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mechanistically
See mechanistic. * * *
mechanization
See mechanize. * * * Use of machines, either wholly or in part, to replace human or animal labour. Unlike automation, which may not depend at all on a human operator, ...
mechanize
—mechanization, n. —mechanizer, n. /mek"euh nuyz'/, v.t., mechanized, mechanizing. 1. to make mechanical. 2. to operate or perform by or as if by machinery. 3. to introduce ...
mechanizer
See mechanization. * * *
mechano-
a combining form representing machine or mechanical in compound words: mechanoreceptor. [ < Gk mechano-, comb. form repr. mechané; see MACHINE] * * *
mechanochemical
mech·a·no·chem·i·cal (mĕk'ə-nō-kĕmʹĭ-kəl) adj. Of or relating to conversion of chemical energy into mechanical work. * * *
mechanochemistry
—mechanochemical, adj. /mek'euh noh kem"euh stree/, n. the field of chemistry that deals with the direct conversion of chemical into mechanical energy. [1925-30; MECHANO- + ...
mechanomorphism
—mechanomorphic, adj. —mechanomorphically, adv. /mek'euh noh mawr"fiz euhm/, n. Philos. the doctrine that the universe is fully explicable in mechanistic terms. [1925-30; ...
mechanoreception
See mechanoreceptor. * * * Ability to detect and respond to mechanical stimuli in one's environment. A slight deformation of a mechanoreceptive neuron causes an electric charge ...
mechanoreceptive
See mechanoreception. * * *
mechanoreceptor
/mek'euh noh ri sep"teuhr/, n. Anat. any of the sense organs that respond to vibration, stretching, pressure, or other mechanical stimuli. [1925-30; MECHANO- + RECEPTOR] * * *
mechanotherapist
See mechanotherapy. * * *
mechanotherapy
—mechanotherapist, n. /mek'euh noh ther"euh pee/, n. curative treatment by mechanical means. [1885-90; MECHANO + THERAPY] * * *
Mechelen
Mechelen [mek′ə lən] city in NC Belgium, in Antwerp province: pop. 65,000 * * * ▪ Belgium (Flemish),   French  Malines        municipality, Antwerp province, ...
Mechitarist
/mek'i tahr"ist/, n. Mekhitarist. * * * ▪ religious order also spelled  Mekhitarist , member of  Congregation of Benedictine Armenian Antonine Monks        a ...
mechitza
me·chi·tza (mə-KHēʹtsə, -KHē-tsäʹ) n. Judaism pl. me·chi·tzas or me·chi·tzot (-tsôt) A partition erected in the seating section of an Orthodox synogogue to prevent ...
mechitzah
Seph. /meuh khee tsah"/; Ashk. /meuh khee"tseuh/, n., pl. mechitzoth, mechitzot, mechitzos Seph. /-khee tsawt"/; Ashk. /-khee"tseuhz, -khee"tsohs/. Hebrew. mehitzah. * * *
Mechlin
/mek"lin/, n. 1. French, Malines. Flemish, Mechelen /mekh"euh leuhn/. a city in N Belgium. 64,638. 2. See Mechlin lace. * * *
Mechlin lace
1. a fine bobbin lace with raised cord, originally made in Mechlin. 2. a similar lace made by machine. Also called Mechlin, malines. [1690-1700; after MECHLIN] * * *
mechlorethamine
/me klawr eth"euh meen', -klohr-/, n. Pharm. a nitrogen mustard, C5H11Cl2N, used in combination with other drugs in the treatment of Hodgkin's disease and certain other ...
Mechnikov
/myech"nyi keuhf/, n. Ilya Ilyich /ee lyah" ee lyeech"/. See Metchnikoff, Élie. * * *
Meciar, Vladimir
▪ 1994       A former amateur boxer, Vladimir Meciar charged aggressively out of his corner in early 1993 as prime minister of the newly created Slovak Republic. As the ...
mecism
/mee"siz euhm/, n. Pathol. abnormal prolongation of one or more parts of the body. [ < Gk mêk(os) length + -ISM] * * *
Meckel, Johann Friedrich
born Oct. 17, 1781, Halle, Prussia died Oct. 31, 1833, Halle German anatomist. He was the first to describe the embryonic cartilage (Meckel cartilage) that becomes part of the ...
Mecklenburg
/mek"leuhn berrg'/; Ger. /mek"leuhn boorddk', may"kleuhn-/, n. a former state in NE Germany, formed in 1934 from two states (Mecklenburg-Schwerin and Mecklenburg-Strelitz). * * ...
Mecklenburg-Schwerin
/mek"leuhn berrg'shwer"euhn/; Ger. /mek"leuhn boorddk'shvay rddeen", may"kleuhn-/, n. See under Mecklenburg. * * *
Mecklenburg-Strelitz
/mek"leuhn berrg'shtray"lits/; Ger. /mek"leuhn boorddk'shtrdday"lits, may"kleuhn-/, n. See under Mecklenburg. * * *
Mecklenburg-Vorpommern
/mek"leuhn boorddk'fohrdd"pawm euhrddn/, n. German name of Mecklenburg-Western Pomerania. * * *
Mecklenburg-Western Pomerania
/mek"leuhn berrg'/ a state in NE Germany. 2,100,000; 8842 sq. mi. (22,900 sq. km). Cap.: Schwerin. * * *
Mecklenburg–West Pomerania
▪ state, Germany Introduction German  Mecklenburg-Vorpommern    Land (state), northeastern Germany. Mecklenburg–West Pomerania borders the Baltic Sea to the north, ...
