December
May-December [mā′di sem′bər] adj. of or designating a marriage or romantic relationship between a young person and a person who is considerably older * * *
May-Treanor, Misty, and Walsh, Kerri
▪ 2009 born July 30, 1977, Los Angeles, Calif. born Aug. 15, 1978, Santa Clara, Calif.  For American duo Misty May-Treanor and Kerri Walsh in 2008, not even water falling ...
maya
—mayan, adj. /mah"yah, -yeuh/, n. Hinduism. 1. the power, as of a god, to produce illusions. 2. the production of an illusion. 3. (in Vedantic philosophy) the illusion of the ...
Maya
/mah"yeuh/, n., pl. Mayas, (esp. collectively) Maya, adj. n. 1. a member of a major pre-Columbian civilization of the Yucatán Peninsula that reached its peak in the 9th century ...
Maya Angelou
➡ Angelou * * *
Maya Codices
Books in Mayan hieroglyphic writing that survived the Spanish conquest. They are made of fig-bark paper folded like an accordion, with covers of jaguar skin. Though most Mayan ...
Maya languages
or Mayan languages Family of about 30 American Indian languages and language complexes, spoken by more than three million people, mainly in southern Mexico and Guatemala. While ...
Maya Mountains
▪ hills, Belize Spanish  Montañas Mayas,         range of hills mostly in southern Belize, extending about 70 miles (115 km) northeastward from across the Guatemalan ...
Mayagüez
/mah'yah gwes"/, n. a seaport in W Puerto Rico. 82,968. * * * ▪ Puerto Rico  city, western Puerto Rico. Created in 1760 as Nuestra Señora de la Candelaria de Mayagüez, it ...
Mayakovski
/mah'yeuh kawf"skee, -kof"-/; Russ. /meuh yu kawf"skyee/, n. Vladimir Vladimirovich /vlad"euh mear' vlad'euh mear"euh vich'/; Russ. /vlu dyee"myirdd vlu dyee"myi rddeuh vyich/, ...
Mayakovski,Vladimir Vladimirovich
Ma·ya·kov·ski (mä'yə-kôfʹskē, mə-), Vladimir Vladimirovich. 1893-1930. Soviet poet. A leader of futurism in Russian literature, he wrote forceful, declamatory verse ...
Mayakovsky, Vladimir (Vladimirovich)
born July 19, 1893, Bagdadi, Georgia, Russian Empire died April 14, 1930, Moscow, Russia, U.S.S.R. Russian poet. Repeatedly jailed for subversive activity, he began writing ...
Mayakovsky, Vladimir Vladimirovich
▪ Russian poet born July 7 [July 19, New Style], 1893, Bagdadi, Georgia, Russian Empire died April 14, 1930, Moscow, Russia, U.S.S.R.  the leading poet of the Russian ...
Mayall, John
▪ British musician born Nov. 29, 1933, Macclesfield, Cheshire, Eng.       British singer, pianist, organist, and occasional guitarist who was among the guiding lights ...
Mayan
/mah"yeuhn/, adj. 1. of or pertaining to the Maya, their culture, or their languages. n. 2. a member of the Mayan tribe. 3. a group of languages spoken by the Mayas in southern ...
Mayan calendar
▪ chronology       dating system of the ancient Mayan civilization and the basis for all other calendars used by Mesoamerican civilizations (Mesoamerican civilization). ...
Mayan hieroglyphic writing
System of writing used by people of the Maya civilization from about the 3rd century AD to the 17th century. Of the various scripts developed in pre-Columbian Mesoamerica, Mayan ...
Mayapán
▪ ancient city, Mexico       ruined ancient Mayan city, located about 35 miles (55 km) southeast of modern Mérida, Yucatán state, Mex. It became one of the most ...
Mayapple
May apple n. In both senses also called mandrake. 1. A rhizomatous plant (Podophyllum peltatum) of eastern North America, having a single, nodding white flower and oval yellow ...
Maybach, Wilhelm
▪ German engineer and manufacturer born Feb. 9, 1846, Heilbronn, Württemberg [Germany] died Dec. 29, 1929, Stuttgart, Ger.       German engineer and industrialist who ...
maybe
/may"bee/, adv. 1. perhaps; possibly: Maybe I'll go too. n. 2. a possibility or uncertainty. [1375-1425; late ME may be, short for it may be] * * *
Maybeck
/may"bek/, n. Bernard, 1862-1957 U.S. architect. * * *
Maybeck, Bernard (Ralph)
▪ American architect born Feb. 7, 1862, New York City died Oct. 3, 1957, Berkeley, Calif., U.S.  American architect whose work in California (from 1889) exhibits the ...
Maybeck,Bernard Ralph
Maybeck (māʹbĕk'), Bernard Ralph. 1882-1957. American architect. His designs, which reflect both classical traditions and the influence of his western environment, include ...
Maybeetle
May beetle n. See June beetle. * * *
maybird
may·bird (māʹbûrd') n. Chiefly Southeastern U.S. See bobolink.   [From its seasonal arrival in May.] * * *
Mayday
/may"day'/, n. the international radiotelephone distress signal, used by ships and aircraft. [1925-30; < F (venez) m'aider (come) help me!] * * *
Maydūm
▪ ancient site, Egypt also spelled  Medum        ancient Egyptian site near Memphis on the west bank of the Nile River in Banī Suwayf muḥāfaẓah (governorate). ...
Mayence
/mann yahonns"/, n. French name of Mainz. * * *
Mayenne
/mann yen"/, n. a department in W France. 252,762; 2012 sq. mi. (5210 sq. km). Cap.: Laval. * * *
Mayenne River
▪ river, France       river in northwestern France; its headwaters are west-northwest of Alençon in Forêt de Multonne, Orne département. It flows southward for 121 ...
