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See menial. * * *
Ménière disease
▪ ear disease       recurrent and generally progressive group of symptoms that include loss of hearing, ringing in the ears (ear, human), dizziness, and a sense of ...
Ménière's syndrome
/mayn yairz"/, Pathol. a disease of the labyrinth of the ear, characterized by deafness, ringing in the ears, dizziness, and nausea. Also called Ménière's disease. [1935-40; ...
Mé·nière's disease (mān-yârzʹ) n. A pathological condition of the inner ear characterized by dizziness, ringing in the ears, and progressive loss of hearing. Also called ...
Menilek II
orig. Sahle Miriam born Aug. 17, 1844, Ankober, Shewa, Eth. died Dec. 12, 1913, Addis Ababa King of the semi-independent state of Shewa, or Shoa (1865–89), and emperor of ...
Menindee Lakes
Series of reservoirs, western New South Wales, Australia. Located near the town of Menindee, they are part of the Darling River Conservation Scheme. The lakes are flooded ...
mening- pref. Variant of meningo-. * * *
me·nin·ge·al (mə-nĭnʹjē-əl) adj. Of or affecting the meninges. * * *
—meningeal /mi nin"jee euhl/, adj. /mi nin"jeez/, n.pl., sing. meninx /mee"ningks/. Anat. the three membranes covering the brain and spinal cord. Cf. arachnoid (def. 6), dura ...
meningi- pref. Variant of meningo-. * * *
/meuh nin'jee oh"meuh/, n., pl. meningiomas, meningiomata /-meuh teuh/. Pathol. a hard, encapsulated tumor that grows slowly along the meninges. [1920-25; shortening of ...
See meningitis. * * *
—meningitic /men'in jit"ik/, adj. /men'in juy"tis/, n. Pathol. inflammation of the meninges, esp. of the pia mater and arachnoid, caused by a bacterial or viral infection and ...
meningo- or meningi- or mening- pref. Meninges: meningococcus.   [From Greek mēninx, mēning-, meninx.] * * *
/meuh ning"geuh seel'/, n. Pathol. a protrusion of the meninges through an opening in the skull or spinal column, forming a bulge or sac filled with cerebrospinal ...
See meningococcus. * * *
See meningococcal. * * *
—meningococcal, meningococcic /meuh ning'goh kok"ik, -kok"sik/, adj. /meuh ning'goh kok"euhs/, n., pl. meningococci /-kok"suy, -see/. a reniform or spherical bacterium, ...
See meningoencephalitis. * * *
me·nin·go·en·ceph·a·li·tis (mə-nĭng'gō-ĕn-sĕf'ə-līʹtĭs) n. Inflammation of the brain and meninges.   me·nin'go·en·ceph'a·litʹic (-lĭtʹĭk) adj. * * *
me·ninx (mēʹnĭngks) n. pl. me·nin·ges (mə-nĭnʹjēz) A membrane, especially one of the three membranes enclosing the brain and spinal cord in vertebrates.   [Greek ...
/meuh nip"ee/, n. Class. Myth. a daughter of Orion who, with her sister Metioche, offered herself as a sacrifice to end a plague in Boeotia. * * *
Menippean satire
Menippean satire [mə nip′ē ən] n. a form of satire that is indirect and nonrealistic in approach and that consists typically of a loosely organized narrative incorporating a ...
▪ Greek philosopher flourished 3rd century BC, b. Gadara [now Umm Qays, Jordan]       Greek philosopher who followed the cynic philosophy of Diogenes and who founded a ...
See meniscus. * * *
See meniscal. * * *
/men'euh sek"teuh mee/, n., pl. meniscectomies. the surgical excision of a meniscus, as of the knee joint. [MENISC(US) + -ECTOMY] * * *
/meuh nis'koh suy toh"sis/, n. Pathol. See sickle cell anemia. [MENISC(US) + -O- + CYTOSIS] * * *
See meniscal. * * *
See meniscal. * * *
—meniscoid /mi nis"koyd/, adj. /mi nis"keuhs/, n., pl. menisci /-nis"uy, -nis"kuy, -kee/, meniscuses. 1. a crescent or a crescent-shaped body. 2. the convex or concave upper ...
▪ king of Egypt also spelled  Menkure,  Greek  Mykerinos  flourished 26th century BC    fifth (according to some traditions, sixth) king of the 4th dynasty (c. ...
Menken, Adah Isaacs
▪ American actress and poet original name  Ada McCord  born June 15, 1835, Memphis, Tenn., U.S. died Aug. 10, 1868, Paris, France  American actress and poet widely ...
Menken, Alan
▪ 1997       The prolific composer Alan Menken, whose captivating scores helped invigorate the recent animated feature films of Walt Disney Pictures, collected his ...
/men kooh"re/, n. Mycerinus. * * *
Menlo Park
/men"loh/ 1. a city in W California, near San Francisco. 25,673. 2. a village in central New Jersey, SE of Plainfield: site of Thomas Edison's laboratory, 1876-87. * * * ▪ ...
Men·lo Park (mĕnʹlō) An unincorporated community of central New Jersey north of New Brunswick. A memorial tower marks the site of the laboratory where Thomas Edison ...