meclizine
/mek"leuh zeen'/, n. Pharm. a compound, C25H27ClN2, used for preventing nausea of motion sickness, pregnancy, etc. [1950-55; ME(THYLBENZENE) + C(H)L(OR)-2 + -I- + (PIPERA)ZINE] * ...
mecometer
/mi kom"i teuhr/, n. Med. a caliperlike instrument for measuring the length of newborn infants. [1850-55; < Gk mêko(s) length + -METER] * * *
meconium
/mi koh"nee euhm/, n. 1. the first fecal excretion of a newborn child, composed chiefly of bile, mucus, and epithelial cells. 2. fecal mass released at pupation by the larvae of ...
Meconopsis
▪ plant genus  genus of about 45 species of herbaceous perennial plants of the poppy family (Papaveraceae) native to south-central Asia, several of which are grown for their ...
mecopteran
/mi kop"teuhr euhn/, adj. 1. mecopterous. n. 2. Also, mecopteron /mi kop"teuh ron'/. a mecopterous insect. [see MECOPTEROUS, -AN] * * *
mecopterous
/mi kop"teuhr euhs/, adj. belonging or pertaining to the insect order Mecoptera, comprising the scorpionflies and hangingflies. [1888; < NL Mecopter(a) ( < Gk mêk(os) length + ...
med
/med/, Informal. adj. 1. medical: med school. n. 2. medicine. [1890-95; by shortening] * * *
med-
To take appropriate measures. Derivatives include medicine, modest, modern, commodity, and empty. 1. a. mete1, from Old English metan, to measure (out), from Germanic *metan; b. ...
med.
1. medical. 2. medicine. 3. medieval. 4. medium. * * *
Med.Gr.
Med. Gr. abbr. Medieval Greek. * * *
Med.Lat.
Med. Lat. abbr. Medieval Latin. * * *
Med.Sc.D.
Doctor of Medical Science. * * *
médaillon
/may dann yawonn"/, n., pl. médaillons /-dann yawonn"/. French. a portion of food, esp. meat or poultry, cut or served in a round or oval shape. * * *
medaka
/mi dak"euh/, n. a small Japanese fish, Oryzias latipes, common in rice fields, often kept in aquariums. [1930-35; < Japn, equiv. to me(y) (earlier *mai) eye + -daka, comb. form ...
medal
/med"l/, n., v., medaled, medaling or (esp. Brit.) medalled, medalling. n. 1. a flat piece of metal, often a disk but sometimes a cross, star, or other form, usually bearing an ...
Medal for Merit
a medal awarded by the U.S. to a civilian for distinguished service to the country: discontinued after World War II. * * *
Medal of Freedom
a former name of the Presidential Medal of Freedom. [1940-45, Amer.] * * *
Medal of Honor
the highest U.S. military decoration, awarded by Congress to a member of the armed forces for gallantry and bravery in combat, at the risk of life and above and beyond the call ...
medal play
Golf. play in which the score is reckoned by counting the strokes taken to complete the round. Also called stroke play. Cf. match play. [1885-90] * * *
medalet
/med'l et", med"l it/, n. a small medal, usually no larger than 1 in. (2.5 cm) in diameter. [1780-90; MEDAL + -ET] * * *
Medalfor Merit
Med·al for Merit (mĕdʹəl) n. A decoration awarded by the United States to civilians for outstanding service in peace or war. * * *
medalist
/med"l ist/, n. 1. a person to whom a medal has been awarded. 2. (in a golf tournament) the player having the lowest score in a qualifying round scored by strokes. 3. a designer, ...
medallic
/meuh dal"ik/, adj. of or pertaining to medals. [1695-1705; MEDAL + -IC] * * *
medallion
/meuh dal"yeuhn/, n. 1. a large medal. 2. anything resembling a medal in form, used as an ornament, in a design, etc. 3. a permit issued by a governmental agency to operate a ...
medallion carpet
  any floor covering on which the decoration is dominated by a single symmetrical centrepiece, such as a star-shaped, circular, quatrefoiled, or octagonal figure. The name, ...
Medalof Freedom
Medal of Freedom n. A decoration awarded by the United States to civilians for outstanding achievement in various fields of endeavor. * * *
Medalof Honor
Medal of Honor n. The Congressional Medal of Honor. * * *
medalplay
medal play n. Golf competition in which the total number of strokes taken is the basis of the score. Also called stroke play. * * *
medals
The highest decoration (= award) that can be awarded to a British person is the Victoria Cross (VC), which is given to members of the armed forces ‘for conspicuous bravery in ...
Medan
/me dahn"/, n. a city in NE Sumatra, in W Indonesia. 635,562. * * * City (pop., 1995 est.: 1,843,919), northeastern Sumatra. After tobacco plantations were introduced in 1873, ...
Medawar
/med"euh weuhr/, n. Peter Brian, 1915-87, English zoologist and anatomist, born in Brazil: Nobel prize for medicine 1960. * * *
Medawar, Sir Peter B(rian)
born Feb. 28, 1915, Rio de Janeiro, Braz. died Oct. 2, 1987, London, Eng. Brazilian-born British zoologist. Educated at Oxford, he began transplant research in 1949. His ...
