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Melungeon
/meuh lun"jeuhn/, n. a member of a people of mixed white, black, and American Indian ancestry living in the southern Appalachians. * * *
Melville
—Melvillean, adj., n. /mel"vil/, n. 1. Herman, 1819-91, U.S. novelist. 2. Lake, a saltwater lake on the E coast of Labrador, Newfoundland, in E Canada, separated from the ...
Melville Island
an island in the Arctic Ocean, N of Canada, belonging to Canada. 200 mi. (320 km) long; 130 mi. (210 km) wide. * * * I Island in the Timor Sea, off the coast of Northern ...
Melville Peninsula
a peninsula in N Canada, SE of the Gulf of Boothia. 250 mi. (405 km) long. * * *
Melville, Andrew
▪ Scottish clergyman and educator born Aug. 1, 1545, Baldovie, Angus, Scot. died 1622, Sedan, Fr.  scholar and Reformer who succeeded John Knox as a leader of the Scottish ...
Melville, George Wallace
▪ American explorer born July 31, 1841, New York City died March 17, 1912, Philadelphia  U.S. explorer and naval engineer who led the sole surviving party from George ...
Melville, Henry Dundas, 1st Viscount, Baron Dunira
▪ British politician born April 28, 1742, Arniston, Midlothian, Scotland died May 28, 1811, Edinburgh       British careerist politician who held various ministerial ...
Melville, Herman
orig. Herman Melvill born Aug. 1, 1819, New York, N.Y., U.S. died Sept. 28, 1891, New York City U.S. writer. Born to a wealthy New York family that suffered great financial ...
Melville, James
▪ Scottish clergyman born July 26, 1556, near Montrose, Angus, Scot. died Jan. 13, 1614, Berwick-upon-Tweed, Northumberland, Eng.       Scottish Presbyterian reformer ...
Melville, Jean-Pierre
▪ French director pseudonym  of Jean-pierre Grumbach   born Oct. 20, 1917, Paris died Aug. 2, 1973, Paris  French motion-picture director whose early films strongly ...
Melville,Herman
Mel·ville (mĕlʹvĭl), Herman. 1819-1891. American writer whose experiences at sea provided the factual basis of Moby-Dick (1851), considered among the greatest American ...
Melville,Lake
Melville, Lake A saltwater lake of Newfoundland, Canada, in southeast Labrador. It receives the Churchill River in Goose Bay, its southwest arm. * * *
Melvillean
See Melville, Herman. * * *
MelvilleIsland
Melville Island 1. An island of northern Australia in the Timor Sea. 2. An island of northern Canada, in the Queen Elizabeth Islands north of Victoria Island. It was discovered ...
MelvillePeninsula
Melville Peninsula A peninsula of central Nunavut, Canada, between Foxe Basin and an arm of the Gulf of Boothia. It is separated from Baffin Island by a narrow strait. * * *
Melvin
/mel"vin/, n. a male given name. Also, Melvyn. * * * (as used in expressions) Melvin Allen Israel Blanc Melvin Jerome Melvin Kaminsky Calvin Melvin James Melvin Lunceford Tormé ...
Melvin, Harold James
▪ 1998       American singer who founded the Blue Notes, a rhythm-and-blues band that was fronted for a few years by singer Teddy Pendergrass and popularized the "Philly ...
Melvindale
/mel"vin dayl'/, n. a city in SE Michigan, near Detroit. 12,322. * * *
Melvyn Bragg
➡ Bragg * * *
melə-
Also mel-. To crush, grind; with derivatives referring to various ground or crumbling substances (such as flour) and to instruments for grinding or crushing (such as millstones). ...
mem
/mem/, n. 1. the thirteenth letter of the Hebrew alphabet. 2. the consonant sound represented by this letter. [1895-1900; < Heb mem, akin to mayim water] * * *
mem.
1. member. 2. memoir. 3. memorandum. 4. memorial. * * *
member
—memberless, adj. /mem"beuhr/, n. 1. a person, animal, plant, group, etc., that is part of a society, party, community, taxon, or other body. 2. Govt. a. a member of Congress, ...
Member of Congress
☆ Member of Congress n. a person who has been elected to the House of Representatives * * *
Member of Parliament
Member of Parliament n. a person who has been elected to the House of Commons * * * (abbr MP) n a member of the House of Commons, elected in a general election or a by-election. ...
Member of the European Parliament
(abbr MEP) (also Euro-MP) n a person elected as the representative at the European Parliament of any of the 81 constituencies into which England, Scotland, Wales and Northern ...
Member of the Scottish Parliament
(abbr MSP) a person elected to represent one of the 73 constituencies or one of the eight regions into which Scotland is divided for this parliament. Each constituency elects one ...
Member of the Wedding, The
a novel (1946) and play (1950) by Carson McCullers. * * *
membered
/mem"beuhrd/, adj. having members, esp. of a specified number or kind (often used in combination): a four-membered body. [1375-1425; late ME. See MEMBER, -ED3] * * *
memberfirm
member firm n. A securities firm with officers or partners who are members of an organized exchange. * * *
members
➡ companies * * *
Members of the Commonwealth
▪ Table Members of the Commonwealth country date of Commonwealth membership United Kingdom 1931 Canada 1931 Australia 1931 New Zealand 1931 South Africa 1931 (left in ...