Mennecy porcelain
      a soft-paste porcelain of a particularly light and translucent quality made at a French factory from the 1730s to 1806. The wares are generally small: vases or ...
Mennin, Peter
▪ American composer original name  Peter Mennini   born May 17, 1923, Erie, Pa., U.S. died June 17, 1983, New York, N.Y.       American composer and educator best ...
/men"ing euhr/, n. Charles Frederick, 1862-1953, and his sons Karl Augustus, 1893-1990, and William Claire, 1899-1966, U.S. psychiatrists. * * *
Menninger family
U.S. physicians and pioneers in psychiatric treatment. Charles Frederick Menninger (1862–1953) was born in Tell City, Ind., and began practicing medicine in Topeka, Kan., in ...
Menno Simons
▪ Dutch priest Introduction in full  Menno Simonszoon , Simons also spelled  Simonsz.  born 1496, Witmarsum, Friesland [Netherlands] died January 31, 1561, near Lübeck, ...
Menno Simonsz.
or Menno Simons born 1496, Witmarsum, Friesland died Jan. 31, 1561, near Lübeck, Holstein Dutch Anabaptist leader. Born into a peasant family, he was ordained a Roman ...
—Mennonitism, n. /men"euh nuyt'/, n. a member of an evangelical Protestant sect, originating in Europe in the 16th century, that opposes infant baptism, practices baptism of ...
/may"noh/; It. /me"naw/, adv. Music. less. [1875-80; < It < L minus less] * * *
meno mosso
/may"noh maw"soh/; It. /me"naw maws"saw/, adv. Music. less rapidly; slower. [1875-80; < It] * * *
a combining form borrowed from Greek, where it meant "month," used with reference to menstruation in the formation of compound words: menopause. Also, esp. before a vowel, ...
Menodotus Of Nicomedia
▪ philososopher of medicine flourished AD 120       philosopher of the Skeptical school of empirical medicine, credited with elaborating the first scientific method of ...
/meuh nee"see euhs, -syoohs/, n. Class. Myth. 1. a descendant of the Sparti and the father of Jocasta and Creon, who sacrificed himself to end a plague in Thebes. 2. the son of ...
/meuh nee"shee euhs/, n. Class. Myth. 1. a Titan, the brother of Prometheus, Epimetheus, and Atlas. 2. one of the Argonauts and the father of Patroclus. * * *
/mi nol"euh jee/, n., pl. menologies. 1. a calendar of the months. 2. a record or account, as of saints, arranged in the order of a calendar. [1600-10; < NL menologium < LGk ...
/meuh nom"euh nee/, n., pl. Menominees, (esp. collectively) Menominee for 1. 1. a member of a group of American Indian people of northeastern Wisconsin. 2. the Eastern Algonquian ...
Menominee whitefish.
See round whitefish. [1880-85, Amer.] * * *
Menominee River A river rising in the Upper Peninsula of northwest Michigan and flowing about 190 km (118 mi) southeast along the Michigan-Wisconsin border to Green Bay. * * *
/meuh nom"euh nee/, n., pl. Menominis, (esp. collectively) Menomini. Menominee. * * *
Menomonee Falls
/meuh nom"euh nee/ a city in SE Wisconsin, NW of Milwaukee. 27,845. * * *
/meuh nom"euh nee/, n. a town in W Wisconsin. 12,769. * * *
me·no mos·so (māʹnō môsʹsō, mĕʹnō) adv. & adj. Music At a lower speed. Used chiefly as a direction.   [Italian : meno, less + mosso, agitated.] * * *
Menon, V K Krishna
▪ Indian political figure born May 3, 1897, Calicut, India died October 6, 1974, New Delhi       Indian nationalist and champion of India's anti-colonialism and ...
▪ Angola formerly  Serpa Pinto         town, southeastern Angola. It was originally named for Alexandre Alberto da Rocha de Serpa Pinto (Serpa Pinto, Alexandre ...
/men'euh paw"zeuhl/, adj. of, pertaining to, or characteristic of menopause. [1905-10; MENOPAUSE + -AL1] * * *
/men"euh pawz'/, n. Physiol. 1. the period of permanent cessation of menstruation, usually occurring between the ages of 45 and 55. 2. See male menopause. [1870-75; < F ...
/men'oh fay"nee euh/, n. Med. menarche. [1855-60; MENO- + -phania appearance < Gk, akin to phaínein to appear (see -IA)] * * *
/meuh nawr"euh, -nohr"euh/, n. 1. a candelabrum having seven branches (as used in the Biblical tabernacle or the Temple in Jerusalem), or any number of branches (as used in ...