Medawar, Sir Peter B.
▪ British zoologist in full  Sir Peter Brian Medawar  born Feb. 28, 1915, Rio de Janeiro, Brazil died Oct. 2, 1987, London, Eng.  Brazilian-born British zoologist who ...
Medawar,Sir Peter Brian
Med·a·war (mĕdʹə-wər), Sir Peter Brian. 1915-1987. Brazilian-born British biologist. He shared a 1960 Nobel Prize for his work on acquired immunological tolerance. * * *
Medb
▪ legendary Irish queen also spelled  Medhbh        (Celtic: “Drunken Woman”), legendary queen of Connaught (Connacht) in Ireland. In the Irish epic tale Táin ...
meddle
—meddler, n. —meddlingly, adv. /med"l/, v.i., meddled, meddling. to involve oneself in a matter without right or invitation; interfere officiously and unwantedly: Stop ...
meddler
See meddle. * * *
meddlesome
—meddlesomely, adv. —meddlesomeness, n. /med"l seuhm/, adj. given to meddling; interfering; intrusive. [1605-15; MEDDLE + -SOME1] Syn. See curious. * * *
meddlesomely
See meddlesome. * * *
meddlesomeness
See meddlesomely. * * *
Mede
/meed/, n. a native or inhabitant of Media. [1350-1400; ME Medis (pl.), OE Medas < L Medi < Gk Mêdoi (pl.), Mêdos (sing.) < OPers Mada] * * * ▪ people       one of an ...
Medea
/mi dee"euh/, n. 1. Class. Myth. a sorceress, daughter of Aeëtes and wife of Jason, whom she assisted in obtaining the Golden Fleece: when Jason deserted her, she killed their ...
Medecin, Jacques
▪ 1999       French politician who followed his father's 30-plus years as mayor of Nice by holding that office from 1966 to 1990; considered a virtual dictator by some, ...
Medellín
/me dhe yeen"/, n. a city in W Colombia. 1,070,924. * * * City (pop., 1999 est.: 1,861,265), northwestern Colombia. It is the country's second largest city and is heavily ...
Medelpad
▪ province, Sweden       landskap (province) in the administrative län (county) of Västernorrland, northeastern Sweden. It is bounded on the south by the landskap of ...
Medenine
▪ Tunisia also spelled  Médenine  or  Madanīn        town located in southern Tunisia. Medenine lies in the semiarid plain of Al-Jifārah (Jifārah, al-) ...
medevac
/med"euh vak'/, n., v., medevacked, medevacking. n. 1. a helicopter for evacuating the wounded from a battlefield. 2. an ambulance or other vehicle equipped for emergency ...
Medfield
/med"feeld'/, n. a city in E Massachusetts. 10,220. * * *
medfly
/med"fluy'/, n., pl. medflies. See Mediterranean fruit fly. Also, Medfly. [1930-35; by shortening] * * *
Medford
/med"feuhrd/, n. 1. a city in E Massachusetts, near Boston. 58,076. 2. a city in SW Oregon. 39,603. * * * ▪ Massachusetts, United States       city, Middlesex county, ...
Medgar Evers
➡ Evers brothers * * *
medhu-
Honey; also mead. 1. mead1, from Old English meodu, mead, from Germanic *medu. 2. amethyst, methylene, from Greek methu, wine.   [Pokorny médhu- 707.] * * *
medhyo-
Middle. Derivatives include middle, medieval, and meridian. 1. a. mid1, midst; amid, from Old English midd(e), middle; b. middle, from Old English middel, middle, from West ...
medi-
medi- [mē′dē, mēdi, mē′də] combining form MEDIO-: used before a vowel * * *
media
media1 /mee"dee euh/, n. 1. a pl. of medium. 2. (usually used with a pl. v.) the means of communication, as radio and television, newspapers, and magazines, that reach or ...
Media
/mee"dee euh/, n. an ancient country in W Asia, S of the Caspian Sea, corresponding generally to NW Iran. Cap.: Ecbatana. * * * Ancient country, Middle East. It was situated in ...
Media and Publishing
▪ 2007 Introduction The Frankfurt Book Fair enjoyed a record number of exhibitors, and the distribution of free newspapers surged. TV broadcasters experimented with ways of ...
Media Atropatene
an ancient region in NW Iran, formerly a part of Media. Also called Atropatene. * * *
media center
a library, usually in school, that contains and encourages the use of audiovisual media and associated equipment as well as books, periodicals, and the like. * * *
media convergence
Introduction  phenomenon involving the interlocking of computing and information technology companies, telecommunications networks, and content providers from the publishing ...
media event
a celebration, stunt, spectacle, or other activity carefully orchestrated to attract the attention of the news media. [1970-75] * * *
Media Go to War
▪ 2004 by Peter Kellner       On March 20, 2003, Anglo-American ground forces crossed into Iraq in order to overthrow Pres. Saddam Hussein. The U.S.-led coalition's war ...
