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luster1 —lusterless, adj. /lus"teuhr/, n. 1. the state or quality of shining by reflecting light; glitter, sparkle, sheen, or gloss: the luster of satin. 2. a substance, as a ...
luster painting
a method of decorating glazed pottery with metallic pigment, originated in Persia, popular from the 9th through the mid-19th centuries. * * *
/lus"teuhrd/, adj. having or finished with a luster. [1855-60; LUSTER1 + -ED3] * * *
/lus"teuhr euhr/, n. a person who puts a lustrous finish or gloss on textiles. [LUSTER1 + -ER1] * * *
/lus"teuhr ing/, n. the treatment of fabrics by chemical or mechanical means in order to increase their property to reflect light. [1870-75; LUSTER1 + -ING1] * * *
lus·ter·less (lŭsʹtər-lĭs) adj. Lacking distinction, radiance, or vitality; dull: a lusterless performance; lusterless hair. * * *
/lus"teuhr wair'/, n. ceramic ware covered with a luster. [1815-25; LUSTER1 + WARE1] * * *
—lustfully, adv. —lustfulness, n. /lust"feuhl/, adj. 1. full of or motivated by lust, greed, or the like: He was an emperor lustful of power. 2. having strong sexual desires; ...
See lustful. * * *
See lustfully. * * *
Lustiger, Jean-Marie Cardinal
▪ 2008 Aaron Lustiger        French cleric born Sept. 17, 1926, Paris, France died Aug. 5, 2007, Paris converted from Judaism to Roman Catholicism at the age of 13 and ...
/lus"tee hood'/, n. lustiness; vigor. [1590-1600; LUSTY + -HOOD] * * *
See lusty. * * *
See lustily. * * *
lus·tra (lŭsʹtrə) n. A plural of lustrum. * * *
/lus"treuhl/, adj. 1. of, pertaining to, or employed in the lustrum, or rite of purification. 2. occurring every five years; quinquennial. [1525-35; < L lustralis. See LUSTRUM, ...
—lustration, n. —lustrative /lus"treuh tiv/, adj. /lus"trayt/, v.t., lustrated, lustrating. to purify by a propitiatory offering or other ceremonial method. [1615-25; < L ...
See lustrate. * * * ▪ ancient ritual       (from Latin lustratio, “purification by sacrifice”), any of various processes in ancient Greece and Rome whereby ...
See lustration. * * *
/lus"teuhr/, n., v.t., v.i., lustred, lustring. Chiefly Brit. luster. * * * In mineralogy, the appearance of a mineral surface in terms of its light-reflecting ...
lustred glass
or lustered glass Art glass of the Art Nouveau style, delicately iridescent with rich colours, mimicking the iridescent sheen produced by the corrosion of ancient buried ...
lustreware [lus′tərwer΄] n. chiefly Brit. sp. of LUSTERWARE * * * ▪ ceramics       type of pottery ware decorated with metallic lustres by techniques dating at ...
lustring [lus′triŋ] n. 〚Fr lustrine < It lustrino < lustro, LUSTER1〛 LUTESTRING * * *
—lustrously, adv. —lustrousness, n. /lus"treuhs/, adj. 1. having luster; shining; luminous: lustrous eyes. 2. brilliant; splendid; resplendent; illustrious: a lustrous ...
See lustrous. * * *
See lustrously. * * *
/lus"treuhm/, n., pl. lustrums, lustra /-treuh/. 1. Also, luster; esp. Brit., lustre. a period of five years. 2. Rom. Hist. a lustration or ceremonial purification of the people, ...
—lustily, adv. —lustiness, n. /lus"tee/, adj., lustier, lustiest. 1. full of or characterized by healthy vigor. 2. hearty, as a meal. 3. spirited; enthusiastic. 4. lustful; ...
lusus naturae
/looh"seuhs neuh toor"ee, -tyoor"ee/ a deformed person or thing; freak. [1655-65; < L lusus naturae a jest of nature] * * *
Lut Desert
/looht/ Dasht-i-Lut. * * * ▪ desert, Iran Persian  Dasht-e Lūt,  also spelled  Dasht-i Lūt,    desert in eastern Iran. It stretches about 200 miles (320 km) from ...
Chin. /lyuu"dah"/, n. Wade-Giles. Lüda. * * *
/looht"n ist/, n. lutenist. [1590-1600] * * *
lute1 /looht/, n., v., luted, luting. n. 1. a stringed musical instrument having a long, fretted neck and a hollow, typically pear-shaped body with a vaulted back. v.i. 2. to ...
lute stern
Naut. a transom stern used on small boats, having an open after extension for breaking up seas coming from astern. * * *
/looh"tee euhl/, adj. of, pertaining to, or involving the corpus luteum. [1925-30; (CORPUS) LUTE(UM) + -AL1] * * *
luteal phase
Physiol. a stage of the menstrual cycle, lasting about two weeks, from ovulation to the beginning of the next menstrual flow. Cf. follicular phase. * * *
/looh tee"shee euhm/, n. Chem. lutetium. * * *
/looh"teuh fisk'/, n. Scandinavian Cookery. dried cod tenderized by soaking in lye, which is rinsed out before cooking. [ < Norw lutefisk or Sw lutfisk, equiv. to lut LYE + fisk ...
