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Слова на букву lowe-moth (15990)

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Merchant, Ismail, and Ivory, James
▪ 1997        The film producer-director team of Merchant and Ivory celebrated their 35th anniversary as creative partners in 1996 and, along with screenwriter Ruth ...
merchantability
See merchantable. * * *
merchantable
—merchantableness, n. /merr"cheuhn teuh beuhl/, adj. Chiefly Law. marketable: merchantable war-surplus goods. [1475-85; earlier marchandabull. See MERCHANT, -ABLE] * * *
merchantable title
Law. See marketable title. * * *
merchantman
/merr"cheuhnt meuhn/, n., pl. merchantmen. a trading ship. Also called merchant ship, merchant vessel. [1520-30; MERCHANT + -MAN] * * *
merchantmarine
merchant marine n. 1. A nation's commercial ships. 2. The personnel of a nation's commercial ships. * * *
Merchants Staplers
▪ English merchant group formally  Company of the Merchants of the Staple        company of English merchants who controlled the export of English wool from the late ...
merci
/merdd see"/, interj. French. thank you. * * *
merci beaucoup
/merdd see" boh kooh"/, French. thank you very much. * * *
Mercia
/merr"shee euh, -sheuh/, n. 1. an early English kingdom in central Britain. 2. a female given name. * * * Ancient kingdom, central England. One of the Anglo-Saxon kingdoms of ...
Mercian
/merr"shee euhn, -sheuhn/, adj. 1. of or pertaining to Mercia, its inhabitants, or their dialect. n. 2. a native or inhabitant of Mercia. 3. the dialect of Old English spoken in ...
Mercier
Fr. /merdd syay"/, n. Désiré Joseph /day zee rdday" zhaw zef"/, 1851-1926, Belgian cardinal and patriot. * * *
Mercier, Désiré-Joseph
▪ Belgian educator and cardinal born Nov. 21, 1851, Braine-l'Alleud, Belg. died Jan. 23, 1926, Brussels       Belgian educator, cardinal, and a leader in the ...
Mercier, Honoré
▪ Canadian statesman born Oct. 15, 1840, St. Athanase, Iberville county, Lower Canada [now in Quebec, Canada] died Oct. 30, 1894, Montreal, Quebec, Canada  statesman and ...
Mercier, Louis-Sébastien
▪ French author born June 6, 1740, Paris, France died April 25, 1814, Paris       one of the first French writers of drame bourgeois (middle-class drama). In Du ...
merciful
—mercifully, adv. —mercifulness, n. /merr"si feuhl/, adj. full of mercy; characterized by, expressing, or showing mercy; compassionate: a merciful God. [1250-1300; ME; see ...
mercifully
See merciful. * * *
mercifulness
See mercifully. * * *
merciless
—mercilessly, adv. —mercilessness, n. /merr"si lis/, adj. without mercy; having or showing no mercy; pitiless; cruel: a merciless critic. [1300-50; ME mercyles. See MERCY, ...
mercilessly
See merciless. * * *
mercilessness
See mercilessly. * * *
Merck, Johann Heinrich
▪ German writer born April 11, 1741, Darmstadt, Hesse-Darmstadt [Germany] died June 27, 1791, Darmstadt       German writer and critic who provided valuable guidance to ...
Merckx, Eddy
▪ Belgian cyclist in full  Edouard Louis Joseph Merckx, Baron Merckx  born June 17, 1945, Meensel-Kiez, Belg.       Belgian champion bicycle racer, arguably the ...
Merckx,Eddy
Merckx (mĕrks), Eddy. Born 1945. Belgian cyclist. He is one of four people to have won the Tour de France five times (1969-1972, 1974). * * *
Mercoeur, Philippe-Emmanuel de Lorraine, Duke de
▪ French prince born Sept. 9, 1558, Nomény, France died Feb. 19, 1602, Nürnberg [Germany]       prince who led the resistance in Brittany against King Henry IV of ...
Mercosur
▪ South American economic organization Spanish acronym of  Mercado Común del Sur , Portuguese  Mercosul , acronym of  Mercado Comum do Sul , or  Common Market of the ...
Mercouri, Melina
▪ 1995       (MARIA AMALIA MERCOURIS), Greek actress and politician (b. Oct. 18, 1925, Athens, Greece—d. March 6, 1994, New York, N.Y), burst onto the international ...
Mercredi, Ovide
▪ 1996       In 1995 the elected (June 12, 1991) national chief of the Assembly of First Nations, Ovide Mercredi—representing some 1.5 million Indians from more than ...
mercur-
mercur- pref. Variant of mercuro-. * * *
mercurate
—mercuration, n. /merr"kyeuh rayt'/, n., v., mercurated, mercurating. Chem. n. 1. Also, mercuriate /meuhr kyoor"ee it, -ayt'/. any salt in which bivalent mercury is part of a ...
mercuration
See mercurate. * * *
mercurial
—mercurially, adv. —mercurialness, mercuriality, n. /meuhr kyoor"ee euhl/, adj. 1. changeable; volatile; fickle; flighty; erratic: a mercurial nature. 2. animated; lively; ...
mercurial barometer.