Members of the Local Group of galaxies
▪ Table Members of the Local Group of galaxies name of galaxy type    dimensions    (light-years) distance (106 light- years) year of discovery WLM Irr 11,000 x ...
membership
/mem"beuhr ship'/, n. 1. the state of being a member, as of a society or club. 2. the status of a member. 3. the total number of members belonging to an organization, society, ...
membranal
See membrane. * * *
membrane
—membraneless, adj. /mem"brayn/, n. 1. Anat. a thin, pliable sheet or layer of animal or vegetable tissue, serving to line an organ, connect parts, etc. 2. Cell Biol. the thin, ...
membrane bone
a bone that develops from membranous tissue. Cf. cartilage bone. [1875-80] * * *
membrane structure
Structure with a thin, flexible surface (membrane) that carries loads primarily through tensile stresses. There are two main types: tent structures and pneumatic structures. The ...
membranebone
membrane bone n. A bone that forms directly in membranous connective tissue, as some cranial bones, instead of developing from cartilage. * * *
membranophone
—membranophonic /mem bray'neuh fon"ik/, adj. /mem bray"neuh fohn'/, n. any musical instrument, as a drum, in which the sound is produced by striking, rubbing, or blowing ...
membranous
—membranously, adv. /mem"breuh neuhs/, adj. 1. consisting of, of the nature of, or resembling membrane. 2. characterized by the formation of a membrane. Also, membranaceous ...
membranous labyrinth
membranous labyrinth n. the soft tissue structure conforming to the bony labyrinth of the inner ear * * *
membranous labyrinth.
See under labyrinth (def. 6a). [1865-70] * * *
membranouslabyrinth
membranous labyrinth n. The fluid-filled membranous sacs of the inner ear that are associated with the senses of hearing and balance. * * *
meme
/meem/, n. a cultural item that is transmitted by repetition in a manner analogous to the biological transmission of genes. [1976; < Gk mimeîsthai to imitate, copy; coined by R. ...
Memel
/may"meuhl, mem"euhl/, n. 1. German name of Klaipeda. 2. the lower course of the Niemen River. Cf. Niemen. * * *
Memel dispute
Post-World War I dispute over sovereignty of the former German Prussian territory of Memelland. Located on the Baltic Sea north of the Memel River, the area was mainly inhabited ...
memento
/meuh men"toh/, n., pl. mementos, mementoes. 1. an object or item that serves to remind one of a person, past event, etc.; keepsake; souvenir. 2. anything serving as a reminder ...
memento mori
/meuh men"toh mawr"uy, mohr"uy, mawr"ee, mohr"ee/; for 1 also Lat. /me men"toh moh"rddee/, pl. memento mori for 2. 1. (italics) Latin. remember that you must die. 2. an object, ...
mementomori
memento mo·ri (môrʹē) n. pl. memento mori 1. A reminder of death or mortality, especially a death's-head. 2. A reminder of human failures or errors.   [New Latin mementō ...
memetics
me·met·ics (mē-mĕtʹĭks) n. (used with a sing. verb) The study of memes and their social and cultural effects.   [meme + -etics(as in aesthetics).] * * *
Memling
/mem"ling/, n. Hans /hahns/, c1430-94?, German painter of the Flemish school. Also, Memlinc /mem"lingk/. * * *
Memling, Hans
or Hans Memlinc born с 1430/35, Seligenstadt, near Frankfurt am Main died Aug. 11, 1494, Bruges Flemish painter. He settled in Bruges in 1465 and established a large workshop ...
Memling,Hans
Mem·ling (mĕmʹlĭng) also Mem·linc (-lĭngk), Hans. 1430?-1494. Flemish painter of portraits and, more notably, religious works, such as the triptych Adoration of the Magi ...
Memmi, Albert
▪ Tunisian novelist born 1920, Tunis       French-language Tunisian novelist and author of numerous sociological studies treating the subject of human ...
Memmingen
▪ Germany       city, Bavaria Land (state), southern Germany. It lies on the Ach River (a small tributary of the Iller), south of Ulm. First mentioned in 1128, it was ...
Memminger, Christopher G
▪ Confederate treasurer born Jan. 9, 1803, Nayhingen, Württemberg died March 7, 1888, Charleston, S.C., U.S.  Confederate secretary of the treasury, generally held ...
Memminger, Christopher G(ustavus)
born Jan. 9, 1803, Nayhingen, Württemberg died March 7, 1888, Charleston, S.C., U.S. German-born U.S. public official. He immigrated to the U.S. in his teens and became a ...
Memnon
—Memnonian /mem noh"nee euhn/, adj. /mem"non/, n. 1. Colossus of, (in ancient Egypt) a colossal statue near Thebes said to produce a musical sound when the rays of the early ...
Memnonia
/mem noh"nee euh/, n. an area in the southern hemisphere of Mars, appearing as a light region when viewed telescopically from the earth. * * *
memo
/mem"oh/, n., pl. memos. memorandum. [by shortening; see -O] * * *
memoir
/mem"wahr, -wawr/, n. 1. a record of events written by a person having intimate knowledge of them and based on personal observation. 2. Usually, memoirs. a. an account of one's ...
memoirist
/mem"wahr ist, -wawr-/, n. a person who writes memoirs. [1760-70; MEMOIR + -IST] * * *
memorabilia
/mem'euhr euh bil"ee euh, -bil"yeuh/, n.pl., sing. memorabile /-euh rab"euh lee/. 1. mementos; souvenirs. 2. matters or events worthy to be remembered; points worthy of ...
memorabiliast
/mem'euhr euh bil"ee ast'/, n. a person who collects mementos or souvenirs, as postcards or playbills. [MEMORABILI(A) + -ast, taken as var. of -IST attached to a s. ending in ...
memorability
See memorable. * * *
memorable
—memorability, memorableness, n. —memorably, adv. /mem"euhr euh beuhl/, adj. 1. worth remembering; notable: a memorable speech. 2. easily remembered. [1400-50; late ME < L ...
memorableness
See memorability. * * *
memorably
See memorability. * * *
memorandum
/mem'euh ran"deuhm/, n., pl. memorandums, memoranda /-deuh/. 1. a short note designating something to be remembered, esp. something to be done or acted upon in the future; ...
memorial
—memorially, adv. /meuh mawr"ee euhl, -mohr"-/, n. 1. something designed to preserve the memory of a person, event, etc., as a monument or a holiday. 2. a written statement of ...