/looh"tee in/, n. Biochem. 1. Also called xanthophyll. a yellow-red, water-insoluble, crystalline, carotenoid alcohol, C40H56O2, found in the petals of marigold and certain other ...
See luteinize. * * *
—luteinization, n. /looh"tee euh nuyz'/, v., luteinized, luteinizing. v.t. 1. to produce corpora lutea in. v.i. 2. to undergo transformation into corpora lutea. Also, esp. ...
luteinizing hormone
Biochem. See LH. [1930-35] * * * also called  interstitial-cell stimulating hormone (ICSH)        one of two gonadotropic hormones (i.e., hormones concerned with the ...
lu·te·in·iz·ing hormone (lo͞oʹtē-ə-nī'zĭng) n. Abbr. LH A hormone produced by the anterior lobe of the pituitary gland that stimulates ovulation and the development of ...
luteinizinghormone-releasing hormone
luteinizing hor·mone-re·leas·ing hormone (hôrʹmōn-rĭ-lē'sĭng) n. Abbr. LHRH See gonadotropin-releasing hormone. * * *
/looht"n ist/, n. a person who plays the lute. Also, lutanist. [1590-1600; < ML lutanista, deriv. of lutana lute; see -IST] * * *
a combining form meaning "golden yellow," used in the formation of compound words: luteotropin. [comb. form repr. L luteus; see -O-] * * *
/looh"tee euh lin/, n. Chem. a yellow coloring substance, C15H10O6, obtained from the weed Reseda luteola: used in dyeing silk and, formerly, in medicine. [1835-45; < NL (Reseda) ...
/looh'tee euh trop"ik, -troh"pik/, adj. affecting the corpus luteum. Also, luteotrophic /looh'tee euh trof"ik, -troh"fik/. [1940-45; LUTEO- + -TROPIC] * * *
/looh'tee euh troh"pin/, n. prolactin. [1940-45; LUTEOTROP(IC) + -IN2] * * *
/looh"tee euhs/, adj. (of yellow) having a light to medium greenish tinge. [1650-60; < L luteus golden-yellow, equiv. to lut(um) yellowweed + -eus -EOUS] * * *
/looht"string'/, n. 1. a silk fabric of high sheen, formerly used in the manufacture of dresses. 2. a narrow ribbon finished with a high gloss. [1655-65; by folk etymology < F ...
Lutetia [lo͞o tē′shə] Latin name for PARIS2 * * *
Lutetian Stage
▪ geology       the second of four stages (in ascending order) subdividing Eocene (Eocene Epoch) rocks, representing all rocks deposited worldwide during the Lutetian ...
/looh tee"shee euhm/, n. Chem. a trivalent rare-earth element. Symbol: Lu; at. wt.: 174.97; at. no.: 71. Also, lutecium. [1905-10; < L Lutet(ia) Paris + -IUM] * * * ▪ ...
Luṭfī al-Sayyid, Aḥmad
▪ Egyptian journalist born Jan. 15, 1872, Barqayn, Egypt died March 5, 1963, Egypt       journalist and lawyer, a leading spokesman for Egyptian modernism in the first ...
lut·fisk (lo͞otʹfĭsk') n. Variant of lutefisk. * * *
Luth abbrev. Lutheran * * *
Lutheran. * * *
/looh"theuhr/; Ger. /loot"euhrdd/, n. 1. Martin /mahr"tn/; Ger. /mahrdd"teen/, 1483-1546, German theologian and author: leader, in Germany, of the Protestant Reformation. 2. a ...
Luther v. Borden
▪ law case       (1849), U.S. Supreme Court decision growing out of the 1842 conflict in Rhode Island called the “Dorr Rebellion.”       In the spring of ...
Luther, Hans
▪ German statesman born March 10, 1879, Berlin, Ger. died May 11, 1962, Düsseldorf, W.Ger.  German statesman who was twice chancellor (1925, 1926) of the Weimar Republic and ...
Luther, Martin
born Nov. 10, 1483, Eisleben, Saxony died Feb. 18, 1546, Eisleben German priest who sparked the Reformation. The son of a miner, he studied philosophy and law before entering ...
Lu·ther (lo͞oʹthər), Martin. 1483-1546. German theologian and leader of the Reformation. His opposition to the wealth and corruption of the papacy and his belief that ...
—Lutheranism, Lutherism, n. /looh"theuhr euhn/, adj. 1. of or pertaining to Luther, adhering to his doctrines, or belonging to one of the Protestant churches that bear his ...
Lutheran Church
a Protestant Church that follows the teachings of Martin Luther (1483–1546). Luther taught the importance of faith and Bible study, and is considered to have started the ...
Lutheran Church in America
      Lutheran church in North America that in 1988 merged with two other Lutheran churches to form the Evangelical Lutheran Church in America (q.v.). * * *
Lutheran Church in Württemberg
▪ church, Germany       independent Lutheran church established in the duchy of Württemberg in 1534 during the Protestant Reformation in Germany. A strong Lutheran ...
Lutheran Church of Oldenburg
▪ church, Oldenburg, Germany       independent Lutheran church in Oldenburg, Ger. Pastors who had accepted the Lutheran faith were established in Oldenburg during the ...
Lutheran Church–Missouri Synod
      conservative Lutheran church in the United States, organized in Chicago in 1847 by German immigrants from Saxony (settled in Missouri) and Bavaria (settled in ...