See mercury barometer. [1685-95] * * *
mercurialism
/meuhr kyoor"ee euh liz'euhm/, n. Pathol. poisoning by mercury. [1820-30; MERCURIAL + -ISM] * * *
mercurialize
—mercurialization, n. /meuhr kyoor"ee euh luyz'/, v.t., mercurialized, mercurializing. 1. to make mercurial, esp. in temperament. 2. to treat or impregnate with mercury or one ...
mercurially
See mercurial. * * *
mercuric
/meuhr kyoor"ik/, adj. Chem. of or containing mercury, esp. in the bivalent state. [1820-30; MERCUR(Y) + -IC] * * *
mercuric chloride
Chem. a white, crystalline, water-soluble, strongly acrid, highly poisonous solid, HgCl2, prepared by sublimation of chlorine with mercury, and used chiefly as an antiseptic. ...
mercuric oxide
Chem. a slightly crystalline, water-soluble, poisonous compound, HgO, occurring as a coarse, orange-red powder (red mercuric oxide) or as a fine, orange-yellow powder (yellow ...
mercuric sulfide
Chem. a crystalline, water-insoluble, poisonous compound, HgS, occurring as a coarse, black powder (black mercuric sulfide) or as a fine, bright-scarlet powder (red mercuric ...
mercuricchloride
mercuric chloride n. A poisonous white crystalline compound, HgCl2, used as an antiseptic and a disinfectant, in insecticides, preservatives, and batteries, and in metallurgy and ...
mercuricsulfide
mercuric sulfide n. A poisonous compound, HgS, having two forms: a. Black mercuric sulfide, a black powder obtained from mercury salts or by the reaction of mercury with sulfur, ...
mercurify
/meuhr kyoor"euh fuy'/, v.t., mercurified, mercurifying. to mix with mercury; amalgamate. [1670-80; MERCUR(Y) + -IFY] * * *
mercurize
—mercurization, n. /merr"kyeuh ruyz'/, v.t., mercurized, mercurizing. mercurate (def. 2). Also, esp. Brit., mercurise. [MERCUR(Y) + -IZE] * * *
mercuro-
mercuro- or mercur- pref. Mercury: mercurous.   [From mercury.] * * *
Mercurochrome
/meuhr kyoor"euh krohm'/, Pharm., Trademark. a brand of merbromin. * * *
mercurous
/meuhr kyoor"euhs, merr"kyeuhr euhs/, adj. Chem. containing univalent mercury, Hg+1 or Hg2+2. [1860-65; MERCUR(Y) + -OUS] * * *
mercurous chloride
Pharm. calomel. [1880-85] * * *
mercurouschloride
mercurous chloride n. See calomel. * * *
mercury
/merr"kyeuh ree/, n., pl. mercuries. 1. Chem. a heavy, silver-white, highly toxic metallic element, the only one that is liquid at room temperature; quicksilver: used in ...
mercury arc
Elect. a bluish-green electric arc that has passed through a mercury-vapor cathode. [1915-20] * * *
mercury barometer
a barometer in which the weight of a column of mercury in a glass tube with a sealed top is balanced against that of the atmosphere pressing on an exposed cistern of mercury at ...
mercury bichloride
Chem. See mercuric chloride. * * *
mercury chloride
mercury chloride n. 1. MERCURIC CHLORIDE 2. CALOMEL * * *
mercury fulminate
Chem. a gray, crystalline solid, Hg(CNO)2, used chiefly in the manufacture of commercial and military detonators. Also called fulminate of mercury. [1900-05] * * *
mercury lamp
       electric discharge lamp (q.v.) in which light is emitted by electrically excited atoms of vapourized mercury. * * *
mercury mass
Pharm. 1. See blue mass (def. 1). 2. See blue pill (def. 1). * * *
Mercury Music Prize
(also the Nationwide Mercury Prize) a pop music prize started in 1992 as an alternative to the Brit Awards because these were seen to be very influenced by the big record ...
mercury poisoning
Harmful effects of mercury compounds. Manufacture of paints, various household items, and pesticides uses mercury; the finished product and the waste products released into air ...
Mercury prize
➡ Mercury Music Prize * * *
mercury processing
Introduction       preparation of the ore for use in various products.       Mercury (Hg) has a unique combination of physical properties. Its low melting point ...
Mercury program
(also Project Mercury) the US space programme (1961–3) to put a man into orbit around the earth. This was achieved when John Glenn became the first person to go into orbit on ...
mercury sulfide
Chem. See mercuric sulfide. [1930-35] * * *
mercury switch
Elect. an especially quiet switch that opens and closes an electric circuit by shifting a vial containing a pool of mercury so as to cover or uncover the contacts. * * *
mercury-vapor lamp
/merr"kyeuh ree vay'peuhr/, Elect. a lamp producing a light with a high actinic and ultraviolet content by means of an electric arc in mercury vapor. [1900-05] * * *
mercury-vaporlamp
mer·cu·ry-va·por lamp (mûrʹkyə-rē-vāʹpər) n. A lamp in which ultraviolet and yellowish-green to blue visible light is produced by an electric discharge through mercury ...
mercy
/merr"see/, n., pl. mercies for 4, 5. 1. compassionate or kindly forbearance shown toward an offender, an enemy, or other person in one's power; compassion, pity, or benevolence: ...
Mercy
/merr"see/, n. a female given name. * * * (as used in expressions) mercy killing Warren Mercy Otis Mercy Otis * * *
Mercy d'Argenteau, Florimund, Graf
▪ Austrian diplomat born April 20, 1727, Liège, Austrian Netherlands died Aug. 25, 1794, London       Austrian diplomat who, at the outset of the French Revolution, ...
mercy killing
euthanasia (def. 1). [1930-35] * * *
mercy seat
1. Bible. a. the gold covering on the ark of the covenant, regarded as the resting place of God. Ex. 25:17-22. b. the throne of God. 2. South Midland and Southern U.S. See ...
mercy stroke.
See coup de grâce. [1695-1705] * * *
Mercy, Claudius Florimund, Graf von
▪ Austrian field marshal (count of), Mercy also spelled  Merci   born 1666, Lorraine died June 29, 1734, Parma, Italy       Austrian field marshal and military ...