Sp. /me nawrdd"kah/, n. Minorca. * * *
—menorrhagic /men'euh raj"ik/, adj. /men'euh ray"jee euh, -jeuh/, n. Pathol. excessive menstrual discharge. [1770-80; MENO- + -RRHAGIA] * * *
See menorrhagia. * * *
—menorrheal, menorrheic, adj. /men'euh ree"euh/, n. Physiol. menstrual flow. Also, menorrhoea. [1855-60; MENO- + -RRHEA] * * *
/meuh nos"ki sis, men'euh skee"sis/, n. Pathol. suppression of menstruation. [MENO- + Gk schésis checking, retention] * * *
/men'euh stak"sis/, n. Pathol. an abnormally prolonged period of menstruation. [1895-1900; MENO- + Gk stáxis dropping, dripping (of blood)] * * *
/meuh not"ee/; It. /me nawt"tee/, n. Gian Carlo /jahn kahr"loh/; It. /jahn kahrdd"law/, born 1911, U.S. composer, born in Italy. * * *
Menotti, Gian Carlo
born July 7, 1911, Cadegliano, Italy Italian-born U.S. composer, librettist, and stage director. Having written an opera by age 10, he spent his early teens absorbing the ...
Menotti,Gian Carlo
Me·not·ti (mə-nŏtʹē), Gian Carlo. Born 1911. Italian-born American composer and librettist whose operas include The Medium (1946) and The Consul (1950). * * *
mens rea
/menz" ree"euh/, Law. a criminal intent. [1860-65; < NL mens rea] * * * ▪ law       in Anglo-American law, criminal intent or evil mind. In general, the definition of a ...
mens sana in corpore sano
/mens sah"nah in kohrdd"poh rdde' sah"noh/; Eng. /menz say"neuh in kawr"peuh ree' say"noh/, Latin. a sound mind in a sound body. * * *
/men"seuh/, n., pl. mensas, mensae /-see/ for 1, gen. mensae for 2. 1. Also called altar slab, altar stone. the flat stone forming the top of the altar in a Roman Catholic ...
—Mensan, n. /men"seuh/, n. an international fellowship organization for people with IQ's in the top 2 percent of the general population. [ < L mensa table, symbolizing the ...
Mensa International
➡ Mensa * * *
mensal1 /men"seuhl/, adj. monthly. [1475-85; < L mens(is) month + -AL1] mensal2 /men"seuhl/, adj. 1. of, pertaining to, or used at the table. 2. Rom. Cath. Ch. (of a benefice, ...
/mench/, n., pl. menschen /men"cheuhn/, mensches. Informal. a decent, upright, mature, and responsible person. [1950-55; < Yiddish mentsh man, human being < MHG mensch (G ...
—menseful, adj. —menseless, adj. /mens/, n., v., mensed, mensing. Brit. Dial. n. 1. propriety; discretion. v.t. 2. to adorn; bring honor to; grace. [1490-1500; var. (north) ...
/men"serr'veuhnts/, n. pl. of manservant. * * *
/men"seez/, n. (used with a sing. or pl. v.) Physiol. the periodic flow of blood and mucosal tissue from the uterus; menstrual flow. [1590-1600; < L menses, pl. of MENSIS ...
mensh (mĕnsh) n. Variant of mensch. * * *
—Menshevism /men"sheuh viz'euhm/, n. —Menshevist, adj. /men"sheuh vik/; Russ. /myin shi vyeek"/, n., pl. Mensheviks, Mensheviki /-vik'ee, -vee'kee/; Russ. /-vyi kyee"/. a ...
See Menshevik. * * *
See Menshevism. * * *
Menshikov, Aleksandr (Danilovich)
born Nov. 16, 1673, Moscow, Russia died Nov. 23, 1729, Berezov, Siberia, Russian Empire Russian soldier and administrator. In 1686 he became an orderly for Peter I and soon was ...
Menshikov, Aleksandr Danilovich
▪ Russian statesman born Nov. 16 [Nov. 6, old style], 1673, Moscow died Nov. 23 [Nov. 12, O.S.], 1729, Berezov, Siberia, Russian Empire       prominent Russian ...
Menshikov, Aleksandr Sergeyevich, Knyaz
▪ Russian military commander born Aug. 26 [Aug. 15, old style], 1787 died May 1 [April 19, O.S.], 1867, St. Petersburg, Russia       commander of the Russian forces in ...
men·stru·a (mĕnʹstro͞o-ə) n. A plural of menstruum. * * *
/men"strooh euhl, -streuhl/, adj. 1. of or pertaining to menstruation or to the menses. 2. Archaic. monthly. [1350-1400; ME menstruall < L menstrualis having monthly courses, ...
menstrual extraction
an abortion procedure involving suction aspiration of the uterine contents early in gestation, before the first missed menstrual period: sometimes performed later. Also called ...
/men"strooh ayt', -strayt/, v.i., menstruated, menstruating. to undergo menstruation. [1640-50; v. use of earlier menstruate menstruous, ME < LL menstruatus, equiv. to menstru(a) ...
/men'strooh ay"sheuhn, -stray"-/, n. 1. the periodic discharge of blood and mucosal tissue from the uterus, occurring approximately monthly from puberty to menopause in ...
/men"strooh euhs, -streuhs/, adj. pertaining to menstruation. [1375-1425; late ME: menstruating < L menstruus monthly; see MENSTRUATE, -OUS] * * *
/men"strooh euhm, -streuhm/, n., pl. menstruums, menstrua /-strooh euh/. a solvent. [1350-1400; special use of ME menstruum monthly period < ML (in L only pl. menstrua occurs). ...