Memorial Day
1. Also called Decoration Day. a day, May 30, set aside in most states of the U.S. for observances in memory of dead members of the armed forces of all wars: now officially ...
memorial park
cemetery. [1915-20] * * *
Memorial University of Newfoundland
Canadian public university in St. John's, founded in 1925. It offers undergraduate and graduate programs in the sciences, arts and humanities, social sciences, business ...
MemorialDay
Me·mo·ri·al Day (mə-môrʹē-əl, -mōrʹ-) n. May 30, observed in the United States in commemoration of those members of the armed forces killed in war. It is officially ...
memorialist
/meuh mawr"ee euh list, -mohr"-/, n. 1. a person who writes memorials. 2. a person who writes memoirs. [1700-10; MEMORIAL + -IST] * * *
memorialization
See memorialize. * * *
memorialize
—memorialization, n. —memorializer, n. /meuh mawr"ee euh luyz', -mohr"-/, v.t., memorialized, memorializing. 1. to commemorate. 2. to present a memorial to. Also, esp. Brit., ...
memorializer
See memorialization. * * *
memorially
See memorial. * * *
memorialpark
memorial park n. A cemetery. * * *
memoried
/mem"euh reed/, adj. 1. having a memory (usually used in combination): short-memoried; long-memoried. 2. filled with memories: a quiet, memoried town. [1565-75; MEMORY + -ED3] * ...
memorist
/mem"euhr ist/, n. a person who has a remarkably retentive memory. [1675-85; MEMOR(Y) + -IST] * * *
memoriter
/meuh mawr"i teuhr, -ter, -mohr"-/, adv. 1. by heart; by memory. adj. 2. involving or requiring memorization: the memoriter aspects of a college course. [1605-15; < L, equiv. to ...
memorizable
See memorize. * * *
memorization
See memorizable. * * *
memorize
—memorizable, adj. —memorization, n. —memorizer, n. /mem"euh ruyz'/, v., memorized, memorizing. v.t. 1. to commit to memory; learn by heart: to memorize a poem. v.i. 2. to ...
memorizer
See memorizable. * * *
memory
/mem"euh ree/, n., pl. memories. 1. the mental capacity or faculty of retaining and reviving facts, events, impressions, etc., or of recalling or recognizing previous ...
memory abnormality
Introduction       any of the disorders that affect the ability to remember.       Disorders of memory must have been known to the ancients and are mentioned in ...
memory bank
1. the complete records, archives, or the like of an organization, country, etc. 2. the total of a person's memories or recollections. 3. See data bank (def. 1). [1950-55] * * *
memory cell
Immunol. any small, long-lived lymphocyte that has previously encountered a given antigen and that on reexposure to the same antigen rapidly initiates the immune response (memory ...
memory lane
the memory of one's past life likened to a road down which one may travel: The class reunion was a trip down memory lane. [1950-55] * * *
memory trace
Psychol. engram. [1920-25] * * *
memory verse
a verse or passage from the Bible to be memorized, esp. by members of a Sunday school. * * *
memoryengram
memory engram n. An engram. * * *
memorytrace
memory trace n. An engram. * * *
Memphian
/mem"fee euhn/, n. 1. a native or inhabitant of the ancient Egyptian city of Memphis. 2. Egyptian (def. 3). 3. a native or resident of Memphis, Tennessee. [1585-95; MEMPHI(S) + ...
Memphis
/mem"fis/, n. 1. a port in SW Tennessee, on the Mississippi. 646,356. 2. a ruined city in Lower Egypt, on the Nile, S of Cairo: the ancient capital of Egypt. /mem"fis/, n. 1. a ...
Memphis Race Riot
▪ United States history       (May 1866), in the U.S. post-Civil War period, attack by members of the white majority on black residents of Memphis, Tennessee, ...
Memphis, University of
▪ university, Memphis, Tennessee, United States       public, coeducational institution of higher learning in Memphis, Tennessee, U.S. It is part of the State ...
Memphite
/mem"fuyt/, adj. 1. Also, Memphitic /mem fit"ik/. of or pertaining to the ancient Egyptian city of Memphis. n. 2. Memphian (def. 1). [
Memphremagog
/mem'free may"gog/, n. Lake, a lake on the boundary between the U.S. and Canada, between N Vermont and S Quebec. 30 mi. (48 km) long. * * *
Memphremagog, Lake
Lake that crosses the U.S.-Canadian border. Extending from northern Vermont, U.S., into southern Quebec, Can., it is 27 mi (43 km) long and only 1–2 mi (1.5–3 km) wide for ...
memristor
▪ electronics in full  memory resistor        one of the four fundamental passive electrical components (those that do not produce energy), the others being the ...
MEMS
MEMS abbr. microelectromechanical system. * * *
memsahib
/mem"sah'ib, -eeb/, n. (formerly, in India) a term of respect for a married European woman. [1855-60; < Hindi, equiv. to mem ( < E MA'AM) + sahib master ( < Ar sahib)] * * *
men
/men/, n. pl. of man. * * * (as used in expressions) Young Men's Christian Association Angry Young Men Chamberlain's Men Lord Chamberlain's Men International Working Men's ...
Men Behaving Badly
a popular British television comedy series (1992–1998) about two young men sharing a flat/apartment, who get drunk a lot and behave badly, and have unsuccessful relationships ...