Mercy, Franz, Freiherr von
▪ Austrian field marshal (baron of), Mercy also spelled  Merci   born c. 1590, , Longwy, Duchy of Bar died Aug. 3, 1645, Alerheim, Swabia       Austrian and Bavarian ...
Mercy, Sisters of
▪ religious order       (R.S.M.), Roman Catholic religious congregation founded in Dublin in 1831 by Catherine Elizabeth McAuley (McAuley, Catherine Elizabeth). By 1822 ...
mercykilling
mercy killing n. Euthanasia. * * *
mercyseat
mercy seat n. 1. The golden covering of the Ark of the Covenant, regarded as the resting place of God. 2. The throne of God. * * *
merde
/merddd/; Eng. /maird/, French. n. 1. excrement. interj. 2. (used as an expletive to express anger, annoyance, disgust, etc.) * * *
merdivorous
/meuhr div"euhr euhs/, adj. coprophagous. [1855-60; < L merd(a) dung + -I- + -VOROUS] * * *
mere
mere1 /mear/, adj., superl. merest. 1. being nothing more nor better than: a mere pittance; He is still a mere child. 2. Obs. a. pure and unmixed, as wine, a people, or a ...
mère
/merdd/; Eng. /mair/, n., pl. mères /merdd/; Eng. /mairz/. French. mother. * * *
Meredith
/mer"i dith/, n. 1. George, 1828-1909, English novelist and poet. 2. Owen, pen name of Edward Robert Bulwer Lytton. 3. Also, Meredyth. a male or female given name. * * * (as ...
Meredith, Burgess
▪ 1998       American actor, director, and writer whose performing career, which spanned nearly seven decades, included a notable film debut in Winterset after a ...
Meredith, George
born Feb. 12, 1828, Portsmouth, Hampshire, Eng. died May 18, 1909, Box Hill, Surrey English novelist and poet. Though ostensibly launched on a law career at age 18, he ...
Meredith, James
▪ American civil rights activist and author born June 25, 1933, Kosciusko, Mississippi, U.S.    American civil rights activist who gained national renown at a key juncture ...
Meredith, James (Howard)
born June 25, 1933, Kosciusko, Miss., U.S. U.S. civil rights leader. He grew up in poverty in Mississippi, the most racially segregated state in the U.S. In 1961 he applied for ...
Meredith, Ted
▪ American athlete byname of  James E. Meredith   born Nov. 14, 1892, Chester Heights, Pa., U.S. died Nov. 2, 1957, Camden, N.J.       American middle-distance ...
Meredith, William
▪ American poet in full  William Morris Meredith, Jr.  born Jan. 9, 1919, New York, N.Y., U.S. died May 30, 2007, New London, Conn.       American poet whose formal ...
Meredith, William Morris, Jr.
▪ 2008       American poet born Jan. 9, 1919, New York, N.Y. died May 30, 2007, New London, Conn. was awarded (1988) a Pulitzer Prize for Partial Accounts: New and ...
Meredith,George
Mer·e·dith (mĕrʹĭ-dĭth), George. 1828-1909. British writer of novels, such as The Ordeal of Richard Feverel (1859), and poetic works, including Modern Love (1862). * * *
Meredith,James Howard
Meredith, James Howard. Born 1933. American civil rights advocate whose registration (1963) at the traditionally segregated University of Mississippi prompted a riot, which was ...
merely
/mear"lee/, adv. 1. only as specified and nothing more; simply: merely a matter of form. 2. Obs. a. without admixture; purely. b. altogether; entirely. [1400-50; late ME mereli. ...
merengue
/meuh reng"gay/, n., v., merengued, merenguing. n. 1. a ballroom dance of Dominican and Haitian origin, characterized by a stiff-legged, limping step. 2. the music for this ...
Merenre
▪ king of Egypt also spelled  Mernere , also called  Merenre Antyemsaf         fourth king of the 6th dynasty (Egypt, ancient) (c. 2325–c. 2150 BCE) in ancient ...
mereology
Branch of logic, founded by Stanisław Leśniewski, that studies class expressions and the relations between parts and wholes. It rejects the hierarchy of sets generated in set ...
Meres, Francis
▪ English author born 1565, Kirton, Holland, Lincolnshire, Eng. died Jan. 29, 1647, Wing, Rutland       English author of Palladis Tamia; Wits Treasury, a commonplace ...
merese
/may reez", -rees"/, n. (on a stemmed glass) a flat, sharp-edged knop joining the stem to the bowl or foot. Also called collar. [1920-25; orig. uncert.] * * *
meretricious
—meretriciously, adv. —meretriciousness, n. /mer'i trish"euhs/, adj. 1. alluring by a show of flashy or vulgar attractions; tawdry. 2. based on pretense, deception, or ...
meretriciously
See meretricious. * * *
meretriciousness
See meretriciously. * * *
Merezhkovsky, Dmitry Sergeyevich
▪ Russian author born Aug. 14 [Aug. 2, Old Style], 1865, St. Petersburg, Russia died Dec. 9, 1941, Paris  Russian poet, novelist, critic, and thinker who played an important ...
merg-
Boundary, border. Oldest form *merg̑-, becoming *merg- in centum languages. Derivatives include marquee, demarcation, and margin. 1. a. mark1, from Old English mearc, boundary, ...
merganser
/meuhr gan"seuhr/, n., pl. mergansers, (esp. collectively) merganser. any of several fish-eating diving ducks of the subfamily Merginae, having a narrow bill hooked at the tip ...
merge
—mergence, n. /merrj/, v., merged, merging. v.t. 1. to cause to combine or coalesce; unite. 2. to combine, blend, or unite gradually so as to blur the individuality or ...
mergee
/merr jee"/, n. a participant in a merger. [1960-65; MERG(ER) + -EE] * * *
mergence
See merge. * * *
Mergenthaler
/merr"geuhn thaw'leuhr/; Ger. /merdd"geuhn tah'leuhrdd/, n. Ottmar /ot"mahr/; Ger. /awt"mahrdd/, 1854-99, U.S. inventor of the Linotype, born in Germany. * * *
Mergenthaler, Ottmar
born May 11, 1854, Hachtel, Württemberg died Oct. 28, 1899, Baltimore, Md., U.S. German-U.S. inventor. He immigrated to the U.S. in 1872. While working in a Baltimore machine ...