Lutheran Council in the United States of America
▪ council of churches, United States       cooperative agency for four Lutheran churches whose membership included about 95 percent of all Lutherans in the U.S., ...
Lutheran Synodical Conference
▪ religious organization       cooperative agency organized in 1872 by several conservative U.S. Lutheran groups. Its members accepted strict conservative ...
Lutheran World Federation
▪ religious organization       international cooperative agency of Lutheran churches, organized at Lund, Swed., in 1947. It developed from the Lutheran World Convention, ...
See Lutheran. * * * Protestant movement founded on the principles of Martin Luther. Lutheranism arose at the start of the Reformation, after Luther posted his Ninety-five ...
See Lutheranism. * * *
/looh"theuhrn/, n. a dormer window. [1660-70; perh. alter. of LUCARNE] * * *
/looh"theuhr vil'ti moh"nee euhm/, n. a city in N Maryland, near Baltimore. 17,854. * * *
/looh"tee euhr/, n. a maker of stringed instruments, as violins. [1875-80; < F, equiv. to luth LUTE1 + -ier -IER2] * * *
/looh tooh"lee, -tyooh"-/, n. Albert John, 1898-1967, African leader in the Republic of South Africa and former Zulu chief: Nobel peace prize 1960. * * *
Luthuli, Albert John
▪ South African leader in full  Albert John Mvumbi Luthuli,  Luthuli also spelled  Lutuli   born 1898, Rhodesia died July 21, 1967, Stanger, S.Af.  Zulu chief, teacher ...
Luthuli,Albert John
Lu·thu·li (lo͞o-to͞oʹlē, -tyo͞oʹ-), Albert John. 1898-1967. Zulu leader who advocated nonviolent resistance against apartheid. He won the 1960 Nobel Peace Prize. * * *
Lutine bell
/looh"teen/ the salvaged bell from the wrecked British warship Lutine, hung in the insurance office of Lloyd's of London and traditionally rung before announcements of ships ...
/looh"ting/, n. any of various readily molded substances for sealing joints, cementing objects together, or waterproofing surfaces. [1520-30; LUTE2 + -ING1] * * *
/looh"tist/, n. 1. a lute player; lutenist. 2. a maker of lutes. [1620-30; LUTE1 + -IST] * * *
Any fine-grained sedimentary rock consisting of clay-or silt-sized particles (less than 0.0025 in., or 0.06 mm, in diameter) that are derived principally from nonmarine ...
Luton [lo͞ot′'n] city in Bedfordshire, SC England: county district pop. 172,000 * * * Lu·ton (lo͞otʹn) A borough of southeast England north-northwest of London. A ...
/looh"tohs/, adj. covered with a powdery substance resembling mud, as certain insects. [1640-50; < L lutosus muddy, equiv. to lut(um) mud + -osus -OSE1] * * *
Lutoslawski, Witold
▪ 1995       Polish composer and conductor (b. Jan. 25, 1913, Warsaw, then in the Russian Empire—d. Feb. 7, 1994, Warsaw, Poland), attempted to create a "new musical ...
Lutosławski, Witold
born Jan. 25, 1913, Warsaw, Pol. died Feb. 7, 1994, Warsaw Polish composer. Trained in Warsaw, he initially became known as a pianist. His international reputation was secured ...
Luts'k (lo͞otsk) A city of northwest Ukraine northeast of L'viv. First mentioned in 1085, it was the capital of an independent principality in the 12th century and an ...
/loohtsk/, n. a city in NW Ukraine, on the Styr River. 167,000. Polish, Luck. * * * ▪ Ukraine also spelled  Luck , Polish  Łuck , German  Luck        city, ...
/looh'tooh am"ee euhn/, n., pl. Lutuamians, (esp. collectively) Lutuamian. a member of a group of American Indian peoples including the Modoc and the Klamath. * * *
Lutuli [lətho͞o′li] Albert (John Mvumbi) 1898-1967; South African political leader, born in Zimbabwe: also Luthuli [lətho͞o′li] * * *
Lutuli, Albert (John Mvumbi)
born 1898, Rhodesia died July 21, 1967, Stanger, S.Af. Zulu chief and president of the African National Congress (1952–60). Trained at a mission school, Lutuli taught and ...
/luch"euhnz, lut"yeuhnz/, n. Sir Edwin Landseer, 1869-1944, English architect. * * *
Lutyens, Sir Edwin
▪ English architect in full  Sir Edwin Landseer Lutyens  born March 29, 1869, London, Eng. died Jan. 1, 1944, London  English architect noted for his versatility and range ...
Lutyens, Sir Edwin L(andseer)
born March 29, 1869, London, Eng. died Jan. 1, 1944, London British architect. His design for a house at Munstead Wood, Godalming, Surrey (1896), created for Gertrude Jekyll, ...
/luts/, n. (sometimes l.c.) Skating. a jump in which the skater leaps from the back outer edge of one skate to make one full rotation in the air and lands on the back outer edge ...
/lyuu"tseuhn/, n. a town in E Germany, WSW of Leipzig: site of Gustavus Adolphus' victory over Wallenstein in 1632 and Napoleon's victory over the Russians in 1813. * * *
Lützen, Battle of
▪ European history [1632]       (Nov. 16, 1632), military engagement of the Thirty Years' War in which Gustavus II Adolphus (Gustav II Adolf) of Sweden lost his life; it ...