Men Shen
▪ Chinese mythological deities  in Chinese mythology, the two door gods whose separate martial images are posted on the two halves of the double front door of private homes ...
men's
/menz/, n., pl. men's. 1. a range of sizes in even and odd numbers for garments made for men. 2. a garment in this size range. 3. the department or section of a store where these ...
men's room
a public lavatory for men. Also called men's lounge. [1925-30, Amer.] * * *
men's wear
apparel and accessories for men. Also, menswear. [1945-50] * * *
men'sroom
men's room (mĕnz) n. A restroom for men. * * *
men-
var. of meno- before a vowel: menarche. * * *
men-at-arms
men-at-arms (mĕn'ət-ärmzʹ) n. Plural of man-at-arms. * * *
men-children
/men"chil'dreuhn, -drin/, n. pl. of man-child. Also, menchildren. * * *
men-of-war
men-of-war (mĕn'ə-wôrʹ) n. Plural of man-of-war. * * *
Mena, Juan de
▪ Spanish poet born 1411, Córdoba died 1456, Torrelaguna, Castile       poet who was a forerunner of the Renaissance in Spain.       Mena belonged to the ...
Mena, Pedro de
▪ Spanish sculptor in full  Pedro de Mena y Medrano  baptized Aug. 20, 1628, Granada, Spain died Oct. 13, 1688, Málaga  Spanish sculptor who created many statues and busts ...
Menabé
▪ historical kingdom, Madagascar       historic kingdom of the Sakalava people in southwestern Madagascar, situated roughly between the Mangoky and Manambalo rivers. It ...
menace
—menacer, n. —menacingly, adv. /men"is/, n., v., menaced, menacing. n. 1. something that threatens to cause evil, harm, injury, etc.; a threat: Air pollution is a menace to ...
menacer
See menace. * * *
menacingly
See menacer. * * *
menacme
/meuh nak"mee, mee nak"-/, n. Physiol. the part of a female's life during which menstruation occurs. [MEN- + ACME] * * *
menad
/mee"nad/, n. maenad. * * *
menadione
/men'euh duy"ohn/, n. Pharm. a synthetic yellow crystalline powder, C11H8O2, insoluble in water, used as a vitamin K supplement. Also called vitamin K3. [1940-45; ME(THYL) + ...
Menado
/me nah"doh/, n. a seaport on NE Sulawesi, in NE Indonesia. 169,684. Also, Manado. * * *
Menaechmus
▪ Greek mathematician born c. 380 BC, Alopeconnesus, Asia Minor [now Turkey] died c. 320, Cyzicus? [modern Kapidaği Yarimadasi, Turkey]       Greek mathematician and ...
ménage
/may nahzh"/; Fr. /may nannzh"/, n., pl. ménages /-nah"zhiz/; Fr. /-nannzh"/. 1. a domestic establishment; household. 2. housekeeping. Also, menage. [1250-1300; ME < F
ménage à trois
/may nahzh" ah trwah"/; Fr. /may nannzh ann trddwah"/ a domestic arrangement in which three people having sexual relations occupy the same household. [ < F: household of three] * ...
ménage àtrois
ménage à trois (ä trwäʹ) n. A relationship in which three people, such as a married couple and a lover, live together and have sexual relations.   [French : ménage, ...
Ménage, Gilles
▪ French scholar born Aug. 15, 1613, Angers, Fr. died July 23, 1692, Paris       French scholar and man of letters known for philological works as well as for the ...
menagerie
/meuh naj"euh ree, -nazh"-/, n. 1. a collection of wild or unusual animals, esp. for exhibition. 2. a place where they are kept or exhibited. 3. an unusual and varied group of ...
Menahem
▪ king of Israel also spelled  Manahem   flourished 8th century BC       king of Israel whose 10-year reign was distinguished for its cruelty. Events of his rule are ...
Menahem ben Saruq
▪ Spanish-Jewish lexicographer in full  Menahem ben Jacob ibn Saruq , Saruq also spelled  Saruk  born c. 910, , Tortosa, Independent Moorish States died c. 970, , ...
Menai Bridge
➡ Menai Strait * * * ▪ bridge, Wales, United Kingdom       suspension bridge spanning the Menai Strait from Bangor, Wales, to the island of Anglesey, a distance of ...
Menai Strait
/men"uy/ a strait between Anglesey Island and the mainland of NW Wales. 14 mi. (23 km) long. * * * Channel of the Irish Sea separating the Isle of Anglesey from the mainland of ...
Menam
/me nahm"/, n. a former name of Chao Phraya. * * *
Menander
/meuh nan"deuhr/, n. 342?-291 B.C., Greek writer of comedies. * * * born с 342 died с 292 BC Athenian dramatist. He produced his first play in 321 BC, and in 316 he won a ...
Menander Protector
▪ Byzantine historian flourished 6th century AD       Byzantine historian whose surviving works are a valuable authority for the 6th century, especially on geography ...
Menapian Glacial Stage
▪ geology       division of Pleistocene time and deposits in northern Europe (the Pleistocene Epoch began about 2,500,000 years ago and ended about 10,000 years ago). ...
menarche
—menarcheal, menarchial, adj. /meuh nahr"kee, me-/, n. Physiol. the first menstrual period; the establishment of menstruation. [1895-1900; MEN- + arché beginning] * * *
menarcheal
See menarche. * * *
Menard, John Willis
▪ American journalist born April 3, 1838, Kaskaskia, Ill., U.S. died Oct. 8, 1893, Washington, D.C.       first black elected to the U.S. Congress, who was denied his ...
Ménard, Louis-Nicolas
▪ French author born Oct. 19, 1822, Paris, Fr. died Feb. 9, 1901, Paris       French writer whose vision of ancient Greek religion and philosophy influenced the ...