Mergenthaler,Ottmar
Mer·gen·thal·er (mûrʹgən-thô'lər, mĕrʹgən-tä'-), Ottmar. 1854-1899. German-born American inventor of the Linotype typesetting machine (patented 1884). * * *
merger
/merr"jeuhr/, n. 1. a statutory combination of two or more corporations by the transfer of the properties to one surviving corporation. 2. any combination of two or more business ...
Mergui
/merr gwee"/, n. a seaport in S Burma, on the Andaman Sea. 44,000. * * * ▪ Myanmar       town, extreme southeastern Myanmar (Burma). It occupies an offshore island in ...
Mergui Archipelago
Group of more than 200 islands in the Andaman Sea off the coast of southeastern Myanmar. The largest island is Mali Kyun (Tavoy Island) at its northern end. Other major islands ...
Meri, Lennart
▪ 2007  Estonian scholar and political leader (b. March 29, 1929, Tallinn, Estonia—d. March 14, 2006, Tallinn), was president (1992–2001) of Estonia. Although the post was ...
Meri, Veijo
▪ Finnish author born Dec. 31, 1928, Viborg, Fin.       Finnish novelist, poet, and dramatist of the generation of the 1960s.       Meri devoted many of his ...
Meriam, Junius L.
▪ American educator in full  Junius Lathrop Meriam  born Oct. 28, 1872, Randolph, Ohio, U.S. died June 29, 1960, Los Altos, Calif.       American educator who, though ...
Merian, Matthäus
▪ Swiss artist [1593-1650] born 1593, Basel, Switz. died 1650, Schwalbach, Fr. [now in Germany]       engraver (printmaking), etcher, and book dealer, the leading ...
mericarp
/mer"i kahrp'/, n. Bot. one of the carpels of a schizocarp. [1825-35; meri- (comb. form of Gk merís part, portion) + -CARP] * * *
merida
/mer"i deuh/, n. suntan (def. 2). [appar. after MÉRIDA, Mexico] * * * I City (pop., 2000: 660,884), capital of Yucatán state, southeastern Mexico. It lies near the ...
Mérida
/me"rddee dhah'/, n. 1. a city in and the capital of Yucatán, in SE Mexico. 253,800. 2. a city in W Venezuela. 74,214. * * * I City (pop., 2000: 660,884), capital of Yucatán ...
Mérida, Carlos
▪ Guatemalan artist born December 2, 1891, Guatemala City, Guatemala died December 22, 1984, Mexico City, Mexico       Guatemalan artist who was known primarily as a ...
Meriden
/mer"i dn/, n. a city in central Connecticut. 57,118. * * * ▪ Connecticut, United States       city, coextensive with the town (township) of Meriden, New Haven county, ...
Meridia
Me·rid·i·a (mə-rĭdʹē-ə) A trademark used for the drug sibutrimine. * * *
meridian
/meuh rid"ee euhn/, n. 1. Geog. a. a great circle of the earth passing through the poles and any given point on the earth's surface. b. the half of such a circle included between ...
Meridian
/meuh rid"ee euhn/, n. a city in E Mississippi. 46,577. * * * ▪ Mississippi, United States       city, seat of Lauderdale county, eastern Mississippi, U.S., lying 93 ...
meridian angle
Astron. the angle, measured eastward or westward through 180°, between the celestial meridian of an observer and the hour circle of a celestial body. Cf. hour angle. * * *
meridian circle
Astron. a transit instrument provided with a graduated vertical scale, used to measure the declinations of heavenly bodies and to determine the time of meridian transits. Also ...
méridienne
/meuh rid'ee en", meuh rid"ee en'/; Fr. /may rddee dyen"/, n., pl. méridiennes /meuh rid'ee enz", meuh rid"ee enz'/; Fr. /may rddee dyen"/. Fr. Furniture. a short sofa of the ...
meridional
—meridionally, adv. /meuh rid"ee euh nl/, adj. 1. of, pertaining to, or resembling a meridian. 2. characteristic of the south or of people inhabiting the south, esp. of ...
merienda
merienda [me ryen′dä] n. 〚Sp〛 a light meal esp. in the late afternoon * * *
Merieux, Charles
▪ 2002       French virologist (b. Jan. 9, 1907, Lyon, France—d. Jan. 18, 2001, Lyon), devised an efficient industrial technique for mass producing vaccines to fight ...
Merilee
/mer"i lee'/, n. a female given name. * * *
Mérimée
/may rddee may"/, n. Prosper /prddaw sperdd"/, 1803-70, French short-story writer, novelist, and essayist. * * *
Mérimée, Prosper
born Sept. 28, 1803, Paris, France died Sept. 23, 1870, Cannes French short-story writer and dramatist. In youth a student of languages and literatures, he wrote his first ...