Media Voices of the Muslim World
▪ 2002       The terrorist attacks of Sept. 11, 2001, and the military actions against Osama bin Laden, the alleged mastermind of the operation, and the Islamic Taliban ...
mediacy
/mee"dee euh see/, n. the state of being mediate. [1375-1425; late ME: intercession; see MEDIATE, -ACY] * * *
mediad
/mee"dee ad'/, adv. Anat., Zool. toward the middle line or plane. [1875-80; MEDI- + L ad to, toward] * * *
mediaeval
/mee'dee ee"veuhl, med'ee-, mid'ee-, mid ee"veuhl/, adj. medieval. * * *
mediaevalism
me·di·ae·val·ism (mē'dē-ēʹvə-lĭz'əm, mĕd'ē-) n. Variant of medievalism. * * *
mediaevalist
me·di·ae·val·ist (mē'dē-ēʹvə-lĭst, mĕd-ē-) n. Variant of medievalist. * * *
mediaevent
media event n. 1. An occasion that attracts prominent coverage by news organizations: “It was a media event with flowing blood and absurdist overtones” (Lance Morrow). 2. ...
mediagenic
/mee'dee euh jen"ik/, adj. having qualities or characteristics that are especially appealing or attractive when presented in the mass media: a mediagenic politician. [1970-75; ...
medial
—medially, adv. /mee"dee euhl/, adj. 1. situated in or pertaining to the middle; median; intermediate. 2. pertaining to a mean or average; average. 3. ordinary. 4. Phonet. ...
medial moraine
a ridge of glacial drift formed by the junction of two converging valley glaciers. * * *
medially
See medial. * * *
medialstrip
medial strip n. Pennsylvania See median strip. See Regional Note at neutral ground. * * *
median
—medianly, adv. /mee"dee euhn/, adj. 1. noting or pertaining to a plane dividing something into two equal parts, esp. one dividing an animal into right and left halves. 2. ...
Median
/mee"dee euhn/, adj. 1. of or pertaining to Media, the Medes, or their language. n. 2. a Mede. 3. the Iranian language of ancient Media, contemporaneous with Old ...
median lethal dose
the quantity of a lethal substance, as a poison or pathogen, or of ionizing radiation that will kill 50 percent of the organisms subjected to it in a specified time period. ...
median plane
Anat. a vertical plane that divides an organism into symmetrical halves. * * *
median point
Geom. centroid (def. 2). * * *
median strip
a paved, planted, or landscaped strip in the center of a highway that separates lanes of traffic going in opposite directions. Also called medial strip, median. [1945-50] * * *
medianly
See median. * * *
medianplane
median plane n. A plane dividing a bilaterally symmetrical animal into right and left halves. * * *
medianpoint
median point n. The intersection of the medians of a triangle. * * *
medianstrip
median strip n. Eastern, Midwestern, & Southern U.S. The dividing area, either paved or landscaped, between opposing lanes of traffic on some highways. Also called median, also ...
mediant
/mee"dee euhnt/, n. the third degree of a major or minor musical scale. [1720-30; < It mediante < LL mediant- (s. of medians), prp. of mediare to be in the middle. See MEDIUM, ...
Mediaş
▪ Romania       city, Sibiu judeţ (county), central Romania, on the Târnava Mare River. It was founded by German colonists in the 13th century on the site of a Roman ...
mediastinal
See mediastinum. * * *
mediastinal emphysema
▪ pathology       pocket of air surrounding the heart and central blood vessels contained within the mediastinum (the central cavity in the chest situated between the ...
mediastinitis
▪ pathology       inflammation of the tissue around the heart, aortic artery, and entrance (hilum) to the lungs, located in the middle chest cavity. The mediastinum is ...
mediastinum
—mediastinal, adj. /mee'dee a stuy"neuhm/, n., pl. mediastina /-a stuy"neuh/. Anat. 1. a median septum or partition between two parts of an organ, or paired cavities of the ...
mediate
—mediately, adv. —mediateness, n. v. /mee"dee ayt'/; adj. /mee"dee it/, v., mediated, mediating, adj. v.t. 1. to settle (disputes, strikes, etc.) as an intermediary between ...
mediated generalization
Psychol. generalization (def. 4c). * * *
mediately
See mediate. * * *
mediation
/mee'dee ay"sheuhn/, n. 1. action in mediating between parties, as to effect an agreement or reconciliation. 2. Internat. Law. an attempt to effect a peaceful settlement between ...
mediative
/mee"dee ay'tiv, -euh tiv/, adj. mediating; mediatory. [1805-15; MEDIATE + -IVE] * * *
mediatization
See mediatize. * * *
mediatize
—mediatization, n. /mee"dee euh tuyz'/, v.t., mediatized, mediatizing. to annex (a principality) to another state, while allowing certain rights to its former sovereign. Also, ...
mediator
—mediatorship, n. /mee"dee ay'teuhr/, n. a person who mediates, esp. between parties at variance. [1250-1300; < LL (see MEDIATE, -TOR); r. ME mediatour < AF < LL, as above] * * ...
mediatorial
/mee'dee euh tawr"ee euhl, -tohr"-/, adj. of, pertaining to, or characteristic of a mediator. [1640-50; MEDIATORY + -AL1] * * *
mediatory
/mee"dee euh tawr'ee, -tohr'ee/, adj. 1. pertaining to mediation. 2. having the function of mediating. [1610-20; < LL mediatorius. See MEDIATE, -TORY1] * * *
mediatrix
/mee'dee ay"triks/, n., pl. mediatrices /-euh truy"seez, -ay"tri seez'/, mediatrixes. a woman who mediates, esp. between parties at variance. Also, mediatress, mediatrice ...