Menasha
/meuh nash"euh/, n. a city in E Wisconsin. 14,728. * * * ▪ Wisconsin, United States       city, Winnebago and Calumet counties, east-central Wisconsin, U.S. It lies ...
menat
/may"naht/, n. an amulet worn by certain Egyptians in ancient times to secure divine protection and to ensure fertility. [vocalization of Egyptian mnyt] * * * ▪ Egyptian ...
menazon
/men"euh zon'/, n. Chem. a colorless, crystalline compound, C6H12N5O2PS2, used as a systemic insecticide, esp. for control of aphids. [1960-65; ME(THYL) + (AMI)N(O)- + ...
Mencap
(in full the Royal Mencap Society) a British charity which provides help, services and accommodation for people with learning difficulties and campaigns for their rights. It was ...
Menchik-Stevenson, Vera Francevna
▪ British chess player née  Vera Francevna Menchik   born February 16, 1906, Moscow, Russian Empire died June 26, 1944, London, England       Russian-born British ...
Menchú
Men·chú (mĕn-cho͞oʹ), Rigoberta. Born 1959. Guatemalan human rights activist who won the 1992 Nobel Peace Prize for her efforts to end the civil war and improve the ...
Menchú, Rigoberta
▪ Guatemalan activist born Jan. 9, 1959, Guatemala       Guatemalan Indian-rights activist, who was awarded the Nobel Prize for Peace in 1992.       Menchú, of ...
Mencius
/men"shee euhs/, n. c380-289 B.C., Chinese philosopher. Also called Mengtzu, Mengtse, Mengtze, Mengzi. * * * I Chinese Mengzi or Meng-tzu orig. Meng K'o born с 372 died с 289 ...
Mencken
—Menckenian /meng kee"nee euhn/, adj., n. /meng"keuhn/, n. H(enry) L(ouis), 1880-1956, U.S. writer, editor, and critic. * * *
Mencken, H(enry) L(ouis)
Menck·en (mĕngʹkən), H(enry) L(ouis). 1880-1956. American editor and critic. A founder and editor (1924-1933) of the American Mercury, he wrote socially critical essays, ...
Mencken, H.L.
▪ American writer in full  Henry Louis Mencken   born Sept. 12, 1880, Baltimore, Md., U.S. died Jan. 29, 1956, Baltimore  controversialist, humorous journalist, and pungent ...
Menckenian
See Mencken, Henry Louis. * * *
mend
—mendable, adj. /mend/, v.t. 1. to make (something broken, worn, torn, or otherwise damaged) whole, sound, or usable by repairing: to mend old clothes; to mend a broken toy. 2. ...
mendable
See mend. * * *
mendacious
—mendaciously, adv. —mendaciousness, n. /men day"sheuhs/, adj. 1. telling lies, esp. habitually; dishonest; lying; untruthful: a mendacious person. 2. false or untrue: a ...
mendaciously
See mendacious. * * *
mendacity
/men das"i tee/, n., pl. mendacities for 2. 1. the quality of being mendacious; untruthfulness; tendency to lie. 2. an instance of lying; falsehood. [1640-50; < LL mendacitas ...
Mende
/men"dee/, n., pl. Mendes, (esp. collectively) Mende for 1. 1. a member of a people living in Sierra Leone and Liberia. 2. a Niger-Congo language of the Mande branch spoken by ...
Mendel
/men"dl/, n. 1. Gregor Johann /greg"euhr yoh"hahn/; Ger. /grdday"gawrdd yoh"hahn/, 1822-84, Austrian monk and botanist. 2. a male given name, form of Mandel. * * *
Mendel's first law
Genetics. See law of segregation. * * *
Mendel's law
Genetics. 1. See law of segregation. 2. See law of independent assortment. [1900-05] * * *
Mendel's laws
Mendel's laws n. the four principles of hereditary phenomena discovered and formulated by Gregor Mendel: 1) the law of independent unit characters, which states that characters, ...
Mendel's second law
Genetics. See law of independent assortment. * * *
Mendel, Gregor
▪ Austrian botanist Introduction in full  Gregor Johann Mendel , original name (until 1843)  Johann Mendel  born July 22, 1822, Heinzendorf, Austria [now Hynčice, Czech ...
Mendel, Gregor (Johann)
born July 22, 1822, Heinzendorf, Austria died Jan. 6, 1884, Brünn, Austria-Hungary Austrian botanist and plant experimenter. He became an Augustinian monk in 1843 and later ...
Mendel, Lafayette Benedict
▪ American biochemist born Feb. 5, 1872, Delhi, N.Y., U.S. died Dec. 9, 1935, New Haven, Conn.       American biochemist whose discoveries concerning the value of ...
Mendel,Gregor Johann
Men·del (mĕnʹdl), Gregor Johann. 1822-1884. Austrian botanist and founder of the science of genetics. Through experiments with plants, chiefly garden peas, he discovered the ...
Mendele
(as used in expressions) Mendele Moykher Sforim Mendele Mokher Sefarim Mendele the Book Peddler * * *
Mendele Moykher Sforim
or Mendele Mokher Sefarim orig. Sholem Yankev Abramovitsh (Yiddish; "Mendele the Book Peddler") born Nov. 20, 1835, Kopyl, near Minsk, Russia died Dec. 8, 1917, Odessa Russian ...
Mendeleev
/men'dl ay"euhf/; Russ. /myin dyi lye"yef/, n. Dmitri Ivanovich /dmyee"trddyee ee vah"neuh vyich/, 1834-1907, Russian chemist: helped develop the periodic law. Also, Mendeleyev, ...
Mendeleev's law
Chem. See periodic law (def. 2). * * *
Mendeleev,Dmitri Ivanovich
Men·de·le·ev (mĕn'də-lāʹəf, myĭn-dĭ-lēʹyĕf), Dmitri Ivanovich. 1834-1907. Russian chemist who first devised and published the periodic table of the elements ...
mendelevium
/men'dl ee"vee euhm/, n. Chem., Physics. a transuranic element. Symbol: Md, Mv; at. no.: 101. [1950-55; named after D. I. MENDELEEV; see -IUM] * * * ▪ chemical ...