Mérimée,Prosper
Mé·ri·mée (mĕrʹə-mā', mā-rē-māʹ), Prosper. 1803-1870. French writer of romantic stories and novels, such as Carmen (1846), on which Bizet's opera is based. * * *
Merín
Sp. /me rddeen"/, n. Mirim. * * *
Merina
/meuh ree"neuh/, n., pl. Merinas, (esp. collectively) Merina. a member of a Malagasy-speaking people who primarily inhabit the interior plateau of Madagascar. * * * ▪ ...
meringue
/meuh rang"/, n. 1. a delicate, frothy mixture made with beaten egg whites and sugar or hot syrup, and browned, used as a topping for pies, pastry, etc. 2. a pastry or pastry ...
méringue
/may rang"/, n., v.i., méringued, méringuing. merengue. [ < F < Haitian Creole] * * * ▪ food       mixture of stiffly beaten egg whites and sugar that is used in ...
merino
/meuh ree"noh/, n., pl. merinos, adj. n. 1. (often cap.) one of a breed of sheep, raised originally in Spain, valued for their fine wool. 2. wool from such sheep. 3. a yarn or ...
Merino Castro, Jose Toribio
▪ 1997       Chilean admiral who, along with Gen. Augusto Pinochet, led the 1973 coup that ousted Pres. Salvador Allende; Merino was an integral member of the military ...
Merioneth
▪ historical county, Wales, United Kingdom Welsh  Meirionydd        historic county of northwestern Wales, on Cardigan Bay north of the Dovey estuary. It extends ...
Merionethshire
/mer'ee on"ith shear', -sheuhr/, n. a historic county in Gwynedd, in N Wales. Also called Merioneth. * * *
merisis
/mer"euh sis/, n. Biol. growth, esp. growth resulting from cell division. Cf. auxesis. [1935-40; < Gk meri- (comb. form of merís part, portion) + -SIS] * * *
meristem
/mer"euh stem'/, n. Bot. embryonic tissue in plants; undifferentiated, growing, actively dividing cells. [1870-75; < Gk merist(ós) divided, distributed (equiv. to *merid-, s. of ...
meristematic
—meristematically, adv. /mer'euh steuh mat"ik/, adj. Bot. consisting of or having the properties of meristem. [1880-85; meristemat-, base, in derivation, of MERISTEM (see ...
meristematically
See meristematic. * * *
meristic
/meuh ris"tik/, adj. Biol. of, pertaining to, or divided into segments or somites. [1890-95; < Gk meristikós of division. See MERISTEM, -IC] * * *
meristically
See meristic. * * *
merit
—meritedly, adv. —meritless, adj. /mer"it/, n. 1. claim to respect and praise; excellence; worth. 2. something that deserves or justifies a reward or commendation; a ...
merit badge
an insignia or device granted by the Boy Scouts, worn esp. on a uniform to indicate special achievement. Cf. proficiency badge. * * *
merit pay
an additional sum paid to an employee, as a schoolteacher, whose work is superior and whose services are valued. * * *
merit system
a system or policy whereby people are promoted or rewarded on the basis of ability and achievement rather than because of seniority, quotas, patronage, or the like. [1895-1900] * ...
Merit, Legion of
▪ American military decoration       the only U.S. military decoration that has distinct ranks, and the first U.S. medal to be awarded to citizens of other nations. It ...
Merit, Medal for
▪ American honour       U.S. civilian decoration established in 1942 by President Franklin D. Roosevelt to award civilians of the United States and its allies for ...
Merit, Order of
▪ British honour       British honorary institution founded by Edward VII in 1902 to reward those who provided especially eminent service in the armed forces or ...
meritless
See merit. * * *
meritocracy
—meritocratic /mer'i teuh krat"ik/, adj. /mer'i tok"reuh see/, n., pl. meritocracies. 1. an elite group of people whose progress is based on ability and talent rather than on ...
meritocrat
/mer"i teuh krat'/, n. a member of a meritocracy. [1955-60; MERITO(CRACY) + -CRAT] * * *
meritocratic
See meritocrat. * * *
meritorious
—meritoriously, adv. —meritoriousness, n. /mer'i tawr"ee euhs, -tohr"-/, adj. deserving praise, reward, esteem, etc.; praiseworthy: to receive a gift for meritorious ...
meritoriously
See meritorious. * * *
meritoriousness
See meritoriously. * * *
meritsystem
merit system n. The system of appointing and promoting civil service personnel on the basis of merit rather than political affiliation or loyalty. * * *
Meriwether Lewis
➡ Lewis and Clark * * *
merk
/merk/, n. Chiefly Scot. mark2 (def. 3). * * *
Merkabah
or Merkava Throne or chariot of God, as described by Ezekiel. It became an object of visionary contemplation for Jewish mystics in Palestine in the 1st century AD; in the ...
Merkava
▪ Jewish mysticism Hebrew“Chariot” also spelled  Merkabah        the throne, or “chariot,” of God as described by the prophet Ezekiel (Ezekiel 1); it became ...
Merkel, Angela
▪ 2006       On Oct. 10, 2005, three weeks after the German election, it was finally decided that Angela Merkel would be the next chancellor. Merkel was a rarity in ...
merkin
/merr"keuhn/, n. false hair for the female pudenda. [1610-20; orig. uncert.] * * *
Merkle, Fred
▪ American athlete byname of  Frederick Charles Merkle   born Dec. 20, 1888, Watertown, Wis., U.S. died March 2, 1956, Daytona Beach, Fla.  American baseball player whose ...