See mensurable. * * *
—mensurability, n. /men"sheuhr euh beuhl, -seuhr euh-/, adj. measurable. [1595-1605; < LL mensurabilis, equiv. to mensura(re) to MEASURE + -bilis -BLE] * * *
See mensurability. * * *
/men"sheuhr euhl, -seuhr-/, adj. pertaining to measure. [1600-10; < LL mensuralis, equiv. to L mensur(a) MEASURE + -alis -AL1] * * *
mensural music
polyphonic music of the 13th century in which each note has a strictly determined value. [1600-10] * * *
mensural notation
a system of musical notation of the 13th to the late 16th centuries, marked by the use of note symbols such as the longa and brevis, the absence of bar lines and ties, and the ...
—mensurational, adj. /men'sheuh ray"sheuhn, -seuh-/, n. 1. the branch of geometry that deals with the measurement of length, area, or volume. 2. the act or process of ...
/men"sheuh ray'tiv, -seuh-, -sheuhr euh tiv, -seuhr-/, adj. adapted for or concerned with measuring. [1825-35; MENSURAT(ION) + -IVE] * * *
/menz"wair'/, n. 1. See men's wear. 2. cloth, esp. wool, used in making men's and often women's tailored garments. [1905-10; MEN + 'S1 + WEAR] * * *
mental1 /men"tl/, adj. 1. of or pertaining to the mind: mental powers; mental suffering. 2. of, pertaining to, or affected by a disorder of the mind: a mental patient; mental ...
mental age
Psychol. the level of native mental ability or capacity of an individual, usually as determined by an intelligence test, in relation to the chronological age of the average ...
mental deficiency
mental deficiency n. former term for MENTAL RETARDATION * * *
mental disorder
Any illness with a psychological origin, manifested either in symptoms of emotional distress or in abnormal behaviour. Most mental disorders can be broadly classified as either ...
mental healing
—mental healer. the healing of a physical ailment or disorder by mental concentration or suggestion. [1885-90] * * *
mental health
1. psychological well-being and satisfactory adjustment to society and to the ordinary demands of life. 2. the field of medicine concerned with the maintenance or achievement of ...
mental hygiene
Science of maintaining mental health and preventing disorders to help people function at their full mental potential. It includes all measures taken to promote and preserve ...
mental illness
any of the various forms of psychosis or severe neurosis. Also called mental disorder, mental disease. [1960-65] * * *
mental reservation
an unexpressed doubt or qualification about a situation, person, etc. [1600-10] * * *
mental retardation
a developmental disorder characterized by a subnormal ability to learn and a substantially low IQ. [1900-15] * * * Subaverage intellectual ability that is present from birth or ...
mental telepathy
telepathy. [1970-75] * * *
mental age n. Abbr. MA A measure of mental development as determined by intelligence tests, generally restricted to children and persons with intellectual impairment and ...
mental block n. See block. * * *
mental deficiency n. See mental retardation. * * *
mental disease n. See mental illness. * * *
mental disorder n. See mental illness. * * *
men·tal·ese (mĕn'tl-ēzʹ, -lēsʹ) n. A hypothetical language in which concepts and propositions are represented in the mind without words. * * *
mental health n. 1. A state of emotional and psychological well-being in which an individual is able to use his or her cognitive and emotional capabilities, function in society, ...
mental hospital n. See psychiatric hospital. * * *
mental illness n. Any of various conditions characterized by impairment of an individual's normal cognitive, emotional, or behavioral functioning, and caused by social, ...
—mentalistic, adj. —mentalistically, adv. /men"tl iz'euhm/, n. 1. the doctrine that objects of knowledge have no existence except in the mind of the perceiver. 2. the ...
/men"tl ist/, n. 1. a person who believes in or advocates mentalism. 2. a person who believes that the mind and its functions are a legitimate area of psychological research. 3. ...
See mentalist. * * *
/men tal"i tee/, n., pl. mentalities. 1. mental capacity or endowment: a person of average mentality. 2. the set of one's mind; view; outlook: a liberal mentality. [1685-95; ...
/men"tl ee/, adv. 1. in or with the mind or intellect; intellectually. 2. with regard to the mind. [1655-65; MENTAL1 + -LY] * * *
mentally ill adj. Suffering from a mental illness. n. (used with a pl. verb) People who are mentally ill considered as a group. Often used with the. * * *
mental retardation n. Subnormal intellectual development as a result of congenital causes, brain injury, or disease and characterized by any of various cognitive deficiencies, ...
mental telepathy n. Telepathy. See Usage Note at redundancy. * * *
/men tay"sheuhn/, n. mental activity. [1840-50; < L ment- (s. of mens) MIND + -ATION] * * *
Mentawai Islands
▪ islands, Indonesia Dutch  Mentawei Eilanden        group of about 70 islands, Sumatera Barat provinsi (province), Indonesia. They lie off the western coast of ...
/men tee"/, n. a person who is guided by a mentor. [MENT(OR) + -EE] * * *
/men"teez/, n. (in the Odyssey) a captain of the Taphians. Athena assumed his form when she urged Telemachus to search for Odysseus. * * *
Menteşe Dynasty
▪ Turkmen dynasty       Turkmen dynasty (c. 1290–1425) that ruled in the Muğla-Milas region of southwestern Anatolia.       Founded by Menteşe, the dynasty's ...