Medibank
/med"euh bangk'/, n. the national health-insurance program instituted in Australia. [MEDI(CAL) + BANK2] * * *
medic
medic1 /med"ik/, n. 1. a member of a military medical corps; corpsman. 2. a doctor or intern. 3. a medical student. [1650-60; < L medicus; see MEDICAL] medic2 /med"ik/, n. any ...
medicable
—medicably, adv. /med"i keuh beuhl/, adj. responsive to medical treatment; curable. [1610-20; < L medicabilis healing, curative. See MEDICAL, -ABLE] * * *
Medicaid
/med"i kayd'/, n. (sometimes l.c.) a U.S. government program, financed by federal, state, and local funds, of hospitalization and medical insurance for persons of all ages within ...
medical
—medically, adv. /med"i keuhl/, adj. 1. of or pertaining to the science or practice of medicine: medical history; medical treatment. 2. curative; medicinal; therapeutic: ...
medical association
      professional organization or learned society developed to promote high standards in medical education and practice, science, and ethics. The medical association also ...
medical education
Introduction       course of study directed toward imparting to persons seeking to become physicians the knowledge and skills required for the prevention and treatment of ...
medical examiner
1. a physician or other person trained in medicine who is appointed by a city, county, or the like, to perform autopsies on the bodies of persons supposed to have died from ...
medical jurisprudence
medical jurisprudence n. the application of medical knowledge to questions of law affecting life or property, including ascertaining and certifying the cause of death, proper ...
medical jurisprudence.
See forensic medicine. [1780-90] * * *
Medical Research Council
(abbr the MRC) a British government organization which gives government money to institutions doing medical research, usually universities and hospitals. It was established in ...
medicalexaminer
medical examiner n. 1. A physician officially authorized by a governmental unit to ascertain causes of deaths, especially those not occurring under natural circumstances. 2. A ...
medicalization
See medicalize. * * *
medicalize
—medicalization, n. /med"i keuh luyz'/, v.t., medicalized, medicalizing. to handle or accept as deserving of or appropriate for medical treatment. Also, esp. Brit., ...
medicaljurisprudence
medical jurisprudence n. See forensic medicine. * * *
medicallaw
medical law n. The branch of law that deals with the application of medical knowledge to legal problems. * * *
medically
See medical. * * *
medicament
—medicamental /med'i keuh men"tl/, medicamentous, adj. /meuh dik"euh meuhnt, med"i keuh-/, n. a healing substance; medicine; remedy. Also called medicant /med"i ...
Medicare
/med"i kair'/, n. 1. (sometimes l.c.) a U.S. government program of hospitalization insurance and voluntary medical insurance for persons aged 65 and over and for certain disabled ...
Medicare and Medicaid
U.S. government programs in effect since 1966. Medicare covers most people 65 or older and those with long-term disabilities. Part A, a hospital insurance plan, also pays for ...
Medicare's New Prescription-Drug Program
▪ 2005       Although the new prescription-drug coverage feature of Medicare would not fully take effect until January 2006, a temporary step toward that goal was ...
medicate
/med"i kayt'/, v.t., medicated, medicating. 1. to treat with medicine or medicaments. 2. to impregnate with a medicine: medicated cough drops; a medicated bandage. [1615-25; < L ...
medication
/med'i kay"sheuhn/, n. 1. the use or application of medicine. 2. a medicinal substance; medicament. [1375-1425; late ME < L medication- (s. of medicatio). See MEDICATE, -ION] * * ...
medicative
/med"i kay'tiv/, adj. medicinal. [1635-45; < ML medicativus. See MEDICATE, -IVE] * * *
Medicean
See Medici. * * *
Medicean-Laurentian Library
▪ library, Florence, Italy Italian  Biblioteca Mediceo-laurenziana,         collection of books and manuscripts gathered during the 15th century in Florence by ...
Medici
—Medicean /med'i see"euhn, -chee"euhn/, adj. /med"i chee/; It. /me"dee chee/, n. 1. Catherine de'. See Catherine de Médicis. 2. Cosmo or Cosimo de' /kawz"maw/ or /kaw"zee maw ...
Medici Chapel
▪ chapel, Florence, Italy Italian  Cappella Medicea,    chapel housing monuments to members of the Medici family, in the New Sacristy of the Church of San Lorenzo in ...
Medici family
Italian bourgeois family that ruled Florence and later Tuscany from с 1430 to 1737. The family, noted for its often tyrannical rulers and its beneficent patrons of the arts, ...
Medici porcelain
 first European soft-paste porcelain, made in Florence between about 1575 and 1587 in workshops under the patronage of Francis I (Francis (I)) (Francesco de' Medici). It is ...
Medici, Alessandro de'
born 1510/11, Florence died Jan. 5–6, 1537, Florence First duke of Florence (1532–37). A member of the elder branch of the Medici family, he was probably the illegitimate ...
Medici, Cosimo de'
known as Cosimo the Elder born Sept. 27, 1389, Florence died Aug. 1, 1464, Careggi, near Florence Founder of one of the main lines of the Medici family. The son of the ...
Medici, Giovanni de'
orig. Lodovico born April 6, 1498, Forli, Papal States died Nov. 30, 1526, Mantua, marquisate of Mantua Italian general. A member of the younger branch of the Medici family, ...