Merkys, Antanas
▪ prime minister of Lithuania born 1887, Bajorai, near Skapiskis, Lithuania, Russian Empire died 1955, U.S.S.R.       Lithuanian politician who was the last prime ...
merl
merl or merle [mʉrl] n. 〚ME merle < OFr < LL merulus < L merula, prob. < IE base * (a)mes- > OE osle, Ger amsel〛 Archaic the European black thrush ( Turdus merula) * * *
merle
merle1 /merrl/, n. Chiefly Scot. the blackbird, Turdus merula. Also, merl. [1350-1400; ME merule < MF < L merulus, merula ousel, blackbird] merle2 /merrl/, n. 1. a bluish gray ...
Merle
/merrl/, n. a male or female given name. * * *
Merle d'Aubigné, Jean-Henri
▪ Swiss minister born August 16, 1794, Les Eaux-Vives, Switzerland died October 21, 1872, Geneva       Swiss Protestant (Protestant Heritage) minister, historian of the ...
Merleau-Ponty
Merleau-Ponty [mer lō pōn tē′] Maurice 1908-61; Fr. philosopher * * *
Merleau-Ponty, Maurice
born March 14, 1908, Rochefort, France died May 4, 1961, Paris French philosopher. With Jean-Paul Sartre and Simone de Beauvoir he founded the journal Les Temps Modernes in ...
Merleau-Ponty,Maurice
Mer·leau-Pon·ty (mĕr-lō'pôɴ-tēʹ), Maurice. 1908-1961. French phenomenologist and social critic. Author of such works as Adventures of the Dialectic (1955), he departed ...
merlin
/merr"lin/, n. a small, bold falcon, Falco columbarius, of the Northern Hemisphere. Also called pigeon hawk. [1350-1400; ME merlioun, merlone < AF merilun, OF esmerillon, dim. of ...
Merlin
/merr"lin/, n. 1. Arthurian Romance. a venerable magician and seer. 2. a male given name. * * * Magician and wise man in Arthurian legend. In Geoffrey of Monmouth's History of ...
Merlin, Antoine-Christophe
▪ French revolutionary byname  Merlin de Thionville   born September 13, 1762, Thionville, France died September 14, 1833, Paris       democratic radical during the ...
Merlin, Philippe-Antoine, comte
▪ French jurist byname  Merlin de Douai  born October 30, 1754, Arleux, France died December 26, 1838, Paris       one of the foremost jurists of the French ...
Merlo
Mer·lo (mĕrʹlō) A city of eastern Argentina, a suburb of Buenos Aires. Population: 293,059. * * * ▪ Argentina       cabecera (county seat) and partido (county) of ...
merlon
/merr"leuhn/, n. (in a battlement) the solid part between two crenels. See illus. under battlement. [1695-1705; < F < It merlone, aug. of merlo (in pl., merli battlements) < ?] * ...
Merlot
/merr"loh/; Fr. /merdd loh"/, n. a dark-blue grape used in winemaking, esp. in the Bordeaux region of France and in areas of Italy, Switzerland, and California. [ < F: lit., ...
Merlyn-Rees, Merlyn Merlyn-Rees, Baron
▪ 2007 Merlyn Rees        British politician (b. Dec. 18, 1920, Cilfynydd, Glamorgan, Wales—d. Jan. 5, 2006, London, Eng.), served in the Labour cabinet under Prime ...
mermaid
/merr"mayd'/, n. 1. (in folklore) a female marine creature, having the head, torso, and arms of a woman and the tail of a fish. 2. a highly skilled female swimmer. [1300-50; ME ...
Mermaid Tavern
an inn formerly located on Bread Street, Cheapside, in the heart of old London: a meeting place and informal club for Elizabethan playwrights and poets. * * * ▪ historical ...
mermaid weed
any of several North American, aquatic plants of the genus Proserpinaca, having pinnately dissected leaves either above or below the water. [1810-20, Amer.] * * *
mermaid's purse
the horny or leathery egg case of certain cartilaginous fishes, as skates. [1830-40] * * *
mermaid's wineglass
a colony of green algae, Acetabularia crenulata, of warm seas, having a cup-shaped cap on a slender stalk. * * *
merman
/merr"man'/, n., pl. mermen. 1. (in folklore) a male marine creature, having the head, torso, and arms of a man and the tail of a fish. 2. a highly skilled male ...
Merman, Ethel
orig. Ethel Agnes Zimmerman born Jan. 16, 1909, Astoria, N.Y., U.S. died Feb. 15, 1984, New York, N.Y. U.S. singer and actress. Merman, who had never taken voice lessons, ...
Merman,Ethel
Mer·man (mûrʹmən), Ethel. 1909-1984. American musical comedy actress noted for her powerful voice. She appeared in Annie Get Your Gun (1946) and many other productions. * * *
Merneptah
/mer"nep tah', meuhr nep"tah/, n. king of ancient Egypt c1225-c1215 B.C. (son of Ramses II). Also, Meneptah. * * * ▪ king of Egypt also spelled  Meneptah, or Merenptah ...
mero-
a combining form meaning "part," "partial," used in the formation of compound words: merogony. [ < Gk méros part] * * *
meroblastic
—meroblastically, adv. /mer'euh blas"tik/, adj. Embryol. (of certain eggs) undergoing partial cleavage, resulting in unequal blastomeres. Cf. holoblastic. [1865-70; MERO- + ...
meroblastically
See meroblastic. * * *
merocrine
merocrine [mer′ō krin, mer′ōkrīn΄, mer′ōkrēn΄] adj. 〚< Gr meros, part + krinein, to separate: see CRISIS〛 designating or of any gland which secretes its products ...
Merodach
/mer"euh dahk'/, n. Marduk. * * *
Merodach-Baladan II
▪ king of Babylonia Babylonian  Marduk-apal-iddina Ii (“Marduk Has Given Me an Heir”)   died c. 694 BC       king of Babylonia 721–710 and for nine months in ...