Lützow, Adolf, Freiherr von
▪ Prussian general (baron of) born May 18, 1782, Berlin died Dec. 6, 1834, Berlin  Prussian major general and a famous, though largely ineffectual, guerrilla leader during ...
Lützow-Holm Bay
/lyuu"tsawf hohlm'/ an inlet of the Indian Ocean on the coast of Antarctica between Queen Maud Land and Enderby Land. * * *
/luv/, n. Eye Dialect. love. * * *
▪ people also spelled  Lubale,  or  Lovale,  also called  Lwena,  or  Luena        Bantu-speaking people of northwestern Zambia and southeastern Angola. In ...
Lu·vi·an (lo͞oʹvē-ən) also Lu·wi·an (-wē-ən) n. 1. An Indo-European language of the Anatolian family, attested in documents from the second and first millennia B.C. ...
▪ FAO soil group  one of the 30 soil groups in the classification system of the Food and Agriculture Organization (FAO) (soil). The mixed mineralogy, high nutrient content, ...
Luvua River
▪ river, Democratic Republic of the Congo       tributary of the Lualaba River in southeastern Congo (Kinshasa). It issues from the northern end of Lake Mweru, on the ...
/looh"ee euhn/, n. 1. an extinct ancient Anatolian language written in cuneiform. adj. 2. of or pertaining to Luwian. [1920-25; Luwi nation of ancient Asia Minor + -AN] * * ...
Luwian language
also called  Luvian  or  Luish        one of several ancient extinct Anatolian languages. The language is preserved in two closely related but distinct forms, one ...
/luks/, n., pl. luces /looh"seez/. Optics. a unit of illumination, equivalent to 0.0929 foot-candle and equal to the illumination produced by luminous flux of one lumen falling ...
Luxembourg. * * *
—luxation, n. /luk"sayt/, v.t., luxated, luxating. Chiefly Med. to put out of joint; dislocate: The accident luxated the left shoulder. [1615-25; < L luxatus (ptp. of luxare to ...
See luxate. * * *
/looks, luks/; Fr. /lyuuks/, n. 1. luxury; elegance; sumptuousness: accommodations providing luxe at low rates. Cf. deluxe. adj. 2. luxurious; deluxe: luxe ...
/luk"seuhm berrg'/; Fr. /lyuuk sahonn boohrdd"/, n. 1. a grand duchy surrounded by Germany, France, and Belgium. 422,474; 999 sq. mi. (2585 sq. km). 2. a city in and the capital ...
Luxembourg National Museum
▪ museum, Luxembourg, Luxembourg formally  National Museum of History and Art , French:  Musée National d'Histoire et d'Art , formerly (until 1988)  Luxembourg State ...
Luxembourg, flag of
▪ Flag History       horizontally striped red-white-blue national flag. The flag typically has a width-to-length ratio of 3 to 5, but the ratio 1 to 2 is also ...
Luxembourg, François-Henri de Montmorency-Bouteville, duc de
▪ French general (duke of ) born Jan. 8, 1628, Paris, Fr. died Jan. 4, 1695, Versailles       one of King Louis XIV's most successful generals in the Dutch War ...
/luk"seuhm berr'geuhr/, n. a native or inhabitant of Luxembourg. Also, Luxemburger. [1910-15; < G Luxemburger; see LUXEMBOURG, -ER1] * * *
/luk"seuhm berr'jee euhn, luk'seuhm berr"jee euhn/, adj. 1. of or pertaining to Luxembourg, its people, or their language. n. 2. Also, Luxembourgish /luk"seuhm berr'gish/. ...
/luk"seuhm berrg'/; Ger. /look"seuhm boorddk'/, n. 1. Rosa /roh"zeuh/; Ger. /rddoh"zah/, ("Red Rosa"), 1870-1919, German socialist agitator, born in Poland. 2. Luxembourg (defs. ...
Luxemburg, Rosa
born March 5, 1871, Zamość, Pol., Russian Empire died Jan. 15, 1919, Berlin, Ger. Polish-born German political radical, intellectual, and author. As a Jew in ...
Lux·em·burg (lŭkʹsəm-bûrg', lo͝okʹsəm-bo͝ork'), Rosa. 1870-1919. German socialist leader who cofounded (1918) the Spartacus Party, which became the German Communist ...
See Luxembourger. * * *
Dialect of German spoken exclusively in Luxembourg. A Moselle-Franconian dialect of the West Middle German group, enriched by many French words and phrases, Luxemburgian is ...
Luxemburgian language
▪ German dialect also called  Luxembourgish,  Letzeburgisch,  Letzebuergesch , or  Luxembourgeois        dialect of German that is spoken exclusively in ...
Chin. /lyuu"shyahn"/, n. Pinyin. former name of Luzhou. Also, Luhsien. * * *
▪ Chinese deity Wade-Giles romanization  Lu Hsing         in Chinese mythology, one of three stellar gods known collectively as Fulushou. He was honoured as a deity ...
/luk"sawr/, n. a town in S (Upper) Egypt, on the Nile: ruins of ancient Thebes. 84,600. * * * Arabic Al-Uqṣur City (pop., 1996: 360,503), Upper Egypt. Its name has been ...