Medici, Giuliano de'
born 1479 died March 17, 1516, Florence Ruler of Florence (1512–13). A member of the elder branch of the Medici family, he was the son of Lorenzo de' Medici. In 1494 his ...
Medici, Giuliano de', Duc De Nemours
▪ Italian cardinal born 1479 died March 17, 1516, Florence  ruler of Florence from 1512 to 1513, after the Medici were restored to power.       The republicans of ...
Medici, Ippolito de'
▪ Italian cardinal born 1509, Urbino, Duchy of Urbino died Aug. 10, 1535, Itri, Papal States  one of the pawns in the civil strife of Florence in the 1520s and ...
Medici, Lorenzino de'
▪ Italian writer and assassin Lorenzino also spelled  Lorenzaccio   born March 23, 1514, Florence died Feb. 26, 1548, Venice       assassin of Alessandro, grand duke ...
Medici, Lorenzo de'
known as Lorenzo the Magnificent born Jan. 1, 1449, Florence died April 9, 1492, Careggi, near Florence Florentine statesman and patron of arts and letters. The grandson of ...
Medici, Lorenzo di Piero de', Duca Di Urbino
▪ Italian ruler born Sept. 12, 1492, Florence died May 4, 1519, Florence       ruler of Florence from 1513 to 1519, to whom Niccolò Machiavelli addressed his treatise ...
Medici, Piero di Cosimo de'
▪ Italian ruler byname  Piero The Gouty,  Italian  Piero Il Gottoso  born 1416 died Dec. 2, 1469       ruler of Florence for five years (1464–69), whose successes ...
Medici, Piero di Lorenzo de'
▪ Italian ruler byname  Piero The Unfortunate, or The Fatuous,  Italian  Piero Il Sfortunato, or Il Fatuo  born 1472 died Dec. 28, 1503, Garigliano River, ...
Medici, Villa
▪ villa, Rome, Italy       (c. 1540), important example of Mannerist architecture designed by Annibale Lippi and built in Rome for Cardinal Ricci da Montepulciano. It ...
medicide
/med"euh suyd'/, n. a medically assisted suicide. Cf. assisted suicide. [1990-95; medi(cal) + -CIDE] * * *
medicinable
/meuh dis"euh neuh beuhl/, adj. Archaic. medicinal. [1350-1400; ME < MF. See MEDICINE, -ABLE] * * *
medicinal
—medicinally, adv. /meuh dis"euh nl/, adj. 1. of, pertaining to, or having the properties of a medicine; curative; remedial: medicinal properties; medicinal substances. 2. ...
medicinal leech
a bloodsucking leech, Hirudo medicinalis, of Europe, introduced into the northeastern U.S., usually green with brown stripes, up to 4 in. (10 cm) long: once used by physicians to ...
medicinal poisoning
also called  Drug Poisoning,         harmful effects on health of certain therapeutic drugs, resulting either from overdose or from the sensitivity of specific body ...
medicinally
See medicinal. * * *
medicine
/med"euh sin/ or, esp. Brit., /med"seuhn/, n., v., medicined, medicining. n. 1. any substance or substances used in treating disease or illness; medicament; remedy. 2. the art or ...
medicine ball
a large, solid, heavy, leather-covered ball, thrown from one person to another for exercise. [1890-95] * * *
Medicine Bow Mountains
Northwest section of the Front Range, in the central Rocky Mountains, U.S. Averaging a height of 10,000 ft (3,050 m), the mountains run southeast for about 100 mi (160 km) from ...
Medicine Bow Range
/boh/ a range of the Rocky Mountains, in Wyoming and Colorado. Highest peak, Medicine Bow Peak, 12,014 ft. (3662 m). * * *
medicine dance
a ritual dance performed by some North American Indians to invoke supernatural assistance as for driving out disease. [1800-10] * * *
Medicine Hat
a city in SE Alberta, in SW Canada. 32,811. * * * ▪ Alberta, Canada       city, southeastern Alberta, Canada. It lies along the South Saskatchewan River, 164 miles ...
medicine lodge
1. a structure used for various ceremonials of North American Indians. 2. (caps.) the most important religious society among the central Algonquian tribes of North ...
medicine man
1. (among North American Indians and some other aboriginal peoples) a person believed to possess magical or supernatural powers; shaman. 2. a seller of patent medicine, esp. ...
medicine show
a traveling troupe, esp. in the late 1800s, offering entertainment in order to attract customers for the patent medicines or purported cures proffered for sale. [1935-40, ...
medicine society
▪ primitive religion       in popular literature, any of various complex healing societies and rituals of many American Indian tribes. More correctly, the term is used ...
medicine, history of
Introduction  the development of the prevention and treatment of disease from prehistoric and ancient times to the 20th century. Medicine and surgery before 1800 Primitive ...
medicineball
medicine ball n. A large heavy stuffed ball used in conditioning exercises. * * *
MedicineBow Mountains
Med·i·cine Bow Mountains (mĕdʹĭ-sĭn bō') A range of the eastern Rocky Mountains in southeast Wyoming and northern Colorado. It rises to 3,664 m (12,013 ft) at Medicine ...