Meroë
/mer"oh ee'/, n. a ruined city in Sudan, on the Nile, NE of Khartoum: a capital of ancient Ethiopia that was destroyed A.D. c350. * * * City, ancient Kush , northeastern ...
merogony
—merogonic /mer'euh gon"ik/, merogonous, adj. /meuh rog"euh nee/, n. Embryol. the development of an embryo from egg fragments lacking the egg nucleus but having an introduced ...
Meroite
/mer"oh uyt'/, n. an inhabitant of Meroë. [MERO(Ë) + -ITE1] * * *
Meroitic language
      extinct language used in the ancient city known to the Greeks as Meroe and the area surrounding the city (now in The Sudan). The language was used from about 200 BC ...
meromorphic
/mer'euh mawr"fik/, adj. Math. of or pertaining to a function that is analytic, except for poles, in a given domain. [‡1885-90; MERO- + -MORPHIC] * * *
meromyosin
mer·o·my·o·sin (mĕr'ə-mīʹə-sĭn) n. Either of two protein subunits of a myosin molecule, obtained especially through the digestive action of trypsin. * * *
Meron
▪ Israel also spelled  Meiron        noncollective agricultural settlement (moshava) and nearby mountain, Upper Galilee, northern Israel, northwest of Ẕefat ...
Merope
/mer"euh pee/, n. Class. Myth. 1. a queen of Corinth and the foster mother of Oedipus. 2. a queen of Messenia, the wife of Cresphontes and mother of Aepytus, who with Aepytus ...
meropia
/meuh roh"pee euh/, n. Ophthalm. partial blindness. [1855-60; MER(O)- + -OPIA] * * *
meropic
See meropia. * * *
meroplankton
/mer'euh plangk"teuhn/, n. a floating mass of eggs and larvae of organisms that are nektonic or benthic in their adult stage; temporary plankton. [1905-10; back formation from ...
meroplanktonic
See meroplankton. * * *
Merops
/mee"rops/, n. (in the Iliad) a Percosian augur who foresaw and unsuccessfully tried to prevent the death of his sons in the Trojan War. * * *
meros
/mee"ros/, n. (in the Doric order) a flat surface between two channels of a triglyph. [1795-1805; < Gk merós leg-bone, lit., thigh] * * *
Merovech
▪ king of Salian Franks also spelled  Merovich,  Meroveus,  Merwich , or  Merowig,  French  Mérovée,  German  Merowech  flourished c. AD 450       king of ...
Merovingian
/mer'euh vin"jee euhn, -jeuhn/, adj. 1. of or pertaining to the Frankish dynasty established by Clovis, which reigned in Gaul and Germany from A.D. 476 to 751. n. 2. a member or ...
Merovingian art
Visual arts produced under the Merovingian dynasty of the 5th–8th centuries AD. They consisted mainly of small-scale metalwork, little of which has survived, and several ...
Merovingian dynasty
(476–750) Frankish dynasty considered the first French royal house. It was named for Merovech (fl. с 450), whose son Childeric I (d. 482?) ruled a tribe of Salian Franks from ...
Merovingian script
▪ calligraphy       in calligraphy, the writing of the pre-Carolingian hands of France that were derived from Latin cursive script. Luxeuil, in Burgundy, was a ...
Merowe
Mer·o·we (mĕrʹō-ē') See Meroë. * * *
merozoite
/mer'euh zoh"uyt/, n. (in the asexual reproduction of certain sporozoans) a cell developed from a schizont that parasitizes a red blood cell in the host. [1895-1900; MERO- + ZO- ...
Merriam
/mer"ee euhm/, n. a town in E Kansas. 10,794. * * *
Merriam, Clinton Hart
▪ American biologist born , Dec. 5, 1855, New York City died March 19, 1942, Berkeley, Calif., U.S.  American biologist and ethnologist, who helped found the National ...
Merriam-Webster dictionary
▪ American reference work       any of various lexicographic works published by the G. & C. Merriam Co.—renamed Merriam-Webster, Incorporated, in 1982—which is ...
Merrick
/mer"ik/, n. 1. David (David Margulies), born 1912, U.S. theatrical producer. 2. a town on SW Long Island, in SE New York. 24,478. * * *
Merrick, David
orig. David Margulois born Nov. 27, 1912, St. Louis, Mo., U.S. died April 25, 2000, London, Eng. U.S. theatrical producer. He practiced law until 1949, when he became a ...
Merrick,David
Mer·rick (mĕrʹĭk), David. Born 1912. American theatrical producer whose many successful Broadway productions include Becket (1960) and Hello Dolly! (1965). * * *
Merrifield, Bruce
▪ American biochemist and educator in full  Robert Bruce Merrifield   born July 15, 1921, Fort Worth, Texas, U.S. died May 14, 2006, Cresskill, N.J.       American ...
Merrifield, R Bruce
▪ 2007       American biochemist and educator (b. July 15, 1921, Fort Worth, Texas—d. May 14, 2006, Cresskill, N.J.), was awarded the 1984 Nobel Prize for Chemistry ...
Merril, Judith
▪ 1998       American-born Canadian science-fiction writer whose highly regarded works, which reflected a feminist stance, were among the first of the genre to be ...
Merrill
/mer"euhl/, n. 1. James (Ingram), 1926-95, U.S. poet. 2. a male or female given name. * * *
Merrill Lynch & Co., Inc.
▪ American brokerage firm       American financial-services holding company whose principal subsidiary, Merrill Lynch, Pierce, Fenner & Smith Inc., is the largest retail ...
Merrill's Marauders
the U.S. soldiers under the command of Brig. Gen. Frank Merrill during World War II, noted esp. for their skill at jungle fighting in the China-Burma-India theater. Also called ...