▪ plant genus       the mint genus, containing 25 species of aromatic herbs native in temperate Eurasia, North America, southern Africa, and Australia. It belongs to the ...
/men thay"sheuhs/, adj. belonging to the Menthaceae, a former name for the plant family Labiatae. Cf. mint family. [ < NL Menthace(ae) (Menth(a) the type genus (L: MINT1) + ...
/men"theen/, n. Chem. 1. any of several isomeric, monocyclic terpenes having the formula C10H18. 2. a colorless, liquid terpene, C10H18, found in certain essential oils and ...
/men"thawl, -thol/, n. 1. Also called hexahydrothymol, peppermint camphor. Chem., Pharm. a colorless, crystalline, slightly water-soluble alcohol, C10H20O, obtained from ...
/men"theuh lay'tid/, adj. 1. saturated with or containing menthol: a mentholated cough drop. 2. covered or treated with menthol. [1930-35; MENTHOL + -ATE1 + -ED2] * * *
/men"teuh suyd'/, n. the systematic effort to undermine and destroy a person's values and beliefs, as by the use of prolonged interrogation, drugs, torture, etc., and to induce ...
—mentionable, adj. —mentioner, n. /men"sheuhn/, v.t. 1. to refer briefly to; name, specify, or speak of: Don't forget to mention her contribution to the project. 2. to cite ...
See mention. * * *
/men tohn"/; Fr. /mahonn tawonn"/, n. a city in SE France, on the Mediterranean: winter resort. 25,314. Italian, Mentone /men taw"ne/. * * * ▪ France Italian ...
/men'teuhn yair"/; Fr. /mahonn taw nyerdd"/, n., pl. mentonnières /-teuhn yairz"/; Fr. /-taw nyerdd"/. Armor. any of various plate pieces for protecting the lower part of the ...
/men"teuh plas'tee/, n., pl. mentoplasties. plastic surgery to correct a functional or cosmetic deformity of the chin. [ < L ment(um) chin (see MENTUM) + -O- + -PLASTY] * * *
—mentorship, n. /men"tawr, -teuhr/, n. 1. a wise and trusted counselor or teacher. 2. an influential senior sponsor or supporter. v.i. 3. to act as a mentor: She spent years ...
/men"tawr, -teuhr/, n. (in the Odyssey) a loyal adviser of Odysseus entrusted with the care and education of Telemachus. /men"teuhr/, n. a town in NE Ohio. 42,065. * * * ▪ ...
Mentuhotep II
▪ king of Egypt also called  Nebhapetre         king (ruled 2008–1957 BCE) of ancient Egypt (Egypt, ancient)'s 11th dynasty (Egypt, ancient) (2081–1938 BCE) who, ...
/men"teuhm/, n., pl. menta /-teuh/. 1. Entomol. the medial plate of the labium in insects. 2. Bot. a chinlike protuberance formed by the sepals and the base of the column in some ...
/men"yooh, may"nyooh/, n. 1. a list of the dishes served at a meal; bill of fare: Ask the waiter for a menu. 2. the dishes served. 3. any list or set of items, activities, etc., ...
/men"yooh driv'euhn, mayn"-/, adj. Computers. of or pertaining to software that makes extensive use of menus to enable users to choose alternatives and guide program ...
/meuh nooh"doh/; Sp. /me nooh"dhaw/, n. a spicy Mexican soup made with tripe, onions, tomatoes, chilies, and hominy. [ < MexSp; cf. Sp menudos giblets, innards, n. use of menudo ...
/men"yooh in/, n. Yehudi /yeuh hooh"dee/, born 1916, U.S. violinist. * * *
Menuhin, Yaltah
▪ 2002       American-born British musician (b. Oct. 7, 1921, San Francisco, Calif.—d. June 9, 2001, London, Eng.), was a pianist and was the younger sister of ...
Menuhin, Yehudi
▪ 2000 Lord Menuhin of Stoke d'Abernon        American violinist and conductor (b. April 22, 1916, New York, N.Y.—d. March 12, 1999, Berlin, Ger.), began studying ...
Menuhin, Yehudi, Lord Menuhin of Stoke d'Abernon
born April 22, 1916, New York, N.Y., U.S. died March 12, 1999, Berlin, Ger. U.S.-born British violinist and conductor. Raised in San Francisco, he made his debut at age seven. ...
Men·u·hin (mĕnʹyo͞o-ĭn), Yehudi. 1916-1999. American violinist and conductor considered among the great virtuosos of his time. * * *
Menuisiers-Ébénistes, Corporation des
▪ French craft guild       18th-century French craft guild concerned with woodworking, the menuisiers doing principally the work of the carpenter and joiner and the ...
Menzel Bourguiba
▪ Tunisia also spelled  Manzil Bū Ruqaybah , formerly  Ferryville        town located in north-central Tunisia. It lies on the southwestern shore of Lake Bizerte, ...