/lug zhoor"ee euhns, luk shoor"-/, n. luxuriant growth or productiveness; rich abundance; lushness. [1720-30; LUXURI(ANT) + -ANCE] * * *
—luxuriantly, adv. /lug zhoor"ee euhnt, luk shoor"-/, adj. 1. abundant or lush in growth, as vegetation. 2. producing abundantly, as soil; fertile; fruitful; productive: to ...
See luxuriance. * * *
—luxuriation, n. /lug zhoor"ee ayt', luk shoor"-/, v.i., luxuriated, luxuriating. 1. to enjoy oneself without stint; revel: to luxuriate in newly acquired wealth. 2. to grow ...
—luxuriously, adv. —luxuriousness, n. /lug zhoor"ee euhs, luk shoor"-/, adj. 1. characterized by luxury; ministering or conducive to luxury: a luxurious hotel. 2. given to or ...
See luxuriousness. * * *
See luxurious. * * *
/luk"sheuh ree, lug"zheuh-/, n., pl. luxuries, adj. n. 1. a material object, service, etc., conducive to sumptuous living, usually a delicacy, elegance, or refinement of living ...
luxury tax
a tax on certain goods or services not considered essential and usually relatively high in price. [1900-05] * * * Excise levy on goods or services considered to be luxuries ...
Luyken, Jan
▪ Dutch poet also called Johannes Luiken born April 16, 1649, Amsterdam, Neth. died April 5, 1712, Amsterdam  Dutch lithographer and poet whose work ranges from hedonistic ...
Luynes, Charles d'Albert, Duke de
▪ French statesman born Aug. 5, 1578 died Dec. 15, 1621, Longueville, Fr.       French statesman who, from 1617 to 1621, dominated the government of young King Louis ...
Ger. /loo tserddn"/, n. Lucerne. * * *
▪ county, Pennsylvania, United States       county, east-central Pennsylvania, U.S., bounded by the Lehigh River to the southeast. It mainly consists of ...
Luzhkov, Yury Mikhaylovich
▪ 1998       In September 1997 Moscow Mayor Yury Luzhkov was host of a lavish birthday party for his native city. The three-day extravaganza, which cost at least $60 ...
/lyuu"joh"/, n. Pinyin. a city in S Sichuan province, in central China, on the Chang Jiang. 225,000. Also, Luchou, Luchow. Formerly, Luxian. * * * ▪ Sichuan province, ...
Luzi, Mario
▪ Italian poet and literary critic born October 20, 1914, Castello, near Florence, Italy died February 28, 2005, Florence       Italian poet and literary critic who ...
Luzi, Mario Egidio Vincenzo
▪ 2006       Italian poet, essayist, and translator (b. Oct. 20, 1914, Castello, near Florence, Italy—d. Feb. 28, 2005, Florence), was an exponent of Hermeticism, an ...
Lužnice River
▪ river, Europe German  Lainsitz,        river in Niederösterreich Bundesland (“federal state”), Austria, and Jihočeský kraj (region), Czech Republic. The ...
/looh zon"/; Sp. /looh sawn"/, n. the chief island of the Philippines, in the N part of the group. 26,078,985; 40,420 sq. mi. (104,688 sq. km). Cap.: Manila. * * * Island (pop., ...
Luzon Strait
Passage between northern Luzon, Philippines, and southern Taiwan. Connecting the China Sea on the west with the Philippine Sea on the east, and extending 200 mi (320 km), it is ...
Luzzatto, Moshe Ḥayyim
▪ Italian-Jewish writer born 1707, Padua, Venetian republic [Italy] died May 6, 1747, Acre, Palestine [now ʿAkko, Israel]       Jewish cabalist and writer, one of the ...
Luzzatto, Samuel David
▪ Italian-Jewish scholar also called  by acronym Shedal   born Aug. 22, 1800, Trieste [Italy] died Sept. 30, 1865, Padua       Jewish writer and ...
lv abbrev. leave(s) * * * Lv abbr. Bible Leviticus. * * *
lev; leva. * * *
1. leave; leaves. 2. livre; livres. * * *
Lviv [l'vēf′] city in W Ukraine: pop. 802,000: Russ. name Lvov [l'vō̂f′] * * * or Lvov City (pop., 2001: 733,000), western Ukraine. Founded с 1256 by Prince Daniel of ...
See licensed vocational nurse. * * *
Russ. /lvawf/, n. a city in W Ukraine: formerly in Poland. 790,000. German, Lemberg. Polish, Lwów /lvoohf/. Ukrainian, Lviv /lveef/. * * *
Lvov, Georgy (Yevgenyevich), Prince
born Nov. 2, 1861, Popovka, near Tula, Russia died March 7, 1925, Paris, France Russian politician, first head of the provisional government established during the Russian ...
Lvov, Georgy Yevgenyevich, Prince
▪ Russian statesman (Knyaz) born Oct. 21 [Nov. 2, New Style], 1861, Popovka, near Tula, Russia died March 7, 1925, Paris, France  Russian social reformer and statesman who ...
low water. * * *
/lway, leuh way"/, n., pl. lwei, lweis. n. a monetary unit of Angola, the 100th part of a kwanza. * * *
LWM abbr. low-water mark. * * *
/lwawf/, n. André /ahonn drdday"/, born 1902, French microbiologist: Nobel prize for medicine 1965. * * *
Lwoff, André
▪ French biologist in full  André-Michael Lwoff   born May 8, 1902, Ainay-le-Château, France died Sept. 30, 1994, Paris  French biologist who contributed to the ...