Merrill, Bob
▪ 1999       American composer-lyricist (b. May 17, 1921?, Atlantic City, N.J.—d. Feb. 17, 1998, Beverly Hills, Calif.), wrote prolifically for both the pop music ...
Merrill, Charles E(dward)
born Oct. 19, 1885, Green Cove Springs, Fla., U.S. died Oct. 6, 1956, Southampton, N.Y. U.S. investment banker. He held a series of jobs before joining a Wall Street firm in ...
Merrill, Charles E.
▪ American businessman in full  Charles Edward Merrill   born Oct. 19, 1885, Green Cove Springs, Fla., U.S. died Oct. 6, 1956, Southampton, N.Y.       American ...
Merrill, Frank Dow
▪ United States Army officer born Dec. 4, 1903, Hopkinton, Mass., U.S. died Dec. 11, 1955, Fernandina Beach, Fla.       U.S. Army officer during World War II who led ...
Merrill, James
▪ American poet in full  James Ingram Merrill   born March 3, 1926, New York, N.Y., U.S. died Feb. 6, 1995, Tucson, Ariz.       American poet especially known for the ...
Merrill, James (Ingram)
born March 3, 1926, New York, N.Y., U.S. died Feb. 6, 1995, Tucson, Ariz. U.S. poet. Son of a founder of the investment firm Merrill Lynch, he attended Amherst College. ...
Merrill, James Ingram
▪ 1996       U.S. poet (b. March 3, 1926, New York, N.Y.—d. Feb. 6, 1995, Tucson, Ariz.), perfected the technique of wittily using rhyme and meter to produce lyric and ...
Merrill, Robert
▪ 2005 Moishe Miller        American opera singer (b. June 4, 1917, Brooklyn, N.Y.—d. Oct. 23, 2004, New Rochelle, N.Y.), employed his powerful, precise baritone voice ...
Merrill,James
Mer·rill (mĕrʹəl), James. 1926-1995. American poet whose works include Divine Comedies (1976), which won a Pulitzer Prize. * * *
Merrillville
/mer"euhl vil'/, n. a town in NE Indiana. 27,677. * * *
Merrily
/mer"euh lee/, n. a female given name, form of Merry. * * *
Merrilyn
/mer"euh lin/, n. a female given name. * * *
Merrimac
/mer"euh mak'/, n. a warship (originally the Union steamer Merrimack) that the Confederates converted into an ironclad, renamed the Virginia, and used against the Monitor in 1862 ...
Merrimack
/mer"euh mak'/, n. 1. a town in S New Hampshire. 15,406. 2. a river in central New Hampshire and NE Massachusetts, flowing S and NE to the Atlantic. 110 mi. (175 km) long. * * ...
Merrimack River
River, northeastern U.S. Rising in the White Mountains of central New Hampshire, it flows south into Massachusetts, then turns northeast and empties into the Atlantic Ocean after ...
MerrimackRiver
Mer·ri·mack River (mĕrʹə-măk') A river rising in south-central New Hampshire and flowing about 177 km (110 mi) south into northeast Massachusetts then northeast to the ...
Merriman, John X.
▪ prime minister of South Africa in full  John Xavier Merriman   born March 15, 1841, Street, Somerset, Eng. died Aug. 1, 1926, near Stellenbosch, Union of South ...
merriment
/mer"i meuhnt/, n. 1. cheerful or joyful gaiety; mirth; hilarity; laughter. 2. Obs. a cause of mirth; a jest, entertainment, etc. [1570-80; MERRY + -MENT] Syn. 1. See mirth. Ant. ...
merriness
See merrily. * * *
Merritt
(as used in expressions) Chase William Merritt Nathaniel Currier and James Merritt Ives Farmer Fannie Merritt Singer Isaac Merritt * * *
Merritt Island
/mer"it/ a town in E Florida. 30,708. * * *
Merritt Parkway
▪ highway, Connecticut, United States  innovative and widely copied American automobile highway built between Greenwich and Stratford, Conn., in the 1930s. The Merritt ...
Merritt, Anna Lea
▪ American artist original name  Anna Lea   born September 13, 1844, Philadelphia, Pennsylvania, U.S. died April 7, 1930, Hurstbourne Tarrant, Dorset [now in Hampshire], ...
Merritt, Charles Cecil Ingersoll
▪ 2001       Canadian military officer and lawyer (b. Nov. 10, 1908, Vancouver, B.C.—d. July 12, 2000, Vancouver), received the British Commonwealth's highest award ...
MerrittIsland
Mer·ritt Island (mĕrʹĭt) A city of east-central Florida on Merritt Island between the mainland and Cape Canaveral. Population: 32,886. * * *
merry
—merrily, adv. —merriness, n. /mer"ee/, adj., merrier, merriest. 1. full of cheerfulness or gaiety; joyous in disposition or spirit: a merry little man. 2. laughingly happy; ...
Merry
/mer"ee/, n. a female given name. * * *
Merry England
a phrase used to refer to England in the Elizabethan period, which is often seen as a great period for the country, when it was powerful and prosperous, the people were happy and ...
Merry Men
the group of men who followed Robin Hood, lived with him in Sherwood Forest and joined him in his adventures: the stories of Robin Hood and his Merry Men. * * *
Merry Mount
Amer. Hist. a settlement in Mt. Wollaston (Quincy), Mass., c1625-28, noted for its rejection of Puritan standards of behavior. Also, Merrymount. * * *
merry widow
merry widow n. [also M- W-] a woman's undergarment combining a bra, often strapless, a corset ending just below the waist, and garters for stockings * * *


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