Menzel, Adolf von
▪ German painter in full  Adolf Friedrich Erdmann von Menzel  born December 8, 1815, Breslau, Prussia [now Wrocław, Poland] died February 9, 1905, Berlin  German painter ...
/men"zeez/, n. Sir Robert Gordon, 1894-1978, Australian statesman: prime minister 1939-41 and 1949-1966. * * *
Menzies, Sir Robert (Gordon)
born Dec. 20, 1894, Jeparit, Victoria. Austl. died May 16, 1978, Melbourne Australian statesman and prime minister (1939–41, 1949–66). A successful lawyer, he served as ...
Menzies, Sir Robert Gordon
▪ prime minister of Australia born Dec. 20, 1894, Jeparit, Victoria died May 16, 1978, Melbourne  statesman who, as prime minister of Australia (1939–41, 1949–66), ...
Menzies, William Cameron
▪ American set designer born July 29, 1896, New Haven, Conn., U.S. died March 5, 1957, Beverly Hills, Calif.       one of the most influential set designers in ...
Menzies,Sir Robert Gordon
Men·zies (mĕnʹzēz), Sir Robert Gordon. 1894-1978. Australian politician who twice served as prime minister (1939-1941 and 1949-1966). * * *
/mee ow"/, n., pl. Meos, (esp. collectively) Meo. Miao (def. 1). * * *
/mee ow", myow/, n. 1. the characteristic sound a cat makes. 2. a spiteful or catty remark. v.i. 3. to make the sound of a cat. 4. to make a spiteful or catty remark. Also, ...
mep abbrev. mean effective pressure * * * mep abbr. mean effective pressure. * * * ➡ Member of the European Parliament. * * *
/meuh per"i deen', -din/, n. Pharm. a narcotic compound, C15H21NO2, used as an analgesic and sedative. [1945-50; ME(THYL) + (PI)PERIDINE] * * * ▪ drug       synthetic ...
/meuh fib"euh sheth'/, n. a son of Jonathan, and the grandson of Saul. II Sam 4:4. * * *
Mephistophelean or Mephistophelian [mef΄is tə fē′lē ən, mə fis΄təfē′lē ən; mef΄ə stäf΄ə lē′ən] adj. 1. of Mephistopheles 2. like Mephistopheles; fiendish, ...
—Mephistophelian, Mephistophelean /-steuh fee"lee euhn/, adj. /mef'euh stof"euh leez'/ n. Medieval Demonology. one of the seven chief devils and the tempter of Faust. Also, ...
See Mephistophelean. * * *
—mephitically, adv. /meuh fit"ik/, adj. 1. offensive to the smell. 2. noxious; pestilential; poisonous. [1615-25; < LL mephiticus. See MEPHITIS, -IC] * * *
See mephitic. * * *
/meuh fuy"tis/, n. 1. (in nontechnical use) a noxious or pestilential exhalation from the earth, as poison gas. 2. any noisome or poisonous stench. [1700-10; < L mephitis, ...
▪ The Netherlands       gemeente (municipality), east-central Netherlands (Netherlands, The). It is situated near the confluence of the Drentshe Hoofd and Hoogeveensche ...
/meuh proh"beuh mayt', mep'roh bam"ayt/, n. Pharm. a white powder, C9H18N2O4, used in medicine chiefly as a tranquilizer for treating anxiety, tension, and skeletal muscle ...
milliequivalent. * * *
/mek"won/, n. a town in E Wisconsin. 16,193. * * *
mer abbrev. meridian * * * Among the Cheremi and Udmurt peoples of Russia, a sacred grove where people of several villages gathered periodically to hold religious festivals and ...
Mer de Glace
▪ glacier, France       (French: “Sea of Ice”), one of the longest glaciers in the Alps, extending for 3.5 miles (5.6 km) on the northern side of Mont Blanc near ...
mer- pref. Variant of mero-. * * * To rub away, harm. Derivatives include nightmare, morsel, morbid, mortal, mortgage, and ambrosia. I. 1. nightmare, from Old English mare, ...
➡ Spirit. * * *
➡ Opportunity. * * *
1. meridian. 2. meridional. * * *
Meramec River
▪ river, Missouri, United States       tributary of the Mississippi River rising in the Ozark Mountains, near Salem in Dent county, southeastern Missouri, U.S. The ...
Mer·a·mec River (mĕrʹə-măk') A river rising in southeast-central Missouri and flowing about 322 km (200 mi) northeast to the Mississippi River below St. Louis. * * *
▪ Italy German  Meran        city, Trentino–Alto Adige regione, northern Italy. It lies at the foot of the central chain of the Alps, at the confluence of the ...
Merapi, Mount
▪ volcano, Java, Indonesia Indonesian  Gunung Merapi        volcanic mountain peak located near the centre of the island of Java, Indonesia. The volcano is about 20 ...
Merbold, Ulf
▪ German physicist born June 20, 1941, Greiz, Ger.    German physicist who was the first European Space Agency (ESA) astronaut to go into space, as a payload specialist ...
/meuhr broh"min/, n. Pharm. an iridescent green, water-soluble powder, C20H8Br2HgNa2O6, that forms a red solution when dissolved in water: used as an antiseptic and as a ...