MedicineBow River
Medicine Bow River A river, about 193 km (120 mi) long, of southern Wyoming flowing north and west to the North Platte River. * * *
medicinebundle
medicine bundle n. A covered or wrapped parcel containing items of personal or tribal religious significance, used by certain Native American peoples. * * *
medicinedance
medicine dance n. A ritual dance performed by some Native American peoples to obtain supernatural assistance, as in healing or crop control. * * *
MedicineHat
Medicine Hat A city of southeast Alberta, Canada, near the Saskatchewan border southeast of Calgary. Founded in 1883, it is a trade center in a farming and ranching region. ...
medicinelodge
medicine lodge n. A building or structure used by certain Native American peoples for ceremonies. * * *
medicineman
medicine man n. 1. A male shaman or shamanistic healer, especially among Native American peoples. 2. A hawker of brews and potions among the audience in a medicine show. * * *
medicineshow
medicine show n. A traveling show, popular especially in the 19th century, that offered varied entertainment, between the acts of which medicines were peddled. * * *
medicinewoman
medicine woman n. A female shaman or shamanistic healer, especially among Native American peoples. * * *
medick
/med"ik/, n. medic2. * * *
medico
/med"i koh'/, n., pl. medicos. Informal. 1. a physician or surgeon; doctor. 2. a medical student. [1680-90; < Sp médico, It medico < L medicus physician; see MEDICAL] * * *
medico-
a combining form representing medical in compound words: medicolegal. [comb. form repr. L medicus of, pertaining to healing; see MEDICAL] * * *
medicochirurgical
/med'i koh kuy rerr"ji keuhl/, adj. 1. pertaining to medicine and surgery. 2. Archaic. consisting of both physicians and surgeons. [1800-10; MEDICO- + CHIRURGICAL] * * *
medicolegal
/med'i koh lee"geuhl/, adj. pertaining to medicine and law or to forensic medicine. [1825-35; MEDICO- + LEGAL] * * *
medieval
—medievally, adv. /mee'dee ee"veuhl, med'ee-, mid'ee-, mid ee"veuhl/, adj. 1. of, pertaining to, characteristic of, or in the style of the Middle Ages: medieval architecture. ...
Medieval Greek
the Greek language of the Middle Ages, usually dated A.D. 700 to 1500. Abbr.: MGk, MGk., MGr. Also called Middle Greek. * * *
Medieval Latin
the Latin language of the literature of the Middle Ages, usually dated A.D. 700 to 1500, including many Latinized words from other languages. Abbr.: ML, M.L. Also called Middle ...
MedievalBreton
Medieval Breton n. Breton as spoken and written from the 12th to the mid-17th century. * * *
MedievalCornish
Medieval Cornish n. Cornish as spoken and written from the 14th century to 1600. * * *
MedievalGreek
Medieval Greek n. The Greek language as used from about 800 to about 1500. * * *
medievalism
/mee'dee ee"veuh liz'euhm, med'ee-, mid'ee-, mid ee"veuh-/, n. 1. the spirit, practices, or methods of the Middle Ages. 2. devotion to or adoption of medieval ideals or ...
medievalist
/mee'dee ee"veuh list, med'ee-, mid'ee-, mid ee"veuh-/, n. 1. an expert in medieval history, literature, philosophy, etc. 2. a person who is greatly attracted to the art, ...
MedievalLatin
Medieval Latin n. The Latin language as used from about 700 to about 1500. * * *
medievally
See medieval. * * *
MedievalWarm Period
Medieval Warm Period n. The period from about 1000 to 1400 in which global temperatures are thought to have been a few degrees warmer than those of the preceding and following ...
MedievalWelsh
Medieval Welsh n. Welsh from the 12th through the 15th century. Also called Middle Welsh. * * *
medigap
/med"i gap'/, n. (sometimes cap.) private health insurance that supplements coverage for people already covered by government insurance. [MEDI(CAL) + GAP, on the model of ...
Medill
/meuh dil"/, n. Joseph, 1823-99, U.S. journalist. * * *
Medill, Joseph
born April 6, 1823, near Saint John, N.B., Can. died March 16, 1899, San Antonio, Texas, U.S. Canadian-born U.S. editor and publisher. Born into a family of shipbuilders, he ...
Medill,Joseph
Me·dill (mə-dĭlʹ), Joseph. 1823-1899. American newspaperman who was a founder of the Republican Party (1854), staunchly supported Abraham Lincoln's presidential campaign and ...
medina
/meuh dee"neuh/, n. the old Arab quarter of a North African city. [1905-10; < Ar madina city] * * * Arabic Al-Madīnah ancient Yathrib. City (pop., 1992: 608,295), western ...
Medina
/meuh dee"neuh/ for 1; /meuh duy"neuh/ for 2, n. 1. a city in W Saudi Arabia, where Muhammad was first accepted as the supreme Prophet from Allah and where his tomb is located. ...
Medina del Campo, Treaty of
▪ Spain-England [1489]       (1489), treaty between Spain and England, which, although never fully accepted by either side, established the dominating themes in ...
Medina, Bartolomé de
▪ Spanish theologian born 1528, Medina de Ríoseco, Spain died 1580, Salamanca       Spanish Dominican theologian who developed the patio process for extracting silver ...
Medina, Constitution of
▪ 622       document from early Islamic history based upon two agreements concluded between the clans of Medina and the Prophet Muhammad soon after the Hijrah (Latin: ...
Medina, River
▪ river, Isle of Wight, England, United Kingdom       river, Isle of Wight (Wight, Isle of), England. The Medina drains much of the island, rising on the high sandstone ...