Mendeleyev, Dmitry (Ivanovich)
Mendeleyev also spelled Mendeleev born Feb. 8, 1834, Tobolsk, Siberia, Russia died Feb. 2, 1907, St. Petersburg Russian chemist. He taught at the University of St. Petersburg ...
Mendeleyev, Dmitry Ivanovich
▪ Russian scientist Introduction Mendeleyev also spelled  Mendeleev   born January 27 (February 8, New Style), 1834, Tobolsk, Siberia, Russian Empire died January 20 ...
Mendelian
/men dee"lee euhn, -deel"yeuhn/, adj. 1. of or pertaining to Gregor Mendel or to his laws of heredity. n. 2. a follower of Gregor Mendel; a person who accepts ...
Mendelism
/men"dl iz'euhm/, n. the theories of heredity advanced by Gregor Mendel. Also, Mendelianism /men dee"lee euh niz'euhm, -deel"yeuh-/. [1900-05; MENDEL + -ISM] * * * ▪ ...
Mendelsohn
/men"dl seuhn/; Ger. /men"deuhl zohn'/, n. Erich /ay"rddikh/, 1887-1953, German architect in England and in the U.S. * * *
Mendelsohn, Erich
born March 21, 1887, Allenstein, Ger. died Sept. 15, 1953, San Francisco, Calif., U.S. German architect. While studying architecture in Munich, he was influenced by the Blaue ...
Mendelssohn
/men"dl seuhn/; Ger. /men"deuhl zohn'/, n. 1. Felix /fee"liks/; Ger. /fay"liks/, (Jacob Ludwig Felix Mendelssohn-Bartholdy), 1809-47, German composer. 2. his grandfather, Moses ...
Mendelssohn (-Bartholdy), (Jakob Ludwig) Felix
born Feb. 3, 1809, Hamburg died Nov. 4, 1847, Leipzig German composer. Grandson of the philosopher Moses Mendelssohn, he grew up in a wealthy Jewish family that had converted ...
Mendelssohn, Fanny
▪ German musician and composer in full  Fanny (Cäcilie) Mendelssohn (-Bartholdy) , married name  Fanny Hensel  born Nov. 14, 1805, Hamburg [Germany] died May 14, 1847, ...
Mendelssohn, Felix
▪ German musician and composer Introduction in full  Jakob Ludwig Felix Mendelssohn-Bartholdy  born Feb. 3, 1809, Hamburg died Nov. 4, 1847, Leipzig  German composer, ...
Mendelssohn, Moses
orig. Moses ben Menachem born Sept. 26, 1729, Dessau, Anhalt died Jan. 4, 1786, Berlin, Prussia German Jewish philosopher and scholar. The son of an impoverished scribe, he ...
Mendelssohn,Felix
Men·dels·sohn (mĕnʹdl-sən, -zōn'), Felix. Full name Jakob Ludwig Felix Mendelssohn-Bartholdy. 1809-1847. German conductor, pianist, and composer of works characterized by ...
Mendelssohn,Moses
Mendelssohn, Moses. 1729-1786. German philosopher noted for his writings on the inborn ability of humans to recognize beauty, truth, and goodness. His influence and works aided ...
Mendel’s law
Men·del’s law (mĕnʹdlz) n. 1. One of two principles of heredity first formulated by Gregor Mendel, founded on his experiments with pea plants and stating that the members ...
Mendel’slaw
Men·del’s law (mĕnʹdlz) n. 1. One of two principles of heredity first formulated by Gregor Mendel, founded on his experiments with pea plants and stating that the members ...
Mendenhall Glacier
Blue ice sheet, 12 mi (19 km) long, 1. 5 mi (2.4 km) wide, and more than 100 ft (30 m) high. It flows from the southern half of the huge Juneau Icefield, which lies in the ...
Mendenhall, Thomas Corwin
▪ American scientist born Oct. 4, 1841, Hanoverton, Ohio, U.S. died March 23, 1924, Ravenna, Ohio       American physicist and meteorologist, the first to propose the ...
mender
/men"deuhr/, n. 1. a person or thing that mends. 2. a piece of sheet metal that has been imperfectly tinned but that may be retinned to an acceptable standard. [1350-1400; ME; ...
Menderes
/men'de res"/, n. 1. Adnan /ahd"nahn/, 1899-1961, Turkish political leader: premier 1950-60. 2. Ancient, Maeander, Meander. a river in W Asia Minor, flowing into the Aegean near ...
Menderes River
Name of two rivers in Turkey. The first (Turkish: Büyük Menderes) runs through southwestern Turkey. It empties into the Aegean Sea after a course of 363 mi (584 km). Its ...
Menderes, Adnan
born 1899, Aydın, Ottoman Empire died Sept. 17, 1961, İmralı, Tur. Turkish prime minister (1950–60). Son of an aristocrat, he entered parliament as a member of Mustafa ...
Mendes
(1965– ) an English theatre and film director. Among his best known films is American Beauty 1999 which won five Oscar s including one for best director. He is married to the ...
Mendes da Rocha, Paulo
▪ 2007       On May 30, 2006, in Istanbul, 77-year-old Brazilian architect Paulo Mendes da Rocha accepted the 2006 Pritzker Architecture Prize. In doing so he became the ...
Mendès, Catulle
▪ French author born May 22, 1841, Bordeaux, France died Feb. 9, 1909, Paris  prolific French poet, playwright, and novelist, most noted for his association with the ...
Mendes, Murilo
▪ Brazilian poet born May 13, 1901, Juiz de Fora, Braz. died Aug. 14, 1975, Lisbon, Port.       Brazilian poet and diplomat who played an important role in Brazilian ...