Lwoff, Andre Michel
▪ 1995       French scientist (b. May 8, 1902, Ainay-le-Château, France—d. Sept. 30, 1994, Paris, France), shared the 1965 Nobel Prize for Physiology or Medicine with ...
Lwoff, AndréMichel
Lwoff (lwôf), André Michel. 1902-1994. French microbiologist. He shared a 1965 Nobel Prize for the study of regulatory activity in body cells. * * *
leave without pay. * * *
Lwów [l'vo͞of′] Pol. name for LVIV * * *
leave with pay. * * *
Arabic root, to soften. loco1, perhaps from Arabic lawqāʾ, feminine singular of ʾalwaq, bent, foolish, from lāqa, to soften. * * *
See League of Women Voters. Also, L.W.V. * * *
To wind, twist, circle, encircle. leviathan, from Hebrew liwyātān, serpent, dragon, akin to Ugaritic ltn, sea monster. * * *
Symbol, Optics. lux; luces. * * *
Septuagint. * * *
ly abbrev. Astron. light-year(s) * * *
Ly Bon
▪ Vietnamese leader also called  Ly Ban,  Li Bi , or  Ly Bi , reign name  Li Nam-Viet De Bon , or  Li Nam De  born , Giao-chao province, northern Vietnam died 549, ...
Lyadov, Anatoly
▪ Russian composer in full  Anatoly Konstantinovich Lyadov , Lyadov also spelled  Liadov  born April 29 [May 11, New Style], 1855, St. Petersburg, Russia died Aug. 15 ...
/luy"euhl poor'/, n. a city in NE Pakistan. 1,092,000. * * *
/luy"euhm hownd'/, n. Archaic. a bloodhound. Also, lyme-hound. [1520-30; obs. lyam leash ( < MF liem
/luy"euhrd/, adj. Chiefly Scot. streaked or spotted with gray or white. Also, lyart /luy"euhrt/. [1300-50; ME < MF, OF liart] * * *
/luy"ays, -ayz/, n. Biochem. any of various enzymes, as decarboxylase, that catalyze reactions involving the formation of or addition to a double bond. [1960-65; < Gk lý(ein) to ...
/lyoh te"/, n. Louis Hubert Gonzalve /lwee yuu berdd" gawonn zannlv"/, 1854-1934, French marshal: resident general of Morocco 1912-16, 1917-25. * * *
Lyautey, Louis-Hubert-Gonzalve
born Nov. 17, 1854, Nancy, France died July 21, 1934, Thorey French soldier and first colonial administrator in Morocco under the protectorate (1912–56). Early in his career ...
/luy"keuhn throhp', luy kan"throhp/, n. 1. a person affected with lycanthropy. 2. a werewolf or alien spirit in the physical form of a bloodthirsty wolf. [1615-25; < Gk ...
—lycanthropic /luy'keuhn throp"ik/, adj. /luy kan"threuh pee/, n. 1. a delusion in which one imagines oneself to be a wolf or other wild animal. 2. the supposed or fabled ...
▪ Greek mythology       in Greek mythology, a legendary king of Arcadia. Traditionally, he was an impious and cruel king who tried to trick Zeus, the king of the gods, ...
/lik'ay oh"nee euh, -ohn"yeuh, luy'kay-/, n. an ancient country in S Asia Minor: later a Roman province. * * * Ancient region, southern Anatolia. Situated north of the Taurus ...
▪ plant genus       genus of about 45 species of tropical American orchids, family Orchidaceae, that grow on other plants or in soil. The sepals of Lycaste flowers are ...
/lee say"/, n., pl. lycées /-sayz"/; Fr. /-say"/. a secondary school, esp. in France, maintained by the government. [1860-65; < F < L lyceum LYCEUM] * * * ▪ ...
/luy see"euhm/, n. 1. an institution for popular education providing discussions, lectures, concerts, etc. 2. a building for such activities. 3. (cap.) the gymnasium where ...
lyceum movement
Form of adult education popular in the U.S. during the mid-19th century. The lyceums were voluntary local associations that sponsored lectures and debates on topics of current ...
Lyceum Theatre
▪ theatre, Westminster, London, United Kingdom       playhouse on Wellington Street, just north of the Strand, in the Greater London borough of Westminster ...
/lich/, n. Brit. Obs. lich. * * *
lych gate
lych gate [lich] n. LICH GATE * * *
lych gate.
See lich gate. * * *
lych-gate or lych gate also lich gate (lĭchʹgāt') n. A roofed gateway to a churchyard used originally as a resting place for a bier before burial.   [Middle English ...
lychee [lē′chē΄] n. LITCHI * * * ly·chee (lēʹchē) n. Variant of litchi. * * *
/lik"nis/, n. any showy-flowered plant belonging to the genus Lychnis, of the pink family. Cf. rose campion, scarlet lychnis. [1595-1605; < L < Gk lychnís red flower, akin to ...
—lychnoscopic /lik'neuh skop"ik/, adj. /lik"neuh skohp'/, n. See lowside window. [1835-45; < Gk lýchn(os) lamp + -O- + -SCOPE] * * *
/lish"ee euh/, n. an ancient country in SW Asia Minor: later a Roman province. * * * Ancient district, southwestern Anatolia. Located along the Mediterranean Sea coast in ...