Medina-Sidonia, Alonso Pérez de Guzmán, duke (duque) de
▪ Spanish admiral born Sept. 10, 1550 died 1619, Sanlúcar, Spain       commander in chief of the Spanish Armada of 1588.       A member of the noble and ...
medio-
medio- [mē′dē ō, mē′dēə] 〚< L medius: see MID1〛 combining form MIDDLE * * *
mediocracy
/mee'dee ok"reuh see/, n., pl. mediocracies. government or rule by a mediocre person or group. [b. MEDIOCRE and -CRACY] * * *
mediocre
/mee'dee oh"keuhr/, adj. 1. of only ordinary or moderate quality; neither good nor bad; barely adequate. 2. rather poor or inferior. [1580-90; < MF < L mediocris in a middle ...
mediocris
/mee'dee oh"kris/, adj. Meteorol. (of a cumulus cloud) of medium height and often lacking a distinctive summit. [ < NL: MEDIOCRE] * * *
mediocritization
See mediocritize. * * *
mediocritize
See mediocrity. * * *
mediocrity
/mee'dee ok"ri tee/, n., pl. mediocrities. 1. the state or quality of being mediocre. 2. mediocre ability or accomplishment. 3. a mediocre person. [1400-50; late ME mediocrite < ...
Medit
Medit abbrev. Mediterranean * * *
Medit.
Mediterranean. * * *
meditate
—meditatingly, adv. —meditator, n. /med"i tayt'/, v., meditated, meditating. v.i. 1. to engage in thought or contemplation; reflect. 2. to engage in transcendental ...
meditation
/med'i tay"sheuhn/, n. 1. the act of meditating. 2. continued or extended thought; reflection; contemplation. 3. See transcendental meditation. 4. devout religious contemplation ...
meditational
See meditation. * * *
meditative
—meditatively, adv. —meditativeness, n. /med"i tay'tiv/, adj. given to, characterized by, or indicative of meditation; contemplative. [1605-15; < LL meditativus. See ...
meditatively
See meditative. * * *
meditativeness
See meditatively. * * *
meditator
See meditate. * * *
Mediterranean
/med'i teuh ray"nee euhn/, n. 1. See Mediterranean Sea. 2. a person whose physical characteristics are considered typical of the peoples native to or inhabiting the Mediterranean ...
Mediterranean climate
a climate having sunny, hot, dry summers and rainy winters. Also called etesian climate. [1895-1900] * * *
Mediterranean fever
Pathol. brucellosis. [1810-20] * * *
Mediterranean flour moth
a small cosmopolitan moth, Anagasta kuehniella, whose larvae damage stored foodstuffs, as grain and flour. [1890-95, Amer.] * * *
Mediterranean fruit fly
a small, black and white, irregularly banded two-winged fly, Ceratitis capitata, of many warm regions, that damages citrus and other succulent fruit crops by implanting eggs that ...
Mediterranean Sea
a sea surrounded by Africa, Europe, and Asia. 2400 mi. (3865 km) long; 1,145,000 sq. mi. (2,965,550 sq. km); greatest known depth 14,436 ft. (4400 m). Also called ...
Mediterranean vegetation
      any scrubby, dense vegetation composed of broad-leaved evergreen shrubs, bushes, and small trees usually less than 2.5 m (about 8 feet) tall and growing in regions ...
Mediterraneanfever
Mediterranean fever n. See brucellosis. * * *
Mediterraneanflour moth
Mediterranean flour moth n. A small, pale gray moth (Anagasta kuehniella) now found worldwide, the larvae of which destroy flour and other stored grain products. * * *
Mediterraneanfruit fly
Mediterranean fruit fly n. A black and white two-winged fly (Ceratitis capitata) found in many warm regions of the world, the larvae of which destroy citrus and other fruit ...
MediterraneanSea
Mediterranean Sea An inland sea surrounded by Europe, Asia, Asia Minor, the Near East, and Africa. It connects with the Atlantic Ocean through the Strait of Gibraltar; with the ...
medium
/mee"dee euhm/, n., pl. media /-dee euh/ for 1-9, 11, mediums for 1-11, 14, adj. n. 1. a middle state or condition; mean. 2. something intermediate in nature or degree. 3. an ...
medium artillery
U.S. Mil. guns and howitzers of more than 105mm and less than 155mm caliber, sometimes including the 155mm howitzers. Cf. heavy artillery (def. 2), light artillery (def. 2). * * *
medium bomber
Mil. a moderately large airplane capable of carrying large bomb loads for moderate distances at medium altitudes, esp. one having a gross loaded weight of 100,000 to 250,000 lb. ...
medium frequency
Radio. any frequency between 300 and 3000 kilohertz. Abbr.: MF [1915-20] * * *
medium octavo
a size of book, about 6 × 91/2 in. (15 × 24 cm), untrimmed. Abbr.: medium 8vo * * *
medium of exchange
anything generally accepted as representing a standard of value and exchangeable for goods or services. [1730-40] * * *
medium quarto
Chiefly Brit. a size of book, about 91/2 × 12 in. (24 × 30 cm), untrimmed. Abbr.: medium 4to * * *
medium shot
Motion Pictures, Television. a camera shot in which the subject is in the middle distance, permitting some of the background to be seen. Cf. closeup (def. 2), long shot (def. ...
medium strip
Midland U.S. See median strip. * * *


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