/merrk, merrs/, n. Slang. a mercenary soldier. [by shortening] * * *
1. mercantile. 2. mercurial. 3. mercury. * * *
/mer"kah/, n. a city in S Somalia. 50,000. * * *
Mercadante, Saverio
▪ Italian musician in full  Giuseppe Saverio Raffaele Mercadante   born , before Sept. 17, 1795, Altamura, near Bari [Italy] died Dec. 17, 1870, Naples       Italian ...
/merdd kah"dhaw/, n., pl. mercados /-dhaws/. Spanish. a market. * * *
Mercalli (intensity) scale
Mercalli (intensity) scale or Mercalli scale [mer kä′lē] n. a numerical scale for measuring the destructive power and major physical effects of an earthquake, ranging from ...
Mercalli scale
/meuhr kah"lee, mer-/; It. /merdd kahl"lee/, Geol. a measure of earthquake intensity with 12 divisions ranging from I (felt by very few) to XII (total destruction). [1920-25; ...
/merr"keuhn teel', -tuyl', -til/, adj. 1. of or pertaining to merchants or trade; commercial. 2. engaged in trade or commerce: a mercantile nation. 3. Econ. of or pertaining to ...
mercantile agency
Specialized organization that supplies information on the creditworthiness and financial strength of business firms. The first such agency, the Mercantile Agency, was founded in ...
mercantile agency.
See commercial agency. [1855-60] * * *
mercantile paper.
See commercial paper. * * *
mercantile system
Econ. a system of political and economic policy, evolving with the modern national state and seeking to secure a nation's political and economic supremacy in its rivalry with ...
—mercantilist, n., adj. —mercantilistic, adj. /merr"keuhn ti liz'euhm, -tee-, -tuy-/, n. 1. mercantile practices or spirit; commercialism. 2. See mercantile system. [1870-75; ...
See mercantilism. * * *
See mercantilist. * * *
/meuhr kap"tan/, n. Chem. any of a class of sulfur-containing compounds having the type formula RSH, in which R represents a radical, and having an extremely offensive, garlicky ...
/meuhr kap"tuyd/, n. Chem. a metallic salt of a mercaptan. [1825-35; MERCAPT(AN) + -IDE] * * *
/meuhr kap"toh/, adj. Chem. containing the mercapto group; sulfhydryl; thiol. [1970-75; MERCAPT(AN) + -O-] * * *
mercapto group
Chem. the univalent group -SH. Also called mercapto radical. * * *
mercapto- pref. Containing the univalent radical ─SH: mercaptopurine.   [From mercaptan.] * * *
/meuhr kap'toh pyoor"een/, n. Pharm. a yellow, crystalline, water-insoluble powder, C5H4N4S, used in the treatment of leukemia. [1950-55; MERCAPTO + PURINE] * * *
▪ India also called  Madhu-keri        town, southern Karnataka (Karnātaka) state, southern India. It lies in the Western Ghats, at an elevation of 3,800 feet ...
/merr"kast', -kahst'/, n. a broadcasting system used by U.S. agencies to deliver messages to government-operated ships. [perh. Mer(chant Marine broad)cast] * * *
/meuhr kay"teuhr/; for 1 also Flem. /merdd kah"tawrdd/, n. 1. Gerhardus /jeuhr hahr"deuhs/, (Gerhard Kremer), 1512-94, Flemish cartographer and geographer. adj. 2. noting, ...
Mercator projection
Cartography. a conformal projection on which any rhumb line is represented as a straight line, used chiefly in navigation, though the scale varies with latitude and areal size ...
Mercator sailing
Navig. sailing according to rhumb lines, which appear as straight lines on a Mercator chart. * * *
Mercator track
Navig. a line appearing straight on a Mercator chart; rhumb line. * * *
Mercator, Gerardus
orig. Gerard Kremer born March 5, 1512, Rupelmonde, Flanders died Dec. 2, 1594, Duisburg, Duchy of Cleve Flemish cartographer. He received a master's degree in 1532 from the ...
Mer·ca·tor (mər-kāʹtər, mĕr-käʹtôr), Gerhardus. Originally Gerhard Kremer. 1512-1594. Flemish cartographer who developed the Mercator projection (1568). * * *
Mercator projection Jerry Malone n. A cylindrical map projection in which the meridians and parallels of latitude appear as lines crossing at right angles and in which areas ...
/meuhr sed"/, n. a city in central California. 36,499. * * * ▪ California, United States       city, seat (1872) of Merced county, central California, U.S. It is ...
▪ religious order also called  Nolascan , member of  Order of Our Lady of Mercy , also called  Knights of Saint Eulalia        religious order founded by St. ...
Mer·ce·da·rio (mĕr'sə-därʹē-ō, -sĕ-däʹryō) A mountain, 6,774.4 m (22,211 ft) high, in the Andes of western Argentina on the border with Chile. * * *
Mercedario, Cerro
▪ mountain, South America       Andean mountain peak in San Juan provincia (province), western Argentina, near the Chilean border. It rises to 22,211 feet (6,770 ...