Mendes, Sam
▪ 2001       In March 2000 British director Sam Mendes won the Academy Award for best director for his work on the widely acclaimed and commercially successful film ...
Mendès-France
/men"dis frans", -frahns"/; Fr. /mahonn des frddahonns"/, n. Pierre /pyerdd/, 1907-1982, French statesman and economist: premier 1954-55. * * *
Mendès-France, Pierre
born Jan. 11, 1907, Paris, France died Oct. 18, 1982, Paris French politician and premier (1954–55). Born into a Jewish family, he became a lawyer and served in the Chamber ...
Mendès-France,Pierre
Men·dès-France (mĕn'dĭs-frăns', mäɴ-dĕs-fräɴsʹ), Pierre. 1907-1982. French politician who as prime minister (1954-1955) negotiated the withdrawal of France from ...
Mendez Montenegro, Julio Cesar
▪ 1997       Guatemalan politician who served as president from 1966 to 1970 but was a puppet of the military, which launched a campaign of repression that saw 10,000 ...
Méndez, Aparicio
▪ president of Uruguay born Aug. 24, 1904, Rivera, Uruguay died , June, 1988, Montevideo       Uruguayan lawyer, legal scholar, and politician and, from September 1976 ...
Mendez, Josefina
▪ 2008       Cuban ballerina born March 8, 1941 , Havana, Cuba died Jan. 26, 2007 , Havana was regarded as one of the “four jewels” of the National Ballet of Cuba, ...
mendh-
To learn. Zero-grade form *mn̥dh-. mathematical, mathematics; chrestomathy, polymath, from Greek manthanein (aorist stem math-), to learn.   [Pokorny mendh- 730.] * * *
Mendi
▪ Papua New Guinea       town on the island of New Guinea, central Papua New Guinea, southwestern Pacific Ocean. It lies at an elevation of 5,495 feet (1,675 m) in the ...
mendicancy
/men"di keuhn see/, n. 1. the practice of begging, as for alms. 2. the state or condition of being a beggar. [1780-90; MENDIC(ANT) + -ANCY] * * *
mendicant
/men"di keuhnt/, adj. 1. begging; practicing begging; living on alms. 2. pertaining to or characteristic of a beggar. n. 3. a person who lives by begging; beggar. 4. a member of ...
mendicity
/men dis"i tee/, n. mendicancy. [1350-1400; ME mendicite < L mendicitas beggary, equiv. to mendic(us) needy, beggarly + -itas -ITY] * * *
mending
/men"ding/, n. 1. the act of a person or thing that mends. 2. articles, esp. clothes, to be mended: Grandmother always kept her mending in this wicker basket. [1250-1300; ME; see ...
Mendip
▪ district, England, United Kingdom       district, administrative and historic county of Somerset, southwestern England, about 20 miles (32 km) south of the city of ...
Mendip Hills
▪ hills, England, United Kingdom       range of hills in the geographic county of Somerset, England, extending 23 miles (37 km) northwest from the Frome valley. The ...
Mendocino
/men'deuh see"noh/, n. Cape, a cape in NW California: the westernmost point in California. * * *
Mendocino Fracture Zone
▪ fracture zone, Pacific Ocean        submarine fracture zone in the eastern Pacific Ocean, defined by one of the major transform faults dissecting the spreading centre ...
Mendocino,Cape
Men·do·ci·no (mĕn'də-sēʹnō), Cape A promontory of northwest California south-southwest of Eureka. First sighted by a Spanish explorer in 1542, it is the westernmost ...
Mendota
/men doh"teuh/, n. Lake, a lake in S Wisconsin, in N Madison. ab. 15 sq. mi. (39 sq. km). * * *
Mendoza
/men doh"zeuh/; Sp. /men daw"sah/ or, for 1, /-thah/, n. 1. Pedro de /pe"dhrddaw dhe/, 1487-1537, Spanish soldier and explorer: founder of the first colony of Buenos Aires ...
Mendoza, Antonio de
▪ viceroy of New Spain born c. 1490, Granada, kingdom of Granada [Spain] died July 21, 1552, Lima, Viceroyalty of Peru [now in Peru]  the first and probably the most able ...
Mendoza, Daniel
▪ British boxer born July 5, 1764, London, Eng. died Sept. 3, 1836, London       bareknuckle pugilist, 16th in the succession of English heavyweight champions and the ...
Mendoza, Lydia
▪ 2008       American singer born May 21, 1916, Houston, Texas died Dec. 20, 2007, San Antonio, Texas captivated audiences with her interpretations of such songs as ...
Mendoza, Pedro de
▪ Spanish explorer born 1487, Guadix, Granada [Spain] died June 23, 1537, on shipboard in the Atlantic Ocean       Spanish soldier and explorer, the first governor of ...
mene, mene, tekel, upharsin
/mee"nee, mee"nee, tek"euhl, yooh fahr"sin/, Aramaic. numbered, numbered, weighed, divided: the miraculous writing on the wall interpreted by Daniel as foretelling the ...
Menedemus Of Eretria
▪ Greek philosopher born c. 339 BC died c. 265       Greek philosopher who founded the Eretrian school of philosophy.       During a military expedition in ...
meneer
men·eer (mə-nîrʹ) n. Variant of mynheer. * * *
menegh-
Copious. many, from Old English manig, mænig, many, from Germanic *managa-.   [Pokorny men(e)gh- 730.] * * *
menel
/meuh nel"/, n. manille. * * *
Menelaus
/men'l ay"euhs/, n. Class. Myth. a king of Sparta, the husband of Helen and brother of Agamemnon, to whom he appealed for an army against Troy in order to recover Helen from her ...