/lish"ee euhn/, adj. 1. of or pertaining to Lycia. n. 2. an inhabitant of Lycia. 3. an Anatolian language of Lycia, written in a form of the Greek alphabet. [1590-1600; LYCI(A) + ...
Lycian alphabet
▪ writing system       writing system of the Lycian people of southwest Asia Minor, dating from the 5th–4th centuries BC. The Lycian alphabet is clearly related to the ...
Lycian language
      one of the ancient Anatolian languages. Evidence for Lycian consists of more than 150 inscriptions on stone, some 200 on coins, and a handful on other objects. ...
/luy"seen/, n. Chem. betaine. [1860-65; < Gk lýk(ion) buckthorn + -INE2] * * *
▪ county, Pennsylvania, United States       county, north-central Pennsylvania, U.S., constituting a mountainous upland region largely on the Allegheny Plateau. ...
Lycoming College
▪ college, Williamsport, Pennsylvania, United States       private, coeducational institution of higher learning in Williamsport, Pennsylvania, U.S. It is affiliated ...
/luy"keuh peen'/, n. Biochem. a red crystalline substance, C40H56, that is the main pigment of certain fruits, as the tomato and paprika, and is a precursor to carotene in plant ...
▪ order of fungi  family of fungi in the order Agaricales (phylum Basidiomycota, kingdom Fungi) that includes about 160 species, among them earthstars and puffballs, which ...
Lycophron of Chalcis
▪ Greek poet flourished 3rd century BC       Greek poet and scholar best known because of the attribution to him of the extant poem Alexandra.       Invited to ...
▪ plant division Introduction       (division Lycopodiophyta or Lycophyta), any spore-bearing vascular plant that is one of the club mosses (club moss) and their ...
/luy"keuh pod'/, n. any erect or creeping, mosslike, evergreen plant of the genus Lycopodium, as the club moss or ground pine. Also, lycopodium /luy'keuh poh"dee euhm/. [1700-10; ...
lycopodium [lī΄kō pō′dē əm] n. 〚ModL < Gr lykos, WOLF + -PODIUM〛 1. any of a genus (Lycopodium) of usually creeping, often evergreen, lycopods, very popular as ...
/luy"keuhr is/, n. any of several bulbous plants belonging to the genus Lycoris, of the amaryllis family, native to eastern Asia, bearing clustered, variously colored flowers ...
/luy koh"sid/, n. 1. a spider of the family Lycosidae, comprising the wolf spiders. adj. 2. belonging or pertaining to the family Lycosidae. [ < NL Lycosidae family name, equiv. ...
/luy"kreuh/, Trademark. a brand of spandex. * * *
n [U] a material that stretches, used for clothing, especially sports clothing and often mixed with other fibres such as wool and cotton. * * *
/luy kerr"geuhs/, n. fl. 9th century B.C., Spartan lawgiver. * * * I born с 390 died 324 BC Athenian orator and statesman. He supported Demosthenes in opposing Macedonia. As ...
▪ England, United Kingdom       town (parish), Shepway district, administrative and historic county of Kent, England. Nearby is the complex shingle spit of Dungeness, ...
Lydda [lid′ə] LOD * * *
/lid"uyt/, n. Chem. a high explosive consisting chiefly of picric acid. [1885-90; named after Lydd, borough in SE England near the site where it was first tested; see -ITE1] * * *
/lid"gayt', -git/, n. John c1370-1451?, English monk, poet, and translator. * * *
Lydgate, John
▪ English writer born c. 1370, Lidgate, Suffolk, Eng. died c. 1450, Bury St. Edmunds?  English poet, known principally for long moralistic and devotional ...
Lyd·gate (lĭdʹgāt', -gət), John. 1370?-1451?. English poet who is best known for his long narrative works. * * *
/lid"ee euh/, n. 1. an ancient kingdom in W Asia Minor: under Croesus, a wealthy empire including most of Asia Minor. 2. a female given name. * * * I Ancient land, western ...
/lid"ee euhn/, adj. 1. of or pertaining to Lydia. 2. (of music) softly or sensuously sweet; voluptuous. n. 3. an inhabitant of Lydia. 4. an Anatolian language of Lydia, written ...
Lydian language
      one of the ancient Anatolian languages. Documents in Lydian number more than a hundred, including inscriptions on stone and coins and graffiti on various objects. ...
Lydian mode
Music. an authentic church mode represented on the white keys of a keyboard instrument by an ascending scale from F to F. [1800-10] * * *       in music, fifth of the ...
/luy/, n. Chem. 1. a highly concentrated, aqueous solution of potassium hydroxide or sodium hydroxide. 2. any solution resulting from leaching, percolation, or the like. [bef. ...
lye hominy.
See under hominy. [1815-25, Amer.] * * *
/luy"fish'/, n. lutefisk. [LYE + FISH; see LUTEFISK] * * *
/luy"euhl/, n. Sir Charles, 1797-1875, English geologist. * * *
Lyell, Mount
▪ region, Tasmania, Australia       mining area, western Tasmania, Australia. The site, discovered in the 1880s, derives its name from a 2,900-ft (880-m) peak in the ...
Lyell, Sir Charles
born Nov. 14, 1797, Kinnordy, Forfarshire, Scot. died Feb. 22, 1875, London, Eng. Scottish geologist. While studying law at the University of Oxford, he became interested in ...