/merdd se"dhes/ for 1; /meuhr say"deez/ for 2, 3; for 3 also /meuhr see"deez, merr"si deez'/, n. 1. a city in SW Uruguay, on the Río Negro. 53,000. 2. a city in S Texas. ...
Merced River A river, about 241 km (150 mi) long, of central California flowing west to the San Joaquin River. * * *
See mercenary. * * *
See mercenarily. * * *
—mercenarily /merr'seuh nair"euh lee, merr"seuh ner'-/, adv. —mercenariness, n. /merr"seuh ner'ee/, adj., n., pl. mercenaries. adj. 1. working or acting merely for money or ...
/merr"seuhr/, n. Chiefly Brit. a dealer in textile fabrics; dry-goods merchant. [1150-1200; ME < AF; OF mercier merchant, equiv. to merz merchandise ( < L merx, acc. mercem) + ...
Mercer Island
a city in W central Washington, on Mercer Island in Lake Washington, east of Seattle. 21,522. * * *
Mercer, David
▪ British playwright born June 27, 1928, Wakefield, Yorkshire, Eng. died Aug. 8, 1980, Haifa, Israel       playwright who established his reputation on the London stage ...
Mercer, Johnny
orig. John Herndon Mercer born Nov. 18, 1909, Savannah, Ga., U.S. died June 25, 1976, Bel Air, Calif. U.S. songwriter. After moving to New York City in the late 1920s, Mercer ...
Mercer, Joseph
▪ British football player and manager born August 9, 1914, Ellesmere Port, Cheshire, England died August 9, 1990, Manchester       distinguished British football ...
Mer·cer Island (mûrʹsər) A city of west-central Washington, coextensive with Mercer Island in Lake Washington near Seattle. It is primarily residential. Population: ...
Chemical treatment applied to cotton fibres or fabrics to make them permanently able to accept dyes and various chemical finishes more easily. The method, patented in 1850 by ...
—mercerization, n. —mercerizer, n. /merr"seuh ruyz'/, v.t., mercerized, mercerizing. to treat (cotton yarns or fabric) with caustic alkali under tension, in order to increase ...
/merr"seuh ree/, n., pl. merceries. Brit. 1. a mercer's shop. 2. mercers' wares. [1250-1300; ME mercerie < OF. See MERCER, -Y3] * * *
See merchandise. * * *
—merchandisable, adj. —merchandiser, n. n. /merr"cheuhn duyz', -duys'/; v. /merr"cheuhn duyz'/, n., v., merchandised, merchandising. n. 1. the manufactured goods bought and ...
See merchandisable. * * *
/merr"cheuhn duy'zing/, n. the planning and promotion of sales by presenting a product to the right market at the proper time, by carrying out organized, skillful advertising, ...
n. /merr"cheuhn duyz', -duys'/; v. /merr"cheuhn duyz'/, n., v.i., v.t., merchandized, merchandizing. merchandise. * * *
—merchantlike, adj. /merr"cheuhnt/, n. 1. a person who buys and sells commodities for profit; dealer; trader. 2. a storekeeper; retailer: a local merchant who owns a store on ...
Merchant Adventurers
▪ English history       company of English merchants who engaged in trade with the Netherlands (and later with northwest Germany) from the early 15th century to 1806. ...
Merchant and Ivory
▪ director–producer team  producer–director team known for their richly textured cinematography and ability to evoke brilliant performances from some of the world's ...
merchant bank
—merchant banker. —merchant banking. Brit. Finance. a private banking firm engaged chiefly in investing in new issues of securities and in accepting bills of exchange in ...
merchant flag
the ensign used by all ships engaged in commerce, fishing, etc. * * *
merchant guild
a medieval guild composed of merchants. [1865-70] * * * ▪ trade association       a European medieval association composed of traders interested in international ...
merchant marine
1. the vessels of a nation that are engaged in commerce. 2. the officers and crews of such vessels. [1850-55, Amer.] * * * Commercial ships of a nation, whether privately or ...
merchant navy
(also merchant marine) n the trading ships of a country and the sailors who work on them. The British merchant navy was very important during both world wars for the continued ...
merchant of death
a company, nation, or person that sells military arms on the international market, usually to the highest bidder and without scruple or regard for political ...
Merchant of Venice
Merchant of Venice The 1. a comedy (c. 1596) by Shakespeare 2. Antonio, the merchant of the play who borrows money from SHYLOCK * * * a play by Shakespeare, thought to have been ...
Merchant of Venice, The
a comedy (1596?) by Shakespeare. * * * ▪ work by Shakespeare       comedy in five acts by William Shakespeare (Shakespeare, William), written about 1596–97 and ...
merchant prince
a very wealthy or influential merchant. [1835-45] * * *
merchant seaman
a seaman who works on a merchant vessel. [1895-1900] * * *
Merchant Taylors' School
▪ school, London, United Kingdom       one of the major public (privately endowed) schools in England. Since 1933 it has been located at Sandy Lodge, at the ...
Merchant, Ismail
▪ 2006 Noormohamed Abdul Rehman  Indian-born film producer and director (b. Dec. 25, 1936, Bombay, British India [now Mumbai, India]—d. May 25, 2005, London, Eng.), enjoyed ...

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