Menelaus of Alexandria
▪ Greek mathematician flourished 1st century AD, Alexandria and Rome       Greek mathematician and astronomer who first conceived and defined a spherical triangle (a ...
Menelik II
/men"l ik/ 1844-1913, emperor of Ethiopia 1889-1913. * * *
MenelikII
Men·e·lik II (mĕnʹə-lĭk), 1844-1913. Ethiopian emperor (1889-1913) who established independence from Italy and expanded Ethiopia's borders through military conquests. * * *
Menem
/men"euhm/, n. Carlos Saul, born 1931, Argentine political leader: president since 1989. * * *
Menem, Carlos
▪ president of Argentina in full  Carlos Saúl Menem  born July 2, 1930, Anillaco, Arg.    politician and lawyer, who served as president of Argentina (1989–99)—the ...
Menem, Carlos (Saúl)
born July 2, 1930, Anillaco, Arg. President of Argentina (1989–99). The son of Syrian immigrants, he converted to Roman Catholicism and joined the Peronist movement in 1956. ...
Menen, Aubrey
▪ British writer in full  Salvator Aubrey Clarence Menen   born April 22, 1912, London, Eng. died Feb. 13, 1989, Trivandrum, Kerala, India       British writer whose ...
Menéndez de Avilés
/me nen"deth dhe ah'vee les"/ Pedro /pe"dhrddaw/, 1519-74, Spanish admiral and colonizer: founder of St. Augustine, Florida 1565. * * *
Menéndez de Avilés, Pedro
born Feb. 15, 1519, Avilés, Spain died Sept. 17, 1574, Santander Spanish conquistador. He ran away to sea at 14 and rose to captain of the Indies fleet (1554–63). He was ...
Menéndez de Avilés,Pedro
Me·nén·dez de A·vi·lés (mə-nĕnʹdəs dā ä'və-lāsʹ, mĕ-nĕnʹdĕth thĕ ä'vē-lĕsʹ), Pedro. 1519-1574. Spanish colonizer who founded the city of St. Augustine, ...
Menéndez Pidal, Ramón
born March 13, 1869, La Coruña, Spain died Nov. 14, 1968, Madrid Spanish language scholar. His work on the origins of the Spanish language and his critical editions of ...
Menéndez y Pelayo, Marcelino
▪ Spanish critic born Nov. 3, 1856, Santander, Spain died May 19, 1912, Santander  Spanish literary critic and historian, remarkable for his vast erudition and his elegant ...
Meneptah
/me"nep tah'/, n. Merneptah. * * *
Menes
/mee"neez/, n. fl. c3200 B.C., traditionally the unifier and 1st king of Egypt: founder of the 1st dynasty. Cf. Narmer. * * * ▪ king of Egypt also spelled  Mena,  Meni , ...
Mēness
▪ Baltic god (Latvian), Lithuanian  Mėnuo        in Baltic religion, the moon (moon worship), the god whose monthly renewal of strength is imparted to all growing ...
menfolk
/men"fohk'/, n.pl. men, esp. those belonging to a family or community: The menfolk are all working in the fields. Also, menfolks. [1795-1805; MEN + FOLK] * * *
Meng
(as used in expressions) Meng K'o Meng tzu Nei meng ku * * *
Meng Tian
▪ Chinese general Wade-Giles romanization  Meng T'ien  died 210 BCE, China       famous general of the Qin dynasty who built the Great Wall of ...
Mengelberg, Willem
▪ Dutch conductor in full  Josef Willem Mengelberg   born March 28, 1871, Utrecht, Neth. died March 21, 1951, Chur, Switz.  symphonic conductor in the Romantic tradition ...
Mengele, Josef
born March 16, 1911, Günzburg, Ger. died Feb. 7, 1979, Enseada da Bertioga, near São Paulo, Braz. German Nazi doctor. Influenced by the racial ideology of Alfred Rosenberg, ...
Menger
/meng"euhr/, n. Karl /kahrl/, 1840-1921, Austrian economist. * * *
Menger, Carl
▪ Austrian economist born February 23, 1840, Neu-Sandec, Galicia, Austrian Empire [now in Poland] died February 26, 1921, Vienna, Austria  Austrian economist who contributed ...
Menghistu Lemma
▪ Ethiopian writer Menghistu also spelled  Mengestu  or  Menghestu  born August 1925, Addis Ababa, Eth. died July 1988, Addis Ababa       Ethiopian writer whose ...
Mengistu Haile Mariam
/meng gis"tooh huy"lee mahr"ee euhm/ born 1937, Ethiopian political leader: head of state 1977-87; president 1987-91. * * * born 1937, Kefa province, Eth. Ethiopian army ...
Mengs, Anton Raphael
born March 22, 1728, Aussig, Bohemia died June 29, 1779, Rome, Papal States German painter. After study in Dresden and Rome, he became painter to the Saxon court in Dresden in ...
Mengtzu
Mengtzu [muŋ′dzu′] see MENCIUS * * *
Mengzi
/mueng"zee"/, n. Pinyin. 1. Mencius. 2. a city in SE Yunnan province, in S China. 50,000. Also, Older Spellings, Mengtse, Mengtze /mung"dzu"/; Wade Giles, Mengtzu /mung"dzu"/. * ...
menhaden
/men hayd"n/, n., pl. menhaden. any marine clupeid fish of the genus Brevoortia, esp. B. tyrannus, resembling a shad but with a more compressed body, common along the eastern ...
menhir
/men"hir/, n. Archaeol. an upright monumental stone standing either alone or with others, as in an alignment, found chiefly in Cornwall and Brittany. [1830-40; < Breton phrase ...
menial
—menially, adv. /mee"nee euhl, meen"yeuhl/, adj. 1. lowly and sometimes degrading: menial work. 2. servile; submissive: menial attitudes. 3. pertaining to or suitable for ...


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