Mayenne, Charles de Lorraine, duc de
▪ French noble born March 26, 1554, Alençon, Fr. died Oct. 13, 1611, Soissons  leader (1589–95) of the Holy League in France and opponent of Henry of Navarre's claims to ...
Mayer
/muy"euhr/ or, Ger., /muy"euhrdd/ for 1; /may"euhr/ for 2; /muy"euhr/ for 3, n. 1. Julius Robert von /joohl"yeuhs rob"euhrt von/; Ger. /yooh"lee oos rddoh"berddt feuhn/, 1814-78, ...
Mayer, Hans Heinrich
▪ 2002       German literary scholar (b. March 19, 1907, Cologne, Ger.—d. May 18, 2001, Tübingen, Ger.), was a distinguished academic and critic who sought to achieve ...
Mayer, Johann Tobias
▪ German astronomer born Feb. 17, 1723, Marbach, Württemberg died Feb. 20, 1762, Göttingen       German astronomer who developed lunar tables that greatly assisted ...
Mayer, John
▪ American singer, songwriter, and guitarist in full  John Clayton Mayer  born Oct. 16, 1977, Bridgeport, Conn., U.S.       American singer, songwriter, and guitarist ...
Mayer, Louis B
▪ American producer original name  Eliezer Mayer , or  Lazar Mayer  born July 4, 1885, Minsk, Russian Empire died Oct. 29, 1957, Los Angeles       most powerful ...
Mayer, Louis B(urt)
orig. Eliezer Mayer or Lazar Mayer born July 4, 1885, Minsk, Russian Empire died Oct. 29, 1957, Los Angeles, Calif., U.S. Russian-born U.S. film executive. He immigrated to ...
Mayer, Maria (Gertrude)
orig. Maria (Gertrude) Goeppert born June 28, 1906, Kattowitz, Ger. died Feb. 20, 1972, San Diego, Calif, U.S. German-born U.S. physicist. She immigrated to the U.S. in 1930, ...
Mayer, Maria Goeppert
▪ American physicist née  Maria Goeppert  born June 28, 1906, Kattowitz, Ger. [now Katowice, Pol.] died Feb. 20, 1972, San Diego, Calif., U.S.       German-born ...
Mayer,Louis Burt
May·er (māʹər), Louis Burt. 1885-1957. Russian-born American motion-picture producer who formed a film company (1918) and merged with Samuel Goldwyn to form ...
Mayer,Marie Goeppert
May·er (mīʹər), Marie Goeppert. 1906-1972. German-born American physicist. She shared a 1963 Nobel Prize for research on the structure of the atom and its nucleus. * * *
Mayerling
▪ Austria       village on the Schwechat River in eastern Lower Austria (Niederösterreich), 24 kilometres (15 miles) southwest of Vienna. It is the site of a hunting ...
mayest
/may"ist/, v. Archaic. 2nd pers. sing. pres. indic. of may1. * * *
Mayfair
/may"fair'/, n. a fashionable neighborhood in London, England, E of Hyde Park. * * * ▪ neighbourhood, London, United Kingdom       neighbourhood of the City of ...
mayfair tan
suntan (def. 2). [after MAYFAIR] * * *
Mayfield
/may"feeld'/, n. a city in SW Kentucky. 10,705. * * * ▪ Kentucky, United States       city, seat of Graves county, southwestern Kentucky, U.S., about 25 miles (40 km) ...
Mayfield Heights
a city in N Ohio, near Cleveland. 21,550. * * *
Mayfield, Curtis
born June 3, 1942, Chicago, Ill., U.S. died Dec. 26, 1999, Roswell, Ga. U.S. singer-songwriter and guitarist. He became a vocalist and guitarist with the Impressions in 1957. ...
mayfish
/may"fish'/, n., pl. mayfishes, (esp. collectively) mayfish. See striped killifish. [1830-40, Amer.; MAY + FISH] * * *
Mayflower
/may"flow'euhr/, n. 1. (italics) the ship in which the Pilgrims sailed from Southampton to the New World in 1620. 2. (l.c.) any of various plants that blossom in May, as the ...
Mayflower compact
an agreement to establish a government, entered into by the Pilgrims in the cabin of the Mayflower on November 11, 1620. * * * (1620) Document signed by 41 male passengers on ...
mayfly
/may"fluy'/, n., pl. mayflies. 1. Also called shadfly. any insect of the order Ephemeroptera, having delicate, membranous wings with the front pair much larger than the rear and ...
mayhap
/may'hap", may"hap'/, adv. Archaic. perhaps. [1530-40; short for it may hap] * * *
mayhappen
/may'hap"euhn/, adv. Archaic. perhaps; mayhap. [1520-30; short for it may happen] * * *
mayhem
/may"hem, may"euhm/, n. 1. Law. the crime of willfully inflicting a bodily injury on another so as to make the victim less capable of self-defense or, under modern statutes, so ...
Mayhew
/may"hyooh/, n. 1. Jonathan, 1720-66, American Congregational clergyman. 2. Thomas, 1593-1682, American colonist, born in England: settler and governor of Martha's Vineyard. * * *
Mayhew, Henry
born 1812, London, Eng. died July 25, 1887, London English journalist and sociologist. He studied law but soon turned to journalism. In 1841 he founded the highly successful ...
Mayhew, Jonathan
▪ American preacher born Oct. 8, 1720, Martha's Vineyard, Mass. [U.S.] died July 9, 1766, Boston       vigorous Boston preacher whose outspoken political and religious ...
Maying
/may"ing/, n. the celebration of May Day. [1350-1400; ME maiing; see MAY, -ING1] * * *


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