Lyell, Sir Charles, Baronet
▪ Scottish geologist Introduction born Nov. 14, 1797, Kinnordy, Forfarshire, Scot. died Feb. 22, 1875, London  Scottish geologist largely responsible for the general ...
Lyell, Mount A peak, 3,994 m (13,095 ft) high, of the Sierra Nevada in east-central California. * * *
Lyell,Sir Charles
Ly·ell (līʹəl), Sir Charles. 1797-1875. British geologist whose Principles of Geology (1830-1833) opposed the catastrophic theory of geologic change. A leading proponent of ...
/luy jee"id, luy"jee id/, n. 1. Also called lygaeid bug, lygus bug /luy"geuhs/. any of numerous, often brightly marked bugs of the family Lygaeidae, which feed on the juices of ...
lygaeid bug
▪ insect  any of a group of insects in the true bug order, Heteroptera, that includes many important crop pests. There are between 3,000 and 5,000 species of lygaeid bugs, ...
lygus bug
lygus bug [lī′gəs] n. 〚ModL〛 any of a genus (Lygus, family Miridae) of hemipterous bugs, including many that damage plants * * *
ly·gus bug (līʹgəs) n. Any of various North American bugs of the genus Lygus, including certain species that are destructive to plants.   [New Latin Lȳgus, genus name, ...
lying1 —lyingly, adv. /luy"ing/, n. 1. the telling of lies; untruthfulness. adj. 2. telling or containing lies; deliberately untruthful; mendacious; false: a lying ...
/luy"ing in"/, n., pl. lyings-in, lying-ins, adj. n. 1. the state of being in childbed; confinement. adj. 2. pertaining to or providing facilities for childbirth: a lying-in ...
/luyl/, n. a male given name. * * *
/lil"ee/, n. John, 1554?-1606, English writer of romances and plays. * * *
Lyly, John
born 1554?, Kent, Eng. died November 1606, London English writer. Educated at Oxford, Lyly gained fame in London with two prose romances, Euphues (1578) and Euphues and His ...
Lyl·y (lĭlʹē), John. 1554?-1606. English playwright and novelist who wrote a number of comedies that influenced English drama. * * *
/luy"meuhn/, n. a male given name. * * * (as used in expressions) Abbott Lyman Baum Lyman Frank Moody Dwight Lyman Trumbull Lyman * * *
(as used in expressions) Baron Lister of Lyme Regis Lyme disease Newcastle under Lyme Thomas Pelham Holles 1st duke of * * *
Lyme disease
/luym/, Pathol. an acute inflammatory disease caused by a tick-borne spirochete, Borrelia burgdorferi, characterized by recurrent episodes of decreasing severity in which joint ...
Lyme Regis
a popular holiday town in Dorset on the south coast of England. It is famous for the fossils (= animals and plants preserved in rock) that can be found in its cliffs, and for the ...
/luym"hownd'/, n. lyam-hound. * * *
Lyme disease (līm) n. An inflammatory disease caused by a spirochete (Borrelia burgdorferi) that is transmitted by ticks, usually characterized initially by a rash followed by ...
Lymon, Frankie, and the Teenagers
▪ American music group  American vocal group popular in the mid-1950s, prime exponents of the doo-wop vocal style. The members were Frankie Lymon (b. Sept. 30, 1942, New ...
/limf/, n. 1. Anat., Physiol. a clear yellowish, slightly alkaline, coagulable fluid, containing white blood cells in a liquid resembling blood plasma, that is derived from the ...
lymph node
any of the glandlike masses of tissue in the lymphatic vessels containing cells that become lymphocytes. Also called lymph gland. [1890-95] * * * Small, rounded mass of lymphoid ...
lymph nodule
▪ anatomy       small, localized collection of lymphoid tissue, usually located in the loose connective tissue beneath wet epithelial (covering or lining) membranes, as ...
lymph system
Anat. See lymphatic system. * * *
var. of lympho- before a vowel: lymphoma. * * *
/lim fad'n ek"teuh mee, lim'feuh dn-/, n., pl. lymphadenectomies. the excision of one or more lymph nodes, usually as a procedure in the surgical removal or destruction of a ...
/lim fad'n uy"tis, lim'feuh dn-/, n. Pathol. inflammation of a lymphatic gland. Also called adenitis. [1875-80; LYMPH- + ADEN- + -ITIS] * * *
/lim fad'n oh"meuh, lim'feuh dn-/, n., pl. lymphadenomas, lymphadenomata /-meuh teuh/. Pathol. an enlarged lymph node. [1870-75; LYMPH- + ADEN- + -OMA] * * *
/lim fad'n op"euh thee, lim'feuh dn-/, n., pl. lymphadenopathies. Pathol. chronically swollen lymph nodes. [1915-20; LYMPH- + ADENO- + -PATHY] * * *
lymphadenopathy-associated virus
/lim fad'n op"euh thee euh soh'shee ay'tid, -see ay'-, lim'feuh dn-/. See under AIDS virus. Abbr.: LAV * * *
a combining form with the meaning "lymph vessel," used in the formation of compound words: lymphangiography. [ < NL lymphangion. See LYMPHO-, ANGIO-] * * *
/lim fan"jee euhl/, adj. pertaining to the lymphatic vessels. [LYMPHANGI- + -AL1] * * *
lymphangiogram [lim fan′jē ə gram΄] n. an X-ray picture produced by lymphangiography * * * See lymphangiography. * * *

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